What does Assassins mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
σικαρίων an assassin. 1

Definitions Related to Assassins

G4607


   1 an assassin.
      1a one who carries a dagger or short sword under his clothing, that he may kill secretly and treacherously any one he wishes to.
      1b a cutthroat.
      Additional Information: For synonyms see entries 443, anthropoktonos; and 5406, phoneus.
      See entry 5811 for comparison of synonyms.
      

Frequency of Assassins (original languages)

Frequency of Assassins (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Assassins
Organized Jewish group who attempted to win freedom from the Romans. The word in Greek is derived from the Latin term Sicarii , and literally means “dagger men.” Josephus described them as hiding small daggers in their clothing, which they used in crowded situations to kill their victims. “Sicarii” was used by the Romans to refer to those Jews who engaged in the organized killing of political figures. Perhaps this group should be associated with the Zealots of the New Testament (see Zealots). The Sicarii were often called robbers, and it is likely that the thieves crucified with Jesus were suspected of belonging to this group. In Acts 21:38 , Paul was mistaken as a leader of four thousand Sicarii. KJV calls them murderers; REB and TEV, terrorists.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Assassins, the
ASSASSINS, THE . In the time of Felix a band of robbers so named disturbed Judæa. They are mentioned in Acts 21:38 ( sicarii , AV [1] ‘murderers’). Josephus says that at Felix’s suggestion they murdered Jonathan son of Ananus, the high priest ( Ant . XX. viii. 5). They took a leading part in the Jewish War. See art. Egyptian [2].
A. J. Maclean.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Assassins
(or, more properly, Sicarii [1], ‘dagger-men’)
The name given, according to Josephus, to a body of radicals in the Jewish Messianic agitation which culminated in the outbreak of a.d. 66. The name was derived from the short daggers worn by the members of the body (sica, a short, curved, possibly Persian sword), which they kept concealed in their clothing and used to stab people among the crowds. The Sicarii seem to have appeared first during the procuratorship of Felix, although Josephus in Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) vii. viii. 1 might be interpreted as ascribing their origin to a somewhat earlier period. He has a number of references to these men, whom he describes as follows (Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) ii. xiii. 3):
‘There sprang up another sort of robbers in Jerusalem who were called Sicarii, who slew men in the daytime in the midst of the city, especially at the festivals, when they mixed with the multitude, and concealed little daggers under their garments, with which they stabbed those that were their enemies; and when any fell down dead, the murderers joined the bystanders in expressing their indignation, so that from their plausibility they could by no means he discovered. The first man who was slain by them was Jonathan the high priest, after whom many were stain every day, and the fear men were in of being so treated was more harassing than the calamity itself everybody expecting death every hour, as men do in war. So men kept a look-out tot their enemies at a great distance, and even if their friends were coming, they durst nut trust them any longer, tint were slain in the midst of their suspicions and precautions. Such was the celerity of the plotters, and in cunning was their contrivance against detection.’ See also Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) vii. x. 1.
It is difficult to say whether these Sicarii at first constituted an organized body, although such a view would seem to be implied by Josephus (Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) vii. viii. 1). They joined the Zealots (ib. ii. xvii. 7), and inaugurated the reign of terror which filled Jerusalem after the outbreak of the Revolution, Subsequently they seized the great fortress of Masada (ib. iv. vii. 2), and there maintained themselves by plundering the neighbouring country, until they were besieged by the Romans under Flavius Silca. Their commander was one Eleazar (ib. vii. viii. 1), whom Josephus describes as an able man and a descendant of that Judas who had led the revolt against the census under Quirinius. After a considerable siege the Romans were on the point of taking the fortress when the Sicarii massacred themselves, one old woman alone escaping.
In Acts 21:38 they have ‘the Egyptian’ as a leader. Josephus mentions this Egyptian as having appeared during the procuratorship of Felix, but does not connect the Sicarii with him (Ant. xx. viii. 6; Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) ii. xiii. 5). The Sicarii seem to have dispersed after the Roman war and to have disappeared from history, the references to Sicarii in the Mishna (Bikkur. i. 2, ii. 3; Giṭṭin v. 6; Machsh. i. 6) probably being to robbers in general.
Literature.-See E. Schürer, GJV [2] 3 i. [3] p. 574, n. [4] 31 (History of the Jewish People (Eng. tr. of GJV).] i. ii. 178), where further references will be found.
Shailer Mathews.

Sentence search

Egyptian, the - See Assassins
Sicarii - See Assassins
Sicarii - (ssih cah' ree) See Assassins
Egyptian, the - An unnamed leader of the ‘Assassins’ or ‘Sicarii’ for whom Claudius Lysias took St. This man is also mentioned by Josephus as a leader defeated by Felix, but not as connected with the ‘Assassins’ ( Ant
Shim'Rith - (feminine of Shimri, vigilant ), a Moabitess, mother of Jehozabad, one of the Assassins of King Joash
Assassins, the - Assassins, THE
Assassin - Here it is used as a proper name (see the RV) of the Sicarii, "assassins," the fanatical Jewish faction which arose in Judea after Felix had rid the country of the robbers referred to by Josephus (Ant
Martyr, Edward the, Saint - Represented on horseback, drinking mead, while the Assassins advance toward him
Edward the Martyr, Saint - Represented on horseback, drinking mead, while the Assassins advance toward him
Michal - She saved her husband's life from Assassins sent by her father, by a stratagem that gave him time to escape, 1 Samuel 19:14-15
Egyptian, the - In Acts 21:38 the tribune commanding the Antonia fortress mistook Paul for this revolutionary who led 4,000 “Assassins” into the wilderness
Zelotes - Beginning with moderation, they became more and more violent; and during the Roman war excesses and crimes under the pretext of zeal of the Lord are described by Josephus as truly appalling; so that they acquired the appropriate name of Sicarii, or Assassins
Ananias - The apostle's prophetic denunciation in reply seems to have been fulfilled when, in the commencement of the siege of Jerusalem, the Assassins burned the house of Ananias, and afterwards discovered his place of retreat in an aqueduct, and slew him, Acts 23:1 ; 24:1
mi'Chal - Shortly afterward she saved David from the Assassins whom her father had sent to take his life
Amon - He was put to death by a palace conspiracy, but the Assassins were punished by the populace, who placed Josiah on the throne ( 2 Kings 21:19 ff
Murder - ...
Thus during the time of Felix and Festus there arose the Sicarii (see Assassins), whose Jewish patriotism took a murderous shape. Paul speaks Greek, asks: ‘Art thou not then that Egyptian, which before these days stirred up to sedition and led out into the wilderness the four thousand men of the Assassins (τετρακισχιλίους ἄνδρας τῶν σικαρίων)?’ The Sicarii must have been the easy instrument at hand to every clever impostor, and the incident referred to here was the most notable example
Ananias - When Menahem besieged Jerusalem Ananias took refuge in an aqueduct, but was dragged forth and killed by the daggers of the Assassins
Zealot - Among these was a group known as the Assassins, who hid daggers in their clothing and murdered any whom they suspected of being on the side of the Romans (Acts 21:38)
Batanists - Or Assassins; a famous heretical sect of murderers among the Mahometans, who settled in Persia about 1090
Hebron - They are still in daily use; and one of them was probably the "pool in Hebron," above which David hung up the Assassins of Ish-bosheth, 2 Samuel 4:12
Felix - 20:8, section 5, 6; Acts 21:88) and riots, but he once employed the zealot Assassins (Sicarii) to murder the high priest Jonathan
Ananias - At the same time, several companies of Assassins infested Judaea, and committed great ravages. Being joined by the Assassins, he pulled down the house of his father Ananias, with his brother, hid him self in the aqueducts belonging to the royal palace, but was soon discovered, and both of them were killed
Josiah - Josiah became king at the age of eight due to wishes of “the people of the land” who put his father's Assassins to death (2 Kings 21:24 )
Ananias - He did not scruple to make frequent use of Assassins to carry out his policy in Jerusalem, and his Roman sympathies made him an object of intense hatred to the national party. 66, he was dragged from his place of concealment in an aqueduct and murdered by the Assassins whom he had used as tools in the days of his power (Josephus, Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) ii
Sigebert i - At that very moment, however, he was struck down by Assassins, probably emissaries of Fredegund (Greg
Esarhaddon - The Armenian records state that the two Assassins, having escaped from the scene of conflict, took refuge in Armenia, where the king gave them lands which long continued in possession of their posterity (Mos
Ananias - Cumanus the procurator, his adversary, was not successful but was banished; so that Ananias seems not to have lost office then, but lost it before Felix left the province; and was at last assassinated by the Sicarii (zealot Assassins and robbers) early in the last Jewish war
Felix - ’ The boundless cruelty with which he repressed the more open opposition of the ‘Zealots’ to the Roman rule stimulated the formation of the secret associations of the ‘Assassins’ (Sicarii), whose hand was against all-Jew not less than Roman-who did not further their designs
Goel - The youngest princes of the blood that could hold a dagger were made to stab the Assassins of Aga Mahomed Khan
Rome And the Roman Empire - as perpetual dictator provoked his assassination on the Ides of March by a group of senatorial Assassins led by Brutus and Cassius. They defeated Caesar's Assassins in the battle at Philippi in 42 B
Sanhedrim - After the return from Babylon, it remained at Jerusalem, as it is said, to the time of the sicarii or Assassins; afterward it was removed to Jamnia, thence to Jericho, to Uzzah, to Sepharvaim, to Bethsamia, to Sephoris, and last of all to Tiberias, where it continued till its utter extinction
Esther, Book of - Esther is the adopted daughter of a Jew named Mordecai , who had been the means of saving the king from the hands of Assassins
Cross - The cross was the punishment inflicted by the Romans, on servants who had perpetrated crimes, on robbers, Assassins, and rebels; among which last Jesus was reckoned, on the ground of his making himself King or Messiah, Luke 23:1-5 ; Luke 23:13-15
Macedonia - During the time of Augustus, some of the Macedonian cities were refounded as Roman colonies: Dion, at the foot of Mount Olympus, became Colonia Julia Augusta Diensis; Philip pi , where Marc Antony had defeated the Assassins of Caesar—Brutus and Cassius—was settled with Roman veterans and renamed Colonia Augusta Julia Philip pensium
Esther - ...
The hand of Providence is to be traced palpably in the overruling of the king's reckless feastings and wanton deposing of Vashti because she shrank from violating her own self respect, to laying the train for His appointed instrument, Esther's elevation; in Mordecai's saving the king's life from the two would-be Assassins, and the recording of the fact in the royal chronicles, preparing the way for his receiving the royal honors which his enemy designed for himself; in Haman's casting Pur, the lot, for an auspicious day for destroying the Jews, and the result being, by God's providence which counterworked his appeal to chance, that the feast of Purlin is perpetually kept to commemorate the Jews' preservation and his destruction; in Esther's patriotic venture before the king after previous fasting three days, and God's interposing to incline the king's heart to hold out to her the golden scepter, ensuring to her at once life and her request (Proverbs 21:1); in Haman's pride at being invited to the queen's banquet and his preparing the gallows for Haman, and Providence, the very night before it, withdrawing sleep from the king so that the chronicles were read for his pleasure, and Mordecai's service was thus brought to his remembrance, so that when Haman came to solicit that Mordecai should be hanged the king met him with the question, "What shall be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honor?"...
Then, in Haman supposing himself to be the object of honor, and suggesting the highest royal honors (such as Joseph had from the Egyptian king, Genesis 41:43), and thus unwittingly being constrained with his own voice and hand to glorify him whom he had meant to destroy; then in the denouement at the queen's banquet, and Haman's execution on the very gallows he erected for Haman (Psalms 7:14-16); and the consequent preservation from extinction of the holy race of whom Messiah must spring according to prophecy, and of whom Isaiah (Isaiah 54:17) writes, "no weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper, and every tongue that shall rise against thee thou shalt condemn
Dwelling - Hence the Assassins would have easier access to Ish-bosheth
Collection - The Zealots, whose fanatical policy kept the country seething with the wildest revolution, were replaced by the Sicarii or Assassins (cf
Jesuits - Malagrida, and a few more of these fathers, were charged with advising and absolving the Assassins; and, having been found guilty, were condemned to the stake
Messiah - Messianic movements are also to be seen in the attempted revolt of the prophet Theudas, in robbers like Eleazar, in the Sicarii (or Assassins), and in ‘the Egyptian,’ with whom St
Nestorius And Nestorianism - of Germa, on the Hellespont, had treated them with such severity that, driven to desperation, they had sent two Assassins to murder him