What does Barak mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
בָּרָ֔ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 2
בָּרָ֜ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 2
βαράκ a commander of the Israelites. 1
לְבָרָ֣ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
בָּרָ֖ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
בָּרָ֥ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
בָּרָק֙ son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
בָרָ֑ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
וּבָרָ֗ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
בָרָק֮ son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
וּבָרָ֖ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1
בָּרָ֛ק son of Abinoam of Kedesh who 1

Definitions Related to Barak

H1301


   1 son of Abinoam of Kedesh who, incited by Deborah, a prophetess of Ephraim, delivered the Israelites from the yoke of Jabin by routing the Canaanites in the plain of Jezreel.
   Additional Information: Barak = “lightning” or “lightning flash”.
   

G913


   1 a commander of the Israelites.
   Additional Information: Barak = “lightning”.
   

Frequency of Barak (original languages)

Frequency of Barak (English)

Dictionary

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Barak
("lightning".) So the family name of Hannibal was Barres, "the thunderbolt of war"; also Boanerges, "sons of thunder," applied to James and John. Son of Abinoam, of Kedesh, a refuge city of Naphtali. Incited by Deborah the prophetess to deliver Israel from the yoke of Jabin II, king of northern Canaan, of which Hazor, on lake Merom (now Hulah), was the capital. Hazor had been destroyed with Jabin I, its king, more than a century before, under Joshua; but owing to Israel's unfaithfulness had been permitted to be rebuilt, and a succeeding Jabin regained the possessions taken from his forefather. But his general Sisera, of Harosheth, inhabited by a race half Israelite half Gentile, where he had systematically and "mightily oppressed Israel" for 20 years, was defeated by Barak and Deborah at the head of 10,000 men of Naphtali and Zebulon (Psalms 83:9-10).
This little army, aided by a providential storm in the enemy's face (according to Josephus), rushed down the hill of their encampment, Tabor, and routed Jabin's 900 iron chariots and unwieldy host in the plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon), "the battlefield of Palestine." The Kishon's impetuous current (especially that of Megiddo, its western branch), and the sandy soil (as Taanach means), contributed to the enemy's disaster, as their chariots were entangled, like Pharaoh's at the Red Sea. Harosheth was taken, Sisera slain by Heber's wife, Jabin's country taken, and a peace of 40 years secured. The triumphal ode of Deborah and Barak is very spirited (Judges 4; 5). Lord Hervey makes the narrative a repetition of Joshua 11:1-12, from the sameness of names, Jabin and Hazor; the subordinate kings (Judges 5:19; Joshua 11:2, etc.); the locality; the chariots; "Mizrephoth Maim," burning by the waters; margin.
But if fancied chronological difficulties Judges be hereby removed, geographical difficulties are thus created; above all, the plain word God, which "cannot be broken" makes Jabin's oppression of Israel: Hazor to be "when Ehud was dead"; it is impossible then it can be identical with the narrative in Joshua. (See JUDGES.) The judges Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, and Barak, did not rule all their lives, but were raised up at intervals as need required. Jabin ("prudent") was probably a standing title of the kings of Hazor. Heretofore, foes without, Mesopotamia and Moab, had chastised Israel; but now their sin provokes God to raise an oppressor within their own borders, Canaan itself! Jabin seduced them into idolatry, besides oppressing them (Judges 5:8). Barak is made an example of faith (Hebrews 11:32), though it was weak; he was therefore deprived of the glory of stronger faith by a woman, Jael (compare Judges 4:8).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Barak
Lightning, the son of Abinoam (Judges 4:6 ). At the summons of Deborah he made war against Jabin. She accompanied him into the battle, and gave the signal for the little army to make the attack; in which the host of Jabin was completely routed. The battle was fought (Judges 4:16 ) in the plain of Jezreel (q.v.). This deliverance of Israel is commemorated in Judges 5 . Barak's faith is commended (Hebrews 11:32 ). "The character of Barak, though pious, does not seem to have been heroic. Like Gideon, and in a sense Samson, he is an illustration of the words in Hebrews 11:34 , 'Out of weakness were made strong.'" (See DEBORAH .)
Holman Bible Dictionary - Barak
(bay' rak) The son of Abinoam whom the prophetess Deborah summoned to assume military leadership of the Israelites in a campaign against Canaanite forces under the command of Sisera (Judges 4:6 ). Barak mustered Zebulunite and Naphtalite troops and set out to engage the Canaanites in battle near Mt. Tabor. Though the Canaanites were routed, Sisera escaped. He was subsequently killed by Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite. In 1 Samuel 12:11 , where he is called Bedan, Barak is mentioned as one who delivered the Israelites from their enemies. See Judges.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Barak
BARAK (‘lightning’). The son of Abinoam; he lived at a time when the Canaanite kingdom of Hazor, having recovered from its overthrow by Joshua ( Joshua 11:10-15 ), was taking vengeance by oppressing Israel. He is called from his home in Kedesh-naphtali by Deborah to deliver Israel. He gathers an army of 10,000 men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun. With this force, accompanied by Deborah, without whom he refuses to go forward, he encamps on Mt. Tabor, while the enemy under Sisera lies in the plain on the banks of the Kishon. At the word of Deborah, Barak leads his men down to battle, and completely defeats Sisera. The latter flees; Barak pursues him, but on reaching his hiding-place finds that he has been already slain by Jael, the wife of Heber. The glory of the victory, therefore, does not lie with Barak, but with Deborah, who was his guiding spirit, and with Jael who slew the enemy’s leader ( Judges 4:1-24 ; Judges 5:1-31 ).
W. O. E. Oesterley.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Barak
Thunder
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Barak
Son of Abinoam, of Naphtali. He was called by Deborah the prophetess (who judged Israel at that time) to collect from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulon 10,000 men that God might deliver into his hand Sisera, the captain of the army of Jabin, king of Canaan, who had 900 chariots of iron, and who had mightily oppressed the children of Israel twenty years. It required great faith to attack so strong an enemy with such a small force; and Barak had not this strong faith in God; he said he would not go unless Deborah would go with him. Deborah consented to go, but told Barak that it would not be to his honour; Sisera would fall by the hand of a woman. When the armies were face to face it was still Deborah that had to tell Barak when to arise to the attack.
Jehovah discomfited Sisera and his chariots and his host, by the swords of the Israelites, and apparently the overthrow was completed by a severe storm and the overflowing of the river Kishon. Judges 4:6-17 ; Judges 5:20,21 . The Canaanites being smitten, Sisera left his chariot and fled for refuge to the house of Heber the Kenite, where he was killed by Jael, Heber's wife. Judges 4:18-24 . Judges 5 : gives the song of Deborah and Barak over the victory. Barak's faith is like that of many who can follow if another will lead, though they cannot take a first place; it is very gracious of God to mention Barak in Hebrews 11:32 as one in the cloud of witnesses who had become victorious by their faith.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Barak
Barak (Βαράκ) was the ally of Deborah in the life-and-death struggle of Israel with the Canaanites. He won the great battle of Kishon (Judges 4:5). He is named in the roll of the OT heroes of faith (Hebrews 11:32). He was one of those who διὰ πίστεως ‘waxed mighty in war, turned to flight armies of aliens’ (11:34).
James Strahan.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Barak
The son of Abinoam. We have his history, Judges 4:1-24 and Judges 5:1-31. His name signifies, thunder.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Barak
son of Abinoam, chosen by God to deliver the Hebrews from that bondage under which they were held by Jabin, king of the Canaanites, Judges 4:4-5 , &c. He refused to obey the Lord's commands, signified to him by Deborah, the prophetess, unless she consented to go with him. Deborah accompanied Barak toward Kedesh of Naphtali; and, having assembled ten thousand men, they advanced to mount Tabor. Sisera, being informed of this movement, marched with nine hundred chariots of war, and encamped near the river Kishon. Barak rapidly descended from mount Tabor, and the Lord having spread terror through Sisera's army Barak easily obtained a complete victory. Sisera was killed by Jael. Barak and Deborah composed a hymn of thanksgiving; and the land had peace forty years from A.M. 2719 to 2759, B.C. 1245.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Barak
Barak (bâ'rak), lightning. The son of Abinoan, who was appointed by" Deborah commander of the Hebrew forces. He so completely routed the Canaanitish forces, that they never recovered from the blow. As judge of the Hebrews, he was probably the colleague, or successor of Deborah. Judges 4:4-24; Judges 5:9; Hebrews 11:32.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Barak
The son of Abinoam, of Kedesh in the tribe of Naphtali. God summoned him, by means of Deborah the prophetess, to release Israel from the yoke of Jabin king of Canaan. Having first secured the attendance of the prophetess, he gathered 10,000 men, and stationed them on Mount Tabor, perhaps to avoid the enemies' 900 chariots of iron, Judges 4:3 . God fought for Israel in the battle, which ensued, and the song of Deborah and Barak, Judges 5:1-31 chronicles their victory. The name of Barak is enrolled among those illustrious for faith, Hebrews 12:29 .
Chabad Knowledge Base - Barak
Together with Deborah led a small Israelite army in battle against the occupying armies of the Canaanite king, Jabin, and his general, Sisera. They were victorious and regained their independence.

Sentence search

Barak - Deborah accompanied Barak toward Kedesh of Naphtali; and, having assembled ten thousand men, they advanced to mount Tabor. Barak rapidly descended from mount Tabor, and the Lord having spread terror through Sisera's army Barak easily obtained a complete victory. Barak and Deborah composed a hymn of thanksgiving; and the land had peace forty years from A
Deborah - She sent for Barak, directed him to attack Sisera, and, in the name of God, promised him victory; but Barak refusing to go, unless she went with him, she told him, that the honour of this expedition would be given to a woman, and not to him. After the victory, Deborah and Barak sung a fine thanksgiving song, the composition probably of Deborah alone, which is preserved, Judges 5
Abinoam - Father of Barak
Abin'o-am, - the father of Barak
Abinoam - Father of kindness, the father of Barak (Judges 4:6 ; 5:1 )
Bedan - , and it is probably a corruption for Barak (so LXX Barak - Barak (‘lightning’). At the word of Deborah, Barak leads his men down to battle, and completely defeats Sisera. The latter flees; Barak pursues him, but on reaching his hiding-place finds that he has been already slain by Jael, the wife of Heber. The glory of the victory, therefore, does not lie with Barak, but with Deborah, who was his guiding spirit, and with Jael who slew the enemy’s leader ( Judges 4:1-24 ; Judges 5:1-31 )
Abinoam - The father of Barak ( Judges 4:6 ; Judges 4:12 ; Judges 5:12 )
Abinoam - ” Father of Barak, army commander with Deborah (Judges 4-5 )
Meroz - Some unknown place, the inhabitants of which were to be cursed bitterly because they came not to the aid of Barak
Barak - It required great faith to attack so strong an enemy with such a small force; and Barak had not this strong faith in God; he said he would not go unless Deborah would go with him. Deborah consented to go, but told Barak that it would not be to his honour; Sisera would fall by the hand of a woman. When the armies were face to face it was still Deborah that had to tell Barak when to arise to the attack. Judges 5 : gives the song of Deborah and Barak over the victory. Barak's faith is like that of many who can follow if another will lead, though they cannot take a first place; it is very gracious of God to mention Barak in Hebrews 11:32 as one in the cloud of witnesses who had become victorious by their faith
Barak - Barak mustered Zebulunite and Naphtalite troops and set out to engage the Canaanites in battle near Mt. In 1 Samuel 12:11 , where he is called Bedan, Barak is mentioned as one who delivered the Israelites from their enemies
Harosheth of the Gentiles - At his defeat Barak pursued the enemy to this city
Meroz - A place in the northern part of Palestine, the inhabitants of which were accursed for not having taken the field with Barak against Sisera
Barak - God fought for Israel in the battle, which ensued, and the song of Deborah and Barak, Judges 5:1-31 chronicles their victory. The name of Barak is enrolled among those illustrious for faith, Hebrews 12:29
Inlet - When Deborah and Barak went to battle against Sisera, the tribe of Asher stayed at home “by his inlets” (landings NRSV, Judges 5:17 )
Bedan - Some suppose that Barak is meant, others Samson, but most probably this is a contracted form of Abdon (Judges 12:13 )
Bedan - The closest name of the judges would be Barak (Judges 4-5 ). NIV, TEV, NRSV read Barak for Bedan
Bedan - The LXX, Syriac, and Arabic give the name as Barak
Sisera - A general in the army of Jabin king of Hazor, sent by his master against Barak and Deborah, who occupied Mount Tabor with an army
Shamgar - Son of Anath, the third judge of Israel, after Ehud and shortly before Barak, in a time of great insecurity and distress, Judges 3:31 5:6
Bene-Berak - (behn' ih-bee' rak) Place name meaning, “sons of Barak” or “sons of lightning
Bedan - In 1 Samuel 12:11 the name of this judge stands between Jerubbaal, or Gideon, and Jephthah, but probably it is a copyist's error for Barak
Meroz - An unknown place in Galilee, cursed in the song of Deborah and Barak for not joining with them against the foes of Israel, Judges 5:23
Kedesh - Barak the judge of Israel was born there, Judges 4:6 ...
2
Jael - She received the Canaanite leader Sisera as he fled following his defeat by the Israelites under Deborah and Barak
Barak - Barak (bâ'rak), lightning
Jael - When the Canaanites were defeated by Barak, Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, fled and sought refuge with the friendly tribe of Heber, beneath the oaks of Zaanaim. She then led Barak, who was in pursuit, into her tent, and boastfully showed him what she had done
be'Dan - , Syriac and Arabic all have Barak
Sisera - Sisera is represented as captain of the host of Jabin , a Canaanite king; his army is overcome by the Israelites under Barak. It is clear that two traditions, one concerning Jabin and another concerning Sisera, have been mixed up together; in order to harmonize them Sisera has been made Jabin’s captain (see Barak, Deborah, etc
Harosheth - He mustered his troops there and marched them to the river Kishon to face Barak and Deborah (Judges 4:13 ). Barak chased the army back to Harosheth and killed them there (Judges 4:16 )
Deborah - She sent for Barak, directed him to attack Sisera, and promised him victory. Barak, however, refused to go unless she accompanied him, which she did, but told him that the success of the expedition would be imputed to a woman and not to him
Barak - Barak (Βαράκ) was the ally of Deborah in the life-and-death struggle of Israel with the Canaanites
Deborah - Deborah and Barak led a small Israelite army in battle and completely destroyed the Canaanite army and gained independence
ja'Bin - (Joshua 11:1-14 ) ...
A king of Hazor, whose general, Sisera, was defeated by Barak
Meroz - A plain in the north of Palestine, the inhabitants of which were severely condemned because they came not to help Barak against Sisera (Judges 5:23 : comp 21:8-10; 1 Samuel 11:7 )
Jabin - Another king of Hazor, a century and a half later, who sorely oppressed Israel for twenty years, till Deborah and Barak were raised up as deliverers, Judges 4:1-24 Psalm 83:9
Shamgar - He was probably contemporary for a time with Deborah and Barak (Judges 3:31 ; 5:6 )
Taanach, Tanach - The kings of Canaan under Sisera fought there against Deborah and Barak, but were overcome
Deborah - ...
As a prophet, Deborah summoned Barak and delivered an oracle giving him God's instructions for a battle in the Jezreel Valley against the Canaanite army commanded by Sisera (Judges 4:6-9 ; compare Samuel in 1 Samuel 15:2-3 and the unnamed prophet in 1 Kings 20:13-15 ). Barak obeyed, and the Israelites won the battle. Some scholars believe that Deborah as prophet also composed the victory poem she and Barak sang in Judges 5:1 . Deborah's authority under God was evidenced by Barak's desire to have her present with him in the army camp (Judges 4:8 ,Judges 4:8,4:14 ) and by the testimony to her leadership in the song (Judges 5:7 ,Judges 5:7,5:12 ,Judges 5:12,5:15 )
Kedesh - It was originally a Canaanite royal city (Joshua 12:22 ), and was the residence of Barak (Judges 4:6 ); and here he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the commencement of the conflict with Sisera in the plain of Esdraelon, "for Jehovah among the mighty" (9,10). It has been supposed by some that the Kedesh of the narrative, where Barak assembled his troops, was not the place in Upper Galilee so named, which was 30 miles distant from the plain of Esdraelon, but Kedish, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, 12 miles from Tabor
ja'el - ) In the headlong rout which followed the defeat of the Canaanites by Barak, at Megiddo on the plain of Esdraelon, Sisera, their general, fled to the tent of the Kenite chieftainess, at Kedesh in Naphtali, four miles northwest of Lake Merom. ( Judges 5:27 ) She then waited to meet the pursuing Barak, and led him into her tent that she might in his presence claim the glory of the deed! Many have supposed that by this act she fulfilled the saying of Deborah, (Judges 4:9 ) and hence they have supposed that Jael was actuated by some divine and hidden influence
Barak - But his general Sisera, of Harosheth, inhabited by a race half Israelite half Gentile, where he had systematically and "mightily oppressed Israel" for 20 years, was defeated by Barak and Deborah at the head of 10,000 men of Naphtali and Zebulon (Psalms 83:9-10). The triumphal ode of Deborah and Barak is very spirited (Judges 4; 5). ) The judges Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, and Barak, did not rule all their lives, but were raised up at intervals as need required. Barak is made an example of faith (Hebrews 11:32), though it was weak; he was therefore deprived of the glory of stronger faith by a woman, Jael (compare Judges 4:8)
Jabin - His army was defeated by Deborah and Barak, and Sisera, Ms principal general, put to death
Sis'Era - The particulars of the rout of Megiddo and of Sisera's flight and death are drawn out under the heads of Barak , DEBORAH , JAEL , KISHON
Casement - Sisera's mother looked through a similar window as she impatiently waited for her son to return from the battle which he had lost to Deborah and Barak and after which he was killed by Jael (Judges 5:28 )
Har'Osheth - It was the residence of Sisera captain of Jabin king of Canaan, ( Judges 4:2 ) and it was the point to which the victorious Israelites under Barak pursued the discomfited host and chariots of the second potentate of that name
Endor - , "of the age", a place in the territory of Issachar (Joshua 17:11 ) near the scene of the great victory which was gained by Deborah and Barak over Sisera and Jabin (Compare Psalm 83:9,10 )
Kishon - It was at the Kishon that Deborah and Barak defeated the Canaanite Sisera when his chariots became mired in the marshes (Judges 4:7 ,Judges 4:7,4:13 ; Judges 5:21 )
Sisera - His army was overthrown with great destruction, through God's intervention, by Deborah and Barak
Zebulun - Militarily, the tribe distinguished itself in the struggles to possess the land, fighting faithfully in the armies of Deborah and Barak, and Gideon (Judges 4:6 ; Judges 6:35 )
Kishon, River of, Kison - It was the scene of the victory of Deborah and Barak over the army of Sisera
Armaged'Don - ( Revelation 16:16 ) The scene of the struggle of good and evil is suggested by that battle-field, the plain of Esdraelon, which was famous for two great victories, of Barak over the Canaanites and of Gideon over the Midianites; and for two great disasters, the deaths of Saul and Josiah
Jabin - The king of Hazor whose general, Sisera, was defeated by Deborah and Barak. (See DEBORAH; Barak; HAROSHETH
Deb'Orah - Lapidoth was probably her husband, and not Barak as some say. Under her direction Barak encamped on the broad summit of Tabor
Megiddo - "The kings of Canaan (Jabin and Sisera his captain) fought in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo" (namely, Kishon, or else a copious stream flowing down into Kishon) with Deborah and Barak. ...
Barak would never desert the heights of Tabor to march 15 miles over a boggy plain and attack Sisera strongly placed on the low hills of Taanach. Jehovah "drew unto Barak Sisera, unto the Kishon" (Judges 4:7), i. From the high ground of Tabor Barak rushed down on the foe, who first posted themselves at the foot of the conical hill on which Endor is, and thence ventured into the open plain S
Jabin - Another king of Hazor, who oppressed Israel twenty years; he was defeated by Deborah and Barak
Hazor - Hazor revived, however, and for a time oppressed the Israelites; but was subdued by Barak, fortified by Solomon, and remained in the possession of Israel until the invasion of Tiglathpileser, Joshua 19:36 ; Judges 4:2 ; 1 Kings 9:15 ; 2 Kings 15:29
Barak - Barak's faith is commended (Hebrews 11:32 ). "The character of Barak, though pious, does not seem to have been heroic
Megiddo - The song of Deborah notes the place as the scene of the great conflict between Sisera and Barak
Harosheth of the Gentiles - To Harosheth Barak pursued Jabin's routed army. After the defeat by Barak, Hazor and Harosheth and northern Canaan remained permanently in Israel's hand
Armageddon - For an exposition of the apostle's meaning, the reader must be referred to commentaries; it will be sufficient here to say that there is an allusion to that great battle-field where Barak and Gideon conquered, Judges 4:1-24; Judges 5:19; Judges 6:33; Judges 7:1-25; where Saul and Josiah fell, 1 Samuel 29:1; 1 Samuel 31:1-13; 2 Samuel 4:4; 2 Chronicles 35:20-24; the plain of Esdraelon, on the southern border of which Megiddo stood
Megiddo - It lay in the southwest border of the plain of Esdraelon, near the Kishon, which is probably intended by "the waters of Megiddo," mentioned in the song of Deborah and Barak as the scene of their victory, Judges 5:19,21
Megiddo - It was here Barak gained a notable victory over Jabin, the king of Hazor, whose general, Sisera, led on the hostile army. Barak rallied the warriors of the northern tribes, and under the encouragement of Deborah (q
Kedesh-Naphtali - It was the home of Barak ( Judges 4:6 )
Armageddon - Pool, does not signify any particular place, but is used in allusion to Megiddo, mentioned Judges 5:19 , where Barak overcame Sisera with his great army, and where Josiah was slain, 2 Kings 23:30
Deborah - Wife of Lapidoth: she became a 'mother in Israel,' and was a prophetess and 'judged Israel;' it was she who incited Barak to attack Jabin, who had oppressed Israel twenty years
Tabor - Barak gathered an army at Tabor to defend against Sisera (Judges 4:6 )
Jezreel (2) - There Barak and Gideon triumphed; Deborah sung her war song; Saul and Jonathan fell near by, on the mountains of Gilboa; here king Josiah was mortally wounded by the Egyptians
Deborah - Deborah incited Barak to deliver his people from the oppression of Jabin; at his desire accompanied him, though with a rebuke, and after the victory uttered a triumphal song of praise
Kedesh - It has been supposed that Barak assembled his army, not at Kedesh in Naphtali, but somewhere nearer to Mount Tabor and to the river Kishon, where Sisera had his troops
Captivity - Six captivities are reckoned during the government by judges: the first, under Chushanrishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, which continued about eight years; the second, under Eglon, king of Moab, from which the Jews were delivered by Ehud; the third, under the Philistines, from which they were rescued by Shamgar; the fourth, under Jabin, king of Hazor, from which they were delivered by Deborah and Barak; the fifth, under the Midianites, from which Gideon freed them; and the sixth, under the Ammonites and Philistines, during the judicatures of Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Eli, Samson, and Samuel
Naphtali - Under Barak, their general, they and the Zebulunites fought with distinguished bravery against the army of Jabin the younger; and at the desire of Gideon they pursued the Midianites, Judges 4:10 ; Judges 5:18 ; Judges 7:23 . We find no person of distinguished note among them, save Barak, and Hiram the artificer
Deborah - Barak, at her call, summoned these (to whom the central tribes, Ephraim, Manasseh (Machir), and Benjamin in part sent contingents, Judges 20:14) in a long train (draw: Judges 5:6-7) toward the broad topped mount Tabor. Deborah and Barak together sang the song of victory composed by her. "Barak, lead away thy captivity (train of captives) captive" (quoted in Psalms 68:18); fulfilled exhaustively in Christ the ascended Conqueror (Ephesians 4:8; Ephesians 4:13). "Barak was sent by his feet into the valley," i. " (See Barak
Taanach - The fight of Deborah and Barak with the Canaanites is described ( Judges 5:19 ) as ‘in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo
Shamgar - Son of Anath, judge of Israel after Ehud, and immediately before Barak (Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8; Judges 3:31). So he prepared the way for Deborah and Barak's more decisive blow
Kedesh - It was the residence of Barak, Judges 4:6, and here Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulon and Naphtali
Heber - This completed the great victory of Deborah and Barak over the Canaanites
Tabor - It was here that Barak encamped before the battle with Sisera (q
Bedan - The Septuagint, Syrian, and Arabic versions read "Barak," which also the order forbids; however, see Hebrews 11:32
Hazor - It was taken and burnt by Joshua; rebuilt and allotted to Naphtali, but was retaken by a second Jabin, king of Canaan, who was defeated by Deborah and Barak
Tabor - Barak, at the command of Deborah, assembled his forces on Tabor, and descended thence, with "ten thousand men after him," into the plain, and conquered Sisera on the banks of the Kishon
Megid'do - The song of Deborah brings the place vividly before us, as the scene of the great conflict between Sisera and Barak
Zebulun - They were entangled with the Phoenicians on the west, Judges 1:30 Isaiah 8:22 , and took part with Barak and Gideon in the defense of the country against its oppressors, Judges 4:10 5:18 6:35
ke'Desh - (Joshua 20:7 ; 21:32 ; 1 Chronicles 6:76 ) It was the residence of Barak, (Judges 4:6 ) and there he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the conflict, being probably, as its name implies, a "holy place" of great antiquity
Naphtali - Barak was their most notable leader
Jabin - The whole population were paralyzed with fear, and gave way to hopeless despondency (Judges 5:6-11 ), till Deborah and Barak aroused the national spirit, and gathering together ten thousand men, gained a great and decisive victory over Jabin in the plain of Esdraelon (Judges 4:10-16 ; Compare Psalm 83:9 )
Prophetess - Deborah combined the offices of prophetess and judge, even accompanying Barak into battle
Deborah - )...
With her army general Barak, Deborah led a force of Israelite soldiers up Mt Tabor, with the aim of drawing out Sisera’s chariot forces into the plain of the Kishon River below (Judges 4:6-10)
Kedesh - See Judges 4:6 ) and the place where Deborah and Barak gathered their forces for battle (Judges 4:1-10 )
Judges - Fourth judge: Deborah and Barak—10 years
Kedesh - Barak's birthplace (Judges 4:6; Judges 4:9-10), where he and Deborah assembled Zebulun and Naphtali as being a "holy" place, which Kedesh means. 25) conjectures that the Kedesh to which Barak called Israel together is distinct from Kadesh (or Kedesh) Naphtali, Barak's native place
Deborah - She summoned Barak from Kadesh to take the command of 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali, and lead them to Mount Tabor on the plain of Esdraelon at its north-east end
Taanach - Israel failed to drive out its aboriginal occupants (Judges 1:27), The scene of Barak's victory was not Taanach or Megiddo, but Mount Tabor, near the sources of the Kishon, three miles W. Barak had all the advantage of a rush down the hill upon the foe in the plain, as Napoleon had in his battle of Mount Tabor; had the battle been in Taanach he would have had to come the whole width of the plain to attack from low ground the foe on the spurs of the hills far away from the main bed of the Kishon
Esdraelon - Here Deborah and Barak routed the hosts of Jabin and Sisera (Judges 4:1-24 ), and here Gideon defeated the Midianites (7)
Sisera - (See JABIN; JAEL; Barak; DEBORAH; KISHON
Deborah - She was the real deliverer of the Israelites, who had sunk into a state of feebleness and impotence, through the oppression of Jabin, king of Hazor (see Barak). It is a song of victory, sung in memory of Israel’s triumph (under the leadership of Deborah and Barak) over Sisera and the kings of Canaan
Lightning - the name Barak ( Judges 4:6 ), with the Carthaginian Barca
Hazor - This powerful army was met by the Israelites under Barak, who went forth by the advice of the prophetess Deborah
Esdraelon - Here also Barak defeated Sisera, and Saul's army was defeated by the Philistines, and king Josiah, while fighting in disguise against Necho, king of Egypt, was slain (2 Chronicles 35:20-27 ; 2 Kings 2329-29 )
Sisera -
The captain of Jabin's army (Judges 4:2 ), which was routed and destroyed by the army of Barak on the plain of Esdraelon
Taanach - The most famous biblical reference to Taanach is that of the battle fought at “Taanach by the waters of Megiddo” where the Hebrew forces under Deborah and Barak defeated the Canaanites under Sisera (Judges 5:19 )
Jael - When Sisera's army was defeated by Barak and Deborah, he left his chariot and fled on foot to the tent of Jael, whose husband was at peace with Jabin
Tabor - The host of Barak encamped upon it, before the battle with Sisera, Judges 4:6,12,14
Judges - Fourth judge: Deborah and Barak
Jezreel - It was where Barak triumphed, and where Josiah was defeated, Judges 5:19 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22 — Megiddo being in the same locality
Jael - See also Barak, Deborah, Sisera
Megiddo - Near the ‘waters of Megiddo’ the Canaanites under Sisera were defeated by Barak and Deborah ( Judges 5:18-21 )
Armageddon - Deborah and Barak defeated Sisera and his Canaanite army there (Judges 4-5 ), Gideon drove off the Midianites and Amalekites (Judges 6 ), Saul and the army of Israel were defeated because of their failure to trust in God (1 Samuel 31 ), and the Egyptian army under Pharaoh Neco killed Josiah, king of Judah (2 Kings 23:29 )
Esdraelon - Here Barak, descending with his ten thousand men from Mount Tabor, which rises like a cone in the centre of the plain, defeated Sisera, with his "nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, gathered from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon; and pursued after the chariots and after the host unto Harosheth of the Gentiles; and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left," Judges 4
Judges, Book of, - ...
Judgeship of Deborah and Barak
Gideon - After the victory gained by Deborah and Barak over Jabin, Israel once more sank into idolatry, and the Midianites (q
Zebulun - The tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali distinguished themselves in the war of Barak and Deborah against Sisera, the general of the armies of Jabin, Judges 4:5-6 ; Judges 4:10 ; Judges 5:14 ; Judges 5:18
Kishon River - Here and at Taanach Barak assembled his forces
Tabor - "Any one," he adds, "who examines the fourth chapter of Judges, may see that this is probably the spot where Barak and Deborah met at Mount Tabor with their forces, and went to pursue Sisera; and on this account, it might have its name from that great prophetess, who then judged and governed Israel; for Josephus relates, that Deborah and Barak gathered the army together at this mountain
ta'Bor - Barak, at the command of Deborah, assembled his forces on Tabor, and descended thence, with "ten thousand men after him," into the plain, and conquered Sisera on the banks of the Kishon
Esdraelon - The Song of Deborah in Judges 5:1 celebrates the battle “at Tanaach by the waters of Megiddo” ( Judges 5:19 ) where Barak finally routed the Canaanites
ta'Bor - Barak, at the command of Deborah, assembled his forces on Tabor, and descended thence, with "ten thousand men after him," into the plain, and conquered Sisera on the banks of the Kishon
Hazor - His troops led by Sisera of Harosheth-hagoyim were routed by Deborah and Barak. The most ancient account of the defeat of Sisera by Deborah and Barak appears in the poetic account of Judges 5:1 , which mentions neither Jabin nor Hazor (compare 1 Samuel 12:9 )
Judges - ...
These extraordinary judges, raised by God, the temporal as well as spiritual King of Israel, as His vicegerents, between Joshua and the kings were 13: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech (an usurper), Tola, Jair Jephtha, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon (Bedan 1 Samuel 12:11), Samson. ) "Saving" Israel is applied to them frequently (Judges 3:9 margin, Judges 31; Judges 6:15; Judges 7:7; Judges 11:1, margin); the Lord "raised them up" (Judges 2:16) at intervals, as need required, by causing His Spirit to come upon them (Judges 3:10; Judges 6:34; Judges 11:29; Judges 13:25); Barak was called by a prophetess, Deborah (Judges 4); His providence overruled the people's choice in Jephthah's case
Tabor (1) - Here the forces under Deborah and Barak rallied to fight Sisera ( Judges 4:6 ; Judges 4:12 )
Tabor - ) From Tabor Barak descended with his 10,000 men into the plain, at Deborah's command, and conquered Sisera at the Kishon (Judges 4:6-15)
Canaan (2) - It was left by Jacob because of the famine; searched by the twelve spies, Numbers 13:2; Viewed by Moses, Deuteronomy 32:49; conquered by Joshua, Joshua 11:23; divided by lot among the twelve tribes, Joshua 13:7; a king of the country was slain by Deborah and Barak, Judges 4:24
Asher, Aser - ...
When Deborah and Barak went to the war they had to lament in their song that Asher abode by the sea coast, and came not to their aid, Judges 5:17 ; but when subsequently the Midianites and the Amalekites invaded the land Asher responded to the call of Gideon
Dance - The woman nearest of kin to the champion in some national triumph or thanksgiving, and who had a kind of public character with her own sex, led a choir of women; as Miriam (Exodus 15:1-20) (while Moses led the men), Jephthah's daughter (Judges 11:34), Deborah (Judges 5) (while Barak led the men)
Megiddo - Deborah and Barak fought the Canaanites and their leaders King Jabin and Sisera near the “waters of Megiddo,” possibly the wadi Qina running through the surrounding hills (Judges 5:19 )
Har-Magedon - Against this, however, must be set the statements that Barak with his 10,000 men ‘went down from mount Tabor’ to meet Sisera (Judges 4:14), that Zebulun and Naphtali ‘jeoparded their lives unto the death in the high places of the field’ (Judges 5:18), and that Saul and Jonathan fell ‘in mount Gilboa’ (1 Samuel 31:1; 1 Samuel 31:8; cf
Judges - Thus it was chiefly the land east of the Jordan that Ehud, Jephthah, Elon, and Jair delivered and governed; Barak and Tola governed the northern tribes; Abdon the central; and Ibzan and Samson the southern
Naphtali - ...
Barak with 10,000 men of Naphtali, at Deborah's call, fought and delivered Israel from Jabin of Canaan
Issachar - " But in the conflict with Jabin and Sisera "the princes of Israel were with Deborah, even Israel and also Barak"; indeed the battle was perhaps on Israel's territory, "by Tadhath at the waters of Megiddo" (Judges 5:15; Judges 5:19). Barak would not be likely to desert the fastnesses of Tabor and march 15 miles over the boggy plain to attack the Canaanites strongly placed on the sides of the low hills at Taanach
Stars - At the creation ‘the morning stars sang together’ ( Job 38:7 ); at the battle between Barak and Sisera ‘the stars in their courses fought against Sisera’ ( Judges 5:20 ): in the former passage it may be that the angels are described as stars (cf
Judges, the Book of - Of the 13 judges, the account of six (Ehud, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech, Jephthah, Samson) is full, that of the remaining seven very brief. Each only delivered one part of Israel: Shamgar the region toward Philistia; Deborah and Barak northern Israel (Judges 4:10); so Gideon (Judges 6:35), Jephthah, eastern Israel; Samson, Judah, Dan and the region adjoining Philistia. ...
Under Othniel and Ehud all Israel rose against the foe; under Barak Reuben, Gilead, Dan, and Asher took no part (Judges 5:15-17)
Naphtali - The captain to whom the honour of leading the Israelites to victory over the hosts of Sisera is ascribed in the prose narrative, Judges 4:1-24 , was Barak of Kedesn-naphtali
Music - The song of Deborah and Barak is cast in a distinctly metrical form, and was probably intended to be sung with a musical accompaniment as one of the people's songs
Galilee - ‘Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet’ ( John 7:52 ) was another, in the face of the fact that Galilee was the home of Deborah, Barak, Ibzan, Tola, Elon, with the prophets Jonah, Elisha, and possibly Hosea
Zebulun - ...
In the war against Jabin 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali went with Barak against Sisera, and in the battle, whose issues were of decisive importance to the tribes of Israel, they immortalized themselves by their bravery (Judges 4:10 )
Judges, Book of - ...
From the Exodus to the crossing the Jordan 40 }...
From the Jordan to the division of the land 7 }...
Rest under Joshua and the Elders Judges 2:7 12 }...
Oppression by the king of Mesopotamia Judges 3:8 8 } ...
Othniel judge Judges 3:11 40 } About 338 years -...
Oppression by the Moabites Judges 3:14 18 } ...
Ehud and Shamgar Judges 3:30 80 } the 300 years...
Oppression by king Jabin Judges 4:3 20 } ...
Deborah and Barak Judges 5:31 40 } in round...
Oppression by the Midianites Judges 6:1 7 } ...
Gideon Judges 8:28 40 } numbers...
Abimelech Judges 9:22 3 } ...
Tola Judges 10:2 23 } of...
Jair Judges 10:3 22 } ...
} Judges 11:26 ...
In the West
Judges (1) - The title ‘judge’ is not applied to three of these chieftains, namely, Ehud, Barak, and Gideon, and ‘seems not to have been found in the oldest of the author’s sources’ (Moore, Judges , p. ...
The Book of Judges itself is comprised in Judges 2:6 to Judges 16:31 ; and here it is to be noticed, first of all, that a certain artificiality is observable in the structure; the exploits of twelve men are recounted, and the idea seems to be that each represents one of the twelve tribes of Israel, thus: Judah is represented by Othniel, Benjamin by Ehud, the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh by Gideon (West) and Jair (East), Issachar by Tola, Zebulun by Elon, Naphtali by Barak, Ephralm by Abdon, Gad by Jephthah, and Dan by Samson; besides these ten there are Shamgar and Ibzan, two unimportant Judges, but against them there are the two tribes Reuben and Simeon, who, however, soon disappear; while the tribe of Levi, as always, occupies an exceptional position. (2) Barak , who is, however, rather the instrument of Deborah; chs. ...
The ‘judgeship’ of Deborah and Barak is the most important historical section in the book; of the two accounts of the period, chs
Angel - His message was in reference to the failure of the inhabitants of Meraz to come to the help of Barak when Israel was fighting the Canaanites
Blessing And Cursing - ...
The English word “bless” is often used to translate Barak
Music - We have in Scripture canticles of joy, of thanksgiving, of praise, of mourning; also mournful elegies or songs, as those of David on the death of Saul and Abner, and the Lamentations of Jeremiah on the destruction of Jerusalem; so, too, songs of victory, triumph, and gratulation, as that which Moses sung after passing the Red Sea, that of Deborah and Barak, and others
Judges, Theology of - Both Barak and Sisera lose the glory that should have been theirs to a woman (4:9). For it was in faith that Gideon, Barak, Jephthah, and Samson "conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and gained what was promised" (Hebrews 11:32-33 )
Judges, Book of - Deborah (and Barak) deliver from the Canaanites (Judges 4:1-5:31 )
Habakkuk, Theology of - Perhaps he regularly heard singing about God's redemptive Acts for Moses (Deuteronomy 33:2-5,26-29 ), for Deborah and Barak (Judges 5 ), and for David (Psalm 18 )
Triumphs - The song of Deborah and Barak, after the decisive battle in which Sisera lost his life, and Jabin his dominion over the tribes of Israel, is a production of the same sort, in which the spirit of genuine heroism and of true religion are admirably combined
Name, Names - Other natural objects are also drawn upon: Geshem (‘rain’), Barak (‘lightning’), etc
Prophecy, Prophets - The prophetess Deborah predicted victory, pronounced judgment on doubting Barak, and even identified the right time to attack (Judges 4:6-7 ,Judges 4:6-7,4:9 ,Judges 4:9,4:14 )
Gideon - Former judges, Othniel, Ehud, Barak, had been moved by the Spirit of God to their work; but to Gideon alone under a terebinth in Ophrah, a town belonging to Joash, Jehovah appeared in person to show that the God who had made theophanies to the patriarchs was the same Jehovah, ready to save their descendants if they would return to the covenants
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - In biblical history it is best known for its role in the Barak-Deborah victory over the Canaanite forces of Sisera (Judges 4-5 ) and Elijah's contest with the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel (1 Kings 18:40 )