What does Ark Of The Covenant mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
The sacred chest or coffer in which the tables of the law were deposited, written by the finger of God, and witnessing to his covenant with his people, Exodus 25:22 34:29 . It was of shittim-wood, covered within and without with plates of gold, nearly four feet in length, and two feet three inches in width and height. On the top of it, all around, ran a kind of gold crown. It had four rings of gold, two on each side, through which staves were put, by which it was carried. These also were overlaid with the finest gold, and were not to be removed from the rings, Exodus 25:10-22 . The lid of the ark, all of gold, was called the mercy-seat; and upon its opposite ends were two golden cherubim, fronting each other and the mercy-seat, which they covered with their outspread wings, Exodus 37:1-9 . Here God especially dwelt, 2 Kings 19:15 1 Chronicles 13:6 , and shone forth, perhaps by some sensible manifestations, Leviticus 16:2 Psalm 80:1 . Here he received the homage of his people, and dispensed his living oracles, Numbers 7:89 . The great yearly sacrifice of expiation was here offered by the high priest, Hebrews 9:7 , in the Holy of Holies. Hence there was no object held more sacred by the Jews than "the ark of God." During their journeys in the wilderness, it was borne by the priests under a purple canopy and with great reverence before the host of Israel, 1 Samuel 4:1-222 . Before it the Jordan was divided, and behind it the waters flowed on again, Joshua 3:1-4:24 . The walls of Jericho fell down before it, Joshua 6:4-12 .
After this, the ark continued some time at Gilgal, whence it was removed to Shiloh, Joshua 4:19 10:43 18:1 . Hence the Israelites took it to their camp; but when they gave battle to the Philistines, it was taken by the enemy, 1619168616_82 . Th Philistines, oppressed by the hand of God, returned the ark, and it was lodged at Kirjath-jearim, 1 Samuel 7:1 . It was afterwards, in the reign of Saul, at Nob. David conveyed it from Kirjath-jearim to the house of Obed-Edom, and from thence to his palace on Zion, 2 Samuel 6:1-23 ; and lastly, Solomon brought it into the temple at Jerusalem,
2 Chronicles 5:2 . It remained in the temple, with all suitable respect, till the times of the later idolatrous kings of Judah, who profaned the Most Holy place by their idols, when the priests appear to have removed the ark from the temple. At least, Josiah commanded them to bring it back to the sanctuary, and forbade them to carry it about, as they had hitherto done, 2 Chronicles 35:3 . The ark appears to have been destroyed at the captivity, or perhaps concealed by pious Jews in some hiding-place afterwards undiscoverable, as we hear nothing more of it; and the want of it made the second temple less glorious than the first.
Besides the tables of the covenant, placed by Moses in this sacred coffer, God appointed the blossoming rod of Aaron to be lodged there, Numbers 17:10 Hebrews 9:4 ; a golden vase of manna gathered in the wilderness, Exodus 16:33,34 , and a copy of the book of the law, Deuteronomy 31:26 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
(aron , not teebah ). An oblong chester shittim wood (acacia), two and a half cubits long, one and a half broad and deep. F. W. Kolland measured acacias nine feet in girth, in the region of Israel's wandering; he attributes their being usually stunted there to the Arabs cutting off the young shoots for the she goats. Thus Colenso's cavil that "not a single acacia" is to be seen where the ark is said to have been constructed is answered. It is a propriety characteristic of the truth of the Scripture narrative that it represents the ark as not made of oak or cedar, the best woods of the Holy Land, but of acacia, the wood of the wilderness. Cedar actually was the wood used for the Jerusalem temple. In the thorn of man's curse appeared the angel of the covenant to Moses, to bless man; and out of its wood was formed the ark of the covenant, the typical source of his blessing. Overlaid with gold within and without.
The mercy-seat supporting the cherubim, one at each end, was on the lid, with a crown or raised border, and was Jehovah's mystical throne. It had rings at the four grainers for the two staves to pass through, wherewith the Kohathite Levites or priests carried it. The staves were permanently in the rings. Within e veil was its proper place, the ends of the staves, however, being visible, in Solomon's temple, in the outer holy place. When carried about, the ark was wrapped in the veil, the badger's skin, and blue cloth. Its title, "the ark of the testimony," implies its purpose, namely, to keep intact God's "covenant" written by God on the two stone tables (Exodus 34:28), as the sacred deposit of the Israelite church (Exodus 25:22; Numbers 10:33).
The outward keeping taught symbolically the moral and spiritual keeping of God's commandments. In the wilderness "the ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them in the three days' journey to search out a resting place for them; and when the ark set forward, Moses said, Rise up, Lord, and let Thine enemies be scattered, and let them that hate Thee flee before Thee. And when it rested, he said, Return, O Lord, unto the many thousands of Israel" (Numbers 10:33-36; Psalms 68:1; Psalms 132:8). At the passage of the Jordan it was when the ark was borne by the priests and their feet had touched the water, that an open way was made for Israel. Only when the material ark, apart from obedience, was expected to give that favor of God which only obedience to the law contained within the ark could ensure, did God "deliver His strength" (the pledge of God's strengthening His people) "into captivity and His glory into the enemy's hands" (Psalms 78:61; 1 Samuel 4:11).
When the ark was taken the "glory" was departed (1 Samuel 4:21-22). The ark and the sanctuary were "the beauty of Israel" (Lamentations 2:1). The antitype, Messiah, goes before His redeemed, exploring their way through the wilderness, making clear passage through death's waters into the heavenly Canaan. Like the ark with the Philistines Messiah was the captive of the grave for a brief space, but with triumph He rose again; and as when the ark went up to the tabernacle reared for it by David on Zion, so on Christ's ascending the heavenly mount the glorious anthem arose: "Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, and the King of glory shall come in" (Psalm 24). Every Dagon must fall before Him now; for even in His temporary captivity in death the powers of darkness were crushed before Him (Colossians 2:14-15; Matthew 27:50-54). As the ark blessed the house of Obed Edom, so Christ is the true bestower of blessings (Acts 3:20).
The restriction of the ark's contents to the decalogue implies that this is the central core of all the various precepts, the moral end for which the positive precepts were given. They were in the innermost shrine, to mark their perpetually obligatory nature and the holiness of God; in the ark, the type of Christ, to mark that in Him alone, "the Lord our righteousness," they find their perfect realization. 1 Kings 8:9 states there was nothing in the ark of Solomon's temple save the two stone tables of the law; but Hebrews 9:4 states there were also the golden pot of manna (the memorial of God's providential care of Israel), and Aaron's rod that budded (the memorial of the lawful priesthood, Numbers 17:3-10). Probably by the time of Solomon the other two relics had been lost, perhaps when the ark was in the hands of the Philistines. "Before the Lord" and "before the testimony" was where they were directed to be laid up (Exodus 16:32-36).
The mercy-seat was not merely regarded as the lid of the ark, but as the most important feature in the holiest place (Exodus 25:17; Exodus 26:34; Leviticus 16:2), the only meeting place between God and man. It was the (caporeth ) or covering, not merely of the ark. but (when sprinkled with the sacrificial blood once a year on the great day of atonement) of Israel's sins against the law contained within the ark. Hence it is called in the Septuagint "the propitiatory" (hilasterion ); and Christ, the true mercy-seat (Psalms 85:10) and place of meeting between the holy God and guilty man, is called the very same (Romans 3:25), "propitiation," lit. propitiatory. In 1 Chronicles 28:11 the holiest is called" the place of the mercy-seat," so prominent was the latter in symbolical significance.
The ark was never seen save by the high priest; symbol of God whom no man can see, and whose likeness is only to be seen in Christ (John 1:18; Hebrews 1:3), the true Ark, and our High Priest with the Father. Thus every tendency to idolatry was excluded, an ark occupying the central place of holiness, and that seen only once a year by the one religious representative of the people. Even it is to be superseded in the coming temple at. Jerusalem, when "they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the Lord, neither shall it come to mind, neither shall they re. member it"; for Jehovah Jesus, the Antitype, will be there, "at that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the Lord, and all the nations shall be gathered unto it" (Jeremiah 3:16). The absence of the ark after its capture by the Philistines possibly impaired the reverential awe felt toward it (1 Chronicles 13:3; 1 Chronicles 13:9). But the stroke on Uzza, and the rearing of the tabernacle for it in Zion by David, after its long abode of 20 years in Kirjath Jearim, in Abinadab's house, recovered for it all its sanctity.
The altar of burnt offering where the sacrifices were offered continued separate from it at Gibeon, the "great high place" (1 Kings 3:4) (in the tabernacle of the ark on Zion the service was song and praise alone) until the two were reunited in the temple of Solomon, a type of the gospel separation of the spiritual service of prayer and praise going on here below, from the priestly intercession being carried on above by our Lord Jesus. The spiritual and the literal priestly services will perhaps be reunited in Ezekiel's millennial temple at Jerusalem, one antitype to Solomon's temple. Compare Acts 15:16-17. Manasseh set up an idol, a carved image, instead of the ark which contained the testimony against him. Josiah restored it to its place in the house of God (2 Chronicles 33:7; 2 Chronicles 35:3).
The ark was wanting in the second temple, having been probably burnt with the temple (2 Chronicles 36:19); compare (apocryphal) 2 Esdras 10:22, "the ark of our covenant is spoiled." Its absence was one of the points wherein the second was inferior to the first temple. (See ALTAR.) There must have been some substitute for it, on which to sprinkle the blood, in the holiest, on the great day of atonement; the Jews mention an altar stone, slightly raised from the floor. Pagan nations too had their mystic arks (whence arcanum is the term for a mystery), but so distinct in use from the Mosaic that the differences are more prominent than the resemblances.
The Egyptian arks (on their monuments) were, like the Hebrew ark, carried by poles on men's shoulders. Some had too on the cover two winged figures like cherubim; but between these was the material symbol of a deity, and the arks were carried about in procession to make a show before the people. The ark of the covenant on the contrary was marked by the absence of any symbol of God. It was never carried in procession. When moved it was carefully covered up from the eyes even of the Levites who bore it (Numbers 4:5-6; Numbers 4:19-20): "they shall not go in to see when the holy things are covered, lest they die." Compare 1 Samuel 6:19. In the tabernacle the ark was withdrawn from view in the mysterious holy of holies.
It was not moved from its "rest" (Psalms 132:8; Psalms 132:14) when once Jerusalem became the fixed capital, and the hill of Zion God's chosen seat, until its forcible removal under Nebuchadnezzar; God giving up the apostate Jews to the pagan world power. Previously it had a few times accompanied the army (1 Samuel 4:3; 1 Samuel 14:18; 2 Samuel 11:11). But from the first rest was appointed as its final condition, and under David it obtained that "rest" (Deuteronomy 12:10-11; 1 Chronicles 6:31; 1 Chronicles 16:1). Its simple and grand purpose was to be the casket containing the precious tables of stone written with the moral law by God Himself. The originality of the tabernacle furniture and arrangements is more striking than the superficial resemblances which have been traced to pagan usages.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant Person
A title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary to signify her Divine motherhood, that as the ark of old, made of incorruptible wood and adorned with pure gold, contained the precious treasures of the Divine law and the manna from heaven, so she, the true ark, bore within her not merely the law but the Lawgiver, not merely the Divine presence as manifested over the ark of the covenant, but the Divine One Himself, and the Living Bread from heaven.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
names the original container for the Ten Commandments and the central symbol of God's presence with the people of Israel.
Old Testament The ark of ancient Israel is mysterious in its origins, its meanings, and its ultimate fate. Its many names convey the holy sense of God's presence. The Hebrew word for ark means simply “box, chest, coffin,” as is indicated by its use for the coffin of Joseph (Deuteronomy 10:1-53 ) and for the Temple collection box of King Joash (2 Kings 12:9-10 ).
The names used for the ark define its meaning by the words which modify it. The word “covenant” in the name defines the ark from its original purpose as a container for the stone tablets upon which the Ten Commandments (sometimes called the “testimony”) were inscribed. Sometimes it is identified rather with the name of deity, “the ark of God,” or “the ark of the Lord” (Yahweh), or most ornately “the ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts (Yahweh Sabaoth) who is enthroned on the cherubim” (1 Samuel 4:4 ).
The origin of the ark goes back to Moses at Sinai. The mysterious origin of the ark is seen by contrasting the two accounts of how it was made in the Pentateuch. The more elaborate account of the manufacture and ornamentation of the ark by the craftsman Bezalel appears in Exodus 25:10-22 ; Exodus 31:2 ,Exodus 31:2,31:7 ; Exodus 35:30-35 ; Exodus 37:1-9 . It was planned during Moses' first sojourn on Sinai and built after all the tabernacle specifications had been communicated and completed. The other account is found in 1619168616_63 . After the sin of the golden calf and the breaking of the original decalogue tablets, Moses made a plain box of acacia wood as a container to receive the new tables of the law.
A very ancient poem, the “Song of the Ark” in Numbers 10:35-36 , sheds some light on the function of the ark in the wanderings in the wilderness. The ark was the symbol of God's presence to guide the pilgrims and lead them in battle (Numbers 10:33 ,Numbers 10:33,10:35-36 ). If they acted in faithlessness, failing to follow this guidance, the consequences could be drastic (Numbers 14:39-45 ). Some passages suggest the ark was also regarded as the throne of the invisible deity, or his footstool (Jeremiah 3:16-17 ; Psalm 132:7-8 ). These various meanings of the ark should be interpreted as complementary rather than contradictory.
The ark was designed for mobility. Its size (about four feet long, two and a half feet wide, and two and a half feet deep) and rectangular shape were appropriate to this feature. Permanent poles were used to carry the ark, since no one was allowed to touch it, and only priestly (Levitical) personnel were allowed to carry it. The ark was the most important object within the tabernacle of the desert period, though its relationship to the tabernacle was discontinued sometime after the conquest of Canaan.
The ark played a prominent role in the “holy war” narratives of the crossing of the Jordan and the conquest, of Jericho (Joshua 3-6 ). After the conquest, it was variously located at Gilgal, Shechem (Joshua 8:30-35 ; see Deuteronomy 11:26-32 ; Deuteronomy 27:1-26 ) or Bethel (Judges 20:26 ), wherever the tribal confederacy was gathered for worship. Finally, it was permanently located at Shiloh, where a temple was built to house it (1 Samuel 1:9 ; 1 Samuel 3:3 ).
Because of the faithless superstition of the wicked sons of Eli, the Hebrew tribes were defeated in the battle of Ebenezer, and the ark was captured by the Philistines (1 Samuel 4:1 ). The adventures of the ark in the cities of Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron are told to magnify the strength and glory of the Lord of the ark. The Lord vanquished Dagon and spread bubonic plagues among the enemy until they propitiated the God of Israel by symbolic guilt offerings and a ritually correct sending away of the dread object (1 Samuel 5:1-6:12 ). The men of Bethshemesh welcomed the return of the ark, until they unwisely violated its holiness by looking into it (1Samuel 6:13-15,1 Samuel 6:19-20 ). Then it was carried to Kiriath-Jearim, where it remained in comparative neglect until David recovered the symbolism it had for the ancient tribal confederacy and moved it to his new capital and sanctuary in Jerusalem (1 Samuel 6:21-7:2 ; 2 Samuel 6:1 ). Abinadab and his sons (2 Samuel 6:3 ) seemed to have served the Lord of the ark faithfully until one son, Uzzah, was smitten for his rash touching of the holy object during David's first attempt to transport the ark from its “hill” at Kiriath-Jearim to his own city. In fear, David left the ark with Obed-edom the Gittite, whose household was blessed by its presence. More cautiously and with great religious fervor, David succeeded the second time in taking the ark into his capital city (2 Samuel 6:12-19 ).
Recent scholarship has suggested that on coronation occasions or annually at a festival of enthronement this ark ceremony was reenacted. Such an occasion would re-emphasize the promise to the Davidic dynasty, as well as the glory of the Lord of Hosts (Psalm 24:7-10 ;Psalms 24:7-10;132:1 ). Finally, Solomon built the Temple, planned by David, to house the ark, which he then transported into the holy of holies with elaborate festival ceremonies (1 Kings 8:1 ; 2 Chronicles 5:1 ).
The precise time of the theft or destruction of the ark is unknown. Some have suggested Shishak of Egypt plundered the Temple of this most holy object (1 Kings 14:25-28 ), but it seems more likely, from Jeremiah 3:16-17 , that the Babylonians captured or destroyed the ark in 587 B.C. with the fall of Jerusalem and the burning of the Temple. As Jeremiah predicted, the ark was never rebuilt for the second Temple, the holy of holies remaining empty.
Other mysteries of the ark are its relation to the cherubim, its ornate lid called the “mercy seat,” and its precise ritual usage during the time of the monarchy. Because the ark of the covenant was the central symbol of God's presence with His people Israel, its mysteries remain appropriately veiled within the inner sanctuary of the living God. See Holy of Holies ; Mercy Seat ; Tabernacle ; Temple.
New Testament Hebrews 9:1-10 shows the ark was a part of the old order with external regulations waiting for the new day of Christ to come with a perfect Sacrifice able to cleanse the human conscience. Revelation 11:19 shows the ark of the covenant will be part of the heavenly temple when it is revealed.
M. Pierce Matheney, Jr.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant Item
Sacred chest measuring about 45 x27 x27 inches (Exodus 37) and containing the Tables of the Law and perhaps also a golden vessel of manna and the rod of Aaron (Exodus 16; Numbers 17; 3Kings 8; Hebrews 9). It was constructed of setim-wood overlaid with gold within and without, and furnished with rings through which passed setim-wood bars for carrying it. Upon its cover, termed the "propitiatory," were two cherubim of beaten gold. The ark was the only piece of furniture placed in the inner room (holy of holies) of the Temple. The one time it was carried to battle by the Hebrews, it fell into the hands of the Philistines who, however, were soon compelled to restore it to Israel (1 Kings 4). From Cariathiarim David brought it solemnly to Jerusalem, and Solomon had it later on placed in the Temple. According to a tradition, the value of which is much discussed, the Ark, with the Tabernacle and the altar of incense, was hidden by Jeremias before the siege of Jerusalem by Nabuchodonosor (2Machabees 2); however, the view that it was carried to Babylon as a trophy (4Esdas 10) seems to enjoy greater probability.
CARM Theological Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
Also called the "Ark of the Testimony" (Exodus 30:6), "Ark of God" (1 Samuel 3:3), and the "Ark of the covenant of the Lord" (Deuteronomy 10:8). The Ark of the Covenant was very sacred to the Ancient Jews. It was a rectangular box made of Acacia wood about 4 10:1.5 10:1.5 feet. It was covered with gold and was carried by poles that were inserted into rings located on the four corners. On top was a lid called "The Mercy Seat" which had two Cherubs with outstretched wings pointing towards each other. Inside of the Ark were the tablets of the Ten Commandments, a jar of manna, and Aaron's Rod that budded (Hebrews 9:4). It served as the symbol of the very presence of God. The Ark of the Covenant was place in the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle and later in the Temple. Once a year, the High Priest would enter the Holy of Holies and sprinkle blood on the Mercy Seat. This was symbolic of the forgiveness of the sins of the Jewish nation.
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
A small chest of coffer, three feet nine inches in length, two feet three inches in breadth, and two feet three inches in height, in which were contained the golden pot that had manna, Aaron's rod, and the tables of the covenant. The ark was reposited in the holiest place of the tabernacle. It was taken by the Philistines, and detained twenty (some say forty) years at Kirjath-jearim; but, the people being afflicted with emerods on account of it, returned it with divers presents. It was afterwards placed in the temple. The lid or covering of the ark was called the propitiatory or mercy-seat; over which two figures were placed, called cherubims, with expanded wings of a peculiar form. Here the Shechinah rested both in the tabernacle and temple in a visible cloud; hence were issued the Divine oracles by an audible voice; and the high priest appeared before the mercy-seat once every year on the great day of expiation; and the Jews, wherever they worshipped, turned their faces towards the place where the ark stood. In the second temple there was also an ark, made of the same shape and dimensions with the first, and put in the same place, but without any of its contents and peculiar honours. It was used as a representative of the former on the day of expiation, and a repository of the original copy of the holy Scriptures, collected by Ezra and the men of the great synagogue after the captivity; and, in imitation of this, the Jews, to this day, have a kind of ark in their synagogues, wherein their sacred books are kept.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
a small chest or coffer, three feet nine inches in length, two feet three inches in breadth, and two feet three inches in height; in which were contained the golden pot that had manna, Aaron's rod, and the tables of the covenant, Numbers 17:10 ; Hebrews 9:4 . This coffer was made of shittim wood, and was covered with a lid, called the mercy seat, Exodus 25:17-22 , &c, which was of solid gold, at the two ends whereof were two figures, called cherubim, looking toward each other with expanded wings, which, embracing the whole circumference of the mercy seat, met in the middle. The whole, according to the rabbins, was made out of the same mass, without any of the parts being joined by solder. Over this it was that the Shechinah, or visible display of the divine presence in a luminous cloud rested, both in the tabernacle, and in the temple,
Leviticus 16:2 ; and from hence the divine oracles were given forth by an audible voice, as often as God was consulted in behalf of his people. Hence it is that God is said in Scripture to dwell between the cherubim, on the mercy seat, because there was the seat or throne of the visible appearance of his glory among them, 2 Kings 19:15 ; 1 Chronicles 13:6 ; Psalms 80:1 , &c; and for this reason the high priest appeared before the mercy seat once every year, on the great day of expiation, at which time he was to make his nearest approach to the divine presence, to mediate and make atonement for the whole people of Israel.
On the two sides of the ark there were four rings of gold, two on each side, through which staves, overlaid with gold, were put, by means whereof they carried it as they marched through the wilderness, &c, on the shoulders of the Levites, Exodus 25:13-14 ; Exodus 27:5 . After the passage of the Jordan, the ark continued for some time at Gilgal, from whence it was removed to Shiloh. From this place the Israelites carried it to their camp, where, in an engagement with the Philistines, it fell into their hands. The Philistines, having gotten possession of the ark, carried it in triumph to one of their principal cities, named Ashdod, and placed it in the temple of Dagon, whose image fell to the ground and was broken. The Philistines also were so afflicted with emerods, that they afterward returned the ark with various presents; and it was lodged at Kirjath-Jearim, and afterward at Nob. David conveyed it to the house of Obededom, and from thence to his palace at Zion; and lastly, Solomon brought in into the temple which he had built at Jerusalem. It remained in the temple till the times of the last kings of Judah, who gave themselves up to idolatry, and even dared to place their idols in the holy temple itself. The priests, being unable to bear this profanation, took the ark and carried it from place to place, to preserve it from the hands of those impious princes. Josiah commanded them to bring it back to the sanctuary, and it was accordingly replaced, 2 Chronicles 35:3 . What became of the ark at the destruction of the temple by Nebuchadnezzar, is a dispute among the rabbins. Had it been carried to Babylon with the other vessels of the temple, it would, in all probability, have been brought back with them at the close of the captivity. But that this was not the case, is agreed on all hands; whence it is probable that it was destroyed with the temple.
The ark of the covenant was, as it were, the centre of worship to all those of the Hebrew nation who served God according to the Levitical law; and not only in the temple, when they came thither to worship, but every where else in their dispersions through the whole world; whenever they prayed, they turned their faces toward the place where the ark stood, and directed all their devotions that way, Daniel 6:10 . Whence the author of the book of Cosri, justly says, that the ark, with the mercy seat and cherubim, were the foundation, root, heart, and marrow of the whole temple, and all the Levitical worship performed therein; and, therefore, had there been nothing else wanting in the second temple but the ark only, this alone would have been a sufficient reason for the old men to have wept when they remembered the first temple in which it stood; and for the saying of Haggai 2:3 , that the second temple was as nothing compared with the first; so great a share had the ark of the covenant in the glory of Solomon's temple. However, the defect was supplied as to the outward form, for in the second temple there was also an ark of the same dimensions with the first, and put in the same place; but it wanted the tables of the law, Aaron's rod, and the pot of manna; nor was there any appearance of the divine glory over it; nor any oracles delivered from it. The only use that was made of it was to be a representation of the former on the great day of expiation, and to be a repository of the Holy Scriptures, that is, of the original copy of that collection of them made by Ezra after the captivity; in imitation of which the Jews, in all their synagogues, have a like ark or coffer in which they keep their Scriptures.
For the temple of Solomon a new ark was not made; but he constructed cherubim in the most holy place, which were designed to give additional state to this most sacred symbol of God's grace and mercy. These cherubim were fifteen feet high, and were placed at equal distance from the centre of the ark and from each side of the wall, so that their wings being expanded, the two wings which were extended behind touched the wall, and the other two met over the ark and so overshadowed it. When these magnificent cherubim were finished, the ark was brought in and placed under their wings, 2 Chronicles 5:7-10 .
The ark was called the ark of the covenant, because it was a symbol of the covenant between God and his people. It was also named the ark of the testimony, because the two tables which were deposited in it were witnesses against every transgression.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Ark of the Covenant
The first piece of the tabernacle's furniture, for which precise directions were delivered. Exodus 25 . I. Description. -- It appears to have been an oblong chest of shittim (acacia) wood, 2 1/2 cubits long by 1 1/2 broad and deep. Within and without gold was overlaid on the wood, and on the upper side or lid, which was edged round about with gold, the mercy-seat was placed. The ark was fitted with rings, one at each of the four corners, and through these were passed staves of the same wood similarly overlaid, by which it was carried by the Kohathites. ( Numbers 7:9 ; 10:21 ) The ends of the staves were visible without the veil in the holy place of the temple of Solomon. (1 Kings 8:8 ) The ark, when transported, was enveloped in the "veil" of the dismantled tabernacle, in the curtain of badgers' skins and in a blue cloth over all, and was therefore not seen. (Numbers 4:5,20 ) II. Its purpose was to contain inviolate the divine autograph of the two tables, that "covenant" from which it derived its title. It was also probably a reliquary for the pot of manna and the rod of Aaron. III. History .--Before David's time its abode was frequently shifted. It sojourned among several, probably Levitical, families, ( 1 Samuel 7:1 ; 2 Samuel 6:3,11 ; 1 Chronicles 13:13 ; 15:24,25 ) in the border villages of eastern Judah; and did not take its place in the tabernacle, but dwelt in curtains, i.e. in a separate tent pitched for it in Jerusalem by David. Subsequently the temple, when completed, received, in the installation of the ark in its shrine, the signal of its inauguration by the effulgence of divine glory instantly manifested. It was probably taken captive or destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, 2Esdr. 10:22, so that there was no ark in the second temple.

Sentence search

Covenant Box - TEV name for the Ark of the Covenant. See Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant - Also called the "Ark of the Testimony" (Exodus 30:6), "Ark of God" (1 Samuel 3:3), and the "Ark of the covenant of the Lord" (Deuteronomy 10:8). The Ark of the Covenant was very sacred to the Ancient Jews. The Ark of the Covenant was place in the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle and later in the Temple
Silo - For three centuries after the conquest of the Promised Land it was the dwelling-place of the Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant (Josiah 18)
Joshaphat - Priest who sounded the trumpet before the Ark of the Covenant as David brought it to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24 ; KJV, Jehoshaphat)
Holy of Holies - In the early years of the existence of the Temple the holy of holies contained the Ark of the Covenant
Holy of Holies - It contained the Ark of the Covenant only (Exodus 25:10-16 )
Chest - 'Αron , always, except twice (Joseph's coffin and Jehoiada's alms chest, Genesis 50:26; 2 Kings 12:9-10), used for the Ark of the Covenant; the "ark" (teebah ) of Noah, and that of bulrushes in which Moses was put, is quite distinct
Ichabod - His birth seems to have been precipitated by the news of the death of his father and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant in battle against the Philistines
Ark - (Latin: arca, chest) ...
The vessel of timber daubed with pitch, 300 cubits long, 50 broad, and 30 high, which Noe constructed at the command of God for the preservation of him and his family and two of all living creatures during the Deluge; also the chest in Which were kept the tables of the Law, called the Ark of the Covenant
Propitiatory - among the Jews, was the cover or lid of the Ark of the Covenant, which was lined both within and without with plates of gold, insomuch that there, was no wood to be seen
Propitiation - The same Greek word is used by the Septuagint to denote "sin-offering," Ezekiel 44:27; Ezekiel 45:19; "atonement," Numbers 6:8; the "mercy-seat," Hebrews 9:5; and the covering of the Ark of the Covenant Leviticus 16:14
Testimony - The two stone tables of the law were a visible "testimony" or witness of God's covenant with his people; and hence the Ark of the Covenant was called sometimes the testimony, or the ark of the testimony, Exodus 25:22 34:29
Obed-Edom - At Obed-edom's house David left the Ark of the Covenant following the death of Uzzah at the hand of God (2 Samuel 6:6-11 ). His duties related especially to the Ark of the Covenant
Ebenezer - During the second of two engagements in the area, the Philistines captured the Ark of the Covenant
Bethel - It was the scene of the vision of Jacob's Ladder and a sacred place under the Judges where the Israelites "consulted God" (Judges 21), and where the Ark of the Covenant was probably kept for a time
Baale - If the latter reading is correct, then Baale Judah is a place name where the Ark of the Covenant was before David took it to Jerusalem
Ark of the Covenant Person - A title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary to signify her Divine motherhood, that as the ark of old, made of incorruptible wood and adorned with pure gold, contained the precious treasures of the Divine law and the manna from heaven, so she, the true ark, bore within her not merely the law but the Lawgiver, not merely the Divine presence as manifested over the Ark of the Covenant, but the Divine One Himself, and the Living Bread from heaven
Facets - Some scholars believe the stone was a stone slab occupying the place held by the Ark of the Covenant in the first Temple. In this case the seven eyes represent the full presence of God in a way corresponding to the Ark of the Covenant
Chest - By this word are translated in the Authorized Version two distinct Hebrew terms:
Aron ; this is invariably used for the Ark of the Covenant, and, with two exceptions, for that only
Ark - Called also the Ark of the Covenant
Amminadab - He helped carry the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:11-29 )
Propitiantion - The same Greek word is used in the Septuagint to denote an "atonement," Numbers 5:8 ; a "sin-offering," Ezekiel 44:27 ; and the covering of the Ark of the Covenant, Leviticus 16:14 Hebrews 9:5
Moriah - After David captured the site, he purposed to build there a Temple for the Ark of the Covenant
Abinadab - Resident of Kirjath-jearim whose house was resting place of Ark of the Covenant for 20 years after the Philistines returned it
Kiriath-Jearim - It is chiefly remembered because during the time of Saul and David the Ark of the Covenant rested there for twenty years (1 Samuel 7:1-2; 2 Samuel 6:2; for maps see BENJAMIN; JUDAH, TRIBE AND KINGDOM)
Elkanah - One of two gatekeepers for the Ark of the Covenant (1 Chronicles 15:23 )
Footstool - It is symbolical of 'the place of rest:' David had it on his heart to build a house of rest for the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, and for the 'footstool' of God, wherein God could find rest among His people, and where He was to be worshipped
Asaiah - He is apparently the same as the chief of the sons of Merari, who led 220 of his clan in helping bring the Ark of the Covenant from the house of Obed-edom to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:1 )
Aaron's Rod - According to Hebrews 9:4 , the rod was kept in the Ark of the Covenant
Ark - ...
In most occurrences, 'ârôn refers to the "ark of the covenant. Judges 20:27 is the first appearance of the "ark" as the Ark of the Covenant of Elohim. Thus 'ârôn is often described as the "ark of the covenant" (Joshua 3:6) or "the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord" (Numbers 10:33)
Abinadab - "
A Levite of Kirjath-jearim, in whose house the Ark of the Covenant was deposited after having been brought back from the land of the Philistines (1Samuel 7:1)
Mercy-Seat - (Exodus 25:17 ; 37:6 ; Hebrews 9:5 ) This appears to have been merely the lid of the Ark of the Covenant, not another surface affixed thereto
Sin, Desert of - To perpetuate the memorial of "this bread from heaven" to future generations, a pot of manna, which was preserved fresh, by a standing miracle, was ordered to be laid up beside the Ark of the Covenant, in the sanctuary, Exodus 16
Gold - The Ark of the Covenant was overlaid with pure gold; the mercy seat, the vessels and utensils belonging to the tabernacle, and those also of the house of the Lord, as well as the drinking-vessels of Solomon, were of gold
Mercy Seat - An oblong piece of solid gold, 212 by 112 cubits (about 30 by 18 inches), which was placed over the Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 25:37)
Ashdod - When the Philistines captured Israel’s Ark of the Covenant and placed it in the temple, the god Dagon fell down in front of the ark and broke in pieces (1 Samuel 5:1-5)
David, City of - ...
David moved the Ark of the Covenant into the city of David (2 Samuel 6:12 ) and built houses in the city, including a place for the ark (1 Chronicles 15:1 ). At that time he moved the Ark of the Covenant from the city of David to the new Temple (1 Kings 8:1 ) and moved his wife to the new palace (1 Kings 9:24 )
Atonement - The corresponding NT words are hilasmos, "propitiation," 1 John 2:2 ; 4:10 , and hilasterion, Romans 3:25 ; Hebrews 9:5 , "mercy-seat," the covering of the Ark of the Covenant
Mercy-Seat - , propitiatorium), the covering or lid of the Ark of the Covenant (q
Eliezer - One of the priests who blew the trumpets when the Ark of the Covenant was brought to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24 )
Mercy Seat - A slab of pure gold measuring about 45 inches by 27 inches which sat atop the Ark of the Covenant which was the same size
Mercy-Seat - Mercy-seat was the name of the lid or cover of the Ark of the Covenant
Sanctuary - A sacred place particularly among the Israelites, the most retired part of the temple at Jerusalem, called the Holy of Holies, in which was kept the Ark of the Covenant, and into which no person was permitted to enter except the high priest, and that only once a year to intercede for the people
Curtain - The tabernacle which was constructed to carry the Ark of the Covenant was made of ten curtains (Exodus 26:2 )
Michal - David's dancing before the Ark of the Covenant as he brought the sacred box to Jerusalem enraged Michal, who criticized the king to his face
Calves, Golden - The only such pedestal Old Testament teaching allows was the Ark of the Covenant
Staves - In this passage the rods indicate the wandering and movable character of the Ark of the Covenant
Mercy Seat - In that version, ιλαστηριον generally answers to the Hebrew כפרת , from the verb כפר , to cover, expiate, and was the lid or covering of the Ark of the Covenant, made of pure gold, on and before which the high priest was to sprinkle the blood of the expiatory sacrifices on the great day of atonement, and where God promised to meet his people, Exodus 25:17 ; Exodus 25:22 ; Exodus 29:42 ; Exodus 30:36 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:14
Sanctuary - 1 ; sometimes of the "Holy place," where the altar on incense, the golden candlestick, and the showbread stood, 2 Chronicles 26:18 Hebrews 9:2 ; and sometimes of the "Holy of Holies," the most secret and retired part of the temple, in which was the Ark of the Covenant, and where none but the high priest might enter, and he only once a year on the day of solemn expiation
Oracle - The sanctuary or most holy place in the temple, in which was deposited the Ark of the Covenant
Oracle - It is also spoken of the covering of he Ark of the Covenant; as if God there sat enthroned, and delivered his oracles, 2 Samuel 16:23
Jerusalem - Its most famous rulers were David, who brought the Ark of the Covenant into the city, and his son Solomon, who built the Temple, and during whose reign Jerusalem attained the height of its glory and grandeur
Shechinah - It is probable that after the entrance into Canaan this glory-cloud settled in the tabernacle upon the Ark of the Covenant in the most holy place
Propitiation - translators in Exodus 25:17 and elsewhere as the equivalent for the Hebrew Kapporeth , Which means "covering," and is used of the lid of the Ark of the Covenant ( Exodus 25:21 ; 30:6 )
Shi'Loh - " In this case the allusion would be to the primacy of Judah in war, (Judges 1:1,2 ; 20:18 ; Numbers 2:3 ; 10:14 ) which was to continue until the promised land was conquered and the Ark of the Covenant was solemnly deposited at Shiloh
Kiriath-Jearim - After the Philistines returned the Ark of the Covenant, it was kept at Kiriath-Jearim for a time (1 Samuel 6:21-7:2 )
Shi'Loh - " In this case the allusion would be to the primacy of Judah in war, (Judges 1:1,2 ; 20:18 ; Numbers 2:3 ; 10:14 ) which was to continue until the promised land was conquered and the Ark of the Covenant was solemnly deposited at Shiloh
Dancing - Dancing was part of Israel’s public expression of praise to God after the crossing of the Red Sea (Exodus 15:20-21) and during the bringing of the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:14-15)
Sanctuary - The inner shrine, or Most Holy Place, was in particular known as the sanctuary; for there, over the Ark of the Covenant, God symbolically dwelt (Leviticus 4:6; Psalms 96:6; Hebrews 13:11)
Ekron - There the Ark of the Covenant was taken last before its return to Israel
Sabaoth - The title was apparently closely tied to Shiloh and the Ark of the Covenant (1Samuel 1:3, 1 Samuel 1:11 ; 1 Samuel 4:4 ; 1 Samuel 6:2 )
Sabbath Day's Journey - As they followed the priests bearing the Ark of the Covenant, they must maintain a distance of 2,000 cubits from it
Holy of Holies - In the middle of the holy of holies of Solomon's temple stood the Ark of the Covenant, overshadowed by the wings of the two colossal cherubim
Mercy Seat - 1: ἱλαστήριον (Strong's #2435 — Noun Neuter — hilasterion — hil-as-tay'-ree-on ) "the lid or cover of the Ark of the Covenant," signifies the Propitiatory, so called on account of the expiation made once a year on the great Day of Atonement, Hebrews 9:5
Ephod - It was worn by Samuel (1 Samuel 2:18 ) and by David when he danced before God on the occasion of the transfer of the Ark of the Covenant to David's capital city of Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:14 ). See Priests ; Tabernacle ; Ark of the Covenant ; Teraphim
Shiloh - Years later, following a defeat at Aphek, the Israelite army sent for the Ark of the Covenant from Shiloh. Supporting this was the fact that when the Philistines finally returned the Ark of the Covenant, it was housed at Kiriath-jearim rather than Shiloh (1 Samuel 7:1 )
Ark - The writer of Hebrews mentions the Ark of the Covenant (τὴν κιβωτὸν τῆς διαθήκης) as the innermost and most sacred piece of furniture contained in the Tabernacle. The designation ‘the Ark of the Covenant,’ which was probably coined by the writer of Deut. The thought of that emptiness oppressed the minds both of devout Jews and of Jewish Christians, and in Revelation 11:19, when the seventh angel has sounded, and the temple of God in heaven is opened, the Ark of the Covenant is there
Dagon - Likewise the overthrow of the idol of Dagon before the Ark of the Covenant demonstrated God's predominance (1 Samuel 5:1-7 )
Aphek - City whose king Joshua defeated (Joshua 12:18 ), where Philistine armies formed to face Israel in days of Samuel (1 Samuel 4:1 ) resulting in Philistine victory and capture of Israel's Ark of the Covenant
Lime - The book of the law, in order to render it the more sacred, was deposited beside the Ark of the Covenant
Aphek - City whose king Joshua defeated (Joshua 12:18 ), where Philistine armies formed to face Israel in days of Samuel (1 Samuel 4:1 ) resulting in Philistine victory and capture of Israel's Ark of the Covenant
Sign - ...
Second, The Ark of the Covenant from whence the Jews observed JEHOVAH gave answers by revelation
Commandments, the Ten - The two stones are also called the 'tables of the testimony,' Exodus 34:29 , and they were laid up in the Ark of the Covenant, Exodus 40:20 ; 1 Kings 8:9 ; Hebrews 9:4 ; over which were the two cherubim as guardians of God's rights together with the mercy-seat
Cherubim - In Israel’s tabernacle, two cherubim images were attached to the lid of the Ark of the Covenant in the Most Holy Place
Commandments, the Ten - These tables were afterwards placed in the Ark of the Covenant (Deuteronomy 10:5 ; 1 Kings 8:9 )
Benaiah - In 1 Chronicles 15:18 , a Levitical musician involved in the processional when the Ark of the Covenant was brought to Jerusalem
Bethel - Here the Ark of the Covenant, and probably the tabernacle, long remained, Judges 20:26 1 Samuel 10:3
David, King - By his successful wars David made Israel an independent state, established his capital in Jerusalem, and transported thither the Ark of the Covenant
Ark - And the ark in the wilderness is called the Ark of the Covenant, intimating Christ given of JEHOVAH to the people
Ashdod - (assh' dahd) One of five principal cities of the Philistines, where the Philistines defeated Israel and captured the Ark of the Covenant. Perhaps the most infamous contact between Ashdod and Israel is reported in 1 Samuel 4-6 when the Philistines defeated the army of Israel in battle, killed the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, and captured the Ark of the Covenant
Tent - Eventually the Ark of the Covenant was moved into the tabernacle ( Ark of the Covenant and the tables of testimony ( Canon of Scripture - " Moses directed the Levites, "Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord your God" (Deuteronomy 31:25-26)
Cedar - The Ark of the Covenant, and much of the temple of Solomon, and that of Diana at Ephesus, were built of cedar
Jeiel - A Levite who served as worship leader at the Ark of the Covenant under David (1 Chronicles 16:5 )
Ark of the Covenant - Sometimes it is identified rather with the name of deity, “the ark of God,” or “the ark of the Lord” (Yahweh), or most ornately “the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord of hosts (Yahweh Sabaoth) who is enthroned on the cherubim” (1 Samuel 4:4 ). Because the Ark of the Covenant was the central symbol of God's presence with His people Israel, its mysteries remain appropriately veiled within the inner sanctuary of the living God. Revelation 11:19 shows the Ark of the Covenant will be part of the heavenly temple when it is revealed
Ark of the Covenant - ...
The Ark of the Covenant was, as it were, the centre of worship to all those of the Hebrew nation who served God according to the Levitical law; and not only in the temple, when they came thither to worship, but every where else in their dispersions through the whole world; whenever they prayed, they turned their faces toward the place where the ark stood, and directed all their devotions that way, Daniel 6:10 . Whence the author of the book of Cosri, justly says, that the ark, with the mercy seat and cherubim, were the foundation, root, heart, and marrow of the whole temple, and all the Levitical worship performed therein; and, therefore, had there been nothing else wanting in the second temple but the ark only, this alone would have been a sufficient reason for the old men to have wept when they remembered the first temple in which it stood; and for the saying of Haggai 2:3 , that the second temple was as nothing compared with the first; so great a share had the Ark of the Covenant in the glory of Solomon's temple. ...
The ark was called the Ark of the Covenant, because it was a symbol of the covenant between God and his people
Pilgrimage - Mosaic law required adult male Israelites to appear before the Lord (where the Ark of the Covenant rested) three times a year (Exodus 23:14-17 ; Exodus 34:18-23 ; Deuteronomy 16:16 )
Step - 25:12 the word is applied to the “pedestals or feet” of the Ark of the Covenant: “And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four [1] thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it
Face - Therefore, there was no image or likeness of God in the innermost sanctuary—only the Ark of the Covenant was there, and God spoke from above it ( Cherubim - They were all of one piece with the golden lid of the Ark of the Covenant in the Holy of Holies, signifying that the prospect of redeemed and glorified creatures was bound up with the sacrifice of Christ
Cherub - The cherubim are variously represented as living creatures, Genesis 3:24; Ezekiel 1:1-28; Revelation 4:1-11; or as images wrought in tapestry, gold, or wood, Exodus 36:35; Exodus 37:7; Ezekiel 41:25; as having one, two, or four faces, Exodus 25:20; Ezekiel 41:18; Ezekiel 10:14, as having two, four, or six wings, 1 Kings 6:27; Ezekiel 1:6; Revelation 4:8; in the simplest form, as in the golden figures above the Ark of the Covenant; or in the most complex and sublime form, as in Ezekiel's wonderful visions of the glory of God—discerning and ruling all things, and executing irresistibly and with the speed of thought all his wise and just decrees
Beth'el - " Here was the Ark of the Covenant
Bethel - Here the Ark of the Covenant was kept for a long time under the care of Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron (20:26-28)
Bethel - ...
For a brief period after the conquest, the Ark of the Covenant was kept at Bethel (Judges 20:18; Judges 20:27-28)
Ark of the Covenant - In the thorn of man's curse appeared the angel of the covenant to Moses, to bless man; and out of its wood was formed the Ark of the Covenant, the typical source of his blessing. In the wilderness "the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord went before them in the three days' journey to search out a resting place for them; and when the ark set forward, Moses said, Rise up, Lord, and let Thine enemies be scattered, and let them that hate Thee flee before Thee. Jerusalem, when "they shall say no more, The Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, neither shall it come to mind, neither shall they re. The Ark of the Covenant on the contrary was marked by the absence of any symbol of God
Eli - They now sought safety in having the "ark of the covenant of the Lord" among them
Throne - ...
The lid of the Ark of the Covenant in the tabernacle was a symbolic throne for the invisible God
Ark of God - This is also called 'ARK OF THE COVENANT,' 'ARK OF THE TESTIMONY,' 'ARK OF JEHOVAH. ...
In thefirst journey of the children of Israel from Mount Sinai the Ark of the Covenant went before them to "search out a resting place for them," type of God's tender care for them
Die - Usually, both the subject and object of this usage are personal, although there are exceptions—as when the Philistines personified the Ark of the Covenant, urging its removal so it would not “kill” them ( Ark - ...
Ark of the Covenant...
1 . ]'>[1] ,’ doubtless the oldest name of all, and ‘the ark of God’; in ( b ) the characteristic title is ‘the Ark of the Covenant’ alone or with the additions ‘of J″ Presence of God - ...
Perhaps the primary tangible symbol of God's presence with the people was the Ark of the Covenant, the container for the tablet of the law and the seat of God's throne
Manna - This jar was later placed in the Ark of the Covenant together with Aaron’s rod and the stone tablets inscribed with the law (Exodus 16:31-35; Hebrews 9:4)
Mercy-Seat - Ritschl maintains that in both the OT and the NT ἱλαστήριον designates ‘the piece of furniture over the Ark of the Covenant in the holy of holies’ (Rechtfertigung und Versöhnung3, ii
Cherubim - In Solomon’s Temple there were two colossal cherubim whose out-spread wings filled the most holy place (1 Kings 6:23-28), but in the ideal description of the Tabernacle two much smaller figures are represented as standing on the Ark of the Covenant itself (which was only about four feet long), facing each other and overshadowing the place of God’s presence
Tabernacle - In the Holy of Holies was the Ark of the Covenant which contained the Ten Commandments (Exodus 25:16)
Hobab - The Ark of the Covenant was their main guide (Numbers 10:33)
Beth-Shemesh - ) when the Ark of the Covenant passed through the city upon returning from the Philistines (1 Samuel 6:13 )
Naming - Conditions of the times proved imaginative as well: Ichabod, “The glory has departed from Israel,” (NRSV) came about by the Ark of the Covenant falling into Philistine hands (1 Samuel 4:21-22 ) and the symbolic names of Isaiah's sons: Shear-jashub, “a remnant shall return,” (Isaiah 7:3 ); Maher-Shalal-hash-baz, “swift is the booty, speedy is the prey,” (Isaiah 8:3 , NASB)
Temple - the Ark of the Covenant; 3
Cloud - ”...
When the Ark of the Covenant was brought into the holy place, “The cloud filled the house of the Lord, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord” (1 Kings 8:10-11)
War - God’s presence in “battle” was symbolized by the Ark of the Covenant ( Ark - ...
Ark of the covenant...
The gold covered wooden box known as the Ark of the Covenant, or covenant box, was Israel’s most sacred religious article
Ark - In the early accounts of the ark only the Mount Sinai covenant tablets are so protected, giving rise to the common epithet, the "ark of the covenant" (Exodus 25:16 ; 1 Kings 8:9 ), or a variant, "ark of the Lord's covenant" (Numbers 14:44 )
Come - The Philistines felt that God had “come” into the Israelite camp when the Ark of the Covenant arrived ( Tabernacle - In the tabernacle was the Ark of the Covenant, the table of shew bread, the golden candlestick, and the altar of incense; and in the court opposite to the entrance of the tabernacle, or holy place, stood the altar of burnt- offerings, and the laver or bason for the use of the priests
Manna - Moreover, a specimen of manna as laid up in a golden vase in the Ark of the Covenant in memory of a substance which would otherwise have perished, Hebrews 9:4
Litany of Loreto - ...
Ark of the Covenant, pray for us
Loreto, Litany of - ...
Ark of the Covenant, pray for us
Uncleanness - The sacredness attached to the human body is parallel to that which invested the Ark of the Covenant itself
Aaron - He ministered before Yahweh, whose presence-cloud dwelt above the mercy seat over the Ark of the Covenant in the Most Holy Place of the tabernacle (Exodus 40:38 )
Anchor - But, in view of what the writer says at a later stage about the Most Holy Place with its Ark of the Covenant and cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy-seat (Hebrews 9:4 f
Priest - In war they sounded the holy trumpets and carried the Ark of the Covenant
Atone - It refers to a slab of gold that rested on top of the Ark of the Covenant
Tabernacle - — In the most holy place, which the high priest alone entered, was the Ark of the Covenant; in the holy place, where the priests ministered—to the north the table of shew-bread, to the south the golden candlestick, in the centre the altar of incense
Ark - Ark of the Covenant
Tabernacle - The first sanctuary contained three objects: the altar of incense in the centre, so as to be directly in front of the Ark of the Covenant ( 1 Kings 6:22 ) the table of shew-bread on its right or north side, and the golden candlestick on the left or south side. [2] ...
In the holy of holies, within the veil, and shrouded in darkness, there was but one object, the Ark of the Covenant, containing the two tables of stone, inscribed with the Ten Commandments. (Joshua 9:27 ; 18:1 ) Here it remained during the time of the judges, till it was captured by the Philistines, who carried off the sacred Ark of the Covenant
Ark - It is distinguished from all others by such titles as the "ark of God" (1 Samuel 3:3 ), "ark of the covenant" (Joshua 3:6 ; Hebrews 9:4 ), "ark of the testimony" (Exodus 25:22 )
Witness - They were therefore called the testimony (Exodus 25:21), the Ark of the Covenant in which they were placed was called the ark of the testimony (Deuteronomy 19:16-2181), and the tabernacle (or tent) in which the ark was kept was called the tabernacle of the testimony (Exodus 38:21)
Joshua, Book of - To impress upon people the religious significance of the invasion, the narrative emphasizes such matters as the ritual cleansing of the people, the leadership of the priests, the prominence of the Ark of the Covenant, the miraculous crossing of the Jordan, and the obedience to the covenant commands by those who were till then uncircumcised
Temple of Jerusalem - Solomon's Temple may not have actually been the first temple which housed the Ark of the Covenant, since there was a house of Yahweh, also called a temple, at Shiloh (Acts 7:46-509Samuel 1:9,1 Samuel 1:24 ; 1 Samuel 3:3 ) but in 1 Samuel 2:22 (NIV) it is called “tent of meeting,” whether the wilderness tabernacle or not. The most holy place, a windowless cube of about 30 feet, housed the Ark of the Covenant and was dominated by two guardian cherubim 15-feet tall with outstretched wings spanning fifteen feet to touch in the middle and at each side wall (1 Kings 6:15-28 ). As Jeremiah had foreseen, the Ark of the Covenant was never replaced (Jeremiah 3:16 ). See Ark of the Covenant ; Herods; Holy of Holies ; Moriah ; Shiloh ; Solomon ; Tabernacle, Tent of Meeting; Zerubbabel
Levi - Yet the Lord was graciously pleased to choose this tribe for his own more immediate service, and placed this, highly honourable and distinguished mark upon it: At that time the Lord separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord to stand before the Lord to minister unto him, and to bless in his name unto this day: wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, according as the Lord thy God promised him
Sanctuary - , Exodus 26:33 ; 1 Kings 8:10 ; 2 Chronicles 5:11 ; Ezekiel 42:14 ), and the inner "holy place" (Leviticus 16:2 ; 4:6 ]'>[1]) which is the "Most Holy Place"), where the Ark of the Covenant was located
Glory - Thus, God's glory is seen in the plagues and other miracles (Numbers 14:22 ), in the cloudy pillar (Exodus 16:10 ), in the theophany at Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:17 ; Deuteronomy 5:24 ), in the tabernacle (Exodus 29:43 ; 40:34-35 ; Numbers 14:10 ; 16:19,42 ; 20:6 ), in the fire initiating the sacrificial system (Leviticus 9:23 ), and in the Ark of the Covenant (1 Samuel 4:21-22 ) and the temple of Solomon (1 Kings 8:11 ; 2 Chronicles 7:1-3 )
Oil - First, Moses was to use this oil to anoint the whole tabernacle, all its furniture (even the Ark of the Covenant), and all the vessels used therein (vv
Samuel, First Book of - Israel was smitten before the Philistines; but instead of turning to the Lord and confessing their sins, they sent for the Ark of the Covenant, saying that it should save them, and made a great shout; but God was not in this act, the Israelites were smitten, including the two sons of Eli, and the ark was captured by the Philistines. Not only had the priest failed in the house of Eli, but the Ark of the Covenant, the symbol of Israel's relationship with God, was in the hands of their enemies, this being permitted by God to bring things to an issue
Philistines, the - The threat reached crisis proportions in the battle of Ebenezer (1 Samuel 4:1-18 ), when the Israelites were soundly defeated and the Ark of the Covenant, brought over from Shiloh (1 Samuel 4:3-4 ), was captured
Urim And Thummim - Thus prepared, he presented himself before the Lord to ask counsel on public matters, not in the inner sanctuary, which he presumed not to enter, except on the great day of national atonement, but without the veil, with his face toward the Ark of the Covenant, inside; and behind him, at some distance, without the sanctuary, stood Joshua, the judge, or person who wanted the response, which seems to have been given with an audible voice from within the veil, Numbers 27:21 , as in the case of Joshua 6:6-15 ; of the Israelites during the civil war with Benjamin, Judges 20:27-28 ; on the appointment of Saul to be king, when he hid himself, 1 Samuel 10:22-24 ; of David, 1 Samuel 22:10 ; 1 Samuel 23:2-12 ; 1 Samuel 30:8 ; 2 Samuel 5:23-24 ; of Saul, 1 Samuel 28:6
Transportation And Travel - Here they would make their devotions before a sacred image or the Ark of the Covenant. A similar two-wheeled cart was used by David to carry the Ark of the Covenant from Kiriath-jearim (also called Baale of Judah) to his new capital in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:2-17 )
Building - God's glory rested over the Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 25:22 ), in the tabernacle (Exodus 40:34-38 ; Numbers 9:15 ; 2 Samuel 7:5-7,13 ), and in Solomon's temple, God's house (1 Kings 8:10-21 ; Psalm 26:8 ; 27:4 ; 84:1-4 ; Ezekiel 10:18 ), and in Jerusalem (Psalm 50:1-2 ; 76:2 ; 132:13-14 ; Ezekiel 48:35 )
Purity-Purification - This is probably the background for the preparation made for the theophany, a manifestation of God's presence, in Exodus 19:1 and for the death of Uzzah when he was unprepared (not purified) to touch the Ark of the Covenant, a most holy object ( 2 Samuel 6:1-11 )
Clean, To Be - Thus the Ark of the Covenant, the incense altar, and the porch of the temple were “overlaid with pure gold” ( Kings, Books of - Upon completing the temple (7:13-51), he placed in it the Ark of the Covenant (8:1-21) and dedicated the temple to God (8:22-9:9)
Law - 12) is the heart of the whole, and therefore was laid up in the Ark of the Covenant beneath the "mercy-seat" or "propitiatory" (hilasteerion ), intimating that it is only as covered over by divine atoning mercy that the law could be the center of the (Romans 3:25-26) covenant of God with us. They were "the tables of the covenant," and the ark, because containing them, was called "the Ark of the Covenant" (Deuteronomy 4:13; Joshua 3:11)
Samuel - " The chiefs of the people thought to repair this great disaster by carrying with them the Ark of the Covenant as the symbol of Jehovah's presence
Furniture - Lovingly detailed accounts of the Ark of the Covenant, the altar of incense, and other furnishings are so clear that we can easily visualize and reconstruct them in the form of models
Death - You behold Moses and Aaron bearing the Ark of the Covenant; David and Elijah presenting the oracle of testimony
Thankfulness, Thanksgiving - For example, when David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, the people sing psalms that call Israel to give thanks again and again (1 Chronicles 16:4,7,8,34,35,41 )
Presence (2) - True, the Divine presence had been manifested, according to the OT, in cloudy pillar and burning bush, had, indeed, been localized in the Ark of the Covenant. ‘Ark of the Covenant,’ ‘Shekinah’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible ; Beyschlag, NT Theol
David - After defeating the Philistines, David sought to move the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, succeeding on his second attempt (2 Samuel 6:1 )
Joel - Leader among the Levites under David (1Chronicles 15:7,1Chronicles 15:11,1 Chronicles 15:18 ), who brought the Ark of the Covenant up to Jerusalem
Solomon - ) ...
For some years before his death David was engaged in the active work of collecting materials ( 1 Chronicles 29:6-9 ; 2 Chronicles 2:3-7 ) for building a temple in Jerusalem as a permanent abode for the Ark of the Covenant
Judah, Kingdom of - Also Jerusalem shall be the religious center of the nations, amidst universal peace, the Lord's manifested presence there (Isaiah 60-62; Isaiah 65; Isaiah 66) eclipsing the former Ark of the Covenant (Jeremiah 3:16-18; Jeremiah 23:6-8; Ezekiel 37-48)
Priest - In time of war their duty was to carry the Ark of the Covenant, to consult the Lord, to sound the holy trumpets, and to encourage the army, Numbers 10:8-9 Deuteronomy 20:2
Jerusalem - ...
David transformed Jerusalem into the religious center of his kingdom by bringing into it the Ark of the Covenant (2 Samuel 6:1-19 ). The move of the Ark of the Covenant from the tent in the city to the temple proper may have prompted the shift of name
Altar - With the building of the Solomonic Temple, the presence of God was associated especially with the Ark of the Covenant
Jeremiah - He saw the strong holds of the city cast down, the palace of Solomon, the temple of God, with all its courts, its roofs of cedar and of gold, levelled to the earth, or committed to the flames; the sacred vessels, the Ark of the Covenant itself, with the cherubim, pillaged by profane hands
Jerusalem - Here he built an altar to the Lord on the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2 Samuel 24:15-25 ), and thither he brought up the Ark of the Covenant and placed it in the new tabernacle which he had prepared for it
Names of God - ” It represents God's power over the nations and was closely tied to Shiloh, to the Ark of the Covenant, and to prophecy
Psalms, Book of - In Psalm 40 there comes forth from God One divinely perfect — the true Ark of the Covenant — who was competent to bring into effect the will of God in all its extent; and at the same time able (by the offering of Himself) to take away the whole system of sacrifices, in which God had found no pleasure
Guilt - A like feature is observable in the attitude of the Philistines when restoring the sacred ‘ark of the covenant’ to the offended Jehovah
Joshua, Theology of - These include the memorial stones set up at Gilgal to commemorate the crossing of the Jordan River (4:19-24) with a special role for the priesthood and the Ark of the Covenant (chaps
Altar - The divine fire on the altar; the shekinah cloud, representing the divine habitation with them, which was given to the king and the high priest with the oil of unction; the spirit of prophecy; the Urim and Thummim whereby the high priest miraculously learned God's will; and the Ark of the Covenant, whence God gave His answers in a clear voice, were the five things of the old temple wanting in the second temple
Sabbath - " The Decalogue was "the covenant," and the ark containing it "the Ark of the Covenant;" and therefore the Decalogue sums up all moral duty
Chronicles, Theology of - Chronicles focuses on how this relationship was expressed through the establishment and maintenance of the institutions that represented the presence of Yahweh: the Ark of the Covenant, Jerusalem, the temple, the sacrificial system, the officiating priests, their levitical assistants and musicians, and the Davidic king, who sat on Yahweh's throne
Atonement - Some now argue that Paul intends a quite specific reference to the mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant and that hilasterion [4] should be translated "mercy seat
Sacrifice And Offering - While the sacrificial altar was placed in the courtyard, just before the door of the tabernacle, the incense altar was positioned inside the tabernacle, just before the Ark of the Covenant
Gods And Goddesses, Pagan - When they brought the Ark of the Covenant from Shiloh and took it into battle against the Philistines, it did not result in their victory
Priest - In time of war their business was to carry the Ark of the Covenant, to consult the Lord, to sound the holy trumpets, and encourage and harangue the army
Evangelize, Evangelism - ...
What is true on a personal level is true for the nation as the people return the Ark of the Covenant to its rightful place at the center of Israel's worship (1 Chronicles 16:23-25 /Psalm 16:23-25/96:2-4 )
Israel, History of - ...
For a period of approximately two centuries, the Israelites were centrally joined as autonomous tribes around the Ark of the Covenant, a loose relationship centering in common worship commitments
Poetry of the Hebrews - The twenty-fourth Psalm, in particular, which is thought to have been composed on the great and solemn occasion of the Ark of the Covenant being brought back to Mount Zion, must have had a noble effect when performed after this manner, as Dr
David - ...
David now resolved to bring up the Ark of the Covenant to his new capital (2 Samuel 6 )
Covenant - Hebrews 9:4 (‘the Ark of the Covenant’)
Animals - As a guilt offering for stealing the Ark of the Covenant, the Philistines were advised to send “five golden mice” to the Israelites when they returned the ark to them (1 Samuel 6:4 , KJV; “rats,” NIV)
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - He offered a bull for the sin of himself and his house, and then took a censer with burning coals and incense into the Most Holy Place and sprinkled some blood from the bull on the Ark of the Covenant
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - In addition to the narratives that focus primarily on Samuel, Saul, and David there are a group of narratives in 1-2Samuel that focus on the Ark of the Covenant (1 Samuel 4-6 ; 2 Samuel 6 )
Psalms, Theology of - Psalm 24:7-10 describes another kind of procession into the templethis one involving Yahweh himself whose presence is presumably symbolized by the Ark of the Covenant
Jews - Though this second temple, or, as it is sometimes called, the temple of Zerubbabel, who was at that time governor of the Jews, was of the same size and dimensions as the first, or Solomon's temple, yet it was very inferior to it in splendour and magnificence; and the Ark of the Covenant, the Shechinah, the holy fire upon the altar, the Urim and Thummim, and the spirit of prophecy, were all wanting to this temple of the remnant of the people