What does Captivity mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
הַגּוֹלָ֔ה exiles 3
בַּשְּׁבִ֥י captivity 3
αἰχμαλωσίαν captivity. 2
הַגּוֹלָֽה exiles 2
שְׁב֣וּת captivity 2
לְגָלוּת֙ exile 2
מִשְּׁבִ֣י captivity 2
בַּשְּׁבִ֣י captivity 2
בַּגּוֹלָ֔ה exiles 2
הַגּוֹלָה֙ exiles 2
שִׁבְיָ֑ם captivity 2
בַּגּוֹלָֽה exiles 2
גוֹלָה֙ exiles 2
בִּשְׁבִ֥י captivity 1
שִׁבְיָ֖ם captivity 1
שְׁבִיתַ֖יִךְ captivity 1
בַשְּׁבִ֖י captivity 1
שִׁבְיָ֜הּ captivity 1
בַּשֶּֽׁבִי captivity 1
בַּשְּׁבִ֖י captivity 1
בַשְּׁבִי֙ captivity 1
מֵהַשְּׁבִ֣י captivity 1
[שְׁבִ֣ית] captivity 1
שִׁבְיָֽה captivity 1
(שְׁבִיתֵ֑נוּ) captivity 1
שְׁבוּתָ֑ם captivity 1
שְׁבוּת֙ captivity 1
שִׁבְיָם֙ captivity 1
בַּשְּׁבִ֧י captivity 1
מֵֽהַשְּׁבִ֨י captivity 1
שְׁבִ֖י captivity 1
הַשְּׁבִ֥י ׀ captivity 1
הַשְּׁבִי֙ captivity 1
הַשֶּׁ֖בִי captivity 1
שֶּׁ֗בִי captivity 1
בַשֶּׁ֔בִי captivity 1
בַשֶּֽׁבִי captivity 1
לַשֶּׁ֔בִי captivity 1
בַּשְּׁבִ֔ית captivity 1
לַשְּׁבִי֙ captivity 1
(שְׁבוּתְכֶ֗ם) captivity 1
לַשְּׁבִ֣י captivity 1
בַּשֶּׁ֑בִי captivity 1
לַשֶּֽׁבִי captivity 1
לַשְּׁבִ֖י captivity 1
שְׁב֨וּת captivity 1
הִ֑יא he 1
שְׁבוּתְךָ֖ captivity 1
מֵֽהַגּוֹלָ֔ה exiles 1
וְהִגְלָ֣ה to uncover 1
בְּהַגְל֣וֹת to uncover 1
וַיַּגְלֵם֙ to uncover 1
הֶגְלָ֔ה to uncover 1
בַּגּוֹלָ֣ה exiles 1
וּבַגּוֹלָ֖ה exiles 1
הַ֨גּוֹלָ֔ה exiles 1
הַגּוֹלָ֖ה exiles 1
וְהִגְלֵיתִ֥י to uncover 1
הַגּוֹלָה֒ exiles 1
גּוֹלָֽה exiles 1
גוֹלָ֛ה exiles 1
גוֹלָ֔ה exiles 1
הַגּוֹלָ֑ה exiles 1
בַּגּוֹלָ֑ה exiles 1
גּוֹלָ֥ה exiles 1
יִגְלֶ֔ה to uncover 1
וּגְלֵ֥ה to uncover 1
נָכְר֔וֹ foreign 1
גָּל֤וּת exile 1
הָלַ֔ךְ to go 1
הַגֹּלָֽה exiles 1
גָלוּתָ֗א exile. 1
גָּל֣וּת exile 1
לְ֠גָלוּתֵנוּ exile 1
לְגָלוּתֵ֑נוּ exile 1
לְגָל֖וּת exile 1
גָּל֥וּת exile 1
וְגָלִ֨יתָ to uncover 1
גָל֖וּ to uncover 1
לְהַגְלוֹתֵ֑ךְ to uncover 1
גָּֽלְתָ֨ה to uncover 1
גְּל֥וֹת to uncover 1
גָּלָ֥ה to uncover 1
בְּהַגְלוֹתִ֤י to uncover 1
גָּל֣וּ to uncover 1
שִׁיבַ֣ת restoration. 1

Definitions Related to Captivity

G161


   1 Captivity.
   

H1473


   1 exiles, exile, Captivity.
      1a exiles (coll).
      1b exile, Captivity (abstract).
      

H7628


   1 Captivity, captives.
      1a (state of) Captivity.
      1b (act of) capture.
      1c captives.
   2 captive.
   

H1540


   1 to uncover, remove.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to uncover.
         1a2 to remove, depart.
         1a3 to go into exile.
      1b (Niphal).
         1b1 (reflexive).
            1b1a to uncover oneself.
            1b1b to discover or show oneself.
            1b1c to reveal himself (of God).
         1b2 (passive).
            1b2a to be uncovered.
            1b2b to be disclosed, be discovered.
            1b2c to be revealed.
         1b3 to be removed.
      1c (Piel).
         1c1 to uncover (nakedness).
            1c1a nakedness.
            1c1b general.
         1c2 to disclose, discover, lay bare.
         1c3 to make known, show, reveal.
      1d (Pual) to be uncovered.
      1e (Hiphil) to carry away into exile, take into exile.
      1f (Hophal) to be taken into exile.
      1g (Hithpael).
         1g1 to be uncovered.
         1g2 to reveal oneself.
         

H7622


   1 Captivity, captives.
   

H1546


   1 exile, exiles.
   2 (TWOT) Captivity.
   

H1931


   1 he, she, it.
      1a himself (with emphasis).
      1b resuming subj with emphasis.
      1c (with minimum emphasis following predicate).
      1d (anticipating subj).
      1e (emphasising predicate).
      1f that, it (neuter) demons pron.
   2 that (with article).
   

H7870


   1 restoration.
   

H7633


   1 Captivity, captives.
      1a (state of) Captivity.
      1b captives.
      

H1980


   1 to go, walk, come.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to go, walk, come, depart, proceed, move, go away.
         1a2 to die, live, manner of life (fig.
         ).
      1b (Piel).
         1b1 to walk.
         1b2 to walk (fig.
         ).
      1c (Hithpael).
         1c1 to traverse.
         1c2 to walk about.
      1d (Niphal) to lead, bring, lead away, carry, cause to walk.
      

H1547


   1 exile.
   

Frequency of Captivity (original languages)

Frequency of Captivity (English)

Dictionary

Webster's Dictionary - Captivity
(1):
(n.) A state of being under control; subjection of the will or affections; bondage.
(2):
(n.) The state of being a captive or a prisoner.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Captivity Epistles
Letters written by Saint Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome, to the Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Philemon.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Captivity, Babylonian
The 70 years of exile (606-536 B.C.) of the inhabitants of Judea in Babylonia. Three invasions of Judea by Nabuchodonosor are recorded (4Kings, 24,25; 2Par., 36). After each of these a large portion of the population of Jerusalem and of other Judean cities was carried away to the banks of the Euphrates. There the exiles seem to have enjoyed a considerable amount of liberty. They preserved their old clan relations (1 Esdras 2); had their own judges and magistrates (Jeremiah 29; Daniel 13); and some rose to positions of honor and responsibility (Daniel 1; Jeremiah 52; Esther 2). Cyrus gave permission for the exiles to return to Palestine to rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple, and a large number (42,360 Jews and 7,357 servants) availed themselves of it (1 Esdras 2). Other expeditions followed under Esdras and Nehemias (1 Esdras 7-10; 2 Esdras 1-13).
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Captivity, Assyrian
The exile of the Israelites in the provinces of the Assyrian Empire. In 734 B.C. Theglathphalasar III conquered Israel and deported many of the leading Israelites to Assyria (4Kings 15). Twelve years later (722 B.C.), Sargon destroyed Samaria, and carried off the upper classes to Mesopotamia and Media (4Kings 17; 1Par. 5). The Book of Tobias gives a glimpse of the lot of these exiles, who on the whole enjoyed a considerable amount of liberty, but were at times subjected to persecution (Tobias 1). There is no record of their return to Palestine.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Captivity
Used in Scripture for compulsory exile. Besides minor captivities six under the judges, namely, that by Chushan-rishathaim, Eglon, the Philistines, Jabin of Canaan, Midian, Ammon (Judges 3; Judges 4; Judges 6; Judges 10), and that by Hazael of Syria (2 Kings 10:32), there were three great captivities. First in the reign of Pekah of Israel, when Tiglath Pileser, king of Assyria, carried away the people. of Gilead, Galilee, and all Naphtali (2 Kings 15:29; Isaiah 9:1). As Pul his predecessor is named with Tiglath Pileser as having carried away Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river Gozan (1 Chronicles 5:25-26), probably Tiglath Pileser carried (740 B.C.) out what Pul had intended but was diverted from by Menahem's bribe (771 or 762 B.C., Rawlinson) (2 Kings 15:19-20).
Secondly, in the reign of Hoshea of Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria, after letting him remain as a tributary prince for a time, at last when Hoshea omitted to send his yearly "present," and made a league with So or Sabacho II of Egypt (of which the record still exists on clay cylindrical seals found at Koyunjik), put Hoshea in prison and besieged Samaria three years, and in the ninth year of Hoshea's reign (721 B.C.) took it, and "carried Israel away to Halah and Habor by the river Gozan, and to the cities of the Medes" (2 Kings 17:1-6). Sargon (Isaiah 20:1), according to the Assyrian monuments, completed the capture of Samaria which Shalmaneser began. In striking minute coincidence with Scripture, he was the first Assyrian monarch who conquered Media. In the monuments he expressly says that, in order to complete the subjugation of Media, he founded in it cities which he planted with colonists from other parts of his dominions.
Sennacherib (713 B.C.) carried into Assyria 200,000 from the Jewish cities he captured (2 Kings 18:13). Thirdly, Nebuchadnezzar carried away Judith under Zedekiah to Babylon, 588 B.C. (2 Kings 24; 25.) A previous deportation of Jewish captives (including Ezekiel, Ezekiel 1:1-3, and Mordecai, Esther's uncle, Esther 2:6) was tint of King Jehoiachin, his princes, men of valor, and the craftsmen, 599 B.C. From Jeremiah 52:12; Jeremiah 52:15; Jeremiah 52:28-29; Jeremiah 52:30 we learn Nebuchadnezzar in his seventh (or eighth, according to the month with which the counting of the year begins) year carried away 3,023; but in 2 Kings 24:14; 2 Kings 24:16; 2 Kings 24:10; 2 Kings 24:000, and 7,000 men of might, and 1,000 craftsmen; the 3,023 were probably of Judah, the remaining 7,000 were of the other tribes of Israel, of whom some still had been left after the Assyrian deportation; the 1,000 craftsmen were exclusive of the 10,000.
Or else the 3,023 were removed in the seventh year, the 7,000 find 1,000 craftsmen in the eighth year. In the 18th or 19th year of Nebuchadnezzar 832 of the most illustrious persons were carried away. In the 23rd year of Nebuchadnezzar, 745 persons, besides the general multitude of the poor, and the residue of the people in the city, and the deserters, were carried away by Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard. In Daniel 1:1-2, we find that in the third year of Jehoiakim Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem and carried away part of the temple vessels of Jehovah to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god Bel. (Subsequently he took all away; they were restored under Cyrus: Ezra 1:7; 2 Kings 24:13; Jeremiah 52:19.) Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, of the blood royal of Judah, were among the captives. With this first deportation in the third year of Jehoiakim (607 or 606 B.C.) the foretold (Jeremiah 25; Jeremiah 29:10) 70 years' "captivity" (i.e. subjection of Judah to Babylon) begins.
Nebuchadnezzar had intended to carry Jehoiakim to Babylon (2 Chronicles 36:6-7); but Jehoiakim died before Nebuchadnezzar's intention could be effected (Jeremiah 22:18-19; Jeremiah 36:30), and. his dead body was dragged out of the gates by the Chaldaean besiegers and left unburied. This was eight years before the deportation under Jehoiachin. In the first year of Darius (Daniel 9:2-19) the 70 years were nearly run out. Now Jehoiachin's third year was one year before Nebuchadnezzar's accession (2 Kings 23:36; 2 Kings 24:12). 2 Kings 24:67 years elapsed from that time to the taking of Babylon (Ptolemy's canon). So it would be in the 68th year of the captivity that Daniel prayed pardon for Jerusalem. Cyrus' decree, granting liberty and encouragement to the Jews to return to their own land, was one or two years after taking Babylon, 536 B.C. (Ezra 1:2).
The captivity ecclesiastically began with the destruction of the temple, 586 B.C. The restoration was 70 years afterward, in the sixth year of Darius, 515 or 516 B.C. (Ezra 6:15). The political aim of the deportation was to separate them from local associations, and from proximity to Egypt, their ally in every revolt, and so fuse them into the general population of the empire (Isaiah 36:16; Genesis 47:21). The captives were treated as colonists. Daniel (Daniel 2; 6) and his three friends and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 1) subsequently held high offices near the king. Jeremiah had recommended the Jews to settle quietly in the land of their exile. They did so, and increased in numbers and wealth. They observed the law (Esther 3:8), and distinctions of rank (Ezekiel 20:1). The synagogues for prayer and reading the law publicly began during the captivity, and afterward were set up in every city (Acts 15:21).
The apocryphal Tobit pictures the inner life of a Naphtalite family among Shalmaneser's captives at Nineveh. Jeremiah, Ezekiel (who died after 27 years' exile at least, Ezekiel 29:17), and Daniel, and some of the Psalms (e.g. 137) give a general view of the state of the whole people in their exile. A portion of the people returned under Sheshbazzar or Zerubbabel, 535 B.C., who set up the altar and began the temple. Then, after along interruption of the building of the temple through Samaritan opposition, the work was completed in the second year of Darius, through Haggai and Zechariah (515 B.C., Ezra 5) the prophets, Jeshua the high priest, and Zerubbabel. A further portion returned under Ezra 458 B.C., and under Nehemiah 445 B.C. (Ezra 7:6-7; Nehemiah 2) In 536, besides servants, 42,360 returned; 30,000 belonging to Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, the remainder probably belonging to the Israelite tribes. Ezra 6:17 recognizes, in the sacrifices, the twelve tribes (compare 1 Chronicles 9).
Of the 24 courses of priests but four returned, so that seemingly only one sixth returned of the people, five sixths remained behind (Ezra 2:36-39, compare 1 Chronicles 24:4; 1 Chronicles 24:18). The latter who kept up their national distinctions were termed "the dispersion" (Esther 8:9; Esther 8:11; John 7:35; 1 Peter 1:1; James 1:1). The Afghans, the black Jews of Malabar, and the Nestorians, have been severally conjectured to represent the lost tribes. All we know is, some blended with the Jews, as Anna of Asher (Luke 2:36), Saul or Paul of Benjamin (Philippians 3:5); some with the Samaritans (Ezra 6:21; John 4:12); many, staying in their land of exile, founded colonies in the E. and were known as "the dispersion" (Acts 2:9-11; Acts 26:7). The prayer, the 10th of the Shemoneh Esre, is still offered by the Jews: "Sound the great trumpet for our deliverance, lift up a banner for the gathering of our exiles, and unite us all together from the four ends of the earth!" evidently alluding to Isaiah 11:12; Isaiah 27:13; Psalms 106:47.
Those who apostatized to Assyrian and Babylonian idolatry were absorbed among the pagan. The Jews' language became then much affected by Chaldaisms (Nehemiah 8:7-8), so that they could no longer understand, without interpretation, the pure Hebrew of the law. A Chaldee targum or paraphrase became necessary. An increased reverence for the law (Psalm 119 witnesses to this), and an abhorrence thenceforth of idolatry to which they once had been so prone, were among the beneficial effects of affliction on their national character. The prophets foretell the restoration, spiritually and also nationally in their own land, of Israel and Judah distinct, and hereafter to be combined (Isaiah 11:12-13), to be miraculously "gathered one by one" (Isaiah 27:12; Jeremiah 3:18; Jeremiah 16:15-16; Jeremiah 31:7-20; Ezekiel 37:16-28; Hosea 1:10-11; Hosea 3:4-5; Zechariah 9:13; Zechariah 10:6; Zechariah 10:10).
Their return under Messiah (then to be manifested) and their spiritual glory shall be the appointed instrumentality of the conversion of all nations (Isaiah 2; Isaiah 60; Micah 5:7; Zechariah 8:13). The Lord Jesus foretold the Jews' dispersion, in that very generation, under Titus and the Romans, 37 years before the event (A.D. 70), and the treading under foot of Jerusalem by all nations "until the times of the Gentiles shall be fulfilled" (Luke 21:20-24; Luke 21:32). In the siege 1,100,000 Jews perished, according to the contemporary witness Josephus; but not one Christian, for the Christians obeyed the Lord's warning by fleeing to Pella, when Cestius Gallus first advanced against Jerusalem, and then providentially, without seeming reason, withdrew (Matthew 24:15-16).
The market was glutted with Jewish slaves, and Moses' words were fulfilled: "Ye shall be sold unto your enemies ... and no man shall buy you." Again returning they revolted under Bar-Cochaba "the son of a star" (Numbers 24:17); but Adrian destroyed them, and built a pagan city, AEia, where Jerusalem had stood. "Captivity of the land" (Judges 18:30) refers to the capture of the ark. So in Psalms 14:7 "bring back the captivity" means restore from depression; Job 42:10, "the Lord turned the captivity of Job," i.e. amply indemnified him for all he lost: which passages prove the error of those who refer to the times after the Babylonian captivity any passage which mentions "the captivity," as if it were the only one in the Bible.
Christ Jesus, the antitypical David (who took captive His foes), "when He ascended on high led captivity captive," i.e. led in triumphal procession as captives for destruction those who once had led men captive, namely, Satan, death, hell, the curse, sin (Ephesians 4:8; Psalms 68:18; Colossians 2:15; 2 Peter 2:4). Revelation 20:10; Revelation 20:14, thus: "he that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity" (Revelation 13:10); Satan who "brings into captivity to the law of sin and death" (Romans 7:23) is brought into captivity (2 Corinthians 10:5; Isaiah 49:24; Hosea 13:14).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Captivity
CAPTIVITY . See Israel, I. 23 .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Stuff, Stuff For Removing, Stuff For Captivity
See Carriage .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Captivity
Term used for Israel's Exile in Babylon between 597 B.C. and 538 B.C. See Exile .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Epistles, Captivity
Letters written by Saint Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome, to the Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Philemon.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Captivity
This principally refers in the O.T. to the 'carrying away' of Israel and Judah. The order in which Israel was carried into captivity is not very clear. It appears however that the events recorded in 1 Chronicles 5:26 occurred first, because of Pul king of Assyria being mentioned, for he reigned before Tiglath-pileser: here the latter is named as carrying away the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh: showing that the Israelites who stopped short of their privileges, and did not crossthe Jordan, were the first to be carried into captivity. There is nothing in the passage to fix the date, but in 2 Kings 15:29 is another reference to Israel when Tiglath-pileser took Ijon, Abel-beth-maachah, Janoah, Kedesh, and Hazor, which are all in the north on the west of the Jordan; butthen is added Gilead, which is on the east, and this may be intended to embrace the two and a half tribes; then Galilee with all the land of Naphtali is added, which is again in the north on the west. So that this may be a summary of all that this king carried away captive to Assyria. It was 'in the days of Pekah,' and Pekah reigned 20 years: the date is generally reckoned as B.C. 740 for the captivity of the two and a half tribes.
A more definite date is given for the captivity of the remaining portion of Israel in 2 Kings 18:10,11 . It was in the ninth year of Hoshea, king of Israel and the sixth of Hezekiah that Samaria was taken by the Assyrians after a three years' siege: this would be B.C. 722. The captives were carried to Halah and Habor by the river of Gozan (these same names being mentioned in 1 Chronicles 5:26 , with Hara added there). These places are supposed to be in the north of Assyria; but in the above passage in Kings the words are added "and in the cities of the Medes." This is a region much farther east, where they would be far removed from their brethren in Assyria and from Judah, who were afterwards carried to Babylon.
The captivity of Judah followed in four detachments. Nebuchadnezzar, B.C. 606, carried away the sacred vessels and captives, among whom were Daniel and his companions. This formed the commencement of the 'times of the Gentiles.' 2 Chronicles 36:6,7 . The second captivity was in B.C. 599, when Jehoiachin had reigned three months. It is called the great captivity. Zedekiah was left as a vassal of Babylon. 2 Kings 24:14 ; 2 Chronicles 36:10 . The third captivity was in B.C. 588. 2 Chronicles 36:20 . The fourth was in B.C. 584 under Nebuzar-adan. Jeremiah 52:12,30 . The 70 years of captivity foretold by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:11,12 ) commenced B.C. 606 and expired B.C. 536 when the Jews returned to Judaea by the proclamation of Cyrus king of Persia. Jeremiah 29:10 ; Ezra 1 . The captivity is referred to in Matthew 1:11,17 as 'the carrying away.' The places to which Israel and Judah were carried are considered under their respective names.
Those who returned from exile were the two tribes, Judah and Benjamin (unless any few of the ten tribes may have accompanied them; cf. Luke 2:36 ). They retained possession of the land, under many changes and vicissitudes, until their Messiah appeared. His rejection and crucifixion resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans A.D. 70, and the scattering of the Jews to all parts of the world.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Captivity
See Bondage.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Captivity
Of Israel. The kingdom of the ten tribes was successively invaded by several Assyrian kings. Pul (q.v.) imposed a tribute on Menahem of a thousand talents of silver (2 Kings 15:19,20 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26 ) (B.C. 762), and Tiglath-pileser, in the days of Pekah (B.C. 738), carried away the trans-Jordanic tribes and the inhabitants of Galilee into Assyria (2 Kings 15:29 ; Isaiah 9:1 ). Subsequently Shalmaneser invaded Israel and laid siege to Samaria, the capital of the kingdom. During the siege he died, and was succeeded by Sargon, who took the city, and transported the great mass of the people into Assyria (B.C. 721), placing them in Halah and in Habor, and in the cities of the Medes (2 Kings 17:3,5 ). Samaria was never again inhabited by the Israelites. The families thus removed were carried to distant cities, many of them not far from the Caspian Sea, and their place was supplied by colonists from Babylon and Cuthah, etc. (2 Kings 17:24 ). Thus terminated the kingdom of the ten tribes, after a separate duration of two hundred and fifty-five years (B.C. 975-721). Many speculations have been indulged in with reference to these ten tribes. But we believe that all, except the number that probably allied themselves with Judah and shared in their restoration under Cyrus, are finally lost.
"Like the dew on the mountain, Like the foam on the river, Like the bubble on the fountain, They are gone, and for ever."
Of Judah. In the third year of Jehoiachim, the eighteenth king of Judah (B.C. 605), Nebuchadnezzar having overcome the Egyptians at Carchemish, advanced to Jerusalem with a great army. After a brief siege he took that city, and carried away the vessels of the sanctuary to Babylon, and dedicated them in the Temple of Belus (2 Kings 24:1 ; 2 Chronicles 36:6,7 ; Daniel 1:1,2 ). He also carried away the treasures of the king, whom he made his vassal. At this time, from which is dated the "seventy years" of captivity (Jeremiah 25 ; Daniel 9:1,2 ), Daniel and his companions were carried to Babylon, there to be brought up at the court and trained in all the learning of the Chaldeans. After this, in the fifth year of Jehoiakim, a great national fast was appointed (Jeremiah 36:9 ), during which the king, to show his defiance, cut up the leaves of the book of Jeremiah's prophecies as they were read to him in his winter palace, and threw them into the fire. In the same spirit he rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 24:1 ), who again a second time (B.C. 598) marched against Jerusalem, and put Jehoiachim to death, placing his son Jehoiachin on the throne in his stead. But Jehoiachin's counsellors displeasing Nebuchadnezzar, he again a third time turned his army against Jerusalem, and carried away to Babylon a second detachment of Jews as captives, to the number of 10,000 (2 Kings 24:13 ; Jeremiah 24:1 ; 2 Chronicles 36:10 ), among whom were the king, with his mother and all his princes and officers, also Ezekiel, who with many of his companions were settled on the banks of the river Chebar (q.v.). He also carried away all the remaining treasures of the temple and the palace, and the golden vessels of the sanctuary. Mattaniah, the uncle of Jehoiachin, was now made king over what remained of the kingdom of Judah, under the name of Zedekiah (2 Kings 24:17 ; 2 Chronicles 36:10 ). After a troubled reign of eleven years his kingdom came to an end (2 Chronicles 36:11 ). Nebuchadnezzar, with a powerful army, besieged Jerusalem, and Zedekiah became a prisoner in Babylon. His eyes were put out, and he was kept in close confinement till his death (2 Kings 25:7 ). The city was spoiled of all that was of value, and then given up to the flames. The temple and palaces were consumed, and the walls of the city were levelled with the ground (B.C. 586), and all that remained of the people, except a number of the poorest class who were left to till the ground and dress the vineyards, were carried away captives to Babylon. This was the third and last deportation of Jewish captives. The land was now utterly desolate, and was abondoned to anarchy.
In the first year of his reign as king of Babylon (B.C. 536), Cyrus issued a decree liberating the Jewish captives, and permitting them to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the city and the temple (2 Chronicles 36:22,23 ; Ezra 1 ; 2 ). The number of the people forming the first caravan, under Zerubbabel, amounted in all to 42,360 (Ezra 2:64,65 ), besides 7,337 men-servants and maid-servants. A considerable number, 12,000 probably, from the ten tribes who had been carried away into Assyria no doubt combined with this band of liberated captives.
At a later period other bands of the Jews returned (1) under (Ezra 7:7 ) (B.C. 458), and (2) (Nehemiah 7:66 ) (B.C. 445). But the great mass of the people remained still in the land to which they had been carried, and became a portion of the Jews of the "dispersion" (John 7:35 ; 1 Peter 1:1 ). The whole number of the exiles that chose to remain was probably about six times the number of those who returned.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Assyrian Captivity
The exile of the Israelites in the provinces of the Assyrian Empire. In 734 B.C. Theglathphalasar III conquered Israel and deported many of the leading Israelites to Assyria (4Kings 15). Twelve years later (722 B.C.), Sargon destroyed Samaria, and carried off the upper classes to Mesopotamia and Media (4Kings 17; 1Par. 5). The Book of Tobias gives a glimpse of the lot of these exiles, who on the whole enjoyed a considerable amount of liberty, but were at times subjected to persecution (Tobias 1). There is no record of their return to Palestine.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Captivity
God generally punished the sins and infidelities of the Jews by different captivities or servitudes. The first captivity is that of Egypt, from which they were delivered by Moses, and which should be considered rather as a permission of providence, than as a punishment for sin. Six captivities are reckoned during the government by judges: the first, under Chushanrishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, which continued about eight years; the second, under Eglon, king of Moab, from which the Jews were delivered by Ehud; the third, under the Philistines, from which they were rescued by Shamgar; the fourth, under Jabin, king of Hazor, from which they were delivered by Deborah and Barak; the fifth, under the Midianites, from which Gideon freed them; and the sixth, under the Ammonites and Philistines, during the judicatures of Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Eli, Samson, and Samuel. But the greatest and most remarkable captivities were those of Israel and Judah, under their regal government.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Captivity
Captivity. A word used to designate the subjugation of God's people. God often punished the sins of the Jews by captivities or servitudes. Deuteronomy 28:1-68. Their first captivity or bondage from which Moses delivered them was rather a permission of Providence than a punishment for sin. There were six subjugations of the 12 tribes during the period of the Judges. But the most remarkable captivities, or rather expatriations of the Hebrews, were those of Israel and Judah under their kings. Israel was first carried away in part about 740 b.c. by Tiglath-pileser. 2 Kings 15:29. The tribes east of the Jordan, with parts of Zebulun and Naphtali, 1 Chronicles 6:26; Isaiah 9:1, were the first sufferers. Twenty years later, Shalmaneser carried away the rest of Israel, the northern kingdom, 2 Kings 17:6, and located them in distant cities, many of them probably not far from the Caspian Sea; and their place was supplied by colonies from Babylon and Persia. 2 Kings 17:6-24. This is sometimes known as the Assyrian captivity. Aside from certain prophecies, Isaiah 11:12-13; Jeremiah 31:7-9; Jeremiah 31:16-20; Jeremiah 49:2; Ezekiel 37:16; Hosea 11:11; Amos 9:14; Obadiah 1:18-19, etc., which are variously interpreted to mean a past or a future return, a physical or a spiritual restoration, there is no evidence that the ten tribes as a body ever returned to Palestine. Of Judah are generally reckoned three deportations, occurring during the Babylonian or great captivity: 1. Under Jehoiakim, in his third year, b.c. 606, when Daniel and others were carried to Babylon. 2 Kings 24:1-2; Daniel 1:1. 2. In the last year of Jehoiakim, when Nebuchadnezzar carried 3023 Jews to Babylon; or rather, under Jehoiachin, when this prince also was sent to Babylon, in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, b.c. 598. 2 Kings 24:12; 2 Chronicles 36:6-8; 2 Chronicles 36:10; Jeremiah 52:28. 3. Under Zedekiah, b.c. 588, when Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed, and all the better class of the people and their treasures were carried to Babylon. 2 Kings 25:1-30; 2 Chronicles 36:1-23. This was 132 years after the final captivity of Israel. The 70 years during which they were to remain in captivity, Jeremiah 25:11; Jeremiah 29:10, are reckoned from the date of the first captivity, b.c. 606. Besides these, several other invasions and partial captivities are alluded to in 2 Kings 15:19; 2 Kings 17:3-6; 2 Kings 18:13; 2 Kings 25:11. While in Babylonia, the Jews were treated more like colonists than slaves. They had judges and elders who governed them, and decided matters in dispute. The books of Nehemiah and Daniel describe Jews in high positions at court, and the book of Esther celebrates their numbers and power in the Persian empire. There were priests among them, Jeremiah 29:1, and they preserved their genealogical records and many of their religious rites and customs. When the 70 years were fulfilled, Cyrus, in the first year of his reign at Babylon, b.c. 536, made a proclamation permitting the people of God to return to their own country and rebuild the temple. Ezra 1:11. Nearly 50,000 accepted the invitation, though a large proportion preferred to remain. Ezra 2:2; Nehemiah 7:7. This company laid the foundation of the second temple, which was completed in the sixth year of Darius. Fifty-eight years after, Ezra led a small company of 7000 from Babylon to Judæa. He was succeeded as governor by Nehemiah, who labored faithfully and successfully to reform the people. The Jewish character and language were changed by their sojourn for so long a time among foreigners, Nehemiah 8:8; and it is noteworthy that we hear little of idols or idolatry among them after the captivity. About 40 years after the crucifixion of Christ, Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans. According to Josephus, 1,100,000 perished at the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, and nearly 100,000 captives were scattered among the provinces and slain in gladiatorial shows, doomed to toil as public slaves, or sold into private bondage. Under the emperor Hadrian, a.d. 133, a similar crushing blow fell on the Jews who had again assembled in Judæa. They are scattered over the world, suffering under the woe which unbelief brought upon their fathers and themselves. See Jews.
King James Dictionary - Captivity
CAPTIVITY, n.
1. The state of being a prisoner, or of being in the power of an enemy by force or the fate of war. 2. Subjection to love. 3. Subjection a state of being under control. Bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ. 2 Corinthians 10 .
4. Subjection servitude slavery. But I see another law in my members--bringing me into captivity to the law of sin. Romans 7 .
To lead captivity captive, in scripture, is to subdue those who have held others in slavery, or captivity. Psalms 98 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Captivity
God often punished the sins of the Jews be captivities or servitudes, according to his threatenings, Deuteronomy 28:1-68 . Their first captivity, however, from which Moses delivered them, should be considered rather as a permission of Providence, than as a punishment for sin. There were six subjugations of the twelve tribes during the period of the judges. But the most remarkable captivities, or rather expatriations of the Hebrews, were whose of Israel and Judah under the regal government. Israel was first carried away in part about B. C. 740, by Tiglath-pileser, 2 Kings 15:29 . The tribes east of the Jordan, with parts of Zebulun and Naphtali, Isaiah 9:1 , were the first sufferers. Twenty years later, Shalmanezer carried away the remainder, 2 Kings 17:6-24 . Aside from certain prophecies, Isaiah 11:12,13 Jeremiah 31:7-9,16-20 49:2 Ezekiel 37:16 Hosea 11:11 Amos 9:14 Obadiah 1:18,19 , etc., which are variously interpreter to mean a past or a future return, a physical or a spiritual restoration, there is no evidence that the ten tribes as a body ever returned to Palestine.
To Judah are generally reckoned three captivities: 1. Under Jehoiakim, in his third year, B. C. 606, when Daniel and others were carried to Babylon, 2 Kings 24:1,2 Daniel 1:1 2 . In the last year of Jehoiakim, when Nebuchadnezzar carried 3,023Jews to Babylon; or rather, under Jehoiachin, when this prince also was sent to Babylon, that is, in the seventh and eighth years of Nebuchadnezzar, B. C. 598,2 Kings 24:2,12 2 Chronicles 36:8,10 Jeremiah 52:34 3 . Under Zedekiah, B. C. 588, when Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed, and most that was valuable among the people and their treasures was carried to Babylon, 2 Kings 25:1-30 2 Chronicles 36:1-23 . The seventy years during which they were to remain in captivity, Jeremiah 25:11 29:10 , are reckoned probably from the date of the first captivity, B. C. 606. While at Babylon the Jews had judges and elders who governed them, and decided matters in dispute juridically according to their laws. The book of Daniel shows us a Jew in a high position at court, and the book of Esther celebrates their numbers and power in the Persian empire. The prophets labored, not in vain, to keep alive the flame of the true religion.
At length the seventy years were fulfilled, and Cyrus, in the first year of his reign at Babylon, B. C. 536, made a proclamation throughout his empire permitting the people of God to return to their country, and rebuild the temple, Ezra 1:11 . Nearly 50,000 accepted the invitation, Ezra 2:2 Nehemiah 7:7 . This company laid the foundation of the second temple, which was completed in the sixth year of Darius, B. C. 516. Fifty-eight years after, Ezra led a small company of 7,000 from Babylon to Judea. He was succeeded as governor by Nehemiah, who labored faithfully and successfully to reform the people, and many of the good fruits of his labors remained until the time of Christ.
Probably none among the posterity of Jacob can now prove from which of his twelve sons they are descended. Both Judah and Israel being removed from "the lot of their inheritance" in Canaan, and dispersed among strangers, the various tribes would naturally amalgamate with each other, the envy of Judah and Ephraim would depart, and the memory of Abraham, Moses, and David would revive, Ezra 6:16,17 8:35 Ezekiel 37:26-28 .
The last captivity of the Jews, A. D. 71, after they had filled up the measure of their iniquity by rejecting Christ and the gospel, was a terrible one. According to Josephus, 1,100,000 perished at the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, and nearly 100,000 captives were scattered among the provinces to perish in gladiatorial shows, doomed to toil as public slaves, or sold into private bondage. The cut represents the medal of the emperor Vespasian, A. D. 71, in memory of the capture of Jerusalem. Under the emperor Hadrian, A. D. 133, a similar crushing blow fell on the Jews who had again assembled in Judea; and at this day they are scattered all over the world, yet distinct from the people among whom they dwell, suffering under the woe which unbelief has brought upon their fathers and themselves, and awaiting the time when Christ "shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob," Romans 11:25,26 .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Babylonian Captivity
The 70 years of exile (606-536 B.C.) of the inhabitants of Judea in Babylonia. Three invasions of Judea by Nabuchodonosor are recorded (4Kings, 24,25; 2Par., 36). After each of these a large portion of the population of Jerusalem and of other Judean cities was carried away to the banks of the Euphrates. There the exiles seem to have enjoyed a considerable amount of liberty. They preserved their old clan relations (1 Esdras 2); had their own judges and magistrates (Jeremiah 29; Daniel 13); and some rose to positions of honor and responsibility (Daniel 1; Jeremiah 52; Esther 2). Cyrus gave permission for the exiles to return to Palestine to rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple, and a large number (42,360 Jews and 7,357 servants) availed themselves of it (1 Esdras 2). Other expeditions followed under Esdras and Nehemias (1 Esdras 7-10; 2 Esdras 1-13).
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Captive, Captivity
A — 1: αἰχμάλωτος (Strong's #164 — Adjective — aichmalotos — aheekh-mal-o-tos' ) lit., "one taken by the spear" (from aichme, "a spear," and halotos, a verbal adjective, from halonai, "to be captured"), hence denotes "a captive," Luke 4:18 .
A — 2: αἰχμαλωσία (Strong's #161 — Noun Feminine — aichmalosia — aheekh-mal-o-see'-ah ) "captivity," the abstract noun in contrast to No. 1, the concrete, is found in Revelation 13:10 ; Ephesians 4:8 , where "He led captivity captive" (marg., "a multitude of captives") seems to be an allusion to the triumphal procession by which a victory was celebrated, the "captives" taken forming part of the procession. See Judges 5:12 . The quotation is from Psalm 68:18 , and probably is a forceful expression for Christ's victory, through His death, over the hostile powers of darkness. An alternative suggestion is that at His ascension Christ transferred the redeemed Old Testament saints from Sheol to His own presence in glory.
B — 1: αἰχμαλωτεύω (Strong's #162 — Verb — aichmaloteuo — aheekh-mal-o-tew'-o ) signifies (a) "to be a prisoner of war," (b) "to make a prisoner of war." The latter meaning is the only one used in the NT, Ephesians 4:8 .
B — 2: αἰχμαλωτίζω (Strong's #163 — Verb — aichmalotizo — aheekh-mal-o-tid'-zo ) practically synonymous with No. 1, denotes either "to lead away captive," Luke 21:24 , or "to subjugate, to bring under control," said of the effect of the Law in one's members in bringing the person into captivity under the law of sin, Romans 7:23 ; or of subjugating the thoughts to the obedience of Christ, 2 Corinthians 10:5 ; or of those who took captive "silly women laden with sins," 2 Timothy 3:6 .
B — 3: ζωγρέω (Strong's #2221 — Verb — zogreo — dzogue-reh'-o ) lit. signifies "to take men alive" (from zoos, "alive," and agreuo, "to hunt or catch"), Luke 5:10 (marg. "take alive"), there of the effects of the work of the Gospel; in 2 Timothy 2:26 it is said of the power of Satan to lead men astray. The verse should read "and that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the Devil (having been taken captive by him), unto the will of God." This is the probable meaning rather than "to take alive or for life." See CATCH.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Captivity
See EXILE; SLAVE.

Sentence search

Captivity - Captivity, n. Bringing into Captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ. But I see another law in my members--bringing me into Captivity to the law of sin. ...
To lead Captivity captive, in scripture, is to subdue those who have held others in slavery, or Captivity
Israelites, Captivities of the - (1) The Assyrian Captivity, when the inhabitants of the Northern Kingdom were carried off to Assyria (4Kings 15; 17) ...
(2) The Babylonian Captivity, when the subjects of the Kingdom of Juda were deported to Babylon (4Kings 24; 25). ...
(3) The Roman Captivity, when Titus destroyed Jerusalem in A
Captivities of the Israelites - (1) The Assyrian Captivity, when the inhabitants of the Northern Kingdom were carried off to Assyria (4Kings 15; 17) ...
(2) The Babylonian Captivity, when the subjects of the Kingdom of Juda were deported to Babylon (4Kings 24; 25). ...
(3) The Roman Captivity, when Titus destroyed Jerusalem in A
Shibmah - Overmuch Captivity
Shobai - Turning Captivity
Sabeans - Captivity; conversion; old age
Captivity - Captivity
Carrying Away - See Captivity
Sheba - Captivity; old man; repose; oath
Shubael - Returning Captivity; seat of God
Tiglath-Pileser - That binds or takes away Captivity
Jashobeam - The people sitting; or Captivity of the people
Disenamor - ) To free from the Captivity of love
Neko'da -
The descendants of Nekoda returned among the Nethinim after the Captivity. (Ezra 2:48 ; Nehemiah 7:50 ) ...
The sons of Nekoda were among those who went up after the Captivity from Tel-melah, Tel-harsa, and other places, but were unable to prove their descent from Israel
Tabbaoth - Impressions; rings, "the children of," returned from the Captivity (Ezra 2:43 )
Henadad - Favour of Hadad, the name of a Levite after the Captivity (Ezra 3:9 )
Jehozadak - Son of Seraiah: a priest carried into Captivity
Sallai - One of the priests returned in the Captivity
Ransomed - Redeemed or rescued from Captivity, bondage or punishment by the payment of an equivalent
Maasiai - Work of Jehovah, one of the priests resident at Jerusalem at the Captivity (1 Chronicles 9:12 )
Jaala - A wild she-goat, one of the Nethinim, whose descendants returned from the Captivity (Nehemiah 7:58 )
Mek'Onah - (foundation ), one of the towns which were reinhabited after the Captivity by the men of Judah
Gis'pa - (caress ), one of the overseers of the Nethinim, in "the Ophel," after the return from Captivity
Zattu - , one whose descendants returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:8 ; Nehemiah 7:13 ); probably the same as Zatthu
Redeeming - Ransoming procuring deliverance from Captivity, capture, bondage, sin, distress or liability to suffer, by the payment of an equivalent
be'za-i - "Children of Bezai," to the number of 328, returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel ( Ezra 2:17 ; Nehemiah 7:23 ; 10:18 )
Captivity - The order in which Israel was carried into Captivity is not very clear. It appears however that the events recorded in 1 Chronicles 5:26 occurred first, because of Pul king of Assyria being mentioned, for he reigned before Tiglath-pileser: here the latter is named as carrying away the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh: showing that the Israelites who stopped short of their privileges, and did not crossthe Jordan, were the first to be carried into Captivity. 740 for the Captivity of the two and a half tribes. ...
A more definite date is given for the Captivity of the remaining portion of Israel in 2 Kings 18:10,11 . ...
The Captivity of Judah followed in four detachments. The second Captivity was in B. It is called the great Captivity. The third Captivity was in B. The 70 years of Captivity foretold by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:11,12 ) commenced B. The Captivity is referred to in Matthew 1:11,17 as 'the carrying away
Pahath-Moab - Governor of Moab, a person whose descendants returned from the Captivity and assisted in rebuilding Jerusalem (Ezra 2:6 ; 8:4 ; 10:30 )
Sherezer - One of the messengers whom the children of the Captivity sent to Jerusalem "to pray for them before the Lord" (Zechariah 7:2 )
Kadmiel - , his servant, one of the Levites who returned with Zerubbabel from the Captivity (Nehemiah 9:4 ; 10:9 ; 12:8 )
u'el - (will of God ), one of the family of Bani, who during the Captivity had married a foreign wife
Zebaim - (zih bay' ihm) Home of the children of Pochereth (Ezra 2:57 ) who returned to Jerusalem from Babylonian Captivity (KJV)
Ephai - A Netophathite, whose sons were left in the land at the Captivity
Abib - After the Babylonish Captivity this month was called Nisan
Bak'Buk - "Children of Bakkuk" were among the Nethinim who returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Elihoe'na-i - (my eyes are toward Jehovah ), son of Zerahiah, who with 200 men returned from the Captivity with Ezra
Bar'Kos - "Children of Barkos" were among the Nethinim who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Bilshan - , "eloquent", a man of some note who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2 ; Nehemiah 7:7 )
Ananiah - A place between Nob and Hazor, where the Benjamites lived on returning from the Babylonian Captivity (Nehemiah 11:32)
Betolion - Fifty-two persons of this place returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Hal'Til - Bene-Hattil were among the children of Solomon's slaves "who came back from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Hag'Aba - Bene Hagaba were among the Nethinim who came back from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Mekonah - ) A town with daughter villages, reinhabited after the Captivity by men of Judah (Nehemiah 11:28)
Postexilic - ) belonging to a period subsequent to the Babylonian Captivity or exile (b
Baalis - King of the Ammonites in the time of the Captivity
Gaz'Zam - The Bene-Gazzam were among the familiar of the Nethinim who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
di'Naites, - (Ezra 4:9 ) the name of some of the Cuthaean colonists who were placed in the cities of Samaria after the Captivity of the ten tribes
Hashu'Pha - (stripped ), one of the families of Nethinim who returned from Captivity in the first caravan ( Nehemiah 7:46 ) Called HASUPHA in (Ezra 2:43 ) (B
Willow, - Its boughs were used at the Feast of Tabernacles, a season of joy; but at the Captivity and since, it is a symbol of sorrow. It was on such that the captives hung their harps when in Captivity, of which the Psalmist spoke prophetically
Gazzam - ” Leader of a clan of Temple servants who returned from Babylonian Captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:48 )
ga'Har - (hiding-place ) The Bene-Gahar were among the families of Nethinim who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Zabdiel - ...
...
An overseer of the priests after the Captivity (Nehemiah 11:14 )
Shimshai - The shining one, or sunny, the secretary of Rehum the chancellor, who took part in opposing the rebuilding of the temple after the Captivity (Ezra 4:8,9,17-23 )
Mekonah - ]'>[2] needlessly changes to Meconah), A town inhabited after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:28 )
Acud - His sons were among the ‘temple servants’ who returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Reelaiah - One of the priests which returned to Jerusalem from the Captivity of Babylon, Ezra 2:2
Taber, to - ' The word is used of the Ninevite maids when led into Captivity
Jew - ) Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the Babylonish Captivity, any member of the new state; a Hebrew; an Israelite
Kolaiah - The name of a Benjamite family which settled in Jerusalem after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:7 )
Meratha'im - (double rebellion ) , The land of, alluding to the country of the Chaldeans, and to the double Captivity which it had inflicted on the nation of Israel
Baalis - King of the Ammonites at the time of the Babylonian Captivity (Jeremiah 40:14 )
Bishlam - at the time of the return from Captivity under Zerub
Merathaim - Symbolical name given to the country of the Chaldeans, signifying 'double rebellion,' perhaps alluding to the double Captivity of the Israelites by Chaldea
Hat'Ita - the gate-keepers) who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Mol'Adah - " ( Joshua 15:26 ; 19:2 ) In the latter tribe it remained at any rate till the reign of David, (1 Chronicles 4:28 ) but by the time of the Captivity it seems to have come back into the hands of Judah, by whom it was reinhabited after the Captivity
Uthai - A family of Judah after the Captivity ( 1 Chronicles 9:4 ) = Nehemiah 11:4 Athaiah
Redemptionist - ) A monk of an order founded in 1197; - so called because the order was especially devoted to the redemption of Christians held in Captivity by the Mohammedans
Hag'ga-i - (festive ), the tenth in order of the minor prophets, and first of those who prophesied after the Captivity
Dehavites - Heathen colonists placed in Samaria on the Captivity of the ten tribes
Gahar - ” Clan head of family of Temple servants who returned from Babylonian Captivity with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Cathua - One of the heads of families of Temple servants who returned with Zerubbabel from Captivity
Tar'Pelites, the, - A race of Assyrian colonists who were planted int he cites of Samaria after the Captivity of the northern kingdom of Israel
Telabib - Ezekiel remained there 'astonished' seven days with those in Captivity, and there the word came to him from Jehovah
Hel'da-i - ) ...
An Israelite who seems to have returned from the Captivity
Chisleu - The name adopted from the Babylonians by the Jews after the Captivity for the third civil, or ninth ecclesiastical, month (Nehemiah 1:1 ; Zechariah 7:1 )
ad'Dan - (strong or stony ), one of the places from which some of the Captivity returned with Zerubbabel to Judea who could not show their pedigree as Israelites
Ethanim - After the Jews returned from the Captivity, the month Ethanim was called Tisri, which answers to our September
Addon - Low, one of the persons named in Nehemiah 7:61 who could not "shew their father's house" on the return from Captivity
Beth-Jeshimoth - A city of Reuben, taken from the Moabites, Numbers 33:49 Joshua 12:3 13:20 ; but retaken by them after the Captivity, Ezekiel 25:9
ha'Riph - A hundred and twelve of the Bene-Hariph returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Exile - In the Old Testament ‘the exile’, or ‘the Captivity’, refers to the period of approximately seventy years that followed Babylon’s conquest of Jerusalem and deportation of the people into Captivity in Babylon (2 Kings 24; 2 Kings 25:1-21; Jeremiah 25:11-12; Jeremiah 29:10; Daniel 1:1-4; Ezekiel 1:1-3). For details of life in Captivity in Babylon see DANIEL; EZEKIEL
Nisan - It was originally called Abibi, but began to be called Nisan after the Captivity
Sheba - Sheba signifies Captivity, from Shaba
Hazar-Shual - Judah ( Joshua 15:28 = 1 Chronicles 4:28 ) or Simeon ( Joshua 19:3 ), re-peopled by Jews after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:27 )
Zerahi'ah - (1 Chronicles 6:6,51 ; Ezra 7:4 ) ...
Father of Elihoenai of the sons of Pahath-moab, whose descendants returned from the Captivity with Ezra
Hananeel - A kinsman of Jeremiah, from whom the prophet bought a piece of ground before the Captivity, and had the legal record made, in token of his prophetic assurance that his people would return to their possessions, Jeremiah 32:6-12
re'Gem-me'Lech - ( Zechariah 7:2 ) They were sent on behalf of some of the Captivity to make inquiries at the temple concerning fasting (B
de'Havites, - mentioned only once in Scripture, (Ezra 4:9 ) among the colonists planted in Samaria after the completion of the Captivity of Israel
Mattena'i -
Two Israelites who divorced their Gentile wives after the return from the Babylonish Captivity
Gibbar - ” A man, ninety-five of whose descendants returned from Babylonian Captivity with Zerubbabel in 537 B
Ethanim - Constantly flowing, a month so named before the Captivity, because the autumnal rains them begin to fill the dry river channels
Kola'Iah -
A Benjamite whose descendants settled in Jerusalem after the return from the Captivity
Captivities of Israel - It is generally believed, there was no return of the ten tribes from this second Captivity. But when we examine carefully the writings of the Prophets, we find a return of at least a great part of Israel from the Captivity clearly pointed out. Amos says, "And I will bring again my people Israel from their Captivity: they shall build their ruined cities and inhabit them," &c, Amos 9:14 . "The Captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites," &c, Obadiah 1:18-19 . In the historical books of Scripture, we find that Israelites of the ten tribes, as well as of Judah and Benjamin, returned from the Captivity. When Ezra numbered those who returned from the Captivity, he only inquired whether they were of the race of Israel; and at the first passover which was then celebrated in the temple, was a sacrifice of twelve he-goats for the whole house of Israel, according to the number of the tribes, Ezra 6:16-17 ; Ezra 8:35 . The Samaritan Chronicle asserts that in the thirty-fifth year of the pontificate of Abdelus, three thousand Israelites, by permission of King Sauredius, returned from Captivity, under the conduct of Adus, son of Simon
Bondage - This word is used also with reference to the Captivity in Babylon (Isaiah 14:3 ), and the oppression of the Persian king (Ezra 9:8,9 )
Unni - ...
...
A Levite who returned with Zerubbabel from the Captivity (Nehemiah 12:9 )
Kabzeel - It was called also Jekabzeel (Nehemiah 11:25 ), after the Captivity
Bondage - ) The state of being bound; condition of being under restraint; restraint of personal liberty by compulsion; involuntary servitude; slavery; Captivity
Haggai - The prophet, who lived after the Babylonish Captivity, and at the time of building the second temple
en-Rim'Mon - (fount of the pomegranate ), one of the places which the men of Judah reinhabited after their return from the Captivity
Jehozadak - He was carried into Captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, and probably died in Babylon
Nehel'Amite, the, - the designation of a man named Shemaiah, a false prophet, who went with the Captivity to Babylon
Sen'a-ah - the inhabitants) of Senaah" are enumerated among the "people of Israel" who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Ananiah - A town inhabited by Benjamites after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:32 )
Kab'ze-el - (2 Samuel 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 11:22 ) After the Captivity it was reinhabited by the Jews, and appears as Jekabzeel
Gid'Del -
Children of Giddel were among the Nethinim who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Chephirah - One of the four Hivite cities which made peace with the Hebrews; re-peopled after the Captivity, having belonged to Benjamin; called in 1Es 5:19 Caphira
Leeks - An Egyptian food eaten by the Hebrews during their Captivity
Kabzeel - Called Jekabzeel when rebuilt after the Captivity, Nehemiah 11:25, a city of the tribe of Judah, situated farthest to the south, Joshua 15:21; was the birthplace of Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada
Diaspora - Biblically, it refers to the dispersion of the Jews outside of Israel from the time of the Babylonian Captivity until now
Obadiah - The Captivity of this verse is in all probability that by Nebuchadnezzar in b. ...
Prophecy of, contains a general accusation of Edom, and an account of the prosperity of Zion when Jacob should return from his Captivity and Esau be discomfited
Aristarchus - The expression probably refers not to a spiritual Captivity, but either to a short imprisonment arising out of the turmoil described in Acts 19:29 , or to a voluntary sharing of the Apostle’s Captivity by Aristarchus and Epaphras
Sepharad - Place where the Jews were in Captivity, but from whence they would be brought to possess 'the cities of the south
Hadid - Named along with Lod and Ono ( Ezra 2:38 = Nehemiah 7:37 ), peopled by Benjamites after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:34 ), probably to be identified also with Adida of 1Ma 12:38 ; 1Ma 13:13
Francesco Bressani - The narrative of his Captivity is one of the classic documents of the Jesuit Relations
Azekah - It was one of the places re-occupied by the Jews on their return from the Captivity (Nehemiah 11:30 )
Merathaim, the Land of - "of double rebellion", namely, the double Captivity inflicted on Israel by Chaldoea (Jeremiah 50:21); referring also to Babylon's general accumulated rebellions against God (Jeremiah 50:17-20, especially Jeremiah 50:18), "Babylon, Assyria," (Jeremiah 50:33; Jeremiah 50:24; Jeremiah 50:29) "striven against Jehovah, proud against
Mahalalel - The son of Perez, who dwelt at Jerusalem after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:4 )
Beulah - She was no longer to be a wife deserted by God, as she had been during the Captivity, but married (1) to God, (2) by a strange application of the figure, to her own sons
Jehovah-Tsidkenu - In both passages (which are in fact the same prophecy repeated) it is the title of the Branch, the perfectly Righteous King, who is to rule over the people on their return from the Captivity
Sharezer - A delegate sent to Jerusalem with Regemmelec and others, probably soon after the return from the Babylonish Captivity, to inquire of the priests at Jerusalem whether a certain fast was still to be observed, Zechariah 7:2 ; 8:19
World, Ages of - The fifth, from Solomon's foundation of the temple to the Babylonish Captivity in 3416, four hundred and twenty-one years. The sixth, from the Babylonish Captivity to the birth of Christ, A
Giddel - The clan leader of a group of Temple servants who returned from the Babylonian Captivity with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Chebar - A river of Assyria, made memorable by the church, when in the Captivity of Babylon, being placed there
Prison - In the common acceptation of the word, we generally understand by a prison a place of confinement for the body; but in Scripture language there is added to this view of a prison a state of Captivity to the soul. Hence the Lord Jesus is said to be come to open the prison doors, and to bring sinners from the Captivity of sin and Satan
Jehoiachin - , and he reigned for three months in Jerusalem before being taken into Captivity by Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon. Nevertheless, he was ultimately released from prison by Evil-merodach of Babylon and accorded some honor in the land of his Captivity (2 Kings 25:27-30 )
Ono - A town in Benjamin and reoccupied after the Captivity
Jaar - The Psalm celebrates David's returning the ark to Jerusalem from its Philistine Captivity (compare 1 Samuel 7:2 ; 2 Samuel 6:1 ; 1 Chronicles 13:5 )
Zanoah - It was re-occupied after the return from the Captivity (Nehemiah 11:30 )
Bondage - Slavery or involuntary servitude Captivity imprisonment restraint of a person's liberty by compulsion
Allar - One of the leaders of those Jews who could not show their pedigree as Israelites at the return from Captivity under Zerubbabel
Reuben - This tribe, having much cattle, solicited and obtained from Moses possessions east of the Jordan; by which river it was separated from the main body of Israel: it was, in consequence, exposed to various inroads and oppressions from which the western tribes were free; and it was among the first carried into Captivity by Tiglath-pileser, 1 Chronicles 5:26
Big'va-i -
"Children of Bigvai," 2056 (Nehemiah 2067 ) in number, returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel, (Ezra 2:14 ; Nehemiah 7:19 ) and 72 of them at a later date with Ezra
ne-Ari'ah -
One of the six sons of Shemaiah in the line of the royal family of Judah after the Captivity
Captivity - Captivity. Their first Captivity or bondage from which Moses delivered them was rather a permission of Providence than a punishment for sin. This is sometimes known as the Assyrian Captivity. Of Judah are generally reckoned three deportations, occurring during the Babylonian or great Captivity: 1. This was 132 years after the final Captivity of Israel. The 70 years during which they were to remain in Captivity, Jeremiah 25:11; Jeremiah 29:10, are reckoned from the date of the first Captivity, b. The Jewish character and language were changed by their sojourn for so long a time among foreigners, Nehemiah 8:8; and it is noteworthy that we hear little of idols or idolatry among them after the Captivity
Evil-Merodach, - EVIL-MERODACH , the Amel-Marduk of the Babylonians, son and successor of Nebuchadrezzar on the throne of Babylon ( 2 Kings 25:27-30 ), promoted Jehoiachin in the 37th year of his Captivity
Perez - Four hundred and sixty-eight of his "sons" came back from Captivity with Zerubbabel, who himself was one of them (1 Chronicles 9:4 ; Nehemiah 11:6 )
Moladah - It reverted to Judah after the Captivity (Nehemiah 11:25-26)
Rehum -
One of "the children of the province" who returned from the Captivity (Ezra 2:2 ); the same as "Nehum" (Nehemiah 7:7 )
Tobi'Jah - ) ...
One of the Captivity in the time of Zechariah, in whose presence the prophet ,as commanded to take crowns of silver and gold and put them on the head of Joshua the high priest
Carpus - A Christian at Troas, with whom Paul left his cloak (2 Timothy 4:13) on his last hurried journey previous to his second Captivity and martyrdom at Rome
Rezin - , his capital destroyed and his people carried away into Captivity
Sabbatical Year - [1] The constant neglect of this law from the very first was one of the national sins that were punished by the Babylonian Captivity. Of the observance of the sabbatical year after the Captivity we have a proof in 1 Maccabees 6:49
Nehemiah - He was of the tribe of Judah, and was probably born at Babylon during the Captivity. 2553, to the reformation established by Nehemiah, after the return from Captivity, being a period of one thousand and forty-two years
Seventy Weeks - , from the close of the Captivity
Ginnetho - (gihn' nih thoh) KJV spelling in Nehemiah 12:4 of Levite who returned from Babylonian Captivity with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Sanballat - The great enemy to Israel after their return from the Captivity of Babylon: (see Nehemiah 2:19 and Nehemiah 6:1-19) The name is not strictly derived from the Hebrew: it hath been thought that as Sene means bush, and Lut, to hide, the union of those words forming a suitable name for the enemies of God's people, Sanballat was so called to imply an enemy in secret
Haggai - A prophet after the Captivity, in the second year of Darius Hystaspes, or b
Lydda - It seems to have been inhabited by the Benjamites, at the return of the Jews from the Babylonish Captivity, Nehemiah 11:35
Keilah - After the Captivity its rulers aided in restoring the walk of Jerusalem, Nehemiah 3:17-18; now Kîla, seven miles east of Beit Jibrîn
Salmanasar - This marks the end of the Kingdom of Israel and the beginning of the Assyrian Captivity
Ransom - By his Captivity in Austria, and the heavy ransom he paid for his liberty, Richard was hindered from pursuing the conquest of Ireland. Release from Captivity, bondage or the possession of an enemy. To redeem from Captivity or punishment by paying an equivalent applied to persons as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy
Pibeseth - Place whose young men were to fall by the sword and others be carried into Captivity, mentioned in the judgement of God upon Egypt, Ezekiel 30:17
Israelites - the descendants of Israel, who were first called Hebrews by reason of Abraham, who came from the other side of the Euphrates; and afterward Israelites, from Israel, the father of the twelve tribes; and, lastly, Jews, particularly after their return from the Captivity of Babylon; because the tribe of Judah was then much stronger and more numerous than the other tribes, and foreigners had scarcely any knowledge but of this tribe
Beth-Shean - Saul's body was fastened to its walls, 1 Samuel 31:10; 1 Samuel 31:12; after the Captivity it was called Scythopolis, and was a chief city of Decapolis; now Beisan, having ruins of temples, colonnades, hippodrome, theatre, and city walls
Ruben - Some of their cities fell into the hands of the Moabites before the Assyrian Captivity
Captivities of Judah - The captivities of Judah are generally reckoned four: the first, in the year of the world 3398, under King Jehoiakim, when Daniel and others were carried to Babylon; the second, in the year of the world 3401, and in the seventh year of the reign of Jehoiakim, when Nebuchadnezzar carried three thousand and twenty-three Jews to Babylon; the third, in the year of the world 3406, and in the fourth of Jehoiachin, when this prince, with part of people, was sent to Babylon; and the fourth in the year 3416, under Zedekiah, from which period begins the Captivity of seventy years, foretold by the Prophet Jeremiah. Hales computes that the first of these captivities, which he thinks formed the commencement, of the Babylonish Captivity, took place in the year before Christ 605. However, they did not obtain leave to rebuild the temple; and the completion of those prophecies which foretold the termination of their Captivity after seventy years, was not till the year of the world 3486. The Jews assert that only the refuse of their nation returned from the Captivity, and that the principal of them continued in and near Babylon, where they had been settled, and where they became very numerous
Captivities of the Jews - The 70 years of Captivity predicted by Jeremiah, (Jeremiah 25:12 ) are dated by Prideaux from B. The Captivity of Ezekiel dates from B. The Babylonian Captivity was brought to a close by the decree, (Ezra 1:2 ) of Cyrus (B. --Many attempts have been made to discover the ten tribes existing as a distinct community; but though history bears no witness of the present distinct existence, it enables us to track the footsteps of the departing race in four directions after the time of the Captivity
Feast of Our Lady, Help of Christians - May 24, established by Pope Pius VII, 1814, in thanksgiving for his safe return to Rome after five years Captivity at Savona
Tables - This custom, along with the use of raised tables like ours, was introduced among the Jews after the Captivity
Rezin - Damascus was taken, and Rezin was slain in battle by the Assyrian king, and his people carried into Captivity, B
Dibon - ) ...
...
A city of the tribe of Judah, inhabited after the Captivity (Nehemiah 11:25 ); called also Dimonah (Joshua 15:22 )
Medeba - After the return from the Captivity it was alternately in the possession of the Jews and of the Gentiles
Abib - It was called Nisan, after the Captivity (Nehemiah 2:1 )
Nisan - The name Nisan was introduced only since the time of Ezra, and the return from the Captivity of Babylon
Dibon - City on the east of the Jordan in Moab, afterwards possessed by Gad; but near the time of the Captivity it was again seized by Moab
Nisan - The name Nisan found only after the time of Ezra, and the return from the Captivity of Babylon
Help of Christians, Feast of Our Lady - May 24, established by Pope Pius VII, 1814, in thanksgiving for his safe return to Rome after five years Captivity at Savona
Hittites - They were not, however, exterminated: Uriah was a Hittite, 2 Samuel 11:3 ; Solomon used their services, 1 Kings 10:29 2 Kings 7:6 ; and they were not lost as a people until after the Jews' return from Captivity, Ezra 9:1
Elishama - According to tradition, father of Nethaniah and grandfather of Ishmael, "of the seed royal" at the Captivity (2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 41:1)
Golan - It became the head of the province of Gaulanitis, one of the four provinces into which Bashan was divided after the Babylonish Captivity, and almost identical with the modern Jaulan, in Western Hauran, about 39 miles in length and 18 in breath
Adar - The name was first used after the Captivity
Beth-Zur - A town of Judah in the Hebron mountains, fortified by Rehoboam, and still important after the Captivity
Deliverance - ) The act of delivering or freeing from restraint, Captivity, peril, and the like; rescue; as, the deliverance of a captive
Angle - In Habakkuk 1:15 the same things are referred to symbolically for the catching of men for Captivity
Pashur - Many descendants of this Pashur returned from Captivity at Babylon, 1 Chronicles 9:12 ; Ezra 2:38
Sibmah - A city of Reuben, Numbers 32:28 ; Joshua 13:19 ; Isaiah 16:8,9 , speaks of the vines of Sibmah, which were cut down by the enemies of the Moabites; for that people had taken the city of Sibmah, Jeremiah 48:32 , and other cities of Reuben, after this tribe had been carried into Captivity by Tiglath-pileser, 2 Kings 15:29 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26
Rezin - Rezin was slain, Damascus made desolate, and the people carried into Captivity
Chain, Bonds - Paul during the early days of his Captivity at Jerusalem (Acts 21:33), Later on, at Caesarea and Rome, the latter Apostle, although still kept in strict military custody, was permitted to enjoy a considerable measure of freedom (Acts 24:23; Acts 28:30 f. More frequently, the less precise and graphic terms δεσμοί and δεσμά, ‘bonds’ or ‘imprisonment’ are used to describe the condition of persons in Captivity. The neuter and masculine forms are used with distinct shades of meaning, δεσμά referring to the fetters by which the person was bound (Acts 16:26 161883245473 Acts 20:23, Acts 26:29), δεσμοί to the state of Captivity into which the person had been thrown
Chron'Icles, First And Second Books of, - One of the greatest difficulties connected with the Captivity and return must have been the maintenance of that genealogical distribution of the land which yet was a vital point of the Jewish economy. Nothing could more effectually aid these designs than setting before the people a compendious history of the kingdom of David, its prosperity under God; the sins that led to its overthrow; the Captivity and return. In the second book he continues the story, giving the history of the kings of Judah, without those of Israel, down to the return from the Captivity
Jesh'ua - ) ...
Son of Jehozadak, first high priest after the Babylonish Captivity, B. ...
Head of a Levitical house, one of those which returned from the Babylonish Captivity
Samaritans - In the New Testament the word denotes the mixed race which sprang from the remnant of Israel and the colonists brought from various parts of Assyria at the Captivity. The Jews, on their return from Captivity, b
Jesh'ua - ) ...
Son of Jehozadak, first high priest after the Babylonish Captivity, B. ...
Head of a Levitical house, one of those which returned from the Babylonish Captivity
Solomon's Servants - (Ezra 2:55,58 ; Nehemiah 7:57,60 ) The persons thus named appear in the lists of the exiles who returned from the Captivity
Handicraft - After the Captivity it was deemed at once honourable and necessary for a father to teach his son a trade
Willow - In Babylonian Captivity the Jews hung their harps on willow trees because they did not feel like singing about Jerusalem in a foreign land (Psalm 137:1-4 )
Smith - This was different afterwards, for when the people were carried into Captivity, smiths are named among the captives
Samaritan - Pertaining to Samaria, the principal city of the ten tribes of Israel, belonging to the tribe of Ephraim, and after the Captivity of those tribes, repeopled by Cuthites from Assyria or Chaldea
Gedali'ah - 588, Nebuchadnezzar departed from Judea, leaving Gedaliah with a Chaldean guard, (Jeremiah 40:5 ) at Mizpah to govern the vinedressers and husbandmen, (Jeremiah 52:16 ) who were exempted from Captivity
Judea - That part of Palestine adjacent to Jerusalem, its capital, and inhabited by the Jews after their return from Captivity
Sis'Era - ) ...
After a long interval the name appears in the lists of Nethinim who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Bands - (1) Of love (Hosea 11:4 ); (2) of Christ (Psalm 2:3 ); (3) uniting together Christ's body the church (Colossians 2:19 ; 3:14 ; Ephesians 4:3 ); (4) the emblem of the Captivity of Israel (Ezekiel 34:27 ; Isaiah 28:22 ; 52:2 ); (5) of brotherhood (Ezekiel 37:15-28 ); (6) no bands to the wicked in their death (Psalm 73:4 ; Job 21:7 ; Psalm 10:6 )
Jehizkiah - At the prophet Oded's command he was one of those who withstood the returning warriors who wanted to keep their 200,000 brethren of Judah in Captivity and the spoil taken by the Israelite king Pekah in one victory (2 Chronicles 28:8-12)
Ariel - Jewish leader in Captivity who acted as Ezra's messenger to the Levites to send people with Ezra to Jerusalem about 458 B
Adullam - Rehoboam fortified it ( 2 Chronicles 11:7 ), and the children of Judah returned to it after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:30 )
Ages of the World - ...
YEARS...
* The first, from the creation to the flood containing a period of 1656...
* The second, from Noah to Abraham 425...
* The third, from Abraham to the going forth of Israel from Egypt 430...
* The fourth, from the departure from Egypt to Solomon's temple 479...
* The fifth from Solomon's in the Captivity in Babylon 424...
* The sixth, from the going into Babylon to the coming of Christ 584...
Elam - Susiana, in later times, seems to have been a part of this country, Daniel 8:2 ; and before the Captivity the Jews seem always to have intended Persia by the name of Elam
Remnant - The remnant that are left of the Captivity
Ephe'Sians, the Epistle to the, - Paul during his first Captivity at Rome, (Acts 28:16 ) apparently immediately after he had written the Epistle to the Colossians [1], and during that period (perhaps the early part of A
Lachish - It was resettled after the Jews’ return from Captivity, but never regained its previous importance (Nehemiah 11:25; Nehemiah 11:30)
Tribes - The tribes were continued under one head or nation until after the death of Solomon, when ten tribes revolted from Judah and Benjamin, and set up the northern kingdom—Israel They were carried into Captivity in 721 b. Judah was also carried into Captivity, 606 to 588 b
Christ, Genealogy of - Saint Matthew's list is divided artificially into three equal parts of 14 names each, with several intentional omissions: from Abraham the father of the chosen people to David the king, to whose family the promise was made (2 Kings 7); David and the royal line after him to the Babylonian Captivity; the descendants of the royal line from the Captivity to Joseph, the legal father of Our Lord. , those between Abraham and David, then Salathiel and Zorobabel after the Captivity, and Joseph the foster-father of Christ; the others are absent from Matthew's list, or the persons are different
Genealogy of Christ - Saint Matthew's list is divided artificially into three equal parts of 14 names each, with several intentional omissions: from Abraham the father of the chosen people to David the king, to whose family the promise was made (2 Kings 7); David and the royal line after him to the Babylonian Captivity; the descendants of the royal line from the Captivity to Joseph, the legal father of Our Lord. , those between Abraham and David, then Salathiel and Zorobabel after the Captivity, and Joseph the foster-father of Christ; the others are absent from Matthew's list, or the persons are different
Deliverance - Release from Captivity, slavery, oppression, or any restraint
Judea - After the Captivity this name was applied to the whole of the country west of the Jordan (Haggai 1:1,14 ; 2:2 )
Ophel - It was surrounded by a separate wall, and was occupied by the Nethinim after the Captivity
Shecaniah - ...
...
A priest who returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:3 ; marg
Divorce - The Jews, after the Captivity, were reguired to dismiss the foreign women they had married contrary to the law (Ezra 10:11-19 )
Uzzi - He had the oversight of the Levites after the return from Captivity (Nehemiah 11:22 )
Bel - Isaiah mocked Babylon by describing their gods burdening down donkeys in procession out of the city into Captivity
Ezekiel - He was carried into Captivity with Jehoiachin, about B
Aholibah - They were carried into Captivity, and reduced to the severest servitude
ba'Anah - ) ...
Aman who accompanied Zerubbabel on his return from the Captivity
Ziklag - It was also inhabited after the return from the Captivity
Zorah - Zorah was fortified by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:10, and inhabited after the return from Captivity
Eleazar - In the reigns of Saul and David, it was restored to the line of Eleazar, and so continued till after the Captivity
Ekron - It is memorable for its connection with the Captivity of the ark and its restoration to the Jews, 1 Samuel 5:10 6:1-18
ba'ni - (1 Chronicles 9:4 ) ...
"Children of Bani" returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Captivity - ) the foretold (Jeremiah 25; Jeremiah 29:10) 70 years' "captivity" (i. So it would be in the 68th year of the Captivity that Daniel prayed pardon for Jerusalem. ...
The Captivity ecclesiastically began with the destruction of the temple, 586 B. The synagogues for prayer and reading the law publicly began during the Captivity, and afterward were set up in every city (Acts 15:21). "Captivity of the land" (Judges 18:30) refers to the capture of the ark. So in Psalms 14:7 "bring back the Captivity" means restore from depression; Job 42:10, "the Lord turned the Captivity of Job," i. amply indemnified him for all he lost: which passages prove the error of those who refer to the times after the Babylonian Captivity any passage which mentions "the Captivity," as if it were the only one in the Bible. ...
Christ Jesus, the antitypical David (who took captive His foes), "when He ascended on high led Captivity captive," i. Revelation 20:10; Revelation 20:14, thus: "he that leadeth into Captivity shall go into Captivity" (Revelation 13:10); Satan who "brings into Captivity to the law of sin and death" (Romans 7:23) is brought into Captivity (2 Corinthians 10:5; Isaiah 49:24; Hosea 13:14)
Samaritans - 721) had removed into Captivity (2 Kings 17:24 ; Compare Ezra 4:2,9,10 ). After the return from the Captivity, the Jews in Jerusalem refused to allow them to take part with them in rebuilding the temple, and hence sprang up an open enmity between them
Captive, Captivity - ...
A — 2: αἰχμαλωσία (Strong's #161 — Noun Feminine — aichmalosia — aheekh-mal-o-see'-ah ) "captivity," the abstract noun in contrast to No. 1, the concrete, is found in Revelation 13:10 ; Ephesians 4:8 , where "He led Captivity captive" (marg. 1, denotes either "to lead away captive," Luke 21:24 , or "to subjugate, to bring under control," said of the effect of the Law in one's members in bringing the person into Captivity under the law of sin, Romans 7:23 ; or of subjugating the thoughts to the obedience of Christ, 2 Corinthians 10:5 ; or of those who took captive "silly women laden with sins," 2 Timothy 3:6
Ijon - Tiglath-pileser conquered the city and carried many Israelites into Captivity about 734 B
Tin - The fire of the Babylonish Captivity would be the means of purging out the idolatrous alloy that had corrupted the people
Zeboim - ...
...
A place mentioned only in Nehemiah 11:34 , inhabited by the Benjamites after the Captivity
Rachel - This prophecy was completed when these two tribes were carried into Captivity beyond the Euphrates; and St
Neto'Phah - (distillation ), a town the name of which occurs only in the catalogue of those who returned with Zerubbabel from the Captivity
Branch - ...
After the Jews’ return from their Babylonian Captivity, the name ‘branch’ was used in relation to Zerubbabel, the Jewish governor in Jerusalem
Hoshea - After a three-year siege, Assyria crushed Samaria and took the people into Captivity (2 Kings 17:1-6)
Judges - During the Babylonish Captivity such a thing was hardly possible; neither during the reign of the kings before the Captivity, do we meet with any account of the Sanhedrim
Jew - The term first makes its appearance just before the Captivity of the ten tribes. The term first makes it appearance just before the Captivity of the ten tribes
Chebar - Length, a river in the "land of the Chaldeans" (Ezekiel 1:3 ), on the banks of which were located some of the Jews of the Captivity (Ezekiel 1:1 ; 3:15,23 ; 10:15,20,22 )
Michmas - After the Captivity it was repeopled
Geba - It was held by the Philistines, but taken by Jonathan, 1 Samuel 13:3 : was a northern landmark of Judah, 2 Kings 23:8; was rebuilt by Asa, 1 Kings 15:22; held by the Assyrians, Isaiah 10:29; peopled by Benjamites after the Captivity, Ezra 2:26
Mehu'Nims, the, - " The latest appearance of the name Mehunims in the Bible is in the lists of those who returned front the Captivity with Zerubbabel
Watches of the Night - The original division of the night was into three watches—"the beginning of the watches," from sunset to 10 o'clock, Lamentations 2:19; "the middle watch," from 10 to 2 o'clock, Judges 7:19; and "the morning watch," from 2 o'clock to sunrise, Exodus 14:24; 1 Samuel 11:11—but after the Captivity the Jews adopted the custom of Rome and Greece, which divided the twelve hours of the night into four watches, beginning with 6 in the afternoon—"even," from 6 to 9 o'clock; "midnight," from 9 to 12; "cock-crowing," from 12 to 3; and "morning," from 3 to 6
Kings, Books of - 4Kings gives us the remainder of the history of Israel till the Assyrian Captivity and the history of the kingdom of Juda to the Babylonian Captivity
Jeremiah - One of the chief prophets of the Old Testament, prophesied under Josiah, Jehoiakim, and Zedekiah, and also after the Captivity of the latter. Zedekiah was kindly instructed by him, and warned of the woes impending over his guilty people, and of their seventy years' Captivity, but to no purpose
Aichmalotarch - ‘Αιχμαλοταρχης , signifies the prince of the Captivity, or chief of the captives. The Jews pretend that this was the title of him who had the government of their people during the Captivity of Babylon; and they believe these princes or governors to have been constantly of the tribe of Judah, and family of David. There was no prince of the Captivity before the end of the second century, from which period the office continued till the eleventh century. The princes of the Captivity resided at Babylon, where they were installed with great ceremony, held courts of justice, &c, and were set over the eastern Jews, or those settled in Babylon, Chaldaea, Assyria, and Persia. On these great occasions his imperial host sent his own chariot for his guest; but the prince of the Captivity dared not accept the invidious distinction, he walked in humble and submissive modesty behind the chariot
Adullam - It was one of the cities rebuilt and fortified by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:7 Micah 1:15 , and was reoccupied by the Jews after the Captivity, Nehemiah 11:30
Benjamin, Tribe of - These two formed the Kingdom of Juda, and they became, after the Babylonian Captivity, the germ of a reestablished nation (1 Esdras 4,10)
Dedication, Feast of the - (1) That of Solomon's temple (1 Kings 8:2 ; 2 Chronicles 5:3 ); (2) the dedication in the days of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29 ); and (3) the dedication of the temple after the Captivity (Ezra 6:16 )
Ramoth-Gilead - It was among the first places to fall when Assyria conquered Israel and carried the people into Captivity (2 Kings 15:29)
Nephthar - The legend relates how certain priests, before the Captivity, took the sacred fire and hid it
Zorah - It was fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:10 ), and is mentioned in Nehemiah 11:29 as peopled by Judahites after the Captivity
Ransom - ) To redeem from Captivity, servitude, punishment, or forfeit, by paying a price; to buy out of servitude or penalty; to rescue; to deliver; as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy
Tribe of Benjamin - These two formed the Kingdom of Juda, and they became, after the Babylonian Captivity, the germ of a reestablished nation (1 Esdras 4,10)
Bands - ...
(IV) The bands tying the yoke to the neck of a beast of burden is the image of the Captivity in which Jerusalem and Israel have been held, and from which Christ shall free them at His glorious coming (Ezekiel 34:27; Isaiah 28:22; Isaiah 52:2); also the Captivity to Satan of the spiritual Israel, from which Christ releases us
Tabernacles, Feast of - Mention is made of it after the return from the Captivity. "The feast of Tabernacles, the harvest festival of the Jewish Church, was the most popular and important festival after the Captivity
Nethinims - The Nethinims were carried into Captivity with the tribe of Judah, and there were great numbers of them near the coast of the Caspian Sea, from whence Ezra brought some of them back, Ezra 8:17 . After the return from the Captivity, they dwelt in the cities appointed them, Ezra 2:17
Jew - After the Captivity, all members of the one new state were "Jews," i. "The Jews' language" signifies both the Hebrew (2 Kings 18:26) and the Aramaic Hebrew acquired in the Captivity (Nehemiah 13:24), "the language (lip) of Canaan" (Isaiah 19:18)
Swallow - , "the bird of freedom" (Psalm 84:3 ; Proverbs 26:2 ), properly rendered swallow, distinguished for its swiftness of flight, its love of freedom, and the impossibility of retaining it in Captivity
du Lhut, Sieur Daniel Greysolon - It was during these journeys that he met the Recollect Father Louis Hennepin and his two companions Michel Accault and Antoine Auguelle and rescued them from their Captivity among the Sioux Indians
Branch - , the song of victory shall be brought low by the destruction of Babylon and the return of the Jews from Captivity
Beth-Shean - After the Captivity it was called Scythopolis, i
Moloch - In the days of Jehoahaz it was partially restored, but after the Captivity wholly disappeared
Malachi - He flourished after the Captivity, later than Haggai and Zechariah, at a time when the temple was completed, and was probably a contemporary of Nehemiah, b
Caesar's Household - Paul wrote from Rome, where he was in semi-captivity, and some of the Christians in Rome belonged to the efficient and talented body of slaves and freedmen who worked in the Imperial palace and performed varied service for the emperor Nero
Heshbon - After the Captivity it fell into the hands of the Moabites; and is denounced in the prophets
Israel - After the Babylonian Captivity, the returned exiles resumed the name Israel as the designation of their nation
is'Rael - ...
After the Babylonian Captivity, the returned exiles resumed the name Israel as the designation of their nation
Zerubbabel - , was the leader of the first colony of Jews that returned from the Captivity in Babylon, Ezra 2:2, and was of the family of David, a son of Salathiel or Shealtiel, Haggai 1:1; Matthew 1:12, but called a son of Pedaiah, the brother or son of Salathiel, in 1 Chronicles 3:17-19
Scripture, Liberty in - Christianity brought freedom ("ascending on high, he led Captivity captive
ha'Rim - (Nehemiah 12:16 ) ...
Another family of Bene-Harim, 320 in number, came from the Captivity in the same caravan
Colos'Sians, the Epistle to the, - Paul during his first Captivity at Rome
Phinehas - This promise was fulfilled; for except the interval from Eli to Zadok, the priesthood continued in the family of Phinehas until the destruction of the temple and the Babylonian Captivity
Hassideans - For, after the return of the Jews from the Babylonish Captivity, there were two sorts of men in their church; those who contented themselves with that obedience only which was prescribed by the law of Moses, and who were called Zadikin, 1:e
Uzzi - Son of Michri of Benjamin, ancestor of settlers at Jerusalem after the Captivity (1 Chronicles 9:8)
Jehozadak - ) It is suggestive that the names of the last king and of the representative of the high priesthood in the Captivity both express that the suspension of the throne and of the priesthood was Jehovah's righteous judgment for Judah's sins; moreover Joshua or Jeshua, who restored the temple altar, expresses salvation; as the former Joshua led the hitherto homeless Israelites into Canaan their inheritance; and as Jesus, the Antitype, saves us from our sins and leads us into the heavenly rest
Baruch - He warned them against provoking a foe whom they could not withstand; and, when they had fallen into Captivity with the best of their people, he warned the remnant to cease arousing Babylon and place their trust in God
Kirjath-Jearim - The prophet Urijah, who was put to death by Jehoiakim, Jeremiah 26:20, was born here, and after the Captivity the people of the city returned in numbers to it
Turtle-Dove - It is timid and fond of seclusion, and pines in Captivity, Psalm 11:1
Ger'Izim - [2] Gerizim was the site of the Samaritan temple, which was built there after the Captivity, in rivalry with the temple at Jerusalem
Fasts - There is no mention of any other periodical fast in the Old Testament except in (Zechariah 7:1-7 ; 8:19 ) From these passages it appears that the Jews, during their Captivity, observed four annual fasts, --in the fourth, fifth, seventh and tenth months. (Matthew 9:14 ; Mark 2:18 ; Luke 5:33 ; 18:12 ; Acts 10:30 ) These fasts originated some time after the Captivity
ra'Mah - ( Judges 4:5 ; 19:13 ; 1 Samuel 22:6 ) Its people returned after the Captivity. ...
A place mentioned in the catalogue of those reinhabited by the Benjamites after their return from the Captivity
na'Hum - Those who maintain the latter view assume that the prophet's parents were carried into Captivity by Tiglath-pileser and that the prophet was born at the village of Alkush, on the east bank of the Tigris, two miles north of Mosul. (McClintock and Strong come to the conclusion that Nahum was a native of Galilee that at the Captivity of the ten tribes he escaped into Judah, and prophesied in the reign of Hezekiah, 726-698
Hosea - They too would go into Captivity but, after being cleansed of their adulterous association with the Canaanite gods, would be brought back to live in their land again (Hosea 2:17-20; Hosea 3:4-5; Hosea 14:4-7). Again, the judgment announced upon the nation was that of conquest and Captivity (Hosea 5:14; Hosea 9:6; Hosea 10:3-8; Hosea 10:13-15; see also AMOS). Like Gomer, Israel has been unfaithful to her husband God (Yahweh) (2:2-23), but as Hosea redeemed Gomer from slavery, so God will redeem Israel from the coming Captivity (3:1-5). The people have despised God’s love (11:1-11) and exploited each other (11:12-12:14), and thereby have guaranteed Captivity for their nation (13:1-16)
Golan - Og or his predecessors united principalities that were before distinct; after the Babylonian Captivity the four provinces of Bashan became distinct; Gaulanitis, Trachonitis, Auranitis, and Batanaea
Eighteen - He had the years of weakness and he had the beginning of something new, for the King of Babylon came and carried him into Captivity
Pashur - He should be carried into Captivity and die there
Anna - ...
(2) Wife of Tobias, who was taken with him into Captivity by Salmanasar (Tobit 1)
Samaria - The use of the name gradually extended to the entire kingdom or, after the Captivity, to the central region of Palestine between Judea and Galilee
Magi or Wise Men - The Captivity of the Jews beyond the Euphrates had dispersed throughout the East much knowledge of the true God; and these philosophers and astronomers, in their search after wisdom, had found and believed the prophecies respecting the Messiah, and were divinely guided to his presence at Bethlehem
Jehoahaz - He fell into the idolatrous ways of his predecessors (23:32), was deposed by Pharaoh-Necho from the throne, and carried away prisoner into Egypt, where he died in Captivity (23:33,34; Jeremiah 22:10-12 ; 2 Chronicles 36:1-4 )
Hour - The Jews, during the Captivity, learned also from the Babylonians this method of dividing time
Pekah - This was the beginning of the "Captivity
Wine-Press - They are "the only sure relics we have of the old days of Israel before the Captivity
Adonijah - ...
One of the "chiefs of the people" after the Captivity (Nehemiah 10:16 )
Zerubbabel - In the first year of Cyrus, king of Persia, he led the first band of Jews, numbering 42,360 (Ezra 2:64 ), exclusive of a large number of servants, who returned from Captivity at the close of the seventy years
Usury, - ) The practice of mortgaging land, sometimes at exorbitant interest, grew up among the Jews during the Captivity, in direct violation of the law
Milcom - Jeremiah described past accomplishments attributed to Milcom, but in a play on Judges 11:24 , he announced destruction and Captivity for Milcom (Jeremiah 49:1 ,Jeremiah 49:1,49:3 NRSV, NAS, REB; compare NIV, TEV)
Gibeon - Near it Joshua commanded the sun to stand still, Joshua 10:12-13; Isaiah 28:21; the city was given to Benjamin and to the Levites, Joshua 18:25; Joshua 21:17; it was the scene of a notable battle, 2 Samuel 2:12-24; 2 Samuel 20:8-10; of the hanging of seven of Saul's sons, 2 Samuel 21:1-6; the tabernacle was set up at Gibeon, 1 Chronicles 16:39; and Solomon offered great sacrifices there, 1 Kings 3:4-5; 1 Kings 9:2; 2 Chronicles 1:3; 2 Chronicles 1:13; Jehoram recovered captives at Gibeon, Jeremiah 41:12-16; its people helped to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem after the Captivity, Nehemiah 3:7; Nehemiah 7:25; Ezra 2:20, margin
Jeduthun - But there are some Psalms which have the name of Jeduthun, that seem to have been composed either during the Captivity, or after it; and consequently the name of Jeduthun prefixed to them, can signify nothing else, but that some of his descendants, and of Jeduthun's class, composed them long after the death of the famous Jeduthun, one of their ancestors
Captivity - The first Captivity is that of Egypt, from which they were delivered by Moses, and which should be considered rather as a permission of providence, than as a punishment for sin
Asaph - His descendants, or a school of musicians founded by him, are called sons of Asaph; and some of these returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel
Ramah - Its people returned after the Captivity
Rabbinism - Only a small remnant of the Jews of the Captivity returned
ha'Zor - (Joshua 15:25 ) ...
A place in which the Benjamites resided after their return from the Captivity
di'Bon - ...
One of the towns which were reinhabited by the men of Judah after the return from Captivity, (Nehemiah 11:25 ) identical with DIMONAH
Gabriel - ...
In the time of Judah’s Captivity, Gabriel made an appearance to Daniel as a man-like figure and explained the meaning of one of Daniel’s visions (Daniel 8:15-17)
Daniel, Book of - The historical part of the book treats of the period of the Captivity. Daniel is "the historian of the Captivity, the writer who alone furnishes any series of events for that dark and dismal period during which the harp of Israel hung on the trees that grew by the Euphrates
Kings, the Books of - But the more probable supposition is that Ezra, after the Captivity, compiled them from documents written perhaps by David, Solomon, Nathan, Gad, and Iddo, and that he arranged them in the order in which they now exist. 561, the date of the last chapter (2 Kings 25 ), when Jehoiachin was released from Captivity by Evil-merodach, and B
Chronicles - The former part of the first book of Chronicles contains a great variety of genealogical tables, beginning with Adam; and in particular gives a circumstantial account of the twelve tribes, which must have been very valuable to the Jews after their return from Captivity. The second book of Chronicles contains a brief sketch of the Jewish history, from the accession of Solomon to the return from the Babylonian Captivity, being a period of four hundred and eighty years; and in both these books we find many particulars not noticed in the other historical books of Scripture
Fasts - From these passages it appears that the Jews, during their Captivity, observed four annual fasts—in the fourth, fifth, seventh and tenth months. These fasts originated some time after the Captivity
Obadi'ah - He there speaks of the conquest of Jerusalem and the Captivity of Jacob as having occurred, He probably refers to the Captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, B
Zerub'Babel - Babylon ), the head of the tribe of Judah at the time of the return from the Babylonish Captivity in the first year of Cyrus. The history of Zerabbabel in the Scriptures is as follows: In the first year of Cyrus he was living at Babylon, and was the recognized prince of Judah in the Captivity, --what in later times was called "the prince of the Captivity," or "the prince
Money - We have no evidence of the use of coined money before the return from the Babylonian Captivity; but silver was used for money, in quantities determined by weight, at least as early as the time of Abraham; and its earliest mention is in the generic sense of the price paid for a slave. The shekel weight of silver was the unit of value through the whole age of Hebrew history, down to the Babylonian Captivity. --After the Captivity we have the earliest mention of coined money , in allusion, as might have been expected, to the Persian coinage, the gold daric (Authorized version dram )
Captivity - Their first Captivity, however, from which Moses delivered them, should be considered rather as a permission of Providence, than as a punishment for sin. The seventy years during which they were to remain in Captivity, Jeremiah 25:11 29:10 , are reckoned probably from the date of the first Captivity, B. ...
The last Captivity of the Jews, A
Chronicles, Books of - When the people of the northern kingdom were taken into Captivity by Assyria (732-722 BC), many became so widely scattered in the Assyrian Empire that they largely lost their national identity. When the people of the southern kingdom were taken into Captivity by Babylon (605-582 BC), they remained together in Babylon and retained their national identity. They were a continuation of that pre-captivity nation whose political life was based on the Davidic dynasty, and whose religious life was based on the Levitical priesthood. Though he traces the history of the nation from the time of its first king, Saul, to the time of the Captivity in Babylon, he mentions Saul only briefly and says little about the northern kingdom. ...
Babylon’s destruction of Jerusalem and the subsequent Captivity are recorded, but with little detail. More important for the Chronicler’s readers are the current realities of release from Captivity and return to the homeland (36:1-23)
So - The king of Egypt (Mizraim), Hoshea’s correspondence with whom led shortly to the Captivity of Israel ( 2 Kings 17:4 )
Samaritan Pentateuch - The form of the letters in the manuscript copies of the Samaritan Pentateuch is different from that of the Hebrew copies, and is probably the same as that which was in general use before the Captivity
Ecclesiastes - This view can be satisfactorily maintained, though others date it from the Captivity
Baruch - To him Jeremiah dictated his prophecies regarding the invasion of the Babylonians and the Captivity
Pekah - Assyria replied by conquering Syria (732 BC), then overrunning much of northern and eastern Israel and taking the people into Captivity (2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 16:5-9; for details see AHAZ)
Shaphan - see), whom the Chaldæans made governor of Judæa after the Captivity of 586 b
uz'zi - ) ...
Another, or the same, from whom descended some Benjamite houses, which were settled at Jerusalem after the return from Captivity
Hour - ) Ahaz' sundial implies the Jews' acquaintance with hours before the Babylonian Captivity
Tobiah, the Children of - Of the children of the Captivity; came with Heldai and Jedaiah to Jerusalem with presents of gold and silver for building the temple
Magi - Whence these Magi came we do not certainly know, but probably from the lands of the Jewish Captivity on the Euphrates
Deliver - ) To set free from restraint; to set at liberty; to release; to liberate, as from control; to give up; to free; to save; to rescue from evil actual or feared; - often with from or out of; as, to deliver one from Captivity, or from fear of death
Chaldees - They were so called till the time of the Captivity (2 Kings 25 ; Isaiah 13:19 ; 23:13 ), when, particularly in the Book of (Daniel 5:30 ; 9:1 ), the name began to be used with special reference to a class of learned men ranked with the magicians and astronomers
Jehoiachin - 599, when Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, and the great Captivity of Judah was accomplished
Jehoiachin - Ezekiel, who seems to have regarded him as the rightful king of Judah even in Captivity, pronounced a dirge over him ( 2 Kings 19:1 ff
Hazor - It was fortified by Solomon, 1 Kings 9:15; its people were carried into Captivity by Tiglath-pileser
Belteshazzar - This name was given to Daniel by the Chaldeans in the time of the Captivity
Zik'Lag - (2 Samuel 2:1 ) Ziklag is finally mentioned as being reinhabited by the people of Judah after their return from Captivity
Asaph - With regard to some of them, which were written during the Babylonish Captivity, they cannot in any respect be ascribed to him
Habakkuk - The principal predictions contained in this book are, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the Captivity of the Jews by the Chaldeans or Babylonians; their deliverance from the oppressor "at the appointed time;" and the total ruin of the Babylonian empire
Degrees, Songs of - The return from Captivity under Ezra and Nehemiah is also called 'a going up,' and these Psalms may have been used on that occasion
Capernaum - A chief city of Galilee in the time of Christ, not mentioned before the Captivity in Babylon
Nethinim - The Nethinim were carried into Captivity with the tribe of Judah, and great numbers were placed not far from the Caspian sea, whence Ezra brought two hundred and twenty of them into Judea, Ezra 8:17
Mizpah or Mizpeh - It was fortified by Asa as a defense against Israel, 1 Kings 15:22 , was the residence of the governor, under Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah 40:6 , and was reoccupied after the Captivity, Nehemiah 3:19
Nahum - He notices also the Captivity and dispersion of the ten tribes
Preaching - After the Captivity, numerous synagogues were erected, in which the word of God was read and expounded from Sabbath to Sabbath
Until - He and his sons were priests of the tribe of Dan, until the day of the Captivity
za'Bad - ) ...
One of the descendants of Hashum who had married a foreign wife after the Captivity
Remnant - The nation would be conquered, Jerusalem destroyed and the people taken into Captivity. But God would still preserve a remnant, so that after a time in Captivity, some would return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple, the city and the nation (Ezra 9:13-15; Isaiah 11:11-12; Isaiah 11:16; Micah 2:12)
Tychicus - He was a companion of the Apostle during his first Captivity, and was sent to Ephesus from Rome probably with the Epistle to the Ephesians. In 2 Timothy 4:12 the writer tells Timothy that he has sent Tychicus to Ephesus, from which we may conclude that he was with the Apostle in his second Captivity in Rome
Isaiah, the Book of - They assert that it must be the production of a deutero-Isaiah, who lived toward the close of the Babylonian Captivity. 700, could foretell the appearance and the exploits of a prince called Cyrus, who would set the Jews free from Captivity one hundred and seventy years after. ...
It is alleged that the prophet takes the time of the Captivity as his standpoint, and speaks of it as then present; and (3) that there is such a difference between the style and language of the closing section (40-66) and those of the preceding chapters as to necessitate a different authorship, and lead to the conclusion that there were at least two Isaiahs
Hebrew Language - In the interval between the reign of Hezekiah and the Babylonish Captivity, the purity of the language was neglected, and so many foreign words were introduced into it, that this period has not ineptly been designated its iron age. During the seventy years' Captivity, though it does not appear that the Hebrews entirely lost their native tongue, yet it underwent so considerable a change from their adoption of the vernacular languages of the countries where they had resided, that afterward, on their return from exile, they spoke a dialect of Chaldee mixed with Hebrew words. Some time after the return from the great Captivity, Hebrew ceased to be spoken altogether; though it continued to be cultivated and studied by the priests and Levites, as a learned language, that they might be enabled to expound the law and the prophets to the people, who, it appears from the New Testament, were well acquainted with their general contents and tenor: this last mentioned period has been called the leaden age of the language. Jerom, it was inferred by Joseph Scaliger, that Ezra, when he reformed the Jewish church, transcribed the ancient characters of the Hebrews into the square letters of the Chaldeans; and that this was done for the use of those Jews who, being born during the Captivity, knew no other alphabet than that of the people among whom they had been educated. But the most decisive confirmation of this point is to be found in the ancient Hebrew coins, which were struck before the Captivity, and even previously to the revolt of the ten tribes
Nebuzaradan - (See Captivity
Ezekiel - His prophetic call came to him "in the fifth year of Jehoiachin's Captivity" (B
Thummim - They were never seen after the return from Captivity
Judah - The crown passed from the tribe of Benjamin, of which Saul and his sons were, to that of Judah, which was David's tribe, and the tribe of the kings, his successors, until the Babylonish Captivity
Signet - " It has been asked, Might not this be the actual seal of Haggai the prophet? We know that he was in Jerusalem after the Captivity; and it is somewhat singular that he alone of all the minor prophets makes mention of a signet (Haggai 2:23 )
Hagarenes - And they dwelt in their steads, until the Captivity
Good - The goodness of God is experienced in the goodness of God's creative work (Genesis 1:31 ) and in God's saving acts (liberation of Israel from Egypt, Exodus 18:9 ; return of a remnant from Captivity, Ezra 7:9 ; personal deliverance, Psalm 34:8 ; salvation, Philippians 1:6 )
Molech - There is no record of child sacrifices by the Israelites after the Babylonian Captivity
Baana - Man who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylonian Captivity about 537 B
Epaphras - Paul’s ‘fellow-prisoner’ ( Philippians 1:23 ), a title probably meaning that his care of the Apostle entailed the practical sharing of his Captivity
Lod, Lydda - Elsewhere it is mentioned only in the post-Captivity lists ( Ezra 2:33 , Nehemiah 7:37 ; Nehemiah 11:35 ); and in connexion with the healing of Æneas at this place ( Acts 9:32 )
Mixed Multitude - A description given (1) to certain persons who joined Israel in the Exodus from Egypt ( Exodus 12:38 ), and who fell a lusting at Kibroth-hattaavah ( Numbers 11:4 ); (2) to those who were separated from the Israelites after the return from the Captivity ( Nehemiah 13:3 )
Courses - ...
The courses of the priests and Levites were restored by Ezra on the return from Captivity, Ezra 6:18 , and we find them still in operation in the N
Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz - And though the Captivity of Babylon lay between, yet the glorious redemption from sin, death, hell, and the grave, by the Lord Jesus Christ, was seen beyond it
Redeem - ) To ransom, liberate, or rescue from Captivity or bondage, or from any obligation or liability to suffer or to be forfeited, by paying a price or ransom; to ransom; to rescue; to recover; as, to redeem a captive, a pledge, and the like
Hinnom - It is mentioned after the Captivity again as the frontier of Judah and Benjamin
Hour - It is likely that the Jews learned and adopted it at the period of the Captivity
Idumaea - But the Idumaea of the New Testament applies only to a small part adjoining Judea on the south, and including even a portion of that country; which was taken possession of by the Edomites, or Idumaeans, while the land lay unoccupied during the Babylonish Captivity
Haggai - was one of the Jews who returned with Zerubbabel to Jerusalem in consequence of the edict of Cyrus; and it is believed that he was born during the Captivity, and that he was of the sacerdotal race
Bethel - , "house of idols," Hosea 10:5 (in verse 8 simply Aven); taken by Judah, 2 Chronicles 13:19; home of prophets, 2 Kings 2:2-3; of a priest, 2 Kings 17:28; 2 Kings 23:15; 2 Kings 23:19; was desolate, Amos 3:14; Amos 5:5-6; settled by Benjamites after the Captivity, Nehemiah 11:31; named about seventy times in the Old Testament; not noticed in the New Testament; now called Beitin (nine miles south of Shiloh), a village of about 25 Moslem hovels, standing amid ruins which cover about four acres
Beer-Sheba - After the Captivity, it was repeopled by the Jews, Nehemiah 11:27,30 , and continued a large village many centuries after the coming of Christ
Chalde'Ans, - In process of time, as the Kaldi grew in power, their name gradually prevailed over those of the other tribes inhabiting the country; and by the era of the Jewish Captivity it had begun to be used generally for all the inhabitants of Babylonia
Education - ) Previous to the Captivity, the chief depositaries of learning were the schools or colleges, from which in most cases proceeded that succession of public teachers who at various times endeavored to reform the moral and religious conduct of both rulers and people
Priest - This number was retained after the Captivity (Ezra 2:36-39 ; Nehemiah 7:39-42 ). Thus the religious instruction of the people in the country generally was left to the heads of families, until the establishment of synagogues, an event which did not take place till the return from the Captivity, and which was the main source of the freedom from idolatry that became as marked a feature of the Jewish people thenceforward as its practice had been hitherto their great national sin
Ezekiel - He began to prophesy in the fifth year of his Captivity, and is supposed to have prophesied about twenty-one years. The last nine chapters contain a remarkable vision of the structure of a new temple and a new polity, applicable in the first instance to the return from the Babylonian Captivity, but in its ultimate sense referring to the glory and prosperity of the universal church of Christ. This obscurity arises, in part at least, from the nature and design of the prophecies themselves; they were delivered amidst the gloom of Captivity; and though calculated to cheer the drooping spirits of the Jews, and to keep alive a watchful and submissive confidence in the mercy of God, yet they were intended to communicate only such a degree of encouragement as was consistent with a state of punishment, and to excite an indistinct expectation of future blessings, upon condition of repentance and amendment
Courses - This arrangement was re-established by Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:2 ); and afterwards the four sacerdotal courses which are said to have returned from the Captivity were re-divided into the original number of twenty-four by (Ezra 6:18 )
Ahijah - We have on record two of his remarkable prophecies, 1Kings 11:31-39, announcing the rending of the ten tribes from Solomon; and 1Kings 14:6-16, delivered to Jeroboam's wife, foretelling the death of Abijah the king's son, the destruction of Jeroboam's house, and the Captivity of Israel "beyond the river
Obadiah, Book of - ...
But whereas God would destroy Edom totally, he would bring Judah out of Captivity and back to its land, where it would rebuild its national life
Day - Before the Captivity the Jews divided the night into three watches, (1) from sunset to midnight (Lamentations 2:19 ); (2) from midnight till the cock-crowing (Judges 7:19 ); and (3) from the cock-crowing till sunrise (Exodus 14:24 )
Beersheba - After the return from the Captivity the phrase is narrowed into "from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom" (Nehemiah 11:30 )
ti'Gris - It appears, indeed, under the name of Hiddekel, among the rivers of Eden, ( Genesis 2:14 ) and is there correctly described as "running eastward to Assyria;" but after this we hear no more of it, if we accept one doubtful allusion in Nahum (Nahum 2:6 ) until the Captivity, when it becomes well known to the prophet Daniel
Coin - The shekel was the common standard of weight and value among the Hebrews down to the time of the Captivity
Gaza - Samson was here shut in by the Philistines, and escaped by carrying away the gates ( Judges 16:1-3 ); he was, however; brought back here in Captivity after being betrayed by Delilah, and here he destroyed himself and the Philistines by pulling down the temple ( Judges 16:21-30 )
Footstool - ’...
In its application to Christ the word shows Him in His Kingly office triumphing over His enemies, and bringing all men into Captivity to His obedience; cf
Assideanis - This sect arose either during the Captivity, or soon after the restoration of the Jews; and were probably in the commencement, and long afterward, a truly pious part of the nation; but they at length became superstitious
Months - During the Captivity, the Hebrews adopted the Babylonian names for their months; which were as follows, and they were reckoned thus:...
1
Jonathan - A Levite, son of Gershom, and grandson of Moses, who after the death of Joshua impiously served as a priest, first to Micah, and then to the Danites in Laish or Dan, where his posterity succeeded him until the Captivity, Judges 17:1-18:31
Mark or Marcus - Yet he labored faithfully with Barnabas at Cyprus, and Paul mentions him, when in Captivity at Rome, as one of those who were associated with him, Colossians 4:10-11 2 Timothy 4:11 Philippians 1:24
Zerubbabel or Zorobabel - Zerubbabel, as his name imports, was born in Babylon, and was the leader of the first colony of Jews which returned from the Babylonish Captivity, 536 B
Mich'Mas - ( Isaiah 10:28 ) After the Captivity the man of the place returned
la'Chish - After the return from Captivity, Lachish with its surrounding "fields" was reoccupied by the Jews
Tiglath-Pileser Iii. - 734) a vast number of its inhabitants into Captivity (2 Kings 15:29 ; 16:5-9 ; 1 Chronicles 5:6,26 ), the Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh whom he settled in Gozan
Prisoner - ...
3: συναιχμάλωτος (Strong's #4869 — Noun Masculine — sunaichmalotos — soon-aheekh-mal'-o-tos ) "a fellow prisoner," primarily "one of fellow captives in war" (from aichme, "a spear," and haliskomai, "to be taken"), is used by Paul of Andronicus and Junias, Romans 16:7 ; of Epaphras, Philemon 1:23 ; of Aristarchus, Colossians 4:10 , on which Lightfoot remarks that probably his relations with the Apostle in Rome excited suspicion and led to a temporary confinement, or that he voluntarily shared his Captivity by living with him
Sihon - An Israelite poet celebrates Sihon's victory, glorifying Heshbon as the city from whence "a flame" went forth "consuming Ar of Moab," so that "Moab's sons their idol ("Chemosh") rendered fugitives, and yielded his daughters into Captivity unto Sihon"! then by a sudden startling transition the poet introduces Israel's triumph in turn over Sihon
Willows - Before the date of the Babylonian Captivity the willow was associated with joy, after it with sorrow, probably owing to Psalm 137
Judaea - A name first appearing in Tob 1:18 as applied to the old kingdom of Judah (of which Judæa is merely the Græco-Roman equivalent), as it was reoccupied after the Captivity by the returned descendants of subjects of the Southern Kingdom
Alleluia - ) Never found in the palms of David and his singers, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun: but in later psalms, namely, those of the Captivity and the return, the Fifth Book
Arabians - ...
During the Captivity some Arabians became settlers in Palestine and were enemies to Nehemiah
Table of Kings And Prophets in Israel And Judah - [1]...
Persian Kings, after the Captivity
Epoch - 1027; the end of the Babylonish Captivity, B
Jehoiachin - It seems he was born about the time of the first Babylonish Captivity, A
Israelites - After their Captivity by Shalmaneser, the Israelites as a nation never returned
Hashabi'ah - ) ...
One of the Levites who sealed the covenant of reformation after the return from the Captivity
Loan - (Psalm 15:5 ; Proverbs 6:1,4 ; 11:15 ; 17:18 ; 20:16 ; 22:26 ; Jeremiah 15:10 ; Ezekiel 18:13 ) Systematic breach of the law in this respect was corrected by Nehemiah after the return from Captivity
Gad - They could not, however, withstand invasions for ever, and when Israel was later destroyed by Assyria, they were among the first Israelites to go into Captivity (2 Kings 10:32-33; 2 Kings 15:29)
Senochus, Saint - He had redeemed many from Captivity or healed or fed them, and miracles were attributed to his corpse
Chronicles, Books of the - It is evident from 1 Chronicles 6:15 and 2 Chronicles 36:22,23 that they date after the Captivity of Judah, the writer compiling the records of the chosen line according to grace — grace which restored them from their Captivity
Lamentations of Jeremiah - But though it be allowed that the Lamentations were primarily intended as a pathetic description of present calamities, yet while Jeremiah mourns the desolation of Judah and Jerusalem during the Babylonian Captivity, he may be considered as prophetically painting the still greater miseries they were to suffer at some future time: this seems plainly indicated by his referring to the time when the punishment of their iniquity shall be accomplished, and they shall no more be carried into Captivity, Lamentations 4:22
Samar'Itans - After the Captivity of Israel, B. At the final Captivity of Israel by Shalmaneser, we may conclude that the cities of Samaria were not merely partially but wholly depopulated of their inhabitants in B. " (2 Kings 17:41 ) A gap occurs in their history until Judah has returned from Captivity
Jeshua - Son of Jehozadak who went into Captivity (1 Chronicles 6:15). First high priest of the third series, namely, that which succeeded the Babylonian Captivity; ancestor of the 14 high priests down to Joshua (or Jason) and Onias (or Menelaus). They of the Captivity brought silver and gold, which were made into crowns and set upon Jeshua's head by Jehovah's command; symbolizing the combination of kingship and priesthood in Messiah, unknown to the Levitical priesthood, realized in Him of whom Melehizedek was type (Zechariah 6:9-13; Psalms 110:1-4; Hebrew 5-6)
Synagogue - From the silence of the Old Testament with reference to these places of worship, many commentators and writers of biblical antiquities are of opinion that they were not in use till after the Babylonish Captivity; and that before that time, the Jews held their social meetings for religious worship either in the open air or in the houses of the prophets. In Psalm 74:8 , it is at least very doubtful whether the Hebrew word rendered synagogues, refers to synagogue-buildings such as existed after the Captivity. Large towns had several synagogues; and soon after the Captivity their utility became so obvious, that they were scattered over the land, and became the parish churches of the Jewish nation. After the return from the Captivity, an interpreter was employed in reading the law and the prophets, Nehemiah 8:2-8 , who interpreted them into the Syro-Chaldaic dialect, which was then spoken by the people
Ezekiel - Probably exercised the priestly office at Jerusalem before his departure in the Captivity or transmigration (galut ) of Jehoiachin, which took place 11 years before the city fell (2 Kings 24:15). Called to prophesy in the fifth year of Jehoiachin's Captivity (595 B. ...
But elsewhere he dates from Jehoiachin's Captivity alone. Jeremiah (Jeremiah 29) sent a letter to the exiles to warn them against the flattering promises of false prophets that they should soon return, for that the Captivity would last 70 years. This was in the fourth year of Zedekiah or of Jehoiachin's Captivity; and one of the captives, Shemaiah, so far from believing, wrote back that Jeremiah should be imprisoned. His prophesying continued for 22 years at least, down to the 27th year of the Captivity (Ezekiel 29:17). The improved character of the people toward the close of the Captivity, their renunciation of idolatry thenceforth and return to the law under Ezra, were primarily under God due in a great measure to Ezekiel's labors. One however of this series (Ezekiel 29:17) belongs to the 27th year of the Captivity, and is therefore later than the temple series (Ezekiel 40:1), which was in the 25th. ...
(8) In the 12th year of the Captivity, when the fugitives from Jerusalem (Ezekiel 33:21) had reached Chaldaea, he foretells better times, Israel's restoration, God's kingdom triumphant over Seir, the pagan world powers, and Gog: Ezekiel 33-39
Obadiah - ...
...
A Levite, after the Captivity (1 Chronicles 9:16 )
Magic - The practice of magic lingered among the people till after the Captivity, when they gradually abandoned it
Harp - ...
They used it, not as the Greeks, for expressing sorrow, but on occasions of joy and praise (Genesis 31:27; 2 Chronicles 20:28; Psalms 33:2); therefore, it was hung on the willows in the Babylonian Captivity (Psalms 137:2; Job 30:31)
Daniel - For Daniel 1:1-3 makes the latter to have been carried into Captivity in b
Zedekiah - He apparently died in Captivity
Deliver - To free to release, as from restraint to set at liberty as, to deliver one from Captivity
Gentiles, Times of the - After long patience of God with Israel the house of David was set aside and carried into Captivity, the power of government for God was transferred to the Gentile, and the times of the Gentiles commenced in the person of Nebuchadnezzar
Pashur - On the following day Jeremiah, when brought out of the stocks, foretold that he should be not Pashur but Magor-Missabib, a terror to himself and his friends; he and all in his house, and all his friends to whom he had "prophesied lies" (Jeremiah 5:31; Jeremiah 18:18), should go into Captivity and die in Babylon
Tobiah - He was one of those who strenuously opposed the rebuilding of the temple, after the return from the Captivity of Babylon, Nehemiah 2:10 ; Nehemiah 4:3 ; Nehemiah 5:1 ; Nehemiah 5:12 ; Nehemiah 5:14
Lamentations of Jeremiah - The first two chapters principally describe the calamities of a the sieges of Jerusalem; the third deplores the persecution which Jeremiah himself had suffered; and fourth adverts to the ruin and desolation of the city and temple, and the misfortune of Zedekiah; and the fifth is a kind of form of prayer for the Jews in their Captivity
Jehosh'Aphat, Valley of - (valley of the judgment of Jehovah ), a valley mentioned by Joel only, as the spot in which, after the return of Judah and Jerusalem from Captivity, Jehovah would gather all the heathen, ( Joel 3:2 ) and would there sit to judge them for their misdeeds to Israel
Jew - It is applied to any one belonging to the two tribes, and it may have been used respecting any of the ten tribes who remained in the land at the Captivity or returned thither
Philemon, the Epistle of Paul to, - is one of the letters which the apostle wrote during his first Captivity at Rome A
Hour - The early Jews appear to have divided the day into four parts, ( Nehemiah 9:3 ) and the night into three watches, (Judges 7:19 ) and even in the New Testament we find a trace of this division in (Matthew 20:1-5 ) At what period the Jews first became acquainted with the division of the day into twelve hours is unknown, but it is generally supposed they learned it from the Babylonians during the Captivity
Daniel, Prophet - At about 16 years of age he was taken captive by the army of Nabuchodonosor, and carried away into the Babylonian Captivity. When the 70 years of Captivity were over and many of the Jews returned to their fatherland, he remained in the land of exile
Redeem, Redemption - Finding its context in the social, legal, and religious customs of the ancient world, the metaphor of redemption includes the ideas of loosing from a bond, setting free from Captivity or slavery, buying back something lost or sold, exchanging something in one's possession for something possessed by another, and ransoming. The paradigm of Yahweh's redemptive activity in the Old Testament is the historical deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage, but the metaphor of redemption was also utilized by the prophets in relation to the Babylonian Captivity. Humankind is held in the Captivity of sin from which only the atoning death of Jesus Christ can liberate. Most of these words infer deliverance from Captivity by means of a ransom price paid
Paul - Epistle to the Romans...
57,58...
Paul's fifth and last journey to Jerusalem (spring), where he is arrested and sent to Cæsarea...
Paul's Captivity at Cæsarea. Testimony before Felix, Festus, and Agrippa (the Gospel of Luke and the Acts commenced at Cæsarea, and concluded at Rome)...
58-60...
Paul's voyage to Rome (autumn); shipwreck at Malta; arrival at...
60,61...
Paul's first Captivity at Rome, Epistles to the Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians, Philemon...
61-63...
Conflagration at Rome (July); Neronian persecution of the Christians; martyrdom of Paul (?)...
Hypothesis of a second Roman Captivity and preceding missionary journeys to the East, and possibly to Spain
Teko'a, - (2 Chronicles 11:6 ) Some of the people from Tekoa took part in building the walls of Jerusalem, after the return from the Captivity
Medeba - his daughters into Captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites (so far the ballad describes Sihon's triumph over Moat; Israel's triumph over Sihon follows)
Baal - It prevailed also for a time in the kingdom of Judah (2 Kings 8:27 ; comp 11:18; 16:3; 2 Chronicles 28:2 ), till finally put an end to by the severe discipline of the Captivity (Zephaniah 1:4-6 )
to'Bit, Book of, - But the whole tone of the narrative bespeaks a later age and above all, the doctrine of good and evil spirits is elaborated in a form which belongs to a period considerably posterior to the Babylonian Captivity
Kenites - Balaam pronounced doom and Captivity for them (Numbers 24:21-22 )
Sabean - God could use the Sabeans to “pay for” Israel's ransom from Captivity (Isaiah 43:3 )
Ziklag - Reoccupied after the Babylonian Captivity by the men of Judah (Nehemiah 11:28)
Epistle to the Colossians - A short letter written by Saint Paul during his first Roman Captivity (A
Gerizim - ...
After the Captivity, Manasseh, a seceding priest, by permission of Alexander the Great, built a temple on Gerizim, and the Samaritans joined the worship of the true God to that of their idols; "They feared the Lord, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away form thence," 2 Kings 17:33
Judah - ...
After the return from the Captivity, this tribe in some sort united in itself the whole Hebrew nation, who from that time were known only as Judaei, Jews, descendants of Judah
Beersheba - Centuries later, when the Jews reconstructed their nation after the Captivity in Babylon, Beersheba again became an important settlement
Pithom - One of the cities which the children of Israel built for Pharaoh during their Captivity in Egypt. A much more important consideration is it to remark the diligence of Israel in their Captivity, thus building houses for their masters
Temple - The desolation of Jerusalem by the king of Babylon at the Captivity, brought on the desolation also of the temple, until it was totally destroyed in the eleventh year of Zedikiah, after it had stood amidst many ravages and injuries, from the plunder of the enemies of Israel, somewhat more than four hundred years. ...
During the Captivity of Babylon the temple remained in ruins; but in the first year of Cyrus at Babylon, the Jews were permitted to return to Jerusalem, and to rebuild the temple of the Lord
Servant - Jewish Hebrew slavery terminated at the Captivity. This sort of slavery survived the Captivity, but was opposed by the Pharisees
Fasting - In the period preceding the Captivity we find no universal fast prescribed. Previously to the Captivity fasting was observed by individuals or the whole people on special occasions (cf. ...
After the Captivity this type of fasts of course continued (cf
Calf - These calves continued to be a snare to the people till the time of their Captivity
Haggai - He was the first of the three (Zechariah, his contemporary, and Malachi, who was about one hundred years later, being the other two) whose ministry belonged to the period of Jewish history which began after the return from Captivity in Babylon
Samaritans - Upon the return of the Jews from the Babylonish Captivity, it appears that they had entirely quitted the worship of their idols
Hilarianus (1) Quintus Julius, Latin Chiliast Writer - ...
514 "...
The Captivity lasted
Gilead - This was followed by Tiglath-pileser conquering the region, and carrying the Israelites into Captivity
Ark of the Covenant - It was used as a representative of the former on the day of expiation, and a repository of the original copy of the holy Scriptures, collected by Ezra and the men of the great synagogue after the Captivity; and, in imitation of this, the Jews, to this day, have a kind of ark in their synagogues, wherein their sacred books are kept
Haman - Thus God watched over His people in their Captivity and made the device of their enemy to fall upon his own head, as it will be with Satan
Hebron - Hebron was taken by Joshua, 1618832454_3; Joshua 12:10, and the region given to Caleb, Joshua 14:13; was rebuilt and made a Levitical city and a city of refuge, Joshua 20:7; Joshua 21:11; was the royal residence of David, 2 Samuel 2:1-14; 1 Kings 2:11; became the headquarters of the rebellious Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:10; was fortified by Rehoboam and repeopled after the Captivity
Degrees - Calmet thinks, that they were called songs of degrees, or of ascent, because they were composed on occasion of the deliverance of the Jews from the Captivity of Babylon, either to implore this deliverance from God, or to return thanks for it after it had been obtained; and that the Hebrews used the term to go up, when they spoke of their journeying from Babylon to Jerusalem
Candlestick - After the Jews returned from their Captivity, the golden candlestick was again placed in the temple, as it had been before in the tabernacle by Moses
Bashan - After the Captivity it was divided into four provinces
Gilead - This was followed by Tiglath-pileser conquering the region, and carrying the Israelites into Captivity
mi'Cah, the Book of - The sentence of Captivity is passed upon them
Gedaliah - In 587 BC the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem, abolished Judah’s monarchy, plundered the nation’s treasures and took all its best people into Captivity (2 Kings 25:1-21)
Chronicles, the Books of - Accordingly, 1 Chronicles 1-8 give the genealogies and settlements; 1 Chronicles 9:1-24 their disturbance by the Captivity, and partial restoration at the return; this portion is reinserted in Nehemiah 11:3-22 with additional matter from the archives, as to times succeeding the return from Babylon, down to Nehemiah 12:27, where Nehemiah's narrative is resumed from Nehemiah 11:2. ...
1 Chronicles 15-17; 22-29; 2 Chronicles 13-15; 17-20; 24; 26; 29-31; 35, are mainly unique to Chronicles, and manifestly are calculated to awaken by the glorious (as well as the sad) memories of the past a desire in the people to restrain the corruption which had led to the Captivity, and to restore the national polity in church and state. The high priests' genealogy is given in the descending line ending with the Captivity, in 1 Chronicles 6:1-15; in Ezra 7:1-5 in the ascending line from Ezra himself to Aaron, abridged by the omission of many links, as the writer had in Chronicles already given a complete register. That of the high priests (1 Chronicles 6:1-15) must have been drawn up during the Captivity; that in 1 Chronicles 6:50-53, and those of Heman and Asaph (1 Chronicles 6:33-39, etc. The account in 1 Chronicles 9:1-34 is drawn from records subsequent to the return from Captivity; also 2 Chronicles 36:20. Manasseh's Captivity, repentance, and restoration (2 Chronicles 33). All these instances were just what suited the purpose of one seeking the restoration of the religious and civil polity of the Jews on their return from the Captivity, as we know was Ezra's great mission
Samaritans - The enmity between Jews and Samaritans began to make its appearance immediately after the return from the Captivity
Abednego - " This was an illustrious instance of the courageous and hallowed spirit of martyrdom; and the interposition was no doubt designed to encourage, the Jews while in Captivity, living among idolaters, to hold fast their religion
Descent to Hades - The prison may have been Sheol or Hades according to Old Testament thinking, a special place of Captivity for sinners, a place of punishment for fallen angels, a place of security for such angels where they thought they could escape Christ's power, or a place on the way to heaven where the faithful of old waited to hear the message of Christ's final atoning victory
Elder - ...
They retained their position under the judges (Judges 2:7), the kings (2 Samuel 17:4), in the Captivity (Jeremiah 29:1), and on the return (Ezra 5:5); and in New Testament times as one of the classes from which the Sanhedrin members were chosen, and are associated with the chief priests and scribes (Matthew 16:21; Matthew 21:23; Matthew 26:59; Luke 22:66), "the presbytery of the people" (Greek)
Seed - Metaphorically, ‘seed’ (σπέρμα) was used (1) of the nucleus of the Jewish race left from the Captivity (Romans 9:29); (2) of offspring in general, either (a) taken literally (Matthew 22:24 f
Baruch - 604), again during the last siege of Jerusalem (587 6), and again amongst the Judæans left behind after the Second Captivity
Prison - He did so and "led Captivity captive
Bond - In the plural, chains imprisonment Captivity
Gifts in the Church - The Lord Jesus, having led Captivity captive, ascended up on high and thence gave gifts unto men
Hezekiah - Hezekiah's sickness, humiliation, and prolongation of life 15 years in peace, and the prediction that Babylon, then feeble and friendly, would one day carry his descendants into Captivity are noticed in Old Testament history, Isaiah 39:1-8; Micah 4:10
Kings, First And Second Book of - The kingdom was at its height in the reign of Solomon, but because of his sin the kingdom was divided, and after many warnings from God through His prophets, to both Israel and Judah, both kingdoms were brought to a close, the people being carried away into Captivity, and Jerusalem and the temple destroyed
Abednego - I humbly conceive, that the motive with the Chaldeans, for changing the names of the children of the Captivity, was somewhat more than the naturalizing them
Kenites - They were conquered and carried into Captivity, by Nebuchadnezzar
Micah - His prophecy relates to the sins and judgments of Israel and Judah, the destruction of Samaria and Jerusalem, the return of the Jews from Captivity, and the punishment of their enemies
Month - ; and the names by which they are now known are believed to be of Persian origin, and to have been adopted by the Jews during the Captivity
Day - " Before the Captivity the Jews divided the night into three watches, (Psalm 63:6 ; 90:4 ) viz
Bashan - Israel lost Bashan again, this time without any hope of regaining it, when Assyria overran the northern and eastern sections of Israel and took the people into Captivity (2 Kings 15:29)
Micah, Book of - Unless they repented, God would send the people into Captivity and leave their homeland desolate (Micah 3:12; Micah 6:16). But, looking further ahead, he sees that after Captivity in a foreign land, Israel’s shame will be replaced by glory (4:1-5:1), and God’s chosen king will reign over his people in an ideal kingdom (5:2-15)
Ezekiel, Book of - 625: the thirtieth year would be 595, which agrees with the fifth year of Jehoiachin's Captivity. It is not so manifest to what the 40 years for Judah refer: it was for the iniquity of Judah, and may refer to the reign of Manasseh before his Captivity and reformation, for that is pointed out as the crowning sin of Judah, and for which they were sent into Captivity. The flight and Captivity of Zedekiah are foretold. "...
The Book of Ezekiel is thus full of interest to the Christian as showing the great care God had for His people during their Captivity, and the bright scene of future earthly blessing that is spread out before them
Chronology - )...
740 Captivity of the two and a half tribes east of the Jordan. ...
606 Jerusalem taken: first Captivity of Judah. ...
599 Jerusalem re-taken: the great Captivity
Meals - During the Captivity the Jews acquired the Persian practice of reclining at meals upon couches, or upon mats or cushions, around the tables, in such a way that the head of every person approached the bosom of the one who reclined next above him
Ephesians, Epistle to the - The name of one of the didactic books of the New Testament, written from Rome by Saint Paul sometime during his first Roman Captivity (A
Feudalism And the Church - Feudalism was dragging her into a mire of secularization which culminated in the Captivity of Avignon
Esther - That she was raised up as an instrument in the hand of God to avert the destruction of the Jewish people, and to afford them protection and forward their wealth and peace in their Captivity, is also manifest from the Scripture account
Reuben, Tribe of - God "stirred up the spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria," to carry them away, the first of the tribes, into Captivity (1 Chronicles 5:25,26 )
Schools - After the Captivity schools came more into use, and at the time of Christ were very abundant
Degrees, Songs of - The posture of affairs contemplated in most of these psalms is that after the Babylonian Captivity, when the building of the temple was interrupted by the Samaritans
Week - ...
As Judah's Captivity in Babylon was for 70 years, so its time of deliverance by Messiah was to be 70 sevens of years (Daniel 9:24-27)
Dispensation - From David to the Babylonish Captivity
Heshbon - It passed from Israel into the hands of its former masters the Moabites before the Captivity
Medes - Their origin is given in Genesis 10:2, and they were connected with the Captivity of Israel
Birth - ...
Isaiah 66:9 (b) GOD in this place is promising a full deliverance eventually for Israel so that she will emerge from her Captivity as a full-grown nation
Sepharvaim - (See 2 Kings 17:24) But what is most worthy our notice is, that in the Lord's displeasure with Israel he should not only cause his people to be led into Captivity, but Samaria to be inhabited by idolaters
Mordecai - Thus did God honour the faith of one of His people, though they were in Captivity
Naaman - The whole story is a beautiful instance of the grace of God going out to a heathen; the faith of the little maid who, though in Captivity, did not forget the prophet of Jehovah, and who sought the welfare of those among whom her lot was cast, is also an interesting feature
Samaria - The people were now carried into Captivity
Galilee - Devastated during the wars of the Captivity, it was repeopled by strangers
Hittites - Solomon rendered those that yet remained in Palestine tributary, 1 Kings 9:20; and they are mentioned after the Captivity
Epistle to the Ephesians - The name of one of the didactic books of the New Testament, written from Rome by Saint Paul sometime during his first Roman Captivity (A
First-Fruits - (Numbers 18:11 ; 18:4) Nehemiah, at the return from Captivity, took pains to reorganize the offerings of first-fruits of both kinds, and to appoint places to receive them
Feasts - After the Captivity the feast of purim, Esther 9:20 ff
Kings - Captivity of the best of the land closed the history of this kingdom
Scribe - In the later times of the Old Testament, especially after the Captivity, and in the New Testament, a scribe is a person skilled in the Jewish law, a teacher or interpreter of the law
Dan - It was one of the first parts of Israel to fall when Assyria conquered the land and took the people into Captivity (2 Kings 15:29)
Temple, the Second - After the return from Captivity, under Zerubbabel (q. 516, twenty years after the return from Captivity
Scribes - The religious importance of scribes developed during the period that followed the Jews’ return from Captivity in 538 BC and the subsequent reconstruction of the Jewish nation. During the Captivity there had been a renewal of interest in the law of Moses, and this increased after the return to Jerusalem
Nehemiah - As governor of Jerusalem and author of a book, Nehemiah is an important character in the biblical record of Israel’s reconstruction after the Captivity in Babylon. This was more than ninety years after the first group of people had returned from Captivity (Nehemiah 2:1; cf
Go Away, Leave - ” The first biblical occurrence of gâlâh carries this nuance: “And the children of Dan set up the graven image: and Jonathan … and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the Captivity of the land” ( Captivity was the one brought by God through the kings of Assyria and Babylon ( Nebuchadnezzar, or Nebuchadrezzar - This is called 'the first Captivity' of Judah. 599 the king and many captives, with the treasures of the temple, were taken to Babylon: this is called 'the great Captivity
Age - The fifth age, from the foundation of Solomon's temple to the Babylonish Captivity, A. The sixth age, from the Babylonish Captivity to the birth of Jesus Christ, A
Idolatry, - The lamp of David, which had long shed but a struggling ray, flickered for a while and then went out in the darkness of Babylonian Captivity. Though the conquests of Alexander caused Greek influence to be felt, yet after the Captivity better condition of things prevailed, and the Jews never again fell into idolatry. The erection of synagogues had been assigned as a reason for the comparative purity of the Jewish worship after the Captivity, while another cause has been discovered in the hatred for images acquired by the Jews in their intercourse with the Persians
Moabite - Between the time of Isaiah and the commencement of the Babylonian Captivity we have very seldom any reference to Moab (Jeremiah 25:21 ; 27:3 ; 40:11 ; Zephaniah 2:8-10 )
Jonathan - " He became priest of the idol image at Dan, and this office continued in his family till the Captivity
Scribes - ...
In later times, after the Captivity, when the nation lost its independence, the scribes turned their attention to the law, gaining for themselves distinction by their intimate acquaintance with its contents
Rachel - Centuries later, Jeremiah imagined the dead Rachel mourning from her tomb as her descendants were led past on their way to Captivity in a foreign land (Jeremiah 31:15)
Tig'Lath-Pile'Ser - " Here he overran the whole district to the east of Jordan, carrying into Captivity "the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half tribe of Manasseh," (1 Chronicles 5:26 ) Before returning into his own land, Tiglath pileser had an interview with Ahaz at Damascus
Nahum - ...
Background to the book...
About one hundred years previously, Assyria had conquered the northern kingdom Israel and taken its people into Captivity (722 BC; 2 Kings 17:6)
Michael - the period of the Judges and that of the Captivity are specially noticeable for angelic appearances), the name Michael is not found until the later period, when the angelic office was divided into two parts, which were assigned to individual angels
Kneeling - In the Jewish Church, Solomon’s prayer is the only instance prior to the Captivity
Jeremiah - Jeremiah expressly foretold that the Captivity would endure for 70 years; he also predicted the return of the people to their own country
Hebrew Bible - It is judged that the purity of its pronunciation began to fail during the Babylonian Captivity
Aera - ...
The ancient Jews made use of several aeras in their computation; sometimes they reckoned from the deluge, sometimes from the division of tongues; sometimes from their departure out of Egypt; and at other times from the building of the temple; and sometimes from the restoration after the Babylonish Captivity: but their vulgar aera was from the creation of the world, which falls in with the year of the Julian period 953; and consequently they supposed the world created 294 years sooner than according to our computation
Media - Into this country the ten tribes who composed the kingdom of Israel were transplanted, in the Assyrian Captivity, by Tiglath-pileser and Salmaneser
Zechariah - He was born during the Captivity, and came to Jerusalem when the Jews were permitted by Cyrus to return to their own country
Bond - , "so that my Captivity became manifest as appointed for the cause of Christ;" Philippians 1:14,16 ; Colossians 4:18 ; 2 Timothy 2:9 ; Philemon 1:10,13 ; Hebrews 10:34
Chronicles - The second book contains the history of the kings of Judah, without those of Israel, from the beginning of the reign of Solomon only, to the return from the Captivity of Babylon
Month - Four names of months are mentioned before the Babylonish Captivity: Αbib ("the month of ears of grain") made the first month in memory of the Exodus (Exodus 9:81; Exodus 12:2; Exodus 13:4); Ζif ("the bloom of flowers", or the Assyrian gay , "bull," the zodiacal Taurus), the second month (1 Kings 6:1; 1 Kings 6:37); Βul ("the month of rain"), the eighth month (1 Kings 6:38); Εthanim ("the month of gifts", namely, fruits), the seventh (1 Kings 8:2). ...
After the Captivity the first month (that of the Passover) was called Νisan (Nehemiah 2:1); Sivan the third (from the Assyrian siv "the moon", to whom the Assyrians consecrated it): Esther 8:9
Apocalyptic Literature - ...
A message for difficult times...
With Israel’s release from Captivity in 539 BC and its re-establishment in its homeland, many Jews expected that the messianic age was about to dawn. ...
By this time, the ministry of Israelite prophets, which had never been as prominent after the Captivity as before, had almost disappeared entirely
Jeroboam - This false religion, set up by Jeroboam and followed by other kings, was the reason God destroyed the northern kingdom and sent the people into Captivity (2 Kings 17:21-23). Jeroboam would be killed and eventually Israel would go into Captivity (Amos 7:9-11)
Valerianus, Emperor - How long he lived in Captivity is unknown. Gallienus, immediately after his father's Captivity, stopped the persecution, but it probably lasted in the East till the fall of Macrianus, who had assumed the purple in 262
Paul as Sold Under Sin - " And did I hear or read of a man of refined mind, and of great nobility of nature that nothing could obliterate, and, withal, a truly Christian man; did I read or hear of such a man held in Captivity by some vile, cruel, cannibal tribe in South America, or Central Africa, I would feel sure that he had a tale to tell that would harrow my heart. I could see him making desperate attempts to escape his horrible Captivity, only to be overtaken and dragged back to a still more cruel bondage. ...
And no wonder, for the most complete and cruel Captivity, the most utter and hopeless slavery you ever heard of, falls far short of being sold under sin. He was not suddenly surprised and swept away into all this terrible Captivity against his own will, and against all that he could do to resist and to escape. If even Paul was sold under sin: if even Paul when writing the Romans was still carnal: if he that very day had said and done and thought and felt what he would not if he could have helped it: if he hated himself for what came up upon him out of his heart even with his inspired pen in his hand: if sin still dwelt in him, till in his flesh there dwelt no good thing: and, then, if we delight in the law of God after the inward man, as he did: even if we find another law, as we every moment do find it, warring against the law of our mind, and bringing us into Captivity to the law of sin, till we cry without ceasing, O wretched man that I am! and if all the time we thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord, and walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit till there is therefore no condemnation to us-if all that is so, I would like you to tell me where I can find another chapter so full of the profoundest, surest, most spiritual, and most experimental, comfort. And He will bring you forth with His own hand like Gaius; and for all your shame and pain He will bestow upon you double, with a chain of salvation round your neck that will make you forget all the sad years of your sold Captivity
Exile - (ex' ile) The events in which the northern tribes of Israel were taken into Captivity by the Assyrians and the events in which the southern tribes of Judah were taken into Captivity by the Babylonians. Sometimes the terms “captivity,” and “carried into Captivity” refer to the exiles of Israel and Judah
Pentateuch - That the Jews have acknowledged the authenticity of the Pentateuch, from the present time back to the era of their return from the Babylonish Captivity, a period of more than two thousand three hundred years, admits not a possibility of doubt. ...
But, long previous to the Captivity, two particular examples, deserving peculiar attention, occur in the Jewish history, of the public and solemn homage paid to the sacredness of the Mosaic law as promulgated in the Pentateuch; and which, by consequence, afford the fullest testimony to the authenticity of the Pentateuch itself: the one in the reign of Hezekiah, while the separate kingdoms of Judah and Israel still subsisted; and the other in the reign of his great grandson Josiah, subsequent to the Captivity of Israel
Prophets - Obadiah, near the fall and Captivity of Jerusalem, B. He prophesied in Babylon to the end of the Captivity and probably finished about 534 B. Haggai, returned from the Captivity B
Idol, Idolatry - In the end they were the reason why God destroyed the nation and sent the people into Captivity (2 Kings 17:7-18; 2 Kings 21:10-15). The period of Captivity broke the people’s association with the idols of Canaan, and when the Jews later returned from Captivity, idolatry ceased to be a major problem (Ezekiel 36:22-29; Ezekiel 37:23; Hosea 2:16-19)
Kings, Books of - The two books of Kings (which were originally one book) trace the history of Israel over approximately four centuries from the end of David’s reign to the beginning of the Captivity in Babylon. Babylon conquered Jerusalem, took the best people into Captivity, and appointed Zedekiah as king in Jerusalem (24:1-17). More people were taken into Captivity and the nation Judah soon came to an end (24:18-25:30)
Zerubbabel - He was the leader of one of the bands that returned from the Captivity ( Ezra 2:2 , Nehemiah 7:7 ), and was at one time pechah or ‘governor’ of Judah ( Haggai 1:1 etc
Stranger - The growth of this spirit dates from the time of the Babylonish Captivity
Bethel - At length all traces of the idolatries were extirpated by Josiah, king of Judah (2 Kings 23:15-18 ); and the place was still in existence after the Captivity (Ezra 2:28 ; Nehemiah 7:32 )
Fast - The only other mention of a periodical fast in the Old Testament is in Zechariah 7:1-7 ; 8:19 , from which it appears that during their Captivity the Jews observed four annual fasts
Michmash - After the Captivity 122 men of Michmash reoccupied their old dwelling (Ezra 2:27; Nehemiah 7:31)
Gad - It was carried into Captivity at the same time as the other tribes of the northern kingdom by Tiglath-pileser (1 Chronicles 5:26 ), and in the time of (Jeremiah 49:1 ) their cities were inhabited by the Ammonites
Naphtali, Tribe of - In the reign of Pekah, king of Israel, the Assyrians under Tiglath-pileser swept over the whole north of Israel, and carried the people into Captivity (2 Kings 15:29 )
Zechariah - He lived in Jerusalem during the period after the Jews’ return from Captivity and, with Haggai, he roused the people to get on with the job of rebuilding the temple (Ezra 5:1-2; Ezra 6:14-15; Zechariah 1:1; see ZECHARIAH, BOOK OF)
Ascension - The ascension is also a tremendous fact for Satan: the prince of this world has been judged who led the world to put the Lord to death; and in His ascension He led Captivity captive, having broken the power of death in which men were held, Ephesians 4:8 , for He had in the cross spoiled principalities and powers and made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it
Isaiah (2) - " It takes its position at the close of the Babylonian Captivity, and prophesies its close and the glories of the Messianic period of Israel's history
Zebulun - It is thought these tribes were the first carried into Captivity beyond the Euphrates by Pul and Tiglath Pileser, kings of Assyria, 1 Chronicles 5:26
Jehovah - ...
The Jews, after their Captivity in Babylon, out of an excessive and superstitious respect for this name, left off to pronounce it, and thus lost the true pronunciation
Hebron - It was fortified by Rehoboam, and is mentioned after the Captivity, but not in the New Testament, Nehemiah 11:25
Governor - (Jeremiah 51:38 ) Under the Persian viceroys, during the Babylonian Captivity, the land of the Hebrews appears to have been portioned out among "governors" (pachoth ) inferior in rank to the satraps, ( Ezra 8:30 ) like the other provinces which were under the dominion of the Persian king
Bethel - ...
With the rebuilding of Israel after the Captivity, Bethel again became a settlement (Nehemiah 11:31)
Daniel, the Book of - Being a "seer," having the gift and spirit, not the theocratical office and work, of a prophet, his book stands in the third rank in the Hebrew canon, namely, in the Hagiographa (Kethubim) between Esther and Ezra, the three relating to the Captivity. A new stage in the theocracy begins with the Captivity. Personal miracles mark the beginning of the church, the spiritual kingdom of God, coming not with outward observation in "the times of the Gentiles," which began from the Captivity. The period of Daniel's prophecies is that from the downfall of the theocracy to its final restoration; it is the period of the world's outward supremacy, "the times of the Gentiles" (Luke 21:24; Daniel 9:27; Daniel 12:7), not set aside by Christ's first coming (John 18:36; Matthew 4:8-10); for Satan yet is "prince of this world," and Israel has been depressed and Judah's kingdom prostrate ever since the Babylonian Captivity. ...
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490 1/2...
So, Jeremiah foretold that 70 years of the Captivity would begin at 606 B
Exile - (See JUDAH, KINGDOM OF; Captivity
Minnesota - The Falls of Saint Anthony were named in 1680 by the Recollect, Father Louis Hennepin, who had been carried into Captivity with two companions by the Sioux Indians of the region, and was released by the explorer, Sieur Daniel Greysolon du Lhut
Micah - The principal predictions contained in this book are, the invasions of Shalmanezer and Sennecharib; the destruction of Samaria and of Jerusalem, mixed with consolatory promises of the deliverance of the Jews from the Babylonian Captivity and of the downfall of the power of their Assyrian and Babylonian oppressors; the cessation of prophecy in consequence of their continued deceitfulness and hypocrisy; and a desolation in a then distant period, still greater than that which was declared to be impending
Gallienus p. Licinius, Emperor - In 260 his father's Captivity in Persia left him politically irresponsible
Sanhedrin - With the re-establishment of the Jewish nation after the Jews’ return from Captivity in Babylon, there were significant developments in the Jewish religion
Ramah - People returning from Captivity settled there (Ezra 2:26 ; Nehemiah 7:30 )
Tribute - )...
Collected both before and after the Babylonian Captivity (2 Kings 12:4; 2 Chronicles 24:9) from all Jews wherever sojourning (Josephus 18:9, section 1; Philo Deuterocanonical - They say that under Esdras, a great assembly of their doctors, which they call, by way of eminence, the great synagogue, made the collection of the sacred books which we now have in the Hebrew Old Testament; and they agree that they put books therein which had not been so before the Babylonish Captivity; such as those of Daniel, Ezekiel, Haggai, &c
Zadok - This statement agrees with the genealogies of Chronicles which list only two families as far as the Captivity—David of Judah and Zadok the descendant of Aaron through Eleazar
Gentiles - ...
"The times of the Gentiles" began with Judah's depression and Captivity under Nebuchadnezzar, to whom God delegated the world empire (Jeremiah 27:6-7), from whence Jeremiah's counsel to the Jews to submit to hint was true patriotism, not cowardice
Abijah - Members of only four courses seem to have returned from the Captivity (Nehemiah 7:39-42, Ezra 2:36-39; Ezra 10:18-22)
Habakkuk - He is generally placed in the time of Josiah or a little later: it was before the Captivity of Judah, for that is foretold
Concise Chronological Table of Bible History - ...
722-721...
606...
Assyrian Captivity began
Dan - This tribe was guilty of setting up very early in the land the idolatry, which continued until the people were carried into Captivity
Mount Olivet - Here, I would say, from hence Jesus ascended when he went up on high, and led Captivity captive, and received gifts for men; yea, when he received gifts for men in the manhood of Christ Jesus
Redeem - To purchase back to ransom to liberate or rescue from Captivity or bondage, or from any obligation or liability to suffer or to be forfeited, by paying an equivalent as, to redeem prisoners or captured goods to redeem a pledge
Nehemiah - The son of Hachaliah was born at Babylon during the Captivity
Festivals - After the Captivity, the feast of purim, (Esther 9:20 ) seq
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - The period from Abraham to David is that of patriarchs; from David to the Babylonian Captivity that of kings; from the Captivity to Christ private individuals
Genealogies - This so-called Gnosticism may be traced through Philo, the Book of Wisdom, and Sirach, ‘back to the Persian speculations with which the Jews became familiar during the Captivity’ (Dods, Introd. Strachan, The Captivity and the Pastoral Epistles [3]
Israel - 740 the two and a half tribes east of the Jordan were carried into Captivity, and Israel became tributary to Assyria. He revolted against Assyria, trusting to Egypt; but Samaria was taken, and Israel carried into Captivity
Day - The Arabians agree with the Caraites and Samaritans; and in this way the Hebrews appear to have computed, previous to the Captivity. ...
Before the Captivity, the night was divided into three watches
Jeremiah - To resist would only bring invasion, siege, starvation, bloodshed and Captivity (2 Kings 24:18-20; Jeremiah 21:1-10; Jeremiah 24; Jeremiah 27:12-22; Jeremiah 28:12-14). In the end Babylon destroyed the city and its temple, and took the king, along with all remaining useful citizens, into foreign Captivity (587 BC; 2 Kings 25:1-21; Jeremiah 32:1-5; Jeremiah 32:28-29; Jeremiah 33:1-5; Jeremiah 37:16-17; Jeremiah 38:17-18; Jeremiah 39:1-10). Jeremiah looked beyond the Captivity to a day when there would be a new covenant between God and his people. ...
Prophecies of Captivity and return (Chapters 26-36) include a warning to the Jerusalemites to submit to Babylon or be destroyed (26:1-28:17); an assurance to those already in exile that there is no hope for an immediate return to Jerusalem (29:1-32); the promise of a new age after the nation’s restoration (30:1-33:26); and guarantees that though treachery and rebellion will be punished, fidelity will be rewarded (34:1-36:32)
Marriage - Polygamy was acknowledged in the Mosaic law and made the basis of legislation, and continued to be practised all down through the period of Jewish histroy to the Captivity, after which there is no instance of it on record
Michael - In the Captivity, during the withholding of God's regular manifestations to Israel, those visions of angels come precisely when most needed
Dispersion - (See Captivity
Mordecai - )...
Mordecai was great grandson of Kish the Benjamite taken captive in Jeconiah's Captivity, 599 B
Samaritan Pentateuch - The collection of the five books of Moses, written in Samaritan or Phoenician characters; and, according to some, the ancient Hebrew characters which were in use before the Captivity of Babylon
Hebron - After the Captivity it was for a time in the hands of the Edomites (though from Nehemiah 11:25 it would appear to have been temporarily colonized by the returned Jews), but was re-captured by Judas Maccabæus ( 1Ma 5:65 )
Hebrew - In Israel's bondages in the time of the judges they never lost their language; but in the 70 years' Captivity in Babylon their language became in a great degree Aramaic or Chaldee, and they adopted the present Hebrew alphabet
Galilee - This was doubtless followed by the district being inhabited by foreigners, who, when the Captivity of Israel was completed, would be able to spread themselves southward
Andronicus - The meaning in these cases is evidently literal, both sharing the Apostle’s Captivity at Rome, whether compulsorily or voluntarily
Tax Taxing Taxation - This, however, was but occasional—yet see perhaps some traces of it in 2 Kings 12:4; 2 Chronicles 24:6-9; but it formed the basis of the annual impost agreed to after the Captivity, Nehemiah 10:32-33, then the third of a shekel, but afterwards a half-shekel, Matthew 17:24; Matthew 17:27, levied on all Jews wheresoever they resided
Jubilee - The jubilees were not regarded after the Babylonish Captivity
Hosea - The principal predictions contained in this book, are the Captivity and dispersion of the kingdom of Israel; the deliverance of Judah from Sennacherib; the present state of the Jews; their future restoration, and union with the Gentiles in the kingdom of the Messiah; the call of our Saviour out of Egypt, and his resurrection on the third day
Judaism - After their seventy years' Captivity, many among them gave too much place to the Greek idolatries, but as a nation they were never again guilty of the crime
Jew, Jews, Jewess, Jewish, Jewry, Jews' Religion - After the Captivity it was chiefly used to distinguish the race from Gentiles, e
Judea - After the Captivity, as most of those who returned were of the kingdom of Judah, the name Judah, or Judea, was applied generally to the whole of Palestine, Haggai 1:1,14 2:2 ; and this use of the word has never wholly ceased
Lead - ...
To lead captive, to carry into Captivity
Philippians, Epistle to the, - Once more, in his Roman Captivity, A
Remnant - 1:2-3, the condition of the “remnant” of Israel is described: “… And I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the Captivity, and concerning Jerusalem. And they said unto me, the remnant that are left of the Captivity there in the province are in great affliction and reproach
Zechari'ah - ) ...
One of the family of Elam who had married a foreign wife after the Captivity. ) ...
A chief of the Reubenites at the time of the Captivity by Tiglath-pileser
Nebaioth - The Nabathaeans must therefore have come into celebrity after the Babylonian Captivity
Shechem - Although Shechem lost its importance, it continued to exist, even after the Assyrians had destroyed the northern kingdom and taken most of the people into Captivity (Jeremiah 41:5)
Manasseh - The eastern part of the tribe of Manasseh prospered much and spread to Mount Hermon, but they finally mixed with the Canaanites, adopted their idolatry, became scattered as Bedouins in the desert, and were the first to be carried away into Captivity by the kings of Assyria
Den - As no trace is found in the OT of such a market existing, it may be supposed it sprang up some time after the Captivity
Idolatry - The severe chastisement of the Captivity in a great measure uprooted Hebrew idolatry
Abijah - The order of Abijah was one of those which did not return from the Captivity (Ezra 2:36-39 ; Nehemiah 7:39-42 ; 12:1 )
Canaanites - Even after the return from Captivity survivors of five of the Canaanitish tribes were still found in the land
Maiden, Virgin - 1:18: “… Behold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into Captivity” (cf
Babylon (2) - After the time of Nimrod Babel or Babylon appears to be displaced in Scripture history by Chaldæa until the time of Joshua, Joshua 7:21; after this both again disappear, until about the time of the Captivity
Levites - After the Captivity, however, only a small number of them returned, Ezra 2:36-42; Ezra 8:10; Ezra 6:18; but in the new organization they assumed their old positions
Pharisees - They first appeared as a sect after the return of the Jews from Captivity
Tithe - The system of tithes was renewed both before and after the Captivity, 2 Chronicles 31:5,6,12 Nehemiah 10:37 12:44 13:5 ; but they were not always regularly paid, and hence the divine blessing was withheld, Malachi 3:8-12
Genealogy - When Zerubbabel brought back the Captivity from Babylon, one of his first cares seems to have been to take a census of those that returned, and to settle them according to their genealogies
Edom - ...
During the Captivity the Edomites extended their dominion in the West and possessed Hebron; and some 300 years B
Judah, the Kingdom of - ...
Seventy years of Captivity had been foretold by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:11,12 ; Jeremiah 29:10 ); these began in B
Year, - It follows, from the determination of the proper new moon of the first month, whether by observation of a stellar phenomenon or of the forwardness of the crops, that the method of intercalation can only have been that in use after the Captivity, --the addition of a thirteenth month whenever the twelfth ended too long before the equinox for the offering of the first-fruits to be made at the time fixed
Joram, Jehoram - He was punished by the Philistines and Arabians taking possession of his treasures, and carrying his wives and children into Captivity
Gentile - But they repeatedly ignored that law, with the result that eventually their nation was conquered and the people taken into Captivity (2 Kings 17:7-8)
Joel - ...
An alternative suggestion is that the book belongs to the period after Judah’s return from Captivity
Prophets, the - Of the remainder, Hosea, Amos, and Isaiah are anterior to the Captivity of the ten tribes. ...
Others follow closely, as Micah, who prophesies concerning Samaria and Jerusalem, though no personal reference is made to a king of Israel; and, either before or contemporary with the Captivity of Judah, Jeremiah and Zephaniah. After the return from the Captivity we have Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi
Daniel - A priest of the Ithamar lineage (Ezra 8:2 ; Nehemiah 10:6 ) who returned with Ezra from the Babylonian Captivity
Demetrius - After a chequered career, Demetrius fell into the hands of the Parthians, by whom he was detained in Captivity until his death (Jos
Kenites - The Canaanite Kenites Balaam denounces; or else more probably Balaam's prophecy is "Kain (the Midianite Kenites) shall not be exterminated until Asshur shall carry him away into Captivity" (Keil)
Bond - ) The state of being bound; imprisonment; Captivity, restraint
Zephaniah - Appealed to by Shemaiah in a letter from Babylon to punish Jeremiah with imprisonment and the stocks for declaring the Captivity would be long (Jeremiah 29:25-26; Jeremiah 29:29)
Zephaniah, Prophecy of - Within four years of the close of Josiah's reign Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, the holy vessels carried away, and the Captivity of Judah commenced
Isa'Iah, Book of - The last 27 chapters form a separate prophecy, and are supposed by many critics to have been written in the time of the Babylonian Captivity, and are therefore ascribed to a "later Isaiah;" but the best reasons are in favor of but one Isaiah
Tribe - The return from this Captivity is stated in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Frontlets - Prior to the Babylonish Captivity, no traces of them appear in the history of the Jews
Hebron - During the Captivity of Babylon, the Edomites having invaded the southern parts of Judea, made themselves masters of Hebron; hence Josephus sometimes makes it a part of Edom
Gibeon - We see in Ezra 8:20 ; Ezra 2:58 ; 1 Kings 9:20-21 , that David, Solomon, and the princes of Judah, gave many such to the Lord; these Nethinim being carried into Captivity with Judah and the Levites, many of them returned with Ezra, Zerubbabel, and Nehemiah, and continued, as before, in the service of the temple, under the priests and Levites
Mordecai - There is great probability that Mordecai was very young when taken into Captivity
Bird - Beside, the young never knew the sweets of liberty; the dam did: they might be taken and used for any lawful purpose; but the dam must not be brought into a state of Captivity
Benjamin - Thenceforward the history of the two is identical: both went into Captivity, and both returned
Samaria - The inhabitants were carried into Captivity and colonists put in their place
Israel, Kingdom of - (See Captivity
Josiah - Son of Zephaniah, at whose house Zechariah assembled the chief men of the Captivity when Joshua the son of Josedech was crowned
Ark of the Covenant - Had it been carried to Babylon with the other vessels of the temple, it would, in all probability, have been brought back with them at the close of the Captivity. The only use that was made of it was to be a representation of the former on the great day of expiation, and to be a repository of the Holy Scriptures, that is, of the original copy of that collection of them made by Ezra after the Captivity; in imitation of which the Jews, in all their synagogues, have a like ark or coffer in which they keep their Scriptures
Feasts - ...
There are records of Israel’s celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles after Solomon’s completion of the temple and after the Jews’ return from Captivity in Babylon (2 Chronicles 8:12-13; Ezra 3:4). It was established in Persia in the fifth century BC by Mordecai, a leader of the large community of Jews that had grown up in Persia after the Babylonian Captivity
Shemaiah - A prophet, called ‘the Nehelamite,’ carried into Captivity at Babylon with Jehoiachin, actively engaged in opposing Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 29:24-32 )
Ark of the Covenant - The ark appears to have been destroyed at the Captivity, or perhaps concealed by pious Jews in some hiding-place afterwards undiscoverable, as we hear nothing more of it; and the want of it made the second temple less glorious than the first
Jeremiah - With the invasion of Nabuchodonosor, Jeremias pronounced the famous prophecy of the 70 years of Captivity (25)
Jeremias - With the invasion of Nabuchodonosor, Jeremias pronounced the famous prophecy of the 70 years of Captivity (25)
Sun - The Hebrews must have been well acquainted with the idolatrous worship of the sun during the Captivity in Egypt, both from the contiguity of On, the chief seat of the worship of the sun, as implied in the name itself (On being the equivalent of the Hebrew Bethshemesh, "house of the sun") (Jeremiah 43:13 ) and also from the connection between Joseph and Potipherah("he who belongs to Ela") the priest of On, (Genesis 41:45 ) After their removal to Canaan, the Hebrews came in contact with various forms of idolatry which originated in the worship of the sun; such as the Baal of the Phoenicians, the Molech or Milcom of the Ammonites, and the Hadad of the Syrians
Philippians, Epistle to - Other minuter analogies in forms of expression and of thought are also found in these epistles of the Captivity
Synagogue - Some, however, are of opinion that it was specially during the Babylonian Captivity that the system of synagogue worship, if not actually introduced, was at least reorganized on a systematic plan (Ezekiel 8:1 ; 14:1 )
Elam - " After scattering them God saith, "in the latter days I will bring again the Captivity of Elam," namely, in the coming restitution of all things by Messiah, an earnest of which was given in that Elamites were on Pentecost among the first who heard and accepted the gospel (Acts 2:9)
Negeb, - Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 13:19 ) prophesied trouble as coming on the cities of this region, but on the return from Captivity they too were to participate in the blessings ( Jeremiah 32:44 , Jeremiah 33:13 )
War - The bodies of the soldiers killed in action were plundered, (1 Samuel 31:8 ) 2 Maccabees 8:27 ; the survivors were either killed in some savage manner, (Judges 9:45 ; 2 Samuel 12:31 ; 2 Chronicles 25:12 ) mutilated, (Judges 9:45 ; 2 Samuel 12:31 ; 2 Chronicles 25:12 ) mutilated, (Judges 1:6 ; 1 Samuel 11:2 ) or carried into Captivity
Build up - He also describes God's intentions for the nation after the Captivity (24:6)
Rama - Its people returned after the Captivity (Ezra 2:26; Nehemiah 7:30)
Epaphras - Paul created suspicion and thus led to his arrest, or that he voluntarily shared the Apostle’s Captivity (Lightfoot, Colossians3, 1879, p
Alms - Begging was a practice only known after the Captivity
Census - Of those who returned from Captivity: there were 42,360
Benjamin - ' On the return from the Captivity, Benjamin had its share of blessing with Judah
Free - To set at liberty to rescue or release from slavery, Captivity or confinement to loose
Targum - It is easy to understand that pious Jews who did not return under Ezra and Nehemiah, and were gradually losing the use of the Hebrew tongue (as well as their descendants born in Captivity) would value such a translation; and it has been stated that for centuries the Targums were publicly read on the Sabbaths, festivals, etc
Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon - Tobiah, an Ammonite, was a troublesome adversary to the Jews on their return from Captivity
Libertines - Whether the libertini, mentioned in this passage of the Acts were Gentiles, who had become proselytes to Judaism, or native Jews, who having been made slaves to the Romans were afterward set at liberty, and in remembrance of their Captivity called them recites libertini, and formed a synagogue by themselves, is differently conjectured by the learned
Benjamin - ' On the return from the Captivity, Benjamin had its share of blessing with Judah
Babylonia - Upon the return of the Jews from Captivity, many still remained in Babylonia, and to their posterity the gospel was early conveyed
Month - (1 Kings 8:2 ) In the second place we have the names which prevailed subsequent to the Babylonish Captivity; of these the following seven appear in the Bible: Nisan, the first, in which the passover was held, (Nehemiah 2:1 ; Esther 3:7 ) Sivan, the third (Esther 8:9 ) Baruch 1:8 ; Elul, the sixth, (Nehemiah 6:15 ) 1 Maccabees 14:27 ; Chisleu, the ninth, (Nehemiah 1:1 ; Zechariah 7:1 ) 1 Maccabees 1:54 ; Tebeth, the tenth, (Esther 2:16 ) Sebat, the eleventh, (Zechariah 1:7 ) 1 Maccabees 16:14 ; and Adar, the twelfth
Number - (Numbers 11:16 ) 70 Years of Captivity
Kings, First And Second Books of, - --They were undoubtedly written during the period of the Captivity, probably after the twenty-sixth year
Amos - But after the punishment of the Captivity, God would restore the nation and bless its people again (9:11-15)
Jeremiah - We read of no prophecy that Jeremiah actually delivered in this king's reign; but the fate of Jeconiah, his being carried into Captivity, and continuing an exile till the time of his death, were foretold early in his father's reign, as may be particularly seen in the twenty-second chapter. He foretold the fate of Zedekiah, Jeremiah 34:2-5 ; 2 Chronicles 36:11-21 ; 2 Kings 25:5 ; Jeremiah 52:11 ; the Babylonish Captivity, the precise time of its duration, and the return of the Jews. Jerusalem is, as it were, personified, and bewailed with the passionate sorrow of private and domestic attachment; while the more general pictures of the famine, the common misery of every rank, and age, and sex, all the desolation, the carnage, the violation, the dragging away into Captivity, the remembrance of former glories, of the gorgeous ceremonies and the glad festivals, the awful sense of the divine wrath heightening the present calamities, are successively drawn with all the life and reality of an eye-witness
Psalms, Book of, - contains the remainder of the psalms up to the date of the Captivity, There are seventeen, from Psal 90-106 --one by Moses, two by David, and the rest anonymous. The Captivity of Manasseh himself proved to be but temporary; but the sentence which his sins had provoked upon Judah and Jerusalem still remained to be executed, and precluded the hope that God's salvation could be revealed till after such an outpouring of his judgments as the nation had never yet known. Psal 139 is a psalm of the new birth of Israel from the womb of the Babylonish Captivity, to a life of righteousness; Psal 140-143 may be a picture of the trials to which the unrestored exiles were still exposed in the realms of the Gentiles
Psalms - The argument for a post-Babylonian date from the phrase "bring back the Captivity" (Psalms 14:7) is invalid; it is a Hebraism for reversing one's misfortunes (Job 42:10). " The principle of arrangement is not: wholly chronological, though David's book of psalms is first of the five, and the post Captivity book of psalms last; for Moses' psalm (Psalm 90), the oldest of all, begins the fourth book, and some of David's psalms are in the fifth. The remaining 46, except Moses' Psalm 90, were written just before, during, and after the Babylonian Captivity. ...
The Captivity taught the people a bitter but wholesome lesson; then accordingly psalmody revived. Psalm 42; Psalm 43; Psalm 84; Psalm 86 (according to Hengstenberg, as occurring in the midst of Korahitic psalms though superscribed with David's name), refer to Absaiom's rebellion; Psalm 44 on the invasion of the Edomites (2 Samuel 8:13; 1 Chronicles 18:12; 1 Kings 11:15-16); Psalm 49 of general import; Psalm 45 on King Messiah's marriage to Israel and the church, in Solomon's time; Psalm 47; Psalm 48; Psalm 83, in Jehoshaphat's time; Psalm 46; Psalm 87, refer to Sennacherib's host overthrown before Jerusalem, in Hezekiah's reign; Psalm 85; Psalm 88; Psalm 89, before the Babylonian Captivity. Then follows David's trilogy, Psalm 101-103, and the trilogy of the Captivity (Psalm 104-106). Psalm 107-150 are (excepting David's psalms incorporated) after the return from the Captivity
le'Vites - After the Captivity. --During the period that followed the Captivity of the Levites contributed to the formation of the so-called Great Synagogue
Micah - ...
The Babylonian Captivity and deliverance in Micah 4:10; Micah 4:1-8; Micah 7:11, confirming the genuineness of the latter half of Isaiah his contemporary, with whom Micah has so much in common and who (Isaiah 39-66) similarly foretells the Captivity and deliverance
No - Nahum (Nahum 3:8; Nahum 3:10) in the latter part of that reign speaks of her being already "carried away into Captivity, her young children dashed in pieces at the top of all the streets, lots cast for her honourable men, and all her great men bound in chains," notwithstanding her having Ethiopia, Egypt, Put, and Lubim as "her strength and it was infinite," and makes her a warning to Nineveh. bring again the Captivity of Egypt
Philosophy - During the Captivity, the Jews acquired many new notions, particularly from the Mahestani, and appropriated them, as occasion offered, to their own purposes. After the Captivity, the language in which the sacred books were written was no longer vernacular
Babylon - 603Jehoiakim revolted and in 599 Nebuchadnezzar again took Jerusalem, and Ezekiel was carried to Babylon: this is called the great Captivity. He raises up Jehoiachin in the 37th year of his Captivity. It is the place where the people of God get into Captivity through dalliance with the world
Isaiah - The fulfillment of his past prophecies constituted the prophet's credentials to the unborn generation on which the Babylonian Captivity should fall, that they might securely trust his word. The former part ends with the Babylonian exile (Isaiah 39:6); the latter part begins with the deliverance from it, to remove the deep gloom which the prophecy of the Captivity caused to all who looked for redemption in Israel. On the other hand Isaiah announces the Captivity in Babylon when as yet it was but a secondrate power and moreover in alliance with Judah, and further the return of the exiles. " Blunt (Undesigned Coincidences) notices the absence of such allusions as one in the Babylonian Captivity would have made and the presence of allusions to idolatry which had almost no place in Judah after the Captivity
Napoleon i - Ecclesiastical councils, summoned 1811 by Napoleon, to decide about dispensations and canonical institution of bishops during the pope's Captivity, resulted, after two dissolutions and misrepresentations of negotiations with Pius, in the passage of a decree providing canonical institution by the metropolitan within six months, if the pope refused
Molech, Moloch - But under Jehoiakim this worship revived, and continued till the Captivity
High Priest - In this line it continued to Abiathar, whom Solomon deposed, and appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (1 Kings 2:35 ), in which it remained till the time of the Captivity
Nail - The former seems preferable, answering to her "putting the raiment of her Captivity from her
Zechariah - ...
...
A chief of the people in the time of Ezra, who consulted him about the return from Captivity (Ezra 8:16 ); probably the same as mentioned in Nehemiah 8:4 , ...
...
Nehemiah 11:12
Hardness of the Heart - ...
When God's people were in Captivity in Egypt, “Pharaoh hardened his heart” (Exodus 8:32 ) as he refused to let the Israelites go
Rechab - , a Hebrew title existed declaring that the Rechabites shared the Babylonian Captivity, and with the Levite psalmists expressed the nation's sorrows and aspirations
Esther, Book of - ...
The main teaching of the book is that God was watching over and caring for His ancient people during their Captivity, altogether apart from their faithfulnessto Him, or their desire to return to the land of promise
Frontlets - The Jews probably learned the use of such amulets from the Babylonians during the Captivity, for no mention of the phylacteries occurs previously, nor indeed in the Old Testament at all
Jonathan - see); according to Judges 18:30 he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan up to the Captivity
Ephraim - 742, and Samaria was taken and Israel carried into Captivity in B
Haggai - He stands as to date at the return from Captivity, and his prophecy is mostly occupied with the house of the Lord, the temple at Jerusalem
Kinsman - Now as Jesus's poor brother, our whole nature was waxen poor, and had by sin and rebellion sold away some of our possession, and had both brought our souls into Captivity and mortgaged our inheritance, to him alone belonged the right of redemption for both; and Jesus hath fully and completely redeemed both
Abijah - One ormore of the priests who returned from the Captivity, one of whom sealed the covenant
Vinyard - The postexilic hope lay in God’s blessings on the agricultural activity of His people: “And I will bring again the Captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them” (Amos 9:14)
Daniel - He lived to the end of the Captivity, but being then nearly ninety years old, it is most probable that he did not return to Judea
Dispensation, - 600 years from the Captivity to the coming of Christ
Jeho'Ram - Then followed invasion by armed bands of Philistines and of Arabians, who stormed the king's palace, put his wives and all his children, except his youngest son Ahaziah, to death, (2 Chronicles 22:1 ) or carried them into Captivity, and plundered all his treasures
Ephraim - 742, and Samaria was taken and Israel carried into Captivity in B
Gospel - When God’s Old Testament people Israel were in Captivity in Babylon and God announced to them that he was going to release them and bring them back to their homeland, that was good news (Isaiah 40:9; Isaiah 52:7; Isaiah 61:1-2)
Exodus - ...
The pattern repeated...
Even with the destruction of Jerusalem in 587 BC and the subsequent Captivity in Babylon, God’s people never forgot his redeeming power
Zechariah, Prophecy of - The seventy years of indignation (not here the seventy years' Captivity, though both periods partially synchronised) had then run their course, and a remnant of the Jews had been in grace restored, as seen in the book of Ezra; but that was only a few drops of the shower of blessing that was to descend upon them. It is perfectly clear that nothing answering to this has taken place since the Captivity. Apparently the three men mentioned in Zechariah 11:15-17 brought gold and silver on their return from Captivity, of which crowns were made for Joshua; and these crowns were hung "for a memorial in the temple of Jehovah. All nations will be gathered by God against Jerusalem, the city will be taken, the houses rifled, and half the inhabitants go into Captivity
Judges, the Book of - The Danites set up Micah's graven image, and Jonathan's sons were its "priests until the day of the Captivity of the land," i. Jehovah's giving up His glory (the ark) into Captivity was a virtual giving over of Israel to Captivity, i. The words (Judges 18:30-31), "until the day of the Captivity of the land
Canon of the Old Testament - Accordingly (as the rabbis allege, compare 2 Esdras) it was at the return from the Babylonian Captivity that Ezra and "the great synagogue" (a college of 120 scholars) collected and promulgated all the Old Testament Scriptures in connection with their reconstruction of the Jewish church. An increased attention to the law, the sanctified result of affliction during the Captivity, was the probable cause under God of the complete abandonment of idolatry on their return (Psalms 119:67; Psalms 119:71)
Education in Bible Times - The synagogue apparently came into existence during the Babylonian Captivity when the Jews were deprived of the services of the Temple. During Captivity they began meeting in small groups for prayer and Scripture reading
Iniquity - ...
Israel went into Captivity for the sin of their fathers and for their own sins: “And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into Captivity for their iniquity; because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword” ( Sanhedrim - As soon as the people were in possession of the land of promise, the sanhedrim followed the tabernacle, and it continued at Jerusalem, whither it was removed, till the Captivity. During the Captivity it was kept at Babylon
Scribes - Previous to the Babylonian Captivity, the word scribe seems to have been applied to any person who was concerned in writing, in the same manner as the word secretary is with us. Ezra had examined the various traditions concerning the ancient and approved usages of the Jewish church, which had been in practice before the Captivity, and were remembered by the chief and most aged of the elders of the people; and he had given to some of these traditionary customs and opinions the sanction of his authority
Kings, the Books of - The second period, from the division into two kingdoms to the Assyrian Captivity of the ten northern tribes, 975-722 B. The third period, from thence, in Hezekiah's reign, until Judah's Captivity in Babylon, 722-560 B. The second period (1 Kings 12:1-2 Kings 10) comprises three stages:...
(1) the enmity at first between Judah and Israel from Jeroboam to Omri, 1 Kings 12:1-16:28;...
(2) the intermarriage between the royal houses of Israel and of Judah, under Ahab, down to the destruction of both kings, Joram of Israel and Ahaziah of Judah, by Jehu, 1 Kings 16:29-2 Kings 10;...
(3) the renewal of hostilities, from Jehu's accession in Israel and Athaliah's usurpation in Judah to Israel's Captivity in Hezekiah's sixth year, 1 Kings 11-17. shedding and idolatry (the effects of which on the people the faithful Josiah could only undo externally) at last provoked God to give up Judah too to Captivity; so Jehoiachin first and Zedekiah last were led away to Babylon, and Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed. The history is brought down to past the middle of the Babylonian Captivity; yet no allusion occurs to the deliverance from it
Abraham - A few years after, he rescued Lot and his friends from Captivity, and received the blessing of Melchizedek, Genesis 14:1-24
Hezekiah - Hezekiah hosted this Babylonian leader at a reception, but Isaiah met this event with a warning that succeeding generations would be subjected to Babylonian Captivity (Isaiah 39:1-8 )
Bethel - )...
Among those returning from Captivity were men of Bethel (Ezra 2:28; Nehemiah 7:32; Nehemiah 11:31
Samaria - 723), which held out for three years, and was at length captured by Sargon, who completed the conquest Shalmaneser had begun (2 Kings 18:9-12 ; 17:3 ), and removed vast numbers of the tribes into Captivity
Fasting - Daniel, when he understood that the Jewish Captivity drew to an end, 9th and 10th chapters of Nehemiah, Joshua, &c
Peace - After the years of exile in Babylon, however, the good news of peace would prepare a repentant people for salvation from Captivity and return to their homeland (Isaiah 52:7-10; cf
Prophet - ...
...
The prophets of Captivity, viz
Zechariah, Book of - After the decree of Cyrus in 539 BC that released the Jews from Captivity, a number returned to their homeland
Tiglath Pileser - ) he warred with Pekah and Rezin confederated, and that he besieged Rezin's capital for two years, at the end of which he took and slew him and punished Pekah by depriving him of a large portion of his dominions, and carrying off vast numbers into Captivity
Malachi - The book contains no reference to any historical incident such as an important battle, earthquake, or Captivity which might give a historical context to the book
Gaza - Three and four make seven, the number implying completion of the measure of guilt) I will not turn away the punishment thereof, because they carried away captive the whole Captivity (i
Eating - " This is followed up with prayer, in which is generally expressed the Lord's goodness to Israel, beseeching him to pity Jerusalem and his temple, to restore the throne of David, and to send Elias and the Messiah, and to deliver them out of their long Captivity: all answer Amen
Amos, Book of - Judgements should fall upon Amaziah and Israel shouldgo into Captivity
Euthymius (4), Abbat in Palestine - Euthymius came; and after giving his blessing to the empress, advised her that the violent death of her son-in-law, Valentinian, the irruption of the Vandals, the Captivity of her daughter Eudoxia and of her grandchildren, might all be attributed to her Eutychian opinions
Jeremi'ah - In Captivity his words were sharper and stronger than ever
Baruch - They were, however, both of them at last compelled to follow the people into Egypt, where Jeremiah soon afterward died; on which Baruch retired to Babylon, where the rabbins say he also died in the twelfth year of the Captivity, Jeremiah 36-43
Samaritans - It was therefore in vain that, when the Jews returned from Captivity and began to rebuild Jerusalem and the temple, the Samaritans requested to be acknowledged as Jewish citizens, and to be permitted to assist in their work, Ezra 4:1-24
Nehemi'ah - He refused to receive his lawful allowance as governor from the people, in consideration of their poverty, during the whole twelve years that he was in office but kept at his own charge a table for 150 Jews, at which any who returned from Captivity were welcome
Jeremi'ah - In Captivity his words were sharper and stronger than ever
Music - It was even continued after the Captivity, Ezra 3:10 ; Nehemiah 12:45-47 ; 1Ma_4:54 ; 1Ma_13:51 . It should be remarked, however, that neither music nor poetry attained to the same excellence after the Captivity as before that period. ...
There were women singers as well as men in the temple choir; for in the book of Ezra, among those who returned from the Babylonish Captivity, there are said to have been two hundred, Ezra 2:65 ; and in Nehemiah 7:67 , we read of two hundred and forty-five singing men and women
Ammonites - After the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, were carried into Captivity by Tiglath-Pileser, B. Their ambassadors were exhorted to submit to Nebuchadnezzar, and threatened, on their refusal, with Captivity and slavery, Jeremiah 27:2-4 . At length their city Jaser, and the neighbouring town, fell a prey to the Jews, who smote the men, carried their wives and children into Captivity, and plundered and burned the city
Palestine - He overthrew the city, plundered the temple, and carried the people into Captivity to Babylon (B. At the close of the period of the Captivity, they returned to their own land, under the edict of Cyrus (Ezra 1:1-4 )
Priest - During the period of the Captivity this division into courses seems to have fallen into some confusion
Naphtali - But where the darkness was greatest and the Captivity first came, there gospel light first shone, as foretold of Zebulun and Naphtali (Isaiah 9:1-2; Matthew 4:16)
Altar - ...
After the return from Captivity it was re-erected (Ezra 3:3,6 ) on the same place where it had formerly stood
Targum - They are written in the Chaldee tongue, which became familiar to the Jews after the time of their Captivity in Babylon, and was more known to them than the Hebrew itself; so that when the Hebrew text was read in the synagogue, or in the temple, they generally added to it an explication in the Chaldee tongue for the service of the people, who had but a very imperfect knowledge of the Hebrew tongue
Daniel - He "prospered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian," whom he probably greatly influenced in the matter of the decree which put an end to the Captivity (B
Servant of the Lord - God punished Israel for its sins by sending the nation into Captivity in Babylon, but after the removal of sin he restored the nation to its land
Heathen - Psalms 72:1-20 : Isaiah 60:1-22 : In order that these promises might be accomplished, vast numbers of the Jews, after the Chaldean Captivity, were left scattered among the heathen
Redeem, Redemption, Redeemer - ...
God similarly redeemed Israel from the Babylonian Captivity by giving Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba to King Cyrus (Isaiah 43:3 ; compare Isaiah 48:20 ; Isaiah 51:11 ; Isaiah 62:12 )
Shepherd - (Genesis 29:6,8 ; Exodus 2:10 ) The Egyptian Captivity did march to implant a love of settled abode, and consequently we find the tribes which still retained a taste for shepherd life selecting their own quarters apart from their brethren in the transjordanic district
Hebrew Language - The sacred books of Moses gave a fixity to the language, so that no essential change of language is observable in the books of different ages until the Babylonian Captivity; thenceforward Chaldee became largely mixed with Hebrew (See Nehemiah 8:8
Mill, Millstone - In large establishments, it fell to the slaves, male ( Judges 16:21 ) and female ( Exodus 11:5 ), particularly the latter, hence the figure for the slavery of Captivity in Isaiah 47:2
Guard - Paul to one soldier after another of the same Imperial guard, allusion is made in each of the Captivity Epistles
Month - But it was only in the time of Solomon that the months were named, for we do not meet with the mention of the months by names, except that of Abib in Exodus and Deuteronomy, either before or after Solomon, until the Babylonish Captivity
Hezekiah - In the fourth year of his reign, Salmanezer, king of Assyria, invaded the kingdom of Israel, took Samaria, and carried away the ten tribes into Captivity, replacing them by different people sent from his own country
Zedekiah - or MATTANIAH, was the last king of Judah before the Captivity of Babylon
Lead, Led - have sunago, "to bring together," translated "leadeth (into Captivity)," AV and RV marg
Levites - After the Captivity, numbers of them returned from beyond the Euphrates to Judea, Nehemiah 11:15-19 12:24-31
Servant - He might become bound to this service in various ways, chiefly through poverty, Exodus 21:7 Leviticus 25:39-47 ; to acquit himself of a debt he could not otherwise pay, 2 Kings 4:1 ; to make restitution for a theft, Exodus 22:3 ; or to earn the price of his ransom for Captivity among heathen
Chronology - For some divine purpose connected with the mystical sense of numbers the generations are condensed into fourteen (the double of the sacred seven) in each of the three periods, from Abraham to David, from David to the Captivity, and thence to Christ. ...
Two periods of 70 years are specified by Jeremiah; that during which Babylon's dominion over Palestine and the East was to last (Jeremiah 25), and that of the Captivity (Jeremiah 29:10; Daniel 9:2), probably identical. (See Captivity
Slave, Slavery (2) - —On several occasions before the Fall of Jerusalem, large numbers of Jews had been deported and sold into Captivity. The supply of Jewish slaves was kept up almost entirely from among prisoners taken in the numerous campaigns, and the children of those who were already in Captivity, with a few who lost their freedom under the laws of the foreign country or city in which they resided
Triumphs - ...
The great Apostle of the Gentiles alludes to these splendid triumphal scenes in his Epistle to the Ephesians, where he mentions the glorious ascension of his Redeemer into heaven: "When he ascended up on high, he led Captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men," Ephesians 4:8 . Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led Captivity captive," or an immense number of captives; "thou hast received gifts for men, yea, for the rebellious also; that the Lord God might dwell among them
Stars - That of ‘ the queen of heaven ’ was popular in Jerusalem ( Jeremiah 7:18 ) immediately before the Captivity, and to the neglect of it the captives in Egypt ascribed their disasters, in an address to Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 44:15-23 ) at Pathros
Timothy - It is clear from the Epistles of the Captivity that he was a companion of Paul during his imprisonment ( Colossians 1:1 , Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:1 ), and that the Apostle meditated sending him on a special mission to Philippi ( Philippians 2:19 )
Assyria - ) after a siege of three years, and so put an end to the kingdom of Israel, carrying the people away into Captivity, B
Redemption - The greatest of these acts of redemption was at the time of the exodus, when God delivered Israel from Captivity in Egypt (Exodus 6:6; Exodus 15:13; Psalms 106:9-10; see EXODUS)
Martin Luther - In his "Babylonian Captivity" he endeavored to stir up national feeling against the pope and make a bold appeal to the sensual appetites of the populace
Luther, Martin - In his "Babylonian Captivity" he endeavored to stir up national feeling against the pope and make a bold appeal to the sensual appetites of the populace
Dan - These were duly installed in a permanent sanctuary, in which the descendants of Moses are said to have ministered until the Captivity ( Judges 18:30 )
Wicked - 6:37: “Yet if they bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee in the land of their Captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt wickedly
Cease - The length of the Babylonian Captivity was determined by the extent of Israel’s abuse of the sabbatical year ( Micah, Book of - But before this there would be the loss of the royal power established in Zion, and their Captivity in Babylon, but they should be redeemed
Eating - " Then he recites a pretty long prayer, wherein he thanks God for his many benefits vouchsafed to Israel; beseeches him to pity Jerusalem and his temple, to restore the throne of David, to send Elias and the Messiah, to deliver them out of their long Captivity, &c
Ara'Bia - Judaism was propagated in Arabia, principally by Karaites, at the Captivity
Pen'Tateuch, the, - ...
The whole work did not finally assume its present shape till its revision was undertaken by Ezra after the return from the Babylonish Captivity
Hezekiah - In the early part of his reign Assyria conquered the northern kingdom Israel and carried the people into Captivity (722 BC; 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:9-12)
Ark of the Covenant - Only when the material ark, apart from obedience, was expected to give that favor of God which only obedience to the law contained within the ark could ensure, did God "deliver His strength" (the pledge of God's strengthening His people) "into Captivity and His glory into the enemy's hands" (Psalms 78:61; 1 Samuel 4:11). Every Dagon must fall before Him now; for even in His temporary Captivity in death the powers of darkness were crushed before Him (Colossians 2:14-15; Matthew 27:50-54)
Dead - Thus the prophet represents the elders of Israel, after the destruction of Jerusalem, and the Captivity of those whom the sword had spared: "The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, and keep silence; they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth; the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground," Lamentations 2:10 . Judea is represented on several coins of Vespasian and Titus, as a solitary female in this very posture of sorrow and Captivity, sitting upon the ground
Hebrews - It was for this cause that God gave the Hebrews over into the hands of their enemies, to Captivity and dispersion. After the Captivity, they appear to have been wholly free from the worship of idols; but they were still corrupt and far from God, and having filled the cup of their guilt by rejecting and crucifying the Lord of glory, they were extirpated as a nation and became strangers and sojourners over all the earth
Jews - After the Babylonish Captivity, when many individuals of these ten tribes returned with the men of Judah and Benjamin to rebuild Jerusalem, the term JEWS included them also, or rather was then extended to all the descendants of Israel who retained the Jewish religion, whether they belonged to the two or to the ten tribes, whether they returned into Judea or not. ...
When the kingdom of Judah had been seventy years in Captivity, and the period of their affliction was completed, Cyrus, (B. This decree had been expressly foretold by the Prophet Isaiah, who spoke of Cyrus by name, above a hundred years before his birth, as the deliverer of God's chosen people from their predicted Captivity. At the feast of the dedication, offerings were made for the twelve tribes of Israel, which seems to indicate that some of all the tribes returned from Captivity; but by far the greater number were of the tribe of Judah, and therefore from this period the Israelites were generally called Judaei or Jews, and their country Judea. Near Jerusalem places were appropriated to gymnastic exercises; and the people were led by Jason, who had obtained the high priesthood from Antiochus Epiphanes by the most dishonourable means, to neglect the temple worship, and the observance of the law, in a far greater degree than, at any period since their return from the Captivity. It seems probable that these were written either during the Babylonish Captivity, or immediately afterward, when the Jews had forgotten their own language, and acquired the Chaldee of the Targums, at present received by the Jews
Condemnation - Eventually God condemned this miscarriage of justice by sending other nations to carry Israel into Captivity
Dan (1) - Danites of Laish (named by them Dan) carried with them Micah the Ephraimite's Levitical family priest (Judges 17; 18) and graven image, which they worshipped" until the day of the Captivity of the land" (Judges 18:30-31), i
Baal (1) - A remnant of it and an effort to combine idolatry with Jehovah worship still in part survived until the final purgation of all tendency to idols was effected by the severe discipline of the Babylonian Captivity (Zephaniah 1:4-6)
Chronicles, Books of - The writer gathers up "the threads of the old national life broken by the Captivity
Levi - With him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; and with him only could the Urim and Thummim be said to be, and with him to be for ever; for though the high priest wore on his breast the representations of the Urim and the Thummim, yet during the Babylonish Captivity all this was done away, and never after was it restored under the second temple
Heart - After Calvary, He went down into this place and "led Captivity captive
Captivity - At this time, from which is dated the "seventy years" of Captivity (Jeremiah 25 ; Daniel 9:1,2 ), Daniel and his companions were carried to Babylon, there to be brought up at the court and trained in all the learning of the Chaldeans
Israel, Kingdom of - No doubt many of the kingdom of Israel joined the later kingdom of the Jews after the Captivity, and became part of that kingdom
Jubilee, the Year of - --Though very little is said about its observance in the Bible history of the Jews, yet it is referred to, and was no doubt observed with more or less faithfulness, till the Babylonish Captivity
Babylon - "mantle"), Joshua 7:21, it drops out of Scripture history until the era of the Captivity
Edom - At the Babylonian Captivity they seized on the Amalekite territory, and even Hebron in southern Judaea, so that Idumaea came to mean the region between the Arabah and the Mediterranean. ...
Israel pleads faithfulness to the covenant, which suits David's time; also they had no "armies" in Babylon (Psalms 44:9), which precludes the time of the Captivity there
Jeremiah, Book of - The great Captivity was in B. ...
Jeremiah 25 gives a summary of God's judgements by Nebuchadnezzar, with a seventy years' Captivity for Judah: then Babylon and all the nations that surrounded Palestine should come under God's judgements, but judgement begins with the city called by God's name
Nin'Eveh - The city was then laid waste, its monuments destroyed and its inhabitants scattered or carried away into Captivity. The Captivity of the inhabitants and their removal to distant provinces are predicted
Haggai - ), whose accession virtually nullified the usurper's prohibition, they pretended that as the prophecy of the 70 years applied to the temple as well as to the Captivity in Babylon (Haggai 1:2), they were only in the 68th year, and that, the time not yet having come, they might build splendid cieled mansions for themselves
Deborah - "Barak, lead away thy Captivity (train of captives) captive" (quoted in Psalms 68:18); fulfilled exhaustively in Christ the ascended Conqueror (Ephesians 4:8; Ephesians 4:13)
Scribes - (Jeremiah 8:8 ) After the Captivity the office became more prominent, as the exiles would be anxious above all things to preserve the sacred books, the laws, the hymns, the prophecies of the past
Feasts - But after the Captivity the rules were more strictly enforced ( Nehemiah 13:15 ; Nehemiah 13:22 ), and in later times the Rabbinical prohibitions multiplied to an inordinate extent
Amos - Amos 1:1 to Amos 2:13; the sins of Syria, Philistia, Tyre, Edom, Ammon, Moab, the neighbors of Israel and Judah Amos 2:4 to Amos 6:14; Israel's own state and consequent punishment; the same coasts "from the entering in of Hamath," which Jeroboam has just recovered from Syria, shall be "afflicted," and the people carried into "captivity beyond Damascus" (Amos 5:27)
Profane - Hence the prophet Jeremiah was, commissioned to tell the people, that when the Lord returned again the Captivity of his people, "they should yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria, and that the planters should plant and eat them as common things
Zechariah - A Reubenite chief in Tiglath Pileser's time, at Israel's Captivity (1 Chronicles 5:7)
Remember - 26:40-45), God’s remembrance was sung in the Psalms (98:3; 105:8, 42; 106:45), and the promise was repeated by the prophets in regard to restoration from Captivity ( Captives - Arrived in the land of their Captivity, captives were often purchased at a very low price
Garments - The priests, however, wore a mitre, bonnet, or sacred turban; and after the Captivity, the Jews adopted to some extent the turban, now so universal in the East
How the Prophetic Gift Was Received - They may be divided into four groups: the prophets of the northern kingdom --Hosea, Amos, Joel, Jonah; the prophets of the southern kingdom --Isaiah, Jeremiah, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah; the prophets of the Captivity --Ezekiel and Daniel; the prophets of the return --Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Philippians, Epistle to - ...
Assuming that the letter was written from a Roman prison, what is its relationship to Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon the other letters of the Captivity? Some hold that these were written from Cæsarea while Philippians was sent from Rome, but most assign all these Captivity Epistles to Rome. Paul’s imprisonment is involved by the communications of the Philippians and their anxiety at the change in the rigour of his Captivity
Jerusalem - ...
After the division of the tribes, it continued the capital of the kingdom of Judah, was several times taken and plundered, and at length was destroyed at the Babylonian Captivity, 2 Kings 14:13 2 Chronicles 12:9 21:16 24:23 25:23 36:3,10 17:1-20:37 . After seventy years, it was rebuilt by the Jews on their return from Captivity about 536 B. This wall was destroyed, as well as the first, at the Captivity, but both were afterwards reerected, it is believed, on nearly the same lines, and were substantially the same at the time of Christ
Angel - Before the Babylonish Captivity, the Hebrews seem not to have known the names of any angel. Tobit, who is thought to have resided in Nineveh some time before the Captivity, mentions the angel Raphael, Tob_3:17 ; Tob_11:2 ; Tob_11:7 ; and Daniel, who lived at Babylon some time after Tobit, has taught us the names of Michael and Gabriel, Daniel 8:16 ; Daniel 9:21 ; Daniel 10:21
Remnant - The same could be said of Lot when Sodom was destroyed (Genesis 18:17-33 ; Genesis 19:1-29 ); Jacob's family in Egypt (Genesis 45:7 ); Elijah and the 7,000 faithful followers of the Lord (1 Kings 19:17-18 ); and Israelites going into Captivity (Ezekiel 12:1-16 )
Tithe, Tithing - Upon return from Captivity Nehemiah led another restoration and made sure tithes and offerings were collected (Nehemiah 12:44 ) so the Levites would not have to work in the fields (13:10)
Rock - " And then tracing the sad effects of their being brought into Captivity by their enemies, to the cause of having forsaken their confidence in the Lord, Moses adds, "how should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their rock had sold them, and the Lord had shut them up? For their rock is not as our rock, even our enemies themselves being judges;" (Deuteronomy 32:4; Deu 32:15; Deu 32:18; Deu 32:30-31)...
But the most striking and particular use of the term rock, as a figure applied to Christ, is that we read in the eventful history of Israel, beginning at Horeb, (Exodus 17:6) where we find the Lord speaking unto Moses in those remarkable words; "Behold, I will stand before thee upon the rock in Horeb, and thou shalt smite the rock and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink" Now it never would have been known to any farther extent concerning this miracle of grace, but that the Lord did here, as upon many other occasions, work a miracle to supply the pressing occasions and wants of his people, had not the Holy Ghost in his love and condescension to the church, thought fit to explain this transaction, and not only declared that it was Christ which wrought this mi racle, but that this rock was Christ himself, If the reader will turn to the tenth chapter of Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, (1 Corinthians 10:1-33) and first and following verses, he will behold the gracious comment of the Holy Ghost upon it
Belshazzar - During the period that the Jews were in Captivity at Babylon, a variety of singular events concurred to prove that the sins which brought desolation on their country, and subjected them for a period of seventy years to the Babylonish yoke, had not dissolved that covenant relation which, as the God of Abraham, Jehovah had entered into with them; and that any act of indignity perpetrated against an afflicted people, or any insult cast upon the service of their temple, would be regarded as an affront to the Majesty of heaven, and not suffered to pass with impunity, though the perpetrators were the princes and potentates of the earth
Pillar - Strachan, Westminster NT, ‘The Captivity and the Pastoral Epistles,’ London, 1910, p
Man - He is concerned with his own experience as a zealous Pharisee, eager to find the secret of morality, and discovering instead his own Captivity to sin. The actual deliverance from this death-bringing Captivity St. In Romans 7 he recognizes no ‘original sin,’ no hereditary influence even, as active in producing the Captivity from which the Spirit of Christ delivers. That Captivity is traced to the deceitful attack made on each successive individual by sin, the external enemy
Zechariah, the Book of - The mention of Ephraim and Israel as distinct from Judah, in chapters 10 to 14, points to the ultimate restoration, not only of the Jews but of the northern Israelite ten tribes, who never returned as a body from their Assyrian Captivity, the earnest of which was given in the numbers out of the ten tribes who returned with their brethren of Judah from the Babylonian Captivity under Cyrus. The non-reference in the last six chapters to the completion of the temple, and to the Jews' restoration after Captivity, is just what we should expect if those chapters were written long after the completion of the temple, and restoration of the Jews' polity, under different circumstances from the former eight chapters
Temple - ...
After the Captivity, the temple emerged from its ruins, being rebuilt by Zerubbabel, but with vastly inferior and diminished glory; as appears from the tears of the aged men who had beheld the former structure in all its grandeur, Ezra 3:12 . ...
The second temple, originally built by Zerubbabel after the Captivity, and repaired by Herod, differed in several respects from that erected by Solomon, although they agreed in others. Of their affectionate regard for the first temple, and for Jerusalem, within whose walls it was built, we have several instances in those Psalms which were composed during the Babylonish Captivity; and of their profound veneration for the second temple we have repeated examples in the New Testament
Census - The object of the census on the return from Babylon was to settle against the year of Jubilee the inheritances of the Holy Land (Leviticus 25:10), which had been disarranged by the Captivity, and to ascertain the family genealogies and ensure purity of Jewish blood. (See Captivity
Sabbatical Year - For the 70 years’ Captivity and desolation of the land was regarded as making up for the unobserved Sabbaths of the land ( 2 Chronicles 36:21 , cf
Temple, Solomon's - These sacred vessels were at length, at the close of the Captivity, restored to the Jews by Cyrus (1618832455_30 )
Deliver, Deliverance, Deliverer - " (the corresponding verb is aphiemi, "to send away, let go"); in Luke 4:18 it is used of "liberation" from Captivity (AV, "deliverance," RV, "release")
Colosse - ...
EPISTLE TO THE COLOSSIANS: written by Paul during his first Captivity at Rome (Acts 28:16), in that part of it when as yet it had not become so severe as it did when the epistle to the Philippians (Philippians 1:20-21; Philippians 1:30) was written (probably after the death of Burrhus, A
Sabbath - ...
After the return from Captivity in Babylon, Nehemiah introduced special laws to prevent people from working and trading on the Sabbath (Nehemiah 13:15-22)
sa'Tan - The Captivity brought the Israelites face to face with the great dualism of the Persian mythology, the conflict of Ormuzd with Ahriman, the co-ordinate spirit of evil; but it is confessed by all that the Satan of Scripture bears no resemblance to the Persian Ahriman
Land, Ground - The people of Judah in Captivity in Babylon had difficulty singing their songs in a strange or foreign land (Psalm 137:4 )
Hosea - Assyria should be the place of their Captivity
Haggai, Theology of - Moses had warned that a failure to keep the covenant would bring about calamities like this and eventually Captivity (Deuteronomy 28:38-40 )
Zerubbabel - ...
The last public act of this great man, whose name marks a leading epoch in Jewish history, was his causing the returned children of the Captivity to keep the Passover with joy, for the Lord had made them joyful (Ezra 6:22)
Samuel, the Books of - ...
In Joshua "Moses" occurs 56 times; in Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah, after the Captivity, when a return to the Mosaic standard, was the watchword of the civil and religious restoration, 31 times; in Kings, ten times; in the unsettled era of Judges, three times
Ezra - He doubtless stood at the head or, at any rate, was a leading figure of a new order which had grown up in the Exile among the Jews of the ‘Golah’ or Captivity in Babylonia
Synagogue - It has been judged that they arose after the Captivity, and may perhaps have been occasioned by a desire to perpetuate the work begun by the people calling upon Ezra to read to them the book of the law, when those who heard were deeply affected
Create - Isaiah especially wants to show that, since Yahweh is the Creator, He is able to deliver His people from Captivity
Husbandry - Even after the Captivity, when many of the Jews had become merchants and mechanics, the esteem and honour attached to this occupation still continued, especially under the dynasty of the Persians, who were agriculturists from motives of religion
Altar - After the return of the Jews from their Captivity, and the building of the second temple, the form and size of the altars were somewhat changed
Urim And Thummim - After the Babylonish Captivity, and the last of the prophets, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, the oracle ceased; but its revival was foretold by Ezra 2:63 , and accomplished by Christ, who was himself the oracle, under the old and new covenants, Genesis 15:1 ; John 1:1
Law - But I see another law in my members warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into Captivity to the law of sin which is in my members
Idol, Idolatry - Micah's teraphim also were the objects of idolatrous worship, even till the Captivity of Israel in Babylon, Judges 17:5 18:30,31
Philemon, Epistle to - Opinion is greatly divided as to the order of the Epistles of the Captivity, i
Philis'Tines - The "old hatred" that the Philistines bore to the Jews was exhibited in acts of hostility at the time of the Babylonish Captivity, (Ezekiel 25:15-17 ) but on the return this was somewhat abated, for some of the Jews married Philistine women, to the great scandal of their rulers
Dress - (Genesis 38:12 ) Their acquaintance with linen and perhaps cotton dates from the Captivity in Egypt, (1 Chronicles 4:21 ) silk was introduced much later
Levite - ...
When, after seventy years Captivity in Babylon, the Jews were released, many Levites were among those who returned to Jerusalem (Ezra 2:40-42)
Ephesians Epistle to the - Paul’s Captivity permits least some liberty in preaching (Ephesians 6:19-20; cf. resembles the earlier Epistles in style and manner more than do the other Captivity Epistles. marks it out as dating from the last days of the Captivity at Rome (cf
Idol - ...
Israel, foremost in the offense under Jeroboam and then Ahab, is first to have prophets sent as censors and seers to counteract the evil, but proving refractory is the first to be carried into Captivity. Judah, following the bad example in her turn, has prophets sent whom she rejects and even kills, and at nearly the same interval between the sin and the punishment follows Israel into Captivity. The Babylonian Captivity almost thoroughly purged the Jews from their proneness to idols (Jeremiah 44:17-18, contrast Hosea 3:4)
Job - It was when Job had been taught of God to see and to say all that, as never before; it was then that the Lord took pity and turned the Captivity of Job. And it will just be when you both see and feel all that; and that a thousand times clearer and a thousand times keener than Job could either see it or feel it; it will just be then that the Lord will turn your Captivity also till you will be like men that dream
Assyria - 721, carried the ten tribes into Captivity, placing them in Chalach and Chabor, by the river Gazon, and in the cities of the Medes, ...
2 Kings 17:6 . He then carried the remainder of the Samaritans into Captivity, and peopled Samaria with captives brought from several parts of his kingdom; and in the year of Nabonassar 77 or 78 he seems to have put an end to the reign of the Ethiopians over Egypt
Synagogue - They appear to have arisen during the exile, in the abeyance of the temple-worship, and to have received their full development on the return of the Jews from Captivity
Version - After the return from the Captivity, the Jews, no longer familiar with the old Hebrew, required that their Scriptures should be translated for them into the Chaldaic or Aramaic language and interpreted
Nations - ...
The feeling of national exclusiveness and antipathy was intensified by the Captivity in Babylon, when the prophetic and priestly instructors of the exiled Jews taught them that their calamities came upon them on account of their disloyalty to Jahweh and the ordinances of His religion, and because they compromised with idolatrous practices and heathen nations
Lamentations, Book of - Jeremiah’s life ended some 6 or 7 years after the Captivity began; and Lamentations 5:20 implies a longer interval since the devastation
Levite - While 4,289 priests (approximately one-tenth of the entire returning number of exiles) returned from Captivity with Zerubbabel, only 341Levites, singers, and gatekeepers are recorded as returning (Ezra 2:36-58 )
Philosophy - Like Colossians 2 , Acts 17 demonstrates how philosophy, erroneously applied, can lead to "captivity" (e
Galilee - During and after the Captivity the Gentile element became the preponderating population, and spread widely; and the province included in our Lord's days all the ancient Issachar, Zebulun, Asher, and Naphtali
Habakkuk - 605, and earlier than the first Judæan Captivity in 597
Angels of the Seven Churches - Whatever the connexion between Persian and Jewish angelology-and it is not necessary to insist on a direct borrowing-it seems to be certain that, in the period immediately subsequent to the Captivity, Parsi influence shaped, at least indirectly and remotely, the development of Hebrew thought
Antioch - The slaughter of seventeen thousand, and the Captivity of one hundred thousand of its inhabitants, mark the final siege and fall of Antioch; which, while they close the long catalogue of its public woes, attest its extent and population
Samaritans - ...
Upon the return of the Jews from the Babylonish Captivity, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the temple, the religion of the Samaritans received another alteration on the following occasion; one of the sons of Jehoiada, the high priest, whom Josephus calls Manasseh, married the daughter of Sanballat the Horonite; but the law of God having forbidden the intermarriages of the Israelites with any other nation, Nehemiah set himself to reform this corruption, which had spread into many Jewish families, and obliged all that had taken strange wives immediately to part with them, Nehemiah 13:23-30
Music - Ezra, in his enumeration of those whom he brought back with him from the Captivity, reckons two hundred singing men and singing women, 2 Samuel 19:35 Ezra 2:65 Nehemiah 7:67
Prayer - But of the prayers recorded in the Old Testament the two most remarkable are those of Solomon at the dedication of the temple, (1 Kings 8:23-58 ) and of Joshua the high priest, and his colleagues, after the Captivity
Daniel - ...
At the time of Daniel’s visions, the Jews were still in Captivity in Babylon, but expected to return to their homeland soon
Genealogies of Jesus Christ - For about 460 years, from David to the Captivity, we have 14 names, and know there should be 18; for about 590 years, from the Captivity to Christ, we have, against all reasonable probability, only 13 (perhaps originally 14) names. ...
Added to Matthew 1:6; Matthew 1:11 are notes which mark important turning-points in the history of the family: with David it attained to royal standing, which it lost under Jechoniah at the Captivity
Assumption of Moses - The two tribes are carried into Captivity, and confess their punishment to be just, as also do the ten tribes. At the end of the 77 years’ Captivity, one who is over them (Daniel) will pray for them. A king (Cyrus) has compassion on them, and parts of the two tribes return, while the ten increase among the Gentiles in their Captivity
Bible - But these books do not seem to have been collected into one body, or comprised under one and the same canon, before the Babylonish Captivity. This was not done till after their return from the Captivity, about which time the Jews had a certain number of books digested into a canon, which comprehended none of those books that were written since the time of Nehemiah. From this time copies of the law were extensively multiplied among the people; and though, within a few years, the autograph, or original copy of the law, was burnt with the city and temple by the Babylonians, yet many copies of the law and the prophets, and of all the other sacred writings, were circulated in the hands of private persons, who carried them with them into their Captivity. This division, if not made by Ezra, is very ancient; for when the Chaldee came into use in the room of the Hebrew language, after the return of the Jews from their Captivity in Babylon, the law was read to the people first in the Hebrew language, and then rendered by an interpreter into the Chaldee language; and this was done period by period
Ezra, the Book of - The first part of Ezra (Ezra 1-6) describes the return from the Captivity under Joshua and Zerubbabel, and the building of the temple; the enemy's obstructions; its advance through the prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2; Ezra 6:14), and its completion in Darius Hystaspes' sixth year, 516 B. Two portions of Ezra are in Chaldee (Ezra 4:8 - 6:18; ), for in those portions he embodies extracts from state documents m that language; of course he would be as fluent in Chaldee, the language of his Captivity, as in Hebrew, the language of his nation
Job - ...
Farther: no reasonable doubt can be entertained respecting the real existence of Job, when we consider that it is proved by the concurrent testimony of all eastern tradition: he is mentioned by the author of the book of Tobit, who lived during the Assyrian Captivity; he is also repeatedly mentioned by Arabian writers as a real character. How long the sufferings of Job continued, we are not informed; but it is said, that after God turned his Captivity, and blessed him a second time, he lived one hundred and forty years, Job 42:16
Slave - (Exodus 21:7-11 ) The custom of reducing Hebrews to servitude appears to have fallen into disuse subsequent to the Babylonish Captivity
Death - This was the hour of Christ's triumph over all the powers of darkness; the hour in which he overthrew dominions and thrones, led Captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men; then it was that the foundation of every pagan temple shook; the statue of every false god totterd on its base; the priest fled from his falling shrine, and the heathen oracles became dumb for ever!...
This was the hour when our Lord erected that spiritual kingdom which is never to end
Israel - It differs from both ‘Hebrew’ and ‘Jew,’ the former standing, at least in NT times, for Jews of purely national sympathies who spoke the Hebrew or Aramaic dialect (Acts 6:1); the latter, a term originally applied to all who belonged to the province of Judah, and, after the Babylonian Captivity, to all of the ancient race wherever located
Jew, Jewess - After the Babylonian Captivity, however, the term was applied to any member of the ancient race of Israel, wherever settled and to whatever tribe he may have belonged
Jew - The favorite name was "Israelites," and after the Captivity the title "Jews" came into vogue, but the title "Hebrews" was still used for the more strict Jews, who preferred the Hebrew language, in distinction from the Hellenists or Grecian Jews
Gather - Qâbats is also applied to “divine deliverance”: “… The Lord thy God will turn thy Captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the nations, whither the Lord thy God hath scattered thee” ( Canon - They had come to Jerusalem in 458 and 445 BC respectively (Ezra 7:1-10; Nehemiah 2:1-8), and played an important part in establishing the sacred writings as the basis of Israel’s religious life in the post-captivity period (Nehemiah 8:1-3; Nehemiah 8:8; 2 Chronicles 12:15)
Ammon - When Assyria conquered Israel and took its people into Captivity (722 BC), Ammon again took the opportunity to seize some of Israel’s eastern territory
Temple - --We have very few particulars regarding the temple which the Jews erected after their return from the Captivity (about B. --The vision of a temple which the prophet Ezekiel saw while residing on the banks of the Chebar in Babylonia, in the twenty-fifth year of the Captivity, does not add much to our knowledge of the subject
Nehemiah - " '...
Like Daniel and his three companions, and like Ezra his own colleague, Nehemiah was a child of the Captivity. By the time that Nehemiah's fragment of autobiography opens, the first return from the Captivity has for some time taken place
Violence - On the one hand, Jeremiah's message anticipated the violence of Babylonian destruction; in the context of his complaint, the prophet has just announced to Pashur ben Immer, the priest, that he will go into Babylonian Captivity (20:1-6)
Jehoiachin - Ezekiel dates his prophecies by Jehoiachin's Captivity, the latest date being the 27th year (Ezekiel 1:2; Ezekiel 29:17; Ezekiel 40:1)
Number - After the Captivity the Hebrew used the alphabet letters for numbers, 'Αleph ( א ) equalling 1; Βet[1] ( ב ) equalling 2, etc
Ephesians, Epistle to - This Epistle belongs to the group of Epistles of the Captivity, and was almost certainly, if genuine, written from Rome, and sent by Tychicus at the same time as the Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon (see Colossians)
Lamentations, Theology of - Israel's wound, now deep as the sea, came because the prophets failed to expose her sin and so failed to ward off her Captivity (2:14)
Red Heifer - " (Hebrews 10:14)...
The Jews have a tradition, that this one heifer, with the ashes of the water of purification, lasted for near a thousand years, until the time of the Captivity
Satan - being taken as saved captives by him ("the servant of the Lord", 2 Timothy 2:24; autou ) so as to follow the will of Him" (ekeinou ; God, 2 Timothy 2:25): ezogreemenoi , taken to be saved alive, instead of Satan's thrall unto death, brought to the willing "captivity of obedience" to Christ (2 Corinthians 10:5)
Zedekiah - He probably died before Evil Merodach, successor of Nebuchadnezzar, treated kindly Jehoiachin in the 37th year of his Captivity, 26 years after the fall of Jerusalem; for no mention is made of him (Jeremiah 52:31)
Simeon - And, behold, thou shalt remain in this thy Captivity till thou shalt see with thine own eyes the Lord's Christ, made of a woman, and till the virgin's son shall put his little hand into thine aged bosom, and shall there loose thy silver cord
je'Sus Christ - While there is not a single term for 'school' to be found before the Captivity, there were by that time about a dozen in common usage
Commerce - After the Captivity, a great number of Jews became merchants, and travelled for the purpose of traffic into all countries
Judah, Kingdom of - , prepared Judah for the 70 years' Captivity; Ezekiel and Daniel witnessed for God to them, and to the pagan world power in it
King - In the end the nation was conquered, the people taken into Captivity, and the monarchy brought to an end (Jeremiah 33:156; 2 Kings 21:10-15; 2 Kings 23:26-27)
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - [14]; he foretells their Captivity and return; salvation will arise from Judah and Levi; Beliar will be overthrown; ‘the saints shall rest in Eden, and in the New Jerusalem shall the righteous rejoice’ (v. They refer not merely to a second great apostasy, but to a second destruction of the Temple and a second Captivity and a final restoration wrought by God directly or through the Messiah
Jews - Provoked by Zedekiah's treachery, Nebuchadnezzar invaded the kingdom, murdered vast numbers, and reduced them to Captivity. In the seventieth year from the begun Captivity, the Jews, according to the edict of Cyrus, king of Persia, who had overturned the empire of Chaldea, returned to their own country. Under these three reigns alone the Jewish nation was independent after the Captivity
Number - ; fourteen generations ( Matthew 1:17 ); 70 descendants of Jacob ( Exodus 1:5 ); 70 years’ Captivity, etc. , Isaac and Esau marry at the age of 40; there are 40 years of the wandering; Ezekiel’s 40 years’ Captivity ( Ezekiel 29:11 ); 40 days was the period Moses spent in the Mount, Elijah and Christ fasted in the wilderness, etc
Preaching - When the seventy years of the Captivity were expired, the good prophets and preachers, Zerubbabel, Joshua, Haggai, and others, having confidence in the word of God, and being concerned to possess their natural, civil, and religious rights, endeavoured, by all means, to extricate themselves and their countrymen from that mortifying state into which the crimes of their ancestors had brought them. The Jews had almost lost, in the seventy years Captivity, their original language; that was now become dead; and they spoke a jargon made up of their own language and that of the Chaldeans, and other nations, with whom they had been mingled
Herod - The new Emperor bestowed on him the eastern tetrarchy of his half-uncle Philip, which had been vacant for three years, with the title of king, and added to it Abilene, the former tetrarchy of Lysanias in north-eastern Palestine (Luke 3:1); at the same time he commanded the Senate to decree him praetorian honours, and gave him a golden chain of the same weight and pattern as that which he had worn in his Captivity
Genealogy - ...
Ezra 2 contains an abstract of the post-captivity census
Liberty (2) - By His contrast of the Mosaic law with His own ‘I say unto you’ of Matthew 5:22; Matthew 5:28; Matthew 5:39, He declares His disciples to be free of the ancient law; their worship no longer fettered by place (John 4:21); their very Sabbath, which had held them together in the Captivity, an institution to be sanely used for any kind of good work and any sinless pleasure (Mark 2:27, Matthew 12:8, Luke 5:1-5)
Agriculture - The poor man's claim was remembered, the self sown produce of the seventh year being his perquisite (Leviticus 25:1-7): hereby the Israelites' faith was tested; national apostasy produced gradual neglect of this compassionate law, and was punished by retribution in kind (Leviticus 26:34-35); after the Captivity it was revived
Bible, - ...
The choice of Israel and the wonders wrought for their deliverance from Egypt, together with their history in the land of promise, their expulsion and Captivity, and their future tribulation and blessing in the same land, occupy a large part of the Bible
Assyria - An inscription of his at Khorsabad reads, "I besieged the city of Samaria and carried away 27,280 men who dwelt there into Captivity, and took fifty chariots from among them, and ordered the rest to be taken
Philistia - After the Babylonian Captivity (Ezekiel 25:15-17) the Philistines vented their "old hatred" on the Jews, for which God as He foretold "executed vengeance on them with furious rebukes, and destroyed the remnant," namely, by Psammetichus, Necho (Jeremiah 25:20), and Nebuchadnezzar who overran their cities on his way to Egypt (Jeremiah 47), and finally by Alexander the Great, as foretold (Zechariah 9:5-6, "the king shall perish from Gaza"; Alexander bound Betis the satrap to his chariot by thongs thrust through his feet, and dragged round the city; the conqueror slew 10,000, and sold the rest as slaves: Zephaniah 2:4-5)
Church of England - When Luther declared war against the pope, Henry wrote his treatise on the seven sacraments against Luther's book, "Of the Captivity of Babylon," and was repaid by the pontiff with the title of "Defender of the Faith
Armies - The Maccabees, after the return of the Hebrews from the Captivity, gave a new existence to the military art among them
Samaria - However, the Cuthites had rebuilt some of the houses of Samaria, even from the time of the return of the Jews from the Captivity, since the inhabitants of Samaria are spoken of, Ezra 4:17 ; Nehemiah 4:2
Gospel - Strachan, Captivity and Pastoral Epistles [4], p. ...
It is characteristic of his rebound and gladness of spirit that he, by pre-eminence in the NT, called his message the good news (εὐαγγέλλιον, and the discovery sent him out everywhere (‘Woe is me if I preach not the gospel’) to the multitudes of burdened souls, who wore held, as he had once been held, in this strange Captivity
Judea - ...
After a Captivity of seventy years, the Jews, who had been the subjects of Judah, having received permission from Cyrus to return to their native country, not only occupied the former territories of that kingdom, but extended themselves over great part of what had belonged to the ten tribes of the kingdom of Israel: and then, for the first time, gave the name of Judea to the whole country over which they had again established their dominion. There remains to be noticed the Decapolis, or confederation of ten cities in the last mentioned districts, which having been occupied during the Babylonish Captivity by Heathen inhabitants, refused to adopt the Mosaic ritual after the restoration of the Jews, and found it necessary to unite their strength against the enterprises of the Asmonean princes
Samuel, Books of - is made up of three sections: (1) The childhood and youth of Samuel, to the downfall of Eli’s house and the Captivity of the Ark ( 2 Samuel 8:16-18 to 2 Samuel 1:11-1229 ); (2) Samuel’s career as Judge, including his defeat of the Philistines, his anointing of Saul, and his farewell address ( 1 Samuel 7:2-12 ); (3) Saul’s reign till his rejection ( 1 Samuel 13:1-23 ; 1 Samuel 14:1-52 ; 1 Samuel 15:1-35 )
Lamentations - But Edom, now exulting in her fall, shall soon be visited in wrath, while Zion's Captivity shall cease
Church - ...
In the absence of the temple during the Captivity the people assembled together on sabbaths and other days to be instructed by the prophet (Ezekiel 14:1; Ezekiel 20:1; Ezekiel 33:31)
Ecclesiastes, the Book of - ...
(2) Words never found in Hebrew writings until the Babylonian Captivity; as zimaan , "set time," for moed ; Ecclesiastes 3:1, namely, in Nehemiah 2:6; Esther 9:27; Esther 9:31
Image - Strachan, The Captivity and the Pastoral Epp
Freedom - Not surprisingly, they were given over to destruction and Captivity
Synagogue - The want of the temple in the Babylonian Captivity familiarized the exiles with the idea of spiritual worship independent of locality
Gnosticism - This word is particularly characteristic of the Pauline Epistles of the First Captivity (Phil
Redeem - ” Gâ'al is used of deliverance from Egypt (51:10; 63:9) and from Captivity in Babylon (48:20; 52:3, 9; 62:12)
Temple - Its destruction was prophesied by Jeremiah, Ezekiel 46:1-243; Jeremiah 7:14, and it was at last broken down and destroyed by the king of Babylon, and the nation itself carried Into Captivity
Habits - But during their long Captivity in Babylon, the Jews began to wear turbans, in compliance with the customs of their conquerors; for Daniel informs us, that his three friends were cast into the fiery furnace with their hats, or, as the term should be rendered, their turbans
Canaan - " This name appears to have been used by the Hebrews after the Babylonish Captivity, Zechariah 2:13
Turn - The Lord thy God will turn thy Captivity, and have compassion upon thee
Jerusalem - ...
But the streets and walls of Jerusalem were again to be built, in troublous times (Daniel 9:16,19,25 ), after a Captivity of seventy years
Philosophy - The Captivity necessarily exercised a profound influence
Jonathan - The priesthood remained hereditary in the family of Jonathan "until the Captivity of the ark" (the taking of the ark by the Philistines), and Micah's images of his own making remained set up "all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh
Magic, Divination, And Sorcery - ...
( c ) The Captivity brought Israel into contact with a much more fully developed system of magic and divination than they had known before. Apparently it had ceased by the time of Israel’s return from the Captivity ( Ezra 2:63 )
Jeremiah - The independent history (2 Chronicles 35:25; 2 Chronicles 36:12; 2 Chronicles 36:21) mentions his "lamentation for Josiah," Zedekiah's "not humbling himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of Jehovah," and the Babylonian Captivity "to fulfill Jehovah's word by the mouth of Jeremiah until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths, for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath to fulfill threescore and ten years" (Jeremiah 27:7; Jeremiah 25:9-12; Jeremiah 26:6-7; Jeremiah 29:10). ...
Jeremiah wrote too an epistle to the exiles at Babylon, carried away with Jeconiah (Jeremiah 29), similar in form and style to the New Testament epistles, advising them to settle quietly in Babylon and pray for its peace, for the Captivity must last 70 years
Creation - Similarly, in Isaiah 40:1 concern with God as Creator is in a larger context of concern with God as Redeemer from Babylonian Captivity
Ezra, Book of - ...
Ezra begins with the story of Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel and the first Jews to return to Jerusalem from Captivity in 538 B
Names of God - This was the name Jeremiah gave to God, the Righteous King, who would rule over Israel after the return from Captivity
Genealogy - In 1 Chronicles 6:4 there are, including Aaron, 23 priests from the Exodus to the Captivity an evidently artificial reconstruction; forty years is a generation, and 40×12 = 480 years to the building of the Temple ( 1 Kings 6:1 ), the other 11 priests filling up the period till the Exile, which took place in the eleventh generation after Solomon
Genesis - The story is continued in the book of Exodus, and indeed forms the introduction to a historical work which may be said to terminate either with the conquest of Palestine (Hexateuch) or with the Babylonian Captivity (2Kings)
Benedictus - 54), and of Cassius, who sold 30,000 Jews into Captivity (b
Money - They were still less able under the Chaldeans, during the Babylonish Captivity; or afterward under the Grecians, to whom they were subject till the time of Simon Maccabaeus, to whom Antiochus Sidetes, king of Syria, granted the privilege of coining money in Judea, 1Ma_15:6
da'Vid - " After the return from the Captivity, "the sepulchres of David" were still pointed out "between Siloah and the house of the mighty men," or "the guard-house
Philemon Epistle to - Paul was in Captivity at the time (Philemon 1:9), the letter must have been sent either from Rome or from Caesarea; and although the subscription ‘written from Rome to Philemon’ cannot be traced further back than the 5th cent
Marriage - (b) In the Epistles of the Captivity marriage is mentioned as the normal state, and nothing is said in favour of celibacy (Ephesians 5:31 ff. But no argument against the Pauline authorship must be deduced from it, for a change of view is very natural in the course of a decade or more, during which a longer experience showed that the early expectation of Jesus’ immediate return was founded on a too hasty assumption; and, moreover, the Epistles of the Captivity serve as a bridge between the earlier and the later views
Preaching - When the seventy years of the Captivity were expired, the good prophets and preachers, Zerubbabel, Joshua, Haggai, and others, having confidence in the word of God, and aspiring after their natural, civil, and religious rights, endeavoured by all means to extricate themselves and their countrymen from that mortifying state into which the crimes of their ancestors had brought them. The Jews had almost lost in the seventy years' Captivity their original language: that was now become dead; and they spoke a jargon made up of their own language and that of the Chaldeans and other nations with whom they had been confounded
Weights And Measures - (d) After the Captivity the relations of the Jews to the Persians, Greeks and Romans caused the use, probably, of the parasang , and certainly of the stadium and the mile
Benjamin - So Benjamin alone survived with Judah, after the deportation of the ten tribes to Assyria, arid accompanied Judah to and front the Babylonian Captivity, and lasted until Shiloh came and until Jerusalem was destroyed
Esther - A Jewess of Benjamin, descendant of the Captivity carried to Babylon with Jeconiah, 599 or 597 B
Nebuchadnezzar - The deportation from Jerusalem was shortly before, namely, in the end of Jehoiakim's third year; with it begins the Babylonian Captivity, 605 B
Atonement - Someone comes and pays the price (provides the ransom) to redeem those in Captivity
Sabbath - In later times people resorted to prophets and teachers to hear the Old Testament read and expounded, and after the Captivity to synagogues (2 Kings 4:23; Luke 4:15-16; Acts 13:14-15; Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21)
Feasts - ...
The third celebration especially recorded was after the Babylonian Captivity, when the Jews were re-established in their home under Ezra and Nehemiah, and all gathered themselves together as one man on the first day of the seventh month, the feast of trumpets
Cabbala - The cabbala being again lost amidst the calamities of the Babylonish Captivity, was once more revealed to Esdras; and it is said to have been preserved in Egypt, and transmitted to posterity through the hands of Simeon Ben Setach, Elkanah, Akibha, Simeon Ben Jochai, and others
Gnostics - We find in it evident traces of that mystical and cabalistic jargon which, after their return from Captivity, deformed the religion of the Jews; and many Gnostics adopted the oriental notion of two independent coeternal principles, the one the author of good, the other of evil
Isaiah - The prophet, after predicting the liberation of the Jews from their severe Captivity in Babylon, and their restoration to their own country, Ezekiel 28:1-3 , introduces a chorus of them, expressing their surprise and astonishment at the sudden downfall of Babylon, and the great reverse of fortune that had befallen the tyrant, who, like his predecessors, had oppressed his own, and harassed the neighbouring kingdoms
Biblical Theology - ...
Covenant and Captivity . His rise to power there as adjutant second only to Pharaoh himself sets the stage for a Captivity of Israel's descendants some four centuries in length, in keeping with God's promise to Abraham (15:16)
Colossians, Epistle to the - -It has been customary to regard the four ‘Epistles of the Captivity’ as all written from Rome during the two years (a. Paul’s friends took turns in sharing his Captivity is only a suggestion
Book - We need not wonder then, that the Prophet Jeremiah should think it necessary to inclose those writings in an earthen pot, which were to be buried in Judea, in some place where they might be found without much difficulty on the return of the Jews from Captivity. Accordingly two different writings, or small rolls of writing, called books in the original Hebrew, were designed to be inclosed in such an earthen vessel; but commentators have been much embarrassed in giving any probable account of the necessity of two writings, one sealed, the other open; or, as the passage has been commonly understood, the one sealed up, the other left open for any one to read; more especially, as both were to be alike buried in the earth and concealed from every eye, and both were to be examined at the return from the Captivity
Jerusalem - taking 10,000 of the leading people into Captivity
Babylon, History And Religion of - No doubt Babylon greatly impressed the Jews taken there in Captivity and provided them with substantial economic opportunities
Kings, 1 And 2 - Perhaps the writer was encouraging the exiles with the possibility that God would bless them again and raise Israel above all peoples ( Deuteronomy 28:1 ) just as Jehoiachin was given preference above other prisoners in Captivity (2 Kings 25:28 )
Keeping - ‘To keep Christ’s commandments’ is to own Him as the sole sovereign of one’s life, and to bring one’s whole self—mind and will and heart—into Captivity to the obedience of Christ (cf
Jerusalem - 606, when the first Captivity took place, Jeremiah 25:11,12 ; Jeremiah 29:10 ), Cyrus made a declaration that God had charged him to build Him a house at Jerusalem, and the captives were allowed to return for the purpose
Idolatry - They were punished after the same manner, though not so severely, as the ten tribes; being led into Captivity several times, from which at last they returned, and were settled in the land of Judea, after which we hear no more of their idolatry
Bible - ...
After the return of the Jews from the Babylonish Captivity. ...
These sections were divided into verses; of which division, if Ezra was not the author, it was introduced not long after him, and seems to have been designed for the use of the Targumists, or Chaldee interpreters; for after the return of the Jews from the Babylonish Captivity, when the Hebrew language ceased to be their mother tongue, and the Chaldee grew into use instead of it, the custom was, that the law should be first read in the original Hebrew, and then interpreted to the people in the Chaldee language; for which purpose these shorter sections were very convenient
Polycarp - ...
Polycarp addressed this letter to the Philippians a short time after hearing of the reception which the Church of Philippi had given Ignatius and his companions in Captivity: ‘I rejoiced with you greatly in our Lord Jesus Christ, for that ye received the followers of the true Love and escorted them on their way, as befitted you-those men encircled in saintly bonds which are the diadems of them that be truly chosen of God and our Lord’ (i. 1)-apparently Ignatius’ companions in Captivity
Pharisees (2) - The Pharisees were an outgrowth of the long conflict between the Jews and surrounding heathenism, from the Babylonian Captivity onward. That Captivity impressed the following things upon Judaism: intense monotheism, the Synagogue service, the OT Scriptures and Scribal interpretations of them, the Sabbath strictly observed as a sign of God’s covenant, and a Puritan hatred of heathenism, which put the stamp of separation for ever upon Pharisaic piety
Time - The ‘seventy years’ of the Captivity is also a well-known period, as is the thousand years of the Apocalypse ( 1618832455_74 ), with all the speculations it has given rise to
Luke, the Gospel According to - Luke, after being left behind at Luke 17:1, where the third person is resumed, went again with Paul to Asia (Luke 20:6) and to Jerusalem (Luke 21:15), and was with him in his Captivity at Caesarea (Luke 24:23) and at Rome (Luke 28:16)
Luke, Gospel of - Mark was in Rome with Luke and Paul during Paul's Captivity (Colossians 4:10 ,Colossians 4:10,4:14 ; Philippians 1:24 )
Gods And Goddesses, Pagan - The prophet focuses on the god's impotence by showing him going into Captivity with his priests and people
Galilee (2) - in 734 (2 Kings 15:29), many of its inhabitants being carried into Captivity
Angel - The main factors which contributed to this development were, firstly, Babylon; during the Captivity, Babylonian influence upon the Jews asserted itself in this as well as in other respects; according to Jewish tradition the names of the angels came from Babylon
Daniel - Jeremiah, a great authority on why some men pray, and why other men never pray, has this about you in his book: 'Moab hath been at his ease from his youth up: he hath settled on his lees: he hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel: neither hath he gone into Captivity; and, therefore, his taste remaineth in him, and his scent is not changed
Priest - Indeed, although only four classes returned from the Captivity, the distinction between them, and also the ancient names, were still retained, Ezra 2:36-39 ; Nehemiah 7:39-42 ; Nehemiah 12:1
Synagogue - During the Babylonish Captivity, the Jews, who were then deprived of their customary religious privileges, were wont to collect around some prophet or other pious man, who taught them and their children in religion, exhorted to good conduct, and read out of the sacred books, Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 ; Daniel 6:11 ; Nehemiah 8:18
Jordanis, Historian of the Goths - The outline of the fortunes of the Goths in Italy is related very briefly, and the work closes with the Captivity of Vitigis, and another mention of the marriage of Mathasuentha with Germanus
Patricius, or Saint Patrick - From Dichu he soon directed his steps towards Central Antrim and king Milchu's residence, where he had spent the days of his Captivity
Confession - I was then almost sixteen years of age; but I knew not God, and was led into Captivity by the Irish, with many thousand men, as we deserved, because we estranged ourselves from God, and did not keep his laws, and were disobedient to our pastors, who admonished us with respect to our salvation: and the Lord brought down upon us the anger of his Spirit, and dispersed us among many nations, even to the extremity of the earth, where my meanness was conspicuous among foreigners, and where the Lord discovered to me a sense of my unbelief; that late I should remember my transgressions, and that I should be converted with my whole heart to the Lord my God, who had respect to my humiliation, and pitied my youth and ignorance, even before I knew him, and before I was wise, or could distinguish between right and wrong, and strengthened me, and cherished me, as a father would a son. From which time I could not remain silent; nor, indeed, did he cease to bless me with many acts of kindness; and so great was the favour of which he thought me worthy in the land of my Captivity
Leo i, the Great - Leo, now among the saints, thought it not unworthy of him to go himself to meet the barbarian Attila, that he might free from Captivity of the body not Christians only, but Jews and pagans, surely your holiness will be touched by the Captivity of soul under which we are suffering
Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrrhus - books having been burnt under Manasseh and other godless kings, or destroyed during the Captivity, Ezra was divinely inspired to rewrite them word for word on the return from the Captivity
Nehemiah - turn again our Captivity (reverse our depression by bringing prosperity again) as the streams of the S
Apocrypha - Tobit is a romantic story of the time of Israel’s Captivity
Pentateuch - The sacrificing in other places besides at the tabernacle was allowed because the ark was in Captivity, and even when restored it was not yet in its permanent seat, Mount Zion, God's one chosen place (1 Samuel 7:17; 1 Samuel 10:8; 1 Samuel 16:2-5)
Judgments of God - He died in this miserable state of Captivity
Moab - After their return from Captivity they multiplied, and fortified themselves, as the Jews did, and other neighbouring people, still in subjection to the kings of Persia
Minucius Felix, Marcus - These members of an illegal society dreaded to bring their doctrines into the light of day; they had no altars, no temples, no images, and were not even in their manner of worship like the Jews, the only people besides themselves who worshipped that wretched lonely God Who had not been able to save His own people from Captivity; yet wished to meddle with everything and pry into every thought and every action
Eschatology - Doubtless much of this new phase in the development of the thought was due to the influence of the Captivity
Marriage - Her idolatrous unfaithfulness and disobedience to Yahweh are frequently depicted as spiritual "adultery" (Numbers 25:1-4 ; Judges 2:17 ; Jeremiah 3:20 ; Ezekiel 16:15-59 ; 23:1-48 ; Hosea 1:2 ; 2:2-13 ; 3:3 ) for which she was punished by Captivity
Zechariah, Theology of - After a time God raised up Cyrus, the Persian king, to defeat Babylon (539) and to release the Jews from Captivity by issuing an edict in 538 allowing them to return to their land
Angels - -From the earliest times the Israelites had been taught to believe in angels, but after the Captivity the doctrine greatly developed
Edom - During the Babylonish Captivity, and when Judea was almost deserted, they seized the south of Judah, and advanced to Hebron
Magi - The Jews were sent into Captivity to Babylon to be reformed from their idolatrous propensities, and their reformation commenced with their calamity
Psalms - A few of them were written after the return from the Babylonian Captivity
Bible - ...
The Jews scattered providentially over the world by the Captivity, and everywhere bearing the Old Testament, matured the universal expectancy during the silent centuries
Leadership - For this his own family line was blotted off the face of the earth (1 Kings 13:33-34 ), and for this eventually the whole kingdom went into Captivity (2 Kings 17:16-18 )
Solomon - ' And, if not in them, then in their children, all that Moses, and Aaron, and Joshua, and David had won for them and for their children at a great price is surrendered up and sold for naught, till the old great price has to be paid for it again in their children's sin, and suffering, and defeat, and Captivity
Priest - Just after the Captivity their tithes were badly paid (Nehemiah 13:10; Malachi 3:8-10)
Jeremiah - Neither his tears, nor his prayers, nor his resignations, nor his submissions, shortened by a single hour the seventy years' Captivity
Jonath - ' Ay, and far short of our Captivity, let any Continental people, by the education and the industry of their workmen, threaten to take away some of our foreign markets from us, and what an outburst of scorn and indignation will immediately sweep over our land
David - in His Services - And when I think also of the multitudes that no man can number to whom David's Psalms have been their constant song in the house of their pilgrimage; in the tabernacle as they fell for the first time hot from David's heart and harp; in the temple of Solomon his son with all the companies of singers and all their instruments of music; in the synagogues of the Captivity; in the wilderness as the captives returned to the New Jerusalem; in the New Jerusalem every Sabbath-day and every feast-day; in the upper room, both before and after supper; in Paul's prison at Philippi; in the catacombs; in Christian churches past number; in religious houses all over Christendom at all hours of the day and the night; in deserts, in mountains, in dens and caves of the earth; in our churches; in our Sabbath-schools; in our families morning and evening; in our sickrooms; on our death-beds; and in the night-watches when the disciples of Christ watch and pray lest they enter into temptation
Psalms of Solomon - This and the Captivity of many Jews that followed seem to the writer to be the punishment meted out by God for the previous profanation of the sacrifices by some of the Jews, ‘the sons of Jerusalem,’ themselves
Eternal Life, Eternality, Everlasting Life - Further, Paul uses this figure of speech to underline the temporary nature of life, not to speak of the Platonic release of the soul from Captivity in the body
Versions - The disuse of Hebrew and the use of Chaldee Aramaic by the mass of Jews, during the Babylonian Captivity, created the need for explaining "distinctly" (mephorash ), as did Ezra and his helpers, the Hebrew by an Aramaic paraphrase
Saviour (2) - The only plausible view is that the passages under review contain a warning against the dualistic trend of that incipient Gnosticism to whose early presence in the Apostolic period the Epistles of the First Captivity also bear witness
Canon of the Old Testament - The Captivity in Babylon (b
Solomon - It has no trace of the sadness which pervades "the songs of degrees" without titles, and which accords with the post Captivity period
Egypt - It led to the capture of Samaria and the Captivity of the ten tribes
Organization (2) - His race had learned in the Captivity and the Dispersion the value of some outward conformity, especially of holy seasons, holy books, and meetings for worship and edification, all aiming at that unity expressed in Acts 4:32 ‘they had one heart and soul
Synagogue (2) - During the exile in Babylon, worship at the Temple necessarily ceased, and the conditions of the Captivity have consequently been regarded as a favourite soil for the germs of the institution (Wellhausen, IJG Temple (2) - It was properly the place wherein the ark should have rested; but nothing is heard of the ark after the Captivity, and the Holy of Holies was, therefore, quite empty
Evil - also Ezekiel 14:15 ), only to banish them again when Judah is restored from Captivity (Ezekiel 34:25 )
High Priest - During the Captivity of the ark and its neglect in Saul's days Samuel the prophet stands prominent as the interpreter of God's will, and Ahiah the high priest is more in the background (1618832455_86; 1 Chronicles 13:3; 1 Samuel 7:2; 1 Samuel 14:18)
Redemption (2) - Prayers, therefore, are frequent that Jehovah would redeem from oppression, from violence, from sickness, from death, from Captivity, etc
Government - These sophisticated procedures were maintained in varying degrees until Judah's Captivity in 581 b
Conscience - Christians are called upon to acknowledge not the right of conscience only, but its might; they are commanded everywhere to bring their dispositions, desires, passions, and habits into Captivity to its obedience
Create, Creation - In Isaiah, the focus in this connection is on a second exodus, the return of the exiles from Babylonian Captivity (43:14-21)
Amos, Theology of - The perspective seems to be that of an exile from Judah; there are references to returning from Captivity (v
Prophecy - These prophets were reverenced abroad as well as at home, and consulted by foreign princes; and, in times of the Captivity, they were honoured by great kings, and advanced to high stations
Fire - There is an evident allusion in the phrase, ‘snatching them out of the fire’ (Revised Version ), to Amos 4:11, where persons who had just escaped with their lives from the earthquake, are referred to; and to Zechariah 3:2, where the high priest Joshua is described as a brand plucked out of the Babylonian Captivity
Animals - When the Israelites returned to Palestine from the Babylonian Captivity, they brought with them 6,720 asses (Ezra 2:67 ), about six times the number of horses and camels they possessed
Parousia - 1 and 2 Thessalonians, through the central group of Epistles, Romans and Corinthians, to the Epistles of the Captivity such as Philippians,_ and possibly Ephesians, which, if not by St
Priest - The servitude is variously represented as Captivity to sin (Hebrews 9:26), with its accompanying curse (Galatians 3:13) or with its penal liabilities [Hebrews 2:14 f
Fire - There is an evident allusion in the phrase, ‘snatching them out of the fire’ (Revised Version ), to Amos 4:11, where persons who had just escaped with their lives from the earthquake, are referred to; and to Zechariah 3:2, where the high priest Joshua is described as a brand plucked out of the Babylonian Captivity
Sanhedrin - , Leviticus 24:12); and speak of its existence under Joshua, Jabez, Jerubbaal, Boaz, Jephthah, Samuel, David, and Solomon, and until the time of the Captivity by Nebuchadnezzar (Bâbâ bathrâ, 121b; Yômâ, 80a; Mak
Matthew, Gospel According to - In David it had risen to monarchical power (Matthew 1:6), but at the period of the Captivity it had lost this dignity
Calendar, the Christian - Probably ever since the Return from the Captivity, Monday and Thursday had been the Jewish fasts, though we read of Judith fasting daily save on Sabbaths and New Moons and the eves of both and ‘the feasts and solemn days of the house of Israel’ (Judith 8:6)
Jeremiah - The long foreseen catastrophe has arrived; Jeremiah meets it bravely, for ‘days are coming,’ Jehovah tells him, ‘when I will restore the Captivity of my people Israel and Judah, and I will cause them to return to the land of their fathers’ ( Jeremiah 30:3 ff
Paul the Apostle - ...
(c) Third Group , the Epistles of the first Roman Captivity (Eph
Palesti'na - " (1 Samuel 13:19 ) ...
Between the Captivity and the time of our Lord the name "Judea" had extended itself from the southern portion to the whole of the country, and even that beyond the Jordan
Romans, Epistle to the - The influence of the Eternal City may be traced in the doctrine of the Church developed in Ephesians, which was written during the Roman Captivity
Samaria, Samaritans - We regard the Samaritan statement (el-Tolidoth), that 300,000 men besides women and children were brought back from Captivity in the days of Sanballat, as baseless; but, on the other hand, when Israel was carried away captive, a remnant must have been left; and that such was the case we have abundant evidence (2 Kings 23:17-20, Jeremiah 41:5)
Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - The prophet Micah went about naked as a sign that Samaria would go into Captivity (Micah 1:8 )
Mental Characteristics - Now it was the flowers of the country side that won His attention (John 8:7-1161), now the games of the children in the market-place (Luke 7:32), now the habits of the wild creatures (Luke 9:58), or their unconsidered treatment in Captivity (Luke 12:6), now the details of the yeoman’s employment (Matthew 13:3-8; Matthew 12:11, Luke 13:11), now the unnoticed self-denial of a poor woman in a crowd (Mark 12:43)
Messiah - Sabatai now resolves for Smyrna, and then for Constantinople, Nathan writes to him from Damascus, and thus he begins his letter; "To the king, our king, lord of lords, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, who redeems our Captivity, the man elevated to the height of all sublimity the Messias of the God of Jacob, the true Messias, the celestial Lion, Sabatai Sevi
Enoch Book of - Israel is entrusted to the Seventy Shepherds (=angelic rulers) from the Captivity to the Maccabaean revolt (lxxxix
Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch - If the writing of epistles under the circumstances of his Captivity should cause surprise, it must be remembered that they are only short letters, not books
Jerusalem - The second, in that of his son Jehoiachin; when all the treasures of the palace and the temple, and the remainder of the vessels of the latter which had been hidden or spared in the first capture, were carried away or destroyed, and the best of the inhabitants, with the king, led into Captivity, 2 Kings 24; 2 Chronicles 36
Worship - Paul expressly declares all sanctifying of certain seasons, as far as men deduced this from the divine command, to be Jewish and unevangelical, and to be like returning to the slavery of the law, and to Captivity to outward precepts
Jesus Christ - And with respect to the prophecies of Daniel, it is remarkable, at this remote period, how little discrepancy of opinion has existed among the most learned men, as to the space from the time of the passing out of the edict to rebuild Jerusalem, after the Babylonish Captivity, to the commencement of the Christian era, and the subsequent events foretold in the prophecy
Nestorius And Nestorianism - He afterwards yielded to pressure, submitted to the decrees of the council, and was released from Captivity, but died on his way back to Rome
Palestine - see) divided Galilee from Judaea by the alien race that is supposed to have originated in a cross between Mesopotamians and Israelites after the first Captivity