What does Camel mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
κάμηλον camel. 4
καμήλου camel. 2
הַ֠גָּמָל camel. 2
מִגָּמָ֖ל camel. 1
גָּמָ֑ל camel. 1
הַגָּמָֽל camel. 1
הַגָּמָ֖ל camel. 1
הַגָּמָ֣ל camel. 1

Definitions Related to Camel

G2574


   1 Camel.
   

H1581


   1 Camel.
      1a as property, as beast of burden, for riding, forbidden for food.
      

Frequency of Camel (original languages)

Frequency of Camel (English)

Dictionary

Webster's Dictionary - Camel-Backed
(a.) Having a back like a camel; humpbacked.
Webster's Dictionary - Camel
(1):
(n.) A large ruminant used in Asia and Africa for carrying burdens and for riding. The camel is remarkable for its ability to go a long time without drinking. Its hoofs are small, and situated at the extremities of the toes, and the weight of the animal rests on the callous. The dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) has one bunch on the back, while the Bactrian camel (C. Bactrianus) has two. The llama, alpaca, and vicu?a, of South America, belong to a related genus (Auchenia).
(2):
(n.) A water-tight structure (as a large box or boxes) used to assist a vessel in passing over a shoal or bar or in navigating shallow water. By admitting water, the camel or camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted.
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Camel
Isaiah 60:6 (b) This animal is used to describe in picture the business, the activity, the merchandising and the prosperity that should come upon Israel when that nation is restored again to her place in the world.
Ezekiel 25:5 (a) This is a type of the destruction and desolation which would come upon the Ammonites under the wrath of GOD. Their busiest city was to become a place for stabling animals on their journey and a grazing place for flocks.
Matthew 19:24 (a) The camel is a literal one and the eye of the needle is a literal eye of a literal needle. This is no figure of speech. The parable reveals the impossibility of a sinner to enter into Heaven by any works or wealth of his own.
Matthew 23:24 (a) Our Lord compares a small, insignificant story to a gnat, and a great and preposterous yarn to a camel. People doubt and question the truth of GOD, but will readily believe any kind of a statement by any kind of religious teacher no matter how absurd the statement is. Jacob readily believed the lie told to him by his ten sons about the death of Joseph. He refused to believe the truth that these same men brought to him informing him that Joseph was alive. (See also Mark 10:25; Luke 18:25).
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Camel, George Joseph
Kamel, George Joseph (1661-1706) Botanist, born Brünn, Moravia; died Manila, Philippines. He entered the Society of Jesus as a lay brother, 1682, and in 1688, was sent to the Philippines as a missionary. He made valuable investigations of the plants and natural history of the islands which were published in the "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society," and wrote an extensive work on "Medicinal Plants of the Philippines." A genus of evergreen shrubs is named in his honor Camellia
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Camel
gamal . A ruminant animal, the chief means of communication between places separated by sandy deserts in Asia, owing to its amazing powers of endurance. The "ship of the desert," able to go without food, and water for days, the cellular stomach containing a reservoir for water, and its fatty hump a supply of nourishment; and content with such coarse, prickly shrubs as the desert yields and its incisor teeth enable it to divide. Their natural posture of rest is lying down on the breast; on which, as well as on the joints of the legs, are callosities. Thus, Providence by their formation adapts them for carriers; and their broad, cushioned, elastic feet enable them to tread sure-footedly upon the sinking sands and gravel. They can close their nostrils against the drifting sand of the parching simoom. Their habitat is Arabia, Syria, Asia Minor, S. Tartary, and part of India; in Africa from the Mediterranean to Senegal, and from Egypt and Abyssinia to Algiers and Morocco.
The dromedary (beeker ) is from a better breed, and swifter; from the Greek dromas , a runner; going often at a pace of nine miles an hour (Esther 8:10; Esther 8:14). The Bactrian two-humped camel is a variety. Used in Abraham's time for riding and burdens (Genesis 24:64; Genesis 37:25); also in war (1 Samuel 30:17; Isaiah 21:7). Camel's hair was woven into coarse cloth, such as what John the Baptist wore (Matthew 3:4). The Hebrew gamal is from a root "to revenge," because of its remembrance of injuries and vindictiveness, or else "to carry." In Isaiah 60:6 and Jeremiah 2:23 beeker should be translated not "dromedary," but "young camel." In Isaiah 66:20 kirkaroth , from karar to bound, "swift beasts," i.e. dromedaries. Its milk is used for drink as that of the goats and sheep for butter.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Camel
CAMEL . The bones of camels are found among the remains of the earliest Semitic civilization at Gezer, b.c. 3000 or earlier, and to-day camels are among the most common and important of domesticated animals in Palestine. They have thus been associated with every era of history in the land. Two species are known: the one-humped Camelus dromedarius , by far the more common in Bible lands; and the Bactrian, two-humped Camelus bactrianus , which comes from the plateau of Central Asia. This latter is to-day kept in considerable numbers by Turkomans settled in the Jaulan , and long caravans of these magnificent beasts may sometimes be encountered coming across the Jordan into Galilee or on the Jericho-Jerusalem road. The C. dromedarius is kept chiefly for burden-bearing, and enormous are the loads of corn, wood, charcoal, stone, furniture, etc., which these patient animals carry: 600 to 800 lbs. are quite average loads. Their owners often ride on the top of the load, or on the empty baggage-saddle when returning; Moslem women and children are carried in a kind of palanquin the camel’s furniture of Genesis 31:34 . For swift travelling a different breed of camel known as hajîn is employed. Such a camel will get over the ground at eight to ten miles an hour, and keep going eighteen hours in the twenty-four. These animals are employed near Beersheha, and also regularly to carry the mails across the desert from Damascus to Baghdad. They may be the ‘dromedaries’ of Esther 8:10 .
Camels are bred by countless thousands in the lands to the E. of the Jordan, where they form the most valuable possessions of the Bedouin, as they did of the Midianites and Amalekites of old (Judges 7:12 ). The Bedouin live largely upon the milk of camels ( Genesis 32:15 ) and also occasionally eat their flesh, which was forbidden to the Israelites ( Deuteronomy 14:17 , Leviticus 11:4 ). They also ride them on their raids, and endeavour to capture the camels of hostile clans. The fellahin use camels for ploughing and harrowing.
The camel is a stupid and long-enduring animal, but at times, especially in certain months, he occasionally ‘runs amok,’ and then he is very dangerous. His bite is almost always fatal. The camel’s hair which is used for weaving (Mark 1:6 , Matthew 3:4 ) is specially taken from the back, neck, and neighbourhood of the hump: over the rest of the body the ordinary camel has his hair worn short. His skin is kept anointed with a peculiar smelling composition to keep off parasites. The special adaptation of the camel to its surroundings lies in its compound stomach, two compartments of which, the rumen and the reticulum , are especially constructed for the storage of a reserve supply of water; its hump, which though useful to man for attachment of burdens and saddles, is primarily a reserve store of fat; and its wonderful fibrous padded feet adapted to the softest sandy soil. The camel is thus able to go longer without food and drink than any other burden-bearing animal, and is able to traverse deserts quite unadapted to the slender foot of the horse and the ass. On slippery soil, rock or mud, the camel is, however, a helpless flounderer. The camel’s food is chiefly tibn (chopped straw), kursenneh , beans, oil-cake, and occasionally some grain. There seems, however, to be no thorn too sharp for its relish.
In the NT references to the camel it is more satisfactory to take the expressions ‘swallow a camel’ (Matthew 23:24 ) and ‘It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle,’ etc. ( Matthew 19:24 ||), as types of ordinary Oriental proverbs (cf. the Talmudic expression ‘an elephant through a needle’s eye’) than to weave fancied and laboured explanations. The present writer agrees with Post that the gate called the ‘needle’s eye’ is a fabrication.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Camel
Large hump-backed mammal of Asia and Africa used for desert travel to bear burdens or passengers.
Old Testament The camel is adapted for desert travel with padded feet, a muscular body, and a hump of fat to sustain life on long journeys. A young camel can walk one hundred miles in a day. Wealth was measured by many things including camels (Genesis 24:35 ). The Jews were forbidden to eat the ceremonially unclean camel, which chews the cud, but does not have a split hoof (Leviticus 11:4 ). An ill-tempered camel in an unhampered rampage could quickly trample down the tents of a family or clan. Jeremiah thus described the sins of Israel saying they were as a swift she-camel, running wild (Jeremiah 2:23 ). The wise men who worshiped Jesus are traditionally pictured as riding camels (Matthew 1:1 ). This may be a prophecy of Isaiah 60:6 which describes camel riders from Sheba coming to bring gold, incense, and praises of the Lord.
New Testament John the Baptist, a desert preacher, wore the rough and plain clothes of camel's hair. His clothing and diet were revolutionary and consistent with his role as a forerunner of Jesus. A proverb picturing things impossible to accomplish was quoted by Jesus when he said it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven. A traditional but non-biblical illustration describes an unburdened camel kneeling to creep under a low gate in a Jerusalem wall. This means that if a rich man will rid himself of pride and humble himself (kneel) he can get into heaven. Jesus describes hypocrites as persons who are very careful to strain out a gnat from a cup of drink, but swallow a camel without notice. They tithe the leaves of a small household herb, but omit judgment, mercy, and faith.
Lawson Hatfield
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Camel
The well-known domestic animal of the East was the gamal with one hump; the word 'bunches' in Isaiah 30:6 seems to refer to the humps. Camels are very suited in their construction for the country in which they are used, their feet being especially fitted for the deserts, and their powers of endurance enabling them to travel without frequently drinking. They need as much water as other animals, but God has given them receptacles in which they stow away the water they drink, and use it as they need it. Cases have been known of a camel being killed for the sake of the water that could be found in it when its owner was dying of thirst. They feed upon the coarse and prickly shrubs of the desert.
They form an important item in Eastern riches. Job had 3,000 camels. They are used for riding as well as for beasts of burden, a lighter breed being used for riding and for carrying the mails. Genesis 24:10-64 . In Isaiah 21:7 we read of a 'chariot of camels.' Camels were not thus used in Palestine, but the prophecy refers to messengers coming from Babylon and there another species of camel was common, called the Bactrian Camel, with two humps; these were at times linked in pairs to rude chariots. Perhaps the same species is alluded to in Esther 8:10-14 , that occurrence being also in the far East: the Hebrew word there is achashteranim. The camel was by the Levitical law an unclean animal.
The DROMEDARY may be said to be the same animal as the camel, the former name being applied to those of a lighter and more valuable breed. They are used for the same purposes as the camel. 1 Kings 4:28 ; Esther 8:10 ; Isaiah 60:6 ; Jeremiah 2:23 .
The proverb of a camel being swallowed when a gnat was scrupulously strained out, Matthew 23:24 , is to show how the weightier precepts of God may be neglected along with great attention to trivial things. Another proverb is that "it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God." Matthew 19:24 . This has been thought to refer to the camel squeezing through a small gate, which it could do with difficulty; but the Lord's explanation refers it to what was impossible in the nature of things, yet was possible with God. In grace the new creation overcomes all difficulties.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Camel, Camel's Hair
CAMEL, CAMEL’S HAIR.—The camel is by far the most useful of all animals in the East. There are two kinds of camels—the Turkish or Bactrian camel and the dromedary. The first is larger, has a double hump, and is capable of sustaining greater burdens; the latter is swifter, has a single hump, and is far less affected by extreme heat. The camel has been domesticated from time immemorial; it is now at least nowhere found in its aboriginal wild state, and nature has adapted it to its specific environment. Its nostrils are close and flat, to exclude the dust of the desert; its feet are heavily padded, and its anatomy shows provision for the enduring of great privation. It mocks hunger and thirst alike; it can go without water from sixteen to forty days.
The camel forms the staple wealth of the Arab of the desert, who utilizes every part of the animal, even to the dung, which is used as fuel. Its flesh was forbidden to the Jew (Leviticus 11:4, Deuteronomy 14:7). Its milk is extremely nutritious, and on fermentation becomes an intoxicant. A thick mat of fine hair protects the animal against the extremes alike of heat and cold.
The camel is mentioned three times in the Gospels, on two occasions as a synonym for size or bulkiness; Matthew 19:24 (= Mark 10:25, Luke 18:25), ‘It is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God’; and Matthew 23:24 ‘Ye blind guides, which strain out the gnat, and swallow the camel.’ In the former of these passages two attempts have been made to evade the Oriental hyperbole, firstly, by reading κάμιλος, ‘a rope,’ for κάμηλος; and, again, by explaining the ‘eye of the needle’ as the small door for foot-passengers which is generally made in the frame of the large entrance-door of an Eastern house. The expression ‘eye of the needle,’ however, is only the English equivalent of the Greek words denoting a ‘hole.’ The eye of a needle stands for something narrow and hard to pass, as in the Egyptian proverb, ‘Straiter than the eye of a needle’ (Burckhardt, 396). A similar proverb is given by Freytag (ii. p. 19), ‘Narrower than the shadow of a lance and than the hole of a needle.’ And in the Koran we have (vii. 38), ‘As for those who declare our signs to be lies, and who scorn them, the doors of heaven will not be open to them, nor will they enter Paradise, until a camel shall penetrate into the eye of a needle’—that is, never.
In the second of the two passages above, the camel is contrasted with the gnat, ‘Ye blind guides, which strain out a gnat, and drink down a camel.’ The gnat stands for an emblem of smallness in the Koran (ii. 24, ‘God is not ashamed to strike a proverb out of a gnat’). In Arabic the elephant rather than the camel is chosen to designate hugeness, as in the song of Kaab ibn Zuheir—
‘If there stood in the place which I stand in an elephant,
Hearing and seeing what I see and hear.
His shoulder muscles with dread would be twitching’;
and the camel is an emblem of patience and silent endurance, and goes by the name of ‘the father of Job.’ The elephant must have been a not unfamiliar object in Palestine in the first century, but would naturally be thought of in connexion with Hellenism and idolatry.
Camel’s hair or wool, as it is called, is woven by the Arabs into tent-covers, and also into rough outer garments for the peasantry. In Israel this coarse mantle was the badge of the prophet (Zechariah 13:4 ‘The prophets shall be ashamed each one of his vision, when he prophesieth; and they will no more wear a hairy garment in order to deceive’); and in 2 Kings 1:8 Elijah is described as being an ‘owner of hair’ בַּעַל שִעָר, that is, wearing this garment of the prophets; Authorized Version, ‘an hairy man’), and girt with leather. As the successor of Elijah and of the prophets, John the Baptist adopted the same dress (Matthew 3:4, Mark 1:6). It is generally supposed that the Oriental mystic or sufi is so named from his dress of wool (suf); cf. Revelation 11:3.
T. H. Weir and Henry E. Dosker.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Camel
From the Hebrew Gamal , "to repay" or "requite," as the camel does the care of its master. There are two distinct species of camels, having, however, the common characteristics of being "ruminants without horns, without muzzle, with nostrils forming oblique slits, the upper lip divided and separately movable and extensile, the soles of the feet horny, with two toes covered by claws, the limbs long, the abdomen drawn up, while the neck, long and slender, is bent up and down, the reverse of that of a horse, which is arched."
The Bactrian camel is distinguished by two humps. It is a native of the high table-lands of Central Asia.
The Arabian camel or dromedary, from the Greek Dromos , "A runner" ( Isaiah 60:6 ; Jeremiah 2:23 ), has but one hump, and is a native of Western Asia or Africa. The camel was early used both for riding and as a beast of burden (Genesis 24:64 ; 37:25 ), and in war (1 Samuel 30:17 ; Isaiah 21:7 ). Mention is made of the camel among the cattle given by Pharaoh to Abraham (Genesis 12:16 ). Its flesh was not to be eaten, as it was ranked among unclean animals (Leviticus 11:4 ; Deuteronomy 14:7 ). Abraham's servant rode on a camel when he went to fetch a wife for Isaac (Genesis 24:10,11 ). Jacob had camels as a portion of his wealth (30:43), as Abraham also had (24:35). He sent a present of thirty milch camels to his brother Esau (32:15). It appears to have been little in use among the Jews after the conquest. It is, however, mentioned in the history of David (1 Chronicles 27:30 ), and after the Exile (Ezra 2:67 ; Nehemiah 7:69 ). Camels were much in use among other nations in the East. The queen of Sheba came with a caravan of camels when she came to see the wisdom of Solomon (1 Kings 10:2 ; 2 Chronicles 9:1 ). Benhadad of Damascus also sent a present to Elisha, "forty camels' burden" (2 Kings 8:9 ).
To show the difficulty in the way of a rich man's entering into the kingdom, our Lord uses the proverbial expression that it was easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle (Matthew 19:24 ).
To strain at (rather, out) a gnat and swallow a camel was also a proverbial expression (Matthew 23:24 ), used with reference to those who were careful to avoid small faults, and yet did not hesitate to commit the greatest sins. The Jews carefully filtered their wine before drinking it, for fear of swallowing along with it some insect forbidden in the law as unclean, and yet they omitted openly the "weightier matters" of the law.
The raiment worn by John the Baptist was made of camel's hair (Matthew 3:4 ; Mark 1:6 ), by which he was distinguished from those who resided in royal palaces and wore soft raiment. This was also the case with Elijah (2 Kings 1:8 ), who is called "a hairy man," from his wearing such raiment. "This is one of the most admirable materials for clothing; it keeps out the heat, cold, and rain." The "sackcloth" so often alluded to (2 Kings 1:8 ; Isaiah 15:3 ; Zechariah 13:4 , etc.) was probably made of camel's hair.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Camel
Camel. Genesis 12:16. There are two species: the Bactrian and the Arabian camel. The latter was used by the Israelites, and is the one commonly referred to in Scripture. It was used both for riding and for carrying loads, as at present. Genesis 24:64; 2 Kings 8:9. Camel's furniture is mentioned, Genesis 31:34, perhaps a kind of litter or canopied seat; and it is not improbable that the panniers or baskets, which are suspended on both sides of the animal, were employed anciently as now. The dromedary, Isaiah 60:6, was the same species, but of a finer breed. The camel is ill-tempered, vindictive, and obstinate; but its value to man may be estimated by what has been said. The ordinary strong working animal will go 24 miles a day, while the higher-bred and better-trained, or dromedary, will it is said, travel 200 miles in 24 hours. This quadruped was forbidden as food to the Hebrews, Leviticus 11:4; Deuteronomy 14:7; the flesh, however, especially the hump, is now liked by the Arabs; the milk is considered a cooling, nutritious drink, and the dung is much used for fuel. The camel was well known in early ages. Genesis 12:16; Genesis 24:64; Genesis 37:25. It was used in war, at least by predatory bands, Judges 6:6; 1 Samuel 30:17; and coarse garments were made of its hair. Matthew 3:4; Mark 1:6. The word occurs in various proverbial expressions, as in Matthew 19:24; similar to which are some used in the Talmud; also in 23:24, where the early English versions and the R. V. have very properly "strain out."
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Camel
גמל . This animal is called in ancient Arabic, gimel; and in modern, diammel; in Greek, καμηλος . With very little variation, the name is retained in modern languages. The camel is very common in Arabia, Judea, and the neighbouring countries; and is often mentioned in Scripture, and reckoned among the most valuable property, 1 Chronicles 5:21 ; Job 1:3 , &c. "No creature," says Volney, "seems so peculiarly fitted to the climate in which he exists as the camel. Designing this animal to dwell in a country where he can find little nourishment, nature has been sparing of her materials in the whole of his formation. She has not bestowed upon him the fleshiness of the ox, horse, or elephant; but limiting herself to what is strictly necessary, has given him a long head, without ears, at the end of a long neck without flesh; has taken from his legs and thighs every muscle not immediately requisite for motion; and, in short, bestowed upon his withered body only the vessels and tendons necessary to connect its frame together. She has furnished him with a strong jaw, that he may grind the hardest aliments; but, lest he should consume too much, has straitened his stomach, and obliged him to chew the cud; has lined his foot with a lump of flesh, which sliding in the mud, and being no way adapted to climbing, fits him only for a dry, level, and sandy soil, like that of Arabia. So great, in short, is the importance of the camel to the desert, that, were it deprived of that useful animal, it must infallibly lose every inhabitant." The chief use of the camel has always been as a beast of burden, and for performing journeys across the deserts. They have sometimes been used in war, to carry the baggage of an oriental army, and mingle in the tumult of the battle. Many of the Amalekite warriors, who burnt Ziklag in the time of David, were mounted on camels; for the sacred historian remarks, that of the whole army not a man escaped the furious onset of that heroic and exasperated leader, "save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled," 1 Samuel 30:17 .
The passage of Scripture in which our Lord says, "It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven," Matthew 19:24 , has been the occasion of much criticism. Some assert that near Jerusalem was a low gate called "the needle's eye," through which a camel could not pass unless his load was taken off. Others conjecture that καμιλος should be read καβιλος , a cable. But there are no ancient manuscripts to support the reading. In the Jewish Talmud, there is, however, a similar proverb respecting an elephant: "Rabbi Shesheth answered Rabbi Amram, who had advanced an absurdity, ‘Perhaps thou art one of the Pambidithians, who can make an elephant pass through the eye of a needle;'" that as, says the Aruch, "who speak things impossible." There is also a saying of the same kind in the Koran: "The impious, who in his arrogancy shall accuse our doctrine of falsity, shall find the gates of heaven shut; nor shall he enter there, till a camel shall pass through the eye of a needle. It is thus that we shall recompense the wicked," Surat. v. 37. Indeed, Grotius, Lightfoot, Wetstein, and Michaelis, join in opinion, that the comparison is so much in the figurative style of the oriental nations and of the rabbins, that the text is sufficiently authentic.
King James Dictionary - Camel
CAMEL, n.
1. A large quadruped used in Asia and Africa for carrying burdens, and for riders. As genus, the camel belongs to the order of Pecora. The characteristics are it has no horns it has six fore teeth in the under jaw the canine teeth are wide set, three in the upper and two in the lower jaw and there is a fissure in the upper lip. The dromedary of Arabian camel, has one bunch on the back, four callous protuberances on the fore legs and two on the hind legs. The Bactrian camel has two bunches on the back. The Llama of South America is a smaller animal, with a smooth back, small head, fine black eyes, and very long neck. The Pacos or sheep of Chili his no bunch. Camels constitute the riches of an Arabian, without which he could neither subsist, carry on trade nor travel over sandy desarts. Their milk is his common food. By the camels power of sustaining abstinence rom drink, for many days, and of subsisting on a few coarse shrubs, he is peculiarly fitted for the parched and barren lands of Asia and Africa. 2. In Holland, Camel, or Kameel, as Coxe writes it, is a machine for lifting ships, and bearing them over the Pampus, at the mouth of the river Y, or over other bars. It is also used in other places, and particularly at the dock in Petersburg, to bear vessels over a bar to Cronstadt.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Camel
Carrier, A beast of burden very common in the East, where it is called "the land-ship," and "the carrier of the desert." It is six or seven feet high, and is exceedingly strong, tough, and enduring of labor. The feet are constructed with a tough elastic sole, which prevents the animal from sinking in the sand; and on all sorts of ground it is very sure-footed. The Arabian species, most commonly referred to in Scripture, has but one hump on the back; while the Bactrian camel, found in central Asia, has two. While the animal is well fed, these humps swell with accumulated fat, which is gradually absorbed under scarcity and toil, to supply the lack of food. The dromedary is a lighter and swifter variety, otherwise not distinguishable from the common camel, Jeremiah 2:23 . Within the cavity of the stomach is a sort of paunch, provided with membranous cells to contain an extra provision of water: the supply with which this is filled will last for many days while he traverses the desert. His food is coarse leaves, twigs, thistles, which he prefers to the tenderest grass, and on which he performs the longest journeys. But generally, on a march, about a pound weight of dates, beans, or barley, will serve for twenty-four hours. The camel kneels to receive its load, which varies from 500 to 1,000 or 1,200 pounds. Meanwhile it is wont to utter loud cries or growls of anger and impatience. It is often obstinate and stupid, and at times ferocious; the young are as dull and ungainly as the old. Its average rate of travel is about two and one third miles an hour; and it jogs on with a sullen pertinacity hour after hour without fatigue, seeming as fresh at night as in the morning. No other animal could endure the severe and continual hardships of the camel, his rough usage, and his coarse and scanty food. The Arabians well say of him, "Job's beast is a monument of God's mercy."
This useful animal has been much employed in the East, from a very early period. The merchants of those sultry climes have found it the only means of exchanging the products of different lands, and from time immemorial long caravans have traversed year after year the almost pathless deserts, Genesis 37:25 . The number of one's camels was a token of his wealth. Job had 3,000, and the Midianites' camels were like the sand of the sea,
Judges 7:12 ; 1 Chronicles 5:21 ; Job 1:3 . Rebekah came to Isaac riding upon a camel, Genesis 24:64 ; the queen of Sheba brought them to Solomon, and Hazael to Elisha, laden with the choicest gifts, 1 Kings 10:2 ; 2 Kings 8:9 ; and they were even made serviceable in war, 1 Samuel 30:17 . The camel was to the Hebrews an unclean animal, Leviticus 11:4 ; yet its milk has ever been to the Arabs an important article of food, and is highly prized as a cooling and healthy drink. Indeed, no animal is more useful to the Arabs, while living or after death. Out of its skin they make for corn. Of its skin they make huge water bottles and leather sacks, also sandals, ropes, and thongs. Its dung, dried in the sun, serves them for fuel.
CAMELS' HAIR was woven into cloth in the East, some of it exceedingly fine and soft, but usually coarse and rough, used for making the coats of shepherds and camel-drivers, and for covering tents. It was this that John the Baptist wore, and not "soft raiment," Matthew 11:8 . Modern dervishes wear garments of this kind and this appears to be meant in 2 Kings 1:8 .
The expression, "It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle," etc., Matthew 19:24 , was a proverb to describe an impossibility. The same phrase occurs in the Koran; and a similar one in the Talmud, respecting an elephant's going through a needle's eye. See also the proverb in Matthew 23:24 , which illustrates the hypocrisy of the Pharisees by the custom of passing wine through a strainer. The old versions of the New Testament, instead of, "strain at" a gnat, have, "strain out," which conveys the true meaning.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Camel
The species of camel which was in common use among the Jews and the heathen nations of Palestine was the Arabian or one-humped camel, Camelus arabicus . The dromedary is a swifter animal than the baggage-camel, and is used chiefly for riding purposes; it is merely a finer breed than the other. The Arabs call it the heirie . The speed, of the dromedary has been greatly exaggerated, the Arabs asserting that it is swifter than the horse. Eight or nine miles an hour is the utmost it is able to perform; this pace, however, it is able to keep up for hours together. The Arabian camel carries about 500 pounds. "The hump on the camel's back is chiefly a store of fat, from which the animal draws as the wants of his system require; and the Arab is careful to see that the hump is in good condition before a long journey. Another interesting adaptation is the thick sole which protects the foot of the camel from the burning sand. The nostrils may be closed by valves against blasts of sand. Most interesting is the provision for drought made by providing the second stomach with great cells in which water is long retained. Sight and smell is exceedingly acute in the camel." -- Johnson's Encyc. It is clear from ( Genesis 12:16 ) that camels were early known to the Egyptians. The importance of the camel is shown by (Genesis 24:64 ; 37:25 ; Judges 7:12 ; 1 Samuel 27:9 ; 1 Kings 19:2 ; 2 Chronicles 14:15 ; Job 1:3 ; Jeremiah 49:29,32 ) and many other texts. John the Baptist wore a garment made of camel hair, (Matthew 3:4 ; Mark 1:6 ) the coarser hairs of the camel; and some have supposed that Elijah was clad in a dress of the same stuff.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Camel
1: κάμηλος (Strong's #2574 — Noun — kamelos — kam'-ay-los ) from a Hebrew word signifying "a bearer, carrier," is used in proverbs to indicate (a) "something almost or altogether impossible," Matthew 19:24 , and parallel passages, (b) "the acts of a person who is careful not to sin in trivial details, but pays no heed to more important matters," Matthew 23:24 .

Sentence search

Dromedary - (Isaiah 60:6 ), an African or Arabian species of Camel having only one hump, while the Bactrian Camel has two. It is distinguished from the Camel only as a trained saddle-horse is distinguished from a cart-horse. Camels are frequently spoken of in partriarchal times (Genesis 12:16 ; 24:10 ; 30:43 ; 31:17 , etc. The hair of the Camel falls off of itself in spring, and is woven into coarse cloths and garments (Matthew 3:4 ). (See Camel
Dromedary - ) The Arabian Camel (Camelus dromedarius), having one hump or protuberance on the back, in distinction from the Bactrian Camel, which has two humps
Gemalli - (gih mal' li) Personal name meaning, “my Camel” or “camel driver
Dromedary - A species of Camel, called also the Arabian Camel, with one bunch or protuberance on the back, in distinction from the Bactrian Camel, which has two bunches
Camel - The species of Camel which was in common use among the Jews and the heathen nations of Palestine was the Arabian or one-humped Camel, Camelus arabicus . The dromedary is a swifter animal than the baggage-camel, and is used chiefly for riding purposes; it is merely a finer breed than the other. The Arabian Camel carries about 500 pounds. "The hump on the Camel's back is chiefly a store of fat, from which the animal draws as the wants of his system require; and the Arab is careful to see that the hump is in good condition before a long journey. Another interesting adaptation is the thick sole which protects the foot of the Camel from the burning sand. Sight and smell is exceedingly acute in the Camel. It is clear from ( Genesis 12:16 ) that Camels were early known to the Egyptians. The importance of the Camel is shown by (Genesis 24:64 ; 37:25 ; Judges 7:12 ; 1 Samuel 27:9 ; 1 Kings 19:2 ; 2 Chronicles 14:15 ; Job 1:3 ; Jeremiah 49:29,32 ) and many other texts. John the Baptist wore a garment made of Camel hair, (Matthew 3:4 ; Mark 1:6 ) the coarser hairs of the Camel; and some have supposed that Elijah was clad in a dress of the same stuff
Dromedary - (See Camel
Dromedary - See Camel
Dromedary - See Camel
Gemalli - Wares; a Camel
Dromedary - See Camel
Camel - ...
Old Testament The Camel is adapted for desert travel with padded feet, a muscular body, and a hump of fat to sustain life on long journeys. A young Camel can walk one hundred miles in a day. Wealth was measured by many things including Camels (Genesis 24:35 ). The Jews were forbidden to eat the ceremonially unclean Camel, which chews the cud, but does not have a split hoof (Leviticus 11:4 ). An ill-tempered Camel in an unhampered rampage could quickly trample down the tents of a family or clan. Jeremiah thus described the sins of Israel saying they were as a swift she-camel, running wild (Jeremiah 2:23 ). The wise men who worshiped Jesus are traditionally pictured as riding Camels (Matthew 1:1 ). This may be a prophecy of Isaiah 60:6 which describes Camel riders from Sheba coming to bring gold, incense, and praises of the Lord. ...
New Testament John the Baptist, a desert preacher, wore the rough and plain clothes of Camel's hair. A proverb picturing things impossible to accomplish was quoted by Jesus when he said it is easier for a Camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven. A traditional but non-biblical illustration describes an unburdened Camel kneeling to creep under a low gate in a Jerusalem wall. Jesus describes hypocrites as persons who are very careful to strain out a gnat from a cup of drink, but swallow a Camel without notice
Needle's Eye - See Camel, ad fin
Gamaliel - Recompense of God; Camel of God
Camel's Hair - Camel’S HAIR . See Camel, Dress, § 1
Juwansa - ) The Camel's thorn. See under Camel
Dromedary - A breed of the Camel, remarkable for its speed. The dromedary is taller and has longer limbs than other varieties of Camel, and cannot as well bear heat or cold
Camel-Backed - ) Having a back like a Camel; humpbacked
Dromedary - A species of Camel
Obil - An Ishmaelite, Camel-herdsman of David
Chiloma - ) The tumid upper lip of certain mammals, as of a Camel
Gemal'li - (camel-driver ), the father of Ammiel, the Danite spy
Camel - Camels are very suited in their construction for the country in which they are used, their feet being especially fitted for the deserts, and their powers of endurance enabling them to travel without frequently drinking. Cases have been known of a Camel being killed for the sake of the water that could be found in it when its owner was dying of thirst. Job had 3,000 Camels. In Isaiah 21:7 we read of a 'chariot of Camels. ' Camels were not thus used in Palestine, but the prophecy refers to messengers coming from Babylon and there another species of Camel was common, called the Bactrian Camel, with two humps; these were at times linked in pairs to rude chariots. The Camel was by the Levitical law an unclean animal. ...
The DROMEDARY may be said to be the same animal as the Camel, the former name being applied to those of a lighter and more valuable breed. They are used for the same purposes as the Camel. ...
The proverb of a Camel being swallowed when a gnat was scrupulously strained out, Matthew 23:24 , is to show how the weightier precepts of God may be neglected along with great attention to trivial things. Another proverb is that "it is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. This has been thought to refer to the Camel squeezing through a small gate, which it could do with difficulty; but the Lord's explanation refers it to what was impossible in the nature of things, yet was possible with God
Obil - An Ishmaelite, appropriately herd of David's Camels (1 Chronicles 27:30). Αbal is Arabic for "camel keeper"
Bethgamul - ("house of the weaned," elsewhere used of the Camel). Probably now Um el Jemal, "mother of a Camel," one of the heretofore deserted cities of the Hauran
Deloul - ) A special breed of the dromedary used for rapid traveling; the swift Camel; - called also herire, and maharik
Beth-ga'Mul - (camel-house ), a town of Moab, in the downs east of Jordan
Agee - (ay' gee) Personal name perhaps meaning, “camel thorn
Camel - Camel, n. As genus, the Camel belongs to the order of Pecora. The dromedary of Arabian Camel, has one bunch on the back, four callous protuberances on the fore legs and two on the hind legs. The Bactrian Camel has two bunches on the back. Camels constitute the riches of an Arabian, without which he could neither subsist, carry on trade nor travel over sandy desarts. By the Camels power of sustaining abstinence rom drink, for many days, and of subsisting on a few coarse shrubs, he is peculiarly fitted for the parched and barren lands of Asia and Africa. In Holland, Camel, or Kameel, as Coxe writes it, is a machine for lifting ships, and bearing them over the Pampus, at the mouth of the river Y, or over other bars
Camel - Camel . The bones of Camels are found among the remains of the earliest Semitic civilization at Gezer, b. 3000 or earlier, and to-day Camels are among the most common and important of domesticated animals in Palestine. Two species are known: the one-humped Camelus dromedarius , by far the more common in Bible lands; and the Bactrian, two-humped Camelus bactrianus , which comes from the plateau of Central Asia. Their owners often ride on the top of the load, or on the empty baggage-saddle when returning; Moslem women and children are carried in a kind of palanquin the Camel’s furniture of Genesis 31:34 . For swift travelling a different breed of Camel known as hajîn is employed. Such a Camel will get over the ground at eight to ten miles an hour, and keep going eighteen hours in the twenty-four. ...
Camels are bred by countless thousands in the lands to the E. The Bedouin live largely upon the milk of Camels ( Genesis 32:15 ) and also occasionally eat their flesh, which was forbidden to the Israelites ( Deuteronomy 14:17 , Leviticus 11:4 ). They also ride them on their raids, and endeavour to capture the Camels of hostile clans. The fellahin use Camels for ploughing and harrowing. ...
The Camel is a stupid and long-enduring animal, but at times, especially in certain months, he occasionally ‘runs amok,’ and then he is very dangerous. The Camel’s hair which is used for weaving (Mark 1:6 , Matthew 3:4 ) is specially taken from the back, neck, and neighbourhood of the hump: over the rest of the body the ordinary Camel has his hair worn short. The special adaptation of the Camel to its surroundings lies in its compound stomach, two compartments of which, the rumen and the reticulum , are especially constructed for the storage of a reserve supply of water; its hump, which though useful to man for attachment of burdens and saddles, is primarily a reserve store of fat; and its wonderful fibrous padded feet adapted to the softest sandy soil. The Camel is thus able to go longer without food and drink than any other burden-bearing animal, and is able to traverse deserts quite unadapted to the slender foot of the horse and the ass. On slippery soil, rock or mud, the Camel is, however, a helpless flounderer. The Camel’s food is chiefly tibn (chopped straw), kursenneh , beans, oil-cake, and occasionally some grain. ...
In the NT references to the Camel it is more satisfactory to take the expressions ‘swallow a Camel’ (Matthew 23:24 ) and ‘It is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle,’ etc
Obil - (oh' bihl) Personal name of uncertain —meaning, perhaps “camel driver,” “tender,” or “mourner. ” Overseer in charge of David's Camels (1 Chronicles 27:30 )
Zumbooruk - ) A small cannon supported by a swiveled rest on the back of a Camel, whence it is fired, - used in the East
Camel, Camel's Hair - CAMEL, Camel’S HAIR. —The Camel is by far the most useful of all animals in the East. There are two kinds of Camels—the Turkish or Bactrian Camel and the dromedary. The Camel has been domesticated from time immemorial; it is now at least nowhere found in its aboriginal wild state, and nature has adapted it to its specific environment. ...
The Camel forms the staple wealth of the Arab of the desert, who utilizes every part of the animal, even to the dung, which is used as fuel. ...
The Camel is mentioned three times in the Gospels, on two occasions as a synonym for size or bulkiness; Matthew 19:24 (= Mark 10:25, Luke 18:25), ‘It is easier for a Camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God’; and Matthew 23:24 ‘Ye blind guides, which strain out the gnat, and swallow the Camel. 38), ‘As for those who declare our signs to be lies, and who scorn them, the doors of heaven will not be open to them, nor will they enter Paradise, until a Camel shall penetrate into the eye of a needle’—that is, never. ...
In the second of the two passages above, the Camel is contrasted with the gnat, ‘Ye blind guides, which strain out a gnat, and drink down a Camel. In Arabic the elephant rather than the Camel is chosen to designate hugeness, as in the song of Kaab ibn Zuheir—...
‘If there stood in the place which I stand in an elephant,...
Hearing and seeing what I see and hear. ...
His shoulder muscles with dread would be twitching’;...
and the Camel is an emblem of patience and silent endurance, and goes by the name of ‘the father of Job. ...
Camel’s hair or wool, as it is called, is woven by the Arabs into tent-covers, and also into rough outer garments for the peasantry
Bunch - ...
The "bunch of a Camel" (Isaiah 30:6 )
Water Cell - ), one of the cells or chambers in which water is stored up in the stomach of a Camel
Camel - The Camel is remarkable for its ability to go a long time without drinking. The dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) has one bunch on the back, while the Bactrian Camel (C. By admitting water, the Camel or Camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted
Lama - A small species of Camel, the Camelus lama of South America
Oreodon - It is more or less related to the Camel, hog, and deer
Hump - The fleshy mound on the back of a Camel where food is stored in the form of fat. Isaiah 30:6 refers to burdens carried on Camels' humps (“bunches KJV)
Beth-Gamul - Camel-house, a city in the "plain country" of Moab denounced by the prophet (Jeremiah 48:23 ); probably the modern Um-el-Jemal, near Bozrah, one of the deserted cities of the Hauran
Ben-Hur - (behn-huhr) Personal name meaning, “son of a Camel” or “son of Horus
ko'a - (he-camel ) is a word which occurs only in ( Ezekiel 23:23 ) It may perhaps have been a city or district of Babylonia; or it may be a common noun, signifying "prince" or "nobleman
Camel - From the Hebrew Gamal , "to repay" or "requite," as the Camel does the care of its master. There are two distinct species of Camels, having, however, the common characteristics of being "ruminants without horns, without muzzle, with nostrils forming oblique slits, the upper lip divided and separately movable and extensile, the soles of the feet horny, with two toes covered by claws, the limbs long, the abdomen drawn up, while the neck, long and slender, is bent up and down, the reverse of that of a horse, which is arched. " ...
The Bactrian Camel is distinguished by two humps. ...
...
The Arabian Camel or dromedary, from the Greek Dromos , "A runner" ( Isaiah 60:6 ; Jeremiah 2:23 ), has but one hump, and is a native of Western Asia or Africa. The Camel was early used both for riding and as a beast of burden (Genesis 24:64 ; 37:25 ), and in war (1 Samuel 30:17 ; Isaiah 21:7 ). Mention is made of the Camel among the cattle given by Pharaoh to Abraham (Genesis 12:16 ). Abraham's servant rode on a Camel when he went to fetch a wife for Isaac (Genesis 24:10,11 ). Jacob had Camels as a portion of his wealth (30:43), as Abraham also had (24:35). He sent a present of thirty milch Camels to his brother Esau (32:15). Camels were much in use among other nations in the East. The queen of Sheba came with a caravan of Camels when she came to see the wisdom of Solomon (1 Kings 10:2 ; 2 Chronicles 9:1 ). Benhadad of Damascus also sent a present to Elisha, "forty Camels' burden" (2 Kings 8:9 ). ...
To show the difficulty in the way of a rich man's entering into the kingdom, our Lord uses the proverbial expression that it was easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle (Matthew 19:24 ). ...
To strain at (rather, out) a gnat and swallow a Camel was also a proverbial expression (Matthew 23:24 ), used with reference to those who were careful to avoid small faults, and yet did not hesitate to commit the greatest sins. ...
The raiment worn by John the Baptist was made of Camel's hair (Matthew 3:4 ; Mark 1:6 ), by which he was distinguished from those who resided in royal palaces and wore soft raiment. ) was probably made of Camel's hair
Needle's Eye - This occurs in the gospels in the saying that it is easier for a Camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven. Efforts have been made to refer 'the eye of a needle' to a wicket gate, through which a Camel can pass, but only with great difficulty; but the Lord speaks of it as something 'impossible' except to God
Colt - COLT is applied in the Bible not to the young horse, but to the young ass, and once ( Genesis 32:15 ) to the young Camel
Camel - Camel. There are two species: the Bactrian and the Arabian Camel. Camel's furniture is mentioned, Genesis 31:34, perhaps a kind of litter or canopied seat; and it is not improbable that the panniers or baskets, which are suspended on both sides of the animal, were employed anciently as now. The Camel is ill-tempered, vindictive, and obstinate; but its value to man may be estimated by what has been said. The Camel was well known in early ages
Day's Journey - The usual length of a day's journey in the East, on Camel or horseback, in six or eight hours, is about 25 or 30 miles
Becher - Personal name meaning, “firstborn” or “young male Camel
Camel - The Arabian species, most commonly referred to in Scripture, has but one hump on the back; while the Bactrian Camel, found in central Asia, has two. The dromedary is a lighter and swifter variety, otherwise not distinguishable from the common Camel, Jeremiah 2:23 . The Camel kneels to receive its load, which varies from 500 to 1,000 or 1,200 pounds. No other animal could endure the severe and continual hardships of the Camel, his rough usage, and his coarse and scanty food. The number of one's Camels was a token of his wealth. Job had 3,000, and the Midianites' Camels were like the sand of the sea, ...
Judges 7:12 ; 1 Chronicles 5:21 ; Job 1:3 . Rebekah came to Isaac riding upon a Camel, Genesis 24:64 ; the queen of Sheba brought them to Solomon, and Hazael to Elisha, laden with the choicest gifts, 1 Kings 10:2 ; 2 Kings 8:9 ; and they were even made serviceable in war, 1 Samuel 30:17 . The Camel was to the Hebrews an unclean animal, Leviticus 11:4 ; yet its milk has ever been to the Arabs an important article of food, and is highly prized as a cooling and healthy drink. ...
CamelS' HAIR was woven into cloth in the East, some of it exceedingly fine and soft, but usually coarse and rough, used for making the coats of shepherds and Camel-drivers, and for covering tents. ...
The expression, "It is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle," etc
Bunch - ‘something dried ’), bunch is used also for the hump of a Camel in Isaiah 30:6
Dromedary - The dromedary is a race of Camels chiefly remarkable for its prodigious swiftness. The most observable difference between it and the Camel is, that it has but one protuberance on the back; and instead of the slow solemn walk to which that animal is accustomed, it will go as far in one day as the Camel in three
Camel - The Camel is very common in Arabia, Judea, and the neighbouring countries; and is often mentioned in Scripture, and reckoned among the most valuable property, 1 Chronicles 5:21 ; Job 1:3 , &c. "No creature," says Volney, "seems so peculiarly fitted to the climate in which he exists as the Camel. So great, in short, is the importance of the Camel to the desert, that, were it deprived of that useful animal, it must infallibly lose every inhabitant. " The chief use of the Camel has always been as a beast of burden, and for performing journeys across the deserts. Many of the Amalekite warriors, who burnt Ziklag in the time of David, were mounted on Camels; for the sacred historian remarks, that of the whole army not a man escaped the furious onset of that heroic and exasperated leader, "save four hundred young men, which rode upon Camels, and fled," 1 Samuel 30:17 . ...
The passage of Scripture in which our Lord says, "It is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven," Matthew 19:24 , has been the occasion of much criticism. Some assert that near Jerusalem was a low gate called "the needle's eye," through which a Camel could not pass unless his load was taken off. " There is also a saying of the same kind in the Koran: "The impious, who in his arrogancy shall accuse our doctrine of falsity, shall find the gates of heaven shut; nor shall he enter there, till a Camel shall pass through the eye of a needle
Needle - Jesus' teaching that “it is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God” (Matthew 19:24 ; compare Mark 10:25 ; Luke 18:25 ) illustrates the impossibility of a rich person's being saved apart from the intervention of God who does the impossible (Matthew 19:26 ). Some late Greek manuscripts read rope (kamilos ) for Camel (kamelos )
Sin: Its Encroaching Nature - The Arabs have a fable of a miller who one day was startled by a Camel's nose thrust in the window of the room where he was sleeping. 'It is very cold outside,' said the Camel, 'I only want to get my nose in. 'If you are inconvenienced you may leave,' said the Camel; 'as for myself, I shall stay where I am. ' There are many such Camels knocking at the human heart. ' So in comes the nose of the Camel, and it is not long before the entire body follows
Marah - If the passage was in the neighbourhood of Suez, Wâdy Hawarah , about 15 to 16 hours’ Camel-ride from ‘the Wells of Moses’ (nearly opposite Suez on the E
Nat - This is in comparison with the big animal, the Camel, which represents the same kind of things in the lives of others, which we do not condone
Ephah - Midian abounded in Camels to carry their merchandise (Judges 6:5); the Camel is the ship of the desert
Cord - The materials of which cord was made varied according to the strength required; the strongest rope was probably made of strips of Camel hide, as still used by the Bedouins
Travel - To move, walk or pass, as a beast, a horse, ox or Camel. A horse travels fifty miles in a day a Camel twenty
Sackcloth - A garment of coarse material fashioned from goat or Camel hair worn as a sign of mourning or anguish, also marked by fasting and sitting on an ash heap (Isaiah 58:5 )
Needle - —Although the needle is of prehistoric origin, having been made out of fish bones before the discovery of bronze, it is mentioned only in one passage in the Bible: ‘It is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle,’ etc. ...
The phrase cited above from the Gospels was used in the schools, with the substitution of an elephant for a Camel, to express something which does not happen. † Gnat - Ye blind guides, who strain at a gnat, and swallow a Camel
Gnat - A small winged stinging insect, a mosquito, spoken of in the proverbial expression, Matthew 23:24 , "Ye strain at a gnat, and swallow in a Camel," which should read, as it did in the first English translations, "Ye strain out a gnat," etc
Camel - ...
Matthew 19:24 (a) The Camel is a literal one and the eye of the needle is a literal eye of a literal needle. ...
Matthew 23:24 (a) Our Lord compares a small, insignificant story to a gnat, and a great and preposterous yarn to a Camel
Plough - The slight scratching which constitutes eastern ploughing never requires more than one pair of cattle, and often a single cow or ass or Camel was doubtless used, as now
Camauro - (Latin: Camelaucum, from the Greek kamelauchion = Camel skin hat)
Gnat - This may help us to understand that passage, Matthew 23:24 , where the proverbial expression of carefully straining out a little fly from the liquor to be drunk, and yet swallowing a Camel, intimates, that the scribes and Pharisees affected to scruple little things, and yet disregarded those of the greatest moment
Contentment - Well, you may be sure that we did not engage an ordinary broad carriage, for that would have found the passage as difficult as the needle's eye to the Camel; but our landlord had a very narrow chaise for us, just the very thing for threading those fourfeet passages
Kadmonite - Job (Job 1:3 ), the Camel-riding Midianite kings (Judges 8:10-12 ,Judges 8:10-12,8:21 ,Judges 8:21,8:26 ) and the wise men whose names have Arabian associations (1 Kings 4:30-31 ) are all described as sons of the east
Shittim Wood, Shittah Tree - giraffa (Camel-thorn) was used, which he calls an 'imperishable' wood
Camel - The Bactrian two-humped Camel is a variety. Camel's hair was woven into coarse cloth, such as what John the Baptist wore (Matthew 3:4). " In Isaiah 60:6 and Jeremiah 2:23 beeker should be translated not "dromedary," but "young Camel
Seba, Sabeans - The Sabeans are credited with domesticating the Camel so that such journeys could be made
Gideon - Their use of the Camel allowed them to ride in, destroy crops, take plunder, and then escape back into the desert with such speed the Israelites could not catch them. See Camel ; Judge; Midianites
Mule - " (See Camel
Firstborn - The firstling of a clean beast was offered at the temple, not to be redeemed, but to be killed; an unclean beast, a horse, an ass, or a Camel, was either redeemed or exchanged; an ass was redeemed by a lamb or five shekels; if not redeemed, it was killed, Exodus 13:2,11 , etc
Esther (2) - The language of the book contains several Persian words, translated "satrap," "post," "edict," "royal" (not "camel;" 8:10, and 14 read "swift steeds that were used in the king's service, bred of the stud," R
Women - Rebekah travelled on a Camel with her face unveiled until she came into the presence of her affianced
Hair - ...
John Baptist was clothed in a garment made of Camel's hair, not with a Camel's skin, as painters and sculptors represent him, but with coarse camlet made of Camel's hair. The coat of the Camel in some places yields very fine silk, of which are made stuffs of very great price; but in general this animal's hair is hard, and scarcely fit for any but coarse habits, and a kind of hair cloth. Some are of opinion that camlet derives its name from the Camel, being originally composed of the wool and hair of Camels; but at present there is no Camel's hair in the composition of it, as it is commonly woven and sold among us
Load - ...
The word means that which is borne by a man, an ass, a mule, or a Camel: “If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him …” ( Old - Advanced far in years or life having lived beyond the middle period, or rather towards the end of life, or towards the end of the ordinary term of living applied to animals or plants as an old man an old age an old Camel or horse an old tree
Ride - We ride on a horse, on a Camel, in a coach, chariot, wagon, &c
Gate (2) - It has sometimes been thought that this was referred to when Christ spoke of a Camel passing through the eye of a needle (Matthew 19:24); but there is nothing either in the sense of the original words or in Eastern custom to support such a supposition. See Camel
Becher - ("first-born"); Gesenius, young Camel: BECHORATH
Horse - Throughout the OT up to the Exile they appear only as war-horses; the ass, the mule, and the Camel were the beasts for riding and burden-bearing
Fly - " The Camel is also obliged to fly before these insects; and the elephant and rhinoceros coat themselves with a thick armor of mud
Horse - ...
The Camel, one of Abram's possessions in Egypt, is not mentioned in Joseph's time nor on the Egyptian monuments. Their early possession of the desert of Sinai makes it certain they knew and must have used the Camel there, "the ship of the desert," but they avoid mentioning it as being unclean
Animals - The beasts of burden in Palestine in the time of our Lord were the ass and the Camel. ...
The Camel (κάμηλος) figures in two sayings of our Lord which have a proverbial ring. (Thomson notes that the Camel is still the subject of many Arabian proverbs). The three Synoptics record the saying, ‘It is easier for a Camel to pass through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God’ (Matthew 19:24, Mark 10:25, Luke 18:25). ‘Camel’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible). The second reference is found in the denunciation of the Pharisees, who strain out a gnat while they gulp down a Camel (Matthew 23:24). A Camel-caravan would be one of the sights of our Lord’s boyhood, and the awkwardness of meeting a Camel in the narrow street, which modern travellers experience, was not unknown nineteen hundred years ago. The Camel must have been the largest animal with which our Lord was familiar, and in both sayings it is mentioned for its size. ...
The only other reference to the Camel occurs in the description of the dress of John the Baptist, whose garment, like that of Elijah, was of Camel’s hair (Matthew 3:4, Mark 1:6)
Load - To lay on a burden to put on or in something to be carried, or as much as can be carried as, to load a Camel or a horse to load a cart or wagon
Impossibility - God is able to save to the uttermost (Luke 18:27), though it seems like the passage of a Camel through a needle’s eye for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of heaven (Matthew 19:24, Mark 10:25)
Ostrich - יענח ; in Arabic neamah; in Greek στρουθοκαμηλος , the Camel bird; and still in the east, says Niebuhr, it is called thar edsjammel, "the Camel bird," Leviticus 11:16 ; Deuteronomy 14:15 ; Job 30:29 ; Isaiah 13:21 ; Isaiah 34:13 ; Isaiah 43:20 ; Jeremiah 50:39 ; Lamentations 4:3 ; Micah 1:8 ; רננים , Job 39:13
Mill-Stone - If the reference be to the larger kind of stone driven by animal or water power, the allusion would be a case of emphatic hyperbole, like the passage of a Camel through the slit of a needle (Matthew 19:24)
Wealth - Luke 6:24-256), and this conception finds a dramatic illustration in the story of the rich young ruler, whose refusal to give up his wealth and follow Christ leads our Lord to say, ‘How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!’, and ‘It is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God’ (Mark 10:23; Mark 10:25, Matthew 19:23-24, Luke 18:24-25)
Carmel - Von Richter says, "Mount Camel is entirely covered with green; on its summit are pines and oaks, and farther down olive and laurel trees
Light - A light burden for a Camel, may be insupportable to a horse. ...
She lighted off the Camel
Ass - The little ass carrying the barley, which leads every train of Camels, is a characteristic sight. In ploughing, the modern fellahin actually seem to prefer to yoke together an ox and an ass, or a Camel and an ass (contrast Deuteronomy 22:10 )
Animals, Clean And Unclean - Dividing the hoof and chewing the cud may point to a steady patient walk (as the Camel or the ox), and the digesting or meditating upon what is received: cf
Wayfaring Men - "As it would be next to an impossibility to find the way over these stony flats, where the heavy foot of a Camel leaves no impression, the different bands of robbers," wild Arabs, he means, who frequent that desert, "have heaped up stones at unequal distances for their direction through this desert
First-Born - An unclean beast, a horse, an ass, or a Camel, was either redeemed or exchanged
Animals - When the Israelites returned to Palestine from the Babylonian captivity, they brought with them 6,720 asses (Ezra 2:67 ), about six times the number of horses and Camels they possessed. Camel A Camel is a large, hump-backed ruminant (chews cud) of Asia and Africa. ...
The Camel has been called the “ship of the desert,” being a primary mode of transportation for taking goods and people across dry, hot terrain. When Camels were introduced into Palestine is a matter of ongoing debate. In addition, the storage of fat in its hump makes it possible for the Camel to subsist on little food when taking a desert journey. Camel hair was used for tents and for clothes (Mark 1:6 ). They were especially good for moving heavy burdens in mountainous areas, being better than the horse, ass, or Camel
Proverbs - ‘Easier for a Camel to pass through the needle’s eye’ (Matthew 19:24 = Mark 10:25 = Luke 18:25)—a proverb denoting an impossibility. The absurd exaggeration is characteristically Oriental, and should not be toned down either by substituting κάμιλος, ‘cable,’ for κάμηλος, ‘camel,’ or by supposing ‘needle’s eye’ to mean postern-gate; cf. :...
‘It is as hard to come as for a Camel...
To thread the postern of a needle’s eye. : ‘Verily they who shall charge our signs with falsehood and shall proudly reject them, the gates of Heaven shall not be opened unto them, neither shall they enter into Paradise, until a Camel pass through the eye of a needle. ‘Straining out the gnat and gulping down the Camel’ (Matthew 23:24). 3: ‘One who kills a flea on the Sabbath is as guilty as one who should kill a Camel on the Sabbath. under ‘Absurda’) quotes a Latin adage: ‘Transmisso Camelo, culex in cribro deprehensus haesit,’ and refers to the bantering remark of Anacharsis the Scythian when he found Solon busy drawing up his laws
Metaphors - Every one who listened to Jesus mentally supplied the resemblance between the ‘gnat’ and the ritual peccadilloes which these men, so scrupulous of their meat and drink, ‘strained out,’ and between the ‘camel’ and the gross sins against the moral law which they swallowed so complacently. These hair-splitting theologians, so particular in their eating, strain out the gnat but swallow the Camel (Matthew 23:24). * Ostrich - The largest of birds, and a sort of connecting link between fowls and quadrupeds, termed by the Persians, Arabs, and by Greeks, the "camel-bird
Hair (2) - ...
The Baptist’s garment of Camel’s hair (θρὶξ καμήλου, Matthew 3:4) is probably identical with אַדֵּרָח שׂעִר of Zechariah 13:4, and that of his great prototype (2 Kings 1:8, where we should read with (Revised Version margin) ‘a man with a garment of hair’). 515) of the Camel is softer, and of this an inner cloak is often worn, e
Transportation And Travel - The Bible mentions several different types of draft animals: donkeys, mules, Camels, and oxen. ...
Camels appear several times in the text carrying huge loads (five times that of a donkey). Ben-hadad, the king of Syria, sent “forty Camel-loads” of goods to Elisha in an attempt to learn if he would recover from an illness. In another case Isaiah denounced the leaders of Judah for sending Camel loads of gifts to Egypt to buy their aid against Assyria ( Isaiah 30:6 ). Because of their broad, but tender hoofs, best fit for desert travel, the Camel was of little use in the hill country
Measures - The term, a day's journey, Numbers 11:31; Luke 2:44, probably indicated no certain distance, but was taken to be the ordinary distance which a person in the East travels on foot, or on horseback or Camel, in the prosecution of a journey—about 20 miles
Proverb - The final mark of literary publicity was conferred by a rhetorical touch of picturesque hyperbole, as in the reference to a Camel passing through the eye of a needle ( Matthew 19:24 )
Humour - The simile that follows, of the Camel and the needle’s eye, shows recourse to the grotesque again (Mark 10:25)
Beam And Mote - , in the Camel and the needle’s eye
Name, Names - When a man was wanted to milk a Camel, Mohammed disqualified one applicant after another till a man came whose name meant ‘Long Life’; if one of his converts was called ‘Rough,’ he called him ‘Smooth’; he was even guided in his strategy by the names of the places en route (Margoliouth, Mohammed , p. In David’s day we find individuals, possibly members of such clans, called Eglah (‘calf’), Laish (‘lion’), Bichri (from becher , ‘a young Camel’)
Georgius, Arian Bishop of Alexandria - They flung the mangled body of George on a Camel, which they led through every part of the city, dragging the two other corpses along with ropes, and eventually burned the remains on the shore, casting the ashes into the sea
Shem - The names of the letters, 'Αleph ( א ) (an "ox"), Gimel ( ג ) (a "camel"), Lamed[1] ( ל ) (an "ox-goad"), Τet[1] ( ט ) (a "snake"), suit a nomadic people as the Hebrew, rather than a seafaring people as the Phoenicians; these therefore received letters from the Hebrew, not vice versa
Whirlwind - The unfortunate Camel that had been taken by Cohala seemed to be nearly in the centre of its vortex; it was lifted and thrown down at a considerable distance, and several of its ribs broken; although, as far as I could guess, I was not near the centre, it whirled me off my feet, and threw me down upon my face, so as to make my nose gush out with blood: two of the servants, likewise, had the same fate
Fuel - Russel remarks, in a note, that "the Arabs carefully collect the dung of the sheep and Camel, as well as that of the cow; and that the dung, offals, and other matters, used in the bagnios, after having been new gathered in the streets, are carried out of the city, and laid in great heaps to dry, where they become very offensive
Wealth - On the one hand, we find Him bidding a rich young man sell his all and give to the poor ( Mark 10:21 ), and then telling His disciples that it is easier for a Camel to go through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God
Unclean And Clean - The Israelite treated his unclean Camel and donkey as carefully, and came into contact with them as often, as his ox or sheep
Kingdom of God - He even said that it is more difficult for the rich to enter the kingdom than for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle (Matthew 19:24 )
Hornet - The Camel, emphatically called by the Arabs the ship of the desert, though his size is immense as is his strength, and his body covered with a thick skin, defended with strong hair, still is not able to sustain the violent punctures the fly makes with his pointed proboscis
Vine - Besides the large quantities of grapes and raisins which are daily sent to the markets of Jerusalem and other neighboring places, Hebron alone in the first half of the eighteenth century, annually sent three hundred Camel loads, or nearly three hundred thousand pounds weight of grape juice, or honey of raisins, to Egypt
Locust - They likened "the head of the locust to that of the horse; its breast to that of the lion; its feet to those of the Camel; its body to that of the serpent; its tail to that of the scorpion; its antennae, if I mistake not, to the locks of hair of a virgin; and so of other parts
Phoenice - The names of the four Greek letters Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, are without meaning in Greek; but the Hebrew 'Αleph ( א ), Βet[1] ( ב ), Gimel ( ג ) Daleth ( ד ), mean respectively ox, house, Camel, door; so, in the main, the rest. The Hebrew or Phoenician originally are rude pictures of the objects signified by the names: 'Αleph ( א ), of an ox head; Gimel ( ג ), of a Camel's back; Daleth ( ד ), of a tent door; Vav ( ו ), of a hook or peg; Lamed[1] ( ל ), of an ox goad; 'Αyin ( ע ), of an eye; Qoph ( ק ), of the back of the head; Resh ( ר ), of a head; Τav [3] ( ת ), of a cross
John the Baptist - He was an ascetic living in the wilderness, clothed in Camel hair and subsisting on locusts and wild honey (Matthew 3:4 ; Mark 1:6 )
Cloth, Clothing - ...
Other resources included silk, hemp, Camel hair, and goat hair
Clean, Cleanness - If an animal such as a Camel possessed only one of the two stated requirements, it was still regarded as unclean
James, the Letter - Church tradition noted his exceptional piety, reporting that the knees of the saintly James were like those of a Camel due to the unusual amounts of time spent on his knees before God
Assyria - Of animals, the bear, deer, wolf, lynx, hyena, antelope, lion, tiger, beaver, and Camel were common
Food - From the females of the herd and of the flock ( Deuteronomy 32:14 ), especially from the she-goat ( Proverbs 27:27 ), probably also from the milch-camel ( Genesis 32:15 ), came the supply of milk and its preparations, butter and cheese , for which see Milk. and parallels), the Camel, the hare, and the ass (but see 2 Kings 6:25 )
Commerce - Eventually, the introduction of the Camel and the establishment of caravansaries (inns where caravans can rest at night) as storage and rest centers, made it possible for merchants to take a more direct route across the deserts of northern Syria and Arabia
Clean, Unclean - Some excluded animals such as the Camel, which have no association with disease when ingested
Wealth (2) - The strongest saying of Jesus against wealth, ‘It is easier for a Camel to go through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God,’ is recorded by Mt
Laughter - The pictures of a man endeavouring to serve two masters at once (Matthew 6:24), of another who feeds swine with pearls (Matthew 7:6), of a Camel trying to get through a needle’s eye (Matthew 19:24), of a light being put under a bushel (Matthew 5:15), of him who sees a splinter in his brother’s eye, but fails to notice the beam in his own (Matthew 7:8), of Beelzebub at variance with Beelzebub (1618449279_7 ff
Profaning, Profanity - To Jesus this was an illustration of the readiness of the Jewish leaders ‘to blend religious rigorism and utter worldliness,’ or, in His own words on another occasion, to ‘strain out the gnat and swallow the Camel’ (Matthew 23:24)
Arabia - The word flock, used here, must not convey the idea naturally entertained in our own country of sheep only, but, together with these or goats, horned cattle and Camels, the most indispensable of animals to the Midianite. It consists almost entirely of one vast and lonesome wilderness, a boundless level of sand, whose dry and burning surface denies existence to all but the Arab and his Camel. Here, with a few dates, the milk of his faithful Camel, and perhaps a little corn, brought by painful journeys from distant regions, or plundered from a passing caravan, the Arab supports a hard existence, until the failure of his resources impels him to seek another ...
oasis, or the scanty herbage furnished on a patch of soil by transient rains; or else, which is frequently the case, to resort, by more distant migration, to the banks of the Euphrates; or, by hostile inroads on the neighbouring countries, to supply those wants which the recesses of the desert have denied. The care of the sheep and Camels is abandoned to the women of the tribe; but the martial youth, under the banner of the emir, is ever on horseback and in the field, to practise the exercise of the bow, the javelin, and the scimitar. Their horses and Camels, who in eight or ten days can perform a march of four or five hundred miles, disappear before the conqueror; the secret waters of the desert elude his search; and his victorious troops are consumed with thirst, hunger, and fatigue, in the pursuit of an invisible foe, who scorns his efforts, and safely reposes in the heart of the burning solitude
Mockery - To imagine that by one course Pilate would have escaped the charge of treason which he would have incurred by the other, is indeed to strain out the gnat and swallow the Camel
James the Lord's Brother - He wore no wool, but linen only, and he was such a man of prayer that when they came to coffin him his knees were as hard and as stiff to bend as the knees of a Camel. Had his elder Brother been a Pharisee, had He been a Scribe, had He been a John the Baptist, had His raiment been of Camel's hair, had His meat been locusts and wild honey, and had He had His dwelling among the rocks, James would have found it far easier to believe in his Brother
Egypt - The animals of Egypt, besides the usual kinds of tame cattle, are the wild ox or buffalo in great numbers, the ass and Camel, dogs in multitudes without masters, the ichneumon, the crocodile, and the hippopotamus
Woe - He then condemned them for omitting ‘the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and fidelity,’ while they were so exact in tithing their smaller garden herbs, thus ‘straining out a gnat and swallowing a Camel’ (Matthew 23:23-24); and for so carefully observing, ‘in preparing their food, the ceremonial rules for preserving their Levitical purity,’ while they were not careful ‘to avoid the moral defilement caused by the unlawful acquisition of that food, and by using it to minister to intemperance’ (Matthew 23:25-26, Wendt, i
Agriculture - —The sheaves thus prepared were carried to the threshing-floor on the backs of men or of beasts of burden, such as donkeys, horses, or Camels. In modern Palestine the sieve in common use is a wooden hoop with a mesh made of Camel-hide
Christ, Christology - It is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God" (Mark 10:23 b, 25 )
Palestine - The domesticated animals are the Camel, cow, buffalo (only in the Jordan Valley), sheep, horse, donkey, swine (only among Christians), and domestic fowl
Palesti'na - Of domestic animals we need only mention the Arabian or one-humped Camel, the ass, the mule and the horse, all of which are in general use
Gospels, Apocryphal - And He turned and said to Simon His disciple, who was sitting by Him: Simon, son of John, it is easier for a Camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven” ’ (Origen, in Matthew 15:14 )
Mental Characteristics - ‘Give to him that asketh of thee’ (Matthew 5:42),—though experience shows too surely how much moral mischief may be done by indiscriminate charity; ‘Ask, and it shall be given you’ (Matthew 7:7),—though prayers by no means always win what has been prayed for; ‘It is easier for a Camel to go through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God’ (Mark 10:25),—though wealth used worthily is no such bar to entry, and must itself be regarded as a ‘loan from the Lord