A city of Egypt. The name of the city is properly No-Ammon, that is, the seat or dwelling of the god Ammon, Nahum 3:8
, in the Hebrew. Similar is its Greek name Diospolis, the city of Jupiter-Ammon. In Ezekiel 30:14-16
, it is called simply No; and in Nahum 3:8 Jeremiah 46:25
, the English version has also only No. In the latter passage, "the multitude of No" would be better "Ammon of No." The name designates, beyond all reasonable doubt, the city of Thebes, the ancient and renowned capital of Upper Egypt. Homer describes her as "The world's great empress on the Egyptian plains, That spreads her conquests o'er a thousand states, And pours her heroes through a hundred gates." The vast ruins of the temples of Luxor and Carnac still proclaim the grandeur and magnificence with which the worship of Jupiter-Ammon was conducted. The ruins of the ancient city of Thebes are the wonder and delight of modern travellers, for their extent, their vastness, and their sad and solitary grandeur. They are covered with ancient hieroglyphics and historical sculptures, among which one interesting scene is thought to record the exploits of Shishak against Jerusalem in the fifth year of Rehoboam, 1 Kings 14:25
. See Wilkinson, Robinson, and Olin. Also Missionary Herald, 1823, and Shishak.