What does Clan mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אַלְפִּי֙ cattle 1
מִשְׁפַּ֣חַת clan 1

Definitions Related to Clan


   1 Clan, family.
      1a Clan.
         1a1 family.
         1a2 tribe.
         1a3 people, nation.
      1b guild.
      1c species, kind.
      1d aristocrats.


   1 cattle, oxen.
      1a in farming.
      1b as a possession.

Frequency of Clan (original languages)

Frequency of Clan (English)


Webster's Dictionary - Clan-na-Ael
(n.) A secret society of Irish Fenians founded in Philadelphia in 1881.
Webster's Dictionary - Clan
(n.) A tribe or collection of families, united under a chieftain, regarded as having the same common ancestor, and bearing the same surname; as, the clan of Macdonald.
(n.) A clique; a sect, society, or body of persons; esp., a body of persons united by some common interest or pursuit; - sometimes used contemptuously.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Clan
Term used to distinguish a kin group more extensive than a family. The boundaries of such a group are not always clearly delineated. Each clan was governed by the heads of the families (elders). Several clans formed a tribe, and twelve tribes formed Israel. The clan is sometimes referred to as “division,” “kindred,” “family,” “thousand,” or even “tribe.”

Sentence search

Clannish - ) Of or pertaining to a Clan; closely united, like a Clan; disposed to associate only with one's Clan or clique; actuated by the traditions, prejudices, habits, etc. , of a Clan
Hachmon - (hach' muhn) Clan name meaning, “wisdom. ” Original ancestor of an Israelite Clan called the Hachmonites. Most translations transliterate the Hebrew Clan name as Hachmoni, including the Hebrew ending “i” that indicates membership in the Clan or English “ite. Jashobeam, leader of David's army, was either a Hachmonite (1 Chronicles 11:11 ) or a Tachmonite (2 Samuel 23:8 ), a copyist having either added or subtracted a “t” in transmitting the Clan name. Jehiel, another of David's advisors, also belonged to the Clan (1 Chronicles 27:32 )
Mizzah - (mihz' zuh) Personal and Clan name meaning, “from this” or “light ray. ” Edomite Clan chief (Genesis 36:13 ,Genesis 36:13,36:17 ; 1 Chronicles 1:37 )
Bichri - (bihch' ri) Personal name meaning, “firstborn” or Clan name, “of the Clan of Becher
Hakkoz - (hak' kahz) Personal and Clan name meaning, “the thorn. Clan leader in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 ). In the time of Ezra and Nehemiah members of this Clan could not prove their family roots, so they were not allowed to function as priests (Ezra 2:61 )
Libni - Original ancestor of Clan of Levites (Exodus 6:17 ; Numbers 3:21 ; Numbers 26:58 ). A Levite in Clan of Merari (1 Chronicles 6:29 )
Bebai - Original ancestor of Clan of whom 623 (Nehemiah 7:16,628 ) returned with Zerubbabel from Exile in Babylon about 537 B. His son, or at least a member of the Clan, led 28 men from Babylon to Jerusalem with Ezra (Ezra 8:11 ). Members of the Clan had married foreign wives (Ezra 10:28 )
Helek - ” Son of Gilead from the tribe of Manasseh and original Clan ancestor of the Helekites (Numbers 26:30 ). The Clan received an allotment in the tribe's share of the Promised Land (Joshua 17:2 )
Ahohite - (uh hoh' hite) Clan name. In time of David and Solomon military figures of this Clan or place became military leaders
Ater - ” Clan of which 98 returned from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B. The head of the Clan signed Nehemiah's covenant to keep God's Law (Nehemiah 10:17 )
Mushite - (myoo' sshite) Member of Clan of Mushi
Jezer - ” Son of Naphtali (Genesis 46:24 ) and founding ancestor of Clan in that tribe (Numbers 26:49 ). The name Izri (1 Chronicles 25:11 ) means member of Clan of Jezer, and Zeri (1 Chronicles 25:3 ) is probably an abbreviated form of Izri
Shelanite - (ssheh' luh nite) Member of Clan of Shelah
Zephonite - (zee' fah nite) Member of Clan of Zephon
Sheresh - A Manassite Clan ( 1 Chronicles 7:16 )
Henadad - ” Clan of Levites who supervised the rebuilding of the Temple under Zerubbabel after 537 B. Clan members also helped Nehemiah rebuild Jerusalem's walls (Nehemiah 3:18 ,Nehemiah 3:18,3:24 ) and signed Nehemiah's covenant of obedience (Nehemiah 10:10 )
Ithrite - (ihth' rite) Clan name meaning, “of Jether. ” Descendants of Jether or Jethro (Exodus 4:18 ) or a Clan whose home was Kiriath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Haruphite - (huh ryoo' fite) Clan or place name meaning, “early” or “reproach. It could be a Clan or a town from which Shephatiah came
Clansman - ) One belonging to the same Clan with another
Haggite - (hag' gite) Member of Clan of Haggi
Shemidaite - (sshih mi' duh ite) Member of Clan of Shemida
Erite - (ee' rite) Member of Clan of Eri
Libnite - (lihb' nite) Member of Clan of Libni
Epher - Son of Midian, grandson of Abraham through his wife Keturah, and Clan father among the Midianites (Genesis 25:4 ). Original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 5:24 )
Helekite - (hee' lehk ite) Member of Clan of Helek
Jezerite - (jee' zuhr ite) Member of Clan of Jezer
Hanochite - (hay' nahch ite) Member of Clan of Hanoch
Becherite - (bee' chuhr ite) Member of Clan of Becher
Shunite - (sshyoo' nite) Member of Clan of Shuni (Numbers 26:15 )
Ahiramite - (uh hi' ruhm ite) Clan established by Ahiram
Giddel - The Clan leader of a group of Temple servants who returned from the Babylonian captivity with Zerubbabel about 537 B. Original Clan father of a group of royal servants who returned from the Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Hassenaah - A Clan who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylonian Exile about 537 B. Members of the Clan helped Nehemiah rebuild the fish gate of the Jerusalem wall (Nehemiah 3:3 )
Clan - Each Clan was governed by the heads of the families (elders). Several Clans formed a tribe, and twelve tribes formed Israel. The Clan is sometimes referred to as “division,” “kindred,” “family,” “thousand,” or even “tribe
Izharite - (ihz' hahr ite) Clan of Levites descended from Izhar
Jahzeelite - (jah' zih ehl ite) Clan in tribe of Naphtali
Jaminite - (jay' mihn ite) Member of Clan headed by Jamin
Jashubite - (jay' sshuhb ite) Member of Clan founded by Jashub
Jeezerite - (jih ee' zuhr ite) Member of Clan of Jeezer
Shillemite - (sshihl' lehm ite) Member of Clan of Shillem (Numbers 26:49 )
Shimronite - (sshihm' rahn ite) Member of Clan of Shimron (Numbers 26:24 )
Ephrathite - (ehf' ruh thite) Citizen or Clan member of Ephratah
Shuhamite - (sshuh' ham ite) Member of Clan of Shuham (Numbers 26:42 )
Shuthalhite - (sshyoo thal' hite) Member of Clan of Shuthelah (Numbers 26:35 )
Beri - A division of an Asherite Clan ( 1 Chronicles 7:35 )
Jetheth - An Edomite Clan ( Genesis 36:40 = 1 Chronicles 1:51 )
Totemist - ) One belonging to a Clan or tribe having a totem
Carmite - (cahr' mite) Member of Clan of Carmi (Numbers 26:6 )
Huphamite - (hyoo' fam ite) Member of Clan of Hupham in tribe of Benjamin
Jahleelite - (jah' lih ehl ite) Clan in tribe of Zebulun (Numbers 26:26 )
Jetheth - (jee' thehth) Clan name in Edom of unknown meaning (Genesis 36:40 )
Hamulite - (hay' muhl ite) Member of Clan of Hamul (Numbers 26:21 )
Sardite - (ssahr' dite) Descendant of or member of Clan of Sered (Numbers 26:26 )
Gunite - (gyoo' nite) Descendant of Guni and member of Clan originated by Guni
Jesuite - (jehss' yoo ite) Member of Clan founded by Jesui (Numbers 26:44 )
Tahanites - (tay' han itess) Member of the Ephraimite Clan descended from Tahan (Numbers 26:35 )
Seredite - (ssee' rih dite) Member of Clan of Sered in modern translations (Numbers 26:26 )
Shuphamite - (sshuh' fam ite) Member of Benjaminite Clan of Shupham or Shephupham
Phyle - ) A local division of the people in ancient Athens; a Clan; a tribe
Paruah - Father or Clan of Jehoshaphat, Solomon’s prefect in Issachar ( 1 Kings 4:17 )
Jetur - ” A son of Ishmael and thus original ancestor of Arabian tribe or Clan (Genesis 25:15 ). The Clan was a part of the Hagerites, probably descendants of Hagar (1 Chronicles 5:19 ), who fought the East Jordan tribes
Harsha - ” Clan of Temple servants who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylonian Exile about 537 B. Tel-Harsha (Ezra 2:59 NAS) was one of the places where Jewish exiles lived in Babylon, so that the Clan could have taken its name from the Babylonian home or given its name to the Babylonian home
Shumathite - (sshyoo' math ite) Clan name of uncertain meaning descended from Caleb (1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Chieftain - ) A captain, leader, or commander; a chief; the head of a troop, army, or Clan
Clanship - ) A state of being united together as in a Clan; an association under a chieftain
Shaulite - (sshay' uhl ite) Member of Clan of tribe of Simeon descended from Shaul (Numbers 26:13 )
Shepho - ” Edomite tribe or Clan (Genesis 36:23 )
Shimeites - (sshih' mee itess) Members of the Clan descending from Shimei (Numbers 3:21 ; Zechariah 12:13 )
Elpaal - ” A Clan name in the tribe of Benjamin, mentioned twice in 1 Chronicles 8:1 (1Chronicles 8:11-12, 1 Chronicles 8:18 ). Bible students debate whether the references refer to the same Clan ancestor or to two individuals
Hashum - ” Clan leader of group returning from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B. Some Clan members divorced their foreign wives under Ezra's leadership to rid the community of religious temptations (Ezra 10:33 )
Hezronite - (hehz' rahn ite) Clan descended from Hezron both in tribe of Reuben and of Judah
Hakupha - ” Original ancestor of Clan of Temple servants (Ezra 2:51 )
Jehieli - (jih hi' eh li) Member of Clan founded by Jehiel (1 Chronicles 26:21-22 )
Lael - ” Levite leader in Clan of Gershon (Numbers 3:24 )
Ziphah - (zi' fuh) Clan name perhaps meaning, “flowing
Slogan - ) The war cry, or gathering word, of a Highland Clan in Scotland; hence, any rallying cry
Oren - ” Member of the Jerahmeelite Clan of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:25 )
Bigvai - Either he or another person of same name was original Clan ancestor of 2,056 people who returned (Ezra 2:14 ). , 72 members of the Clan returned (Ezra 8:14 )
Arah - Clan of 775 people who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel from Babylonian Exile about 537 B. May be identical with Clan head of 1 above
Sheshai - A Clan resident in Hebron, driven thence by Caleb ( Numbers 13:22 , Joshua 15:14 , Judges 1:10 )
Shimon - Original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Bunah - ” Member of Clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:25 )
Sered - ” Clan leader in tribe of Zebulun (Genesis 46:14 ; Numbers 26:26 )
Shuthelah - Original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Ephraim (Numbers 26:35 )
Sept - ) A Clan, tribe, or family, proceeding from a common progenitor; - used especially of the ancient Clans in Ireland
Shelesh - ” Leader of a Clan in the tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:35 )
Tahan - An Ephraimite Clan ( Numbers 26:35 (39), 1 Chronicles 7:25 ); gentilic name Tahanites in Numbers 26:35 (39)
Shilshah - ” Original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:37 )
Shuni - Son of Gad and head of a Clan in that tribe (Genesis 46:16 )
Areli - (uh ree' li) ARELITES Son of Gad (Genesis 46:16 ) and original ancestor of Clan of Arelites (Numbers 26:17 )
Laadan - Original ancestor of Clan of Levites and son of Gershon (1 Chronicles 23:7-9 ; 1 Chronicles 26:21 ), though elsewhere Gershon's son is named Libni. Some suggest that Laadan originally belonged to family of Libni, but his Clan became more prominent and overshadowed that of Libni in later times
Hagaba - (hag' uh buh) Clan of Temple servants who returned home from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Sheshan - Member of Clan of Jerahmeel from tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:31-35 )
Hasupha - ” A Clan returning with Zerubbabel from Babylonian Exile about 537 B
Pinon - (pi' nahn) Edomite Clan chief (Genesis 36:41 ; 1 Chronicles 1:52 ), whose descendants perhaps settled Punon (Numbers 33:42-43 )
Appaim - ” Member of Clan of Jerahmeel of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:30-31 )
Hatipha - ” Clan who returned from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Jairite - (jay uhr ite) Member of Clan of Jair probably from Havvoth-jair, though possibly from Kiriath-jearim (1 Samuel 20:26 )
Shaaph - (sshay' af) Clan name meaning, “balsam
Jahath - Member of Clan of Zorathites in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:2 ). Levite in the line of Eliezer in the Clan of Izhar (1 Chronicles 24:22 )
Lebana - ” Original ancestor of Clan of Temple servants (Ezra 2:45 ; Nehemiah 7:48 )
Ahban - ” A member of the Clan of Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:29 )
Besai - A Clan of Temple employees who returned from Exile in Babylon with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Gatam - He headed a Clan of Edomites (Genesis 36:16 )
Pildash - (pihl' dassh) Personal and Clan name perhaps meaning, “powerful
Menuhah - ’ In 1 Chronicles 8:2 Nohah is a Clan of Benjamin
Ashbel - ” Son of Benjamin, grandson of Jacob, and original ancestor of Ashbelite Clan (Genesis 46:21 )
Ahiram - ” Son of Benjamin who gave his name to a Clan in that tribe (Numbers 26:38 )
Gatam - The son of Eliphaz ( Genesis 36:11 = 1 Chronicles 1:36 ), and ‘duke’ of an Edomite Clan ( Genesis 36:16 ) which has not been identified
Nobah - The Clan name of the Israelites who conquered the city of Kenath (wh. ’ This may have been the original settlement of the Clan of that name
Jair - A Clan of Jairites lived on the east of Jordan who were called after Jair. The settlement of this Clan marks a subsequent conquest to that of the west of Jordan
Jahmai - ” Grandson of Issachar, great grandson of Jacob, and Clan leader in tribe of Issachar (1 Chronicles 7:2 )
Gazzam - ” Leader of a Clan of Temple servants who returned from Babylonian captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:48 )
Hattil - ” Clan of Temple servants who returned from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Ahumai - ” Member of Clan of Zorathites of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:2 )
Ishvi - ” Son of Asher (Genesis 46:17 ) and original Clan ancestor of Ishvites (Numbers 26:44 )
Hazo - The eponym of a Nahorite Clan ( Genesis 22:22 )
Onam - The eponym of a Horite Clan ( Genesis 36:23 = 1 Chronicles 1:40 )
Kedemah - The Clan of which he is the eponymous head has not been identified
Totem - ) A rude picture, as of a bird, beast, or the like, used by the North American Indians as a symbolic designation, as of a family or a Clan
Hakkatan - ” Father of the Clan leader who accompanied Ezra from Babylon to Jerusalem about 458 B
Habaiah - ” Clan leader of exiled priests who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Jerijah - Military hero of the Hebronite Clan (1 Chronicles 26:31 ), possibly identical with Jeriah
Asiel - ” A descendant of Simeon and Clan leader who settled in Gedar in rich pasture lands (1 Chronicles 4:35-40 )
Shillem - ” Son of Naphtali and original ancestor of Clan in that tribe (Genesis 46:24 )
Lotan - Son of Seir the Horite and apparently the original ancestor of Clan in Edom (Genesis 36:20-29 )
Omar - ” Son of Eliphaz and ancestor of an Edomite Clan of the same name (Genesis 36:11 ,Genesis 36:11,36:15 ; 1 Chronicles 1:36 )
Ithran - Eponym of a Horite Clan ( Genesis 36:26 , 1 Chronicles 1:41 )
Timna - Sister of the Horite Clan chief Lotan (Genesis 36:22 ; 1 Chronicles 1:39 ), concubine of Esau's son Eliphaz, and mother of Amalek (Genesis 36:12 ). Son of Eliphaz (1 Chronicles 1:36 ; Genesis 36:16 , Teman) and Edomite Clan chief (Genesis 36:40 ; 1 Chronicles 1:51 )
Shephupham - Leader of Benjaminite Clan according to Hebrew text (Numbers 26:39 ) but probably a scribe repeated a letter in Shupham (KJV, REB, NIV)
Eri - Original ancestor of Clan of Erites (Numbers 26:16 )
Hatita - ” Clan of Temple gatekeepers who returned from Babylonian Exile with Zebrubbabel about 537 B
Shiphmite - (sshihf' mite) Noun indicating either the home town, native land, or Clan from which Zabdi came
Jarha - Egyptian slave used by his master Sheshan to maintain the family line in Clan of Jerahmeel and tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:34-35 )
Senaah - ” Clan head or home town of people who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylonian Exile about 537 B
Gahar - ” Clan head of family of Temple servants who returned from Babylonian captivity with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Hagab - ” Clan of Temple servants who returned to Jerusalem from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:46 )
Hushim - "Children of Dan" (Genesis 46:23); a Clan, for the word is plural
Eldaah - ” Son of Midian and grandson of Abraham thus original ancestor of Clan of Midianites (Genesis 25:4 )
Ronin - ) In Japan, under the feudal system, a samurai who had renounced his Clan or who had been discharged or ostracized and had become a wanderer without a lord; an outcast; an outlaw
ar'Chi - It designates a Clan perhaps originally from Erech in Babylonia, of which Hushai was one
Haggi - Son of Gad and grandson of Jacob and thus original ancestor of Clan of Haggites (Genesis 46:16 ; Numbers 26:15 )
Mibzar - ” Edomite Clan chief and his tribe (Genesis 36:42 ; 1 Chronicles 1:53 )
Moadiah - ” Priestly Clan in the time of the high priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:17 ), perhaps to be identified with Maadiah (Nehemiah 12:5 )
Sheik - ) The head of an Arab family, or of a Clan or a tribe; also, the chief magistrate of an Arab village
Arod - He was the original ancestor of the Arodite Clan
Hupham - (hyoo' fam) Original ancestor of Clan of Benjamin in the wilderness (Numbers 26:39 ). Part of the explanation may lie in the use of genealogies to claim membership in an important Clan rather than to precisely reproduce family structures
Happizzez - ” Leader of one course of the priests (1 Chronicles 24:15 ) and thus the original ancestor for that priestly Clan
Mil'lo, the House of -
Apparently a family or Clan, mentioned in (Judges 9:6,20 ) only, in connection with the men or lords of Shechem
Hothir - ” Priestly musician in the Clan of Heman under David (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Jahzeel - ” Son of Naphtali, grandson of Jacob, and Clan leader in tribe of Naphtali (Genesis 46:24 ; Numbers 26:48 )
Berites - A Clan mentioned with Abel and Beth-Maachah in N
Ebed - Clan leader who returned from Exile under Ezra (Ezra 8:6 )
Casluh - (cass' luh), CASLUHIM (cass' lyoo hihm), CASLUHITES (cass' lyoo hitess) Clan name of “sons of Mizraim (or Egypt)” and “father” of the Philistines in the Table of Nations (Genesis 10:14 )
Shobab - Son of Caleb and ancestor of Clan in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:18 )
Family - Mishpâchâh (מִשְׁפָּחָה, Strong's #4940), “family; Clan. ” A form of this Hebrew word occurs in Ugaritic and Punic, also with the meaning of “family” or “clan. ...
All members of a group who were related by blood and who still felt a sense of consanguinity belonged to the “clan” or “the extended family. ” Saul argued that since he belonged to the least of the “clans,” he had no right to the kingship ( Clan might be taken: “And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth” (
In the Septuagint, several words are given as a translation: demos (“people; populace; crowd”), phule (“tribe; nation; people”), and patria (“family; Clan”). ” Most versions keep the translation “family”; but instead of “kindred” and “kind,” some read “relative” (NASB) or “clan
Shachia - ” Clan leader in tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:10 ), following different manuscripts than modern translations which read Sachia
Izrahite - (ihz' ruh hite) Clan name in 1 Chronicles 27:8 for which the text tradition gives several variants: Harorite ( 1 Chronicles 11:27 KJV); Harodite ( 2 Samuel 23:25 KJV)
Barkos - ” The original ancestor of a Clan of Nethinim or Temple employees who returned to Jerusalem from Exile in Babylon with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Guni - Son of Naphtali and grandson of Jacob (Genesis 46:24 ), thus head of the Gunite Clan (Numbers 26:48 )
Hamul - ” Son of Pharez and grandson of Judah (Genesis 46:12 ) and thus a Clan leader in Judah (Numbers 26:21 )
Ard - A grandson and Clan father of Benjamin (Numbers 26:40 )
Teman - Edomite Clan descended from Esau (Genesis 36:11 , Genesis 36:15 ; 1 Chronicles 1:36 ). City of area associated with this Clan (Jeremiah 49:7 ,Jeremiah 49:7,49:20 ; Ezekiel 25:13 ; Amos 1:12 ; Obadiah 1:9 ; Habakkuk 3:3 )
Beriah - He thus became original ancestor of Clan of Beriites (Numbers 26:44 ). A Clan leader of the tribe of Benjamin in the area of Ajalon
Japhleti - The Clan's territory lay on border between Ephraim and Benjamin, though the Clan apparently belonged to Asher
Jahleel - ” A son of Zebulun and grandson of Jacob (Genesis 46:14 ) who became a Clan leader in tribe of Zebulun (Numbers 26:26 )
Joshbekashah - ” A Levite musician from Clan of Heman, the seer, under David (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Jekamiah - Member of Clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41 )
Jemuel - ” Son of Simeon, grandson of Jacob, and head of Clan in Israel (Genesis 46:10 ; Exodus 6:15 )
Hariph - Israelite Clan whose members accompanied Zerubbabel in returning from Babylonian Exile about 537 B
Shimeathite - (sshih mih' uh thite) Either a descendant of a person named Shimeath or, more likely, a native of the town of Shema (Joshua 15:26 ), perhaps settled by the Clan of Shema (1 Chronicles 2:43 )
Hazarmaveth - The eponym of a Joktanite Clan ( Genesis 10:26 = 1 Chronicles 1:20 ), described as a ‘son’ of Joktan, fifth in order from Shem
Ben - ” A Levite who became head of a Clan of Temple porters under David (1 Chronicles 15:18 NAS, KJV)
Eran - Eran was grandson of Ephraim and a Clan leader in the tribe of Ephraim (Numbers 26:36 )
Asriel - ” A son of Gilead and Clan, Asrielites, in the tribe of Manasseh (Numbers 26:31 )
Gether - The Clan of which he is the eponymous founder has not been identified
Avenger of Blood - It depends for its maintenance upon the solidarity of the Clan or tribe. All the members of the tribe, whatever may be the immediate parental relationship, are counted as being of one blood; a wrong done to one is a wrong done to all, to be avenged if necessary by all the offended Clan upon all the Clan of the offender. ’...
Of the form of blood-revenge that involved the whole Clan or tribe in the murder of a single individual there are still traces in the OT (Joshua 7:24 , 2 Kings 9:25 ). The steady effort of Hebrew law was to limit this ancient custom so as to ensure that a blood feud should not perpetuate itself to the ruin of a whole Clan, and that deliberate murder and accidental homicide should not come under the same penalty
Shamma - Leader of Clan of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:37 )
Shemuel - Clan chief in tribe of Issachar (1 Chronicles 7:2 )
Hodaviah - A Manassite Clan ( 1 Chronicles 5:24 )
Zimran - The name is derived from zemer , ‘mountain-sheep or -goat,’ this animal having doubtless been the totem of the Clan
Iezer - Son of Gilead in tribe of Manasseh and original Clan ancestor of Iezerites (Numbers 26:30 )
Imri - Ancestor of Clan from tribe of Judah living in Jerusalem after the return from Exile (1 Chronicles 9:4 )
Shammai - Member of tribe of Judah and Clan of Jerahmeel (1Chronicles 2:28,1 Chronicles 2:32 )
Hemam - A Horite Clan of Edom ( Genesis 36:22 )
Bethlehem-Ephratah - (KJV) or BETHLEHEM-EPHRATHAH (NAS, NIV, NRSV) Place name used by Micah 5:2 to designate birthplace of new David who would come from Bethlehem, David's birthplace, and of the Clan of Ephratah, that of Jesse, David's father ( 1 Samuel 17:12 )
Carmi - A son of Reuben (Genesis 46:9 ) and thus original ancestor of a Clan in the tribe of Reuben (Numbers 26:6 )
Gazez - As other names in the list represent cities in southern Judah occupied by the Clan of Caleb, Gazez may also be a city, though nothing else is known about it
Bazlith - ” Original ancestor of Clan of Temple employees who returned from Exile in Babylon with Zerubbabel in 537 B
Shuhah - Some commentators connect the name to Suchati known from Egyptian sources and think of a forefather of a nomadic Clan who lived in the Negeb
Eber - Clan leader in tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:12 ). Another Clan leader of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:22 )
Ehud - Great grandson of Benjamin and Clan leader in that tribe (1 Chronicles 7:10 ). Clan leader in tribe of Benjamin who originally lived in Geba but were deported by someoIsraeliten to Manahath (1 Chronicles 8:6 )
Zerah - Descendant of Esau and thus Clan leader of Edomites (Genesis 36:13 ,Genesis 36:13,36:17 ). Clan leader in tribe of Simeon (Numbers 26:13 ), apparently same as Zohar (Genesis 46:10 ): 5
Shemida(h) - ” Clan head among the Gileadites in tribe of Manasseh (Numbers 26:32 ; compare Joshua 17:2 ; 1 Chronicles 7:19 )
Giddalti - He became a leader of a Clan of Temple musicians (1 Chronicles 25:29 )
Manahathites - The genealogy in these two passages is to be interpreted as meaning that the city Manahath , occupied by portions of two sections of the Edomite Clan Caleb, came to be reckoned to Judah
Mahath - Levite of the Kohathite Clan (1 Chronicles 6:35 )
Mahath - Levite of the Kohathite Clan (1 Chronicles 6:35 )
Hobaiah - ” Clan of priests in time of Zerrubbabel who did not have family records to prove their descent from pure priestly lines and were excluded from the priesthood (Ezra 2:61 ; Nehemiah 7:63 )
Shelah - ” Son of Judah and original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Judah (Genesis 46:12 ; Numbers 26:20 ; 1 Chronicles 2:3 ; 1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Hanoch - ” See Genesis 46:9 ) and thus a Clan leader in Israel (Exodus 6:14 ; Numbers 26:5 )
Maharai - ” One of David's thirty elite warriors who came from the Clan of the Zerahites and the town of Netophah in Judah and commanded the troups in the tenth month (2 Samuel 23:28 ; 1 Chronicles 11:30 , 1 Chronicles 27:13 )
Eshtemoa - A member of Clan of Caleb in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:17 ), probably listed as the Clan father of those who settled in Eshtemoa
Kenizzite - (kehn' ihz zite) Clan name of uncertain meaning. Clan God promised Abraham the Israelites would dispossess (Genesis 15:19 )
Shebaniah - ” A Clan of Levites in which the name was used for several individuals (1 Chronicles 15:24 ; Nehemiah 9:4-5 ; Nehemiah 10:4 ,Nehemiah 10:4,10:10 ,Nehemiah 10:10,10:12 ; Nehemiah 12:14 )
Timna - A woman of the Esau Clan of Horites ( Genesis 36:22 , 1 Chronicles 1:39 )
Eliehoenai - One of the twelve Clan heads who returned to Jerusalem from Babylon with Ezra (Ezra 8:4 )
Becher - Original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Ephraim (Numbers 26:35 )
Clan - ) A tribe or collection of families, united under a chieftain, regarded as having the same common ancestor, and bearing the same surname; as, the Clan of Macdonald
Haahashtari - ” Member of tribe of Judah and Clan of Caleb (1 Chronicles 4:6 ), the form of the word indicating as in many biblical genealogies a political group as well as the ancestor
Shebuel - Grandson of Moses and head of a Clan of Levites (1 Chronicles 23:16 ; 1 Chronicles 26:24 ; sometimes equated with Shubael of 1 Chronicles 24:20 )
Hezron - Son of Reuben, grandson of Jacob (Genesis 46:9 ), and original Clan ancestor of Hezronites (Numbers 26:6 ). Grandson of Judah, great grandson of Jacob (Genesis 46:12 ), original Clan ancestor of Hezronites (Numbers 26:21 ) through whom David was born (Ruth 4:19 )
Hepher - Original family ancestor in Clan of Gilead and father of Zelophehad (Numbers 26:28-37 )
Sheshai - A man or Clan living near Hebron descended from the Anakim (Numbers 13:22 ) and driven out by Caleb (Joshua 15:14 ) and the tribe of Judah (Judges 1:10 )
Nahath - Edomite Clan chief (Genesis 36:13 ,Genesis 36:13,36:17 ; 1 Chronicles 1:37 )
Shupham - (sshyoo' fam) Personal name of uncertain meaning reconstructed by scholars as son of Benjamin on basis of the Clan name Shuphamite (Numbers 26:39 )
Elimelech - He is spoken of as if he were the head of a Clan in the tribe of Judah (cf
Jecamiah - Member of Clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41 )
Jeezer - ” Original head of a Clan in tribe of Gilead (Numbers 26:30 )
Caleb - (cay' lihb) CALEBITE Personal and Clan name meaning, “dog. Perhaps Caleb represented a Kenezite Clan that had joined the Israelites and become incorporated into the tribe of Judah
Sheth - Moabite Clan whose destruction Balaam prophesied (Numbers 24:17 )
Addan - descent by showing to what Clan or family they belonged ( Ezra 2:59 )
Talmai - A Clan resident in Hebron at the time of the Hebrew conquest and driven thence by Caleb ( Numbers 13:22 , Joshua 15:14 , Judges 1:10 )
Jachin - ” Son of Simeon and original ancestor of a Clan in the tribe (Genesis 46:10 ; spelled Jarib in 1 Chronicles 4:24 )
Jimna(h) - Son of Asher, grandson of Jacob, and original ancestor of Clan in tribe of Asher (Genesis 46:17 ; Numbers 26:44 )
Azgad - Clan of which 1222 (Nehemiah 7:17 says 2,322) returned from Exile in Babylon with Zerubbabel to Jerusalem in 537 B
Beth-Rapha - This apparently describes the beginning of a Clan who lived at the town whose name is not known
Arkite - (ahr' kite) Canaanite Clan listed in the table of nations (Genesis 10:17 )
Shemer - Head of Clan of tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:34 ) with variant spelling Shomer (1 Chronicles 7:32 )
Jamin - Son of Simeon and grandson of Jacob, a Clan leader in tribe of Simeon (Exodus 6:5 ; Numbers 26:12 )
Elizaphan - A Clan leader among the sons of Kohath among the Levites in the wilderness with Moses (Numbers 3:30 )
Attai - Member of Clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:35-36 )
Ahiman - One of the sons of Anak, at Hebron ( Numbers 13:22 ): the three claus, of which this was one, were either destroyed by Judah ( Judges 1:10 ), or expelled by the Clan Caleb ( Joshua 15:14 )
Jeush - A son of Esau by Oholibamah; also the eponym of a Horite Clan ( Genesis 36:5 ; Genesis 36:14 ; Genesis 36:18 = 1 Chronicles 1:35 )
Chileab - His name could be associated with the Clan of Caleb
Rekem - A Clan of Machir ( 1 Chronicles 7:16 Hanan - Clan or guild of prophets or priests living in the Temple. Clan of Temple servants who returned to Jerusalem from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Ram - ...
A person mentioned in Job 32:2 as founder of a Clan to which Elihu belonged
Ginnetho - This is apparently the same person listed as head of a Clan of priests in Nehemiah 12:16
Arubboth - This would be territory belonging to the Clan of Hepher of the tribe of Mannasseh in the northern part of the Plain of Sharon, southwest of Megiddo and southeast of Dor
Gera - Gera was evidently a well-known Benjamite Clan, to which belonged Ehud ( Judges 3:15 ) and Shimel ( 2 Samuel 16:5 ; 2Sa 19:16 ; 2 Samuel 19:18 , 1 Kings 2:3 )
Indians, Menominee - The tribe has a Clan system, with descent in the female line
Menominee Indians - The tribe has a Clan system, with descent in the female line
Indians, Cree - Of Algonquian stock, they were good-natured, honest, without Clan system, and polygamous
Jalam - ” Son of Esau and grandson of Isaac (Genesis 36:5 ), a Clan leader among the Edomites (Genesis 36:18 )
Edrei - The Clan of Machir in the tribe of Manasseh laid claim to the city (Joshua 13:31 )
Gera - Son of Ehud and Clan head in Geba who was exiled to Manahath (1 Chronicles 8:6-7 )
Bela - He became original ancestor of Clan of Belaites (Numbers 26:38 ; 1 Chronicles 7:7 )
Kain - A Clan name = the Kenites (wh
Heber - He was the original Clan ancestor of the Heberites (Numbers 26:45 ). His wife Jael killed Sisera, the Canaanite general, breaking a political alliance between Heber's Clan and Jabin, Sisera's king (Judges 4:17 )
Hodaviah - Original ancestor of Clan in half-tribe of Manasseh living east of the Jordan (1 Chronicles 5:24 ). A Clan of Levites who returned to Judah under Zerubbabel about 537 B
Tola - In Genesis 46:13 , Numbers 26:23 , 1 Chronicles 7:1 he appears as the son of Issachar; Tola was apparently the name of the leading Clan of the tribe
Ardagh, Ireland, Diocese of - Several of the O'Feral Clan occupied the see, 14th and 15th centuries
Hushah - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:4 ) listed along with Bethlehem and thus probably original ancestor of Clan who lived in town of Hushah, perhaps modern Husan near Bethlehem
Kain - A Clan mentioned in the fourth oracle of Balaam (Numbers 24:22 ; KJV has Kenite)
Kinsman - A wrong done to a single member of the family was considered a crime against the entire tribe or Clan. The Clan had an obligation, therefore, to punish the wrongdoer. According to the imagery of ancient people, the blood of the murdered man cried up from the ground for vengeance, and the cry was heard loudest by that member of the Clan who stood nearest to the dead in kinship; therefore, the closest of kin followed through with the blood avenger responsibility (compare Genesis 4:1-16 , especially Genesis 4:10 )
Heman - A son (or Clan) of Zerah of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:6 ), probably also alluded to in the title of Psalms 88:1-18 as Heman the Ezrahite, Ezrah being another form of Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 . , 1 Chronicles 2:42-43 with 1 Chronicles 6:2 ), and as the wise men of 1 Kings 4:31 are legendary, it is probable that the three Hemans are the same legendary ancestor of a Clan celebrated for its music and wisdom
Bani - Original ancestor of Clan of whom 642 returned from Babylonian Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B. Same Clan apparently had members who had married foreign wives and agreed to divorce them to avoid bringing religious temptation to the covenant community ( Ezra 10:29 ,Ezra 10:29,10:34 ,Ezra 10:34,10:38 )
Asaph - Asaph was the father of the Clan of Temple musicians who served through the history of the Temple. A member of the Clan was among the first to return from Exile in 537 B
Patriarch - (πατριάρχης, from πατριά, ‘clan,’ and ἀρχή, ‘rule’)...
A patriarch is the father or head of a πατριά or Clan
Senaah - The children of Senaah, or more correctly Hassenaah , were a Clan or family who, according to Ezra 2:35 , Nehemiah 7:38 , 1Es 5:23 [1], were among the exiles of the first Restoration under Zerub
Jerahmeelite - (jih rah' mee ehl ite) Member of Clan of Jerahmeel which apparently lived south of Beersheba in the Negeb
Jaazaniah - A chieftain of the Clan of the Rechabites ( Jeremiah 35:3 )
Gaels - They were organized in tribal communities, each Clan being governed by a chief, who was always a member of the ruling family, or by a king
Pahath-Moab - The name of a Jewish Clan which consisted of two branches, Jeshua and Joah
Hamor - Hamor was the original Clan ancestor of the city of Shechem (Judges 9:28 )
Shur, Wilderness of - Earlier, Sarah's handmaid, Hagar, had come toward Shur after her expulsion from the Clan of Abraham (Genesis 16:7 )
Rehum - Priest or priestly Clan (Nehemiah 12:3 ), perhaps a corruption of Harim
Shaul - The Clan of which he is the eponym was of mixed Isr
Ira - ‘The Jairite’ denotes that he was of the Gileadite Clan of the Jairites
Jether - A man of Asher ( 1 Chronicles 7:38 ); called in 1 Chronicles 7:37 Ithran , the name of an Edomite Clan ( Genesis 36:26 )
Anak, Anakim - (ay' nak, an' uh kihm) Personal and Clan name meaning, “long-necked” or “strong-necked
Ephratah - It may be that Ephrathah was a Clan name of a family in Bethlehem whose importance made the Clan name a synonym for the city. Ephrathah may have been a Clan name associated with several different geographical localities, the most famous of which was Bethlehem
Hosah - He belonged to the priestly Clan of Merari (1 Chronicles 26:10 )
Jashub - Clan leader in tribe of Issachar (Numbers 26:24 )
Jerahmeel - Son of Hezron (1 Chronicles 2:9 ), brother of Caleb (1 Chronicles 2:42 ), and original Clan ancestor of Jerahmeelites (1 Samuel 27:10 )
Eder - A Levite of the Clan of Merari (1 Chronicles 23:23 ; 1 Chronicles 24:30 )
Punon - The site was perhaps home to descendants of the Clan chief Pinon (Genesis 36:41 )
Shimron - Son of Issachar and original ancestor of Clan in that tribe (Genesis 46:13 )
Manahath - Mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 8:5 as the place to which certain Benjamite Clans were carried captive. eponymous ancestor of a Clan of Edom, or of the earlier population conquered and absorbed by Edom
Kenaz - Son of Eliphaz and grandson of Esau, he was a Clan chieftain of the Edomites (Genesis 35:11 ,Genesis 35:11,35:15 )
Jehoiarib - The Clan is mentioned among those that dwelt in Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 11:10 )
Ephah - Ephah was thus the original ancestor of a Clan of Midianites, and the Clan name could be used in poetry in parallel with Midian to talk about the Midianites (Isaiah 60:6 )
Jeshua - A Clan related to the Pahath-moab or governor of Moab, some of whose members returned from Exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:6 ). A Clan of Levites in the postexilic community, probably having some connection with the Clan of 1
Indians, Songish - They had the Clan-system castes, and had communal houses with carved totem posts
Eshtaol - Its citizens were kin to the Clan of Caleb and to residents of Kiriath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Izhar - Son of Kohath and grandson of Levi, thus original ancestor of a priestly Clan (Exodus 6:18 )
Jahaziel - A Levite of theclan of Hebron (1 Chronicles 23:19 ; 1 Chronicles 24:23 ). Clan leader who led 300 men among the exiles returning to Jerusalem with Ezra (Ezra 8:5 )
Eliphelet - A Clan leader who accompanied Ezra on his return from Exile in Babylon (Ezra 8:13 )
Huldah - HULDAH (‘weasel’; an old totem Clan-name so W
Ashurite - (assh' uhr ite) or ASHURI (NIV) Apparently a tribe or Clan over which Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, ruled (2 Samuel 2:9 )
Jerah - On the other hand, in Hebrew the word signifies ‘new moon’; it may therefore be the translation of a totemic Clan-name
Millo - 'House of Millo,' in connection with Shechem, apparently a family or Clan
Songish Indians - They had the Clan-system castes, and had communal houses with carved totem posts
Dinah - Dinah was perhaps a small Israelite Clan, according to the traditions closely related to Simeon and Levi; according to the name, possibly more closely to Dan. Hamor is the name of the Hivite Clan in possession of the city. The weak Israelite Clan, having become detached from the related tribes, was overpowered by the Canaanite inhabitants of Shechem and incorporated. The Dinah Clan disappeared at the same time
Elioenai - Clan leader of the tribe of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:36 )
Seir - Some documents found in Egypt seem to make Seir and Edom two different tribal habitats, and it is possible that at times in its history the area was ruled over simultaneously by several local Clans. The “sons of Seir” represented an early Horite Clan from the region
Abiezer - Territory belonging to Clan of Abiezer of tribe of Manasseh located in southwest part of Manasseh's territory and including towns of Elmattan, Ophrah, and Tetel
Scriptural Patriarchs - " They are therefore founders and chief men of a Clan
Ishi - Clan leader in tribe of Manasseh east of the Jordan (1 Chronicles 5:24 )
Binnui - Clan leader of 648 members who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon about 537 B
Elah - Son of Caleb and father of Kenaz among Clans of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:15 ). Head of a Clan from Benjamin who settled in Jerusalem after the Exile (1 Chronicles 9:8 )
Asaiah - He is apparently the same as the chief of the sons of Merari, who led 220 of his Clan in helping bring the ark of the covenant from the house of Obed-edom to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:1 ). Leader of Clans from Shilo who returned from Babylonian Exile about 537 B
Chief - ) The head or leader of any body of men; a commander, as of an army; a head man, as of a tribe, Clan, or family; a person in authority who directs the work of others; the principal actor or agent
Canton - ) A small community or Clan
Ahlai - A member of Clan of Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:31 )
Tribe - 1: φυλή (Strong's #5443 — Noun Feminine — phule — foo-lay' ) "a company of people united by kinship or habitation, a Clan, tribe," is used (a) of the peoples of the earth, Matthew 24:30 ; in the following the RV has "tribe(-s)" for AV, "kindred(-s)," Revelation 1:7 ; 5:9 ; 7:9 ; 11:9 ; 13:7 ; 14:6 (b) of the "tribes" of Israel, Matthew 19:28 ; Luke 2:36 ; 22:30 ; Acts 13:21 ; Romans 11:1 ; Philippians 3:5 ; Hebrews 7:13,14 ; James 1:1 ; Revelation 5:5 ; 7:4-8 ; 21:12
Jehonadab - Son of Rechab, of the Clan of the Kenites ( 1 Chronicles 2:55 ), and formulator of the rules imposed upon descendants, the Rechabites ( Jeremiah 35:1-19 ; see Rechabites)
Jerahmeel - A non-Israelite Clan in the extreme S. Subsequently they were considered to have been a Judahite Clan ( 1 Chronicles 2:9 ; 1Ch 2:25 ff
Captivity, Babylonian - They preserved their old Clan relations (1 Esdras 2); had their own judges and magistrates (Jeremiah 29; Daniel 13); and some rose to positions of honor and responsibility (Daniel 1; Jeremiah 52; Esther 2)
Eliel - A Clan leader in the tribe of Manasseh east of the Jordan River (1 Chronicles 5:23 )
Beth-Zur - Son of Maon in line of Caleb (1 Chronicles 2:45 ), apparently indicating the Clan that settled the city
Ophrah - Town associated with the Abiezer Clan of Manasseh who settled west of the Jordan (Judges 6:11 ,Judges 6:11,6:15 ,Judges 6:15,6:24 ; Judges 8:32 )
Sahaptin - The Clan system was unknown, and the chiefs were usually elected
Babylonian Captivity - They preserved their old Clan relations (1 Esdras 2); had their own judges and magistrates (Jeremiah 29; Daniel 13); and some rose to positions of honor and responsibility (Daniel 1; Jeremiah 52; Esther 2)
Rechab, Rechabites - It was not binding on an entire Clan. A genuine tradition is probably embodied in the Chronicler’s statement ( 1 Chronicles 2:55 ), that the Clan of the Rechabites was connected with the Kenites , and this would square admirably with the view that the Jahweh-religion was communicated to Israel by Kenite influence. Subsequently to Jeremiah we do not find more than two Biblical allusions to the Clan in question, and one of these is doubtful
Ebal - Grandson of Seir and son of Clan leader Shobal among the Horite descendants living in Edom (Genesis 36:23 )
Eliezer - A member of the Clan of Harim who put away his foreign wife (Ezra 10:31 )
Tobiah - Ancestor of Clan who returned from Exile but could not show they were Israelites (Ezra 2:60 )...
Barzillai - A priestly Clan whose ancestor had married the daughter of 1
Jebusites - (jehb' yoo ssihtess) Clan who originally controlled Jerusalem before David conquered the city. In the list of the descendants of Noah (Genesis 10:1 ) the Jebusites are traced through the line of Ham and Canaan and are listed alongside other Clans such as the Amorites and Girgashites
Jeduthun - If that is the case, Jeduthun would have been the son of Kushaiah and a member of the Clan of Merari
Korah - A son of Esau (Genesis 36:5 ,Genesis 36:5,36:14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:35 ) who became chief of a Clan of Edom (Genesis 36:18 ). A grandson of Esau, son of Eliphaz, and chief of a Clan of Edom (Genesis 36:16 ; 1 Chronicles 1:36 )
Mohawks - A North American Indian tribe, the most easterly of the Iroquois confederation, represented in the federal council by nine chiefs, three from each Clan
Elon - A Clan in Zebulun was thus named for him (Numbers 26:26 )
Shaphan - SHAPHAN (‘coney’ or ‘rock-badger’; an old totem Clan-name so W
Midian - (Authorized Version Madian, Acts 7:29)...
This was the name of a people broken up into several Clans and inhabiting N. One Clan, the Kenites, dwelt near Mount Sinai, and to it Moses fled from Pharaoh (Exodus 2:15)
Anathoth - A chief that is a family or Clan leader, who along with 84 other priests, Levites, and leaders signed a covenant that the Israelites would obey the law of God given through Moses (Nehemiah 10:19 )
Elishama - A descendant of the Clan of Jerahmeel in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41 )
Zabad - 1 Chronicles 7:21 , an Ephraimite; if the text is correct, this passage and 1 Indicate that there was some uncertainty as to the reckoning of the Clan probably intended by the name
Jashobeam - Elsewhere Jashobeam is a member of the Clan of Hachmon
Claudia - Claudia probably learned Christianity from Pomponia, and took from her the surname of the Pomponian Clan, Rufina; so we find Rufus, a Christian in Romans 16:13
Family - ) Those who descend from one common progenitor; a tribe, Clan, or race; kindred; house; as, the human family; the family of Abraham; the father of a family
Government - The next level of social organization was the Clan, often designated by the Old Testament as the family (Hebrew mishpahah ). The Clan was composed of several related extended families. One individual might be designated as chief or head of each Clan. The next larger social level was the tribe (Hebrew shevet ), composed of several Clans. ...
It has been argued recently that the tribal and Clan structures were based not on kinship, but on grouping for common defense. Thus a Clan might be formed by two or three villages banding together and a tribe by two or three of the Clan units. The elders for a Clan were probably the heads of the households that comprised the Clan. For a tribe, the elders would have been all the household heads, or selected elders from each Clan
Ownership - After the division of the land among the twelve tribes, individual plots were given to family groups or Clans. The law of the kinsman-redeemer (Leviticus 25:25 ) was developed to assure that land belonging to a particular Clan did not pass out of its hands despite the death of an heirless husband. The impoverished widow would not be forced to sell her land to outsiders, thus diminishing the tribal area of the Clan
Five Nations - Their government was based upon the Clan system, with descent in the female line, each tribe having its women's council, chosen from the mothers of the tribe and taking the initiative in public matters, such as the right of adoption, the jurisdiction of territorial domain, and the decisions of questions of war and peace
Etam - Member of tribe of Judah and apparently Clan father of town of same name associated with Jezreel (1 Chronicles 4:3 )
Gershom - A son of Levi and head of a Clan of Levitic priests (1Chronicles 6:16-20,1Chronicles 6:43,1Chronicles 6:62, 1 Chronicles 6:71 ;...
1 Chronicles 15:7 )
Miriam - Member of the Clan of Caleb (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Caleb - ...
As a name of a Clan , Caleb (= Calebites) formed a branch of the children of Kenaz, an Edomite tribe, who settled in the hill-country north of the Negeb; they had possessions also in the Negeb itself ( Joshua 14:13-15 , 1Sa 30:14 , 1 Chronicles 24:2 ff
Kenizzites - A Clan named from an eponymous ancestor, Kenaz . This latter portion embraced the Clans of Caleb and Othniel
Pashhur - A priest who signed the covenant with Nehemiah, probably identical with 4 , or used of the Clan as a whole ( Nehemiah 10:3 )
Asher - Whether this fact operated in its naming, or whether the name was originally that of a divinity of a militant Canaanite Clan mentioned frequently in the Tell el-Amarna letters as the Mârî abd-Ashirti (‘Sons of the servant of Asherah’), or whether the Canaanite tribe ‘Asaru , known from the inscriptions of the Egyptian king Seti I. The two last theories imply an amalgamation of original inhabitants with a Hebrew Clan or tribe, which, probably prior to the entrance of the southern tribes, had found its way into the North
Cherethites And Pelethites - The Cherethites were a Philistine Clan ( 1 Samuel 30:14 ), dwelling on the coast ( Ezekiel 25:16 , Zephaniah 2:5 ); and the name Pelethites may have been a corrupt form of Philistines . Unwillingness to believe that foreigners stood so near the national hero led certain Jewish scholars to assert that the two Clans were Israelites
Indians, Maya - They had a Clan system with descent in the male line
Maya Indians - They had a Clan system with descent in the male line
Amariah - Nehemiah 12:2 ; Nehemiah 12:18 ; Nehemiah 10:3 , a priestly Clan which returned to Jerusalem, and sealed the covenant under Nehemiah (probably the same as Immer , 1 Chronicles 24:14 , Ezra 2:37 ; Ezra 10:20 , Nehemiah 7:40 [2])
Shemaiah - Head of the levitical Kohathite Clan of Elizaphan in the time of David ( 1 Chronicles 15:8 ; 1 Chronicles 15:11 ). A singer (or Clan) having part in the dedication of the wall ( Nehemiah 12:36 )
Ezer - A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:4 ) in the Clan of Caleb. It may be history of Clans of Ephraim and refer to a moment of mourning in the history of families descended from Ephraim
Gebal - An Idumean Clan, on the right of Ammon, as Amalek was on the left; for in the psalm it is coupled with Moab, Ammon, Amalek, and Edom
People - This emphasis of the word is related to the meaning of its cognates in Ugaritic (clan), Arabic (uncle on one’s father’s side), and Nabataean (uncle on one’s father’s side). The word is quite often combined with divine names and titles in people’s names (theophoric names) where God is set forth as the God of a particular tribe, Clan, or family—for example, Jekameam (God has raised up a Clan or family, Clan or family, Christ: His Eye Our Stimulus - Seeing their chief fall, the Clan wavered, and gave the enemy an advantage
Midian, Midianites - Personal and Clan name meaning, “strife” ...
Midian was the son of Abraham by his concubine Keturah (Genesis 25:2 )
Hamor - Head of the Clan named from him while yet alive "the children of Hamor
Levite - According to the view represented in the OT by the so-called ‘Priests’ Code,’ the Levites were originally the Clan whose members were qualified for the priestly office
Jael - Wife of Heber the Kenite, a descendant of Jethro, father-in-law of Moses, who was head of an Arab Clan which was established in the north of Palestine
Elam - A Clan head of tribe of Benjamin living in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 8:24 ). Two Clan leaders among the exiles who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel in 537 B
Medeba - In Maccabæan times it was the stronghold of a robber Clan, Jambri, which killed John, eldest son of Mattathias
Camel - An ill-tempered camel in an unhampered rampage could quickly trample down the tents of a family or Clan
Phinehas - After the Exile a Clan of priests, ‘the sons of Phinehas,’ claimed descent from him ( Ezra 8:2 [3])
Kin - In all these cases the underlying idea is that the land is the inalienable property of the Clan or ‘family’ ( Ruth 2:1 ) in the wider sense. It was the affair of the whole Clan, and even tribe, of the murdered man (2 Samuel 14:7 ), the former, as it were, delegating its rights to the nearest relatives
Fatherless - In societies where the basic social unit was the Clan headed by a father (the eldest male relative, perhaps a grandfather or uncle), those without a father or husband were social misfits without one to provide for their material needs and represent their interests in the court (Job 31:21 )
Kin, Kindred, Kinship - The unity of family or Clan is viewed as a physical unity; for the blood is the life,—an idea familiar to us from the OT,—and it is the same blood, and therefore the same life, that is shared by every descendant of the common ancestor
Hamor - Some think that the name points to a totem Clan, such as there is reason to believe existed among the early Canaanite, and other Semitic, peoples
Mari - An ancient city accidentally discovered by Arab Clansmen, and later excavated by French archaeologists under the supervision of Andre Parrot. This includes the prominence of the firstborn within family structure, the legal procedures entailed in adoption or formalizing inheritance, the centrality and interdependence of the Clan as a model for social structuring, the notion of tribal or ethnic movement of peoples and the relocation and resettlement in a new area, the importance of genealogical registers similar to those of Genesis 5:1 and Genesis 11:1 as a means of establishing personal or Clan authority, the prominent role and the forms of ritual in religious practices, the procedures for census taking, and the nature of prophets and prophecy
God of the Fathers - Given the polytheistic environment of the time, originally the formula could refer to tribal or Clan gods (Joshua 24:2 , Acts 7:321 )
Naaman - One of the sons of Benjamin ( Genesis 46:21 ), though in Numbers 26:40 and 1 Chronicles 8:4 he is referred to as Benjamin’s grandson; in Numbers 26:40 the ‘family of the Naamites ’ is spoken of, they therefore probably formed a Clan belonging to the tribe of Benjamin
Elder - As the father is head of the household, so the chiefs of the principal families ruled the Clan and the tribe, their authority being ill-defined, and, like that of an Arab sheik, depending on the consent of the governed
Father's House - A father's house could designate the Clans within a tribe (Exodus 6:14-25 ) or even an entire tribe (Joshua 22:14 ). Some of these marriages within the Clan were later prohibited (Leviticus 18:9 ,Leviticus 18:9,18:12 ; Leviticus 20:17 ,Leviticus 20:17,20:19 )
Gideon - ...
This hostility did not last, for when Gideon called the people to battle, the people of his own Clan (and therefore probably of his own town) were the first to respond
Name, Names - Among the earliest Clan names are those of animals: Rachel (‘ewe’), Hamor (‘ass’), Caleb (‘dog’), etc. In David’s day we find individuals, possibly members of such Clans, called Eglah (‘calf’), Laish (‘lion’), Bichri (from becher , ‘a young camel’). ...
There is an important class of compounds in which relationship originally conceived as physical with the god of the nation or Clan is asserted: Ammiel (‘kinsman is El’), Abijah (‘father is Jah’), Ahijah (‘brother is Jah’). Many places, however, got their designation from a salient natural feature, a well ( beer ), a fountain ( en , in En-gedi ), a meadow ( abel ), a vineyard ( karmel ), woods ( jearim ), in Kirath-jearim ), a hill ( Gibeah, Gibeon, Ramah ), trees ( Bethphage, Bethtappuah, Anab, Abel-hasshittim, Elah, Allon-bacuth ); from some circumstance belonging to the history or legends of the locality, an encampment ( Mahanaim ), a watch-tower ( Migdal, Megiddo, Mizpah ), a village ( Hazer ), a temporary abode of shepherds ( Succoth ), a place of refuge ( Adullam ), a vision ( Bcer-lahai-roi ); from the Clan which dwelt there ( Samaria ). On the totem-theory this would mean that the Clan bestowed the name of its totem-animal on the place of its abode. Special interest attaches to the names of two Clans in the S
Sheep - (Chardin says he saw a Clan of Turcoman shepherds whose flock consisted of 3,000,000 sheep and goats, besides 400,000 Feasts of carriage, as horses, asses and camels
Chief - Aluph is the leader of a Clan or tribe ( Genesis 36:15-43 ; Zechariah 12:5-6 )
Family - One word (mishpachah ) was used to describe the larger partriarchal Clan which included those persons related by blood, marriage, slaveship, and even animals (as found in the fourth commandment, Exodus 20:10 ). It represented a Clan of descendents (Deuteronomy 25:5-10 ), or property and persons of a particular place or residence on which and on whom one depended (Job 8:15 ). Beyond the household was the larger Clan, the tribe, and the nation which were descendants of Abraham, the origin of the people of Israel. Another term (oikos ) meant a house or a building but could also refer to a lineage or Clan much like the Old Testament word for household (1 Corinthians 1:16 )
Shimei, Shimeites - The personage of this designation, of whom the historian has given us some details, is a Benjamite of the Clan of Saul
Governor - , a Clan or a subdivision of a tribe
Genealogies - to the original ancestor of the family, Clan or nation
Shechem - A Manassite Clan, Numbers 26:31 (35), (the Shechemites), Joshua 17:2 , 1 Chronicles 7:19
Jehonadab - )...
Jehonadab, the tribe father of the Rechabites, enjoined the rule of the Clan on his children the more strictly because these were brought into close contact with the settled community, which would tempt them to neglect it, namely, to dwell in tents and not build houses, not to sow seed or plant vineyards
Acceptance - Human acceptance (or rejection) of other humans is affected by many things such as race, class, Clan, sex, actions of the individual, prejudice, etc
Genealogy - The existence of all the twelve sons of Jacob as individuals is on various grounds improbable; they represent tribes, and in many cases their ‘descendants’ are simply individual names coined to account for cities, Clans, and subdivisions of the tribes ( Genesis 46:8 , Numbers 26:1-65 ). ‘Father’ often means founder of a city; in Genesis 4:20 it stands for the originator of occupations and professions; members of a guild or Clan are its ‘sons. ( a ) The records, though in most cases worthless if regarded as referring to individuals, are of the highest importance as evidence of the movements and history of peoples and Clans, and of the beliefs entertained about them. We gather that the Calebites (‘dog-tribe’) were a related but alien Clan, which entered into friendly relations with Judah at the time of the conquest of Canaan, and perhaps took the lead in the invasion. So generally, though no uniform interpretation of the genealogies is possible, a marriage will often point to the incorporation of new elements into the tribe, a birth to a fresh subdivision or migration, or an unfruitful marriage to the disappearance of a Clan. Names of places and Clans appear as individuals ( 1 Chronicles 2:18-24 , 1 Chronicles 7:30-40 ). In the same way the position of Clans, such as Caleb and Jerahmeel, which in the early history appear as alien, is legitimized by artificial genealogies ( 1 Chronicles 2:1-55 )
Household - The Hebrew people as a nation or any of its tribes or Clans may also be indicated by the term “household” (Exodus 19:3 ; Exodus 40:38 ; Isaiah 8:17 ; Amos 3:13 ; Amos 7:16 ). “Household” or “house,” moreover, may point to the property or the management of the affairs and belongings of a family or Clan (Acts 7:10 )
Vote - The vow of a Nazirite might be for life, as in the case of Samson (Judges 13:7), or might even include an entire Clan for several generations, as in the case of the Rechabites (Jeremiah 35:6-11)
Azariah - A member of the Clan of Jerahmeel in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:38-39 )
Persia, Persians - Apparently they were a union of tribes, the ancestors of Cyrus being the chiefs of the leading Clan
Incest - However, Hebrew marriage practice was also basically endogamous on the level of Clan and tribe, so that one married within one's Clan to create lineage solidarity and to preserve the Clan's landed inheritance
Dan - Its feminine counterpart is Dinah (Jacob’s daughter by Leah), which as the name of the half-sister of Dan is probably reminiscent of some related Clan that early lost its identity
Inherit - The usage of nachălâh in the Pentateuch and Joshua indicates that the word often denotes that “possession” which all of Israel or a tribe or a Clan received as their share in the Promised Land
Father - In such use, the word may refer to the first man, a “forefather,” a Clan ( Stranger - A whole Clan or tribe might be gçrîm in Israel, as e
Naphtali - None of these Clan-names given here, except Guni, appears again outside of the genealogy repeated in 1 Chronicles 7:13
Judah - Hirah is a Canaanite Clan; Er and Onan stand for two other Clans which became united to Judah, but early disappeared; the other three continued to exist as constituents of Judah
Wisdom And Wise Men - ...
The Wise Men Preserved This Wisdom Though at first such wisdom was probably the responsibility of the patriarch or head of the Clan, it appears that every ancient culture developed a distinct class of people, the hakam or sages, who were responsible for the creating and preserving of their wisdom
Ban - This has to be interpreted in the light of the primitive solidarity between a god and his Clan
Hospitality - The stranger eating with a Clansman becomes ‘kinsman’ to all the members of the Clan, as regards ‘the fundamental rights and duties that turn on the sanctity of kindred blood’ (Wellhausen, Reste Arab. This sanctity may be traced to the ancient belief that the Clan god shared its life, and when an animal was slain for food took part in the common meal. The Clan’s friends were therefore the god’s friends, whom to injure was to outrage the deity
She'Chem - (Genesis 33:19 ; 34:2-26 ; Joshua 24:32 ; Judges 9:28 ) ...
A man of Manasseh, of the Clan of Gilead
Gideon - The son of Joash, a Manassite; he dwelt in Ophrah, a place hitherto unidentified, which belonged to the Clan of the Abiezrites
Jacob - Esau by this time had established a powerful Clan (Edom) in neighbouring regions to the south-east
Justice - ...
( b ) The next stage was that in which justice was administered by the ‘elders’ of a Clan or tribe (see Numbers 11:16 ). A number of families, united by ties of kinship, became, by the formation of a Clan, a unity as closely connected as the family itself. In Exodus 18:13-27 we have what purports to be the original institution of the administration of justice by the elders of Clans, Moses himself acting in the capacity of a kind of court of appeal ( Exodus 18:26 ); it is, of course, quite possible that, so far as Israel was concerned, this account is historically true, but the institution must have been much older than the time of Moses, and in following Jethro’s guidance, Moses was probably only re-instituting a régime which had long existed among his nomad forefathers
Priest, Priesthood - Therefore, it was natural that the Lord should then choose the whole tribe of Levi to assist the Clan of Aaron with all their priestly duties in place of the firstborn of all Israel (Numbers 8:14-19 ). ...
So, although the entire nation constituted "a kingdom of priests, " the Lord established Aaron's descendants as the perpetual priestly Clan in Israel
Levite - There were three family Clans within the tribe of Levi—Gershon, Kohath, and Meraribut it was only Kohath who supplied the Aaronic priests. Each Clan in the tribe now had specific duties related to the tabernacle (Numbers 3:14-18 )
Marriage (ii.) - It would be a mistake to see in this use of the paternal and filial relations a survival of that primitive religious concept which made members of a Clan the sons of its gods
Exodus - Many scholars believe the Hebrew word eleph, usually translated “thousand,” can also be translated “clan” or “fighting unit
Furniture - Chests of some sort would be used when the family or Clan was settled then double as carriage crates when on the move
Pilate - Connected with the Pontian Clan (gens ), first remarkable in the person of Pontius Telesinus, the great Samnite general
Poor (Person), Weak (Person) - ...
When Gideon challenged the Lord’s summoning him to deliver Israel, he emphasized that his Clan was too weak to do the job: “And he said unto him, Oh my Lord, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family is poor in Manasseh …” ( Joshua - ...
The view is widely held that Joshua has no historical reality as a person, that his name is merely the name of a Clan in Ephraim, and that his leadership in Israel represents, and puts back into the period of the conquest the commanding position which Ephraim had come to hold in the Israelite confederation. But only on the supposition that there was something to idealize is it possible to understand why a man, who belongs to a Clan in Ephraim which is otherwise unknown, came to be set up as the hero under whom they won their foothold among the nations, and passed from wandering tribes into a people. This may represent the historical fact that the two strong Clans of Judah and Ephraim were the first to be settled
Manasseh - One lot only is consequently assigned to them, the limits of which are roughly sketched in Joshua 16:1-3 , Joshua 17:1-18 gives Gilead and Bashan to Machir (making no mention of Jair and Nobah), and Joshua 17:2 begins to tell of the assignments to the remainder of the Manassite Clans, but fails to do so. But the ‘clan’ names, Abiezer, Shechem, and the names of the cities appended show that they were on the West. ...
For the Clans see Joshua 17:1-2 (J Timothy, the Second Epistle to - ) But now three years had elapsed; and Paul as a Roman citizen was treated with greater respect for legal forms, and was acquitted on the "first" charge (2 Timothy 4:17) of instigating the Christians to incendiarism before his last departure from Rome; it was then that Alexander the coppersmith witnessed against him (2 Timothy 4:14); no patron dared to advocate his cause, though being probably a client of the Aemilian Clan, from whence he derived his name Paul, he might naturally have looked for advocacy (2 Timothy 4:16-17)
King, Kingship - Kings were of three basic kinds in the Ancient Near East: (1) kings of great nations often identified with a god (for example, in Assyria, Babylon, and Egypt); (2) kings from a military elite who had taken control of a local population by force (for example, Canaanite city kings); and (3) kings who arose from tribal or Clan-oriented groups whose election to or inheritance of the kingship was determined in part by the people's will (for example, Israel, Edom, Moab, and Ammon)
Arabia, Arabs - In these passages ‘Arâb can hardly be taken as the name of a single Clan quite distinct from Dedan and the rest. 700) is connected with the circumstance that the ancient Clans of Ishmael, Midian, Amalek, etc. A brave tribe may be weakened by famine or defeat; it may be compelled to migrate or to adopt a settled mode of life, and thus its name becomes lost among a peasant population; or it may become otherwise broken up and its fragments attached to other tribes, so that small Clans by assimilating foreign elements become great tribes
Number - ‘ Thousand ’ especially has been held to be a term denoting ‘tribe’ or ‘clan’ (see Judges 6:15 , 1 Samuel 10:19 ); so that ‘a thousand’ might contain comparatively few men. of Numbers more credible by reducing the total amounts; but it is clear that the narrative as it stands intends ‘thousand’ to be a numeral, and does not use the word for a ‘clan
Tribes of Israel, the - The tribe was comprised of “clans. ” The “clan,” a mishpachah , was a family of families or a cluster of households that had a common ancestry. The Clan was comprised then of the individual households or families referred to as the “father's house” the beth ab
Jeremiah - The head of a Clan of the tribe of Manasseh in East Jordan (1 Chronicles 5:24 )
Family - It formed the base upon which the social structure was built up; its indistinguishable merging into the wider sense of Clan or tribe indicates how it affected the political life of the whole nation
Hosea - One of David's officers bore the name (1 Chronicles 27:20 ) as did a Clan chief in the time of Nehemiah (Hosea 4:1-96 )
Elder - With the disintegration of the tribal unit, influential families came to fill the void of authority left by the breakdown of the Clan
Jonathan - "glad" to accompany them; ambition readily prompted the desire to be priest to a tribe and Clan rather than to one individual
Shepherds - Chardin had an opportunity of seeing a Clan of Turcoman shepherds on their march, about two days' distance from Aleppo
Education in Bible Times - Parents and elders of the Clan or extended family were responsible for the education of children. Since ancient Israel was largely a Clan society, extended family members like grandparents, aunts and uncles, and even cousins might also participate in the educational process within the home
Government - During the nomadic or patriarchal age the unit is the family or Clan, and, for certain purposes, the tribe
Patriarchs, the - ” A patriarch is thus a ruling ancestor who may have been the founding father of a family, a Clan, or a nation
Messiah - He was to leave country, Clan, and family to become the channel of messianic blessings to all nations (Genesis 12:1-3 )
Gideon - ...
His own Clan the Abiezrites, Manasseh W
High Place, Sanctuary - At these, from Dan to Beersheba, sacrifices were offered by individuals, by the family ( 1 Samuel 1:3 ), and by the Clan ( 1 Samuel 20:6 ); there men ate and drank ‘before the Lord’ at the joyful sacrificial meal
Sepulchre - ’ The Apostle’s argument is that, in spite of the fact that David was a patriarch and the founder of a royal family or Clan, and wrote Psalms 16:10 (‘For thou wilt not leave my soul in Sheol,’ etc
Occupations And Professions in the Bible - This evolution was spurred by Israel's shift from a nomadic existence to a settled life and from a Clan-type government to that of the monarchy
Jews, Judaism - ...
Later, Judah moves west to Adullam, away from the Jacob Clan, where he married a Canaanite woman. Smaller tribal groups and Clans within the tribal boundaries were in time absorbed into Judah—Kenites (Judges 1:16 ), Kenazzites (1:11-15), Simeonites (1:17), Jerahmeelites, and Othnielites
Economic Life - It thus became traditional that land not be permanently sold outside the family or Clan (Leviticus 25:8-17 )
Jacob - According to the one, the transaction was personal, and involved a fulfilment by Shechem of a certain unspecified condition; according to the other, the entire Clan was involved on either side, and the story is that of the danger of the absorption of Israel by the local Canaanites and its avoidance through the interposition of Simeon and Levi
Marriage - The daughter is valuable to the Clan as a possible mother of warriors, and cannot be parted with except for a consideration
Priest (2) - In primitive days, families were represented by the patriarch or head of a Clan; but as the sense of sin grew and deepened, and as the Divine purpose of redemption was gradually unfolded, it became necessary to have men entirely separated for this office
Israel - Isaac is a shadowy figure confined mostly to the south, and possibly represents a south Palestinian Clan, which was afterwards absorbed by the Israelites. Jacob-Israel (Jacob, as shown above, is of Canaanitish origin; Israel was the name of the confederated Clans) represents the nation Israel itself. Judah was, in the period before the conquest, a far smaller tribe than afterwards, for, as will appear later, many Palestinian Clans were absorbed into Judah. Religion was at this period purely an affair of ritual and material success, and since Clans had escaped from Egypt through the name of Jahweh, others would more readily adopt His worship also