What does Cedar mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אֲרָזִ֔ים cedar. 6
אֶ֔רֶז cedar. 4
אֲרָזִ֖ים cedar. 3
אֲרָזִֽים to be firm. / made firm (past part. / firm 3
הָאֶ֛רֶז cedar. 3
אָֽרֶז cedar. 2
הָאֲרָזִ֗ים cedar. 2
הָאֶ֜רֶז cedar. 2
אֶ֣רֶז cedar. 2
אֲרָזִ֑ים cedar. 2
אֲרָזִ֤ים cedar. 1
אֶ֤רֶז cedar. 1
הָֽאֲרָזִ֔ים to be firm. / made firm (past part. / firm 1
בָּאָ֔רֶז cedar. 1
؟ בָאָ֑רֶז cedar. 1
אָ֑רֶז cedar. 1
הָ֠אֶרֶז cedar. 1
אֶ֛רֶז cedar. 1
כְּאֶ֖רֶז cedar. 1
לְאֶ֣רֶז cedar. 1
אֲרָזִ֜ים cedar. 1
הָאָֽרֶז cedar. 1
؟ אֲרָזִֽים cedar. 1
אֲרָזִ֨ים cedar. 1
וָאָֽרֶז cedar. 1
בָּאֶ֔רֶז cedar. 1
בָּאֶ֗רֶז cedar. 1
וְאֶ֤רֶז cedar. 1
אֲרָזִ֛ים cedar. 1
הָאֶ֙רֶז֙ cedar. 1
בָּאֲרָזִֽים to be firm. / made firm (past part. / firm 1
אַרְזָ֖ה cedar-panels 1

Definitions Related to Cedar

H730


   1 Cedar.
      1a Cedar tree.
      1b Cedar timber, Cedar wood (in building).
      1c Cedar wood (in purifications).
      

H731


   1 Cedar-panels, Cedar-work.
   

Frequency of Cedar (original languages)

Frequency of Cedar (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Cedar
A tree grown especially in Lebanon and valued as building material (probably Cedrus libani ). Cedar played a still-unknown role in the purification rites of Israel (Leviticus 14:4 ; Numbers 19:6 ). Kings used cedar for royal buildings (2 Samuel 5:11 ; 1 Kings 5:6 ; 1 Kings 6:9-7:12 ). Cedar signified royal power and wealth (1 Kings 10:27 ). Thus the cedar symbolized growth and strength (Psalm 92:12 ; compare Ezekiel 17:1 ). Still, the majestic cedars could not stand before God's powerful presence (Psalm 29:5 ). The cedars owed their existence to God, who had planted them (Psalm 104:16 ). See Plants in the Bible .
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Cedar
CEDAR ( erez ). The finest of the trees of Lebanon, the principal constituent of its ‘glory’ ( Isaiah 35:2 ; Isaiah 60:13 ); it was noted for its strength ( Psalms 29:5 ), its height ( 2 Kings 19:23 ) and its majesty ( 1 Kings 4:33 , 2 Kings 14:9 , Zechariah 11:1-2 ). Its wood was full of resin ( Psalms 104:16 ), and, largely on that account, was one of the most valuable kinds of timber for building, especially for internal fittings. It was exceedingly durable, being not readily infected with worms, and took a high polish (cf. 1 Kings 10:27 , Song of Solomon 1:17 , Jeremiah 22:14 ). It was suitable, too, for carved work ( Isaiah 44:14-15 ). In all these respects the ‘cedar of Lebanon’ ( Cedrus Libani ) answers to the requirements. Though but a dwarf in comparison with the Indian cedar, it is the most magnificent tree in Syria; it attains a height of from 80 to 100 feet, and spreads out its branches horizontally so as to give a beautiful shade ( Ezekiel 31:3 ); it is evergreen, and has characteristic egg-shaped cones. The great region of this cedar is now the Cilician Taurus Mountains beyond Mersina, but small groves survive in places in the Lebanon. The most famous of these is that at Kadisha , where there are upwards of 400 trees, some of great age. In a few references erez does not mean the Cedrus Libani , but some other conifer. This is specially the case where ‘cedar-wood’ is used in the ritual of cleansing after defilement by contact with a leper ( Leviticus 14:4 ) or a dead body ( Numbers 19:6 ). Probably erez here is a species of juniper, Juniperus Sabina , which grows in the wilderness. The reference in Numbers 24:6 to ‘cedar trees beside the waters’ can hardly apply to the Lebanon cedar, which flourishes best on bare mountain slopes.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Cedar
(Heb. e'rez, Gr. kedros, Lat. cedrus), a tree very frequently mentioned in Scripture. It was stately (Ezekiel 31:3-5 ), long-branched (Psalm 80:10 ; 92:12 ; Ezekiel 31:6-9 ), odoriferous (Song of Solomon 4:11 ; Hosea 14:6 ), durable, and therefore much used for boards, pillars, and ceilings (1 Kings 6:9,10 ; 7:2 ; Jeremiah 22:14 ), for masts (Ezekiel 27:5 ), and for carved images (Isaiah 44:14 ). It grew very abundantly in Palestine, and particularly on Lebanon, of which it was "the glory" (Isaiah 35:2 ; 60:13 ). Hiram supplied Solomon with cedar trees from Lebanon for various purposes connected with the construction of the temple and the king's palace (2 Samuel 5:11 ; 7:2,7 ; 1 Kings 5:6,8,10 ; 6:9,10,15,16,18,20 ; 7:2,3,7,11,12 ; 9:11 , etc.). Cedars were used also in the building of the second temple under Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:7 ).
Of the ancient cedars of Lebanon there remain now only some seven or eight. They are not standing together. But beside them there are found between three hundred and four hundred of younger growth. They stand in an amphitheatre fronting the west, about 6,400 feet above the level of the sea.
The cedar is often figuratively alluded to in the sacred Scriptures. "The mighty conquerors of olden days, the despots of Assyria and the Pharaohs of Egypt, the proud and idolatrous monarchs of Judah, the Hebrew commonwealth itself, the war-like Ammonites of patriarchal times, and the moral majesty of the Messianic age, are all compared to the towering cedar, in its royal loftiness and supremacy (Isaiah 2:13 ; Ezekiel 17:3,22,23,31:3-9 ;; Amos 2:9 ; Zechariah 11:1,2 ; Job 40:17 ; Psalm 29:5 ; 80:10 ; 92:12 , etc).", Groser's Scrip. Nat. Hist. (See BOX-TREE.)
Webster's Dictionary - Cedar
(1):
(a.) Of or pertaining to cedar.
(2):
(n.) The name of several evergreen trees. The wood is remarkable for its durability and fragrant odor.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Cedar
Εrez , from 'aΙraz , "coiled" or "compressed," a deeply rooted tree. According to Scripture, tall (Isaiah 2:13), spreading (Ezekiel 31:3), fit for beams, boards, and pillars (1 Kings 6:10; 1 Kings 6:15; 1 Kings 7:2), masts (Ezekiel 27:5), and carved work as images (Isaiah 44:14). The timber for the second temple, as for Solomon's, was cedar (Ezra 3:7). As our modern cedar is hardly fit for masts, and is of a worse quality than inferior deal, probably by the "cedar" of Scripture is meant Scotch fir (Pinus sylvestris). In Ezekiel 27:3 the Septuagint translate "masts of fir," and by "fir" is meant cypress. Moreover the deodara cedar (the tree of God, Psalms 104:16, the sacred tree of the Hindus, of which they construct their temples) has the durability wanting in our modern cedar of Lebanon.
The Nineveh inscriptions state that the palaces were in part constructed of cedar; this proves on microscopic examination to be yew; so that by "cedar of Lebanon" the wood of more than one tree is meant, the pine cedar, Scotch fir, yew, deodara. Cedar was also used in purification, probably the oxycedrus abounding in Egypt, Arabia, and the wady Mousa; indeed, the greater cedar not being found there, the tree meant in the laws of purification must have been a distinct one (Leviticus 14:4; Numbers 19:6). It was anciently burnt as a perfume at funerals. In a hollow of Lebanon, where no other trees are near, about 400 cedars of Lebanon stand alone, 3,000 feet below the summit and 6,400 above the sea. Only eleven or twelve are very large and old.
This forest is regarded by the neighboring people with superstitious reverence. Sennacherib had desired to "go up to the sides of Lebanon and cut down the tall cedars thereof" (2 Kings 19:23), but was baffled by the interposition of Jehovah. Another Assyrian king accomplished it, as an inscription at Nimrud states in recording his conquests in N. Syria. But God in retributive justice "consumed the glory of the Assyrian's forest" figuratively; fulfilling His threat, "the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few that a child may write them" (Isaiah 10:18-19). Solomon's 80,000 hewers must have inflicted such havoc that the cedar forest never recovered it completely. The cedar of Lebanon is an evergreen, its leaves remaining on for two years, and every spring contributing a fresh supply.
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Cedar
Psalm 29:5 (b) This is a type of proud, prominent persons who take a stand against GOD, His Word and His work.
Psalm 92:12 (a) Here is a picture of the believer who in the midst of drought, death, dearth and desolation fixes his faith and trust down deep in the living promises of GOD and flourishes for Him, in company with other believers. Cedars grow in forests and help each other to stand the storms. Cedars represent collective Christian testimony. The palm tree in this verse represents the individual testimony.
Zechariah 11:2 (b) This is a type of the great nation of Israel which had grown to be a world power and then because of disobedience to GOD was cut down and destroyed as a nation. This passage was read at Spurgeon's funeral to teach that the lesser preachers mourned over the death of this great preacher (the cedar).
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Cedar
The beautiful tall tree that was extensively used by Solomon in building the temple and his palaces. It is called 'cedar' from the firmness of its roots; its wood is very durable and odoriferous. It was used for beams, pillars and masts, and for carved images. 1 Kings 6:9,10 ; Isaiah 44:14 ; Ezekiel 27:5 . Special reference is made to it in scripture, as "the trees of the Lord are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon which he hath planted." Psalm 104:16 . It cannot be considered as one of the trees of Palestine proper, but is constantly connected in scripture with Lebanon, where it still grows in a group of some 300, a few being very old, and with no others near: the neighbouring people regard them with reverence.
In the cleansing of the leper, and in connection with burning the Red Heifer, cedar wood and hyssop were used, typical of the highest and the lowest (the judgement of death upon all men and the whole fashion of this world). Leviticus 14:4-52 ; Numbers 19:6 . The cedar is used as a symbol of strength and stability: the righteous shall grow up as a cedar of Lebanon. Psalm 92:12 . The Assyrian king in his strength was also compared to a cedar, which is thus described: "with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature," Ezekiel 31:3 ; for his pride he was to be brought down.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Cedar Tree
The cedar tree of Lebanon, forms an interesting object in holy Scripture, and merits attention. The tree itself seems, for majesty and beauty, to take place of every other among the trees of the forest. Its branches are wide and spreading. They begin to form themselves nearly from the ground, and stretch forth on each side. The tree itself is an evergreen, and sheds forth a gummy substance, which is said to contain many salutary qualities. The wood of it formed a part in the service of the cleansing of the leper. (See Leviticus 14:4) One of the kings of Israel called himself by the name of the Cedar of Lebanon, 2 Kings 14:9. The church, or Christ for the church, when celebrating the beauties and glories of their habitation, compares the beams of it to cedar. (Song of Song of Solomon 1:17) And the state of individual believers in the church is more than once spoken of, as resembled by the flourishing nature of the cedar of Lebanon. (Psalms 92:12; Psa 104:16) The Hebrews called it Tashur, which the Septuagint rendered cedar. There is somewhat very interesting in such representations of the Lord's inheritance, when by figure and similitude we are sent, by God the Holy Ghost, to the loveliest objects in nature to form our views of the Lord's pleasure and delight, which he taketh in his people. Taught by such an infallible Teacher methinks I would never read of the Cedar of Lebanon, without connecting with it some sweet resemblance to be discovered in his people, which he saith himself are the branch of his planting, and which are so, that they might be called trees of righteousness, "the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified." (Isaiah 60:21; Isa 61:3) And if Jesus himself, be in the view of JEHOVAH, and in his church's view, "the plant of renown," (Ezekiel 34:29) surely, it is blessed to know, that the church is in Jesus's view, the Cedar of Lebanon. And in how many ways do they bear resemblance to the glory of Lebanon, when made comely, from the comliness Jesus puts upon them! Is there any tree of the wood so graceful, or so lovely, as the Cedar of Lebanon? Neither is there any lily among the thorns so fair, and white, and fragrant, as Jesus's love is among the daughters. (Song of Song of Solomon 2:2) Do any trees out-top the Cedar of Lebanon, spread wider, or cast their branches with more luxuriancy farther than this fair one? Neither do any grow more upright, extend their usefulness in equal direction for general good, as the disciples of the Lord. For though they are poor and mean in man's opinion, yet do they stand high in the esteem of Christ Jesus; and in the grace of the Lord, like the branches of the cedar, they spread forth, by faith, in every direction, and by rich experience in the divine life, manifest forth the loveliness of their high calling all around. And as the Cedar of Lebanon is deep-rooted, ever-green, and ever-fragrant, so believers in Christ are deep-rooted in him, always flourishing in him, however unprofitable in themselves; and as the prophet describes the church, "their branches shall spread, and their beauty be as the olive tree, and their smell like Lebanon." (Hosea 14:6) Such, and many more of the like nature, open to our view, while considering the church in Jesus's esteem, as the Cedar of Lebanon. (See a lovely account of this, Psalms 92:13-15)
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Cedar
ארן . The cedar is a large and noble evergreen tree. Its lofty height, and its far extended branches, afford spacious shelter and shade, Ezekiel 31:3 ; Ezekiel 31:6 ; Ezekiel 31:8 . The wood is very valuable; is of a reddish colour, of an aromatic smell, and reputed incorruptible. This is owing to its bitter taste, which the worms cannot endure, and to its resin, which preserves it from the injuries of the weather. The ark of the covenant, and much of the temple of Solomon, and that of Diana at Ephesus, were built of cedar. The tree is much celebrated in Scripture. It is called, "the glory of Lebanon,"
Isaiah 60:13 . On that mountain it must in former times have flourished in great abundance. There are some cedars still growing there which are prodigiously large. But the travellers who have visited the place within these two or three centuries, and who describe trees of vast size, inform us that their number is diminished greatly; so that, as Isaiah says, "a child may number them," Isaiah 10:19 . Maundrell measured one of the largest size, and found it to be twelve yards and six inches in girt, and yet sound; and thirty-seven yards in the spread of its boughs. Gabriel Sionita, a very learned Syrian Maronite, who assisted in editing the Paris Polyglott, a man worthy of all credit, thus describes the cedars of mount Lebanon, which he had examined on the spot: "The cedar grows on the most elevated part of the mountain, is taller than the pine, and so thick, that five men together could scarcely encompass one. It shoots out its branches at ten or twelve feet from the ground: they are large and distant from each other, and are perpetually green. The wood is of a brown colour, very solid and incorruptible, if preserved from wet. The tree bears a small cone like that of the pine."
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Cedar
Cedar. Several cone-bearing, evergreen trees appear to be included under this title. But ordinarily, the cedar of Lebanon (the still famous tree of that name, Cedrus Libani) is meant. The Scriptures give its characteristics. Comp. Psalms 92:12; Ezekiel 31:3-6; 1 Kings 7:2; 1 Kings 10:27; Song of Solomon 4:11; Hosea 14:6; Isaiah 2:13; Isaiah 10:19. It grows to the height of 70 or 80 feet. The branches ate thick and long, spreading out almost horizontally from the trunk, which is sometimes 30 or 40 feet in circumference. Ezekiel 31:3; Ezekiel 31:6; Ezekiel 31:8. Maundrell measured one which was 36 feet and 6 inches in the girth, and 111 feet in the spread of its boughs. The wood is of area color and bitter taste, which is offensive to insects, and hence it Is very durable and admirably adapted for building. Cedar was used for the most noble and costly edifices, as the palace of Persepolis, the palace of Solomon, and the temple at Jerusalem. This timber served not only for beams for the frame and boards for covering buildings, but was also wrought into the walls. 2 Samuel 7:2; 1 Kings 6:36; 1 Kings 7:12. The gum which exudes from the trunk and the cones is as soft and fragrant as the balsam of Mecca. This tree, there is reason to believe, once quite covered the mountains of Lebanon between the heights of 3000 and 7000 feet. Rev. H. H. Jessup has visited and described eleven distinct groves of cedars on those mountains, including, altogether, several thousand trees. The wood of the cedar is notable for toughness, durability, and adaptedness to the climate and circumstances of Syria. There is no such thing as a rotten cedar. The name of Lamartine, carved on one of the giant trees 109 years ago, is fresh and legible today. All other woods indigenous to Syria are liable to the attacks of insects or a kind of dry rot. Cedar beams are unchangeable. The cedar is a desirable wood for carving. Isaiah 44:14. It is hard, fragrant, takes a high polish, which develops a beautiful grain, and it grows darker and richer by time.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Cedar
A noble evergreen-tree greatly celebrated in the Scriptures, Psalm 92:12 Ezekiel 31:3-6 . These trees are remarkably thick and tall; some among them are from thirty-five to forty feet in girth, and ninety feet in height. The cedar-tree shoots out branches at ten of twelve feet from the ground, large and almost horizontal; its leaves are an inch long, slender and straight, growing in tufts. The tree bears a small cone, like that of the pine. This celebrated tree is not peculiar to mount Lebanon, but grows also upon mounts Amanus and Taurus in Asia Minor, and in other parts of the Levant, but does not elsewhere reach the size and height of those on Lebanon. It has also been cultivated in the gardens of Europe; two venerable individuals of this species exist at Chiswick in England; and there is a very beautiful one in the Jardin des Plantes in Paris. The beauty of the cedar consists in the proportion and symmetry of its wide-spreading branches and cone-like top. The gum, which exudes both from the trunk and the cones or fruits, is soft like balsam of Mecca. Every thing about this tree has a strong balsamic odor; and hence the whole grove is so pleasant and fragrant, that it is delightful to walk in it, Song of Song of Solomon 4:11 Hosea 14:6 . The wood is peculiarly adapted to building, because it is not subject to decay, nor to be eaten of worms; hence it was much used for rafters, and for boards with which to cover houses and form the floors and ceilings of rooms. It was of a red color, beautiful, solid, and free from knots. The palace of Persepolis, the temple at Jerusalem, and Solomon's palace, were all in this way built with cedar; and "the house of the forest of Lebanon," was perhaps so called from the quantity of this wood used in its construction, 1 Kings 7:2 10:17 .
Of the forests of cedars which once covered Lebanon, comparatively few are now left, Isaiah 2:13 10:19 ; though there are still many scattered trees in various parts, resembling the genuine cedar. The largest and most ancient trees, generally thought to be the only ones, are found in a grove, lying a little off from the road which crosses mount Lebanon from Baalbek to Tripole, at some distance below the summit of the mountain on the western side, at the foot indeed of the highest summit or ridge of Lebanon. This grove consists of a few very old trees, perhaps as old as the time of Christ, intermingled with 400 or 500 younger ones. See LEBANON .
Besides the true cedar of Lebanon, the word cedar in the Bible appears to mean sometimes the juniper and sometimes the pine.
King James Dictionary - Cedar
CEDAR, n. A tree. This name is given to different species of the juniper, and to a species of Pinus. The latter is that which is mentioned in scripture. It is an evergreen, grows to a great size, and is remarkable for its durability.

Sentence search

Cedrine - ) Of or pertaining to Cedar or the Cedar tree
Cedar - Cedar played a still-unknown role in the purification rites of Israel (Leviticus 14:4 ; Numbers 19:6 ). Kings used Cedar for royal buildings (2 Samuel 5:11 ; 1 Kings 5:6 ; 1 Kings 6:9-7:12 ). Cedar signified royal power and wealth (1 Kings 10:27 ). Thus the Cedar symbolized growth and strength (Psalm 92:12 ; compare Ezekiel 17:1 ). Still, the majestic Cedars could not stand before God's powerful presence (Psalm 29:5 ). The Cedars owed their existence to God, who had planted them (Psalm 104:16 )
Box-Tree - What tree is referred to under the name teashshur is not known: the ancient versions translate it 'cedar, fir, poplar,' etc. It is probably a species of Cedar, called sherbin in the East
Cedar - The timber for the second temple, as for Solomon's, was Cedar (Ezra 3:7). As our modern Cedar is hardly fit for masts, and is of a worse quality than inferior deal, probably by the "cedar" of Scripture is meant Scotch fir (Pinus sylvestris). Moreover the deodara Cedar (the tree of God, Psalms 104:16, the sacred tree of the Hindus, of which they construct their temples) has the durability wanting in our modern Cedar of Lebanon. ...
The Nineveh inscriptions state that the palaces were in part constructed of Cedar; this proves on microscopic examination to be yew; so that by "cedar of Lebanon" the wood of more than one tree is meant, the pine Cedar, Scotch fir, yew, deodara. Cedar was also used in purification, probably the oxycedrus abounding in Egypt, Arabia, and the wady Mousa; indeed, the greater Cedar not being found there, the tree meant in the laws of purification must have been a distinct one (Leviticus 14:4; Numbers 19:6). In a hollow of Lebanon, where no other trees are near, about 400 Cedars of Lebanon stand alone, 3,000 feet below the summit and 6,400 above the sea. Sennacherib had desired to "go up to the sides of Lebanon and cut down the tall Cedars thereof" (2 Kings 19:23), but was baffled by the interposition of Jehovah. Solomon's 80,000 hewers must have inflicted such havoc that the Cedar forest never recovered it completely. The Cedar of Lebanon is an evergreen, its leaves remaining on for two years, and every spring contributing a fresh supply
Cedry - ) Of the nature of Cedar
Chatterer - In America the Cedar bird is a more common species. See Bohemian chatterer, and Cedar bird
Cedarn - ) Of or pertaining to the Cedar or its wood
Cedar - Cedar ( erez ). In all these respects the ‘cedar of Lebanon’ ( Cedrus Libani ) answers to the requirements. Though but a dwarf in comparison with the Indian Cedar, it is the most magnificent tree in Syria; it attains a height of from 80 to 100 feet, and spreads out its branches horizontally so as to give a beautiful shade ( Ezekiel 31:3 ); it is evergreen, and has characteristic egg-shaped cones. The great region of this Cedar is now the Cilician Taurus Mountains beyond Mersina, but small groves survive in places in the Lebanon. This is specially the case where ‘cedar-wood’ is used in the ritual of cleansing after defilement by contact with a leper ( Leviticus 14:4 ) or a dead body ( Numbers 19:6 ). The reference in Numbers 24:6 to ‘cedar trees beside the waters’ can hardly apply to the Lebanon Cedar, which flourishes best on bare mountain slopes
Kawaka - ) a New Zealand tree, the Cypress Cedar (Libocedrus Doniana), having a valuable, fine-grained, reddish wood
Oren - (oh' rehn) Personal name meaning, “cedar
Cedar Tree - The Cedar tree of Lebanon, forms an interesting object in holy Scripture, and merits attention. (See Leviticus 14:4) One of the kings of Israel called himself by the name of the Cedar of Lebanon, 2 Kings 14:9. The church, or Christ for the church, when celebrating the beauties and glories of their habitation, compares the beams of it to Cedar. (Song of Song of Solomon 1:17) And the state of individual believers in the church is more than once spoken of, as resembled by the flourishing nature of the Cedar of Lebanon. (Psalms 92:12; Psa 104:16) The Hebrews called it Tashur, which the Septuagint rendered Cedar. Taught by such an infallible Teacher methinks I would never read of the Cedar of Lebanon, without connecting with it some sweet resemblance to be discovered in his people, which he saith himself are the branch of his planting, and which are so, that they might be called trees of righteousness, "the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified. " (Isaiah 60:21; Isa 61:3) And if Jesus himself, be in the view of JEHOVAH, and in his church's view, "the plant of renown," (Ezekiel 34:29) surely, it is blessed to know, that the church is in Jesus's view, the Cedar of Lebanon. And in how many ways do they bear resemblance to the glory of Lebanon, when made comely, from the comliness Jesus puts upon them! Is there any tree of the wood so graceful, or so lovely, as the Cedar of Lebanon? Neither is there any lily among the thorns so fair, and white, and fragrant, as Jesus's love is among the daughters. (Song of Song of Solomon 2:2) Do any trees out-top the Cedar of Lebanon, spread wider, or cast their branches with more luxuriancy farther than this fair one? Neither do any grow more upright, extend their usefulness in equal direction for general good, as the disciples of the Lord. For though they are poor and mean in man's opinion, yet do they stand high in the esteem of Christ Jesus; and in the grace of the Lord, like the branches of the Cedar, they spread forth, by faith, in every direction, and by rich experience in the divine life, manifest forth the loveliness of their high calling all around. And as the Cedar of Lebanon is deep-rooted, ever-green, and ever-fragrant, so believers in Christ are deep-rooted in him, always flourishing in him, however unprofitable in themselves; and as the prophet describes the church, "their branches shall spread, and their beauty be as the olive tree, and their smell like Lebanon. " (Hosea 14:6) Such, and many more of the like nature, open to our view, while considering the church in Jesus's esteem, as the Cedar of Lebanon
Cedar - It is called 'cedar' from the firmness of its roots; its wood is very durable and odoriferous. Special reference is made to it in scripture, as "the trees of the Lord are full of sap; the Cedars of Lebanon which he hath planted. ...
In the cleansing of the leper, and in connection with burning the Red Heifer, Cedar wood and hyssop were used, typical of the highest and the lowest (the judgement of death upon all men and the whole fashion of this world). The Cedar is used as a symbol of strength and stability: the righteous shall grow up as a Cedar of Lebanon. The Assyrian king in his strength was also compared to a Cedar, which is thus described: "with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature," Ezekiel 31:3 ; for his pride he was to be brought down
Cedar - Cedar. But ordinarily, the Cedar of Lebanon (the still famous tree of that name, Cedrus Libani) is meant. Cedar was used for the most noble and costly edifices, as the palace of Persepolis, the palace of Solomon, and the temple at Jerusalem. Jessup has visited and described eleven distinct groves of Cedars on those mountains, including, altogether, several thousand trees. The wood of the Cedar is notable for toughness, durability, and adaptedness to the climate and circumstances of Syria. There is no such thing as a rotten Cedar. Cedar beams are unchangeable. The Cedar is a desirable wood for carving
Cedar - ) Of or pertaining to Cedar
Meliaceous - It includes the mahogany and the Spanish Cedar
Toon - ) The reddish brown wood of an East Indian tree (Cedrela Toona) closely resembling the Spanish Cedar; also
Gopher Wood - GOPHER WOOD ( Genesis 6:14 ), of which the ark was constructed, was by tradition cypress wood, and this, or else the Cedar, may be inferred as probable
Deodar - ) A kind of Cedar (Cedrus Deodara), growing in India, highly valued for its size and beauty as well as for its timber, and also grown in England as an ornamental tree
Bay-Tree - text to read ’erez , ‘cedar
Ceiled, Ceiling - The covering a roof of a room with wood, formed into patterns: some with fir-trees as 2 Chronicles 3:5 , and others with Cedar and painted
Pine Tree - See Cedar Tree...
Boxtree - The reference in (Isaiah 60:13 ) is supposed by some to mean a species of Cedar
Float - The pine and Cedar logs for construction of the Temple were lashed together to form rafts which were floated down the coast
Cedrene - ) A rich aromatic oil, C15H24, extracted from oil of red Cedar, and regarded as a polymeric terpene; also any one of a class of similar substances, as the essential oils of cloves, cubebs, juniper, etc
Cedar - Cedar, n
Waxwing - The Bohemian waxwing (see under Bohemian) and the Cedar bird are examples
Gopher - Gopher may probably be a general name for such trees as abound with resinous inflammable juices, as the Cedar, cypress, fir-tree, pine, etc
Cedar - The Cedar-tree shoots out branches at ten of twelve feet from the ground, large and almost horizontal; its leaves are an inch long, slender and straight, growing in tufts. The beauty of the Cedar consists in the proportion and symmetry of its wide-spreading branches and cone-like top. The palace of Persepolis, the temple at Jerusalem, and Solomon's palace, were all in this way built with Cedar; and "the house of the forest of Lebanon," was perhaps so called from the quantity of this wood used in its construction, 1 Kings 7:2 10:17 . ...
Of the forests of Cedars which once covered Lebanon, comparatively few are now left, Isaiah 2:13 10:19 ; though there are still many scattered trees in various parts, resembling the genuine Cedar. ...
Besides the true Cedar of Lebanon, the word Cedar in the Bible appears to mean sometimes the juniper and sometimes the pine
Ash - The word is translated fir (NAS), pine (NIV), Cedar (NRSV, REB), and laurel tree (TEV)
Fir Tree - Probably the Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis), which is almost as large as the Cedar, is now found on Lebanon, and was formerly doubtless abundant through Palestine
Box-Tree - The word employed in Isaiah 60:13 , is thought by many to have been a species of Cedar
House of the Forest of Lebanon - A designation for a great hall Solomon constructed as part of his palace complex in Jerusalem (1 Kings 7:2-5 ), so called because of the extensive use of Cedar for the pillars, beams, and roofing material
Thyine-Wood - Revelation 18:12 , the wood of the Thyia or Thuja Articulata of Linnaeus, an aromatic evergreen tree, resembling the Cedar, and found in Libya, near Mount Atlas
Ceilings - ) Cedar planks were applied to the beams crossing from wall to wall, with sunk panels edged with gold and carved or painted in patterns
Box Tree - Most of the ancient, and several of the modern, translators, render this word the buxus, or "box tree;" but from its being mentioned along with trees of the forest, some more stately tree must be intended, probably the Cedar
Gopher - " Other versions have rendered it "pine" and "cedar;" but the weight of authority is in favour of understanding by it the cypress tree, which grows abundantly in Chaldea and Armenia
Savine - ) The North American red Cedar (Juniperus Virginiana
Gopher-Wood - Genesis 6:14 It was some resinous wood, such as Cedar, pine, fir, or cypress, which was considered by the ancients as the most durable wood
Thyine-Wood - A kind of Cedar growing in Spain, and on the coast of Africa
Bay Tree - The NRSV and TEV hardly come closer to a correct translation with Cedar tree
Tlinkit - They built substantial houses of Cedar adorned with totem poles, and were expert stone carvers and copper workers
Cedar - Hiram supplied Solomon with Cedar trees from Lebanon for various purposes connected with the construction of the temple and the king's palace (2 Samuel 5:11 ; 7:2,7 ; 1 Kings 5:6,8,10 ; 6:9,10,15,16,18,20 ; 7:2,3,7,11,12 ; 9:11 , etc. Cedars were used also in the building of the second temple under Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:7 ). ...
Of the ancient Cedars of Lebanon there remain now only some seven or eight. ...
The Cedar is often figuratively alluded to in the sacred Scriptures. "The mighty conquerors of olden days, the despots of Assyria and the Pharaohs of Egypt, the proud and idolatrous monarchs of Judah, the Hebrew commonwealth itself, the war-like Ammonites of patriarchal times, and the moral majesty of the Messianic age, are all compared to the towering Cedar, in its royal loftiness and supremacy (Isaiah 2:13 ; Ezekiel 17:3,22,23,31:3-9 ;; Amos 2:9 ; Zechariah 11:1,2 ; Job 40:17 ; Psalm 29:5 ; 80:10 ; 92:12 , etc)
Knop - peka'im, found only in 1 Kings 6:18,7:24 , an ornament resembling a small gourd or an egg, on the Cedar wainscot in the temple and on the castings on the brim of the brazen sea
Kedron - , in 1 Kings 15:13 , translate "of the Cedar. " The word means "black," and may refer to the colour of the water or the gloom of the ravine, or the black green of the Cedars which grew there
Omaha, Nebraska, Archdiocese of - Embraces the counties of Boyd, Holt, Merrick, Nance, Boone, Antelope, Know, Pierce, Madison, Platte, Colfax, Stanton, Wayne, Cedar, Dixon, Dakota, Thurston, Cuming, Dodge, Burt, Washington, Douglas, and Sarpy
Indians, Sechelt - They subsisted on salmon, venison, and berries, lived in communal structures of Cedar, and were sun-worshipers
Indians, Siciatl - They subsisted on salmon, venison, and berries, lived in communal structures of Cedar, and were sun-worshipers
Siciatl Indians - They subsisted on salmon, venison, and berries, lived in communal structures of Cedar, and were sun-worshipers
Sechelt Indians - They subsisted on salmon, venison, and berries, lived in communal structures of Cedar, and were sun-worshipers
Cedar - The Cedar is a large and noble evergreen tree. The ark of the covenant, and much of the temple of Solomon, and that of Diana at Ephesus, were built of Cedar. There are some Cedars still growing there which are prodigiously large. Gabriel Sionita, a very learned Syrian Maronite, who assisted in editing the Paris Polyglott, a man worthy of all credit, thus describes the Cedars of mount Lebanon, which he had examined on the spot: "The Cedar grows on the most elevated part of the mountain, is taller than the pine, and so thick, that five men together could scarcely encompass one
Cieled, Cieling - ’ The verb, on the other hand, should everywhere be rendered ‘ panelled ’ ( 2 Chronicles 3:5 , Jeremiah 22:14 , Ezekiel 41:16 , Haggai 1:4 ‘your panelled houses’), the reference being to the panels of Cedar or other costly wood with which the inner walls were lined
Box-Tree - teashshur), mentioned in Isaiah 60:13 ; 41:19 , was, according to some, a species of Cedar growing in Lebanon
Parable - Some of the OT parables are Trees Making a King (2 Samuel 12:1-4); The Thistle and the Cedar (2 Kings 14:9); Israel, a Vine Planted by Water (Ezekiel 24:1014), etc
Hiram - When David was acknowledged king by all Israel, Hiram sent ambassadors with artificers, and Cedar, to build his palace
Box - Isaiah 41:19; Isaiah 60:13; rather the scherbin , a Cedar remarkable for its small cones and upright branches; teasshur from ashar , "to be upright". " Maurer translated: "they have made thy benches of ivory inlaid in the daughter of Cedars," or the best boxwood
Knop - Knops also denote certain ornaments, probably egg- or gourd-shaped, carved on the Cedar lining of the walls of Solomon’s Temple ( 1 Kings 6:18 note RVm Overlay - To cover to spread over the surface as, to overlay capitals of columns with silver Cedar overlaid with gold
Fir - As the term "cedar" is in all probability applicable to more than one tree, so also "fir" in the Authorized Version represents probably one or other of the following trees:
Pinus sylvestris , or Scotch fir; ...
Larch; ...
Cupressus sempervirens , or cypress, all which are at this day found in the Lebanon
Ashurite - Most modern translations use a different division of words in the Hebrew text and see a type of wood used: boxwood (NAS), cypress (NIV), pine (TEV, RSV), Cedar (Jerusalem)
Lebanon - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the Cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Libanus - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the Cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Mountain, White - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the Cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Sycamore - Poor people used its wood rather than expensive Cedar (Isaiah 9:10 )
White Mountain - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the Cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Behemoth - "He moveth his tail like a Cedar," short indeed, but straight and rigid as the Cedar
Palace - The great hall of state was "the house of the forest of (pillars of Cedar of) Lebanon," 150 ft. There were "four rows of Cedar pillars with Cedar beams upon the pillars. It was covered with Cedar above upon the beams, that lay on 45 pillars, 15 in a row
Knop - ...
(2) Ρeqaiym (1 Kings 6:18; 1 Kings 7:24), gourd-like oval ornaments running in straight rows, carved in the Cedar wainscot of the temple interior, and an ornament cast round the great" sea" below the brim; in double row, ten to a cubit, two inches from center to center (1 Kings 6:18; 1 Kings 7:24)
Zido'Nians, - They were among the nations of Canaan; left to give the Israelites practice in the art of war, (Judges 3:3 ) and colonies of them appear to have spread up into the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephothmaim, (Joshua 13:4,6 ) whence in later times they hewed Cedar trees for David and Solomon
Fir - Some regard it as the sherbin tree, a cypress resembling the Cedar; others, the Aleppo or maritime pine (Pinus halepensis), which resembles the Scotch fir; while others think that the "stone-pine" (Pinus pinea) is probably meant
Fir - It was a tree of large growth ( 2 Kings 19:23 , Ezekiel 31:8 ); evergreen ( Hosea 14:8 ); a chief element in the glory of Lebanon ( Isaiah 60:13 ); associated with Cedars ( Psalms 104:16-17 , Isaiah 14:8 , Zechariah 11:2 ). The timber of the berôsh ranked with the Cedar for house- and ship-building ( 1 Kings 5:8 ; 1 Kings 5:10 etc
the Altar of Incense - In Solomon's temple this altar was made of Cedar overlaid with gold, but its size is not given
Palace - David's palace was built by workers sent by King Hiram of Tyre and featured Cedar woodwork ( 2 Samuel 5:11 ). His palace complex included the “house of the forest of Lebanon” (1 Kings 7:2 ), an immense hall featuring 45 Cedar pillars and Solomon's golden shields (1 Kings 10:16-18 ), the “porch of pillars” (1 Kings 7:6 ), the “Hall of Justice” (1 Kings 7:7 NRSV), featuring an ivory and gold throne ( 1 Kings 10:18-20 ), and private dwellings for both king and Pharoah's daughter (1 Kings 7:8 ). Builders used costly hewn stone and Cedar throughout the palace (1Kings 7:9,1 Kings 7:11 )
Cedar - Cedars grow in forests and help each other to stand the storms. Cedars represent collective Christian testimony. This passage was read at Spurgeon's funeral to teach that the lesser preachers mourned over the death of this great preacher (the Cedar)
Holy Place - In it the walls of hewn stone were wainscotted with Cedar and overlaid with gold, and adorned with beautiful carvings
Cone - ) The fruit or strobile of the Coniferae, as of the pine, fir, Cedar, and cypress
Lebanon - It was covered with beautiful, magnificent, stately Cedar trees
Fable - Of the fable, as distinguished from the parable [1], we have but two examples in the Bible: ...
That of the trees choosing their king, addressed by Jotham to the men of Shechem, (Judges 9:8-15 ) ...
That of the Cedar of Lebanon and the thistle, as the answer of Jehoash to the challenge of Amaziah
Trees - The tree most valued for making buildings and furniture was the Cedar
Shittah - If the ark had been made in Palestine, oak or Cedar would have been its material; its being said to be made of shittah, the wood of the wilderness, is an undesigned propriety and mark of truth (Exodus 25:10)
Forest - ) "The house of the forest of Lebanon" (1 Kings 7:2) was so-called as being fitted up with Cedar, and probably with forest-like rows of Cedar pillars
Lebanon - ...
The Holy Valley, which collects the water from the Mountain of the Cedars, is one of the most important valleys. It gushes forth in the heart of a Cedar forest and mountainside near Bsherrih. It was a proverbially lush land, noted for its magnificent forests (Isaiah 60:13 ), especially the “cedars of Lebanon” (1 Kings 5:10-18 ; Isaiah 2:13 ). For the tree-poor Palestinians, Lebanon's Cedars symbolized the ultimate in natural wealth and beauty. The psalmist calls these ancient and beautiful Cedars the “trees of the Lord which He hath planted” (Psalm 104:16 ). It is said that some of the Cedars remaining in Lebanon are at least 2,500 years old. ...
Cedars, as well as other woods of Lebanon, were used in great abundance in the construction of David's palace and Solomon's Temple and palace buildings (Judges 9:15 ; 1 Kings 7:2 ). Cedar was obtained also for the building of the second Temple or the Temple of Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:7 ). Today there is not much left of the Cedar woods; almost all of them are gone
Hiram - He entered into an alliance with David, and assisted him in building his palace by sending him able workmen, and also Cedar-trees and fir-trees from Lebanon (2 Samuel 5:11 ; 1 Chronicles 14:1 )
Altars in the Temple of Jerusalem - The altar of incense in Solomon's Temple was of the same dimensions as that of the Tabernacle and made of Cedar wood overlaid with gold, hence called "golden altar
Lebanon - They speak of its sea of foliage agitated by the gales, Psalm 72:16 ; of its noble Cedars and other trees, Isaiah 60:13 Jeremiah 22:23 ; of its innumerable herds, the whole of which, however, could not atone for one sin, Isaiah 40:16 ; its snow-cold streams, Jeremiah 18:14 , and its balsamic perfume, Hosea 14:5 . ...
For "cedar of Lebanon," see Cedar
Kidron - From a Hebrew root signifying "black," not from Cedars, Cedar-brook
Israel - ...
Some types which represent Israel in various aspects:...
Adulterers, Hosea 7:4 (a)...
Bride, Isaiah 62:5 (a)...
Brood, Luke 13:34 (b)...
Cake not turned, Hosea 7:8 (a)...
Caldron, Ezekiel 11:3 (a)...
Calves of the stall, Malachi 4:2 (a)...
Cedar Trees, Numbers 24:6 (b)...
Chickens, Matthew 23:37 (a)...
Dust, Genesis 13:16 (a)...
Fig Tree, Matthew 24:32 (b)...
Great Lion, Numbers 23:24 (b)...
Heifer (backsliding)
Heifer - ...
The animal was to be delivered to the priest, who was to lead her forth out of the camp, and there to slay her; the priest was then to take of the blood with his finger, and sprinkle it seven times before the tabernacle, and afterward to burn the carcass: then to take Cedar wood and hyssop, and scarlet wood, and cast them into the flames
Palace - Round about the whole was a great court of hewn stones and Cedar beams
Gourd - It was very inviting to the eye, and furnished a model for the carved "knops" of Cedar in Solomon's temple, 1 Kings 6:18 7:24
Embalm - A second process with oil of Cedar, costing 60 pounds, and a third cheaper process with syrmoea, were used for the less wealthy. With asphaltum and liquor from Cedar
Bird - After this inspection, the leprous person came to the door of the tabernacle, and offered two living sparrows, or two birds; (pure birds, those of which it was lawful to eat;) he made a wisp with branches of Cedar and hyssop, tied together with a thread, or scarlet ribbon; he filled an earthen pot with running water, that the blood of the bird might be mingled with it; then the priest, dipping the bunch of hyssop and Cedar into the water, sprinkled with it the leper who was healed; after which he let loose the living bird, to fly where it would
Gadarenes - It was a city of Palestine, so called, perhaps, from being walled, from Cedar, surrounded or trooped in
Fir Tree - " Celsius asserts that it is the Cedar; but Millar maintains that it is the fir
Heifer, Red - A portion of the ashes mixed with running water was sprinkled on the unclean person, on the third and seventh days (a week, one revolution of time, being required before the cleansing was complete), with a bunch of hyssop; Cedar wood and a bit of scarlet were also thrown into the fire that burnt the heifer. ...
The hyssop's supposed detergent properties were the reason for its use; Cedar from its durability and its odor counteracting corruption; scarlet, as being the life color and used as medicine to strengthen the heart, symbolized life
Brook - , some tree resembling a Cedar was called by a similar name in at least the later language (see exx. ’ They suggest that isolated patches of Cedar forests may have survived from prehistoric times. 40) a Talmudic reference to two gigantic Cedars standing on the Mt
Fir (Tree) - ...
Zechariah 11:2 (b) The comparison here is between the size of the little fir tree and the great Cedar tree
Heifer, Red - The whole of the heifer was then burnt, and the priest cast Cedar wood, hyssop, and scarlet into the burning of the heifer
Scarlet - The Mishna says a band of twice dyed scarlet wool tied together the living bird, the hyssop, and the Cedar, when dipped into the blood and water
Lebanon - or LIBANUS, signifying white, from its snows,—the most elevated mountain or mountain chain in Syria, celebrated in all ages for its Cedars; which, as is well known, furnished the wood for Solomon's temple. Of the noble Cedars which once adorned the upper parts of this mountain but few now remain, and those much decayed. ...
The Cedar of Lebanon has, in all ages, been reckoned as an object of unrivalled grandeur and beauty in the vegetable kingdom. Thus, the Prophet Isaiah, whose writings abound with metaphors and allegories of this kind, in denouncing the judgments of God upon the proud and arrogant, declares that "the day of the Lord of Hosts shall be upon all the Cedars of Lebanon that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan," Isaiah 2:13 . The king of Israel used the same figure in his reply to the challenge of the king of Judah: "The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the Cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trod down the thistle," 2 Kings 14:9 . The spiritual prosperity of the righteous man is compared by the Psalmist to the same noble plant: "The righteous shall flourish as the palm- tree; he shall grow as the Cedar in Lebanon. " To break the Cedars, and shake the enormous mass on which they grow, are the figures that David selects to express the awful majesty and power of Jehovah: "The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty. The voice of the Lord breaketh the Cedars: yea, the Lord breaketh the Cedars of Lebanon. ...
The stupendous size, the extensive range, and great elevation of Libanus; its towering summits capped with perpetual snow, or crowned with fragrant Cedars; its olive plantations; its vineyards, producing the most delicious wines; its clear fountains, and cold-flowing brooks; its fertile vales, and odoriferous shrubberies,—combine to form in Scripture language, "the glory of Lebanon. The extensive forests of Cedar, which adorned and perfumed the summits and declivities of those mountains, have almost disappeared
Anoint - While olive oil is the most common element mentioned in the Bible for use in anointing, oils produced from castor, bay, almond, myrtle, cyprus, Cedar, walnut, and fish were also used
Myrtle - Thus Isaiah 41:19 , intending to describe a scene of varied excellence: "I will plant in the wilderness the Cedar, and the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree;" that is, I will adorn the dreary and barren waste with trees famed for their stature and the grandeur of their appearance, the beauty of their form, and also the fragrance of their odour
Porch - It was roofed by Cedar beams, richly carved, and its aisles were paved in mosaic fashion with stone (Jos
Joppa - To Joppa rafts of Cedar logs were floated to be transported to Jerusalem for Solomon's splendid Temple (2 Chronicles 2:16 ). As it had been in Solomon's day, Joppa became the port that received Cedar logs from Lebanon, now for the rebuilding of the Temple under the leadership of Zerubbabel
Shewbread - 6), and fresh from the oven, was placed, in two piles of six loaves each, on a table of Cedar-wood, in front of the entrance to ‘the most holy place,’ and the stale bread was eaten within the sacred precincts
Lebanon - ...
The western range is the Lebanon generally referred to in scripture and the one from whence Solomon obtained Cedar and fir trees for the temple. Of the Cedars only a few remain
Embalming, - Sometimes no incision was made in the body, nor were the intestines removed, but Cedar-oil was injected into the stomach by the rectum
Of - ...
"The chariot was all of Cedar " that is, made from Cedar
Reed - He will raise the bruised reed to a great tree, like the Cedar of Lebanon, and he will kindle a flame in the smoking flax, that by his perpetual quickening shall burn with great power and brightness for ever
Embalming - The body was anointed repeatedly with oil of Cedar, myrrh, cinnamon, etc
Camp - That it failed not to produce effect upon the richly endowed and poetic mind of Balaam, appears from Numbers 24:2 ; "And Balaam lifted up his eyes and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he took up his parable and said, How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river side, as the trees of lign aloes which the Lord hath planted, and as Cedar trees beside waters
Rock - Among the crags of the rocks, the beautiful and far-famed Cedar waves its lofty top, and extends its powerful arms, surrounded by the fir and the oak, the fig and the vine
Noble - Israel’s exaltation is described in the figure of a Cedar ( Solomon - Its lofty roof was supported by forty-five Cedar pillars, so that the hall was like a forest of Cedar wood, and hence probably it received the name of "The House of the Forest of Lebanon. And he spake of trees, from the Cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes" (1 Kings 4:32,33 )
Fable - (2) Joash's sarcastic answer to Amaziah's challenge, by a fable, the sarcasm being the sharper for the covert form it assumes, namely, the Cedar of Lebanon and the thistle (2 Kings 14:9)
Palm - He should, however, if it is possible, associate with other believers, for the Cedar trees grow in forests, each one helping the other
Heifer - ’ To the awakened conscience ‘sin was death, and had wrought death, and the dead body as well as the spiritually dead soul were the evidence of its sway’; while Cedar-wood, hyssop, and scarlet may ultimately have been regarded-though this is more doubtful-as ‘the symbols of imperishable existence, freedom from corruption, and fulness of life’ (A
Hospitality - "...
"So when angelic forms to Syria sent ...
Sat in the Cedar shade, by Abraham's tent, A spacious bowl th' admiring patriarch fills ...
With dulcet water from the scanty rills; ...
Sweet fruits and kernels gathers from his hoard, With milk and butter piles the plenteous board; While on the heated hearth his consort bakes Fine flour well kneaded in unleavened cakes, ...
The guests ethereal quaff the lucid flood, Smile on their hosts, and taste terrestrial food; ...
And while from seraph lips sweet converse spring, They lave their feet, and close their silver wings
Amaziah - Joash answered him by the fable of the Cedar of Lebanon, and the thistle trodden down by a beast, 2 Kings 14:8-9
Palace - The principal building situated within the palace was, as in all eastern palaces, the great hall of state and audience, called "the house of the forest of Lebanon," apparently from the four rows of Cedar pillars by which it was supported
Red Heifer - ]'>[2]5 , and to the casting into the burning mass of a piece of Cedar wood and a bunch of hyssop bound with a piece of scarlet cloth (such, at least, is the regulation of the Mishna treatise dealing with this subject). This applies, for example, to the red colour of the cow, and to the addition to her ashes of the ‘cedar wood and hyssop and scarlet’ (for various suggestions see, in addition to Gray, op
Chief Parables And Miracles in the Bible - ...
Thistle and Cedar. ...
Cedar in Lebanon
Garden - Biblical references include Cedar, cypress, and fruit trees (Ecclesiastes 2:5 ; Ezekiel 31:8 ); vegetables (KJV “herbs”; Deuteronomy 11:10 ); fragrant spices such as myrrh and balsam (Song of Song of Solomon 4:16 ; Song of Song of Solomon 5:1 );...
flowers such as lilies (Song of Song of Solomon 6:2 ); and a wide variety of other plants—mint, rue (Luke 11:42 ), dill, cummin (Matthew 23:23 ), and mustard (Luke 13:19 )
Wing - This is best expressed in Ezekiel’s parable of the two eagles and the vine: “And say, Thus saith the Lord God; A great eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had divers colors, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the Cedar: he cropped off the top of his young twigs, and carried it into a land of traffic; he set it in a city of merchants” ( Lebanon - Many passages refer to its beauty, particularly in relation to its Cedars and other trees (see Psalms 72:16 , Song of Solomon 4:11 , Hosea 14:5 ; Hosea 14:7 ). of Tripoli, is a great semicircular group of mountains, sometimes known as the ‘Cedar group,’ on account of the famous group of these trees in their midst, where the highest point, Jebel Mukhmal , reaches 10, 207 feet, and several other points are almost as lofty. ...
The Lebanon is still fairly well wooded in a few places, though very scantily compared with ancient times, when Hiram, king of Tyre, supplied Solomon with ‘cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees out of Lebanon’ (1 Kings 5:6 , 2 Chronicles 2:8 )
Lebanon - of the Cedars, is 10,051 ft. All that now represents Hiram's Cedar forests is the cluster called "the Cedars," 6,172 ft. (See CedarS
Fable - (2) Jehoash’s fable of the thistle and the Cedar ( 2 Kings 14:9 ) is his rebuke of Amaziah’s presumption a rebuke in itself full of haughty contempt, however well grounded
Make (Cut) a Covenant - ” This noun, which occurs only 3 times, refers to “beams” in the sense of things “cut off” in 1 Kings 6:36: “And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of Cedar beams
Altar - " (Exodus 30:6 ; 40:5 ) (b) The altar of Solomon's temple was similar, (1 Kings 7:48 ; 1 Chronicles 28:18 ) but was made of Cedar overlaid with gold
Joash - ' Joash in a parable called Judah a thistle, and himself a Cedar, and advised Amaziah to stay at home; but he would not, and Judah was smitten
Couch - The ‘couches’ there coming into view were of costly Cedar-wood inlaid with ivory (Amos 6:4); the feet were plated with silver, and the backs covered with gold-leaf (cf
Altar - The altar of Solomon's temple was similar, 1 Kings 7:48; 1 Chronicles 28:18, but was made of Cedar overlaid with gold
Leper - Two birds were taken for him, provided by the priest not the man; one was killed over running water, the other set free; accompanied with Cedar wood (Juniper oxycedar , whose smoke was disinfectant), scarlet (representing rosy health and vigour), and hyssop (the caper plant, medicinally cleansing ulcers and skin diseases). ...
The Cedar and hyssop were tied to the living bird by the scarlet band; the whole was dipped in the blood of the killed bird and running water
Shewbread - Here was an ‘altar of Cedar’ (1 Kings 6:20 ), which modern scholars regard as an altar for the presentation of the offering of the shewbread
Altar - ...
In Solomon's temple the altar was similar in size, but was made of Cedar-wood (1 Kings 6:20 ; 7:48 ) overlaid with gold
Temple - The walls of both chambers were lined with boards (literally ‘ribs’) of Cedar wood, ‘from the floor of the house to the rafters of the ceiling’ (so read 1 Kings 6:15 ). There is no mention in this verse, it will he noted, of any ornamentation of the Cedar panels, which is first found in 1 Kings 6:18 ; 1 Kings 6:29 ; but the former verse is absent from LXX Solomon - He knew the nature of plants and trees, from the Cedar on Libanus to the hyssop on the wall; also of beasts, of birds, of reptiles, of fishes. The palace in which he generally resided was called the house of the forest of Lebanon; probably because of the great quantity of Cedar used in it
Bethlehem - Justinian erected a more sumptuous church, with gray limestone columns and a lofty roof of Cedar wood; but the present roof is of English oak, presented by Edward IV
Gate - In front of the larger edifices in the remains at Persepolis and Nineveh (Khorsabad) are propylaea, or "porches," like that "for Solomon's throne where he might judge, even the porch of judgment, covered with Cedar from one side of the floor to the other" (1 Kings 7:7)
Leb'Anon, - Lebanon also abounds in olives, figs and mulberries; while some remnants exist of the forests of pine, oak and Cedar which formerly covered it
Solomon - It consisted of...
(1) the house of the forest of Lebanon, built of a forest of Cedar pillars, and serving also as an armory (1 Kings 10:17), 1 Kings 10:100 cubits long, 50 broad, 30 high, on four rows of Cedar pillars and hewn Cedar beams over the pillars. )...
He knew botany, from the lowly hyssop (probably the tufty wall moss, Οrthotrichum saxatile , a miniature of the true and large hyssop) to the stately Cedar
Ark of the Covenant - It is a propriety characteristic of the truth of the Scripture narrative that it represents the ark as not made of oak or Cedar, the best woods of the Holy Land, but of acacia, the wood of the wilderness. Cedar actually was the wood used for the Jerusalem temple
Temple - The material was white stone: the woodwork of Cedar, overlaid with fine gold; the floor of Cedar, with planks of fir
Gourd - It furnished a model for some of the carved work of Cedar in Solomon's temple, 1 Kings 6:18 ; 1 Kings 7:24
Type - ...
(Consider also the various offerings, the tabernacle and its vessels, the smitten rock, Cedar trees, vine, etc
Nineveh - In Ezekiel 31:3-17 Assyria is compared to a Cedar of high stature, which had been brought to utter ruin
Parable - There is, however, a species of parable, the intent of which is only to illustrate the subject; such is that remarkable one of the Cedar of Lebanon, Ezekiel 31; than which, if we consider the imagery itself, none was ever more apt or more beautiful; or the description and colouring, none was ever more elegant or splendid; in which, however, the poet has occasionally allowed himself to blend the figurative with the literal description, Ezekiel 31:11 ; Ezekiel 31:14-17 ; whether he has done this because the peculiar nature of this kind of parable required it, or whether his own fervid imagination alone, which disdained the stricter rules of composition, was his guide, our learned author can scarcely presume to determine
Sycamore - To change sycamores into Cedars, Isaiah 9:10 , means, to render the buildings of cities, and the state of the nation, much more magnificent than before. Shaw remarks, that as the grain and texture of the sycamore is remarkably coarse and spongy, it could therefore stand in no competition at all with the Cedar for beauty and ornament. We meet with the same opposition of Cedars to sycamores in 1 Kings 10:27 , where Solomon is said to have made silver as the stones, and Cedars as the sycamores of the vale for abundance
Phoenicia, phNicians - 1113) a certain Wenamon was despatched to Phœnicia for Cedar from the Lebanon forests; and Dor, Tyre, and Gebal, the towns at which he touched, were not only independent but had small respect for a representative of Pharaoh (Breasted, ib . ...
A century later than the time of Wenamon, Hiram king of Tyre was an ally of David, and furnished Cedar to build him a place (2 Samuel 5:11 )
Phoenicia - The wealth of the Phoenicians came partly from their fleets of merchant ships and partly from the large forests of Cedar trees in the Lebanon Range (see LEBANON)
Gad (1) - , with sycamore, beech, terebinth, ilex, Cedar, arbutus, and enormous fig trees
House - ]'>[6] ‘fir’), Cedar, and other valuable woods ( 1 Kings 6:15 ; 1 Kings 6:18 ; 1 Kings 7:7 ). The acme of elegance was represented by Cedar panels inlaid with ivory, such as earned for Ahab’s pleasure kiosk the name of ‘the ivory house’ ( 1 Kings 22:39 ) and incurred the denunciation of Amos ( Amos 3:15 ). The wood for the roof-beams was furnished mostly by the common sycamore, cypress ( Song of Solomon 1:17 ) and Cedar ( 1 Kings 6:9 ) being reserved for the homes of the wealthy. Hence the point of Isaiah’s contrast between the humble houses of crude brick, roofed with sycamore, and the stately edifices of hewn stone roofed with Cedar ( Isaiah 9:10 )
Dwelling - Other materials were timber, such as Cedar, shittim (acacia), sycamore, olive, and in palaces algum and cypress. Ceilings were made of Cedar, and artistically colored
Temple, Solomon's - It was floored and wainscotted with Cedar (1 Kings 6:16 ), and its walls and floor were overlaid with gold (6:20,21,30)
Tree of Life - In the Babylonian-Assyrian circle this tree was date-palm, Cedar, or vine (F
Trees - ...
Cedar tree - it represents the collective Christian life, for Cedars grow in forests and not as the palm tree which dwells almost alone. Cedars help each other
Temple of Jerusalem - So David, when he had built for himself a Cedar palace, thought it only proper he should build one for Yahweh, too (2 Samuel 7:1-2 ). ...
The inside of the house proper was paneled with Cedar, floored with cypress, and inlaid with gold throughout. The arrangement prescribed for the wall of the inner court, “three courses of hewn stone and one course of Cedar beams” was followed in Solomonic buildings excavated at Megiddo (Isaiah 1:10-174 ; 1 Kings 7:12 )
Destroy, Destruction - ...
Jeremiah looked at Jehoiakim's palace on Ramat Rachel panelled with Cedar and painted bright red. He asked, "Does it make you a king to have more and more Cedar?" Prophetically he lamented, "Alas, his splendor" (1618482486_65 )
Nineveh - Now foreign merchants flock into Nineveh, bringing with them the most valuable productions from all countries, gold and perfume from South Arabia and the Chaldean Sea, Egyptian linen and glass-work, carved enamels, goldsmiths' work, tin, silver, Phoenician purple; Cedar wood from Lebanon, unassailable by worms; furs and iron from Asia Minor and Armenia" (Ancient Egypt and Assyria, by G
Palm Tree - The Psalmist hath said, (Psalms 92:12) that "the righteous shall flourish like the palm tree; he shall grow like a Cedar in Lebanon
Temple - The biblical authors were not oblivious to these explanations (1 Kings 5:13-18 ), but characteristically pass theological judgment (1 Chronicles 22:8-9 ), or, more important, God himself divulges his feelings on the matter: "Did I ever say Why have you not built me a house of Cedar'?" (2 Samuel 7:7 ). ...
The "cedar house" is ultimately built
House (2) - Fine woods, olive, Cedar, etc
Temple - The interior was lined with Cedar of Lebanon, and the floors and ceiling with cypress (berosh ; KJV "fir" not so well). There were besides ten lavers, five on each side of the altar, for washing the entrails; these were in the inner (1 Kings 7:36) or higher (Jeremiah 36:10) or priests' court, raised above the further off one by three rows of hewed stone and one of Cedar beams (1 Kings 6:36; 2 Chronicles 4:9). ...
Beyond this was an outer enclosure, 400 cubits or one stadium each way, with porticoes exceeding in splendour all the temples of the ancient world, supporting a carved Cedar roof; the pavement was mosaic
Red Heifer - Then the priest was to take Cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the midst of the burning of the heifer
Purification (2) - The other bird, along with Cedar wood, scarlet, and hyssop, was then dipped into the blood-stained water, and the leper was sprinkled with it seven times
Ships, Sailors, And Navigation - Pictorial representations in paintings, reliefs, and models indicate that Nile rivercraft primarily constructed of Asia Minor and Lebanon Cedar dramatically grew in size and diversity. Though fir, Cedar, and pine appear to have been preferred for planking and frames, local availability of lumbers finally determined the choice
Jeremiah - He saw the strong holds of the city cast down, the palace of Solomon, the temple of God, with all its courts, its roofs of Cedar and of gold, levelled to the earth, or committed to the flames; the sacred vessels, the ark of the covenant itself, with the cherubim, pillaged by profane hands
Baruch, Apocalypse of - Vision of the Cedar and the vine. ...
The Cedar is the Roman Empire, the vine is Messiah (xxxix
Altar - The golden altar of incense (distinguished from the brazen altar of burnt offering), of acacia wood (in Solomon's temple Cedar) underneath, two cubits high, one square
Canticles; the Song of Solomon - The "door" is that of faith opened to the Gentiles, implying universal accessibleness (1 Corinthians 16:9), but safely enclosed with fragrant enduring "cedar," lest it should be corrupted by latitudinarianism
God - Some Hebrew phrases in the Psalms associated 'êl with impressive natural features, such as the Cedar trees of Lebanon ( Houses - Of this extravagance the indignant seer loudly complains: "Wo unto him that saith, I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows: and it is ceiled with Cedar, and painted with vermilion," Jeremiah 22:14
Atonement - The priest cleanses the house by sacrificing a bird, and dipping Cedar wood, hyssop, scarlet yarn, and a live bird in the blood of the dead bird, then sprinkling the blood on the house seven times
Nineveh - However Zephaniah 2:14 mentions "the Cedar work," Cedars from Lebanon may have reached from wall to wall with openings for light
Ships And Boats - Under the direction, and with the co-operation, of the Phœnicians, Cedar and cypress timbers from Lebanon were cut and floated down the rivers to the coast and formed into rafts (AV Temple - In the holy place, besides the altar of incense, which was made of Cedar overlaid with gold there were seven golden candlesticks in stead of one, and the table of shew-bread was replaced by ten golden tables, bearing, besides the shew bread, the innumerable golden vessels for the service of the sanctuary
Exodus, the Book of - The shittim or acacia, its material, was the wood of the desert; Cedar took its place in Solomon's temple
Clean And Unclean - The purifying medium was water, the blood and ashes of a red heifer, with Cedar, hyssop, and scarlet
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - Though anchorages and small harbors, such as tel Qasile, a Philistine town, were established along its course and the Cedar timbers from Lebanon were floated inland to Aphek for transport to Jerusalem for the construction of Solomon's palace and Temple, the Yarkon historically formed a major barrier to north-south traffic because of the extensive swamps that formed along its course
Solomon - Bacon also spake of trees, from the Cedar tree that is in Lebanon, even to the hyssop that springeth out of the wall
Bethlehem - Says Dean Stanley: ‘The long double lines of Corinthian pillars, the faded mosaics, the rough ceiling of beams of Cedar from Lebanon still preserve the outlines of the church, once blazing with gold and marble, in which Baldwin was crowned, and which received its latest repairs from our own English Edward iv
Canon - And he spake of trees, from the Cedar in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes
Book - The end of the book now denoted by finis, was anciently marked with a coronis, and the whole frequently washed with an oil drawn from Cedar, or citron chips, strewed between the leaves to preserve it from rotting
Canaan - This country was once adorned with woods and forests: as we read of the forest of Cedars in Lebanon, the forest of oaks in Bashan, the forest or wood of Ephraim, and the forest of Hareth in the tribe of Judah. Among other indigenous productions may be enumerated the Cedar and other varieties of the pine, the cypress, the oak, the sycamore, the mulberry tree, the fig tree, the willow, the turpentine tree, the acacia, the aspen, the arbutus, the myrtle, the almond tree, the tamarisk, the oleander, the peach tree, the chaste tree, the carob or locust tree, the oskar, the doom, the mustard plant, the aloe, the citron, the apple, the pomegranate, and many flowering shrubs
Egypt - to the copper and turquoise mines in the peninsula of Sinai, and Cedar wood was probably then already obtained from Lebanon by sea