What does Caves mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
σπήλαια a cave 1
σπηλαίοις a cave 1
חֹרֵ֖י hole 1
חֹרָ֔יו hole 1
וּבִמְחִלּ֖וֹת hole 1
בַּמְּעָר֤וֹת cave 1
וּבַמְּעָר֖וֹת cave 1
הַמְּעָר֖וֹת cave 1

Definitions Related to Caves

H4631


   1 cave, den, hole.
   

H4247


   1 hole, cavern.
   

H2356


   1 hole, cave.
   

G4693


   1 a cave, den.
   

Frequency of Caves (original languages)

Frequency of Caves (English)

Dictionary

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Caves
The chalky limestone prevalent in Syria and Palestine abounds in caves, clefts, and fissures, which are so frequently alluded to in Scripture under a variety of names. From hor , "a cavern," the Horites take their name, who originally occupied mount Seir, and were driven thence by the Edomites. Henc,e also comes the name Beth-horon, "the house of caverns," and HORONAIM, "the two caverns;" and HAURAN, "the land of caverns" (Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18). The caverns were the resort of the people in times of danger: (Judges 6:2) when Midian oppressed them, (1 Samuel 13:6; 1 Samuel 14:11) when the Philistines oppressed them. Michmash, the scene of Jonathan's enterprise, implies the same. Still the shepherds dwell in caves during summer to be nearer their flocks and fields; at Gadara the dwellings are almost all caves.
For particular caves (See ENGEDI, (See ADULLAM, (See MACHPELAH, (See MAKKEDAH. Lot dwelt in a cave such as are still to be seen near the Dead Sea, after Sodom's overthrow (Genesis 19:30). Obadiah hid the Lord's prophets by fifties in a cave (1 Kings 18:4), Elijah at Horeb was in a cave when the Lord revealed Himself (1 Kings 19:9). The custom of fleeing to caves in time of earthquakes illustrates Isaiah 2:10; Isaiah 2:19; Isaiah 2:21. They were also the resort of marauders (See BETHARBEL) and the final refuges of the Jewish leaders in their war with the Romans. Josephus relates his own hiding in the caves of Jotapata.
Rock caverns abound along the shore of the sea of Tiberias, and were often used as tombs, the bodies being laid in excavated shelves at the sides. Here accordingly the demoniac had his dwelling continually (Mark 5:3; Mark 5:5). The cave of Machpelah, Abraham's burying place, Aaron's tomb on mount Hor, Joseph's, and Rachel's are with strong probability identified. The rock tombs near Jerusalem are assigned to kings and prophets with less certainty. Owing to the abundance of grottoes in the valley of Jehoshaphat, tradition assigns to them the sites of such unlikely events to occur in them as the birth of the Virgin, the annunciation, the salutation, the Baptist's and our Lord's birth, the agony, Peter's denial, the composition of the Apostles' Creed, and the transfiguration.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Caves
Numerous caves pit the cliffs and mountains of Palestine. Such caves provided housing and burial sites for prehistoric people. Although occupation was not continuous, evidence for human habitation in some of the caves exists up until the Roman period. At this time, they became places of refuge for Jews fleeing Roman persecution.
In the Bible, caves were often used as burial places. Abraham brought the cave of Machpelah as a tomb for Sarah (Genesis 23:11-16 ,Genesis 23:11-16,23:19 ). Lazarus was buried in a cave (John 11:38 ). David used the cave of Adullam for refuge (1 Samuel 22:1 ), as did five Canaanite kings at Makkedah (Joshua 10:16 ).
Prehistoric Occupation On the western slope of Mt. Carmel in the north, four caves carved out of the limestone have been excavated. Known as the Valley of the Caves, the site was occupied by prehistoric people. Faunal and geological remains have produced valuable information on Stone Age dating and climate. In addition, human skeletons, both Neanderthal and a type not far removed from homo sapiens, have contributed information about the development of early man. Other prehistoric cave sites on Mt. Carmel have been excavated.
Eight caves on the eastern slopes of the Judean hills southeast of Bethlehem show a long period of prehistoric occupation. The chronological structure established here, when compared with that fixed at the Carmel caves, provides a reliable list of dates for Palestinian prehistory. As at Carmel, skeletal, floral, and faunal remains, as well as tools and other instruments, were recovered and studied. The results of these studies have made it possible to date with reasonable accuracy the various cultures represented by these artifacts.
Later Occupation The hills of the Judean wilderness end abruptly at the western shore of the Dead Sea in a series of cliffs rent at intervals by wadies, or stream beds. Caves in these cliffs, from Qumran in the north to Masada approximately thirty miles south, have been investigated by archaeologists. Occupation in some cases extended irregularly from about 4000 B.C. to the Bar Kochba revolt (A.D. 132-135). A plastered pool plus a wide variety of foods and equipment found at the sites are evidence that Jewish insurgents, the followers of Bar Kochba, prepared these caves as eventual hideouts in the event of Roman siege.
In addition to artifacts from earlier periods, important finds include the personal and legal documents of a Jewish woman, Babata, which shed light on the culture of that day. Other administrative documents and letters pertaining to Bar Kochba's government, as well as a large hoard of copper utensils, are just a few of the valuable discoveries found in the caves south of En-gedi. Similar materials were recovered at Wadi Murabba'at. However, the manuscripts stored in the dry environment of the eleven caves at Qumran (the Dead Sea Scrolls) are the most important discovery of this century. See Bible, Texts and Versions ; Dead Sea Scrolls .
Diane Cross
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Caves
Palestine is remarkable for its number of caves, some of which are of great extent. David and his followers were in a cave in the wilderness of En-gedi, so extensive that they could hide themselves, though Saul came into the same cave. 1 Samuel 24:1-8 : cf. Hebrews 11:38 . The Adullam cave and others also are of note in the O.T. The tomb of Lazarus was a cave. John 11:38 .
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Caves
or CAVERNS. The country of Judea, being mountainous and rocky, is in many parts full of caverns, to which allusions frequently occur in the Old Testament. At Engedi, in particular, there was a cave so large, that David, with six hundred men, hid themselves in the sides of it, and Saul entered the mouth of the cave without perceiving that any one was there, 1 Samuel 24. Josephus tells us of a numerous gang of banditti, who, having infested the country, and being pursued by Herod with his army, retired into certain caverns, almost inaccessible, near Arbela in Galilee, where they were with great difficulty subdued. "Beyond Damascus," says Strabo, "are two mountains, called Trachones, from which the country has the name of Trachonitis; and from hence, toward Arabia and Iturea, are certain rugged mountains, in which there are deep caverns; one of which will hold four thousand men." Tavernier, in his "Travels in Persia," speaks of a grotto between Aleppo and Bir, that would hold near three thousand horse. And Maundrell assures us, that "three hours distant from Sidon, about a mile from the sea, there runs along a high rocky mountain, in the sides of which are hewn a multitude of grottoes, all very little differing from each other. They have entrances about two foot square. There are of these subterraneous caverns two hundred in number. It may, with probability, at least, be concluded that these places were contrived for the use of the living, and not of the dead." These extracts may be useful in explaining such passages of Scripture as the following: "Because of the Midianites, the children of Israel made them dens which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds," Judges 6:2 . To these they betook themselves for refuge in times of distress and hostile invasion:—
"When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, for the people were distressed, then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits," 1 Samuel 13:6 . See also Jeremiah 41:9 : "To enter into the holes of the rocks and into the caves of the earth," became with the prophets a very proper and familiar image to express a state of terror and consternation. Thus Isaiah 2:19 : "They shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth."

Sentence search

Dalphon - The house of Caves
Caves - Numerous Caves pit the cliffs and mountains of Palestine. Such Caves provided housing and burial sites for prehistoric people. Although occupation was not continuous, evidence for human habitation in some of the Caves exists up until the Roman period. ...
In the Bible, Caves were often used as burial places. Carmel in the north, four Caves carved out of the limestone have been excavated. Known as the Valley of the Caves, the site was occupied by prehistoric people. ...
Eight Caves on the eastern slopes of the Judean hills southeast of Bethlehem show a long period of prehistoric occupation. The chronological structure established here, when compared with that fixed at the Carmel Caves, provides a reliable list of dates for Palestinian prehistory. Caves in these cliffs, from Qumran in the north to Masada approximately thirty miles south, have been investigated by archaeologists. A plastered pool plus a wide variety of foods and equipment found at the sites are evidence that Jewish insurgents, the followers of Bar Kochba, prepared these Caves as eventual hideouts in the event of Roman siege. Other administrative documents and letters pertaining to Bar Kochba's government, as well as a large hoard of copper utensils, are just a few of the valuable discoveries found in the Caves south of En-gedi. However, the manuscripts stored in the dry environment of the eleven Caves at Qumran (the Dead Sea Scrolls) are the most important discovery of this century
Cave - The geological structure of Judea is highly favorable to the formation of Caves; and the whole region abounds with subterranean caverns of various dimensions, often giving rise to small rivulets. Petra, in Idumea, was a city of Caves, Numbers 24:21 Song of Song of Solomon 2:14 Jeremiah 49:16 Obadiah 1:3 . In the vicinity of Hebron, the poor still live in Caves while pasturing their flocks. The Caves of Machpelah, of Adullam, of Engedi, of Carmel and of Arbela, still exist
Troglodytical - ) Of or pertaining to a troglodyte, or dweller in Caves
Cave - The soft limestone hills of Palestine abound in Caves, natural and artificial; and these must have attracted attention from a very early period. ) dwelt for a time in Caves; and their use as places of hiding and refuge is illustrated by many passages, e. Caves were also used, at all periods in the history of Palestine, for sepulture, as in the case of Machpelah ( Genesis 23:1-20 ). Probably the most remarkable series of Caves yet discovered in Palestine are the great labyrinths tunnelled in the bills round Beit Jibrin ; one of these, in Tell Sandahannah , contains sixty chambers, united by doors and passages, and groups containing fourteen or fifteen chambers are quite common in the same hill. Other groups of Caves, only less extensive, occur in various parts of Palestine on both sides of the Jordan
Adlai - Near Socoh; a hill side burrowed with Caves (1 Chronicles 27:29); now Aid el Mieh (Ganneau)
hi'Len - (place of Caves ), the name of city of Judah allotted with its suburbs to the priests
Rhinopome - The rhinopomes have a long tail extending beyond the web, and inhabit Caves and tombs
Cave - The most remarkable Caves noticed in Scripture are, that in which Lot dwelt after the destruction of Sodom, (Genesis 19:30 ) the cave of Machpelah, (Genesis 23:17 ) cave of Makkedah, (Joshua 10:10 ) cave of Adullam, (1 Samuel 22:1 ) cave od Engedi, (1 Samuel 24:3 ) Obadiah's cave, (1 Kings 18:4 ) Elijah's cave in Horeb, (1 Kings 19:9 ) the rock sepulchres of Lazarus and of our Lord. (Matthew 27:60 ; John 11:38 ) Caves were used for temporary dwelling-places and for tombs
Cave - The primitive inhabitants of the earth, in many countries, lived in Caves and the present inhabitants of some parts of the earth, especially in the high northern latitudes, occupy Caves, particularly in winter. ...
Caves were also used for the burial of the dead
Blindfish - Related fishes from other Caves take the same name
Diggers - A denomination which sprung up in Germany, in the fifteenth century; so called because they dug their assemblies under ground in Caves and forests
Mearah - The site is perhaps the Caves called Mughar Jezzin located east of Sidon (Joshua 13:4 )
Shaalim - (sshay' uh lihm) Place name perhaps meaning, “caves, cavities
Caves - The chalky limestone prevalent in Syria and Palestine abounds in Caves, clefts, and fissures, which are so frequently alluded to in Scripture under a variety of names. Still the shepherds dwell in Caves during summer to be nearer their flocks and fields; at Gadara the dwellings are almost all Caves. ...
For particular Caves (See ENGEDI, (See ADULLAM, (See MACHPELAH, (See MAKKEDAH. The custom of fleeing to Caves in time of earthquakes illustrates Isaiah 2:10; Isaiah 2:19; Isaiah 2:21. Josephus relates his own hiding in the Caves of Jotapata
Makkedah - The kings sought refuge in nearby Caves but were trapped there (Joshua 10:16 ). Suggested locations include: Eusebius' suggestion of a site eight and a half miles from Eleutheropolis (Beit Jibrin); tell es-Safi south of Hulda (Libnah); el-Muqhar (“the Caves”) southwest of Ekron; and a site between Lachish and Hebron
Roquefort - It is made from milk of ewes, sometimes with cow's milk added, and is cured in Caves
Troglodyte - ) One of any savage race that dwells in Caves, instead of constructing dwellings; a cave dweller
Bats - According to Isaiah 2:20 , they are creatures found in dark Caves where idols were to be thrown
Makkedah - The Palestine Exploration surveyors have, however, identified it with el-Mughar, or "the Caves," 3 miles from Jabneh and 2 1/2 southwest of Ekron, because, they say, "at this site only of all possible sites for Makkedah in the Palestine plain do Caves still exist
Ambush, Ambushment - Palestine with its many ravines and Caves was well suited for such tactics
Hole - ...
2: ὀπή (Strong's #3692 — Noun Feminine — ope — op-ay' ) is translated "holes" in Hebrews 11:38 , RV, AV "caves
Horites or Horim - They are supposed to have lived in Caves, like the men referred to in Job 30:6 , and to have been divided into several tribes, Genesis 36:20-30
Shaaraim - ) The Septuagint read Sakarim , which favors identifying Shaaraim with Tell Zekariah above the southern bank of the valley of Elah, a large hill with terraced sides and Caves
Flea - Fleas are present in incredible numbers in the dust of Caves to which goats resort
Hori - The HORITES (troglodytes or inhabitants of Caves, probably excavators of the remarkable ones near Petra) inhabited mount Seir (the thickly bushy, or rugged, shaggy) before Esau's invasion (Genesis 14:6; Deuteronomy 2:12; Deuteronomy 2:22; Job 30:6-7)
Anah -
One of the sons of Seir, and head of an Idumean tribe, called a Horite, as in course of time all the branches of this tribe were called from their dwelling in Caves in Mount Seir (Genesis 36:20,29 ; 1 Chronicles 1:38 )
Horites - Cave-men, a race of Troglodytes who dwelt in the limestone Caves which abounded in Edom
Proteus - ) A genus of aquatic eel-shaped amphibians found in Caves in Austria
Twilight - ...
O'er the twilight groves and dusky Caves
Edrei - Underneath the city are many large Caves, forming a subterranean city, with streets and houses; but a recent traveller found the entrance blocked by a rock, and was told that the passage had been blown up to prevent the Caves being used as a hiding place from justice
en-Dor - It is identified with Endûr , south of Tahor, where are several ancient Caves
Caves - Palestine is remarkable for its number of Caves, some of which are of great extent
Caves - " These extracts may be useful in explaining such passages of Scripture as the following: "Because of the Midianites, the children of Israel made them dens which are in the mountains, and Caves, and strong holds," Judges 6:2 . To these they betook themselves for refuge in times of distress and hostile invasion:—...
"When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, for the people were distressed, then the people did hide themselves in Caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits," 1 Samuel 13:6 . See also Jeremiah 41:9 : "To enter into the holes of the rocks and into the Caves of the earth," became with the prophets a very proper and familiar image to express a state of terror and consternation. Thus Isaiah 2:19 : "They shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the Caves of the earth, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth
Etam - It has clefts, Caves, and a rock tunnel which would so effectually conceal one that those not acquainted with the place might not find him, nor even the entrance to the tunnel, except by accident
Adullam - The limestone cliffs of the shephelah are pierced with Caves, one of which was that of Adullam, David' s resort (1 Samuel 22:1; 2 Samuel 23:13; 1 Chronicles 11:15). It is connected by roads with adjoining places, Maresha (El Marash), Jarmuth (Yarmuk), and Socoh (Suweikeh), and has a system of Caves close to its wells still inhabited, or used as stables, and large enough for all David's band. On the top of the city hill are two or three Caves which together could accommodate 250 men. To the present day the cave dwelling peasantry avoid large Caves such as Khureitun and Umm el Tuweimin, and prefer the drier, smaller Caves, lighted by the sun, such as Ayd el Mieh, meaning in Arabic "feast of the hundred
Horonaim - (hahr oh nay' ihm) Place name meaning, “twin Caves
Engedi - Many similar Caves existed in the Holy Land. Josephus has given an interesting account of these Caves, and the manner in which the robbers were taken by Herod. Into such Caves the Israelites frequently retired for shelter from their enemies, Judges 6:2 ; 1 Samuel 13:6 ; 1 Samuel 14:11 ; a circumstance which has afforded some striking and terrific images to the prophets, Isaiah 2:19 ; Hosea 10:8 ; Revelation 6:15-16
Hareth, Forest of - Ruined walls, cisterns, and Caves are to be seen
na'in - The entrance to the place, where our Saviour met the funeral, must probably always have seen up the steep ascent from the plain; and here on the west side of the village, the rock is full of sepulchral Caves
Den - A lair of wild beasts (Psalm 10:9 ; 104:22 ; Job 37:8 ); the hole of a venomous reptile (Isaiah 11:8 ); a recess for secrecy "in dens and Caves of the earth" (Hebrews 11:38 ); a resort of thieves (Matthew 21:13 ; Mark 11:17 )
Bat - There are several species found in Palestine: they inhabit the tombs and Caves, and are familiar with darkness
Sepulchre - In ancient Palestine, sepulchres usually were carved out of the walls in existing Caves
Coney - (shaphan ), a gregarious animal of the class Pachydermata, which is found in Palestine, living in the Caves and clefts of the rocks, and has been erroneously identified with the rabbit or coney
Cave - —Caves, both natural and artificial, abound in Palestine; the soft chalky soil of Syria readily lends itself to both. Caves were used in Palestine for a variety of purposes; originally as dwelling-places* [3] Caves were used, further, as places of refuge (Judges 6:2, 1 Samuel 13:8; 1 Samuel 14:11, 1 Kings 18:4, Hebrews 11:38, Revelation 6:15), as hiding-places for robbers (Jeremiah 7:11, cf. ]'>[6] and, above all, as burying-places (Genesis 23:19; Genesis 49:29, John 11:38); the accounts of the burial Caves discovered in the lower strata of the site of ancient Gezer are of the highest interest. ]'>[7] ...
It is, however, in reference to the place of birth and the place of burial of Christ that the chief interest in Caves centres here. ...
Rock-hewn tombs, or Caves for burial, were of four distinct kinds: (1) tombs which were cut down into the rock, in the same way in which graves are dug at the present time in European countries; the body was let down into these; (2) tombs cut into the face of the rock, into which the bodies were pushed; (3) tombs, somewhat like the last class, excepting that within, against the wall, there was a kind of step, about two feet high, upon which the body was laid; (4) tombs which were little more than a shelf cut into the rock, just long enough and high enough to hold the body
Makke'Dah - Conder identifies it with the modern el-Moghar , 25 miles northwest of Jerusalem, where are two Caves large enough to contain five men each
Trachonitis - ) Trachonitis is the Greek for the Aramaic Αrgob ("heap of stones"), "the rugged region," abounding in Caves, some of vast extent. 15:10, section 1) says "the inhabitants dwelt in Caves that served as a refuge for themselves and their flocks; they had cisterns of water, and stored granaries, and so were able to defy their enemies
Fresco - Real frescoes adorned the walls of prehistoric Caves, the palaces of Mycenre and Tiryns (1500 B
Hauran - Hauran (haw'ran), Caves, caverns
Grave - Graves were generally grottoes or Caves, natural or hewn out in rocks (Isaiah 22:16 ; Matthew 27:60 )
Magdala - , with overhanging limestone rock honeycombed with Caves
Bat - Bats flit about on noiseless wings by the score on warm summer evenings, especially in the Jordan Valley, and they are to be found in great numbers in ruins, old tombs, and Caves all over the land, giving rise to many tales of ghostly habitation ( Isaiah 2:20 )
Betharbel - of Tiberias, remarkable for its Caves, hard to approach and still more to storm
Cottage - , "caves") or "wells of water," such as shepherds would sink
Cave - ...
In the time of Gideon the Israelites took refuge from the Midianites in dens and Caves, such as abounded in the mountain regions of Manasseh (Judges 6:2 ). ...
Caves were frequently used as dwelling-places (Numbers 24:21 ; Song of Solomon 2:14 ; Jeremiah 49:16 ; Obadiah 1:3 )
Alabaster, - The Oriental alabaster (referred to in the Bible) is a translucent carbonate of lime, formed on the floors of limestone Caves by the percolation of water
Tombs - Of the Hebrews were generally excavated in the solid rock, or were natural Caves
Hyaena - It is nocturnal in its habits; in the day-time it hides in solitary Caves, to which the fellahîn often follow it and attack it by various curious devices
Robbery - Owing to the corrupt administration of Roman governors, and the facility of collecting and hiding banditti in the natural Caves of Palestine, robbers infested Judaea much in our Lord's time and the age following (Luke 10:30; John 18:40; Acts 5:36-37; Acts 21:38; 2 Corinthians 11:26)
Array - In gelid Caves with horrid glooms arrayed
Obadiah - The chief officer of king Ahab's household, who preserved the lives of one hundred prophets from the persecuting Jezebel, by concealing them in two Caves and furnishing them with food, 1 Kings 18:4
Rock - … And [1] shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the Caves of the earth. …” Thus “rock” is an abbreviation for “caves of the rocks
Coney - Instead of holes, they seem to delight in more airy places, in the mouths of Caves, or clefts in the rock. They are gregarious, and frequently several dozens of them sit upon the great stones at the mouths of Caves, and warm themselves in the sun, or come out and enjoy the freshness of the summer evening. Bruce, "saw him on the ground, or from among large stones in the mouth of Caves, where is his constant residence
Mount - ...
The composition of the Palestinian hills is limestone, with occasional strata of chalk, and hence the numerous Caves, some of large extent, found there
Fox - Though both foxes and jackals abound in Palestine, the shu'alim (foxes) of ( Judges 15:4 ) are evidently jackals and not foxes, for the former animal is gregarious, whereas the latter is solitary in its habits; and Samson could not, for that reason, have easily caught three hundred foxes, but it was easy to catch that number of jackals, which are concealed by hundreds in Caves and ruins of Syria
e'Dom, Idumae'a - The Horites, their predecessors in Mount Seir, were, as their name implies, troglodytes , or dwellers in Caves; and the Edomites seem to have adopted their dwellings as well as their country. Everywhere we meet with Caves and grottos hewn in the soft sandstone strata
Endor - " Caves abound there, in one of which probably the incantation took place; eight miles, over rugged ground, from the Gilboa heights; so that Saul must have passed the Philistine camp on his way from his own army to the witch, and the way the unhappy king crept round in the darkness may be traced step by step
Makkedah - El Mughar (Arabic, "the Caves") village probably now represents Makkedah, at about eight miles' distance from Ramleh
Mareshah - The hill on which the ruins of Mareshah stand is riddled with the most extraordinary Caves, once human dwellings
Constrain - My sire in Caves constrains the winds
Refuge - - Rocks, dens and Caves, but I in none of these find place or refuge
Grave - ...
Natural Caves were also used as graves, as the cave of Machpelah. In Luke 8:27 we read of a demoniac who lived in the 'tombs:' these were doubtless natural Caves
Coney - A pachydermatous animal, gregarious, greybacked, white on the belly, with long hair, short tail, and round ears; common on the ridges of Lebanon; living in Caves and clefts; the Hyrax Syriacus, not the rabbit or coney
Mouth - The Hebrew term for mouth is used for the openings of wells, Caves, sacks, as well as for the edge of a sword
Anah - a dweller in Caves or troglodyte; also a "Hivite," a branch of the Canaanites; also he is named "Beeri the Hittite," the "Hittites" being the general name for "Canaanites" (Genesis 26:34)
Adullam - Micah, the prophet, used David's experience almost 300 years later to warn his people that again their glorious king would have to flee to the Caves of Adullam to escape an enemy who would take possession of the country because of Judah's sin (Micah 1:15 )
Thirst - He must seek GOD as he fled from the enemy and hid here and there in the wilderness and in Caves
Troll - ) A supernatural being, often represented as of diminutive size, but sometimes as a giant, and fabled to inhabit Caves, hills, and like places; a witch
Hoshea - 726) Shalmaneser cruelly stormed the strong Caves of Beth-arbel, Hosea 10:14, and made Israel tributary, 2 Kings 17:3, for three years
Hoshe'a - 726) Shalmaneser cruelly stormed the strong Caves of Beth-arbel, (Hosea 8:14 ) and made cruel tributary, (2 Kings 17:3 ) for three years
Carmel - There are many Caves in its sides, which at one time were inhabited by swarms of monks. These Caves are referred to in Amos 9:3
Barn - Natural Caves in the limestone rock, improved by art, with heavy stone doors blocking the entrance, have also served as ‘barns,’ and may be seen in use at Gadara to-day
Quarries - Huge blocks of stone are still found in these Caves bearing the marks of pick and chisel
Amalekites - They lived generally in migrating parties, in Caves or in tents, like the Bedaween Arabs of the present day
Refuge - ...
2 Samuel 22:3 (a) David did not trust in his army, nor in the Caves, nor the wilderness, nor men
Nest - the blue rock dove which tenants the clefts and Caves on the wall-like eastern sides of the Dead Sea, also on the western sides; abundant at Mar Saba, where the monks are employed in feeding them
Grave - Caves were often chosen as a convenient alternative to the cost and time involved in cutting a rock tomb. Because they offered both an abundance of Caves and ideal locations for constructing rock hewn shafts, Palestinian hillsides were a common choice for grave sites
Bar-Kochba - Some retreated to Caves in the Judean desert and had to be starved to death
Engedi - Abounding in Caves on the road to Jerusalem where David found Saul
Beth-Horon - Suggestions include, “house of Caves,” “house of anger,” “house of the hollow,” “house of (the god) Hauron
Idumaea - Josephus, with whom Jerome agrees, makes Idumæa extend from Beit Jihrin to Petra; Jerome assigns the great Caves at the former place to the troglodyte Horites
Manger - Caves under the houses are extensively used in Palestine as stables
Sleep - " Some interpret it of idol temples, some of Caves and dens, in which the Heathens used to worship their idols; and some of tombs or monuments for dead persons
High Places - But they frequently adored idols upon these hills, and committed a thousand abominations in groves, and Caves, and tents; and hence arose the zeal of pious kings and prophets to suppress the high places
Manger - ...
There is, of course, nothing improbable in this traditional view that the place where Mary sought shelter was a cave, for throughout Palestine such Caves or grottoes were and are commonly used as stables. ...
Stanley, who opposes the view that the φάτνη was a cave, does so partly on the ground of Matthew 2:11 and partly on the ground of the superstitious tendency to associate sacred events with Caves. 440): ‘As soon as the religion of Palestine fell into the hands of Europeans, it is hardly too much to say that it became “a religion of Caves
Lions - They had their lairs in the forests (Jeremiah 5:6 ; 12:8 ; Amos 3:4 ), in the Caves of the mountains (Song of Solomon 4:8 ; Nahum 2:12 ), and in the canebrakes on the banks of the Jordan (Jeremiah 49:19 ; 50:44 ; Zechariah 11:3 )
Inn - 103), who was born only 40 miles off, says Jesus was born in a cave near Bethlehem, one of the caverns in the narrow long grey hill on which it stands, for Caves in rocky countries are often used as stables; in the manger in it Jesus was laid
Obadiah, Book of - His pride is spoken of, exalting himself as the eagle, setting his nest in the firmament of heaven, and seeking his safety in the high Caves of the rocks, which well answers to their habitations in Idumea
Adullam - Both this and other Caves near where the city of Adullam was located are by different travellers strongly advocated as the true site
Owl - , kippoz]'>[1] is very possibly an imitation of the cry of the scops owl (Scops giu), which is very common among ruins, Caves, and old walls of towns
Mithraism - They worshiped in Caves, where a fire was kept perpetually burning in the sanctuary
Pit - ’ The systematic exploration of Palestine has brought to light many series of underground Caves which were used at various periods as dwelling-places (cf
Mount, Mountain - (1) They were dwelling-places , for which the numerous Caves, natural and artificial, excavated in their soft limestone sides, well fitted them: thus Esau dwelt in Mount Seir ( Genesis 36:8 )
Rock - Jerom says that the southern parts of Judea were full of Caves under ground, and of caverns in the mountains, to which the people retired in time of danger
Aerius, Founder of the Heretical Sect of the Aerians - They were consequently denied not only admission to the churches, but even access to the towns and villages, and they were compelled to sojourn in the fields, or in Caves and ravines, and hold their religious assemblies in the open air exposed to the severity of Armenian winters
Gerasenes, Gergesenes - Were that all we had to guide us, identification of the spot would be impossible, for there are Caves, which may have been used as tombs, all along the mountain side. In the mountains above, where in all probability the swine were feeding, there are numbers of Caves and also rock-cut tombs where the demoniacs may have lived
Dead Sea Scrolls - Name given to over eight hundred ancient Jewish manuscripts recovered from eleven Caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea. Between 1952,1956 ten more Caves containing manuscripts and related material were found. ...
Near the Caves in which the scrolls were discovered lies an archaeological site known as Khirbet Qumran. First, the Caves are close to the ruins, most within five to ten minutes' walking distance. Third, pottery found in the ruins matches pottery found in the Caves. Fourth, writing found on pottery in the ruins matches that found on pottery in several of the Caves. The Qumran inhabitants probably hid the scrolls in the Caves in anticipation of the advance of the Roman forces
Dead Sea Scrolls - Eleven Caves from the Qumran area have since yielded manuscripts, mostly in small fragments
Debir (1) - The dwellings of Dhoheriyeh are mostly Caves in the rock, with rude arches carved over doorways; rock excavation is a mark of great antiquity, and is a relic of the troglodyte or primitive Canaanite way of living
Burial - The Hebrews did not burn, but buried their dead, usually in Caves and artificial tombs
Rock - Rock walls and escarpments, deep gorges and desolate crags, Caves, fastnesses, and mighty boulders, are common in many portions of the country. At the opening of the sixth seal, the wicked are depicted as terrorized by an earthquake, and as hiding in the Caves and rocks of the mountains, to escape the wrath of the Lamb
Bethlehem - It appears that early Christians believed that some Caves east of the village were the holy site of the birth
Carmel - The rock of the mountain is a hard limestone, abounding in natural Caves, Amos 9:3
Water - The limestone formation, with its many Caves, made easy the construction of cisterns and reservoirs to collect the rain water: thence supplies were drawn as required during the dry months
Ed - The stones were brought probably from Caves in the S
Robber - ...
Palestine has always, if its government has been weak, been infested by robbers, to whom its rocks and Caves afford plentiful cover and shelter (cf
Burial - ...
The dead were buried in Caves, rock-cut tombs, or in the ground
Gideon - Fifth of the judges of Israel, called by the angel of the Lord to deliver Israel from the seven years' yoke of the Midianite hosts, which like swarming locusts consumed all their produce except what they could hide in Caves and holes (Judges 6:2; Judges 6:5-6; Judges 6:11). There they fled, and "made" artificial Caves besides enlarging natural Caves for their purpose, God permitting them to be brought so low that their extremity might be His opportunity
Bible, Texts And Versions - Most of these were discovered in the Caves by the wadi Qumran on the shores of the Dead Sea beginning in 1947. They represent the remains of a library of a group of separatist Jews who lived in the Caves in the area and worked in a type of monastery. Along with Old Testament manuscripts, the Caves preserved documents written by the participants in the community and their founders
Gregorius, Saint., the Illuminator - After filling the country with churches and ministers, schools and convents, he retired in 331 to lead a solitary life among the Caves of Manyea in the province of Taran, having previously consecrated his son Arisdages bishop in his stead
Olive - They are often found in immediate association with Troglodyte Caves, while a press was actually found inside one cave
Rachel - ...
Caves were the usual places of sepulcher (1 Samuel 10:2)
Canaan, Land of - ...
The land is declared to be like no other country on earth, presenting as it does in so small a compass such diversity of surface; some parts being fruitful plains; other parts rugged rocks and spacious Caves, and mountains with their sides covered with vineyards
House - In some parts of Palestine and Arabia stone is used, and in certain districts Caves in the rocks are used as dwellings
Jewish Parties in the New Testament - More information about the Essenes has come to light since 1947 with the discovery of the manuscripts from the Caves above the Dead Sea, commonly called the Dead Sea Scrolls
Carmel - Carmel's characteristic shrubbery's are still to be seen, with rocky dells amidst jungles of copse oaks, evergreens, and numerous Caves
Rahab (1) - By her counsel they hid three days in the mountains (Quarantana , abounding in Caves, a wall of rock rising 1,200 ft
Lot - ...
As it turned out, Lot feared to live in the city of Zohar and decided to live in the surrounding Caves instead
Oracle - There are, as one observes, several circumstances leading to the former hypothesis: such as the gloomy solemnity with which many of them were delivered in Caves and subterraneous caverns: the numerous and disagreeable ceremonies enjoined, as sometimes sleeping in the skins of beasts, bathing, and expensive sacrifices; the ambiguous and unsatisfactory answers frequently returned: these look very much like the contrivances of artful priests to disguise their villany; the medium of priests, speaking images, vocal groves, &c
Burial - A cave was the usual tomb, as Palestine abounds in Caves
Magdala - Its precipitous sides are honeycombed with Caves, which for centuries have been the refuge of robbers and outlaws
Mount Mountain - On the other hand, the apostle John, attempting to describe the terrors of the Final Judgment, pictures kings as hiding themselves ‘in the Caves and in the rocks of the mountains,’ and as saying ‘to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall on us and hide us, etc
Mount Mountain - On the other hand, the apostle John, attempting to describe the terrors of the Final Judgment, pictures kings as hiding themselves ‘in the Caves and in the rocks of the mountains,’ and as saying ‘to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall on us and hide us, etc
Library - ...
In 1947 the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in jars in Caves near Qumran
Grave Gravity - The word was used in a local sense of places haunted by supernatural powers-of Caves,* Pseudepigrapha - Fragments of all the other sections have been found in the Caves of Qumran, but no fragments of this section have been discovered yet
Persecution - 25), deprived (clothed in sheepskins and goatskins), destitute, persecuted, wandering in deserts and mountains, "in Caves and holes in the ground" (vv
Helena, Saint, Mother of Constantine the Great - He tells us that Constantine built a house of prayer on the site of the Resurrection and beautified the Caves connected with our Lord's Birth and Ascension, and that he did so in memory of his mother, who had built two churches, one at Bethlehem, the other on the Mount of Ascension. Thus of the three famous Caves, Eusebius connects Helena not with that of the Resurrection, but only with the other two
Philistia - They had advanced military posts or garrisons in Israel's land (1 Samuel 10:5; 1 Samuel 13:3; 1 Samuel 13:17); from whence they sent forth spoilers, so that travelers durst not go by the highways (Judges 5:6), and the Israelites hid from the Philistines in Caves, or else fled beyond Jordan (1 Samuel 13:6-7)
Columbanus, Abbat of Luxeuil And Bobbio - His own inclination was always to retire into the wood and Caves and hold unrestrained communion with God; but besides the claims of his monasteries, Christian zeal and charity drew him forth
Edom - The Edomites became "dwellers in the clefts of the rocks" (2 Samuel 10:10-19; compare 2 Chronicles 25:11-12), like their Horite predecessors who were troglodytes or "dwellers in Caves" (Obadiah 1:3-4) Petra (Sela, Hebrew, rock), their chief city, was cut in the rocks
Antiochus - ...
Some were roasted alive "by flame" in Caves, whither they had fled to keep the sabbath
Stone - —(a) Whether or not we accept the ancient tradition that Jesus was born in one of the limestone Caves of Bethlehem, it is very likely that His manger would be a manger of stone—built with stones and mortar if not hollowed out of the solid rock (see Thomson, LB David - The songs which cheered the solitude of the desert Caves of Engedi, or resounded from the voice of the Hebrew people as they wound along the glens or the hill sides of Judea, have been repeated for ages in almost every part of the habitable world, in the remotest islands of the ocean, among the forests of America or the sands of Africa
Prophets - When not immediately employed in the discharge of their sacred office, they lived sequestered from the world, in religious communities, or wandered "in deserts, in mountains, and in Caves of the earth;" distinguished by their apparel, and by the general simplicity of their style of life, 2 Kings 1:8 ; 2 Kings 4:10 ; 2 Kings 4:38 ; 2 Kings 6:1 ; Isaiah 20:2 ; Matthew 3:4 ; Hebrews 11:38 ; Revelation 11:3
David - Returning into Judah, he gathered a band of men, and maintained himself sometimes in the wilderness, sometimes hiding in Caves, sometimes occupying a town, as Keilah
House - They lived for the most part in the natural limestone Caves in which Palestine abounds. In the historical period such underground Caves (for descriptions and diagrams of some of the more celebrated, see Schumacher, Across the Jordan , 135 146; Bliss and Macalister, Excavations in Palestine , 204 270) were used by the Hebrews as places of refuge in times of national danger ( Judges 6:2 , 1 Samuel 13:6 ) and religious persecution ( 2Ma 6:11 , Hebrews 11:38 )
Palestine - (On the Caves, see Caves
Clean, Unclean - Most of the unclean animals were either predators/scavengers or lived in Caves (e
Samuel, First Book of - The Israelites were hiding themselves in Caves
Dwelling - In some parts of Palestine and Arabia stone is used, and in certain districts Caves in the rocks are used as dwellings
David - David must wander hither and thither, sometimes in the wilderness, sometimes in the mountains, and sometimes in the Caves: cf
Sepulchre - Oftentimes Caves were appropriated and used by them to save labour and expense
Archaeology And Biblical Study - In 1947 archaeologists began to see the Dead Sea Scrolls found in eleven Caves. At least a fragment of every Old Testament book except Esther was found in the Qumran Caves
Croisade, or Crusade - according to Voltaire, some Christians, who had been suffered by the Turks to live in that city, led the conquerors into the most private Caves, where women had concealed themselves with their children and not one of them was suffered to escape
Gennesaret, Land of - This is a tremendous ravine, and from Josephus’ day has been known as the ravine of the ‘Robber Caves’—the chosen resort of brigands in former days
Moab - " And at the distance of a few miles from the ruined site of Heshbon, according to Captains Irby and Mangles, "there are many artificial Caves in a large range of perpendicular cliffs, in some of which are chambers and small sleeping apartments
Judges, the Book of - The usages, mutilation (Judges 1:6-7), blood feuds (Judges 8:19), the intermixture of ruling people and subject tribes (Judges 1:19-36), the hiding of the oppressed in Caves (Judges 6:2), earrings worn by men (Judges 8:24-26), women peeping through the lattice (Judges 5:28), fables (Isaiah 63:8-9), riddles (Judges 14:12) to be solved at a forfeit, all accord with oriental usage, and occur so naturally and incidentally as to exclude suspicion of design
Saul - Many hid in Caves, others fled beyond Jordan, while those (600: 1 Samuel 13:15) who stayed with Saul followed trembling
Agriculture - Others may have been dry wells, or cisterns, or Caves hewn out of the rock, such as are common in modern times
Jerusalem - In the rocks around Jerusalem, and chiefly in the sides of the valleys of the Kidron and Hinnom opposite the city, are many excavated tombs and Caves
David - in His Services - And when I think also of the multitudes that no man can number to whom David's Psalms have been their constant song in the house of their pilgrimage; in the tabernacle as they fell for the first time hot from David's heart and harp; in the temple of Solomon his son with all the companies of singers and all their instruments of music; in the synagogues of the captivity; in the wilderness as the captives returned to the New Jerusalem; in the New Jerusalem every Sabbath-day and every feast-day; in the upper room, both before and after supper; in Paul's prison at Philippi; in the catacombs; in Christian churches past number; in religious houses all over Christendom at all hours of the day and the night; in deserts, in mountains, in dens and Caves of the earth; in our churches; in our Sabbath-schools; in our families morning and evening; in our sickrooms; on our death-beds; and in the night-watches when the disciples of Christ watch and pray lest they enter into temptation
Serpent - Those of the valleys and Caves
Deluge - According to the Peruvians, in consequence of a general inundation, occasioned by violent and continued rains, a universal destruction of the human species took place, a few persons only excepted, who escaped into Caves on the tops of the mountains, into which they had previously conveyed a stock of provisions, and a number of live animals, lest when the waters abated, the whole race should have become extinct
Bethlehem - That the stable where the Infant Saviour was born may have been a cava is quite in keeping with the practice of utilizing the limestone Caves of the hill country of Judaea as places of shelter for cattle and other beasts
Palestine - It appears that the inhabitants were then still in the neolithic stage of culture, dwelling in Caves, natural or artificial
Animals - They live in Caves
Physician - Our sources of knowledge of Greek medicine and physicians are (1) works of ancient physicians; (2) notices of early writers concerning Greek medicine and physicians, as Plato, Aristotle, Plutarch, Pausanias, and Galen; (3) various medical instruments in the great museums of Athens, Berlin, Paris, and London, such as knives, probes, needles, balsam cups; (4) inscriptions and papyri; (5) altars, temples, and Caves; (6) images of gods and votive offerings
Elisha - ...
Elijah, like a Bedouin, delighted in the desert, the heights of Carmel, and the Caves of Horeb, and avoided cities
Sea of Galilee - Behind the village to the west is Wady Hamâm, known in the early centuries as בִּקְעַח אַרְבֵּאל, and containing in its cliffs the once famous Caves of Arbela (Ant
Jerusalem (2) - These softer layers have been of the greatest importance in the history of the city, as in them have been excavated the countless Caves, cisterns, and tombs which cover the whole district, and from them in ancient times most of the building-stones were taken