What does Angels mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
ἀγγέλων a messenger 30
ἄγγελοι a messenger 21
ἀγγέλους a messenger 17
ἀγγέλοις a messenger 9
מַלְאֲכֵ֥י messenger 2
מַלְאָכָ֑יו messenger 1
מַלְאָכָ֣יו messenger 1
מַלְאָ֫כָ֥יו messenger 1
וּ֝בְמַלְאָכָ֗יו messenger 1
הַמַּלְאָכִ֤ים messenger 1
מַלְאֲכֵ֣י messenger 1
הַמַּלְאָכִ֖ים messenger 1
מֵאֱלֹהִ֑ים (plural). 1
אַ֭בִּירִים mighty 1
ἰσάγγελοι like the angels. 1
ἄγγελοί a messenger 1
מַ֭לְאָכָיו messenger 1

Definitions Related to Angels

G32


   1 a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God.
   

H4397


   1 messenger, representative.
      1a messenger.
      1b angel.
      1c the theophanic angel.
      

G2465


   1 like the Angels.
   

H47


   1 mighty, valiant.
      1a of men.
      1b of Angels.
      1c of animals.
      1d (metaph).
         1d1 of enemies.
         1d2 of princes.
         1d3 of sacrificial objects.
      1e obstinate (fig.
      ).
      

H430


   1 (plural).
      1a rulers, judges.
      1b divine ones.
      1c Angels.
      1d gods.
   2 (plural intensive—singular meaning).
      2a god, goddess.
      2b godlike one.
      2c works or special possessions of God.
      2d the (true) God.
      2e God.
      

Frequency of Angels (original languages)

Frequency of Angels (English)

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Angels of the Seven Churches
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES ( Revelation 1:20 ; Revelation 1:2-3 ). 1 . According to one set of opinions, these angels were men, and the majority of writers have held them to be (1) the presiding presbyters or bishops of their respective churches. But while this view is attractive and popular, the reasons against it are strong. Human officials could hardly be made responsible for their churches as these angels are. A bishop might be called an angel, i.e. a messenger, of God or of Christ (cf. Haggai 1:13 , Malachi 2:7 , 2 Corinthians 5:20 ), but would he be called ‘the angel of the church’? Above all, it is certain that at the early date to which the Apocalypse is now generally assigned a settled episcopate was unknown. (2) Others have supposed that the angels were congregational representatives , church messengers or deputies (which would be in harmony with the proper meaning of the word ‘angel’), or even the person who acted as ‘Reader’ to the assembled church (notice ‘he that readeth’ in Revelation 1:3 ). But if the responsibility put upon the angels is too great for bishops, it is much too great for any lesser functionaries. Besides, the glory and dignity assigned to them as the stars of the churches ( Revelation 1:20 ) is inconsistent with a position like that of a mere Reader or deputy.
2 . A good many have held that ‘angels’ is to be understood in its ordinary Scriptural application, not to men, but to celestial beings . In support of this are (1) the fact that throughout the rest of the book the Gr. word, which is of very frequent occurrence, is invariably used in this sense; (2) our Lord’s utterance in Matthew 18:10 , which suggests a doctrine of angelic guardianship; (3) the fact that in Daniel, to which the Apocalypse is so closely related, the guardianship of angels is extended to nations ( Daniel 12:1 ). The objections, however, are serious. No definite Scriptural teaching can be adduced in favour of the idea that churches have their guardian-angels. Messages intended for churches would hardly be addressed to celestial beings. Moreover, it is scarcely conceivable that such beings would be identified with particular churches in all their infidelities and shortcomings and transgressions, as these angels are (see, e.g. , Daniel 3:1 ; Daniel 3:15 ff.).
3 . The most probable view, accordingly, is that the angels are personifications of their churches not actual persons either on earth or in heaven, but ideal representatives. It is the church, of course, that receives the letter, the ‘Thou’ of address having manifestly a collective force, and it is to the church itself that the letter is sent (cf. Revelation 1:11 , where there is no mention of the angels). The idea of angels was suggested, no doubt, by the later Jewish beliefs on the subject, but it is used in a figurative manner which suits the whole figurative treatment, where the glorified Jesus walks among the golden candlesticks, and sends to the churches messages that are couched in highly metaphorical language. It might seem to be against this ideal view that the seven churches, as candlesticks, are definitely distinguished from the seven angels, as stars ( Revelation 1:12 ; Revelation 1:16 ; Revelation 1:20 ). But it is quite in keeping with the inevitable distinction between an actual and an ideal church that they should be thus contrasted as a lamp and a star.
J. C. Lambert.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Angels
("messengers".) Often with "of God" or "Jehovah" added. Sometimes called the "holy ones," "saints." The "Angel of God" often means the Divide Word, "the Image of the invisible God," God Himself manifested (Colossians 1:15; Genesis 22:11-12; Genesis 16:7; Genesis 16:13; Genesis 31:11; Genesis 28:12-178; Genesis 48:15-16; Genesis 33:14; compare Isaiah 63:9; Exodus 3:2; Exodus 3:6; Numbers 22:22-327; Exodus 23:20-22; Acts 27:23-24, compare Acts 23:11; 1618397654_3-35); accepting as His due the worship which angels reject as mere creatures (Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:9); this manifestation was as man, an anticipation of the incarnation (John 1:18; Genesis 18:2; Genesis 18:22; Genesis 19:1; Genesis 32:24; Genesis 32:30; Joshua 5:13; Joshua 5:15).
"Angel," "Son of God," "Gods" (Εlohim ), "Holy One," in the fullest sense, are names of the divine Word alone. His incarnation is the center by reference to which all angelic ministration is best understood. Compare John 1:51, Greek (aparti ), "from this time forth ye shall see heaven open" (heretofore shut, against man by sin: Hebrews 9:8; Hebrews 10:19-20) "and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man," as the antitypical Jacob's ladder, the center of communication between men and God, the redeemed and the angelic world; Jesus' miracles, of which mention immediately follows (John 2), are firstfruit of this newly opened communion of earth and heaven (1618397654_50). Secondarily, God's created messengers; as Israel (Isaiah 42:19), Haggai (Haggai 1:13), John (Malachi 3:1; Exodus 3:146), the priesthood, ministers (Ecclesiastes 5:6), the rulers or angels of the Christian churches (Revelation 1:20), as Εlohim , "gods" is applied to judges (Psalms 82:6); compare Jesus' application, John 10:34-37.
As to the nature of "angels" in the limited sense, they are "spirits" (Hebrews 1:7; Hebrews 1:14), of wind-like velocity, subtle nature, capable of close communion with God; sharers in His truth, purity, and love, since they ever behold His face (Matthew 18:10), even as the redeemed shall (1 John 3:2); not necessarily incorporeal; Luke 20:36 (compare Philippians 3:21), 1 Corinthians 15:44, seemingly but not certainly imply their having bodies. Their glorious appearance (Daniel 10:6), like our Lord's when transfigured and afterward as the ascended Savior (Revelation 1:14-16), and their human form (Luke 24:4; Acts 1:10), favor the same view. Close kindred of nature between angels and men is implied in both being alike called "sons of God" (Job 1:6; Job 38:7; Daniel 3:25; Daniel 3:28) and "gods" (Εlohim ) (Psalms 8:5; Hebrew Εlohim "angels," Psalms 97:7; Luke 3:38).
Finite, but ever progressing in the participation of God's infinite perfection (Job 4:18; Matthew 24:36; 1 Peter 1:12). Our fellow servants, "sent forth unto ministry for the sake of them who shall be heirs of salvation" (Hebrews 1:14), i.e., on ministrations appointed by God and Christ for the good of them who shall be heirs of salvation. Worship and service are their twofold function; priests in the heavenly temple (Isaiah 6:1-3; 1 Kings 22:19; Daniel 7:9-10; Revelation 5:11), and sent forth thence on God's missions of love and justice. As finite, and having liberty, they were capable of temptation. Some "kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation" (2 Peter 2:4; Judges 1:6). "The elect angels" fell not; they take part, by act and sympathy, in our affairs, and shall witness the Judgment (Luke 15:10; 1 Corinthians 4:9).
The fallen are not yet actually confined in the bottomless pit, but are doomed to it, "reserved unto judgment," and though seeming free, and ranging in our air, under the prince of the powers of the air (Ephesians 2:2), are really in "chains of darkness" already, able only to hurt to the length of their chain. Satan is their prince, a liar, murderer, slanderer; and such are they (John 8:44). The probation of the elect angels is over; their crown is won, they are the "holy ones" now (Daniel 8:13), under the blessed necessity of sinning no more. "Watchers" of men, jealous for God's honor (Daniel 4:13; Daniel 4:23). Bad angels are permitted to try believers now, as Job; good angels are God's ministers of vengeance on the bad (Revelation 12:8-9; Revelation 20:1-2). Such shall the saints be at last, "equal to the angels," holy, made perfect, judges of angels and the world, ministering mediators of blessing to subject creatures (Hebrews 12:23; 1 Corinthians 6:2-3; Revelation 5:10).
In the natural world angels minister, as in directing wind and flame (according to one translation of Psalms 104:4; Hebrews 1:7): "the angel of Jehovah" wrought in the plague on the Egyptian firstborn (Exodus 12:23; Hebrews 11:28), and on the rebels in the wilderness (1 Corinthians 10:10), on Israel under David (Malachi 2:7; 1 Chronicles 21:16), on Sennacherib's army (2 Kings 19:35), on Herod (Acts 12:23). An angel troubled the pool of Bethesda (the Alex. manuscript supports the verse, the Sin. and the Vat. manuscripts reject it), giving it a healing power, as in our mineral springs (John 5:4): They act, in an unknown way, in and through "nature's laws." In the spiritual world too: by their ministration the Sinaitic law was given, "ordained by angels" (Galatians 3:19), "spoken" by them (Hebrews 2:2), by their "disposition" or appointment (Acts 7:53; compare Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17).
From the first creation of our world they took the liveliest interest in the earth (Job 38:7). When man fell by evil angels, with beautiful propriety it was ordered that other angels, holy and unfallen, should minister for God in His reparation of the evil caused to man by their fallen fellow spirits. They rescued at Jehovah's command righteous Lot from doomed Sodom, Jacob from his murderous brother (Genesis 19; 32). "Manna" is called "angels' food," "the grain of heaven"; not that angels eat it, but it came from above whence angels come, and through their ministry (Psalms 78:25). When Elisha was in Dothan, surrounded by Syrian hosts, and his servant cried, "Alas! how shall we do?" the Lord opened his eyes to see the mount full of chariots and horses of fire round about (2 Kings 6:15; 2 Kings 6:17, compare Psalms 94:7). By God's angel Daniel was saved in the lions' den (Daniel 6:22); compare Daniel 3:28 as to the fiery furnace.
Michael (whom some questionably identify with the Son of God) is represented as Israel's champion against Israel's (the literal and the spiritual) accuser, Satan (Daniel 12:1, compare Revelation 12:7-10). Daniel 10 unfolds the mysterious truth that there are angel princes in the spirit world, answering to the God-opposed leaders of kingdoms in the political world, the prince of Persia and the prince of Grecia standing in antagonism to Michael. In patriarchal times their ministry is more familiar, and less awful, than in after times. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:40-46; Genesis 24:40 (the angelic guidance of Abraham's servant in choosing a wife for Isaac, and encouraging Jacob in his loneliness at Bethel on first leaving home, Genesis 28) with Judges 6:21-22; Judges 13:16; Judges 13:22. They appear, like the prophets and kings in subsequent times, in the character of God's ministers, carrying out God's purposes in relation to Israel and the pagan world powers (Zechariah 1; 2; 3; 4, etc.).
When the Lord of angels became flesh, they ministered before and at His birth (Luke 1; 2; Matthew 1:20), after the temptation (Matthew 4:11), in the agony of Gethsemane (Luke 22:43), at His resurrection and ascension (Matthew 28:2; Luke 24:4; John 20:12; Acts 1:10-11). Their previous and subsequent ministrations to men (Acts 5:19; Acts 8:26; Acts 10:3; Acts 12:7, Peter's deliverance, Acts 27:23) all hinge on their intimate connection with and ministry to Him, redeemed man's divine Head (Psalms 91:11; Matthew 4:6), Hence they are the guardians of Christ's little ones, not thinking it beneath their dignity to minister to them (Matthew 18:10); not attached singly to single individuals, but all or one ready at God's bidding to minister to each. (In Acts 12, the remark, "it is his Peter's angel," receives no countenance from Peter or the inspired writer of Acts, Luke; but is the uninspired guess of those in Mary's house.)
Rejoice over each recovered penitent (Luke 15:10); are present in Christian congregations (1 Corinthians 11:10); exercising some function in presenting the saints' prayers, incensed by Christ's merits, the one Mediator, before God (Revelation 8:3; Revelation 5:8); not to be prayed to, which is thrice forbidden (Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:9; Colossians 2:18): when we send an offering to the King, the King's messenger durst not appropriate the King's exclusive due. Ministers of grace now, and at the dying hour carrying the believer's soul to paradise (Luke 16:22), but ministers of judgment, and gathering the elect, in the great day (Matthew 13:39; Matthew 13:41; Matthew 13:49; Matthew 16:27; Matthew 24:31). Their number is counted by myriad's (Hebrews 12:22; Greek "to myriads, namely the festal assembly of angels") (Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17; Daniel 7:10; Judges 1:14).
There are various ranks, thrones, principalities, powers in the angelic kingdom of light, as there are also in Satan's kingdom of darkness (Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 6:12; Colossians 1:16; Daniel 10:13; Daniel 12:1; Romans 8:38). (See SERAPHIM; CHERUBIM; MICHAEL; GABRIEL.) Some conjecture that angels had originally natural bodies, which have been developed into spiritual bodies, as the saints' bodies shall (Genesis 24:7); for they in Scripture accept material food (Genesis 18) and appear in human form, and never dwell in men's bodies as the demons, who, naked and homeless, seek human bodies as their habitation (see Luke 20:36, "equal unto the angels": Philippians 3:20-21).
Many of the momentous issues of life are seen often to hinge upon seemingly slight incidents. Doubtless, besides the material instruments and visible agents, the invisible angels work in a marvelous way, under God's providence, guiding events at the crisis so as to carry out the foreordained end. They "desire to look into" the mysteries of redemption, and they learn "by the church the manifold wisdom of God" (Ephesians 3:10; 1 Peter 1:12). The saints (the living creatures and 24 elders) occupy the inner circle, the angels the outer circle, round the throne of the Lamb (Revelation 5:11).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Angels, Fallen
(See ANGELS.)
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Guardian Angels
See Angels.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Abbey of Saint Michael And All Angels
(Abbey of Saint Michael and All Angels) Hereford, England, founded, 1859, by the Benedictines as a central novitiate and house of studies for the English Congregation; erected into an abbey, 1920; priests, 14.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Food, Angels'
These words arefigurative. Psalm 78:24 speaks of 'the corn of heaven,' and Psalm 78:25 is better translated "man did eat the bread of 'the mighty:' he sent them food to the full." It doubtless refers to the manna.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Angels of the Churches
Mentioned in the Apocalypse; though interpreted by Origen as meaning the guardian angels of the seven churches of Asia, they are usually considered as referring to the bishops at the time.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Angels in Art
They are seldom represented before Constantine's time; the oldest fresco in which an angel appears is a 2nd-century "Annunciation." The winged angel does not appear until the 4th century. At first angels were not represented unless historically necessary but after the 5th century they become favorite subjects, and were painted as attendants on the principal figures of a picture.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Angels
The words malac ἄγγελος, signify 'messenger.'
1. It is used for the mystic representation of the divine presence, as in Genesis 31:11-13 . "The angel of God" spake unto Jacob saying, "I am the God of Bethel." "The angel of Jehovah" spake to Hagar and said, "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly that it shall not be numbered for multitude." Genesis 16:7-11 . "The angel of Jehovah" spake to Abraham saying, "By myself have I sworn," etc. Genesis 22:11,15,16 . Three 'men' drew near to Abraham's tent. One said Sarah should have a son: at which Sarah laughed, and Jehovah said, "Wherefore did Sarah laugh?" Two of the three left, and were called 'angels' at the gate of Sodom, while Jehovah, the third, talked with Abraham. Genesis 18:1-33 : cf. also Exodus 3:2,6-15 ; Numbers 22:22-35 . Jacob, in blessing the sons of Joseph, said, "The Angel which redeemed me from all evil bless the lads." Genesis 48:16 . It is generally believed that it was the second person in the Trinity who appeared as a man in the O.T. It is no doubt the same who is called 'the mighty angel' in Revelation 10:1-3 .
2. The intelligent spiritual beings who are constantly referred to in scripture as God's messengers both as carrying good tidings and, as executors of God's judgements. We know little of their nature: "of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire," Hebrews 1:7 ; and man is described as being a little inferior to the angels. Psalm 8:5 ; Hebrews 2:7 . There are apparently gradations in rank among them, described as principalities and powers, of which Christ as Man is now the head. Colossians 2:10 . Twice we meet with 'archangel:' an archangel's voice will accompany the rapture of the church, 1 Thessalonians 4:16 ; and 'Michael the archangel' contended with Satan about the body of Moses. Jude 9 . He with his angels will fight with the dragon and his angels and cast them out of heaven. Revelation 12:7,8 . Gabriel is the only other name of an angel revealed to us: he appeared to Daniel, to Zacharias, and to Mary: he said that he stood in the presence of God. Daniel 8:16 ; Daniel 9:21 ; Luke 1:19,26 .
Though we are unconscious of the presence of angels we know that they are ministering spirits sent forth to minister for them who shall inherit salvation, Hebrews 1:14 : cf. Psalm 34:7 ; and we read also that they ministered to the Lord when He was here. Matthew 4:11 ; Mark 1:13 ; Luke 22:43 . There are 'myriads' of these angels, Matthew 26:53 ; Hebrews 12:22 ; Revelation 5:11 ; and they are described as 'mighty,' 'holy,' 'elect,' 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ; Mark 8:38 ; 1 Timothy 5:21 : they do not marry, Mark 12:25 . We are not told when they were created, but doubtless they are referred to as 'the sons of God' who shouted for joy when God created the earth. Job 38:4-7 .
The law was given by their ministry, Acts 7:53 ; Galatians 3:19 ; Psalm 68:17 ; and they had to do with proclaiming the birth of the Saviour, Luke 2:8-14 ; and they attended at the resurrection. Matthew 28:2 ; John 20:12 . Angels are not the depositaries of the revelation and counsels of God. They desire to look into the things testified by the Spirit of Christ in the prophets, and now reported by the apostles in the power of the same Spirit. 1 Peter 1:12 . The world to come is not to be put in subjection to them, but to man in the person of the Son of man, Hebrews 2:5-8 ; and the saints will judge angels. 1 Corinthians 6:3 . It is therefore only a false humility that would teach the worshipping of angels. Colossians 2:18 . When John fell down to worship the angel in the Revelation, being overpowered by reason of the stupendous things revealed, he was on two occasions restrained from worshipping his 'fellow servant,' as in Revelation 19:10 ; Revelation 22:9 .
In Psalm 8:5 the word is elohim, 'God:' the name of God being given to the angels as His representatives: cf. Psalm 82:6 . In Psalm 68:17 it is shinan 'repetition;' reading "even thousands upon thousands." In Psalm 78:25 it is abbir, 'mighty:' "every one did eat the bread of the mighty" margin.
3. FALLEN ANGELS.
a. We read of angels who kept not their first estate,' but left their own habitation, and are kept in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgement of the great day. Jude 6 . God spared not the angels who sinned. 2 Peter 2:4 . The nature of their sin may be referred to in Genesis 6:2 . Their punishment and that of Sodom and Gomorrah is held up as a warning against fleshly indulgence, and despising government. 2 Peter 2:10 ; Jude 6-8 .
b. Besides the above which are kept in chains we read of angels connected with Satan. The great dragon and his angels will be subdued by Michael and his angels, and be cast out of heaven. Revelation 12:9 . The lake of fire, or Gehenna, has been specially prepared for the devil and his angels, though, alas, man will also be cast therein. Matthew 25:41 . Abaddon or Apollyon is the name of 'the angel of the bottomless pit,' Revelation 9:11 , that is, 'the abyss,' not hell, which, as seen above, is the place of punishment. Isaiah 14:12-16 and Ezekiel 28:14-19 , may throw somelight on the fallof Satan, but whether the fall of those called 'his angels' was brought about by the same cause and at the same time is not revealed. Scripture is quite clear that all of them will be overcome and eternally punished.
4. The term 'angel' is used metaphorically for a mystical representative. When Peter was delivered from prison, and knocked at the door, those who had been praying for his release said, "It is his angel." Acts 12:15 . They supposed Peter was still in prison, and that the one at the door was his representative, his spirit personified, perhaps with very vague ideas of what they really meant. In Revelation 2,3 , the addresses to the seven churches are made to the angel of each. It signifies the spirit and character of the assembly personified in its mystical representative, each one differing from the others, according to the state of the assembly. The messages, though addressed to churches existing at the time, no doubt set forth the state of the church in its varied phases ever since apostolic times down to its entire rejection as the responsible witness for Christ at the close of the dispensation.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels
1. The scope of this article.-The passages in the apostolic writings in which angels are mentioned or referred to will be examined; some of them are ambiguous and have been interpreted in various ways. The doctrine of the OT and of the apocryphal period on the subject has been so fully dealt with in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) that it is unnecessary to do more than refer incidentally to it here; and the angelology of the Gospels has been treated at length in Dict. of Christ and the Gospels (see Literature below). But the other NT writings have not been so fully examined, and it is the object of this article to consider them particularly. Of these the Apocalypse, as might be expected from the subject, calls for special attention; no book of the OT or the NT is so full of references to the angels, and it is the more remarkable that the other Johannine writings have so few. The Fourth Gospel refers to angels only thrice (John 1:51; John 12:29; John 20:12; John 5:4 is a gloss [1]), and the three Epistles not at all. There are frequent references to the subject in Hebrews, and occasional ones in the Pauline and Petrine Epistles and in Jude.
2. The literal meaning of ἄγγελος.-ἄγγελος = ‘messenger,’ is found only once in the NT outside the Gospels: in James 2:25, it is used of Joshua’s spies (in Joshua 6:25 [1]6, which is referred to, we read τοὺς κατασκοπευσάντας οὓς ἀπέστειλεν Ἰησοῦς). In the Gospels ἄγγελος is used of John Baptist in Matthew 11:10, Mark 1:2, Luke 7:27 (from Malachi 3:1 but not from Septuagint , which, however, also has ἄγγελος), of John’s messengers in Luke 7:24, and of Jesus’ messengers to a Samaritan village in Luke 9:52. In Philippians 2:25, 2 Corinthians 8:23 ἀπόστολος is translated ‘messenger.’
3. The angels as heavenly beings.-From the earliest times the Israelites had been taught to believe in angels, but after the Captivity the doctrine greatly developed. Yet some of the Jews rejected all belief in them, and this sharply divided the Pharisees from the Sadducees, who said ‘that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit’; the Pharisees confessed both (Acts 23:8).
Angels are creatures, as the Jews had always taught (Thackeray, Relation of St. Paul to Jewish Thought, p. 150). They were created in, through, and unto Christ (Colossians 1:16), who is the beginning as well as the end of all things (cf. 1 Corinthians 8:6). They are not inferior deities, but fellow-servants (σύνδουλοι) with man (Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:9). Therefore they may not be worshipped (ib.); the worship of angels was one of the grave errors at Colossae (Colossians 2:18). So idolatry is described as a worshipping of demons (Revelation 9:20).
Much emphasis is laid, lest it should be thought that angels were of the some degree as our Lord, on the fact that Jesus is immeasurably higher than they; as in Hebrews 1:4 ff. (no angel is called ‘the Son’; angels worship the Firstborn), Hebrews 1:13 (no angel set at the right hand of God), Hebrews 2:5 (the world to come is not made subject to angels, but to man-v. 8f. shows that the Representative Man is meant, who condescended to be, in His Incarnation, made a little lower than the angels). In 1 Peter 3:22 ‘angels and authorities and powers’ are made subject to the ascended Christ; and so in Ephesians 1:21. In Colossians 2:15 (an obscure verse), we may understand either that our Lord, putting off His body, made a show of the principalities and the powers, triumphing over them in the cross (so the Latin Fathers); or, with the Greeks, that He, having stripped off and put away the principalities, made a show of them, etc.-i.e. that He repelled their assaults. Here the evil angels are spoken of. But the complete subjection of the powers of evil to Jesus will not take place till the end of the world (1 Corinthians 15:23 ff.).
Angels are spirits (Hebrews 1:7; Hebrews 1:14); cf. Revelation 16:14, ‘spirits of demons.’ In Acts 23:8 f. they seem to be differentiated from ‘spirits’ (‘no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit … what if a spirit hath spoken to him or an angel?’). But this is not so. The ‘angel’ is the species, the ‘spirit’ the genus (Alford). All angels are spirits, though all spirits are not angels. In Acts 23:8 the Pharisees are said to confess ‘both,’ i.e. both the resurrection and angel-spirits; only two categories are intended. We must also remember that in Acts 23:9 non-Christian Jews are speaking.
But, though they are spirits, angels are not omnipresent or omniscient, for these are attributes of Deity. For their limited knowledge cf. Ephesians 3:10 (whether good or bad angels are there spoken of); it is implied in 1 Peter 1:12 (the angels desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel) and in 1 Corinthians 2:6 ff., if ‘rulers of this world’ are the evil angels (see Demon). It is explicitly stated in Matthew 24:36, Mark 13:32. The limitation of the angels’ knowledge is also stated in Ethiopic Enoch, xvi. 3 (2nd cent. b.c.?), where the angels who fell in Genesis 6:2 (so ‘sons of God’ are interpreted) are said not to have had the hidden things yet revealed to them, though they knew worthless mysteries, which they recounted to the women (ed. Charles, 1893, p. 86f.). In the Secrets of Enoch. (Slavonic), xxiv. 3 (1st cent. a.d.?), God says that He had not told His secrets even to His angels. Ignatius says that the virginity and child-bearing of Mary and the death of the Lord were hidden from (ἔλαθεν) the ruler of this age (Eph. 19; for this idea in the Fathers see Lightfoot’s note).
The good angels are angels of light, as opposed to the powers of darkness (2 Corinthians 11:14; contrast Ephesians 6:12); so, when the angel came to St. Peter in the prison, a light shone in the cell (Acts 12:7). The name ‘seraph’ perhaps means ‘the burning one,’ though the etymology is doubtful; cf. also Psalms 104:4.
They neither marry nor are given in marriage; and so in the resurrection life there is no marrying, for men will be ‘as angels in heaven’ (Matthew 22:30, Mark 12:25), ‘equal to angels’ (ἰσάγγελοι, Luke 20:36). Some have thought that they have a sort of counterpart of bodies, described in 1 Corinthians 15:40 as ‘celestial bodies’ (Meyer, Alford), though this is perhaps improbable; St. Paul’s words may refer to the ‘heavenly bodies’ in the modern sense (Robertson-Plummer), or to the post-resurrection human bodies (cf. 1 Corinthians 15:48); not to good men as opposed to bad (Chrysostom and others of the Fathers).
They are numberless (Revelation 5:11 [1], Hebrews 12:22, ‘myriads’; in the latter passage they are perhaps described as a ‘festal assembly’ [1]0).
The unfallen angels are holy (Revelation 14:10, Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26, and some Manuscripts of Matthew 25:31; so perhaps 1 Thessalonians 3:13, Judges 1:14 [5]; cf. Zechariah 14:5 ‘all the holy ones’). This is the meaning of ‘elect’ angels in 1 Timothy 5:21 -not angels chosen to guard the Ephesian Church; they are mentioned here because they will accompany our Lord to judgment or (Grimm) because they are chosen by God to rule.
4. Ranks of the angels.-There was a great tendency in later Jewish writings to elaborate the angelic hierarchy. In Isaiah 6:2; Isaiah 6:6 we had read of seraphim; in Ezekiel 10 of cherubim. But in Eth. Enoch, lxi. 10 (these chapters are of the 1st cent. b.c.?), the host of the heavens, and all the holy ones above, the cherubim, seraphim, and ophanim (= ‘wheels’; cf. Ezekiel 1:15), angels of power, angels of principalities, are mentioned (cf. lxxi. 7); in the Secrets of Enoch (20) we read of archangels, incorporeal powers, lordships, principalities, powers, cherubim, seraphim, ‘ten troops.’ The ‘genealogies’ of 1 Timothy 1:4 and Titus 3:9 are thought by some to refer to such speculations. St. Paul shows some impatience at the Colossian fondness for elaborating these divisions; yet in the NT we find traces of ranks of angels. In Judges 1:9 the archangel (Michael) is mentioned; so in 1 Thessalonians 4:16, where Michael is doubtless meant. In Romans, Colossians, and Ephesians no organized hierarchy is mentioned; and sometimes the reference seems to be to the whole angelic band, sometimes to the evil angels, when principalities, powers, dominions, thrones are referred to (Colossians 1:16 θρόνοι, κυριότητες, ἀρχαί, ἐξουσίαι; Colossians 2:10; Colossians 2:15 ἀρχή, ἐξουσία; Ephesians 1:21 ἀρχή, ἐξουσία, δύναμις, κυριότης; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12 ἀρχαί, ἐξουσίαι; Romans 8:38 ἄγγελοι, ἀρχαί, δυνάμεις; 1 Corinthians 15:24 ἀρχή, ἐξουσία, δύναμις). In the passages in Col. and Eph. St. Paul takes the ideas current in Asia Minor as to the ranks of the angels, but does not himself enunciate any doctrine; indeed, in Ephesians 1:21 he adds, ‘and every name that is named [6] both in this age and in that which is to come.’ Some have thought that he refers to earthly powers; but, though these may perhaps in some cases be included, there can be little doubt that he is speaking primarily of angelic powers, good and bad. ‘Whatever powers there may be, Christ is Lord of all, far above them all.’ In Ephesians 3:10 only evil angelic powers are referred to-they are in the heavenly sphere (ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις); and so in Ephesians 6:12, where they are contrasted with ‘flesh and blood’ (see also below). With these passages we may compare 1 Peter 3:22 ‘angels and authorities and powers’; and possibly 2 Peter 2:10 f., where the ‘lordship’ (Revised Version ‘dominion’), ‘glories’ (‘dignities’), and angels are thought by some to refer to ranks of angels; if so, the highest rank is ‘angels,’ who are ‘greater in might and power’ than the ‘glories.’ The cherubim of the ark (Exodus 25:18) are mentioned in Hebrews 9:5.
The Christian Fathers and the heretical teachers greatly elaborated the angelic hierarchy; of these perhaps the writer who had most influence was pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite (de Cœl. Hier. vi.-ix., c. [7] a.d. 500), who divided the heavenly host into three divisions, with three subdivisions in each: (1) thrones, cherubim, seraphim; (2) powers (ἐξουσίαι), lordships (κυριότητες), mights (δυνάμεις); (3) angels, archangels, principalities (ἀρχαί). On the analogy of this list, the Syriac-speaking Churches divided the Christian ministry into three classes, each with three sub-classes. For other divisions of angels in post-apostolic times see Lightfoot’s note on Colossians 1:16.
Very few names of angels occur in the NT. Of the holy angels only Gabriel (Luke 1:19; Luke 1:26) and Michael (Judges 1:9, Revelation 12:7) are named (from Daniel 8:16; Daniel 9:21; Daniel 10:13; Daniel 10:21; Daniel 12:1). We also have the proper names Satan (thirty-one one times, nineteen outside the Gospels), Beelzebub (Gospels only, six times), and Belial or Beliar (2 Corinthians 6:15). See Devil, Belial. In the Apocrypha we have Raphael in Tobit 12:15, Uriel in 2 Ezr 4:1; 5:20; 10:28, and Jeremiel in 2 Esdras 4:36 (the last book perhaps is to be dated c. [7] a.d. 90). Many other names are found in Jewish writings; see D. Stone, Outlines of Chr. Dogma, London, 1900, p. 38; Edersheim, Life and Times, Appendix xiii.; Eth. Enoch, 20 (Uriel, Rafael, Raguel, Michael, Saraqael, Gabriel; the Gr. fragment [9] has Sariel for Saraqael, and adds Remiel [7]0).
5. Function of the angels.-The NT represents the angels as having a double activity, towards God and towards man. Both these aspects are found in Hebrews 1:14 (see below), as in Isaiah 6:1-7, where the seraphim worship before God, and one of them is sent to the prophet, and in Luke 1:19, where Gabriel is said to stand in the presence of God, and to be sent to Zacharias.
(a) Towards God.-The angels are ‘liturgic spirits’ (λειτουργικὰ πνεύματα, Hebrews 1:14; cf. Daniel 7:10 ἐλειτούργουν αὐτῷ [1]4 for יְשַׁמְּשׁוּנֵהּ, ‘ministered unto him’; the Chigi Septuagint has ἐθεράπευον αὐτόν); their ministry is an ordered one, before the throne of God: ‘the whole host of His angels … minister (λειτουργοῦσιν) unto His will, standing by Him’ (Clem. Rom. Cor. 34; cf. the 4th cent. Ignatian interpolator, Philad. 9, ‘the liturgic powers of God’). They worship God in heaven (Revelation 5:11 f.; Revelation 7:11; Revelation 8:1-4; cf. Job 1:6; Job 2:1), and on earth (Luke 2:13 f.); they worship the Firstborn when He is brought into the world (Hebrews 1:6), and are witnesses of the Incarnation (1 Timothy 3:16 ‘seen of angels’-but Grimm interprets ἀγγέλοις here as the apostles, witnesses of the risen Christ, and Swete thinks the reference is to the Agony in Gethsemane [12]). To this heavenly worship there seems to be a reference in 1 Corinthians 13:1 ‘tongues of angels.’ In Jewish thought there were ‘angels of the presence,’ the highest order of the hierarchy, who stood before the face of God, within the veil (Edersheim, Life and Times, i. 122; Tobit 12:15; Eth. Enoch, 40). There may be a reference to these in Revelation 1:4 ‘the seven spirits which are before his throne’ (Swete interprets this of the sevenfold working of the Holy Spirit); Revelation 8:2 ‘the seven angels which stand before God’ (cf. Revelation 8:4); Matthew 18:10 ‘in heaven [13] angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven’; and in Luke 1:19 (see above).
They will attend on the Son at the Last Judgment (1 Thessalonians 4:16, 2 Thessalonians 1:7, Revelation 3:5); and this seems to be the most probable reference in 1 Thessalonians 3:13 ‘with all his saints’ (or ‘holy ones’-τῶν ἁγίων αὐτοῦ) and in Judges 1:14 ‘with ten thousands of his holy ones’ (or ‘with his holy myriads,’ ἐν ἁγίαις μυριάσιν αὐτοῦ), where the words are quoted from Enoch, i. 9, the text of the latter in the Gizeh Greek fragment being σὺν τοῖς (sic) μυριάσιν αὐτοῦ καὶ τοῖς ἁγίοις αὐτοῦ. The words in Jude are certainly to be understood of the angels, and this makes the similar interpretation of 1 Thessalonians 3:13 more likely. But Milligan (Com. in loc.) thinks that the latter reference is to ‘just men made perfect,’ who are said to judge, or to be ‘brought with’ Jesus at the Judgment (1 Thessalonians 4:14, Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30; cf. Wisdom of Solomon 3:8; for 1 Corinthians 6:3 see 7 below). No doubt the saints will rule with Christ (Revelation 2:26 f.; Revelation 20:4 etc.); but, as all men will themselves be judged (Romans 14:10, 2 Corinthians 5:10), the interpretation of the above passages as implying that the saints will themselves be judges at the Last Day is somewhat doubtful. The attendance of the angels on the Great Judge is mentioned in all four Gospels (Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:27; Matthew 24:31; Matthew 25:31, Mark 8:38; Mark 13:27, Luke 9:26; Luke 12:8 f., and John 1:51 [14]).
(b) Towards man.-The angels do service (διακονία) to man as heirs of salvation (Hebrews 1:14). They ministered to our Lord on earth, in His human nature, after the Temptation in the wilderness (Matthew 4:11, Mark 1:13, not in || Lk.), and at Gethsemane (Luke 22:43 : this may not be part of the Third Gospel, but is certainly part of a 1st cent. tradition; it could not have been invented by the scribes [12]. The present writer has argued for its being older than Lk., and reflecting the same stage of thought as Mk. [1]8). In Matthew 26:53 Jesus says that angels would have ministered to Him, had He so willed, when Judas betrayed Him.
The angels are spectators of our lives: 1 Corinthians 4:9 ‘a spectacle (θέατρον) to angels’; 1 Timothy 5:21 ‘in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels’; 1 Peter 1:12, the angels ‘look into’-‘glance at,’ or perhaps ‘pore over’ (see Bigg, Com. in loc.)-the Church and its Gospel; they rejoice over the sinner’s repentance (Luke 15:10).
They are messengers to man. This is the office of angels which is most prominent in the NT; see Acts 7:35; Acts 7:38 (Moses) Acts 8:26 (Philip) Acts 10:3; Acts 10:7; Acts 10:22; Acts 10:30 (Peter, Cornelius) Acts 11:13 (Peter) Acts 12:7-11 (Peter in prison) Acts 23:9 (Paul) Acts 27:23 (Paul on his voyage), Hebrews 13:2 (reference to Abraham, Genesis 18), and frequently in Rev. (e.g. Genesis 1:1; Genesis 22:6). St. Paul alludes to this work of the angels in Galatians 1:8, which suggests that they must be proved, as spirits must be (1 Corinthians 12:10, 1 John 4:1, etc.; see Demon, § 2), to see whether they are true or false, and in Galatians 4:14, where there is a climax: ‘as an angel of God, nay, as one who is higher than the angels, as Christ Jesus himself.’ For this function in the Gospels see Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:13; Matthew 2:19; Matthew 28:2-5, Mark 16:5-7, Luke 1:11; Luke 1:13; Luke 1:19; Luke 1:26; Luke 1:30;
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels (2)
ANGELS.—The statements as to angels which meet us in the Gospels are in most respects the same as are found in the Jewish literature of the period, both Biblical and extra-Biblical. In the main, Christ and His Apostles appropriated the Angelology of current Judaism—but not without critical selection. It would be difficult to point to a time when the Jews, as a people, did not believe in angels; yet there were exceptions. Possibly it was the exuberance of the belief that produced in some minds a reaction. At all events, it is a fact that the portion of the OT known to criticism as the Priests’ Code is silent on the subject of angels; and it is also noteworthy that the Sadducees, who were the descendants of the high-priestly families, protested in the time of our Lord against some, if not all, of the popular notions respecting angels (Acts 23:8).
It is probable that belief in angels is originally a corollary from the conception of God as King. A lone king—a king without a court—is almost a contradiction in terms. And inasmuch as the recognition of God as King is the earliest and most prevalent of Israel’s conceptions of God, we naturally expect the belief in angels, as God’s court, serving Him in His palace and discharging the function of messengers, to be ancient and pervasive. We have then, doubtless, a very primitive conception of angels in the words of Micaiah to Ahab, in 1 Kings 22:19 ‘I saw Jahweh sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him, on his right hand and on his left.’ A second and quite distinct feature of the Angelology of the OT is found in the appearances of one who is called ‘the Angel of Jahweh’—who is described as undistinguishable from man in appearance, and yet claims to speak and act in the name of Jahweh Himself (Genesis 18:2; Genesis 18:16-17; Genesis 32:24; Genesis 32:30, Judges 13:3; Judges 13:6; Judges 13:22). It is noteworthy as a feature of OT criticism, that, as P [1] is silent as to angels, so the appearances of an angel as a manlike manifestation of God and not a mere messenger, are confined to those portions of the OT which, on quite other grounds, are assigned to JE [2] . Thirdly, when the Jews came to have more exalted views of God, and of the incompatibility between Divinity and humanity, spirit and matter, good and evil, and, in consequence, conceived of God as aloof from the world and incapable of immediate contact and intercourse with sinful mortals, the doctrine of angels received more attention than ever before. The same influences which led the Persians to frame such an elaborate system of Angelology, led the Jews, during and after the Exile, to frame a similar system, or in some respects to borrow from the Persian system; to believe in gradations among the angelic hosts; to give names to those who were of high rank, and to assign to each of these some definite kind of work to do among men, or some province on the earth to administer as satrap under ‘the King of Heaven’ (see art. ‘Zoroastrianism’ in vol. iv. of Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible).
In the Gospels there are clear indications of the first and third of these phases of belief. The second is of interest to the NT student as a preparatory discipline in the direction of Christology: and as such has no further importance for us at present. Ewald has said (OT and NT Theology, p. 79) that in Christianity there is ‘no denial of the existence of angels, but a return to the simpler colouring of the early narratives.’ So far as simplicity of narrative is concerned, there is certainly a close resemblance between the angel-incidents of St. Luke and Acts on the one hand, and of Genesis on the other; but in the NT the angel never identifies himself with Jahweh as is done in Genesis; and there are in the NT some phases of Angelology which belong, not to ‘the early narratives,’ but to post-exilic conceptions.
We wish now, with the help of Jewish literature, more or less contemporary, to make a systematic presentation of those beliefs as to angels which are found in the discourses and narratives of the four Gospels. It might be supposed that we should find it helpful to keep apart the utterances of our Lord from the descriptions of the Evangelists; but, in fact, there is such complete unity of conception underlying both discourses and narratives, that no useful purpose can be served by treating them separately.
i. Angels in Heaven.—1. They form an army or host. Luke 2:13 ‘There was with the angel (who appeared to the shepherds) a multitude of the heavenly host’ (στρατιά). Our Lord carries the military metaphor even further when He speaks of ‘more than 12 legions of angels’ (Matthew 26:53). Oriental hyperbole was fully employed in expressing the magnitude of the heavenly army. Revelation 5:11 speaks of ‘myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands’; and Hebrews 12:22 speaks of ‘the myriads of angels’—both in probable allusion to Daniel 7:10. In Job 25:3 also the question is asked: ‘Is there any number of his armies?’ Similarly the Pal. [3] Targ. [4] to Exodus 12:12 tells of 90,000 myriads of destroying angels; and in Deuteronomy 34:5 the same Targum speaks of the glory of the Shekinah being revealed to the dying Moses, with 2000 myriads of angels and 42,000 chariots; as 2 Kings 6:17 tells of a ‘mountain full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.’
2. They form a court. Heaven is ‘God’s throne’ (Matthew 5:34; Matthew 23:22), and there also ‘the Son of Man shall sit on the throne of his glory’ (Matthew 19:28). The angels, as courtiers, stand in vast multitudes before the throne (Revelation 5:11; Revelation 7:11). As in earthly courts there are gradations of rank and dignity, so in heaven. It is St. Paul who speaks most explicitly of ‘the principalities and powers in the heavenly places’ (Ephesians 3:10), and of Christ’s being ‘exalted far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion’ (Ephesians 1:21); and ‘evidently Paul regarded them as actually existent and intelligent forces’ (Robinson, in loco); but the same conception presents itself in the Gospels in the reference to archangels, who were four, or in some authors seven, in number: Gabriel, Raphael, Michael, and Uriel being those most frequently mentioned. In Luke 1:19 the angel who appears to Zacharias says: ‘I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God’; as in Tobit 12:15 the angel says to Tobit: ‘I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints and go in before the glory of the Holy One.’ Even in the OT the angels are spoken of as forming ‘a council’: e.g. in Psalms 89:7, where God is said to be ‘very terrible in the council of the holy ones,’ and in Psalms 82:1 where He is said to ‘judge amidst the Elohîm.’ This idea was a great favourite with later Jews, who maintained that ‘God does nothing without consulting the family above’ (Sanhedrin, 38b). To the same circle of ideas belong the words of the Lord Jesus: ‘Every one that shall confess me before men, him will the Son of Man confess before the angels of God; but he that denieth me in the presence of men shall be denied in the presence of the angels of God’ (Luke 12:8-9). Evidently the angels are interested spectators of men’s behaviour, responsive to their victories and defeats, their sins and struggles; and we are here taught that to be denied before such a vast responsive assembly intensifies the remorse of the apostate, as to be confessed before them intensifies the joy of those who are ‘faithful unto death.’ Again, in many courts, and particularly in that of the Persians, there were secretaries or scribes, whose business it was to keep a ‘book of records’ (Esther 6:1), in which the names and deeds of those who had deserved well of the king were honourably recorded. The metaphor of heaven as a palace and court is so far kept up, that the Jews often spoke of books in heaven in which men’s deeds are recorded. Not only do we read in Slavonic Enoch 19:5 of ‘angels who are over the souls of men, and who write down all their works and their lives before the face of the Lord’; and in the Apocalypse of John, where symbolism abounds, of ‘books’ being ‘opened,’ and of the ‘dead’ being ‘judged according to what was written in the books’: but even in an Epistle of St. Paul we read of those ‘whose names are in the book of life’ (Philippians 4:3), and in Hebrews 12:23, of ‘the church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven’; and precisely in accord with the above our Lord bade His disciples rejoice, because their names ‘are written in heaven,’ i.e. enrolled for honour (Luke 10:20).
3. They form a choir in the heavenly temple. The description of heaven in the Apocalypse is quite as much that of a temple as a palace. Heaven contains its altar (Revelation 8:5; Revelation 9:13), its censers (Revelation 5:8, Revelation 8:3), its musicians (Revelation 5:8, Revelation 15:2), and its singers (Revelation 5:9, Revelation 14:3, Revelation 15:3). In extra-Biblical literature the veil is often mentioned, concealing the abode of God in the Most Holy Place, within which the archangels are permitted to enter (Tobit 12:12; Tob_12:15, Enoch 40:2). The only reference in the Gospels under this head is the song of the angels, described in Luke 2:13 f. It is possible, in spite of the reading of some very ancient Greek MSS [5] (א* ABD), that this song, like that of the seraphim in Isaiah 6:2, is a triple antiphonal one—
‘Glory to God in the highest [6],
Peace on earth,
Among men [7] good pleasure.’
4. They are ‘sons of God.’ In this respect the saints who are raised again are ‘equal to the angels’ (Luke 20:36). They are sons of God by creation and by obedience (Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Job 38:7). They ‘do not owe their existence to the ordinary process of filiation, but to an immediate act of creation’ (Godet, OT Studies, 7); thus resembling in their origin the bodily nature of those who are ‘sons of the resurrection.’ Hence we find that they are frequently described as ‘holy’ (Matthew 25:31, Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26, Job 5:1; Job 15:15, Daniel 8:13), and by implication we learn that angels obey God’s will in heaven, since we are taught by our Lord to pray that God’s holy will may be done on earth as it is in heaven (Matthew 6:10, cf. Psalms 103:20).
5. They are free from sensuous feelings. This is taught in Matthew 22:30 ‘In the resurrection they neither marry [8] nor are given in marriage [9], but are as the angels of God in heaven.’ These words were spoken by our Lord in response to the doubts of the Sadducees on the subject of the resurrection. Christ’s reply is in effect this: The source of your error is that you do not fully recognize the power of God. You seem to think that God can make only one kind of body, with one sort of functions, and dependent on one means of life. In that way you limit unduly the power of God. ‘In that age’ (Luke 20:35), ‘when they rise from the dead’ (Mark 12:25), men do not eat and drink (Romans 14:17). Not being mortal, they are not dependent on food for nourishment, nor have they, by nature, sensuous appetites, but are ἰσάγγελοι (‘equal to the angels’). Thus skilfully did Jesus give a double-edged reply to the teachings of the Sadducees (Acts 23:8). While answering their objection against the resurrection, He affirms that ‘those who are accounted worthy to attain to that αἰών, and the resurrection from the dead … are equal to the angels’—thus plainly disclosing His belief in angels and setting it over against their disbelief. As to the spiritual nature of angels, Philo speaks of them as ἀσώματοι καὶ εὐδαίμονες ψυχαί (‘incorporeal and happy souls’); and again, as ‘bodiless souls, not mixtures of rational and irrational natures as ours are, but having the irrational nature cut out, wholly intelligent throughout, pure-thoughts (λογισμοί, elsewhere λόγοι) like a monad (Drummond’s Philo, 145–147; cf. Philo’s Confusion of Tongues, p. 8, Allegory, iii. 62). The Rabbis interpreted Daniel 7:10 to teach that the nature of the angels is fire. ‘They are nourished by the radiance which streams from the presence of God. They need no material nourishment, and their nature is not responsive to bodily pleasures’ (Weber, Jud. Theol.2 [10] 167; Pesikta, 57a; Exodus R. 32). They are also said to be ‘spiritual beings’ (Lev. R. 24), ‘without sensuous requirements’ (Yoma, 74b), ‘without hatred, envy, or jealousy’ (Chag. 14). The Jewish legends which interpret Genesis 6:4 as teaching a commingling of angels with women, so as to produce ‘mighty men, men of renown,’ seem at variance with the above belief as to the immunity of celestial intelligences from all passion. It is true that Judges 1:6 and Enoch 15:3–7 both speak of the angels as having first ‘left their habitation’ in heaven; but the fact that they were deemed capable of sexual intercourse implies a much coarser conception of the angelic nature than is taught in the words of our Lord, of Philo, and of the Talmud.
6. They have extensive, and yet limited, knowledge. This is clearly taught in one utterance of Christ’s, recorded in Matthew 24:36 || Mark 13:32 ‘Of that day and hour knoweth no man, not even the angels of heaven.’ The implications clearly are (1) that angels know most things, far better than men; but (2) that there are some things, including the day of the Second Advent, which they do not know. Both these propositions admit of copious illustration from Jewish literature. First, as to their extensive knowledge. There are numerous intimations of the scientific skill of the angels, their acquaintance with the events of human lives, and their prescience of future events. The Book of Jubilees, a pre-Christian work extensively read, affirms (Jubilees 1:27) that Moses was taught by Gabriel concerning Creation and the things narrated in Genesis; that angels taught Noah herbal remedies (Jubilees 10:12), and brought to Jacob seven tablets recording the history of his posterity (Jubilees 32:21). In Enoch 8:1 Azazel is said to have taught men metallurgy and other sciences; as Prometheus was said to have taught the Greeks. In Tobit 12:12 the angel assures Tobit that he was familiar with all the events of his troublous days: as in 2 Samuel 14:17; 2 Samuel 14:20 the woman of Tekoa flatters Joah that he was ‘as wise as an angel of God to know all things that are in the earth.’ But this knowledge has its limits. Angels were supposed to understand no language but Hebrew (Chagigah, 16a). In 2 Esdras 4:52, in revealing eschatological events, the angel gives the tokens of the coming end, but confesses his ignorance as to whether Esdras will be alive at the time. The Midrash on Psalms 25:14 affirms that ‘nothing is hidden from the angels’; but according to Sanhedrin, 99a, and other Talmudic passages, ‘they know not the time of Israel’s redemption.’ In 1 Peter 1:12 we are told that ‘the angels desire’ (but in vain) ‘to look into’ some of the NT mysteries; and in Slav. Enoch 24:3, 40:2, Enoch tells his children that not even the angels know the secrets which he discloses to them.
7. They take a deep interest in the salvation of men. We gather this from the evident joy with which angels announced the advent of the Messiah to the shepherds at Bethlehem. The angel who brought the ‘tidings of great joy’ (Luke 2:10) clearly felt the joy himself; and the song which the heavenly host sang in praise to God was the outcome of joyous hearts. Even more explicitly is this taught in Luke 15:10 ‘There is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.’ The word ἐνώπιον seems here to mean ‘in the midst of,’ ‘among.’ ‘Joy is manifest on every countenance.’ Even if the joy intended be ‘the joy of God, which breaks forth in presence of the angels’ (Godet, in loco), still the implication would be that the heart of the angelic throng is en rapport with the heart of ‘the happy God.’ On this point the words of the angel are instructive which are recorded in Revelation 22:10 ‘I am a fellow-servant with thee and with thy brethren the prophets, and with them that keep the words of this book.’ The interpreting angel confesses to unity of service with the Church, and in so doing implies a oneness of sympathy and love with the saints. So also when, in 1 Peter 1:12, we read that ‘the angels desire to look into’ the marvels of redemption, there is, as Dr. Hort says, ‘a glimpse of the fellowship of angels with prophets and evangelists, and implicitly with the suffering Christians to whom St. Peter wrote.’ The same deep interest in the progress of the Church appears in Ephesians 3:10, where we are taught that one great purpose which moved God to enter on the work of human salvation was, that ‘through the Church the manifold wisdom of God might be made known to the principalities and powers in heavenly places.’ The Church on earth is the arena on which the attributes of God are displayed for the admiration and adoration of ‘the family in heaven’ (
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels of the Seven Churches
The general practice of NT writers points to the conclusion that the word ‘angels,’ used in this connexion, is employed to denote superhuman and celestial personalities. We are not, however, without examples of its being used to indicate ordinary ‘messengers’ (cf. Luke 7:24; Luke 9:52, James 2:25, etc.). In this case it would be equivalent to the ἀπόστολοι ἐκκλησιῶν (2 Corinthians 8:23; cf. Philippians 2:25), who were in some sense the official, if temporary, delegates of one Church to another. The fact that in the Apocalypse these ‘angels’ are to such a degree the recipients of praise and blame would seem to put both these simple interpretations out of court.
Many ingenious attempts have been made to employ the expression as a collateral or subsidiary proof that episcopacy had already been established within the lifetime of the Johannine author. The passages adduced from the OT in support of this view are certainly irrelevant; for, while it is conceivable that the chief minister of a Church should be styled ἄγγελος Κυρίου (cf. Haggai 1:13 and Malachi 2:7; see also Isaiah 44:26 and Malachi 3:1), it is difficult to understand the application to him of the designation ἄγγελος ἐκκλησίας (Revelation 2:1, etc.). Nor, again, can the contention be sustained that the expression had its origin in the office of the shelîaḥ zibbûr, the messenger or plenipotentiary of the synagogue-for, as Schürer has pointed out, these ‘messengers’ were not permanent officials (see History of the Jewish People (Eng. tr. of GJV).] ii. ii. 67), but persons chosen for the time by the ruler to pronounce the prayer at public worship (cf. Lightfoot, Dissertations on Apostol. Age, 1892, p. 158).
In supporting the contention that by the ‘angels’ of the Churches are meant the bishops, the strange conclusion has been maintained that in the words τὴν γυναῖκα [1] Ἰεζάβελ (Revelation 2:20) the author is referring to the Thyatiran bishop’s wife (see Grotius, Annotationes in Apoc., ad loc.). It ought to be pointed out that this theory is as old as Jerome, who in his commentary on 1 Timothy 3:2 adopts a similar interpretation; and Socrates (HE [2] iv. 23) describes Serapion as ‘the angel of the church of the Thmuitae’ (cf. Jerome, de Vir. illustr. 99, where he mentions Serapion as ‘Thmueos Egypti urbis Episcopus’). The same conception is attached to the expression by the 6th cent. commentators, Primasius the African (Com. in Apoc.) and Cassiodorus the Italian (Complexiones in Apoc.) in their reflexions on Revelation 1:20.
An examination of the use of the word ἄγγελος in the NT Apocalypse, apart from its connexion with the Churches, shows that the author invariably employs it to describe a spiritual being attached to the service of God or of Satan. We are, therefore, confronted with the difficulty of accounting for its presence here in a sense so completely different as the episcopal theory involves. There is, indeed, no valid reason to suppose that the author, even in a work as highly symbolical as this is, attaches an essentially different idea to the word when he speaks of ‘the Angels of the Seven Churches.’
If we can accept the textual purity of the Ascension of Isaiah, iii. 15, there is a remarkable parallel: ‘the descent of the angel of the Christian Church, which is in the heavens, whom He will summon in the last days.’ Even on the supposition that the Ethiopic version, supported by some Greek Manuscripts , is a correct translation of the original, and the simple word ‘Church’ is substituted for ‘angel of the Christian Church,’ we are confronted by the primitive identification of the Church and its angel (see Charles, Asc. of Isaiah, ad loc.).
Perhaps the most curious feature of the letters to the Asian Churches is the way in which the writer expresses himself in terms of stern reproof or of encouragement to their ‘angels.’ The objection to this difficulty is considered by Origen, who finds cause for marvel at the care shown by God for men: ‘forasmuch as He suffers His angels to be blamed and rebuked on our behalf’ (hom. in Numbers 20:3; cf. in Luke 13).
As we have already seen, however, it is difficult to suppose that the writer intended the words to be understood as referring literally to angels who presided over the Churches. There is, no doubt, a natural inclination to see in his use of the phrase a reminiscence of the ‘princes’ of the Apocalypse of Daniel (ὁ ἄρχων βασιλείας Περσῶν, Daniel 10:13; cf. Μιχαὴλ ὁ ἄγγελος, Daniel 10:21). A similar belief with respect to the guardianship of individuals is referred to incidentally as held by Jesus (Matthew 18:10), and we need not be surprised to find it applied to Churches in their corporate capacity by a writer whose teaching on the activity and functions of angels is so advanced.
Taking into account the symbolism of the whole book and the obviously symbolic mention of Jezebel (Revelation 2:20; cf. Milligan on Revelation 10:1-3 in Schaff’s Pop. Com. on the NT), there seems to be no interpretation more in harmony with the spirit of the writing than that which sees in this expression the personification of the characteristic spiritual tone and genius of each Church.
If we accept this conclusion as being most consonant with the general trend of thought throughout the writing, it may not be amiss to refer to the remarkable parallel in the fravashis, or ‘doubles,’ of Parsiism. Whatever the connexion between Persian and Jewish angelology-and it is not necessary to insist on a direct borrowing-it seems to be certain that, in the period immediately subsequent to the Captivity, Parsi influence shaped, at least indirectly and remotely, the development of Hebrew thought. ‘The fravashi of a nation or community is a conception found in three Avestan passages.… The fravashi is no longer a being necessarily good, but becomes a complete spiritual counterpart of the nation or the church, and capable therefore of declension and punishment’ (Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) iv. 991b; cf. Journal of Theological Studies iii. 530ff.). The nexus may be, and probably is, not so mechanical and direct as J. H. Moulton seeks to establish. On the other hand, it seems as if a relationship of some kind between the allied forces of Magianism and Zoroastrianism, as they were refracted by the medium of Hellenistic culture and Hebrew thought, must be regarded as inevitable. It is enough to say that the ‘angel’ is the personified embodiment of the spiritual character and ethos of the Church. If this use of the word by the author has led to confusion and obscurity, the reason lies probably in the limitations of that symbolism which was the characteristic vehicle of Jewish apocalyptic literature (see W. M. Ramsay, The Letters to the Seven Churches, 1904, pp. 57-73). Compare and contrast § 6 of the preceding article.
Literature.-See the works referred to throughout the article , and the Commentaries on the Apocalypse.
J. R. Willis.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Disposition of Angels,
διαταγὰς ἀγγέλων. The ordered ministry of angels in connection with the dispensation of law. Acts 7:53 : cf. Galatians 3:19 .
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Guardian Angels
(See HOLY ANGELS.)
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Angels
(See HOLY ANGELS.) It is also to be noted that the term"Angels" is used in the New Testament for the Bishops of the Church,as in the Epistles to the seven Churches of Asia (Rev. 2 and 3)which are addressed, "unto the angel of the Church of———",i.e., the Bishop.
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Michael (st.) And All Angels
A Holy Day of the Church observed onSeptember 29th. A Festival in honor of St. Michael and All Angels,to commemorate the community of service between angels and men, hasbeen observed since the Fifth Century. Formerly two days werededicated to St. Michael, viz., May 8th and September 29th, and inmedieval times a third, on October 16th, but the day most generallyobserved was that which we now keep. In the Eastern Church, St.Michael's Day is November 8th, while March 26th and July 13th areobserved in honor of the Archangel Gabriel. These two, Michael andGabriel, are the only angels or archangels whose names are mentionedin the Bible. St. Michael and All Angels' Day is observed with greatsolemnity. Proper Psalms are appointed being the 91st and 103d forMorning Prayer, and the 34th and 148th for Evening Prayer. There arealso Proper Lessons, and Collect, Epistle and Gospel. TheChurch color is white. (See HOLY ANGELS.)
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Angels
Angels are God’s servants and messengers in the heavenly and spiritual realm, where they find true satisfaction in the unceasing worship and service of God. They were created before humans, they belong to a higher order than humans, and their number is countless (Psalms 103:20; Psalms 148:2; Isaiah 6:2-3; Daniel 7:10; Luke 12:8-9; Luke 15:10; Judges 13:15-2070; Revelation 22:8-953; Revelation 4:8; Revelation 5:11-12; Revelation 7:11).
Good and bad angels
At some time before the creation of humans, some of the angels, under the leadership of one who became known as Satan, rebelled against God and so fell from their original sinless state (2 Peter 2:4; Judges 1:6). As a result there are good angels and evil angels. Christ has angels and so has Satan (Job 4:18; Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:41; Judges 1:9; Revelation 12:7-9).
Both good and bad angels are under God’s sovereign rule, the difference between them being that the good angels are obedient and the evil angels rebellious. Even the chief of the evil angels, Satan, is no more than a created being under the authority of God. Satan and the evil angels who follow him can do their evil work only within the limits that God allows (Job 1:12; Job 2:6; see SATAN).
Because of the high position that angels have as God’s heavenly servants, the Bible speaks of them as holy ones, as stars, and even as sons of God. Again these expressions may apply to good angels and bad angels (Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Exodus 25:17-22; Job 15:15; Job 38:7; Exodus 3:2-63; Psalms 89:7; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 12:3-4; Revelation 12:9). (The remainder of this article will be concerned only with good angels. For further discussion on evil angels see DEMONS.)
Dealings with humankind
Angels have many functions in relation to humankind, but above all they are God’s messengers (Genesis 19:1; Genesis 28:12; Exodus 3:2; Numbers 22:22; Judges 2:1-4; Judges 6:11; 2 Samuel 24:16; 1 Kings 13:18; 1 Kings 19:5; Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:19; Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:27; Luke 1:26-31; Acts 10:3-4; Galatians 3:19; e.g. see GABRIEL). In many of the earlier Old Testament references, the angel (or messenger) of God appears to be almost the same as God himself. This is possibly because the angel is so closely identified with God as his messenger that when he speaks God speaks. The angel’s temporary physical appearance is God’s temporary physical appearance (cf. Genesis 16:7-13; Genesis 21:17-18; Genesis 22:15-17; Luke 22:431).
To the godly, an angel may be a guide (Genesis 24:7; Genesis 24:40; Exodus 14:19; Acts 8:26; Acts 27:23), a protector (Psalms 34:7; Psalms 91:11; Daniel 6:22; Daniel 10:13; Daniel 10:21; Matthew 18:10), a deliverer (Isaiah 63:9; Daniel 3:28; Matthew 26:53; Zechariah 1:8-14), an interpreter of visions (Daniel 8:16; Acts 5:19; Revelation 1:1; Revelation 22:6) and, in fact, a sympathetic helper in all circumstances (Mark 1:13; 1618397654_8; Hebrews 1:13-14). Yet to the ungodly, angels may be God’s messengers of judgment (Matthew 13:39; Revelation 5:11-14; Matthew 25:31-32; Acts 12:23; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-8).
There are various categories of angels (Genesis 3:24; Isaiah 6:2; Ezekiel 10:3; Colossians 1:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Judges 1:9; see MICHAEL). Angels themselves do not have a physical form and do not reproduce their kind as humans do (Matthew 22:30). When God sends them as his messengers to humans, he may give them a form similar to that of humans, though they are usually sufficiently different to create a feeling of great awe (1618397654_2; Matthew 28:2-3; Luke 2:9; Luke 24:4; John 20:12; Acts 1:10; Acts 6:15).
Cherubim are spirit beings of one of the higher angelic orders. They usually feature as guardians of God’s throne and protectors of his interests (Genesis 3:24; Job 5:1; Psalms 80:1; Ezekiel 1:4-14; Ezekiel 10; cf. Revelation 4:6-11; see CHERUBIM).
Great though angelic beings are, human beings should not worship them (Colossians 2:18; Revelation 19:10; 1618397654_2). Jesus Christ is the one whom people should worship; for he is God, and therefore far above angels (Hebrews 1:5-13; Ephesians 1:20-21; Colossians 2:10; Matthew 13:41). Those who through faith are united with Christ will thereby share Christ’s dominion in the age to come, and this will involve them in judgment of angels (Hebrews 2:5-9; 1 Corinthians 6:3).
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Holy Angels
The service and Ministry of the Holy Angels and theirguardianship over the sons of men is a doctrine set forth by theChurch in her beautiful service for ST. MICHAEL AND ALL ANGELS DAY,(which see). Elsewhere in the Liturgy she brings out the same greattruth. When we gather around the Altar of God in the Holy Eucharistwe do so "with angels and archangels and with all the company ofHeaven." It has always been a tradition of Christianity that "angelsattend at the ministration of Holy Baptism and at the celebration ofthe Holy Communion; and that as Lazarus was the object of theirtender care, so in sickness and death they are about the bed of thefaithful and carry their souls to the Presence of Christ inParadise."

Sentence search

Angelology - ) A discourse on Angels, or a body of doctrines in regard to Angels
Angel - Angels are created (Psalms 148:2; Psa 148:5; Colossians 1:16), non-human, spirit beings (Hebrews 1:14). These Angels have a ministry to believers. ...
There are good Angels (Genesis 28:12; Psalms 91:11) and bad Angels (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:1:6). The only Angels mentioned by name are Gabriel (Daniel 8:16; Dan 9:21 ), Michael (Daniel 10:13,21; 112:1), and Lucifer (Luke 10:18). ...
Angels were originally created for the purpose of serving and carrying out the will of God. The fallen Angels rebelled and became evil Angels
Disposition - diatasso, "to appoint, ordain"), is rendered "disposition" in Acts 7:53 ; RV, "as it (the law) was ordained by Angels" (marg. , "as the ordinance of Angels;" lit. , "unto ordinances of Angels"). Angels are mentioned in connection with the giving of the Law of Moses in Deuteronomy 33:2 . In Acts 7:53 Stephen mentions the Angels to stress the majesty of the Law
Angelics - An ancient sect, supposed by some to have got this appellation from their excessive veneration of Angels, and by others from maintaining that the world was created by Angels
Seraph - �burning one�) a category of the ministering Angels, given this name because they are characterized by a love for G-d which consumes like fire seraphim, groups of Angels...
Dignities - The people 2Peter condemned willingly blasphemed the dignities, who are evil good Angels or evil Angels
Hierarchy, Celestial - An order of superiority or government among the Angels, who are preeminently celestial beings. If we consider this order from the part of God, there is but one celestial hierarchy: the absolute, supreme dominion of God over all the Angels. If, however, we consider this order from the part of the Angels themselves, we find three distinct grades of superiority in which the inferior differ in perfection from the higher Angels and, accordingly, are subject to them. These subdivisions of the Angels are called choirs
Celestial Hierarchy - An order of superiority or government among the Angels, who are preeminently celestial beings. If we consider this order from the part of God, there is but one celestial hierarchy: the absolute, supreme dominion of God over all the Angels. If, however, we consider this order from the part of the Angels themselves, we find three distinct grades of superiority in which the inferior differ in perfection from the higher Angels and, accordingly, are subject to them. These subdivisions of the Angels are called choirs
Michael (st.) And All Angels - Michael and All Angels,to commemorate the community of service between Angels and men, hasbeen observed since the Fifth Century. These two, Michael andGabriel, are the only Angels or archangels whose names are mentionedin the Bible. Michael and All Angels' Day is observed with greatsolemnity. (See HOLY Angels
Angel of the Lord - (See Angels
Angels, Fallen - (See Angels
Guardian Angels - See Angels
Angels - Angels are God’s servants and messengers in the heavenly and spiritual realm, where they find true satisfaction in the unceasing worship and service of God. ...
Good and bad Angels...
At some time before the creation of humans, some of the Angels, under the leadership of one who became known as Satan, rebelled against God and so fell from their original sinless state (2 Peter 2:4; Judges 1:6). As a result there are good Angels and evil Angels. Christ has Angels and so has Satan (Job 4:18; Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:41; Judges 1:9; Revelation 12:7-9). ...
Both good and bad Angels are under God’s sovereign rule, the difference between them being that the good Angels are obedient and the evil Angels rebellious. Even the chief of the evil Angels, Satan, is no more than a created being under the authority of God. Satan and the evil Angels who follow him can do their evil work only within the limits that God allows (Job 1:12; Job 2:6; see SATAN). ...
Because of the high position that Angels have as God’s heavenly servants, the Bible speaks of them as holy ones, as stars, and even as sons of God. Again these expressions may apply to good Angels and bad Angels (Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Job 5:1; Job 15:15; Job 38:7; Psalms 89:5; Psalms 89:7; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 12:3-4; Revelation 12:9). (The remainder of this article will be concerned only with good Angels. For further discussion on evil Angels see DEMONS. )...
Dealings with humankind...
Angels have many functions in relation to humankind, but above all they are God’s messengers (Genesis 19:1; Genesis 28:12; Exodus 3:2; Numbers 22:22; Judges 2:1-4; Judges 6:11; 2 Samuel 24:16; 1 Kings 13:18; 1 Kings 19:5; Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:19; Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:27; Luke 1:26-31; Acts 10:3-4; Galatians 3:19; e. Yet to the ungodly, Angels may be God’s messengers of judgment (Matthew 13:39; Matthew 13:41; Matthew 25:31-32; Acts 12:23; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-8). ...
There are various categories of Angels (Genesis 3:24; Isaiah 6:2; Ezekiel 10:3; Colossians 1:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Judges 1:9; see MICHAEL). Angels themselves do not have a physical form and do not reproduce their kind as humans do (Matthew 22:30). Jesus Christ is the one whom people should worship; for he is God, and therefore far above Angels (Hebrews 1:5-13; Ephesians 1:20-21; Colossians 2:10; Revelation 5:11-14). Those who through faith are united with Christ will thereby share Christ’s dominion in the age to come, and this will involve them in judgment of Angels (Hebrews 2:5-9; 1 Corinthians 6:3)
Guardian Angels - (See HOLY Angels
Angelolatry - ) Worship paid to Angels
Angelage - ) Existence or state of Angels
Angel - ...
Another set of terms used to describe Angels focuses not on Angels as mediators between God and persons, but on God's heavenly entourage. Terms such as “sons of God,” “holy ones,” and “heavenly host” seem to focus on Angels as celestial beings. ...
A third category of heavenly beings is that of winged Angels. Many of the most common questions asked about Angels have no clear answers in Scripture. “army”) must have order and that references to archangels (1 Thessalonians 4:16 ; Jude 1:9 ) and a special class of Angels which has intimate fellowship with God such as the seraphim of Isaiah 6:2-6 , indicate that Angels are organized in a rigidly fixed rank system. 500 who claimed to be Dionysius the Areopagite of Acts 17:34 , produced a ranking of Angels. According to Dionysius, the Angels are arranged in three ranks, each rank having three groups. They are “principalities,” archhyangels, and Angels. Some of the entities named (“powers,” “dominions,” “principalities”) are not clearly identified in the Bible as Angels at all. Others (cherubim and archangels) are never compared to one another in terms of rank. Perhaps most importantly, a schema which envisions the better Angels communing with God and the lesser ones ministering to humanity has no foundation in the Bible. ...
Angelic Appearance The appearance of Angels varies. Often in the Old Testament Angels appear as ordinary men. ...
Creation of Angels Angels are created beings. But when God created Angels the Bible never reveals. If the “us” in Genesis 1:26 is a reference to God's angelic court, then the Angels are simply present at the creation; their origin is not explained. ...
Guardian Angels Jesus' comment in Genesis 19:12-134 and some passages which assign protective roles to Angels (for example, Michael, angelic prince over Israel, Daniel 12:1 ; Angels of specific churches in Daniel 10:13 ; Acts 12:15 ; Revelation 1:20 ; Revelation 2-3 ) imply that a heavenly counterpart represents each person in heaven. The cause of the difficulty is the assumption that Scripture reveals a complete angelology and if all the passages concerning Angels are pieced together the complete picture will be revealed. ...
Old Testament Each of the various types of literature in the Old Testament has its own concerns, and Angels appear in the texts in ways appropriate to each. and 1,2Kings) contain numerous references to Angels. In addition, some passages reflect popular ideas about Angels (2Samuel 14:17,2 Samuel 14:20 ) which the text records but does not necessarily affirm. ...
In the books of the prophets, Angels rarely are mentioned. Thus it is not surprising that Angels (who figure in God to humanity communication) play a very small role in these books. The epistles include only some brief references to Angels; several books do not mention them specifically at all. Hebrews with its lengthy contrast between Jesus and the Angels is exceptional (Hebrews 1:3-2:16 ). The Apocalypse of John in its visionary nature, apocalyptic style, and reference to Angels is comparable to parts of Daniel, Zechariah, and Isaiah. ...
The basic tasks of proclamation, protection, and punishment are again the focus (Matthew 1:20-24 ; Matthew 4:11 ; Acts 12:7-11 ) while references to the nature of Angels are very brief. ...
What is perhaps most remarkable is what the New Testament texts do not say about Angels. The interbiblical period, under Persian and Greek influences, had seen an explosion of speculation about Angels. Angels (or comparable spiritual beings) in detailed hierarchies came to be understood by many as necessary mediators between God and humanity. ...
The New Testament texts contain no developed angelic hierarchy and do not present Angels as semi-independent lesser gods. Angels are not used to explain the existence of evil, nor are they needed as intermediaries or as agents of revelation
Host - —See (1) Angels; (2) Hospitality, Inn, Invitation
Angels - (See HOLY Angels. ) It is also to be noted that the term"Angels" is used in the New Testament for the Bishops of the Church,as in the Epistles to the seven Churches of Asia (Rev
Jan - ) One of intermediate order between Angels and men
Angels of the Seven Churches - Angels OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES ( Revelation 1:20 ; Revelation 1:2-3 ). According to one set of opinions, these Angels were men, and the majority of writers have held them to be (1) the presiding presbyters or bishops of their respective churches. Human officials could hardly be made responsible for their churches as these Angels are. (2) Others have supposed that the Angels were congregational representatives , church messengers or deputies (which would be in harmony with the proper meaning of the word ‘angel’), or even the person who acted as ‘Reader’ to the assembled church (notice ‘he that readeth’ in Revelation 1:3 ). But if the responsibility put upon the Angels is too great for bishops, it is much too great for any lesser functionaries. A good many have held that ‘angels’ is to be understood in its ordinary Scriptural application, not to men, but to celestial beings . word, which is of very frequent occurrence, is invariably used in this sense; (2) our Lord’s utterance in Matthew 18:10 , which suggests a doctrine of angelic guardianship; (3) the fact that in Daniel, to which the Apocalypse is so closely related, the guardianship of Angels is extended to nations ( Daniel 12:1 ). No definite Scriptural teaching can be adduced in favour of the idea that churches have their guardian-angels. Moreover, it is scarcely conceivable that such beings would be identified with particular churches in all their infidelities and shortcomings and transgressions, as these Angels are (see, e. The most probable view, accordingly, is that the Angels are personifications of their churches not actual persons either on earth or in heaven, but ideal representatives. Revelation 1:11 , where there is no mention of the Angels). The idea of Angels was suggested, no doubt, by the later Jewish beliefs on the subject, but it is used in a figurative manner which suits the whole figurative treatment, where the glorified Jesus walks among the golden candlesticks, and sends to the churches messages that are couched in highly metaphorical language. It might seem to be against this ideal view that the seven churches, as candlesticks, are definitely distinguished from the seven Angels, as stars ( Revelation 1:12 ; Revelation 1:16 ; Revelation 1:20 )
Angels - -The passages in the apostolic writings in which Angels are mentioned or referred to will be examined; some of them are ambiguous and have been interpreted in various ways. Of these the Apocalypse, as might be expected from the subject, calls for special attention; no book of the OT or the NT is so full of references to the Angels, and it is the more remarkable that the other Johannine writings have so few. The Fourth Gospel refers to Angels only thrice (John 1:51; John 12:29; John 20:12; John 5:4 is a gloss [1]), and the three Epistles not at all. The Angels as heavenly beings. -From the earliest times the Israelites had been taught to believe in Angels, but after the Captivity the doctrine greatly developed. ...
Angels are creatures, as the Jews had always taught (Thackeray, Relation of St. ); the worship of Angels was one of the grave errors at Colossae (Colossians 2:18). ...
Much emphasis is laid, lest it should be thought that Angels were of the some degree as our Lord, on the fact that Jesus is immeasurably higher than they; as in Hebrews 1:4 ff. (no angel is called ‘the Son’; Angels worship the Firstborn), Hebrews 1:13 (no angel set at the right hand of God), Hebrews 2:5 (the world to come is not made subject to Angels, but to man-v. shows that the Representative Man is meant, who condescended to be, in His Incarnation, made a little lower than the Angels). In 1 Peter 3:22 ‘angels and authorities and powers’ are made subject to the ascended Christ; and so in Ephesians 1:21. Here the evil Angels are spoken of. ...
Angels are spirits (Hebrews 1:7; Hebrews 1:14); cf. All Angels are spirits, though all spirits are not Angels. ...
But, though they are spirits, Angels are not omnipresent or omniscient, for these are attributes of Deity. Ephesians 3:10 (whether good or bad Angels are there spoken of); it is implied in 1 Peter 1:12 (the Angels desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel) and in 1 Corinthians 2:6 ff. , if ‘rulers of this world’ are the evil Angels (see Demon). The limitation of the Angels’ knowledge is also stated in Ethiopic Enoch, xvi. ?), where the Angels who fell in Genesis 6:2 (so ‘sons of God’ are interpreted) are said not to have had the hidden things yet revealed to them, though they knew worthless mysteries, which they recounted to the women (ed. ?), God says that He had not told His secrets even to His Angels. ...
The good Angels are Angels of light, as opposed to the powers of darkness (2 Corinthians 11:14; contrast Ephesians 6:12); so, when the angel came to St. ...
They neither marry nor are given in marriage; and so in the resurrection life there is no marrying, for men will be ‘as Angels in heaven’ (Matthew 22:30, Mark 12:25), ‘equal to Angels’ (ἰσάγγελοι, Mark 16:5-7,). ...
The unfallen Angels are holy (Revelation 14:10, Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26, and some Manuscripts of Matthew 25:31; so perhaps 1 Thessalonians 3:13, Judges 1:14 [5]; cf. This is the meaning of ‘elect’ Angels in 1 Timothy 5:21 -not Angels chosen to guard the Ephesian Church; they are mentioned here because they will accompany our Lord to judgment or (Grimm) because they are chosen by God to rule. Ranks of the Angels. Ezekiel 1:15), Angels of power, Angels of principalities, are mentioned (cf. 7); in the Secrets of Enoch (20) we read of archangels, incorporeal powers, lordships, principalities, powers, cherubim, seraphim, ‘ten troops. Paul shows some impatience at the Colossian fondness for elaborating these divisions; yet in the NT we find traces of ranks of Angels. In Romans, Colossians, and Ephesians no organized hierarchy is mentioned; and sometimes the reference seems to be to the whole angelic band, sometimes to the evil Angels, when principalities, powers, dominions, thrones are referred to (Colossians 1:16 θρόνοι, κυριότητες, ἀρχαί, ἐξουσίαι; Colossians 2:10; Colossians 2:15 ἀρχή, ἐξουσία; Ephesians 1:21 ἀρχή, ἐξουσία, δύναμις, κυριότης; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12 ἀρχαί, ἐξουσίαι; Romans 8:38 ἄγγελοι, ἀρχαί, δυνάμεις; 1 Corinthians 15:24 ἀρχή, ἐξουσία, δύναμις). Paul takes the ideas current in Asia Minor as to the ranks of the Angels, but does not himself enunciate any doctrine; indeed, in Ephesians 1:21 he adds, ‘and every name that is named
Very few names of Angels occur in the NT. Of the holy Angels only Gabriel (Luke 1:19; Luke 1:26) and Michael (Judges 1:9, Revelation 12:7) are named (from Daniel 8:16; Daniel 9:21; Daniel 10:13; Daniel 10:21; Daniel 12:1). Function of the Angels. -The NT represents the Angels as having a double activity, towards God and towards man. -The Angels are ‘liturgic spirits’ (λειτουργικὰ πνεύματα, Hebrews 1:14; cf. OT]'>[11] for יְשַׁמְּשׁוּנֵהּ, ‘ministered unto him’; the Chigi Septuagint has ἐθεράπευον αὐτόν); their ministry is an ordered one, before the throne of God: ‘the whole host of His Angels … minister (λειτουργοῦσιν) unto His will, standing by Him’ (Clem. ); they worship the Firstborn when He is brought into the world (Hebrews 1:6), and are witnesses of the Incarnation (1 Timothy 3:16 ‘seen of Angels’-but Grimm interprets ἀγγέλοις here as the apostles, witnesses of the risen Christ, and Swete thinks the reference is to the Agony in Gethsemane [13] Angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven’; and in Luke 1:19 (see above). The words in Jude are certainly to be understood of the Angels, and this makes the similar interpretation of 1 Thessalonians 3:13 more likely. The attendance of the Angels on the Great Judge is mentioned in all four Gospels (Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:27; Matthew 24:31; Matthew 25:31, Mark 8:38; Mark 13:27, Luke 9:26; Luke 12:8 f. -The Angels do service (διακονία) to man as heirs of salvation (Hebrews 1:14). In Matthew 26:53 Jesus says that Angels would have ministered to Him, had He so willed, when Judas betrayed Him. ...
The Angels are spectators of our lives: 1 Corinthians 4:9 ‘a spectacle (θέατρον) to Angels’; 1 Timothy 5:21 ‘in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect Angels’; 1 Peter 1:12, the Angels ‘look into’-‘glance at,’ or perhaps ‘pore over’ (see Bigg, Com. This is the office of Angels which is most prominent in the NT; see Acts 7:35; Acts 7:38 (Moses) Acts 8:26 (Philip) Acts 10:3; Acts 10:7; Acts 10:22; Acts 10:30 (Peter, Cornelius) Acts 11:13 (Peter) Ephesians 3:10 (Peter in prison) Acts 23:9 (Paul) Acts 27:23 (Paul on his voyage), Hebrews 13:2 (reference to Abraham, Genesis 18), and frequently in Rev. Paul alludes to this work of the Angels in Galatians 1:8, which suggests that they must be proved, as spirits must be (1 Corinthians 12:10, 1 John 4:1, etc. ; see Demon, § 2), to see whether they are true or false, and in Galatians 4:14, where there is a climax: ‘as an angel of God, nay, as one who is higher than the Angels, as Christ Jesus himself
Daemon - They belong to the number of those Angels that "kept not their first estate," "unclean spirits," "fallen Angels," the Angels of the devil (Matthew 25:41 ; Revelation 12:7-9 )
Angel - In the Scriptures the Angels appear as God's messengers. ) One of a class of "fallen Angels;" an evil spirit; as, the devil and his Angels
Archangel - (1 Thessalonians 4:16 ; Jude 1:9 ), the prince of the Angels
Angel - The Angels were created at or near the time when the material world came into existence, and were placed by God in a state of probation or trial. Many of them sinned by pride and were cast into Hell forever; these are called devils, demons, or fallen Angels. ...
From Scripture, we know that the Angels constitute a vast multitude, beyond the power of man to imagine or conceive. According to this diversity of perfection, they are classified in three hierarchies, each hierarchy having three orders making, in all, nine choirs, in the following descending order: ...
Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones ...
Dominations, Virtues, Powers ...
Principalities, Archangels, Angels ...
It should be noted that the term "angel," while applicable to all, is also used as a distinctive name for the lowest choir, from which the guardian Angels are usually selected. ...
Devotion to the Angels can be traced to the earliest ages of the Church. The month of October is specially dedicated to them and the feast of all the Angels is celebrated in common, with that of Michael, September 29,. There are also feast-days for Raphael and Gabriel who, with Michael, are the only Angels mentioned by name in Scripture
Dominations - Those Angels who compose the highest choir of the second or intermediate order of Angels
Eutuchites - Among other sentiments, they held that our souls are placed in our bodies only to honour the Angels who created them; and that we ought to rejoice equally in all events, because to grieve would be to dishonour the Angels, their creators
Devotions - Pious practises in honor of the Blessed Trinity, Our Lord, the Blessed Virgin, Angels, and saints
Holy Angels - The service and Ministry of the Holy Angels and theirguardianship over the sons of men is a doctrine set forth by theChurch in her beautiful service for ST. MICHAEL AND ALL Angels DAY,(which see). When we gather around the Altar of God in the Holy Eucharistwe do so "with Angels and archangels and with all the company ofHeaven. " It has always been a tradition of Christianity that "angelsattend at the ministration of Holy Baptism and at the celebration ofthe Holy Communion; and that as Lazarus was the object of theirtender care, so in sickness and death they are about the bed of thefaithful and carry their souls to the Presence of Christ inParadise
Angel - "Angels" are mentioned almost three hundred times in Scripture, and are only noticeably absent from books such as Ruth, Nehemiah, Esther, the letters of John, and James. ...
The Old Testament From the beginning, Angels were part of the divine hierarchy. Although holy, Angels could sometimes behave foolishly (Job 4:18 ), and even prove to be untrustworthy (Job 15:15 ). Probably these qualities led to the "fall" of some Angels, including Satan, but the Bible contains no description of that event. When Angels appeared in human society they resembled normal males (Genesis 18:2,16 ; Ezekiel 9:2 ), and never came dressed as women. Sometimes Angels addressed people in dreams, as with Jacob (Genesis 28:12 ; 31:11 ), and could be recognized by animals before human beings became aware of them, as with Balaam (Numbers 22:22 ). ...
In Daniel, two Angels who interpreted visions were unnamed (7:16; 10:5), but other visions were explained to Daniel by the angel Gabriel, who was instructed by a "man's voice" to undertake this task (8:15-16). The angel Michael was deemed to be Judaism's patron, and the apocryphal writings named three other archangels as leaders of the angelic hierarchy. Uriel explained to Enoch many of his visions (1Enoch 21:5-10; 27:2-4), interpreted Ezra's vision of the celestial Jerusalem ( 2 Esdras 10:28-57 ), and explained the fate of the fallen Angels who supposedly married human women (1Enoch 19:1-9; cf. The primary concern of these two Angels, however, was supposedly with missions on earth and affairs in heaven, respectively. ...
The New Testament Against this background of belief in Angels who were involved in human affairs, it was not surprising that the angel Gabriel should be chosen to visit Zechariah, the officiating priest in the temple, to inform him that he was to become a father, and that he had to name his son John ( Luke 1:11-20 ). ...
Nothing in Gabriel's behavior is inconsistent with Old Testament teachings about Angels. It has been pointed out frequently that, just as they were active when the world began, so Angels were correspondingly prominent when the new era of divine grace dawned with the birth of Jesus. " In the end, however, the celestial beings were most probably of the same order, and were fulfilling among humans those duties normally assigned to such Angels as Gabriel (Luke 1:19 ). The message of joy having been proclaimed, the heavenly host of Angels praised and glorified God (Luke 2:13-14 ) for a short period, as they had done at the creation of the world (Job 38:7 ), after which they departed. ...
During his ministry, Angels came and ministered to Jesus after he had resisted the devil's temptations (Matthew 4:11 ). Again, this celestial being performed a service of reassurance and love for Mary and Mary of Magdala, who subsequently reported seeing "a vision of Angels" (Luke 24:23 ). In John's Gospel Mary Magdalene saw two Angels in white clothing, sitting in the empty tomb, just before she met the risen Lord (John 20:12-16 ). 1 Peter 3:22 ), and prohibited the worship of Angels in the Colossian church (Colossians 2:18 ) in an attempt to avoid unorthodox practices. His reference to "angels" in 1 Corinthians 11:10 may have been a warning that such things observe humans at worship, and thus the Corinthians should avoid improper conduct or breaches of decency. ...
The angelology of 2Peter and Jude reflects some of the intertestamental Jewish traditions concerning "wicked Angels. " In Revelation there are numerous symbolic allusions to Angels, the worship of which is forbidden (22:8-9). The "angels of the seven churches" (1:20) are the specific spiritual representations or personifications of these Christian groups. A particularly sinister figure was Abaddon (Apollyon in Greek), the "angel of the bottomless pit" (9:11), who with his minions was involved in a fierce battle with Michael and his Angels (12:7-9). ...
Jesus accepted as valid the Old Testament references to Angels and their functions (Matthew 22:30 ), but spoke specifically of the "devil and his Angels" (Matthew 25:41 ) as destined for destruction. He fostered the idea of Angels ministering to believers (cf. He described Angels as holy creatures (Mark 8:38 ) who could rejoice when a sinner repented (Luke 15:10 ). Angels were devoid of sexual characteristics (Matthew 22:30 ), and although they were highly intelligent ministers of God's will they were not omniscient (Matthew 24:36 ). ...
Christ claimed at his arrest in Gethsemane that more than twelve legions of Angels (numbering about 72,000) were available to deliver him, had he wanted to call upon them for assistance (Matthew 26:53 ). He taught that Angels would be with him when he returned to earth at the second coming (Matthew 25:31 ), and that they would be involved significantly in the last judgment (Matthew 13:41,49 ). Finally, Angels set a model of obedience to God's will in heaven to which the Christian church should aspire (cf. ...
Some writers contrast the celestial beings with "fallen Angels, " of which there are two varieties. Presumably the imprisoned Angels are the ones who will be judged by the saints (1 Corinthians 6:3 ). ...
In a material world that is also populated by good and evil spirits, the Bible teaches that the heavenly Angels set an example of enthusiastic and resolute fulfillment of God's will. Angels continue to perform ministering duties among humans, and this function has led to the concept of "guardian Angels, " perhaps prompted by Christ's words in Matthew 18:10 . Gaebelein, The Angels of God ; B. Graham, Angels: God's Secret Agets ; H. Lockyer, The Mystery and Ministry of Angels ; A. Whyte, The Nature of Angels
Churches, Seven - See Angels of the Seven Churches, Revelation [1], also the artt
Pieta - ) A representation of the dead Christ, attended by the Virgin Mary or by holy women and Angels
Watcher - Daniel 4:13,17,23 , a figurative designation of heavenly beings, apparently Angels, as seen by Nebuchadnezzar in his dream
Reaper - Matthew 13:30 (a) The Lord tells us plainly in this passage that "the reapers are the Angels. " In the day when GOD will judge the earth, He evidently will send forth His Angels and will separate the Christians, genuine believers, real born-again saints, from the great multitude of the unsaved, the ungodly, religious hypocrites
Dulia - ) An inferior kind of veneration or worship, given to the Angels and saints as the servants of God
Angels - One said Sarah should have a son: at which Sarah laughed, and Jehovah said, "Wherefore did Sarah laugh?" Two of the three left, and were called 'angels' at the gate of Sodom, while Jehovah, the third, talked with Abraham. We know little of their nature: "of the Angels he saith, Who maketh his Angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire," Hebrews 1:7 ; and man is described as being a little inferior to the Angels. He with his Angels will fight with the dragon and his Angels and cast them out of heaven. ...
Though we are unconscious of the presence of Angels we know that they are ministering spirits sent forth to minister for them who shall inherit salvation, Hebrews 1:14 : cf. There are 'myriads' of these Angels, Matthew 26:53 ; Hebrews 12:22 ; Revelation 5:11 ; and they are described as 'mighty,' 'holy,' 'elect,' 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ; Mark 8:38 ; 1 Timothy 5:21 : they do not marry, Mark 12:25 . Angels are not the depositaries of the revelation and counsels of God. The world to come is not to be put in subjection to them, but to man in the person of the Son of man, Hebrews 2:5-8 ; and the saints will judge Angels. It is therefore only a false humility that would teach the worshipping of Angels. ...
In Psalm 8:5 the word is elohim, 'God:' the name of God being given to the Angels as His representatives: cf. FALLEN Angels. We read of Angels who kept not their first estate,' but left their own habitation, and are kept in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgement of the great day. God spared not the Angels who sinned. Besides the above which are kept in chains we read of Angels connected with Satan. The great dragon and his Angels will be subdued by Michael and his Angels, and be cast out of heaven. The lake of fire, or Gehenna, has been specially prepared for the devil and his Angels, though, alas, man will also be cast therein. Isaiah 14:12-16 and Ezekiel 28:14-19 , may throw somelight on the fallof Satan, but whether the fall of those called 'his Angels' was brought about by the same cause and at the same time is not revealed
Guardian Angel - The general doctrine that Angels are thus deputed to protect men in their pathway through life is a matter of Catholic faith, clearly expressed in Scripture. The guardian Angels are selected generally from the lowest choir of Angels
Angel, Guardian - The general doctrine that Angels are thus deputed to protect men in their pathway through life is a matter of Catholic faith, clearly expressed in Scripture. The guardian Angels are selected generally from the lowest choir of Angels
Michael, Saint - (Herew: who is like God?) ...
Archangel, one of the three Angels mentioned by name in Holy Scripture (Daniel 10,12; Jude; Apocalypse 12). In this last text, the sin of the bad Angels is pictured as an uprising against God, in which the faithful Angels, with Michael at their head, defeated Lucifer and his host, and cast them out of heaven. Although he is always referred to as "the Archangel," the Greek Fathers and many theologians place him over all the Angels, making him the prince of the Seraphim
Michael the Archangel - (Herew: who is like God?) ...
Archangel, one of the three Angels mentioned by name in Holy Scripture (Daniel 10,12; Jude; Apocalypse 12). In this last text, the sin of the bad Angels is pictured as an uprising against God, in which the faithful Angels, with Michael at their head, defeated Lucifer and his host, and cast them out of heaven. Although he is always referred to as "the Archangel," the Greek Fathers and many theologians place him over all the Angels, making him the prince of the Seraphim
Archangel, Michael the - (Herew: who is like God?) ...
Archangel, one of the three Angels mentioned by name in Holy Scripture (Daniel 10,12; Jude; Apocalypse 12). In this last text, the sin of the bad Angels is pictured as an uprising against God, in which the faithful Angels, with Michael at their head, defeated Lucifer and his host, and cast them out of heaven. Although he is always referred to as "the Archangel," the Greek Fathers and many theologians place him over all the Angels, making him the prince of the Seraphim
Angelical - ) Belonging to, or proceeding from, Angels; resembling, characteristic of, or partaking of the nature of, an angel; heavenly; divine
Angelic Hymn - The Gloria in excelsis Deo (Glory to God in the highest), sung by the Angels at the birth of Christ
Satan - ) The grand adversary of man; the Devil, or Prince of darkness; the chief of the fallen Angels; the archfiend
Sadducee - ) One of a sect among the ancient Jews, who denied the resurrection, a future state, and the existence of Angels
Disposition of Angels, - The ordered ministry of Angels in connection with the dispensation of law
Spirit - An incorporeal being or intelligence; in which sense God is said to be a Spirit, as are Angels and the human soul
Satan - The grand adversary of man the devil or prince of darkness the chief of the fallen Angels
Evil, Principalities of - The rebellious Angels, cast out of heaven, were in Saint Paul's day believed to dwell "in the high places" or "in regions above" (Ephesians 6,2). Like the faithful Angels (Ephesians 1; Colossians 1), they preserved their respective ranks in the fallen state
Keruvim - (Cherubs): Angels resembling young children; relief images of two winged cherubim were part of the cover of the holy Ark in the temple ...
Angel - Paul represents Angels, Hebrews 1:14 , where he calls them "ministering spirits;" and yet custom has prevailed so much, that angel is now commonly taken for the denomination of a particular order of spiritual beings, of great understanding and power, superior to the souls or spirits of men. The devil as the head of them, and they as his Angels, are represented as the rulers of the darkness of this world, or spiritual wickednesses, or wicked spirits, τα πνευματικα της πονηριυς εν τοις επουρανιοις , Ephesians 6:12 ; which may not be unfitly rendered, "the spiritual managers of opposition to the kingdom of God. "...
The existence of Angels is supposed in all religions, though it is incapable of being proved a priori. In the Alcoran we find frequent mention of Angels. ...
Authors are not so unanimous about the nature as about the existence of Angels. Ecclesiastical writers make a hierarchy of nine orders of Angels. Others have distributed Angels into nine orders, according to the names by which they are called in Scripture, and reduced these orders into three hierarchies; to the first of which belong seraphim, cherubim, and thrones; to the second, dominions, virtues, and powers; and to the third, principalities, archangels, and Angels. The Jews reckon four orders or companies of Angels, each headed by an archangel; the first order being that of Michael; the second, of Gabriel; the third, of Uriel; and the fourth, of Raphael. That some of these titles may indicate the same class of Angels is probable; but that they all should be but different appellations of one common and equal order is improbable. Nothing is more frequent in Scripture than the missions and appearances of good and bad Angels, whom God employed to declare his will; to correct, teach, reprove, and comfort. God gave the law to Moses, and appeared to the old patriarchs, by the mediation of Angels, who represented him, and spoke in his name, Acts 7:30 ; Acts 7:35 ; Galatians 3:19 ; Hebrews 13:2 . ...
Though the Jews, in general, believed the existence of Angels, there was a sect among them, namely, the Sadducees, who denied the existence of all spirits whatever, God only excepted, Acts 23:8 . The Talmudists say they brought the names of Angels from Babylon. ...
There are various opinions as to the time when the Angels were created. Others think that Angels existed long before the formation of our solar system; and Scripture seems to favour this opinion, Job 38:4 ; Job 38:7 , where God says, "Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth?— and all the sons of God shouted for joy. " Though it be a universal opinion that Angels are of a spiritual and incorporeal nature, yet some of the fathers, misled by a passage in Genesis 6:2 , where it is said, "The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose," imagined them to be corporeal, and capable of sensual pleasures. But, without noticing all the wild reveries which have been propagated by bold or ignorant persons, let it suffice to observe, that by "the sons of God" we are evidently to understand the descendants of Seth, who, for the great piety wherein they continued for some time, were so called; and that "the daughters of men" were the progeny of wicked Cain As to the doctrine of tutelary or guarding Angels, presiding over the affairs of empires, nations, provinces, and particular persons, though received by the later Jews, it appears to be wholly Pagan in its origin, and to have no countenance in the Scriptures. The passages in Daniel brought to favour this notion are capable of a much better explanation; and when our Lord declares that the "angels" of little children "do always behold the face of God," he either speaks of children as being the objects of the general ministry of Angels, or, still more probably, by Angels he there means the disembodied spirits of children; for that the Jews called disembodied spirits by the name of Angels, appears from Acts 12:15 . ...
On this question of guardian Angels, Bishop Horsley observes: "That the holy Angels are often employed by God in his government of this sublunary world, is indeed to be clearly proved by holy writ. What the evil Angels possessed before their fall the like powers, which they are still occasionally permitted to exercise for the punishment of wicked nations, seems also evident. But all this amounts not to any thing of a discretional authority placed in the hands of tutelar Angels, or to an authority to advise the Lord God with respect to the measures of his government. Confidently I deny that a single text is to be found in holy writ, which, rightly understood, gives the least countenance to the abominable doctrine of such a participation of the holy Angels in God's government of the world. In what manner then, it may be asked, are the holy Angels made at all subservient to the purposes of God's government? This question is answered by St. Paul in his Epistle to the Hebrews, in the last verse of the first chapter; and this is the only passage in the whole Bible in which we have any thing explicit upon the office and employment of Angels: ‘Are they not all,' saith he, ‘ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them that shall be heirs of salvation?' They are all, however high in rank and order, nothing more than ‘ministering spirits,' or, literally, ‘serving spirits;' not invested with authority of their own, but ‘sent forth,' occasionally sent forth, to do such service as may be required of them, ‘for them that shall be heirs of salvation. '"...
The exact number of Angels is no where mentioned in Scripture; but it is always represented as very great. " Jesus Christ says, that his heavenly Father could have given him more than twelve legions of Angels, that is, more than seventy-two thousand, Matthew 26:53 ; and the Psalmist declares, that the chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of Angels, Psalms 68:17 . ...
Though all the Angels were created alike good, yet Jude informs us, verse Judges 1:6 , that some of them "kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation," and these God hath "reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. Prideaux observes, that the minister of the synagogue, who officiated in offering the public prayers, being the mouth of the congregation, delegated by them, as their representative, messenger, or angel, to address God in prayer for them, was in Hebrew called sheliack-zibbor, that is, the angel of the church; and that from hence the chief ministers of the seven churches of Asia are in the Revelation, by a name borrowed from the synagogue, called Angels of those churches
Shalom aleichem - �Peace upon you�); (a) a common greeting; (b) hymn of welcome to the ministering Angels who visit every Jewish home on Friday eve ...
Principality - 1: ἀρχή (Strong's #746 — Noun Feminine — arche — ar-khay' ) "beginning, government, rule," is used of supramundane beings who exercise rule, called "principalities;" (a) of holy Angels, Ephesians 3:10 , the Church in its formation being to them the great expression of "the manifold (or "much-varied") wisdom of God;" Colossians 1:16 ; (b) of evil Angels, Romans 8:38 ; Colossians 2:15 , some would put this under (a), but see SPOIL , B. In Jude 1:6 , RV, it signifies, not the first estate of fallen Angels (as AV), but their authoriative power, "their own" indicating that which had been assigned to them by God, which they left, aspiring to prohibited conditions
Reaper - 1: θεριστής (Strong's #2327 — Noun Masculine — theristes — ther-is-tace' ) "a reaper" (akin to therizo, see above), is used of Angels in Matthew 13:30,39
ra'Phael - According to Jewish tradition, Raphael was one of the four Angels which stood round the throne of God --Michael, Uriel, Gabriel, Raphael
Peccant - ) Sinning; guilty of transgression; criminal; as, peccant Angels
Peri - ) An imaginary being, male or female, like an elf or fairy, represented as a descendant of fallen Angels, excluded from paradise till penance is accomplished
Peri - ) An imaginary being, male or female, like an elf or fairy, represented as a descendant of fallen Angels, excluded from paradise till penance is accomplished
Principality - In several passages of the New Testament the term "principalities and powers" appears to denote different orders of Angels,good or bad
Angel - But then, it should always be remembered, that these names, to both the Lord and his people, are wholly meant as messengers; for it is a sweet as well as an important truth, that Christ is no angel; "for verily he took not on him the nature of Angels. And that his people are no Angels, they need not be told, for they are sinners; and they know themselves to be redeemed sinners, redeemed from among men. In the upper, brighter world, it is said that they shall be as the Angels: that is, in glory and in happiness. But still men, and not Angels, united to their glorious Head as the members of his mystical body to all eternity
Gloria in Excelsis Deo - The great doxology in the Mass beginning with the words sung by the Angels at Christ's birth, said or sung after the "Kyrie" except in times of penance
Glory to God on High - The great doxology in the Mass beginning with the words sung by the Angels at Christ's birth, said or sung after the "Kyrie" except in times of penance
Angels (2) - ANGELS. —The statements as to Angels which meet us in the Gospels are in most respects the same as are found in the Jewish literature of the period, both Biblical and extra-Biblical. It would be difficult to point to a time when the Jews, as a people, did not believe in Angels; yet there were exceptions. At all events, it is a fact that the portion of the OT known to criticism as the Priests’ Code is silent on the subject of Angels; and it is also noteworthy that the Sadducees, who were the descendants of the high-priestly families, protested in the time of our Lord against some, if not all, of the popular notions respecting Angels (Acts 23:8). ...
It is probable that belief in Angels is originally a corollary from the conception of God as King. And inasmuch as the recognition of God as King is the earliest and most prevalent of Israel’s conceptions of God, we naturally expect the belief in Angels, as God’s court, serving Him in His palace and discharging the function of messengers, to be ancient and pervasive. We have then, doubtless, a very primitive conception of Angels in the words of Micaiah to Ahab, in 1 Kings 22:19 ‘I saw Jahweh sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him, on his right hand and on his left. ]'>[1] is silent as to Angels, so the appearances of an angel as a manlike manifestation of God and not a mere messenger, are confined to those portions of the OT which, on quite other grounds, are assigned to JE
We wish now, with the help of Jewish literature, more or less contemporary, to make a systematic presentation of those beliefs as to Angels which are found in the discourses and narratives of the four Gospels. Angels in Heaven. Our Lord carries the military metaphor even further when He speaks of ‘more than 12 legions of Angels’ (Matthew 26:53). Revelation 5:11 speaks of ‘myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands’; and Hebrews 12:22 speaks of ‘the myriads of Angels’—both in probable allusion to Daniel 7:10. ]'>[3]7 to Exodus 12:12 tells of 90,000 myriads of destroying Angels; and in Deuteronomy 34:5 the same Targum speaks of the glory of the Shekinah being revealed to the dying Moses, with 2000 myriads of Angels and 42,000 chariots; as 2 Kings 6:17 tells of a ‘mountain full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha. The Angels, as courtiers, stand in vast multitudes before the throne (Revelation 5:11; Revelation 7:11). Paul who speaks most explicitly of ‘the principalities and powers in the heavenly places’ (Ephesians 3:10), and of Christ’s being ‘exalted far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion’ (Ephesians 1:21); and ‘evidently Paul regarded them as actually existent and intelligent forces’ (Robinson, in loco); but the same conception presents itself in the Gospels in the reference to archangels, who were four, or in some authors seven, in number: Gabriel, Raphael, Michael, and Uriel being those most frequently mentioned. In Luke 1:19 the angel who appears to Zacharias says: ‘I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God’; as in Tobit 12:15 the angel says to Tobit: ‘I am Raphael, one of the seven holy Angels, which present the prayers of the saints and go in before the glory of the Holy One. ’ Even in the OT the Angels are spoken of as forming ‘a council’: e. To the same circle of ideas belong the words of the Lord Jesus: ‘Every one that shall confess me before men, him will the Son of Man confess before the Angels of God; but he that denieth me in the presence of men shall be denied in the presence of the Angels of God’ (Luke 12:8-9). Evidently the Angels are interested spectators of men’s behaviour, responsive to their victories and defeats, their sins and struggles; and we are here taught that to be denied before such a vast responsive assembly intensifies the remorse of the apostate, as to be confessed before them intensifies the joy of those who are ‘faithful unto death. Not only do we read in Slavonic Enoch 19:5 of ‘angels who are over the souls of men, and who write down all their works and their lives before the face of the Lord’; and in the Apocalypse of John, where symbolism abounds, of ‘books’ being ‘opened,’ and of the ‘dead’ being ‘judged according to what was written in the books’: but even in an Epistle of St. In extra-Biblical literature the veil is often mentioned, concealing the abode of God in the Most Holy Place, within which the archangels are permitted to enter (Tobit 12:12; Tob_12:15, Enoch 40:2). The only reference in the Gospels under this head is the song of the Angels, described in Luke 2:13 f. ’ In this respect the saints who are raised again are ‘equal to the Angels’ (Luke 20:36). ’ Hence we find that they are frequently described as ‘holy’ (Matthew 25:31, Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26, Job 5:1; Job 15:15, Daniel 8:13), and by implication we learn that Angels obey God’s will in heaven, since we are taught by our Lord to pray that God’s holy will may be done on earth as it is in heaven (Matthew 6:10, cf. This is taught in Matthew 22:30 ‘In the resurrection they neither marry [8] nor are given in marriage [9], but are as the Angels of God in heaven. Not being mortal, they are not dependent on food for nourishment, nor have they, by nature, sensuous appetites, but are ἰσάγγελοι (‘equal to the Angels’). While answering their objection against the resurrection, He affirms that ‘those who are accounted worthy to attain to that αἰών, and the resurrection from the dead … are equal to the Angels’—thus plainly disclosing His belief in Angels and setting it over against their disbelief. As to the spiritual nature of Angels, Philo speaks of them as ἀσώματοι καὶ εὐδαίμονες ψυχαί (‘incorporeal and happy souls’); and again, as ‘bodiless souls, not mixtures of rational and irrational natures as ours are, but having the irrational nature cut out, wholly intelligent throughout, pure-thoughts (λογισμοί, elsewhere λόγοι) like a monad (Drummond’s Philo, 145–147; cf. The Rabbis interpreted Daniel 7:10 to teach that the nature of the Angels is fire. The Jewish legends which interpret Genesis 6:4 as teaching a commingling of Angels with women, so as to produce ‘mighty men, men of renown,’ seem at variance with the above belief as to the immunity of celestial intelligences from all passion. It is true that Judges 1:6 and Enoch 15:3–7 both speak of the Angels as having first ‘left their habitation’ in heaven; but the fact that they were deemed capable of sexual intercourse implies a much coarser conception of the angelic nature than is taught in the words of our Lord, of Philo, and of the Talmud. This is clearly taught in one utterance of Christ’s, recorded in Matthew 24:36 || Mark 13:32 ‘Of that day and hour knoweth no man, not even the Angels of heaven. ’ The implications clearly are (1) that Angels know most things, far better than men; but (2) that there are some things, including the day of the Second Advent, which they do not know. There are numerous intimations of the scientific skill of the Angels, their acquaintance with the events of human lives, and their prescience of future events. The Book of Jubilees, a pre-Christian work extensively read, affirms (Jubilees 1:27) that Moses was taught by Gabriel concerning Creation and the things narrated in Genesis; that Angels taught Noah herbal remedies (Jubilees 10:12), and brought to Jacob seven tablets recording the history of his posterity (Jubilees 32:21). Angels were supposed to understand no language but Hebrew (Chagigah, 16a). The Midrash on Psalms 25:14 affirms that ‘nothing is hidden from the Angels’; but according to Sanhedrin, 99a, and other Talmudic passages, ‘they know not the time of Israel’s redemption. ’ In 1 Peter 1:12 we are told that ‘the Angels desire’ (but in vain) ‘to look into’ some of the NT mysteries; and in Slav. Enoch 24:3, 40:2, Enoch tells his children that not even the Angels know the secrets which he discloses to them. We gather this from the evident joy with which Angels announced the advent of the Messiah to the shepherds at Bethlehem. Even more explicitly is this taught in Luke 15:10 ‘There is joy in the presence of the Angels of God over one sinner that repenteth. ’ Even if the joy intended be ‘the joy of God, which breaks forth in presence of the Angels’ (Godet, in loco), still the implication would be that the heart of the angelic throng is en rapport with the heart of ‘the happy God. So also when, in 1 Peter 1:12, we read that ‘the Angels desire to look into’ the marvels of redemption, there is, as Dr. Hort says, ‘a glimpse of the fellowship of Angels with prophets and evangelists, and implicitly with the suffering Christians to whom St
Legion - Matthew 26:53, "thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to My Father, and He shall presently give Me more than twelve legions of Angels," against this band from the Roman "legion"; not merely My twelve apostles, but twelve "legions," and these "angels?" (compare 2 Kings 6:17; Daniel 7:10
Archangel - (Greek: ruling angel) ...
In its wider meaning, any angel of higher rank, thus all the higher orders of Angels. In its more restricted sense, the archangels are those blessed spirits who compose the second choir of the lowest order in the angelic hierarchy (see angel). As distinct from the guardian Angels, the archangels are God's messengers to man in matters of graver moment, e. , Gabriel to the Virgin Mary, Raphael to Tobias; and to the archangels God entrusts the care of persons of exalted rank or sanctity
Angelics - worshippers of Angels. The Jews of that time are also accused of worshipping Angels, and probably this superstition might through them influence the Judaizing members of some of the Apostolic churches
Seraph - In ecclesiastical art and in poetry, a seraph is represented as one of a class of Angels
Angels of the Churches - Mentioned in the Apocalypse; though interpreted by Origen as meaning the guardian Angels of the seven churches of Asia, they are usually considered as referring to the bishops at the time
Aeterne Rector Siderum - Hymn for Lauds on October 2, feast of the Holy Guardian Angels
Ruler of the Dread Immense - Hymn for Lauds on October 2, feast of the Holy Guardian Angels
Michael the Archangel - ' He went to the assistance of one (probably an angel) who had been sent with a message to Daniel, but who had been detained twenty-one days by the prince of the kingdom of Persia (doubtless Satan, or one of Satan's Angels, who was acting for the kingdom of Persia, as Michael was prince for the children of Israel). " Michael and his Angels will however fight with Satan and his Angels, and will prevail, and Satan will be cast out of that portion of heaven to which he now has access
Belmont Abbey - (Abbey of Saint Michael and All Angels) Hereford, England, founded, 1859, by the Benedictines as a central novitiate and house of studies for the English Congregation; erected into an abbey, 1920; priests, 14
Abbey, Belmont - (Abbey of Saint Michael and All Angels) Hereford, England, founded, 1859, by the Benedictines as a central novitiate and house of studies for the English Congregation; erected into an abbey, 1920; priests, 14
Abbey of Saint Michael And All Angels - (Abbey of Saint Michael and All Angels) Hereford, England, founded, 1859, by the Benedictines as a central novitiate and house of studies for the English Congregation; erected into an abbey, 1920; priests, 14
Raphael the Archangel - One of the three Angels mentioned by name in Holy Scripture (see also Gabriel and Michael). According to his own words he is of the seven Angels who stand before the Lord (Tobias 12; Apocalypse 8)
Angel - That in the OT the existence of Angels is taken for granted, and that therefore no account of their origin is given, is to be explained by the fact that belief in them is based upon an earlier Animism, * [2] , the earlier document, represents Jahweh in a less exalted form, who Himself comes down to earth, and personally carries out His purposes; by degrees, however, more exalted conceptions of Him obtain, especially as the conception of His characteristic of holiness becomes realized, so that His presence among men comes to appear incongruous and unfitting, and His activity is delegated to His messengers or Angels (see Angel of the Lord). Besides the word mal’akh there are several other expressions used for what would come under the category of Angels, viz. ...
( b ) Angels are represented as appearing in human form, and as having many human characteristics: they speak like men ( 1 Kings 19:5 ); they eat ( Genesis 18:8 ); they fight ( Genesis 32:1 , JL 4:11, ( Joel 3:11 ), cf. On the other hand, they can become Invisible ( 2 Kings 6:17 , Psalms 104:4 ), and they can fly, if, as appears to be the case, seraphim are to be included under the category of Angels ( Isaiah 6:8 ). ...
( c ) The functions of Angels may be briefly summarized thus: they guide men, e. , 2 Kings 1:3 ; 2 Kings 1:15 , Zechariah 1:9 ); they bring evil and destruction upon men ( 2 Samuel 24:16-17 , 2 Kings 19:35 , Psalms 35:6 ; Psalms 78:49 , Job 33:22 ; in Proverbs 16:14 the wrath of a king is likened to Angels of death); on the other hand, they are the protectors of men ( Psalms 34:8 , (7), Psalms 91:11 ), and save them from destruction ( Genesis 19:15 ff. ); their power is superhuman ( 2 Kings 6:17 , ‡
( d ) In Ezekiel , Angels, under this designation, are never mentioned, though the angelology of this book ehows considerable development; other names are given to them, but their main function, viz. , Angels take up a very definite position of intermediate beings between God and man, one of their chief functions being that of interpreting visions which Divine action creates in the mind of men; in both these books Angels are called ‘men,’ and in both the earlier idea of the ‘Angel of the Lord’ has its counterpart in the prominent position taken up by some particular angel who is the interpreter of visions. different orders of Angels are for the first time mentioned ( Ezekiel 2:3-4 , Ezekiel 3:1-6 , Ezekiel 4:1 ). In Daniel there is a further development; the Angels are termed ‘watchers’ ( Daniel 4:13 ; Daniel 4:17 ), and ‘princes’ ( Daniel 10:13 ); they have names, e. Michael ( Daniel 10:13 , Ezekiel 12:1 ), Gabriel ( Daniel 8:16 ), and there are special Angels (‘princes’) who fight for special nations ( Daniel 10:20-21 ). so in Daniel there are different orders among the Angels, but in the latter book the different categories are more fully developed. The main factors which contributed to this development were, firstly, Babylon; during the Captivity, Babylonian influence upon the Jews asserted itself in this as well as in other respects; according to Jewish tradition the names of the Angels came from Babylon. Secondly, Persian influence was of a marked character in post-exilic times; the Zoroastrian belief that Ormuzd had a host of pure Angels of light who surrounded him and fulfilled his commands, was a ready-made development of the Jewish belief, handed down from much earlier times, that Angels were the messengers of Jahweh. Some of the characteristics of Angels here are identical with some of those found in the OT, viz. , and Daniel than the angelology of these to that of the rest of the OT; this will be clearly seen by enumerating briefly the main characteristics of Angels as portrayed in the Apocrypha. ]'>[11] he has a name, Raphael ,† [12] and is one of the seven holy Angels (‘ archangels ’) who present the prayers of the saints, and who go constantly in and out before the presence of God; that there are ranks among the Angels is thus taught here more categorically than in the later Biblical books. Further, the idea of guardian-angels is characteristic of the Apocrypha; that individuals have their guardian-angels is clearly implied in To Tob 5:21 , that armies have such is taught in 2Ma 11:6 ; 2Ma 15:23 , while in 2Ma 3:25 ff. occurs a Jewish counterpart of the Roman legend of Castor and Pollux; there is possibly, in Sir 17:17 , an indication that nations also have their guardian-angels;*
It will thus be seen that the activities of Angels are, according to the Apocrypha, of a very varied character. Christ’s teaching regarding Angels may be summed up thus: Their dwelling-place is in heaven ( Matthew 18:10 , Luke 12:8-9 , John 1:51 ); they are superior to men, but in the world to come the righteous shall be on an equality with them ( Luke 20:36 ); they carry away the souls of the righteous to a place of rest ( Luke 16:22 ); they are (as seems to be implied) of neither sex ( Sons of God - In Job, the earliest Greek translation translated “sons of God” as “angels of God” ( Job 1:6 ; Job 2:1 ) and “my Angels” (Job 38:7 ). The usual designation of the heavenly beings in the New Testament is “angels. ” See Angels; Divine Council; God ; Son of God
Dominion - a class of Angels is meant (Milton’s ‘Dominations’) with which compare 1 Corinthians 8:5, where Angels are called κύριοι (Thayer Grimm’s Gr. (a) Many suppose that here also Angels are referred to, which 2 Peter 2:11 and the reference to the sin of the Sodomites seem to support. κυριότης) says that in Peter evil Angels are implied from the context, though not in Jude. 334) points out, ‘it does not seem likely that blasphemy against Angels would be so conspicuous a sin of licentious men as to call forth this emphatic condemnation. Bennett inclines to this interpretation in Jude and regards it as included also in 2 Peter, where he gives the general principle of the argument thus: when good Angels withstand dignities, i. evil Angels, although the good are the more powerful, they do not abuse their opponents; how absurd and wicked for evil men to abuse good Angels, or perhaps even the legitimate Church authorities
Saturninus - Irenaeus says that Saturninus like Menander ascribed the ultimate origin of things to a Father unknown to all; and taught that this Father made Angels archangels powers authorities but that the world and the things therein were made by a certain company of seven Angels in whom no doubt we are to recognize the rulers of the seven planetary spheres. He taught that man was the work of the same Angels. But according to the Ophite story it is not the Supreme Power, but Ialdabaoth, the chief of the creative company, who bestows the breath of life; and these Angels say, as in Genesis, "Let us make man after our image. ...
Saturninus further taught that the God of the Jews was one of the seven creator Angels. He and his company were in constant warfare with Satan and a company of evil Angels. ...
Saturninus ascribed the Jewish prophecies, some to the creator Angels and some to Satan. These do not ascribe any of the prophecies to Satan, but Irenaeus (§ 11) gives the scheme according to which they distributed them among the several Angels
Lot's wife - When Sodom was destroyed, she disregarded the Angels admonition and turned around to witness the destruction
Angels - " The "Angel of God" often means the Divide Word, "the Image of the invisible God," God Himself manifested (Colossians 1:15; Genesis 22:11-12; Genesis 16:7; Genesis 16:13; Genesis 31:11; Genesis 31:13; Genesis 48:15-16; Genesis 33:14; compare Isaiah 63:9; Exodus 3:2; Exodus 3:6; Exodus 3:14; Exodus 23:20-22; Acts 27:23-24, compare 1 Corinthians 6:2-3; Numbers 22:22-32-35); accepting as His due the worship which Angels reject as mere creatures (Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:9); this manifestation was as man, an anticipation of the incarnation (John 1:18; Genesis 18:2; Genesis 18:22; Genesis 19:1; Genesis 32:24; Daniel 7:9-10; Joshua 5:13; Joshua 5:15). Compare John 1:51, Greek (aparti ), "from this time forth ye shall see heaven open" (heretofore shut, against man by sin: Hebrews 9:8; Hebrews 10:19-20) "and the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man," as the antitypical Jacob's ladder, the center of communication between men and God, the redeemed and the angelic world; Jesus' miracles, of which mention immediately follows (John 2), are firstfruit of this newly opened communion of earth and heaven (Genesis 28:12-17). Secondarily, God's created messengers; as Israel (Isaiah 42:19), Haggai (Haggai 1:13), John (Malachi 3:1; Malachi 2:7), the priesthood, ministers (Ecclesiastes 5:6), the rulers or Angels of the Christian churches (Revelation 1:20), as Εlohim , "gods" is applied to judges (Psalms 82:6); compare Jesus' application, John 10:34-37. ...
As to the nature of "angels" in the limited sense, they are "spirits" (Hebrews 1:7; Hebrews 1:14), of wind-like velocity, subtle nature, capable of close communion with God; sharers in His truth, purity, and love, since they ever behold His face (Matthew 18:10), even as the redeemed shall (1 John 3:2); not necessarily incorporeal; Luke 20:36 (compare Philippians 3:21), 1 Corinthians 15:44, seemingly but not certainly imply their having bodies. Close kindred of nature between Angels and men is implied in both being alike called "sons of God" (Job 1:6; Job 38:7; Daniel 3:25; Daniel 3:28) and "gods" (Εlohim ) (Psalms 8:5; Hebrew Εlohim "angels," Psalms 97:7; Luke 3:38). "The elect Angels" fell not; they take part, by act and sympathy, in our affairs, and shall witness the Judgment (Luke 15:10; 1 Corinthians 4:9). The probation of the elect Angels is over; their crown is won, they are the "holy ones" now (Daniel 8:13), under the blessed necessity of sinning no more. Bad Angels are permitted to try believers now, as Job; good Angels are God's ministers of vengeance on the bad (Revelation 12:8-9; Revelation 20:1-2). Such shall the saints be at last, "equal to the Angels," holy, made perfect, judges of Angels and the world, ministering mediators of blessing to subject creatures (Hebrews 12:23; Acts 23:11; Revelation 5:10). ...
In the natural world Angels minister, as in directing wind and flame (according to one translation of Psalms 104:4; Hebrews 1:7): "the angel of Jehovah" wrought in the plague on the Egyptian firstborn (Exodus 12:23; Hebrews 11:28), and on the rebels in the wilderness (1 Corinthians 10:10), on Israel under David (2 Samuel 24:16; 1 Chronicles 21:16), on Sennacherib's army (2 Kings 19:35), on Herod (Acts 12:23). " In the spiritual world too: by their ministration the Sinaitic law was given, "ordained by Angels" (Galatians 3:19), "spoken" by them (Hebrews 2:2), by their "disposition" or appointment (Acts 7:53; compare Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17). When man fell by evil Angels, with beautiful propriety it was ordered that other Angels, holy and unfallen, should minister for God in His reparation of the evil caused to man by their fallen fellow spirits. "Manna" is called "angels' food," "the grain of heaven"; not that Angels eat it, but it came from above whence Angels come, and through their ministry (Psalms 78:25). ...
When the Lord of Angels became flesh, they ministered before and at His birth (Luke 1; 2; Matthew 1:20), after the temptation (Matthew 4:11), in the agony of Gethsemane (Luke 22:43), at His resurrection and ascension (Matthew 28:2; Luke 24:4; John 20:12; Acts 1:10-11). Their number is counted by myriad's (Hebrews 12:22; Greek "to myriads, namely the festal assembly of Angels") (Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17; Daniel 7:10; Judges 1:14). ) Some conjecture that Angels had originally natural bodies, which have been developed into spiritual bodies, as the saints' bodies shall (1 Corinthians 15:40-46); for they in Scripture accept material food (Genesis 18) and appear in human form, and never dwell in men's bodies as the demons, who, naked and homeless, seek human bodies as their habitation (see Luke 20:36, "equal unto the Angels": Philippians 3:20-21). Doubtless, besides the material instruments and visible agents, the invisible Angels work in a marvelous way, under God's providence, guiding events at the crisis so as to carry out the foreordained end. The saints (the living creatures and 24 elders) occupy the inner circle, the Angels the outer circle, round the throne of the Lamb (Revelation 5:11)
Angel-Guardians of Men, Spirits And Powers we Sing - (Angel-Guardians of Men, Spirits and Powers We Sing) Hymn for Vespers on October 2, feast of the Holy Guardian Angels
Host - 1: στρατιά (Strong's #4756 — Noun Feminine — stratia — strat-ee'-ah ) "an army," is used of Angels, Luke 2:13 ; of stars, Acts 7:42 ; some mss
Host - 1: στρατιά (Strong's #4756 — Noun Feminine — stratia — strat-ee'-ah ) "an army," is used of Angels, Luke 2:13 ; of stars, Acts 7:42 ; some mss
Ader - Jerom observes, that the place where the Angels declared the birth of Jesus Christ to the shepherds, was called by this name, Luke 2:8-9
Dragon - In the Apocalypse, 12, the chieftain of the host of fallen Angels fights with Michael and his Angels, and the dragon is defeated, "that old serpent who is called the devil and Satan
Archangel, Gabriel the - (Hebrew: hero of God) ...
One of the seven Angels who "stand before God. The Jews venerated Gabriel as the angel of judgment and placed him after Michael; Christian tradition holds that it was he who appeared to Saint Joseph and the Angels, and who strengthened Our Lord in the garden at Gethsemane
Gabriel the Archangel - (Hebrew: hero of God) ...
One of the seven Angels who "stand before God. The Jews venerated Gabriel as the angel of judgment and placed him after Michael; Christian tradition holds that it was he who appeared to Saint Joseph and the Angels, and who strengthened Our Lord in the garden at Gethsemane
Hell - Hell is the future place of eternal punishment of the damned including the devil and his fallen Angels. It was prepared for the devil and his Angels (Matthew 25:41) and will be the abode of the wicked (Revelation 22:8) and the fallen Angels (2 Peter 2:4)
Descent to Hades - The content of His preaching may have been judgment; it may have been affirmation of His victory over “angels, authorities, and powers” (1 Peter 3:22 ); it may have been release from Sheol or Hades for saints who preceded Him. The spirits may have been the “sons of God” of Genesis 6:2 , the people of Noah's day, the Old Testament sinners, Old Testament people who were true to God, fallen Angels, the evil spirits or demonic powers whom Jesus contested in His earthly ministry. The prison may have been Sheol or Hades according to Old Testament thinking, a special place of captivity for sinners, a place of punishment for fallen Angels, a place of security for such Angels where they thought they could escape Christ's power, or a place on the way to heaven where the faithful of old waited to hear the message of Christ's final atoning victory
Candlestick, Apocalyptic - The candlesticks are the seven churches of Asia; the stars, the Angels of those churches
Domination - ) A high order of Angels in the celestial hierarchy; - a meaning given by the schoolmen
Pneumatics - ) The scientific study or knowledge of spiritual beings and their relations to God, Angels, and men
Apocalyptic Candlestick - The candlesticks are the seven churches of Asia; the stars, the Angels of those churches
Michael - , placed under the divine protection, and invested with sovereign power—Michael and his Angels are represented as waging war with Satan and his Angels in the upper regions; from which the latter ate cast down upon the earth
Angel - "Angels" are spirits, Hebrews 1:14 , i. Angels are always spoken of in the masculine gender, the feminine form of the word does not occur. ]'>[1] ...
Note: Isangelos, "equal to the Angels," occurs in Luke 20:36
Principality Principalities - ’...
For the term as used of Angels compare certain passages in Daniel (Daniel 10:13; Daniel 10:21; Daniel 12:1), where Michael is called the ‘prince’ of the Jews (LXX_ ἄρχων), and there is also a hostile angel, ‘the prince of the kingdom of Persia. ’...
It is convenient to consider in this article the various special terms applied to Angels in the Epistles, viz. ...
Romans 8:38 -‘angels, principalities, powers. ’...
1 Peter 3:22 -‘angels, authorities, powers. ’...
The contexts show that in some of the above passages all possible kinds of power, spiritual and earthly, are included; in some the reference is limited to good Angels, and in others to evil Angels, as Ephesians 6:12. It may be noted that Milton uses these titles for unfallen and fallen Angels alike (Paradise Lost, ii. Paul accepted the doctrine of various orders of Angels, Lightfoot’s remark (on Colossians 1:16) that a spirit of impatience is shown cannot be maintained, nor is there any polemical reference in Ephesians 1:21’; and Moule’s opinion is that ‘St. The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (Levi, 3) arranges the Angels in seven heavens, placing powers (δυνάμεις τῶν παρεμβολῶν) in the third, and thrones and authorities in the fourth. 1) says that in the seventh heaven ‘Enoch saw … all the fiery hosts of great archangels, and incorporeal powers, and lordships, and principalities, and powers; cherubim and seraphim, thrones and the watchfulness of many eyes’ (quoted in Peake, Colossians). 4) we learn that instruction as to the positions of Angels (τοποθεσίας τὰς ἀγγελικάς) was regarded as teaching for the more perfect. 270) arranges them in three classes: (1) gods, thrones, dominions; (2) archangels, principalities, authorities; (3) Angels, powers, cherubim, seraphim. 31) mentions Angels, archangels, thrones, dominions, principalities, authorities, splendours, ascents, intellectual powers or intelligences. The pseudo-Dionysius gives (1) thrones, cherubim, seraphim; (2) authorities, dominions, powers; (3) Angels, archangels, principalities. in Ezekiel 34:7) has the following classes-angels, archangels, powers, authorities, principalities, dominions, thrones, cherubim, and seraphim. It might apply to good or bad Angels, according to the context. If, with the RV_, we take it in the natural middle meaning, the next questions are-What was put off? and Who is the subject? Many of the Greek Fathers and others say that the evil Angels were put off, that the Lord by His death stripped away all the opposing powers of evil which sought to win a victory over Him in His human nature. ’ (2) It necessitates a change of subject, of which the context gives no intimation; in Colossians 2:12-14 the subject is God the Father, and no one would think of changing it but for the difficulty of otherwise giving to ‘principalities and powers’ the meaning of evil Angels. ...
But it is possible to keep the middle meaning of ἀπεκδυσάμενος, and the same subject throughout, if ‘principalities and powers’ are good Angels. It is consistent with Colossians 2:10; Colossians 1:16, where good Angels are meant, and there is no allusion in the Epistle to hostile Angels. Peirce’s paraphrase is, ‘and having taken from the good Angels their authority, He subjected them to Christ, and proposed them publicly as an example of cheerful obedience to Him (i. ’ What was this authority? In Galatians 3:19, Hebrews 2:2, Acts 7:53 Angels are described as the medium through which God revealed Himself at the Lawgiving, and in this sense they might be called His robe or veil. But when Christ came the veil was laid aside and the Angels took an inferior position (cf. The chief objection lies in the word ‘triumphing,’ which, if taken in the Roman sense of ‘captives led in triumph by a victorious general,’ seems to require that the principalities and powers should be hostile Angels. ...
In Romans 8:38-39 : ‘I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor Angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers … shall be able to separate us from the love of God’ (RV_), the same question arises as in Colossians 2:15. As the other influences are in pairs of opposites, some find here also a contrast, ‘angels’ being heavenly beings and ‘principalities’ earthly; or ‘angels’ being good spirits and ‘principalities’ evil. Others think that both terms mean evil Angels, arguing that the good would not try to separate us from the love of God
Doxology - (Greek: doxe, praise; logos, word) ...
Tribute of praise, as in the Gloria in Excelsis (Glory in the highest), hymn of the Angels at the Birth of Our Saviour, repeated at every Mass, except at votive and requiem Masses; and in the Gloria Patri (Glory be to the Father), the short doxology
Theatre - The word is θέατρον, and is translated 'spectacle' in 1 Corinthians 4:9 ; the apostles were gazed upon both by Angels and by men
Songs - Of Moses (Exodus 15 ; Numbers 21:17 ; Deuteronomy 32 ; Revelation 15:3 ), Deborah (Judges 5 ), Hannah (1 Samuel 2 ), David (2 Samuel 22 , and Psalms), Mary (Luke 1:46-55 ), Zacharias (Luke 1:68-79 ), the Angels (Luke 2:13 ), Simeon (Luke 2:29 ), the redeemed (Revelation 5:9 ; 19 ), Solomon (see SOLOMON , SONGS OF)
Macedonian - ) One of a certain religious sect, followers of Macedonius, Bishop of Constantinople, in the fourth century, who held that the Holy Ghost was a creature, like the Angels, and a servant of the Father and the Son
Again - For to which of the Angels said he at any time, thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee? and again, I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son? and again, let all the Angels of God worship him
Cherubim - Those Angels who compose the second highest of the nine choirs
Cherub - Those Angels who compose the second highest of the nine choirs
Encamp - ...
Psalm 34:7 (a) The Angels of the Lord surround the saint of GOD to protect and preserve him and to provide for his every need
Melchizedezians - They affirmed that Melchizedeck was not a man, but a heavenly power superior to Jesus Christ; for Melchizedeck, they said, was the intercessor and mediator of the Angels; and Jesus Christ was only so for man, and his priesthood only a copy of that of Melchizedeck
Sons of God - These are believed by some to have been Angels, permitted to take human form: cf. The Angels who came to present themselves to God in the days of Job, and who shouted for joy when the foundations of the earth were laid, are called 'sons of God
Gabriel - Angels, or messengers of God, feature frequently in the Bible record, but only rarely does the Bible give their names. (See also Angels
in Excelsis - (Latin: excellere, to raise up) ...
On high, the highest, occurring in the hymn of the Angels to the shepherds at Our Lord's birth, meaning that God is eminently above all things, and perhaps alluding to the idolatrous altars, which occasionally the Jews themselves, and always the people about them, used to build on the "high places," the tops of hills
Angels in Art - At first Angels were not represented unless historically necessary but after the 5th century they become favorite subjects, and were painted as attendants on the principal figures of a picture
Angel - Such expressions as "like the Angels" (Luke 20:36 ), and the fact that whenever Angels appeared to man it was always in a human form (Genesis 18:2 ; 19:1,10 ; Luke 24:4 ; Acts 1:10 ), and the titles that are applied to them ("sons of God," Job 1:6 ; 38:7 ; Daniel 3:25 ; Compare 28) and to men (Luke 3:38 ), seem all to indicate some resemblance between them and the human race. As finite creatures they may fall under temptation; and accordingly we read of "fallen Angels. When the manna is called "angels' food," this is merely to denote its excellence (Psalm 78:25 ). Angels never die (Luke 20:36 ). The redeemed in glory are "like unto the Angels" (Luke 20:36 ). In the days of the prophets, from Samuel downward, the Angels appear only in their behalf (1 Kings 19:5 ; 2 Kings 6:17 ; Zechariah 1-6 ; Daniel 4:13,23 ; 10:10,13,20,21 ). The Incarnation introduces a new era in the ministrations of Angels. They merely indicate that God employs the ministry of Angels to deliver his people from affliction and danger, and that the Angels do not think it below their dignity to minister even to children and to the least among Christ's disciples
Angel - Angels, therefore in the proper signification of the word, do not import the nature of any being, but only the office to which they are appointed especially by way of message or intercourse between God and his creatures. Angels) to Jabesh Gilead, Proverbs 13:17 . 1 Samuel 14:14 ; but I must confess, that, though I do not at all see the impropriety of considering the providences of God as his Angels or messengers for good or for evil, yet the passages generally adduced under this head do not prove to me that the providences of God are meant in distinction from created Angels. ...
As to the time when the Angels were created, much has been said by the learned. To suppose, say they, that no creatures whatever, neither Angels nor other worlds, had been created previous to the creation of our world, is to suppose that a Being of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness, had remained totally inactive from all eternity, and had permitted the infinity of space to continue a perfect vacuum till within these 6000 years; that such an idea only tends to discredit revelation, instead of serving it. "What need we dispute, " says Henry, "whether every particular saint has a guardian angel, when we are sure he has a guard of Angels about him?" They will gather the elect in the last day, attend the final judgment, Matthew 25:31 . Although the Angels were originally created perfect, yet they were mutable: some of them sinned, and kept not their first estate; and so, of the most blessed and glorious, became the most vile and miserable of all God's creatures. The number of the fallen Angels seems to be great, and, like the holy Angels, perhaps have various orders among them, Matthew 12:24 . 538, 568; Shepherd of Angels; Gilpin on Temptations; Casmanni Angelographia; Gill and Ridgeley's Bodies of Divinity
Ladder - The Angels ascending and descending in Jacob's vision point to God's presence with Jacob (Genesis 28:12 )
Aviators - By a decree of 1920, Our Lady of Loreto was proclaimed patroness of aviators by the Holy See, in reference to the ancient tradition that the Holy House of Nazareth was miraculously carried through the air by Angels
Michael - The context concerns conflict in the spirit world, with Michael and his Angels fighting on behalf of God’s people against the devil and his Angels. (See also Angels
Loreto, Holy House of - So-called from the tradition that the house, wherein the Holy Family dwelt at Nazareth, was transported by Angels to the city of Loreto, Italy
Holy House of Loreto - So-called from the tradition that the house, wherein the Holy Family dwelt at Nazareth, was transported by Angels to the city of Loreto, Italy
Hospitality - The fact is mentioned that by exercising hospitality "some have entertained Angels unawares
Legion - Our Lord meant the expression, no doubt, exactly as it is, when he said "twelve legions of Angels
Lot - When Sodom was destroyed, Angels were dispatched to save him
Achiropoeta - The picture of Christ preserved in the chapel Sancta Sanctorum of the Lateran is supposed to have been outlined by Saint Luke and completed by Angels, and is said to have miraculously appeared
Legion - The Lord said that His Father on His request would send Him more than twelve legions of Angels
Sabaoth - ) It may designate Jehovah as either (1) God of the armies of earth, or (2) God of the armies of the stars, or (3) God of the unseen armies of Angels; or perhaps it may include all these ideas
Dominion - ) A supposed high order of Angels; dominations
Andrew of Wyntoun - In his "Origynale Cronykil of Scotland," so called because it began with the creation of the Angels, he incorporated the work of an unknown author, written in the same easy-flowing, octosyllabic, rhyming verse of the Scots vernacular
Fullness of Grace - As applied to Mary, the Mother of God, it is a fullness intermediate between that peculiar to Christ, and that of all the Angels and saints
Lucifer - (Latin: light-bearer; the morning star, the sun) ...
Although it sometimes refers to a King of Babylon (in Isaiah 14), the Fathers apply it in a spiritual sense to the leader of the fallen Angels, or Satan
Seraphim - See Angels
Ahura-Mazda - Ormazd is attended by Angels and archangels
Mahanaim - ) Here David retreated from the rebellion of Absalom, (2 Samuel 17:24) Jacob gave the name to this spot, from the Angels he met there
Idolatry - made by hands and the worship of the heavenly bodies,the sun, moon and stars, or of demons, Angels, men and animals
Sabaoth - , the heavenly bodies, the Angels, or the people of God
Supernational Gift - A particular grant of Almighty God to rational beings (men or Angels) unwarranted by man's nature, natural powers or needs; a grant therefore outside the limits of God's general Providence and consistent support of human life and human activity
Gift, Supernational - A particular grant of Almighty God to rational beings (men or Angels) unwarranted by man's nature, natural powers or needs; a grant therefore outside the limits of God's general Providence and consistent support of human life and human activity
Saints - Thus when spoken of Angels, or beings of higher intellect than man, there is a peculiar degree of holiness annexed to the word saint in those instances. And with respect to the holiness of men or Angels it is possible, yea more than possible, even highly probable, that when a sinner is washed from all his sins in Christ's blood, he is holier than an angel which never sinned; and eminently on this account—the holiness of the sinner in his renewed nature is the holiness of God our Saviour, from a life received from Jesus and union with Jesus: whereas the holiness of the angel is but the holiness of the creature, a created holiness, and not derived from any life-union with Christ. The holy Angels are said by JEHOVAH (Job 4:18) to have no trust put in them, yea,"he chargeth them with folly, or weakness—that is, with a possibility of falling. Angels have fallen, and therefore Angels may fall
Elect - (1 Peter 5:13) I must not overlook, under this article, what%is said in Scripture of elect Angels, also. But without this preservation in Christ, by election, Angels are no more secure from falling than men, who have fallen. For as some Angels have fallen, so might all, if not upheld by a superior power to themselves. For as we read, (Job 4:18) "God putteth no trust in his servants, and his Angels he chargeth with folly," that is, with weakness; so it is plain that their preservation is not in themselves, but in the Lord. And when we read of the elect Angels, it implies their election, and upholding in Christ
Hierarchy - The word is also used in reference to the subordination some suppose there is among the Angels: but whether they are to be considered as having a government or hierarchy among themselves, so that one is superior in office and dignity to others; or whether they have a kind of dominion over one another; or whether some are made partakers of privileges others are deprived of, cannot be determined, since Scripture is silent as to this matter
Sabaoth - By this phrase we may understand the host of heaven, or the Angels and ministers of the Lord; or the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; or, lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenant, which is truly a great army, of which God is the Lord and commander
Mahanaim - Two hosts, a place so named because a host of Angels here met the host of Jacob, on his return from Padan-aram, Genesis 32:1-2
Star - ...
Turning to the use of the word ‘star’ in the Book of Revelation, we find in the vision of the Son of Man that ‘he had in his right hand seven stars’ (Revelation 1:16) and that ‘the seven stars are the Angels of the seven churches’ (Revelation 1:20). According to one view, the Angels of the churches are their pastors or rulers; according to another, they are superhuman beings standing in some intimate relation to the churches. The latter is the ordinary use of ἄγγελος in the Apocalypse (see Angels; see also Revelation 2:1; Revelation 3:1). ’ ‘If the churches are λυχνίαι and their Angels ἀστέρες, the Head of the Church may fitly be the ἀστὴρ ὁ πρωινός, (H
Demons - They are commonly called Angels, some of whom willingly serve God, though others have rebelled against him (Judges 1:6; see Angels). These rebellious, or fallen, Angels are variously known as demons, evil spirits, spiritual hosts of wickedness, principalities, powers, rulers, authorities, evil spiritual forces, cosmic powers of evil, and Angels of the devil
Order - (Latin: ordo, array, row) ...
a class or group of persons of the same condition, occupation, profession
a state, such as the natural or supernatural
a body of men or women abiding by common religious, moral, or social regulations
a form of service, such as the order, or ordinary, of the Mass
a grade or rank in the ministry, one of the holy orders
one of the nine choirs of Angels
a fraternity or society of knights
the badges or decorations of the various knighthoods
Gabriel - See Angels
Beneath - ) Lower in rank, dignity, or excellence than; as, brutes are beneath man; man is beneath Angels in the scale of beings
Legion - He also said to Peter, who drew his sword to defend him in the olive garden: "Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, who shall presently give me more than twelve legions of Angels?" Matthew 26:53
Breast - , that which stands out, is used of mourners in smiting the "breast," Luke 18:13 ; 23:48 ; of John in reclining on the "breast" of Christ, John 13:25 ; 21:20 ; of the "breasts" of the Angels in Revelation 15:6
Laborer, Isidore the, Saint - Isidore was favored with celestial visions, assisted in his work by Angels, and is said to have restored to life the deceased daughter of his master
Isidore the Laborer, Saint - Isidore was favored with celestial visions, assisted in his work by Angels, and is said to have restored to life the deceased daughter of his master
Lord of Hosts - The Angels, the stars, as well as armies of men are represented in the Bible as subject to Him
Seraphim - (See Angels
Carmathites - To comply with this, they often neglected their business; they ate many things forbidden by the law of Mahomet, and believed that Angels were their guides in all their actions, and that the demons or ghosts are their enemies
Devil - In the Christian theology, an evil spirit or being a fallen angel, expelled from heaven for rebellion against God the chief of the apostate Angels the implacable enemy and tempter of the human race
Hosts, Lord of - The Angels, the stars, as well as armies of men are represented in the Bible as subject to Him
Amen - The Angels sang a song which begins and ends with this word
Gehenna - It is apparently the future abode of Satan and his Angels (Matthew 25:41)
Premillennialism - At the beginning of the millennium Satan and his Angels will be bound and peace will exist on the entire earth
Hebrews - The aim of this epistle is to prove from the Old Testament the divinity, humanity, atonement and intercession of Christ, and his preeminence over Moses and the Angels of God; to demonstrate the superiority of the gospel to the law, and the real object and design of the Mosaic institution
Evil, Powers of - Since original sin is ascribed to the instigation of the devil: "By the envy of the devil, death came into the world" (Wisdom of Solomon 2), and according to Saint Paul (Ephesians 6), the evil spirits are the most dangerous enemies of our souls, the real powers of evil in the world are the fallen Angels
Gabriel - one of the principal Angels of heaven
Deep, the - It is probably the place where the fallen Angels are reserved in chains of darkness, 2 Peter 2:4 , where the reference is to tartarus, not gehenna
Spirit - Angels, both good and bad, souls without bodies, are thus designated
Vision - Thus, in the earliest times, to patriarchs, prophets, and holy men God sent Angels, he appeared to them himself by night in dreams, he illuminated their minds, he made his voice to be heard by them, he sent them ecstasies, and transported them beyond themselves, and made them hear things that eye had not seen, ear had not heard, and which had not entered into the heart of man. The beatific vision denotes the act of Angels and glorified spirits beholding in heaven the unveiled splendours of the Lord Jehovah, and privileged to contemplate his perfections and plans in and by himself
Raphael - (1) He is one of the seven ‘angels of the presence’ ( Luke 1:13 , Revelation 8:2 [2], Enoch 90). See Angels. 7, where he is ordered to bind Azazel (so 54), and heal the earth which the Angels have defiled; and 40
Trumpet - There (Matthew 24:31) we read that when the Son of Man comes in the clouds for the final judgment, He despatches His Angels ‘with a loud trumpet’ to gather His elect from the four corners of the earth. We are not told who blows the trumpet, though possibly the Angels were meant. * Michael - Although reference to Angels and their visitations is common in the OT, especially during transition periods ( e. the period of the Judges and that of the Captivity are specially noticeable for angelic appearances), the name Michael is not found until the later period, when the angelic office was divided into two parts, which were assigned to individual Angels. In the OT he is alluded to several times in the Book of Daniel ( Daniel 10:13 ; Daniel 10:21 ; Daniel 12:1 ) as ‘one of the chief princes,’ ‘the prince,’ and ‘the prince which standeth for the people,’ and he is opposed to the prince-angels of Persia and of Greece
Cherub, Cherubim - (chehr' uh bihm) Class of winged Angels. In the Old Testament it is the name of a class of winged Angels who functioned primarily as guards (Genesis 3:24 ) or attendants (Ezekiel 10:3-22 ). See Angels
Basilidians - power and wisdom, ) engendered the Angels of the highest order. These Angels formed a heaven for their habitation, and brought forth other angelic beings of a nature somewhat inferior to their own. Many other generations of Angels followed these. ...
This design was carried into execution, and was approved by the Supreme God, who to the animal life, with which only the inhabitants of this new world were at first endowed, added a reasonable soul, giving at the same time to the Angels the empire over them
Michael - These are the only references supplied by the OT, but they exercised a powerful influence upon the Jewish tradition that grew up regarding Michael (in which he further appears as one of the seven archangels and the chief of the four great archangels), and through this upon NT conceptions. ), there is war in heaven, and Michael and his Angels go forth to war with the great red dragon (otherwise described as ‘the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan,’ Daniel 12:9) and his Angels, with the result that the latter are overthrown and cast down to the earth. According to Galatians 3:19 the Law was ‘ordained by Angels,’ and in Hebrews 2:2 ‘the word’ is described as ‘spoken by Angels’ (cf. Matthew 24:31, ‘He shall send his Angels with a great sound of a trumpet’), and it is a common feature of the later Jewish tradition of the Day of Judgment that the trumpet is blown by Michael the archangel (see Bousset, op
Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic - ...
Satan, the chief of the fallen Angels, is mentioned in a number of places in the Old Testament. It is clear that from the very moment of the creation of this world that Satan and fallen Angels were on the scene, rebels against God. ...
Matthew, Mark, and Luke clearly accept and teach a doctrine of a personal Satan and his agents called fallen Angels or demons (Mark 3:22 ). In Matthew 25:41 even hell is described as being prepared for the devil and his Angels. 2 Peter 2:4 speaks of the “angels that sinned” and Jude 1:6 of the “angels which kept not their first estate. In the end Satan and his Angels will be completely overcome. Knowledge about Satan and evil Angels alerts Christians to the danger and subtlety of satanic temptation
Cherub - ) One of a order of Angels, variously represented in art
Legion - (lee' giohn) In the New Testament a collection of demons (Mark 5:9 ,Mark 5:9,5:15 ; Luke 8:30 ) and the host of Angels (Matthew 26:53 )
Abyss - The Jewish eschatology of the time of Christ conceived of the abode of departed spirits as a great abyss, in the midst of which was a lake of fire, intended primarily as a place of punishment for the Angels and giants, and accordingly for sinners
Beelzebub - A name of contempt applied to Satan, the prince of the evil Angels
Scapular of the Precious Blood - It is red, and one part usuallly bears a picture of the chalice with the Precious Blood adored by Angels; the other segment which hangs at the back is simply a smaller portion of red cloth
Montallegro - According to tradition, the Blessed Virgin appeared (July 2, 1557) on Monte Leto, to Giovanni Chichizola, a peasant, and showed him a picture of her passing from earthly life, saying that it had been transported by Angels from Greece, and that she would leave it on the mountain side as a pledge of her love. Apparently of Byzantine origin, the portrait represents the Blessed Virgin lying on a bier, surrounded by several saints, and two Angels, supporting a representation of the Holy Trinity symbolized by three human bodies merged into one
Spirit - It is said, in Acts 23:8 , that the Sadducees denied the existence of Angels and spirits. Paul calls the good Angels "ministering spirits,"...
Hebrews 1:14
Devil - He exerts himself, especially with his Angels, to draw away the souls of men from embracing salvation through Jesus Christ. He is ceaselessly active in his efforts to destroy souls, and uses innumerable devices and wiles to adapt his temptations to the varying characters and conditions of men, enticing wicked men, and even good men at times, as well as his own Angels, to aid in his work. Christ shall bruise the serpent's head; shall dispossess him for the world, as he has done from individuals, and at length confine him for ever in the place prepared for him and his Angels, Matthew 25:41 . " The Bible applies the other word only to Satan-"the devil", and his Angels, who are like their leader in nature and in actions
Behmenists - How and what Angels and men were in their creation; that they are in and from God, his real offspring; that their life begun in and from this divine fire, which is the Father of Light, generating a birth of light in their souls; from both which proceeds the Holy Spirit, or breath of divine love, in the triune creature, as it does in the triune Creator. How some Angels, and all men, are fallen from God, and their first state of a divine triune life in him; what they are in their fallen state, and the difference between the fall of Angels and that of man. How the earth, stars, and elements were created in consequence of the fall of Angels. How and why sin and misery shall only reign for a time, until God shall, in a supernatural way, make fallen man rise to the glory of Angels, and this material system shake off its curse, and enter into an everlasting union with that heaven from whence it fell. That immortal spark of life, which is common to Angels and devils
Frances of Rome, Saint - She is famous for her devotion to the Angels, who appeared to her frequently and guided her, also for her charity to the poor
Essenes - The worshipping of Angels was part of their profession
Seleucians - He also maintained that the world was not made by God, but was co-eternal with him; and that the soul was only an animated fire created by the Angels; that Christ does not sit at the right hand of the Father in a human body, but that he lodged his body in the sun, according to Psalms 19:4 ; and that the pleasures of beatitude consisted in corporeal delight
Archangel - '" Archangels seem to of a class of Angels of great rank and power. Apparently, there are three archangels named: Michael, Gabriel, and Lucifer
Throne - ) A high order of Angels in the celestial hierarchy; - a meaning given by the schoolmen
Mahanaim - " The patriarch gave it this name because in this place he had a vision of Angels coming to meet him, Genesis 32:2
Seleucians - Their teaching, based on the crudest form of dualism, held that matter is coeternal with God, that evil is to be attributed to God as well as to matter, that the human spul is formed from earthly elements by Angels
Rome, Frances of, Saint - She is famous for her devotion to the Angels, who appeared to her frequently and guided her, also for her charity to the poor
Legion - The expression, "twelve legions of Angels," Matthew 26:53 , illustrate the immensity of the heavenly host, and their zealous devotion to Christ
Salome - Her conception as to the true nature of Christ's kingdom were no doubt changed by his crucifixion, which she witnessed "afar off," and by his resurrection, of which she was early apprized by the Angels at the tomb, Mark 15:40 ; 16:1
Seleucians - Their teaching, based on the crudest form of dualism, held that matter is coeternal with God, that evil is to be attributed to God as well as to matter, that the human spul is formed from earthly elements by Angels
Archangel - They include declaring edicts of God to a specific audience (Genesis 22:11-13 ), announcing special events (Genesis 16:7-12 ), protecting the faithful (individuals and groups; Exodus 14:19-20 ; Exodus 23:20 ; Psalm 91:11 ), and Angels also serve as envoys of punishment against the wicked and unfaithful (Psalm 35:5-6 ). ...
In religious texts dating from the post-exilic period, there appears to be substantial change in perception of Angels. Hierarchies emerge in the literature that stressed particular groupings headed by archangels [1] who were counted among number designations such as seven (Tobit 12:15 ; 4 Ezra 5:20 ), four (Enoch 4; 87:2-3; 88:1), three (Enoch 90:31). The archangels Michael (Daniel 10:13 ; Daniel 12:1 ; Enoch 9:1; 10:11), Gabriel (Daniel 8:16 ; Enoch 9:1; 20:7; 40:9), Raphael (Tobit 3:17 ; Tobit 12:15 ; Enoch 10:4; 40:9) and Uriel (Enoch 9:1; 19:1; 20:2) gain particular hero status. These special archangels function as mediators between God and humans, and frequently there is a perceptible character that stands in contrast (but not necessarily in opposition) to the messenger function. The archangels are interpreters of the message. Although Angels generally represented a “guardian role,” common to the ancient near eastern world, archangels seem to be of a superior category. ...
The New Testament continues the idea of Angels as messengers of God. The Book of Revelation appears to reflect tradition of archangels found in Enoch (although the term archangelos is found only in 1 Thessalonians 4:16 and Jude 1:9 ) that have holy creatures waiting on the throne of God, presiding over the corners of the earth, and are part of the cosmic reordering at the end of time (Revelation 1:4 ; Revelation 4:5 ; Revelation 7:1 ; Revelation 12:7 ; Enoch 9:1; 10:1; 40:2; 90:21)
Mohammedanism - It requires, belief in one God, in its Angels, the Koran, in its Prophets, resurrection and judgment. The Angels of Mohammed are mainly a product of his imagination based on later Jewish and early Christian traditions
Satan - signifies an adversary or enemy, and is commonly applied in the Scriptures to the devil, or the chief of the fallen Angels. By collecting the passages where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be concluded, that he fell from heaven with his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over subordinate apostate Angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men, and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets and seducers; that it is he, or his agents, that torment or possess men, and inspire them with evil designs, as when he suggested to David, the numbering of the people, to Judas to betray his Lord and Master, and to Ananias and Sapphira to conceal the price of their field; that he is full of rage like a roaring lion, and of subtlety like a serpent, to tempt, to betray, to destroy, and involve us in guilt and wickedness; that his power and malice are restrained within certain limits, and controlled by the will of God; in a word, that he is an enemy to God and man, and uses his utmost endeavours to rob God of his glory, and men of their souls
Behmenists - How and what Angels and men were in their creation; that they are in and from God, his real offspring; that their life begun in and from this divine fire which is the Father of light, generating a birth of light in the Holy Spirit, or breath of divine love in the triune creature, as it does in the triune Creator. How some Angels, and all men, are fallen from God, and their first state of a divine triune life in him; what they are in their fallen state, and the difference between the fall of Angels and that of Man. How the earth, stars, and elements, were created in consequence of the fallen Angels. How and why sin and misery, wrath, and death, shall only reign for a time, till the love, the wisdom, and the power of God shall in a supernatural way (the mystery of God made man) triumph over sin, misery, and death; and make fallen man rise to the glory of Angels, and this material system shake off its curse, and enter into an everlasting union with that heaven from whence it fell. ...
The year after he wrote his Three Principles, by which are to be understood the dark world, or hell, in which the devils live; the light world, or heaven, in which the Angels live; the external or visible world, which has proceeded from the internal and spiritual worlds, in which man, as to his bodily life, lives; ...
Behmen produced this Three fold Life of Man, according to the Three Principles. That he has that immortal spark of life which is common to Angels and devils
Assembly - Hebrews 12:23 : ‘Ye are come … to innumerable hosts of Angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven’ (Revised Version ; μυριάσιν ἀγγέλων, πανηγύρει καὶ ἐκκλησίᾳ πρωτοτόκων ἀπογεγραμμένων ἐν οὐρανοῖς). Davidson (‘Hebrews,’ Bible Class Handbooks, in loco) holds that the only subject is Angels, and translates: ‘to myriads of Angels,-even a festal assembly and convocation of first-borns enrolled in heaven. ...
(b) On the other hand, Westcott (Hebrews) contends for two classes-angels and men; and renders the passage: ‘to countless hosts of Angels in festal assembly, and to the Church of the first-born enrolled in heaven. ‘Tens of thousands’ is an almost technical term for Angels; and, though ‘firstborn’ is not elsewhere applied to them, it is a quite natural name for the sons of God. It is the picture of noble souls returning home to God, and welcomed with the ‘joy that is in the presence of the Angels of God
Faber, Peter, Blessed - Part of his diary extant shows that he had an extraordinory devotion to the Angels
Devotions, Popular - Various prayers and pious practises, whether in common at Church or in private, in honor of: the Blessed Trinity; Our Divine Lord, His Holy Infancy, His Holy Name, His Five Wounds, His Passion, His Sacred Heart, His Presence in the Holy Eucharist; the Holy Ghost; the Angels Guardian, Saint Michael; the Blessed Virgin, under her various titles as Help of Christians, Mediatrix of Divine Grace, Queen of the Holy Rosary; and of certain saints, Joseph, Anne, Monica, Benedict, Francis of Assisi, Anthony of Padua, Dominic, Francis Xavier, Aloysius, Rita, Teresa of Jesus, each treated in the article under these several titles; for the souls in Purgatory and for a Happy Death (Bona Mars)
Living Creatures - They are distinguished from Angels (Revelation 15:7 ); they join the elders in the "new song" (5:8,9); they warn of danger from divine justice (Isaiah 6:3-5 ), and deliver the commission to those who execute it (Ezekiel 10:2,7 ); they associate with the elders in their sympathy with the hundred and forty-four thousand who sing the new song (Revelation 14:3 ), and with the Church in the overthrow of her enemies (19:4)
Saint - The "saints" spoken of in Jude 1:14 are probably not the disciples of Christ, but the "innumerable company of Angels" ( Hebrews 12:22 ; Psalm 68:17 ), with reference to Deuteronomy 33:2
Bellini, Giovanni - Angels with musical instruments add a subtle harmony to his groups
Adversary - Being found guilty, the Lord JESUS hands this wicked sinner over to one of His Angels who is the officer
Calf - ...
A calf was kept by the affluent, ready for any special meal, such as was presented tender and good to the Angels by Abraham, Genesis 18:7 ; which is also described as 'the fatted calf' in the parable of the Prodigal Son
Gabriel - As Michael represents the Angels in their might in conflict with evil, so Gabriel in ministering comfort and sympathy to man in dark times
Excel - ...
Bless the Lord, ye his Angels, that excel in strength
Abraham's Bosom - was the place to which the poor man Lazarus was carried by the Angels when he died
Devil - The greatest of all the fallen Angels
Sparrow - He had been with Angels, archangels, seraphim, cherubim, and with GOD His Father throughout eternity
Pharisee - The Pharisees believed in life after death, the resurrection, the existence of Angels and demons, and that the way to God was through keeping the law
Immortal - Angels are immortal; but God, who made them, can terminate their being
Tongue - The tongue of Angels, a kind of hyperbole made use of by St
Gods - The words god and gods, Hebrew ELOHIM, are several times used in Scripture to express the power, office, or excellence of some created beings, as Angels, magistrates, Exodus 22:20,28 Psalm 86:8 97:12 ; often also for the false gods of the heathen
Sentences, Book of the - The first book treats of God and the Trinity, Providence, predestination, and evil; the second, or creation, the Angels, the fall, grace, and sin; the third, of the Incarnation, Redemption, the virtues, and commandments; the fourth, of the Sacraments and the four last things
Saint - The holy Angels are called saint
Goodness of God - His special goodness relates to Angels and saints. To Angels, in creating, confirming, and making them what they are
Angels of the Seven Churches - The general practice of NT writers points to the conclusion that the word ‘angels,’ used in this connexion, is employed to denote superhuman and celestial personalities. The fact that in the Apocalypse these ‘angels’ are to such a degree the recipients of praise and blame would seem to put both these simple interpretations out of court. ...
In supporting the contention that by the ‘angels’ of the Churches are meant the bishops, the strange conclusion has been maintained that in the words τὴν γυναῖκα [1] Ἰεζάβελ (Revelation 2:20) the author is referring to the Thyatiran bishop’s wife (see Grotius, Annotationes in Apoc. There is, indeed, no valid reason to suppose that the author, even in a work as highly symbolical as this is, attaches an essentially different idea to the word when he speaks of ‘the Angels of the Seven Churches. ...
Perhaps the most curious feature of the letters to the Asian Churches is the way in which the writer expresses himself in terms of stern reproof or of encouragement to their ‘angels. ’ The objection to this difficulty is considered by Origen, who finds cause for marvel at the care shown by God for men: ‘forasmuch as He suffers His Angels to be blamed and rebuked on our behalf’ (hom. ...
As we have already seen, however, it is difficult to suppose that the writer intended the words to be understood as referring literally to Angels who presided over the Churches. A similar belief with respect to the guardianship of individuals is referred to incidentally as held by Jesus (Matthew 18:10), and we need not be surprised to find it applied to Churches in their corporate capacity by a writer whose teaching on the activity and functions of Angels is so advanced
Kostka, Stanislas - The religious perfection of his short life there was a source of inspiration to many; invoked against palpitations of the heart and severe illness; represented receiving Holy Communion from Angels, receiving the Infant Jesus from the Blessed Virgin, or, in the midst of battle, putting to flight the enemies of his country
Lataste, Marie - She received frequent apparitions of Our Lady and the Angels, and finally, under Divine direction, entered the Society of the Sacred Heart as a lay sister, 1844, and became a model of humble virtue
Marie Lataste - She received frequent apparitions of Our Lady and the Angels, and finally, under Divine direction, entered the Society of the Sacred Heart as a lay sister, 1844, and became a model of humble virtue
Sabaoth - While the word "hosts" probably had special reference to Angels, the title "the Lord of hosts" became used to designate Him as the One who is supreme over all the innumerable hosts of spiritual agencies, or of what are described as "the armies of heaven
Lot - He was saved by Angels when Sodom and Gomorrha were destroyed for their immorality; his wife, however, was turned into a pillar of salt for her disobedience
Sadducee - They held rigidly to the old Testament law and a denying the life after death, reward and punishment after death, the resurrection, and the existence of Angels and demons
Dominion - An order of Angels
Infinite - Thus Angels and men, though they have had a beginning, will exist in infinite duration
Intercession - In thus pleading for sinners as the one Mediator, his work is perfect; it precludes all help a virgin, saints, or Angels; and will certainly prevail
Stanislas Kostka, Saint - The religious perfection of his short life there was a source of inspiration to many; invoked against palpitations of the heart and severe illness; represented receiving Holy Communion from Angels, receiving the Infant Jesus from the Blessed Virgin, or, in the midst of battle, putting to flight the enemies of his country
Son of God - In Job 1:6 ; 38:7 this name is applied to the Angels. ...
When used with reference to creatures, whether men or Angels, this word is always in the plural
Judgment - The judge was sometimes said to be God ( Hebrews 12:23 ), sometimes His representative, the Christ, assisted by the Angels ( Romans 2:16 , Matthew 13:24-30 ; Matthew 13:37-43 ; Matthew 13:47-50 ; Matthew 24:31-45 ; Cf. At the Judgment, sentences would be pronounced determining the eternal states of individuals, both men and Angels
Dominion - ’ There is no necessary reference in either of these texts to evil Angels, but a comparison of what is written in Ephesians 2:2 ; Ephesians 6:12 shows that ‘the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places’ need not be excluded. Others believe that the reference is to Angels, either good or evil, as representing some form of supernatural power and dominion, and the reference in the context to Michael, the archangel, not bringing a railing judgment even against the devil, may be thought to favour this view
Angel - Christ did not come to the rescue of Angels, but of men. The Angels are represented as ministering spirits sent forth to do service to the heirs or salvation. Though Scripture does not warrant us to affirm that each individual has his particular guardian angel, it teaches very explicitly that Angels minister to every Christian. The only true interpretation of this phrase is the one which makes the Angels the rulers and teachers of the congregation, so called because they were the ambassadors of God to the churches, and on them devolved the pastoral care and government
Elements - The special meanings or στοιχεῖα are: (a) the letters or the alphabet; (b) the physical elements or constituents of the universe; (c) the heavenly bodies; (d) the rudiments or principia of a subject; (e) the elementary spirits, Angels, genii, or demons of the cosmos. ) Many recent expositors therefore maintain that the στοιχεῖα are the Angels or personal elemental spirits which were supposed to animate all things. ) speaks of the Angels of the stars keeping watch, the leaders dividing the seasons, the taxiarchs the months, and the chiliarchs the days. ) refers to the creation of the Angels of the face (or presence), and the Angels who cry ‘holy,’ the Angels of the spirit of wind and of hail, of thunder and of lightning, of heat and of cold, of each of the seasons, of dawn and of evening, etc. The four winds have their four Angels (Revelation 7:1-2), and the fire has its angel (Revelation 14:18). Angels take the form of winds and fire (Hebrews 1:7 || Psalms 104:4). The inferiority of the law to the gospel is due to its administration by Angels (Galatians 3:19). 594), Schœttgen quotes the Rabbinical words: ‘No choir of Angels sings God’s praises twice, for each day God creates new hosts which sing His praises and then vanish into the stream of fire from under the throne of His glory whence they came
Sever - ...
2: ἀφορίζω (Strong's #873 — Verb — aphorizo — af-or-id'-zo ) "to separate from," is used of the work of the Angels at the end of this age, in "severing" the wicked from among the righteous, Matthew 13:49 , a premillennial act quite distinct from the rapture of the Church as set forth in 1 Thessalonians 4
Doxology - It began with the words the Angels sung at the birth of Christ, "Glory to God, " &c
Charm - Doddridge, "which are commonly called charms, and seem to have no efficacy at all for producing the effects proposed by them, are to be avoided; seeing if there be indeed any real efficacy in them, it is generally probable they owe it to some bad cause; for one can hardly imagine that God should permit good Angels in any extraordinary manner to interpose, or should immediately exert his own miraculous power on trifling occasions, and upon the performance of such idle tricks as are generally made the condition of receiving such benefits
Messenger - See Angels
Adore - In the sense of divine worship, it is due to God only, and was rejected by Angels and saints when offered to them (Luke 4:8; Acts 10:25-26; Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:9)
Angel - Hence Angels are ministers of God, and ministring spirits
Beneath - Lower in rank, dignity or excellence as, brutes are beneath man man is beneath Angels, in the seale of beings
Legion - 1: λεγιών (Strong's #3003 — Noun Feminine — legion — leg-eh-ohn' ) otherwise spelled legeon, "a legion," occurs in Matthew 26:53 , of Angels; in Mark 5:9,15 , and Luke 8:30 , of demons
Temptation of Jesus - ...
Mark (Luke 1:13-14 ) recorded that the Spirit drove Jesus into the wilderness where He remained 40 days, was tempted by Satan, was with the wild beasts, and was ministered to by Angels. This reinforces the Old Testament ideas that the wilderness, the place of wild beasts, was the appropriate place for sin (Leviticus 16:1 ) and that when one was in distress in the desert, the Angels of God ministered to the afflicted. The dare was accompanied by the quotation of Psalm 91:11-12 that God's Angels will rescue and bear up God's anointed. The Rabbis taught that there was a specific pinnacle of the Temple where the Messiah would suddenly appear and jump off, floating down to earth sustained by Angels. The devil left, and Angels ministered to Jesus
Mediator - He must be God, to give virtue and value to his obedience and sufferings; for the sufferings of men or Angels would not have been sufficient. Praying, therefore, to saints and Angels is an error of the church of Rome, and has no countenance from the Scripture. Christ is a Mediator of men only, not of Angels: good Angels need not any; and as for evil Angels, none is provided nor admitted
Angel of the Lord (Jahweh) - ’ He occupies a special and unique position; he is not merely one among the Angels, albeit a great one, but one sui generis , in a special way Jahweh’s representative among men. ...
He appears in human form, and most of the characteristics of Angels generally are his. long before the time of Moses, Jahweh must, in the popular mind, have been regarded as belonging to the angelic host, and by degrees He assumed a more and more exalted position; as subjective revelation increased, the more fully did the personality of Jahweh become realized, and His superiority to the Angels recognized, though in the process it was inevitable that the differentiation should not always be complete
Cherubim - Some have considered them as representing Angels. But there seems, in the first view of the subject, a total contradiction to this, because, no one reason upon earth can be shown, why Angels should be represented with four faces. We meet with continued instances of Angels appearing, in the word of God, to God's people without any danger of JEHOVAH himself only can it be said, "Thou canst not see my face and live. Now, to have this set forth before Angels would have been contrary to the whole sense of Scripture. (See Exodus 37:9; Leviticus 16:14 compared with Hebrews 9:7; Heb 9:12) Evidently, therefore, the cherubim could not be intended to prefigure Angels. And though I do not presume, on a subject so mysterious and sublime, to speak decidedly, yet I cannot but think, that the cherubim of Scripture, are intended to represent the glorious persons of the GODHEAD, with the human nature united to the person of the Son of God, and by no means intended to represent Angels
Hypocrites: Their Sinister Motives - Wonder not that men with the hearts of devils yet mount like Angels: there is a reason which explains it all
Heaven - The upper heaven, the abode of God and his Angels
Minister - It is applied to the Lord; to Angels; to Paul; and to magistrates
Sabaoth - JEHOVAH SABAOTH is the Lord of Hosts; and we are to understand the word hosts in the most comprehensive sense, as including the host of heaven, the Angels and minister of the Lord; the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; the armies of earth, whose conflicts his providence overrules to the accomplishment of his own wise designs; the hordes of inferior creatures, as the locusts that plagued Egypt, the quails that fed Israel, and "the canker-worm and the palmer-worm, his great army," Joel 2:15 ; and lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenants, a truly great army, of which God is the general and commander, 2 Samuel 6:2 Psalm 24:10 Romans 9:29 James 5:4
Throne - Angels
Hosts - He is God of the countless multitudes of angelic beings who live in constant readiness to carry out his commands (1 Kings 22:19; Psalms 148:2; see Angels)
Mahanaim - ) The two may refer to Jacob's own camp and that of the Angels, or rather his division of his party into two, corresponding to which were the two angelic companies, one to guard each. The Speaker's Commentary less probably makes it, the Angels were on his right and his left
Fowl - Genesis 15:11 (c) These are a type of Satan and his Angels who are always enemies of any sacrifice for sin, and especially for any types or shadows of Calvary. The Lord is telling us that when He saves any kind of a wicked person, He makes that person a fit subject for Heaven, the company of Angels, and the presence of GOD
Bird - ...
Matthew 13:32 (b) Satan and his Angels are compared to birds in this place. They are at home in the great apostate church where the devil and his Angels rule and reign
Hospitality - " (Leviticus 19:34 ) And before the law, Abraham's entertainment of the Angels, (Genesis 18:1 ) seq. Lane, "of Abraham's entertaining the three Angels related in the Bible, presents a perfect picture of the manner in which a modern Bedawee sheikh receives travellers arriving at his encampment
Unrighteousness - 2): ‘There are two Angels with a man-one of righteousness, and the other of iniquity. 18-20), where both the two ways and the two Angels occur in association: ‘There are two ways of doctrine and authority, the one of light, and the other of darkness … over one are stationed the light-bringing Angels of God, but over the other the Angels of Satan
Element - ’ It should be observed also that the later Jewish angelology conceived these different elements and all the heavenly bodies as animated by living spirits, so that there were Angels of the waters, the winds, the clouds, the hail, the frost, and the various seasons of the year. Thus we read in the NT Apocalypse of the four Angels of the four winds, the angel that has power over fire, the angel of the waters, and an angel standing in the sun. ( a ) Not a few interpreters, both ancient and modern, understand the ‘elements’ mentioned in these passages to refer to the physical elements possessed and presided over by Angels or demons. It is argued that the context in both these Epistles favours this opinion, and the express statement that the Galatians ‘were in bondage to them that by nature are no gods,’ and the admonition in Colossians against ‘philosophy, vain deceit, and worshipping of the Angels,’ show that the Apostle had in mind a current superstitious belief in cosmic spiritual beings, and a worshipping of them as princes of the powers of the air and world-rulers of darkness
Enoch Book of - Judgment is mediated now by Angels of punishment, now by the archangels, or the sword of the righteous or internecine strife, or by the Son of Man, or exercised immediately by God Himself. The power of prayer-whether that of the Angels, the departed holy ones, or the righteous on earth-is recognized, especially in the bringing in of judgment. -Fall of certain Angels, through union with women (vi. Knowledge of arts, magic, and astronomy imparted by fallen Angels (viii. 3, 10) heard by the four archangels, who bring their cause before God (ix. 1) and is sent to the fallen Angels (‘Watchers’) with the message: ‘no peace nor forgiveness’ (xii. Here stand the fallen Angels, whose spirits seduce men to idolatry (xix. -The seven archangels-Uriel, Raphael, Raguel, Michael, Saraqael, Gabriel, Remiel-and their functions (xx. 1-7), which is the final prison of the fallen Angels (xxi. 3-14); an innumerable multitude, and four presences (=archangels)-Michael, Raphael, Gabriel, and Phanuel-and their functions (xl. Next he sees a deep valley with open months, and Angels of punishment preparing instruments of Satan to destroy the kings and the mighty (liii. 1, 2), and iron chains made for Azazel’s hosts, whom four archangels will cast into the burning furnace on that great day (liv. 3-6), after judgment by the Elect One (Leviticus 3, 4); Angels of punishment with scourged are seen proceeding to cast the Watchers’ children into the abyss (lvi. -The Angels are to stir up the Parthians and Medes to tread upon the land of God’s elect, but ‘the city of my righteous’ shall hinder their horses; they shall slay one another, and Sheol shall devour them in presence of the elect. -The Angels are seen with long cords; they go to measure Paradise (lxx. 1-5); the Lord of Spirits places the Elect One on the throne of glory to judge (lxi 6-9); all the heavenly hosts, Cherubim, Seraphim, and Ophannim, Angels of power and of principalities, the Elect One, the powers on earth and over water, the elect who dwell in the garden of life, and all flesh shall join in praising God (lxi. 1-6) and adore the Son of Man; but are delivered to the Angels for punishment (lxii. ); vision of fallen Angels in Prison (lxiv. ); the Angels of punishment hold the Flood in check (lxvi. ); Noah is told that the Angels are making an ark for him (lxvii. 1-3); God will imprison the Angels, who had taught men how to sin, in the burning valley, which Enoch had shown Noah; thence proceed waters which now heal the bodies of the kings and the mighty (lxvii. Michael and Raphael are astonished at the sternness of the judgment upon the fallen Angels (lxviii. 2-5); the names of the fallen Angels and Satans who led them astray and taught men knowledge and writing (lxix. -‘After this’ he is translated in spirit; he sees the sons of God, the secrets of heaven, the crystal house, and countless Angels and the four archangels, the Head of Days, the Son of Man, who brings in endless peace for the righteous. ); stars (= Angels) fall from heaven, and unite with cattle (lxxxvi. 10th: great eternal judgment on Angels; new heaven; thereafter weeks without number for ever (xciii. ); the righteous are to raise prayers and place them before the Angels, who are to place the sin of sinners for a memorial before the Most High (xcix. 1-3); Angels descend into secret places and gather all who brought down sin (i. fallen Angels); the righteous and holy receive guardians till an end is made of sin; though the righteous sleep long, they have nothing to fear; Angels, sun, moon, and stars will witness to the sins of sinners (c. 9-15); yet in heaven the Angels remember them for good, and their names are written; they shall shine as lights of heaven (civ. -Lamech has a wondrous son; Methuselah inquires of Enoch at the ends of the earth about him; Enoch replies that a Deluge is to come because of sin introduced by the fallen Angels; this son shall alone be saved-sin will arise again after him till the final annihilation of evil. ); the Angels of punishment hold the Flood in check (lxvi. ); Noah is told that the Angels are making an ark for him (lxvii. 1-3); God will imprison the Angels, who had taught men how to sin, in the burning valley, which Enoch had shown Noah; thence proceed waters which now heal the bodies of the kings and the mighty (lxvii. Michael and Raphael are astonished at the sternness of the judgment upon the fallen Angels (lxviii. 2-5); the names of the fallen Angels and Satans who led them astray and taught men knowledge and writing (lxix. The angelology is more developed: besides Cherubim, we have Seraphim, Ophannim, Angels of power and of principalities
Moralities - These abstractions were represented as human beings on the stage; in many moralities the characters were not all abstract qualities; there were Angels and devils, priests, doctors, and the fool, under various names, usually that of the "Vice
Michael - Who is like God?
The title given to one of the chief Angels (Daniel 10:13,21 ; 12:1 )
Lost Coin, Parable of the - This explains the zeal of Jesus, and that of His true disciples, in searching out souls lost in the dark and hidden corners of sin, and His great joy, which the Angels and saints share, when He has found and restored them to Him to whom as Creator and Redeemer they rightfully belong
Sadducees - They did not believe in the resurrection, nor in Angels, nor in spirits: they held that the soul perished with the body
Face - Psalms 17:15; and this is specially said to be the privilege of the holy Angels that they see God's face
Minister - Angels are ministers of God and of his people, Psalm 103:21 Hebrews 1:14
Saints' Days - Michael andAll Angels' Day, and All Saints' Day
Bartholomew - " "Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these: hereafter (from this time forth, Greek) ye (not merely thou alone, but all My disciples) shall see heaven open, and the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man," the true ladder between earth and heaven, of which that in Jacob's dream was the type (Genesis 28:12), and upon which Angels delight to minister. His miracles and His teaching and His divine manifestation, of which Bartholomew had just a taste, were a sample and installment of a continually progressing opening of heaven to earth and earth to heaven (Revelation 4:1; Acts 7:56; Hebrews 9:8; Hebrews 10:19-20) wherein Angels minister to and for Him (Luke 2:9; Luke 2:13; Luke 22:43; Acts 1:10); to be consummated when "the tabernacle of God shall be with men," and "the holy Jerusalem shall descend out of heaven from God" (Revelation 21; 1 Corinthians 13:12)
Camillus de Lellis, Saint - Represented assisted by Angels, and before a crucifix, from which the Saviour descends to embrace him
Face - This is the privilege of holy Angels (Matthew 18:10 ; Luke 1:19 )
Doctrines: Duplicate Nature of - What matters it we appear to be inconsistent, so long as we keep to the high way of Scripture, which is our only safe road to knowledge Angels may, perhaps, be systematic divines; for men should be enough to follow the word of God, let its teaching wind as they may
Epicureans - They denied that God governs the world, or in the least condescends to interfere with creatures below: they denied the immortality of the soul, and the existence of Angels; they maintained that happiness consisted in pleasure; but some of them placed this pleasure in the tranquillity and joy of the mind arising from the practice of moral virtue, and which is thought by some to have been the true principle of Epicurus; others understood him in the gross sense, and placed all their happiness in corporeal pleasure
Agnoet ae - It is supposed they built their hypothesis on that passage in Mark 13:1-37 ...
"Of that day and that hour knoweth no man; no, not the Angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father
Eder - Jerome mentions a Jewish tradition that this Eder was the site of the Temple, but himself prefers to think that it was the spot on which the shepherds received the Angels’ message
Heaven - , ...
The air or atmosphere, where clouds gather; ...
The firmament, in which the sun, moon and stars are fixed; ...
The upper heaven, the abode of God and his Angels, the invisible realm of holiness and happiness the home of the children of God
Ascension of Christ - Two Angels testified that he did ascent, Acts 1:11 . He was parted from his disciples while he was solemnly blessing them; and multitudes of Angels attended him with shouts of praise, Psalms 68:17 ; Psalms 47:5-6
Cherub - An order of celestial beings or symbolical representations quite distinct from Angels, and often referred to in the Old Testament and in the book of Revelation. Angels are often sent on messages, but cherubim are not so described
Veil - This was to be worn in their Christian assemblies "because of the Angels;" that is, because of the presence either of true Angels, or of the officers of the church, who being unaccustomed to see the unveiled faces of women, might be distracted by them in the discharge of their public duties
Archangel - And as for archangels, as if there were more than one, or many, the very name itself implies that it is an error. For arch-angel signifies the first, or prince of the order of Angels, consequently, there cannot be many firsts, without making it necessary to altar the term. So that, what is said of Angels and archangels, together in hymns of praise, seems to be founded in a misapprehension of Scripture in relation to one arch-angel only, for the word of God speaks of no more, and the name is not plural. For my own part, I do not hesitate to believe that it is Christ himself, which is meant by the name archangel in Scripture; and of whom it is said, in relation to his coming at the last day, that "he shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty Angels. (Genesis 48:16) So that both the angel of the covenant and the archangel are one and the same; and both spoken of in the nature of the office and character of Christ, for Christ "took not on him the nature of Angels, but the seed of Abraham
Devil - (Greek: diabolos, slanderer, accuser, or traducer) ...
The word is used as a name for a fallen angel or evil spirit, especially for the chief of the rebellious Angels, Lucifer or Satan (Matthew 25)
Bethesda - The references to the pool being stirred by Angels (John 5:3-4 ) are not found in either the oldest or the majority of manuscripts
Chuza - Subsequently, she was one of the women who, on the morning of the resurrection, brought spices to complete the Lord's burial (Luke 24:10), and who came and told the eleven and all the rest of His being no longer in the tomb, and of their having seen Angels
Theatre - ) In 1 Corinthians 4:9 "spectacle" is literally, "theatrical spectacle," a spectacle in which the world above and below is the theater, and Angels and men the spectators
Man: Natural State of - I too might have said: Where are his ears?'...
Man, until sovereign grace opens his ears, is deaf to the heavenly harmonies of the love of God in Christ Jesus, although these are the ravishment of Angels and the wonder of eternity
Excellency - Angels are beings of more excellence than men men are beings of more excellence than brutes
Gethsemane - How significant is the name, which signifies 'wine-press'! Angels came and ministered to Him
Harvest - Our Lord refers to the end of the world under the term of harvest, Matthew 13:39, whose reapers will be the Angels
Unveiled - Whatever the character of the covering, it is to be on her head as "a sign of authority" (1 Corinthians 11:10 ), RV, the meaning of which is indicated in 1 Corinthians 11:3 in the matter of headships, and the reasons for which are given in 1 Corinthians 11:7-9 , and in the phrase "because of the Angels," intimating their witness of, and interest in, that which betokens the headship of Christ
Vanucci, Pietro - His characteristics are the serene and lovely faces of his saints and Angels, beautiful landscapes in admirable perspective, perfection of light and color
Sever - The Angels shall come forth and sever the wicked from among the just
Heaven - The abode of Angels. It is the place of angelic power, 'the principalities and powers in the heavenly places' being angelic, Satan and his Angels, though fallen, still being among them
Lot - Lot is next seen sitting in the gate of Sodom, the place of power and judgement, when the two Angels arrived to destroy the city. ...
Lot and his family were loathe to leave the city, but the Angels hastened them out, and bade them flee to the mountains
Ascension of Christ - Two Angels testified that he did ascend, Acts 1:11 . He was parted from his disciples while he was solemnly blessing them; and multitudes of Angels attended him with shouts of praise, Psalms 68:17 ; Psalms 47:5-6
Lot (1) - Next, Lot appears exercising that goodly hospitality by which he" entertained Angels unawares," and for which the Epistle to Hebrew (Hebrews 13:2) commends him. The Angels' visit was meant to test Lot as well as the Sodomites. The Angels' declining his invitation at first, "we will abide in the street (the broad open space) all night," answers to Jesus' mode of eliciting the faith of the two Emmaus disciples (Luke 24:28). But the Angels "laid hold upon his hand
Powers - " Dynamis [1] is first found in Jewish writings referring to Angels, and indicates the power of angelic and demonic forces. ...
There are more frequent references to Angels and demons, members of the hierarchy of heaven, including such titles as authorities, powers, dominions, principalities, and thrones. These supernatural beings are the dynameis ("powers"), linked with Angels and demons (Romans 8:38 ) and authorities (1 Peter 3:22 ). Yet each of the seven are opposed and thwarted by one of God's chief Angels
Milk - It means "butter," but also more frequently "cream," or perhaps, as some think, "curdled milk," such as that which Abraham set before the Angels (Genesis 18:8 ), and which Jael gave to Sisera (Judges 5:25 )
Oblates of Saint Ambrose - Installed at Saint Mary of the Angels, Bayswater, they undertook various Apostolic labors in the dioceses of Westminster and Southwark, especially in reviving the English secular clergy
Oblates of Saint Charles - Installed at Saint Mary of the Angels, Bayswater, they undertook various Apostolic labors in the dioceses of Westminster and Southwark, especially in reviving the English secular clergy
Uriel - 1 Uriel, or Urjan, is one of the four archangels, but in 40. 2 he is one of the ‘watchers,’ ‘the angel over the world and Tartarus’; and in 21, 27 he explains the fate of the fallen Angels (cf
Light - It is used of Angels (2 Corinthians 11:14 ), and of John the Baptist, who was a "burning and a shining light" (John 5:35 ), and of all true disciples, who are styled "the light of the world" (Matthew 5:14 )
Davidists - He is likewise said to have denied the existence of Angels good and evil, and to have disbelieved the doctrine of a future judgment
Throne - " "Thrones" in Colossians 1:16 are a princely order of Angels, higher than "dominions" or lordships
Sodom And Gomorrah - 4) that the Angels who sinned are imprisoned in a subterranean burning valley (Ge-hinnom) which extended to the Dead Sea, so that Gehenna extruded Sodom by assimilating it
Mahanaim - The spot on the east of the Jordan where Jacob met 'the Angels of God
Harvest - Also of the judgement of the kingdom at the end of the age, when the Angels as reapers will first gather the tares and bind them in bundles for burning, and then the wheat will be gathered into God's barn
Tempt, to; Temptation - The Lord refused to put God to the proof when tempted by Satan to cast Himself down that the Angels might preserve Him
Hinnom - Isaiah 30:33; Isaiah 66:24, if not from the supposed everburning funeral fires, the later Jews applied the name of the valley (in the Septuagint Geënna), to the place of eternal suffering for lost Angels and men; and in this sense it is used in the New Testament
Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi - " The Academy of Florence has his "Madonna and Child with Angels and Saints," and a beautiful "Coronation of the Virgin
Andrew - After revealing that various judgements were coming the Lord added "But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the Angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father
ma'ry - ( John 19:25 ) In the evening of the same day we find her sitting desolate at the tomb with Mary Magdalene, (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ) and at the dawn of Easter morning she was again there with sweet spices, which she had prepared on the Friday night, (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56 ) and was one of those who had "a vision of Angels, which said that he was alive
Salome - At the tomb they saw two Angels, who informed them that Jesus was risen
Sandro Botticelli - " The Academy of Florence has his "Madonna and Child with Angels and Saints," and a beautiful "Coronation of the Virgin
ma'ry - ( John 19:25 ) In the evening of the same day we find her sitting desolate at the tomb with Mary Magdalene, (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ) and at the dawn of Easter morning she was again there with sweet spices, which she had prepared on the Friday night, (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56 ) and was one of those who had "a vision of Angels, which said that he was alive
Gloria in Excelsis - It is called the "GreaterDoxology," and also, the "Angelic Hymn" as it is based on the songof the Angels at Christ's Birth, which forms its opening words
Theognostus, a Priest of Alexandria - he attributed bodies to Angels and devils
Satan - Is a Hebrew word, and signifies an adversary, or enemy, and is commonly applied in Scripture to the devil, or the chief of the fallen Angels. "By collecting the passages, " says Cruden, "where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be observed, that he fell from heaven with all his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that, by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils, came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over his subordinates, over apostate Angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets, seducers, and heretics; that it is he, or some of his, that torment or possess men; that inspire them with evil designs, as he did David, when he suggested to him to number his people; to Judas, to betray his Lord and Master; and to Ananias and Sapphira, to conceal the price of their field
Temptations, the Lord's - ...
The second temptation was to prove God's faithfulness to His word by Christ casting Himself down from a height, because there was a promise that the Angels would bear Him up. Satan quoted this scripture, but omitted the important part that the Angels had charge over Him to keep Him in all His ways
Jacob - On the border of Canaan the Angels of God met him, and the God of Angels wrestled with him, yielded him the blessing, and gave him the honored name of Israel
Ministering, Ministration, Ministry - "for ministry"); Revelation 2:19 , RV, "ministry" (AV, "service"); of Paul's service on behalf of poor saints, Romans 15:31 ; (3) of the "ministry" of the Holy Spirit in the Gospel, 2 Corinthians 3:8 ; (4) of the "ministry" of Angels, Hebrews 1:14 , RV, "to do service" (AV, "to minister"); (5) of the work of the Gospel, in general, e. ...
B — 1: λειτουργικός (Strong's #3010 — Adjective — leitourgikos — li-toorg-ik-os' ) "of or pertaining to service, ministering," is used in Hebrews 1:14 , of Angels as "ministering spirits" (for the word "do service" in the next clause, see A, No
Angel - Two Angels came to Lot at Sodom: “And there came two Angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground …” ( Angels were also commissioned to protect God’s people: “For he shall give his Angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways” ( Magi - When in Matthew 18:10 Jesus declares that the Angels of the little ones are in heaven nearest to the Throne, the easiest interpretation is that which recognizes these Angels as a part of the personality, dwelling in heaven, but sharing the fortunes of the counterpart on earth. This gives a clear reason why the Angels of the children should be perpetually in the Presence they represent those who have not yet sinned. ’ The conception was apparently extended to include the heavenly representatives of communities, as the ‘princes’ of Israel, Greece, and Persia in Daniel 10:1-21 ; Daniel 12:1-13 , and the ‘angels’ of the churches of Asia in Revelation 2:1-29 ; Revelation 3:1-22 . It is only the naming and ranking of Angels, and the symmetrical framing of corresponding powers of evil, that remind us of Parsi doctrine: the Jews always had both Angels and demons, and all that is claimed is a possible encouragement from Parsi theology, which developed what was latent already. The ‘Wise Lord,’ Ahura Mazda (later Ormazd ), reigned alone without equal or second; but Zoroaster surrounded Him with personified attributes, six in number, called Amesha Spenta ( Amshaspands ), ‘Immortal Holy Ones,’ who were the archangels of the heavenly court
Idolatry - Others think that Angels were first worshipped. The veneration which the Papists pay to the Virgin Mary, and other saints and Angels, and to the bread in the sacrament, the cross, relics, and images, lays a foundation for the Protestants to charge them with idolatry, though they deny the charge. only here, the scene being internal, the scandal of the sin is thereby abated; or external, as worshipping Angels, the sun, stars, animals, &c
Feasts or Festivals - Michael and All Angels
Mulberry Trees - "Angels tread light, and He that can walk upon the clouds can, when He pleases, walk on the tops of the trees
Sorrow: Benefit of - Better far for the seed to pass intO the earth and die, than to lie in the sunshine and produce no fruit; and even thus for thee the future in its sorrow shall be as a sowing in a fertile land; tears shall moisten thee, grace shall increase within tjee, and thou shalt grow up in the likeness of thy Lord unto perfection of holiness, to be such a flower of God's own planting as even Angels shall delight to gaze upon in the day of thy transplanting to celestial soil
Lodge - He and his evil Angels are represented by the birds that lodge, make their nests and feel at home in the various branches of this huge, religious institution
Morsel - Moth - ...
Isaiah 14:12 (b) The word is used in this place to describe the bright glories in the pre-earth days, when Satan was one of GOD's chief Angels, clothed in the glory of Heaven, and living gorgeously in the light of GOD
Crown - " (John 17:2) Hence, when JEHOVAH bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, "Let all the Angels of God worship him
Gospel - Angels thought so, when at the command of God they posted down from heaven, at the birth of Christ, as if ambitious to be the first preachers of it to a lost world, and in a multitude of the heavenly host met together, to proclaim the blessed tidings to the Jewish shepherds, saying, "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth, peace, good will towards men
Behold - (Isaiah 42:1; Zechariah 3:8; Malachi 3:1) Sometimes, the word is used as a note of admiration, as when Jesus speaks of the loveliness of his church, (Song of Song of Solomon 1:15) or when the Angels announced the birth of Christ
Mamre - Here Abraham dwelt after his separation from Lot; here he received from God himself a promise of the land, in which he was then a stranger, for his posterity; here he entertained the Angels under an oak, and received a second promise of a son; and here he purchased a burying place for Sarah; which served also as a sepulchre for himself and the rest of his family
Spirits in Prison - ...
That these spirits are the evil Angels of Genesis 6:1-4 (or their offspring) is indicated by their being in prison, their disobedience in the time of Noah, their mention in 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 6 , and the New Testament use of the plural noun ("spirits, " pneumasin ) as a reference to evil spirits unless otherwise qualified. This is further supported by contemporary Jewish literature (1Enoch 6:1-8; 12:1-16:4; 19:1; 2Baruch 56:12), which describes these evil Angels in the same way as the passage in 1Peter
Star - Sometimes they are real people, and sometimes they are heavenly persons as Angels. ...
Revelation 8:12 (b) Since there is rebellion in Heaven among the Angels and against GOD, it seems that in this passage we are told that one-third of those great angelic leaders will be cast down from their exalted position because of their enmity to our Lord
Authority - In 1 Corinthians 11:10 ἐξουσία is used in a peculiar sense (‘for this cause ought the woman to have ἐξουσίαν on her head, because of the Angels’), where a veil appears to be meant. Ephesians 2:2); in 1 Corinthians 15:24 both good and evil Angels may be included (Lightfoot, Col
Apocalyptic Literature - ...
(a) The first section is concerned with Angelology (6–36), beginning with the report of the fall of two hundred Angels who were enticed by the beauty of the daughters of men, and left heaven in order to take them for wives. The fallen Angels, moreover, taught men all manner of secrets whereby they were led into sin. Ringleaders of the Angels are Azazel and Semjâzâ (6–9). Through the intercession of the four archangels, Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel, God is moved to arrest bloodshed upon earth. He commands Gabriel to rouse the giants against each other; and, finally, he commands Michael to announce to Semjâzâ the sentence of punishment, which is, that the fallen Angels shall be kept enchained and imprisoned under the hills of the earth, waiting the last judgment, when they shall be cast into the fire (10). The sentence upon the fallen Angels is communicated to Enoch (12), and he reveals it to them; but, at their urgent request, he composes a petition on their behalf, that they might obtain forgiveness; while rehearsing this, preparatory to presenting it, he falls asleep and is informed in a dream that their request for forgiveness will not be granted, and once more makes known to the Angels their impending doom (13–16). Enoch tells of a journey in which he learned of the places where thunders and lightnings originate, and saw the stream of Hades, the corner-stone and the pillars of the world, the seven mountains of precious stones, and the places of punishment of the disobedient Angels, i. He gives the names and functions of the six (seven) archangels (20). He once more visits the place of punishment of the condemned Angels, and the nether world (21), consisting of four parts (22). Enoch is carried by storm-clouds to the end of heaven, and there beholds the pre-existing Kingdom of God, the dwellings of the righteous and the elect, and of Angels and archangels (39, 40). The Angels of punishment go forth to do their work. The judgment of the Son of Man over the Angels in heaven, and the sentence of kings by Him, followed by vain pleas on their part for mercy, are given next (61–64). Then comes the revelation to Noah of the fall of the Angels, the Flood, his own preservation, the punishment of the Angels, and the judgment of men by the Son of Man (65–69). The chosen people were delivered into the hands of lions, tigers, wolves, and jackals (the Assyrians and Babylonians); then they were put under the care of seventy shepherds (angels). Enoch then warns his children of his impending absence from them for a time (2); he is taken by two Angels up to the first heaven (3), where he sees 200 Angels who guard the treasuries of the snow, the dew, and the oil (4–6). He is next taken up into the second heaven, and beholds and converses with the fallen Angels (7)
Spirits in Prison - πνεύματα in the NT generally means ‘angels,’ and it has been held that the fallen Angels are indicated by τὰ πνεύματα ἐν φυλακῇ. 1, where the fallen Angels in the second heaven are described as ‘the prisoners suspended, reserved for the eternal judgement,’ So also Apoc. ’ But in this literature there is no trace of a preaching by Christ to the fallen Angels; although in Eth. Again, the ‘spirits in prison’ of 1 Peter 3:19 must be included among the νεκροί of 1 Peter 4:6 to whom the gospel was preached, and these cannot be Angels. Ἅδης) ὡς φρούριον ἀπενεμήθη ψυχαῖς, and describes Hades as divided into two compartments, for the good and the evil both guarded by Angels, the unrighteous being haled to their own place as prisoners (ὡς δἐσμιοι ἑλκόμενοι)
Fra Angelico - " Returning to Fiesole in 1418, he painted the "Christ in Glory Surrounded by Saints and Angels," now in the National Gallery of London
Good Shepherd, Parable of the - Our Lord means to teach in this parable (Matthew 18) the care and love of God for the little ones, that is to say the weak, of whom He thinks so much that He has placed them under the protection of His Angels
Lost Sheep - Our Lord means to teach in this parable (Matthew 18) the care and love of God for the little ones, that is to say the weak, of whom He thinks so much that He has placed them under the protection of His Angels
Star - 1: ἀστήρ (Strong's #792 — Noun Masculine — aster — as-tare' ) "a star," Matthew 2:2-10 ; 24:29 ; Mark 13:25 ; 1 Corinthians 15:41 ; Revelation 6:13 ; 8:10-12 ; 9:1 ; 12:1,4 , isused metaphorically, (a) of Christ, as "the morning star," figurative of the approach of the day when He will appear as the "sun of righteousness," to govern the earth in peace, an event to be preceded by the rapture of the Church, Revelation 2:28 ; 22:16 , the promise of the former to the overcomer being suggestive of some special personal interest in Himself and His authority; (b) of the Angels of the seven churches, Revelation 1:16,20 ; 2:1 ; 3:1 ; (c) of certain false teachers, described as "wandering stars," Jude 1:13 , as if the "stars," intended for light and guidance, became the means of deceit by irregular movements
Hermias (5), a Christian Philosopher - Bohn) regards Hermias as "one of those bitter enemies of the Greek philosophy whom Clement of Alexandria thought it necessary to censure, and who, following the idle Jewish legend, pretended that the Greek philosophy had been derived from fallen Angels
Angelico, Fra - " Returning to Fiesole in 1418, he painted the "Christ in Glory Surrounded by Saints and Angels," now in the National Gallery of London
Ancient of Days - ...
Disliking the anthropomorphic picture of God in Daniel 7:1 , Jephet, an 11th century Qaraite Jew, identified the Ancient of days as an angel like other Angels in the Book of Daniel
Love - Between the three Persons of the Godhead, love is unutterable full, perfect, and blissful; towards holy Angels and Christians, God's love is an infinite fatherly complacency and affection; towards sinners, it is immeasurable compassion
Satan - Hence it is used particularly of the grand adversary of souls, the devil, the prince of the fallen Angels, the accuser and calumniator of men before God, Job 1:7,12 Zechariah 3:1,2 Revelation 12:10
Manna - ("angels' food," AV text), and in 1 Corinthians 10:3 , as "spiritual meat
Hospitality - The word is not used in the Old Testament, but its elements are recognizable: Abraham and the three visitors (Genesis 18:1-8 ), Lot and the two Angels (Genesis 19:1-8 ), Abraham's servant at Nahor (Genesis 24:17-33 ), Reuel and Moses (Exodus 2:20 ), Manoah and the angel (Judges 13:15 ), Elijah and the widow of Zarephath (1 Kings 17:10-11 ), and Elisha and the Shunammite woman (2 Kings 4:8-11 ). Furthermore, one might even entertain Angels or the Lord unawares (Hebrews 13:2 ; Matthew 25:31-46 )
Satan - There are good Angels and evil Angels, Satan being chief of the evil ones (Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:41; Ephesians 6:12; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10; Revelation 12:7-9; see Angels; DEMONS). God allows evil Angels to continue to exist just as he allows evil people
Lot - ...
Lot is not mentioned again until Genesis 19:1 when two Angels visited him. The two Angels were apparently going to Sodom to inspect it. When the Angels arrived, Lot received them with hospitality. For Lot's help, the Angels revealed God's desire to destroy Sodom and urged Lot to take his family to the hills to safety
Devil - ...
Satan abides in hell, which was expressly prepared—apparently by God—for Satan and his Angels (Matthew 25:41 ). It does talk of “angels that sinned” (2 Peter 2:4 ) and “angels which kept not their first estate” (Jude 1:6 ). Revelation 12:1 connects the birth of Jesus with a heavenly battle in which Satan and his Angels were cast from heaven “into the earth” ( Revelation 12:9 ). In the end Satan and his Angels will be completely overcome, for Jesus came into the world to “destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8 ). Knowledge about Satan and evil Angels alerts Christians to the danger and sublety of satanic temptation
Elements - In the NT it is used of (a) the substance of the material world, 2 Peter 3:10,12 ; (b) the delusive speculations of gentile cults and of Jewish theories, treated as elementary principles, "the rudiments of the world," Colossians 2:8 , spoken of as "philosophy and vain deceit;" these were presented as superior to faith in Christ; at Colosse the worship of Angels, mentioned in Colossians 2:18 , is explicable by the supposition, held by both Jews and Gentiles in that district, that the constellations were either themselves animated heavenly beings, or were governed by them; (c) the rudimentary principles of religion, Jewish or Gentile, also described as "the rudiments of the world," Colossians 2:20 , and as "weak and beggarly rudiments," Galatians 4:3,9 , RV, constituting a yoke of bondage; (d) the "elementary" principles (the A
Sabaoth - Some take the ‘Hosts’ in question as the armies of Israel which Jahweh leads on to victory (Judges 4:14), while others find an allusion to the stars, the host of heaven, or to the armies of Angels (but it is contended that in the plural צְבָאוֹת is used only of earthly warriors)
Elevation - Angels, in their several degrees of elevation above us, may be endowed with more comprehensive faculties
Trump, Trumpet - A — 1: σάλπιγξ (Strong's #4536 — Noun Feminine — salpinx — sal'-pinx ) is used (1) of the natural instrument, 1 Corinthians 14:8 ; (2) of the supernatural accompaniment of Divine interpositions, (a) at Sinai, Hebrews 12:19 ; (b) of the acts of Angels at the Second Advent of Christ, Matthew 24:31 ; (c) of their acts in the period of Divine judgments preceding this, Revelation 8:2,6,13 ; 9:14 ; (d) of a summons to John to the presence of God, Revelation 1:10 ; 4:1 ; (e) of the act of the Lord in raising from the dead the saints who have fallen asleep and changing the bodies of those who are living, at the Rapture of all to meet Him in the air, 1 Corinthians 15:52 , where "the last trump" is a military allusion, familiar to Greek readers, and has no connection with the series in Revelation 8:6 to 11:15; there is a possible allusion to Numbers 10:2-6 , with reference to the same event, 1 Thessalonians 4:16 , "the (lit
Plague - Instruments of Divine punishment are insects, beasts, Angels, hail-stones, death, mourning, want, and fire
Host of Heaven - The army at God's command, composed of either heavenly bodies such as sun, moon, and stars or Angels. See Angels; Council, Heavenly ; Sons of God
Heaven - In the cosmic theory of the ancient world, and of the Hebrews in particular, the earth was flat, lying between a great pit into which the shades of the dead departed, and the heavens above in which God and the Angels dwelt, and to which it came to be thought the righteous went, after having been raised from the dead to live for ever. The second heaven in later Jewish thought was regarded as the abode of evil spirits and Angels awaiting punishment
Firstborn - ...
Christian life and worship occur in a spiritual community that includes God, Angels, and human beings (vv. The hosts of Angels are in festal array, reminiscent of their task of worshiping the Son brought into the world for human redemption (1:6), rather than as the mediators of the Law during the awesome display at Mount Sinai
Saints, Litany of the - Then come in order the invocation of the Angels, apostles, patriarchs, martyrs, pontiffs, confessors, and virgins as well as the prayers of the Church for preservation from the evils of the world and of life, followed by the petitions for the preservation of the faith and the Church. ...
Holy Angels of God, Pray for us
Descent Into Hades - Some critics suggest that the preaching was to the fallen Angels mentioned in 2 Peter 2:4 , Judges 1:6 , either after Christ’s death or before the Incarnation. The word ‘spirits’ is used of Angels in the NT ( Acts 23:8 ), but is used also of spirits of the dead ( Hebrews 12:23 , cf. The apocryphal Book of Enoch records preaching of punishment to fallen Angels, but says nothing of a preaching of salvation to the souls of men
Mani - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad Angels who seek to destroy the work of God
Manichaeism - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad Angels who seek to destroy the work of God
Manichaeus - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad Angels who seek to destroy the work of God
Flight - A number of beings flying or moving through the air together as a flight of Angels
Moore, Thomas - Other poetical works are: "Corruption and Tolerance," a satire, 1808; "The Sceptic, a Philosophical Satire," 1809; "Intercepted Letters or the Two-penny Post Bag," a light satirical work, 1813; "Lalla Rookh," an oriental romance, 1819; the first of the "National Airs," 1818; and the "Loves of the Angels," an oriental poem, 1822
Throne - ), For thrones’ as a rank of Angels, see art
Mediator - Being God and man, He can best restore friendship between God and the human family, and bring peace to men, His brethren, who through Him have become the objects of God's complacency, as the Angels sang in midnight heavens: "Peace to men of good will
Bethesda - The Angels, in a way unknown to us, doubtless act as God's ministers in the world of nature
Sadducees - The only reference to them in the Gospels of (Mark 12:18-27 ) and (Luke 20:27-38 ) is their attempting to ridicule the doctrine of the resurrection, which they denied, as they also denied the existence of Angels
Pit - In addition, it is used metaphorically for an underworld dungeon: a gloomy prison for the fallen Angels (2 Peter 2:4 ) or a bottomless abyss for Satan during the millennium (Revelation 20:1-3 )
Flame - ...
Hebrews 1:7 (a) This is typical of the destroying power of Angels as GOD's messengers of judgment
Begotten - The Angels were called to worship Him when He was brought into the world, Hebrews 1:6 ; and He is said to be the firstborn from among the dead
World to Come - ' The habitable earth to come is not put in subjection to Angels, but to the Son of man
Epistle to the Colossians - To what school of thought or philosophical system these teachers belonged is not known to us, but from the epistle we gather that they were propagating a false cult of Angels, an exaggerated asceticism, and some observances borrowed from Judaism (2:6-3:4)
Head - As to 1 Corinthians 11:10 , taken in connection with the context, the word "authority" probably stands, by metonymy, for a sign of authority (RV), the Angels being witnesses of the preeminent relationship as established by God in the creation of man as just mentioned, with the spiritual significance regarding the position of Christ in relation to the Church; cp
Seven - In the Apocalypse we find seven churches mentioned, seven candlesticks, seven spirits, seven stars, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven thunders, seven vials, seven plagues, and seven Angels to pour them out
Thomas Moore - Other poetical works are: "Corruption and Tolerance," a satire, 1808; "The Sceptic, a Philosophical Satire," 1809; "Intercepted Letters or the Two-penny Post Bag," a light satirical work, 1813; "Lalla Rookh," an oriental romance, 1819; the first of the "National Airs," 1818; and the "Loves of the Angels," an oriental poem, 1822
Manichaeism - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad Angels who seek to destroy the work of God
Head - As to 1 Corinthians 11:10 , taken in connection with the context, the word "authority" probably stands, by metonymy, for a sign of authority (RV), the Angels being witnesses of the preeminent relationship as established by God in the creation of man as just mentioned, with the spiritual significance regarding the position of Christ in relation to the Church; cp
Benedicite - " Thenbeginning with the Angels as God's ministers we find four greatdivisions or classifications as follows:...
I
Governor - It is used also of Angels, guardian Angels (Daniel 10:13,20,21 ; 12:1 ; 10:13 ; 8:25 )
Elect, Elected, Election - have it in John 1:34 , instead of huios, "Son;" (b) Angels, 1 Timothy 5:21 , as "chosen" to be of especially high rank in administrative association with God, or as His messengers to human beings, doubtless in contrast to fallen Angels (see 2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 1:6 ); (c) believers (Jews or Gentiles), Matthew 24:22,24,31 ; Mark 13:20,22,27 ; Luke 18:7 ; Romans 8:33 ; Colossians 3:12 ; 2 Timothy 2:10 ; Titus 1:1 ; 1 Peter 1:1 ; 2:9 (as a spiritual race); Matthew 20:16 ; 22:14 ; Revelation 17:14 , "chosen;" individual believers are so mentioned in Romans 16:13 ; 2 John 1:1,13
Jude, the Book of - His first set of examples appeal to:...
(1) the murmuring Israelites (2) the fallen Angels (3) those in Sodom and Gomorrah. Fallen Angels show the certainty of judgment (6)
Gabbatha - When God had to them become universal and correspondingly great and glorious, but without parallel spiritualization of His attributes, He was thought to require agents whom He might send as messengers, ‘angels’ to transmit His messages. These Angels were at first nameless, later they received names
Targum - The eyes of Abraham were intent upon the eyes of Isaac; and the eyes of Isaac were intent upon the Angels on high. The Angels on high answered, Come, behold how these are alone in the world; the one slays the other; he who slays delays not; he that is slain reaches forth his neck
Air - 9); Christ descends from the lowest heaven to the firmament where was continual warfare, and takes the form of the Angels of the air (x. In the Slavonic Secrets of Enoch the apostate Angels are suspended in the second heaven awaiting the Last Judgment (§ 7; see Thackeray, Relation of St
Abyss - The Ethiopian Book of Enoch is especially suggestive for the development of the eschatological conceptions that appear in pre-Christian Judaism; und in the earliest part of that book the fallen Angels and demons are represented as cast after the final judgment into a gulf (χάος) of fire (10:13, 14), while in 21:7 the chasm (διακοπή) filled with fire (cf. Apparently the abyss was conceived of as the proper home of the devil and his Angels, in the centre of which was a lake of fire reserved as the place of their final punishment
Abyss - The Ethiopian Book of Enoch is especially suggestive for the development of the eschatological conceptions that appear in pre-Christian Judaism; und in the earliest part of that book the fallen Angels and demons are represented as cast after the final judgment into a gulf (χάος) of fire (10:13, 14), while in 21:7 the chasm (διακοπή) filled with fire (cf. Apparently the abyss was conceived of as the proper home of the devil and his Angels, in the centre of which was a lake of fire reserved as the place of their final punishment
Heaven, Heavens, Heavenlies - It is "new" (kainos [ Haggai 2:6 ; Hebrews 12:6 ; see also Hebrews 1:10 ; 2 Peter 3:7,10 , 12 ) have been affected by sin inasmuch as they are the place of the activity of evil Angels and forces (Matthew 24:29 ; Ephesians 6:12 ). ...
The Angels, Satan, and Heaven . "The host of heaven" can refer to the stars (Nehemiah 9:6 ; Isaiah 24:21 ; 34:4 ; Matthew 24:29 ), but more frequently in Scripture it denotes Angels (1 Kings 22:19 ; Luke 2:13 ). When referring to the Angels the term carries a military connotation (Joshua 5:14-15 ; Daniel 4:35 ). God at times employs Angels from heaven to do his bidding. Who can say to what extent Angels are active today on earth? The truth might be found in Jacob's vision of a ladder extending from earth to heaven on which the Angels of God ascended and descended (Genesis 28:12 ). Nevertheless, the dwelling-place of Angels is heaven (Mark 12:25 ; 13:32 ; Luke 2:15 ), where they worship God (Matthew 8:10 ). If Revelation 12:7-12 looks back to the ministry of Christ, the "casting out" of Satan and his evil Angels from heaven occurred when Christ entered heavenly glory (see Luke 10:17-20 )
Evil - Destruction is wrought by His Angels ( Exodus 12:23 , Romans 9:1-3342 , Psalms 78:49 ). This tendency, increased perhaps by Persian influence, becomes dominant in apocryphal literature ( 2 Peter 2:4 and Judges 1:6 are based on the Book of Enoch), where the fallen Angels are a kingdom at war with the Kingdom of God. In the NT moral evil is never ascribed to God ( James 1:13 ), being essentially hostile to His mind and will ( Romans 1:18-21 ; Rom 5:10 , 1 John 1:5-7 ; 1 John 2:16 ; 1Jn 2:29 ; 1 John 3:4 ; 1 John 3:9 ); but to the Evil One ( Matthew 6:13 ; Matthew 13:19 , 1 John 5:19 ), an active and personal being identical with the Devil ( Matthew 13:39 , John 8:44 ) or Satan ( Matthew 4:10 , Mark 4:15 , Luke 22:31 , John 13:27 ), who with his Angels ( Matthew 25:41 ) is cast down from heaven ( Revelation 12:9 , cf
Lazarus And the Rich Man - Lazarus dies and is carried by Angels into Abraham's bosom, a name for heaven; the rich man dies and was buried, in hell, as the text implies
Girdle - In the Revelation the Lord has on a golden girdle, and the seven Angels who come out of the temple have the same
Mahanaim - Two camps, a place near the Jabbok, beyond Jordan, where Jacob was met by the "angels of God," and where he divided his retinue into "two hosts" on his return from Padan-aram (Genesis 32:2 )
Euphrates And Tigris Rivers - The Euphrates is mentioned in the Book of Revelation as the place where Angels were bound (Deuteronomy 9:14 ) and where the sixth vial was poured out (Deuteronomy 16:12 )
Religion - 1: θρησκεία (Strong's #2356 — Noun Feminine — threseia — thrace-ki'-ah ) signifies "religion" in its external aspect (akin to threskos, see below), "religious worship," especially the ceremonial service of "religion;" it is used of the "religion" of the Jews, Acts 26:5 ; of the "worshiping" of Angels, Colossians 2:18 , which they themselves repudiate (Revelation 22:8,9 ); "there was an officious parade of humility in selecting these lower beings as intercessors rather than appealing directly to the Throne of Grace" (Lightfoot); in James 1:26,27 the writer purposely uses the word to set in contrast that which is unreal and deceptive, and the "pure religion" which consists in visiting "the fatherless and widows in their affliction," and in keeping oneself "unspotted from the world
Christmas Day - As the Angels at His Birth, so mankind ever since hashailed the Day of His Nativity with exceeding great joy
Scapegoat - ...
In the Book of Enoch, Azazel is identified as the leader of the fallen Angels who lies bound beneath rocks in the desert awaiting judgment
Assembly - 22, reading "and to the innumerable company of Angels, the general assembly:" the word 'and' dividing the subjects
Fish, Fishers, Fishing - So will it be at the end of the age: the wicked will be separated from the just by the Angels
Sodom - The Lord over night announced to him Sodom's doom, at some spot on the way from Mamre or Hebron toward Sodom, to which he had accompanied the Angels (Genesis 18:16)
Son of Man, the - " The Lord said, "The Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father, with his Angels
Elect - Matthew 24 ...
He shall send his Angels--and they shall gather his elect from the four winds
Lass - ...
Revelation 15:2 (c) GOD's Angels and GOD's wrath are without spot, shadow, or sin of any kind
Minister - Ministers were servants, yet servants not menial, but honourable; those who explain the word, and conduct the service of God; those who dispense the laws and promote the welfare of the community; the holy Angels who in obedience to the divine commands protect, preserve, succour, and benefit the godly, are all ministers, beneficial ministers, to those who are under their charge, Hebrews 8:2 ; Exodus 30:10 ; Leviticus 16:15 ; 1 Corinthians 4:1 ; Romans 13:6 ; Psalms 104:4
Voice - , Matthew 2:18 ; 3:3 ; Luke 1:42 , in some texts, AV, "voice," and frequently in the Synoptists; (d) of Angels, Revelation 5:11 , and frequently in the Apocalypse; (e) of the redeemed in heaven, e
Elements - And from the general tenor of this chapter, and particularly from Colossians 2:18-23 , it appears, that these philosophical dogmas, against which the Apostle cautioned his converts, were partly Platonic, and partly Pythagorean; the former teaching the worship of Angels, or demons, as mediators between God and man; the latter enjoining such abstinence from particular kinds of meats and drinks, and such severe mortifications of the body, as God had not commanded
Tread - ...
Fools rush in where Angels fear to tread
Jacob - ...
Soon after parting with Laban he is met by a company of Angels, as if to greet him on his return and welcome him back to the Land of Promise (32:1,2). , "the double camp," probably his own camp and that of the Angels. The vision of Angels was the counterpart of that he had formerly seen at Bethel, when, twenty years before, the weary, solitary traveller, on his way to Padan-aram, saw the Angels of God ascending and descending on the ladder whose top reached to heaven (28:12)
Imitation - This more exacting life is praised as making men resemble the Angels. Christ had described the Angels as unwedded (Matthew 22:30 ||); an age, preoccupied with problems of sex, fastened upon this as the leading truth in regard to those exalted beings. But it is in point of fact a mere external—and therefore, of course, it is imitable! The essential thing is, that Angels ‘fulfil God’s word’ (Psalms 103:20). And, when we think of that truth, we see that our proper pattern is not the Angels, but the Son. About Angels we know little, if anything, that is certain. This reinterpretation—imitation of Christ rather than of Angels—took place within Catholic ethics, with a great gain in the direction of living Christian truth
Bartimaeus - Bartimaeus, being the more prominent, is alone mentioned by Mark and Luke; just as they mention only the colt, Matthew both the donkey (the mother) and the colt; Luke (Luke 24:4) the two Angels, Matthew and Mark the one alone who spoke
Church Colors - Michael and All Angels; white is thesymbol of joy and purity
Christ: His Eye Our Stimulus - You are also 'a spectacle unto Angels
Middle Wall - (4) The cosmic barrier that separates God and persons, persons themselves, and other powers in the universe (Ephesians 1:20-21 )—angels, dominions, principalities
Service - Hebrews 1:14 talks of the ministry of Angels
Valentinians - The Christ sent into it the Saviour, accompanied with Angels, who delivered it from its passions without annihilating it: from thence was formed corporeal matter
Authority - In the plural the word is used in Ephesians 2:2 ; Ephesians 3:10 ; Ephesians 6:12 , Colossians 1:16 ; Colossians 2:15 , to denote good and evil Angels, who are supposed to hold various degrees and ranks of authority
Azazel - 180) Azazel appears as the prince of the fallen Angels, the offspring of the unions described in Genesis 6:1 ff
First-Begotten, First-Born, - In bringing 'the first-begotten' into the world, God says, "Let all the Angels of God worship him
Prison - ...
Fallen Angels are said to be kept in 'everlasting chains,' Jude 6 ; and there are spirits which are kept in prison
Company - It may be applied to a small number, or any multitude whatever as in scripture we read of a company of priests, a company of prophets, and an innumerable company of Angels also, a company of horses
Heaven - Hence this is called the habitation of God, and is represented as the residence of Angels and blessed spirits
Epistle to the Hebrews - The epistle is divided: ...
the dogmatic part (1:1 - 10:17), in which is shown the Dignity of Christ who, as the Son of God, is far superior to the Angels and Moses through whom the Old Law was given (1:1 - 4:13), the eternal Priesthood of Christ, which is infinitely superior to the priesthood of the Old Law (4:14 - 7:28), and the Sacrifice of the New Law which possesses an excellence and efficacy far superior to the sacrifices of the Old Law (8:1 - 10:18) ...
the Moral Part (10:19 - 13:17), in which the Christians are exhorted to perseverance in the faith and to Christian life according to the faith
Mary Magdalene - Mary however could not leave the spot; and looking again into the tomb, she saw two Angels there, to whom she lamented the loss of the body
Hyperbole - " So we read of "angels' food," Psalms 6:6 ; Psalms 119:136 ; Psalms 78:25 ; the "face of an angel," Acts 6:15 ; and the "tongue of an angel," 1 Corinthians 13:1
Heaven - (Anglo-Saxon: heofon) ...
In Holy Writ the term heaven is used to designate the dwelling-place of God, His Angels, and saints, as well as their happiness, and is called the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5), the kingdom of God (Mark 9), the kingdom of Christ (Luke 22), the house of the Father (John 14), the city of God, the heavenly Jerusalem (Hebrew 12), the holy place (Hebrew 9), paradise (2 Corinthians 12), life everlasting (Matthew 19), the joy of the Lord (Matthew 25), crown of life (James 1), crown of justice (2 Timothy 4), crown of glory (1 Peter 5), eternal inheritance (Hebrews 9)
Hell - See 2 Peter 2:4 , the rebellious Angels are said, in the original Greek, to have been cast down into "Tartarus," this being the Grecian name of the lowest abyss of Hades
Reward - ...
The Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father, with his Angels, and then he shall reward every man according to his works
Hebrews, Epistle to the - The epistle is divided: ...
the dogmatic part (1:1 - 10:17), in which is shown the Dignity of Christ who, as the Son of God, is far superior to the Angels and Moses through whom the Old Law was given (1:1 - 4:13), the eternal Priesthood of Christ, which is infinitely superior to the priesthood of the Old Law (4:14 - 7:28), and the Sacrifice of the New Law which possesses an excellence and efficacy far superior to the sacrifices of the Old Law (8:1 - 10:18) ...
the Moral Part (10:19 - 13:17), in which the Christians are exhorted to perseverance in the faith and to Christian life according to the faith
ma'ry Magdalene - Mary Magdalene had been to the tomb and had found it empty, and had seen the "vision of Angels
Theodorus of Amasea - From prison, where he was visited at night by Angels who filled the cell with light and song, he passed to death in a furnace
Power - (3) Both good and evil Angels are designated by the terms ‘ principalities and powers ’ in such passages as Ephesians 1:21 ; Ephesians 3:10 ; Ephesians 6:12 , Colossians 1:16 ; Colossians 2:10 ; Col 2:15 , 1 Peter 3:22 . The context of each passage must show whether the reference is to Angels or demons
Heaven, Heavenly - It is the abode of the Angels, e. From thence Christ will descend to the air to receive His saints at the Rapture, 1 Thessalonians 4:16 ; Philippians 3:20,21 , and will subsequently come with His saints and with His holy Angels at His second advent, Matthew 24:30 ; 2 Thessalonians 1:7 . 1, is used (a) as an appellation of God the Father, Matthew 6:14,26,32 , "your heavenly Father;" Matthew 15:13 , "My heavenly Father;" (b) as descriptive of the holy Angels, Luke 2:13 ; (c) of the vision seen by Paul, Acts 26:19
Devil - ...
Demons are "his Angels" (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 12:7; Revelation 12:9). The Bible-asserted existence of evil among Angels affords no greater difficulty than its manifest existence among men. All we know of his original state as an archangel of light is that he lost it through pride and restless ambition, and that he had some special connection, possibly as God's vicegerent over this earth and the animal kingdom; thereby we can understand his connection and that of his subordinate fallen Angels with this earth throughout Scripture, commencing with his temptation of man to his characteristic sin, ambition to be "as gods knowing good and evil;" only his ambition seems to have been that of power, man's that of knowledge. He and his Angels range through the air and the earth during this period (Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 6:12). " Though judicially "cast down to hell" with his sinning Angels, "and delivered into chains of darkness to be reserved unto judgment" (2 Peter 2:4), he is still free on earth to roam to the length of his chain, like a chained dog, but no further
Demon - Conversely his Angels are never in the NT called ‘devils’ (διάβολοι), though in John 6:70 Judas is called διάβολος. -Demons are regarded as the ministers of Satan-a host of evil Angels over whom he has command. They are the ‘angels which kept not their own principality (ἀρχήν) but left their proper habitation’ (Judges 1:6), who ‘when they sinned’ were ‘cast down to Tartarus’ (2 Peter 2:4). They are described as the Dragon’s Angels, forming his army (Revelation 12:7; Revelation 12:9; cf. That these Angels are the same as the demons appears from the fact that Satan is the prince of the demons (Mark 3:22), and that demoniacs are said to be ‘oppressed of the devil’ (τοῦ διαβόλου, i. 2 Corinthians 11:4) and of evil Angels as being ‘principalities’ (ἀρχαί), ‘powers,’ ‘world-rulers (κοσμοκράτορες) of this darkness,’ ‘spiritual beings (πνευματικά) of wickedness in the heavenly [4]’ (Ephesians 6:12; the last phrase may be roughly rendered ‘in the sphere of spiritual activities’; cf
Simon Maccabaeus - By another mental process, in which this first idea was a partner, he produced the Angels, and they created the world. This then was the doctrine of Simon: the supreme God, by a mental process, produced different orders of Angels, and they created the world. But when later writers had said that he actually proclaimed himself as God, it followed that it was he, who, by an operation of his own mind, produced the Angels. Hence we find him embracing the opinion, that the world was created by Angels, who were themselves produced from God. Plato imagined that the ideas which were in the mind of the Deity created intellectual beings: Simon taught that the supreme God by an operation of his own mind produced the Angels. The first intelligences of Plato were employed by God to create the world: Simon also taught that the Angels, or aeons, created the world; but in one respect the Gnostics had totally changed the philosophy of Plato; for they taught that the angel, or Angels, who created the world, acted contrary to the wishes of the Supreme God
Methodius - When we rise therefore to dwell where sin cannot be, we shall be like the Angels, liberated from the flesh which has burdened us here. It is said that we shall hereafter be as the Angels, that is, like them, not subject to change or decay; but not that we shall be Angels or without earthly bodies. God does not make mistakes; if He had meant us to be Angels He would have made us so at first. His creatures are diverse: besides Angels; there are thrones, principalities, and powers
Covering the Head - He referred to: (1) the order in creation ( 1 Corinthians 11:3 ), (2) social customs of the time (1 Corinthians 11:4-6 ), (3) the presence of Angels (1 Corinthians 11:10 ), (4) nature itself (1 Corinthians 11:13-15 ), and (5) the common practice in the churches (1 Corinthians 11:16 )
Heavenly City, the - This city is the home to “an innumerable company of Angels” (Hebrews 12:22 ), to the assembly of the firstborn (Hebrews 12:23 ; an image of believers redeemed by the death of Christ; compare 1618397655_2 ), and to the righteous made perfect by God (Hebrews 12:23 ; perhaps the Old Testament saints)
Saturnians - The world and its inhabitants were, according to the system of Saturnius, created by seven Angels, which presided over the seven planets
Judgment, the Final - " ...
The persons to be judged are, (1) the whole race of Adam without a single exception (Matthew 25:31-46 ; 1 Corinthians 15:51,52 ; Revelation 20:11-15 ); and (2) the fallen Angels (2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 1:6 )
Minister - Who maketh his Angels spirits, his ministers a flaming fire
Government Governor - Judges 1:8), the word appears to be abstract, but to have an implicit reference to the domination of Angels (see article Dominion)
Shalamite - Mahanaim was where the Angels met Jacob (Genesis 32), the scene of his victorious wrestling in prayer with the Angel of the covenant
Eight - ...
re8 - gives a new vision of the ministry of Angels
Abyssinian Church - Women are obliged to the legal purifications, Brothers marry brothers' wives, & 100: On the other hand, they celebrate the Epiphany with peculiar festivity; have four Lents; pray for the dead; and invoke Angels
Minister, Serve - Angels are God’s “ministers … that do his pleasure” ( Forehead - It is alluded to in these words of Ezekiel, where the Almighty commands his Angels to "go through the midst of the city, and set a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh for the abominations committed in the midst thereof
Vocation - The glory of God, who is supremely wise, good, merciful, just, and powerful, is so luminously displayed in this communication both of his grace and glory, as deservedly to raise into rapturous admiration the minds of Angels and of men, and to employ their loosened tongues in celebrating the praises of Jehovah, Revelation 4:8-11 ; Revelation 5:8-10
Tower - It is said this tower was in the neighbourhood of Bethlehem, Genesis 35:21 , and that the shepherds to whom the Angels revealed the birth of our Saviour were near to this tower, Luke 2:8 ; Luke 2:15
Sadducees - They denied the existence of Angels and spirits, and maintained that there was no resurrection, Matthew 22:23; Acts 23:8, the soul according to them dying with the body; hence they denied a future state of reward or punishment
Marvel, Marvellous - ...
C — 1: θαυμαστός (Strong's #2298 — Adjective — thaumastos — thow-mas-tos' ) "marvellous" (akin to A and B), is said (a) of the Lord's doing in making the rejected Stone the Head of the corner, Matthew 21:42 ; Mark 12:11 ; (b) of the erstwhile blind man's astonishment that the Pharisees knew not from whence Christ had come, and yet He had given him sight, John 9:30 , RV, "the marvel," AV, "a marvellous thing;" (c) of the spiritual light into which believers are brought, 1 Peter 2:9 ; (d) of the vision of the seven Angels having the seven last plagues, Revelation 15:1 ; (e) of the works of God, 15:3
Salvius, Bishop of Alby - While unconscious he was conducted by two Angels to heaven, and shewn the glory of it, but not permitted to remain, as work still awaited him on earth
Hymns - The first hymn mentioned in the annals of Christianity wasthat sung by the Angels at the Birth of our Lord, from which we havethe Gloria in Excelsis, and the second was that sung by our Lordand His Apostles immediately after the Last Supper in the upperroom, known as the Hallel
Litany of Loreto - It was first recited by the clergy and people of Loreto, a small place in Italy to which, according to tradition, the Angels transported the humble cottage of the Virgin Mary. ...
Queen of Angels, pray for us
Swedenborgians - Sh asserts that, in the year 1743, the Lord manifested himself to him by a personal apearance, and at the same time opened his spiritual eyes, so that he was enabled constantly to see and converse with spirits and Angels. He farther maintains, that the sacred Scripture contains three distinct senses, called celestial, spiritual, and natural, which are united by correspondences; and that in each sense it is divine truth accommodated respectively to the Angels of the three heavens, and also to men on earth
French Prophets - They said they saw the heaven open, the Angels, paradise, and hell. that the exterminating Angels shall root out the tares, and there shall remain upon earth only good corn; and the works of men being thrown down, there shall be but one Lord, one faith, one heart, one voice among mankind
Loreto, Litany of - It was first recited by the clergy and people of Loreto, a small place in Italy to which, according to tradition, the Angels transported the humble cottage of the Virgin Mary. ...
Queen of Angels, pray for us
Second Coming, the - At His ascension, the two Angels declared that He would return (Acts 1:11 ). ” Jesus Himself said, “But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the Angels of heaven, but my Father only
Sennacherib - It is not necessary to connect the meaning of the passage, as if it was one of those beings of light which are called Angels. ...
I have introduced this observation of the Lord's judgment on Sennacherib's army by way of introducing another; namely, what safety are the people of the Lord brought into when all the creation of God waits as ministering servants to execute the divine judgments on their enemies! "Winds and storms fulfilling his word," sickness and the word, Angels and messengers, all wait to execute the Lord's commands
Evil Spirits - In this sense He has ‘a band of Angels of evil’ ( Psalms 78:49 ), who may yet he called ‘angels of the Lord’ ( 2 Kings 19:35 , Isaiah 37:36 ), as carrying out His purposes
Mary Magdalene - ...
The vision of Angels that told her and the rest that Jesus was risen gladdened her at first, then her sorrows returned, she thought it but a vision. "She stood without at the sepulchre weeping," and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the sepulchre, and seeth two Angels in white sitting, the one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain; they say cf6 "why weepest thou?"...
She saith, her one absorbing thought being the absence of Him whom she had designed to lavish her reverential love upon, "because they have taken away my Lord (her phrase to the Angels, as it was 'the Lord' to her fellow disciples Peter and John), and I (no longer 'we' as in John 20:2) know not where they have laid Him
Manna - (Speaker's Commentary) The Scripture allusions to it are in Exodus 16:14-36; Numbers 11:7-9; Deuteronomy 8:3-16; Joshua 5:12; Psalms 78:24-25 ("angels' food"; not as if Angels ate food, but food from the habitation of Angels, heaven, a directly miraculous gift), Matthew 4:4; John 6:31-50; 1 Corinthians 10:3
Resurrection of Jesus Christ - ...
Luke 24:1 records the visit of three women to the tomb where two Angels said that He was risen. The Angels reminded the women of Jesus' teachings about His death and resurrection. When the disciples asked questions about the kingdom, He said it was a question beyond their comprehension, repeated His missionary commission, and ascended as they watched and were assured by Angels of His return
Prison - _ These are probably to be identified with ‘the Angels which kept not their first estate,’ declared in Jude (Judges 1:6) to be ‘reserved in everlasting chains under darkness to the judgment of the great day,’ and with ‘the Angels that sinned,’ who are ‘consigned to Tartarus’ (2 Peter 2:4, ταρταρώσας), as distinguished from Gehenna, ‘to be reserved unto judgment. ’ The allusion in all these passages appears to be to the Book of Enoch, which represents the fallen Angels as undergoing temporary punishment (in Tartarus, xix
Hebrews, Letter to the - Christ is far above prophets, Angels, leaders and priests, and his sacrifice has done what all the Jewish sacrifices could never do. Christ is superior to all created things, including Angels (1:5-14), and there is no salvation apart from him (2:1-4). In his great humility Christ became a human being, willingly taking a temporarily lower position than Angels in order to save human beings (2:5-18)
Satan - The war, said to be in heaven between Michael and his Angels, and the Dragon and his Angels, (Revelation 12:7) hath been thought by some very able and learned divines to say as much. "...
To this succeeds the accounts of the final and everlasting triumph, of the Lord Jesus Christ over Satan, when bringing this infernal spirit to open trial before the whole world of Angels and of men at the last day, the day of judgment. At the close of which follows the everlasting and eternal, destraction of the devil and his Angels in hell forever
Christ, Humanity of - By the first He saw the Divine essence from the first instant of the creation of His human nature; by the second, He knew like the Angels by means of infused ideas, without sensible images and reasoning; and by the third He apprehended by means of His senses and reason (Luke 2)
California - ...
The early Spanish missionaries left their mark on Californian place-names, including ...
Bethany
Camp Angelus
Carmel
Concepción
Cupertino
Guadalupe
Los Angeles (The Angels)
Sacramento
San Andreas
San Anselmo
San Ardo
San Benito
San Bernardino
San Bruno
San Carlos
San Clemente
San Diego
San Dimas
San Fernando
San Francisco
San Gabriel
San Geronimo
San Gregorio
San Jacinto
San Joaquin
San Jose
San Juan Bautista
San Juan Capistrano
San Leandro
San Lorenzo
San Lucas
San Luis Obispo
San Luis Rey
San Marcos
San Marino
San Martin
San Mateo
San Miguel
San Onofre
San Pablo
San Pedro
San Quentin
San Rafael
San Ramon
San Simeon
San Ysidro
Santa Ana
Santa Anita
Santa Barbara
Santa Clara
Santa Cruz (Holy Cross)
Santa Fe (Holy Faith)
Santa Margarita
Santa Maria
Santa Monica
Santa Paula
Santa Rosa
Santa Susana
Santa Ynez
Santa Ysabel
Trinidad
Many of the above names, and several similar ones, occur also in California as names of counties, and of natural features such as islands, mountains, bays, rivers, etc
Deacon - Once diakonos is used where, apparently, Angels are intended, Matthew 22:13 ; in v
Essenes - The novitiate was for a year, and then a two years probation before membership, which, on oath of an awful kind (the only oath permitted), bound them to piety, justice, obedience, honesty, and secrecy as to the books of the sect and the names of the Angels
Humanity of Christ - By the first He saw the Divine essence from the first instant of the creation of His human nature; by the second, He knew like the Angels by means of infused ideas, without sensible images and reasoning; and by the third He apprehended by means of His senses and reason (Luke 2)
Praise - The Bible recognizes that men and women may also be the objects of praise, either from other people (Proverbs 27:21 ; Proverbs 31:30 ) or from God Himself (Romans 2:29 ), and that Angels and the natural world are likewise capable of praising God (Psalm 148:1 )
Red - Others think that these horses represent Angels sent among the people to bring upon them the wrath of GOD because they were indifferent and unconcerned
Smoke - The smoke of the torment of Caesar-worshippers goes up for ever in sight of the holy Angels and the Lamb (Revelation 14:11), a weird conception suggested by Enoch, xxvii
Heaven - The place from which Angels come ( Genesis 28:17)
Grace - Before the fall Adam received grace directly from God, without reference to the Saviour of mankind; and so did the Angels whilst they were oh probation
Apocalypse - ...
The Apocalypse takes us to the very court of heaven picturing for us God in all His Majesty, surrounded by Angels who do His bidding in heaven and on earth, and Christ, the Lamb of God, slain for man's Redemption but now surrounded by the elect who have kept His word
Shechinah - Angels or cherubim generally accompany the Shekinah (Revelation 4:7-8; Psalms 68:17; Zechariah 14:5)
Allegory - Well might it be said, as it is said, when Jesus, who had been secretly set up from everlasting the glorious Head of his body the church, was openly to be brought into the world,"Let all the Angels of God worship him!" (Hebrews 1:6) It will be a blessed view of this sweet allegory, now so graciously explained to us as it is, by the Holy Ghost himself, if both he that writes and he that reads, when summing up the wonderful account, can say with the apostle, "We are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free
Loose - , John 11:44 ; Acts 22:30 ; (4) of Satan, Revelation 20:3,7 , and Angels, Revelation 9:14,15 ; (5) metaphorically, of one diseased, Luke 13:16 ; of the marriage tie, 1 Corinthians 7:27 ; of release from sins, Revelation 1:5 (in the most authentic mss
Seven - In the same book we read of seven spirits, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven thunders, seven vials, seven plagues, and seven Angels
Scepticism - " More recent sceptics are: ...
Theodore Jouffroy (1796-1842) who asserted that "Scepticism is the final pronouncement of the human mind"
David Hume (1711-1776) who makes all forms of synthesis and relation subjective in origin
Berkeley, to whom the corporeal world is a mere phenomenon of consciousness, the only objects, distinct from the mind, being spiritual substances: God, the soul, Angels; in general the Idealists for whom esse est percipi (to be is to be; perceived)
Sound philosophy, under the leadership of Aristotle and Saint Thomas; teaches: ...
that the Senses and the intellect normally are infallible with regard to their proper object
that the ultimate criterion of truth is objective evidence
that Scepticism is impossible in fact, because every man is conscious of certain truths, e
Dan'Iel, the Book of, - The New Testament incidentally acknowledges each of the characteristic elements of the book, its miracles, ( Hebrews 11:33,34 ) its predictions, (Matthew 24:15 ) and its doctrine of Angels
Jude, Epistle of - Fallen Angels are kept in eternal chains for judgement
Trump Trumpet - In Revelation 8:2; Revelation 8:6; Revelation 8:13; Revelation 9:14 we read of the seven Angels who sounded their seven trumpets to the discomfiture of the earth. The imagery of the Apocalypse is in keeping with Jewish tradition, which saw in the trumpet-call the music appropriate to Angels
Demon, Demoniacal Possession, Demoniacs - 2 Peter 2:4-5); two Angels, Assael and Shemachsai, loved the daughters of men, and, forsaking their allegiance to God, descended from heaven to earth; one of these Angels returned to heaven and did not sin, but the other accomplished his desire, and his offspring became demons. ) consists of himself, as head, and an innumerable horde of Angels or messengers (מַלאָבים) who do his will;* [35] lîlîn¶ [25] —God is the only ultimate protector against demons; but He sends His Angels to counteract their deeds, and to help men to withstand their attacks (cf
Nathanael - This wider basis of ‘greater things’ refers to the public signs which are to follow, and which seem to be alluded to in ‘the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man. ’ Angels are instruments of the Divine power in nature (Revelation 14:18; Revelation 16:5). The Angels, who are to be instruments of the manifestation, are represented as being already on earth, the ‘ascending’ being placed first. But there is a reference to Jacob’s dream (Genesis 28:12), suggested possibly by the place; for Bethel, Mahanaim, and the ford Jabbok all lay close to the route which Christ would take in going from Judaea to Galilee; and in the narrative in Genesis the ascending Angels are mentioned first. It narrows the meaning far too much when the promise to Nathanael is interpreted of the Angels who appeared after the Temptation, at the Agony, and after the Resurrection and Ascension
Didymus, Head of the Catechetical School - In his extant writings there is no assertion of Origenian views as to the pre-existence of souls, and he affirms, more than once, the endless nature of future punishment; but seems to have believed that some of the fallen Angels occupied a midway position between Angels and demons, and would be ultimately forgiven. Peter shew a dislike of Chiliasm as a carnal and frivolous theory; he asserts free will opposes Manicheans admits the possibility of faults on the part of Angels being cleansed through Christ; and in words very characteristic of the indomitable student and teacher rebukes Christians who neglect sacred studies and attend only to practical life (on 1Pe_3:15). Shortly before this passage he invokes the archangels, and expresses his belief in the intercession of the saints (ii
Apocalypse - Either Christ is God, or the saints and Angels are guilty of idolatry
Bethel - Here Jacob, on his way from Beersheba to Haran, had a vision of the Angels of God ascending and descending on the ladder whose top reached unto heaven (28:10,19); and on his return he again visited this place, "where God talked with him" (35:1-15), and there he "built an altar, and called the place El-beth-el" (q
Right, Rightly - All others hold their freedom to act from God (though some of them have abused it), whether Angels, Ephesians 1:21 , or human potentates, Romans 13:1
Censer - How the Angels' ministry exactly is exercised we know not, but we do know they are not to be prayed to (Revelation 19:10)
Bull - “Abbir” is used as an adjective most frequently to mean might or valiant one, either man, Angels, or animals
Habitation - In these religious groups, Satan and his Angels are at home
Apollinaris, Saint And Mart - At Ravenna he baptized in the river Bidens, and raised the daughter of the patrician Rufus to life; imprisoned by the heathen near the capitol, he was there fed by Angels
Bowl - The seven Angels who have the seven bowls are ‘laden with the seven last plagues’ (Revelation 21:9)
Degree - It is supposed there are different degrees or orders of Angels
Intermediate State - The holy Lazarus is carried by Angels into Abraham's bosom; and the rich and careless sinner lifts up his eyes in hell, and is separated from the place of bliss by an impassable gulf
Stars - At the creation ‘the morning stars sang together’ ( Job 38:7 ); at the battle between Barak and Sisera ‘the stars in their courses fought against Sisera’ ( Judges 5:20 ): in the former passage it may be that the Angels are described as stars (cf. Revelation 1:20 ‘the seven stars are the Angels of the seven churches’)
Joy - Angels rejoice at an unbeliever's conversion (Luke 10:20 ). Luke places three parables together in which God, in two instances with the Angels, rejoices at the redemption
Theophany - Some would also include in this term Christophanies (preincarnate appearances of Christ) and angelophanies (appearances of Angels). Angels were sent on missions of this kind (Judges 6:11 ; 13:3 ), and some were identified as captains over heavenly armies (Daniel 10:5,20 ; 12:1 )
Archangel - On this point Bishop Horsley has the following observations:—"It has been for a long time a fashion in the church to speak very frequently and familiarly of archangels as beings of an order with which we are perfectly well acquainted. It implies a command over Angels; and this is all that the word of necessity implies. Since we admit various orders of intelligent beings, it is evident that a being highly above the angelic order may command Angels. At the same time we must feel that the reasoning of Bishop Horsley, though ingenious, is far from being conclusive against the existence of one or more archangels
Destructionists - ...
Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his Angels. The punishment of wicked men will be the same as that of wicked Angels, Matthew 25:41 . Depart ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his Angels. But the punishment of wicked Angels consists not in annihilation, but torment
Elect, Election - ...
God's Election of Angels . There is only one reference to elect Angels in the Scripture (1 Timothy 5:21 ). In this passage Paul is admonishing Timothy in the presence of God, Jesus Christ, and the elect Angels to live a godly life. Here, the Angels are described as elect, in all probability because of their confirmed goodness or perfection. Just as God and Jesus Christ are unalterably good, so are these Angels of God, and we are to live in the presence of every form of ultimate goodness with that as a reference point. Whatever it be, whether false gods, other human beings, Angels or other supernatural beings, or even ourselvesthey cannot save us
Mary of Cleophas - She, with the women which came with Jesus from Galilee, "prepared spices and ointments" on the sabbath eve (Luke 23:55-56), and when the sabbath was past "came to see the sepulchre" (Matthew 28:1) and "to anoint Him" with the "sweet spices they had bought" (Mark 16:1), and then "saw the vision of Angels which said He was alive" (Luke 24:23)
Darkness - ...
In the New Testament, the place of punishment for humans and sinful Angels is designated “the outer darkness” (Matthew 8:12 ; Matthew 22:13 ; Matthew 25:30 ; compare 2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 1:6 ,Jude 1:6,1:13 )
Nazareth - Jesus was often referred to – by friends, enemies, Angels, demons, common people, government officials, and even by himself – as Jesus of Nazareth (Matthew 26:71; Mark 1:23-24; Mark 16:5-6; Luke 24:19; John 18:5; John 19:19; Acts 2:22; Acts 22:8)
Legion - In both cases the reference is to the large number of persons who compose a legion: in the one case the legions of Angels are at the disposal of Jesus, if He asks for them; in the other the great number of evil spirits can be described only by the name ‘legion
Groaning - , or the Logoi, identified with Jewish Angels and Greek daimons
Hell - It was prepared for the devil and his Angels, but into it the wicked also will be cast
Hospitality - "Use hospitality one to another without grudging," saith Peter, (1 Peter 4:9) And Paul begged the Hebrews," (Hebrews 13:2) not to be forgetful"to entertain strangers, for thereby, he said, some had entertained Angels unawares? alluding very probably, to the case of Abraham and Lot, as related Genesis 18:3 and Genesis 19:2
Camp - 32:2, “camps”) owes its origin to Jacob’s experience with the Angels
Lot - from which he was rescued by some Angels on the day of its final overthrow
Mount Olivet - Sweet and sacred spot from whence the Lord Jesus ascended, when having finished redemption-work, he returned to glory! and where, according to the voice both of prophets and Angels, his feet shall again stand, when the mountains shall cleave in the midst, and Jesus shall come to reign before his ancients gloriously
Lot - from which he was rescued by some Angels on the day of its final overthrow
Election, - Elect Angels
Multitude - , Mark 3:7,8 ; Luke 6:17 ; John 5:3 ; Acts 14:1 ; of Angels, Luke 2:13 ; (2) with the article, the whole number, the "multitude," the populace, e
Justinus - Of her, Elohim becomes enamoured, and from their intercourse spring 24 Angels—12 paternal, who co-operate with their father and do his will, and 12 maternal, who do the mother's will
Ordinance - Thus the Law is spoken of as being the ordinance of Angels (Acts 7:53)
Cherubim - In Jewish theology the cherubim are one of the three highest classes of Angels, the other two being the seraphim and ophanim , which guard the throne of the Most High. They appear as youthful Angels in Rabbinical literature
Evil - ...
First, God limited Himself in giving people and Angels freedom. People sinned, and before that, the fallen Angels, not God
Voice - The formula ‘I heard a voice’ or ‘a great voice’ or ‘the voice that I heard’ (Revelation 1:10; Revelation 4:1; Revelation 5:11; Revelation 6:6-7; Revelation 9:13; Revelation 10:4; Revelation 10:8; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 14:2; Revelation 14:13; Revelation 16:1; Revelation 18:4; Revelation 19:1; Revelation 21:3) applies to the voice of God, or of the Lamb, or of the angel of Christ, or of one of the Angels of the Presence or of the whole concourse of Angels
Helena, Companion of Simon Magus - Giving himself out to be the Supreme Power and the Father above all, he taught, says Irenaeus, that "she was the first conception of his mind, the mother of all things, by whom in the beginning he conceived the thought of making the Angels and archangels; for that this Conception proceeded forth from him and, knowing her father's wishes, descended to the lower world, and produced the Angels and powers, by whom also he said that this world was made
Ephesians, Letter to the - The church is not humbled before Angels. Rather Angels are humbled before the church, for they see in it an overwhelming demonstration of the wisdom and power of God (Ephesians 3:10)
Praise - God's most spectacular action involves the incarnation of Jesus, an event heralded in praises by Angels in the heavens and shepherds returning to their fields: "Glory to God in the highest" (Luke 2:14,20 ). The audience is enlarged beyond the worshiping community when the worshiper announces, "I will praise you [4], O Lord, among the nations" (Psalm 57:9 ), and more enlarged still, "In the presence of Angels [5] I will sing my praise" (Psalm 138:1 ; nab ). As a book of praises, the psalms build to a remarkable crescendo of praise (Psalm 145-150 ), in which all creatures are summoned to incessant praise of God, as are the stars and planets in the heavens, and even the Angels
Son of God - Applied in the plural to the godly Seth's descendants (not Angels, who "neither marry nor are given in marriage," Luke 20:35-36), "the salt of the earth" heretofore, amidst its growing corruption by the Cainites. In Job 1:6; Job 2:4, Angels. Raised infinitely above Angels; "for to which of them saith God, Thou art My Son, this day (there is no yesterday or tomorrow with God, His "today" is eternity from and to everlasting) have I begotten Thee?" and "Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever" (Hebrew 1; Psalms 2:7; Psalms 45:6-7)
Fire - The Lord is said to make "his Angels spirits; and his ministers a flaming fire. "Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and all his Angels. Speaking to the church concerning the unjust sufferings the people of God endure from the ungodly, he saith, "Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; and to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus should be revealed from heaven with his mighty Angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his power, when he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe
Ascension of Isaiah - It is thus of considerable importance in the light which it throws upon the views held in certain circles of the Christian Church of the apostolic period with regard to the doctrines of the Trinity, the Incarnation, the Resurrection, the Seven Heavens, the Antichrist, Angels and demons. The Son descends through each heaven in turn, assuming in each the form of the Angels who dwell in them, and finally passes through the firmament and then the air to the earth. In His ascension He has resumed His proper form, and all the Angels of the firmament and the Satans see Him and worship Him (11:23; Angels of the world until the final judgment (10:12). ...
(e) Angels. -While there is no reference to the functions of good Angels as mediators or intercessors, spiritual powers are conceived of as the true cause of all action. Angels, authorities, and powers rule in this world under Beliar their prince (1:3; cf. Each heaven has its Angels, with the superior ones to the right of the throne. The judgment of the Angels is referred to
in 1:5; 4:18; 10:12
Francis of Assisi, Saint - He rebuilt the church of Saint Damian at Assisi and the chapel of Our Lady of the Angels at Portiuncula, nursed the sick, and cared for the poor
Christ, Divinity of - He is greater than Solomon and Jonas, greater than Moses and Elias, greater than John the Baptist whom He declared to be the greatest among the sons of men, greater, finally, than the Angels of heaven
Divinity of Christ - He is greater than Solomon and Jonas, greater than Moses and Elias, greater than John the Baptist whom He declared to be the greatest among the sons of men, greater, finally, than the Angels of heaven
Michael - In the captivity, during the withholding of God's regular manifestations to Israel, those visions of Angels come precisely when most needed
Honor - He bestowed honor on humanity by creating man a little lower than the Angels (Psalm 8:5-6 )
Pride - Proverbs 29:23 ; what a torment it is to its possessor, Esther 5:13 ; how soon all things of a sublunary nature will end; how disgraceful it renders us in the sight of God, Angels, and men; what a barrier it is to our felicity and communion with God; how fruitful it is of discord; how it precludes our usefulness, and renders us really contemptible
Euphrates - ...
The Euphrates is mentioned in the Revelation as the place where four Angels are or will be bound, who will be loosed at the sixth trumpet, letting loose the Eastern forms of Satanic wickedness hitherto held in check
Forty Martyrs, the - The sentinel who watched the bath saw in a vision Angels descend and distribute rewards to all in the pond
Assisi, Francis of, Saint - He rebuilt the church of Saint Damian at Assisi and the chapel of Our Lady of the Angels at Portiuncula, nursed the sick, and cared for the poor
Assemble - ...
Note: Episunago, "to gather together," is found only in the synoptic Gospels; twice of the "gathering" together of people, Mark 1:33 ; Luke 12:1 ; twice of the desire of the Lord to "gather" together the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Matthew 23:37 ; Luke 13:34 ; twice of His future act in "gathering" together His elect through the instrumentality of the Angels, Matthew 24:31 ; Mark 13:27
Woman - Christianity forbids a man to have more than one wife, or to divorce her for any cause but one, Matthew 5:32 19:3-9 ; declares that bond and free, male and female, are all one in Christ, Galatians 3:28 ; and that in heaven they are no more given in marriage, but are as the Angels of God, Matthew 22:33
Jehovah - The last 19 chapters of Genesis, from Jacob's meeting the Angels and Esau, have Elohim alone (except in the history of Judah and Pharez, Genesis 38; and Joseph's first entrance into Egypt, Genesis 39; and Jacob's dying exclamation, Genesis 49:18; the beginning and close of the long period of sorrow and patient waiting) to prepare by contrast for the fuller revelation to Moses, when Jehovah is made known in its full and experimental preciousness. Elohim is wider in meaning, embracing the representatives of Deity, Angels and human judges and rulers (Psalms 82:6; John 10:34-35)
Sadducees - Acts 23:8 defines the Sadducees theologically, saying that, in contrast to the Pharisees, they hold there "is no resurrection, and neither Angels nor spirits. These traditions also included certain theological points, such as resurrection and Angels and spirits, which, although not particularly emphasized in the Old Testament, were prominent during the intertestamental period
Host - Sometimes this phrase refers to the “host of heaven,” or the Angels: “And [2] said, Hear thou therefore the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven [3] standing by him on his right hand and on his left” (1 Kings 22:19)
Garments - Angels are described as clothed in pure and cheerful white; and such was the appearance of our Savior's rainment during his transfiguration, Matthew 17:2 . The saints, in like manner, are described as clothed in white robes, Revelation 7:9,13,14 ; the righteousness of Christ in which they are clothed is more glorious than that of the Angels
Pseudepigrapha - The sons of God of Genesis 6 were seen as Angels. The sabbath was kept by the Angels in heaven who were circumcised. This writing refers to Satan being transformed into the brightness of Angels (9:1; see 2 Corinthians 11:14 ), and states that paradise is in the third heaven (compare 2 Corinthians 12:2-3 )
Apocalyptic - The revelation is communicated through Angels or other heavenly figures. There are heavenly counterparts of earthly realities, like the "angels of the seven churches" (Revelation 1:20 ), and the four living creatures by the throne (Revelation 4:6 ), and the "son of man" of Daniel 7:13 , who to some extent represents God's people in heaven (Daniel 7:18 ). This appears vividly in the compelling vision of uNIVersal worship in Revelation 5 , where John sees (and hears) the worship spreading from the throne in concentric circles outward, from the living creatures to the twenty-four elders, then to the myriads of Angels (v. He holds their "angels" in his hand
Carpocrates, Philospher - Carpocrates taught that from the one unknown unspeakable God different Angels and powers had emanated, and that of these the lowest in the series, far below the unbegotten Father, had been the makers of the world. " The "adversary" (whom, Epiphanius tells us, they named Abolus, a corruption, doubtless, from the Diabolus of Irenaeus) was one of the world-making Angels, whose office it was to conduct the soul to the principal of these Angels, "the judge. he emphasizes the Carpocratian doctrine of the unity of the first principle, tells of emanations from that principle of Angels and powers, gives a different version of the excellence of Jesus, and says that Carpocrates denied the resurrection of the body
Praise (2) - It forms the essence of worship, whether as offered by Angels (cf. In the Gospels the Angels’ Song of Praise (Luke 2:14) is an example of pure praise in worship, parallels to which arc to be found in the Apocalypse (Revelation 4:11; Revelation 7:12; Revelation 11:17; Revelation 14:7; Revelation 19:1 f. ...
The following formulas of praise are to be noted:...
(a)The Angels’ Hymn (Luke 2:14)—...
‘Glory to God in the highest,...
And on earth peace among men of his goodwill. Here ἐν[5] ὑψίστοις = בַּמְרוֹמִים ‘in the heavenly places,’ and refers to the adoration of the Angels in heaven (cf
Dead Sea Scrolls - They had an interest in Angels, astrology, and prophetic prediction
Olves, Mount of - " ...
This mount, or rather mountain range, has four summits or peaks: (1) the "Galilee" peak, so called from a tradition that the Angels stood here when they spoke to the disciples (Acts 1:11 ); (2) the "Mount of Ascension," the supposed site of that event, which was, however, somewhere probably nearer Bethany (Luke 24:51,52 ); (3) the "Prophets," from the catacombs on its side, called "the prophets' tombs;" and (4) the "Mount of Corruption," so called because of the "high places" erected there by Solomon for the idolatrous worship of his foreign wives (1 Kings 11:7 ; 2 Kings 23:13 ; Vulg
Elder, Eldest - The word "elder" is nowhere applied to Angels
Balaam - He referred to the fallen Angels, the watery destruction of the unbelievers in Noah's time, and the fiery judgment on lawless Sodom and Gomorrah in Lot's day
Spirits in Prison - ...
That the outcome of this proclamation was the subjection of the disobedient spirits is seen from 1 Peter 3:22 , where Christ is glimpsed “at the right hand of God, with Angels, authorities, and powers made subject to him” (NRSV)
God - ΑDΟΝΑΙ , His lordship, which being delegated to others as also is His might as ELOHIM, ADONAI and ELOHIM are used occasionally of His creatures, Angels and men in authority, judges, etc
Euphrates - In Revelation 9:14 the sixth angel is ordered to release the four Angels who were bound at the river Euphrates, and in Revelation 16:12 the sixth angel dries up the Euphrates for the coming of the kings of the East
Blue - The cherubims were to remind them that one day they would be associated with Angels
Brimstone - The worshippers of the Beast and his image are to be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the Angels and the Lamb (Revelation 14:10)
Seraphim - ("God's attendant Angels"
Fable - "Fables" mean falsehoods in 1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 4:7, "old wives' fables"; Titus 1:14, "Jewish fables," the transition stage to gnosticism; 2 Peter 1:16, "cunningly devised (Greek text: sophisticated) fables," devised by man's wisdom, not what the Holy Spirit teacheth (1 Corinthians 2:13); incipient gnostic legends about the genealogies, origin, and propagation of Angels (Colossians 2:18-23)
Soul, Spirit - The words are ruach, πνεῦμα,and are the same as constantly used for God's Spirit, the Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, and for the Angels as spirits, and for evil spirits
Unclean - ...
Revelation 18:2 (b) Birds in the Scripture are usually connected with Satan and his Angels
Commander - In the Book of Daniel, śar is used of “superhuman beings” or “patron Angels
Seven - In the Revelation, are the seven churches, seven, candlesticks, seven spirits, seven stars, seven lamps, seven seals, seven Angels, seven phials, seven plagues, &c
Chain - If God spared not the Angels that sinned, but delivered them into chains of darkness
Hell - (2) The verb tartaroo, translated "cast down to hell" in 2 Peter 2:4 , signifies to consign to Tartarus, which is neither Sheol nor hades nor hell, but the place where those Angels whose special sin is referred to in that passage are confined "to be reserved unto judgment;" the region is described as "pits of darkness," RV
Brimstone - The worshippers of the Beast and his image are to be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the Angels and the Lamb (Revelation 14:10)
Power Powers - ‘Powers’ is used by the AV_ and the RV_ for ἐξουσίαι (another class of Angels) in Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12, Colossians 1:16; Colossians 2:15, and in Romans 13:1-3 in the sense of ‘earthly rulers
Jewish Parties in the New Testament - They affirmed the reality of Angels and demons. They denied the existence of Angels and demons
Astrology - ...
Some two centuries before Christ was born, astrology gained a foothold in Jewish religion, when identification of certain Angels with stars and planets came into vogue. ...
The New Testament It is against the intertestamental period's concern with Angels and elemental spirits that the influence of astrology on early Christianity must be assessed
Colossians, Epistle to the - In opposition to the position accorded to angelic beings, he breaks into a paean in honour of the Son (a) as sole Redeemer (Colossians 1:14); (b) as the visible Representative of the invisible God (Colossians 1:15); (c) as prior to and supreme over all creation, including these very angelic powers; as the present stay, and ultimate consummation, of creation (Colossians 1:15-17); (d) as the supreme Head of the Church in virtue of His Resurrection (Colossians 1:18); (e) as One in whom abide completely all the perfections of the Godhead (Colossians 1:19); (f) as One whose death has made atonement not only for human sin but also for all the disorder that exists in heavenly places, so that not only are the Angels unable to ‘make peace,’ but they themselves need the mediation of the Son (Colossians 1:20-23). ), the term ‘philosophy’ might easily have been used of esoteric lore about Angels, or even, though this usage is a later one, of an ascetic ethical cult, features which both appear at Colossae. ...
(4) Some sort of worship of Angels seems to have been practised, and possibly, if the reading is correct, emphasis was laid upon visions communicated by them (Colossians 2:18). The Angels who were the objects of the Colossian cult were powers who if not propitiated might be hostile to man, who must therefore guard himself by mortifying his material body. Here we find both the emphasis on Judaism, though the Jewish Angels have taken the position later occupied by the Gnostic aeons, and the reduced Christology in which the Christ is supposed to have descended upon the man Jesus at His baptism. (b) The Essenes jealously guarded the names of the Angels (Jos. The one surprising point is the worship of Angels. In the later Jewish view all God’s activity in Nature was mediated by Angels, and, though angel-worship among the Jews is not known at this date, it certainly sprang up within a short time, being alluded to in the Evangelium Petri, by Celsus, and several times in the Talmud
Eternal Fire (2) - In Matthew 18:8 βληθῆναι εἰς τὸ πῦρ τὸ αἰώνιον stands in contrast to εἰσελθεῖν εἰς τὴν ζωήν; and from Matthew 25:41 we learn that this eternal fire, into which the wicked are to be cast, was prepared not for them but for the devil and his Angels. For the impure Angels and the faithless angelic rulers an abyss of fire is prepared, in which, after the judgment, they will be tortured for ever (10:6, 13, 18:11, 21:7, 10, 54:6, 90:24, 25). Thus it appears that the NT ‘eternal fire’ of Gehenna is anticipated in this book: the only difference being that, while in the NT the fire prepared for the devil and his Angels is identified with that into which wicked men are cast, in the Book of Enoch they are always distinguished. If, as Christ tells us, the eternal fire was prepared for the devil and his Angels, it cannot be material fire; for spirits cannot undergo physical torture
Holiness - The highest order of created beings, Angels of the first magnitude, have only a derived holiness from the Lord, as the moon's brightest light is only borrowed from the sun. Hence we are told, that in the very moment of adoration "angels veil their faces," as if to testify their nothingness in the presence of the Lord. " (Hebrews 7:26) Such, then, is the personal holiness of the Lord Jesus Christ—an holiness higher than the Angels, be cause the infinite holiness of the GODHEAD in him is underived. Hence of Angels, it is said, the Lord "chargeth them with folly;" (Job 4:18) that is, with weakness, and the possibility of sinning
Devil - When the plural is used, the context always shows that it refers to human beings, and not to fallen Angels. That there are Angels and spirits, good and bad, says an eminent writer; that at the head of these last, there is one more considerable and malignant than the rest, who, in the form, or under the name, of a serpent, was deeply, concerned in the fall of man, and whose head, in the language of prophecy, the Son of Man was one day to bruise; that this evil spirit, though that prophecy be in part fulfilled, has not yet received his death's wound, but is still permitted, for ends to us unsearchable, and in ways which we cannot particularly explain, to have a certain degree of power in this world hostile to its virtue and happiness,—all this is so clear from Scripture, that no believer, unless he be previously "spoiled by philosophy and vain deceit," can possibly entertain a doubt of it. We are also taught that this grand adversary of God and man has a numerous band of fallen spirits under his control; and that both he and they are reserved under a sentence of condemnation unto the judgment of the great day, Judges 1:6 ; and that "everlasting fire," or perpetual torment, "is prepared for the devil and his Angels," Matthew 25:41 . They say that it is just as improper for men to take a part in the dispute between God and a fallen angel, as for a peasant to ridicule and curse a servant of the pacha who has fallen into disgrace; that God did not require our assistance to punish Satan for his disobedience; it might happen that he might receive him into favour again; and then we must be ashamed before the judgment seat of God, if we had, uncalled for, abused one of his Angels: it was therefore the best not to trouble one's self about the devil; but endeavour not to incur God's displeasure ourselves
Triumphs - These words are a quotation from the sixty-eighth Psalm, where David in spirit describes the ascension of Messiah in very glowing colours: "The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of Angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place. After obtaining a complete victory over all his enemies, he ascended in splendour and triumph into his Father's presence on the clouds of heaven, the chariots of the Most High, thousands of holy Angels attending in his train; he led the devil and all his Angels, together with sin, the world, and death, as his spoils of war, and captives in chains, and exposed them to open contempt and shame, in the view of all his angelic attendants, triumphing like a glorious conqueror over them, in virtue of his cross, upon which he made complete satisfaction for sin, and by his own strength, without the assistance of any creature, destroyed him that had the power of death, that is, the devil
Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre - From the fact that the two Angels could be seen, one at the head and the other at the foot of the receptacle for Christ’s body ( John 20:12 ), it is evident that the tomb belonging to Joseph of Arimathæa was of this later character
Strong, Stronger - ...
A — 2: ἰσχυρός (Strong's #2478 — Adjective — ischuros — is-khoo-ros' ) "strong, mighty," is used of (a) persons: (1) God, Revelation 18:8 ; (2) Angels, Revelation 5:2 ; 10:1 ; 18:21 ; (3) men, Matthew 12:29 (twice) and parallel passages; Hebrews 11:34 , AV, "valiant" (RV, "mighty"); Revelation 6:15 (in the best texts; some have No
Stone - Revelation 18:21 (see MILLSTONE); (e) the "tables (or tablets)" of the Law, 2 Corinthians 3:7 ; (f) "idol images," Acts 17:29 ; (g) the "treasures" of commercial Babylon, Revelation 18:12,16 ; (II) metaphorically, of (a) Christ, Romans 9:33 ; 1 Peter 2:4,6,8 ; (b) believers, 1 Peter 2:5 ; (c) spiritual edification by scriptural teaching, 1 Corinthians 3:12 ; (d) the adornment of the foundations of the wall of the spiritual and heavenly Jerusalem, Revelation 21:19 ; (e) the adornment of the seven Angels in Revelation 15:6 , RV (so the best texts; some have linon, "linen," AV); (f) the adornment of religious Babylon, Revelation 17:4 ; (III) figuratively, of Christ, Revelation 4:3 ; 21:11 , where "light" stands for "Light-giver" (phoster)
Son of God - In the Old Testament, certain men and Angels (Genesis 6:1-4 ; Psalm 29:1 ; Psalm 82:6 ; Psalm 89:6 ) are called “sons of God” (note text notes in modern translations)
Hell - Into this realm the rebellious Angels were cast, 2 Peter 2:4 (where the word is a derivative from the Greek word "Tartarus")
Destructionists - That the punishment of impenitent men is described as the same with that of the fallen Angels, who are not annihilated, Matthew 25:41 , but remain in expectation of future punishment, "Art thou come to torment us before the time?" Matthew 8:29
Hospitality - So in the case of Abraham, Genesis xviii, where he invites the Angels who appeared in the form of men to rest and refreshment, "And he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat
Lot - He was still living in Sodom, Genesis 19:1-38, from which he was rescued by Angels on the day of its final overthrow
Foot - So Abraham washed the feet of the three Angels, Genesis 18:4
Colosse - In the 4th century the council of Laodicea (in the same region) in its 35th canon prohibited calling upon Angels. Object: to counteract the Jewish false teaching there, of which Paul had heard from Epaphras (Colossians 4:12), by setting before them their standing in CHRIST ALONE, exclusive of Angels
sa'Tan - He is spoken of as a "spirit" in ( Ephesians 2:2 ) as the prince or ruler of the "demons" in (Matthew 12:24-26 ) and as having "angels" subject to him in (Matthew 25:41 ; Revelation 12:7,9 ) The whole description of his power implies spiritual nature and spiritual influence. Besides this direct influence, we learn from Scripture that Satan is the leader of a host of evil spirits or Angels who share his evil work, and for whom the "everlasting fire is prepared
Hell - The phrase "forever and ever " (eis tous aionas aioonoon ) occurs 20 times in New Testament: 16 times of God, once of the saints' future blessedness, the three remaining of the punishment of the wicked and of the evil one: is it likely it is used 17 times of absolute eternity, yet three times of limited eternity?...
The term for "everlasting" (aidiois ) in Judges 1:6, "the Angels who kept not their first estate He hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day," is from a word meaning absolutely "always" (aei ). "Τartarus ," the pagan Greek term for the place of enchainment of the Titans, rebels against God, occurs in 2 Peter 2:4 of the lost Angels; the "deep," or "abyss," or "bottomless pit," (abussos ) Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:11
Tradition - Stephen to the burial of Jacob and all his children in Sychem, to Moses’ learning ‘in all the wisdom of the Egyptians,’ and to the presence of Angels at the giving of the Law (Acts 7:15 f. Paul’s references to the Rock that followed the Israelites (1 Corinthians 10:4), to the seducing of Eve by the serpent (2 Corinthians 11:3), and to the ministry of Angels (Galatians 3:19; cf
Jacob - The ladder reaching to heaven, and the Angels ascending and descending on it, showed that he on earth was the object of heaven's care. ...
Immediately afterwards the Angels of God met Jacob, and he recognised them as 'God's host
Colossae - ...
One of the non-Christian beliefs and practices which quickly threatened to submerge the Colossian Church was the cult of Angels, or elemental spirits, who were supposed to intervene between a pure, absolute, unapproachable God and a world of evil. 363) ran thus; ‘It is not right for Christians to abandon the Church of God and go away and invoke Angels (ἀγγέλους ὀνομάζειν)
Sadducees - In Acts 23:8 "the Sadducees" are said to disbelieve in "angel or spirit"; but Angels are often introduced in the Pentateuch, which the Sadducees admitted (Genesis 16:7; Genesis 19:1; Genesis 22:11; Genesis 28:12; Exodus 23:20; Numbers 22:23); and Josephus and the Mishna do not mention their disbelief of Angels
Jacob - The ladder reaching to heaven, and the Angels ascending and descending on it, showed that he on earth was the object of heaven's care. ...
Immediately afterwards the Angels of God met Jacob, and he recognised them as 'God's host
Fall of Man - The state therefore to which Adam was reduced by his disobedience, so far as his subjective condition is concerned, was analogous to that of the fallen Angels
Darkness - "Hell" and "pits of darkness" describe the fate of Angels who sinned (2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 6 )
Lamb - The sufferings of the lost are said to be "in the presence of the holy Angels, and of the Lamb
Exaltation (2) - ‘The Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his Angels, and then shall he render unto every man according to his deeds’ (Matthew 16:27)
Mediator - In Galatians 3:20 the argument is, the law had Angels and Moses (Deuteronomy 5:5) as its mediators; now "a mediator" in its essential idea (ho mesitees , the article is generic) must be of two parties, and cannot be "of one" only; "but God is one," not two
Anthropomorphism - They are also used to assign human characteristics to Angels (Genesis 16:7 ; 18:1-19:1 ), Satan (1 Chronicles 21:1 ; Luke 13:16 ), and demons (Luke 8:32 )
Bethlehem - )...
A field southeast of town has been identified as the place where the shepherds had the vision of the Angels
Earth Earthen Earthy Earthly - ; equivalent here to the more frequent οἰκουμένη) or beasts (Acts 10:12; Acts 11:6); (6) the earth in space, in contrast with the visible heavens-skies and stars (Acts 2:19, Revelation 6:13); (7) the earth in contrast with the invisible heavens-the dwelling-place of God and Christ, of Angels and perfected saints (Acts 7:49, 1 Corinthians 15:47, Ephesians 3:15, Hebrews 8:4; cf
Oil - ...
Messiah is the Antitype "anointed with the oil of gladness above His fellows" (Hebrews 1:9; Psalms 45:7); not only above us, the adopted members of God's family, but above the Angels, partakers with Him, though infinitely His inferiors, in the holiness and joys of heaven
Gate - This is especially true of strong, wellfortified cities, as in the case of the first biblical appearance of the word: “And there came two Angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom …” ( Mary, the Mother of Jesus - Thither came shepherds to whom His birth had been announced by Angels, accompanied by a multitude of the heavenly host praising God
Sadducees - Whatever foundation there may be for this account of the origin of the sect, it is certain, that in the time of our Saviour the Sadducees denied the resurrection of the dead, Acts 23:8 , and the existence of Angels and spirits, or souls of departed men; though, as Mr
Mount Zion - ) Are you come spiritually so, and by faith, "to mount Zion: the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem: to an innumerable company of Angels; to the general assembly and church of the first-born, whose names are written in heaven: and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect; and to Jesus the Mediator of the New Covenant; and to the blood of sprinkling that speaketh better things than that of Abel?" (Hebrews 12:22-24
Satan - In this last character they are technically called “angels of punishment” (53. The ‘angels which kept not their first estate’ (Judges 1:6 , 2 Peter 2:4 ) are the angelic watchers whose fall through lust is described in Enoch 6 16. Matthew 12:26 , Luke 11:13 ‘if Satan cast out Satan, how shall his kingdom stand?’); he led astray Angels ( Revelation 12:4 ) and men ( 2 Corinthians 11:3 ); his functions are to tempt ( Matthew 4:1-12 , Luke 22:31 ), to accuse ( Revelation 12:10 ), and to punish ( 1 Corinthians 5:5 : impenitent sinners delivered over to Satan for destruction of the flesh)
King - So in 1 Peter 3:22 He is on the right hand of God, ‘angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him’ (cf. But in Revelation 5:10, where the same phrase occurs in the song of the Angels concerning the Church (though here again there is a variant βασιλεῖς, which, however, would render the concluding clause superfluous), there is the further addition: καὶ βασιλεύουσιν ἐπὶ γῆς. (where they judge the world and the very Angels)
Exodus, the Book of - ...
The most appropriate way to effect this was not to send strange terrors but to show, by intensifying and controlling at will the visitations ordinarily felt in Egypt and falsely attributed by them to particular idols, that all these visitations are at Jehovah's absolute disposal to inflict, increase, or wholly withdraw, subserving His purposes of wrath to His adversaries, of mercy to His people, and of the setting forth of His own glory to the whole world (Exodus 9:16); compare Psalms 78:43-49, "sending evil Angels among them"; the plagues are figuratively His messengers ("angels") in the hands of heavenly Angels, of whom the destroying angel was in closest communion with Jehovah (Psalms 78:51); compare Exodus 12:18; Exodus 12:23; Exodus 12:29; Hebrews 11:28, for God sends good Angels to punish the bad, and bad Angels to chastise the good
Mission - God sent Angels to announce to the parents or to the judge himself his role as divinely sent deliverer and to commission him to that task (Judges 6:11-12,14 ; 13:8 ). ...
Finally, Jesus speaks of sending Angels on mission. Not only does the exalted Lord Jesus send his angel to reveal to John what shall occur at the end (Revelation 22:16 ), but, as the glorious, returning Son of Man, he will send Angels both to gather the elect to himself (Matthew 24:31 ; Mark 13:27 ) and to gather out of his kingdom "everything that causes sin and all who do evil" and cast them into eternal punishment (Matthew 13:41-42 ). ...
Angels, too, are sent
Praise - With Angels and archangels we land and magnify, saying ‘Holy, Holy, Holy. ’...
It is interesting to note how much fuller is the doxology which the Angels in Revelation 5:12 offer to the Lamb, adding ‘riches, wisdom, strength, and blessing,’ and showing how ‘they recognize both the grandeur of the Lord’s sacrificial act, and its infinite merit’ (Swete, ad loc. (15) above), ‘dominion’ taking the place of the Angels’ word ‘strength,’ ‘active power being here in view rather than a reserve of secret strength’ (Swete, ad loc. ...
The seven-fold doxology of the Angels in Revelation 7:12 (no
Presence - There remain those passages which speak of the presence of the Angels and of the Lamb (Revelation 14:10), and the presence of God. Men tried to bridge the chasm by Angels, especially natural guardian Angels, and by such quasi-personalities, quasi-abstractions as the Wisdom, the Word, Shekinah of Glory, the Spirit of God. The Parousia or Second Coming of the Lord shaped itself to the imagination of primitive believers as a quasi-physical appearance of the Lord in glory and great power ‘in the clouds’ and with a retinue of ‘holy Angels’ (1 Thessalonians 4:17; cf
Son of God - ’ (1) The Angels are thus designated, as when in the Book of Job (Job 38:7) it is mentioned that at the dawn of creation ‘the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy. In the case of the Angels, the relation suggested may be that of the Creator to His creatures; and this notion may cover also the application to men in general, who were made in ‘the image of God. Here and there, indeed, there may be Messianic associations involved, as when Jesus promises to the Twelve that, in the day of the full manifestation of the Kingdom, they shall sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28), or when He predicts that on the judgment-day He will appear in the glory of His Father and of the holy Angels (Mark 8:38); but, as a rule, one might read the greater number of these sayings without being reminded that they proceeded from the lips of one claiming to be the Messiah. In Mark 13:32, speaking of a date in the future, Jesus says, ‘But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the Angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. ’ Naturally this has been often quoted as a conclusive disproof of the orthodox doctrine of the Sonship of our Lord, and it has been one of the chief occasions for the invention of the kenotic theories, as they are called, of His Person; but, on the other hand, it is one of the clearest indications of a consciousness superior to mere humanity, for it places the speaker above both men and Angels so obviously, that even Holtzmann, in an unwonted outburst of concession, exclaims: ‘This is the single passage in which the Son, while opposed along with the Angels to the Father, appears to become a metaphysical magnitude’ (NT Theol. ...
The inference appearing to follow from the passage just quoted is that Jesus was a Being above both men and Angels, but inferior to God
Revelation, the - Christ has seven stars in His right hand, and the stars are the Angels of the seven churches, that is, representative, as if the spirit of each church were personified. The Angels declare the worthiness of the Lamb, without mentioning redemption. It is noticeable that in the first six seals no allusion is made to Angels. There is then a succession of Angels, one of whom flies in mid heaven, having the everlasting gospel for all nations, crying, "Fear God, and give glory to him:" for the hour of judgement has come. It presents also the coming out of the seven Angels from the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony, having the seven vials, or bowls, of the wrath of God. A vision concerning the great harlot, which may be identified with Jezebel (in the address to Thyatira) and from the description given, may be recognised as the Romish Papal system, is brought under the notice of John by one of the Angels of the seven last plagues. The bride is shown to John (as had been the harlot) by one of the Angels that had the seven last plagues, in the glories that distinguish her as the seat of heavenly light and rule
Philosophy - Two examples are given: "worship of Angels" and "dwelling on visions. " Hebrews 1 also addresses the problem of the worship of Angels (Christ was erroneously thought to be an angel)
Heaven - The third heaven is the seat of God and of the holy Angels; the place into which Christ ascended after his resurrection, and into which St. Paul tells the believing Hebrews, "Ye are come unto Mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of Angels, to the general assembly and church of the first-born, which are written," or are enrolled, "in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than the blood of Abel,"...
Hebrews 12:22-24
Linus (1) - For they saw the apostle standing upright at the top of his cross crowned by Angels with roses and lilies and receiving from our Lord a book out of which he reads to his disciples. A dazzling light makes the soldiers unable to find the veil; returning to the gate they find that Plautilla has already received it back from Paul, who has visited her accompanied by a band of white-robed Angels
Athenagoras - We easily recognize this view in his language about matter and the souls, Angels, natures sensible and intelligible, and the contemplation of God as the end of man's being; and also in that referring to the Son of God as the Logos and Creator (except that this is not at all peculiar to Athenagoras), more especially in his calling the Word "idea (or archetype) and energy" in the work of Creation. The Angels, too—indubitably personal beings—are mentioned as holding a place after the Trinity, in Christian theology (c. 10); and it is worthy of notice that, in the passage cited above from Justin, Angels as well as the Word are described by the persons whom that writer is condemning as temporary appearances; as if it were the Sadducees, or some similar Jewish sect, of which he is speaking. of fallen Angels, or their offspring by human wives, a view common with the apologists. The evil Angels he regards as having fallen by misuse of free will, as did also man; cf. Nearly the same account of the fall of the Angels is found in both: the same books are quoted, often the same passages; by both the very same phrases are occasionally employed
Judgment - The words ‘the time’ (Matthew 8:29), and ‘then’ (Matthew 16:27, Matthew 25:1), point to a time which follows the Lord’s appearing in glory with His Angels after the resurrection from the dead. But it is clear that the holy Angels do not come into judgment, for they accompany and serve the holy Judge (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 25:31). —Jesus Christ the Judge in His glory (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 19:28, Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26) [1]; ‘the throne of his glory’ (Matthew 25:31); the surrounding holy Angels as His servitors (cf
Colossians, Theology of - The reference to observing Sabbaths (2:16) indicates a Jewish flavor, while the emphasis on ascetic practice and heavenly mediaries, like the Angels, has a Hellenistic character, although a connection to mystery influence is more likely than a Gnostic one. The key phrase is "worship of Angels. Would it be attractive to a church initially committed to Jesus?...
The other reading takes the phrase as meaning "seeing the worship of Angels. " In the other words, the teaching emphasizes visions in which heavenly worship of the Angels was observed. The presence of Angels merely reflects one's presence before God, not the worship of them
Hermon, Mount - Enoch 6:6 (a book of the apocrypha) mentions that Hermon is the place where wicked Angels alighted in the days of Jared
Jehovah Our Righteousness - Angels may be, and sometimes are, called righteous, and so are the servants of God; but none of them can be called righteousness
Praise - 1), is always used of "praise" to God, (a) by Angels, Luke 2:13 ; (b) by men, Luke 2:20 ; 19:37 ; 24:53 ; Acts 2:20,47 ; 3:8,9 ; Romans 15:11 (No
Power - , (a) of God, Matthew 26:64 ; Mark 14:62 ; (b) of Angels, e
Account - ) calls attention (a) to this aspect of the Judgment in contrast with that which represents the saints as judging the world and Angels (1 Corinthians 6:2 f
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - ...
That this shall be in the Holy Land seems likely from Zechariah's definite mention of Mount Olivet (Zechariah 14:1; Zechariah 14:4-5) as the scene of Christ's return and from its having been the scene of His ascension; the Angels moreover announced, "this same Jesus
Fable - ( d ) The fables may be specially the speculations about æons and emanations, orders of Angels, and intermediary beings, which are characteristic of all forms of Gnosticism; the passages are so applied by 2nd cent
Heir - He had inherited in the eternal purpose of God (ἕθηκεν, Hebrews 1:2) a name more excellent than the Angels (Hebrews 1:4)
Breast - ...
Revelation 15:6 (a) This probably teaches us the fact that these Angels had their loyalty, their love and their devotion bound up in the golden bands of purity and holiness
Sepulchre - Here the faith of the believer may frequently take wing, and still hear by faith the Angels invitation—"Come, see the place where the Lord lay
Arsenius - Whenever he came into a church he hid himself behind a pillar; he even shrank at times from his brother hermits, remarking that the ten thousands of Angels had but one will, but men had many
Caius, Ecclesiastical Writer - 25) purporting to be written by a great apostle and ascribed by Caius to Cerinthus, in which the author professes to have been shewn by Angels that after the resurrection Christ's kingdom should be earthly, that men should inhabit Jerusalem, should be the slaves of lusts and pleasures, and should spend a thousand years in marriage festivities
Fire - He likewise speaks frequently of the eternal fire prepared for the devil, his Angels, and reprobates, Matthew 25:41
Kingdom - " It was typified by the Jewish theocracy, and declared to be at hand by John the Baptist, and by Christ and his Apostles also in the days of his flesh; but it did not come with power till Jesus rose from the dead and sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high, Acts 2:32-37 : Then was he most solemnly inaugurated, and proclaimed King of the New Testament church, amidst adoring myriads of attendant Angels, and "the spirits of just men made perfect
Dispensation, - ...
The Dispensation of the Law followed, strictly the first publicly ordered system of God's dealing with men, and administered by Angels
Manna - ...
In Psalm 78:24-25 , manna is called "angels' food" and "corn of heaven," in token of its excellence, and that it came directly from the hand of God
Revela'Tion of st. John, - Lastly, the writer was a fellow servant of Angels and a brother of prophets
Philosophy - This insisted on some obsolete Jewish practices, inculcated ‘a voluntary humility and worshipping of Angels’ (Colossians 2:16-18), and was concerned with fables and genealogies, knowledge ‘falsely so called,’ and asceticism (1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 4:1-4; 1 Timothy 4:7; 1 Timothy 6:20, Titus 1:14; Titus 3:9)
Hell - And I asked one of the holy Angels who was with me, and said unto him: “What is this shining thing? for it is not a heaven but only the flame of a blazing fire, and the voice of weeping and crying, and lamentation and strong pain. 14 is a somewhat similar passage: ‘The Lord will come with His Angels and with the armies of the holy ones from the seventh heaven … and He will drag Beliar into Gehenna and also his armies. we have:...
‘And deathless Angels of the immortal God,...
Who ever is, shall bind with lasting bonds...
In chains of flaming fire, and from above...
Punish them all by scourge most terribly;...
And in Gehenna, in the gloom of night,...
Shall they be cast ’neath many horrid beasts...
Of Tartarus, where darkness is immense. The passage begins at § 20, and follows immediately on the description of Heaven, with these words:...
‘And I saw another place over against that, very dark: and it was the place of punishment: and those who were punished there and the punishing Angels had a dark raiment like the air of the place. And there was a great lake, full of flaming mire, in which were certain men who had perverted righteousness, and tormenting Angels afflicted them. Abraham is permitted to witness the procedure of judgment, and he finds two Angels seated at a table
Hell - And I asked one of the holy Angels who was with me, and said unto him: “What is this shining thing? for it is not a heaven but only the flame of a blazing fire, and the voice of weeping and crying, and lamentation and strong pain. 14 is a somewhat similar passage: ‘The Lord will come with His Angels and with the armies of the holy ones from the seventh heaven … and He will drag Beliar into Gehenna and also his armies. we have:...
‘And deathless Angels of the immortal God,...
Who ever is, shall bind with lasting bonds...
In chains of flaming fire, and from above...
Punish them all by scourge most terribly;...
And in Gehenna, in the gloom of night,...
Shall they be cast ’neath many horrid beasts...
Of Tartarus, where darkness is immense. The passage begins at § 20, and follows immediately on the description of Heaven, with these words:...
‘And I saw another place over against that, very dark: and it was the place of punishment: and those who were punished there and the punishing Angels had a dark raiment like the air of the place. And there was a great lake, full of flaming mire, in which were certain men who had perverted righteousness, and tormenting Angels afflicted them. Abraham is permitted to witness the procedure of judgment, and he finds two Angels seated at a table
Satan (2) - It has been supposed that upon those popular beliefs of early Semitie religion there was grafted, from Persian sources, the conception of a Prince of Darkness whose agency is similar to that which, in the religion of Zoroaster, is ascribed to the demon-god Ahriman, and that the belief in Satan and his Angels as fallen spirits was thus introduced into Hebrew theology. Matthew tells us that when the devil left Him, Angels came and ministered unto Him. Thus, so far from discouraging the popular belief which ascribed to Satan and his Angels power over soul and body, Jesus distinctly acknowledged it. ...
Once more, in Christ’s discourse on the Last Judgment, it is expressly stated that the everlasting punishment to which the unfaithful are condemned was ‘prepared for the devil and his Angels’ (Matthew 25:41), a passage which well illustrates the manner in which, in the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus is consistently represented as alluding to Satan and his power and kingdom
Dionysius, Pseudo-Areopagita - To these are added by Sixtus Senensis and others: On the Properties and Orders of Angels; The Legal Hierarchy . The members of the Heavenly Hierarchy are the nine orders of Angels—the term Angel being sometimes used alike of all the orders and sometimes in a more proper and restricted sense of the lowest of the nine. The names of the nine orders appear to be obtained by combining with the more obvious Seraphim Cherubim Archangels and Angels five deduced from two passages of St. Principalities, Archangels, Angels
Jude, Theology of - Yet judgment continues in the present, as indicated by the Angels who are currently being kept under judgment (v. 5,9, 14)—who saves his people, and the Judge who condemns the world, sinners, and evil Angels (vv
Revelation, Book of - ) In apocalyptic literature God gives revelations to people by means of strange visions explained by Angels. ...
The third series of judgments then follows, with seven Angels pouring out seven bowls of God’s anger upon a rebellious world (15:1-16:21)
Book of Life - 3 (1896)]'>[3]0, There the seer inquires about two Angels whom he sees, and is told by his angel guide: ‘These are the Angels of the Lord Almighty who inscribe all the good works of the righteous in His scrolls, sitting at the gate of heaven
Judgement - The fallen Angels are reserved unto judgement, 2 Peter 2:4 ; and everlasting fire is prepared for the devil and his Angels
Philoxenus, a Monophysite Leader - It was contrary to reason to represent Angels, purely spiritual beings, by human bodies. He acted up to these opinions and blotted out pictures of Angels, removing out of sight those of Christ (Joann
Jacob - ...
When sent forth by his parents to escape Esau, and to get a wife in Padan Aram, he for the first time is presented before us as enjoying God's manifestations at Bethel in his vision of the ladder set up on earth, and the top reaching heaven, with "Jehovah standing above, and the Angels of God ascending and descending (not descending and ascending, for the earth is presupposed as already the scene of their activity) on it," typifying God's providence and grace arranging all things for His people's good through the ministry of "angels" (Genesis 28; Hebrews 1:14). ...
Still more typifying Messiah, through whom heaven is opened and also joined to earth, and Angels minister with ceaseless activity to Him first, then to His people (John 14:6; Revelation 4:1; Acts 7:56; Hebrews 9:8; Hebrews 10:19-20). The vision of the two encampments of Angels on either side of him prepared him for the vision of the Lord of Angels
Abraham - Here, too, occurred the visit of the three Angels, and the memorable intercession with the Angel-Jehovah for the inhabitants of Sodom, Genesis 18:1-33
Servant - ...
A — 7: σύνδουλος (Strong's #4889 — Noun Masculine — sundoulos — soon'-doo-los ) "a fellow servant," is used (a) of natural conditions, Matthew 18:28,29,31,33 ; 24:49 ; (b) of "servants" of the same Divine Lord, Colossians 1:7 ; 4:7 ; Revelation 6:11 ; of Angels, Revelation 19:10 ; 22:9
Fire - ...
Fire is also used to symbolize: God's people victorious over all enemies (Obadiah 1:18 ); the word of God (Jeremiah 5:14 ); the Holy Spirit (Isaiah 4:4 ; Acts 2:3 ); the zeal of the saints (Psalm 39:3 ; Psalm 119:139 ); of Angels (Hebrews 1:7 ); of lust (Proverbs 6:27-28 ); of wickedness (Isaiah 9:18 ); of the tongue (James 3:6 ); and of judgment (Jeremiah 48:45 )
Theophany - See Angels
Vision - In the report given to our Lord by the two disciples on their way to Emmaus of the vision of Angels seen by the women, the word ὀπτασία is used (Luke 24:23)
Gain - Its greatness is most fully known when we realize that we share it with God Himself and His Angels (Luke 15:6; Luke 15:9; Luke 15:22 ff
Choice - Individuals are spoken of as chosen (Romans 16:23; 1 Peter 5:13, 2 John 1:13), and also Angels (1 Timothy 5:21); while God’s purpose of selection is mentioned (Romans 9:11), and the status of those selected (1 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:10)
Anglo-Saxon Church - ...
Pope Saint Gregory the Great, happening to see some fair-haired youths in the Roman slave-market, being told they were Angles from Deira, said: "Not Angles, but Angels: de ira Dei (from the wrath of God) they shall be saved
Sinai - The third or most easterly summit is called by the religious in those parts, Mount Catherine; on the top of which there is a dome, under which they say was interred the body of this saint, brought thither by Angels after she was beheaded at Alexandria
Spirit - It is said, Acts 23:8 , that the Sadducees denied the existence of Angels and spirits
University of Oxford -
Corpus Christi, founded 1516, by Richard Foxe, Bishop of Winchester, and dedicated to Saint Peter, Saint Andrew, Saint Cuthbert, and Saint Swithin; Angels bearing the Sacred Host are depicted in an oriel window over the great gateway
Prince - It came later to be applied to the guardian Angels of the nations ( Daniel 10:13 ; Daniel 10:20-21 ), to Michael the archangel ( Daniel 12:1 )
Peace - " (Philippians 4:7) And so truly great and glorious was the first promulgation of it, when the news broke out in heaven, that the holy Angels delighted to be the first preachers of it upon earth
Paradise - The happiness of the poor pardoned sinner was not in the place, not simply as paradise, for this he might have been, and in the company of Angels also, and yet not blessed
Tichonius, an African Donatist - Tichonius also wrote a commentary on the Revelation which Gennadius tells us he interpreted entirely in a spiritual sense—that the human body is an abode of Angels ("angelicam stationem corpus esse"); that the Millennium in a personal sense is doubtful that there is only one resurrection in which human bodies of every sort and age will rise and that of the two resurrections mentioned one is to be understood of the growth of grace in the soul of man and in the church
Hebrews - It included a reverence for Angels, Moses, and the Levitical sacrificial system. ...
Jesus is God's superior revelation (Hebrews 1:1-4 ); He is superior to the Angels (Hebrews 1:5-2:18 ) and to Moses (Hebrews 3:1-4:13 ). Jesus is superior to Angels (Hebrews 1:4-14 )
Jude Epistle of - 130-150), taught that the world was made by Angels who had revolted from God. He was, however, an ordinary man, but endowed with powers which enabled Him to outwit the world-angels. The railing at dignitaries with which the writer charges the false teachers (Judges 1:8) would answer very well to the attitude of Carpocrates towards the Angels
Heresy - The archangels are not generally recognized in this theory; this class is said to have been of a later origin, and to have been first introduced by Porphyry. As late even as the fourth century, the synod at Laodicea was obliged to institute severe laws against the worship of Angels against magic, and against incantations. He calls the doctrinal system of his opponents φιλοσοφια ου κατα Χριστον , "a philosophy incompatible with Christianity," Colossians 2:8 ; θρησκεια των αγγελων , "a worship of Angels," Colossians 2:18 ; διδασκαλιαι δαιμονιων , "a demonology," 1 Timothy 4:1 . The philosophic system above mentioned was built on the Scripture doctrine of good and evil Angels, and so had a basis of truth, although abused to a gross superstition, and even idolatry. He knew that the spiritual powers they had converted into subordinate deities, were either good or evil Angels in their various ranks, and he uproots the whole superstition, by showing that the "thrones and dominions" of heaven are submissive created servants of Christ; and that the evil spirits, the rulers of "the darkness of this world," are put under his feet
Colossians, Epistle to the - It appears to have denied the direct agency of God in the work of creation, and to have inculcated the worship of Angels and other mysterious powers of the unseen world (Colossians 2:18 ). On one side, therefore, this Epistle may be compared with He I, where the supremacy of the Son over all Angels is strongly insisted on, while on the other side it takes up the line of thought of the Epistle to the Galatians the relation of the Christian life to external ordinances
Satan - "Prince of the demons" (Greek), at the head of an organized "kingdom" (2 Corinthians 10:5), with "his (subject) Angels. Again "God spared not the Angels, but cast them into hell (Τartarus , the bottomless pit: Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:11), and delivered them to chains of darkness" (2 Peter 2:4)
Judgment, Last - As for the concern of others in the judgment; Angels will be no otherwise concerned than as attendants, gathering the elect, raising the dead, &c. The fallen Angels, also, are said to be reserved unto the judgment of the great day, Judges 1:6
Unitarians - The existence of Angels and spirits;...
8. And, therefore, of the devil and his Angels
Gods - ) Created spirits, Angels, or demons, whence good and evil gods; Genii, Lares, Lemures, Typhones, guardian gods, infernal gods, &c. The true God is often called so, as are sometimes Angels, judges, and princes, and sometimes idols and false gods; for example: "God created the heaven and the earth," Genesis 1:1
Enoch - As Angels fell to the earth by transgression, so this man was raised to heaven by pleasing God (Irenaeus, 4:15, sec
Preparation, Prepare, Prepared - , (a) of those things which are ordained (1) by God, such as future positions of authority, Matthew 20:23 ; the coming Kingdom, Matthew 25:34 ; salvation personified in Christ, Luke 2:31 ; future blessings, 1 Corinthians 2:9 ; a city, Hebrews 11:16 ; a place of refuge for the Jewish remnant, Revelation 12:6 ; Divine judgments on the world, Revelation 8:6 ; 9:7,15 ; 16:12 ; eternal fire, for the Devil and his Angels, Matthew 25:41 ; (2) by Christ: a place in Heaven for His followers, John 14:2,3 ; (b) of human "preparation" for the Lord, e
Adam - ...
Adam was made a little lower than "angels" (or "God") at his creation and "crowned with glory and honor" (Psalm 8:5 )
Heir - The inalienability of land made Naboth reject as impious Ahab's proposal (1 Kings 21:3); typifying Christ's inalienable inheritance of a name more excellent than that of the Angels (Hebrews 1:4)
Resurrection - The mere animal functions of flesh and blood shall no longer be needed they do not marry, but are equal to the Angels (Luke 20:35-36; 1 Corinthians 6:13; 1 Corinthians 15:35-57; 1 Peter 1:3-4) The time is fixed for the Lord's coming (Colossians 3:4; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Revelation 20)
Logos - God became increasingly aloof in Jewish theology and dealt with His creation only through this subordinate being and through His Angels
Levirate Law - In the resurrection, since they all had her, whose wife shall she be of the seven? Jesus in His answer to the Sadducees did not discuss the justice or injustice of the Levirate law, or examine the purpose of Moses in decreeing it; but, asserting that they had erred, not knowing the Scriptures or the power of God, He showed them that in the resurrection men neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are as the Angels of God in heaven; and then He proceeded to declare that belief in immortality is involved in our consciousness of the being of God
Shepherd - 25, the name ‘shepherd’ is given to the 70 Angels ruling the 70 nations of the earth (see R
Firstborn - begotten into the world, the shall be deemed worthy of not less honor, for "He saith (Psalms 97:7), Let all the Angels of God worship Him
Courage - It is of this sustained heroism that Jesus says, ‘In your patience (ὑπομονή, ‘patient endurance’) ye shall win your souls’ (Luke 21:19), ‘He that endureth to the end shall be saved’ (Matthew 10:22; Matthew 24:13); and those who, in spite of pain and persecution, confess Him before men, He declares He will confess before His Father and the holy Angels (Luke 12:8, cf
Beelzebub or Beelzebul - —It is strange that this name has never yet been satisfactorily explained; stranger still that no trace of it has been found as yet among the scores of Jewish names for Angels and spirits
Ark - Peter (himself like a spirit in prison during those three days), unhappy children of the unlawful union between Angels and the daughters of men, condemned rebels who in vain sought the intervention of Enoch on their behalf in that time of Divine long-suffering when Noah was preparing the ark in which he saved himself and his family (see R
Impute - And if God accepts such a ransom; yea, he himself appoints it: and if the sinner by Christ's righteousness be made holy: and if the sins of the sinner be all done away by Christ's voluntary sufferings and death: if the law of God be thus honoured; the justice of God thus satisfied; all the divine perfections glorified by an equivalent; yea, more than an equivalent, inasmuch as Christ's obedience and death infinitely transcend in dignity and value the everlasting obedience of men and Angels; surely, here is the fullest assurance of the truth of the doctrine of Christ's imputed righteousness, and the perfect approbation of JEHOVAH to the blessed plan of redemption
Kingdom, Kingdom of God, Kingdom of Heaven - It is shown that evil would be found in the kingdom, but that Christ will eventually send His Angels to gather out of His kingdom all things that offend; then it will be established in power by the Lord Jesus sitting on His own throne, and reigning supreme as Son of man over the earth, ending by His ultimately giving up the kingdom to the Father, that God may be all in all
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ - This preexistent intelligence, supposed in this doctrine, is so confounded with those other intelligences called Angels, that there is great danger of mistaking this human soul for an angel, and so of making the person of Christ to consist of three natures
Mystery - Thus, Revelation 1:20 , "The mystery," that is, the spiritual meaning, "of the seven stars: The seven stars are the Angels of the seven churches
Universalists - ]'>[1] They have likewise a just claim to this title on other grounds; for their doctrine, which includes the restoration, or "restitution of all the intelligent offspring of God," or of all "lapsed intelligences," seems to embrace even the fallen Angels
Ability, Able - It is said of Angels in 2 Peter 2:11 (cp
Lust - 1, has the same twofold meaning as the noun, namely (a) "to desire," used of the Holy Spirit against the flesh, Galatians 5:17 (see below); of the Lord Jesus, Luke 22:15 , "I have desired;" of the holy Angels, 1 Peter 1:12 ; of good men, for good things, Matthew 13:17 ; 1 Timothy 3:1 ; Hebrews 6:11 ; of men, for things without moral quality, Luke 15:16 ; 16:21 ; 17:22 ; Revelation 9:6 ; (b) of "evil desires," in respect of which it is translated "to lust" in Matthew 5:28 ; 1 Corinthians 10:6 ; Galatians 5:17 (1st part; see below); James 4:2 ; to covet, Acts 20:23 ; Romans 7:7 ; 13:9
Apocalyptic Literature - The visions had symbolic meaning and were often interpreted by Angels (Ezekiel 40:2-4; Daniel 8:15-19; Zechariah 1:9; Zechariah 1:19; Zechariah 5:5-6; Revelation 21:9; Revelation 21:15)
Poet - The simple pathos of such a word as ‘When he thought thereon he wept’ (Mark 14:72), or the sudden reminder that Jesus in the wilderness of His temptation had for His companions the wild beasts and the Angels (John 12:23-31,90), are inimitable. ...
Thus it came to pass that the Kingdom of God which He established was proclaimed as the Kingdom of the child (Matthew 19:14); He quoted a prophetic verse in confirmation of His saying that the praise of God was made perfect by passing through infant lips (Psalms 8:2, Matthew 21:16); He thanked His Father specially for revealing to the instinctive minds of babes, truths which were unattainable by the wise and prudent (Luke 10:21); and, in the finest reference of all, He told how the Angels of the children dwell in heaven, always beholding the face of the Father (Matthew 18:10). Now and then the canvas is crowded with Angels. Angels ‘wait upon His prayer to the Father (26:53); and by those who look with opened eyes, Angels may be seen daily ‘ascending and descending upon the Son of Man’ (John 1:51). A favourite scene is that of the Son of Man sitting on the clouds of heaven (Matthew 26:64); but a sublimer picture is that which the same Son of Man draws of Himself standing ashamed among His Angels because of the pusillanimous spirit of some of His followers (Mark 8:38)
Tatianus - Tatian returns to the Logos, that he may demonstrate His work as regards Angels and men. —Of good Angels Tatian says nothing; but he speaks as strongly as Justin of evil Angels, though he presents their work and ways in different language and (in some respects) from a different point of view. When expelled from heaven the fallen Angels or demons lived with animals. As the Angels were cast down from heaven, so man was driven forth from earth, "yet not out of this earth, but from a more excellent order of things than exists here now. : "Die to the world! Live to God!"); and through repentance a call has been granted to those who (according to God's word) are but a little lower than the Angels (c
Targums - And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three Angels in the resemblance of men were standing before him; Angels who had been sent from the necessity of three things because it is not possible for a ministering angel to be sent for more than one purpose at a time one, then, had come to make known to him that Sarah should bear a man-child; one had come to deliver Lot; and one to overthrow Sodom and Gomorrah. It is said of this Jonathan that when he sat down and occupied himself with the study of the Law, every bird that happened to fly over his head was burned; the reason of this was that so many Angels gathered around him in order to hear the words of the Law from his mouth ( Succah , 28 a Olives, Mount of - The Latin Christians call the northern part "Viri Galilaei ", being the presumed site of the Angels' address to the disciples at the ascension, "ye men of Galilee," etc. The notion that the northern hill (Arabic Κarem es Serjad , "the vineyard of the sportsmen") was the scene of the Angels' address to the apostles after the ascension first came into existence in the 16th century. The place of the Angels' address was from the 12th to the 16th century more appropriately assigned to a place in the Church of the Ascension, marked by two columns
Almighty - " The same absolute subjection of creatures to his dominion is seen among the intelligent inhabitants of the material universe; and Angels, mortals the most exalted, and evil spirits, are swayed with as much ease as the most passive elements: "He maketh his Angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. " "The Angels that sinned he cast down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment
Cherub (1) - The redeemed shall be the ruling powers, through whom, as now by the Angels, God shall administer the government of the world, and proclaim His manifold wisdom (Matthew 19:28; 1 Corinthians 6:2; Ephesians 3:10; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 4:6-8). ...
Whereas Angels are "round about the throne," the living creatures occupy the innermost circle next it and Him who is in their midst (Revelation 5:6; Revelation 5:11)
Pharisees - ...
The clearest New Testament statement of Pharisaic distinctives is Acts 23:8 : "The Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, and that there are neither Angels, nor spirits, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all. These included belief in immortality, Angels and demons, spirits, and divine sovereignty
Litany of the Holy Name of Jesus - ...
Jesus, joy of Angels, have mercy on us
Litany of the Holy Name - ...
Jesus, joy of Angels, have mercy on us
Sadducees - The Sadducees also denied the Pharisaic doctrine regarding Angels and ministering spirits ( Acts 23:8 )
Bethlehem - is the traditional scene of the Angels' vision to the shepherds; but the hills were more likely to have been the scene of the flocks being kept than the grain abounding valley
Pharisees - ...
The Pharisees, contrary to the opinion of the Sadducees, held a resurrection from the dead, and the existence of Angels and spirits, Acts 23:8
Saints - Angels)
Fall - Specifically: The first apostasy; the act of our first parents in eating the forbidden fruit; also, the apostasy of the rebellious Angels
Holy Name, Litany of the - ...
Jesus, joy of Angels, have mercy on us
Wrath, Wrath of God - The instruments of God's wrath may be Angels ( Revelation 15:1 ,Revelation 15:1,15:7 ), nations, kings, and rulers as well as natural catastrophes
Wind - ...
New Testament God makes His Angels winds (Hebrews 1:7 NIV), and “with the breath of His mouth” the Lord Jesus will destroy the wicked one ( 2 Thessalonians 2:8 NIV)
Solitude - No human being was within call, and only after the victory was won did Angels come to minister to Him
Bind - For this reason the Lord instructed the Angels to tie those hands and feet to show that GOD would not have any of his deeds, nor his work, nor his walk as a passport to the king's palace and the wedding feast
Catharine, Martyr of Alexandria - Catharine's martyrdom, with horrible details of her tortures, an exact report of her dispute in public with the philosophers of the city and of the learned oration by which she converted them and the empress Faustina and many of the court, and how her corpse was transported to Mount Sinai by Angels (Martin, Vies des Saints, tom
Child - "Children, or sons of God," is a name by which the Angels are sometimes described: "There was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord," Job 1:6 ; Job 2:1
Barrenness - Abstracted from this consideration, I see in the history of Moses details of actions, some trifling, some even offensive, pursued at a length (when compared with the whole) singularly disproportionate; while things which the Angels would desire to look into are passed over and forgotten
Noah - Judges 1:6-7, does not confirm the monstrous notion that "the sons of God" mean Angels cohabiting carnally with women. The analogy to Sodom is this, the Angels' ambition alienating their affections from God is a spiritual fornication analogous to the Sodomites' "going after strange flesh"; so covetousness is connected with whoremongering, as spiritually related (Ephesians 5:5). The parallel 2 Peter 2:4 refers to the first fall of the apostate Angels, not to Genesis 6:2. marriage, cannot be predicated of Angels, fornication and going after strange flesh; moreover Christ states expressly the "angels neither marry nor are given in marriage" (Matthew 22:30; Luke 20:35-36)
Revelation of John, the - ...
Moreover, it accords with the writer's being an inspired apostle that he addresses the Angels or presidents of the churches as a superior inferiors. "The fellow servant of Angels and brother of prophets" (Revelation 22:9) is more likely to be the celebrated apostle John than any less known person bearing the name. Again, the loosing of the four winds by the four Angels standing on the four corners of the earth, under the sixth seal (Revelation 7:1), answers to the loosing of the four Angels at the Euphrates under the sixth trumpet (Revelati
Abraham - One of the three visitants was none other than the Lord, and the other two were Angels in the guise of men. The two Angels went on toward Sodom; while the Lord tarried behind and talked with Abraham, making known to him the destruction that was about to fall on that guilty city
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ - The Angels who have appeared since our blessed Saviour became incarnate, have never assumed the names, titles, characters, or worship, belonging to God. The pre-existent intelligence supposed in this doctrine, is so confounded with those other intelligences called Angels, that there is great danger of mistaking this human soul for an angel, and so of making the person of Christ to consist of three natures
Hymns - ...
Another fragment is 1 Timothy 3:16 :...
‘He who was manifested in the flesh,...
Justified in the spirit,...
Seen of Angels,...
Preached among the nations,...
Believed on in the world,...
Received up in glory. ...
In 5:12 the Angels offer a fuller doxology to the Lamb, and the response of all creation with a fourfold doxology, and of the living creatures with the familiar ‘Amen’ which ended the eucharistic thanksgiving of the Church on earth, is ‘highly suggestive of the devotional attitude of the Asiatic Church in the time of Domitian towards the Person of Christ’ (Swete, op
Cerinthus, Opponent of Saint John - His notions of eschatology are radically Jewish: they may have originated, but do not contain, the Valentinian notion of a spiritual marriage between the souls of the elect and the Angels of the Pleroma. He had learned at Alexandria to distinguish between the different degrees of inspiration and attributed to different Angels the dictation severally of the words of Moses and of the Prophets; in this agreeing with Saturninus and the Ophites
Judgment - DAY OF, is that important period which shall terminate the present dispensation of grace toward the fallen race of Adam, put an end to time, and introduce the eternal destinies of men and Angels, Acts 16:31 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24-26 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17 ; Matthew 25:31-46 . The Lord shall be revealed from heaven in flaming fire, 2 Thessalonians 1:7-8 , arrayed in all the glory of his Godhead, and attended by his mighty Angels, Matthew 16:27 ; Matthew 25:31
Colossians - (4) The worship of Angels and lesser spirits was encouraged by the false teachers (Colossians 2:8 ,Colossians 2:8,2:18 ). While the passage does not clearly identify the heretics, it does clearly state that Christ (not Angels, philosophies, rituals, traditions, asceticism, nor anything else) is the Source of redemption
Demon - This also gives us one of the few glimpses behind the curtains of history into engagements between demons and Angels. Carr, Angels and Principalities (1981); C. Dickason, Angels: Elect and Evil: idem, Demon Possession and the Christian ; J
the Disobedient Prophet - ...
Where Angels down the lucid stairCame hovering to our sainted sires,Now, in the twilight glareThe heathen's wizard fires. ...
...
And then this-follow your conscience to the end, let men and Angels say what they will, A man is but a man: an angel is but an angel: and false prophets have come out into the world. My conscience, accordingly, is more to me than all prophets and apostles and preachers, and very Angels themselves
Devil - (2) It covered such of the Angels as were thought to have been once attendants upon the true God, but to have fallen ( 2 Peter 2:4 , Judges 1:6 , Ethiop. ‘the evil one’ of Matthew 13:19 ); and for him and his Angels an appropriate destiny is prepared ( Matthew 25:41 ). And the tradition of a revolt and fall of Angels has this in its favour, that it fits in with the belief in devils and the devil, and provides a partially intelligible account of circumstances under which such a belief might take shape
Painting, Religious - The etherealized beauty of Fra Angelico's saints and Angels marks the transition to the work of the early Florentines, Masaccio, Filippo Lippi, Ghirlandajo, Botticelli, and Benozzo Gozzoli
Interpretation - Elihu’s reference to the intercessory or ambassadorial work of Angels in interpreting to man what God requires of him in the way of conduct, as well as explaining the mystery of His dealings with men [3])
Names of Our Lord - ...
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT ...
Almighty Word, Wisdom of Solomon 18:15
Brightness of Eternal Light, Wisdom of Solomon 7:26
Child, Isaiah 9:6
Counsellor, Isaiah 9:6
Desire of Eternal Hills, Genesis 49:26
Desired of all nations, Aggeus 2:8
Emmanuel, Isaiah 7:14
Expectation of nations, Genesis
Father of World to Come, Isaiah
God the Mighty, Isaiah 9:6
Holy One of Israel, Isaiah 43:3
Holy One, Psalms 15:10
Just Branch, Jeremiah 23:5
Just, Isaiah 45:8
King of Glory, Psalms 23:7
Lord of Hosts, Isaiah 9:7
Lord Our Just One, Jeremiah 23:6
Man of Sorrows, Isaiah 53:3
Man, Michah 5:5
My Just One, Isaiah 41:10
Orient, Zachariah 6:12
Prince of Peace, Isaiah 9:6
Root of Jesse, Isaiah 11:10
Ruler of the Earth, Isaiah 16:1
Sun of Justice, Malachi 4:2
Wonderful, Isaiah 9:6
USED BY HIMSELF ...
Bread of Life, John 6:35
Door, John 10:9
Good Shepherd, John 10:11
Life, John 11:25
Light of the World, John 9:5
Lord, John 13:13
Master, John 13:13
Resurrection and Life, John 11:25
Son of Man, Matthew 8:2O
Son, John 5:22
Vine, John 15:1
Way, Truth, and Life, John 14:6
USED BY THE APOSTLES and EVANGELISTS ...
Advocate, 1 John 2:1
Almighty, Apocalypse 1:8
Alpha and Omega, Apocalypse 1:8
Amen, Apocalypse 3:14
Author and Finisher of Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Author of Life, Acts 3:15
Beginning and End, Apocalypse 1:8
Blessed God, Mark 14:61
Child Jesus, Luke 2:43
Christ Jesus, 1 Timothy 1:1
Christ, Matthrew 1:18
Corner-Stone, Epheisans 2:21
Day Star, 2 Peter 1:19
Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Faithful Witness, Apocalypse 1:5
First and Last, Apocalypse 1:17
First Born from the Dead, Apocalypse 1:5
Galitean, Matthew 26:69
God of the Jews, Romans 3:29
Great Pastor, Hebrews 13:20
He that is to come, Hebrews 10:37
Head, Ephesians 4:15
High Priest, Hebrews 2:17
Jesus Christ the Just, 1 John 2:1
Jesus, Matthew 27:17
Key of David, Apocalypse 3:7
King of Kings, Apocalypse 19:16
Lamb of God, John 1:29
Life Eternal, 1 John 1:2
Lion of the Tribe of Juda, Apocalypse 5:5
Living Stone, 1 Peter 2:4
Lord Jesus Christ, Acts 10:48
Lord of All, Galatians 4:1
Lord of Lords, Apocalypse 19:16
Lord Our God, Apocalypse 4:11
Mediator, Hebrews 9:15
Messias, John 1:41 (passim)
Only Begotten of the Father, John 1:14
Our Lord Jesus Ghrist, Romans 1:4
Pascha Nostrum, 1 Corinthians 5:7
Power of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Priest, Hebrews 8:4
Prince of the kings of the earth, Apocalypse 1:5
Rabbi, John 1:18
Rock of Scandal, Romans 9:33
Root of David, Apocalypse 5:6
Saviour of the world, John 4:42
Saviour, Luke 2:11
Son of David, Mark 12:86
Son of God, Matthew 8:29
Son of Joseph, Luke 3:23
Son of the Living God, Matthew 16:16
Star of the morning, Apocalypse 2:23
Stone of stumbling, 1 Peter 2:8
Stone, Matthew 21:42
Teacher, John 3:2
That which was from the beginning, 1 John 1:1
Victim, Ephesians 5:2
Wisdom of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Word, John 1:1
Word of God, Apocalypse 19:13
Word of Life, 1 John 1:1
USED BY OTHERS ...
Adonai, O Antiphons
Angel in the liturgy of the Mass
Captain of our salvation, Ephiphany, Matins
Captain of the Martyrs, Octain of Saint Stephen, Matins
Carpenter's Son, Matthew 13:55
Christ our King, First Wednesday in Advent, Matins
Christ the Lord, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Eagle, Saint Maximus, Homily 42
Eternal, Christmas Day, Lauds
Eternal Word of God made Flesh, Ember Saturday in Advent, Martins
Glory of Thy people Israel, Luke 2:32
God of God, title in Gloria
God our Saviour, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
God the Son, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Great Prophet, First Sunday in Advent, Lauds
Heavenly Bridegroom, Epiphany, Lauds
Holy, Luke 1:35
Holy One of God, Luke 4
King of all the earth, Second Monday in Advent, Vespers
King of Angel Hosts above, Circumcision, Matins
King of Heaven, Christmas Day, Matins
King of Israel, Mark 15:32
King of Righteousness, Third Thursday in Advent, Matins
King of the Gentiles, O Antiphons
King of the Jews, Matthew 2:2
King Peaceful, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
Light to the revelation of the Gentiles, Luke 2:32
Light of Light, title in Gloria
Lord of Angels, Eve of Epiphany, Matins
Lord Our King, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Lawgiver, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Saviour, Circumcision, Matins
Lord that shall rule, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord the King, Ephiphany, Matins
Lord the Ruler, Second Sunday in Advent, Matins
Reprobate - In the same connexion ‘the everlasting fire’ is ‘prepared for the devil and his Angels,’ but the Kingdom to which the righteous are summoned is prepared for them ‘before the foundation of the world
Heaven - From heaven, which is God's court, Angels are sent down to this earth, as the multitude of the heavenly host (distinct from the host of heaven," Acts 7:42), and to which they return (Luke 2:13-15; Luke 22:43)
Wisdom - His plan of salvation for his sinful creatures demonstrates to people and Angels his unsearchable wisdom (Romans 11:33; Ephesians 3:10)
Spirit Spiritual - It is applied to created beings other than human, whether Angels (Hebrews 1:14) or evil spirits (Acts 5:16; Acts 19:15, 1 Timothy 4:1, Revelation 16:14; cf
Gentleness (2) - The Lamb of God answering Pilate so mildly was conscious that twelve legions of Angels stood at His disposal (Matthew 26:53)
Genealogies - ‘Lastly, it becomes a fantastic heresy inside the Church, and sinks into profane frivolity, “Pretended revelations are given as to the names and genealogy of Angels; absurd ascetic rules are laid down as ‘counsels of perfection,’ while daring immorality defaces the actual life” ’ (Plummer, The Pastoral Epp
Despise - Adopting the current Jewish doctrine of Angels as guardian spirits, our Lord tells His hearers that children have friends in the court of heaven, in close nearness to the King Himself, whose ‘Face’ they always see; there they are not thought lightly of, here they must not be despised
Draw-Net - But the separation of the good and the evil at the end of the world will be effected not by the men through whom the Kingdom was extended, but by the Angels, to whom this ministry is always assigned (Matthew 13:41; Matthew 24:31; Matthew 25:31, Revelation 14:18-19)
Feet (2) - The two Angels who guarded the sepulchre were seen sitting ‘the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain’ (John 20:12)
Glory - His people in him, and through him, will hereafter be brought to glory, and will be, we are told, in point of glory as the Angels
Glorify - " (Colossians 2:9) But what Angels or men can describe this? And in Christ's ministry, offices, character, work, and relations in the accomplishment, who shall undertake to set forth the glory of the Father in the Son, and the glory of the Son by the Father, through the efficient operation of God the Holy Ghost?...
I will only add, that it forms a part of that glory which all the persons of the GODHEAD are concerned in, and will be loved, and praised, and adored for, to all eternity by the church, when the church is glorified and made everlastingly happy, from her union with her glorious Head Christ Jesus, and brought home through a life of grace here, to a life of unspeakable nearness, felicity, and glory in Christ Jesus hereafter, and to rest in the uninterrupted enjoyment of it for evermore
House - This word can even be applied to a one-room dwelling: “And he [1] said [2], Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house …” ( Mark, Gospel by - There are no details here of the temptation: simply the fact stated that Jesus was tempted of Satan forty days, and was with the wild beasts, and the Angels ministered unto Him
Satan - Satan was once again in conflict with God’s purposes and the Angels of God, but “the adversary” was not all-powerful and was subject to rebuke by God Himself A general usage of śâṭân (“adversary”) appears in 1 Kings 5:4: “But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary or evil occurrent
Religious Painting - The etherealized beauty of Fra Angelico's saints and Angels marks the transition to the work of the early Florentines, Masaccio, Filippo Lippi, Ghirlandajo, Botticelli, and Benozzo Gozzoli
Jacobus Sarugensis, Bishop of Batnae - , of Angels, and of the mysteries of the Son of God
Little Ones - Thus, multitudes of Christians appear to be accustomed to read Matthew 18:10 as a declaration that the ‘angels of children’ (whatever these ‘angels’ may be) hold a particularly exalted place in heaven. ‘Such little children’ (Matthew 18:5) God takes under His own protection, rewarding those who do them benefits, and visiting with the severest punishment those who evil-entreat them; their Angels ever behold the Father’s face in heaven; if they go astray everything is left that they may be recovered; the Father’s will is pledged that no one of them shall perish. Christ’s ‘little ones’ in it are, in short, just ‘those that believe on him,’ of whom ‘it is not the will of the Father that one should perish,’ whose ‘angels in heaven do always behold the face of the Father which is in heaven
Episcopacy - Some have argued from the mention of Angels, 1:e. As to the Angels of the seven churches in Asia, it is certain that, for any thing which appears in our Lord's epistles to them (Revelation 2:3 :) they might be no more than the pastors of single congregations with their proper assistants
Arrest - ‘The cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? Dost thou suppose that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will even now send to my support more than twelve legions of Angels (i. ]'>[10] finds here an allusion to the destruction of Sennacherib’s army (2 Kings 19:35): If a single angel smote that host of 185,000 armed men, what could this rabble do against 72,000 Angels?...
Anxious to avert attention still further from the Eleven, Jesus addressed Himself to the Jewish rulers who with their officers had accompanied the soldiers
Dominion (2) - In connexion with these predictions of the events of the Day of Judgment, Jesus says: ‘The Son of Man shall send forth his Angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them that do iniquity’ (Matthew 13:41). The Angels are thus represented as being subject to the dominion of Christ in His exaltation, as His servants, obeying His behests; as even during His life on earth they appeared as ministering spirits obedient to His command, and waiting upon Him as courtiers upon their Sovereign (Matthew 4:11; Matthew 26:53, Luke 22:43)
Hell - In the sole use of the word in the New Testament it refers to the place of punishment for rebellious Angels
Sardis - ’ Their virtue has a peculiar grace because it blooms in such an atmosphere, and the reward of their purity will be fellowship with the perfectly pure-God and His holy Angels
Seeing - The Angels also possess the same privilege (Matthew 18:10)
Minister - word in each case) of Joshua as the personal attendant of Moses ( Exodus 24:13 , Joshua 1:1 ), of the servants in the court of Solomon ( 1 Kings 10:5 ), of Angels and the elemental forces of nature as the messengers and agents of the Divine will ( Psalms 103:21 ; Psalms 104:4 ; cf
Presence of God - Angels stand in God's presence and act on his authority as he directs them (Luke 1:19 )
Fear - There is a fear, like that of the Angels in Sodom, animating those who snatch erring ones as brands from the burning, while they hate even the garment spotted by the flesh (Judges 1:23)
First-Born First-Begotten - In any case the ‘firstborn’ are men, not Angels, to whom the word would be inapplicable, and who could not be described as ‘enrolled in heaven’ (Westcott)
Antichrist - From this time the popes exerted all their power in promoting the idolatrous worship of images, saints, reliques, and Angels
Magi - In short, Zoroaster held that there was one supreme independent Being, and under him two principles, or Angels; one the angel of light or good, and the other the angel of evil or darkness; that there is a perpetual struggle between them, which shall last to the end of the world; that then the angel of darkness and his disciples shall go into a world of their own, where they shall be punished in everlasting darkness; and the angel of light and his disciples shall also go into a world of their own, where they shall be rewarded in everlasting light
Joseph - ...
As Joseph was the beloved son of Jacob, and distinguished by his father with special tokens, of his affection, and which excited the envy of his brethren; so Christ, the beloved and only begotten son of God, by means of that distinguishing token of JEHOVAH, in setting him up, the Head of his body the church, and giving him a kingdom, in his glorious character of Mediator, called forth, as is most generally believed, that war we read of in heaven in the original rebellion of Angels
Look - ...
Which things the Angels desire to look into
Fear - There is a fear, like that of the Angels in Sodom, animating those who snatch erring ones as brands from the burning, while they hate even the garment spotted by the flesh (Judges 1:23)
Demoniac - According to the sense and discernment of men, the miracle is useful in itself, but we cannot be sure whether it may not have been performed by one of the rebellious Angels "who kept not their first estate. It is evident that the devil and his Angels, according to all that we can learn of them in the sacred books, are real beings; that the demons of the New Testament are malignant spirits; and that they act upon the same principles, and even under the authority of Satan himself, who is otherwise called Beelzebub, and the prince of the devils, Nay, in these very cases of possession, the chief of the apostate Angels is clearly set forth as acting either in his own person, or by means of his infernal agents
Adam - If, then, it was not wholly for himself that the world was created by God; and if Angels were not so immediately connected with this system, as to lead us to suppose that it was made for them; a rational inhabitant was obviously still wanting to complete the work, and to constitute a perfect whole. ...
In knowledge, some have thought him little inferior to the Angels; others, as furnished with but the simple elements of science and of language. The truth seems to be that, as to capacity, his intellect must have been vigorous beyond that of any of his fallen descendants; which itself gives us very high views of the strength of his understanding, although we should allow him to have been created "lower than the Angels. Sufficient time appears not to have been afforded him for the study of the properties of animals, as this event took place previous to the formation of Eve; and as for the notion of his acquiring knowledge by intuition, this is contradicted by the revealed fact that Angels themselves acquire their knowledge by observation and study, though no doubt, with great rapidity and certainty
Jesus Christ - His advent was announced by Angels. Angels announced
Apocrypha - Although the literature is too vast and varied to summarize here, many Pseudepigrapha contain visionary journeys through heaven (or a series of heavens) and hell, an increased interest in Angels and demons, speculations on the origins of sin and the nature of the final judgment, various expectations of a Messiah, predictions of the end of time, and ethical exhortations. The Gospel of Peter presents, after an otherwise straightforward account of the crucifixion, a vivid narration of the resurrection of Jesus: two Angels come down from heaven, enter the tomb, and exit with Jesus, followed by a talking Cross
Mary - " So again—, "For verily he took not on him the nature of Angels, but he took on him the seed of Abraham. " Hence, therefore, observe the beauty and the order in the divine government, for which the Lord Jesus took not on him the nature of Angels but the seed of Abraham
Evil (2) - In heaven the holy Angels veil their faces in God’s presence (Isaiah 6:2). He taught that in the end good will triumph over evil, and evil be absolutely excluded from the Universe: ‘In the end of the world the Son of man shall send forth his Angels,’ etc
Docetism - 853) contains a polemic against Docetism which is represented as defended by Marinus the disciple of Bardesanes, who adopts the Valentinian notion that our Lord had come διὰ Μαρίας , not ἐκ Μαρίας , and who maintains that His earthly body was only such as the Angels had temporarily assumed who ate and drank with Abraham. that Christ had come into the world, not merely as sent by the Father, but as really born of the Virgin; that He was truly incarnate, and did not assume the form of a body merely as did the Angels whose appearances have been recorded; that He was circumcised, baptized, tempted; that His death was a real one, as was necessary in order that His resurrection also should be real (see in particular the disputation between Augustine and Faustus)
Swedenborgians - On this subject, it is insisted, not only from his view of the sacred Scriptures, but also from the experience of the author himself, that every man is in continual association with Angels and spirits, and that without such association he could not possibly think or exert any living faculty. It is insisted farther, that man, according to his life in the world, takes up his eternal abode, either with Angels of light, or with the spirits of darkness; with the former, if he is wise to live according to the precepts of God's holy word; or with the latter, if, through folly and transgression, he rejects the counsel and guidance of the Most High
Glory - 2Ma 3:26 , of Angels)
Look - and primarily, "to stoop sideways" para, "aside," kupto, "to bend forward"), denotes "to stoop to look into," Luke 24:12 , "stooping and looking in" (AV, "stooping down"); John 20:5,11 ; metaphorically in James 1:25 , of "looking" into the perfect law of liberty; in 1 Peter 1:12 of things which the Angels desire "to look" into
Resurrection of Christ - "If Christ did not rise, the whole scheme of redemption is a failure, and all the predictions and anticipations of its glorious results for time and for eternity, for men and for Angels of every rank and order, are proved to be chimeras
Judgment Day - Also Angels will be judged as well as humans (Jubilees 5:3-16; Enoch 10:6; 16:1; 19:1; 90:20-27)
Son of Man - God addresses Daniel (Daniel 8:17) once, Ezekiel so about 80 times, to remind him of his human lowliness and frailty, as "man lower than the Angels," though privileged to enjoy visions of the cherubim and of God Himself, "lest he should be exalted through the abundance of the revelations" (2 Corinthians 12:7)
Four - ...
Revelation 7:1 (c) By this is revealed the power of GOD over Angels, and over the earth
Ancestor-Worship - But it is very precarious to build on an obscure passage of this kind, especially as the use of the word elohim is so wide (applied to God, Angels, and possibly even judges or kings) that no inference can be drawn from this passage
Law - He gave a law to Angels, which some of them kept, and have been confirmed in a state of obedience to it; but which others broke, and thereby plunged themselves into destruction and misery
Knowledge of God (1) - By this we are allied to Angels, and are capable of rising for ever in the scale of being
Apostle - "* They were to consider this One who had been faithful, and who was superior to Moses, to the Aaronic priests, and to Angels, and was in the glory
Holy - Also the Angels in the heavenly entourage are “holy”: “And the valley of my mountains shall be stopped up, for the valley of the mountains shall touch the side of it; and you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah
Elkesai, Elkesaites - It is taught that Christ is but a created being, but the greatest of creatures, being Lord over Angels as well as over every other created thing
Go Down - 28:12, Jacob saw a “ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the Angels of God ascending and descending on it
Marcus, a Gnostic - Thus his system tells of 30 Aeons divided into an Ogdoad a Decad and a Dodecad; of the fall and recovery of Sophia; of the future union of the spirits of the chosen seed with Angels as their heavenly bridegrooms
Punishment - (α) According to representations derived from apocalyptic literature, the fallen Angels are depicted as undergoing punishment in Tartarus while awaiting the Final Judgment (2 Peter 2:9; cf
Hermas Shepherd of - ...
The main part of the third Vision is the revelation by the lady of the Church under the image of a tower being built by Angels upon the waters of baptism. Contrasts are drawn between the two ways (and the two Angels) of righteousness and wickedness, between the fear of God and the fear of the devil, and between temperance as to what is evil, and indulgence in what is good. Upon the rock a tower (the Church) is being built by Angels, of stones that are brought through the gate. In the fifth Vision there is an apparent reference to the belief in guardian Angels
Hebrews, Epistle to the - In this respect He inherits a more excellent name than the Angels. Jesus is the 'Son of man,' made indeed a little lower than the Angels for the suffering of death, but now crowned with glory and honour. He has taken up, not the cause of Angels, but the seed of Abraham
Family - ) that orders of Angels are meant, and he quotes a Rabbinical phrase, ‘His family the Angels’; but ‘families’ (plural) of Angels are not mentioned, and the suggestion is hardly necessary
Daniel, the Book of - Thus, the New Testament attests (Daniel 2-3; 6-7; 11) expressly on the three points to which rationalists object, namely, the predictions, the miracles narrated, and the manifestations of Angels. ...
Nebuchadnezzar's degradation, repentance, and restoration contrast strikingly with Belshazzar's sacrilegious luxury and consequent doom; and Daniel develops definitely the prophetical germs already existing as to Messiah (Daniel 7; Daniel 9), the resurrection (Daniel 12:2-3), and the ministry of Angels (Daniel 8:16; Daniel 8:10; Daniel 12:1)
Hymn - —The poetical pieces which we know as the Magnificat, Benedictus, Nune Dimittis, and Gloria in Excelsis (Angels’ song), and which are embodied in the first two chapters of the Third Gospel, are probably the earliest examples of Christian hymns. They are ascribed to the Virgin Mary, Simeon, Zacharias, and the Angels respectively; but it is more probable that they are to be regarded as original liturgical compositions, refleeting the piety and devotion of the early Jewish-Christian community in Palestine
Body - " Hence, therefore, the Son of God passed by the nature of Angels, for an angel's nature would not have suited his purpose, nor ours
Victory - " The Lord will grant to the one who overcomes the following: eating of the tree of life, in the paradise of God (2:7); immunity to the second death (2:11); receipt of the "hidden manna, " a white stone with a new name inscribed on it, known only to the person himself (2:17); power over the nations, to rule over them with a rod of iron (2:26-27); being clad in white garments, name not being blotted out of the book of life, and the confession of his name before the Father and the Angels (3:5); made a pillar in the temple of God; and three new names: the name of God, the name of the city of God, the new Jerusalem, and the Lord's own new name (3:12); and sitting on the Lord's throne with him (3:21)
Reconcile, Reconciliation - " It is the Divine purpose, on the ground of the work of Christ accomplished on the Cross, to bring the whole universe, except rebellious Angels and unbelieving man, into full accord with the mind of God, Ephesians 1:10
Excommunication - The major, which falls upon those who disobey the commands of the holy see, or refuse to submit to certain points of discipline; in consequence of which they are excluded from the church militant and triumphant, and delivered over to the devil, and his Angels
Providence - Often God works through secondary causes such as natural law or special messengers, such as the Angels
River - In the first (Revelation 9:14), the sixth angel with the trumpet is bidden to loose the four Angels that are bound at ‘the great river Euphrates,’ that they may lead forth a mighty army to the sad disaster of Rome
Daniel, Book of - Two Angels have proper names, Gabriel and Michael
Angel - ...
Hebrews 13:2 (b) The Angels referred to in this passage possibly may be the Lord JESUS and the Holy Spirit. He might have been one of the archangels or another angel
Colours - Angels are arrayed in white (Revelation 15:6; cf
Fellow - (Hebrews 2:1-18) "For verily he took not on him the nature of Angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham
Spirit; Breath - ”...
Eighth, the non-material beings (angels) in heaven are sometimes called “spirits”: “And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the Lord, and said, I will persuade him” (1 Kings 22:21; cf
the Angel of the Lord - " There is one part of the history of the Jews in the wilderness, which so fully shows that they distinguished this Angel of Jehovah from all created Angels, as to deserve particular attention
Hutchinsonians - The cherubim, which have been thought "angels placed as a guard to deter Adam from breaking into Eden again," he explains to have been a hieroglyphic of divine construction, or a sacred image, to describe, as far as figures could go, the Aleim and man taken in, or humanity united to deity
Babel - It is called by the natives, El Mujellibah, ‘the overturned;' also Haroot and Maroot, from a tradition handed down, with little deviation, from time immemorial, that near the foot of the ruin there is a well, invisible to mortals, in which those rebellious Angels were condemned by God to be hung with their heels upward, until the day of judgment, as a punishment for their wickedness
Leave, Left - ...
4: ἀπολείπω (Strong's #620 — Verb — apoleipo — ap-ol-ipe'-o ) "to leave behind" (apo, "from") is used (a) in the Active Voice, of "leaving" behind a cloak, 2 Timothy 4:13 ; a person, 2 Timothy 4:20 ; of "abandoning" a principality (by Angels), Jude 1:6 , RV; (b) in the Passive Voice, "to be reserved, to remain," Hebrews 4:6,9 ; 10:26
Might, Mighty, Mightily, Mightier - , Matthew 25:15 , "ability;" Acts 3:12 , "power;" 2 Thessalonians 1:7 , RV, "(angels) of His power" (AV, "mighty"); Hebrews 11:11 , RV, "power" (AV, "strength"); see ABILITY; (b) used absolutely, denotes (1) "power to work, to carry something into effect," e
Colors - White is used in the New Testament of the garments of Jesus and Angels to indicate the glory of the wearer (Matthew 17:2 ; Matthew 28:3 ; Acts 1:10 )
Parousia - The order of events awaited is the descent of Jesus with His Angels from the upper heavens to the lower; the sounding of the trumpet and the voice of the archangel which will summon the dead from Sheol; the giving to the saints of the body of the resurrection; the catching up of the living saints, who have been changed in the twinkling of an eye, to meet Jesus and the risen saints in the air; the general judgment of both living and dead; the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom, which, after a period of struggle, is to be victorious over the kingdom of Satan; and finally the fixing of the eternal supremacy of God
Dualism - In post-exilic Judaism, however, there was a twofold tendency so to assert the transcendence of God that Angels must be recognized as mediating between Him and the world, and to preserve His moral perfection by assigning the evil in the world to the agency of evil spirits under the leadership of Satan , the adversary
Paradise - 3: ‘the Paradise of righteousness,’ where God is seen sitting encompassed by Angels; xxviii
Ascension - Two Angels (‘men in white apparel’) appeared and assured them of His future return to earth, and they went back to Jerusalem (v. There had been no record of angelic appearances when the risen Jesus was seen by the disciples, as we might have expected from John 1:51; the Angels appeared only to announce the Resurrection and to explain the Ascension. Peter speaks of Angels and authorities and powers being made subject to the Ascended Christ (1 Peter 3:22)
Isidorus, Archbaptist of Seville - Of God, Angels, and the orders of the faithful, 14 chapters. This is, in fact, a brief theological treatise on the doctrine of the Trinity, the power and nature of Christ, Paradise, Angels, and men. It discourses also upon the world, the origin of evil, Angels, man, the soul, and senses of the flesh, Christ and the Holy Spirit, the church and heresies, the heathen nations, the law, seven rules or principles for the understanding of Scripture, the difference between the two Testaments, symbol and prayer, baptism and communion, martyrdom, the miracles wrought by the saints, Antichrist and his works, the resurrection and judgment, hell, the punishment of the wicked, and the glory of the just
Heaven - The righteous in heaven are made like to the Angels (Apoc. ‘Ye have come,’ he says, implying that the city exists already, and that it contains the myriads of Angels, the assembly of first-begotten ones whose names were enrolled in heaven (Luke 10:20), the spirits of righteous men who have been ‘perfected,’ and finally Jesus Himself, the Leader and Completer of the faith. In heaven is the throne of God; His will is done in heaven; Christ is there; the Angels, and the OT symbols of the power and presence of God in Creation, are seen in heaven
Philo - ...
From Plato, whom he mentions next to Moses and with nearly equal reverence, Philo borrows the doctrine of the Ideas, combining them, however, with the Stoic doctrine of the Logos and the logoi, and clothing it in the form of the biblical doctrines of Wisdom and of Angels (it is still disputed whether in this late Jewish theory, as well as in the Stoic theory, there is a reminiscence of polytheism, ancient gods being turned into divine attributes, or only a poetical mode of personification. From the Logos come the individual logoi, or Ideas or Angels. It is the Logos along with the two main powers of God which together appear to Abraham as three Angels
Trinity - Maurice, "our eye through the remote region of antiquity, we shall find this very doctrine, which the primitive Christians are said to have borrowed from the Platonic school, universally and immemorially flourishing in all those countries where history and tradition have united to fix those virtuous ancestors of the human race, who, for their distinguished attainments in piety, were admitted to a familiar intercourse with Jehovah and the Angels, the divine heralds of his commands. "Behold, the man is become as one of us;" a very singular expression, which some Jewish commentators, with equal effrontery, contend was spoken by the Deity to the council of Angels, that, according to their assertions, attended him at the creation. It might be right to remark, that the seven spirits cannot mean Angels, since prayers are never in Scripture addressed to Angels, nor are blessings ever pronounced in their name
Tares - (1) In Matthew 25:41, Jesus says that the Angels shall gather out of His Kingdom all offences and them that do iniquity, whence it is inferred that the tares were in the Kingdom and not in the world. the Angels (Matthew 13:49)
Star (2) - Luke 10:18 ‘I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven’); on the other hand, by the figure of ‘the seven stars’ which Christ holds in His right hand (Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:1; Revelation 3:1) are signified the Angels of the seven churches under the direction of Christ; cf. ]'>[12]1 ...
This idea may have influenced those NT passages where Jesus is represented as the ‘Morning Star’ (Revelation 22:16; Revelation 2:28), though it must be remembered that the Angels are described symbolically in the Bk
Knowledge - He develops the teaching about Christ so that He is presented not only as a full and perfect Saviour for men, but also as the Lord of the Universe, in whom all things, even Angels, were created, and as the fullness of all things, by whom both men and Angels were made at one with God
Divination - Besides mentioning Jahweh, the God of the Hebrews, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit, worshipped by the Christians, and some of the innumerable ethnic deities, the literature of the Apostolic Age contains references to Angels, archangels, living creatures, Satan, the Devil, the Wicked One, the Antichrist, demons, unclean and evil powers, dominions, principalities, authorities, thrones, and glories. ...
These supernatural beings communicated with men by means of ἄγγελοι (‘angels’ or ‘messengers’) or prophets, by possession, by means of the hand, tongues, dreams, visions, trances, voices, sounds
Mary - They found the sepulchre empty, but saw the "vision of Angels" (Matthew 28:5 )
Send - , Acts 10:8,17,20 ; 15:27 ; evangelists, Romans 10:15 ; Angels, e
Sin - , "to miss the mark," is used in the NT (a) of "sinning" against God, (1) by Angels, 2 Peter 2:4 ; (2) by man, Matthew 27:4 ; Luke 15:18,21 (heaven standing, by metonymy, for God); John 5:14 ; 8:11 ; 9:2,3 ; Romans 2:12 (twice); 3:23; 5:12,14,16; 6:15; 1 Corinthians 7:28 (twice),36; 15:34; Ephesians 4:26 ; 1 Timothy 5:20 ; Titus 3:11 ; Hebrews 3:17 ; 10:26 ; 1 John 1:10 ; in 1 John 2:1 (twice), the aorist tense in each place, referring to an act of "sin;" on the contrary, in 1 John 3:6 (twice),8,9, the present tense indicates, not the committal of an act, but the continuous practice of "sin" Earth, Land - ...
In the Old Testament, the heavenly realm, the earthly realm, and the sub-earthly realm all described the place of God and Angels, the place of people now alive, and the place of those who have died
Monk - Almost about the same time, Aones, or Eugenius, with their companions Gaddanus and Azyzias, instituted the monastic order in Mesopotamia, and the adjacent countries; and their example was followed with such rapid success, that in a short time the whole east was filled with a lazy set of mortals, who abandoning all human connexions, advantages, pleasures, and concerns, wore out a languishing and miserable existence amidst the hardships of want and various kinds of suffering, in order to arrive at a more close and rapturous communication with God and Angels
Spirit - ...
One of the perennial points of conflict between the Sadducees and the Pharisees was over whether there are Angels and spirits
Peter, Second, Theology of - This is proven by the destruction of the ancient world in its ungodliness, the continuing detention of insubordinate Angels, and the catastrophic destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah for their evil and immorality (2:4-10)
Fruit of the Spirit - For example, as Paul writes, if I speak in the tongues of men or of Angels and do not have love, the fruit of the Spirit, I am just noise (1 Corinthians 13:1 )
Satan - In Revelation, amid a war in heaven, Satan was "hurled to the earth" along with his Angels/demons (12:9)
Son of Man - ’ It is not, however, so easy to see why the same should be said of ‘the use of the phrase by the martyr Stephen in the Acts and the martyr James the Just in Eusebius and by the Angels in Luke after the Resurrection’ (E
Lamb - (b) At the very centre of the heavenly host, together with God He receives universal homage from the highest beings in heaven-innumerable Angels-and the entire animated creation (Revelation 5:8-13; Revelation 7:9-10)
Gospels, the - In the passage "Of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the Angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father:" the words 'neither the Son' occur in this gospel only, agreeing with the passage that "the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth
Spitting - Think often of him who hid not his face from shame and spitting; and in the moment of such views of his unequalled shame and ignominy, recollect that when JEHOVAH brought in this first-begotten into the world, he said, "Let all the Angels of God worship him
Coming Again - He is to come in the glory of His Father with His Angels, and reward every man according to his works (Matthew 16:27); seated on the throne of His glory, He is to gather before Him all nations, and separate them one from another as a shepherd divides His sheep from the goats (Matthew 25:31-32)
World - At the end God's Angels will gather his chosen ones "from the ends of earth to the ends of heaven" (Mark 13:27 ; NRSV )
Columba (1) Columcille - 593 he seems to have been visited by sickness, and the Angels sent for his soul were stayed but for a time
Monk - ...
Almost about the same time, Aones, or Eugenius, with their companions, Gaddanus and Azyzas, instituted the monastic order in Mesopotamia, and the adjacent countries; and their example was followed with such rapid success, that in a short time the whole east was filled with a lazy set of mortals, who, abandoning all human connections, advantages, pleasures, and concerns, wore out a languishing and miserable existence amidst hardships of want, and various kinds of suffering, in order to arrive at a more close and rapturous communication with God and Angels
Feasts - The Angels from heaven celebrated it with a joyful hymn; and every man, who has any feeling of his own lost state without a Redeemer, must rejoice and be glad in it
Cerinthians - He was certainly a Gnostic in his notion of the creation of the world, which he conceived to have been formed by Angels; and his attachment to that philosophy may explain what otherwise seems inconsistent, that he retained some of the Mosaic ceremonies, such as the observance of Sabbaths and circumcision; though, like other Gnostics, he ascribed the law and the prophets to the angel who created the world
Zabii - "...
The modern Sabians, who inhabit the country round about Mount Libanus, believe the unity of God, but pay an adoration to the stars, or the Angels and intelligences which they suppose reside in them, and govern the world under the supreme Deity
Son of Man - ’ It is not, however, so easy to see why the same should be said of ‘the use of the phrase by the martyr Stephen in the Acts and the martyr James the Just in Eusebius and by the Angels in Luke after the Resurrection’ (E
Type - All through the Epistle there runs a series of contrasts between Judaism as preparatory and typical and Christianity as antitypical and perfect, (a) In the opening verses the fragmentary and varying revelation ‘of old time’ by the prophets is set over against God’s speech unto us in His Son (Hebrews 1:1-2), and this is immediately followed by the contrast of Angels as ministering spirits sent forth to do service for the heirs of salvation (Hebrews 1:14) with Him who was made a little lower than the Angels that He might bring many sons unto glory (Hebrews 2:9-10), (b) Next comes (Hebrews 3:1 to Hebrews 4:13) a contrast between Moses, a faithful servant in God’s house, and Christ, a Son set over it (Hebrews 3:5 f. ) reappear in the Angels of the celestial temple ‘arrayed with precious stone, pure and bright, and girt a
Jesus Christ - yet the Scriptures command "all the Angels of God to worship Christ, " Hebrews 1:6 . He now converses with prophets, lawgivers, and Angels; and the next instant he meekly endures the dulness of his disciples, and the blasphemies and rage of the multitude. He now calls himself greater than Solomon; one who can command legions of Angels; and giver of life to whomsoever he pleaseth; the Son of God, who shall sit on his glorious throne to judge the world: at other times we find him embracing young children; not lifting up his voice in the streets, nor quenching the smoking flax; calling his disciples not servants, but friends and brethren, and comforting them with an exuberant and parental affection
Prophecy - The ways by which the Deity made known his mind were various; such as by dreams, visions, Angels, symbolic representations, impulses on the mind, Numb. "As God is invisible and spiritual, there was cause to fear, that, in the first and ruder ages of the world, when men were busier in cultivating the earth than in cultivating arts and sciences, and in seeking the necessaries of life than in the study of morality, they might forget their Creator and Governor; and, therefore, God maintained amongst them the great article of faith in him, by manifestations of himself; by sending Angels to declare his will; by miracles, and by prophecies. ' We see a great apostacy in the Christian church, which consists chiefly in the worship of demons, Angels, or departed saints, and is promoted 'through the hypocrisy of liars, forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats
Childhood - The children’s Angels, He says, are ever in the presence of God (v. Whether this remarkable saying be understood as referring to guardian Angels or to representative Angels (in some way corresponding to the Zoroastrian fravashis or ‘spiritual counterparts’—see art
Parousia - ...
(f) The Parousia takes place accompanied by Angels and flaming fire. There will be rewards for those whose work abides, and those whose work is consumed will themselves be saved, but as through fire; 1 Corinthians 4:5 : when the Lord comes, in contrast with man’s day (ἀνθρωπίνης ἡμέρας) the secrets will be revealed, and praise will be from God; 1 Corinthians 5:5 : the incestuous man is delivered to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in ‘the day of the Lord Jesus; 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:8 : a time is coming when the saints will judge the world, and even the Angels; 1 Corinthians 7:29 : ‘the time is short’ (ὁ καιρὸς συνεσταλμένος ἐστί), probably meaning that the interval of waiting for the Parousia has been shortened; cf. This interval may be filled in by the events implied in previous passages, the coming of the day of the Lord, testing of every man’s work, assigning of rewards, judgment of the world and of Angels, destruction of Antichrist
Paul Apprehended of Christ Jesus - And there was great joy in the presence of the Angels of God over the conversion and the baptism of Saul of Tarsus. Has Jesus Christ, with His eyes like a flame of fire, set that secret mark on your conversion and on mine? Does He point you out to His ministering Angels and sympathising saints in heaven tonight, as He pointed out Saul to Ananias? How does your conversion stand the test of secret prayer? Behold, he prayeth! said Christ
Lazarus - (a) ‘The beggar died, and he was carried away by the Angels. ’ It was a Jewish idea that the souls of the righteous were carried by Angels to paradise (cf
the Rich Man And Lazarus - For just when the previous night was at its darkest, and just before the dawn, the Angels came down and carried Lazarus up into Abraham's bosom. And some day soon-the day is at the door-the same Angels that carried up Lazarus to Abraham's bosom will come and carry you up to be for ever with the Lord, and to be for ever like Him
Christ - " And who was it that the apostle saith, in this same chapter, was anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows? Whom are the Angels commanded to worship, when JEHOVAH brings in this first begotten into the world? Not surely, the Son of God as God only, neither the Son of man as man only; for of either, separately, these things could never be spoken. And now having accomplished redemption by his blood, he is, and ever will be, the One glorious object of adoration, love, and praise, to all the creation of God, Angels, and men, to all eternity
Enoch - When I first heard tell that there was a Book of Enoch, did I not promise myself a great treat! What an autobiography that must be! I wonder, will Enoch enter into particulars, I said to myself, and will he give instances, and tell in plain pedestrian words, giving chapter and verse, and step after step, just as I can understand it and imitate it, how he, Enoch, walked with God: really, and on his own solid feet, and on this solid earth, how he walked with God? But when I made an effort and got the book, what was I in every chapter introduced to and made to walk with, but cherubim and seraphim, principalities and powers, Angels and devils, seven holy ones, and four holy ones, and three holy ones; behemoth and leviathan; wild camels, wild boars, wild dogs; eagles and elephants and foxes; giant men and siren women-till I rose up and put Enoch in my shelf and took down William Law. Every step you take out of an angry heart and into a meek heart; out of envy and into admiration and honour; out of ill-will and into good-will;-on the spot your heavenly Father seeth you and loveth you, and sayeth to His Angels, Hast thou considered My new servant? Enoch, on the day his first child was born, just began to lay aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil-speakings, and as a new-born babe desired the sincere milk of the word that he might grow thereby
Simon Magus - Helen was a prostitute whom he had redeemed at Tyre and led about with him, saying that she was the first conception of his mind, the mother of all, by whom he had in the beginning conceived the making of Angels and archangels. Knowing thus his will, she had leaped away from him, descended to the lower regions, and generated Angels and powers by whom this world was made
Cloud, Cloud of the Lord - The remaining twenty-two New Testament occurrences of the word "cloud" appear in the context of theophany, and encompass six theologically crucial, eschatologically related events or visionary scenes in salvation history: (1) the pillar of cloud at the exodus, viewed as a type of Christian baptism in the time of eschatological fulfillment (Exodus 14:20 ); (2) Jesus' transfiguration, as a foretaste of the kingdom of God, during which the Father appears and speaks in a cloud (Matthew 17:5 ; Mark 9:7 ; Luke 9:34 ); (3) Jesus' ascension, explained by the Angels as a paradigm for his return (Acts 1:9 ); (4) the "mighty angel" descending from heaven wrapped in a cloud, announcing (against the eschatological backdrop of Daniel 12:7 ) that time should be no longer (Revelation 10:1 ); (5) the two resurrected witnesses ascending to heaven in a cloud, described in the context of the eschatological measuring of the temple of God (Revelation 11:12 ); and (6) Jesus' parousia, against the backdrop of Daniel 7:13 , as the Son of Man coming with/on/in a cloud/the clouds/the clouds of heaven (Matthew 24:30 ; 26:64 ; Mark 13:26 ; 14:62 ; Luke 12:54 ; 21:27 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:17 ; Revelation 1:7 ; 14:14-16 )
Spirit - 1 Samuel 18:10 ; (n) Angels, Hebrews 1:14 ; cp
Bishop - The enigmatic symbolism of Revelation transfers the term of office, angel, from Jehovah's heavenly to His earthly ministers; reminding them that, like Angels above, they should do God's will lovingly and perfectly
Son of God - Angels are sometimes called sons of God, probably in reference to the fact that they are spirit beings (Job 1:6; Job 38:7; Daniel 3:25)
Tongues Gift of - The evidence is in favour of the latter view: in other words, that the speaker was the subject of a Spirit-possession which moved him to speak ‘with the tongues of men and of Angels’ (1 Corinthians 13:1)
Creation - Of these spiritual beings, called Angels, we have express intimation in Scripture (see the article ANGEL
Son of Man - The Son of man will come in glory with His Angels and take His seat on His throne (Matthew 25:31 )
Hades - The unrighteous are held in punishment and wicked Angels are imprisoned in Tartarus, a Greek term designating the lowest part of Hades (1 Peter 3:19 ; 2 Peter 2:4,9 ; Jude 6 )
Gods - If, said they, their fathers had not sinned in the matter of the golden calf, they would have been as the Angels; they would neither have begotten children nor been subject to death
God - ) These words are also applied to God's representatives, such as Angels and judges
Comfort - the thought in Emerson’s essay on ‘Compensation’-‘The Angels go out that the archangels may come in’)
Numbers as Symbols - The new Jerusalem will have twelve foundations for its walls with the names of the twelve apostles; it will have twelve gates, consisting of twelve pearls, with the names of the twelve tribes inscribed, the gates will be attended by twelve Angels
Sign - When John saw those seven Angels with the seven plagues he knew there was trouble ahead for the inhabitants of the earth
Tabernacle, the - ...
Amid the coming judgements, we read of "the temple [1] of the tabernacle of the testimony" being opened in heaven, and out of the temple proceed the seven Angels having the seven vials
Apocalyptic - Dualism is the dominant characteristic and is expressed in two ways: (1) in a dual spacial order—powers of heaven and powers of hell, hence Angels and demons in abundance, spirits of good and spirits of evil, a holy Spirit and an evil prince of this world; (2) in a historical dualism—the present age is ruled by the evil powers and is wholly wicked, but it will be succeeded by the age to come, which will be ruled by God and therefore will be good
Pharisees - They also believed in the existence of Angels and spirits, and in the resurrection of the dead; Acts 23:8
Appoint, Appointed - , of what was "appointed" for tax collectors to collect, Luke 3:13 ; of the tabernacle, as "appointed" by God for Moses to make, Acts 7:44 ; of the arrangements "appointed" by Paul with regard to himself and his travelling companions, Acts 20:13 ; of what the Apostle "ordained" in all the churches in regard to marital conditions, 1 Corinthians 7:17 ; of what the Lord "ordained" in regard to the support of those who proclaimed the Gospel, 1 Corinthians 9:14 ; of the Law as Divinely "ordained," or administered, through Angels, by Moses, Galatians 3:19
Holiness, Holy, Holily - plural), see SANCTUARY; of the city of Jerusalem, Revelation 11:2 ; its temple, Acts 6:13 ; of the faith, Jude 1:20 ; of the greetings of saints, 1 Corinthians 16:20 ; of Angels, e
Minister - " In the NT it is used (a) of Christ, as a "Minister of the sanctuary" (in the Heavens), Hebrews 8:2 ; (b) of Angels, Hebrews 1:7 ( Psalm 104:4 ); (c) of the Apostle Paul, in his evangelical ministry, fulfilling it as a serving-priest, Romans 15:16 ; that he used it figuratively and not in an ecclesiastical sense, is obvious from the context; (d) of Epaphroditus, as ministering to Paul's needs on behalf of the church at Philippi, Philippians 2:25 ; here, representative service is in view; (e) of earthly rulers, who though they do not all act consciously as servants of God, yet discharge functions which are the ordinance of God, Romans 13:6
Martinus, Bishop of Dumium - His theory is that the fallen Angels or demons assumed the names and shapes of notoriously wicked men and women who had already existed, such as Jove, Venus, Mars; that the nymphs, Lamias, and Neptune are demons with power to harm all who are not fortified with the sign of the cross, and who shew their faithlessness by calling the days of the week after the heathen gods
God - In Isaiah 14:12 (the Babylonian king likened to false divinities?) and Isaiah 24:21 the heathen gods seem to be identified with the fallen Angels (see Whitehouse, in Hastings’ DB Second Coming of Christ - ...
Thus he warned his hearers that anyone ashamed of him and his teaching would find the Son of Man ashamed of him "when he comes in his Father's glory with the holy Angels" (Mark 8:38 ). And Luke records Jesus' words just prior to his ascension: "It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority" and the words of the Angels, "This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven" (Acts 1:7,10 ). He will be "revealed from heaven in blazing fire with his powerful Angels" (2 Thessalonians 1:7 )
Hebrews Epistle to the - ...
(2) The mediators of the old covenant (angels, Moses, Joshua, Aaron) inferior to the one Mediator of the new. -The Law was spoken through Angels. His Sonship raises Him far above Angels (Hebrews 1:5-13), above Moses (Hebrews 13:223), and above Aaron (Hebrews 7:28)
Heaven - The righteous in heaven are made like to the Angels (Apoc. ‘Ye have come,’ he says, implying that the city exists already, and that it contains the myriads of Angels, the assembly of first-begotten ones whose names were enrolled in heaven (Luke 10:20), the spirits of righteous men who have been ‘perfected,’ and finally Jesus Himself, the Leader and Completer of the faith. In heaven is the throne of God; His will is done in heaven; Christ is there; the Angels, and the OT symbols of the power and presence of God in Creation, are seen in heaven
Day of Judgment - More or less literally, books were believed to be kept in heaven, generally by one of the seven Angels, in which the deeds of men were recorded (Ethiopic Enoch 89:61, 90:14–22, Ascens. These passages further indicate that at the Day of Judgment mankind will be gathered together before the Judgment-throne by the Angels—a further utilization by Jesus of a conventional Messianic expectation. In accordance with the apocalyptic literature, Angels were also to be judged, and that, too, by the saints (1 Corinthians 6:2-3)
Mahometanism - Again: our Saviour expressly tells us, that, at the resurrection, "they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; but be like the Angels of God in heaven. In the Koran are advanced the following assertions, among others already noticed: That both Jews and Christians are idolaters; that the patriarchs and Apostles were Mohammedans; that the Angels worshipped Adam, and that the fallen Angels were driven from heaven for not doing so; that our blessed Saviour was neither God, nor the Son of God; and that he assured Mohammed of this in a conference with the Almighty and him; yet that he was both the word and Spirit of God: not to mention numberless absurdities concerning the creation, the deluge, the end of the world, the resurrection, the day of judgment, too gross to be received by any except the most debased understandings
Omnipresence - This conception was operative in two ways: (a) To the Palestinian Jews God was conceived of as enjoying the otiose majesty of an Oriental monarch, who is kept informed of the deeds of men and the events of the world by the ‘angels of the Presence,’ who ‘at His bidding speed o’er land and sea,’ and report what they have seen and heard. ’ How in the light of the present article are we to conceive of God’s being thus connected with heaven so much more than with earth? and of other passages which assure us that ‘in heaven the Angels do always behold the face of our Father who is in heaven’? How are we to reconcile the statement that God’s throne, or God’s face, is in heaven, with the doctrine of Divine omnipresence? The following seems to be the line along which we must seek for light:—While it is true that God’s presence is everywhere, it does not follow that His presence is manifested everywhere alike. He is most fully manifested to those who are most like Him; and if we may believe in a home where there are assembled the spirits of just men made perfect, and also the varying gradations of Angels—the holiest intelligences whom God has created, vastly superior to man in purity and capacity for knowledge—that will be the home where God is most fully manifested, because those who can best understand Him are there
Psalms (2) - Hebrews 5:5) as a proof of the superiority of Jesus to the Angels. In the Hebrew OT, however, the term literally translated ‘sons of God’ is applied to supernatural beings whether they be regarded as gods or Angels; cf. ), ‘Thou madest him a little (or ‘for a little while’) lower than the Angels,’—vv
Jacob - ), and his sleep was, not unnaturally, disturbed by dreams; the cromlechs and stone terraces of the district seemed to arrange themselves into a ladder reaching from earth to heaven, with Angels ascending and descending, whilst Jehovah Himself bent over him ( Genesis 28:13 RVm Minister, Ministration - λειτουργεῖν and the group of words connected with it are used, as in LXX Septuagint , by the writer of Hebrews of the ministry of the tabernacle (Hebrews 9:21; Hebrews 10:11); metaphorically, of the more excellent ministry of Christ as High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 8:6); they are also applied to the ministry of Angels (Hebrews 1:7; Hebrews 1:14). ) Of the ministry of Angels, Mark 1:13 (|| Matthew 4:11) οἱ ἄγγελοι διηκόνουν αὐτῷ, cf
the Man Which Sowed Good Seed in His Field But His Enemy Came And Sowed Tares Among the Wheat - For, what that husbandman knew not about his field when he bore himself so wisely beside it, he will know when the harvest is the end of the world, and when the reapers are the Angels. And then the Son of Man shall send forth His Angels, and they shall gather out of His kingdom all things that offend
Apocalyptic Literature - The years of misery are represented by a flock under seventy shepherds, who, in the new age about to dawn, are to be cast with the evil men and Angels into an abyss of fire. In the Similitudes we find described the judgment of all men, both alive and dead, as well as of Angels
Magi - Under him there are two Angels; one the angel of light, the author and director of all good; and the other the angel of darkness, who in the author and director of all evil. Jones, "reformed the old religion by the addition of genii or Angels, of new ceremonies in the veneration shown to fire, of a new work which he pretended to have received from heaven, and, above all, by establishing the actual adoration, of the supreme Being;" and he farther adds, "The reformed religion of Persia continued in force till that country was conquered by the Musselmans; and, without studying the Zend, we have ample information concerning it in the modern Persian writings of several who profess it
Titus, Theology of - " In keeping with the facts that God is not willing that any should perish (1 Peter 3:19 ) and that hell was prepared for the devil and his Angels only (Matthew 24:31 ), Paul stresses the universal scope of the atonement Christ provided
Jesus, the Lord - ...
He is Judge of living and dead, and all that have done evil He will exclude from the presence of God, in the hopeless and helpless misery prepared for the devil and his Angels
Simeon - 'My son'-one of Simeon's sacred colleagues used to say to his scholars-'My son, the first thing that you will be examined upon at the day of judgment will be this: What was the salvation that you pursued after? What salvation did you study, and teach, and preach, and yourself seek after when you were still in time and upon the earth?' How happy will it be with old Simeon on that terrible day when he hears this read out over him before men and Angels: "The same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Ghost was upon him
Faithfulness - In the earlier sections of that Epistle, where the writer is comparing the work of Christ with that wrought by Angels and prophets, he shows that both Moses and Christ were examples of faithfulness, but Christ excelled, insomuch as a son’s faithfulness over God’s house excels in quality that of a servant in the house
Culdees - They did not acknowledge auricular confession; they rejected penance and authoritative absolution; they made no use of chrism in baptism; confirmation was unknown; they opposed the doctrine of the real presence; they withstood the idolatrous worship of saints and Angels, dedicating all their churches to the Holy Trinity; they denied the doctrine of works of supererogation; they were enemies to the celibacy of the clergy, themselves living in the married state
Arians - Milner, "assert that Christ was God? The Arians allowed it, but in the same sense as holy men and Angels are styled gods in Scripture
Philaster, Bishop of Brixia - Thus those are set down as heretics who imagined as many excellent Fathers did that the giants of Gen_6:2 were the offspring of Angels (c
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - He believes in the Resurrection and in Angels, and lays great stress on prayer, almsgiving, and fasting. He describes his second vision; seven Angels consecrate him and put on him the high-priestly robes; they foretell his descendants’ three-fold offices (i. The Lord will transform Israel into an obedient nation, superior to the Angels (vi
Christ in Art - ’ None the less, although the positive object of the decree was attained, the representation of the Agnus Dei was one of the most common symbols of the Middle Ages, in sculpture, in glass, in metal work and embroidery, and sometimes in painting, as in the culminating example of the Van Eycks’ great picture at Ghent (circa (about) 1430), where the Lamb stands wounded upon an altar, the blood flowing into a chalice, surrounded by a great company of Angels and saints. Apollinare Nuove at Ravenna must he mentioned: along one wall of the nave a procession of male martyrs approaches Christ enthroned between Angels, and along the other a procession of female martyrs approach the Virgin and Child similarly enthroned between Angels; the Virgin has a plain nimbus and that of the Child contains the cross, while both figures are of the lofty hieratic type that endured for so many subsequent centuries; but it is remarkable that (while the figure of the enthroned Christ on the oth
Possession - ’_ In some religions, as Zarathustrianism and the cults of Mesopotamia, the inferior spirits were grouped into grades as Angels, archangels, principalities, and powers, at whose head there sometimes stood a supreme spirit as the Satan. _ Among the Hebrews the chief prophylactics were amulets,_ charms,_ knotted cords,_ the repetition of the Shema’ (Deuteronomy 6:4) and other formulae, fixing of the mezûzâh, wearing the tephillîn, eating salt;_ and, as we may infer from the practice of other races, the intervention of guardian Angels. _ Of these some were beneficent, as the Spirit of God, the Spirit of Jesus, the seven spirits before the throne of God, Angels, archangels, principalities, powers, ‘living creatures,’ and probably the πρεσβύτεροι before the throne
Valentinus, Founder of a Gnostic Sect - Under her (according to Valentinus) stand the world-creative Angels whose head is the Demiurge. Thus furnished with higher insight Adam excites the fears of the Angels; for even as κοσμικοὶ ἄνθρωποι are seized with fear of the images made by their own hands to bear the name of God i. the idols so these Angels cause the images they have made to disappear (Ep
Number - The number referred to in this verse,’ thousands of ten thousands,’ for the descendants hoped for from Rebekah, and the number of the Angels in Daniel 7:10 , Revelation 5:11 , ‘thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him,’ if taken literally, would be the largest numbers mentioned in the Bible, but they are merely rhetorical phrases for countless, indefinitely large numbers. ); forgiveness till 70 times 7 ( Matthew 18:22 ); the seven churches of Asia; seven Angels; seven stars, etc
Fire - ...
Hebrews 1:7 (a) The Angels of GOD permit no foolishness nor pretext. He sends His Angels to execute His decrees upon men
Zechariah, the Book of - " Like Ezekiel and Daniel, Zechariah delights in symbols, allegories, and visions of Angels ministering before Jehovah and executing His commands on earth. ...
The "seven eyes upon the one stone" are carved on it; not so much the eyes of the Father (the eye symbolizing providence, seven perfection) and of Angels and saints ever fixed on Him (Zechariah 4:10; 1 Timothy 3:16; John 3:14-15; John 12:32; John 8:66), as His own sevenfold fullness of grace, and of the Spirit's gifts put "UPON Him" by God, so that "He shall not judge after the sight of His eyes" (Isaiah 11:2-3; Isaiah 42:1; John 1:16; John 3:34; Colossians 1:19; Colossians 2:9); He is the living stone who not only attracts the eyes of His people, but emits from Himself all illumination
Jacob - ...
What a down-come it was from the covenant-heights of Bethel to the cattle-troughs of Haran! What a cruel fall from the company of ascending and descending Angels into the clutches of a finished rogue like Laban! Jacob had been all but carried up of Angels from Bethel and taken into an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled; but, instead of that, he is taken down to Padan-arain, where he is cheated out of his wages, and cheated out of his wife, and cheated, and cheated, and cheated again, ten times cheated, and that too by his own mother's brother, till cheating came out of Jacob's nostrils, and stank in his eyes, and became hateful as hell to Jacob's heart
David - in His Services - Let the Angels hear you. And let Him say to His Son, and to His Angels, and to His saints, over you and over your house, I have found a man after Mine own heart; with My holy oil have I anointed him
Church Government - [3]; (3) the Angels of the seven churches in Asia
Tongues, Gift of - "Tongues of Angels" (1 Corinthians 13:1) are such as Daniel and John in Revelation heard; and Paul, when caught up to paradise (2 Corinthians 12:4)
Jude, Epistle of - Even Angels were visited with eternal punishment for breaking bounds, and for fornication like that for which afterwards the cities of the plain perished
Judge Judging (Ethical) - The meaning is that the saints will be associated with their Lord in the act of judging the world at the Last Day, and their judgment will be exercised not only on the world, but on ‘angels’ (1 Corinthians 6:3), meaning the hierarchy of evil or fallen spirits
Jesus Christ - Angels celebrated it with songs, and wise men from the East brought precious gifts to the new-born babe
Augustinus, Archbaptist of Canterbury - By a playful interpretation of the word he was reminded of Angels , delivered from wrath, with songs of hallelujah
Prophets, the - The casting out of the devil and his Angels from heaven, when Satan will energise the beast (head of the Roman empire) and the false prophet (Antichrist): they will persecute the pious Jews, will abolish the worship of Jehovah at Jerusalem, and enforce idolatry and the worship of the image of the beast everywhere
Balaam - For it is surely not usual with such Angels at once to oppose a man and to push him on. And, as the Lord liveth, all His Angels, with all their irony and all their evil help, shall not sophisticate me out of my soul tonight
Temple - For him, as for every other Jewish Christian in Jerusalem, the Law, without distinction of moral and ceremonial precepts, was ‘ordained of Angels’; in his view the nation’s treatment of its prophets and its Messiah was the supreme proof that the Law had not been kept; and the burden of his preaching was a call to Jerusalem not to close her Temple and abolish her ritual, but to take the lead in a national repentance for a broken Law
Unbelief - Even the Jews exercised jurisdiction over internal affairs, and reckoned as guilty of impiety any of their number who brought a matter of law before idolatrous judges; much more should Christians shun heathen courts, and seek rather the judgment of their fellow-Christians, especially when they remembered that to believers was given by God the judgment of the world, and even of the Angels in heaven (1 Corinthians 6:1-6)
Sadducees (2) - (2) They denied the existence of Angels and spirits
Hospitality - When the Angels journeyed to Sodom and Gomorrah in search of a righteous man, only Lot and his family were set apart to be saved
Mediator, Mediation - ...
Innocent mediation, with no connotation that the mediation is necessary because of sin, takes place between God and his people in Scripture through Angels, through "Wisdom, " and through ordinary people whom God uses for the purpose
God, Name of - The writer of Hebrews describes Jesus as the exact representation of the glory of God, one who has a name superior to that of the Angels (1:4)
Hopefulness - What habitual strength of faith is shown in such words as ‘Thinkest thou that I cannot beseech my Father, and he shall even now send me more than twelve legions of Angels?’ (Matthew 26:53)
Gnosticism - 2 Jewish elements of scrupulousness in the observance of days, and of asceticism in the distinction of meats, together with Greek or other purely Gnostic elements in theosophic speculation, shadowy mysticism, and the interposition of Angels between God and man
Appreciation (of Christ) - In the beginning, shepherds and magi, Angels and stars bear witness to the newborn King; so that to the last it is a strange mixed company, that seems to include (by his long faltering before judgment) Pilate himself, the lone, mysterious figure of Joseph of Arimathaea, and Nicodemus ‘bringing myrrh and aloes’ (John 19:29)
Serve - …” The privilege of serving the Lord is not restricted to human beings: “Bless ye the Lord, all ye his hosts [9]; ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure” ( Essenes - We must conclude that the Essenes did also busy themselves with theosophy, and pretended to impart to those of their order disclosures relating to the supernatural world of spirits, because those who were about to be initiated, were obliged to swear that they would never make known to any one the names of the Angels then to be communicated to them
Mary - Angels made this event known to shepherds, who were in the fields near Bethlehem, and these came in the night to Joseph and Mary and saw the child laying in the manger, and paid him their adoration
Omniscience - " Nor is this perfect knowledge to be confined to men or Angels; it reaches into the state of the dead, and penetrates the regions of the damned
Hebrews - The object of this epistle, which ranks among the most important of the New Testament books, was to prove to the Jews, from their own Scriptures, the divinity, humanity, atonement, and intercession of Christ, particularly his preeminence over Moses and the Angels of God; to demonstrate the superiority of the gospel to the law, and the real object and design of the Mosaic institution; to fortify the minds of the Hebrew converts against apostasy under persecution, and to engage them to a deportment becoming their Christian profession
Philosophy - The "philosophy" against which the Colossians were warned, (Colossians 2:8 ) seems undoubtedly to have been of eastern origin, containing elements similar to those which were afterward embodied in various shapes of Gnosticism, as a selfish asceticism, and a superstitions reverence for Angels, (Colossians 2:16-23 ) and in the Epistles to Timothy, addressed to Ephesians, in which city St
Pity - On the contrary, He said to the women, ‘Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me’ (Luke 23:28); and to the disciple peter, ‘Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of Angels?’ (Matthew 26:53)
Christ in Reformation Theology - ‘To remove from us the burden of sin, death, hell, and the devil, and to vanquish their power, and to bring again righteousness, life, and salvation, are the works neither of men nor of Angels, but only of the One, Eternal, Divine Majesty, the Creator of heaven and earth. ...
‘This is the first principle and most excellent article, how Christ is the Father: that we are not to doubt that whatsoever the man says and does is reckoned, and must be reckoned, as said and done in heaven for all Angels; and in the world for all rulers; in hell for all devils; in the heart for every evil conscience and all secret thoughts. The boy Jesus lived just like other boys, was protected, like them, by the dear Angels, was suckled at His mother’s breast, learned to walk, ate and drank like other children, was subject to His parents, ran errands for His mother, brought her water from the well, and firewood from the heap in the yard, and finally, when He grew up and became stronger, began to ply the axe to help His father (passim)
Jesus Christ - " Thus the prophetic testimony describes him, as entitled to the appellation of "Wonderful," since he should be, in a sense peculiar to himself, the Son of God, Psalms 2:7 ; Isaiah 9:6 ; as existing and acting during the patriarchal and the Jewish ages, and even from eternity, Psalms 40:7-9 ; Micah 5:2 ; as the guardian and protector of his people, Isaiah 40:9-11 ; as the proper object of the various affections of piety, of devotional confidence for obtaining the most important blessings, and of religious homage from Angels and men, Psalms 2:12 ; Psalms 97:7 ; and, finally, declares him to be the eternal and immutable Being, the Creator, God, the Mighty God, Adonai, Elohim, Jehovah. How, for instance, is it that he is arrayed in the attributes of divinity, and yet is capable of being raised to a kingdom and glory?—that he is addressed, "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever," and yet that it should follow "God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows?"—that he should be God, and yet, by a human birth, "God with us?"—that he should say, "I and my Father are one," and, "My Father is greater than I?"—that he is supreme, and yet a servant?—that he is equal and yet subordinate?—that he, a man, should require and receive worship and trust?—that he should be greater than Angels, and yet "made lower than the Angels?"—that he should be "made flesh," and yet be the Creator of all things?—that he should raise himself from the dead, and yet be raised by the power of the Father? These and many other declarations respecting him, all accord with the orthodox view of his person; and are intelligible so far as they state the facts respecting him; but are wholly beyond the power of interpretation into any rational meaning on any theory which denies to him a real humanity on the one hand, or a real and personal divinity on the other
Righteous, Righteousness - He has authority over the Angels in His kingdom, which is the kingdom of the Father (Matthew 13:41; Matthew 13:43). This teaching is confirmed by the order of words in Matthew 24:36 and Mark 13:32 (men—the Angels—the Son—the Father)
Jesus Christ, Name And Titles of - The apocalyptic literature of the period tends to focus on the meaning of the names of saints and Angels, not God. In a spiritual sense, he is called firstborn to differentiate him from the Angels (Hebrews 1:6 )
Metaphor - Paul merely drew on contemporary philosophy and speculation when searching for metaphorical expressions wherein to convey the spiritual truths he so earnestly desired to emphasize?...
A crucial passage is Romans 8:38 : ‘For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor Angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us …’ ‘St. Paul certainly believed in the existence of Angels, but how did he regard sin and death? Sin is to him something more than an act or acts of transgression, more even than a state; it is a power, at least half personified in the mind of the Apostle
Baruch, Apocalypse of - ...
Baruch is miraculously shown the destruction of the wall of Jerusalem by Angels and the hiding of the holy vessels* Creation - “For thou hast made him a little lower than the Angels” (Psalm 8:5 ) may be a commentary on the Genesis statement that God “created man in his own image” (Genesis 1:27 )
Daniel, Book of - Angels and demons are prominent
Ascension of Jesus Christ - Peter, too, emphasizes the power that is now Christ's because of the ascension: " [1] has gone into heaven and is at God's right hand—with Angels, authorities and powers in submission to him" (1 Peter 3:21-22 )
Daemoniac - Those who are unwilling to allow that Angels or devils have ever intermeddled with the concerns of human life, urge a number of specious arguments
Judaea - In this ‘land not inhabited’ John the Baptist sought seclusion while preparing for his ministry as the forerunner of the Messiah; and here the Holy One, concerning whom he bore record, abode ‘forty days tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the Angels ministered unto him’ (Matthew 3:1-6 || Luke 3:2, Matthew 4:1-11 || Mark 1:12-13)
Stone - In the other, He is tempted to leap from a pinnacle of the Temple by the reminder that it is written (Psalms 91:11-12) that God’s child shall be upheld by Angels, and so preserved from dashing his foot against a stone (Matthew 4:5-7, Luke 4:9; Luke 4:12)
Head - If she unveils her head, therefore, she dishonours it by making a false claim for the personality it represents, as well as by outraging decency, which should be the more carefully observed because of the presence of the Angels in public worship
Corinthians, Epistles to the - ...
1 Corinthians 11 : The fact of Christ being the head of every man, and man being the head of the woman, indicated that the head should be covered by the woman, and uncovered by the men, that the Angels might not see God's order in creation set aside in those who were of the house of God
Death (2) - Those who inherit the kingdom cannot die, ‘because they are equal unto the Angels’ (Luke 20:36), and have so entered on another condition, governed by different laws
Bishop, Elder, Presbyter - Nor can the ‘angels’ of the Seven Churches (Revelation 1-3) be regarded as the bishops of those Churches
Name - Such a practice was almost inevitable when men began to give names to the lower divinities as Angels, whose names Μιχαήλ (Michael), Judaea - In this ‘land not inhabited’ John the Baptist sought seclusion while preparing for his ministry as the forerunner of the Messiah; and here the Holy One, concerning whom he bore record, abode ‘forty days tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the Angels ministered unto him’ (Matthew 3:1-6 || Luke 3:2, Matthew 4:1-11 || Mark 1:12-13)
Optatus, Bishop of Milevis - This chair with whose exclusive claim for respect the little Donatist community can in no way compete carries with it necessarily the "angel" ("ducit ad se angelum") unless the Donatists have this gift enclosed for their own use in a narrow space and excluding the seven Angels of St
Peace (2) - In the Gospel story of His birth, the promise of peace heralds His advent (Luke 1:79), and ‘on earth peace’ is sung by the Angels on the night in which He is born (Luke 2:14)
Head - If she unveils her head, therefore, she dishonours it by making a false claim for the personality it represents, as well as by outraging decency, which should be the more carefully observed because of the presence of the Angels in public worship
Lust - Peter of the holy desires of the Angels (1 Peter 1:12), and, in the substantive form, St. Paul (1 Corinthians 11:10) seems to regard the wicked Angels as moved to sensual lust by unveiled women
Holiness - Persons are described as holy, because they are devoted to God’s service: in the Gospels mention is made of ‘the holy Angels’ (Mark 8:38, Luke 9:26), ‘his holy prophets’ (Luke 1:70), and Herod is said to have recognized the holiness of John the Baptist (Mark 6:20); in such uses of the word there is included an assertion of the moral purity which is an essential qualification for the service of God. Not in this way could He have spoken of ‘a created Intelligence above the Angels’ but inferior to Himself
Lord's Prayer (ii) - This is the prayer of active rather than of passive obedience, an obedience like that of God’s Angels who excel in strength and do His commandments. When we pray this prayer we are asking that we and all men, being delivered from the spirit of wilfulness, may attain to a joyful alacrity like that of Angels in doing the will of God
Fire - ), where it is said that ‘the valley of the Angels burned continually under the earth. ’ The expression does not occur in the apocalyptic writings, but in the Book of Enoch ‘the abyss or fire’ is the doom in store for the fallen Angels in the Day of Judgment (x
Fire - ), where it is said that ‘the valley of the Angels burned continually under the earth. ’ The expression does not occur in the apocalyptic writings, but in the Book of Enoch ‘the abyss or fire’ is the doom in store for the fallen Angels in the Day of Judgment (x
Jacob - ...
As Jacob approached the Promised Land, a band of Angels met him at Mahanaim (Genesis 32:1-2 )
Lazarus - Yet it is not a rich Lazarus, but Lazarus the beggar whom the rich scarcely noticed, that is carried by Angels to Abraham's bosom
Fall - Fall, or the fall, by way of distinction, the apostasy the act of our first parents in eating the forbidden fruit also, the apostasy of the rebellious Angels
Timothy, Epistles to - Romans 1:4 ); has appeared to Angels (they saw God in Christ); has been preached among the nations; has been believed on in the world; and has been received up into glory — an epitome of God's ways in grace outside of all connected with promises to Israel, and in contrast to law
Cabbala - They derive the mysteries contained in it from Adam; and assert, that whilst the first man was in paradise, the angel Raphael brought him a book from heaven, which contained the doctrines of heavenly wisdom; and that when Adam received this book, Angels came down from heaven to learn its contents; but that he refused to admit them to the knowledge of sacred things, intrusted to himself alone: that, after the fall, this book was taken back into heaven; that, after many prayers and tears, God restored it to Adam; and that it passed from Adam to Seth
Gnostics - Some, again, believed that Angels were employed in creating the world; but all were agreed in maintaining that matter itself was not created, that it was eternal, and remained inactive, till...
Dispositam, quisquis fuit ille Deorum, Congeriem secuit, sectamque in membra redegit: OVID
Parousia (2) - He will appear in heavenly majesty, attended by His holy Angels, and His glory and power shall be fully revealed (Matthew 24:30; Matthew 25:31; Matthew 26:64, Mark 8:38)
Resurrection - After this object has been achieved, a glorious change will take place: ‘they shall be made like unto the Angels, and be made equal to the stars, and they shall be changed into every form they desire, from beauty into loveliness, and from light into the splendour of glory’ (51. He compared the condition of those who had arisen to that of the Angels ( Mark 12:25 ), a comparison which is noteworthy for what it implies as well as for the reserve which Jesus used when speaking on this subject
Complacency - Therefore, in token of His acceptance of that act of submission, which spoke thus, ‘Lo, I come to do thy will, O God,’ the Father spoke thus from heaven in the audience of men and Angels, ‘This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. ’...
The thought of God’s complacency in connexion with His contemplation of the fruits of Christ’s redemptive work in the regeneration and reconciliation of the world is suggested by the closing words of the Angels’ Song (Luke 2:14 Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885), ‘on earth peace among men in whom he is well pleased’ (ἐπὶ γῆς εἰρήνη ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκίας), where again we find the technical word, if such it may be called, for this aspect of the Divine love
Annunciation, the - ...
Doubt has been thrown upon the two narratives, because in the First Gospel the revelations are made by the angel of the Lord in dreams, whereas in the Third they are made by Angels to persons in their waking moments. Matthew mentions the ministry of Angels (Matthew 4:11), and communications made by means of them (Matthew 28:5-7); and St
Paulinus, Bishop of Nola - " What Angels does St. Paul mean?—if bad Angels how can there be any "humilitas" or "religio" connected with them? Paulinus thinks that heretics must be intended
Personality - To depend on the aid of Angels would be an act of presumption (Matthew 4:6 f. The Angels of the little ones, who have achieved nothing and possess nothing, are before the face of the Father (Matthew 18:10)
Timothy, Epistles to - Strength was lent to this view by the supposition that ‘the endless genealogies ’ mentioned in 1 Timothy 1:4 and Titus 3:9 were the long lists of emanations of æons and Angels which formed part of the Gnostic systems
Mary, the Virgin - The shepherds' account of the Angels caused wonder to others, "but Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart"; so again Luke 2:51, not superficial, but reflective and thoughtfully devout
the Penitent Thief - And however high the thief's throne in heaven is, the whole church of Angels and saints will acclaim that he is worthy
Dominicans - the little images, that on these days are set on the altars, were made use of for Angels, which, being tied to a cord that passed through a pulley over Jetzer's head, rose up and down, and danced about the pretended Virgin to increase the delusion
Religion - ...
To be sure, the Bible speaks of all creatures, resounding to God: they do his bidding (angels, Psalm 103:20 ; Hebrews 1:14 ; storm winds, Psalm 104:4 ; 148:8 ) and they rejoice before him with songs of joy and praise (Job 38:7 ; Psalm 89:12 ; 96:11-13 ; 98:7-9 ; Isaiah 44:23 ; 49:13 ; 55:12 ; see especially Psalm 103:22 ; 145:10 ; 148 )
Lord's Supper, the - Within the liturgy it is called the bread of Angels and bread from heaven and the medicine of immortality
Hosanna - It was for these ends that He was born: wherefore the Angels sang the same strain over Him at His Nativity (Luke 2:14); it is for these ends now that He paces forward to His cross: and therefore men, though as yet they understand it not (John 12:16), are moved, by a Power they know not, to bear Him record
Impotence - Local relations: (a) ‘in,’ ‘at,’ or ‘on,’ of simple locality (Matthew 2:1 ‘in Bethlehem,’ Matthew 24:40 ‘in the field,’ John 4:20 ‘in this mountain’); (b) that with which one is covered or clothed (Mark 12:38 ‘walk in long robes,’ Matthew 7:15 ‘in sheep’s clothing,’ Matthew 11:21 ‘repented in sackcloth and ashes,’ John 20:12 ‘two Angels in white’); (c) direct cohesion (John 15:4 ‘except it abide in the vine’); (d) position in a writing or book (Matthew 21:42 ‘in the scriptures,’ Mark 1:2 ‘in Isaiah,’ Luke 20:42 ‘in the book of Psalms’)
Glory - There is the glory which belongs to the Divine Being in itself, in which God manifests Himself to His creatures, so far as such manifestation is possible, and the glory which He receives back from His creatures; the outshining (Erscheinungsform) of the Divine nature, and the reflexion of that outshining in the trust, adoration, and thanksgiving of men and Angels, as also in the silent testimony of His works, find especially by the results of the Divine redemption in the character and destiny of the redeemed
Keeping - For instance, ‘There were shepherds in the same country abiding in the field, and keeping watch (φυλάσσοντες φυλακάς) by night over their flocks’ (Luke 2:8); ‘It is written, He shall give his Angels charge over thee to keep (Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 guard) thee’ (Luke 4:10, where the verb used is διαφυλάσσω)
Heracleon, a Gnostic - 47) is the Demiurge, a petty prince, his kingdom being limited and temporary, the servants are his Angels, the son is the man who belongs to the Demiurge
Hermogenes (1), a Teacher of Heretical Doctrine - Philaster, however, attributes to his heretics other doctrines which we have no reason to think were held by Hermogenes: that evil proceeded sometimes from God, sometimes from matter; that there was no visible Paradise; that water-baptism was not to be used, seeing that souls had been formed from wind and fire, and that the Baptist had said that Christ should baptize with the Holy Ghost and with fire; that Angels, not Christ, had created men's souls; that this world was the only "infernum," and that the only resurrection is that of the human race occurring daily in the procreation of children
Joel, Book of - And when the Day of Jahweh comes in all its terror, it will be terrible only to the Gentile world which has oppressed Israel The gathered hosts of the former, among whom Phœnicians and Philistines are singled out for special condemnation ( Joel 3:4-8 ), shall be destroyed by Jahweh and His Angels in the Valley of Jehoshaphat ( Joel 3:11 b f
Elijah - Yes; we all have passions enough to make us not Elijahs and Ahabs only, but Angels in heaven, or devils in hell
Nazarene - " (John 19:19) Still farther, the Angels which attended the Lord's sepulchre, when he arose from the dead, announced to the pious women the resurrection of Christ by the same name, "Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified; he is risen, he is not here; behold the place where the Lord lay
Idolatry - ...
The veneration which the Papists pay to the Virgin Mary, and other saints and Angels, and to the bread in the sacrament, the cross, relics, and images, affords ground for the Protestants to charge them with being idolaters, though they deny that they are so
Macarius Magnus, Magnes, a Writer - the clouds by which Paul expected to be caught up mean Angels (p
God - Nothing in the works of creation or in the activities of humans or Angels can add anything to him or take anything from him (Psalms 50:10-13; Acts 17:24-25; Romans 11:36)
Vincentius Lirinensis - His apostle bids us beware of false apostles (2Co_11:13-15) the imitators of Satan who transform themselves into Angels of light
Messiah - The new age, however, is about to be introduced by the Day of Judgment, when wicked persons whether men, rulers, or Angels are to be cast into an abyss of fire. There men and Angels are to dwell together and rule over a world freed from sin
New Jerusalem - The Seer represents himself as being shown ‘the holy city’ from a high mountain by one of the seven Angels (Revelation 21:9-10). ‘Her light was like unto a jasper stone, clear as crystal: having a wall great and high; having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve Angels; and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: on the east were three gates; and on the north three gates; and on the south three gates; and on the west three gates
Pharisees (2) - (2) The Pharisees had an elaborate doctrine of immortality, resurrection, Angels, demons, heaven, hell, intermediate state, and Messianic Kingdom, about all of which the Sadducees were agnostic. Two important views grew out of this theology: one was the doctrine of middle beings between God and man—good and evil spirits, Angels, especially the Memra or mediating Word of God, and the Holy Spirit; the other was a personal conception of God, which appeared in belief in individual immortality and personal resurrection as involved in responsibility to God and hope of entrance into the Messianic Kingdom
Time - Of past eternity, if we may use such an expression, God is the only inhabitant; in future eternity Angels and men are to share
Scripture - "They open to us the mystery of the creation; the nature of God, Angels, and man; the immortality of the soul; the end for which we were made; the origin and connexion of moral and natural evil; the vanity of this world, and the glory of the next
Heaven - The felicity of heaven will consist in freedom from all evil, both of soul and body, Revelation 7:17 ; in the enjoyment of God as the chief good, in the company of Angels, and saints; in perfect holiness, and extensive knowledge
Hebrews, the Epistle to the - - The superiority of the gospel over Judaism is shown in its introduction by the Son of God, infinitely higher than the Angels, or Moses through whom the Hebrew received the law
Retribution (2) - The believer must not look for the twelve legions of Angels to vindicate him; none the less he will know the peace of Christ, and his joy will be fulfilled even here and now
Thousand Years - So our Lord declares (Luke 20:35), "they who shall be accounted worthy to obtain the resurrection from the dead cannot die any more, for they are equal unto the Angels, and are children of God, being children of the resurrection
Election - ]'>[1] , Luke 23:35 ); and mention is once made of ‘elect’ Angels ( 1 Timothy 5:21 )
Adam (1) - To distinguish good and evil is the gift of a king (1 Kings 3:9) and the wisdom of Angels (2 Samuel 14:17)
Joy (2) - Joy, says our Lord, in the two former cases, fills all heaven, even increasing the gladness of the Angels in sympathy with their King; while the exuberant picture of the joy of the household at the prodigal’s return gives a still more tender and touching picture of the Divine Fatherhood
Abraham - Now first, Jehovah, with two ministering Angels, reveals Himself and His judicial purposes (Genesis 18) in familiar intercourse with Abraham as "the friend of God" (John 15:15; Psalms 25:14; 2 Chronicles 20:7; James 2:23; Amos 3:7), and accepts his intercession to a very great extent for the doomed cities of the plain
Cross, Cross-Bearing - The Angels at the empty tomb speak of ‘Jesus the Nazarene, the Crucified One’ (Ἰησοῦν ζητεῖτε τὸν Ναζαρηνὸν τὸν ἐσταυρωμένον, Mark 16:6, Matthew 28:5)
Parable - When the net is drawn to shore the servants make a selection of the good from the bad, but at the end of the age (it is added in the exposition) the Angels will separate the wicked from the just, and cast them into the furnace of fire
the Angel of the Church of Ephesus - ...
Now, there is nothing so sweet, either among Angels or among men, as to be appreciated and praised
Judas - " (Luke 13:26-27) Indeed, may we not go farther, and suppose, that from this very appointment the Lord intended special good to his people? Was it not in effect saying, that if in the instance of the Lord Jesus himself a Judas is permitted, yea, appointed to attend his person, can it be wondered at in the minglings up of life, that his people should be so exercised? If in the college of apostles, out of twelve persons one should be a devil, can his people complain that they are sometimes called "to dwell with Mesech, and to have their habitation among the tents of Kedar?" Did Jesus, the Lord of life and glory, who might have commanded twelve legions of Angels to attend him, permit, yea, even appoint a known devil to be his servant, to be with him in his miracles and his ministry, yea, to be one of the party at his farewell super-and what doth the meek and gentle Saviour teach thereby all his tried ones upon earth but this, that in their intercourse with the graceless they are to call to mind the unequalled humblings of Jesus in such instances
Barzillai - And the same apostle reminds the poor Hebrew laity that some men in old times have entertained Angels unawares
Mary Magdalene - And now that He has ascended to His Father's house, He is saying to His saints and to His Angels to this very day the very same words that He said in Simon's house-"This woman since I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet
Resurrection - It is also laid down by our Lord, that "in the resurrection they shall neither marry nor be given in marriage, but be like to the Angels of God;" and this also implies a certain change of structure; and we may gather from the declaration of the Apostle, that though "the stomach," is now adapted "to meats, and meats to the stomach," yet God will "destroy both it and them;" that the animal appetite for food will be removed, and the organ now adapted to that appetite will have no place in the renewed frame
Gnosticism - The earliest Gnostic sects ascribe the work of creation to Angels, some of them using the same passage in Genesis (Justin. He was in truth none other than the chief of the creative Angels, holding but a subordinate place in the constitution of the universe
Simon Magus - But Peter adjured the Angels of Satan not to help Simon, who fell to the ground and died. Helena (whom he had purchased in a brothel in Tyre) was his πρώτη ἔννοια, mother of all, by whom he had called the Angels and archangels into being
Christ in the Middle Ages - ...
He laid much stress upon the constant intercession of Christ; but this was supposed to be mediated by Angels, saints, alms, masses, and by other forms of meritorious works. 10):...
‘The Son is all in all and the head of all things …, for He is the fulness and cohesiveness of all things, and He conserves and firmly binds the parts by the wholeness, and He is neither part nor whole for He is above these, but both part and whole as having embraced all things; for He is exalted above nature, and is antecedent to causation; and He is the perfect among us imperfect, and imperfect among the perfect Angels as being superperfect and anteperfect, and having no point of comparison with them as regards perfection; and He is the formative principle in things tacking form as the creator and originator of all form, and without form with respect to things that have received form as being above form
Virgin Birth - ...
It should also be noted at this juncture that the alleged historical discrepancies involving the census of Quirinius, Herod's massacre of the infants, the star and visit of the magi, the appearance of Angels, the location of Jesus' parental home, the genealogies, the independent traditions of the two infancy narratives, and Matthew's version as midrash (i
Law - Its preeminence is marked by its being the first part revealed; not like the rest of the code through Moses, but by Jehovah Himself, with attendant Angels (Deuteronomy 33:2; Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; Hebrews 2:2); written by God's finger, and on stone tables to mark its permanence
Sadducees - ’ And he argues that what is meant is that Sadducees did not believe that the departed become Angels or spirits (op
Jews, Judaism - Angels, as intermediaries between God and man, were emphasized, as well as their demonic counterparts
Hebrews, Theology of - Jesus' superiority to Angels also provides the ground for affirming the completeness of his humanity (2:5-18)
Heir Heritage Inheritance - 4 He is said to have ‘inherited’ a more excellent name than the Angels
House - The throne (βῆμα), of a king is mentioned in Acts 12:21, and figuratively the θρόνος of God and the θρόνοι of Angels or men (Matthew 19:28, Revelation 20:4, etc
Insight - When Nathanael, struck by Jesus’ recognition of him under the figtree, hails Him as the Son of God, Jesus says: ‘Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the figtree, believest thou?… Verily, verily, I say unto you, Henceforth ye shall see heaven open, and the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man’ (John 1:50, John 1:51)
Essenes - They bound themselves by a fearful oath to reverence God; to do justice; hurt no man voluntarily or on command; obey the officials; conceal nothing from fellow-members, and divulge nothing of their affairs even at the risk of death; be honest and humble; communicate doctrines exactly as they had been received; and preserve carefully the sacred books and the names of the Angels (ii
Confession - He promised (Matthew 10:32) that He would Himself acknowledge a faithful disciple before His Father and the holy Angels
Devotion - )—in His endowment with ‘honour and glory’ at the Transfiguration (2 Peter 1:17)—in the strengthening ministry of Angels after the Temptation (Matthew 4:11), and the Agony (Luke 22:43 (Revised Version margin))
the Man Who Found Treasure Hid in a Field - ' And then, on that day, the poorest parish in all Scotland, and the meanest mission-field in all the world, will be seen to yield up treasures that will dazzle the eyes of men and Angels to see them
the Angel of the Church in Sardis - ...
And then to put the copestone on this far-shining case of a minister's recovery, and to send him back to his work till, like his much-tried neighbour in Thyatira, his last years should be far better than his first, this splendid seal was set on his second conversion-"to him that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment: and I will not blot his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father and before His Angels
Paul as a Controversialist - That may be a little too strong, but few men are Angels exactly for some time after they are crossed, and contradicted, and corrected
Acts - ” Yet, the Spirit led Luke to record the Angels' invitation to these men to gather around the manger
Advent (2) - ) the supernatural Son of Man, who was hidden with God before the world was created, and who, clothed with Divine attributes, will suddenly appear along with the Head of Days to execute judgment on men and Angels (Similitudes of Enoch 46:1, 2, 48:2, 3)
Christ in Mohammedan Literature - Immediately a spring appeared and Angels bathed the child. Then great darkness fell, and Angels released Jesus from prison and carried him up on high, and took the old man prisoner
Mahometanism - The Mahometans divide their religion into two general parts, faith and practice, of which the first is divided into six distinct branches: Belief in God, in his Angels, in his Scriptures, in his prophets, in the resurrection and final judgment, and in God's absolute Decrees. The existence of Angels and their purity, are absolutely required to be believed in the Koran; and he is reckoned an infidel who denies there are such beings, or hates any of them, or asserts any distinction of sexes among them
Lot - In that terrible day may His Angels be near to lay hold of us!...
Evangelize, Evangelism - Whether in predicting the forerunner's genesis (Luke 1:19 ) or announcing the Savior's birth (2:10), Angels "evangelize" people
Ephesians, Theology of - ...
The celestial world was highly structured in the Hellenistic Jewish thought of Paul's time, having multiple heavens, usually seven in number, and containing both Angels and demons
Woman - The Jewish training of Paul, for example, accounts for much in his attitude, such as the argument that women should be veiled ‘because of the Angels’ (1 Corinthians 11:10)
Vine, Allegory of the - The casting forth corresponds to their exclusion from the Church, the withering to their loss of spiritual life, the gathering to the work of the Angels (Matthew 13:30; Matthew 13:39), and the fire to Gehenna
Eschatology - This body was not necessarily to be physical, but like the Angels (Apoc
Incarnation - A belief in the self-manifestation of God, through visions, dreams, the ministry of Angels, the spirit of prophecy, and in the possibility of personal converse between God and man, is apparent upon every page of the OT
Entry Into Jerusalem - , to suit Greek taste, perhaps through the influence of the Angels’ song (Luke 2:14)
Beda, Historian - Alcuin has preserved one of his sayings: "I know that the Angels visit the canonical hours and gatherings of the brethren; what if they find not me there among the brethren? Will they not say, Where is Bede: why does he not come with the brethren to the prescribed prayers?" (Alc
Peter, Second Epistle of - But their doom at the hand of a righteous God, is no less certain than that of the Angels who sinned, or the antediluvian world, or Sodom and Gomorrah; though now also, as theo, the few righteous will escape ( 2 Peter 1:1-9 )
Lots - Psalms 16:6, Colossians 1:12), the ἀρραβών, the arles of the allotment, being the gift of the Holy Spirit (Ephesians 1:14), and the ministry of the Angels (Hebrews 1:14)
Presence (2) - ‘There were to be no more finite mediators between God and man; no temple of Jerusalem, where alone men must worship; no necessity for interposing Angels to interpret between the Divine and the human
Talmud - Jose to elucidate it; remarks on the position of one who is in doubt whether he has read the Shema‘ ; another passage from a baraitha , designating the appearance of the stars as an indication of the time in question; further explanations and passages on the appearance of the stars as bearing on the ritual; other Rabbinical sayings; a baraitha on the division between day and night, and other passages bearing on the same subject; discussion of other baraithas , and further quotations from important Rabbis; a sentence of Tannaitic origin in no way related to the preceding matters, namely, ‘One who prays standing must bold his feet straight,’ and the controversy on this subject between Rabbis Levi and Simon, the one adding, ‘like the Angels,’ the other, ‘like the priests’; comments on these two comparisons; further discussion concerning the beginning of the day; Haggadic statements concerning the dawn; a conversation between two Rabbis; cosmological comments; dimensions of the firmament, and more Haggadic comments in abundance; a discussion on the night-watches; Haggadic material concerning David and his harp
Matthew, the Gospel According to - ...
QUOTATIONS IN MATTHEW Matthew 1:23 "Behold, a virgin" Isaiah 7:14 Matthew 2:6 "Thou Bethlehem" Micah 5:2 Matthew 2:15 "Out of Egypt" Hosea 11:1 Matthew 2:18 "In Rama a voice" Jeremiah 31:15 Matthew 3:3 "The voice of one crying" Isaiah 40:3 Matthew 4:4 "Man shall not live by bread" Deuteronomy 8:3 Matthew 4:6 "He shall give His Angels charge" Psalms 91:11-12 Matthew 4:7 "Thou shalt not tempt " Deuteronomy 6:16 Matthew 4:10 "Thou shalt worship the Lord" Deuteronomy 6:13 1618397655_77 "The land of Zabulon" Isaiah 9:1-2 Matthew 5:5 "Blessed are the meek: they shall Psalms 37:11 inherit the earth" Matthew 5:21 "Thou shalt not kill" Exodus 20:13 Matthew 5:27 "Thou shalt not commit adultery" Exodus 20:14 Matthew 5:31 "Give her a writing of divorcement" Deuteronomy 24:1 Matthew 5:33 "Thou shalt not forswear"...
Deuteronomy 23:23; Leviticus 19:12 Matthew 5:38 "An eye for an eye" Exodus 21:24 Matthew 5:43 "Love thy neighbor
Luke, Gospel According to - The author’s interests are many his sympathy with women, his ‘domestic tone’ shown by the social scenes which he describes, his medical language and descriptions of cures (a large number of technical phrases used by Greek medical writers and by Luke have been collected), and his frequent references to Angels, are clearly marked in both books
Worldliness (2) - Communion), with Angels (Mark 1:13, cf
Matthew, Theology of - What remains from that hope is the glorious climax, when the Son of Man will return with his holy Angels to reward each person according to that person's life (16:28)
Individual - The little child is the type of what is greatest (Matthew 18:1-2), and the little one in moral stature, whom to offend is worse than death, is guarded by the very Angels of the Presence (Matthew 18:10)
Influence - He could have appeared as the great I AM attended by legions of Angels (Matthew 26:53)
Solomon - Dreams at Gibeon, building of temples and kings' houses, largeness of heart, gifts of prophecy, a tongue of men and Angels, proverbs and songs and Songs of songs-all is vanity if there is not along with it all constant repentance, daily self-denial, and a heart more and more perfect with God
Inspiration - God revealed himself to them not only by suggestion, but by dreams, visions, voices, and the ministry of Angels
David - in His Races - And then Law winds up with this, and I wish it would send you all to the golden works of that holiness-laden writer-Sometimes, he adds, imagine to yourselves that you saw holy David with his hands upon his harp, and his eyes fixed upon heaven, calling in transport upon all creation, sun and moon, light and darkness, day and night, men and Angels, to join with his rapturous soul in praising the Lord of heaven
Achan - O the Hope of Israel, the Saviour thereof in the time of trouble! You will sing that song in your Valley of Achor till this song shall be taken up over you by saints and Angels,-These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb
Nebuchadnezzar - Then Nebuchadnezzar spake and said, Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, who hath sent His Angels, and delivered His servants that trusted in Him, and have changed the king's word and yielded their bodies that they might not serve nor worship any god except their own God
Omnipresence - Thus perfect we may readily believe the Angels of God
Dead Sea Scrolls - To connect the rationale for this exclusion with the presence of Angels is similar to one aspect of Paul's argument concerning a woman's head covering in 1 Corinthians 11:10
Saviour (2) - ’ But the word evidently has a deeper meaning to the Angels than the noun σωτηρία and the participle ῥυσθέντας have to Zacharias in Luke 1:71; Luke 1:74; for in the two latter passages the conception moves entirely within the OT limits. 9, in which the Emperor Augustus is invested with Divine predicates, and called σωτήρ, the one who has been filled for the good of mankind with gifts, a god whose birthday has brought to the world the evangels connected with his person, the Zeus of the fatherland and the σωτήρ of the human race
Guilt (2) - The joy of the Angels is represented as arising out of the reconciliation between the Father and the penitent (Luke 15:10)
Living (2) - ...
(2) As applied to the Risen Lord: Luke 24:5 τί ζητεῖτε τὸν ζῶντα μετὰ τῶν νεκρῶν; the Angels’ question conveyed a reproof to the women who were come to the place where the dead was laid, bringing the spices which they had prepared: it was like asking them, ‘Where is your faith?’ They had heard the announcement Christ made to the circle of His followers before leaving Galilee, that He would rise again the third day (Luke 24:6-7)
Abraham - If there is a famine of bread and water where corn and wine had been promised and expected; or if the laughters and the shouts of baptized children are silent where they would have been as the voices of God's Angels to you,-what then? Then thy God will descend into thine heart, and He will ask: Am I not more to thee than sons and daughters? Is My love not better to thee than corn and wine? Am I, and My salvation, and that city of Mine which hath foundations, not more to be desired by thee than all else that I could give thee? Till you will find it in your bereaved and broken heart to say to Him henceforth and continually, Whom have I in heaven but Thee? And there is none upon earth that I desire beside Thee
Ebionism And Ebionites - Some affirmed that He was created (not born) of the Father, a Spirit, and higher than the Angels; that He had the power of coming to this earth when He would, and in various modes of manifestation; that He had been incarnate in Adam, and had appeared to the patriarchs in bodily shape; others identified Adam and Christ
Judea - They form, indeed, a most appropriate scene for that wilderness in which the Son of God is said to have dwelt with the wild beasts, ‘while the Angels ministered unto him
Oath - , from which the conclusion is often drawn that Jesus cannot have forbidden all oaths, since oath-taking is here ascribed to God and His Angels, and commended when practised by men, it may be said: (1) that not all the genuine teachings of Jesus were everywhere known, understood, and practised in the churches of the 1st cent
Organization (2) - They are to lead men to repentance (Mark 6:12), over which the joy of the Angels is increased (Luke 15:7; Luke 15:10, ending in the parable of the Prodigal Son)
Death of Christ - Moreover, it could be said that "twelve legions of Angels" were at his disposal, but Jesus' response to the thought of either human or angelic opposition was, "how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?" In fact he could say, "this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled
Sanctify, Sanctification - ἅγιος is used as follows: He addresses God as ‘Holy Father’ (John 17:11); He speaks of ‘the holy Angels’ (Mark 8:38 ||); He uses the name ‘Holy Spirit’ (Matthew 12:32 || Matthew 28:19, Mark 12:36; Mark 13:11, Luke 12:12, John 14:9-109; John 20:22); He warns against giving ‘that which is holy’ unto the dogs (Matthew 7:6); and He refers to the abomination that stands ‘in the holy place’ (Matthew 24:15)
Miracles (2) - The bare mention of a temptation in the wilderness (with Angels excluded
Holiness Purity - Angels are also called ‘holy ones’ (Job 5:1)
Bethlehem - … And then she brought forth a male child, whom Angels instantly surrounded at His birth, and whom, when born and standing at once upon His feet, they adored, saying, Glory to God on high, and on earth peace to men of good will
Father, Fatherhood - With the removal of God far from men there came to be associated in the course of time an elaborate doctrine of Angels—a natural it not necessary correlate of the transcendental conception of God
Sin - ...
Ra’ may also connote a fierceness or wildness: “He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil [20] Angels among them” ( Prayer - In petitioning favours from God, we act like dependent creatures; in confession, like sinners; but in thanksgiving, like Angels
Peter, First Epistle of - ...
( c ) The fulfilment of the promises made to the prophets, and a wonder even to Angels, 1 Peter 1:10-12 1 Peter 1:10-12
Corinthians, First And Second, Theology of - In essence, the Corinthians thought they had attained the status of the Angels (hence their claim to speak in angelic language Religious Experience - Although, when a sinner repented and was forgiven, it was only the joy of God and the Angels which the Synoptics thought important enough to mention (Luke 15:7; Luke 15:10), incidentally we learn that the return to God brings a kiss to the soul and a song to the lips (Luke 15:20; Luke 15:24)
Job, Theology of - He corrects Job's view of God's hiddenness by arguing that God reveals himself in mysterious ways (including dreams, pain and illness, and Angels) (33:13-23)
Immortality (2) - ), when those who have confessed or denied Him upon earth will reap as they have sown, in a public confession or denial of them before His Father and the holy Angels (Matthew 10:32 f
Jesus Christ - Satan left Him "for a (rather until the) season," namely, until he renewed the attack at Gethsemane, "and Angels came and ministered unto Him," God fulfilling the promise of Psalm 91: in Christ's, not Satan's, way
Offence (2) - It is only in the Christian society that this sin can be committed, and there is something peculiarly solemn in the picture of the Last Judgment in Matthew 13:41 the Son of Man shall send His Angels, and they shall gather out of His kingdom πάντα τὰ σκάνδαλα
Judgment Damnation - ‘For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his Angels; and then shall he render unto every man according to his deeds’ (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 13:41; Matthew 25:31)
Virgin Birth - … These songs which have been selected for use in the Gospel of Luke doubtless represent reflexion upon these events by Christian poets who put in the mouths of the Angels, the mothers and the fathers, the poems which they composed
Resurrection - The bodies of the righteous will be changed into bodies of glory that they may be able to take part in the world to come; they will be hade like to the Angels
Wandering Stars - What! do you think I cannot appeal to my Father to furnish me at this moment with over twelve legions of Angels? Only, how could the scriptures be fulfilled then-the scriptures that say this must be so?’ He had already told the disciples that they were being sent out like sheep among wolves, defenceless against any brutal attack; He had censured the Elijah-spirit in the two disciples who were indignant at the churlish behaviour of a Samaritan village; He had bidden His followers face arrest, ill-treatment, and death itself, rather than be untrue to their confession; and the refusal of armed help for Himself was only the climax of the regulations which He had laid down for their conduct
Corinthians, First Epistle to the - It is based on the subordination of the woman to the man, and is illustrated by the existence of regulated ranks among the Angels; for this seems to be the meaning of 1 Corinthians 11:10
Jesus Christ - ...
A census decreed by Caesar Augustus sent Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem where, during the last years of Herod the Great, Jesus was born to the acclaim of Angels and shepherds
Galatia - ’ The pagans who acclaimed the coming of Jupiter and Mercury would be likely enough, when partially Christianized, to think themselves recipients of a visit of Angels
Lord's Day - Between the 11th and the 15th centuries we meet with a wide-spread fiction of a ‘Letter from Heaven’ inculcating Sunday observance, wherein the largest claims are made for the day: how that on it the Angels were created, the ark rested on Ararat, the Exodus took place, also the Baptism of Jesus, His great miracles
Gnosticism - -The errorists in question claim a superior knowledge (" translation="">Colossians 2:8; " translation="">Colossians 2:18), pay great regard to Angels-beings intermediate between God and man (" translation="">Colossians 2:18)-teach asceticism (" translation="">Colossians 2:21; " translation="">Colossians 2:23); and probably their demiurgic notion is refuted in " translation="">Colossians 1:16
Man - This conception receives graphic illustration when he compares the suffering apostles with those doomed to death in the arena: ‘We are made a spectacle unto the world, both to Angels and men’ (1 Corinthians 4:9)
Matthew, Gospel According to - After His ascension He would come as Son of Man upon the clouds of heaven (Matthew 16:27-28, Matthew 19:28, Matthew 24:30), would send His Angels to gather together the elect (Matthew 24:31, Matthew 13:41), and would sit on the throne of His glory (Matthew 16:28, Matthew 19:28, Matthew 25:31)
Boyhood of Jesus - It has, moreover, been suggested that on the journey up to Jerusalem, Mary for the first time told Him the story of His birth, of the messages of the Angels, of the Magi, of Simeon, of Anna, of the flight into Egypt, and of the dreams of Joseph
Faith - God sent His word through agents, such as Angels (Hebrews 2:2) and prophets (Hebrews 1:1), but especially in the last times He has spoken through His Son, and has borne witness to this message by ‘signs and wonders, by manifold powers, and by gifts of the Holy Ghost’ (Hebrews 2:3-4)
Apocalypse - ...
On the side of good, we have (to take great examples) God and His throne, Angels such as Michael and Gabriel, or angelic beings resembling men (of whom the chief, when he appears at all, is the Messiah), books written with the names of the saints, the paradise of God with its trees of healing and nourishment, the new creation with its wonders specialized in the new city and temple
Prophecy - He is even represented to us as being superior to men and Angels; as far above all principality and power; above all that is accounted great, whether in heaven or in earth; as the word and wisdom of God; as the eternal Son of the Father; as the Heir of all things, by whom he made the worlds; as the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person
John, the Gospel by - ...
A glimpse of millennial glory is given in the declaration at the close of the chapter as to Angels ascending and descending upon the Son of man
Faith - God sent His word through agents, such as Angels (Hebrews 2:2) and prophets (Hebrews 1:1), but especially in the last times He has spoken through His Son, and has borne witness to this message by ‘signs and wonders, by manifold powers, and by gifts of the Holy Ghost’ (Hebrews 2:3-4)
Peter Epistles of - Their salvation has been prophesied by the ancients, it was preached by the spiritually equipped evangelists, and even Angels desired to peer into these matters
Prayer - All supplications, therefore, to saints or Angels, are not only useless but blasphemous
Gospels (Apocryphal) - In opposition to this double attack on the generally accepted doctrine, the writer of the Protevangelium, while not leaving it in doubt that Jesus was born as a human child (the infant took the breast from His mother), sought to make His Divinity secure by depicting Mary as holy from her birth, as fed only on Angels’ food, as conceiving by the word of the Lord, as bringing forth her child in virginity, and as remaining a virgin to the end
Clement of Rome, Epistle of - We must imitate the diligence of the Angels, if we would win the promises of God (xxxiv
Millenarians - " "When the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, with his mighty Angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God," &c
Moses - From an obscure passage in the New Testament, in which Michael the archangel is said to have contended with the devil about the body of Moses, Judges 1:9 , some have thought that he was buried by the ministry of Angels, near the scene of the idolatry of the Israelites; but that the spot was purposely concealed, lest his tomb might also be converted into an object of idolatrous worship among the Israelites, like the brazen serpent
Paul - Paul to rectitude of principle above every other religious accomplishment, is weighty: "Though I speak with the tongues of men and of Angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal," &c, 1 Corinthians 13:1-3
Basilius, Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia - "The unearthly majesty of the scene," the rapt devotion of the archbishop, erect like a column before the holy table, the reverent order of the immense throng, "more like that of Angels than of men," overpowered the weak and excitable Valens, and he almost fainted away
Gregorius (14) Nazianzenus, Bishop of Sasima And of Constantinople - Did he see the white hair of the aged bishop, and think of his long, unblemished priesthood, whom, it may he, the very Angels found worthy of homage (λατρείας ), and did not that move him?" "I adjure you by the name of Christ, by Christ's emptying Himself for us, by the sufferings of Him Who cannot suffer, by His cross, by the nails which have delivered me from sin, by His death and burial, resurrection and ascension; and lastly, by this common table where we sit together, and by these symbols of my salvation, which I consecrate with the same mouth that addresses to you this prayer—in the name, I say, of this sacred mystery which lifts us up to heaven!" He concluded by praying "that the prefect may find for himself such a judge as he should be for them, and that all meet with merciful judgment here and hereafter" (Orat
Hermas, Known as the Shepherd - These details might be fictitious, as the Angels, the towers, and the beasts of the visions
Back to Christ - We cannot, for example, revive the primitive expectation of the world’s speedy end, or the ideas about Angels, Satan, unclean spirits as the agents in disease, which Jesus shared with His contemporaries
God - But God is absolutely, fully, and every way infinitely perfect; and therefore above spirits, above Angels, who are perfect comparatively
Jews - By the cabala, the Jews mean those mystical interpretations of the Scripture, and metaphysical speculations concerning the Deity, Angels, &c, which they regard as having been handed down by a secret tradition from the earliest ages
Marcion, a 2nd Century Heretic - Marcion is said by Esnig to have taught that there were three heavens: in the highest dwelt the good God, in the second the God of the Law, in the lowest His Angels; beneath lay Hyle, or matter, having an independent existence of its own
Perfection (of Jesus) - He sees Himself attended by all the holy Angels, and seated on the throne of glory to judge men
Preaching Christ - In the teaching of Jesus these associations cluster round the title ‘the Son of Man,’ which, at least after the confession of Peter at Caesarea Philippi, is used as synonymous with ‘the Christ’; the Son of Man is identified with Jesus, and comes again, after His suffering and death, to establish the Kingdom, in the glory of His Father with the holy Angels (Mark 8:31; Mark 8:38, Matthew 10:33; Matthew 16:27)
Tertullianus, Quintus Septimius Florens - Angels pray; every creature prays