What does Animals mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
הַבְּהֵמָה֙ beast 4
בַּבְּהֵמָ֑ה beast 2
ζῷα a living being. / an animal 2
ζῴων a living being. / an animal 1
בְהֵמָ֗ה beast 1
מֵחִ֣ים fatling 1
חַיָּתָֽם living 1
הַֽחַיָּה֙ living 1
וּבְעִירָֽם beasts 1
בְּעִירָֽם beasts 1
וּבְעִירֵֽנוּ beasts 1
בְּעִ֣ירְכֶ֔ם beasts 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֥ה beast 1
בִּבְהֵמָ֔ה beast 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֤ה beast 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֖ה beast 1
הַ֨בְּהֵמָ֔ה beast 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֔ה beast 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֡ה beast 1
בְּהֶמְתּ֗וֹ beast 1
בְּהֵמָ֖ה beast 1
בְּהֶמְתָּ֔הּ beast 1
בְּהֵמָֽה beast 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֗ה beast 1
בְּהֵמָ֥ה beast 1
וּֽבְהֶמְתְּכֶֽם beast 1
וְלַבְּהֵמָ֖ה beast 1
הַבְּהֵמָ֣ה beast 1
θηρίων an animal. / a wild animal 1
מַפְשִׁיטִֽים to strip 1

Definitions Related to Animals

H929


   1 beast, cattle, animal.
      1a beasts (coll of all Animals).
      1b cattle, livestock (of domestic Animals).
      1c wild beasts.
      

H1165


   1 beasts, cattle.
   

H2416


   1 living, alive.
      1a green (of vegetation).
      1b flowing, fresh (of water).
      1c lively, active (of man).
      1d reviving (of the springtime).
   2 relatives.
   3 life (abstract emphatic).
      3a life.
      3b sustenance, maintenance.
   4 living thing, animal.
      4a animal.
      4b life.
      4c appetite.
      4d revival, renewal.
   5 community.
   

H4220


   1 fatling, fat one.
   

G2342


   1 an animal.
   2 a wild animal, wild beast, beast.
   3 metaph.
   a brutal, bestial man, savage, ferocious.
   Additional Information: For synonyms see entry 2226, zoon.
   See entry 5846 for comparison of synonyms.
   

G2226


   1 a living being.
   2 an animal, brute, beast.
   Additional Information: For synonyms see entry 2342, therion.
   See entry 5846 for comparison of synonyms.
   

H6584


   1 to strip, invade, strip off, make a dash, raid, spread out.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to strip off, put off.
         1a2 to put off (one’s shelter), make a dash.
      1b (Piel) to strip.
      1c (Hiphil).
         1c1 to strip of.
         1c2 to strip off.
         1c3 to flay.
      1d (Hithpael) to strip oneself of.
      

Frequency of Animals (original languages)

Frequency of Animals (English)

Dictionary

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Animals
God as Creator and Sustainer . Animals, like the rest of the uNIVerse, are created by God. In Genesis 1 , God's approval of the created world is regularly expressed by the phrase "and God saw that it was good." God blesses the animals (v. 22) and at the end of the sixth day "God saw all that he had made, and it was very good" (v. 31). It was very good for waters, air, and land to teem with living creatures. Clearly, animals are valued by God in and for themselves, and God expresses pleasure and delight in them. Animals are not primarily created for the benefit of humanity, and deserve respect because they are God's very good work. God answers Job's complaint by speaking of the mountain goat, lion, eagle, and the mysterious Leviathan and Behemoth (Job 39:1-41:34 ). These animals are wild and outside human usefulness and understanding, yet God knows tham intimately and delights in them for their own sake.
As Psalm 104 makes clear, God sustains all of life, so that all creatures, including humanity, are alike in their dependence on God. In this psalm, animals are pictured in creation alongside humanity, not beneath it; nor do they exist for the sake of humans. Animals are seen as valuable to God, who make them in their uniqueness for his own purposes, sustains them, and rejoices over them (cf. Job 12:10 ; Psalm 36:6 ; 145:16 ; Jonah 4:11 ; Luke 12:24 ). Jesus reaffirms the value of the animal world in Luke 12:6 : "Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies? Yet not one of them is forgotten by God."
As Creator, God is Lord over the world, including animals, for, "The earth is the Lord's and everything in it" (1Col 10:26; cf. 1 Chronicles 29:11 ; Psalm 74:13-14 ; 89:11 ). Thus the psalmist can say of God, "every animal of the forest is mine, and the cattle on a thousand hills. I know every bird in the mountains, and the creatures of the field are mine" (Psalm 50:10-11 ; cf. Exodus 13:12 ; Job 41:11 ). Because they are created by God, all creation, including animals, should praise God (Psalm 148:7-10 ; 150:6 ; cf. Revelation 5:13 ). Christ's work of creating, sustaining, and reconciling all things also includes the animal world (Colossians 1:16-17 ).
Animals and the Hope of Future Transformation The hope of future transformation includes animals. Isaiah speaks of the day of the Lord in the following terms: "The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them" ( Isaiah 11:6 ). This is a vision of future transformation and harmony, when all creation will be renewed (cf. Isaiah 35:9 ; 65:17,25 ; 66:22 ; Hosea 2:18 ; Joel 2:22 ; Ephesians 1:9-10 ; Revelation 21:1-4 ). In Romans 8:19-22Paul speaks of the groaning of the whole creation and of the hope that creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay. Human salvation is inseparable from the liberation of the created world, including animals. Humanity is to be redeemed with creation, not apart from it. Yet the future reality of a new creation has already begun in Christ. Christians must now live in a way that is consistent with the kingdom, and so are called to embrace kingdom values and goals, including harmony with creation, and so are to act to preserve and enhance the created order.
Humanity and Animals God has given humanity dominion over "the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground" ( Genesis 1:28 ; cf. Psalm 8:6-8 ). The king of Israel had dominion over the nation, but was expected to act as a shepherd, who ensured the welfare of those entrusted to his care (Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ; 2 Samuel 5:2 ; Psalm 72 ). The concept of dominion in Genesis 1:28 involves wise stewardship and rsponsible care for the animal world. Humanity is vegetarian in Genesis 1:29 ; human dominion in Genesis 1 does not produce any unpleasant consequences for animals. Further, humanity is responsible to God with respect to this stewardship, for the created world remains God's world. Thus, dominion is not a license for the unbridled exploitation of animals and nature. Yet the exercise of dominion has been flawed by sin and the harmony and peace of creation have been shattered ( Genesis 3:14-15,17-19 ).
In Genesis 1 humanity is unique, in that only humanity is made in the image of God. In Genesis 2:20 animals are not suitable companions for Adam. However, a very strong link exists between the animal world and humanity since in Genesis 1:24-31 both are created on the same day, and in Genesis 2:7,19 both the man and the animals are formed from the ground. Humanity is thus not independent of the created order. Because of this closeness between humanity and animals, the condition of the two groups is often spoken of in similar terms. For example, both animals and people are dependent on the providence of God ( Psalm 104:10-30 ; Luke 12:22-24 ) and animals bear the consequences of God's judgment along with people (Genesis 6:7 ; Exodus 9:1-7 ; Jeremiah 14:5-6 ; Zephaniah 1:2-3 ).
The Use and Treatment of Animals Animals are of service to people, for example, for transport ( 1 Samuel 16:20 ; Esther 8:10,14 ) or for clothing (Genesis 3:21 ). They are also a sign of wealth (Genesis 24:35 ; Job 1:13-21 ). In Genesis 1:29 only plants were given as food for people, and the picture of the garden in Genesis 2 is one of peace between animals and Adam. It is only after the fall and the flood that God gave all living things, except their blood, to Noah and his family for food ( Genesis 9:1-4 ). Only clean animals could be eaten (Leviticus 11 ), but Jesus declared all food clean (Mark 7:17-23 ; cf. Acts 10:10-16 ). Vegetarianism is neither commanded nor forbidden and it is clear that Paul considered meat-eating to be acceptable for Christians (Romans 14:1-4 ; 1Col 8:7-10). God is well aware of the destructive tendencies of fallen humanity, and so in Genesis 9:8-17 makes a covenant with all living things, including animals. This shows God's continuing commitment to all of creation.
In the Old Testament, sacrifices involved the offering of certain unblemished animals (Exodus 12:1-8 ; Leviticus 4,16 ), or their blood was used on other occasions such as the consecration of priests ( Exodus 29 ).
There are a number of injunctions that concern the welfare of animals. Animals share some of the privileges of God's people, and so the Sabbath rest applies equally to them: "Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest" (Exodus 23:12 ; cf. Leviticus 25:7 ; Deuteronomy 5:14 ). Further, an ox treading the corn was not to be muzzled (Ezekiel 19:2-68 ; quoted in 1Col 9:9; and 1 Timothy 5:18 , ; where it is applied to people ) and a fallen ox was to be helped to its feet (Deuteronomy 22:4 ; cf. Leviticus 22:27-28 :; Deuteronomy 22:6-7,10 ). Jesus also pointed to the humanitarian treatment of animals on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:11-12 ; Luke 13:15 ; 14:5 ) and argued from this that he should free people from illness on the Sabbath. This sense of responsibility for the welfare of animals is summed up in Proverbs 12:10 : "A righteous man cares for the needs of his animal." Thus, animals are owed some of the basic obligations we extend to fellow human beings.
Illustrations from the Animal World Since the people of the Bible interacted regularly with animals they often used images from the animal world as illustrations. This use of images derived from animals often makes a passage very vivid.
Pertinent characteristics of animals are often used as images for God's activity. In Hosea 13:7-8 we read that God will come upon Israel "like a lion, like a leopard I will lurk by the path. Like a bear robbed of her cubs, I will attack them and rip them open." In Isaiah 31:5 we read: "Like birds hovering overhead, the Lord Almighty will shield Jerusalem." Illustrations from animal husbandry are used for God. For example, in Isaiah 40:11 we read: "he tends his flock like a shepherd: He gathers the lambs in his arms and carries them close to his heart; he gently leads those that have young" (cf. Psalm 23 ). In John 10:14 Jesus says "I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me." Leaders of God's people can also be described as shepherds ( Ezekiel 34 ; Acts 20:28 ; cf. 1 Peter 5:1-4 ).
People are consistently seen as like sheep, mainly because sheep are easily led astray and lost and are unable to fend for themselves or to find their way home. In Isaiah 53:6 we read: "All we like sheep, have gone astray; we have all turned to our own way." Similarly, the people of Israel are spoken of as God's sheep ( Psalm 74:1 ; 100:3 ; Jeremiah 23:1 ; Matthew 9:36 ; John 21:15 ). The image is used in another way in John 1:29 : "Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!" In Revelation Jesus is regularly spoken of as the Lamb.
Often animals know the right thing to do, and thus discredit humans. Thus note Isaiah 1:3 ("The ox knows his master, the donkey his owner's manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand") and Jeremiah 8:7 ("Even the stork in the sky knows her appointed seasons, and the dove, the swift and the thrush observe the time of their migration. But my people do not know the requirements of the Lord").
The characteristis of an animal can be used as a metaphor for a person. The lion is used as a metaphor for strength (Psalm 17:12 ; 1618418102_59 ; Amos 3:12 ; Revelation 5:5 ); the wild bear for ferocity (2 Samuel 17:8 ); the heifer for stubbornness (Hosea 4:16 ); the lamb for gentleness, particularly when it is led to the slaughter (Isaiah 53:7 ; Jeremiah 11:19 ; Acts 8:32 ); the deer for stability in trying situations (2 Samuel 22:34 ; Psalm 18:33 ); the "beast" as an embodiment of evil (Revelation 11:7 ; 13:1-3 ). Dogs are generally used metaphorically for something negative, since they were scavengers who carried disease (1 Kings 21:23-24 ; Matthew 7:6 ; Philippians 3:2 ; 2 Peter 2:22 ; Revelation 22:15 ). Glory can fly away like a bird (Hosea 9:11 ); animals can be tamed, but not the human tongue (James 3:3,5,7-8 ). A colt symbolizes peace, and so Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a colt rather than a horse, which was associated with war.
Similarly, Jesus used illustrations from the animal world in his parables and teaching. In Matthew 10:16 Jesus said: "I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves." In his lament over Jerusalem Jesus said, "How often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings" ( Matthew 23:37 ). In Matthew 25:31-46 Jesus' teaching hinges on the fact that sheep and goats were often very difficult to distinguish from one another.
Paul Trebilco
Bibliography S. Bishop, Themelios 16:3 (1991): 8-14; F. S. Bodenheimer, Animal and Man in Bible Lands ; F. Bridger, Tyn Bul 41 (1990): 290-301; G. S. Cansdale, Animals of Bible Lands ; T. Cooper, Green Christianity: C aring for the Whole Creation ; W. Granberg-Michaelson, Tending the Garden: Essays on the Gospel and the Earth ; R. Griffiths, The Human Use of Animals ; A. Linzey, Christianity and the Rights of Animals ; A. Linzey and T. Regan, Animals and Christianity: A Book of Readings ; R. Murray, The Cosmic Covenant: Biblical Themes of Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Animals, Worship of
A corruption of religion wherein an animal which apparently had been a mere symbol or emblem of an attribute, virtue, or quality, is considered either as the bearer of a tribe's tutelary spirit, as among the American Indians, and as such is the object of various degrees of worship; or, as in ancient Egypt's decaying religious life, is identified with the god whose characteristic it represents, and shares with him in Divine honors.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Animals in Christian Art
Animals in Christian art have greater importance than in pagan art. In the catacombs we find the lamb, symbol of the soul, accompanying the Good Shepherd. The fish, symbol of Our Lord, is perhaps of widest distribution. After Constantine, most of the decorative schemes are derived from the Apocalypse: the dove is the Holy Spirit, the lamb is Christ the Victim, and the "four living creatures" (man, lion, ox, and eagle) are personifications of the four Evangelists. The fantastic animals of Byzantine art are found in Romanesque sculpture. In the 15th century in the cathedrals of France, especially Notre Dame of Paris, animal sculpture reached great perfection. With the Renaissance, animals were used only as an accessory to the human figure, and no thought of individual symbolism was retained. Saints are often represented with animals; thus, the lion is the emblem of Saint Jerome, the dog of Saint Roch.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Unclean Animals
See ANIMALS.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Animals
Animals populate the biblical world, giving life and interest to many biblical episodes. We do not always have the specific information we would like about these characters of the Bible.
Mammals A mammal is defined as any class of higher vertebrates including humans and all other animals that nourish their young with milk secreted by mammary glands and have their skin more or less covered with hair.” Numerous kinds of animals that fall into this category are mentioned in the Bible. Those mentioned in the New Testament, as a general rule, can be identified with a high degree of certainty. Those in the Old Testament are not as easy to identify. Disagreement exists among scholars in regard to the identification of certain animals in the Old Testament.
Domestic The people of Scripture tamed many animals for use in food production, military endeavors, and transportation.
1. ASS The ass or donkey was a common beast of burden in biblical times and was similar to donkeys of today but larger. This animal appears more than 120 times in Bible.
Centuries before the age of the patriarchs, the ass had been domesticated in Western Asia. They appear in Mesopotamia (onager) and Egypt three thousand years before Christ. The Nubian wild ass of Egypt has been identified as the ass of Palestine and the Bible. A larger animal than the European ass of today, this animal was used for riding (Numbers 22:21 ; Judges 5:10 ), as a beast of burden (1 Samuel 16:20 ), and for agricultural work (Deuteronomy 22:10 ). When the Israelites returned to Palestine from the Babylonian captivity, they brought with them 6,720 asses (Ezra 2:67 ), about six times the number of horses and camels they possessed. While some people used the ass for food, this animal was considered unclean by the Israelites and thus considered unacceptable to eat. The ass was covered by the Sabbath rest regulations, and the firstborn was redeemed (Exodus 13:13 ). While the horse was the primary mount for the warrior, the ass was used by those who traveled in peace. Jesus' choice of an ass as His riding animal for His triumphal entry into Jerusalem symbolized His role as the Prince of Peace (Zechariah 9:9 ; Matthew 21:1-5 ). Before the twentieth century, ass caravans crossed the Sahara Desert, traveling between Morocco and the Red Sea.
2. CAMEL A camel is a large, hump-backed ruminant (chews cud) of Asia and Africa. It was used to transport burdens or passengers.
The camel has been called the “ship of the desert,” being a primary mode of transportation for taking goods and people across dry, hot terrain. Recent discoveries show it was domesticated before 2000 B.C. When camels were introduced into Palestine is a matter of ongoing debate. Since this animal has the capacity to store several days' supply of water in its stomach, it is ideally suited for such work. In addition, the storage of fat in its hump makes it possible for the camel to subsist on little food when taking a desert journey. They were counted among the riches of Job (Job 1:3 ). Camel hair was used for tents and for clothes (Mark 1:6 ).
3. CATTLE Cattle are domesticated quadrupeds used as livestock. In the Bible, the term commonly refers to all domesticated animals.
Ox, bull, calf, and cow are among the names for cattle in the Bible. Sheep, goats, and other domesticated animals are also included under the designation of cattle (Genesis 1:24 ; John 4:12 ). The land of Goshen, where the Hebrews settled during the time of Joseph, was rich in cattle. From bones found at Megiddo, one archaeologist has identified cattle in ancient Israel as the present small Beiruti race, while another has identified five types of cattle of Gezer. Cattle were valued for sacrifices, for food, and as work animals (Deuteronomy 25:4 ; Luke 14:19 ). They were divided into clean and unclean classifications (Leviticus 5:2 ) and were covered by the law of firstlings and Sabbath rest (Exodus 13:12 ; Exodus 20:12 ). Bullocks and calves were used for sacrifices. Possession of considerable livestock was a sign of wealth (Genesis 13:2 ; 1 Samuel 25:2 ).
4. COW Cow designates domestic bovine animals, especially the female.
Cows are mentioned in relation to giving birth and nurturing calves (Leviticus 22:27-28 ; 1 Samuel 6:7 ). They were among the cattle gift that Jacob offered to Esau (Genesis 32:15 ). Amos called the wealthy, selfish women of Samaria “cows of Bashan” (Amos 4:1 ), referring to the area that was well known for raising cows (Deuteronomy 32:14 ). See Cattle above.
5. DOG The dog was a scavenger animal that often ran wild. They were sometimes kept as house pets. In Mark 7:27 , Jesus probably was referring to the small dogs that people kept as pets. Some dogs evidently were used to herd sheep (Job 30:1 ). See below Wild Dogs .
6. DONKEY See Ass above.
7. GOAT A goat was a hollow-horned ruminant with long, floppy ears, usually covered with long, black hair. Sometimes, they were speckled.
One type of goat mentioned in the Bible has been identified as the Syrian or Mamber goat. Domesticated long before the biblical era, the goat in biblical times probably had long ears and backward-curving horns. Both male and female had horns. The most common color was black. It was a prominent source of food; the male also was used for sacrifices (Leviticus 22:27 ). A goat (called a scapegoat) was selected at random once a year on the Day of Atonement to bear symbolically the sins of the nation of Israel (Leviticus 16:10-22 ). The skin of the goat was used to make garments, musical instruments, and water bottles; goat hair was woven into fabrics (Exodus 26:7 ). Goats are extremely destructive to vegetation and thereby contribute to erosion, as they tear plants out of the soil. Some of the earliest drawings available depict goats eating on trees. Sheep nd goats grazed in the same pasture, but it was necessary to separate the herds because the male goat was often hostile toward the sheep (Daniel 6:16-230 ). Today, goats are found in colors of black, gray, brown, white, and a variety of patterns and mixtures. See Ibex below.
8. HORSE A horse was a solid-hoofed animal that was used for riding, as a war animal, and for transporting goods.
Evidence indicates that the horse was introduced into the Middle East two thousand years before Christ. These animals evidently were brought to the area from Persia by the Hyksos warriors who invaded Egypt. It is believed that the horse originally came from Central Asia. The horse is mentioned more than 150 times in the Bible, with the earliest reference being found in Genesis 47:17 . However, there is no indication that the horse was in common use in Israel until the time of David and Solomon. The number of horses owned by Solomon was as many as twelve thousand. They were used to draw chariots (1 Kings 4:26 ; 1 Kings 10:26 ). Since the Mosaic law forbade the breeding of horses, Solomon imported horses from Egypt (Deuteronomy 17:16 ; 2 Chronicles 1:16 ). Likely, because of the superiority of the horse for warfare, this law was later ignored. The ruins of Solomon's well-known horse stables at ancient Megiddo are today marked as an historical and archeological site.
9. MULE A mule was the result of cross-breeding of a female horse and a male ass.
Since the Mosaic law forbade cross-breeding (Leviticus 19:19 ), the Israelites imported mules (Ezekiel 27:14 ). They were used as war animals, for riding, and for carrying burdens (2 Kings 5:17 ). They were especially good for moving heavy burdens in mountainous areas, being better than the horse, ass, or camel. During David's reign, mules, along with horses, were a popular riding animal for royalty (1 Kings 1:33 ).
10. OX An ox is a large domesticated bovine. In the Old Testament it was extremely valuable as a work animal.
An important animal in the economy of Israel, oxen were essential for farm work. They were often yoked in pairs to do farm work and were used to transport burdens. Permitted as food, they were also offered as sacrifices (Deuteronomy 14:4-6 ; Leviticus 17:3-4 ). See Cattle above; Wild Ox below.
11. SHEEP A sheep is a stocky animal, larger than a goat, but has no beard.
A prominent animal in the sacrificial system of Israel, sheep are first mentioned in the Bible in Genesis 4:2 where Abel is identified as a keeper of sheep. They were the primary wealth of pastoral people. The sheep found in the Bible usually are the broad-tailed variety. The tail, weighing as much as fifteen pounds, was sometimes offered as a sacrifice ( Exodus 29:22 ; Leviticus 3:9 ). Of this species only the male had horns; females of other species did have horns. Rams' horns were used as trumpets (Joshua 6:44 ) and as oil containers (1 Samuel 16:1 ). Sheep were also a source for food and clothing. The Bible contains hundreds of references to sheep. Often, they are referred to as small cattle.
12. SWINE Swine are stout-bodied animals that have a large snout and thick skin.
The swine of the Bible, in most instances, probably were the wild pig, still common in Palestine. While Canaanite pagans kept herds of swine, the Mosaic law classified this animal as “unclean” and thus forbade the eating of its flesh (Leviticus 11:7 ; Deuteronomy 14:8 ). Isaiah condemned the eating of swine, dogs, and mice (Isaiah 65:4 ; Isaiah 66:3 ,Isaiah 66:3,66:17 ). One who tended swine was barred from the Temple. A scavenger in ancient times, this animal became a symbol for baseness and paganism (Matthew 7:6 ). The fact that the prodigal son resorted to tending swine points to the extreme humiliation he experienced. Interestingly, Hezir, a proper Jewish name, is the same word as that translated swines(1 Chronicles 24:15 ; Nehemiah 10:20 ).
Wild Wild animals provided food and sport, and were feared by biblical people.
1. ANTELOPE A fleet-footed animal with horns and about the size of a donkey, the antelope has a mane on the underside of its neck that makes it look like a large goat.
The pygarg (KJV), found in a list of animals in Deuteronomy 14:5 , has not been identified with certainty but is considered by a number of scholars to be an antelope. Pygarg literally means “white rump” and is the Greek name for a kind of antelope. This animal has been connected with one that is native to North Africa. It has grayish-white hinder parts with a white patch on the forehead and twisted and ringed horns that point upward and backward. It also has been identified with the Arabian Oryx, an antelope of Iraq that has long horns stretching backward.
2. APE An ape is a large, semi-erect primate.
Apes are mentioned only twice in the Old Testament and are not described. The ape was not native to the Holy Land, but the Israelites were familiar with it. Some types were kept as pets. They were among the gifts that the navy of Hiram brought to Solomon (1 Kings 10:22 ; 2 Chronicles 9:21 ).
3. BADGER The badger is a burrowing mammal, largest of the weasel family.
Disagreement exists about the translation of badger's skin in Exodus 25:5 ; Exodus 26:14 (badger, KJV; goat, RSV; sea cows, NIV; porpoise, NAS; fine leather, TEV, NRSV). This animal has also been identified as the rock hyrax or coney. See Coney below.
4. BAT A bat is a quadruped with wings that nurses its offspring.
The Hebrew word translated bat is the generic name for many species of this mammal found in Palestine. Although the bat is listed among unclean birds in the Bible (Leviticus 11:19 ), it belongs to the mammals, because it nurses its young. They live in caves. Modern zoologists have cited at least twenty different species in the area of Palestine.
5. BEAR The bear is a large, heavy mammal with long, thick, shaggy hair. It eats insects, fruit, and flesh.
The bear of the Bible has been identified with a high degree of certainty as the Syrian bear. They may grow as high as six feet and weigh as much as five hundred pounds. In biblical times the bear was a threat to vineyards and to herds of sheep and goats (1 Samuel 17:34-35 ). The two largest and strongest beasts of prey—the bear and the lion—are often listed together in the Bible (1 Samuel 17:37 ). A narrative about Elisha recorded in the Bible pictures the ferocity of the bear (2 Kings 2:23-24 ). Within the last century the Syrian bear has disappeared from the Holy Land, with the last bear being killed in Galilee just before World War II. It still survives in Syria, Persia, and Turkey.
6. BEHEMOTH A large beast.
Described in detail in Job 40:15-24 , this animal has been variously identified as an elephant, hippopotamus, and the water buffalo, with the hippopotamus the more likely. Identification as a hippopotamus is based on the description in Job 40:1 of its size and strength, where it lived, and its manner of eating. The modern Hebrew word for the animal means beast or cattle . In Leviticus 11:2 the word translated beasts (KJV) is translated animals in the NIV.
7. BOAR A boar is a male swine (wild pig).
The boar was considered unclean by the Israelites. A menace to crops, it is mentioned only once in the Bible (Psalm 80:13 ). See Swine above.
8. CONEY The coney resembles a rabbit in size and color. The badger of Exodus 25:5 ; Exodus 26:14 has been identified by some scholars as the Syrian coney. See Badger above. It lives in rocky areas from the Dead Sea Valley to Mt. Hermon. The design of its feet helps the coney keep footing on slippery rocks.
9. DEER The deer is an antlered animal (all male and some female have antlers) with two large and two small hooves. It is believed that three species of deer lived in Palestine in Bible times: red, fallow, and roe. The red deer seems to be the one most easily identified and probably was the specie in the list of daily provisions for Solomon's table (1 Kings 4:23 ). The hart is the male red deer (Psalm 42:1 ), and the hind, the female (Job 39:1 ). The fallow deer, a small specie with especially large horns, is native to the Middle East and still survives in northern parts of that area. The tribe of Naphtali is described as “a doe set free that bears beautiful fawns” (Genesis 49:21 ). Certain characteristics of deer are noted in the Bible in the form of similes (Proverbs 5:19 ; Isaiah 35:6 ; Psalm 22:16-21 ).
10. DOG The dog was a scavenger animal that ran wild and was sometimes kept as a house pet. The dog in Bible times was considered an unclean animal. No specific breed has been identified. Dogs ran wild in village streets, often in packs (Habakkuk 3:19 ; Psalm 59:6 ). The term “dog” was a designation for the wicked (Isaiah 56:10-11 ). Jews contemptuously called Gentiles, “dogs.”
11. DUGONG The dugong is an aquatic mammal; the male has tusk-like teeth. The skin of the dugong is mentioned as a covering for the tabernacle (Exodus 25:5 ; KJV has badger's skins NAS, porpoise; NIV, sea cows; RSV, goat; NRSV, fine leather).
12. ELEPHANT While elephants are not specifically referred to in the Bible, ivory is mentioned in connection with King Solomon. Ivory was among the riches he imported (1 Kings 10:22 ).
13. GAZELLE The gazelle is a fleet-footed animal noted for its attractive eyes. See 1 Samuel 17:34-35 ,Deuteronomy 12:15,12:22 ).
14. HARE The hare is a long-eared animal that is a close relative of the rabbit. The hare was classed as unclean (Leviticus 11:6 ; Deuteronomy 14:7 ) and were forbidden for Israelites to eat.
15. HIPPOPOTAMUS See Behemoth above.
16. HYENA The hyena is a striped scavenger that looks like a fox. The Hebrew word for hyena is found in the Bible as a geographical name (1 Samuel 13:18 , Valley of Hyenas) and as the name of a town (Zeboim, Nehemiah 11:34 ). Once numerous in Palestine, the hyena appears only at night. Because of its scavenger activity of digging up graves, the hyena was a repulsive animal in the ancient world. They were easily tamed, and the Egyptians kept them as pets.
17. IBEX The ibex resembles a goat. The ibex has been identified as the wild goat of the Bible (1 Samuel 24:2 ; Psalm 104:18 ). The Nubian Ibex is found today in the area of Ein Gedi, an oasis near the Dead Sea.
18. JACKAL The jackal is a flesh-eating animal that resembles a fox. The same Hebrew word is translated both “jackal” and “fox.” (In Judges 15:4 , NEB has jackals; NIV has foxes.) In Micah 1:8 and Isaiah 34:13 another Hebrew word is translated as “jackals” (KJV, dragon; NEB, wolf). The animals look similar, with the jackal having a broader head and shorter nose and ears than the fox. In temperament they are quite different. A noisy animal, the jackal is characterized by a nightly wailing. The jackal is a scavenger, while the fox is not. In contrast to the solitary character of the fox, the jackal is gregarious, but a place they haunt, humans have deserted ( Isaiah 13:22 ; Jeremiah 10:22 ).(Luke 10:22).(13:32 refers to the cunning and crafty nature of the fox.
19. LEOPARD The leopard is a large cat with yellow fur with black spots that form patterns. This animal was one of the most dangerous both to animals and human beings. Known for its gracefulness and speed, it was common in Palestine in Old Testament times, especially in the forests of Lebanon, but is seldom found there now. Five were killed around Jerusalem just before World War II, and one was killed in Southern Palestine near Beersheba soon after the war. The leopard still survives in Israel and is protected by the government. Two locations suggest habitats of leopards—Beth-nimrah.(“leopards' house,” Numbers 32:36 ) and “waters of Nimrim” (“waters of leopards,” Isaiah 15:6 ; Jeremiah 48:34 ). In Hosea 13:7 , the lurking, noiseless movement of the leopard symbolizes God's wrath. Isaiah illustrated the serene peace of God's kingdom as creating the seemingly impossible occurrence of a leopard lying down with the goat (Isaiah 11:6 ). Some translate Habakkuk 1:8 as cheetah.
20. LION The lion is a large, swift-moving cat. The male has a heavy mane. Mentioned approximately 135 times in the Old Testament, the lion is the proverbial symbol for strength (Judges 14:18 ). In Palestine, lions seemed to prefer the vegetation of the Jordan valley (Jeremiah 49:19 ). The Bible describes the lion as powerful and daring (Proverbs 30:30 ) and distinguished by a terrifying roar (Isaiah 5:29 ). It was a sign of the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:9 ; Revelation 5:5 ). David defended his father's flock against lions and bears (Deuteronomy 12:15 ). One of the most well-known stories in the Bible is about a young man being cast into a den of lions (1618418102_95 ). Since untamed lions were put in pits, it is possible that Daniel was cast into such a pit. Lions were kept as pets by pharaohs. The Hebrews seemed to make closer distinctions than does English in the lion family, since five unrelated Hebrew words are translated, “lion.” They have disappeared from Palestine, with the last one killed near Megiddo in the thirteenth century.
21. MOLE The mole is a large rodent, gray in color. In Leviticus 11:30 some translate the Hebrew word as chameleon (NIV, NAS, RSV). Others translate, “mole” in Leviticus 11:29 (NAS, NEB), or in Isaiah 2:20 (NAS, RSV, KJV) See Rodent below.
22. MOUSE A mouse is a rodent with a pointed snout. As such it is unclean (Leviticus 11:29 ). Mice were apparently feared as carriers of the plague (1 Samuel 6:4 ). See Rodent below.
23. OX The wild ox was a large beast that is believed to be the ancestor of domestic cattle. It symbolized ferocious strength. The Hebrew word translated unicorn in Numbers 23:22 (KJV) has been identified as the word for wild ox (NAS, NIV, RSV). Compare Psalm 22:21 ; Psalm 92:10 . See Ox above.
24. PORCUPINE The porcupine or hedgehog is a large rodent that has stiff, sharp bristles mixed with its hair. Disagreement exists about the translation of the Hebrew word. Some feel porcupine is the correct translation. Others have various translations (NIV, owl; KJV, bittern; NEB, bustard).
25. PYGARG See Antelope above.
26. RAT A large rodent listed among the unclean animals (Leviticus 11:29 ) but were eaten by a disobedient people (Isaiah 66:17 ). See Rodents below.
27. RODENTS All small rodents are designated by the Hebrew akhbar , a generic word including both mice and rats. The Mosaic prohibition against eating rodents (Leviticus 11:29 ) reveals their presence in the Holy Land. As a guilt offering for stealing the ark of the covenant, the Philistines were advised to send “five golden mice” to the Israelites when they returned the ark to them (1 Samuel 6:4 , KJV; “rats,” NIV). More than twenty varieties of small rodents have been identified in the Holy Land today.
28. WEASEL The weasel is a small mammal that is related to the mink. The weasel was common in the Holy Land, although mentioned only once in the Bible (Leviticus 11:29 ; compare NAS, mole).
29. WHALE The whale is a large aquatic mammal that resembles a large fish (Ezekiel 32:2 ; Jonah 1:17 ; Matthew 12:40 ).
The Greek word translated, “whale” in Matthew 12:40 (KJV) is also called “a great fish” ( Jonah 1:17 , NIV), “great creature” (Genesis 1:21 ; Psalm 148:7 , NIV), “monster” (Job 7:1 ;Job 7:1;12:1 ; Ezekiel 32:2 , NIV). The exact identification of the animal is impossible with present knowledge.
30. WOLF The wolf is a large wild canine that is thought to be the primary ancestor of the domestic dog. Common in Palestine in biblical times, the wolf constantly threatened sheep and shepherds and earned a reputation for viciousness (Genesis 49:27 ; Matthew 7:15 ; Luke 20:3 ). The wolf stalked prey at night (Jeremiah 5:6 ; Zephaniah 3:3 ). Its method of attack is described in John 10:12 . Its name is used symbolically to describe deceitful and greedy people (Ezekiel 22:27 ; Acts 20:29 ).
Reptiles A reptile has been defined as “an animal that crawls or moves on its belly or on small short legs.” This category of animals includes alligators, crocodiles, lizards, snakes, and turtles. It is generally agreed that, in many instances, the reptiles in the Bible cannot be specifically determined. Many times the same Hebrew word is translated in different ways. Leviticus 11:30 is a case in point. The same Hebrew word translated lizard in a number of translations is translated crocodile in the RSV. There does, however, seem to be a grouping of reptiles in this verse, even though the specific names may be difficult to determine.
1. ADDER The adder is a venomous snake. See Serpent below.
2. ASP The asp is a venomous snake. Modern translations often use “cobra.” See Isaiah 11:8 in various translations. See Serpent below.
3. CHAMELEON The chameleon is a kind of lizard that changes color according to its surroundings. See Mole above. The unique design of its eyes characterizes the chameleon. Each eyeball moves independently; thus it can look two ways at the same time. Feeding mostly on insects, the chameleon is harmless. In Palestine it lives in trees and bushes and hangs onto branches with its long tail.
4. C
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Animals, Clean And Unclean
The first time we read of clean and unclean animals is when Noah went into the ark: he was instructed to take seven pairs of each of the clean beasts and clean fowls and only two of the unclean; we have no instructions as to how Noah distinguished them, but it shows that in early days there was a distinction between the clean and unclean. Those called 'clean' were doubtless clean for sacrifice, and not for food, as nothing is said of man eating animal food till after the flood, and then "every moving thing" was given for food. When Noah came out of the ark he offered of every clean beast and every clean fowl for burnt offerings. Genesis 7:2 ; Genesis 8:20 .
With Israel it was different. What animals were to be offered are distinctly specified, and what animals might be eaten as clean and what might not be eaten as unclean are given in detail. Of beasts the clean were those that divided the hoof and chewed the cud: those that had only one of these distinguishing marks were unclean. Of the fishes those only were to be eaten which had fins and scales. Of the fowls a list is given of those that must not be eaten, and of the winged crawling things, that go on all fours, only those 'which have legs above their feet to leap with' might be eaten. The locust, the bald locust, the beetle, and the grasshopper, each after his kind, might be eaten (probably four species of locust); but all other flying, creeping, or swarming things, which have four feet were unclean. 'Every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth' was unclean whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all fours, or hath a multitude of feet, among all creeping things, was unclean. These directions are respecting what might or might not be eaten. Those that were not to be eaten were to be regarded as an abomination, and if the dead bodies of any such fell upon any vessel or garment it rendered it unclean, and any one who touched their carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. Leviticus 11 ; Deuteronomy 14:3-20 . These animals in their habits and instincts were used of God to teach His people as to habits and ways of the flesh that were unclean in His sight.
We know from other scriptures that the animals described here as unclean are not really so, but good as creatures of God; yet they were by Israel to be regarded as unclean and an abomination. The unclean are mostly those that are flesh-eating.
The particulars given of the unclean have doubtless symbolical meanings. They are principally these:
1. Dividing the hoof and chewing the cud may point to a steady patient walk (as the camel or the ox), and the digesting or meditating upon what is received: cf. Psalm 1:1,2 ; Proverbs 12:27 .
2. Everything that creepeth upon the earth was unclean: the earth is under the curse because of sin, and there must be a moral rising above it.
3. The fish must have fins and scales: the fins enable a fish to rise in the water, to direct its course, and to avoid danger, and the scales are its protection. To escape the pollutions of the world a circumspect walk is needed and also having on the protection which God has provided.
It is clear from scripture that the prohibition of certain creatures as unclean affected Israel only, and the vision given to Peter manifests that thisrestriction is done away in Christ. It is plainly declared that "every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused if it be received with thanksgiving; for it is sanctified by the word of God [1] and prayer." 1 Timothy 4:4,5 .
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Animals
ANIMALS.—It cannot be said that animals play a very important part in the life and teaching of our Lord; yet the Gospel references cover a wider range than is usually imagined. The Evangelists use no fewer than 40 different Greek words denoting animals, and, apart from such general terms as ‘birds of the air,’ ‘wild beasts,’ and ‘serpents,’ they mention at least 20 particular kinds. The references may best be classified under the headings ‘Domestic’ and ‘Wild.’
i. Domestic Animals.—1. The beasts of burden in Palestine in the time of our Lord were the ass and the camel. The horse is not mentioned in the Gospels, its use in the East being restricted to purposes of war. Thus the horse becomes prominent in the military imagery of the Apocalypse.
A general term for ‘beast of burden’ occurs in the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:34 κτῆνος). In Revelation 18:13 ‘beasts of burden’ are distinguished from horses. Josephus (Ant. iv. vi. 3) uses the word of asses in particular. In Acts 23:24 a ‘beast’ is provided to carry St. Paul to Caesarea; in the NT therefore κτῆνος is clearly some ‘beast of burden’ which is not a horse. Probably the Good Samaritan rode on an ass, or possibly on a mule.
The ass is denoted by four other words in the Gospels, viz. πῶλος, ὀνάριον, ὄνος, and ὑποζύγιον. The animal on which our Lord made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem is described by all four Evangelists as a colt (πῶλος, Matthew 21:2; Matthew 21:5; Matthew 21:7, Mark 11:2; Mark 11:4-5; Mark 11:7, Luke 19:30; Luke 19:33; Luke 19:35, John 12:15). The word is not used elsewhere in the Gospels, and in John it occurs only in the quotation from Zechariah. St. John describes the colt as ὀνάριον, a young ass. St. Matthew introduces the she-ass, the mother of the colt, into the story. In the Matthaean form of the quotation from Zechariah (Matthew 21:5) the mother ass is further described as a draught beast (ὑποζύγιον).
The meaning of this fulfilment of prophecy is well brought out by Chrysostom. Jesus entered Jerusalem riding on an ass, ‘not driving chariots like the rest of the kings, not demanding tributes, not thrusting men off, and leading about guards, but displaying His great meekness even hereby’ (Hom. 66 in Mt.).
The triumphal entry into Jerusalem is the only incident in the life of our Lord in which an ass is concerned; but in His teaching, as reported by St. Luke, there are two other references. The synagogue-ruler, who forbade people to come to be healed on the Sabbath, received the rebuke, ‘Hypocrites, does not each one of you loose his ox or ins ass (τὸν ὄνον) from the stall on the Sabbath and lead him away to watering?’ (Luke 13:15). On another occasion, with reference to the same question of Sabbath healing, our Lord asked, ‘Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a well, and will not straightway draw him up on a Sabbath day’ (Luke 14:5).
The text of the latter passage is uncertain, the evidence of א and B being divided. B reads υἱὸς, adopted by Westcott and Hort; while א reads ὄνος, retained by the Revisers. Possibly neither is the correct text; but if we follow the Revisers, we may notice that on the only two occasions when the ass is mentioned in our Lord’s teaching, it is coupled with the ox, as if to imply that the Jewish farmer took equal care of each. ‘The ox, the ass, and the sheep are the (chief) domestic animals with which an Israelite household is provided’ (O. Holtzmann).
The ass occupies a much more important place in the farm life of the East than his neglected descendant occupies in England to-day. The finer breeds are regularly used for riding, while the commoner breeds draw the plough and carry burdens. ‘The ass is still the most universal of all beasts of burden in Bible lands’ (Post, in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible).
The camel (κάμηλος) figures in two sayings of our Lord which have a proverbial ring. (Thomson notes that the camel is still the subject of many Arabian proverbs). The three Synoptics record the saying, ‘It is easier for a camel to pass through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God’ (Matthew 19:24, Mark 10:25, Luke 18:25). There is no need to stumble at the hyperbole involved in ‘a needle’s eye,’ nor is it necessary to explain the phrase as a reference to a particularly small gate (see art. ‘Camel’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible). The second reference is found in the denunciation of the Pharisees, who strain out a gnat while they gulp down a camel (Matthew 23:24). A camel-caravan would be one of the sights of our Lord’s boyhood, and the awkwardness of meeting a camel in the narrow street, which modern travellers experience, was not unknown nineteen hundred years ago. The camel must have been the largest animal with which our Lord was familiar, and in both sayings it is mentioned for its size.
The only other reference to the camel occurs in the description of the dress of John the Baptist, whose garment, like that of Elijah, was of camel’s hair (Matthew 3:4, Mark 1:6).
On this Sir Thomas Browne notes: ‘a coarse garment, a cilicious or sackcloth garment, suitable to the austerity of his life—the severity of his doctrine, repentance—and the place thereof, the wilderness—his food and diet, locusts and wild honey.’
2. Of larger cattle,* [1] oxen, bulls, and calves find a place in the Gospels.
The ox (βοῦς) is mentioned three times in Luke, twice in connexion with the ass in the passages previously cited (Luke 13:15; Luke 14:5), and again in the parable of the Great Supper, when one of the invited guests excuses himself on the ground that he has bought five yoke of oxen which need to be tested (Luke 14:19). The ox was employed in the East for ploughing and threshing; it was also used for sacrifice, as appears from the only other passage in the Gospels where oxen are mentioned, viz. St. John’s account of the cleansing of the Temple court. Sheep and oxen (John 2:14 f.) were driven out along with their vendors.
Bulls (ταῦροι) and fat beasts (σιτιστά)† [2] are mentioned only in Matthew 22:4. They form samples of the rich dainties prepared for the marriage feast of the king’s son, and illustrate the magnificent scale of the entertainment which those summoned to partake so insolently spurned. Similarly the fatted calf (ὁ μόσχος ὁ σιτευτός), which appears only in the parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:23; Luke 15:27; Luke 15:30), indicates an unusual feast, made to celebrate an unusual joy. The fatted calf is contrasted with the kid, the customary repast, which Oriental hospitality provides to this day. The elder brother complains that he has never been allowed to offer his friends the entertainment which his father is wont to provide for any chance visitor; while for the graceless prodigal is killed the fatted calf, which is destined only for high festivals. The bulls and fatlings in the parable of the Marriage Feast, and the fatted calf in the parable of the Returning Prodigal, alike stand for the lavish generosity of God’s love, which the Scribes and Pharisees could not appreciate, even when offered to themselves, the king’s invited guests, much less when those prodigals, the publicans and sinners, were likewise embraced therein.
3. Of smaller cattle, goats and sheep are mentioned.
Goats (ἔριφος, ἐρίφιον, lit. ‘kid,’ a meaning retained in Luke 15:29; in LXX Septuagint the word = ‘goat’ as well as ‘kid’) appear only in the picture of the Last Judgment (Matthew 25:32 f.), where they are contrasted with sheep. The point of the contrast lies in the colour rather than the character of the animals, the sheep being pure white, while the goats are covered with long jet-black hair. So in the Song of Solomon (Song of Solomon 4:1) the locks of the beloved are compared to ‘a flock of goats that appear from Mt. Gilead.’ The Son of Man shall separate all the nations ‘as a shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats,’ and the simile is quite true to pastoral life. Tristram (Nat. Hist. p. 89) says that sheep and goats pasture together, but never trespass on each other’s domains; they are folded together, but they do not mix; they may be seen to enter the fold in company, but once inside they are kept separate.
The Syrian goat, Capra mambrica, is the most common breed in Palestine. It is distinguished by long pendant ears, stout recurved horns, and long black silky hair. Flocks of goats are most frequent in hilly districts from Hebron to Lebanon, where their habit of browsing on young trees tends to deforest the country.
A kid (ἔριφος, some MSS [3] ἐρίφιον) is mentioned in the parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:29). The kid formed the ordinary dish at an Eastern feast, as lambs were preserved for the sake of wool, and were, as a rule, slain only in sacrifice. For the contrast between the kid and the fatted calf see above, s. ‘fatted calf.’ There is no other direct mention of the goat in the Gospels, though the wine-bottles (ἀσκοί) referred to in Matthew 9:17 (| Mark 2:22, Luke 5:37 f.) were doubtless made of goat-skin. These bottles were made by cutting off the head and legs, and drawing the carcass out by the neck, and then tying the neck, legs, and vent, and tanning the skin, with the hairy side out (Post, in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible ii. 195).
The word for sheep (πρόβατον) is to be found in the Gospels no fewer than 36 times, while words connected with sheep, e.g. ποίμνη, ποίμνιον, ‘a flock,’ are not infrequent. Sheep were so often in the thoughts of Jesus that we have postponed fuller consideration of these passages to § iv.
Of the two words for lamb, one, ἀμνός, is applied only to our Lord, whom John the Baptist twice describes as ‘the Lamb of God,’ adding in one case ‘which taketh away the sin of the world’ (John 1:29; John 1:36). The title implies sacrifice.
Whether the Baptist was thinking of the Paschal lamb or of the lamb daily offered in the temple matters little. In Jesus he saw ‘the reality of which all animal sacrifice was the symbol’ (Marcus Dods). No doubt the patience of the lamb is implied in the title, as unfolded in Isaiah 53:7 ‘as a lamb before its shearer is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.’ The purity of the lamb, without spot and without fault, on which St. Peter dwells (1 Peter 1:19), is also involved. But the idea of redemption through sacrifice is fundamental in the Baptist’s words.
The second word for ‘lamb’ occurs in two forms, ἄρνας (acc. pl.) and ἀρνίον. The diminutive form is found only in John 21:15, where our Lord bids Peter feed His lambs. ‘Lambs’ is used instead of ‘sheep,’ to bring out more strongly the appeal to care, and the consequent complete confidence in Peter (M. Dods). In the Apocalypse our Lord is called ‘the Lamb’ (τὸ ἀρνίον) no fewer than 27 times. The form ἄρνας is confined to Luke 10:3 ‘Behold, I send you forth as lambs into the midst of wolves.’
The parallel Matthew 10:16 reads ‘sheep,’ but the Lukan form is supported by Clement of Rome, Ep. ii. 5, ‘Ye shall be as lambs (ἀραια) in the midst of wolves. But Peter answered him, saying, If then the wolves tear the lambs in pieces? Jesus said to Peter, Let not the lambs fear the wolves, after they (the lambs) are dead.’ Further support for the reading ‘lambs’ may perhaps be derived from Justin’s casual description of Marcionites as lambs torn by wolves (ἄρνες συνηρτασμενοι, Apol. circa (about) 58).
4. Poultry were kept in Palestine in the time of our Lord, as is clear from the references to the cock (ἀλέκτωρ) and the hen (ὄρνις). If we except the mention of cock-crow (see sep. art.) in Mark 13:35, the cock appears only in the story of Peter’s denial, and our Lord’s prediction of it (Matthew 26:34; Matthew 26:74 f., Mark 14:30 (Mark 14:68), Mark 14:72, Luke 22:34; Luke 22:60 f., John 13:38; John 18:27). The hen (ὄρνις) affords a simile in the lament over Jerusalem. ‘How often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen gathereth her chickens (Lk. ‘her brood’) under her wings!’ (Matthew 23:37, Luke 13:34). The action by which the hen gives rest and protection to the chickens under the shelter of her wings is too well known to need comment. The tenderness of the simile witnesses to the love of Jesus for His own countrymen, and His longing to avert national disaster. The words used for ‘chickens’ and ‘brood’ (νοσσίον and νοσσιά) are found here only, though a word from the same root is employed in the phrase ‘two young pigeons’ (νοσσοὺς περιστερῶν, Luke 2:24).
5. To the list of domestic animals we may add dogs and swine, which were classed together as unclean.
Dogs (κύνες) are mentioned twice. In the Sermon on the Mount the disciples are warned not to give that which is holy to dogs (Matthew 7:6). The pariah dogs that infest Eastern towns, and have to be cleared off periodically with poison, are ‘a lean, mangy, and sinister brood,’ acting as scavengers and living on offal. Naturally these animals do not possess a fastidious palate, and their manner of life is disgusting enough to justify the Jews’ contempt for them. To call a man a dog is throughout the Bible a customary form of abuse. These wild dogs, says Tristram (Nat. Hist. p. 80), were the only dogs known in Palestine, with the exception of the Persian greyhound; and though they could be trained enough to act as watch-dogs for the sheep-folds,* [4] they hardly became companions to man [5]. To the Jew the dog was a very fitting symbol of the man who had depraved his moral and spiritual taste by evil living. In the Didache, ‘Give not that which is holy to dogs’ is interpreted to mean, Do not administer the Eucharist to the unbaptized; but the principle involved in the text is capable of wider application. A Christian is not required to wear his heart on his sleeve! In the parable of Dives and Lazarus it is said that these street-dogs came and licked the beggar’s sores (Luke 16:21). This is an aggravation rather than an alleviation of Lazarus’ suffering. It shows his destitute and defenceless condition, that he could not even keep the dogs away! A diminutive form of κύων, viz. κυνάριον, occurs in the story of the Syro-Phœnician woman. ‘It is not right,’ said the Master, ‘to take the children’s bread and cast it to dogs.’ ‘Yea, Lord,’ replied the woman, ‘yet the dogs eat of the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table’ (Matthew 15:27 f., Mark 7:27 f.). Bochart treats the diminutive κυνάριον as doubling the contempt inherent in the word. But it is clear from the woman’s reply that the dogs in question are kept within the house; they are household pets. Tristram says that he found no difficulty in making a pet of a puppy taken from among the pariah dogs (Nat. Hist. p. 80). Probably the κυνάρια were puppies which had been taken into Jewish households as pets in a similar way. The word is not intended to add to the harshness of our Lord’s saying; the woman saw in it her ground for appeal.
Swine (χοῖρος, not ὗς) appear in the story of the Gadarene demoniac (Matthew 8:30 ff., Mark 5:11 ff., Luke 8:32 f.). ‘The fact that swine were kept in Palestine at all is evidence of the presence of the foreigner’ (O. Holtzmann). Cf. Leviticus 11:7, Deuteronomy 14:8, Isaiah 65:4. The country on the east side of the Lake was much under Gentile influence. The Prodigal Son is put to tend swine. The nature of the task is evidence at once of the difference between his home and the far country, and of the want and degradation into which he has fallen (Luke 15:15 f.) The only further reference to swine is the saying, ‘Cast not your pearls before swine’ (Matthew 7:6), in which our Lord emphasizes the necessity of tact in religious work.
ii. Wild Animals.—1. θηρίον, the general word for wild beast, is found in the Gospels only once. Mark 1:13 tells us that during the Temptation our Lord was with the wild beasts. Thomson says that ‘though there are now no lions (in Palestine), wolves, leopards, and panthers still prowl about the wild wadys’ (Land and Book, ‘Central Palestine,’ p. 594). ‘In the age of Jesus, the chief beast of prey in Palestine was, as to-day, the jackal. Mark’s addition indicates Jesus’ complete severance from human society’ (O. Holtzmann, Life of Jesus, p. 143 f.).
The word θηρίον is now to he found in the second of the five new Saving recently recovered by Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt: ‘The birds of the air and whatever of the beasts are on the earth or under it are they who draw us into the kingdom.’ Here the word is not confined to ‘beasts of prey’; it stands for the whole kingdom of wild animals. There is a similar use of the word in a saying of our Lord as given by Justin Martyr: ‘Be not anxious as to what ye shall eat or what ye shall put on: are ye not much better than the birds and the beasts?’ (1 Apol. 15). These considerations support the conclusion that St. Mark’s addition does not imply physical danger, but is rather intended to suggest that our Lord was alone with Nature.
Two beasts of prey mentioned by name in the Gospels are the fox (ἁλώπηξ) and the wolf (λύκος). The fox, which has at least a hole to live in, is contrasted with the homeless Son of Man (Matthew 8:20, Luke 9:58). In Luke 13:32 our Lord speaks of Herod as ‘that fox.’ The cunning and perhaps the cowardice of the animal are the basis of the comparison. ‘The name,’ says O. Holtzmann, ‘must have been given to Herod because he was inimical, yet, not daring to make any open attack, timidly prowled about until he found an opportunity to murder in secret’ (Life of Jesus, p. 364).
The wolf is mentioned only in connexion with or in contrast to sheep. The wolf is the chief enemy against which the shepherd has to guard his flock. ‘A single wolf,’ says Tristram, ‘is far more destructive than a whole pack of jackals’ (Nat. Hist. p. 153). Eastern shepherds employ dogs (if they employ them at all) not to help in herding the sheep, but to ward off wolves. In contrast to the hireling, the Good Shepherd faces the wolf even at the risk of his life (John 10:12). False prophets are wolves in sheep’s clothing (Matthew 7:15). The contrast between outward profession and inward character could not be more vividly expressed. The same antithesis is used by our Lord to portray the contrast between the Church and the world, between the patient non-resistance of the one and the brutal violence of the other. The disciples are sent forth as sheep (Lk. as lambs) into the midst of wolves (Matthew 10:16, Luke 10:3).
2. The general term for wild birds is τὰ πετεινά, ‘the birds,’ often τὰ πετεινὰ τοῦ οὑρανοῦ, ‘the birds of heaven.’ They are mentioned in the Sermon on the Mount: ‘Consider the birds: they do not sow, nor reap, nor gather into barns’ (Matthew 6:26; in the parallel passage, Luke 12:24, the reading is κόρακας, ‘ravens,’ which, however, are themselves called πετεινά at the end of the verse). Dean Stanley says that the birds most in evidence round the Sea of Galilee are partridges and pigeons. Finches and bulbuls are also abundant, according to Thomson. For the doctrine of providence involved in this and similar sayings of our Lord, we must refer our readers to § iv. Like the foxes, the birds are contrasted with the Son of Man; they have nests, while He hath not where to lay His head (Matthew 8:20, Luke 9:58). The birds appear in the parable of the Sower, where they pick up the seed that falls by the wayside (Matthew 13:4, Mark 4:4, Luke 8:5). No doubt the fields round the lake, with the birds busy upon them, could be seen from the place where Jesus stood to teach the people. Probably the parable was spoken early in the year. The parable of the Mustard Seed also introduces the birds, which come and lodge in the branches of the full-grown tree (Matthew 13:32, Mark 4:32, Luke 13:19). Here the imagery seems to be drawn from Daniel 4:12; Daniel 4:21, where the kingdom of Nebuchadrezzar is likened to a tree ‘upon whose branches the birds of the heavens had their habitations.’ Daniel interprets the tree to represent the greatness of Nebuchadrezzar’s dominion, which is to reach to the end of the earth. The description in the parable carries with it the same implication with regard to the kingdom of heaven. There is one other reference to ‘the birds’ in Luke 12:24 ‘How much better are ye than the birds!’
The following particular wild birds are mentioned in the Gospels:—dove (pigeon), eagle, raven, sparrow, turtle-dove.
In all four Gospels the dove appears as the symbol of the Holy Ghost at our Lord’s Baptism. In Matthew 3:16 the vision of the Holy Ghost descending in the form of a dove (ὡσεὶ περιστεράν) seems to have been granted to all present at the Baptism. In Mark 1:10 and Luke 3:22 the vision is apparently addressed more especially to Jesus Himself. In John 1:32 it is a sign given to John the Baptist. In the story of the Creation, a metaphor from bird-life is employed to describe the Spirit of God fluttering ((Revised Version margin) ‘brooding’) over the waters (Genesis 1:2). The same Spirit rests on the Saviour with whom begins God’s new creation. But the mention of the dove naturally carries us back to the story of the Flood (Genesis 8:11). For Jesu
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Animals
* For ANIMALS (2 Peter 2:12 , RV), see NATURAL.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Worship of Animals
A corruption of religion wherein an animal which apparently had been a mere symbol or emblem of an attribute, virtue, or quality, is considered either as the bearer of a tribe's tutelary spirit, as among the American Indians, and as such is the object of various degrees of worship; or, as in ancient Egypt's decaying religious life, is identified with the god whose characteristic it represents, and shares with him in Divine honors.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Animals
Since the Israelites were mainly an agricultural people, animals played a large part in their lives. Israelites raised cattle, sheep and goats extensively throughout their land, and these provided them with food products and materials for clothing (Numbers 32:1; 2 Chronicles 26:10; Proverbs 27:26-27). They used oxen to pull carts, plough fields and thresh grain (Numbers 7:6-8; 1 Kings 19:19; Amos 2:13; 1 Corinthians 9:9). They were to treat their working animals kindly and give them proper food and rest (Deuteronomy 5:14; Deuteronomy 22:10; Deuteronomy 25:4). (For further details see FARMING.)
Israelites did not keep pigs, considering them to be unclean animals whose meat was not fit to be eaten (Leviticus 11:7; Proverbs 11:22). However, there were pig farmers among non-Israelites who lived in the region (Luke 8:26; Luke 8:32; Luke 15:15). Another animal that the Israelites loathed was the dog, for most dogs in those days were savage, disease-ridden animals that roamed the streets and fed on filth (2 Samuel 16:9; 2 Kings 9:33-36; Psalms 22:16; Psalms 59:6; Matthew 7:6; Luke 16:21; 2 Peter 2:22).
For transport people in Bible times used asses (Joshua 9:4; 1 Samuel 9:3; 1 Samuel 25:20; Matthew 21:2-5), camels (Genesis 24:10; Genesis 30:43; Genesis 31:17; Genesis 37:25; Isaiah 30:6) and horses (Isaiah 28:28), though the latter were kept mainly for warfare (Joshua 11:4; 1 Kings 10:28-29; Isaiah 30:16; Isaiah 36:8). Mules, which combined the strength of the horse with the endurance of the ass, sometimes played an important part in Israel’s communications (1 Kings 18:5; Ezra 2:66).
Many different animals lived in the forest and semi-desert regions of Palestine: lions (1 Samuel 17:34; Psalms 7:2; Isaiah 31:4; Jeremiah 5:6; Nahum 2:11-12), bears (1 Samuel 17:34; 2 Kings 2:24; Amos 5:19), foxes (Judges 15:4; Matthew 8:20), wolves (Jeremiah 5:6; John 10:12), hyenas (Isaiah 13:22), jackals (Isaiah 34:13; Isaiah 43:20), wild asses (Job 39:5-8; Leviticus 11:1-8), wild oxen (Job 39:9; Psalms 22:21), wild boars (Psalms 80:13), and deadly snakes (Numbers 21:6; Isaiah 30:6; see SNAKE). The Israelites did not hunt for sport, but on occasions had to kill wild animals to defend themselves (Exodus 23:29; Judges 16:5; 1 Samuel 17:34-36; 2 Kings 17:26).
There were many other animals which, though wild, were not fierce, such as the hart, gazelle, roebuck, wild goat, ibex, antelope, rock badger, rabbit, hare and porcupine. The Israelites hunted some of these for food, but there were others that they were forbidden to eat (Jeremiah 14:6; Deuteronomy 14:3-8; Isaiah 14:23; Isaiah 34:11; see UNCLEANNESS). Hunters used bows and arrows, slingstones, and traps of various kinds such as nets and pits (Genesis 21:20; Genesis 27:3; 1 Samuel 17:40; Psalms 57:6; Psalms 124:7; Ezekiel 19:8).

Sentence search

Exuviae - ) Cast skins, shells, or coverings of Animals; any parts of Animals which are shed or cast off, as the skins of snakes, the shells of lobsters, etc. ) The fossil shells and other remains which Animals have left in the strata of the earth
Enzootic - ) Afflicting Animals; - used of a disease affecting the Animals of a district
Antimere - ) One of the two halves of bilaterally symmetrical Animals; one of any opposite symmetrical or homotypic parts in Animals and plants
Menagerie - ) A piace where Animals are kept and trained. ) A collection of wild or exotic Animals, kept for exhibition
Wild Beasts - A designation of any wild animal in contrast to domesticated Animals, translating different Hebrew words. Most often the Hebrew is chayyah indicating living creatures ( Genesis 1:24 ) including wild Animals (Genesis 1:25 ). See Animals
Tallowing - ) The act, or art, of causing Animals to produce tallow; also, the property in Animals of producing tallow
Lights - ...
The lungs the organs of breathing in Animals. These organs in man we call lungs in other Animals, lights
Firstling - ) The first produce or offspring; - said of Animals, especially domestic Animals; as, the firstlings of his flock
Photic - , relating to the production of light by the lower Animals. ) Relating to the production of light by the lower Animals
Trapper - ) One who traps Animals; one who makes a business of trapping Animals for their furs
Figured Stone - ” The same Hebrew term is used in Ezekiel 8:12 for idolatrous shrines decorated with base reliefs of gods in the form of Animals ( Ezekiel 8:10 ; prohibited in Deuteronomy 4:17-18 ). Various identifications of the Animals have been suggested, beasts similar to the lions and serpent-dragons of the “Ishtar Gate” in Babylon, Animals similar to those serving as mounts for the gods in stone carvings at Maltaya, Egyptian mortuary deities, and totem Animals
Stable - A place where Animals are kept either by enclosing them or tying them. Animals were usually kept in numbers rather than one animal in a stable or stall, as is often the case today. Most people just kept their Animals together. Jesus was born in a stable possibly belonging to an inn for He was put in a manger (trough where Animals were fed) after being wrapped in swaddling cloths
Tortoise - See Animals
Badger - See Animals
Wild Donkey - See Animals
Wild Goat - See Animals
Wild ox - See Animals
Clean And Unclean - See Animals
Unclean Animals - See Animals
Butcher - ) One who slaughters Animals, or dresses their flesh for market; one whose occupation it is to kill Animals for food. ) To kill or slaughter (animals) for food, or for market; as, to butcher hogs
Tallow - ) The fat of some other Animals, or the fat obtained from certain plants, or from other sources, resembling the fat of Animals of the sheep and ox kinds. ) The suet or fat of Animals of the sheep and ox kinds, separated from membranous and fibrous matter by melting
Lamarckism - ) The theory that structural variations, characteristic of species and genera, are produced in Animals and plants by the direct influence of physical environments, and esp. , in the case of Animals, by effort, or by use or disuse of certain organs
Rock Badger - See Animals ; Coney
Animal - ) Consisting of the flesh of Animals; as, animal food. ) One of the lower Animals; a brute or beast, as distinguished from man; as, men and Animals. ) Of or relating to Animals; as, animal functions
Reptiles - See Animals ; Creeping Things
Adder - (ad der) See Animals
Zoophagous - ) Feeding on Animals
Zoophily - ) Love of Animals
Entozoa - ) An artificial group, including all kinds of Animals living parasitically in others. , most of which live parasitically in the interior of other Animals; the Helminthes
he Ass - See Animals
Great Lizard - See Animals in the Bible
Deer - See Animals in the Bible
Fallow Deer - See Animals in the Bible
Fox - See Animals in the Bible
Frog - See Animals in the Bible
Boar - See Animals in the Bible
Rat - See Animals in the Bible
Gazelle - See Animals in the Bible
Goat - See Animals in the Bible
Mice - See Animals in the Bible
Mole - See Animals in the Bible
Monitor Lizard - See Animals in the Bible
Mouse - See Animals in the Bible
Leopard - See Animals in the Bible
Lion - See Animals in the Bible
Eagle - —See Animals, p
Gnat - —See Animals, p
Goat - —See Animals, p
Hen - —See Animals, p
Insects - —See Animals, p
Calf (2) - —See Animals, p
Chickens - —See Animals, p
Fetiferous - ) Producing young, as Animals
Ass - —See Animals, p
Bird - —See Animals, p
Dog - —See Animals, p
Fatlings - —See Animals, p
Zoophilist - ) A lover of Animals
Zoolatry - ) The worship of Animals
ox, Wild ox - See Animals in the Bible
Dog - —See Animals, p
Eagle - —See Animals, p
Goat - —See Animals, p
Hedgehog - See Animals in the Bible; Bittern
Lizard - See Animals in the Bible; Bittern
Zoogamy - ) The sexual reproduction of Animals
Hedgehog - See Animals in the Bible; Bittern
Lizard - See Animals in the Bible; Bittern
Owl, Screech Owl - See Animals in the Bible; Bittern
Young - Not having been long born being in the first part of life not old used of Animals as a young child a young man a young fawn. The offspring of Animals, either a single animal, or offspring collectively. Animals make provision for their young
Bear - See Animals
Fissipara - ) Animals which reproduce by fission
Paedogenesis - ) Reproduction by young or larval Animals
Cornigerous - ) Horned; having horns; as, cornigerous Animals
Cold-Blooded - ) Not thoroughbred; - said of Animals, as horses, which are derived from the common stock of a country. ) Having cold blood; - said of fish or Animals whose blood is but little warmer than the water or air about them
Venison - ...
The flesh of beasts of game, or of such wild Animals as are taken in the chase. It is however, in the United States, applied exclusively to the flesh of the deer or cervine genus of Animals
Browsewood - ) Shrubs and bushes upon which Animals browse
Swine - —See Animals in vol
Raven - —See Animals in vol
Turtledove - —See Animals in vol
Viper - —See Animals in vol
Wolf - —See Animals in vol
Worm - —See Animals in vol
Khan - —See Animals, p
Sparrow - —See Animals in vol
Cock - —See Animals, p
Cirriferous - ) Bearing cirri, as many plants and Animals
Hepatoscopy - ) Divination by inspecting the liver of Animals
Viper - —See Animals in vol
Counterpassant - ) Passant in opposite directions; - said of two Animals
Cetology - ) The description or natural history of cetaceous Animals
Dromedary - See Animals in the Bible
Wild Beasts - —See Animals in vol
Kine - See Animals of the Bible
Stag - See Animals, Wild, 9
Lamb - See Animals in the Bible; Sheep ; Lamb of God
Colt - —See Animals, p
Emmipares - ) Animals which increase by budding, as hydroids
Frugivorous - ) Feeding on fruit, as birds and other Animals
Zoic - ) Of or pertaining to Animals, or animal life
Zoographical - ) Of or pertaining to the description of Animals
Zootrophic - ) Of or pertaining to the nourishment of Animals
Zoography - ) A description of Animals, their forms and habits
Zoographer - ) One who describes Animals, their forms and habits
Animals - * For Animals (2 Peter 2:12 , RV), see NATURAL
Pigeon - —See Animals, vol
Proboscis - ) A hollow organ or tube attached to the head, or connected with the mouth, of various Animals, and generally used in taking food or drink; a snout; a trunk. ) By extension, applied to various tubelike mouth organs of the lower Animals that can be everted or protruded
Animals in Christian Art - Animals in Christian art have greater importance than in pagan art. The fantastic Animals of Byzantine art are found in Romanesque sculpture. With the Renaissance, Animals were used only as an accessory to the human figure, and no thought of individual symbolism was retained. Saints are often represented with Animals; thus, the lion is the emblem of Saint Jerome, the dog of Saint Roch
Stall - A place where Animals were kept and fed
Sponge - —See Animals in vol
Phytivorous - ) Feeding on plants or herbage; phytophagous; as, phytivorous Animals
Ewe - ) The female of the sheep, and of sheeplike Animals
Zoonic - ) Of or pertaining to Animals; obtained from animal substances
Testacea - ) Invertebrate Animals covered with shells, especially mollusks; shellfish
Organography - ) A description of the organs of Animals or plants
Zootomist - ) One who dissects Animals, or is skilled in zootomy
Hemoglobin - ) The normal coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles of vertebrate Animals. It crystallizes under different forms from different Animals, and when crystallized, is called haematocrystallin
Metazoa - ) Those Animals in which the protoplasmic mass, constituting the egg, is converted into a multitude of cells, which are metamorphosed into the tissues of the body. The group comprises nearly all Animals except the Protozoa
Mimicry - ) Protective resemblance; the resemblance which certain Animals and plants exhibit to other Animals and plants or to the natural objects among which they live, - a characteristic which serves as their chief means of protection against enemies; imitation; mimesis; mimetism
Zoophaga - ) An artificial group comprising various carnivorous and insectivorous Animals
Porpoise - See Animals, Badger
Respectant - ) Placed so as to face one another; - said of Animals
Free-Swimming - ) Swimming in the open sea; - said of certain marine Animals
Pound-Breach - ) The breaking of a public pound for releasing impounded Animals
Pizzle - ) The penis; - so called in some Animals, as the bull
Zoological - ) Of or pertaining to zoology, or the science of Animals
Zootomy - ) The dissection or the anatomy of Animals; - distinguished from androtomy
Zoogeography - ) The study or description of the geographical distribution of Animals
Zoologize - , to collect Animals for study
Angioscope - ) An instrument for examining the capillary vessels of Animals and plants
Hart - See Animals
Polyphagous - ) Eating, or subsisting on, many kinds of food; as, polyphagous Animals
Shoo - ) Begone; away; - an expression used in frightening away Animals, especially fowls
Dermopterygii - ) A group of fishlike Animals including the Marsipobranchiata and Leptocardia
Matanza - ) A place where Animals are slaughtered for their hides and tallow
Mesocoracoid - ) A process from the middle of the coracoid in some Animals
Menage - ) A collection of Animals; a menagerie
Sleuthhound - ) A hound that tracks Animals by the scent; specifically, a bloodhound
Oryx - See Animals in the Bible
Osculant - , of Animals or plants, and partaking somewhat of the characters of each, thus forming a connecting link; interosculant; as, the genera by which two families approximate are called osculant genera. ) Adhering closely; embracing; - applied to certain creeping Animals, as caterpillars
Vegetal - , which are common to plants and Animals, in distinction from sensation and volition, which are peculiar to Animals
Encratites - A sect in the second century, who abstained from marriage, wine, and Animals
Amorphozoa - ) Animals without a mouth or regular internal organs, as the sponges
Self-Celored - ) Being of a single color; - applied to flowers, Animals, and textile fabrics
Ectoparasite - ) Any parasite which lives on the exterior of Animals; - opposed to endoparasite
Lamb (2) - —See Animals (vol
Counter-Courant - ) Running in opposite directions; - said of Animals borne in a coast of arms
Post-Tragus - ) A ridge within and behind the tragus in the ear of some Animals
Serum-Therapy - ) The treatment of disease by the injection of blood serum from immune Animals
Veterinarian - ) One skilled in the diseases of cattle or domestic Animals; a veterinary surgeon
Bat - " The bat is reckoned among the birds in the list of unclean Animals. To cast idols to the "moles and to the bats" means to carry them into dark caverns or desolate places to which these Animals resort (Isaiah 2:20 ), i
Canada - ) A British province in North America, giving its name to various plants and Animals
Sanguivorous - ) Subsisting upon blood; - said of certain blood-sucking bats and other Animals
Acrita - ) The lowest groups of Animals, in which no nervous system has been observed
Domestication - ) The act of domesticating, or accustoming to home; the action of taming wild Animals
Cirriform - ) Formed like a cirrus or tendril; - said of appendages of both Animals and plants
Heterogangliate - ) Having the ganglia of the nervous system unsymmetrically arranged; - said of certain invertebrate Animals
Kodashim - Animals or other objects consecrated to the service of G-d in the Holy Temple...
Semnifical - ) Forming or producing seed, or the male generative product of Animals or of plants
Taxidermic - ) Of or pertaining to the art of preparing and preserving the skins of Animals
Towpath - ) A path traveled by men or Animals in towing boats; - called also towing path
Progeny - ) Descendants of the human kind, or offspring of other Animals; children; offspring; race, lineage
Optocoelia - ) The cavity of one of the optic lobes of the brain in many Animals
Megacephalous - ) Large headed; - applied to Animals, and to plants when they have large flower heads
Lactage - ) The produce of Animals yielding milk; milk and that which is made from it
Ferret - ” See Animals
Amphibiology - ) A treatise on amphibious Animals; the department of natural history which treats of the Amphibia
Pinfold - ) A place in which stray cattle or domestic Animals are confined; a pound; a penfold
Epipubis - ) A cartilage or bone in front of the pubis in some amphibians and other Animals
Dung - The excrement of Animals
Ewe - A female sheep the female of the ovine race of Animals
Warega Fly - A Brazilian fly whose larvae live in the skin of man and Animals, producing painful sores
Typolite - ) A stone or fossil which has on it impressions or figures of plants and Animals
Trichinoscope - ) An apparatus for the detection of trichinae in the flesh of Animals, as of swine
Oecology - ) The various relations of Animals and plants to one another and to the outer world
Xanthophane - ) The yellow pigment present in the inner segments of the retina in Animals
Mycetozoa - ) The Myxomycetes; - so called by those who regard them as a class of Animals
Hunting - The act or practice of pursuing wild Animals, for catching or killing them. But among civilized men, it is practiced mostly for exercise or diversion, or for the destruction of noxious Animals,as in America
Animal - Animals are essentially distinguished from plants by the property of sensation. ...
The distinction here made between Animals and vegetables, may not be philosophically accurate for we cannot perhaps ascertain the precise limit between the two kinds of beings, but this is sufficiently correct for common practical purposes. ...
The history of Animals is called zoology
Colt - The young of various riding Animals. Matthew mentioned two Animals, including both the ass and the colt from Zechariah as separate Animals
Fawn - ” See Animals in the Bible
Animalism - ) The state, activity, or enjoyment of Animals; mere animal life without intellectual or moral qualities; sensuality
Chelonian - ) Of or pertaining to Animals of the tortoise kind
Filaria - ) A genus of slender, nematode worms of many species, parasitic in various Animals
Polygenism - ) The doctrine that Animals of the same species have sprung from more than one original pair
Adactylous - ) Without claws on the feet (of crustaceous Animals)
Raminivorous - ) Feeding or subsisting on grass, and the like food; - said of horses, cattle, and other Animals
Trichoscolices - ) An extensive group of wormlike Animals characterized by being more or less covered with cilia
Tappen - ) An obstruction, or indigestible mass, found in the intestine of bears and other Animals during hibernation
Mesoscapula - ) A process from the middle of the scapula in some Animals; the spine of the scapula
Animals - Animals, like the rest of the uNIVerse, are created by God. " God blesses the Animals (v. Clearly, Animals are valued by God in and for themselves, and God expresses pleasure and delight in them. Animals are not primarily created for the benefit of humanity, and deserve respect because they are God's very good work. These Animals are wild and outside human usefulness and understanding, yet God knows tham intimately and delights in them for their own sake. In this psalm, Animals are pictured in creation alongside humanity, not beneath it; nor do they exist for the sake of humans. Animals are seen as valuable to God, who make them in their uniqueness for his own purposes, sustains them, and rejoices over them (cf. "...
As Creator, God is Lord over the world, including Animals, for, "The earth is the Lord's and everything in it" (1Col 10:26; cf. Because they are created by God, all creation, including Animals, should praise God (Psalm 148:7-10 ; 150:6 ; cf. ...
Animals and the Hope of Future Transformation The hope of future transformation includes Animals. Human salvation is inseparable from the liberation of the created world, including Animals. ...
Humanity and Animals God has given humanity dominion over "the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground" ( Genesis 1:28 ; cf. Humanity is vegetarian in Genesis 1:29 ; human dominion in Genesis 1 does not produce any unpleasant consequences for Animals. Thus, dominion is not a license for the unbridled exploitation of Animals and nature. In Genesis 2:20 Animals are not suitable companions for Adam. However, a very strong link exists between the animal world and humanity since in Genesis 1:24-31 both are created on the same day, and in Genesis 2:7,19 both the man and the Animals are formed from the ground. Because of this closeness between humanity and Animals, the condition of the two groups is often spoken of in similar terms. For example, both Animals and people are dependent on the providence of God ( Psalm 104:10-30 ; Luke 12:22-24 ) and Animals bear the consequences of God's judgment along with people (Genesis 6:7 ; Exodus 9:1-7 ; Jeremiah 14:5-6 ; Zephaniah 1:2-3 ). ...
The Use and Treatment of Animals Animals are of service to people, for example, for transport ( 1 Samuel 16:20 ; Esther 8:10,14 ) or for clothing (Genesis 3:21 ). In Genesis 1:29 only plants were given as food for people, and the picture of the garden in Genesis 2 is one of peace between Animals and Adam. Only clean Animals could be eaten (Leviticus 11 ), but Jesus declared all food clean (Mark 7:17-23 ; cf. God is well aware of the destructive tendencies of fallen humanity, and so in Genesis 9:8-17 makes a covenant with all living things, including Animals. ...
In the Old Testament, sacrifices involved the offering of certain unblemished Animals (Exodus 12:1-8 ; Leviticus 4,16 ), or their blood was used on other occasions such as the consecration of priests ( Exodus 29 ). ...
There are a number of injunctions that concern the welfare of Animals. Animals share some of the privileges of God's people, and so the Sabbath rest applies equally to them: "Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest" (Exodus 23:12 ; cf. Jesus also pointed to the humanitarian treatment of Animals on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:11-12 ; Luke 13:15 ; 14:5 ) and argued from this that he should free people from illness on the Sabbath. This sense of responsibility for the welfare of Animals is summed up in Proverbs 12:10 : "A righteous man cares for the needs of his animal. " Thus, Animals are owed some of the basic obligations we extend to fellow human beings. ...
Illustrations from the Animal World Since the people of the Bible interacted regularly with Animals they often used images from the animal world as illustrations. This use of images derived from Animals often makes a passage very vivid. ...
Pertinent characteristics of Animals are often used as images for God's activity. ...
Often Animals know the right thing to do, and thus discredit humans. Glory can fly away like a bird (Hosea 9:11 ); Animals can be tamed, but not the human tongue (James 3:3,5,7-8 ). Cansdale, Animals of Bible Lands ; T. Griffiths, The Human Use of Animals ; A. Linzey, Christianity and the Rights of Animals ; A. Regan, Animals and Christianity: A Book of Readings ; R
Zoanthropy - ) A kind of monomania in which the patient believes himself transformed into one of the lower Animals
Bryozoa - ) A class of Molluscoidea, including minute Animals which by budding form compound colonies; - called also Polyzoa
Roe, Roebuck - See Animals
Counter-Couchant - ) Lying down, with their heads in opposite directions; - said of Animals borne in a coat of arms
Putrescin - ) A nontoxic diamine, C4H12N2, formed in the putrefaction of the flesh of mammals and some other Animals
Fauna - ) The Animals of any given area or epoch; as, the fauna of America; fossil fauna; recent fauna
Organoplastic - ) Having the property of producing the tissues or organs of Animals and plants; as, the organoplastic cells
Oestrual - ) Of or pertaining to sexual desire; - mostly applied to brute Animals; as, the oestrual period; oestrual influence
Animal - The Levitical law divided Animals into clean and unclean, although the distinction seems to have existed before the Flood (Genesis 7:2 ). All Animals that had not cloven hoofs and did not chew the cud were unclean
Fodder - Feed for domestic Animals. Fodder was salted to satisfy the Animals' need for salt and to give a tastier feed
Grease - Animal fat in a soft state oily or unctuous matter of any kind, as tallow, lard but particularly the fatty matter of land Animals, as distinguished from the oily matter of marine Animals
Hare - arnebeth ) occurs only in ( Leviticus 11:6 ) and Deuteronomy 14:7 Amongst the Animals disallowed as food by the Mosaic law. They were no doubt misled as in the case of the shaphfan ( hyrax ), by the habit these Animals have of moving the jaw about
Ptyalin - ) An unorganized amylolytic ferment, on enzyme, present in human mixed saliva and in the saliva of some Animals
Bimana - ) Animals having two hands; - a term applied by Cuvier to man as a special order of Mammalia
Prepubis - ) A bone or cartilage, of some Animals, situated in the middle line in front of the pubic bones
Acicula - ) One of the needlelike or bristlelike spines or prickles of some Animals and plants; also, a needlelike crystal
Rhodophane - ) The red pigment contained in the inner segments of the cones of the retina in Animals
Ferae Naturae - Of a wild nature; - applied to Animals, as foxes, wild ducks, etc
Fettered - ) Seeming as if fettered, as the feet of certain Animals which bend backward, and appear unfit for walking
Caloricity - ) A faculty in Animals of developing and preserving the heat necessary to life, that is, the animal heat
Wen - An encysted swelling or tumor also, a fleshy excrescence growing on Animals, sometimes to a large size
Sematic - to the warning colors or forms of certain Animals
Browsing - ) Browse; also, a place abounding with shrubs where Animals may browse
Web - See Animals, Spider
Kid - See Animals in the Bible; Sacrifice and Offering
Sarcode - ) A name applied by Dujardin in 1835 to the gelatinous material forming the bodies of the lowest Animals; protoplasm
Paroophoron - ) A small mass of tubules near the ovary in some Animals, and corresponding with the parepididymis of the male
Plankton - ) All the Animals and plants, taken collectively, which live at or near the surface of salt or fresh waters
Sciuromorpha - ) A tribe of rodents containing the squirrels and allied Animals, such as the gophers, woodchucks, beavers, and others
Unguiculata - ) An extensive division of Mammalia including those having claws or nails, as distinguished from the hoofed Animals (Ungulata)
Lutaeus - ) The great muscle of the buttock in man and most mammals, and the corresponding muscle in many lower Animals
Bilirubin - ) A reddish yellow pigment present in human bile, and in that from carnivorous and herbivorous Animals; the normal biliary pigment
Anthrax Vaccine - It is used to immunize Animals, esp
Chylaqueous - ) Consisting of chyle much diluted with water; - said of a liquid which forms the circulating fluid of some inferior Animals
Eremacausis - ) A gradual oxidation from exposure to air and moisture, as in the decay of old trees or of dead Animals
Biogeography - ) The branch of biology which deals with the geographical distribution of Animals and plants
Carapace - ) The thick shell or shield which covers the back of the tortoise, or turtle, the crab, and other crustaceous Animals
Whelp - See Animals
Polygenist - ) One who maintains that Animals of the same species have sprung from more than one original pair; - opposed to monogenist
Periderm - ) The hard outer covering of hydroids and other marine Animals; the perisarc
Fricassee - ) A dish made of fowls, veal, or other meat of small Animals cut into pieces, and stewed in a gravy
Branchia - ) A gill; a respiratory organ for breathing the air contained in water, such as many aquatic and semiaquatic Animals have
Vivarium - ) A place artificially arranged for keeping or raising living Animals, as a park, a pond, an aquarium, a warren, etc
Cobra - See Animals ; Adder
Annulata - ) A class of articulate Animals, nearly equivalent to Annelida, including the marine annelids, earthworms, Gephyrea, Gymnotoma, leeches, etc
Chordata - ) A comprehensive division of Animals including all Vertebrata together with the Tunicata, or all those having a dorsal nervous cord
Carnage - ) Flesh of slain Animals or men
Sow - See Animals ; Swine
Taxonomy - ) That division of the natural sciences which treats of the classification of Animals and plants; the laws or principles of classification
Pelagic - ) Of or pertaining to the ocean; - applied especially to Animals that live at the surface of the ocean, away from the coast
Taxidermy - ) The art of preparing, preserving, and mounting the skins of Animals so as to represent their natural appearance, as for cabinets
Treadwheel - ) A wheel turned by persons or Animals, by treading, climbing, or pushing with the feet, upon its periphery or face
Cattle - See Animals . ...
Eleph or aluph refers to tame Animals living in a herd. ” It includes Animals used in plowing ( Isaiah 30:24 ). ...
Behemah is a general term for Animals ( Exodus 9:9 ; Leviticus 22:27-2821 ), for four-footed Animals (1 Kings 4:33 ), wild Animals (Deuteronomy 28:26 ; 1 Samuel 17:44 ), as well as for domestic cattle including both herds of cattle and flocks of sheep and goats (Leviticus 1:2 ) and oxen and donkeys (Deuteronomy 5:14 ). It includes all Animals belonging to a household (Genesis 34:23 ). They were used as riding Animals (Nehemiah 2:12-14 ). Righteous people care for Animals (Proverbs 12:10 ). Bitter, faithless people are like dumb, ignorant Animals (Psalm 73:22 ). They are the most important work Animals, pulling the plow (1 Samuel 11:5 ; 1 Kings 19:19 ; Job 1:14 ) and the wagon (1 Chronicles 13:9 ). As the most important Animals, cattle always head the list of Animals for sacrifice. These were apparently the best Animals for human consumption, making Israel think they would be the most pleasing to God. ...
Miqneh is the Hebrew word for “possessions” and most frequently refers to herds and flocks ( Genesis 26:14 ) and possibly to a longer list of Animals (Genesis 47:17-18 ; Exodus 9:3 ; Job 1:3 ). Certain lands were suitable for raising cattle (Numbers 32:1 ), so that the herdsmen could live in their tents with the Animals (2 Chronicles 14:14-15 ). Year-old calves were viewed as the best Animals for sacrifice (Micah 6:6 ). The bulls and cows played an important role in sacrifice to God, since these Animals were more valuable than sheep or goats. These were tame Animals able to recognize their owner ( Isaiah 1:3 ; compare Exodus 21:35 ). Defeat in war brought murder of one's Animals (Joshua 6:21 ; 1 Samuel 15:3 ). They were clean Animals which God's people could eat (Deuteronomy 14:4 ). ...
Ktenos refers to domesticated Animals, often ones used for riding or for pack Animals
Aquarium - ) An artificial pond, or a globe or tank (usually with glass sides), in which living specimens of aquatic Animals or plants are kept
Hereford - The Herefords are good working Animals, and their beef-producing quality is excellent
Burdock - ) A genus of coarse biennial herbs (Lappa), bearing small burs which adhere tenaciously to clothes, or to the fur or wool of Animals
Electro-Vital - ) Derived from, or dependent upon, vital processes; - said of certain electric currents supposed by some physiologists to circulate in the nerves of Animals
Enerically - ) With regard to a genus, or an extensive class; as, an animal generically distinct from another, or two Animals or plants generically allied
Fatling - ) A calf, lamb, kid, or other young animal fattened for slaughter; a fat animal; - said of such Animals as are used for food
Dermal - ) Pertaining to the integument or skin of Animals; dermic; as, the dermal secretions
Provender - ) Dry food for domestic Animals, as hay, straw, corn, oats, or a mixture of ground grain; feed
Tuberculin Test - The hypodermic injection of tuberculin, which has little or no effect with healthy cattle, but causes a marked rise in temperature in tuberculous Animals
Paramastoid - ) Situated beside, or near, the mastoid portion of the temporal bone; paroccipital; - applied especially to a process of the skull in some Animals
Typhlosole - ) A fold of the wall which projects into the cavity of the intestine in bivalve mollusks, certain annelids, starfishes, and some other Animals
Testa - ) The external hard or firm covering of many invertebrate Animals
Mimetical - (1):...
Characterized by mimicry; - applied to Animals and plants; as, mimetic species; mimetic organisms
Myohaematin - ) A red-colored respiratory pigment found associated with hemoglobin in the muscle tissue of a large number of Animals, both vertebrate and invertebrate
Acetabulum - ) A sucker of the sepia or cuttlefish and related Animals. ) One of the lobes of the placenta in ruminating Animals
Apode - ) One of certain Animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp
Parenchyma - ) The soft celluar substance of the tissues of plants and Animals, like the pulp of leaves, to soft tissue of glands, and the like
Zoophyta - ) An extensive artificial and heterogeneous group of Animals, formerly adopted by many zoologists
Ynandromorphism - ) An abnormal condition of certain Animals, in which one side has the external characters of the male, and the other those of the female
Bosses - The Hebrew word thus rendered means anything convex or arched, and hence the back, as of Animals
Dentary - ) The distal bone of the lower jaw in many Animals, which may or may not bear teeth
Shab - ) The itch in Animals; also, a scab
Dinichthys - In some parts of Ohio remains of the Dinichthys are abundant, indicating Animals twenty feet in length
Variety Show - A stage entertainment of successive separate performances, usually songs, dances, acrobatic feats, dramatic sketches, exhibitions of trained Animals, or any specialties
Typhotoxin - It induces in small Animals lethargic conditions with liquid dejecta
Vives - ) A disease of brute Animals, especially of horses, seated in the glands under the ear, where a tumor is formed which sometimes ends in suppuration
Phylum - ) A series of Animals or plants genetically connected
Runway - ) The beaten path made by deer or other Animals in passing to and from their feeding grounds
Limuloidea - ) An order of Merostomata, including among living Animals the genus Limulus, with various allied fossil genera, mostly of the Carboniferous period
Browse - ; - said of cattle, sheep, deer, and some other Animals. ) The tender branches or twigs of trees and shrubs, fit for the food of cattle and other Animals; green food
Cilia - ) Small, generally microscopic, vibrating appendages lining certain organs, as the air passages of the higher Animals, and in the lower Animals often covering also the whole or a part of the exterior
Trematodea - They are found in the internal cavities of Animals belonging to all classes. A few species are parasitic on man, and some, of which the fluke is the most important, are injurious parasites of domestic Animals
Lizard - ...
In zoology, a genus of amphibious Animals, called Lacerta, and comprehending the crocodile, alligator, chameleon, salamander, &c. These Animals are ranked in the order of reptiles
Sebaceous - ) Pertaining to, or secreting, fat; composed of fat; having the appearance of fat; as, the sebaceous secretions of some plants, or the sebaceous humor of Animals
Disc - ) A circular structure either in plants or Animals; as, a blood disc, a germinal disc, etc
Discoverable - ) Capable of being discovered, found out, or perceived; as, many minute Animals are discoverable only by the help of the microscope; truths discoverable by human industry
Veterinary - ) Of or pertaining to the art of healing or treating the diseases of domestic Animals, as oxen, horses, sheep, etc
Verd - ) The right of pasturing Animals in a forest
Tapestry - A kind of woven hangings of wool and silk, often enriched with gold and silver, representing figures of men, Animals, landscapes, &c
Flock - A company or collection applied to sheep and other small Animals. But the word may sometimes perhaps be applied to larger beasts, and in the plural, flocks may include all kinds of domesticated Animals. FLOCK, To gather in companies or crowds applied to men or other Animals
Chamois - See Animals
Dynamometer - ) An apparatus for measuring force or power; especially, muscular effort of men or Animals, or the power developed by a motor, or that required to operate machinery
Tripe - ) The large stomach of ruminating Animals, when prepared for food
Organogenesis - ) The origin and development of organs in Animals and plants
Molluscum - ) A cutaneous disease characterized by numerous tumors, of various forms, filled with a thick matter; - so called from the resemblance of the tumors to some molluscous Animals
Lithophyte - All the lithophytes except the corallines are Animals
Bladderwort - These serve as traps for minute Animals
Weasel - (choled ) occurs only in ( Leviticus 11:29 ) in the list of unclean Animals; but the Hebrew word ought more probably to be translated "mole
Dhole - It is remarkable for its propensity to hunt the tiger and other wild Animals in packs
Astrotricha - ) A group of small wormlike Animals, having cilia on the ventral side
Protista - Some are probably plants, others Animals
Millepore - The Animals are hydroids, not Anthozoa
Miniver - It is uncertain whether it was the fur of one animal only or of different Animals
Weasel - One of the unclean Animals, Leviticus 11:29
Alkaloid - ) An organic base, especially one of a class of substances occurring ready formed in the tissues of plants and the bodies of Animals
Extrastapedial - ) Pertaining to a part of the columella of the ear, which, in many Animals, projects beyond the connection with the stapes
Britt - ) The minute marine Animals (chiefly Entomostraca) upon which the right whales feed
Shitrai - ” Official in charge of David's grazing Animals in Sharon (1 Chronicles 27:29 )
Deuterozooid - ) One of the secondary, and usually sexual, zooids produced by budding or fission from the primary zooids, in Animals having alternate generations
Parasphenoid - ) Near the sphenoid bone; - applied especially to a bone situated immediately beneath the sphenoid in the base of the skull in many Animals
Mane - ) The long and heavy hair growing on the upper side of, or about, the neck of some quadrupedal Animals, as the horse, the lion, etc
Weasel - Weasel (chôled) occurs only in Leviticus 11:29, in the list of unclean Animals; but the Hebrew word ought more probably to be translated "mole
Drove - A collection of cattle driven a number of Animals, as oxen, sheep or swine, driven in a body. Any collection of irrational Animals, moving or driving forward as a finny drove
Egg - ovum, by a change of g into 5 A body formed in the females of fowls and certain other Animals, containing an embryo or fetus of the same species, or the substance from which a like animal is produced. The eggs of fish and some other Animals are united by a viscous substance, and called spawn
Nose - Several expressions in Scripture grew out of the fact that anger often shows itself by distended nostrils, hard breathing, and in Animals by snorting, 2 Samuel 22:9 Job 39:20 Psalm 18:8 . Rings were inserted in the noses of Animals, to guide and control them; and according to the recently discovered tablets at Nineveh, captives among the Assyrians were sometimes treated in the same way, 2 Kings 19:28 Ezekiel 38:4
Horned Snake - See Animals, Reptiles
Beeves - (An old English plural of the word beef), a name applicable to all ruminating Animals except camels, and especially to the Bovidce, or horned cattle (Leviticus 22:19,21 ; Numbers 31:28,30,33,38,44 )
Doleful Creatures - , "shrieks;" hence "howling Animals"), a general name for screech owls (howlets), which occupy the desolate palaces of Babylon
Hare - See Animals in the Bible
Cheirotherium - ) A genus of extinct Animals, so named from fossil footprints rudely resembling impressions of the human hand, and believed to have been made by labyrinthodont reptiles
Hayward - ) An officer who is appointed to guard hedges, and to keep cattle from breaking or cropping them, and whose further duty it is to impound Animals found running at large
Arboreal - ) Attached to, found in or upon, or frequenting, woods or trees; as, arboreal Animals
Spider - See Animals
Harderian - ) A term applied to a lachrymal gland on the inner side of the orbit of many Animals which have a third eyelid, or nictitating membrane
Parepididymis - ) A small body containing convoluted tubules, situated near the epididymis in man and some other Animals, and supposed to be a remnant of the anterior part of the Wolffian body
Homoplasmy - ) Resemblance between different plants or Animals, in external shape, in general habit, or in organs, which is not due to descent from a common ancestor, but to similar surrounding circumstances
Tentacle - ) A more or less elongated process or organ, simple or branched, proceeding from the head or cephalic region of invertebrate Animals, being either an organ of sense, prehension, or motion
Tentaculum - ) One of the stiff hairs situated about the mouth, or on the face, of many Animals, and supposed to be tactile organs; a tactile hair
Teratology - ) That branch of biological science which treats of monstrosities, malformations, or deviations from the normal type of structure, either in plants or Animals
Morphology - ) That branch of biology which deals with the structure of Animals and plants, treating of the forms of organs and describing their varieties, homologies, and metamorphoses
Hunt - To chase wild Animals, particularly quadrupeds, for the purpose of catching them for food, or for the diversion of sportsmen to pursue with hounds for taking, as game as, to hunt stag or a hare. To seek wild Animals for game, or for killing them by shooting when noxious with for as, to hunt for bears or wolves to hunt for quails, or for ducks. A chase of wild Animals for catching them. A seeking of wild Animals of any kind for game as a hunt for squirrels
Crib - Feeding trough for the ox (Proverbs 14:1 ;Proverbs 14:1;4:1 KJV) or the ass ( Isaiah 1:3 ; compare Job 39:9 ) and probably for any number of other domesticated Animals
Pancreatin - ) One of the digestive ferments of the pancreatic juice; also, a preparation containing such a ferment, made from the pancreas of Animals, and used in medicine as an aid to digestion
Embryology - ) The science which relates to the formation and development of the embryo in Animals and plants; a study of the gradual development of the ovum until it reaches the adult stage
Predatory - ) Living by preying upon other Animals; carnivorous
Reproduction - ) the process by which plants and Animals give rise to offspring
Meat - The flesh of Animals used as food. The meat of carnivorous Animals is tough, coarse and flavored. The meat of herbivorous Animals is generally palatable
Segmental - ) Of or pertaining to the segments of Animals; as, a segmental duct; segmental papillae
Pseudovum - ) An egglike germ produced by the agamic females of some insects and other Animals, and by the larvae of certain insects
Postfrontal - ) Situated behind the frontal bone or the frontal region of the skull; - applied especially to a bone back of and below the frontal in many Animals
Dropping - ) That which falls in drops; the excrement or dung of Animals
Zoopraxiscope - ) An instrument similar to, or the same as, the, the phenakistoscope, by means of which pictures projected upon a screen are made to exhibit the natural movements of Animals, and the like
Organology - ) That branch of biology which treats, in particular, of the organs of Animals and plants
Coronary Cushion - A cushionlike band of vascular tissue at the upper border of the wall of the hoof of the horse and allied Animals
Catgut - ) A cord of great toughness made from the intestines of Animals, esp
Canon Bone - The shank bone, or great bone above the fetlock, in the fore and hind legs of the horse and allied Animals, corresponding to the middle metacarpal or metatarsal bone of most mammals
Aptera - These Animals are now placed in several distinct classes and orders
Acclimatize - ) To inure or habituate to a climate different from that which is natural; to adapt to the peculiarities of a foreign or strange climate; said of man, the inferior Animals, or plants
Placentation - ) The mode of formation of the placenta in different Animals; as, the placentation of mammals
Argas - ) A genus of venomous ticks which attack men and Animals
Pabulum - ) The means of nutriment to Animals or plants; food; nourishment; hence, that which feeds or sustains, as fuel for a fire; that upon which the mind or soul is nourished; as, intellectual pabulum
Venison - ) Formerly, the flesh of any of the edible beasts of the chase, also of game birds; now, the flesh of Animals of the deer kind exclusively
Mongrel - ) The progeny resulting from a cross between two breeds, as of domestic Animals; anything of mixed breed
Mentomeckelian - ) The bone or cartilage forming the anterior extremity of the lower jaw in some adult Animals and the young of others
Mediostapedial - ) Pertaining to that part of the columella of the ear which, in some Animals, connects the stapes with the other parts of the columella
Creeping Things - It includes both terrestrial and aquatic Animals which appear in great swarms; in Genesis 1:20 it refers to the creatures that teem in the waters, while in other passages it includes insects, as locusts, crickets, and grasshoppers ( Leviticus 11:20-23 ), together with the smaller quadrupeds as the weasel and mouse, as well as reptiles proper ( Leviticus 11:29-31 ). In Genesis 1:24 the land Animals are put into three groups: cattle, creeping things, and beasts of the earth. By eliminating the first and third classes, which respectively include domesticated quadrupeds, and the wild Animals, we see that the expression ‘creeping things’ is, roughly speaking, equivalent to our term ‘reptiles,’ exclusive of those which are aquatic. Delitzsch defines remes as ‘the smaller creeping Animals that keep close to the earth’; Dillmann as creatures ‘which move along the ground either without feet or with imperceptible feet. Remes has also a wider signification: in Psalms 104:25 it is used of marine Animals, in Genesis 9:3 (EV Beasts - When this word is used in opposition to man, as Psalms 36:5 , any brute creature is signified; when to creeping things, as Leviticus 11:2 ; Leviticus 11:7 ; four-looted Animals, from the size of the hare and upward, are intended; and when to wild creatures, as Genesis 1:25 , cattle, or tame Animals, are spoken of. In Isaiah 13:21 , several wild Animals are mentioned as dwelling among the ruins of Babylon: "Wild beasts of the desert," ציים , those of the dry wilderness, as the root of the word implies, "shall dwell there. Their houses shall be full of doleful creatures," אתים , marsh Animals. And the wild beasts of the islands," איים , oases of the desert, "shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons," תנים , crocodiles, or amphibious Animals, "shall be in their desolate places
Urea - ) A very soluble crystalline body which is the chief constituent of the urine in mammals and some other Animals
Zoology - ) That part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all Animals, both living and extinct
Strangled - 1: πνικτός (Strong's #4156 — Adjective — pniktos — pnik-tos' ) from pnigo, "to choke," occurs in Acts 15:20,29 ; 21:25 , of the flesh of Animals killed by strangling, without shedding their blood (see, e
Draco - A genus of Animals of two species
Pastern - ) The part of the foot of the horse, and allied Animals, between the fetlock and the coffin joint
Fetus - ) The young or embryo of an animal in the womb, or in the egg; often restricted to the later stages in the development of viviparous and oviparous Animals, embryo being applied to the earlier stages
Oestrus - ), the periodical sexual impulse of Animals; heat; rut
Vegetality - ) The quality or state of being vegetal, or exhibiting those physiological phenomena which are common to plants and Animals
Maize - Also, its seed, growing on cobs, and used as food for men Animals
Tatou - It is noted for its burrowing powers, feeds largely upon dead Animals, and sometimes invades human graves
Ascarid - the roundworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, often occurring in the human intestine, and allied species found in domestic Animals; also commonly applied to the pinworm (Oxyuris), often troublesome to children and aged persons
Suburbs - Pastureland around cities that were used in common for the feeding of sheep, cattle, and other Animals (Leviticus 25:34 )
Fierasfer - ) A genus of small, slender fishes, remarkable for their habit of living as commensals in other Animals
Parethmoid - ) Near or beside the ethmoid bone or cartilage; - applied especially to a pair of bones in the nasal region of some fishes, and to the ethmoturbinals in some higher Animals
Unisexual - ) Having one sex only, as plants which have the male and female flowers on separate individuals, or Animals in which the sexes are in separate individuals; di/cious; - distinguished from bisexual, or hermaphrodite
Warm-Blooded - ) Having warm blood; - applied especially to those Animals, as birds and mammals, which have warm blood, or, more properly, the power of maintaining a nearly uniform temperature whatever the temperature of the surrounding air
Lernean - ) One of a family (Lernaeidae) of parasitic Crustacea found attached to fishes and other marine Animals
Tortoise - Ranked among the unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:29 )
Bengal - ) A province in India, giving its name to various stuffs, Animals, etc
Ambrel - ) A stick crooked like a horse's hind leg; - used by butchers in suspending slaughtered Animals
Weasel - See Animals
Epizoon - ) One of the artificial group of invertebrates of various kinds, which live parasitically upon the exterior of other Animals; an ectozoon
Hunter - One who pursues wild Animals with a view to take them, either for sport or for food
Lithophagous - ) Eating or destroying stone; - applied to various Animals which make burrows in stone, as many bivalve mollusks, certain sponges, annelids, and sea urchins
Bull - They acted like infuriated Animals. ...
Jeremiah 50:11 (a) The enemies of GOD are compared to these violent wild Animals who would gloat over Israel in their victorious march through the land
Bark - ) To make a short, loud, explosive noise with the vocal organs; - said of some Animals, but especially of dogs. ) The short, loud, explosive sound uttered by a dog; a similar sound made by some other Animals
Pedicel - ) A slender stem by which certain of the lower Animals or their eggs are attached. ) An outgrowth of the frontal bones, which supports the antlers or horns in deer and allied Animals
Hoof - According to Mosaic law, ritually clean Animals are those which both chew the cud and have cloven (divided) hooves (Deuteronomy 14:6-7 )
Hind - See Animals in the Bible
Ox - The word is also applied, as a general name, to any species of bovine Animals, male and female
Fecundation - ) The act by which, either in Animals or plants, material prepared by the generative organs the female organism is brought in contact with matter from the organs of the male, so that a new organism results; impregnation; fertilization
Tom - ) The male of certain Animals; - often used adjectively or in composition; as, tom turkey, tomcat, etc
Scleroderm - ) Hardened, or bony, integument of various Animals
Coryphodon - Its species varied in size between the tapir and rhinoceros, and were allied to those Animals, but had short, plantigrade, five-toed feet, like the elephant
Monkey - TEV, REB include monkeys among the exotic Animals brought as gifts to King Solomon (1 Kings 10:22 ; 2 Chronicles 9:21 )
Running Sores - Running sores disqualified a man from service as a priest (Leviticus 21:20 NIV) and Animals from serving as sacrifices ( Leviticus 22:22 NAS, NIV)
Ovipositor - ) The organ with which many insects and some other Animals deposit their eggs
Adnate - ) Growing with one side adherent to a stem; - a term applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other compound Animals
Flay, to - ' Applied to skinning the Animals for the sacrifices
Lynx - ) Any one of several species of feline Animals of the genus Felis, and subgenus Lynx
Metamere - ) One of successive or homodynamous parts in Animals and plants; one of a series of similar parts that follow one another in a vertebrate or articulate animal, as in an earthworm; a segment; a somite
Adolescence - Sometimes used with reference to the lower Animals
Semen - ) The seed or fecundating fluid of male Animals; sperm
Metempsychosis - ,that the same soul inhabits in succession the bodies of different beings, both men and brute Animals
Carnivorous - The term is applied: (a) to Animals which naturally seek flesh for food, as the tiger, dog, etc
Sauropoda - It includes the largest known land Animals, belonging to Brontosaurus, Camarasaurus, and allied genera
Biology - It has to do with the origin, structure, development, function, and distribution of Animals and plants
Burly - ) Having a large, strong, or gross body; stout; lusty; - now used chiefly of human beings, but formerly of Animals, in the sense of stately or beautiful, and of inanimate things that were huge and bulky
Beehive - Emblem in art associated with ...
Saint Ambrose of Milan refers to his honey-tongued speaking ability...
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux a symbol of eloquence, allusive also to his title of "Doctor Mellifluus" (Mellifluous Doctor)...
Saint Blaise it recalls his miraculous command over Animals...
Raptorial - , of insects, birds, and other Animals
Prefrontal - ) Situated in front of the frontal bone, or the frontal region of the skull; ectethmoid, as a certain bone in the nasal capsule of many Animals, and certain scales of reptiles and fishes
Bloody - Cruel murderous given to the shedding of blood or having a cruel, savage disposition applied to Animals
Chameleon - The lizard was classed among the unclean Animals
Red-Dog Flour - It is chiefly useful as feed for farm Animals
Feeding - ) That which furnishes or affords food, especially for Animals; pasture land
Hive - Emblem in art associated with ...
Saint Ambrose of Milan refers to his honey-tongued speaking ability...
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux a symbol of eloquence, allusive also to his title of "Doctor Mellifluus" (Mellifluous Doctor)...
Saint Blaise it recalls his miraculous command over Animals...
Guiltless - Not produced by the slaughter of Animals
Vermin - ) A noxious or mischievous animal; especially, noxious little Animals or insects, collectively, as squirrels, rats, mice, flies, lice, bugs, etc
Zoomorphism - ) The representation of God, or of gods, in the form, or with the attributes, of the lower Animals
Moolley - ) Destitute of horns, although belonging to a species of Animals most of which have horns; hornless; polled; as, mulley cattle; a mulley (or moolley) cow
Reincarnation - ,that the same soul inhabits in succession the bodies of different beings, both men and brute Animals
Animals - Since the Israelites were mainly an agricultural people, Animals played a large part in their lives. They were to treat their working Animals kindly and give them proper food and rest (Deuteronomy 5:14; Deuteronomy 22:10; Deuteronomy 25:4). )...
Israelites did not keep pigs, considering them to be unclean Animals whose meat was not fit to be eaten (1 Samuel 17:34-360; 1 Kings 10:28-296). Another animal that the Israelites loathed was the dog, for most dogs in those days were savage, disease-ridden Animals that roamed the streets and fed on filth (2 Samuel 16:9; 2 Kings 9:33-36; Psalms 22:16; Psalms 59:6; Matthew 7:6; Luke 16:21; 2 Peter 2:22). ...
Many different Animals lived in the forest and semi-desert regions of Palestine: lions (1 Samuel 17:34; Psalms 7:2; Isaiah 31:4; Jeremiah 5:6; Nahum 2:11-12), bears (1 Samuel 17:34; 2 Kings 2:24; Amos 5:19), foxes (Judges 15:4; Matthew 8:20), wolves (Jeremiah 5:6; John 10:12), hyenas (Isaiah 13:22), jackals (Isaiah 34:13; Isaiah 43:20), wild asses (Job 39:5-8; Jeremiah 14:6), wild oxen (Job 39:9; Psalms 22:21), wild boars (Psalms 80:13), and deadly snakes (Numbers 21:6; Isaiah 30:6; see SNAKE). The Israelites did not hunt for sport, but on occasions had to kill wild Animals to defend themselves (Exodus 23:29; Judges 16:5; 1618418102_90; 2 Kings 17:26). ...
There were many other Animals which, though wild, were not fierce, such as the hart, gazelle, roebuck, wild goat, ibex, antelope, rock badger, rabbit, hare and porcupine
Wolf - The largest of wild carnivorous Animals (Canis lupus ; Canis pallipes ) that include dogs, foxes, and jackals. See Animals
Male - Pertaining to the sex that procreates young, and applied to Animals of all kinds as a male child a male beast, fish, or fowl. Among Animals, one of the sex whose office is to beget young a he-animal
Fox - Both Animals are cunning, voracious, and mischievous, Ezekiel 13:4; Luke 13:32, are fond of grapes. Samson used foxes or jackals, Judges 15:4-5, to destroy the grain of the Philistines by binding torches to the tails of the Animals, and they ran round setting fire to fields of corn
Skin - The outer part of the human body and of the body of Animals. The most used hides probably came from the Animals most in use: sheep, goats, oxen, and donkeys, although other animal's skins certainly were used when available. The sacrifice of Animals sometimes called for the destruction of the entire animal ( Leviticus 4:11-12 )
Bezoar - ) A calculous concretion found in the intestines of certain ruminant Animals (as the wild goat, the gazelle, and the Peruvian llama) formerly regarded as an unfailing antidote for poison, and a certain remedy for eruptive, pestilential, or putrid diseases
Hoof - The "parting of the hoof" is one of the distinctions between clean and unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:3 ; Deuteronomy 14:7 )
Weasel - holedh), enumerated among unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:29 )
Ankylosis - ) The union of two or more separate bones to from a single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in various Animals
Sponge - The skeleton of marine Animals whose structure retains water
Paleolithic - The Paleolithic era (as proposed by Lubbock) includes the earlier half of the "Stone Age;" the remains belonging to it are for the most part of extinct Animals, with relics of human beings
Propagation - ) The act of propagating; continuance or multiplication of the kind by generation or successive production; as, the propagation of Animals or plants
Hoof - The horny substance that covers or terminates the feet of certain Animals, as horses, oxen, sheep, goats, deer, &c
Villus - ) One of the minute papillary processes on certain vascular membranes; a villosity; as, villi cover the lining of the small intestines of many Animals and serve to increase the absorbing surface
Maw - ) A stomach; the receptacle into which food is taken by swallowing; in birds, the craw; - now used only of the lower Animals, exept humorously or in contempt
Marsupium - ) The pouch, formed by a fold of the skin of the abdomen, in which marsupials carry their young; also, a pouch for similar use in other Animals, as certain Crustacea
Louping - An enzootic, often fatal, disease of sheep and other domestic Animals, of unknown cause
Hacienda - ) A large estate where work of any kind is done, as agriculture, manufacturing, mining, or raising of Animals; a cultivated farm, with a good house, in distinction from a farming establishment with rude huts for herdsmen, etc
Leanness - Destitution of fat want of flesh thinness of body meagerness applied to Animals
Straw - It was usually used as bedding for Animals, much as many farmers use it today
Pod - ) A considerable number of Animals closely clustered together; - said of seals
Pityriasis - ) A disease of domestic Animals characterized by dry epithelial scales, and due to digestive disturbances and alteration of the function of the sebaceous glands
Daughter - ) The female offspring of the human species; a female child of any age; - applied also to the lower Animals
Haste - ) Celerity of motion; speed; swiftness; dispatch; expedition; - applied only to voluntary beings, as men and other Animals
Euxanthin - It has a strong odor, and is said to be obtained from the urine of herbivorous Animals when fed on the mango
Doe - Also applied to the female of other Animals, as the rabbit
Fancier - ) One who fancies or has a special liking for, or interest in, a particular object or class or objects; hence, one who breeds and keeps for sale birds and Animals; as, bird fancier, dog fancier, etc
Tortoise, - One of the unclean Animals
Tapetum - ) An area in the pigmented layer of the choroid coat of the eye in many Animals, which has an iridescent or metallic luster and helps to make the eye visible in the dark
Scent - ) To hunt Animals by means of the sense of smell. ) That which, issuing from a body, affects the olfactory organs of Animals; odor; smell; as, the scent of an orange, or of a rose; the scent of musk
Cud - ) That portion of food which is brought up into the mouth by ruminating Animals from their first stomach, to be chewed a second time
Sheet - Such a cloth held all the clean and unclean Animals in the vision that taught Peter that God loved and offered salvation to people who were not Jews (Acts 10:11 ; Acts 11:5 )
Breeze Fly - ) A fly of various species, of the family Tabanidae, noted for buzzing about Animals, and tormenting them by sucking their blood; - called also horsefly, and gadfly
Commodity - ) That which affords convenience, advantage, or profit, especially in commerce, including everything movable that is bought and sold (except Animals), - goods, wares, merchandise, produce of land and manufactures, etc
Fetlock - ) The cushionlike projection, bearing a tuft of long hair, on the back side of the leg above the hoof of the horse and similar Animals
Hoof - ) The horny substance or case that covers or terminates the feet of certain Animals, as horses, oxen, etc
Shama - In confinement it imitates the notes of other birds and various Animals with accuracy
Voltaism - ) That form of electricity which is developed by the chemical action between metals and different liquids; voltaic electricity; also, the science which treats of this form of electricity; - called also galvanism, from Galvani, on account of his experiments showing the remarkable influence of this agent on Animals
Ladiolus - ) The middle portion of the sternum in some Animals; the mesosternum
Fat - The fat portions of Animals offered in sacrifice were always to be consumed, as being the choice part and especially sacred to the Lord
Matteo Colombo - He was the first to use living Animals to demonstrate movements of the heart and lungs
Regarin1 - ) An order of Protozoa, allied to the Rhizopoda, and parasitic in other Animals, as in the earthworm, lobster, etc
Cote - ) A shed, shelter, or inclosure for small domestic Animals, as for sheep or doves
Dioecious - ) Having the sexes in two separate individuals; - applied to plants in which the female flowers occur on one individual and the male flowers on another of the same species, and to Animals in which the ovum is produced by one individual and the sperm cell by another; - opposed to monoecious
Echinococcus - ) A parasite of man and of many domestic and wild Animals, forming compound cysts or tumors (called hydatid cysts) in various organs, but especially in the liver and lungs, which often cause death
Vibrissa - ) One of the specialized or tactile hairs which grow about the nostrils, or on other parts of the face, in many Animals, as the so-called whiskers of the cat, and the hairs of the nostrils of man
Jaw - In most Animals, the under jaw only is movable
Wolf - An animal of the genus Canis, a beast of prey that kills sheep and other small domestic Animals called sometimes the wild dog
Disk - ) A circular structure either in plants or Animals; as, a blood disk; germinal disk, etc. ) The anterior surface or oral area of coelenterate Animals, as of sea anemones
Drove - ) A collection of cattle driven, or cattle collected for driving; a number of Animals, as oxen, sheep, or swine, driven in a body. ) Any collection of irrational Animals, moving or driving forward; as, a finny drove
Coral - Coral was formerly supposed to be a vegetable substance, but is now known to be composed of a congeries of Animals. It is properly the shells of marine Animals of the polype kind, consisting of calcarious earth combined with gelatine and other animal matter
Mole - ( Leviticus 11:30 ) It is probable that the Animals mentioned with the tinshemeth in the above passage denote different kinds of lizards; perhaps, therefore, the chameleon is the animal intended. ...
Chephor peroth is rendered "moles" in ( Isaiah 2:20 ) (The word means burrowers, hole-diggers, and may designate any of the small Animals, as rats and weasels, which burrow among ruins
Wormil - ) Any botfly larva which burrows in or beneath the skin of domestic and wild Animals, thus producing sores
Blemish - Imperfection or bodily deformity excluding men from the priesthood, and rendering Animals unfit to be offered in sacrifice (Leviticus 21:17-23 ; 22:19-25 )
Banians - A religious sect in the empire of the Mogul, who believe a Metempsychosis; and will therefore eat no living creature, nor kill even noxious Animals, but endeavour to release them when in the hands of others
Goatskin - See Animals in the Bible
Behemoth - See Animals ; Leviathan
Couch - ’ The word means simply to lie down , but it is used almost exclusively of Animals, as is the Heb
Vestlet - These Animals have a long, smooth body tapering to the base, and two separate circles of tentacles around the mouth
Ringleader - ) The leader of a circle of dancers; hence, the leader of a number of persons acting together; the leader of a herd of Animals
Ape - Solomon imported Animals in international shipping (1 Kings 10:22 )
Mandible - ) The anterior pair of mouth organs of insects, crustaceaus, and related Animals, whether adapted for biting or not
Blemishes - Imperfections or deformities which unfitted men for the priesthood, and Animals for sacrifice
Terrestrial - Pertaining to the earth existing on the earth as terrestrial Animals bodies terrestrial
Chlorophyll - Similar chlorophyll granules have been found in the tissues of the lower Animals
Artiodactyla - ) One of the divisions of the ungulate Animals
Harrier - ) One of several species of hawks or buzzards of the genus Circus which fly low and harry small Animals or birds, - as the European marsh harrier (Circus aerunginosus), and the hen harrier (C
Pepsin - It is the active agent in the gastric juice of all Animals
Rapacious - ) Accustomed to seize food; subsisting on prey, or Animals seized by violence; as, a tiger is a rapacious animal; a rapacious bird
Astraea - ) A primeval larval form; a double-walled sac from which, according to the hypothesis of Haeckel, man and all other Animals, that in the first stages of their individual evolution pass through a two-layered structural stage, or gastrula form, must have descended
Epizootic - ) Of the nature of a disease which attacks many Animals at the same time; - corresponding to epidemic diseases among men
Venom - ) Matter fatal or injurious to life; poison; particularly, the poisonous, the poisonous matter which certain Animals, such as serpents, scorpions, bees, etc
Hart, - The hart is reckoned among the clean Animals, (12:15; 14:5; 15:22) and seems from the passages quoted, as well as from (1 Kings 4:23 ) to have been commonly killed for food
Boar - It should seem, from the accounts of ancient authors, that the ravages of the wild boar were considered as more formidable than those of other savage Animals. The destructive ravages of these Animals are mentioned in Psalms 80:14 . These shady marshes then, it should seem, are called in the Scripture, "woods;"...
for it calls these Animals, "the wild boars of the woods
Nature - They may consider that men and women have no more rights than Animals, plants, or even lifeless things such as minerals. As a result they may worship rocks or trees, and sometimes may treat Animals better than they treat people. The outcome of their belief is not that they raise nature to the level of humans, but that they lower humans to the level of the Animals (Romans 1:20-25). ...
God’s people, while not giving Animals, plants and minerals a higher place than God intended for them, should nevertheless realize that these things have a place and purpose in God’s order. ...
Likewise God taught his people to be kind to Animals. They were to give proper food and rest to the Animals that worked for them, and were not to use their Animals in any way that could be considered cruel (Deuteronomy 5:14; Deuteronomy 22:10; Deuteronomy 25:4). In killing Animals they were not to be heartless or thoughtless. God allows them to take minerals from the earth, to enjoy the fruits of plant life, to cut down trees to build houses, to eat the meat of Animals, and to kill insects and Animals that threaten their lives (Deuteronomy 8:7-10; Deuteronomy 12:15; Joshua 6:21)
Mouse - In Leviticus 11:29 , Isaiah 66:17 this word is used generically, and includes the jerboa (Mus jaculus), rat, hamster (Cricetus), which, though declared to be unclean Animals, were eaten by the Arabs, and are still eaten by the Bedouins. ferah) of Animals inhabit Palestine
Tribe - ) A family of Animals descended from some particular female progenitor, through the female line; as, the Duchess tribe of shorthorns. ) A number of species or genera having certain structural characteristics in common; as, a tribe of plants; a tribe of Animals
Hare - This name is derived, as Bochart and others suppose, from ארה , to crop, and ניב , the produce of the ground; these Animals being remarkable for devouring young plants and herbage. The difficulty as to this animal is, that Moses says the arnabeth chews the cud, which our hares do not: but Aristotle takes notice of the same circumstance, and affirms that the structure of its stomach is similar to that of ruminating Animals
Worm - In common usage, any small creeping animal, or reptile, either entirely without feet, or with very short ones, including a great variety of Animals of different classes and orders, viz. , the worms that breed in putrid flesh, the bots in the stomach of horses, and many others certain wingless insects, as the glow-worm the intestinal worms, or such as breed in the cavities and organs of living Animals, as the tape-worm, the round-worm, the fluke, &c. and numerous Animals found in the earth, and in water, particularly in the sea, as the earth-worm or lumbricus, the hair-worm or gordius, the teredo, or worm that bores in to the bottom of ships, &c. In zoology, the term Vermes or worms has been applied to different divisions of invertebral Animals, by different naturalists. Intestina, including the proper intestinal worms the earth-worm, the hair-worm, the teredo, and some other marine worms Mollusca, including the slug, and numerous soft Animals inhabiting the water, particularly the sea Testacea, including all the proper shell-fish Zoophyta or compound Animals, including corals, polypes, and spunges and Infusoria, or simple microscopic animlacules. This class includes all the invertebral Animals, except the insects and crustacea
Chloroplast - In Animals chloroplasts occur only in certain low forms
Vertebrated - ) Contracted at intervals, so as to resemble the spine in Animals
Hart - It is ranked among the clean Animals (Deuteronomy 12:15 ; 14:5 ; 15:22 ), and was commonly killed for food (1 Kings 4:23 )
First-Born, Sanctification of the - God claimed that the first-born males of man and of Animals should be consecrated to him, the one as a priest (Exodus 19:22,24 ), representing the family to which he belonged, and the other to be offered up in sacrifice (Genesis 4:4 )
Sackcloth - It was put upon Animals by the people of Nineveh (Jonah 3:8 )
Bilateral - ) Of or pertaining to the two sides of a central area or organ, or of a central axis; as, bilateral symmetry in Animals, where there is a similarity of parts on the right and left sides of the body
Epicene - ) Common to both sexes; - a term applied, in grammar, to such nouns as have but one form of gender, either the masculine or feminine, to indicate Animals of both sexes; as boy^s, bos, for the ox and cow; sometimes applied to eunuchs and hermaphrodites
Carob - ) One of the long, sweet, succulent, pods of the carob tree, which are used as food for Animals and sometimes eaten by man; - called also St
Assimilation - ) The conversion of nutriment into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption, whether in plants or Animals
Caravan - A company of travelers (usually merchants) on a journey through desert or hostile regions with a train of pack Animals (see Genesis 37:25 ; Judges 5:6 ; 1 Kings 10:2 ; Job 6:18-19 ; Isaiah 21:13 )
Mule - See Animals
Nourishment - That which serves to promote the growth of Animals or plants, or to repair the waste of animal bodies food sustenance nutriment
Diptera - They have a suctorial proboscis, often including two pairs of sharp organs (mandibles and maxillae) with which they pierce the skin of Animals
Domesticate - ) To tame or reclaim from a wild state; as, to domesticate wild Animals; to domesticate a plant
Aged - Old having lived long having lived almost the usual time allotted to that species of being applied to Animals or plants as, an aged man, or an aged oak
Husbandry - The business of a farmer, comprehending agriculture or tillage of the ground, the raising, managing and fattening of cattle and other domestic Animals, the management of the dairy and whatever the land produces
Deciduous - ) Falling off, or subject to fall or be shed, at a certain season, or a certain stage or interval of growth, as leaves (except of evergreens) in autumn, or as parts of Animals, such as hair, teeth, antlers, etc
Turnstone - They are so called from their habit of turning up small stones in search of mollusks and other aquatic Animals
Mendel's Law - A principle governing the inheritance of many characters in Animals and plants, discovered by Gregor J
Kneebrush - ) A tuft or brush of hair on the knees of some species of antelopes and other Animals; - chiefly used in the plural
Coop - I do not know that it is ever used in America for a pen to confine other Animals. A pen an inclosed place for small Animals
Organic - ) Of or pertaining to an organ or its functions, or to objects composed of organs; consisting of organs, or containing them; as, the organic structure of Animals and plants; exhibiting characters peculiar to living organisms; as, organic bodies, organic life, organic remains. ) Pertaining to, or denoting, any one of the large series of substances which, in nature or origin, are connected with vital processes, and include many substances of artificial production which may or may not occur in Animals or plants; - contrasted with inorganic
Fruit - ) Whatever is produced for the nourishment or enjoyment of man or Animals by the processes of vegetable growth, as corn, grass, cotton, flax, etc. ) The produce of Animals; offspring; young; as, the fruit of the womb, of the loins, of the body
Clean And Unclean - Terms often used in the Bible in a ceremonial sense; assigned to certain Animals, and to men in certain cases, by the law of Moses, Leviticus 11:1-15:33 Numbers 19:1-22 Deuteronomy 14:1-29 . A distinction between clean and unclean Animals existed before the deluge, Genesis 7:2
Hunting - The smaller of catching Animals was, first, either by digging a pitfall; or, secondly, by a trap which was set under ground, (Job 18:10 ) in the run of the animal, (Proverbs 22:5 ) and caught it by the leg, (Job 18:9 ) or lastly by the use of the net, of which there were various kinds, as or the gazelle, (Isaiah 51:20 ) Authorized Version, "wild bull," and other Animals of that class
Hook, Hooks - (Job 41:2 ; Isaiah 19:8 ); Habb 1:15 ...
A ring, such as in our country is placed through the nose of a bull, and similarly used in the East for leading about lions -- (Ezekiel 19:4 ) where the Authorized Version has "with chains --camels and other Animals. (Exodus 27:3 ; 1 Samuel 2:13,14 ) ...
Probably "hooks" used for the purpose of hanging up Animals to flay them
Breed - To generate to engender to hatch to produce the young of any species of Animals. I think it is never used of plants, and in Animals is always applied to the mother or dam. A cast a kind a race of men or other Animals, which have an alliance by nativity, or some distinctive qualities in common as a breed of men in a particular country a breed of horses or sheep. Progeny offspring applied to other things than Animals
Beast - 9:25, this word clearly embraces even the larger “animals,” all the Animals in Egypt: “And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast. ”...
The word behêmâh can be used of all the domesticated beasts or Animals other than man: “And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and [2] beast of the earth after his kind …” (
Infrequently, behêmâh represents any wild, four-footed, undomesticated beast: “And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall [3]4 them away” ( Cub - ) To bring forth; - said of Animals, or in contempt, of persons
Cow - ) The mature female of bovine Animals
Hedge - In ancient Palestine hedges served to protect vineyards from damage by Animals or intruders (Psalm 80:12-13 ; Isaiah 5:5 )
Chromatophore - ) A contractile cell or vesicle containing liquid pigment and capable of changing its form or size, thus causing changes of color in the translucent skin of such Animals as possess them
Annulus - ) Ring-shaped structures or markings, found in, or upon, various Animals
Arabesque - , as well as figures of men and Animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together
Acephalocyst - ) A larval entozoon in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hydatid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower Animals; - so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle
Food - ) What is fed upon; that which goes to support life by being received within, and assimilated by, the organism of an animal or a plant; nutriment; aliment; especially, what is eaten by Animals for nourishment
Ecko - The geckoes are small, carnivorous, mostly nocturnal Animals with large eyes and vertical, elliptical pupils
Dickey - (1):...
One of various Animals...
(2):...
A donkey
Feeler - ) One of the sense organs or certain Animals (as insects), which are used in testing objects by touch and in searching for food; an antenna; a palp
Elaboration - ) The natural process of formation or assimilation, performed by the living organs in Animals and vegetables, by which a crude substance is changed into something of a higher order; as, the elaboration of food into chyme; the elaboration of chyle, or sap, or tissues
Footstalk - ) The peduncle or stem by which various marine Animals are attached, as certain brachiopods and goose barnacles
Cow - The female of the bovine genus of Animals a quadruped with cloven hoofs, whose milk furnishes an abundance of food and profit to the farmer
Cud - The food which ruminating Animals chew at leisure, when not grazing or eating or that portion of it which is brought from the first stomach and chewed at once
Eldest - It seems to always applied to persons or at least to Animals, and not to things
Zoophyte - ) Any one of numerous species of invertebrate Animals which more or less resemble plants in appearance, or mode of growth, as the corals, gorgonians, sea anemones, hydroids, bryozoans, sponges, etc
Myxomycetes - ) A class of peculiar organisms, the slime molds, formerly regarded as Animals (Mycetozoa), but now generally thought to be plants and often separated as a distinct phylum (Myxophyta)
Lycogen - It is found abundantly in the liver of most Animals, and in small quantity in other organs and tissues, particularly in the embryo
Dehiscence - ; also, the bursting open of follicles, as in the ovaries of Animals, for the expulsion of their contents
Jackal - ) Any one of several species of carnivorous Animals inhabiting Africa and Asia, related to the dog and wolf
Sinew - ]'>[1] ‘the sinew of the hip’) of Animals otherwise clean
Archetype - ) The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of Animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype
Milk - A white fluid or liquor, secreted by certain glands in female Animals, and drawn from the breasts for the nourishment of their young
Palmitin - ) A solid crystallizable fat, found abundantly in Animals and in vegetables
Divaricate - ) Forking and diverging; widely diverging; as the branches of a tree, or as lines of sculpture, or color markings on Animals, etc
Deer - These Animals are wild and hunted in the forest, or kept in parks
Reincarnation - Some forms of reincarnation include incarnations into Animals, plants, or inanimate objects
Weasel - This occurs only in Leviticus 11:29 as one of the unclean Animals
Slime - ) A mucuslike substance which exudes from the bodies of certain Animals
Shamble - ) A place for slaughtering Animals for meat
Mosquito - The females have a proboscis containing, within the sheathlike labium, six fine, sharp, needlelike organs with which they puncture the skin of man and Animals to suck the blood
Offspring - 1: γέννημα (Strong's #1081 — Noun Neuter — gennema — ghen'-nay-mah ) akin to genao, "to beget," denotes "the offspring of men and Animals," Matthew 3:7 ; 12:34 ; 23:33 ; Luke 3:7 , RV, "offspring" (AV, "generation")
Kosher - to meat of Animals slaughtered according to the requirements of Jewish law
Meat - ) The flesh of Animals used as food; esp
First-Born, Redemption of - But when the extensive plan of sacrificial worship was introduced, requiring a company of men to be exclusively devoted to this ministry, the primitive office of the first-born was superseded by that of the Levites (Numbers 3:11-13 ), and it was ordained that the first-born of man and of unclean Animals should henceforth be redeemed (18:15). ...
But the first-born of unclean Animals was either to be redeemed or sold and the price given to the priest (Leviticus 27:11-13,27 )
Clean - The division of Animals into clean and unclean was probably founded on the practice of sacrifice. The regulations regarding such Animals are recorded in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14:1-21
Lebanon - In the midst of all this tangled forest, there were many wild Animals of many varieties. The Lord is telling us by this figure that though a sinner in his desire to obtain forgiveness should gather together in one pile all the burnable material on this huge mountain, and then kill all the Animals that lived on that huge mountain, that sacrifice would not be sufficient to put away one sin
Team - ) A group of young Animals, especially of young ducks; a brood; a litter. ) Hence, a number of Animals moving together
Clean And Unclean - A distinction, most probably with reference to sacrifice, was made between clean and unclean Animals before the flood. Thus in Leviticus 11:1-47 and Deuteronomy 14:1-29 there are lists of Animals, birds, and fishes, which the Hebrews might and might not eat
Hyaena - " The only other instance in which it occurs is as a proper name, Zeboim, (1 Samuel 13:18 ) "the valley of hyaenas, "Aquila; (Nehemiah 11:34 ) The striped hyaena (Hyaena striata ) is found in Africa, Asia Minor, Arabia and Persia, and is more common in Palestine than any other carnivorous Animals except perhaps the jackal. --It often attacks Animals, and Sometimes digs up the dead bodies of men and beasts
First-Born - (1 Kings 1:30 ; 2:22 ) The male first-born of Animals was also devoted to God. (Exodus 13:2,12,13 ; 22:29 ; 34:19,20 ) Unclean Animals were to be redeemed with the addition of one-fifth of the value, or else put to death; or, if not redeemed, to be sold, and the price given to the priests
Mind - Human beings, being made in the image of God, are different from all other Animals (Genesis 1:27; see IMAGE). The mind does not result solely from the fact that a human being has a brain, for other Animals also have brains. There is something within humans that enables them to commune with God, to think, to reason and to understand in a way that Animals do not. The point that the Bible emphasizes is that because humans have minds they must think and behave differently from the other Animals (Psalms 32:8-9; Proverbs 1:2-6; Proverbs 18:15; Matthew 22:37; Philippians 1:9-10; 1 Peter 1:13-15; 2 Peter 2:12-16; see KNOWLEDGE; WISDOM)
Chamois - ]'>[3] , are both certainly incorrect, as neither of these Animals occurs in Palestine
Appetency - ) Specifically: An instinctive inclination or propensity in Animals to perform certain actions, as in the young to suck, in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim; the tendency of an organized body to seek what satisfies the wants of its organism
Watchman - Their responsibility was to guard the produce from Animals and thieves
Neigh - There is no real relationship between these Animals, and the Lord is calling upon men to remember divine relationships which have ordained human relationships and thus to maintain a godly, consistent life
Elephant - Elephants are the largest land Animals now existing
Barren - ) Incapable of producing offspring; producing no young; sterile; - said of women and female Animals
Colt - The young of the equine genus of Animals or horse kind
Fox - This animal burrows in the earth, is remarkable for his cunning, and preys on lambs, geese, hens or other small Animals
Prey - ) That which is or may be seized by Animals or birds to be devoured; hence, a person given up as a victim
Tough - ) Having the quality of flexibility without brittleness; yielding to force without breaking; capable of resisting great strain; as, the ligaments of Animals are remarkably tough
Horse-Leech - It fastens itself within the nostrils or mouths of Animals as they drink, and will suffer itself to be nearly torn in two before relaxing its hold
Tarsus - ) A plate of dense connective tissue or cartilage in the eyelid of man and many Animals; - called also tarsal cartilage, and tarsal plate
Blood - To blood is ascribed in Scripture the mysterious sacredness which belongs to life, and God reserved it to himself when allowing man the dominion over and the use of the lower Animals for food
Calf - 1: μόσχος (Strong's #3448 — Noun Masculine — moschos — mos'-khos ) primarily denotes "anything young," whether plants or the offspring of men or Animals, the idea being that which is tender and delicate; hence "a calf, young bull, heifer," Luke 15:23,27,30 ; Hebrews 9:12,19 ; Revelation 4:7
Sacrifice - The Lord clothed Adam and Eve with the skins of Animals, which in all probability had been offered in sacrifice (Genesis 3:21 ). A distinction also was made between clean and unclean Animals, which there is every reason to believe had reference to the offering up of sacrifices (Genesis 7:2,8 ), because Animals were not given to man as food till after the Flood
Boar - The Hebrews abhorred swine's flesh, and accordingly none of these Animals were reared, except in the district beyond the Sea of Galilee
Capillary - ) Resembling a hair; fine; minute; very slender; having minute tubes or interspaces; having very small bore; as, the capillary vessels of Animals and plants
Breeding - ) The raising or improving of any kind of domestic Animals; as, farmers should pay attention to breeding
Coop - ) An inclosure for keeping small Animals; a pen; especially, a grated box for confining poultry
Swine - See Animals
Egg - ) A simple cell, from the development of which the young of Animals are formed; ovum; germ cell
Haste - Celerity of motion speed swiftness dispatch expedition applied only to voluntary beings, as men and other Animals never to other bodies
Vertebrata - ) One of the grand divisions of the animal kingdom, comprising all Animals that have a backbone composed of bony or cartilaginous vertebrae, together with Amphioxus in which the backbone is represented by a simple undivided notochord
Absorbent - ) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in Animals, the extremities of the roots in plants
Mollusca - These Animals have an unsegmented bilateral body, with most of the organs and parts paired, but not repeated longitudinally
Lue - , of Animals
Sheep Market - Barclay thinks the "sheep market" was an enclosure for sheep and other Animals designed for sacrifice, outside the temple area on the east
Hook - hah, a "ring" inserted in the nostrils of Animals to which a cord was fastened for the purpose of restraining them (2 Kings 19:28 ; Isaiah 37:28,29 ; Ezekiel 29:4 ; 38:4 ). Properly a rush-rope for binding Animals, as in Revised Version margin
Neck - The part of an Animals body which is between the head and the trunk, and connects them. In man and many other Animals, this part is more slender than the trunk hence, 2
Knife - Knives were used most commonly for killing and skinning Animals and for killing sacrificial Animals (see Leviticus 7:2 ; Leviticus 8:15 ,Leviticus 8:15,8:20 ,Leviticus 8:20,8:25 ; Leviticus 9:8-15 ; 1 Samuel 9:24 )
Vampire - These bats are destitute of molar teeth, but have strong, sharp cutting incisors with which they make punctured wounds from which they suck the blood of horses, cattle, and other Animals, as well as man, chiefly during sleep. These bats feed upon insects and fruit, but were formerly erroneously supposed to suck the blood of man and Animals
Coney - One of the Animals the Israelites were not to eat: it is described as chewing the cud, but not dividing the hoof. The Hyrax is classed among the pachydermatous Animals
Family - In popular language, an order, class or genus of Animals or of other natural productions, having something in common, by which they are distinguished from others as, quadrupeds constitute a family of Animals, and we speak of the family or families of plants
Ark - Or NOAH'S ARK, a floating vessel built by Noah for the preservation of his family, and the several species of Animals, during the deluge. This form was admirably calculated to make it lie steady on the water, without rolling, which might have endangered the lives of the Animals within
Firstborn - The male first-born of Animals was also devoted to God. Unclean Animals were to be redeemed with the addition of one-fifth of the value, or else put to death; or, if not redeemed, to be sold, and the price given to the priests
Beast - In Hebrews 13:11 the AV and the RV translate it "beasts" ("animals" would be quite suitable). Once, in Hebrews 12:20 , it is used of the Animals in the camp of Israel, such, e. therion is never used of sacrificial Animals; the word ktenos (see below) is reserved for these. " In Scripture it signifies, (a) a "beast" of burden, Luke 10:34 ; Acts 23:24 , (b) "beasts" of any sort, apart from those signified by thereion (see above), 1 Corinthians 15:39 ; Revelation 18:13 , (c) Animals for slaughter; this meaning is not found in the NT, but is very frequent in the Sept
Sleep - The natural state of rest for human beings and Animals (Psalm 4:8 )
Chameleon - It is ranked among the unclean Animals in Leviticus 11:30 , where the Hebrew word so translated is Coah (RSV, "land crocodile")
Swine - hazir), regarded as the most unclean and the most abhorred of all Animals (Leviticus 11:7 ; Isaiah 65:4 ; 66:3,17 ; Luke 15:15,16 )
Cellulose - It is also found to a slight extent in certain Animals, as the tunicates
Sackcloth - Jonah 3:8 notes even Animals mourned in sackcloth
Wool - The thick hair forming the coat especially of sheep and some other Animals
Barrenness - The quality of not producing its kind want of the power of conception applied to Animals
Depressed - ) Having the vertical diameter shorter than the horizontal or transverse; - said of the bodies of Animals, or of parts of the bodies
Colt - ) The young of the equine genus or horse kind of Animals; - sometimes distinctively applied to the male, filly being the female
Forage - ) Food of any kind for Animals, especially for horses and cattle, as grass, pasture, hay, corn, oats
Idolatry - made by hands and the worship of the heavenly bodies,the sun, moon and stars, or of demons, angels, men and Animals
Road - ) A place where one may ride; an open way or public passage for vehicles, persons, and Animals; a track for travel, forming a means of communication between one city, town, or place, and another
Zooid - ) One of the individual Animals in a composite group, as of Anthozoa, Hydroidea, and Bryozoa; - sometimes restricted to those individuals in which the mouth and digestive organs are not developed
Wool - ) The soft and curled, or crisped, species of hair which grows on sheep and some other Animals, and which in fineness sometimes approaches to fur; - chiefly applied to the fleecy coat of the sheep, which constitutes a most essential material of clothing in all cold and temperate climates
Wool - That species of hair which grows on sheep and some other Animals, which in fineness sometimes approaches to fur
Manger - It means a crib or feeding trough; but according to Schleusner its real signification in the New Testament is the open court-yard attached to the inn or khan, in which the cattle would be shut at night, and where the poorer travellers might unpack their Animals and take up their lodging, when they mere either by want of means excluded from the house
Animal - Minerals are said to grow or increase, plants to grow and live, and Animals alone to have sensation. The Hebrews distinguished Animals into pure and impure, clean and unclean; or those which might be eaten and offered, and those whose use was prohibited. Calmet thinks, that the mutilation of Animals was neither permitted, nor used, among the Israelites. ...
Besides these three sorts of Animals, used in sacrifices, many others might be eaten, wild or tame; as the stag, the roe-buck, and in general all that have cloven feet, or that chew the cud, Leviticus 9:2-3 , &c. The fat of all sorts of Animals sacrificed was forbidden to be eaten. The blood of all kinds of Animals generally, and in all cases, was prohibited on pain of death, Leviticus 3:17 ; Leviticus 7:23-27 . Neither did the Israelites eat Animals which had been taken and touched by a devouring or impure beast, as a dog, a wolf, a boar, &c, Exodus 22:3 ; nor of any animal that died of itself. The distinction between clean and unclean Animals has been variously accounted for. Some have thought it symbolical, intended to teach the avoidance of those evil qualities for which the unclean Animals were remarkable; others, that, in order that the Hebrews might be preserved from idolatry, they were commanded to kill and eat many Animals which were sacred among the Egyptians, and were taught to look with abhorrence upon others which they reverenced. But it is not to be forgotten that this division of Animals into clean and unclean existed both before the law of Moses, and even prior to the flood. The critical attempts which have been made to show that Animals were allowed to man for food, previous to the flood, have wholly failed. ...
A second argument is furnished by the prohibition of blood for food, after Animals had been granted to man for his sustenance along with the "herb of the field. ...
If, therefore, the distinction of Animals into clean and unclean existed before the flood, and was founded upon the practice of animal sacrifice, we have not only a proof of the antiquity of that practice, but that it was of divine institution and appointment, since almighty God gave laws for its right and acceptable performance
Enquirers: Not to be Discouraged - 585, bishops were forbidden to keep dogs in their houses, or birds of prey, lest the poor should be bit by these Animals instead of being fed
Jaw - The taking of captives in war is sometimes pictured using the images of Animals led with bridles in their jaws (Isaiah 30:28 ) or fish carried away with hooks in theirs (Ezekiel 29:4 ; Ezekiel 38:4 )
Barbecue - ) A social entertainment, where many people assemble, usually in the open air, at which one or more large Animals are roasted or broiled whole
Corral - ) A pen for Animals; esp
Stork - They eat fish and an assortment of Animals that live around water
Sex - ) The distinguishing peculiarity of male or female in both Animals and plants; the physical difference between male and female; the assemblage of properties or qualities by which male is distinguished from female
Exclude - ) To thrust out or eject; to expel; as, to exclude young Animals from the womb or from eggs
Fibre - ) One of the delicate, threadlike portions of which the tissues of plants and Animals are in part constituted; as, the fiber of flax or of muscle
Whine - ) To utter a plaintive cry, as some Animals; to moan with a childish noise; to complain, or to tell of sorrow, distress, or the like, in a plaintive, nasal tone; hence, to complain or to beg in a mean, unmanly way; to moan basely
Sex - ) The distinguishing peculiarity of male or female in both Animals and plants; the physical difference between male and female; the assemblage of properties or qualities by which male is distinguished from female
Lacuna - ) A small opening; a small depression or cavity; a space, as a vacant space between the cells of plants, or one of the spaces left among the tissues of the lower Animals, which serve in place of vessels for the circulation of the body fluids, or the cavity or sac, usually of very small size, in a mucous membrane
Fibre - ) One of the delicate, threadlike portions of which the tissues of plants and Animals are in part constituted; as, the fiber of flax or of muscle
Trawl - ) To take fish, or other marine Animals, with a trawl
Satyrs - The gambols of these wild Animals on the ruins of Babylon mark is as an uninhabited and lonely waste
Meat - As related to the law of the Church, the flesh of Animals and birds, inasmuch as flesh is eaten by man
Manger - The word here properly denotes "the ledge or projection in the end of the room used as a stall on which the hay or other food of the Animals of travellers was placed
Community - Hence a number of Animals living in a common home or with some apparent association of interests
Hornet - Travellers relate that when a nest of such insects has been disturbed, the Animals and people have fled in terror, the stings being very painful, and occasionally causing death
Albino - The term is also used of the lower Animals, as white mice, elephants, etc
Cot - ) A pen, coop, or like shelter for small domestic Animals, as for sheep or pigeons; a cote
Proud - ) Excited by sexual desire; - applied particularly to the females of some Animals
Warren - ) A place privileged, by prescription or grant the king, for keeping certain Animals (as hares, conies, partridges, pheasants, etc
Tissue - ) One of the elementary materials or fibres, having a uniform structure and a specialized function, of which ordinary Animals and plants are composed; a texture; as, epithelial tissue; connective tissue
Brute - A beast any animal destitute of reason, and of course the word comprehends all Animals except man, but is applied mostly to the larger beasts
Baggage - 1: ἀποσκευάζω (Strong's #643 — Verb — episkeuazo — ap-osk-yoo-ad'-zo ) "to furnish with things necessary;" in the Middle Voice, "to furnish for oneself;" it was used of equipping baggage Animals for a journey; in Acts 21:15 , RV, it is translated "we took up our baggage" (AV, "we took up our carriages")
Knee - ) In the horse and allied Animals, the carpal joint, corresponding to the wrist in man
Toe - The fore part of the hoof of a horse, and of other hoofed Animals
Bladder - ) A bag or sac in Animals, which serves as the receptacle of some fluid; as, the urinary bladder; the gall bladder; - applied especially to the urinary bladder, either within the animal, or when taken out and inflated with air
Spider - " --Wood's Bible Animals
Knife - Used little at meals, but for slaughtering Animals and cutting up carcass (Genesis 22:6; Leviticus 7:33-34)
Bulla - ) The ovoid prominence below the opening of the ear in the skulls of many Animals; as, the tympanic or auditory bulla
Burrow - a hole in the ground made by certain Animals, as rabbits, for shelter and habitation
Botfly - ) A dipterous insect of the family (Estridae, of many different species, some of which are particularly troublesome to domestic Animals, as the horse, ox, and sheep, on which they deposit their eggs
Blubber - ) The fat of whales and other large sea Animals from which oil is obtained
Spot - Only Animals “without spot” (Numbers 28:3 ) could be used for an offering to Yahweh
Fourchette - ) The frog of the hoof of the horse and allied Animals
Pit - shachath, 'a pit, a pitfall to entrap Animals,' place of doom and corruption
Exhibition - ) That which is exhibited, held forth, or displayed; also, any public show; a display of works of art, or of feats of skill, or of oratorical or dramatic ability; as, an exhibition of Animals; an exhibition of pictures, statues, etc
Beast - It is usually applied to large Animals
Food - In a general sense, whatever is eaten by Animals for nourishment, and whatever supplies nutriment to plants
Unequal - 2 Corinthians 6:14 (a) The yoke that is used on Animals is always an equal one
Wool - The fleece of sheep and other Animals
Wart Hog - These Animals have a pair of large, rough, fleshy tubercles behind the tusks and second pair behind the eyes
Trichina - ) A small, slender nematoid worm (Trichina spiralis) which, in the larval state, is parasitic, often in immense numbers, in the voluntary muscles of man, the hog, and many other Animals
Bruise - A contusion a hurt upon the flesh of Animals, upon plants or other bodies, with a blunt or heavy instrument
Locust - 1: ἀκρίς (Strong's #200 — Noun Feminine — akris — ak-rece' ) occurs in Matthew 3:4 ; Mark 1:6 , of the Animals themselves, as forming part of the diet of John the Baptist; they are used as food; the Arabs stew them with butter, after removing the head, legs and wings
Lucoside - ) One of a large series of amorphous or crystalline substances, occurring very widely distributed in plants, rarely in Animals, and regarded as influental agents in the formation and disposition of the sugars
They - The men, the women, the Animals, the things
Venom - Venom is generally used to express noxious matter that is applied externally, or that is discharged from Animals, as that of bites and stings of serpents, scorpions, &c
Whale - The general name of an order of Animals inhabiting the ocean, arranged in zoology under the name of Cete or Cetacea, and belonging to the class Mammalia in the Linnean system
Bat - The fore feet have the toes connected by a membrane, expanded into a kind of wings, by means of which the Animals fly. These Animals fly in flocks from isle to isle, obscuring the sun by their numbers
Cud - Those Animals that did both of these were called clean Animals, and could be eaten
Bird - It is remarkable that a nation should lay aside the use of the proper generic name of flying Animals, and substitute the name of the young of those Animals, as the generic term
Blood - The life of all Animals was regarded as especially in the blood, which was a sacred and essential part of the sacrifices offered to God, Hebrews 9:22 . In direct opposition to this are the heathen customs of drinking the blood of Animals and even of men- of eating raw flesh, with the blood, and even fresh cut from the living animal, 1 Samuel 14:32 Psalm 16:4 Ezekiel 33:25
Bee - In a moment the whole swarm fell on the unfortunate Animals and on a fine horse standing near. One donkey was quickly stung to death, and all the other Animals were severely injured. That a swarm of bees should settle in a carcass ( Judges 14:8 ) is certainly an unusual occurrence, as indeed is suggested in the narrative, but the dried-up remains of Animals, little but hide and ribs, so plentiful by the roadsides in Palestine, often suggest suitable places for such a settlement
Dragon - Deuteronomy 32:33 (a) The counsel of wicked leaders and teachers is compared to the poison of cruel Animals. ...
Job 30:29 (a) Job compares his companions to evil, ugly, horrible Animals who brought only dismay to his heart. ...
Psalm 44:19 (a) The writer compares his spiritual condition with the dark, dank place inhabited by wild Animals
Animals, Clean And Unclean - The first time we read of clean and unclean Animals is when Noah went into the ark: he was instructed to take seven pairs of each of the clean beasts and clean fowls and only two of the unclean; we have no instructions as to how Noah distinguished them, but it shows that in early days there was a distinction between the clean and unclean. What Animals were to be offered are distinctly specified, and what Animals might be eaten as clean and what might not be eaten as unclean are given in detail. These Animals in their habits and instincts were used of God to teach His people as to habits and ways of the flesh that were unclean in His sight. ...
We know from other scriptures that the Animals described here as unclean are not really so, but good as creatures of God; yet they were by Israel to be regarded as unclean and an abomination
Herd - A number of Animals kept together under human control
Abomination - The term was used respecting the Hebrews in Egypt, Genesis 43:32 Exodus 8:26 , either because they ate and sacrificed Animals held sacred by the Egyptians, or because they did not observe those ceremonies in eating which made a part of the religion of Egypt; and in Genesis 46:34 , because they were "wandering shepherds," a race of whom had grievously oppressed Egypt
Lamps - Lamps of bronze have also been found, sometimes patterned after symbolic Animals
Goat - THE WILD GOATSwere larger Animals and lived on the mountains
Drown - Literally, to overwhelm in water an appropriately, to extinguish life by immersion in water or other fluid applied to Animals also, to suspend animation by submersion
Female - Among Animals, one of that sex which conceives and brings forth young
Floating - ) Free or lose from the usual attachment; as, the floating ribs in man and some other Animals
Death - ) The cessation of all vital phenomena without capability of resuscitation, either in Animals or plants
Abomination - The Jews were an abomination to the Egyptians and the sacred Animals of the Egyptians were an abomination to the Jews
Conjugation - ) A kind of sexual union; - applied to a blending of the contents of two or more cells or individuals in some plants and lower Animals, by which new spores or germs are developed
Dredge - (c) An iron frame, with a fine net attached, used in collecting Animals living at the bottom of the sea
Being - Animals are such beings, as are endowed with sensation and spontaneous motion
Dwarf - This word when used alone usually refers to the human species, but sometimes to other Animals
Terrestrial - ) Of or pertaining to the earth; existing on the earth; earthly; as, terrestrial Animals
Thrush - ) An inflammatory and suppurative affection of the feet in certain Animals
Difference - There is a difference in nature between Animals and plants a difference in form between the genera and species of Animals a difference of quality in paper and a difference in degrees of heat, or of light
Fruit - In a general sense, whatever the earth produces for the nourishment of Animals, or for clothing or profit. The produce of Animals offspring young as the fruit of the womb, of the loins, of the body
Leap - To spring or rise from the ground with both feet, as man, or with all the feet, as other Animals to jump to vault as, a man leaps over a fence, or leaps upon a horse. Embrace of Animals
Language - The inarticulate sounds by which irrational Animals express their feelings and wants. Each species of Animals has peculiar sounds, which are uttered instinctively, and are understood by its own species, and its own species only
Ark - arca, denotes a kind of floating vessel built by Noah, for the preservation of himself and family, with several species of Animals during the deluge. Hales proves the ark to have been of the burden of forty-two thousand four hundred and thirteen tons; and asks, "Can we doubt of its being sufficient to contain eight persons, and about two hundred or two hundred and fifty pair of four-footed Animals, (a number to which, according to M. Buffon, all the various distinct species may be reduced,) together with all the subsistence necessary for a twelvemonth, with the fowls of the air, and such reptiles and insects as cannot live under water?" All these various Animals were controlled by the power of God, whose special agency is supposed in the whole transaction, and "the lion was made to lie down with the kid. During the long period between the creation and the flood, Animals must have spread themselves over a great part of the antediluvian earth, and certain Animals would, as now, probably become indigenous to certain climates. But of such marches no intimation is given in the history; and this seems to render it probable that the Animals which Noah was "to bring with him" into the ark, were the Animals clean and unclean of the country in which he dwelt, and which, from the capacity of the ark, must have been in great variety and number. Thus we may easily account for the exuviae of Animals, whose species no longer exist, which have been discovered in various places. It is, in truth, the only solution of a difficulty which has no other explanation; for as a universal deluge is confirmed by the general history of the world, and by a variety of existing facts and monuments, such a structure as the ark, for the preservation and sustenance of various Animals, seems to have been absolutely necessary; for as we can trace up the first imperfect rudiments of the art of ship building among the Greeks, there could be no ships before the flood; and, consequently, no Animals could have been saved
Hunting - Wild Animals and birds were, however, appreciated as food ( Leviticus 17:13 , 1 Samuel 26:20 etc. Deeds of prowess in the slaughter of such Animals by Samson in self-defence ( Judges 14:6 ), David the shepherd to rescue his charges ( 1 Samuel 17:34 ), and Benaiah ( 2 Samuel 23:20 ) gained for these men abiding fame. ...
Among the Animals hunted for food were the gazelle, the hart, the roebuck, and the wild goat (Deuteronomy 12:15 ; Deuteronomy 12:22 ; Deuteronomy 14:5 etc. ), pits, in which there might be a net, dug and concealed to entrap the larger Animals ( Psalms 9:15 , Ezekiel 19:8 etc
Food - Christians were forbidden to eat the flesh of Animals portions of which had been offered to idols. The Animals killed for meat were: calves, lambs, oxen, harts, roebucks and fallow deer, and other clean Animals; birds of various kinds; fish, with the exception of such as were without scales and fins
Harness - 'asar, "to bind;" hence the act of fastening Animals to a cart (1 Samuel 6:7,10 ; Jeremiah 46:4 , etc
Chestnut - ) One of the round, or oval, horny plates on the inner sides of the legs of the horse, and allied Animals
Bruise - ) An injury to the flesh of Animals, or to plants, fruit, etc
Carnal - The ceremonial of the Mosaic law is spoken of as "carnal," because it related to things outward, the bodies of men and of Animals, and the purification of the flesh (Hebrews 7:16 ; 9:10 )
Bittern - See Animals
East Wind - wind (chamsin ) is what is most hurtful in Egypt to Animals and vegetation
Generation - The act of begetting procreation, as of Animals
Vascular - ) Operating by means of, or made up of an arrangement of, vessels; as, the vascular system in Animals, including the arteries, veins, capillaries, lacteals, etc
Who - As interrogative pronouns, who and whom ask the question: What or which person or persons? Who and whom, as relative pronouns (in the sense of that), are properly used of persons (corresponding to which, as applied to things), but are sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of Animals, plants, etc
Vegetable - ) A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic Animals, as the cabbage, turnip, potato, bean, dandelion, etc
Dung - Among the Israelites, the dung of Animals was used only for manure, but, when dried, for fuel
Badger Skins - The skins referred to are probably those of these marine Animals, some of which are found in the Red Sea
Highways - Though during the sway of the Romans over Palestine they made a few substantial roads for their carts and chariots, yet for the most of the time, as today, the Jews had nothing such as we call roads, but only footpaths through which Animals walk in single file
Beast - This word is used of flocks or herds of grazing Animals (Exodus 22:5 ; Numbers 20:4,8,11 ; Psalm 78:48 ); of beasts of burden (Genesis 45:17 ); of eatable beasts (Proverbs 9:2 ); and of swift beasts or dromedaries (Isaiah 60:6 ). Animals of different kinds were to be always kept separate (Leviticus 19:19 ; Deuteronomy 22:10 )
Fur - ) The short, fine, soft hair of certain Animals, growing thick on the skin, and distinguished from the hair, which is longer and coarser. ) The skins of certain wild Animals with the fur; peltry; as, a cargo of furs
Bat - The Jewish legislator having enumerated the Animals legally unclean as well beasts as birds, closes his catalogue with a creature whose equivocal properties seem to exclude it from both those classes; it is too much a bird to be properly a mouse, and too much a mouse to be properly a bird. " It is prophesied, Isaiah 2:20 , "In that day shall they cast away their idols to the moles and to the bats;" that is, they shall carry them into the dark caverns, old ruins, or desolate places, to which they shall fly for refuge, and so shall give them up, and relinquish them to the filthy Animals that frequent such places, and have taken possession of them as their proper habitation
Warm - The flesh of living Animals is warm, if their blood is warm. But some Animals have not warm blood
Mole - chaphôr-pçrôth (?‘ burrowing Animals’), Isaiah 2:20 , may apply to rats, mice, jerboas, etc
Black - Often used to denote the color of physical objects: hair (Leviticus 13:31 ,Leviticus 13:31,13:37 ; Song of Song of Solomon 5:11 ), skin (Job 30:30 ; Song of Song of Solomon 1:5-6 ; Lamentations 4:8 ), the sky as a sign of rain (1 Kings 18:45 ), and Animals (Genesis 30:32-43 ; Zechariah 6:2 ,Zechariah 6:2,6:6 ; Revelation 6:5 )
Standards - The forms were imitations of Animals (1), emblems of deities (2), and symbols of power and wisdom (3)
Belly - ) The under part of the body of Animals, corresponding to the human belly
Cell - ) One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of Animals and plants are composed
Nest - Any place where irrational Animals are produced
Worm - See Animals
Medicine - Any substance, liquid or solid, that has the property of curing or mitigating disease in Animals, or that is used for that purpose
Poundage - ) Confinement of cattle, or other Animals, in a public pound
Turnpike - ) A gate or bar set across a road to stop carriages, Animals, and sometimes people, till toll is paid for keeping the road in repair; a tollgate
Skirt - ) The diaphragm, or midriff, in Animals
Reproduce - ) To produce again, by generation or the like; to cause the existence of (something of the same class, kind, or nature as another thing); to generate or beget, as offspring; as, to reproduce a rose; some Animals are reproduced by gemmation
Lammergeier - It feeds partly on carrion and partly on small Animals, which it kills
Paddle - To play in the water with the hands, as children or with the feet, as fowls or other Animals
Gods - Innumerable Animals, deceased men, all ages, passions, and conditions of man, and every thing which fear, lust, malice, pride, or caprice could suggest, were made objects of worship
Vision - Vision is far more perfect and acute in some Animals than in man
Dia'na - The head wore a mural crown, each hand held a bar of metal, and the lower part ended in a rude block covered with figures of Animals and mystic inscriptions
Ame - ) Animals pursued and taken by sportsmen; wild meats designed for, or served at, table. ) Of or pertaining to such Animals as are hunted for game, or to the act or practice of hunting
Money Changers - ...
Money changers were in the area with vendors who sold Animals, birds, and other items used in Temple worship and sacrifices. ...
In anger at this corruption of the purpose of the Temple, Jesus turned over the tables of the money changers and drove them and the sellers of Animals out of the Temple court (Matthew 21:12 )
Beasts - This word, used in contradistinction to man, denotes all Animals besides, Psalm 36:6 , sometimes it means quadrupeds, and not creeping things, Leviticus 11:2-7 ; and sometimes domestic cattle, in distinction from wild creatures, Genesis 1:25 . Animals were classed in the law as clean or unclean, with a primary reference to animal sacrifices, Genesis 7:2 Leviticus 11:1-47 The word beasts is figuratively used to symbolize various kings and nations, Psalm 74:14 Isaiah 27:1 Ezekiel 29:3 Daniel 7:1-28,8 Revelation 12:13
Tooth - A bony substance growing out of the jaws of Animals, and serving as the instrument of mastication. The teeth of Animals differ in shape, being destined for different offices
Helpmeet - The adjective “meet” (translated suitable, comparable, or corresponding) stresses that woman, unlike the Animals (Genesis 2:20 ), can be truly one with man (Genesis 2:24 ), that is, enjoy full fellowship and partnership in humanity's God-given task (Genesis 1:27-28 )
Coral - The coral is a cretaceous marine product, the deposit by minute polypous Animals of calcareous matter in cells in which the animal lives
Roar, Roaring - ...
A — 2: ὠρύομαι (Strong's #5612 — Verb — oruomai — o-roo'-om-ahee ) "to howl" or "roar," onomatopoeic, of Animals or men, is used of a lion, 1 Peter 5:8 , as a simile of Satan
Bate - ) An alkaline solution consisting of the dung of certain Animals; - employed in the preparation of hides; grainer
Harmon - Whatever the precise reading of the original, Amos' intention was to describe the drastic fate waiting the sinful women of Samaria, a fate using terminology connected with slaughter of Animals and exile
Boil - Since this plague affected both Animals and men, many have suggested the malignant pustule of cutaneous anthrax as the sore or boil mentioned
Cyst - ) A small capsule or sac of the kind in which many immature entozoans exist in the tissues of living Animals; also, a similar form in Rotifera, etc
Holocaust - Only Animals could be offered in holocaust, which was regarded as the highest and most complete expression of man's reverence to God
Fallow-Deer - ]'>[1] among the clean Animals ( Deuteronomy 14:5 ), and in the list of game furnished for Solomon’s daily table ( 1 Kings 4:23 )
Chains - Animals such as camels might also wear ornamental chains (Judges 8:26 )
Calf - The young of the cow or other closely related Animals
Snare - Trap to catch birds and Animals
Inhabitant - So brute Animals are inhabitants of the regions to which their natures are adapted and we speak of spiritual beings, as inhabitants of heaven
Differentiation - ) The gradual formation or production of organs or parts by a process of evolution or development, as when the seed develops the root and the stem, the initial stem develops the leaf, branches, and flower buds; or in animal life, when the germ evolves the digestive and other organs and members, or when the Animals as they advance in organization acquire special organs for specific purposes
Herd - ) One who herds or assembles domestic Animals; a herdsman; - much used in composition; as, a shepherd; a goatherd, and the like
Ossifrage - He pushes kids, lambs, hares, calves, and even men off the rocks, and takes the bones of Animals high up in the air, and lets them fall on stones to crack them and render them more digestible
Lobe - ) A body of troops, or of men or Animals, drawn up in a circle; - a military formation used by the Romans, answering to the modern infantry square
Degrade - ) To degenerate; to pass from a higher to a lower type of structure; as, a family of plants or Animals degrades through this or that genus or group of genera
Lobe - ) A body of troops, or of men or Animals, drawn up in a circle; - a military formation used by the Romans, answering to the modern infantry square
Mouse - In the Scriptures, is used chiefly of the field mouse, but probably includes various species of these Animals, some of which were eaten
Safe - A place of safety a place for securing provisions from noxious Animals
Scent - Odor smell that substance which issuing from a body, affects the olfactory organs of Animals as the scent of an orange or an apple the scent of musk
Food - In the law of Moses there are special regulations as to the Animals to be used for food (Leviticus 11 ; Deuteronomy 14:3-21 ). The Jews were also forbidden to use as food anything that had been consecrated to idols (Exodus 34:15 ), or Animals that had died of disease or had been torn by wild beasts (Exodus 22:31 ; Leviticus 22:8 )
Manger - ’ It probably came to mean a certain number of Animals, as ‘a pair’ or ‘team’ ( 1 Kings 4:26 , 2 Chronicles 9:25 ) [6]. ’ Or, in the crowded khân , only the Animals’ quarters may have afforded shelter
Hare - Rodent Animals, as the hare and the hyrax, keep down the undue growth of their teeth, which grow during life, by grinding with their jaws. The sacred legislator did not design the classification of a scientific naturalist or a comparative anatomist, but to furnish a popular mode of recognizing Animals the flesh of which was not to be eaten
History - Description an account of things that exist as natural history, which comprehends a description of the works of nature, particularly of Animals, plants and minerals a history of Animals, or zoology a history of plants
Tents - ...
Zechariah 14:15 (b) The Animals of the enemies of GOD were to be punished as the people were punished. They would be afflicted in their stables, for evidently the Animals were kept in tents of skins
Leopard - Probably, these Animals were numerous in Palestine; as we find places with a name intimating their having been the haunts of leopards: Nimrah, Numbers 32:3 ; Beth-Nimrah, Numbers 32:36 ; Joshua 13:27 ; and "waters of Nimrim," Isaiah 15:6 ; Jeremiah 48:34 ; and "mountains of leopards," Song of Solomon 4:8 . Even Animals shall lose their fierceness and cruelty, and become gentle and tame
Mouse - Judea has suffered by these Animals in other times. Bochart has collected many curious accounts relative to the terrible devastation made by these Animals
Worm - ) Any small creeping animal or reptile, either entirely without feet, or with very short ones, including a great variety of Animals; as, an earthworm; the blindworm. ) A certain muscular band in the tongue of some Animals, as the dog; the lytta
Unicorn - ...
Wild buffalo occur in many parts of Africa and India, where they live in great troops in the forests, and are regarded as excessively fierce and dangerous Animals. The hunters never venture in any numbers to oppose these ferocious Animals face to face; but conceal themselves in the thickets or in the branches of the trees, whence they attack the buffaloes as they pass along
Birds - They fed on small Animals that they killed themselves and on the carcasses of larger Animals that had either died or been killed by wild beasts
Flesh - This word can also be applied to the “meaty part” of Animals ( Animals. ...
About 50 times, “flesh” represents the “physical aspect” of man or Animals as contrasted with the spirit, soul, or heart (the nonphysical aspect). 5:26
: “For who is there of all flesh, that hath heard the voice of the living God …?” In another place, this phrase refers to “all living creatures within the cosmos,” or all men and Animals ( Creation - The act of making, by new combinations of matter, invested with new forms and properties, and of subjecting to different laws the act of shaping and organizing as the creation of man and other Animals, of plants, minerals, &c
Hornet - " "The furious attack of a swarm of hornets drives cattle and horses to madness, and has even caused the death of the Animals
Hagarene - "A Hagarite had charge of David's flocks, and an Ishmaelite of his herds, because the Animals were pastured in districts where these nomadic people were accustomed to feed their cattle
Drink-Offering - "Drink offerings of blood" (Psalm 16:4 ) is used in allusion to the heathen practice of mingling the blood of Animals sacrificed with wine or water, and pouring out the mixture in the worship of the gods, and the idea conveyed is that the psalmist would not partake of the abominations of the heathen
Doe - See Animals
Multiply - To increase in number to make more by natural generation or production, or by addition as, to multiply men, horses or other Animals to multiply evils
Cage - ) A box or inclosure, wholly or partly of openwork, in wood or metal, used for confining birds or other Animals
Bench - ) A collection or group of dogs exhibited to the public; - so named because the Animals are usually placed on benches or raised platforms
Domestic - ) Living in or near the habitations of man; domesticated; tame as distinguished from wild; as, domestic Animals
Frill - ) A similar ruffle around the legs or other appendages of Animals
Propagate - ) To cause to continue or multiply by generation, or successive production; - applied to Animals and plants; as, to propagate a breed of horses or sheep; to propagate a species of fruit tree
Breath - The air inhaled and expelled in the respiration of Animals
Sling - It was used by shepherds to keep off such Animals as wolves; David had one with which he smote Goliath
Frog - ) The triangular prominence of the hoof, in the middle of the sole of the foot of the horse, and other Animals; the fourchette
Exclude - To thrust out to eject as, to exclude young Animals from the womb or from eggs
Tapeworm - The head is small, destitute of a mouth, but furnished with two or more suckers (which vary greatly in shape in different genera), and sometimes, also, with hooks for adhesion to the walls of the intestines of the Animals in which they are parasitic
Leopard - namer ) is invariably given by the Authorized Version as the translation of the Hebrew word, which occurs in the seven following passages: ( Song of Solomon 4:8 ; Isaiah 11:6 ; Jeremiah 5:6 ; 13:23 ; Daniel 7:6 ; Hosea 13:7 ); Habb 1:8 Leopard occurs also in Sirach 28:23 and in ( Revelation 13:2 ) From (Song of Solomon 4:8 ) we learn that the hilly ranges of Lebanon were in ancient times frequented by these Animals
Fat - , about the stomach, the entrails, the kidneys, and the tail of a sheep, which grows to an excessive size in many eastern countries, and produces a large quantity of rich fat, were forbidden to be eaten in the case of Animals offered to Jehovah in sacrifice
Tares - " The seeds are poisonous to man and herbivorous Animals, producing sleepiness, nausea, convulsions and even death (they are harmless to poultry)
Changer - In the court of the Gentiles, in the temple precincts, were the seats of those who sold selected and approved Animals for sacrifice, and other things
Mash - ) A mixture of meal or bran and water fed to Animals
Musk - The term is also applied to secretions of various other Animals, having a similar odor
Music - ) A more or less musical sound made by many of the lower Animals
Dung - Directions for personal cleanliness are given in Deuteronomy 23:10-14 ; and in the case of sacrifices the dung of the Animals was burnt outside the camp ( Exodus 29:14 , Leviticus 4:11-12 ; Leviticus 8:17 , Numbers 19:5 )
Fat - , about the stomach, the entrails, the kidneys, and the tail of a sheep, which grows to an excessive size in many eastern countries, and produces a large quantity of rich fat, were forbidden to be eaten in the case of Animals offered to Jehovah in sacrifice
Yoke, Yoked - ...
A — 2: ζεῦγος (Strong's #2201 — Noun Neuter — zeugos — dzyoo'-gos ) "a pair of Animals," Luke 14:19
Unclean - ...
Acts 10:28 (a) The "animals" that Peter saw in the sheet represent peoples who had been cleansed by the sacrifice of CHRIST, the Blood had put away their evil, and they were fit for Heaven. The Lord shows them in the sheet as Animals because that was our natural state. Now Peter is to be sent to the Gentiles, who were considered only as unclean Animals in the sight of the Jews
Flood, the - The clean Animals were doubtless only four in number: the ox, the sheep, the goat,and the pigeon — those offered in sacrifice; the distinction between clean and unclean Animals for food was made long after. ...
Again it has been asked, How could the Animals have been fed for a full year? and what could have prevented the wild Animals devouring one another? Scripture does not say how the Animals were fed. Men, and even professing Christians, scoff at this, because of their knowledge of physiology; but even history proves that carnivorous Animals will feed upon vegetation when they cannot get animal food, and vice versa
Sower, Sowing - The "drawing out" of the seed is noticed, as the most characteristic action of the sower, in (Psalm 126:6 ) (Authorized Version "precious") and (Amos 9:13 ) In wet soils the seed was trodden in by the feet of Animals
Itch - Animals suffering from a skin disorder were unsuitable for sacrifice (Leviticus 22:22 )
Raven - When they attack kids or lambs or weak Animals, it is said that they first pick out the eyes of their victims (Proverbs 30:17 )
Armature - the protective outfit of some Animals and plants
Jabal - " Abel fed sheep and goats, Jabal also larger Animals, "cattle
Manger - The elevated section was the family's living quarters, while the lower section housed the family's Animals
Alive - Having life, in opposition to dead living being in a state in which the organs perform their functions, and the fluids move, whether in Animals or vegetables as, the man or plant is alive
Posts, - By dividing large districts into small departments with a post-house in each, in which 'runners' and Animals were always kept ready, despatches could quickly be dispersed in various directions
Hide - ) The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed; - generally applied to the undressed skins of the larger domestic Animals, as oxen, horses, etc
Gazelle - ]'>[4] ghazal , also zabi ) is one of the commonest of the larger Animals of Palestine; it is one of the most beautiful and graceful of antelopes
Miracle - They are a manifestation of the power of God over nature (Joshua 10:121-14), Animals (Numbers 22:28), people (Genesis 19:26), and illness (2 Kings 5:1014)
Pit - )...
(2) Shachath , "sunk and lightly covered [1]" to entrap Animals (Psalms 9:16; Psalms 35:7); typifying "hopeless doom" (Job 33:18; Job 33:24; Job 33:28; Job 33:30)
Safe - ) A ventilated or refrigerated chest or closet for securing provisions from noxious Animals or insects
Ossifrage - It well deserves its name ossifrage, bone breaker , for "not only does he push kids and lambs and even men off the rocks, but he takes the bones of Animals that other birds of prey have denuded of the flesh high up into the air and lets them fall upon a stone in order to crack them and render them more digestible even for his enormous powers of deglutition
Sheep - Animals important to the economy of ancient Israel and her neighbors. Ts'on is a collective term for small domesticated Animals, particularly sheep and goats
Grass - Herbage suitable for consumption by grazing Animals (Job 6:5 ). Yereq refers to pale yellow, green, or gold plants: the green herbs Animals eat (Genesis 1:30 ; Genesis 9:3 ; Numbers 22:4 ); the green sprouts of trees (Exodus 10:15 ); God's judgment destroys the green things (Isaiah 15:6 )
Inn - People and Animals stayed together. The primary services that could be depended upon were water for the family and Animals and a place to spread a pallet
Firstborn - 10:36); in this passage, the word is applied to Animals. The Animals were to be sacrificed, redeemed, or killed, while the male children were redeemed either by being replaced with Levites or by the payment of a redemption price ( Tribe - A number of things having certain characters or resemblances, in common as a tribe of plants a tribe of Animals. ...
By recent naturalists, tribe has been used for a division of Animals or vegetables, intermediate between order and genus
Hiss - To make a sound by driving the breath between the tongue and the upper teeth to give a strong aspiration, resembling the noise made by a serpent and some other Animals, or that of water thrown on hot iron
Gehenna - Here the dead bodies of Animals and of criminals, and all kinds of filth, were cast and consumed by fire kept always burning
Chap - ) One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; - commonly in the plural, and used of Animals, and colloquially of human beings
Buff - ) A sort of leather, prepared from the skin of the buffalo, dressed with oil, like chamois; also, the skins of oxen, elks, and other Animals, dressed in like manner
Elath - Elath would then be the mainland base to which goods were transferred for loading onto pack Animals for the long caravan travels northward to Judah, Israel, Syria, or Phoenicia or for travels eastward to Assyria or Babylonia or westward to Egypt
Colony - ) A number of Animals or plants living or growing together, beyond their usual range
Dragon - A genus of Animals, the Draco
Regeneration - ) The reproduction of a part which has been removed or destroyed; re-formation; - a process especially characteristic of a many of the lower Animals; as, the regeneration of lost feelers, limbs, and claws by spiders and crabs
Row - ) To increase in size by a natural and organic process; to increase in bulk by the gradual assimilation of new matter into the living organism; - said of Animals and vegetables and their organs
Fly - The stings of the flies in the East are very painful, and torment the Animals almost to madness
Brain - ) The whitish mass of soft matter (the center of the nervous system, and the seat of consciousness and volition) which is inclosed in the cartilaginous or bony cranium of vertebrate Animals
Hinduism - The elastic pantheistic all-god Brahma admits all varieties of worship from the higher monotheistic to the popular depraved worship of nature, demons, Animals, and trees, together with fetishism, totemism, and animism
Swine - One of the Animals classed among the unclean, and which is supposed to have been held in abhorrence as food by the Jews
Rend, Tear - Wild Animals “rend” or “tear” their prey ( Row - ) To increase in size by a natural and organic process; to increase in bulk by the gradual assimilation of new matter into the living organism; - said of Animals and vegetables and their organs
Lick - ) A place where salt is found on the surface of the earth, to which wild Animals resort to lick it up; - often, but not always, near salt springs
Whale - The original word representing "whale" is often translated "dragon" or "leviathan," and according to the derivation of the Hebrew, the word denotes a creature of great length, without being restricted to marine Animals
Lip - The lips are two fleshy or muscular parts, composing the exterior of the mouth in man and many other Animals
Flesh - The substance of which the bodies of men and Animals are composed
Cooking - Few Animals were slaughtered except for purposes of hospitality or festivity
Pit - —In the Gospels βόθυνος is used only of a place into which Animals or men might stumble by accident (Matthew 12:11), or in consequence of blindness (Matthew 15:14, Luke 6:39, Authorized Version ‘ditch,’ but Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘pit’)
Roe, Roebuck - In the Levitical economy it was ranked with the clean Animals
Meekness - The use of the Greek word when applied to Animals makes this clear, for it means "tame" when applied to wild Animals. In other words, such Animals have not lost their strength but have learned to control the destructive instincts that prevent them from living in harmony with others
Child - Used also of Animals and plants
Bestiaries - (Latin: bestia, wild beast) Books in prose or verse, containing descriptions and illustrations of Animals, fabled and real
Bestiary - (Latin: bestia, wild beast) Books in prose or verse, containing descriptions and illustrations of Animals, fabled and real
Day's Journey - From 20 to 30 miles is probably a fair estimate of an average day’s journey with baggage Animals
Fable - A short, fictitious story that uses Animals or inanimate objects as characters to teach ethical or practical lessons
Bud - ) A small protuberance on certain low forms of Animals and vegetables which develops into a new organism, either free or attached
Mule - Mules are preferred in Palestine to-day as pack Animals (cf
Articulate - ) Jointed; formed with joints; consisting of segments united by joints; as, articulate Animals or plants
Bear - Next to the lion, the bear was considered the most dangerous of Animals to encounter ( Proverbs 28:15 ), and that it should be subdued was to be one of the wonders of the Messiah’s kingdom ( Isaiah 11:7 )
Beast - (2) chayyâh , used of Animals in general but specially ‘wild beasts’; see Genesis 7:14 ; Genesis 8:1 ; Genesis 9:2 etc
Conjugate - ) To unite in a kind of sexual union, as two or more cells or individuals among the more simple plants and Animals
Roup - ) A variously limited assemblage of Animals or plants, having some resemblance, or common characteristics in form or structure
Barren - Not producing young, or offspring applied to Animals
Bold - Daring courageous brave intrepid fearless applied to men or other Animals as, bold as a lion
Beast - Besides the ordinary use of this word — such as distinguishing all Animals from man, Exodus 9:10 ; Psalm 36:6 ; and as specifying quadrupeds from fowls and creeping things, Genesis 8:19 — the word is used symbolically for: ...
a
Window - ...
Malachi 3:10 (b) This type probably is based on the fact that the windows, or upper doors of the buildings, were often open to throw out feed for the Animals
Badgers' Skins - The word tachash has been referred to several Animals, principally the seal or dugong
Fat - Apparently, as to the fat, this refers to that "of ox, or of sheep, or of goat," the Animals of sacrifice, and to the fat of any animal that died of itself, or was torn of beasts
Mule - Mules were among the Animals that were brought as presents by the nations to Solomon
Colony - A collection of Animals as colonies of shell-fish
Folk - Animals
Tube - ) A more or less cylindrical, and often spiral, case secreted or constructed by many annelids, crustaceans, insects, and other Animals, for protection or concealment
Track - ) To draw along continuously, as a vessel, by a line, men or Animals on shore being the motive power; to tow
Universal - (universal affirmative) All men are Animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient
Mad - ) Furious with rage, terror, or disease; - said of the lower Animals; as, a mad bull; esp
Roup - ) A variously limited assemblage of Animals or plants, having some resemblance, or common characteristics in form or structure
Language - ) The inarticulate sounds by which Animals inferior to man express their feelings or their wants
Lip - ) One of the two fleshy folds which surround the orifice of the mouth in man and many other Animals
Laver - They were used for washing the Animals to be offered in burnt offerings
Horn - Of Animals were used as drinking vessels, and to hold ointments, perfumes, etc
Sense - the five senses of Animals are sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste
Serpent - Serpents are amphibious Animals, breathing through the mouth bymeans of lungs only having tapering bodies, without a distinct neck the jaws not articulated, but dilatable, and withour feet, fins or ears
Lice - Some commentators, and indeed modern writers generally, suppose that gnats are the Animals intended by the original word; while, on the other hand, the Jewish rabbis, Josephus and others, are in favor of the translation of the Authorized Version
Deluge, the -
Aquatic Animals would have been killed by the mixture of sea and fresh water.
The collecting, housing in the ark, and feeding of such an enormous number of Animals seems impossible
Flood, the -
Aquatic Animals would have been killed by the mixture of sea and fresh water.
The collecting, housing in the ark, and feeding of such an enormous number of Animals seems impossible
Jackal - for both Animals, but most of the references are most suitably tr. Both Animals have a weakness for grapes ( Song of Solomon 2:15 )
Artemis - Artemis was the goddess who watched over nature for both humans and Animals. She was the patron deity of wild Animals, protecting them from ruthless treatment and at the same time regulating the rules of hunting activities for humans
Abstinence - The Jews were commanded to abstain from several sorts of Animals. ...
The fat of all sorts of Animals that were sacrificed was forbidden to be eaten, Leviticus 3:17 ; Leviticus 7:23 ; and the blood of every animal, in general, was prohibited under pain of death
Meats - The Hebrews had several kinds of Animals which they refused to eat. Among domestic Animals they only ate the cow, the sheep, and the goat; the hen and pigeon, among domestic birds; beside several kinds of wild Animals
Coney - "He is above all other Animals so much attached to the rocks, that I never once," says Mr. David describes him very pertinently, and joins him to other Animals perfectly known: ‘The hills are a refuge for the wild goats, and the rocks for the saphan:' and Solomon says that ‘they are exceeding wise,' that they are ‘but a feeble folk, yet make their houses in the rocks. Lastly, what leaves the thing without doubt is, that some of the Arabs, particularly Damir, say that the saphan has no tail, that it is less than a cat, that it lives in houses or nests, which it builds of straw, in contradistinction to the rabbit and the rat, and those Animals that burrow in the ground
Life - In a general sense, that state of Animals and plants, or of an organized being, in which its natural functions and motions are performed, or in which its organs are capable of performing their functions. In Animals, animation vitality and in man, that state of being in which the soul and body are united. Animals in general animal being
Ass - This indicated loss of pride and prestige, for asses were apparently the riding Animals for leaders and for the nobility (compare Judges 10:4 ; Judges 12:14 ; see below on ayir ). These were apparently riding Animals reserved for nobility ( Judges 10:4 ; Judges 12:14 ; Zechariah 9:9 ). Such Animals explore mountain pastures for food (Job 39:8 ). These Animals were kept in stalls and watered as a natural part of peasant life ( Luke 13:15 ). Jesus showed care for the Animals which stricter Jews were prone to let lie in pits in order to obey religious rules
Food - Other forbidden food was the meat of certain Animals that Israelite law considered unclean (Leviticus 11; see UNCLEANNESS). ...
Food from Animals...
Animals that Israelites most commonly used for meat were those Animals that were suitable for sacrifice, such as cattle, sheep and goats. ...
In addition to Animals from the flocks and herds, certain wild Animals also could be eaten. A meal made from the flesh of these Animals was of special value (Genesis 27:3-4; 1618418102_36)
Clean, Unclean - The prohibition of eating the fat of sacrificial Animals and the blood of any animal reminded Israel that blood sacrifice reconciles sinful/unclean people with a holy God (Leviticus 7:22-27 ; 17:11 ). ...
The clean/unclean system divided Animals, people, and land into three categories to teach separation from the Gentiles. Animals that could be sacrificed were "holy"; wild game and fish that could be eaten but not sacrificed were "clean"; and Animals that could be neither eaten nor sacrificed were "unclean. Leviticus 21:18-21 ; 22:20-24 , ; where the same defects disqualify both priests and Animals): priests (holy), ordinary Israelites (clean), and Gentiles (unclean). If killing Animals is not trivial, how much weightier it is to shed human blood. Most of the unclean Animals were either predators/scavengers or lived in caves (e. Certain unclean Animals are known to transfer diseases to humans: the pig bears trichinosis; the hare, tularemia; carrion-eating birds, various diseases. Some excluded Animals such as the camel, which have no association with disease when ingested. ...
Although the apostolic council (Acts 15:29 ) encouraged Gentile Christians to avoid "unclean" foods ("food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled Animals [1]") to facilitate table fellowship with Jewish Christians, the matter is presented as advice rather than law. The division of Animals into clean and unclean symbolized the separation between Israelites and Gentiles
Flesh - The skin and/or meat of Animals and humans used to represent human dedication to physical desires rather than to obedience to God. Literal use It often refers to the muscular part of the body, both of humans (Genesis 2:21 ; Job 10:11 ) and Animals (Deuteronomy 14:8 ; 1 Corinthians 15:39 ). ...
Food and Sacrifice The flesh of Animals is used for food by humans (Genesis 9:3-4 ; 1Samuel 2:13,1 Samuel 2:15 ), while human flesh may be eaten by Animals (Genesis 40:19 ; Revelation 19:17-18 ). The flesh of Animals is used for sacrifice (Exodus 29:31 ). ...
In conclusion, the term “flesh” can be a neutral term referring to created humans and Animals who are limited and weak, or it can refer to humans controlled by sin and its passions
Farming - ...
Farmers normally ploughed with oxen, urging the Animals on with a sharpened stick called a goad (Deuteronomy 22:10; Judges 3:31; 1 Kings 19:19; Luke 9:62; Luke 14:19; see also YOKE). ...
Reapers cut the standing grain with a sickle (Deuteronomy 16:9; Mark 4:29), tied the stalks into sheaves (Genesis 37:7; Deuteronomy 24:19), and then transported the sheaves either on Animals or in carts to the threshing floor (Nehemiah 13:15; Amos 2:13; Micah 4:12). He burnt any dirty or useless straw, but stored the good straw away, to be used as food for Animals (Judges 19:19; 1 Kings 4:28; Matthew 3:12). Abraham, Isaac and Jacob had moved around from place to place with their Animals (Genesis 13:1-7; Genesis 26:14-22; Genesis 47:1-6), the family of Jacob had kept flocks and herds in Egypt (Genesis 33:13), and the people of Moses’ time had brought Animals with them when they left Egypt for Canaan (Exodus 12:38; Deuteronomy 8:11-14). Some of the best regions for their Animals were the grassy plains of Bashan and Gilead on the eastern side of the Jordan (Numbers 32:1; Numbers 32:26; Numbers 32:36; Deuteronomy 32:14; Psalms 22:12; Micah 7:14)
Ant - The inferior Animals are in many respects wiser than sinful man, Job 12:7,8
Heifer - Heifers were valued for milk (Isaiah 7:21 ) and were used as sacrificial Animals (1 Samuel 16:2 )
Nets - Mentioned in the Bible sometimes in connection with the hunting of wild Animals (Ezechiel 19) and with the catching of birds (Proverbs 1), but most commonly with fishing, particularly in the New Testament
Flesh - In the Old Testament denotes (1) a particular part of the body of man and Animals (Genesis 2:21 ; 41:2 ; Psalm 102:5 , marg
Jackal - See Dragon ; Foxes; Animals in the Bible
Series - ) Any comprehensive group of Animals or plants including several subordinate related groups
Bait - food, used in catching fish, or other Animals, by alluring them to a hook, snare, inclosure, or net
Lame, Lameness - In the Old Testament, lame Animals were not acceptable sacrifices (Deuteronomy 15:21 ; Malachi 1:8 ,Malachi 1:8,1:13 )
Gabbatha - The pavement is in parts roughened for the passage of Animals and chariots, but over most of the area it is smooth
Flock - ) A company or collection of living creatures; - especially applied to sheep and birds, rarely to persons or (except in the plural) to cattle and other large Animals; as, a flock of ravenous fowl
Aggregate - ) United into a common organized mass; - said of certain compound Animals
Hair - ) One the above-mentioned filaments, consisting, in invertebrate Animals, of a long, tubular part which is free and flexible, and a bulbous root imbedded in the skin
Anthony, Saint - Patron of Hospitallers, domestic Animals, butchers, brush-makers, basket-makers, grave-diggers, and graveyards
Consume - Fire consumes wood, coal, stubble Animals consume flesh and vegetables
Creature - The sun, moon and stars the earth, Animals, plants, light, darkness, air, water, &c
Degenerate - In the natural world, plants and Animals degenerate when they grow to a less size than usual, or lose a part of the valuable qualities which belong to the species
Fowl - ...
A flying or winged animal the generic name of certain Animals that move through the air by the aid of wings
Hawk - Most of the species are rapacious, feeding on birds or other small Animals
Gall - merorah, the gall or bile of Animals
Fox - Both Animals are of a timid nature, and exhibit similar cunning and stealth in securing their prey, and live in deserted ruins and among the rocks of the mountain gorges
Wolf - Wolves often hunt in packs, and may thus attack large Animals and even man
Laver - They were used for washing the Animals to be offered in burnt offerings
Path - A way beaten or trodden by the feet of man or beast, or made hard by wheels that part of a highway on which Animals or carriages ordinarily pass applied to the ground only, and never to a paved street in a city
Coney - The name of Spain is said to have been given to it by Phoenician voyagers, who seeing its western coast overrun with Animals resembling the shaphan, called it Hispania, or Coley-land
Animals - Animals populate the biblical world, giving life and interest to many biblical episodes. ...
Mammals A mammal is defined as any class of higher vertebrates including humans and all other Animals that nourish their young with milk secreted by mammary glands and have their skin more or less covered with hair. ” Numerous kinds of Animals that fall into this category are mentioned in the Bible. Disagreement exists among scholars in regard to the identification of certain Animals in the Old Testament. ...
Domestic The people of Scripture tamed many Animals for use in food production, military endeavors, and transportation. In the Bible, the term commonly refers to all domesticated Animals. Sheep, goats, and other domesticated Animals are also included under the designation of cattle (Genesis 1:24 ; John 4:12 ). Cattle were valued for sacrifices, for food, and as work Animals (Deuteronomy 25:4 ; Luke 14:19 ). COW Cow designates domestic bovine Animals, especially the female. These Animals evidently were brought to the area from Persia by the Hyksos warriors who invaded Egypt. They were used as war Animals, for riding, and for carrying burdens (2 Kings 5:17 ). SWINE Swine are stout-bodied Animals that have a large snout and thick skin. ...
Wild Wild Animals provided food and sport, and were feared by biblical people. ...
The pygarg (KJV), found in a list of Animals in Deuteronomy 14:5 , has not been identified with certainty but is considered by a number of scholars to be an antelope. In Leviticus 11:2 the word translated beasts (KJV) is translated Animals in the NIV. The Animals look similar, with the jackal having a broader head and shorter nose and ears than the fox. This animal was one of the most dangerous both to Animals and human beings. RAT A large rodent listed among the unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:29 ) but were eaten by a disobedient people (Isaiah 66:17 ). ” This category of Animals includes alligators, crocodiles, lizards, snakes, and turtles
Natural - Thus we speak of the natural growth of Animals or plants the natural motion of a gravitating body natural strength or disposition the natural heat of the body natural color natural beauty. Produced or coming in the ordinary course of things, or the progress or Animals and vegetables as a natural death opposed to violent or premature
Abstinence - ...
The law defined whole classes of Animals, by the not eating of which the Israelites were distinguished from other nations (Leviticus 11); to mark the separation of the church from the world. Also certain parts of lawful Animals, to teach typically that even in lawful things moderation and self control are needed (1 Corinthians 6:12-13; Leviticus 3:9-11)
Life - ) The system of animal nature; Animals in general, or considered collectively. ) The potential principle, or force, by which the organs of Animals and plants are started and continued in the performance of their several and cooperative functions; the vital force, whether regarded as physical or spiritual
Flood - God’s means of preserving Noah’s family, along with enough Animals to repopulate the animal world, was through an ark that God told Noah to build (Genesis 6:8-22; see Hebrews 11:7; 1 Peter 3:20; see ARK; NOAH). Seven months later, grass and plants had grown sufficiently to allow Noah, his family and the Animals to leave the ark and begin life afresh on the earth (Genesis 8:14-19)
Uncleanness - ...
Uncleanness of Animals and things...
Israel’s laws concerning Animals suitable for food were particularly useful in an age of little scientific knowledge. A few simple rules enabled people to recognize forbidden Animals, even though they may not have known that meat from those Animals could be harmful (Leviticus 11:1-23; Leviticus 11:46-47)
Blameless - The first refers to sacrificial Animals that were "without defect" (Leviticus 1:3 ; 3:1,6 ; Numbers 6:14 ). Only Animals that were undefiled physically were worthy of being offered to the Lord. Sacrificing blemished Animals was a violation of biblical law and a demonstration of brazen disrespect for God (Malachi 1:6-14 )
Camel - 3000 or earlier, and to-day camels are among the most common and important of domesticated Animals in Palestine. , which these patient Animals carry: 600 to 800 lbs. These Animals are employed near Beersheha, and also regularly to carry the mails across the desert from Damascus to Baghdad
Tent - “Tents” can also be used as housing for Animals: “They smote also the tents of cattle [1], and carried away sheep and camels in abundance …” ( Animals from people ( Animals ( Innuit - They depend entirely upon hunting and fishing, live in tents in summer and snow houses in winter, and dress in the skins of Animals
Judaizers - Saint Peter himself in his great vision at Jaffa recoiled at first from the idea of eating the flesh of Animals which were declared unclean by the Mosaic Code
Individual - ...
Individual (Latin: suppositum) is a genus embracing "things," plants, Animals, and persons
Bottle - These skins of the domestic Animals, in particular of the goat, were used not only, as we have seen, for wine, but for water ( Genesis 21:14 ), milk ( Judges 4:19 ), oil, and other liquids
Blood - ) The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of Animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted
Bone - ) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate Animals, consisting very largely of calcic carbonate, calcic phosphate, and gelatine; as, blood and bone
Mareshah - Peters and Tiersch, adorned with a number of interesting pictured Animals, etc
Scorpion - The wilderness of Sinai is especially alluded to as being inhabited by scorpions at the time of the exodus, and to this day these Animals are common in the same district, as well as in some parts of Palestine
Behemoth - It has been suggested that the ancient Babylonian Creation-myth underlies the poet’s description of the two Animals (Gunkel, Schöpf
Dog - It is used for male, when applied to several other Animals as a dog-fox a dog-otter dog-ape
Coal - Their common fuel was dried dung of Animals and wood charcoal
Sense - ) A faculty, possessed by Animals, of perceiving external objects by means of impressions made upon certain organs (sensory or sense organs) of the body, or of perceiving changes in the condition of the body; as, the senses of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch
Snare - Several words are employed to point out the snares or pits by which Animals are caught
Eagle - The eagle is one of the largest species of fowls, has a keen sight, and preys on small Animals, fish, &c
Eskimo - They depend entirely upon hunting and fishing, live in tents in summer and snow houses in winter, and dress in the skins of Animals
Esquimaux - They depend entirely upon hunting and fishing, live in tents in summer and snow houses in winter, and dress in the skins of Animals
Sell - 25:29), Animals ( Left - Also said of the corresponding side of the lower Animals
Wild - ) Growing or produced without culture; growing or prepared without the aid and care of man; native; not cultivated; brought forth by unassisted nature or by Animals not domesticated; as, wild parsnip, wild camomile, wild strawberry, wild honey
Ass - Five Hebrew names of the Animals of this family occur in the Old Testament
Ark of Noah - It was built of gopher-wood, and made water-proof with bitumen, and was no doubt large enough to accommodate the eight persons of Noah's family and the Animals to be saved in it-namely, of all birds and clean beasts seven each, and of unclean beasts two each, male and female. Many questions have been raised, and discussed at great length by skeptics and others, respecting the form and dimensions of the ark; the number of Animals saved in it-whether including all species then existing in the world, except such as live in water or lie dormant, or only the species living in the parts of world then peopled by man; and as to the possibility of their being all lodged in the ark, and their food during the year, etc
Noah - Then a week before the flood (Genesis 7:4 ), Noah led his family and all of the Animals into the ark just as God directed. ...
Once out of the ark, Noah built an altar and sacrificed clean Animals as burnt offerings on the altar
Hand - ) That part of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in man and monkeys, and the corresponding part in many other Animals; manus; paw. ) A limb of certain Animals, as the foot of a hawk, or any one of the four extremities of a monkey
Food - (Leviticus 3:17 ; 7:26 ; 19:26 ; 12:16) Certain portions of the fat of sacrifices were also forbidden, (Leviticus 3:9,10 ) as being set apart for the altar, (Leviticus 3:16 ; 7:25 ) In addition to the above, Christians were forbidden to eat the flesh of Animals portions of which had been offered to idols. The Animals killed for meat were --calves, lambs, oxen not above three years of age, harts, roebucks and fallow deer; birds of various kinds; fish, with the exception of such as were without scales and fins
Firstborn - ...
At the time of Israel’s escape from slavery in Egypt, God preserved the lives of the Israelites’ firstborn, both people and Animals. ...
In the case of the firstborn of Animals, the owner dedicated a clean animal to God by sacrifice
Agriculture - Both were sown by scattering the grains into prepared land usually ploughed by draft Animals. Animals, usually cattle, were driven over the spread-out stalks to trample out the grains. As harvest time approached, the owners of the vineyards and their families camped near the vineyards in shelters (booths) or in stone-built towers ( Isaiah 1:8 ) to protect the grapes from Animals, such as jackals (foxes) and wild pigs (boar) (Psalm 80:13 ) and human thieves. ...
What Animals were used in agriculture? Mainly cows (oxen) were used to pull carts (1 Samuel 6:7 ) and simple wooden plows (Job 1:14 ; 1 Samuel 14:14 ) tipped with iron, if the farmer could afford it (Isaiah 2:4 ). The use of horses and camels in agriculture appears to have been limited, presumably because they were more valuable Animals, well adapted for carrying heavy loads and for use in time of war. When pairs of Animals were used, they were coupled with a wooden yoke across their shoulders (Jeremiah 28:13 ; Luke 14:19 )
Fly - The Jewish commentators regarded the Hebrew word here as connected with the word 'Arab , Which means "mingled;" and they accordingly supposed the plague to consist of a mixed multitude of Animals, beasts, reptiles, and insects
Coney - " It is described as "chewing the cud" (Leviticus 11:5; Deuteronomy 14:7), in phenomenal language, because the motion of its jaws is like that of ruminating Animals; so also the hare
Unicorn - , and in the Hercynian forest, described by Caesar as almost the size of an elephant, fierce, sparing neither man nor beast) stands in contrast to the tame ox used in plowing, Job 39:11-12;...
(5) playfulness of its young, Psalms 29:6;...
(6) association with "bullocks and bulls" for sacrifice, Isaiah 34:6-7;...
(7) lifting up the horn, Psalms 92:10, as bovine Animals lower the head and toss up the horn
Mate - The male or female of Animals which associate for propagation and the care of their young
Streets - Pathways established and constructed for transportation via Animals and vehicles
Pound - ) An inclosure, maintained by public authority, in which cattle or other Animals are confined when taken in trespassing, or when going at large in violation of law; a pinfold
Mule - Mules were found in the wilderness because the asses had been mingling with the horses and producing these fine work Animals while it was all unknown to the owners
Butter - Job 20:17 (b) Butter and honey are the products of living Animals
Enamel - It merely covers the exposed parts of the teeth of man, but in many Animals is intermixed in various ways with the dentine and cement
Eneration - ) The act of generating or begetting; procreation, as of Animals
Couple - Of a horse and ox feeding in a pasture, we should say, a couple of Animals
Husband - The male of Animals of a lower order
Side - ...
Ezekiel 1:17 (b) In this peculiar expression, the Lord is informing us that the Lord JESUS CHRIST, who is represented by the four Animals, and the Holy Spirit, who is represented by the eyes, would influence and affect every part of the earth
Person - ; also, an individual, in the narrowest sense, among the higher Animals
Hart - The former is the male stag, one of the most graceful and beautiful of all Animals
Mate - ) Hence, specifically, a husband or wife; and among the lower Animals, one of a pair associated for propagation and the care of their young
Earth - is used for that gross element which sustains and nourishes us by producing plants and fruits; for the continent as distinguished from the sea, "God called the dry land earth," Genesis 1:10 ; for the terraqueous globe, and its contents, men, Animals, plants, metals, waters, &c, "The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof," Psalms 24:1 ; for the inhabitants of the earth, or continent, "The whole earth was of one language," Genesis 11:1 ; for Judea, or the whole empire of Chaldea and Assyria
Wolf - They are cruel, but cowardly Animals; they fly from man, except when impelled by hunger; in which case they prowl by night in great droves through villages, and destroy any persons they meet, Jeremiah 5:6 Ezekiel 22:27 Habakkuk 1:8
Leviticus - Canon Tristram, speaking of the remarkable discoveries regarding the flora and fauna of the Holy Land by the Palestine Exploration officers, makes the following statement:, "Take these two catalogues of the clean and unclean Animals in the books of Leviticus [1] and Deuteronomy [2]. There are eleven in Deuteronomy which do not occur in Leviticus, and these are nearly all Animals and birds which are not found in Egypt or the Holy Land, but which are numerous in the Arabian desert
Unclean Meats - These were things strangled, or dead of themselves or through beasts or birds of prey; whatever beast did not both part the hoof and chew the cud; and certain other smaller Animals rated as "creeping things;" certain classes of birds mentioned in Levi 11 and Deuteronomy 14 twenty or twenty-one in all; whatever in the waters had not both fins and scales whatever winged insect had not besides four legs the two hindlegs for leaping; Besides things offered in sacrifice to idols; and ail blood or whatever contained it (save perhaps the blood of fish, as would appear from that only of beast and bird being forbidden,) ( Leviticus 7:26 ) and therefore flesh cut from the live animal; as also all fat, at any rate that disposed in masses among the intestines, and probably wherever discernible end separable among the flesh. As regards the Animals allowed for food, comparing them with those forbidden, there can be no doubt on which side the balance of wholesomeness lies
Dove (Turtle) - Genesis 15:9 (c) This covenant was instituted by GOD with Abram; and the Animals used in establishing the covenant were to assure Abram that though his people would be in the furnace of Egypt suffering under the lash and slavery, yet through it all the sacrifice would be effective for them, and they would be able to maintain a light for GOD through all their tribulation. Probably the various Animals mentioned represent different aspects of the value of the sacrifice in the eyes of men
Nature, Natural - God created fish (1:21), birds (1:21), and the other Animals (1:24-25) which multiply according to their "kind. " It is clear from these verses that various plants and Animals have inherent characteristics that make them distinct from one another. Certain innate qualities remain that distinguish plants from Animals. Distinctions among species (kinds) separate various plants from one another; the same is true of Animals
Unclean And Clean - The clean Animals answer typically to God's holy people, the unclean to the idolatrous Gentiles. ...
The distinction had regard, not to living, but to dead Animals. By slaughtering in a prescribed manner, pointing to the antitypical Deliverer from sin and death, Animals became exempted from the uncleanness attached to death. (1) That lasting until even, removable by bathing and washing the clothes; as contact with dead Animals. All Animals that were unclean to touch when dead were unclean to eat, but not conversely; all unclean to eat were unclean to sacrifice, but not conversely
Fetishism - Basthold, 1805, claims as fetish "everything produced by nature or art, which receives divine honor, including sun, moon, earth, air, fire, water, mountains, rivers, trees, stones, images, Animals, if considered as objects of divine worship
Natural Theology - , zoology cannot exist without Animals nor botany without plants
Camel - Their busiest city was to become a place for stabling Animals on their journey and a grazing place for flocks
Talapoins - They believe in a universal pervading spirit, and in the immortality and transmigration of the soul; but they extend this last doctrine not only to Animals but to vegetables and rocks
Breed - ) A race or variety of men or other Animals (or of plants), perpetuating its special or distinctive characteristics by inheritance
Beak - ) A similar bill in other Animals, as the turtles
Destroy - To kill to slay to extirpate applied to men or other Animals
Finger - The word is applied to some other Animals as well as to man
Pain (And Forms) - ...
Romans 8:22 (a) All nature suffers at the present time with the strong injuring the weak, the rich charming the poor, the wild Animals destroying the weaker ones, and thorns, thistles and weeds destroying the crops
Pinch - ) o seize; to grip; to bite; - said of Animals
Arm - The limbs of Animals are also sometimes called arms
Whelp - ...
Ezekiel 19:2 (a) The Lord describes the children of Israel's kings and leaders as being nourished and brought up as wild Animals, rebellious against GOD, and fierce in their attitudes
Burnt Offering - ...
Isaiah 40:16 (c) If all the thousands of Animals on the broad slopes of Lebanon were gathered together to make a burnt offering to GOD, this tremendous sacrifice would not be sufficient to put away one sin, nor would it equal the offering of the Lord JESUS CHRIST for our sins
Flesh, - The material part of man and of Animals: "all flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts
Determination - ) The act of determining the relations of an object, as regards genus and species; the referring of minerals, plants, or Animals, to the species to which they belong; classification; as, I am indebted to a friend for the determination of most of these shells
Flesh - ) The aggregate of the muscles, fat, and other tissues which cover the framework of bones in man and other Animals; especially, the muscles
Inn - There is no provision for meals or feed for the Animals; the travellers carry such necessaries with them
Organ - , are organs of Animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc
Reclaim - ) To reduce from a wild to a tamed state; to bring under discipline; - said especially of birds trained for the chase, but also of other Animals
Tick - ) Any one of numerous species of large parasitic mites which attach themselves to, and suck the blood of, cattle, dogs, and many other Animals
Dream - The meaning, “to become healthy,” applies only to Animals though “to dream” is used of human dreams
Remain - ”...
While it is usually used concerning human beings spending the night, lûn is sometimes used of Animals, such as the wild ox (Job 39:9, NASB; KJV, “unicorn”), the pelican and the hedgehog ( Birds - Birds, like other Animals, were divided by Moses into clean and unclean; the former might be eaten, the latter not
Theology, Natural - , zoology cannot exist without Animals nor botany without plants
Lion - "The most powerful, daring and impressive of all carnivorous Animals, the most magnificent in aspect and awful in voice
Nature - When we speak of the nature of man, we understand the peculiar constitution of his body or mind, or the qualities of the species which distinguish him from other Animals. So of irrational Animals
Den - Foreign Jews would thus be able to obtain on the spot both the Temple half-shekel required by the Law (Exodus 30:13), and also Animals necessary for sacrifice, probably with the additional advantage that the latter would have an official guarantee of Levitical fitness for sacrifice, which must be obtained for any animal purchased elsewhere. ‘Ye gather together here money and Animals, as robbers collect their booty in their den’ (Fritzsche, quoted by Lange)
Ram - ” These Animals were often used in sacrificing (cf. Consequently, as highly valuable Animals, such “rams” were selected by Jacob to be part of a peace present sent to Esau ( Fo - For they believe that the souls of their ancestors transmigrate into irrational creatures; either into such as they liked best, or resembled most in their behaviour; for which reason they never kill any such Animals; but, while they live, feed them well, and when they die bury them with respect. It is supposed to render fate favourable, and life secure; to prevent migration into the bodies of inferior Animals; and, in fine, to secure a place in the paradise of Fuh, whose land is yellow gold, whose towers are composed of gems, the bridges of pearls, &c
Eat - ...
Essentially, this root refers to the “consumption of food by man or Animals. 9:3 implies that man could “eat” only the clean Animals. ” The word refers to the “food” of wild Animals in Ark - The vessel constructed by Noah at God's command, for the preservation of himself and family, and a stock of the various Animals, when the waters of the flood overflowed the inhabited earth. There was a door also, through which the persons and the Animals would enter and pass out. Many questions have been raised, and discussed at great length by skeptics and others, respecting the form and dimensions of the ark; the number of Animals saved in it—whether including all species then existing in the world, except such as live in water or lie dormant, or only the species living in the parts of the world then peopled by man; and as to the possibility of their being all lodged in the ark, and their food during the year
Dog - ...
The testimony of the Latin poet is confirmed by Diodorus, who, in his first book, assures us that the Egyptians highly venerate some Animals, both during their life and after their death; and expressly mentions the dog as one object of this absurd adoration. These Animals are fed there on sacred aliments, and religion has decreed them a worship. Cambyses, having slain the god Apis, and thrown his body into the field, all Animals respected it except the dogs, which alone ate of his flesh. " It was customary, not only with the writers of Greece and Rome, but also with the eastern sages, to denote certain classes of men by Animals supposed to resemble them among the brutes
Transportation And Travel - At first this meant following the paths Animals made through the hills and valleys of Palestine. Large draft Animals of various types also had to be domesticated and harnessed to this work (Exodus 23:5 ). The desert regions of the Negev and Judean highlands in the south required the identification of wells and pasturage for the draft Animals. Numerous streams as well as the Jordan River had to be forded by travelers (2 Samuel 19:18 ), sometimes at the expense of baggage and Animals. ...
Despite these difficulties, the desire to travel and the commercial needs of nations motivated the identification of routes that were relatively safe from attack by bandits and allowed free transport of goods by pack Animals and carts to every region in the land. ...
Animals Used in Travel Most of what is known about the Animals used to transport people and materials in the ancient world is based on textual evidence and art. The Bible mentions several different types of draft Animals: donkeys, mules, camels, and oxen. See Animals ; Economic Life
Badger - " But that prohibition refers only to using them as food; moreover, the tachash probably includes marine Animals in general, their skins made into "leather" were well fitted to protect against the weather
Core - ) The bony process which forms the central axis of the horns in many Animals
Hook - Might not the "thorns" be the instrument of chastising him, just as it was that used by Gideon upon the elders of Succoth (Judges 8:7; Judges 8:16)? In Ezekiel 40:43 the "hooks" are "fastened" in the walls to hang the meat from for roasting, or else to hang up Animals to flay them
Beard - ) The long hairs about the face in Animals, as in the goat
Crib - ) A manger or rack; a feeding place for Animals
Kidney - ...
When used literally of Animals (except Isaiah 34:6 ) the kidneys are mentioned in relation to sacrifice
Beast - See Animals
Prisoners - ...
Zechariah 9:11 (a) Because the Lord JESUS had shed His precious Blood at Calvary, therefore He could go down to those who were kept in Paradise, and whose sins had been covered by the blood of the Animals
Life: Spiritual - How like to a Christian a man may be and yet possess no vital godliness! Walk through the British Museum, and you will see all the orders of Animals standing in their various places, and exhibiting themselves with the utmost possible propriety
Fish - ) A name loosely applied in popular usage to many Animals of diverse characteristics, living in the water
Park - ) A space occupied by the Animals, wagons, pontoons, and materials of all kinds, as ammunition, ordnance stores, hospital stores, provisions, etc
Arms - The different species of arms or armor, are prickles, thorns, forks and stings, which seem intended to protect the plants from injury by Animals
Bear, - When vegetables and fruits are to be had the bear feeds upon them, but in the winter it lives upon Animals
Abomination - ); and the flesh of Animals ritually taboo (see esp
Heifer - Moses and Aaron were instructed to deliver the divine command to the children of Israel that they should procure "a red heifer, without spot," that is, one that was entirely red, without one spot of any other colour; "free from blemish, and on which the yoke had never yet come," that is, which had never yet been employed in ploughing the ground or in any other work; for according to the common sense of all mankind, those Animals which had been made to serve other uses, became unfit to be offered to God,—a sentiment which we find in Homer and other Heathen writers
Hart - The names of these Animals were perpetually applied, therefore, to persons, whether male or female, who were supposed to be possessed of any of their respective qualities
Leviathan - The crocodile, on the contrary, is a natural inhabitant of the Nile, and other Asiatic and African rivers; of enormous voracity and strength, as well as fleetness in swimming; attacks mankind and the largest Animals with most daring impetuosity; when taken by means of a powerful net, will often overturn the boats that surround it; has, proportionally, the largest mouth of all monsters whatever; moves both its jaws equally, the upper of which has not less than forty, and the lower than thirty-eight sharp, but strong and massy, teeth; and is furnished with a coat of mail, so scaly and callous as to resist the force of a musket ball in every part, except under the belly
Trap - An ambush a stratagem any device by which men or other Animals may be caught unawares
Horn - Since wild Animals used their horns to defend themselves or attack their enemies, Israelites often spoke of the horn as a symbol of power (Deuteronomy 33:17; Exodus 30:1-21; Psalms 18:2; Psalms 22:21; Psalms 75:5; Psalms 75:10; Psalms 92:10; Zechariah 1:21; Luke 1:69; Revelation 5:6)
Unicorn - Barrow, in his "Travels in Southern Africa," has given a drawing of the head of the unicorn, "a beast with a single horn projecting from the forehead;" accompanied with such details as, he thinks, offer strong arguments for the existence of such Animals in the country of the Bosjesmans. ...
"There are two Animals," says Bruce, "named frequently in Scripture, without naturalists being agreed what they are. The horns of all other Animals are inclined to some degree of parallelism with the nose, or os frontis, Live - ...
The feminine form of the word, chayyah, means “living being” and is especially used of Animals. When so used, it usually distinguishes wild and undomesticated from domesticated Animals; the word connotes that the Animals described are untamed: “And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark …” ( Animals as distinct from birds and fish: “Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth” ( Animals, and God, but never plants
Oath - Where two parties bound themselves to a contract by oath, they sometimes carried out a ritual where they passed between portions of slaughtered Animals, calling down the fate of the Animals on themselves should they break their oath (Jeremiah 34:18; cf
Tithes - When tithing Animals, for example, the owner counted the Animals as they passed through the gate, setting aside every tenth one for God, regardless of whether it was good or bad (Leviticus 27:30; Leviticus 27:32-33). ...
If people so desired, they could offer money instead of their produce or Animals
Beast - The "beheemah" answer to the hoofed Animals. ...
Thus the hare and hyrax have not the four stomachs common to ruminant Animals, but they move the jaw in nibbling like the ruminants. The hare and the coney represent really the rodentia ; (the Coney, or Hyrax, though a pachyderm, is linked with the hare, because externally resembling the rodentia;) swine, pachydermata ; "whatsoever goeth upon his paws," "all manner of beasts that go on all four," carnivora: only those of a limited district, and those at all possible to be used as food, are noticed, it is noteworthy that it is only "every animal of the field" that Jehovah brought to Adam to name, namely, Animals in any way useful to man (Genesis 2:19), mainly the herbivora
Weaving - The Babylonians wove men and Animals on robes; Achan appropriated such a "goodly Babylonish garment" (Joshua 7:21)
Card - ; or for cleaning and smoothing the hair of Animals; - usually consisting of bent wire teeth set closely in rows in a thick piece of leather fastened to a back
Pit - Pits were used to catch wild Animals (Ezekiel 19:1-8 ) or to collect water for drinking ("cisterns, " Deuteronomy 6:11 )
Pad - ) A cushionlike thickening of the skin one the under side of the toes of Animals
Battle - It is usually applied to armies or large bodies of men but in popular language, the word is applied to an encounter between small bodies, between individuals, or inferior Animals
Class - Hence in zoology, Animals are divided into classes as quadrupeds, fowls, fishes, &c
He - He is sometimes prefixed to the names of Animals to designate the male kind, as a he-goat, a he-bear
Partridge - ...
This is Jeremiah's reference, or rather to its nest being on the ground, liable to be trodden under foot or robbed by carnivorous Animals, notwithstanding all the beautiful maneuvers of the parent bird to save the brood
Type - Also, a group or division of Animals having a certain typical or characteristic structure of body maintained within the group
Bear - Shaw gives us to understand that these rugged Animals are not peculiar to the bleak regions of the north, being found in Barbary; and Thevenot informs us that they inhabit the wilderness adjoining the Holy Land, and that he saw one near the northern extremities of the Red Sea
Seven - Their great feasts of unleavened bread and of tabernacles were observed for seven days; the number of Animals in many of their sacrifices was limited to seven
Human Sacrifice - In Mesopotamia, and perhaps elsewhere, the remains of Animals and humans offered as sacrifice were deposited within foundations to protect the building from evil powers, a practice possibly reflected in 1 Kings 16:34 . Pits filled with bones of Animals and children have been excavated at Carthage with inscribed stones indicating these were Molech sacrifices
Feed, Fed - here have thelazo, "to suckle"); "to fatten," as of fattening Animals, James 5:5 , "ye have nourished (your hearts). ...
4: χορτάζω (Strong's #5526 — Verb — chortazo — khor-tad'-zo ) "to feed, to fatten," is used (a) primarily of Animals, Revelation 19:21 ; (b) of persons, to fill or satisfy with food
Shepherd - ”)...
Râ‛âh represents what a shepherd allows domestic Animals to do when they feed on grasses in the fields. Mir’eh , which occurs 12 times, means “pasture or pasturage” in the sense of where Animals graze, and/or what they graze on ( Weaving - When they have advanced a step farther in civilization than the state of hunters, the skins of Animals become scarce, and they require some more artificial substance for clothing, and which they can procure in greater quantities. When it was discovered that the delicate and short fibres which Animals and vegetables afford could be so firmly united together by twisting, as to form threads of any required length and strength, the weaving art was placed on a very permanent foundation
Noah - 1656, and in the six hundreth year of his age, Noah, by divine appointment, entered his ark with his family, and all the Animals collected for the renewal of the world. ) After the ark had stranded, and the earth was in a measure dried, Noah offered a burnt- sacrifice to the Lord, of the pure Animals that were in the ark; and the Lord was pleased to accept of his offering, and to give him assurance that he would no more destroy the world by water, Genesis 9
Live - applied to Animals. To feed to subsist to be nourished and supported in life as, horses live on grass or grain fowls live on seeds or insects some kinds of fish live on others carnivorous Animals live on flesh
Existence of God - Who can consider the motions of the heavenly luminaries, exactly calculated for the greatest advantage to our earth, and its inhabitants; the exact balancing and regulating of the meteors, winds, rain, snow, hail, vapour, thunder, and the like; the regular and never-failing return of summer and winter, seed-time and harvest, day and night; the astonishing and diversified formation of vegetables; the propagation of herbs, almost every where, that are most effectual to heal the distempers of animal bodies in that place; the almost infinite diversification of Animals and vegetables, and their pertments, that, notwithstanding an amazing similarity, not any two are exactly alike, but every form, member, or even feather or hair of Animals, and every pile of grass, stalk of corn, herb, leaf, tree, berry, or other fruit, hath something peculiar to itself: the making of Animals so sagaciously to prepare their lodgings, defend themselves, provide for their health, produce and protect, and procure food for their young; the direction of fishes and fowls to and in such marvellous and long peregrinations at such seasons, and to such places, as best correspond with their own preservation and the benefit of mankind; the stationing of brute Animals by sea or land, at less or greater distances as are most suited to the safety, subsistence or comfort of mankind, and preventing the increase of prolific Animals, and making the less fruitful ones, which are used, exceedingly to abound; the so diversifying the countenances, voices, and hand-writings of men, as best secures and promotes their social advantages; the holding of so equal a balance between males and females, while the number of males, whose lives are peculiarly endangered in war, navigation, &c
Comb - ) An instrument for currying hairy Animals, or cleansing and smoothing their coats; a currycomb
Lazarus And the Rich Man - The rich man feasts sumptuously every day, Lazarus gets scarcely enough scraps from the table to satisfy hunger; the dogs, a name for filthy Animals, lick his sores
Strangling - The former refers to the prohibition against eating meat which had not been thoroughly drained of the blood, the second to the similar taboo affecting the flesh of Animals not slaughtered according to the very minute Rabbinical rules then in force
Horn - Horns are emblems of power, dominion, glory, and fierceness, as they are the chief means of attack and defence with the Animals endowed with them (Daniel 8:5,9 ; 1 Samuel 2:1 ; 16:1,13 ; 1 Kings 1:39 ; 22:11 ; Joshua 6:4,5 ; Psalm 75:5,10 ; 132:17 ; Luke 1:69 , etc
Jozabad - He helped give Levites Animals to sacrifice at Passover (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Man - ...
The instincts of lower Animals are perfect at first, the newborn lamb turns at once from the mother's breast to the grass; but by man alone are the wants of the infant, bodily and mental, supplied until he is old enough to provide for himself
Horn - Inasmuch as the horn in Animals is a weapon of attack rather than of defence, some have regarded it as a symbol of aggressive strength (see Delitzsch, Perowne, etc
Dry - ) Of Animals: Not giving milk; as, the cow is dry
Bison - These Animals inhabit the interior parts of North America, and some of the mountainous parts of Europe and Asia
Polytheism - Rain meant the crops would grow, the Animals would have water, and the people would be able to eat
Herd - These Animals pulled carts ( Natural, Naturally - , denotes (a) "according to nature," Romans 1:26,27 ; (b) "governed by mere natural instincts," 2 Peter 2:12 , RV, "(born) mere Animals," AV and RV marg
Proselyte - The first were called "proselytes of the gate," and were foreigners, either bond or free, who lived among the Jews and conformed to their customs in regard to what the rabbins call "the seven precepts of Noah;" that is, they abstained from injurious language in respect to God, from idolatry, homicide, incest, robbery, resistance to magistrates, and from eating blood, or the flesh of Animals killed without shedding their blood
Horn - Inasmuch as the horn in Animals is a weapon of attack rather than of defence, some have regarded it as a symbol of aggressive strength (see Delitzsch, Perowne, etc
Leviticus - 11 on clean and unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:2-23 ; Leviticus 11:41-45 , with their subscription Leviticus 11:46 f. The law of defilement from touching unclean Animals and all carcases ( Leviticus 11:24-29 ), which prescribes also the purification required in case of neglect of the regulations, is ignored in the subscription Leviticus 11:46 f. 17 prescribes that all Animals suitable for sacrifice must be slain at the sanctuary, that such Animals, when sacrificed, must be offered to Jahweh alone, that blood and the flesh of carcases must not be eaten. If Leviticus 17:1-6 were ever in force while the Israelites inhabited Palestine, the order requiring every goat, sheep, or ox which was slaughtered to be brought to the Jerusalem Temple practically made it illegal to kill these Animals. ]'>[5] , which required all sacrifices to be brought to the Jerusalem Temple as the only sanctuary, permitted all Animals to be freely slaughtered, but forbade the eating of fat and blood. Probably the code, in its early form, recognized the local sanctuaries, and required the slaughter of Animals suitable for sacrifice to take place before the Lord, i
Goat - As clean Animals they were used in sacrifice, Exodus 12:5; Hebrews 9:13; and their hair was manufactured into a thick cloth
Ass - These Animals were anciently found in Palestine, Syria, Arabia Deserta, Mesopatamia, Phrygia, and Lycaonia; but they rarely occur in those regions at the present time, and seem to be almost entirely confined to Tartary, some parts of Persia, and India, and Africa
New - Lately introduced to our knowledge not before known recently discovered as a new metal a new species of Animals or plants found in foreign countries the new continent
Honey - Bees made their honeycombs and deposited their honey in holes in the ground (1 Samuel 14:25 ); under rocks or in crevices between rocks (Deuteronomy 32:13 ); or in the carcasses of Animals (Judges 14:8 )
Behemoth - Jehovah's first discourse (Job 38-39) was limited to land Animals and birds; this second discourse requires therefore the animal classed with the crocodile to be amphibious, as the river horse
Medicine - ...
The washing's, the restriction in diet to clean Animals and the prohibition of pork, the separation of lepers, the laws of marriage and married intercourse (Leviticus 15), the cleanliness of the camp (Deuteronomy 23:12-14), and the comprehension of all varieties of healthful climate in Palestine, account for Israel's general exemption from epidemics and remarkable healthiness
Blast - ) A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on Animals and plants; a blight
Hashabiah - Levite leader under Josiah who provided Animals for the Levites to celebrate Passover (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Well - Wells are usually furnished with troughs of wood or stone into which the water is emptied for the use of persons or Animals coming to the wells
Kidneys - (1) The choice portions of Animals sacrificed to J″ Badger Skins - Would either the dolphin or dugong have been considered “clean” for the purpose of covering sacred objects; and, further, would the hides of these Animals have been readily available to the small inland Israelite community? It is doubtful
Candlestick - ...
The Candlestick that was in the temple in the time of the Lord was carried away at the siege of Jerusalem, and is portrayed on the triumphal 'Arch of Titus' at Rome, but as fabulous Animals are depicted on its base it is very questionable whether it is a true representation
Bell - A hollow body of metal, perforated, and containing a solid ball, to give sounds when shaken used on Animals, as on horses or hawks
Company - Any assemblage of persons a collection of men, or other Animals, in a very indefinite sense
Trumpets - These were made of rams' horns and perhaps of the horns of other Animals
Trap - ) A machine or contrivance that shuts suddenly, as with a spring, used for taking game or other Animals; as, a trap for foxes
Apostolic Council - A “decree” from the council did ask Gentile converts not to eat food that had been sacrificed to idols, not to eat meat with blood in it, not to eat Animals which had been strangled, and not to commit sexual immorality (Acts 15:28-29 )
Give Drink - ...
A frequent use of shâqâh is to express the “giving of water to drink” to Animals ( Mount - ) To cause to mount; to put on horseback; to furnish with Animals for riding; to furnish with horses
Covenant - The Hebrew word bireth, for covenant, means "a cutting," having reference to the custom of cutting or dividing Animals in two and passing between the parts in ratifying a covenant
Bull - the male of the beeve kind; and it is to be recollected that the Hebrews never castrated Animals
Old - Advanced far in years or life having lived beyond the middle period, or rather towards the end of life, or towards the end of the ordinary term of living applied to Animals or plants as an old man an old age an old camel or horse an old tree
Thin - Some Animals are naturally thin
Seal - These Animals are ampibious, most of the inhabiting the sea coasts, particularly in the higher latitudes
Star - The beauty and splendor that men observed in the stars; the great advantages they derived from them; the wonderful order apparent in their return, in the production and preservation of Animals, fruits, plants, and minerals, have induced almost all heathen nations to impute to them life, knowledge, power, and to pay them a sovereign worship and adoration
Covenant - berith means primarily "a cutting," with reference to the custom of cutting or dividing Animals in two and passing between the parts in ratifying a covenant
House - Storage jars were kept here, and Animals were often housed here. However, the house only met the essential needs of family life such as shelter, a place to prepare food, make clothing and pottery, care for Animals, etc
Fish, Fishing - Animals living in water and breathing through gills; the profession and/or practice of catching fish to supply a family or society's need for food. Water Animals that did not have fins and scales were unclean (Leviticus 11:9-12 )
Shepherd - In the dry semi-desert countries of the Bible story, shepherds lived a hard tough life, battling against heat, drought and wild Animals (Genesis 31:38-40; Amos 3:12). They still faced the problem of finding good pastures and water, and still had to meet attacks by wild Animals (1 Samuel 17:34; Psalms 23:2; Psalms 23:4-5; Matthew 10:16)
Make (Cut) a Covenant - In Genesis it often alludes to an act by which Animals were cut in two and the party taking the oath passed between the pieces. If that faithfulness was broken, he called death upon himself, or the same fate which befell the Animals
Egyptians - Then they had a number of sacred Animals, from the cat to the crocodile, which were said to be symbols of their gods. Most of the figures represented Animals, birds, the human figure,or familiar things, which first represented the objects drawn, to which also ideas and sounds were attached
Noah - berths or compartments, for men and Animals. Temporarius that there was room for all the Animals then known, and for their food. As under Adam (Genesis 2:19-20) so now the lower Animals come to Noah and he receives them in pairs; but of clean Animals seven pairs of each kind, for sacrifice and for subsequent multiplication of the useful species, the clean being naturally distinguished from the unclean, sheep and (used for milk and wool) from carnivorous beasts of prey, etc. The physical preservation of the species cannot have been the sole object; for if the flood were universal the genera and species of Animals would exceed the room in the ark, if partial there would be no need for saving in the ark creatures of the limited area man then tenanted, for the flooded area might easily be stocked from the surrounding dry land after the flood. The regeneration of the creature (the animal and material world) finally with man, body as well as soul, is typified by Noah and the Animals in the ark and the renewed earth, on which they entered (Romans 8:18-25; Revelation 21:1; 2 Peter 3:13; Matthew 19:28). I caused to go up into the ship all my male and female servants, the beasts, the Animals of the field . ...
(2) The care for Animals in the Babylonian, Indian, and Polynesian versions. " A flood destroying all the existing race of man, and those Animals alone in the limited region, as yet occupied by man, and covering the visible horizon, satisfies the requirements of Scripture. Thus geological, physical, and zoological (namely, the distribution of Animals, each continent having for ages before the flood its own peculiar species, and the numbers being vast) objections are solved. ...
Yet the earth was deluged by that water out of which it had originally risen; (2 Peter 3:6) "by which (plural Greek) heavens and earth, in respect to the waters which flowed together from both, the then world perished, in respect to its occupants, men and Animals, and its existing order" (kosmos ); for "the fountains of the great deep were broken up" from the earth below, and "the windows of heaven above were opened. So "the heavens and the earth which are now, by the same word (which first made the existing order of men and Animals, and then destroyed them) are kept in store, reserved unto fire (stored up within our earth, and the action of which appears in our igneous reeks once in a state of fusion, also in the sun our central luminary) against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. Terror, not as in Eden love, should subject the lower Animals to man, God's vicegerent
Reduce - ; to bring under rules or within certain limits of descriptions and terms adapted to use in computation; as, to reduce Animals or vegetables to a class or classes; to reduce a series of observations in astronomy; to reduce language to rules
Cord - Frequently used in its proper sense, for fastening a tent (Exodus 35:18 ; 39:40 ), yoking Animals to a cart (Isaiah 5:18 ), binding prisoners (Judges 15:13 ; Psalm 2:3 ; 129:4 ), and measuring ground (2 Samuel 82;2 ; Psalm 78:55 )
Lions - The most powerful of all carnivorous Animals
Stoics - All Animals necessarily derive pleasure from those things which are suited to them; but the first object of pursuit is not pleasure, but conformity to nature
Whale - " Although two or three species of whale are found in the Mediterranean Sea, yet the "great fish" that swallowed the prophet cannot properly be identified with any Cetacean , for, although the sperm whale has a gullet sufficiently large to admit the body of a man, yet, it can hardly be the fish intended, as the natural food of Cetaceans consists of small Animals,such as medusae and crustacea
Lizard - ...
All these names occur in Leviticus 11:29-30 , as ‘unclean’ Animals; most of them are very uncertain
Scratch - ) To dig or excavate with the claws; as, some Animals scratch holes, in which they burrow
Pit - ) An inclosed area into which gamecocks, dogs, and other Animals are brought to fight, or where dogs are trained to kill rats
Sit - ) To rest upon the haunches, or the lower extremity of the trunk of the body; - said of human beings, and sometimes of other Animals; as, to sit on a sofa, on a chair, or on the ground
Bosom - The word represents the “outer front of one’s body” where beloved ones, infants, and Animals are pressed closely: “Have I conceived all this people? have I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto me, Carry them in thy bosom, as a nursing father beareth the sucking child …” ( Pit - ) An inclosed area into which gamecocks, dogs, and other Animals are brought to fight, or where dogs are trained to kill rats
Calf - , "So will we render as bullocks, the offerings of our lips," that is, we will offer praise, as Animals are offered in sacrifice
Live - ) To be alive; to have life; to have, as an animal or a plant, the capacity of assimilating matter as food, and to be dependent on such assimilation for a continuance of existence; as, Animals and plants that live to a great age are long in reaching maturity
Abominable - Under the Mosaic law those Animals and acts are called abominable the use or doing of which was prohibited
Abomination - Under the Mosaic law those Animals and acts are called abominable the use or doing of which was prohibited
Race - The Animals raced over the ground
Voice - Sound or audible noise uttered by the mouth, either of human beings or of other Animals
Ostrich, - It is the largest of all known birds, and perhaps the swiftest of all cursorial Animals
Hell - This was originally the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead Animals of the city were cast out and burned; a fit symbol of the wicked and their destruction
Famine - Vehement drought and pestilence continued for seven consecutive years, so that the people ate corpses, and Animals that died of themselves
Mouth - , Matthew 15:11 ; of Animals, e
Lamb - In the religious system that God gave Israel, lambs were one of the Animals most commonly used for sacrifice (Leviticus 3:1; Leviticus 3:7; Leviticus 4:32; Leviticus 9:3; Leviticus 12:6; Leviticus 14:10; Leviticus 23:12; Numbers 28:4; Numbers 28:11; Numbers 29:13; Ezra 6:17; Ezra 7:17; Ezekiel 46:4-15; see BLOOD; SACRIFICE)
Cry - It may be used for the uttering of a loud voice by other Animals. The sound or voice of irrational Animals expression of joy, fright, alarm, or want as the cries of fowls, the yell or yelping of dogs, &c
Burn - It was a hunter's paradise, for the thick undergrowth harbored many kinds of wild Animals. In this Scripture the Lord is telling us that if all the burnable materials on that mountain, trees, bushes, vines and grasses, were to be piled up to make one great bonfire and then if all the Animals were killed and placed upon the top of that bonfire to be offered as a sacrifice to GOD, this would not be sufficient to put away the sins of Israel
Idolatry - In process of time, noted patriots, or kings deceased, Animals of various kinds, plants, stones, and, in fine, whatever people took a fancy to, they idolized. only here, the scene being internal, the scandal of the sin is thereby abated; or external, as worshipping angels, the sun, stars, Animals, &c
Drink - ...
This verb primarily means “to drink” or “to consume a liquid,” and is used of inanimate subjects, as well as of persons or Animals. Animals also “drink”: “I will draw water for thy camels also, until they have done drinking” ( Insects - Fossil studies have shown that insects are among the most ancient of the Animals. Today insects are the most widely distributed of all the Animals. Many attack man and other Animals, as well as woodwork, wool, and clothing. They are also a substantial food source for other Animals, including man. ...
Insects occupy a prominent place among the Animals named in the Bible. Some moths have mouth parts specialized for piercing fruit and even other Animals. Many species are considered injurious, both to Animals and plants. ...
The flea (par' osh ) was a plague for people and Animals during the time of the early history of Israel
Cloth, Clothing - Biblical and archaeological sources concur that the earliest clothing resources were the hides of wild Animals (Genesis 3:21 ). Nomadic cultures continued to prefer the hides of Animals, some of which were left with small amounts of fur. The growing sedentary urban cultures preferred fabrics made from vegetable fibers such as flax and cotton and from animal fibers such as wool, goats' hair, silk, and the limited use of other wild Animals. Natural tones from different breeds of Animals gave some variety to fabric colors (brown and black goats' hair; white, gray, and yellow wool)
Horn - Curved bone-like structures growing from the heads of Animals such as deer or goats and vessels or instruments made from or shaped like such horns
Horse - See Animals ; Megiddo
Names in New Testament - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects
Elizabeth, worshipper of God
Gabriel, strong man of God
Gamaliel, God recompenses
Heli, Jehovah is high
Jesus, Jehovah saves
John, gift of God
Matthias, gift of Jehovah
Michael, who is like God?
Nathanael, gift of God
Timothy, honoring God
Zachary, Jehovah remembers
Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly
Asyncritus, incomparable
Bernice, victorious
Clement (Latin), kind
Eunice, victorious
Pudens, modest
Timon (Hebrew), honorable
Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror
Anna, grace
Caiphas, oppressor
Judas, praise
Malchus, ruler
Manahen, comforter
Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea
Philip, lover of horses
Prochorus, leader of a chorus
Salome, peace
Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father
Joseph, whom the Lord adds
Mnason, he who remembers
Onesiphorus, bringer of profit
Philologus, lover of words
Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of Animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer
Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle
Susanna, lily
Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth
Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo
Apollyon
Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter
Epaphroditus, beautiful
Hermes
Hermogenes
Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
New Testament, Names in - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects
Elizabeth, worshipper of God
Gabriel, strong man of God
Gamaliel, God recompenses
Heli, Jehovah is high
Jesus, Jehovah saves
John, gift of God
Matthias, gift of Jehovah
Michael, who is like God?
Nathanael, gift of God
Timothy, honoring God
Zachary, Jehovah remembers
Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly
Asyncritus, incomparable
Bernice, victorious
Clement (Latin), kind
Eunice, victorious
Pudens, modest
Timon (Hebrew), honorable
Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror
Anna, grace
Caiphas, oppressor
Judas, praise
Malchus, ruler
Manahen, comforter
Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea
Philip, lover of horses
Prochorus, leader of a chorus
Salome, peace
Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father
Joseph, whom the Lord adds
Mnason, he who remembers
Onesiphorus, bringer of profit
Philologus, lover of words
Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of Animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer
Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle
Susanna, lily
Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth
Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo
Apollyon
Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter
Epaphroditus, beautiful
Hermes
Hermogenes
Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
Bestow - ...
4: ψωμίζω (Strong's #5595 — Verb — psomizo — pso-mid'-zo ) primarily "to feed by putting little bits into the mouths of infants or Animals," came to denote simply "to give out food, to feed," and is rendered by the phrase "bestow
Horse - The Israelites must have been acquainted with horses in Egypt ( Genesis 47:17 ), and it is evident, too, from the Tell el-Amarna correspondence that horses were familiar Animals in Palestine at an early period; but it would appear that the children of Israel were slow in adopting them
Images - Images represented Animals ( e
Vows - (b) Animals fit for sacrifice if devoted, were not to be redeemed or changed, (Leviticus 27:9 ; 10:33 ) persons devoted stood thus: devote either himself, his child (not the first-born) or his slave
Gehenna - Thereafter it became the place for the burning of the refuse of the city, along with dead Animals and the bodies of criminals
Gross - Thick bulky particularly applied to Animals fat corpulent as a gross man a gross body
Hide - The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed more generally applied to the undressed skins of the larger domestic Animals, as oxen, horses, &c
Phase - Color phases occur also in other Animals, notably in butterflies
Field - ...
This word often represents the “open field” where the Animals roam wild
Form - 2:7-8) but the Animals ( Emerods - These venomous Animals destroy and live upon scorpions
Loose - , in Acts 7:33 , RV, "loose (the shoes)," AV, "put off;" Mark 1:7 ; (2) of Animals, e
Quail - Shaw answers, that the holy psalmist, in describing this particular food of the Israelites, by calling the Animals feathered fowls, entirely confutes this supposition
Seven - Notice, the Animals went into the ark by sevens; the years of plenty and famine were marked by sevens, Genesis 7:2; Genesis 41:2-3; the golden candlestick had seven branches, and there were "seven stars" and seven churches
Siloam - At Siloam also the water is used for washing Animals, etc
Society - It is distinguished from any grouping of Animals (herds, flocks, swarms) in that it presupposes intelligent and free activities; from temporary groups of men (mobs, crowds) in that it presupposes some permanence and organization of membership; and from other human groupings in which the members remain entirely individualistic in their acts and purposes
Noah - ...
His first care on coming out from the ark was to worship the Lord, with sacrifices of all the fitting Animals
Adam - These words describe vivid intimacy between God and man not shared by Animals. God brought him all the Animals to see what he would call them
Caesarea - As we were becalmed during the night, we heard the cries of these Animals until day break. Its theatres, once resounding with the shouts of multitudes, echo no other sound than the nightly cries of Animals roaming for their prey
Animals - ANIMALS. —It cannot be said that Animals play a very important part in the life and teaching of our Lord; yet the Gospel references cover a wider range than is usually imagined. The Evangelists use no fewer than 40 different Greek words denoting Animals, and, apart from such general terms as ‘birds of the air,’ ‘wild beasts,’ and ‘serpents,’ they mention at least 20 particular kinds. Domestic Animals. ‘The ox, the ass, and the sheep are the (chief) domestic Animals with which an Israelite household is provided’ (O. The point of the contrast lies in the colour rather than the character of the Animals, the sheep being pure white, while the goats are covered with long jet-black hair. To the list of domestic Animals we may add dogs and swine, which were classed together as unclean. Naturally these Animals do not possess a fastidious palate, and their manner of life is disgusting enough to justify the Jews’ contempt for them. Wild Animals. ’ Here the word is not confined to ‘beasts of prey’; it stands for the whole kingdom of wild Animals
no'ah - The planks of the ark, after being put together were to be protected by a coating of pitch, or rather bitumen, both inside and outside, to make it water-tight, and perhaps also as a protection against the attacks of marine Animals. The ark was to consist of a number of "nests" or small compartments, with a view, no doubt, to the convenient distribution of the different Animals and their food. Noah was directed to take also Animals of all kinds into the ark with him, that they might be preserved alive. (The method of speaking of the Animals that were taken into the ark "clean" and "unclean," implies that only those which were useful to man were preserved, and that no wild Animals were taken into the ark; so that there is no difficulty from the great number of different species of animal life existing in the word
no'ah - The planks of the ark, after being put together were to be protected by a coating of pitch, or rather bitumen, both inside and outside, to make it water-tight, and perhaps also as a protection against the attacks of marine Animals. The ark was to consist of a number of "nests" or small compartments, with a view, no doubt, to the convenient distribution of the different Animals and their food. Noah was directed to take also Animals of all kinds into the ark with him, that they might be preserved alive. (The method of speaking of the Animals that were taken into the ark "clean" and "unclean," implies that only those which were useful to man were preserved, and that no wild Animals were taken into the ark; so that there is no difficulty from the great number of different species of animal life existing in the word
Ark - ...
Noah’s ark...
God’s purpose in commanding Noah to build an ark was to provide a way of preserving people and Animals through the judgment of the great flood (Genesis 6:5-13; see FLOOD). This helped to separate the Animals and to brace the whole structure (Genesis 6:14-20). ...
More important than the preservation of the Animals was the preservation of the family of Noah
Humanity, Humankind - The basic meaning of ‘spirit’ (Hebrew: ruach; Greek: pneuma) has to do with that unseen, life-giving force that comes from God – the ‘breath of life’ that he gives to all persons (and Animals), that belongs to him, and that he takes back at death (Genesis 7:22; Numbers 16:22; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Hebrews 12:9; James 2:26; see SPIRIT). ...
However, the Bible uses both nephesh and ruach (and their Greek equivalents in the New Testament) to refer to certain aspects of human life where human beings are different from other Animals. ...
More importantly, the higher and spiritual aspect of human life that other Animals do not share may be called the soul (Hebrews 13:17; 1 Peter 2:11) or the spirit (Romans 8:10; 2 Timothy 4:22)
Owl - This verse in Isaiah is "descriptive of utter and perpetual desolation, of a land that should be full of ruins, and inhabited by the Animals that usually make such ruins their abode
Hair - The covering of the human head and of Animals
Name - Adam's naming the Animals implies at once his power of speech, distinguishing him above them, and his knowledge of their characteristics as enabling him to suit the name to the nature
Deliverance, Deliverer - According to Job 5:19-26 God delivers in 7 ways; from famine, war, the scourge of the tongue, the wild Animals, to safety, abundant offspring, and long life
Scoffer: Silenced - ' 'Well, if you were to send out a dove, he would pass over that scene and see in it all that was beautiful and lovely, and delight himself in gazing at and admiring it; but if you were to send out a buzzard over precisely the same scene, he would see in it nothing to fix his attention, unless he could find some rotten carcass that would be loathsome to all other Animals, in which case he would alight and gloat upon it with exquisite pleasure
Divination - Haruspicy, by inspecting the bowels of Animals
Disease - The word is also applied to the disorders of other Animals, as well as to those of man and to any derangement of the vegetative functions of plants
Bull - “Abbir” is used as an adjective most frequently to mean might or valiant one, either man, angels, or Animals
Net - Job 19:6 (a) Job's circumstances, troubles and disasters which befell him on every hand are compared to a net which catches fish or Animals, and makes them helpless
Brother - ...
Job 30:29 (a) Job felt so disgraced, so discouraged, and so wretched that he claimed kin with Animals
Die - ) To pass from an animate to a lifeless state; to cease to live; to suffer a total and irreparable loss of action of the vital functions; to become dead; to expire; to perish; - said of Animals and vegetables; often with of, by, with, from, and rarely for, before the cause or occasion of death; as, to die of disease or hardships; to die by fire or the sword; to die with horror at the thought
Face - The surface of the fore part of an Animals head, particularly of the human head the visage
Grain - The direction of the fibers of wood or other fibrous substance hence the phrase, against the grain, applied to Animals, that is, against their natural tempers
Abstinence - Doddridge observes, "that though neither things sacrificed to idols, nor the flesh of strangled Animals, nor blood, have or can have any moral evil in them, which should make the eating of them absolutely and universally unlawful; yet they were forbidden to the Gentile converts, because the Jews had such an aversion to them, that they could not converse freely with any who used them
Yoke - ) Two Animals yoked together; a couple; a pair that work together
Reason - ) The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior Animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires
Sick, To Be - Sacrificial Animals that are described as being lame or “sick” ( Plow - A fitting word for the agricultural nature of Israelite culture, chârash is frequently used of “plowing” a field, usually with Animals such as oxen (1 Kings 19:19)
Divine, Practice Divination - At other times, a diviner might shake arrows, consult with household idols, or study the livers of dead Animals ( Side - ) One of the halves of the body, of an Animals or man, on either side of the mesial plane; or that which pertains to such a half; as, a side of beef; a side of sole leather
Leviathan - ...
The crocodile is a native of the Nile, and other Asiatis and African rivers; in some instances even thirty feet in length; of enormous voracity and strength, as well as fleetness in swimming; attacks mankind and the largest Animals, with most daring impetuosity; when taken by means of a powerful net, will often overturn the boats that surround it; has proportionally the largest mouth of all monsters whatever; moves both its jaws alike, the upper of which has not less than thirty-six, and the lower thirty sharp, but strong and massy teeth; and is furnished with a coat of mail so scaly and callous as to resist the force of a musket-ball in every part, except under the belly
Soul - Hence the Hebrew and Greek words which, when they refer to man, in our Bibles are translated "soul," are usually rendered "life" or "breath" when they refer to Animals, Genesis 2:7 7:15 Numbers 16:22 Job 12:10 34:14,15 Psalm 104:29 Ecclesiastes 12:7 Acts 17:25
Ark - It was intended to preserve certain persons and Animals from the deluge which God was about to bring over the earth. It contained eight persons (Genesis 7:13 ; 2 Peter 2:5 ), and of all "clean" Animals seven pairs, and of "unclean" one pair, and of birds seven pairs of each sort (Genesis 7:2,3 )
Soul - Both Animals and people are nephesh, living creatures. All animal life is nephesh (or psyche; Revelation 8:9), though human nephesh is of a higher order than the nephesh of other Animals (Genesis 2:19-22)
Serpent - James, (James 3:7 ) who particularizes serpents among all other Animals that "have been tamed by man. Serpents are said in Scripture to "eat dust," see ( Genesis 3:14 ; Isaiah 65:25 ; Micah 7:17 ) these Animals which for the most part take their food on the ground, do consequently swallow with it large portions of sand and dust
Ostrich - to man she seems (Scripture uses phenomenal language, not thereby asserting the scientific accuracy of it) as if she neglected her young; but she is guided by a sure instinct from God, as much as Animals whose instincts seem (at first sight) to be more provident. " The largest and swiftest of cursorial Animals
Creation - : (1) Creation of light and separation of light from the primeval darkness, Genesis 1:3-5 ; (2) division of the chaotic waters by the firmament, Genesis 1:6-8 ; (3) separation of land and sea, Genesis 1:9-10 ; (4) clothing of the earth with vegetation, Genesis 1:11-13 ; (5) formation of the heavenly bodies, Genesis 1:14-19 ; (6) production of fishes and birds, Genesis 1:20-23 ; (7) land Animals, Genesis 1:24 f. There is an obviously designed, though not quite complete, correspondence between the two series: (1) light || ( Genesis 1:5 ) luminaries; (2) waters and firmament || ( Genesis 1:6 ) fishes and fowls; (3) dry land || ( Genesis 1:7-8 ) terrestrial Animals; (4) trees and grasses, and (on the sixth day) the appointment of these as the food of men and Animals. Again, the rough popular classifications of Genesis (plants, aquatic Animals, birds, land Animals, etc
Shepherd - ” Shepherds led sheep to pasture and water (Psalm 23:1 ) and protected them from wild Animals (1 Samuel 17:34-35 )
Wilderness, Desert - It is the place where wild Animals roam: pelicans ( Psalms 102:6 ), wild asses ( Job 24:5 , Jeremiah 2:24 ), ostriches ( Lamentations 4:3 ), jackals ( Malachi 1:3 ); and is without settled inhabitants, though towns or settlements of nomadic tribes may be found ( Joshua 15:61-62 , Isaiah 42:11 )
Cup - Assyrian cups from Khorsabad resemble the heads of Animals, some terminating in the head of a lion
Divination - Three kinds of divination are mentioned in Ezekiel 21:21 , by arrows, consulting with images (the teraphim), and by examining the entrails of Animals sacrificed
Cherub - From Ezekiel's description of them (1;10; 41:18,19), they appear to have been compound figures, unlike any real object in nature; artificial images possessing the features and properties of several Animals
Heat - ) Sexual excitement in Animals
Caterpillar - They were classified as hopping Animals (Job 39:20 ) with jointed legs and so were clean for Israel to eat (Leviticus 11:20-23 )
Leopard - It is much tamer than the Felis pardus, and in India it is often domesticated and kept for hunting antelopes and other Animals
Answer - This word may be applied to a great variety of objects, expressing the idea of a return as the notes, or sounds of birds, and other Animals an echo, &c
Shepherds - )...
It hath been supposed by some that this abomination of the Egyptians to shepherds arose from their employment, because while the Egyptians worshipped Animals the shepherds killed them occasionally for food
Camel - They need as much water as other Animals, but God has given them receptacles in which they stow away the water they drink, and use it as they need it
Serpent - The serpent cannot be classed physically with the behemoth, the pachyderm and ruminant Animals; "the serpent was crafty above every behemoth in the field" (Genesis 3:1); nor physically is the serpent "cursed above others"; it must be Satan who is meant
Feed - ) To give for food, especially to Animals; to furnish for consumption; as, to feed out turnips to the cows; to feed water to a steam boiler
Grow - To enlarge in bulk or stature, by a natural, imperceptible addition of matter, through ducts and secreting organs, as animal and vegetable bodies to vegetate as plants, or to be augmented by natural process, as Animals
Idleness - Violent passions, like rapid torrents, run their course; but after having overflowed their banks, their impetuosity subsides: but sloth, especially when it is habitual, is like the slowly-flowing putrid stream, which stagnates in the marsh, breeds venomous Animals and poisonous plants, and infects with pestilential vapours the whole country round it
Walk - ) That in or through which one walks; place or distance walked over; a place for walking; a path or avenue prepared for foot passengers, or for taking air and exercise; way; road; hence, a place or region in which Animals may graze; place of wandering; range; as, a sheep walk
Ass - White asses were among very noble Animals in the estimation of the people of the East
Might - ” Certain Animals are known for their “strength,” such as horses ( Ear - ...
Animals are also said to have “ears” ( Amos - Locke has observed, that his comparisons are chiefly drawn from lions, and other Animals, because he lived among, and was conversant with, such objects
Common, Commonly - , "common;" of Animals, ceremonially unclean, Acts 10:14 ; 11:8 ; of a man, Acts 10:28 ; of meats, Romans 14:14 , "unclean;" of the blood of the covenant, as viewed by an apostate, Hebrews 10:29 , "unholy" (RV, marg
Flood - The universality of a flood is shown by the fact that the remains of Animals are found buried far from their native regions
Serpent - The serpent is a creature distinguished for its subtility, Genesis 3:1, and wisdom in avoiding danger, Matthew 10:16, as well as for the instinctive dread which it inspires in man and most Animals
Scorpion - These Animals frequent dry and hot places, and lie under stones and in the crevices of old ruins
Adam - He shared his physical origin with other Animals in being made of common earthly chemicals, yet he was uniquely different in that he was made in the image of God (Genesis 1:27; Genesis 2:7; see CREATION; HUMANITY, HUMANKIND)
Ass - ...
It was not to be yoked with the ox (Deuteronomy 22:10); for the distinctions which God has fixed in nature are to be observed; humanity would forbid Animals of such different size and strength being yoked together. Ρere , the wild donkey of Asia; the ghoorkhur , mouse brown, with a broad dorsal stripe, but no cross on the shoulders, the Latin onager (Genesis 16:12): Ishmael "shall be a wild donkey man;" from paro , "to run swiftly "; compare Job 39:5; "who hath sent out the wild donkey (pereh ) free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild donkey (arod )?" Doubtless some of the most useful Animals to man were created to be, from man's first being, his domestic attendants
Deluge - Can an universal deluge be more clearly expressed? If the deluge had only been partial, there had been no necessity to spend an hundred years in the building of an ark, and shutting up all sorts of Animals therein, in order to re-stock the world: they had been easily and readily brought from those parts of the world not overflowed into those that were; at least, all the birds never would have been destroyed, as Moses says they were, so long as they had wings to bear them to those parts where the flood did not reach. there are frequently found in places many scores of leagues from the sea, and even in the tops of high mountains, whole trees sunk deep under ground, as also teeth and bones of Animals, fishes entire, sea-shells, ears of corn, &c
Soul - Such is observable in Genesis 1:20,21 , 24 , where the qualified (living) nepes [1] refers to Animals and is rendered "living creatures. " Thus, human being shares soul with the Animals
Clean And Unclean - It would be rash to dogmatize about the origin of this notion; it most probably dates back to days prior to any conscious animistic beliefs, and may even be traceable ultimately to instincts which mankind shares with the higher Animals. The same idea would probably cause the abstinence from eating beasts of prey, carrion birds, and Animals which had died without being bled ( Ezekiel 4:14 , Exodus 22:31 , Leviticus 17:15 ; Leviticus 22:3 ). For reasons which cannot even be conjectured in many cases, certain Animals were treated as sacred, and tahooed accordingly; it might be that the animal was very useful or very dangerous or very strange; the savage had no consistent theory of taboo. Some Animals may be cases of sympathetic taboo; they were not eaten from the fear lest their qualities should be imparted to the consumer. In later times some Animals might be tabooed from more elaborate motives. ...
The Jews themselves dated the distinction between clean and unclean Animals from an early antiquity (cf. Clean Animals are there classified as those which part the hoof, are cloven-footed, and chew the cud
Food - ), permission to eat the flesh of Animals, under stipulation as to drawing off the blood, having been first accorded to Noah ( Genesis 9:3 ff. As compared with the wide range of foods supplied by the cereals, vegetables, and fruits above mentioned, the supply of flesh-food was confined to such Animals and birds as were technically described as ‘clean. The clean Animals admitted to the table according to the ‘official’ lists in Leviticus 11:23 , Deuteronomy 14:4-20 (conveniently arranged in parallel columns for purposes of comparison in Driver’s Deut. ), may be ranged under the two categories, domestic Animals , which alone were admitted as sacrifice to the ‘table of J″
Of the seven species of game mentioned in Deuteronomy 14:5 , it is evident from Deuteronomy 12:15 that the gazelle and the hart were the typical Animals of the chase hunted for the sake of their flesh. Among the unclean Animals which were taboo to the Hebrews the most interesting are the swine ( Leviticus 11:7 , Deuteronomy 14:8 : cf. All sacrificial Animals had therefore to be drained of their blood before any part could be offered to God or man, and so with all Animals slaughtered for domestic use only ( Deuteronomy 12:15 f
Francis of Assisi, Saint - The guiding note of his life was charity which sprang from a deep-rooted love for all God's creatures; the very Animals found in him a friend and protector
Foot - It may also be used of the feet of Animals (Ezekiel 1:7 ) or, anthropomorphically, of God's feet (Isaiah 60:13 )
Sabbatical Year - ...
Rest for the land...
Just as people and their working Animals rested one day in seven, so the land was to be rested one year in seven
Cuttings - in Dahomey) at the death of chiefs both men and Animals are sacrificed
Dead Sea - The cane-brakes which fringe it at some parts are the homes of about forty species of mammalia, several of them Animals unknown in England; and innumerable tropical or semi-tropical plants perfume the atmosphere wherever fresh water can reach
Inwards, Inward Parts - ), meaning the entrails or bowels of the Animals to be sacrificed according to the Levitical institutions ( Exodus 29:13 ; Exodus 29:22 , Leviticus 3:3 ; Leviticus 3:9 ; Leviticus 3:14 ; Leviticus 4:8 ; Leviticus 4:11 ; Leviticus 7:3 ; Leviticus 8:18 ; Leviticus 8:21 etc
Blood - The fluid which circulates through the arteries and veins of the human body, and of other Animals,which is essential to the preservation of life
Fish - The "great fish" of Jonah (Jonah 1:17) was, according to different views, the dogfish, the shark, whose cartilaginous skeleton adapts it for swallowing large Animals, or the whale, in the cavity of whose throat there would be room for a man
Assisi, Francis of, Saint - The guiding note of his life was charity which sprang from a deep-rooted love for all God's creatures; the very Animals found in him a friend and protector
Flesh - Animal nature Animals of all kinds
Die - Death in this sense may also be inflicted by Animals ( Wolf - The dispositions of the wolf to attack the weaker Animals, especially those which are under the protection of man, is alluded to by our Saviour in the parable of the hireling shepherd: "The wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the flock," Matthew 7:15
Range - To dispose in proper classes, orders or divisions as, to range plants and Animals in genera and species
Sanctification - These fall into three groupings: those whose sanctity was inherent (for example, firstborn males of female Animals and human beings, Exodus 13:2 ,Exodus 13:2,13:11-13 ; Leviticus 27:26 ); objects whose sanctification was required (for example, tithes of crops and pure Animals, Leviticus 27:30-33 ; Deuteronomy 26:13 ); and gifts whose sanctification was voluntary (see partial list in Leviticus 27:1 )
Evolution - The scientific theories are not concerned with the origin of life itself but take organic life as a datum; nor are they concerned with the growth of individual organisms but witli the development of successive species of Animals and plants from other species known to have existed in previous geological ages. There is not a shadow of proof for the generation of life from non-life, nor of animal from vegetal life, nor of the human organism from lower Animals
Kill - ...
Shâchaṭ sometimes implies the “slaughtering” of Animals for food ( Animals, including sacrificially, and for ruthless personal violence of man against man
Image - ...
A unified being...
Human beings are different from all other Animals in that they alone are made in the image of God (Genesis 1:26-27). Even if they had the same physical appearance as humans, they would still be no more than Animals
Deluge - It is even related, that they have a tradition among them, that an old man, knowing that the deluge was approaching, built a large ship, and went into it with a great number of Animals; and that he sent out from the ship a crow, which did not immediately come back, staying to feed on the carcasses of dead Animals, but afterward returned with a green branch in its mouth. According to the Peruvians, in consequence of a general inundation, occasioned by violent and continued rains, a universal destruction of the human species took place, a few persons only excepted, who escaped into caves on the tops of the mountains, into which they had previously conveyed a stock of provisions, and a number of live Animals, lest when the waters abated, the whole race should have become extinct. Acosta, in his history of the Indies, says, that the Mexicans speak of a deluge in their country, by which all men were drowned; and that it was afterward peopled by viracocha, who came out of the lake Titicaca; and, according to Herrera, the Machoachans, a people comparatively in the neighbourhood of Mexico, had a tradition, that a single family was formerly preserved in an ark amid a deluge of waters; and that along with them, a sufficient number of Animals were saved to stock the new world. In obedience to a divine nomination, he entered, with his sons and their wives, into a large ark, which they had built for their preservation; and immediately swine, and horses, and lions, and serpents, and all other Animals which live on earth, came to him by pairs, and were admitted by him into the ark. This prince was performing his ablutions in the river Critimala, when Vishnu appeared to him in the shape of a small fish, and after several augmentations of bulk in different waters, was placed by Satyavrata in the ocean, where he thus addressed his amazed votary: ‘In seven days all creatures who have offended me shall be destroyed by a deluge, but thou shalt be secured in a capacious vessel miraculously formed; take therefore all kinds of medicinal herbs, and esculent grain for food, and, together with the seven holy men, your respective wives, and pairs of all Animals, enter the ark without fear: then shalt thou know God face to face, and all thy questions shall be answered. Keill formerly computed that twenty-eight oceans would be necessary for that purpose; but we are now informed "that a farther progress in mathematical and physical knowledge has shown the different seas and oceans to contain, at least, forty-eight times more water than they were then supposed to do; and that the mere raising of the temperature of the whole body of the ocean to a degree no greater than marine Animals live in, in the shallow seas between the tropics, would so expand it as more than to produce the height above the mountains stated in the Mosaic account
Physician - Anatomy was learned from oral and written tradition, from sacrifices and domestication of Animals, injuries in the gymnasia, from bodies long exposed to the elements or to wild Animals, and from dissection of wild Animals. , were Alkmaion of Crotona, who from his dissection of Animals was reported to be the first Greek anatomist, and Demokles (c. ) practised dissection of Animals and even dissected the brain. Owing to customary reverence for bodies of the dead, autopsies were unknown, unless indeed a criminal or a traitormay have furnished material, and anatomical knowledge, apart from that concerning bones, had to be derived from dissecting Animals, from sacrificial Animals, and surgical cases. Not only Animals but cadavers were dissected; vivisection was reported as performed on criminals
Jewels, Jewelry - ...
Jewelry was also used to decorate Animals, at least by the wealthy. The reference in Ezekiel 16:8-316 to a ring in a swine's snout is metaphoric; one cannot draw conclusions from it concerning the use of decorative nose rings for Animals. Amulets were sometimes worn by Animals to ensure good fortune on a trip
Blood - Beside its proper sense, the fluid of the veins of men and Animals, the term in Scripture is used,...
1. God expressly forbade the eating of blood alone, or of blood mixed with the flesh of Animals, as when any creature was suffocated, or strangled, or killed without drawing its blood from the carcass. When Animals were granted to Noah for food, the blood was reserved; and when the same law was reenacted among the Israelites, the original prohibition is repeated, with an explanation which at once shows the original ground upon which it rested: "I have given it upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls
Vanity - Human life is of equal value with that of Animals (3:19-20)
Leaven - " In Amos 4:5 the leavened bread was "with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of the peace offerings," not with burnt offerings of Animals on the altar
Move - We move by walking, running or turning Animals move by creeping, swimming or flying
Die - To be deprived of respiration, of the circulation of blood, and other bodily functions, and rendered incapable of resuscitation, as Animals, either by natural decay, by disease, or by violence to cease to live to expire to decease to perish and with respect to man, to depart from this world
Mother - Usually refers to humans but may refer to Animals or even as a metaphor for deity
Mithra - Beyond this, we know almost nothing except that bas-reliefs depict celebrants carrying counterfeit heads of Animals, Persians, etc
Market, Market-Place - —Beside the fountain or large tree of the market-place to which the village often owed its name and choice of locality, muleteers and other travellers rested their baggage Animals, and told of what had happened by the way
Among - The Bible limits another idiomatic usage, meaning “inner parts,” to Animals: “Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire—his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof” ( Down - ) Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of Animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool...
(10):...
(n
Heat - Heat, as a sensation, is the effect produced on the sentient organs of Animals, by the passage of caloric, disengaged from surrounding bodies, to the organs
House - In a general sense, a building or shed intended or used as a habitation or shelter for Animals of any kind but appropriately, a building or edifice for the habitation of man a dwelling place, mansion or abode for any of the human species
Ecclesiastes - , because this passage should be regarded as a rhetorical question expressive of the author's grief that so few men realize the difference between themselves and Animals
Woman - ...
This word is used only infrequently of Animals: “Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female” ( Arabia - The principal Animals are the horse, famed for its form, beauty, and endurance; camels, sheep, asses, dogs, the gazelle, tiger, lynx, and monkey; quails, peacocks, parrots, ostriches; vipers, scorpions, and locusts
Can - The Jews could not eat certain kinds of Animals which were declared to be unclean
Coins - In the days before people used money in buying and selling, they usually paid for goods by exchanging other goods, such as farm produce, Animals or jewellery
Tithe, Tithing - Animals passed single file under a rod dipped in coloring and every tenth one was marked. Selecting inferior Animals was prohibited (vv
Peace - Animals are paired off in a strange and wonderful way: the wolf and the lamb, the leopard with the kid, the calf with the lion, the cow with the bear, the lion with the ox. The emphasis is on the harmony, the salom [2] between the Animals and the animal kingdom with man
Serpent - "as man, no doubt, was acquainted with Animals long before he had any knowledge of minerals and their qualities, it seems highly probable that the primeval language might in some instances, and where there was a similarity of qualified, describe the latter by names deduced from those which were at first given to the former. And in the present case it is observable that copper is not only of a serpentine colour, but resembles those noxious Animals in its destructive properties, being in all its preparations accounted poisonous
Fox - Shaw thinks jackals to be the Animals here intended; observing, that "as these are creatures by far the most common and familiar, as well as the most numerous of any in the eastern countries, we may well perceive the great possibility there was for Samson to take, or cause to be taken, three hundred of them. This was done in revenge upon that species of Animals, for having once burnt up the fields of corn
Death - After all, death was apparently part of the world of nature before Adam sinned – leaves fell off trees, fruit was picked, and Animals lived by eating other forms of life (Genesis 2:15-16; Genesis 3:1). The truth that the Bible emphasizes is that human beings are not merely creatures of the natural world like the other Animals
Clean, Cleanness - ...
God established for the Israelites a special group of laws dealing with clean and unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:1-47 ; Deuteronomy 14:1-21 ) to provide guidance for dietary and other circumstances. Clean Animals were allowed to be eaten, but unclean ones were prohibited strictly. Animals associated with pagan cults were prohibited, as were unfamiliar or repulsive creatures, and those species that fed upon carrion
Offering - Of Animals only tame ones were used, as oxen, goats, and sheep, and the dove
Fear - Something set or hung up to terrify wild Animals, by its color or noise
Ram - The skins had to come from Animals that had died
Dispensations - ...
(3) The dispensation of Noah, like that of Adam, requiring, besides the duties of the light of nature, repentance for sin, faith in God's mercy, hope of the promised Savior, kept up by sacrifices; to which were added the prohibition to shed blood of man on penalty of death, and to eat Animals' blood, and the permission to eat flesh (Genesis 9); extending from the flood to Abraham
Kishon - Both Animals and baggage have not infrequently been lost at such times
Ophir - " The wares and Animals, from India or Africa, if such was their source (as the Sanskrit, Tamil, and Malay origin of the words ivory, peacocks, and apes respectively implies), came through Arabia
Bear - This verb can also be used in reference to Animals; in Sandal - A sign of mourning (2 Samuel 15:30; Ezekiel 24:17); humiliation (Isaiah 20:2; Isaiah 20:4; Ezekiel 16:10), "I shod thee with badgers' skins" or seal skins, and skins of other marine Animals of the Red Sea; the material of the Hebrew shoes and of the tabernacle covering
Drive - ) To go by carriage; to pass in a carriage; to proceed by directing or urging on a vehicle or the Animals that draw it; as, the coachman drove to my door
Hell - It early designated a place in the valley of Hinnom, which had been the seat of the worship of Moloch, Jeremiah 7:31; 2 Chronicles 33:6; 2 Kings 23:10, and for the deposit of the filth and dead Animals of the city
Hind - The circumstance of their standing on the high places or mountains is applied to these Animals by Xenophon
Behemoth - Although an inhabitant of the waters, the hippopotamus, is well known to breathe air like land Animals
Adam - The high intellectual power with which man was endowed is illustrated by his giving appropriate names to the lower Animals
Sheep - The tail of one of these Animals is very broad and large, terminating in a small appendage that turns back upon it
Hinnom - It has been a common opinion that the later Jews, in imitation of Josiah, threw into this place all manner of filth, as well as the carcasses of Animals and the dead bodies of malefactors; and that with reference to either the baleful idolatrous fires in the worship of Moloch, or to the fires afterwards maintained there to consume the mass of impurities that might otherwise have occasioned a pestilence, came the figurative use of the fires of Gehenna, that is, valley of Hinnom, to denote the eternal fire in which wicked men and fallen spirits shall be punished
Water Watering, Waterless - ...
B — 1: ποτίζω (Strong's #4222 — Verb — potizo — pot-id'-zo ) "to give to drink," is used (a) naturally in Luke 13:15 , "watering," with reference to Animals; (b) figuratively, with reference to spiritual ministry to converts, 1 Corinthians 3:6-8
Blood - God allowed the flesh of Animals to be a source of food for human beings, but in the law he set out for Israel, those who took an animal’s life had to acknowledge God as the rightful owner of that life. ...
The blood of atonement...
Because of this connection between shed blood and life laid down, God gave the blood of sacrificial Animals to his people as a way of atonement
Sacrifice - ...
The five Animals in Abraham's sacrifice of the covenant (Genesis 15:9) are the five alone named in the law for sacrifice: the ox, sheep, goat, dove, and pigeon. The revelation was doubtless God's command to sacrifice Animals ("the firstlings of the flock") in token of man's forfeiture of life by sin, and a type of the promised Bruiser of the serpent's head (Genesis 3:15), Himself to be bruised as the one sacrifice. This command is implied in God's having made coats of skins for Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:21); for these must have been taken from Animals slain in sacrifice (for it was not for food they were slain, animal food not being permitted until after the flood; nor for clothing, as clothes might have been made of the fleeces, without the needless cruelty of killing the animal). The earliest offering recorded as formally commanded by Jehovah, and of the five Animals prescribed, is that of Abraham (Genesis 15:9-17). The offering of innocent Animals in substitution for man is no arbitrary invention; it is founded on man's close connection with Animals
Famine And Drought - During famines, starving people resorted to eating such things as wild vines, heads of Animals, garbage, dung, and even human flesh (2 Kings 4:39 ; 2Kings 6:25,2 Kings 6:28 ; Lamentations 4:4-10 )
Say, Speak, Answer - Infrequently Animals ( Firstborn - Apparently the firstborn of clean Animals were not to be used for any work since they belonged to the Lord (Deuteronomy 15:19 )
Laver - The sacrificial Animals, the oxen, represent the priestly service
Family - ...
A further extension of the meaning “division” or “clan” is the idiomatic usage of “class” or “group,” such as “the families” of the Animals that left the ark ( Megiddo - Buildings of current controversy have been excavated and explained variously as Solomon's or Ahab's stables, or storehouses where Animals were loaded and unloaded
Gift, Giving - Human life is God's gift (Job 1:21 ), as are all things necessary for physical life: the sun for light (Jeremiah 31:25 ); plants (Genesis 1:29 ) and Animals for food (Genesis 9:3 ); water (Numbers 21:16 ); clothing (Genesis 28:20 ); grass for herds (Deuteronomy 11:15 ); seasonal rains for crops (Leviticus 26:4 ); companionship of male and female (Genesis 2:18-24 ; compare Genesis 3:12 ); the ability to have children (Genesis 17:16 ); and sleep (Psalm 127:2 )
Nets - NETS were used in taking wild Animals (see Hunting), and birds (see Snares); but their main use has always been in fishing
Anthropomorphism - Infrequently, human qualities are attributed to Animals (Numbers 22:28-30 ) or vegetation (Judges 9:7-15 )
Tiberias - Antipas built in Tiberias a Roman stadium and palace adorned with images of Animals which offended the Jews, as did also its site on an ancient burial ground
Naming - The act of naming implied the power of the namer over the named, evidenced in the naming of the Animals in Genesis 2:19-20 or Pharaoh's renaming Joseph ( Genesis 41:45 ; compare Daniel 1:6-7 ; 2 Kings 24:17 )
Door - Genesis 4:7 (b) Living Animals which were available and acceptable for sin offerings were to be found everywhere and Cain needed only to step out of his own door to find a satisfactory sacrifice that would have met his needs
Amulets And Charms - Children and domestic Animals are supposed to be specially subject to such influence, and to-day ‘in the Arabic border lands there is hardly a child, or almost an animal, which is not defended from the evil eye by a charm’ (Doughty)
Course - Applied to Animals, a running, or walking a race a career a passing, or passage, with any degree of swiftness indefinitely
Camel - Its flesh was not to be eaten, as it was ranked among unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:4 ; Deuteronomy 14:7 )
Whip - ) An instrument or driving horses or other Animals, or for correction, consisting usually of a lash attached to a handle, or of a handle and lash so combined as to form a flexible rod
Man - God breathed into Adam's nostrils the breath of life, and man is responsible to Him as his Creator; and for this reason he will be called to account, which is not the case with any of the Animals
Fear - Môrâ' may suggest the reaction of Animals to men ( Voice - The word also includes vocal “sounds” produced by Animals: “And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating [1] of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing [1] of the oxen which I hear?” ( Flock - The Animals were eaten ( Book - The skins of Animals were also in use, the books being prepared in the form of long rolls, twelve or fourteen inches wide, and fastened at each end to sticks, not unlike the rollers to which maps are attached
Divination - Haruspicy, by inspecting the bowels of Animals
Shushan - The dread of these furious Animals compelled Mr
Fish - This appears to be the general name in Scripture of aquatic Animals
Dove - At the end of other seven days, the dove, being sent out a third time, returned no more; from which Noah conjectured that the earth was so far drained as to afford sustenance for the birds and fowls; and he therefore removed the covering of the ark, which probably gave liberty to many of the fowls to fly off; and these circumstances afforded him the greater facility for making arrangements for disembarking the other Animals
Winds - Both men and Animals are greatly annoyed by the dust, and seek any practicable shelter or covering
House - People stored their family food and valuable possessions in the house, along with their farm tools and, at times, food for their Animals (Judges 19:21)
Nilus, an Ascetic of Sinai - Olympiodorus, an eparch, desired to erect a church and to decorate it with images of saints in the sanctuary, together with hunting scenes, birds, and Animals in mosaic, and numerous crosses in the nave and on the floor—a scheme of decoration which we find carried out some time later in the churches of Central Syria, depicted in De Voguë's Civil and Ecclesiastical Architecture of Syria
Altar - ...
While Animals were a common sacrifice in the Old Testament, altars were also used to sacrifice grain, fruit, wine, and incense. It is located “at” or “before” the door of the Tent of Meeting, which is also the place sacrificial Animals are slaughtered. The incense served as a means of purification after slaughtering Animals, a costly sacrifice, and also as a sweet smelling offering that would be pleasing to God
Egypt - The Animals of Egypt, besides the usual kinds of tame cattle, are the wild ox or buffalo in great numbers, the ass and camel, dogs in multitudes without masters, the ichneumon, the crocodile, and the hippopotamus. But the Egyptian religion had this peculiarity, that it adopted living Animals as symbols of the real objects of worship. The Egyptians not only esteemed many species of Animals as sacred, which might not be killed without the punishment of death, but individual Animals were kept in temples and worshipped with sacrifices, as gods
Sacrifices in the Old Testament - ...
BLOODY SACRIFICES ...
Consisted in the slaying of certain Animals: ram (or he-lamb, or again ewe- lamb), goat, bull (or calf, or heifer), turtle-dove, and pigeon. The fat covering the entrails, the two kidneys with their fat, the great lobe of the liver of all Animals offered in sacrifice, and the fat tail of the rams were burned upon the altar; the other parts were disposed of in various ways according to the various sacrifices
Old Testament, Sacrifices in the - ...
BLOODY SACRIFICES ...
Consisted in the slaying of certain Animals: ram (or he-lamb, or again ewe- lamb), goat, bull (or calf, or heifer), turtle-dove, and pigeon. The fat covering the entrails, the two kidneys with their fat, the great lobe of the liver of all Animals offered in sacrifice, and the fat tail of the rams were burned upon the altar; the other parts were disposed of in various ways according to the various sacrifices
Clean, To Be - ...
“Clean” most frequently describes the purity maintained by avoiding contact with other human beings, abstaining from eating Animals, and using things that are declared ceremonially clean. ...
To be ceremonially “clean,” the Israelite also had to abstain from eating certain Animals and even from touching them (Lev
Tree - In these thickets, among other ferocious Animals, the wild boar seeks a covert from the burning rays of the sun. Such moist and shady places are in all countries the favourite haunts of these fierce and dangerous Animals
Zabii - Goats were also reputed to be sacred Animals, because the demons whom they worshipped were said to appear in the woods and deserts in the forms of goats or of satyrs. These Maimonides divides into three kinds:—"The first is that which respects plants, Animals, and metals
Fall - No partner could be found for him from the parade of Animals. Man immediately saw that she was made of human stuff, unlike the Animals. Once appealing and crafty, the cursed snake became lower than other Animals
Water - Use and wont have established certain regulations for the watering of Animals, infringement of which frequently causes strife ( Genesis 29:2 ff
Soul - , "dead soul;" and of Animals, Leviticus 24:18 , lit
Back - ) In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the spine; in other Animals, that part of the body which corresponds most nearly to such part of a human being; as, the back of a horse, fish, or lobster
Linen - The embalmed bodies of men and Animals were wrapped in strips of linen
Grave - It is where all go, even Animals (Ecclesiastes 3:19-20 )
Laying on of Hands - Thus in the Old Testament hands are imposed on sacrificial Animals in order to set them apart for a special purpose (Exodus 29:10,15 , 19,33 ; Leviticus 1:4 ; 4:4,15 , 24 ; 8:14,18 , 22 ; 16:21 ; Numbers 8:5-15 ; 2 Chronicles 29:3 )
Right - Also applied to the corresponding side of the lower Animals
Ass - A group of such Animals are so accustomed to keep together that they would do so even if running away ( 1 Samuel 9:3 ; 1 Samuel 9:20 )
Palace - At Nineveh, on the eight feet high alabaster wainscoting were sculptured men and Animals (Ezekiel 23:14), whereas the second commandment restrained the Jews from such representations
Top - ) To improve (domestic Animals, esp
Witness - Its very existence or the acceptance of it by both parties (in the case of the Animals given to Abimelech in Vinyard - The “vineyard” would be reduced to a hiding place of wild Animals and a grazing place for goats and wild donkeys ( Tongue - 4:4) and Animals ( Jack - ) The male of certain Animals, as of the ass
Beget, Bear, Born - ...
It is used metaphorically (a) in the writings of the Apostle John, of the gracious act of God in conferring upon those who believe the nature and disposition of "children," imparting to them spiritual life, John 3:3,5,7 ; 1 John 2:29 ; 3:9 ; 4:7 ; 5:1,4,18 ; (b) of one who by means of preaching the Gospel becomes the human instrument in the impartation of spiritual life, 1 Corinthians 4:15 ; Philemon 1:10 ; (c) in 2 Peter 2:12 , with reference to the evil men whom the Apostle is describing, the RV rightly has "born mere Animals" (AV, "natural brute beasts"); (d) in the sense of gendering strife, 2 Timothy 2:23
Meats - ...
The prohibition of eating blood, or Animals that are strangled, has been always rigidly observed by the Jews
Creation - Older layers present in turn different fossil remains of Animals and plants, many of them supposed to be now extinct
Love - This affection is apparently as strong in irrational Animals as in human beings
Josiah - The nation’s leading officials joined Josiah in providing large numbers of sacrificial Animals for the festival
Fornication - Those who treat sexual intercourse as no more than a physical function reduce themselves to the level of Animals
Adam - Nor is it any valid objection to say, that "immateriality is not peculiar to the soul of man; for we have reason to believe that the inferior Animals are actuated by an immaterial principle. " This is as certain as analogy can make it: but though we allow a spiritual principle to Animals, its kind is obviously inferior; for that spirit which is incapable of induction and moral knowledge, must be of an inferior order to the spirit which possesses these capabilities; and this is the kind of spirit which is peculiar to man. "For God created man to be immortal, and made him to be an image of his own eternity:" and though other creatures were made capable of immortality, and at least the material human frame, whatever we may think of the case of Animals, would have escaped death, had not sin entered the world; yet, without admitting the absurdity of the "natural immortality" of the human soul, that essence must have been constituted immortal in a high and peculiar sense which has ever retained its prerogative of continued duration amidst the universal death not only of Animals, but of the bodies of all human beings. The circumstance of his giving names to the Animals, is certainly no sufficient proof of his having attained to a philosophical acquaintance with their qualities and distinguishing habits, although we should allow their names to be still retained in the Hebrew, and to be as expressive of their peculiarities as some expositors have stated. Sufficient time appears not to have been afforded him for the study of the properties of Animals, as this event took place previous to the formation of Eve; and as for the notion of his acquiring knowledge by intuition, this is contradicted by the revealed fact that angels themselves acquire their knowledge by observation and study, though no doubt, with great rapidity and certainty
Covenant - This covenant extended beyond Noah to all the Animals who had experienced the massive destruction and death associated with the flood. He symbolized this promise through an ancient covenant ceremony (compare Jeremiah 34:1 ), known from other cultures also, in which Animals are cut and covenant participants pass through. Normally, the human covenant partners swear that they will abide by covenant conditions or will face the fate of the Animals. Abraham did not walk through the divided Animals
Creation - "Men, and other Animals that inhabit the earth and the seas; all the immense varieties of herbs and plants of which the vegetable kingdom consists; the globe of the earth, and the expanse of the ocean; these we know to have been produced by his power. We believe ourselves to be animated with a much higher principle than brute matter; in viewing the manners and economy of the lower Animals, we can scarce avoid acknowledging even them to consist of something more than various modifications of matter and motion
Capital Punishment - Yet what about other commands in Genesis 9:1 ? What about the prohibition against eating meat with blood in it (Genesis 9:4 ), or the execution of Animals who kill humans (Genesis 9:5 ; compare Exodus 21:28-36 ). Has the Lord spoken forever against eating rare meat and for executing killer Animals? Is it sound biblical interpretation if we interpret “by man shall his blood be shed” as a divine command for capital punishment yet consistently ignore the other commands in the context in which it is found?...
How do we explain the Lord's protection of Cain in Genesis 4:15 where a “mark” was placed on him to fend off self-appointed executioners? God's grace spared the original first-degree murderer
Die, Dead, Dying - , Matthew 9:24 ; Romans 7:2 ; by reason of descent from Adam, 1 Corinthians 15:22 ; or of violent "death," whether of men or Animals; with regard to the latter it is once translated "perished," Matthew 8:32 ; of vegetation, Jude 1:12 ; of seeds, John 12:24 ; 1 Corinthians 15:36 ; it is used of "death" as a punishment in Israel under the Law, in Hebrews 10:28 ; (b) of the separation of man from God; all who are decended from Adam not only "die" physically, owing to sin, see (a) above, but are naturally in the state of separation from God, 2 Corinthians 5:14
Tell - 2:18, where God said He would make Adam “a help meet for him,” or someone to correspond to him, just as the males and females of the Animals corresponded to (matched) one another
Face - It is used literally to refer to the face of man or Animals (Genesis 30:40 ), seraphim (Isaiah 6:2 ), and the face of Christ (Matthew 17:2 )
Uncleanness - " and was removed by bathing and washing the clothes at the end of it; such were all contacts with dead Animals
Diana - On her head was a mural crown, each hand held a metal bar, the lower part was a rude block covered with mystic inscriptions and Animals
Face - FACE is used freely of Animals, as well as of men; also of the surface of the wilderness ( Exodus 16:4 ), of the earth, of the waters or deep, of the sky
Man - Mankind the human race the whole species of human beings beings distinguished from all other Animals by the powers of reason and speech, as well as by their shape and dignified aspect
Ark - Noah was commanded to build an ark to God's specifications to save his family and representatives of all Animals from the flood (Genesis 6:18-19 )
Ear - ...
Jeremiah 7:24 (a) Animals are able to turn their ears one way while their faces are in an opposite direction
Abel - ...
God's having made for man coats of skin presupposes the slaying of Animals; and doubtless implies that Abel's sacrifice of an animal life was an act of faith which rested on God's command (though not expressly recorded) that such were the sacrifices He required
Adam - The Lord God blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and Adam became a “living, breathing thing,” the same phrase that is used to describe the Animals in Genesis 1:1
Bed - The very poor often made their bed of the skins of Animals, old cloaks or rugs, or slept in their ordinary clothing on the bare ground floor, as they do to-day in the East
Noah - His first act on the cleansed earth was to build an altar to the Lord, and offer burnt offerings of all the clean Animals and fowls
Bouddhists - Those who perform works of merit are admitted to the heavens of the different gods, or are made kings or great men on earth; and those who are wicked are born in the forms of different Animals, or consigned to different hells
Abomination - This term was used with regard to the Hebrews, who, being shepherds, are said to have been an abomination to the Egyptians; because they sacrificed the Animals held sacred by that people, as oxen, goats, sheep, &c
Noah - His first act on the cleansed earth was to build an altar to the Lord, and offer burnt offerings of all the clean Animals and fowls
Line - To impregnate applied to irrational Animals
Walk - To move slowly on the feet to step slowly along to advance by steps moderately repeated as Animals
Person, Personhood - It depicts humanity in contrast to Animals and provides us with the English word "anthropology. Such is observable in Genesis 1:20,21 , 24 , where the qualified (living) nepes [5] refers to Animals and is rendered "living creatures. ...
If the concept of "body" associates human beings with the Animals and suggests weakness, the concept of "spirit" stresses the affinity we have for God and stresses power
Sacrifices - It was a feature of these sacrifices that the Animals sacrificed were divided, or the blood was divided, so that the parties to the covenant were assumed into a mystic unity of life. ...
In the sacrifices which involved the death of Animals, a sense of the sacredness of life was expressed by the reverent use of the blood (Leviticus 17:11). So far as we know, the Animals sacrificed were put to death with no unnecessary pain; they did not expiate sin by suffering (contrast 1 Kings 18:28): it was the deprivation of life they suffered, and it was the blood representing life which had mysterious significance. As the slaying of Animals, according to a well-understood language, gave sacredness to the older covenant, so the dying of the Saviour gave greater sacredness to a greater covenant
Joel - Animals desperately roamed the wasteland groaning and perishing for lack of food. People, Animals, and vegetation all suffer when people sin
Fear - ...
Human Fear Animals fear humans (Genesis 9:2 ), and humans fear the Animals (Amos 3:8 ); individuals fear individuals (Genesis 26:7 ), and nations fear nations (2 Samuel 10:19 )
Rod - The rod was for the wild Animals, while the staff was for the sheep
Fertility Cult - Rather, the ability of plants and Animals to reproduce their own kind was rooted in creation (Genesis 1:11-12 ,Genesis 1:11-12,1:22 ,Genesis 1:22,1:28 )
Priesthood of the Believer - The priests of the old covenant offered the sacrifice of Animals upon the altar
Call, Calling - ...
Third, “to call” is used very often in the sense of naming, whether of things (Genesis 1:5-30 ; day, night, heaven, earth; Genesis 2:19 , the Animals), or of persons (Genesis 25:26 , Jacob; Genesis 30:6-24 , Jacob's sons), of a city (2 Samuel 5:9 , the city of David), or of qualities (in Isaiah 35:8 a way and in Exodus 12:16 a day are called holy)
Camel, Camel's Hair - —The camel is by far the most useful of all Animals in the East
Blood - Dâm is used to denote the “blood” of Animals, birds, and men (never of fish)
Lion - The leaders represent the parent Animals
Head - ) The anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher Animals, the chief sensory organs; poll; cephalon
Bear - To bring forth or produce, as the fruit of plants, or the young of Animals as, to bear apples to bear children
Nose - 'Aph is applied also to the “nose” of Animals
Strong, To Be - When Ezekiel wrote of “fat and strong” Animals, he probably meant that they were well fed and healthy (34:16)
Take Away - Noah is told to “take” (and bring) clean Animals by sevens into the ark ( Salt - " Thus Volney, speaking of the borders of the Asphaltic lake, or Dead Sea, says, "The true cause of the absence of vegetables and Animals is the acrid saltness of its waters, which is infinitely greater than that of the sea
Goat - In like manner we learn from Herodotus, that the Egyptians of Mendes held goats to be sacred Animals, and represented the god Pan with the legs and head of that animal
Line - ) To impregnate; - applied to brute Animals
Cry, Crying - ...
B — 7: φωνέω (Strong's #5455 — Verb — phoneo — fo-neh'-o ) "to utter a loud sound or cry," whether of Animals, e
Lending - They seized debtors’ food and clothing (Amos 2:6-8; Amos 5:11; Amos 8:6), farm Animals (Job 24:3), and houses and land (Nehemiah 5:1-5; Micah 2:9)
Leviticus - People did not have to try to squeeze forgiveness from an unwilling God; God himself took the initiative by giving them the blood of Animals to make atonement for their sin (Leviticus 17:11; see BLOOD; SACRIFICE)
Paradise (2) - Herds of deer and other wild Animals found a happy home in the old Persian paradises (Xen
Creation - So, in creation, the process begins with the lower creatures, plants, and Animals, then, man, creation's priest, Eden, and lastly the sabbath. Hugh Miller identifies the first day's work with the azoic period; the second day with the silurian or palaeozoic; the third day with the carboniferous; the fourth day with the permian and triassic; the fifth day with the oolitic or cretaceous, the period when, the air and the waters having been previously prepared, the waters brought forth in swarms insects, fish, and monstrous reptiles of sea and land, and fowl flew in the air; the sixth day with the tertiary, which saw first the higher Animals, the land mammalia , and lastly MAN. ...
Plants appear before Animals in Genesis 1. Moreover, dependent as Animals are on vegetation, it must have preceded them. But "fish" (dag ) is omitted in the fifth day; an omission the more remarkable, as "fish" occurs (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 1:28) as among the Animals over which God gave man dominion
Adam (1) - Adam's naming of the Animals in Eden implies that God endued Adam with that power of generalization based on knowledge of their characteristics, whereby he classified those of the same kinds under distinctive appellations, which is the fundamental notion of human language. divine, in that "God brought" the Animals "to Adam to see what he would call them," and enabled him to know intuitively their characteristics, and so not at random or with arbitrary appellations, but with such as marked the connection (as all the oldest names did, when truth logical and moral coincided) between the word and the thing, to name them; human, in that Adam, not God, was the name. The archetype is in God; man in his ideal is molded after the model realized in the Son of Man, "the image of the invisible God, the Firstborn of every creature," the incarnate God, already existing in the divine point of view (Colossians 1:15), with body and animal life akin to the animal world, yet the noble temple of an immortal spirit, with reason, imagination, freewill finding its true exercise in conformity to God's will, and a spiritual nature resembling God's, reflecting God's truth, righteousness, and love; capable of reasoning in the abstract which the lower Animals cannot, as they have no general signs for universal ideas
Priest - The first-born of impure Animals were redeemed or exchanged, but the clean Animals were not redeemed; they were sacrificed to the Lord, their blood was sprinkled about the altar, and all the rest belonged to the priest, Numbers 18:17-19 . They had the tithe of all the fruits of the land, and of all Animals which were fed under the shepherd's crook, Leviticus 27:31-32
Cherub (1) - ...
The ox form represents tame Animals, of which he is chief; the lion represents wild Animals; the eagle represents birds; man, representing the head of all, in his ideal realized by the Son of man, combines all animal excellencies
Sea, the Salt - Neither Animals nor vegetables live in it. Lynch mentions that the birds, Animals, and insects on the western side were of a stone color, undistinguishable from the surrounding rocks
Dress - The earliest and simplest an apron of fig-leaves sewed together (Genesis 3:7 ); then skins of Animals (3:21)
Head - “Head” meant the physical head of a person (Genesis 48:18 ; Mark 6:24 ) or of Animals, such as a bull's head (Leviticus 1:4 )
Slaughter - ...
The “sacrifice” of Animals was in no way unique to Israelite religion, for sacrificial rituals generally are part of all ancient religious cults
Redemption - ...
If Israelites vowed to give God their children, Animals, houses or land, they could redeem those things, again by a payment of money to the sanctuary (Leviticus 27:1-25; see VOWS)
Unknown God - Wherever one of the Animals rested, an altar was erected, in the supposition that the sheep was pointing to the god whose shrine was situated nearest to that particular spot
Tithes - Leviticus 27:30-33, "whatsoever passed under the rod": the rabbis had the tradition that the Animals to be tithed were enclosed in a pen, from whence they passed one by one under the counter's rod, and every tenth was touched with a rod dipped in vermilion (Jeremiah 33:13; Ezekiel 20:37)
Fall - ) To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; - said of the young of certain Animals
Wind - It was the wind in persons and Animals as the breath they inhaled and exhaled
Lamp - ...
Job 41:19 (c) Probably this is just a poetic way of telling of the terror produced by the hideous noises that come from the mouths of enraged Animals
Philippi - ) Dyed goods were imported from Thyatira to the parent city Philippi, and were dispersed by pack Animals among the mountaineers of Haemus and Pangaeus
See, Perceive - Third, râ'âh can represent perception in the sense of hearing something—God brought the Animals before Adam “to see what he would call them” ( Send - 32:18 the second emphasis is in view—these Animals are “a present sent unto my lord Esau
Cease - A man’s “rest” was to include his Animals and servants ( Father - But unlike the word ’em, 'âb is never used of Animals
Locust - The word is probably derived from רבה , which signifies to multiply, to become numerous, &c; because of the immense swarms of these Animals by which different countries, especially in the east, are infested
Pisidia - Many spots produce the olive and excellent vines, and afford abundant pasture for Animals of all kinds
Serpent - It is also supposed to live longer than any other serpent; the ancient Heathens therefore pronounced it immortal, and placed it in the number of their deities; and because it had the dangerous power, in general belief, of killing with its pestiferous breath the strongest Animals, it seemed to them invested with the power of life and death. The cerastes is equally formidable to man and the lower Animals; and the more dangerous, because it is not easy to distinguish him from the sand in which he lies; and he never spares the helpless traveller who unwarily comes within his reach. And, in the same work, Le Blanc affirms that he had seen some of them of immense size, which, when hungry, rushed impetuously on sheep and other tame Animals. ...
The form assumed by the tempter when he seduced our first parents, has been handed down in the traditions of most ancient nations; and, though Animals of the serpent tribe were very generally worshipped by the Pagans, as symbols of the Agathodemon; they were likewise viewed as types or figures of the evil principle
Egypt - ...
The Egyptian religion was a strange mixture of pantheism and animal worship, the gods being adored in the form of Animals. While the educated classes resolved their manifold deities into manifestations of one omnipresent and omnipotent divine power, the lower classes regarded the Animals as incarnations of the gods
Idolatry - In Egypt which also exercised a sinister influence on the Hebrews religion was largely of this type; but living Animals, and not merely images of them, were there venerated. ’ Stars and Animals and all things, it is insisted, are created things, not creators, and not self-existent
Genesis, the Book of - ...
Also progressive advance in life:...
(1) aquatic Animals and fish;...
(2) fowl;...
(3) terrestrial Animals;...
(4) man, the apex of creation
Fish, Fisher, Fishing - See also Animals, p. Wood, Bible Animals, 1869, pp
Assyria - Of Animals, the bear, deer, wolf, lynx, hyena, antelope, lion, tiger, beaver, and camel were common. Animals, therefore, were represented with five legs; and sometimes two horses had but two forelegs
Sacrifice - ) The Israelites accordingly offered these when they chose, no law obliging them to it, and they were free to choose among such Animals as were allowed in sacrifice, Leviticus 3:1-17 7:11-34 . ...
The idea of a substitution of the victim in the place of the sinner is a familiar one in the Old Testament, Leviticus 16:21 Deuteronomy 21:1-8 Isaiah 53:4 Daniel 9:26 ; and is found attending all the sacrifices of Animals, Leviticus 4:20,26 5:10 14:18 16:21
Law - Similarly, cuneiform laws make no sharp distinction between cases involving an ox goring a slave, and that of an ox goring an ox, both being property (LE 53-55); biblical law deliberately separates these cases (Exodus 21:28-31,35-36 ), expressing by its structure the ideology that cases involving humans are of an entirely different category than those involving Animals. Some laws assume the existence of conditions such as debt slavery ( Exodus 21:2-11 ), specific species of Animals (Exodus 29:22 -fat; tail sheep ), or the climate of Palestine (feast held at end of harvest season, Leviticus 23:33-39 ), which make these laws inapplicable in other cultural environments. The principle that believers are not to be unequally yoked together with unbelievers is derived from a law concerning the yoking Animals (2 Corinthians 6:14 ; cf
Image of God - Genesis 1:20 uses the Hebrew expression, nephesh chayah , “living soul” for “moving creature that has life,” that is the Animals
Propitiation - But the blood of Animals could not take away sins (Hebrews 10:4)
Games - Herod the Great built many amphitheaters in Palestine, including one near Jerusalem where men condemned to death fought with wild Animals
Mercy - It is a degree of inhumanity to take a pleasure in giving any thing pain, and more in putting useful Animals to extreme torture for our own sport
Garments - — The first human dress was an "apron" of fig leaves, Genesis 3:7; then the skins of Animals, Genesis 3:21; as later the "mantle" worn by Elijah
Congregation - ”The most general meaning of ‛êdâh is “group,” whether of Animals—such as a swarm of bees ( Go Out, Go Forth - ...
In comparison to this continuing “going out,” there is the one-time (punctiliar) “coming forth,” as seen when all the Animals “came out” of the ark ( Lie - (It is never used of Animals or inanimate things
Ostrich - " Natural affection and sagacious instinct are the grand instruments by which providence continues the race of other Animals: but no limits can be set to the wisdom and power of God
Proverb - In the first place, as the moral truth seemed to emerge from the observed habits of Animals, objects in nature, familiar utensils, or occurrences in daily life, such juxtaposition gave to the ethical precept or fact of conduct the surprise and challenge of a discovery
Ten Commandments - Fish and other marine Animals are, of course, intended. ’ In Exodus 20:1-26 and Deuteronomy 5:1-33 the rest of the domestic Animals and servants appears as part of the injunction itself
Babylon - The latest gate was colorfully decorated with similar Animals, now of bricks glazed a vivid blue with the Animals alternately yellow and white
Deluge - ]'>[3] , Animals were not eaten at all till after the Deluge ( Genesis 9:3 ), so that there was no distinction required between clean and unclean. He then sent the Animals to the four winds, and offered sacrifice on an altar at the top of the mountain
Name - [6] Hence arose such totemistic names as those of Animals, etc
Simeon - This word sim‘ appears as a tribal name among the Arabs, and it is well known that numerous tribal names are those of Animals; Leah and Rachel probably belong to this class
Covenant - Berith Is derived from a root which means "to cut," and hence a covenant is a "cutting," with reference to the cutting or dividing of Animals into two parts, and the contracting parties passing between them, in making a covenant ( Genesis 15 ; Jeremiah 34:18,19 )
Passover - On the next day he would lay down his life at the same time as the Animals were being killed in preparation for the meal that was to follow that night (John 18:28; John 19:14; John 19:31; John 19:42)
Wonders - He compares them to—...
‘the feats performed by those who have been taught by Egyptians, who in the middle of the market-place, in return for a few obols, will impart the knowledge of their most venerated arts, and will expel demons from men, and dispel diseases, and invoke the souls of heroes, and exhibit expensive banquets and tables and dishes and dainties having no real existence, and who will put in motion, as if alive, what are not really living Animals, but which have only the appearance of life
Vine - ...
Stone walls and/or hedges were usually built around the vineyard to protect the grapes from thirsty Animals and from thieves (Song of Song of Solomon 2:15 ; Jeremiah 49:9 )
Soul - The breathing organs and the breath blown out from them also express individual life in Animals as well as human beings (Job 11:20 ; Job 41:21 ; Job 2:5-64 )
Glory - ...
In the sense of possessions, Jacob's glory (Genesis 31:1 ) is his servants and Animals (Genesis 30:43 )
Gerasenes, Gergesenes - Directly below Khersa the hills approach close to the Lake, leaving only a narrow pebbly strand, and here the slope of the mountain side is so steep and near to the water that a herd of Animals would be likely in a headlong rush to be precipitated into the sea
Manger - In any case, φάτνη, as its derivation implies, designates a feeding-place for Animals
Fig (Tree) - The flock cut off from the fold would indicate either the invasion of the enemy who would steal the cattle, or else the prevalence of a disease which would kill off the Animals
Head - The uppermost part of the human body, or the foremost part of the body of prone and creeping Animals
First-Born First-Begotten - (Vulgate primitiva) is used literally in lie 11:28, of men and Animals, with reference to the Egyptians
Anthropomorphism - God's image in mankind also conveys a sanctity and a dignity that establishes mankind on a higher plane than the Animals (Genesis 9:1-6 ; see Psalm 8:1 )
Sacrifice - The legal sacrifices were only brute Animals, such as bullocks, heifers, goats, lambs, &c; but the sacrifice of Christ was himself, a person of infinite dignity and worth, Hebrews 9:12-13 ; Hebrews 1:3 ; Hebrews 9:14 ; Hebrews 9:26 ; Hebrews 10:10
Garments - In early ages, and where society was wild and rude, the skins of Animals were made into clothing, Genesis 3:21 Hebrews 11:37
Natural - In 2 Peter 2:12 ‘mere Animals’ is in the Revised Version text, but in Judges 1:19 ‘sensual’ is found, ‘animal’ being a second marginal rendering
Life - The law required that even when people killed Animals for food, they had to carry out the killing with fitting acknowledgment that the life belonged to God (Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 17:2-4; Leviticus 17:10-14; Deuteronomy 12:15-16; see BLOOD)
Physician (2) - The inspection of the bodies of Animals slaughtered for sacrifice or food could be no real compensation for this want
Apocalyptic Literature - The symbols are usually Animals of various sorts, but frequently composite creatures whose various parts represented certain qualities of the Animals from which they were derived. By the use of symbolic Animals sheep, rams, wild beasts Hebrew history is traced to the days of the Hasmonæan revolt
Name, Names - Among the earliest clan names are those of Animals: Rachel (‘ewe’), Hamor (‘ass’), Caleb (‘dog’), etc. Of the fifty-three names of Animals in Gray’s list (pp
Leviticus - Eat clean Animals; reject unclean Animals (Leviticus 11:1-47 )
Plagues, the Ten, - This must have been an especially trying judgment to the Egyptians, as frogs were included among the sacred Animals. The tenth plague had an immediate relation to idolatry, since it destroyed not only the first-born of man, but the first-born of beast; so that the sacred Animals in the temples were touched by a power higher than those they were supposed to represent
High Place - At these places of worship the people sacrificed Animals (at some high places children were sacrificed according to Jeremiah 7:31 ), burned incense to their gods, prayed, ate sacrificial meals, and were involved with male or female cultic prostitutes (2 Kings 17:8-12 ; 2 Kings 21:3-7 ; Hosea 4:11-14 )
Bread - ...
Lechem may also represent “food” for Animals: “He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry” ( Spirit - It is used more often of God (136 times) than of persons or Animals (129 times)
Hierocles of Alexandria, a Philosopher - With Porphyry and Jamblichus, however, he denied that the souls of men could migrate into the bodies of Animals
Land - ...
'Erets refers to the physical “ground” under the feet of men and Animals
Theodotion, Otherwise Theodotus - ) that he guides himself mostly by definable rules—the words so dealt with being names of Animals (as θεννὶν for σειρῆνες ), plants (as ἀχὶ for βούτομον ), vestments (as βαδδὶν for ποδήρης ), or articles used in worship (as θεραφὶν for κενοτάφια or Sexuality, Human - By this term is intended that quality which theologically separates human beings from lower Animals and which provides some sort of analogous relationship with God, making it possible for humans to communicate and fellowship with him. These benefits, charges, and responsibilities are shared equally by the two humans and lead to a picture of corporate humankind as God's representatives on earth, somehow displaying God to the lower Animals. Likewise, it was after the fall that Adam named his wife Eve, using the same naming formula (Judges 19:1-307 ) as he used in naming the Animals (2:20), and by its use implying the same authority of a superior over an inferior. " The Genesis narrative, considering the union of the man with one of the lower Animals unthinkable, sees such a union possible only when woman, created like man in God's own image, becomes the complement that made not only the human species, but also the male person, whole
Demon, Demoniacal Possession, Demoniacs - Mark 16:18), and change them into Animals; they could also endow men with the faculty of exercising the ‘evil eye’ (cf. ]'>[32] There are certain Animals in league with the demons (cf
Sacrifice - Some sacrifices expressed thanks, as people presented to God the best of their crops or Animals (Genesis 4:4; Genesis 8:20). ...
In Israel’s sacrificial system God provided a way of atonement through the shed blood of Animals
Life - " This "breath of life" does not distinguish human beings from other Animals, nor perhaps even plant life, as can be seen in Genesis 1:29-30 . The breath of life distinguishes the living from the dead, not human beings from Animals (Ecclesiastes 3:18-19 )
Flood - The Akkadian and Hebrew stories parallel each other in the following ways: the naming of the hero (Utnapishtim/Noah), the divine announcement of a flood, instructions to build a ship, the inclusion of Animals in the ship, the dispatch of birds, the sacrifice the hero offered after the waters subsided, and other related details
Nazarite - That the three offerings might represent the one reality, namely, his realizing in himself penitent faith in God's atoning mercy covering sin, whole self-surrender to God, and thankfulness to Him, the three Animals were of one species, a lamb of the first year, an ewe, a ram
Sabbath - ...
Working Animals, such as oxen and donkeys, also had rest one day in seven (Deuteronomy 5:14; cf
Origenists - That the earth after its conflagration shall become habitable again, and be the mansion of men and Animals, and that in eternal vicissitudes
Covenant, Book of the - ) Other matters dealt with are witchcraft ( Exodus 22:18 ); the treatment of strangers ( Exodus 22:21 ); the reviling of God (or judges) and rulers ( Exodus 22:28-29 ); the offering of the first fruits and firstlings ( Exodus 22:29-30 ); the eating of Animals found torn in the field ( Exodus 22:31 ); just judgment ( Exodus 23:1-3 ; Exodus 23:6-8 ); the year of rest, and the Sabbath ( Exodus 23:10-12 ); feasts ( Exodus 23:14-16 )
Honey - Wood, Bible Animals, 1869, pp
Plagues of Egypt - To this Moses could not accede, for the Israelites would have to sacrifice the Animals which the Egyptians worshipped
Call - He allowed Adam to “name” the Animals as a concrete demonstration of man’s relative sovereignty over them ( Sow - ” Only rarely is this nuance applied to Animals: “And I will put enmity between thee [9] and the woman [10], and between thy seed and her seed …” ( Seek - 31:39 (the first biblical occurrence of the verb) Jacob points out to Laban that regarding Animals lost to wild beasts, “of my hand didst thou require it
Create - The same can be said of other verses in Genesis: 1:16 (the lights of heaven); 1:25, 3:1 (the Animals); 1:31; 2:2 (all his work); and 6:6 (man)
Spirit; Breath - In these verses the Animals have a “spirit” (cf
Idol, Idolatry - Stars, spirits, men, Animals, rivers, plants, and elements were the subjects of them
Dress - --After the first "apron" of fig leaves, ( Genesis 3:7 ) the skins of Animals were used for clothing
Creation - He made Animals and humans, for example, out of materials he had made earlier (Genesis 2:7; Genesis 2:19)
Honey - Wood, Bible Animals, 1869, pp
Feasts - He then defiled the Jewish temple by setting up an altar in honour of the pagan gods and sacrificing Animals that the Jews considered unclean
Hebrews, Letter to the - Christians must demonstrate the practical worth of their faith in the everyday matters of life (13:1-6), and offer the sacrifice of praise, obedience and good works, not the ritual sacrifice of Animals (13:7-16)
Plagues of Egypt - The frog was one of their sacred Animals, consecrated to the sun, and considered as an emblem of divine inspiration in its inflations. Philo, the Jew, has a fine observation on the plagues of Egypt: "Some, perhaps, may require, Why did God punish the country by such minute and contemptible Animals as frogs, lice, flies, rather than by bears, lions, leopards, or other kinds of savage beasts which prey on human flesh? Or, if not by these, why not by the Egyptian asp, whose bite is instant death? But let him learn, if he be ignorant, first, that God chose rather to correct than to destroy the inhabitants; for, if he desired to annihilate them utterly, he had no need to have made use of Animals as his auxiliaries, but of the divinely inflicted evils of famine and pestilence
Possession - In the earlier period of his career man did not realize, as we do, the difference between himself and the Animals, plants, and objects around him. _ While originally the belief in such demons may have been caused, partially or wholly, by the sudden or mysterious appearance or action of Animals, the spirits gradually came to be looked on as assuming the appearance of certain Animals. _ The demons were able to enter into men and Animals; they could go out of their own accord and they could be cast out by exorcists
Atonement - Goats, sheep, and birds are listed among the acceptable Animals to be sacrificed, but there were also grain, oil, and drink offerings. Here God gives Aaron precise instructions concerning how he wants the sacrifices to be made, down to the clothes Aaron is to wear, the bathing rituals in which he is to engage, and the types of sacrificial Animals he is to bring
Tongues, Confusion of - ...
This is his superiority to brutes; hence to mature Adam's intellectual powers and to teach him the use of language God brought the Animals to him to name (Genesis 2:19-20). Nouns are the simplest and earliest elements of language; and Animals by their appearance, movements, and cries, suggest names for themselves
Chronology - , in recent formations, along with bones of the mammoth and extinct Animals; it is argued that, at the present rate of deposition, the beds that overlie these remains must have taken a vast time to form. Many Animals have become extinct within the human period
Life - ...
Life as a physical phenomenon is pre-eminently associated with Animals the living creatures of the sea, the land, and the air (Genesis 1:21 ff. OT writers do not go so far as to predicate life of trees in much the same way as of Animals, as is the case with some of the early Greek philosophers ( e
Sacrifice And Offering - Malachi chastised the people for offering the lame and sick Animals to God instead of the best, as the Levitical law required. The cleansing of the Temple (John 2:1 ) came about because people were selling Animals and birds for the various sacrifices within the Temple precincts
Man - 7:2, where the word represents male Animals: “Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female. …” This is the sense of the word when it is contrasted with Animals: “But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast …” ( Creation - Moses mentions the works of creation in the following order: the separation of the sea from the dry land; the creation of the heavenly bodies; of marine Animals; of fowls and land Animals; of man
Consecrate - This seems to have included even unclean Animals (27:11, cf
Sacrifice - This consequence of sacrifices, when properly offered, was the invariable opinion of the heathens, but not the whole of their opinion in this matter; for they had also a traditionary belief among them, that these animal sacrifices were not only expiations, but vicarious commutations, and substituted satisfactions; and they called the Animals so offered the ransom of their souls
Sabbath - That day seems to be considered by too many as set apart, by divine and human authority, for the purpose not for rest, but of its direct opposite, the labour of travelling, thus adding one day more of torment to those generous but wretched Animals whose services they hire; and who, being generally strained beyond their strength the other six days of the week, have, of all creatures under heaven, the best and most equitable claim to suspension of labour on the seventh
Purity-Purification - The poor were allowed to substitute less valuable Animals for use in their sacrifices
Lebanon - Wild Animals are certainly scarcer than in olden days
Spirit - The Animals were created when God sent out His “breath” (Psalm 104:30 NRSV note)
Nations, the - Acts 15:29 delimits the minimum legal requirements to be applied to Gentile Christians: to abstain from (1) food sacrificed to idols, (2) (consuming) blood, (3) the meat of strangled Animals, and (4) sexual immorality
World - His creation includes provision for Animals as well as for people (Matthew 11:25 )
Flesh - (σάρξ, κρέας)...
Of the two words rendered ‘flesh’ in the English Version of the NT, κρέας is found only twice (Romans 14:21, 1 Corinthians 8:13), and in both cases applies to the flesh of slaughtered Animals eaten as food
Man - It is also made erect, to distinguish it from the four-footed Animals, who look downward to the earth
Magnify - The word also depicts the “growing up” of Animals ( Encratites - all material things, and especially animal food; and on the injustice of depriving of life for our pleasure Animals akin to ourselves, having reason, emotions, sentiments, completely like ours
Offerings - Bullocks, heifers, goats, rams, and sheep, were the only Animals sacrificed on these occasions, Leviticus 3:1-17 ; Leviticus 7:23-27
Heaven - Instead of the land of Canaan, we have heaven; for the earthly Jerusalem, we have the heavenly, the city of the living God; in place of the congregation of Israel after the flesh, we have the general assembly and church of the first-born, that is, all true believers "made perfect;" for just men in the imperfect state of the old dispensation, we have just men made perfect in evangelical knowledge and holiness; instead of Moses, the mediator of the old covenant, we have Jesus the Mediator of the new and everlasting covenant; and instead of the blood of slaughtered Animals, which was sprinkled upon the Israelites, the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, to make a typical atonement, we have the blood of the Son of God, which was shed for the remission of the sins of the whole world; that blood which doth not, like the blood of Abel, call for vengeance but for mercy, which hath made peace between heaven and earth, effected the true and complete atonement for sin, and which therefore communicates peace to the conscience of every sinner that believes the Gospel
Man - , Matthew 19:6 ; John 10:33 ; Galatians 1:11 ; Colossians 3:23 ; (c) in distinction from Animals, etc
David - He became skilled in speech, writing and music, and grew into a brave fighter through having to defend his flocks against wild Animals and raiding Philistines (1 Samuel 16:18; 1 Samuel 17:34-36; cf
Magic, Divination, And Sorcery - The movements of Animals also constituted omens. It was considered by the Arabs that some Animals, under the influence of a higher power, could see what was invisible to men, and consequently their action became an omen. It would be quite in accordance with this that Balaam’s ass should see what was hidden from her master ( Numbers 22:27 ); a similar belief in the significance of the movements of Animals is shown in the lords of the Philistines watching the way the kine took with the ark of God ( 1 Samuel 6:12 )
Palestine - The fauna includes (among wild Animals) the bat, hyæna, wolf, jackal, wild cat, ibex, gazelle, wild boar, hare, and other smaller Animals. The domesticated Animals are the camel, cow, buffalo (only in the Jordan Valley), sheep, horse, donkey, swine (only among Christians), and domestic fowl
Egypt - A superstitious reverence for certain Animals, as propitious or hurtful to the human race, was not peculiar to the Egyptians. The Romans had sacred Animals, which they kept in their temples, and distinguished with peculiar honours. In the hieroglyphic inscriptions on their temples, and public edifices, Animals, and even vegetables, were the symbols of the gods whom they worshipped
Devil - That certain Animals were believed to be endowed with demonic power appears from Genesis 3:1-15 , though here the serpent itself is represented as demonic, and not yet as possessed by an evil spirit ( Wis 2:24 , Romans 16:20 ). The demon was said to enter into a man ( Luke 8:30 ) or certain Animals ( Matthew 8:32 ), and to pass out ( Matthew 17:18 , Luke 11:14 ) or be cast out ( Matthew 9:34 )
Cross, Crucifixion - The cross is displayed as a "sacrifice of atonement" in the well-known passage, Romans 3:24 , which links it with the sacrificial death of the Animals in the cultus of the Old Testament
Phoenice - But while God requires a faith ready for such an awful sacrifice (Genesis 22), He forbids the human sacrifice, and substitutes Animals, with whom in his material nature and animal life man is so closely related
Justice - The needs which are met include land (Ezekiel 45:6-9 ; compare Micah 2:2 ; Micah 4:4 ) and the means to produce from the land, such as draft Animals and millstones (Deuteronomy 22:1-4 ; Deuteronomy 24:6 )
Tools - Plows were pulled by Animals which were prodded with a goad, a wooden stick fitted with a metal tip (Judges 3:31 ; 1 Samuel 13:21 ; Ecclesiastes 12:11 )
Diana - She is mistress of the world of wild Animals, such as bears, lions, wolves, and panthers, and also of birds and fish
Beauty - —This term is applied alike to the physical grace of men and Animals, to external nature and works of art, and to moral character and action
Apocalyptic - ” It is not clear, however, that we should postulate a standard structure of apocalyptic writing; the use of symbolism, whether of Animals or of mythical monsters, of visions and of messianic woes varies greatly
Life, Living, Lifetime, Life-Giving - ...
"Zoe is also used of that which is the common possession of all Animals and men by nature, Acts 17:25 ; 1 John 5:16 , and of the present sojourn of man upon the earth with reference to its duration, Luke 16:25 ; 1 Corinthians 15:19 ; 1 Timothy 4:8 ; 1 Peter 3:10
Offerings And Sacrifices - ...
The first reference to "burnt offerings" is Leviticus 5:14-68 , where it is said that "Noah built an altar to the Lord, and, taking some off all the clean Animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. Amid the diversity of different kinds of animal offerings and the many distinctive ways they were offered to the Lord it appears that there was one constant in the presentation of sacrificial Animals: the laying on of the hand (or pl. The basic principle behind the burnt offering was that the whole animal was offered on the altar, that is, with the exception of the hide of the larger Animals that had been skinned as part of the slaughtering process (Leviticus 1:6 ; 7:8 ) and "the crop" of the birds "with its contents" (Leviticus 1:16 )
Greece, Religion And Society of - The Animals followed. The meat from the Animals was distributed to the attending crowds
Ecclesiastes, Theology of - " In the long run there is no difference between humans and Animals, for "all go to me same place; all come from dust, and to dust all return" (3:20). When he was born, the inn had no room and he was born in the manger where the Animals lived
Leviticus, Theology of - According to 20:25-26, "You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean Animals and between unclean and clean birds Those which I have set apart as unclean for you. Chapter 11 focuses simply on the matter of physical contact with unclean Animals (vv
Pentateuch - This Code deals with the slaughter of Animals and sacrifice ( Leviticus 17:1-16 ); forbidden sexual relations (Leviticus 18:1-30 ); relationships with neighbors (Leviticus 19:1-37 ); penalties (stoning, burning); rules for personal life of the priests (Leviticus 20:1-22:16 ); the quality of sacrifices (Leviticus 22:17-33 ); a cultic calendar (Leviticus 23:1-44 ); rules for lights in the sanctuary and the shewbread (Leviticus 24:1-9 ); blasphemy (Leviticus 24:10-23 ); the sabbatic year and jubilee (Leviticus 25:1-55 ); blessings and curses (Leviticus 26:1-46 ). ” Permission for private slaughtering and eating Animals is given only in Deuteronomy (Deuteronomy 12:15 )
Nature And Natural Phenomena - , Mark 13:28, Luke 13:8; Luke 13:21, John 15:2-4), and of the habits of Animals (Matthew 6:26; Matthew 7:15; Matthew 10:16, Luke 13:34; Luke 17:37, John 10:3-5; John 10:12 etc. We have references to the march of the seasons (Matthew 24:32, Mark 13:28); to the orderly stages of growth (John 10:3-5); to the varying response of various kinds of soil (Mark 4:4-8); to the mystery of development (Mark 4:27; Mark 4:31); to the habits and dispositions of Animals (Matthew 10:16, Luke 9:58; Luke 13:34; Luke 17:37, Mark 4:28; John 10:12, cf
Go - The females of different Animals go some a longer, some a shorter time
Moses - Pharaoh bade Israel go with their families, but refused to allow them Animals for sacrifice; so Moses announced the death of the firstborn ( Exodus 10:24-26 ; Exodus 10:28 f
Jonah, Theology of - He has pity on the teeming masses of people and Animals who may be in danger of destruction because he is both their Creator and Sustainer (4:10-11)
Habakkuk, Theology of - God is equally concerned about the exploitation of natural resources such as cedars of Lebanon used in Nebuchadnezzar's building program and the Animals that he ruthlessly hunted down (2:17)
Sheba - And they furnish a considerable amount of information respecting the Sab¿an religion, its offerings of incense and Animals, its pilgrimages to certain shrines, its special month for pilgrimage, Dhu Hijjatân
War - The destruction of the Canaanites along with their idols, and at times their Animals and possessions, was also of significance in God’s purposes for Israel
Malachi, Theology of - According to 1:6-14 the priests set a poor example by showing contempt for the sacrificial system by offering crippled or diseased Animals
Punishment - Sexual relations between two men or between humans and Animals were punishable by death (Exodus 22:19 ; Leviticus 18:22-23 ; 20:13,15-16 )
Magic - Animals for sacrifice had to be the proper age, sex, and color; many were probably not used because they were utilized in the magic arts of the Canaanites (Deuteronomy 14:21 )
Egypt - ) records the number of attendants, with riding Animals, a waggon, pack-oxen and asses, sheep and rams, that set out with Joseph and Mary from Judaea
Judaizing - The vision of the sheet, with the clean and unclean Animals, showed that the Apostle’s act was a new departure, requiring special and Divine sanction; and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, prior to baptism, was needed to teach him that he might initiate his converts into the Christian Church by that sacrament
Atonement, Day of - The ‘holy garments’ in which the essential parts of the rite were performed had to be deposited in the Holy Place; those who had been brought into contact with the sacrosanct Animals (vv
Satan - ) Four times in Old Testament as a proper name (Job 1:6; Job 1:12; Job 2:1; Zechariah 3:1, with ha- , the article); without it in 1 Chronicles 21:1; 1 Chronicles 21:25 times in New Testament; the Devil also 25 times; "the prince of this world" three times, for Satan had some mysterious connection with this earth and its Animals before man's appearance
Arnobius - Arnobius hesitates, however, over the details of creation; thinking apparently that alike the human soul and the lower Animals—insects and reptiles—are the work of some intermediate creator (ii
Hand - 2 Thessalonians 2 ...
By hand, with the hands,in distinction from the instrumentality of tools, engines or Animals as, to weed a garden by hand to lift, draw or carry by hand
Gods - ) Afterward the earth came to be deified, for furnishing fruits necessary for the subsistence of men and Animals; then fire and water became objects of divine worship, for their usefulness to human life
Commerce - The merchants transported their goods upon camels; Animals which are patient of thirst, and are easily supported in the deserts
Lion - "In Morocco," says Host, "the king has a lions' den, into which men, particularly Jews, are sometimes thrown; but the latter generally come off unhurt; because the keepers of these Animals are Jews, who may safely be with them, with a rod in the hand, if they only take care to go out backward, as the lion does not suffer any one to turn his back upon him
Egypt - ) records the number of attendants, with riding Animals, a waggon, pack-oxen and asses, sheep and rams, that set out with Joseph and Mary from Judaea
Only Begotten - When we have to do with living beings—men or Animals—the meaning ‘born,’ ‘begotten’ is, of course, congruous, but there is no emphasis whatever attached to this side
Trade And Commerce - Before the construction of railways in Palestine, transport was ordinarily on the backs of men or Animals, and of the latter camels are mentioned in connexion with goods brought from Arabia ( 1 Kings 10:2 , Isaiah 60:6 etc. In the last reference these Animals are mentioned together with asses, oxen, and mules; and probably the first and last of these were more ordinarily employed for internal traffic
Day of the Lord, God, Christ, the - Drought has paralyzed the economy (1:4-12), brought the giving of gifts in worship to a halt (1:13), and jeopardized even the survival of Animals (1:18). The plague of locusts in Joelwhether a pointer to the day of the Lord or itself a "day of the Lord"brings unproductive conditions for trees and vines and jeopardizes the survival of Animals (1:12,18)
Number - Or again, where a man had one wife, there was a natural couple; and so with Animals; in one account of the Flood they go in ‘two by two. Two objects or Animals are often required for ritual purposes ( e
Ethics - Compensation for neglected dangerous Animals or buildings depends on circumstances, and restitution for theft is controlled. Animals share in such consideration (22:1-4)
Omnipresence - And when we have thus raised our thoughts to the idea of a being, who is not only present throughout a large empire, but throughout our world; and not only in every part of our world, but in every part of all the numberless suns and worlds which roll in the starry heavens,—who is not only able to enliven and actuate the plants, Animals, and men who live upon this globe, but countless varieties of creatures every where in an immense universe,—yea, whose presence is not confined to the universe, immeasurable as that is by any finite mind, but who is present every where in infinite space; and who is therefore able to create still new worlds, and fill them with proper inhabitants, attend, supply, and govern them all,—when we have thus gradually raised and enlarged our conceptions, we have the best idea we can form of the universal presence of the great Jehovah, who filleth heaven and earth. That huge globe of fire in the heavens, which we call the sun, and on the light and influences of which the fertility of our world, and the life and pleasure of all Animals, depend, knows nothing of its serviceableness to these purposes, nor of the wise laws according to which its beams are dispensed, nor what place or motions were requisite for these beneficial purposes
Set - ...
A — 18: ἐπιβιβάζω (Strong's #1913 — Verb — epibibazo — ep-ee-bee-bad'-zo ) "to place upon," is used of causing persons to mount Animals for riding, Luke 10:34 ; 19:35 ; Acts 23:24
Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre - This special precaution may have been peculiar to a district where wild Animals were common
Dress - Aprons of figleaves were our first parents' earliest attempt at dress to clothe their shame (See ADAM, (See ABEL) (Genesis 3:7; Genesis 3:21); "God made coats of skin and clothed them," doubtless taken from Animals slain in sacrifice at His command; type of the garment of righteousness provided by God through His Son's sacrifice, wherewith we, whose own faulty righteousness could not clothe our shame, are completely covered so as to stand before the all-searching eye of God (Isaiah 61:10)
Number Systems And Number Symbolism - Three-year-old Animals were mature and were, therefore, prized for special sacrifices (1 Samuel 1:24 ; Genesis 15:9 )
Agriculture - ]'>[4] ) fitted with two pairs of converging pegs, the lower ends connected by thongs, to receive the necks of the draught Animals
Language - The Mosaic history, which gives us an account of the formation and first occupations of man, represents him as being immediately capable of conversing with his Maker; of giving names to the various tribes and classes of Animals; and of reasoning consecutively, and in perfectly appropriate terms, concerning his own situation, and the relation he stood in to the other creatures
Sinai - ...
In many of the western Sinaite valleys, and most of all in ElMukatteb, which enters Wady Feiran from the northwest, the more accessible parts of the rocky sides are covered by thousands of inscriptions, usually short, and rudely carved in spots where travellers would naturally stop to rest at noon; frequently accompanied by a cross and mingled with representations of Animals
Deuteronomy, Theology of - There and only there could tribute offered to the Sovereignespecially that of the blood of sacrificed Animalsbe presented to him. Another mark of the distinction between the purity of Yahwistic faith and the corruption of paganism is the line of demarcation drawn between the clean and unclean Animals (14:1-3). They concerned such matters as clothing (22:5), mother birds (22:6-7), freedom from liability (22:8), mixed seed, Animals, and cloth (22:9-11), and a variety of other cases whose significance with respect to the principle of purity is not always easy to determine
Idol - ...
(10) timahuh "similitude," "form "(Deuteronomy 4:12-19, where Moses forbids successively the several forms of Gentile idolatry: ancestor worship, as that of Terah (Joshua 24:2), Laban (Genesis 31:19; Genesis 31:30; Genesis 31:32), and Jacob's household (Genesis 35:2-4), to guard against which Moses' sepulchre was hidden; hero worship and relic worship (Judges 8:27; Judges 17:4; Jeremiah 44:17-18,5); nature worship, whether of the lower Animals as in Egypt, or of the heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, and stars, as among the Persians). He placed them in a separate province; as shepherds they were an abomination to Egyptians, and sacrificed to God the very Animals Egypt worshipped (Exodus 8:26)
Ezekiel, Theology of - The four faces of creatures represent four of the mightiest creatures (the ox, over domestic Animals; the lion, over wild Animals; the eagle, over birds; and the human, over all)
Offerings, the - ...
The various kinds and the sex of the Animals presented in the sin offerings are proportioned to the measure of responsibility in Leviticus 4 , and to the offerer's ability in Leviticus 5 . In the sweet-savour offerings the offerer was left free to choose a victim, and the different value of the Animals offered gave evidence to the measure of appreciation of the sacrifice: thus if a rich man brought a sheep instead of a bullock, it would show that he undervalued the privileges within his reach
Red Sea - But the Heliopolitans relate, that the king, with a great army, accompanied by the sacred Animals, pursued after the Jews, who had carried off with them the substance of the Egyptians; and that Moses, having been directed by a divine voice to strike the sea with his rod, when he heard it, touched the water with his rod; and so the fluid divided, and the host passed over through a dry way. That for their protection against the God of Israel, the Egyptians brought with them the sacred Animals; and by this means God executed judgment upon all the bestial gods of Egypt, as foretold, Exodus 12:12 , that perished with their infatuated votaries; completing the destruction of both, which began with smiting the first-born both of man and beast
Containers And Vessels - Red and black decorations, especially people and Animals, are typical of this type pottery
Daniel - ...
It is an accordance with Medo-Persian ideas which flows from the truth of Scripture, that the mode of capital punishment under the Babylonian rule is represented as burning (Daniel 3), but under the Medes and Persians' exposure to wild beasts, for they would have regarded fire as polluted by contact with a corpse, while they approved the devouring of bodies by Animals
Ebla - The tablets refer to the temples dedicated to Dagon, Ashtar, (Astarte), Kamosh (Chemosh), Rasap (Reshaph), and offerings of bread, drink, and Animals
Blood - Perhaps because an animal life was given up (and Animals were a vital part of a person's property), this action taken before God indicated how each person is estranged from God
Holiness - , Leviticus 19:26 ), from mixtures of Animals, seeds, and stuffs ( Leviticus 19:19 ), and from the fruit of newly planted trees for the first four years ( Leviticus 19:23 ff
Covenant - This actual mingling of blood soon became distasteful, and substitutes were found, such as the cutting of sacrificial Animals into two parts, between which the contracting parties passed (Genesis 15:10 ; Genesis 15:17 , Jeremiah 34:18 f
Vessels And Utensils - See Matthew 18:6 ; Mark 9:42 ; Luke 17:2 ; Revelation 18:21 ) of which required Animals or two persons (Matthew 24:41 ) to operate
Minerals And Metals - Coral (Job 28:18 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ) Calcium carbonate formed by the action of marine Animals
Mines And Mining - With the domestication of small Animals, wheat, and barley, people found greater uses for stone tools
God, Name of - ...
As God's image-bearer Adam imitated God's creative speech by naming the creation (Genesis 2:19-20 ): this naming gave expression to the order in the universe and showed Adam's understanding of the character, place, and function of the Animals
Synagogue - They are not on high ground, nor so built that the worshipper on entering faced Jerusalem, except that at Irbid, The carved figures of Animals occur in six out of the eleven
Habits - This law did not prevent them from wearing many different substances together, but only these two; nor did the prohibition extend to the wool of camels and goats, (for the hair of these Animals they called by the same name,) but only to that of sheep
Ebla - The tablets refer to the temples dedicated to Dagon, Ashtar, (Astarte), Kamosh (Chemosh), Rasap (Reshaph), and offerings of bread, drink, and Animals
Turn - To become by change as, the fur of certain Animals turns in winter
Covenant - The ancient custom was for the two parties to kill an animal, cut it in halves, then pass between the two halves, calling down the fate of the slaughtered Animals upon themselves should they break the covenant (Genesis 15:9-11; Jeremiah 34:18)
Egypt - The worship of Animals was probably restricted to a few sacred individuals in early Egypt, but a degree of sanctity was afterwards extended to the whole of a species, and to almost every species. The Hebrews, no doubt, like the Greeks in Herodotus, slew and ate Animals, e. , as it was being opened, as well as to the deity within; hymns were sung and sistrums rattled, Animals slaughtered, and the altar piled with offerings
Woman - In the second account, it is specified that God created the man first, and that he created the woman from the man's rib only after all the Animals proved inadequate companions (Genesis 2:18-23 ). Male slaves command a higher price than do females (Leviticus 27:1-8 ); the more important sacrifices require male Animals only (Numbers 15:22-29 )
Temple (2) - ]'>[15] and those who sold Animals for the temple sacrifices had free access here. On the right of these, on entering, was the place for slaughtering the Animals brought for sacrifice
Gnosticism - Matter was seen as inferior, sin-causing, and always deteriorating; thought or knowledge distinguished persons from matter and Animals and was imperishable, capable of revealing god, and the only channel of redemption
Genesis - Do use of later names such as land of the Philistines (Genesis 21:32 ), closely resembling, almost duplicate stories (Genesis 12:10-20 ; Genesis 20:1-18 ; Genesis 26:1-11 ), the use of different names for God (Yahweh in Genesis 15:1 ; Elohim in Genesis 17:1 ), the use of different facts (man made with woman in Genesis 26:6-3516 but man made, then the Animals, then woman in Genesis 2:1 ) point to different authors of parts of the book, sources used by an author, or literary and theological techniques used to deliver the divine message?...
In the 1960s many scholars thought they had reached agreement on the answers
Flesh - The Old Testament employs two terms to denote flesh: basar [ Genesis 2:21 ; Leviticus 13:10-11 ; Ezekiel 37:6 ; Daniel 1:15 ; Micah 3:3 ) and Animals alike (Exodus 21:28 ), including animal flesh used for food (Genesis 9:2-4 ) and in sacrifice (1 Samuel 2:13 ; Isaiah 65:4 ; Hosea 8:13 )
Daemoniac - The inferior Animals are connected with mankind, a nd subjected to their authority, not only in instances in which it is exerted for their advantage, but even where it is tyrannically abused to their destruction
New Covenant - Jesus as mediator of the new covenant was superior to the Aaronic high priests, the mediators of the first covenant; likewise, as the better sacrifice, Jesus truly expiated guilt unlike the blood of Animals
Polytheism - To other Animals the knowledge of the Deity is of no importance, to man it is of the first importance
Jordan - ...
Animals such as the leopard, jackal, boar, hyæna, ibex, porcupine, and fox live in the thickets which border the banks
Bethlehem - On the contrary, it was evidently a manger belonging to the inn or khan: in other words, the upper rooms being wholly occupied, the holy family were compelled to take up their abode in the court allotted to the mules and horses, or other Animals
Shepherds - But in the reign of David, the important office of chief herdsman was abolished, and the vast flocks and herds of that monarch were entrusted to a number of superintendents; Animals of the same species forming a separate flock, under its proper overseer, 1 Chronicles 27:29
Create, Creation - 20-21]'>[13], Animals and humans [1]). Thus luminaries (day 4) correspond to light and darkness (day 1), aquatic and winged creatures (day 5) to water and sky (day 2), and Animals and humans (day 6) to dry land (day 3)
Hosea, Theology of - ...
Fueled by a fertility cult religion Israel's neighbors linked productivity of the land, Animals, and people with their gods
Mark, the Gospel According to - ...
He notices Jesus being "with the wild beasts" when tempted by Satan in the wilderness; contrast Adam tempted amidst the tame Animals in Eden (Genesis 2; 3)
Sea - Simon’s house, which doubtless was a very humble abode, was by the sea because there he would have easy access to water; and it was outside the city, at least 50 cubits, because tanning was held to be an ‘unclean’ employment, bringing one constantly into contact with dead Animals
Covenant - The Scriptures allude to the cutting of Animals asunder; denoting that, in the same manner, the perjured and covenant-breaker should be cut asunder by the vengeance of God, Jeremiah 34:18
Sabbath - The prohibition of work extended to all those living within Israel, including slaves and Animals (Exodus 20:10 ), even during the plowing season (Exodus 34:21 )
Pilgrimage - ...
While they have this habit on, they must neither hunt nor fowl (though they are allowed to fish;) which precept is so punctually observed, that they will not kill vermin if they find them on their bodies: there are some noxious Animals, however, which they have permission to kill during the pilgrimage; as kites, ravens, scorpions, mice, and dogs given to bite
Atonement - Such offerings, including both live and dead Animals, incense, and money, were required to remove the bad effects of human sin
Atheist - How much more that astonishing variety and multiplicity of God's works with which we are continually surrounded! Let any man survey the face of the earth, or lift up his eyes to the firmament; let him consider the nature and instincts of brute Animals, and afterward look into the operations of his own mind, and will he presume to say or suppose that all the objects he meets with are nothing more than the result of unaccountable accidents and blind chance? Can he possibly conceive that such wonderful order should spring out of confusion? or that such perfect beauty should be ever formed by the fortuitous operations of unconscious, unactive particles of matter? As well, nay better, and more easily, might he suppose that an earthquake might happen to build towns and cities; or the materials carried down by a flood fit themselves up without hands into a regular fleet
Palesti'na - --It will be sufficient in this article to give a general survey of the fauna of Palestine, as the reader will find more particular information in the several articles which treat of the various Animals under their respective names. Of domestic Animals we need only mention the Arabian or one-humped camel, the ass, the mule and the horse, all of which are in general use
Cooking And Heating - Meat was always available from the sheep and goats of the flock, but the hunting of wild Animals which came up from the jungle in the Jordan Valley was popular
Festivals - As the high priest of the Old Testament entered the holy of holies with the blood of sacrificial Animals, Jesus entered heaven itself to appear on our behalf in front of the Father (Hebrews 9:11-12 )
Family - One word (mishpachah ) was used to describe the larger partriarchal clan which included those persons related by blood, marriage, slaveship, and even Animals (as found in the fourth commandment, Exodus 20:10 )
Exodus, Book of - God's power affects people as well as Animals (Exodus 9:8-12 )
Angel - Sometimes angels addressed people in dreams, as with Jacob (Genesis 28:12 ; 31:11 ), and could be recognized by Animals before human beings became aware of them, as with Balaam (Numbers 22:22 )
Hell - The reprobate have become obstinate in their rebellion against God, like "unreasoning Animals" (Jude 10,13 ; 2 Peter 2:12-22 )
Providence of God - Birds (Matthew 6:26 ; 10:29 ), fish (Jonah 1:17 ; Matthew 17:27 ), Animals (Psalm 147:9 ; Hosea 2:18 ; Joel 2:21-22 ), indeed, every living thing is God's (Job 12:10 ; Psalm 145:13-16 ) and in their own way they are all praising God (Psalm 148:3,4,7-10 )
Education (2) - —See Animals, p
Imagination - He was temperamentally as well as spiritually in the deepest sympathy with Nature in all her varying moods, her wealth of life, her process of growth; and He was a keen and accurate observer of her ways, showing a vivid interest in the life of plants and Animals (Matthew 6:28; Matthew 7:16; Matthew 6:26; Matthew 8:20) and in the common experiences of human life
Impotence - He favours the view that the ἐν here retains its literal and local significance; the Christian lives in the element Christ, somewhat in the same way as Animals live in the air, or fishes in the water, or the roots of plants in the earth
Manichees - But the souls of those who have neglected the salutary work of purification, pass after death into the bodies of other Animals and natures, where they remain till they have accomplished their probation
Arts - The care of the crop and of Animals occupied so much time that commerce in grain (Acts 27:38, Revelation 18:13) and in stock had to be made over to others
Cosmas (3), Indian Navigator - (11) A description of the Animals of India, and of the island of Ceylon
Plagues of Egypt - ]'>[14] hardens his heart; that the sin of Pharaoh, and so of any other man, may entail sufferings upon many innocent men and Animals; and finally, that J″ Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - ...
The best way to demonstrate this one-sided obligation is to point to Genesis 15:12-19 , where God told Abraham to cut Animals in half and form an aisle down the middle so that the person obligating himself could walk down the aisle outlined by the pieces. In this case, however, only the Lord, here depicted as a smoking fire pot with a blazing torch, moved between the pieces; Abraham did not go between the cut Animals
Jonah - King and people repent, and show their repentance in a public fast (which includes even the domestic Animals), and pray ( Jonah 3:5-9 )
Destroy, Destruction - ...
These nations are depicted as ferocious Animals (Daniel 7:1-4 ; Revelation 13:1-2 )
Numbers, Book of - ( h ) A scale of amounts of meal, oil, and wine to accompany various Animals in sacrifice
Flood, the - Isaiah 54:9 ) is wrapped up in the universality of the flood; if only a local flood occurred, then God has broken his promise every time another local flood has happened; (6) the universality of the flood is underscored by the enormous size of the ark (Genesis 6:14-15 ) and the stated necessity for saving all the species of Animals and plants in the ark (Genesis 6:16-21 ; 7:2-3 ); a massive ark filled with representatives of all nonaquatic animal/plant species would be unnecessary if this were only a local flood; (7) the covering of "all the high mountains" by at least twenty feet of water (Genesis 7:19-20 ) could not involve simply a local flood, since water seeks its own level across the surface of the globe; (8) the duration of the flood (Noah in the ark over a year, Genesis 7:11-8:14 ) makes sense only with a universal flood; (9) the New Testament passages concerning the flood all employ universal language ("took them all away" [3]; "destroyed them all " [4]; Noah "condemned the world " [5]); and (10) the New Testament flood typology assumes and depends upon the universality of the flood to theologically argue for an imminent worldwide judgment by fire (2 Peter 3:6-7 )
Tabernacle - The covering was of rams' and tachash (skins of marine Animals, as seals; badger skins
Thousand Years - Even the savage Animals shall lose their ferocity (Isaiah 11:6-9; Isaiah 65:25)
Bible, Texts And Versions - Parchment was made from the skins of Animals
Gods And Goddesses, Pagan - Priests would officiate on behalf of the persons presenting sacrificial Animals to the god
Stoics - In opposition to the Epicureans, who held that pleasure was the motive power of Animals and young children, they taught that these were guided rather by the instinct of self-preservation
Moses - mixed with wine, as drunk by the heathen in their sacrificial feasts); in other words, only the flesh of ritually slaughtered Animals may be eaten
Body - Occasionally σῶμα is used of a dead body, whether of man (Acts 9:40, Judges 1:9) or beast (Hebrews 13:11), but ordinarily it denotes the living body of Animals (James 3:3) or of men (1 Corinthians 6:15 etc
Day of Atonement - Thus the blood (the life) of the Animals, representing the life of priest and people, was offered before God; and they, and the three parts of the Tent polluted by their presence during the preceding year, were cleansed, and atonement was made for them
Exorcism - His words and deeds show us the evil spirits going out of a patient (Matthew 17:18, Mark 5:8, Luke 8:29, Mark 9:25-26); entering into lower Animals (Matthew 8:32, Mark 5:13, Luke 8:33); wandering through waterless places (Matthew 12:43, Luke 11:24); cooperating with other spirits (Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26); and re-entering the patients from whom they had been expelled (Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26)
Apocrypha, New Testament - Even though they show a high regard for the apostles and include some historical fact, much of what they offer is the product of a wild imagination, closely akin to a romantic novel (with talking Animals and obedient bugs)
Resurrection - This is, in fact, the true and rational answer to the objection that the same piece of matter may happen to be a part of two or more bodies, as in the instances of men feeding upon Animals which have fed upon men, and of men feeding upon one another
Desire - ...
As to the question whether Animals can have desires, Aristotle decides that ‘no animal can have the faculty of desire unless it have imaginative power’ (Wallace, p. 183); but then, as imaginative power is connected with the reason or the senses, so Animals may have the imaginative power connected with the senses, and thus have what can be designated desires
Babylon - It is also the unmolested retreat of jackals, hyenas, and other noxious Animals. "The mound," says Kinneir, "was full of large holes: we entered some of them, and found them strewed with the carcasses and skeletons of Animals recently killed
Birds - In contrast to eagles and hawks, which usually kill living prey, vultures feed on dead Animals
Occupations And Professions in the Bible - Given the rugged terrain of Palestine, the constant threat from wild Animals, and the ceaseless search for water and pasture land, the responsibilities and dangers of the shepherd were great
Hebrews, Theology of - Its guarantee is the superior sacrifice made by Jesus himself, the eternal high priest, not by the offering up of the blood of Animals (9:11-15; 10:1-4)
Sin - The law of clean and unclean Animals and things paved the way for truer and nobler thoughts of God’s holiness, and of the uncleanness of sin as being its contradiction
Economic Life - For instance, luxury items such as spices and perfumes from Arabia and ivory and rare Animals commanded high prices
Locust - 205, 340; Wood, Bible Animals, 1869, pp
Saul - His scrupulosity because the people flew upon the spoil, eating the Animals with the blood (1 Samuel 14:32-35), contrasts with true conscientiousness which was wanting in him at Gilgal (1 Samuel 13)
Zechariah, Theology of - Also, instead of the blood of dead Animals, God desires us to offer our bodies as "living sacrifices" (Romans 12:1 ) and to offer continually the "sacrifice of praise" (Hebrews 13:15 )
Agriculture - The blood of slaughtered Animals was also used for this purpose
Demoniac - Who ever heard of swine afflicted with madness as a natural disease? Or, when and where has the epilepsy, or falling sickness, been predicable of the sow?...
For, it must be carefully observed that the disease of the man, the affection of the human sufferer, whatever that affection might have been, was clearly transferred from him to the Animals in question
Palestine - It dries vegetation and has a withering effect on people and Animals
Temple - It is necessary to observe here, that although the court of the Priests was not accessible to all Israelites, as that of Israel was to all the priests, yet they might enter it for three several purposes: to lay their hands on the Animals which they offered, or to kill them, or to wave some part of them
Dress - Scripture and anthropology are in agreement as to the great antiquity of the skins of Animals, wild and domesticated, as dress material ( Genesis 3:21 ‘coats of skin’; cf
Locust - 205, 340; Wood, Bible Animals, 1869, pp
Sidonius Apollinaris, Saint - Churches were overthrown, their sites overrun by Animals, Christian discipline destroyed; and writing to Basilius, Sidonius implores him, as in touch with the political negotiators, to obtain permission for the exercise of episcopal ordination ( Ep
Ham - ...
In his beautiful sermon on 'The World's Benefactors,' Dr Newman asks, 'Who, for example, was the first cultivator of corn? Who first tamed and domesticated the Animals whose strength we use and whom we make our food? Or who first discovered the medicinal herbs which, from the earliest times, have been our resource against disease? If it was mortal man who first looked through the animal and vegetable worlds, and discriminated between the useful and the worthless, his name is unknown to the millions whom he has benefited
Diseases - Early physicians also used substances obtained from Animals, such as blood, urine, milk, hair, and ground-up shell and bone
Abortion - As James Barr has shown, the writer's choice of selem [ Genesis 1:24-28 ; 2:7 ; 2:19 ), a discontinuity reiterated when, after the flood, God affirms the killing and eating of Animals but prohibits murder (Genesis 9:6 )
Canaan, History And Religion of - The sexual union of god and goddess assured the fertility of mankind, the Animals, and the larger world of nature
War, Holy War - Exodus 23:29-30 , however, indicates it was God's original purpose to drive the Canaanites out "little by little" so the land would not become desolate and wild Animals multiply against them
Revelation, Theology of - In contrast to the gentle Lamb, it is a composite of terrifying wild Animals (13:2; cf
Justice (2) - Then again there was the slave class, who were regarded as incapable of virtue, and, therefore, like the lower Animals, outside the ethical sphere
Sorrow, Man of Sorrows - It is an experience peculiar to man, and can be attributed to Animals only by an effort of personification
Priest - Deuteronomy 18:3, "the shoulder, cheeks, and maw " (the fourth stomach of ruminant Animals esteemed a delicacy) were given in addition, to those appointed in Leviticus (compare Numbers 16:19-20)
Egypt - Domestic and wild Animals were numerous, including the crocodile and hippopotamus, and vulture, hawk, hoopoe (a sacred bird), and ostrich were common
Letters - It is a curious fact, that in our day a Cherokee chief has actually invented an alphabet, and that in the process he commenced with a pictorial representation of Animals which uttered sounds somewhat like those of his own tongue; which thought seems not to have entered into the picture writing of the ancients, whose delineations spoke wholly to the eye, and not at all to the ear
Temple - This outer court being assigned to the Gentile proselytes, the Jews, who did not worship in it themselves, conceived that it might lawfully be put to profane uses: for here we find that the buyers and sellers of Animals for sacrifices, and also the money-changers, had stationed themselves; until Jesus Christ, awing them into submission by the grandeur and dignity of his person and behaviour, expelled them; telling them that it was the house of prayer for all nations, and was not to be profaned, Matthew 21:12-13 ; Mark 11:15-17
Psalms of Solomon - -The goodness of God towards Animals and men alike is without stint: man’s is a grudging goodness
Dead Sea Scrolls - It included an irrigation system, an enclosure for Animals, and what seems to have been a tannery
Gods, Pagan - His cult involved orgiastic feasts in which wild Animals were torn apart alive and eaten raw, originally only by groups of women
Humility - For, as a fine Jewish saying puts it, ‘While God despises what is broken among the Animals, He loves in man a broken heart
Jesuits - They taught them to build houses, to cultivate the ground, and to rear tame Animals; trained them to arts and manufactures, and brought them to relish the blessings of security and order
Parable - Fables violate probability in introducing speech of Animals, etc
Parable - By many writers it is looked upon as applicable only to the small group of animal fables in which the main actors are Animals or inanimate objects
Marriage - The origin of the instinct is natural selection, consanguineous marriages being on the whole unfavourable to the species, in man as among Animals
Evil - Dangerous Animals capable of destroying human life are called "evil" (Genesis 37:20,33 )
Redemption (2) - ): the latter of redeeming the firstborn of Animals or of children (Exodus 13:13; Exodus 13:15; Exodus 34:20, Numbers 18:15 ff
Sanctify, Sanctification - The babe in the higher kingdom of men is greater than the tiger in the kingdom of Animals
Government - To raise their Animals properly it would be necessary for the tribes to search for pasture in the steppe lands, and to withdraw later to their winter homes
Sin - Why would Adam and Eve, well-cared-for and without propensity toward sin, rebel against God? Why would a creature want to rebel against the Creator? The prophets find Israel's rebellion absurd; even Animals know better
Sanctification - Though God instructed his people to choose Animals for sacrifice that were "without spot, " this was technically impossible
Metaphor - We still have the familiar conceptions drawn from everyday life-sowing, reaping, and harvest, Animals and birds, the seasons, light and darkness, life and death-but as the scene shifts from the hillsides of Nazareth and the streets of Jerusalem to the busy cities of the Graeco-Roman world with their ceaseless and varied activity, there are many phrases and metaphors in the Acts, the Epistles, and the Apocalypse which could hardly have fallen from the lips of our Lord Himself
Barnabas, Epistle of - so much ignorance of the habits of various Animals is not valid; for natural history was then but little known
Christ in the Seventeenth Century - It was equally irrational to think of God generating a Son after the manner of corruptible Animals, or to speak of two natures, each complete in itself, coming together and forming one person
Job, Theology of - He is master of the wild Animals, which man can seldom tame and often fears (38:39-39:30)
Holiness - When holiness is ascribed to vessels, Animals for sacrifice, etc
Paul - The unity of God's dealings with His people is the true explanation of the parallelism between the histories of Paul and Peter, just as profound resemblances of form and typical structure exist between species and genera of both plants and Animals which in many respects are widely divergent
Humility - For, as a fine Jewish saying puts it, ‘While God despises what is broken among the Animals, He loves in man a broken heart
David - ...
His already noted (1 Samuel 16:18) prudence, whereby "he behaved himself wisely in all his ways," was now brought into play; a quality which in dependence upon Jehovah, its Giver (Psalms 5:8), he in Psalms 101:1, by an undesigned coincidence, professes in the same words his determination to exercise, and which as it was the characteristic of Jacob, Israel's forefather, so it has been prominent in his descendants in all ages, modern as well as ancient, especially in times of persecution; analogous to the instinctive sagacity of hunted Animals
House - This is frequently divided into two parts, one level with the entrance, assigned at night to the domestic Animals, cows, ass, etc
God - Traces of ‘Totemism,’ or belief in the blood relationship of a tribe and a natural object, such as an animal, treated as the protector of the tribe, have been found in the worship of Jahweh under the form of a molten bull ( 1 Kings 12:28 ; but this was doubtless derived from the Canaanites), and in the avoidance of unclean Animals
Sirach - 614 A 13; the pleasing effect of green vegetation on the eye (40:22) from Problems, 959 A 25; the description of a friend as ‘one whose soul is like thine’ (37:12c) from Great Ethics, 1211 A 32; the affection between Animals of the same species (13:14) from Problems, 896 B 10
Work - Even Animals and the land are to experience rest from work
Barnabas, Epistle of - The prescription that certain Animals must not be eaten is explained as meaning that one must have no dealings with certain kinds of evil persons (ch
Apocalyptic Literature - The children of Israel appeared in this vision in the forms of the clean Animals (bulls, sheep, lambs, and goats)
Offering - For example, when Jacob was on his way back home after twenty years, his long-standing guilt and fear of Esau prompted him to send a rather large “present” (bribe) of goats, camels, and other Animals ( Paulinus, Bishop of Nola - The 18th poem, 6th in honour of Felix, describes in hexameters the discovery of his tomb, mentions the five churches built around it, and how the country people came themselves and brought their Animals to be cured of maladies by the saint's influence
Personality - Illingworth has put the whole point finely at the end of his 5th Bampton Lecture: ‘As reason qualifies and conditions our whole animal nature by its presence, so that we are never merely Animals, spirituality also permeates and modifies all that we call our natural faculties; and our personality itself is, in this sense, as truly supernatural as the Divine Person in whom alone it finds its home
Law - Even the Animals are to be treated with consideration and kindness
Joram - But other carnivorous Animals are found here, leopards and hyaenas, as well as wild boars, porcupines, etc
Arius the Heresiarch - It is unquestionably to be lamented that so much stress should have been laid in the controversy on words which, when used, not popularly, but in metaphysical discussions, had a tendency to confound the eternal generation of the Son with the purely physical process of the generation of men and Animals
Arabia - The word flock, used here, must not convey the idea naturally entertained in our own country of sheep only, but, together with these or goats, horned cattle and camels, the most indispensable of Animals to the Midianite
Tatianus - When expelled from heaven the fallen angels or demons lived with Animals
Art - (3) Among the very earliest examples, figures are included as well as merely decorative subjects of Animals, flowers, etc
God - No person, for example that knows the principles of optics, and the structure of the eye, can believe that it was formed without skill in that science; or that the ear was formed without the knowledge of sounds; or that the male and female in Animals were not formed for each other, and for continuing the species
Holy Ghost - It is not surely here meant, that the Spirit by which the generations of Animals are perpetuated, is wind; and if he be called an attribute, wisdom, power, or both united, where do we read of such attributes being "sent," "sent forth from God?" The personality of the Spirit is here as clearly marked as when St
Marcion, a 2nd Century Heretic - He says that Animals are of three kinds: some, like serpents and scorpions, will hurt those who have given them no provocation; some, like sheep, will not attempt to return evil for evil; others will hurt those only that hurt them