What does Beth-Shemesh mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh
House of the sun.
A sacerdotal city in the tribe of Dan (Joshua 21:16 ; 1 Samuel 6:15 ), on the north border of Judah (Joshua 15:10 ). It was the scene of an encounter between Jehoash, king of Israel, and Amaziah, king of Judah, in which the latter was made prisoner (2 Kings 14:11,13 ). It was afterwards taken by the Philistines (2 Chronicles 28:18 ). It is the modern ruined Arabic village 'Ain-shems, on the north-west slopes of the mountains of Judah, 14 miles west of Jerusalem.
A city between Dothan and the Jordan, near the southern border of Issachar (Joshua 19:22 ), 7 1/2 miles south of Beth-shean. It is the modern Ain-esh-Shemsiyeh.
One of the fenced cities of Naphtali ( Joshua 19:38 ), between Mount Tabor and the Jordan. Now Khurbet Shema, 3 miles west of Safed. But perhaps the same as No. 2.
An idol sanctuary in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:13 ); called by the Greeks Heliopolis, and by the Egyptians On (q.v.), Genesis 41:45 .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh
(behth-sshee' mehssh) Place name meaning, “house of the sun.” Beth-shemesh is a name applied to four different cities in the Old Testament. The name probably derives from a place where the Semitic god Shemesh (Shamash) was worshiped. 1. Beth-shemesh of Issachar was situated on the tribal border with Naphtali between Mt. Tabor and the Jordan River (Joshua 19:22 ). Present scholarship identifies the city with either el-Abeidiyeh, two miles south of Galilee, or khirbet Shemsin, east of Tabor. 2. Beth-shemesh of Naphtali was probably located in central upper Galilee because of its association with Beth-anath (Joshua 19:38 ; Judges 1:33 ). This Canaanite town remained independent and unconquered until the time of David. The site khirbet er-Ruweisi has been suggested as a possible location. 3. Beth-shemesh of Egypt is to be identified with Heliopolis (five miles northeast of Cairo) according to the Septuagint or early Greek translation (Jeremiah 43:13 ). Jeremiah told of the Lord's judgment upon the gods of Egypt by depicting the destruction of the worship centers. 4. Beth-shemesh of Dan is located on the south tribal border with Judah (Joshua 15:10 ; Joshua 19:41 ) overlooking the Sorek Valley about 24 miles west of Jerusalem. The ancient name was preserved in the Arab village of Ain Shems, and the “tell” is identified with tell er-Rumeilah. Beth-shemesh guarded the lush farmlands of the Sorek Valley at the point at which the Shephelah (foothills) borders the Judean hill country. It was also situated in the strategic “buffer zone” between the Philistines and the Israelites during the judges period.
The Danite tribe was unable to control the lands of its inheritance because of the Amorites (Judges 1:34-35 ) and/or the Philistines. Some were forced into the hills near Zorah and Eshtaol (as was Samson's family, Judges 13:1-2 ). Beth-shemesh was apparently controlled by Israel (ca. 1050 B.C.) when the ark of the covenant passed through the city upon returning from the Philistines (1 Samuel 6:13 ). Around 795 B.C., the city was the scene of a battle in which Jehoash of Israel was victorious over Amaziah of Judah, resulting in the pillaging of the Temple (2 Kings 14:11-14 ; 2 Chronicles 25:21-24 ). Beth-shemesh is last mentioned in Scripture during the decadent reign of Ahaz. The Philistines captured Beth-shemesh from Judah (ca. 734), seen as judgment from God (2 Chronicles 28:18-19 ).
Beth-shemesh was excavated by D. Mackenzie in 1911-1912 and Haverford College in 1928-31,1933. The city was first settled about 2200 B.C. by a relatively small group. The city achieved importance after being conquered and rebuilt by the Hyksos about 1720 B.C. A huge city wall, three defensive towers, and several tombs were uncovered. The Hyksos city was captured by the Egyptians of the Eighteenth Dynasty about 1550 B.C. Beth-shemesh flourished in the Late Bronze Age under Egyptian and Canaanite rule, evidenced by imported wares from Mycenae and Egypt, as well as quality Canaanite finds, including inscriptions. Iron Age I (Judges) finds show that Beth-shemesh was heavily influenced by the Philistines, but the city was in general decline. After David defeated the Philistines, the city was rebuilt. Excavations indicate the Israelite city had olive oil, wine, copper, fabric dyeing, and wheat production industries. After Beth-shemesh was destroyed by the Babylonians (588-587 B.C.) under Nebuchadrezzar, the city was largely unoccupied, except for remnants of the Roman/Byzantine city at Ain Shems (monastery on the corner of the tell).
Dennis Cole
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH (‘house’ or ‘temple of the sun’). 1. A town in Judah ( Joshua 15:10 etc., called Ir-Shemesh in Joshua 19:41 ) allotted to the children of Aaron ( Joshua 21:15 ). Hither the ark was brought when sent back by the Philistines, and the inhabitants were smitten because of their profane curiosity ( 1 Samuel 6:1-21 ). Here Amaziah was defeated and captured by Jehoash, king of Israel ( 2 Kings 14:11 ; 2 Kings 14:13 ). It was one of the cities taken by the Philistines in the time of Ahaz ( 2 Chronicles 28:18 ). It is identified with the modern ‘Ain Shems , on the S. slope of Wâdy es-Surâr , 15 miles W. of Jerusalem. 2. A city in Issachar ( Joshua 19:22 ), unidentified. 3. A city in Naphtali ( Joshua 19:38 ), unidentified. 4. A city in Egypt, a seat of heathen idolatry ( Jeremiah 43:13 ), identified with the ancient Heliopolis, called ‘Ain Shems by the Arabs (Wallis Budge, The Nile , 281f.).
W. Ewing.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Beth-Shemesh
House of the sun
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh
A city belonging to the priests in the tribe of Judah. (Joshua 15:10) This place is rendered remarkable from the slaughter the Lord made on the men of Beth-shemesh for their curiosity in looking into the ark. (See 1 Samuel 6:19) An invasion by any into the priest's office hath been always punished. (See Numbers 4:5; Num 4:15; Num 4:20) How blessedly the Holy Ghost testifieth of Christ, that he took not upon him the office of High Priest uncalled of JEHOVAH A glorious consideration to all his people. (Hebrews 5:4-5)
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Beth-Shemesh
Beth-shemesh (bĕth-shç'mesh, or bĕth'shç-mĕsh), house of the sun. 1. A city on the north of Judah belonging to the priests, Joshua 15:10; Joshua 21:16; perhaps Ir-shemesh and Mount Heres, Joshua 19:41; Judges 1:35; noted as the place to which the ark was returned, 1 Samuel 6:9-20; now a heap of ruins near ʾAin Shems, about 14 miles west of Jerusalem. 2. A fenced city of.Naphtali. Joshua 19:38. 3. A city on the border of Issachar, Joshua 19:22; perhaps the same as No. 2. 4. A place in Egypt, Jeremiah 43:13; same as Heliopolis, or On. See On.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh
House of the sun,
1. A city of Judah given to the priests, Joshua 21:16 1 Chronicles 6:59 1 Samuel 6:15 . It lay fifteen miles west of Jerusalem, near the border of Dan and of the Philistines, Joshua 15:10 1 Samuel 6:12 . Probably the same as Irshemesh, Joshua 19:41 . It is memorable for a battle between Judah and Israel, in which Amaziah was defeated, 2 Kings 14:12-14 ; and for the return of the ark from among the Philistines, and the punishment of those who then profaned it, 1 Samuel 6:1-21 . There is reason to suppose the numbers in 1 Samuel 6:19 should be translated "threescore and ten men, even fifty out of one thousand," or one in two hundred of the men of the city.
2. A celebrated city in Egypt, Jeremiah 43:13 .

Sentence search

Beth-Shemite - (behth-sshee' mite) A resident of Beth-Shemesh. See Beth-Shemesh
Irshemesh - ” Town in tribal territory of Dan (Joshua 19:41 ) on the border of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:10 , called Beth-Shemesh or house of the sun). See Beth-Shemesh
ir-Shemesh - See Beth-Shemesh, No
Beth-Shemesh - ” Beth-Shemesh is a name applied to four different cities in the Old Testament. Beth-Shemesh of Issachar was situated on the tribal border with Naphtali between Mt. Beth-Shemesh of Naphtali was probably located in central upper Galilee because of its association with Beth-anath (Joshua 19:38 ; Judges 1:33 ). Beth-Shemesh of Egypt is to be identified with Heliopolis (five miles northeast of Cairo) according to the Septuagint or early Greek translation (Jeremiah 43:13 ). Beth-Shemesh of Dan is located on the south tribal border with Judah (Joshua 15:10 ; Joshua 19:41 ) overlooking the Sorek Valley about 24 miles west of Jerusalem. Beth-Shemesh guarded the lush farmlands of the Sorek Valley at the point at which the Shephelah (foothills) borders the Judean hill country. Beth-Shemesh was apparently controlled by Israel (ca. Beth-Shemesh is last mentioned in Scripture during the decadent reign of Ahaz. The Philistines captured Beth-Shemesh from Judah (ca. ...
Beth-Shemesh was excavated by D. Beth-Shemesh flourished in the Late Bronze Age under Egyptian and Canaanite rule, evidenced by imported wares from Mycenae and Egypt, as well as quality Canaanite finds, including inscriptions. Iron Age I (Judges) finds show that Beth-Shemesh was heavily influenced by the Philistines, but the city was in general decline. After Beth-Shemesh was destroyed by the Babylonians (588-587 B
Bethshemite - Native of Beth-Shemesh, No
Shaalbim - It was, with Makaz and Beth-Shemesh, in the district of one of Solomon’s commissariat officers ( 1 Kings 4:9 ); and if it be the same place as Shaalabbin, it is mentioned with Aijalon and Beth-Shemesh in Joshua 19:42 . of Beth-Shemesh
Irshemesh - Probably the same as Beth-Shemesh, No
ir-She'Mesh - (city of the sun ), a city of the Danites ( Joshua 19:41 ) probably identical with Beth-Shemesh
a'Bel, Stone of - (the great abel ), the place where the ark rested in the field of Joshua at Beth-Shemesh
Beth'-Anath - (house of echo or reply ), one of the "fenced cities" of Naphtali, named with Beth-Shemesh, ( Joshua 19:38 ) from neither of them were the Canaanites expelled
en-Gannim - It has been located at modern Beit Jemal, about two miles south of Beth-Shemesh or at umm Giina one mile southwest of Beth-Shemesh
en-Hakkore - It is near Lehi, or literally translated, “Jawbone,” which is probably near Beth-Shemesh
Beer - A town in Judah, according to Eusebius and Jerome a few miles west of Jerusalem, near Beth-Shemesh
Ben-Deker - His district bordered the Philistine territory on the west, reached to Aphek in the north, and to Beth-Shemesh in the south (1 Kings 4:9 )
Lehi - The site was apparently in Judah near Beth-Shemesh
Zanoah - Village in Judah identified with khirbet Zanu about three miles south southeast of Beth-Shemesh (Joshua 15:34 )
Zanoah - East of Beth-Shemesh, at Zânûá, 14 miles west-southwest of Jerusalem
Sorek - Beth-Shemesh guarded the eastern end, while the Philistines controlled the western portion during the era of the judges
Timnah - frontier of the tribe of Judah between Beth-Shemesh and Ekron ( Joshua 15:10 ). of Beth-Shemesh
Timnath - , "Timnah;" probably also identical with Timnah, the modern Tibneh, west of Beth-Shemesh
Kirjath-Jearim - The ark was brought to this place (1 Samuel 7:1,2 ) from Beth-Shemesh and put in charge of Abinadab, a Levite. , Beth-Shemesh)
Enaim - Conder suggests Khirbet Wâdy Alin , near Beth-Shemesh and En-gannim
Eshtaol - It is supposed to be the same as Eshu‘a , near Ain esh-Shems (Beth-shemesh)
Heres - It is probably connected with Beth-Shemesh ( 1 Kings 4:9 , 2 Chronicles 28:18 ) or Ir-shemesh ( Joshua 19:41 ), on the boundary between Judah and Daniel 2:1-49
Beth-Shemesh - (Joshua 15:10) This place is rendered remarkable from the slaughter the Lord made on the men of Beth-Shemesh for their curiosity in looking into the ark
Beth-Shemesh - Beth-Shemesh (bĕth-shç'mesh, or bĕth'shç-mĕsh), house of the sun
Heres - It is distinct from the more western Mount Heres in Judges 1:35 , often identified with Beth-Shemesh (“house of the sun”)
Zorah - Zorah is the modern Sur‘ah on the northern side of Wâdy es-Surar (the Valley of Sorek ) opposite ‘Ain Shems (Beth-shemesh), which lies on the southern side
on - It is regarded as the same as Beth-Shemesh in Jeremiah 43:13 , and as AVEN in Ezekiel 30:17 ; and is supposed to be alluded to in Isaiah 19:18 ; see margin
Timnah - The site is likely tell el-Batashi about four miles northwest of Beth-Shemesh in Judah
Kirjath-Jearim - Hither the ark was brought from Beth-Shemesh, 1 Samuel 6:21; 1 Samuel 7:1-2, and here it remained until it was removed by David
Sun - The Canaanite city of Beth-Shemesh, “House of the Sun,” probably referred to a temple in the city
On - Egyptian place name meaning, “city of the pillar,” called in Greek Heliopolis or “city of the sun” and in Hebrew as Beth-Shemesh, “city of the sun” (Jeremiah 43:13 ) and Aven
Allotment - Judah claimed all land west of the Dead Sea from Kadesh-barnea and the wilderness of Zin to the Sorek valley, including the cities of Beth-Shemesh, Ekron, and Timnah. Naphtali lay between Asher, Zebulun, Isaschar, and Manasseh, and claimed Hazor and Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh - Beth-Shemesh (‘house’ or ‘temple of the sun’)
Cart - On this occasion they set it in a new cart, probably a rude construction, with solid wooden wheels like that still used in Western Asia, which was drawn by two milch cows, which conveyed it straight to Beth-Shemesh
Josh'ua - ...
An inhabitant of Beth-Shemesh, in whose land was the stone at which the milch-kine stopped when they drew the ark of God with the offerings of the Philistines from Ekron to Beth-Shemesh
Ajalon - It was not far from Beth-Shemesh (2Chronicles 28:18)
Tim'Nah - The modern representative of all these various forms of the same name is probably Tibneh, a village about two miles west of Ain Shems (Beth-shemesh)
Adullam - ” City five miles south of Beth-Shemesh in Judah, probably modern Tell esh-Sheikh Madkur
On - ‘idolatry’; in Jeremiah 43:13 it is called Beth-Shemesh , meaning ‘House of the Sun,’ like its Egyp
Ekron - Hither the captured ark was brought from Ashdod ( 1 Samuel 5:10 ), and on its restoration the Philistine lords who had followed it to Beth-Shemesh returned to Ekron ( 1 Samuel 6:16 )
Joshua - An inhabitant of Beth-Shemesh, in whose land was the stone at which the milch-kine stopped when they drew the ark of God with the offerings of the Philistines from Ekron to Beth-Shemesh
se'ir - It lay westward of Kirjath-jearim, and between it and Beth-Shemesh
On - (abode or city of the sun ), a town of lower Egypt, called Beth-Shemesh in ( Jeremiah 43:13 ) On is better known under its Greek name Heliopolis
On - (abode or city of the sun ), a town of lower Egypt, called Beth-Shemesh in ( Jeremiah 43:13 ) On is better known under its Greek name Heliopolis
On - A noted city of Lower Egypt, Genesis 41:45; Genesis 41:50; called Beth-Shemesh, or "house of the sun," Jeremiah 43:13, and known to the Greeks as Heliopolis, or "city of the sun
Joash - He defeated Amaziah of Judah in battle at Beth-Shemesh and actually entered Jerusalem and plundered the Temple
Jehoash - " He was afterwards involved in war with Amaziah, the king of Judah (2 Chronicles 25:23-24 ), whom he utterly defeated at Beth-Shemesh, on the borders of Dan and Philistia, and advancing on Jerusalem, broke down a portion of the wall, and carried away the treasures of the temple and the palace
Heliopolis - Jeremiah, Jeremiah 43:13 , calls this city Beth-Shemesh, that is, house or temple of the sun
Wall - The goal was to force a breach wide enough for the troops to enter into the city; “And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Beth-Shemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits [1]” (2 Kings 14:13)
Sun - Certain places where this worship appears to have been most popular took the name Beth-Shemesh (wh
Dan (1) - The powerful Philistines near them drove them partly toward the mountainous region bordering on Judah, so as to encroach on Judah's towns, Zorah and Eshtaol and Ir-shemesh or Beth-Shemesh; compare Joshua 15:33 with Joshua 19:41
Ark of God - The kine, contrary to nature, went away from their calves, and went direct to Beth-Shemesh, for it was God who restored the ark
Mines And Mining - At Beth-Shemesh, a Philistine stronghold in the Jordan Valley, a large industrial area with bronze and ironworking facilities was discovered
Samson - ’ The name ‘Samson,’ and the existence of a ‘Beth-shemesh’ (‘house of the sun’) near his home, offer an obvious temptation to such a theory, but it is entirely unnecessary and is now generally abandoned
Name, Names - Other names evidently imply the existence of local sanctuaries, some of which must have been pre-Israelite: Beth-anath, Anathoth, Bethel, Gilgal, Kedesh-naphtali, Migdal-el, Migdal-gad, Neiel, Penuel, Beth-Shemesh
Idol - Obelisks to the sun god at the city (house) of the sun, as Beth-Shemesh or Heliopolis mean; "On" in Genesis 41:45; 2 Kings 3:2; 2 Kings 10:26-27 margin
Israel - while, holding as they did Jerusalem, Aijalon, Har-heres (Beth-shemesh), and Gezer, they cut the tribe of Judah off from their northern kinsfolk