What does Cheerfulness mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
ἱλαρότητι cheerfulness 1

Definitions Related to Cheerfulness


   1 Cheerfulness, readiness of mind.

Frequency of Cheerfulness (original languages)

Frequency of Cheerfulness (English)


Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Cheerfulness
A disposition of mind free from dejection. Opposed to gloominess. If we consider cheerfulness, says Addison, in three lights, with regard to ourselves, to those we converse with, and to the Great Author of our being, it will not a little recommend itself on each of these accounts. The man who is possessed of this excellent frame of mind is not only easy in his thoughts, but a perfect master of all the powers and faculties of his soul; his imagination is always clear, and his judgment undisturbed; his temper is even and unruffled, whether in action or in solitude. He comes with a relish to all those goods which Nature has provided for him, tastes all the pleasures of the creation which are poured about him, and does not feel the full weight of those evils which may befall him.
Webster's Dictionary - Cheerfulness
(n.) Good spirits; a state of moderate joy or gayety; alacrity.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Cheerfulness
(O.E. chere, ‘face,’ ‘look’; L. Lat. cara, ‘the face’)
The abundance of expressions of buoyant gladness in a weak and persecuted community, as was the Christian Church of the first century, is striking. Whereas we might expect depression and sighing, we find everywhere singing at midnight in the prison houses (Philippians 2:17-182; Acts 16:25, Romans 8:35-37, 1 Peter 1:6; 1 Peter 1:6, etc.). Although St. Paul is described as once saying that his service has been with tears (Acts 20:19; Acts 20:31), and in his letter to Corinth confesses that he writes with many tears and with deep suffering and depression of spirit (2 Corinthians 2:4), such utterances stand isolated among a multitude of phrases suggestive of rejoicing and exultation. The Apostle’s references to depressing circumstances of life are usually to indicate his triumph over them (Philippians 3:7-8, 2 Corinthians 4:7 f.; 2 Corinthians 6:4; 2 Corinthians 11:30; 2 Corinthians 12:9). Is there affliction? That may be joyfully regarded as filling up what was lacking in the sufferings of Christ (Colossians 1:24), as building up character (Romans 5:3; cf. Hebrews 12:11, James 1:2), as winning an eternal weight of glory (2 Corinthians 4:17). Even martyrdom for faith is a thought inspiring joyfulness (1618736079_94). Are there those who preach Christ out of envy and contentiousness? No matter, Christ is being preached (Philippians 1:15-18). St. Paul’s very imprisonment is having happy results-the Imperial guards have thereby heard of Christ, and other brethren have been inspired by St. Paul’s sacrifice to bolder service (Philippians 1:12-14). There is much in human life to give gladness-meetings with friends (Philippians 2:28-29, 2 Timothy 1:4, 2 John 1:12), even the very remembrance of them (Philippians 1:4), the sharing of the joys of others (Romans 12:15, 1 Corinthians 12:26), the success of one’s work (Philippians 2:16), the faithfulness of converts (1 Thessalonians 2:19-20), their repentance after error (2 Corinthians 7:9), their thoughtful liberality (Philippians 4:10). One may rejoice in a good conscience (2 Corinthians 1:12), in the joy set before those running the good race (Hebrews 12:2), in the inspirations and consolations of Christian faith (Romans 5:2; Romans 5:11; Romans 15:13; 2 Corinthians 1:24; 2 Corinthians 5:6 f.; Philippians 1:25; 1 Peter 1:8). Not only is there cause for joy in the argued inferences from Christian beliefs-in the direct experience of the Holy Spirit there is joy and peace which the world cannot give (Romans 14:17, Galatians 5:22, 1 Thessalonians 1:6; cf. the characteristic features of mysticism in W. James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, London, 1902, lects. 16 and 17). Christian cheerfulness is not based on a denial of the reality of the dark things of life, but on the proportioning of them by the larger elements of joyful Christian faith and experience. A shallow, worldly cheerfulness must not be confused with the joy of the Christian in God. Human good cheer is only for a season (1 Corinthians 7:30); there is a laughter which should be turned to grief, and gladness to shame (James 4:9). Exhortations to rejoice are found in 1 Thessalonians 5:16, Romans 5:8 (cf. Colossians 1:11) Romans 12:12, Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:4 (‘χαίρετε expresses the predominant mood of the Epistle, a mood wonderfully characteristic of Paul’s closing years’ [1]).
H. Bulcock.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Cheer, Cheerful, Cheerfully, Cheerfulness
A — 1: εὐθυμέω (Strong's #2114 — Verb — euthumeo — yoo-thoo-meh'-o ) signifies, in the Active Voice, "to put in good spirits, to make cheerful" (eu, "well," thumos, "mind or passion"); or, intransitively, "to be cheerful," Acts 27:22,25 ; James 5:13 (RV, "cheerful," for AV, "merry"). See MERRY.
A — 2: θαρσέω (Strong's #2293 — Verb — tharseo — thar-seh'-o ) "to be of good courage, of good cheer" (tharsos, "courage, confidence"), is used only in the imperative mood, in the NT; "be of good cheer," Matthew 9:2,22 ; 14:27 ; Mark 6:50 ; 10:49 ; Luke 8:48 ; John 16:33 ; Acts 23:11 . See BOLD , A, No. 1, COMFORT, COURAGE.
B — 1: εὔθυμος (Strong's #2115 — Adjective — euthumos — yoo'-thoo-mos ) means "of good cheer" (see A, No. 1), Acts 27:36 .
B — 2: ἱλαρός (Strong's #2431 — Adjective — hilaros — hil-ar-os' ) from hileos, "propitious," signifies that readiness of mind, that joyousness, which is prompt to do anything; hence, "cheerful" (Eng., "hilarious"), 2 Corinthians 9:7 , "God loveth a cheerful (hilarious) giver."
Note: In the Sept. the verb hilaruno translates a Hebrew word meaning "to cause to shine," in Psalm 104:15 .
C — 1: εὔθυμος (Strong's #2115 — Adjective — euthumos — yoo'-thoo-mos ) cheerfully (see A, No. 1), is found in the most authentic mss., in Acts 24:10 , instead of the comparative degree, euthumoteron.
D — 1: ἱλαρότης (Strong's #2432 — Noun Feminine — hilarotes — hil-ar-ot'-ace ) "cheerfulness" (akin to B, No. 2), is used in Romans 12:8 , in connection with showing mercy.
King James Dictionary - Cheerfulness
CHEERFULNESS, n. Life animation good spirits a state of moderate joy or gayety alacrity.
He that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness. Romans 12 .

Sentence search

Cheerfulness - Cheerfulness, n. ...
He that showeth mercy, with Cheerfulness
Mirth - It is distinguished from Cheerfulness thus: Mirth is considered as an act; Cheerfulness an habit of the mind. Mirth is short and transient; Cheerfulness fixed and permanent. "Those are often raised into the greatest transports of mirth who are subject to the greatest depressions of melancholy; on the contrary, Cheerfulness, though it does not give such an exquisite gladness, prevents us from falling into any depths of sorrow. Mirth is like a flash of lightning, that breaks through a gloom of clouds, and glitters for a moment; Cheerfulness keeps up a kind of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady and perpetual serenity
Cheerisness - ) Cheerfulness
Esar-Haddon - That closes the point; joy; Cheerfulness
Ladness - ) State or quality of being glad; pleasure; joyful satisfaction; Cheerfulness
Eniality - ) The quality of being genial; sympathetic Cheerfulness; warmth of disposition and manners
Ladsome - ) Causing joy, pleasure, or Cheerfulness; having the appearance of gayety; pleasing
Pleasantry - ) That which denotes or promotes pleasure or good humor; Cheerfulness; gayety; merriment; especially, an agreeable playfulness in conversation; a jocose or humorous remark; badinage
Gloominess - Want of Cheerfulness cloudiness of look heaviness of mind melancholy as, to involve the mind in gloominess
Bilgah - BILGAH (‘cheerfulness’)
Humility And Cheerpulness - Observe the peculiar characters of the grass which adapt it especially for the service of man, are its apparent humility and Cheerfulness. Its Cheerfulness, in that it seems to exult under all kinds of violence and suffering. ' ...
So Ruskin poetically writes of the grass; should it not be thus with believers? Their flesh is like to grass for perishing, it were well if their spirits were like to grass for humility and Cheerfulness in service
Calm - 1: γαλήνη (Strong's #1055 — Noun Feminine — galene — gal-ay'-nay ) primarily signifies "calmness, Cheerfulness" (from a root gal---, from which gelao, "to smile," is also derived; hence the "calm" of the sea, the smiling ocean being a favorite metaphor of the poets), Matthew 8:26 ; Mark 4:39 ; Luke 8:24
Mirth - Mirth differs from joy and Cheerfulness, as always implying noise
Cheer - ) Gayety; mirth; Cheerfulness; animation. ) That which promotes good spirits or Cheerfulness; provisions prepared for a feast; entertainment; as, a table loaded with good cheer
Gladness - Joy, or a moderate degree of joy and exhilaration pleasure of mind Cheerfulness
Levity - Nothing can be more proper than for a Christian to wear an air of Cheerfulness, and to watch against a morose and gloomy disposition
Readiness - Promptitude Cheerfulness willingness alacrity freedom from reluctance as, to grant a request or assistance with readiness
Buoyancy - ) Cheerfulness; vivacity; liveliness; sprightliness; - the opposite of heaviness; as, buoyancy of spirits
Native - Produced by nature original born with the being natural not acquired as native genius native affections a native talent or disposition native Cheerfulness native simplicity
Bright - ) Sparkling with wit; lively; vivacious; shedding Cheerfulness and joy around; cheerful; cheery
Harp - It was used as an accompaniment to songs of Cheerfulness as well as of praise to God ( Genesis 31:27 ; 1 Samuel 16:23 ; 2 Chronicles 20:28 ; Psalm 33:2 ; 137:2 )
Cheerfulness - If we consider Cheerfulness, says Addison, in three lights, with regard to ourselves, to those we converse with, and to the Great Author of our being, it will not a little recommend itself on each of these accounts
Death: of a Believer - Lyford being desired, a little before his death, to let his friends know in what condition his soul was, and what his thoughts were about that eternity to which he seemed very near, he answered with a Cheerfulness suitable to a believer and a minister, 'I will let you know how it is with me;' and then, stretching out a hand that was withered and consumed with age and sickness: 'Here is,' said he 'the grave, the wrath of God, and devouring flames, the just punishment of sin, on the one side; and here am I, a poor sinful soul, on the other side; but this is my comfort, the covenant of grace which is established on so many sure promises, has saved me from all
Servants - Cheerfulness
Cheer - Air of countenance, noting a greater or less degree of Cheerfulness
Cheer, Cheerful, Cheerfully, Cheerfulness - ...
D — 1: ἱλαρότης (Strong's #2432 — Noun Feminine — hilarotes — hil-ar-ot'-ace ) "cheerfulness" (akin to B, No
Lift - To lift up the face, to look to with confidence, Cheerfulness and comfort. ...
To lift up the face, to look to with confidence, Cheerfulness and comfort
Hattemists - The founders of these sects deduced from the doctrine of absolute decrees a system of fatal and uncontrollable necessity; they denied the difference between moral good and evil, and the corruption of human nature; from whence they farther concluded, that mankind were under no sort of obligation to correct their manners, to improve their minds, or to obey the divine laws; that the whole of religion consisted not in acting, but in suffering; and that all the precepts of Jesus Christ are reducible to this one, that we bear with Cheerfulness and patience the events that happen to us through the divine will, and make it our constant and only study to maintain a permanent tranquillity of mind
Cheerfulness - Christian Cheerfulness is not based on a denial of the reality of the dark things of life, but on the proportioning of them by the larger elements of joyful Christian faith and experience. A shallow, worldly Cheerfulness must not be confused with the joy of the Christian in God
Light - As natural light brings vigour and health to the body, so the light of God gives Cheerfulness and strength to the soul
Joy - When it is moderate, it is called gladness; when raised on a sudden to the highest degree, it is then exultation or transport; when we limit our desires by our possessions, it is contentment; when our desires are raised high, and yet accomplished, this is called satisfaction; when our joy is derived from some comical occasion or amusement, it is mirth; if it arise from considerable opposition that is vanquished in the pursuit of the good we desire, it is then called triumph; when joy has so long possessed the mind that it is settled into a temper, we call it Cheerfulness; when we rejoice upon the account of any good which others obtain, it may be called sympathy or congratulation
Alms - With Cheerfulness, Deuteronomy 15:10
Assurance - ...
"Genuine assurance naturally leads to a legitimate and abiding peace and joy, and to love and thankfulness to God; and these from the very laws of our being to greater buoyancy, strength, and Cheerfulness in the practice of obedience in every department of duty
Oil - It is God the Holy Ghost who is uniformly represented, in his divine influences and gifts, by the figure and emblem of the holy oil and the ointment; for as oil hath numberless operations to soften, to take off rust, to counteract poison, to give Cheerfulness to the countenance, and to facilitate actions in the limbs when benumbed and grown hard; so the blessed influences of the Holy Ghost, by his divine anointings, soften our hearts, take off the rust of ignorance in our minds, expel the poison of sin and corruption, and not only raiseth up the drooping spirits, by administering to our hearts the oil of joy and gladness, but causeth us "to run the way of God's commandments when the Lord hath set our heart at liberty
Eusebius of Alexandria, a Writer of Sermons - "Fast, as the Lord said, in Cheerfulness, with sincere love to all men
Joy - , James 5:13 , a similar term signifying Cheerfulness or high spirits
Hierocles of Alexandria, a Philosopher - A wife by her tender offices refreshes those who are wearied with external toil; she makes her husband forget those troubles which are never so active and aggressive as in the midst of a solitary and unfriended life; sometimes questioning him on his business pursuits, or referring some domestic matter to his judgment, and taking counsel with him upon it: giving a savour and pleasure to life by her unstrained Cheerfulness and alacrity
Kindness - In Galatians 5:22 we meet with the same conjunction between ‘longsuffering’ and χρηστότης, and here, by distinction from ἀγαθωσύνη, ‘benevolence,’ and πραὔτης, ‘meekness,’ the sense is narrowed down to a benevolence which asserts itself either with a peculiar Cheerfulness or in the face of peculiar difficulties
Preaching - ” And the Israelites will partake of His light, and will speak:...
“Blessed is the hour when the Messiah shall come!...
Blessed the womb out of which He shall come!...
Blessed His contemporaries who are eye-witnesses!...
Blessed the eye that is honoured with a sight of Him!...
For the opening of His lips is blessing and peace;...
His speech is a moving or the spirits;...
The thoughts of His heart are confidence and Cheerfulness;...
The speech of His tongue is pardon and forgiveness;...
His prayer is the sweet incense of offerings;...
His petitions are holiness and purity
Patience - 8: ‘Neither is there required from us a Cheerfulness, such as may take away all sense of bitterness and grief; there would be no patience of the saints in the cross, except also they were tormented with grief and pressed with trouble
Patience - 8: ‘Neither is there required from us a Cheerfulness, such as may take away all sense of bitterness and grief; there would be no patience of the saints in the cross, except also they were tormented with grief and pressed with trouble
Psalms, Book of, - Henceforward, as we approach the close of the Psalter, its strains rise in Cheerfulness; and it fittingly terminates with Psal 147-150 which were probably sung on the occasion of the thanksgiving procession of Nehe 12, after the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem had been completed
Intercession - 3), who teaches our need of Cheerfulness and maintains that the intercession of a sad man hath never at any time power to ascend to the altar of God
Intercession - 3), who teaches our need of Cheerfulness and maintains that the intercession of a sad man hath never at any time power to ascend to the altar of God
Disease - Cheerfulness, despondency, sorrow, Proverbs 15:13 ; 17:22 )
Laughter - Francis, who became known as joculatores Domini, appear to have shown a vivacity and Cheerfulness in complete contrast to the rigid and frigid demeanour engendered by Pharisaism; and this attitude was encouraged by their Master, who did not expect ‘the sons of the bride-chamber’ to mourn so long as the ‘bridegroom’ was with them (Matthew 9:15; cf
Prayer - Knowledge of God’s will affects conduct; under the guidance of the Spirit we are led to new forms of service, are enabled to bear with Cheerfulness our difficulties and disappointments, assured that the lot of the saints is a privilege ‘in the [1] light
Reality - His demeanour was that of unstudied simplicity; and when occasion suited, He could unbend and let joy and Cheerfulness have their genial flow,—looking with amused interest on the children at their games (Matthew 11:16-17), sharing the gladness of the social gathering (John 2:1-10), or lighting up His discourse with flashes of playfulness (Luke 11:5-8)
Heir Heritage Inheritance - 5 (the heritage of faith), Psalms of Solomon, 12:8 (inheritance of the promise of the Lord), 14:7 (life in Cheerfulness)
Psalms of Solomon - A prayer for preservation from sin, from beautiful but beguiling women, and for strength to bear affliction with Cheerfulness
Hermas Shepherd of - The ninth Commandment extols faith in prayer, and condemns doubtful-mindedness, while the tenth exhorts Hermas to be clothed in Cheerfulness and to put away sadness
Paul - He was deterred by no difficulty or danger, and endured a great variety of persecutions with patience and Cheerfulness
Worship - Praise calls forth the grateful emotions, and gives Cheerfulness to piety; and that instruction in righteousness which is so perpetually repeated, diffuses the principles of morality and religion throughout society; enlightens and gives activity to conscience; raises the standard of morals; attaches shame to vice, and praise to virtue; and thus exerts a powerfully purifying influence upon mankind