What does Athaliah mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
עֲתַלְיָ֖הוּ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 4
וַעֲתַלְיָ֖ה son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 2
עֲתַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 2
וַעֲתַלְיָֽה son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
וַעֲתַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
עֲתַלְיָ֗הוּ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
וַֽעֲתַלְיָה֙ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
עֲתַלְיָ֔ה son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
עֲתַלְיָה֙ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
עֲתַלְיָ֛הוּ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
עֲתַלְיָ֔הוּ son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1
עֲתַלְיָ֑ה son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin. / father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile. / the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne 1

Definitions Related to Athaliah

H6271


   1 son of Jeroham of the tribe of Benjamin.
   2 father of Jeshaiah of the sons of Elam who was one of the heads of a family who returned with Ezra from exile.
   3 the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and the wife of king Jehoram of Judah; killer of all the members of the royal family of Judah with the exception of one baby named Joash who was hidden by the high priest Jehoiada until 6 years had passed and Jehoiada led the revolution to put him on the throne, overthrowing Athaliah and putting her to death.
   Additional Information: Athaliah = “afflicted of the Lord”.
   

Frequency of Athaliah (original languages)

Frequency of Athaliah (English)

Dictionary

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Athaliah
A granddaughter of Omri, 2 Chronicles 22:2 , and daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, 2 Kings 11:1 . Strangely enough, she was chosen as the wife of Jehoram, son of the pious Jehoshaphat king of Judah. Her pernicious influence drew into idolatry and crime both her husband and her son Ahaziah, 2 Chronicles 21:6 22:3 . After their premature death, she usurped the throne, and sought to secure herself in it by the murder of all the seed royal. Only Joash her grandson, then an infant, was saved by his aunt Jehosheba. Six years afterwards he was brought from his place of refuge, and crowned by the bold and faithful high priest Jehoiada, who at the same time caused the blood-stained Athaliah to be put to death, 2 Kings 11:1-21 2 Chronicles 23:1-21 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Athaliah
Daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram, king of Judah. It was a union (compare 1 Corinthians 15:33; 1 Corinthians 6:14-18) fatal to the cause of piety in Judah, a cause which the godly Jehoshaphat had so much at heart. She bore a hideous likeness to Jezebel her mother, as the history with such unstudied truthfulness brings out. By her influence Jehoram was led to walk in the way of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of Ahab (2 Chronicles 21:6). Baal worship through her was introduced into Judah, as it had been through her mother into Israel. Worldly policy, the hope of reuniting Israel to Judah, and concession to his son, whose reckless violence was afterward seen in the murder of his own brothers (2 Chronicles 21:3-4), infatuated Jehoshaphat to sanction the union. The same bloodthirstiness, lust of dominion over husband and over the state, and unscrupulous wickedness in killing all that stood in the way of ambition, appear in the daughter as in the mother.
When her son Ahaziah was slain by Jehu, along with the brethren of Ahaziah and their sons (42 men), she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah (2 Chronicles 22:10). As queenmother she was determined to keep the regal power which she exercised during Ahaziah's absence in Jezreel (2 Kings 9:16). Ahaziah's youngest son Jonah alone escaped her murderous hand, secreted by Jehosheba, his aunt, daughter of Jehoram (probably not by Athaliah, but another wife) and wife of the priest Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 22:11-12). For six years he was hid, but in the seventh year Jehoiada took into covenant with him for restoring the rightful king "the captains of hundreds," two Azariahs, Ishmael, Maaseiah, and Elishaphat; they next enlisted the cooperation of the Levites, gathered out of Judah, and the chief fathers of Israel who came to Jerusalem. Then they made a covenant with the king in the temple.
A third part of the soldiers of the guard usually guarded the palace, while two thirds restrained the crowds on the sabbath by guarding the gate Sur (1 Kings 11:6), or "the gate of the foundation" (2 Chronicles 23:5), and the gate "behind the guard," the N. and S. entrances to the temple. The two thirds in the temple were to guard the king with David's spears and shields, that the restoration of his descendant might be connected with his name. Any who should approach beyond the fixed limits were to be killed. Joash was duly anointed, crowned, and received the testimony or law, the statute book of his reign (Deuteronomy 17:18-20).
Athaliah, roused by the acclamations of the people, hastened to the temple, and there saw the king "by a pillar" or "upon" it, i.e. on a throne raised upon it (for "pillar" Gesenius translates "stage" or "scaffold," such as in 2 Chronicles 6:18). In vain she (who herself was the embodiment, of treason) cried "Treason!" She was hurried out, and slain at the entering of the horse gate by the king's house. Mattan, Baal's priest, was the only other person slain. Her usurpation lasted 883-877 B.C. As she loved blood, blood was her own end; having lived as her mother, as her mother she died, slain at her own walls amidst the hoofs of the horses (compare Revelation 16:5-6).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Athaliah
(ath uh lih' ah) Personal name meaning, “Yahweh has announced His exalted nature,” or “Yahweh is righteous.” 1. Wife of Jehoram, king of Judah, and mother of Ahaziah, king of Judah. She was either the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel of Israel (2 Kings 8:18 ) or of Omri, king of Israel (2 Kings 8:26 ; according to a literal reading of text as in KJV; an interpretation of text extends Hebrew word for daughter to mean female descendant and thus “granddaughter as in NAS; NIV; RSV). Some have suggested Omri was her father, but her brother Ahab raised her at court and thus functioned as her father. She brought the northern court's devotion to Baal to the court of Judah. She exercised great political influence during her son's reign of one year (1 Kings 8:27-28 ). At her son's death from battle wounds, she tried to gain power for herself by having all male heirs killed. She managed to rule Judah for six years (2 Kings 11:1-4 ), being the only woman to do so. Finally, Jehoiada, the priest, led a revolt, crowning the child Josiah as king and bringing about Athaliah's death (2 Kings 11:5-20 ).
2. Son of Jeroham in tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:26 ). 3 . Father of Jeshaiah, who led 70 men back to Jerusalem from Exile with Ezra (Ezra 8:7 ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Athaliah
ATHALIAH . 1 . The only queen who occupied the throne of Judah. She was the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and was married to Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat. On the accession of her son Ahaziah she became queen-mother, second only to the king in power and influence. When Ahaziah was slain by Jehu, she could not bring herself to take an Inferior position, and seized the throne for herself, making it secure, as she supposed, by slaying all the male members of the house of David so far as they were within her reach. One infant was preserved, and was successfully concealed in the Temple six years. The persons active in this were Jehosheba, sister of Ahaziah, and her husband Jehoiada, the chief priest. The story of the young prince’s coronation by the bodyguard is one of the most dramatic in Hebrew history. The death of Athaliah at the hands of the guard forms the logical conclusion of the incident. The destruction of the temple of Baal, which is spoken of in the same connexion, indicates that Athaliah was addicted to the worship of the Phœnician Baal, introduced by her mother into Israel ( 2 Kings 11:1-21 ). 2 . See Gotholias. 3 . A Benjamite ( 1 Chronicles 8:26 ).
H. P. Smith.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Athaliah
1. Descendant of Benjamin. 1 Chronicles 8:26 .
2. Father of Jeshaiah who returned from exile. Ezra 8:7 .
3. Daughter of Jezebel and Ahab, and granddaughter of Omri (cf. 2 Kings 8:26 with ver. 18), wife of Jehoram king of Judah. She may be said to have introduced the worship of Baal into Judah, and she brought up her son to follow in her evil ways. 2 Chronicles 22:3 . He having been slain by Jehu when he was executing judgement on the house of Ahab, Athaliah usurped the throne and endeavoured to destroy all the seed royal. One child, Joash, was concealed in the temple, and after Athaliah had reigned six years, he was anointed king and crowned; Athaliah was taken outside the enclosures of the temple and slain, B.C. 878. The temple and idol of Baal were at once destroyed, and the priest slain. The history is a solemn instance of the danger of an unholy alliance. 2 Kings 11:1-20 ; 2 Chronicles 23:12-21 .
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Athaliah
The time of the Lord
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Athaliah
the daughter of Omri, king of Samaria, and wife to Jehoram, king of Judah. This princess, being informed that Jehu had slain her son Ahaziah, resolved to take the government upon herself, 2 Kings 11; which that she might effect, without opposition, she destroyed all the children that Jehoram had by other wives, and all their offspring. But Jehosheba, the sister of Ahaziah, by the father's side only, was at this time married to Jehoiada, the high priest; and while Athaliah's executioners were murdering the rest, she conveyed Joash the son of Ahaziah away, and kept him and his nurse concealed in an apartment of the temple, during six years. In the seventh year, his uncle Jehoiada being determined to place him on the throne of his ancestors, and procure the destruction of Athaliah, he engaged the priests and Levites, and the leading men in all the parts of the kingdom in his interest, and in a public assembly produced him, and made them take an oath of secrecy and fidelity to him. He then distributed arms among the people, whom he divided into three bodies, one to guard the person of the king, and the other two to secure the gates of the temple. After this, he brought out the young prince, set the crown on his head, put the book of the law into his hand, and with sound of trumpet proclaimed him; which was seconded with the joyful shouts and acclamations of the people. Athaliah, hearing the noise, made all haste to the temple; but when, to her astonishment, she saw the young king seated on a throne, she rent her clothes and cried out, "Treason!" But at the command of Jehoiada, the guards seized and carried her out of the temple, putting all to the sword who offered to rescue or assist her; and then taking her to the stable gate belonging to the palace, there put her to death. A.M. 3126.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Athaliah
Athaliah (ăth-a-lî'ah), whom Jehovah afflicts. 1. The daughter of Ahab by Jezebel. She was married to Jehoram, king of Judah; and, when her son Ahaziah was slam by Jehu, she destroyed the rest of the royal family except Joash, an infant, who was concealed in the temple by his aunt Jehosheba (most likely not Athaliah's daughter), the wife of Jehoiada the high priest. Athaliah usurped the throne for six years, 884-878 b.c. In the seventh year, Jehoiada brought out the young prince. Athaliah, probably engaged in her idolatrous worship in the house of Baal, heard the shouts of the people, rushed into the temple, and saw the young king standing by, or perhaps on a pillar or platform; but her cry of "treason" only caused her own arrest and deserved execution. 2 Kings 8:18; 2 Kings 8:26; 2 Kings 11:1-21; 2 Chronicles 22:2; 2 Chronicles 22:10-12; 2 Chronicles 21:1-20; 2 Chronicles 24:7. 2. A Benjamite. 1 Chronicles 8:26. 3. One whose son, with many of the same family, returned from Babylon with Ezra. Ezra 8:7
Chabad Knowledge Base - Athaliah
(d. 700 BCE) A member of Ahab's family, mother of King Ahaziah. After Ahaziah's death, she killed his potential heirs and ruled for six years, using her influence to suppress the true prophets and to support Baal worship. She was killed when Jehoiada revealed that Ahaziah's son, Joash, was still alive.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Athaliah
When Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoram of Judah, the Baalism that Ahab and Jezebel had established in Israel spread to Judah. Athaliah was a strong influence on both her husband and their son, Ahaziah, who succeeded his father as king (2 Chronicles 21:4-6; 2 Chronicles 22:1-42Ch_22:10-12; 2 Chronicles 24:7).
Six years later, Athaliah was killed in a fresh anti-Baal revolution, this one centred on Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 22:12; 2 Chronicles 23:1-15). The people then destroyed her Baal temple, Baal altars and Baal images, and restored the dynasty of David by placing her sole surviving grandson on the throne of Judah (2 Chronicles 23:16-21).

Sentence search

Jehosheba - ” Sister of King Ahaziah who, after his death, took young Joash and protected him from Queen Athaliah so Athaliah could not have him killed as she did the other royal children (2 Kings 11:2 )
Athaliah - When Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoram of Judah, the Baalism that Ahab and Jezebel had established in Israel spread to Judah. Athaliah was a strong influence on both her husband and their son, Ahaziah, who succeeded his father as king (2 Chronicles 21:4-6; 2 Chronicles 22:1-42Ch_22:10-12; 2 Chronicles 24:7). ...
Six years later, Athaliah was killed in a fresh anti-Baal revolution, this one centred on Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 22:12; 2 Chronicles 23:1-15)
Elishaphat - Whom God has judged, one of the "captains of hundreds" associated with Jehoiada in the league to overthrow the usurpation of Athaliah (2 Chronicles 23:1 )
Jehosheba - The aunt of Joash, king of Judah, whose life in infancy and childhood she saved, in spite of the designs of Athaliah, 2 Kings 11:1 - 3
Gotholias - Father of Jesalas, who returned with Ezra; called in Ezra 8:7 Athaliah , which was thus both a male and a female name ( 2 Kings 11:1 )
Athaliah - He having been slain by Jehu when he was executing judgement on the house of Ahab, Athaliah usurped the throne and endeavoured to destroy all the seed royal. One child, Joash, was concealed in the temple, and after Athaliah had reigned six years, he was anointed king and crowned; Athaliah was taken outside the enclosures of the temple and slain, B
Elishaphat - ” Military captain who helped Jehoiada, the priest, overthrow Queen Athaliah and establish Joash (835-796 B
Jehoiada - A high priest, who preserved the life and throne of the young Josiah against the usurping Athaliah
Athaliah - Athaliah (ăth-a-lî'ah), whom Jehovah afflicts. She was married to Jehoram, king of Judah; and, when her son Ahaziah was slam by Jehu, she destroyed the rest of the royal family except Joash, an infant, who was concealed in the temple by his aunt Jehosheba (most likely not Athaliah's daughter), the wife of Jehoiada the high priest. Athaliah usurped the throne for six years, 884-878 b. Athaliah, probably engaged in her idolatrous worship in the house of Baal, heard the shouts of the people, rushed into the temple, and saw the young king standing by, or perhaps on a pillar or platform; but her cry of "treason" only caused her own arrest and deserved execution
Athaliah - Athaliah . The death of Athaliah at the hands of the guard forms the logical conclusion of the incident. The destruction of the temple of Baal, which is spoken of in the same connexion, indicates that Athaliah was addicted to the worship of the Phœnician Baal, introduced by her mother into Israel ( 2 Kings 11:1-21 )
Jeshaiah - Son of Athaliah: one who returned from exile
Queen - the cases of Bathsheba, Jezebel, Athaliah)
Sur, Gate of - Some feel that it may be the gate leading from the king's palace to the Temple spoken of in the account of the murder of Queen Athaliah (2 Kings 11:1 )
Athali'ah - (2 Chronicles 24:6 ) The child was brought up under Jehoiada's care, and concealed in the temple for six years, during which period Athaliah reigned over Judah. His plan was successful, and Athaliah was put to death
Jeshaiah - ...
...
Son of Athaliah (Ezra 8:7 )
Queen - It is applied to a ruling queen, as the queen of Sheba, 1 Kings 10:1; and to Athaliah, 2 Kings 11:1-21; to the wives of the king, Esther 1:9; Esther 7:1; and to the queen-mother, as Bathsheba, Maachah, 1 Kings 2:19; 1 Kings 15:13; and to Jezebel, 2 Kings 10:13
Jeroham - The father of Azariah, who helped Jehoiada in the overthrow of Athaliah ( 2 Chronicles 23:1 )
Carites - They were military personnel who helped Jehoiada, the priest, install Joash as king and assassinate the queen mother Athaliah
Jehosh'Eba - ) As she is called, (2 Kings 11:2 ) "the daughter of Joram , sister of Ahaziah," it has been conjectured that she was the daughter, not of Athaliah, but of Joram by another wife
Jehoiada - High priest during the usurpation of Athaliah. He preserved the life of Joash, the infant son of Ahaziah, and succeeded, with wisdom and energy, in placing him on the throne, and then caused the death of Athaliah
Jeho-i'Ada - (1 Chronicles 18:17 ; 2 Samuel 8:18 ) ...
High priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah, B. He married Jehosheba; and when Athaliah slew all the seed royal to Judah after Ahaziah had been put to death by Jehu, he and his wife stole Joash from among the king's sons and hid him for six years in the temple, and eventually replaced him on the throne of his ancestors. [1] The destruction of Baal-worship and the restoration of the temple were among the great works effected by Jehoiada
Obed - See Athaliah
Jehohanan - Probably the same as the father of Ishmael, the captain who helped Jehoiada against Athaliah (2 Chronicles 23:1)
Joash - In 2 Kings 11:2 , the infant son of King Ahaziah of Judah who survived the bloodbath carried out by Athaliah, the queen mother, following the murder of Ahaziah. Athaliah was executed, and Joash took the throne at the age of seven. See Israel ; Chronology of Biblical Period; Athaliah ; Jehoiada
Jehoshaphat - But, the alliance involved a marriage between Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram and Ahab's daughter Athaliah. Athaliah's influence in Judah finally proved to be horrific. See Athaliah ; Israel ; Chronology of Biblical Period; Micaiah
Ahaziah - Their sister Athaliah had married the Judean king (Jehoshaphat’s son), whose name also was Jehoram. Through the Judean Jehoram and his wife Athaliah, the Baalism of Ahab and Jezebel spread to Judah
Adaiah - The father of Maaseiah, who helped make young Joash king instead of Athaliah, the queen mother (2 Chronicles 23:1 )
Queen - No queen ruled Israel or Judah in her own right, though Athaliah usurped power (2 Kings 11:1-3 ). On her son's death, Athaliah murdered her own grandsons, the legitimate heirs, in order to retain the power she had enjoyed as queen mother (2 Kings 11:1-2 )
Porters - We read, in 2 Corinthians 13:14 , of the faithful service they rendered in protecting Joash and slaying Athaliah
Athaliah - Six years afterwards he was brought from his place of refuge, and crowned by the bold and faithful high priest Jehoiada, who at the same time caused the blood-stained Athaliah to be put to death, 2 Kings 11:1-21 2 Chronicles 23:1-21
Jehosheba - ) Athaliah is not specified as her mother, but this may be due to the sacred writer's abhorrence of her name
Mother - A mother has naturally great influence over her children, whether for good or evil, as Jochebed the mother of Moses, and Jezebel the mother of Athaliah
Jehoiada - ...
...
The high priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah. He married Jehosheba, or Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram (2 Chronicles 22:11 ), and took an active part along with his wife in the preservation and training of Jehoash when Athaliah slew all the royal family of Judah
Athaliah - But Jehosheba, the sister of Ahaziah, by the father's side only, was at this time married to Jehoiada, the high priest; and while Athaliah's executioners were murdering the rest, she conveyed Joash the son of Ahaziah away, and kept him and his nurse concealed in an apartment of the temple, during six years. In the seventh year, his uncle Jehoiada being determined to place him on the throne of his ancestors, and procure the destruction of Athaliah, he engaged the priests and Levites, and the leading men in all the parts of the kingdom in his interest, and in a public assembly produced him, and made them take an oath of secrecy and fidelity to him. Athaliah, hearing the noise, made all haste to the temple; but when, to her astonishment, she saw the young king seated on a throne, she rent her clothes and cried out, "Treason!" But at the command of Jehoiada, the guards seized and carried her out of the temple, putting all to the sword who offered to rescue or assist her; and then taking her to the stable gate belonging to the palace, there put her to death
Zichri - Father of Elishaphat, Jehoiada's helper against Athaliah
o'Bed - ) ...
Father of Azariah, one of the captains of hundreds who joined with Jehoiada in the revolution by which Athaliah fell
Ranges - , Jehoiada orders that Athaliah should be kept surrounded by his own guards, and at the same time conveyed beyond the precincts of the temple
Adaiah - The father of Maaseiah, a captain who helped to overthrow the usurpation of Athaliah, 2 Chronicles 23:1
Jer'Oham - (1 Chronicles 27:22 ) ...
Father of Azariah, one of the "captains of hundreds" in the time of Athaliah
Jehoiada - Priest who led the coup in which Queen Athaliah, who had usurped the throne of Judah, was slain and Joash (Jehoash), the legitimate heir to the monarchy, was enthroned (2 Kings 11:4 )
Jeroham - Father of captain who helped Jehoiada, the high priest, overthrow Queen Athaliah and install Joash as king about 835 B
Jehoiada - The Book of Chronicles makes him the husband of the princess Jehosheba (or Jehoshabeath, 2 Chronicles 22:11 ), by whose presence of mind the infant prince Jehoash escaped the massacre by which Athaliah secured the throne for herself
Joash - On the murder of his brethren by Athaliah, he was saved by his aunt Jehosheba, the wife of Jehoiada the high priest, who hid him for six years in one of the rooms of the temple. When Joash was 7 years of age, Jehoiada planned with Azariah and others, to place young Joash upon the throne, and to dethrone his grandmother, the wicked Athaliah; and the young king was crowned in the court of the temple with great solemnity
Judah the Kingdom of - During this period there were 19 rulers, all of the lineage of David, except Athaliah. Later, an alliance was formed by the marriage of Jehoshaphat's son with Ahab's daughter, Athaliah, 1 Kings 22:1-53; 2 Chronicles 18:1-34, who usurped the crown
Ahaziah - Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah of Judah, was the sister of Ahaziah of Israel
Jehoash - This woman, Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, then established her parents’ Baalism in Judah. After six years the high priest led a successful revolution that saw Athaliah killed, Baalism removed, and the child Joash placed on the Davidic throne (835 BC; 2 Kings 11)
Ahaziah - Otherwise Jehoahaz, or Azariah, king of Judah, son of Jehoram and Athaliah; he succeeded his father B
Ahaziah - Guided by his idolatrous mother Athaliah, his reign was disastrous (2Kings 8:24-29; 9:29)
Jehoiada - See Athaliah and Joash
Jehoshaphat - The alliance was cemented by the marriage of the crown prince Jehoram to Ahab’s daughter Athaliah ( 2 Kings 8:18 )
Jehoshaphat - The great error of his life was an entangling alliance with the wicked Ahab, whose infamous daughter Athaliah early began to afflict the kingdom of Judah, of which she was afterwards the queen
Table of Kings And Prophets in Israel And Judah - ...
885...
Ahaziah,...
884...
Athaliah,...
884...
Jehu,...
878...
Jehoash,...
Zechariah, son of Jehoiada
Kidron - Here Athaliah was executed, 2 Kings 11:16; here Maachah's idols were burnt, 1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chronicles 15:16; and hither the impurities and abominations of idol-worship were regularly carried and destroyed
jo'Ash - 884), and the only one of his children who escaped the murderous hand of Athaliah. In the seventh year of his age and of his concealment, a successful revolution, conducted by Jehoiada, placed him on the throne of his ancestors, and freed the country from the tyranny and idolatries of Athaliah
Ahaziah - Ahaziah was governed by his idolatrous mother Athaliah; he received his mortal wound by the command of Jehu, and died at Megiddo, b
Athaliah - Ahaziah's youngest son Jonah alone escaped her murderous hand, secreted by Jehosheba, his aunt, daughter of Jehoram (probably not by Athaliah, but another wife) and wife of the priest Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 22:11-12). ...
Athaliah, roused by the acclamations of the people, hastened to the temple, and there saw the king "by a pillar" or "upon" it, i
Joash - When the impious Athaliah undertook to extinguish the race of the kings of Judah, that she might seize the crown herself, she ordered all the princes, her grandchildren, to be murdered. But Jehosheba, the sister of Ahaziah, and wife to the High Priest Jehoiada, rescued young Joash, then a child, from the cruelty of Athaliah, and lodged him in the temple with his nurse
Jehoram - He was married to Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel
Jehohanan - Father of a military commander under Jehoiada, the high priest, in the assassination of Queen Athaliah and the installation of Joash as king of Judah about 835 B
Kidron - Here Asa burned the obscene idols of his mother (1 Kings 15:13 ), and here Athaliah was executed (2 Kings 11:16 )
Maaseiah - One of the captains who assisted Jehoiada in the overthrow of Athaliah ( 2 Chronicles 23:1 )
Jehoash - When an infant his brothers and cousins were massacred, some of them by Jehu and some by Athaliah
Jezebel - Jezebel’s evil influence in the land of Israel, especially in combating the religion of Jahweh in the Interests of Baal-worship, was exercised not only during the twenty-two years of Ahab’s reign, but also during the thirteen years of the rule of her two sons, Ahaziah and Joram; moreover, this influence extended, though in a less degree, to the Southern Kingdom of Judah, where Athaliah, the daughter of Jezebel, seems to have followed in the footsteps of her mother ( 2 Kings 8:18 )
Joram or Jehoram - Unhappily he was married to Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, whose evil influence did much to render his reign a curse to the land
Jezebel - Daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, wife of Ahab king of Israel, and mother of Ahaziah, Joram, and Athaliah
Jehoram - He married Athaliah, daughter of the Israelite king Ahab and his Baalist wife Jezebel, and introduced the Baalism of Jezebel into Judah (2 Kings 8:16-18; 2 Chronicles 21:4-6)
Zacharias - Contrast Jehoiada's reverent care not to slay Athaliah in the temple precincts (2 Chronicles 23:14; 2 Chronicles 24:20-22; 2 Chronicles 24:25). Barachias may have been a second name of Jehoiada, meaning "the blessed," because he preserved David's house in the person of Joash from the murderous Athaliah, slew her, and restored the rightful king
Ahab - ...
During Ahab's days, Israel enjoyed peace with Judah, largely as a result of a marriage he arranged between princess Athaliah and Joram, the crown prince of Judah. He frequently consulted with Yahweh's prophets (1Kings 20:13-14,1Kings 20:22,1 Kings 20:28 ; 1Kings 22:8,1 Kings 22:16 ), used the divine name in naming his children (Ahaziah, Jehoram, and Athaliah) and did not interfere with the execution of the priests of Baal after the contest on Mt
Azari'ah - (1 Chronicles 2:38,39 ) He was probably one of the captains of hundreds in the time of Athaliah mentioned in (2 Chronicles 23:1 ) (B. ...
Son of Jeroham, one of the captains of Judah in the time of Athaliah
Joash - When his grandmother Athaliah attempted to cut off all the seed royal, Joash, then an infant, was hidden and preserved by his aunt, Jehosheba, the wife of Jehoiada the high priest. When he was about seven years old, Jehoiada succeeded in placing him, as the preserved seed of David, on the throne, and putting Athaliah to death
Baal, Baalim - It however revived again in Israel, and under Ahaziah and Athaliah extended also to Judah, and during the reigns of Ahaz and Manasseh worshippers of Baal are found there
Ahazi'ah - (1 Kings 22:49-53 ; 2 Kings 1:1 ; 2 Chronicles 20:35-37 ) ...
Fifth king of Judah, son of Jehoram and Athaliah (daughter of Ahab), and therefore nephew of the preceding Ahaziah, reigned one year, B
Jehoiada - Married, king Jehoram's daughter, sister of king Ahaziah, on whose death by Jehu's hands the queen mother Athaliah slew all the seed royal; but Jehosheba stole Joash the youngest son, and with her husband hid him in the house of God six years. (See JEHOSHEBA; Athaliah; JOASH. ) Then when Athaliah's tyranny and foreign idolatries had disgusted the people, he with great prudence and tact made a secret compact in the temple with the five captains of the king's body guard (literally, the executioners and runners), Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah, and Elishaphat. The whole royal body guard, probably after Athaliah's slaughter, joined the people in the courts, to lead the king thence to the palace; at all events the relieved Levite guards were with the people in the courts, and probably some of the royal guards who took share in the plot. " Jehoiada, having enthroned Joash, restored the temple worship as David had settled it, it having been neglected under the idolatrous Athaliah. his jealous care, amidst the irregularities of a revolution, that none should "come into Jehovah's house save the priests and ministering Levites," also that Athaliah should be thrust forth outside "the ranges," and not be slain "in the house of Jehovah," 2 Chronicles 23:6; 2 Chronicles 23:14), and zeal for the Lord's honour and the purity of His worship, were conspicuous in Jehoiada
Joash or Jehoash - He was the only son of Ahaziah who was not slain by the usurping Athaliah, his grandmother
Reign - And Athaliah did reign over the land” (2 Kings 11:3)
Jehoash - Athaliah was taken by surprise when she heard the shout of the people, "Long live the king;" and when she appeared in the temple, Jehoiada commanded her to be led forth to death (2 Kings 11:13-20 )
Ahaziah - Son of Jehoram and Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, therefore nephew of the above
Ahaziah - AHAZIAH, king of Judah, the son of Jehoram and Athaliah
Jehoram - His wife was Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel
Joram, Jehoram - He, as of the seed of David, formed an unholy alliance by marrying Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel
Chronology of the Old Testament - The history gives a convenient point of division at the accession of Jehu in Israel and of Athaliah in Judah, for these two came to the throne in the same year. According to this method, the number of years from Rehoboam to Athaliah would be 90, which cannot be far from correct. The next period, however, from Athaliah to Hezekiah, and from Jehu to the fall of Samaria, gives us greater difficulty
Jehoshaphat - He erred, however, in making alliance with idolatrous Israel, and in allowing his son to marry Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel
Alliances - Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram's marriage with Ahab's daughter, Athaliah, was fatal to him and to Ahaziah and his other sons except Joash (2 Chronicles 21; 22)
Jeho'Ram - He then, probably at the instance of his wife Athaliah the daughter of Ahab, proceeded to establish the worship of Baal
Woman - Under the monarchy, Jezebel in the Northern Kingdom and Athaliah in the Southern, afford illustrations of the political power and influence that a woman might wield
Azariah - Two military commanders of 100 men who helped Jehoiada, the high priest, depose and murder Athaliah as queen of Judah and install Joash as king (835-796)
Judah, Kingdom of - The alliance bore deadly fruit under his murderous son Jehoram, his grandson Ahaziah, and the bloody queen mother Athaliah, Ahab's daughter and Jehoram's wife (2 Chronicles 21-22). (See JEHORAM; AHAZIAH; Athaliah
Ahaziah - At first viceroy during his father's sickness, then king of Judah, son of Jehoram of Judah and Athaliah, Ahab's cruel daughter (2 Kings 9:29, compare 2 Kings 8:25)
Israel, Kingdom of - The princes of his house cultivated an alliance with the king of Judah which was cemented by the marriage of Jehoram and Athaliah
Jehoshaphat - ; and his son Jehoram married Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel (2 Chronicles 22:2-3; 2 Chronicles 22:7-8; 2 Chronicles 22:10). (See JEHORAM; Athaliah
Zechariah - Son of Jehoiada, and so cousin of king Joash whom Jehoiada saved from Athaliah (2 Chronicles 24:20)
Kill, Killing - 1 Kings 19:10 ); Zechariah was stoned during the reign of Joash (2 Chronicles 24:21 ); Abimelech killed his seventy brothers (Judges 9:5 ); Athaliah killed her family and was herself killed (2 Kings 11:16 ; 2 Chronicles 23:15 ); and Jehu destroyed the line of Ahab (2 Chronicles 22:8 )
Covenant - ...
When Athaliah tried to usurp the throne and kill off the royal family, the priest Jehoiada made a covenant agreement with the army (2 Chronicles 23:1 ) and with all the people (2 Chronicles 23:3 ) to support the king Joash against Athaliah (compare 2 Kings 11:1 )
Chronology of the Biblical Period - ...
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY...
Periods of History...
Critical...
Traditional...
Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)...
1700-1500...
2000...
Exodus...
1290...
1450...
Conquest...
1250...
1400...
Judges...
1200-1025...
1360-1025...
Kings...
...
...
Kings of United Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Saul...
1025-1005...
1020-1004...
David...
1005-965...
1004-965...
Solomon...
965-925...
965-931...
Kings of the Divided Kingdom...
Judah...
Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Rehoboam...
...
924-907...
931-913...
...
Jeroboam...
924-903...
926-909...
Abijam (Abijah)...
...
907-906...
913-910...
Asa...
...
905-874...
910-869...
...
Nadab...
903-902...
909-908...
...
Baasha...
902-886...
908-886...
...
Elah...
886-885...
886-885...
...
Zimri...
885...
885...
...
(Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )...
885-881...
885-880...
...
Omri...
885-873...
885-874...
Jehoshaphat...
...
874-850...
873-848...
...
Ahab...
873-851...
874-853...
...
Ahaziah...
851-849...
853-852...
Jehoram (Joram)...
...
850-843...
853-841...
...
Jehoram...
849-843...
852-841...
Ahaziah...
...
843...
841...
Athaliah...
...
843-837...
841-835...
...
Jehu...
843-816...
841-814...
Joash (Jehoash)...
...
837-796...
835-796...
...
Jehoahaz...
816-800...
814-798...
Amaziah...
...
798-767...
796-767...
...
Joash (Jehoash)...
800-785...
798-782...
Uzziah (Azariah)...
...
791-740...
792-740...
...
Jeroboam II...
785-745...
793-753...
Jotham...
...
750-742...
750-732...
...
Zechariah...
745...
753-752...
...
Shallum...
745...
752...
...
Menahem...
745-736...
752-742...
Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)...
...
742-727...
735-715...
...
Pekahiah...
736-735...
742-740...
...
Pekah...
735-732...
752-732...
...
Hoshea...
732-723...
732-723...
Hezekiah...
...
727-698...
715-686...
...
Fall of Samaria ...
722 ...
723/722 ...
Manasseh...
...
697-642...
696-642...
Amon...
...
642-640...
642-640...
Josiah...
...
639-606...
640-609...
Jehoahaz II...
...
609...
609...
Jehoiakim...
...
608-598...
609-597...
Jehoiachin...
...
598-597...
597...
Zedekiah...
...
597-586...
597-586...
Fall of Jerusalem ...
...
586 ...
586 ...
BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE...
Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel...
597...
Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon...
586...
Gedaliah set over Judea...
58...
Gedaliah assassinated...
581 (?)...
Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt...
581 (?)...
Judeans deported to Babylon...
581...
Cyrus, king of Persia...
559-530...
Babylon captured...
539...
Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel...
538...
Temple restoration begun but quickly halted...
538...
Cambysses, king of Persia...
530-522...
Darius, king of Persia...
522-486...
Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple...
520-515...
Temple completed and rededicated...
515...
Xerxes, king of Persia...
486-465...
Artaxerxes I, king of Persia...
465-424...
Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law...
458...
Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls...
445...
NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
King - The queen mother was regent during a son's minority, and always held a high position of power at court (1 Kings 2:19; 2 Kings 24:12; 2 Kings 24:15; 2 Kings 11:1-3; Athaliah)
Israel, History of - Having united the north and the south, he established Jerusalem as the capital of the kingdom, contained the Philistines, expanded Israel's borders and her trade, and established a monarchical line that ruled in uninterrupted fashion, save one exception (Athaliah, 842-837), until the fall of Judah to Babylonia in 587. Ahaziah's death resulted in the usurpation of Judah's throne by the Queen Mother, Athaliah (842-837)
Woman - ...
In the same vein, the queens of God's own people may prove murderous and idolatrous, leading them to ruin (Athaliah 2 Kings 11 ; Jezebel 1 Kings 21 ). Although Athaliah was a wicked queen, Esther, who came to power in Persia under most unusual circumstances, used her position to save her Jewish kinsfolk
High Priest - Jehoshabeath, wife of the high priest Jehoida (2 Chronicles 22:11 ), saved the infant Joash from the murderous Athaliah
Chronicles, i - According to the original account ( 2 Kings 11:1-21 ), Jehoiada was assisted in his rebellion against Athaliah by the foreign bodyguard
Elijah - The Baal priests were not completely destroyed; they actually continued on past the end of the Ahab dynasty, until the time of Athaliah of Judah (who was related to Ahab's royal house)
Fulfillment - On the purely social level the messianic line was very nearly severed in the time of Athaliah, who usurped the throne of Judah and killed all the royal family except the young Joash (2 Kings 11:1-12 )
Family Life And Relations - ) or villains (Jezebel, Athaliah) show that free women had a degree of self-determination that modern writers sometimes ignore
Jehoram - Married Athaliah, Ahab's daughter, the reflex of her wicked mother Jezebel; he yielded himself up to the evil influences of his wife instead of following the example of his pious father
Elijah - But upon closer search into Scripture it is an undesigned propriety that he avoids the land of the king whose one grand error was his marrying his son Jehoram to Athaliah, Ahab's and Jezebel's daughter, at least as early as the sixth or seventh year of Jehoshaphat and the tenth or eleventh of Ahab (Blunt's Undesigned Coincidences); thereby he became so closely allied to the ungodly Ahab that at the Ramoth Gilead expedition he said to the latter, "I am as thou art, my people as thy people" (1 Kings 22:4). ...
Already in Elijah's lifetime Joram had begun to reign jointly with his father Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 8:16; 2 Kings 8:18) and had betrayed his evil spirit which was fostered by Athaliah his wife, Ahab's daughter
Destroy, Destruction - The Baal-worshiping Athaliah almost ended David's line by slaughtering her husband's sons (2 Kings 11:1-3 )
Kings, First And Second, Theology of - , Ahaziah, Athaliah), while a struggle that did not effectively alter the international scene (e
Temple of Jerusalem - Temple repairs were carried out by Jehoash (Joash) of Judah after the murder of wicked Queen Athaliah, but even he had to strip the Temple treasuries to buy off Hazael, king of Syria (2 Kings 12:1 )
High Priest - Jehoiada in Athaliah's and Joash's reigns, Zechariah, his son Azariah in Uzziah's reign, Urijah in Ahaz's reign, and Azariah under Hezekiah. Excepting Jehoiada, who overthrew Athaliah, and Azariah who withstood Uzziah, the kings took the lead in great religious movements
Jerusalem - Shortly afterwards took place the stirring events of the usurpation of Athaliah and her subsequent execution ( 2 Kings 11:1-21 )