What does Adonijah mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אֲדֹנִיָּֽהוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 3
אֲדֹנִיָּ֥ה fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 2
אֲדֹ֣נִיָּ֔הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 2
אֲדֹנִיָּ֗הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 2
אֲדֹנִיָּ֣הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 2
לַאֲדֹנִיָּ֑הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 2
וַאֲדֹ֨נִיָּ֧הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּ֔ה fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
؟ לַאֲדֹ֣נִיָּ֔הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
לַאֲדֹנִיָּ֥הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּ֑הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּ֙הוּ֙ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
וַאֲדֹ֣נִיָּ֔הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
וַאֲדֹנִיָּ֧ה fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּ֖הוּ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּ֖ה fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
؟ אֲדֹנִיָֽהוּ‪‬ fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּֽה fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1
אֲדֹנִיָּ֣ה fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne. 1

Definitions Related to Adonijah

H138


   1 fourth son of David and Solomon’s rival for the throne.
   2 Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the Law.
   3 a chief of the people who co-operated with Nehemiah.
   Additional Information: Adonijah = “my lord is Jehovah”.
   

Frequency of Adonijah (original languages)

Frequency of Adonijah (English)

Dictionary

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Adonijah
The fourth son of David, by Haggith, 2 Samuel 3:4 . After the death of Amnon and Absalom, he aspired to the throne, although it was promised to Solomon, his younger brother. Having gained over Joab and Abiathar and other adherents, he at length openly revolted and claimed the crown while David was yet living. The news of this revolt being brought to the king at once; upon which the friends of Adonijah dispersed, and he took refuge at the horns of the altar. Solomon dismissed him with only an admonition. But soon after the death of David, he applied for the hand of Abishag, thus renewing his pretensions to the throne, for which he was put to death, 1 Kings 1:1-2:46 .
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Tob-Adonijah
TOB-ADONIJAH . One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Tob-Adonijah
Good is Jehovah, my Lord, a Levite sent out by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people of Judah in the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Adonijah
My Lord is Jehovah.
The fourth son of David (2Samuel 3:4). After the death of his elder brothers, Amnon and Absalom, he became heir-apparent to the throne. But Solomon, a younger brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah, however, when his father was dying, caused himself to be proclaimed king. But Nathan and Bathsheba induced David to give orders that Solomon should at once be proclaimed and admitted to the throne. Adonijah fled and took refuge at the altar, and received pardon for his conduct from Solomon on the condition that he showed himself "a worthy man" (1Kings 1:5-53). He afterwards made a second attempt to gain the throne, but was seized and put to death (1Kings 2:13-25).
A Levite sent with the princes to teach the book of the law to the inhabitants of Judah (2Chronicles 17:8).
One of the "chiefs of the people" after the Captivity (Nehemiah 10:16 ).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Tob Adonijah
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Tob-Adonijah
My good God; the goodness of the foundation of the Lord
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Adonijah
(See ABIATHAR) and ABSALOM). Means "My Lord is Jehovah", or, "Jah my Father".
1. Fourth son of David, by Haggith, born at Hebron. Very goodly in looks, like Absalom. Foolishly indulged by his father, who "had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so?" Never crossed when young, he naturally expected to have his own way when old; and took it, to his father's grief in his old age, and to his own destruction. Compare Proverbs 13:24; Proverbs 22:6; "Train up a child in the way he should go;" not in the way he would go: 1 Kings 1:6. When David was seemingly too old to offer energetic resistance, Adonijah as now the oldest son, about 35 years old (compare 2 Samuel 3:2-4 with 2 Samuel 5:5), Amnon, Chileab, and Absalom being dead, claimed the throne, in defiance of God's expressed will, and David's oath to Bathsheba that Solomon should inherit the throne (1 Chronicles 22:9-10). Like Absalom (2 Samuel 15:1) he assumed regal state, with chariots, horsemen, and 50 men to run before him (2 Kings 1; 2).
Nathan the prophet, Zadok (Eleazar's descendant, and so of the older line of priesthood), Benaiah son of Jehoiada, captain of the king's guard, Shimei and Rei (or Shimma, Raddai), David's own brothers, supported Solomon. Adonijah was supported by Abiathar, Eli's descendant of Ithamar's (Aaron's fourth son's) line, the junior line, and Joab who perhaps had a misgiving as to the possibility of Solomon's punishing his murder of Abner and Amasa, and a grudge toward David for having appointed the latter commander in chief in his stead (2 Samuel 19:13). Adonijah had also invited to a feast by the stone Zoheleth at En-rogel all the king's sons except Solomon, and the captains of the host, the king's servants, of Judah. A meeting for a religious purpose, such as that of consecrating a king, was usually held near a fountain, which En-rogel was. Nathan and Bathsheba foiled his plot by inducing David to have Solomon conducted in procession on the king's mule to Gihon, a spring W. of Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 32:30).
Upon his being anointed and proclaimed by Zadok, all the people hailed him, God save the king! Adonijah's party, surprised suddenly amidst their feasting, typify sinners' carnal security, from which the Lord's coming suddenly shall startle them to their destruction (Matthew 24:48; Luke 12:45; 1 Thessalonians 5:2-3; compare 1 Kings 1:49). Adonijah, at the tidings announced by Jonathan, Abiathar's son, fled for sanctuary, to the horns of the altar. Solomon would have spared him had he shown himself "a worthy man." But on David's death he, through the queen mother Bathsheba, now exalted to Special dignity, sought Abishag, David's virgin widow, to be given him, a contemplated incest only second to that perpetrated by Absalom, whom he so much resembled, and also a connection which was regarded in the East as tantamount to a covert claim to the deceased monarch's throne. (See ABNER and (See ABSALOM.) Benaiah dispatched him.
2. A Levite in Jehoshaphat's reign (2 Chronicles 17:8), sent with the princes to teach the book of the law throughout Judah.
3. Nehemiah 10:16, called Adonikam in Ezra 2:13, whose children were 666 (compare Revelation 13:18, the numerical mark of the beast), Revelation 8:13; Nehemiah 7:18; Nehemiah 10:16, but 667 in Nehemiah 7:18.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Adonijah
ADONIJAH (‘Jah is Lord’). 1 . The fourth of the six sons of David who were born in Hebron; his mother was Haggith, a name which is possibly of Philistine origin ( 2 Samuel 3:4 ). The story of Adonijah (typical of many an Oriental court intrigue) is recorded in 1 Kings 1:1-53 ; 1 Kings 2:1-36 ; as here recounted it permits of more than one interpretation, for that this passage has been subjected to an ‘editorial’ process can scarcely be doubted, and, in face of the difficulties of interpretation brought about by this, we are forced to reconstruct the course of events to some extent.
After the death of Absalom, Adonijah became the rightful heir to the throne; there was no sort of doubt about his right, it was taken for granted both by himself and by the people at large (1 Kings 2:15 ). But Bathsheba, it appears, was anxious to secure the succession for her son, Solomon; with this object in view, she, assisted by the prophet Nathan, heads a party at the court inimical to the claims of Adonijah. It would not have been long before the friends of Adonijah discovered the intrigue that was on foot; and Adonijah, learning the peril he was in of losing his rightful succession, concerts means for counteracting the machinations of his enemies. The old, trusted servants of the kingdom, Joab and Abiathar, rally round him, as one would expect; he gathers his friends together at the stone of Zoheleth, and by the visible act of sacrificing, proclaims his kingship; this last was, however, an act of unwisdom, as it gave a handle to his enemies, for king David was still alive. These, naturally on the alert, represent the gathering to David, now very aged, as an attempt to usurp the throne while he is yet alive; Bathsheba reminds David of his promise that Solomon, her son, should succeed him on the throne ( 1 Kings 1:17 ) [1]; David, remembering perhaps the rebellion of Absalom (whom Adonijah seems to have resembled in temperament as well as in outward appearance), is easily prevailed upon to transfer the succession to Solomon ( 1 Kings 1:33 ff.). Even so it is very doubtful whether Bathsheba would have succeeded in her plan had it not been that she was enabled to gain Benaiah to her side; as captain of the king’s body-guard (the Cherethites and Pelethites), Beuaiah was the man upon whom the issue really depended, for he commanded the only armed troops that were immediately available. In an emergency such as this, everything would depend upon who could strike the first decisive blow. Had the old commander-in-chief Joab had time to assemble his forces, no doubt the issue would have been different; but Bathsheba and her friends had laid their plans too well, and they won the day. Adonijah is ‘pardoned’ ( 1 Kings 1:52-53 ); it would nave been dangerous, owing to the attitude of the people ( 1 Kings 2:15 ), to put him to death until Solomon was secure on the throne; but as he was rightful heir, the safety of Solomon’s throne could never be guaranteed as long as Adonijah was alive. Bathsheba was not the woman to be oblivious of this fact, accordingly she recommences her intrigues; she represents to Solomon that Adonijah is desirous of marrying Abishag the Shunammite, the maiden who was brought to David in his old age ( 1 Kings 1:3-4 ), and who, according to Oriental ideas, was regarded as one of the royal wives. Such a desire was naturally interpreted by Solomon as an intention of seeking the kingdom ( 1 Kings 2:22 ), and self-preservation compelled him to decree Adonijah’s death, a sentence which was carried out by Benaiah ( 1 Kings 2:25 ).
The above is not in entire accord with the Biblical account, which in its present form gives rise to a number of serious difficulties. We shall mention but two of these. The request which Adonijah asks Bathsheba to convey (1 Kings 2:17 ) was the most grievous insult that could have been offered to the king; Adonijah would have known precisely what the result would be, viz. death to himself, unless supported by an army; but there is no hint that he contemplated an armed rising. Secondly, Bathsheba is quite the last person he would have asked to prefer this request; as mother of the king, and prime mover in the successful conspiracy which had robbed him of his succession, he would know better than to place himself so gratuitously within her power.
Adonijah is one of those men whose cruel fate and tragic death, both undeserved, must call forth deep sympathy and commiseration.
2 . Perhaps = Adonikam , one of those that sealed the covenant ( Nehemiah 9:38 ; Nehemiah 10:16 ).
3 . One of those sent, in the third year of Jehosbaphat, to teach the Law in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:7-9 ).
W. O. E. Oesterley.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Adonijah
(adoh ni' jah) Personal name meaning, “Yah is Lord.” 1. The fourth son of David. His mother's name was Haggith (2 Samuel 3:4 ). In David's old age, Adonijah maneuvered to succeed his father on the throne of Israel, but his effort failed (1 Kings 1:5-50 ). After Solomon's accession to the throne, Adonijah gave renewed expression to his regal aspirations by asking for Abishag, David's nurse, as a wife. Solomon's response to this request was to have Adonijah put to death. (1 Kings 2:13-28 ). See 2 Chronicles 8:1 ). 3 . A leader of the Jews after the Exile who signed Nehemiah's covenant to obey God's law (Nehemiah 10:16 ).
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Adonijah
The Lord is my master
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Adonijah
The fourth son of David. His name forms a wonderful compound of two glorious names of the Lord. So very earnest were the children of Israel to preserve the constant remembrance of the Lord God of their fathers in their families, (1 Kings 1:5)
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Adonijah
Adonijah (ăd'o-nî'jah), my lord is Jehovah. 1. The fourth son of David, by Haggith, born at Hebron. 2 Samuel 3:4; 1 Chronicles 3:2. When his father was old, he, being a man of fine person and probably popular, aspired to the crown, in order to exclude Solomon. He was joined by Joab and Abiathar, and seems to have had the countenance of his brothers. But David, being informed by Bath-sheba and Nathan, immediately ordered Solomon to be anointed king; and the intelligence of this broke up the conspiracy. Solomon promised, if Adonijah remained quiet, that this offence should be overlooked. 1 Kings 1:1-53. He did not remain quiet, but, after David's death, persuaded Bath-sheba to ask for him Abishag, a woman of bis father's harem. Solomon, regarding this as a renewal of his attempt upon the crown, commanded him to be executed. 1 Kings 2:13-25. 2. A Levite in Jehoshaphat's time. 2 Chronicles 17:8. 3. One who sealed the covenant. Nehemiah 10:16.
Chabad Knowledge Base - Adonijah
(d. 837 BCE) Son of King David. Toward the end of David's life, Adonijah proclaimed himself his father’s successor–an act that was immediately countermanded by David. Eventually he was killed by his brother, King Solomon for an attempted act of treason.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Adonijah
1. Fourth son of David by Haggith, born at Hebron. 2 Samuel 3:4 . He was apparently the oldest of David's sons at the close of David's life, and may have supposed that he would succeed to the throne; but without consulting his father he said, "I will be king," and both Joab and Abiathar helped him. David at once proclaimed Solomon as king. Adonijah ran in fear to the horns of the altar, but Solomon promised if he showed himself a worthy man he should not be hurt. He afterwards asked to have as wife Abishag with whom David had shared his bed. According to Herodotus (3. 68) this was in eastern countries considered as a pretension to the crown, which agrees with Solomon saying, 'Ask for him the kingdom also,' and explains also the advice given by Ahithophel to Absalom, to go in publicly to his father's wives. Adonijah was at once put to death. 1 Kings 2:19-25 .
2. Levite in the time of Jehoshaphat. 2 Chronicles 17:8 .
3. One who sealed the covenant in Nehemiah 10:16 .
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Adonijah
During what appeared to be the last days of the aged king David, his son Adonijah decided to establish himself as king before David died. He was the eldest of David’s surviving sons (cf. 2 Samuel 3:2-4), and had the support of the army commander Joab and the senior priest Abiathar (1 Kings 1:5-7). But God had showed David that Solomon was to succeed him (1 Chronicles 28:5), and Solomon had the support of the commander of the royal bodyguard Benaiah, the other leading priest Zadok, and the prophet Nathan (1 Kings 1:8). As a result of swift action by Nathan, David promptly declared Solomon to be king. The ambitious Adonijah could do nothing but cry to Solomon for mercy (1 Kings 1:6-53).
Soon after David’s death, however, Solomon executed Adonijah for treason. He considered Adonijah’s request for Abishag as wife was a claim to David’s concubines, and therefore a claim to David’s throne (1 Kings 2:13-25; see ABISHAG).

Sentence search

Adonikam - (See Adonijah
Adonijah - In David's old age, Adonijah maneuvered to succeed his father on the throne of Israel, but his effort failed (1 Kings 1:5-50 ). After Solomon's accession to the throne, Adonijah gave renewed expression to his regal aspirations by asking for Abishag, David's nurse, as a wife. Solomon's response to this request was to have Adonijah put to death
Rei - Friendly, one who maintained true allegiance to king David (1 Kings 1:8 ) when Adonijah rebelled
Rei - A friend of David, mentioned when Adonijah set himself up to be king
Haggith - The mother of Adonijah ( 2 Samuel 3:4 , 1 Kings 1:5 ; 1 Kings 2:13 )
Tob-Adonijah - TOB-ADONIJAH
Jah - It is often found in Hebrew compound words, as in Adonijah, Malachia, Hallelujah
Haggith - ” Wife of David and mother of Adonijah, who was born at Hebron (1 Samuel 3:4 )
Rei - ” David's officer who sided with Solomon in his succession struggle with Adonijah (1 Kings 1:8 )
re'i - (friendly ), a person mentioned (in ( 1 Kings 1:8 ) only) as having remained firm to David's cause when Adonijah rebelled
Zoheleth - A stone by "En-rogel," by which Adonijah "slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle
Abishag - They had no sexual relations, but Solomon considered her David's wife when his brother Adonijah asked to marry her after David's death (1 Kings 2:17 ). Solomon interpreted the request as a step toward becoming king and had Adonijah executed (1 Kings 2:23-25 )
Haggith - One of the wives of David and the mother of Adonijah
Tob-Adoni'Jah - (Adonijah the good ), one of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah to teach the law to the people
Zoheleth - A large rock near the well En-rogel, in the valley adjoining Jerusalem on the south-east, where the adherents of Adonijah assembled in rebellion, 1 Kings 1:9
Jah - " It is part of the compound words "Adonijah" ("God is my Lord") and "hallelujah" ("Praise the Lord")
Zoheleth - The Stone' by En-rogel, near Jerusalem, where Adonijah made a feast when he sought to be king
Adonijah - During what appeared to be the last days of the aged king David, his son Adonijah decided to establish himself as king before David died. The ambitious Adonijah could do nothing but cry to Solomon for mercy (1 Kings 1:6-53). ...
Soon after David’s death, however, Solomon executed Adonijah for treason. He considered Adonijah’s request for Abishag as wife was a claim to David’s concubines, and therefore a claim to David’s throne (1 Kings 2:13-25; see ABISHAG)
Jah - one of the names of God, which we meet with in the composition of many Hebrew words; as, Adonijah, Allelujah, Malachia; that is, "My Lord," "Praise the Lord," "The Lord is my King
Adonijah - Adonijah (‘Jah is Lord’). The story of Adonijah (typical of many an Oriental court intrigue) is recorded in 1 Kings 1:1-53 ; 1 Kings 2:1-36 ; as here recounted it permits of more than one interpretation, for that this passage has been subjected to an ‘editorial’ process can scarcely be doubted, and, in face of the difficulties of interpretation brought about by this, we are forced to reconstruct the course of events to some extent. ...
After the death of Absalom, Adonijah became the rightful heir to the throne; there was no sort of doubt about his right, it was taken for granted both by himself and by the people at large (1 Kings 2:15 ). But Bathsheba, it appears, was anxious to secure the succession for her son, Solomon; with this object in view, she, assisted by the prophet Nathan, heads a party at the court inimical to the claims of Adonijah. It would not have been long before the friends of Adonijah discovered the intrigue that was on foot; and Adonijah, learning the peril he was in of losing his rightful succession, concerts means for counteracting the machinations of his enemies. These, naturally on the alert, represent the gathering to David, now very aged, as an attempt to usurp the throne while he is yet alive; Bathsheba reminds David of his promise that Solomon, her son, should succeed him on the throne ( 1 Kings 1:17 ) [1]; David, remembering perhaps the rebellion of Absalom (whom Adonijah seems to have resembled in temperament as well as in outward appearance), is easily prevailed upon to transfer the succession to Solomon ( 1 Kings 1:33 ff. Adonijah is ‘pardoned’ ( 1 Kings 1:52-53 ); it would nave been dangerous, owing to the attitude of the people ( 1 Kings 2:15 ), to put him to death until Solomon was secure on the throne; but as he was rightful heir, the safety of Solomon’s throne could never be guaranteed as long as Adonijah was alive. Bathsheba was not the woman to be oblivious of this fact, accordingly she recommences her intrigues; she represents to Solomon that Adonijah is desirous of marrying Abishag the Shunammite, the maiden who was brought to David in his old age ( 1 Kings 1:3-4 ), and who, according to Oriental ideas, was regarded as one of the royal wives. Such a desire was naturally interpreted by Solomon as an intention of seeking the kingdom ( 1 Kings 2:22 ), and self-preservation compelled him to decree Adonijah’s death, a sentence which was carried out by Benaiah ( 1 Kings 2:25 ). The request which Adonijah asks Bathsheba to convey (1 Kings 2:17 ) was the most grievous insult that could have been offered to the king; Adonijah would have known precisely what the result would be, viz. ...
Adonijah is one of those men whose cruel fate and tragic death, both undeserved, must call forth deep sympathy and commiseration
Haggith - Festive; the dancer, a wife of David and the mother of Adonijah (2 Samuel 3:4 ; 1 Kings 1:5,11 ; 2:13 ; 1 Chronicles 3:2 ), who, like Absalom, was famed for his beauty
Abishag - After David's death, his son Adonijah asked to have Abishag for wife, for which Solomon put him to death
Zoheleth - Here Adonijah (q. On hearing this, Adonijah fled and took refuge in the sanctuary (1 Kings 1:49-53 )
Bathsheba - When Adonijah sought to make himself king, Bathsheba, moved by Nathan, appealed to David to fulfil his promise to her that Solomon should be his successor. When Solomon was king Adonijah begged Bathsheba to use her influence to obtain Abishag for him as wife. She asked this of Solomon, but it led to Adonijah's death
Abishag - After David’s death, his son Adonijah asked the new king Solomon for Abishag as a wife. 2 Samuel 3:7-10; 2 Samuel 12:7-8; 2 Samuel 16:22), Solomon considered Adonijah’s request to be an attempt to gain David’s throne. He therefore executed Adonijah for treason (1 Kings 2:13-25)
Adonikam - The head of a Jewish family after the Exile; apparently called in Nehemiah 10:16 Adonijah
Adoni'Kam, - ) The name is given as Adonijah in (Nehemiah 10:16 )
Abishag - After his death, Adonijah sought her hand to promote his treasonable aspirations, and was punished by death, 1 Kings 1:1-2:46
zo'Heleth - (serpent ), The stone, This was "by En-rogel," ( 1 Kings 1:9 ) and therefore, if En-rogel be the modern Um-ed-Deraj , this stone, "where Adonijah slew sheep and oxen," was in all likelihood not far from the well of the Virgin
Adonijah - Toward the end of David's life, Adonijah proclaimed himself his father’s successor–an act that was immediately countermanded by David
Abishag - After David’s death, Abishag was asked in marriage by Adonijah; the request cost him his life ( 1 Kings 2:13-25 )
Abishag - After his death, Adonijah sought her hand to promote his treasonable schemes, and was punished by death
Bath'-Sheba, - When Adonijah attempted to set aside the succession promised to Solomon, Bath-sheba informed the king of the conspiracy. (1 Kings 1:11,15,23 ) After the accession of Solomon, she, as queen-mother, requested permission of her son for Adonijah to take in marriage Abishag the Shunammite
Abishag - After his death, Adonijah requested her in marriage, for which he lost his life; Solomon perceiving in this a design upon the crown also. Adonijah was his elder brother, an intriguing man, and had aspired to be king before the death of David, and had had his life spared only upon the condition of his peaceable conduct
Adonijah - Adonijah, however, when his father was dying, caused himself to be proclaimed king. Adonijah fled and took refuge at the altar, and received pardon for his conduct from Solomon on the condition that he showed himself "a worthy man" (1Kings 1:5-53)
Zoheleth, Stone of - An object mentioned in connexion with the attempt of Adonijah upon the throne of Israel ( 1 Kings 1:9 )
Adonikam - Some Bible students think Adonikam is the same person as Adonijah in Nehemiah 10:16
Benaiah - He adhered to Solomon when some favored the pretensions of Adonijah, slew Joab at the command of Solomon, and was made general of the army in his stead, 1 Kings 1:36 2:29-35
Adoni'Jah - Adonijah's cause was espoused by Abiathar and by Joab the famous commander of David's army. (1 Kings 1:5 ) and these, together with all the princes except Solomon, were entertained by Adonijah at the great sacrificial feast held "by the stone Zoheleth, which is by En-rogel. [3] This decisive measure struck terror into the opposite party, and Adonijah fled to the sanctuary, but was pardoned by Solomon on condition that he should "show himself a worthy man. " (1 Kings 1:52 ) The death of David quickly followed on these events; and Adonijah begged Bath-sheba to procure Solomon's consent to his marriage with Abishag, who had been the wife of David in his old age
Adonijah - Adonijah (ăd'o-nî'jah), my lord is Jehovah. Solomon promised, if Adonijah remained quiet, that this offence should be overlooked
Adonijah - Adonijah ran in fear to the horns of the altar, but Solomon promised if he showed himself a worthy man he should not be hurt. Adonijah was at once put to death
Zoheleth - ” Stone of sacrifice where Adonijah offered sacrifices in light of his coming coronation as king (1 Kings 1:9 ). Adonijah's bid for the throne was short lived
Abishag - After David's death Adonijah persuaded Bathsheba, Solomon's mother, to entreat the king to permit him to marry Abishag
Zadok - After the death of David, 1 Kings 2:35 , Solomon excluded Abiathar from the high priesthood, because he espoused the party of Adonijah, and made Zadok high priest alone
en-Rogel - It was at this fountain that Jonathan and Ahimaaz lay hid after the flight of David (2 Samuel 17:17 ); and here also Adonijah held the feast when he aspired to the throne of his father (1 Kings 1:9 )
en-Rogel - Adonijah staged a party there to proclaim himself as David's successor as king of Judah (1 Kings 1:9 )
Bathsheba - In David’s closing years another son, Adonijah, tried to outdo Solomon in their claims for the throne, but Bathsheba’s influence ensured that Solomon became king (1 Kings 1:11-31). When Adonijah then tried to use Bathsheba to advance himself in Solomon’s court, Solomon executed him for treason (1 Kings 2:13-25)
Adonijah - When David was seemingly too old to offer energetic resistance, Adonijah as now the oldest son, about 35 years old (compare 2 Samuel 3:2-4 with 2 Samuel 5:5), Amnon, Chileab, and Absalom being dead, claimed the throne, in defiance of God's expressed will, and David's oath to Bathsheba that Solomon should inherit the throne (1 Chronicles 22:9-10). Adonijah was supported by Abiathar, Eli's descendant of Ithamar's (Aaron's fourth son's) line, the junior line, and Joab who perhaps had a misgiving as to the possibility of Solomon's punishing his murder of Abner and Amasa, and a grudge toward David for having appointed the latter commander in chief in his stead (2 Samuel 19:13). Adonijah had also invited to a feast by the stone Zoheleth at En-rogel all the king's sons except Solomon, and the captains of the host, the king's servants, of Judah. ...
Upon his being anointed and proclaimed by Zadok, all the people hailed him, God save the king! Adonijah's party, surprised suddenly amidst their feasting, typify sinners' carnal security, from which the Lord's coming suddenly shall startle them to their destruction (Matthew 24:48; Luke 12:45; 1 Thessalonians 5:2-3; compare 1 Kings 1:49). Adonijah, at the tidings announced by Jonathan, Abiathar's son, fled for sanctuary, to the horns of the altar
Bath-Sheba - She is afterwards mentioned in the history of Adonijah, 1 Kings 2:13, in the title of Psalms 51:1-19, and among the ancestors of Christ
Bath-Sheba - She is afterwards mentioned in the history of Adonijah, 1 Kings 2:13 , in the title of Psalm 51:1 , and among the ancestors of Christ, Matthew 1:6
Adonijah - The news of this revolt being brought to the king at once; upon which the friends of Adonijah dispersed, and he took refuge at the horns of the altar
en-Rogel - Here Adonijah made a feast ‘by the stone of Zohsleth,’ when he endeavoured to seize the kingdom ( 1 Kings 1:9 )
Anathoth - Abiathar the priest was banished thither by Solomon after his attempt to put Adonijah on the throne (1 Kings 2:26)
Enrogel - It was whereJonathan and Ahimaaz stayed in secret, to carry to David any message from Hushai, on the revolt of Absalom; and close to this spring Adonijah called the king's sons together when he exalted himself to succeed David as king
Enrogel - It is mentioned in the Bible in connection with the conspiracy of Absalom, 2 Samuel 17:17 , and afterwards with that of Adonijah, 1 Kings 1:9
Birthright - Thus Isaac was preferred to Ishmael, Jacob to Esau, Joseph to Reuben, David to his elder brethren, Solomon to Adonijah
Joab - But as a man he was imperious, revengeful, and unscrupulous: witness his treacherous assassination of Abner, and of his cousin Amasa, 2 Samuel 3:27 20:9-10 ; his bearing towards David, 2 Samuel 3:39 19:5 , and connivance with him in the matter of Uriah; his slaying Absalom, and conspiring with Adonijah against the divinely appointed heir to the throne; for all which he was at length put to death by order of Solomon, 1 Kings 2:1-46
Nathan - And when Adonijah began to take upon him the state, and to assume the dignity of a sovereign, and to form a party in opposition to his brother Solomon, Nathan repaired to Bathsheba, and sent her immediately to the king with instructions what to say and while she was yet discoursing with the king, Nathan came in, reminded David of his promise, that Solomon should be his successor, and procured Solomon to be immediately anointed king of Israel
Abiathar - At the time of Adonijah’s rebellion, however, the two took different sides, Abiathar supporting Adonijah, and Zadok supporting Solomon
jo'ab - "Though he had not turned after Absalom, he turned after Adonijah. The revival of the pretensions of Adonijah after David's death was sufficient to awaken the suspicions of Solomon
Confer - ...
Adonijah conferred with Joab and Abiathar
Abiathar - In this state things continued, until the reign of Solomon, when Abiathar, being attached to the party of Adonijah, was, by Solomon, divested of his priesthood, A
Birthright - By divine appointment, however, David excluded Adonijah in favour of Solomon
Joab - Joab combined in the plot to set Adonijah on the throne, in defiance of the will of David, who had, by divine direction, resolved to make Solomon king
Nathan - Significantly, Nathan came to the defence of Solomon when Adonijah challenged him (1 Kings 1:11-14; 1 Kings 1:22-24; 1 Kings 1:32-34)
Nathan - ...
Adonijah tried unsuccessfully to become king in the closing days of David's life. Nathan, along with Zadok, the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Shimei, Rei, and David's mighty men, opposed Adonijah
Zadok - Zadok and Abiathar acted as high priests on several important occasions (1 Chronicles 15:11 ; 2 Samuel 15:24-29,35,36 ); but when Adonijah endeavoured to secure the throne, Abiathar went with him, and therefore Solomon "thrust him out from being high priest," and Zadok, remaining faithful to David, became high priest alone (1 Kings 2:27,35 ; 1 Chronicles 29:22 )
Zadok - Later, however, in the palace conflict over David’s successor, Zadok supported Solomon, and Abiathar supported Adonijah
Abi'Athar - (2 Samuel 15;24,29,35,36 ; 17:15-17 ; 19:11 ) When, however, Adonijah set himself up fro David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sided with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side
Concubine - To seize on royal concubines for his use was probably the intent of Abner's act, (2 Samuel 3:7 ) and similarly the request on behalf of Adonijah was construed
Joab - So consistently loyal was Joab to the royal house (see Adonijah), that one is tempted to question whether the passage, 1 Kings 2:5-6 , which describes David’s ingratitude, is genuine; certain it is that if David really felt with regard to Abner and Amasa as he is described as feeling in this passage, it is surprising that he should have left to the wisdom of Solomon the duty of inflicting the punishment due; Joab’s death would seem to have been due rather to his loyalty in supporting David’s rightful heir, Adonijah
Harosheth of the Gentiles - ...
Unbelieving fear subsequently altered Israel's policy, so that they shrank from battling with the enemy's chariots in plains such as the Jordan valley, beside which Harosheth stood (Joshua 17:16-18; Judges 1:19), and at last adopted chariots in their armies under the kings: 2 Samuel 8:4, David; 2 Samuel 15:1, Absalom; 1 Kings 1:5, Adonijah; 1 Kings 4:26, Solomon
Benaiah - His unquestioned loyalty to David led Adonijah not to include him as he attempted to replace David as king instead of Solomon (1 Kings 1:8-26 )
Abiathar - Abiathar’s adhesion to Adonijah ( 1Ki 1:7 ; 1 Kings 1:19 ; 1 Kings 1:25 ) was of great importance, not only because of his position as priest, but also owing to his long friendship with king David
Shimei - ...
...
One of David's mighty men who refused to acknowledge Adonijah as David's successor (1 Kings 1:8 )
Enrogel - Here also by the stone Zoheleth Adonijah held his feast preparatory to claiming the throne (1 Kings 1:9)
Shimei - Court personality who refused to support Adonijah against Solomon (1 Kings 1:8 )
Names - , was employed as in Eliezer, Exodus 18:4 , Amuel, Josiah, Adonijah
Abiathar - Being confirmed in the high priesthood on David's accession to the throne, he aided in bringing up the ark to Jerusalem, 1 Corinthians 15:11,12 , and adhered to David during the rebellion of Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:35 , but afterwards was led to follow Adonijah, thus strangely betraying his royal friend in his old age
Joab - When David was dying Joab espoused the cause of Adonijah in preference to that of Solomon
Abiathar - Abiathar was deposed (the sole historical instance of the deposition of a high priest) and banished to his home at Anathoth by Solomon, because he took part in the attempt to raise Adonijah to the throne
Birthright - Solomon to Adonijah the elder of the two (1 Kings 2:15)
Concubine - (See ABNER; Adonijah
Shimei - Officer of David who kept aloof from Adonijah on his usurpation
Abiathar - While Abiathar remained faithful to David during Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15:1 ), he later supported Adonijah as successor of King David instead of Solomon (1 Kings 1:7 )
Abiathar - When, however, Adonijah set himself up for David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sided with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side
Solomon - He was anointed as king before his father died, in order to overthrow the attempts of his brother Adonijah to seize the throne for himself (1 Kings 1:5-53). ...
Establishing his authority...
Once David was dead, Solomon quickly dealt with Adonijah and the two leaders who had supported him. He interpreted a request from Adonijah as treason and executed him (1 Kings 2:13-25)
za'Dok - (2 Samuel 19:11 ) When Adonijah, in David's old age, set up for king, and had persuaded Joab, and Abiathar the priest, to join his party, Zadok was unmoved, and was employed by David to anoint Solomon to be king in his room
High Priest - This rule was disregarded by Solomon, who appointed Zadok and deposed Abiathar, 1 Kings 2:35, because he had espoused the cause of Adonijah
Joab - His aiding Adonijah led to his ruin. When Joab heard of the failure of Adonijah's cause, he saw his danger, fled to the tabernacle, and caught hold of the horns of the altar
Solomon - At the age of eighteen he received from David the throne which his brother Adonijah had endeavored to usurp
Joab - ...
In the palace conflict to decide which son would succeed the ageing David as king, Joab supported Adonijah in opposition to Solomon, who was David’s choice (1 Kings 1:5-8; 1 Kings 1:13; 1 Kings 1:19; 1 Chronicles 28:5)
Solomon - He put to death Adonijah who had usurped the throne, and Joab who had shed innocent blood; and he cast Abiathar out of the priesthood
Abner - This act, involving in oriental idea the suspicion of usurping the succession to the throne (so in the case of Absalom: 2 Samuel 16:21; 1 Kings 2:13-25; 2 Samuel 20:3; (See ABIATHAR, (See Adonijah, and (See ABISHAG), called forth a rebuke from even so feeble a person as the nominal king, Ishbosheth
Drink - This verb sometimes means “to banquet” (which included many activities in addition to just eating and drinking), or “participating in a feast”: “… Behold, they eat and drink before him, and say, God save king Adonijah” (1 Kings 1:25)
Day - Adonijah used this same phrase to represent “today”: “Let king Solomon swear unto me today that he will not slay his servant …” (1 Kings 1:51)
David - In his first role as king, David acquires the kingdom and assures his tenure in office (the accounts about David and Saul, the rebellions of Absalom and Sheba) and founds a dynasty (the birth of Solomon, the rebellion of Adonijah, the elimination of other contenders and factions). These narratives are intertwined with the theme of David as a man: a husband and father (Michal, Bathsheba, Amnon, Absalom, Solomon, Adonijah). He omits any account of the rebellion of Absalom and Adonijah and the actions of Amnon and Shimei; he makes no mention of David's sins in connection with Bathsheba and Uriah
Sad'Ducees - The origin of their name is involved in great difficulties, but the most satisfactory conjecture is that the Sadducees or Zadokites were originally identical with the sons of Zadok, and constituted what may be termed a kind of sacerdotal aristocracy, this Zadok being the priest who declared in favor of Solomon when Abiathar took the part of Adonijah
Gibeon - To the altar of burnt-offering which was at Gibeon, Joab (1 Kings 2:28-34 ), who had taken the side of Adonijah, fled for sanctuary in the beginning of Solomon's reign, and was there also slain by the hand of Benaiah
Solomon - She pleaded this at the critical moment of Adonijah's rebellion (1 Kings 1:13; 1 Kings 1:17; 1 Kings 1:30). (See Adonijah. Solomon would have spared Adonijah but for his incestuous and treasonous desire to have Abishag his father's concubine; he mercifully spared the rest of his brothers who had joined Adonijah. (See Adonijah
Solomon - Adonijah, ‘a very goodly man’ ( 1 Kings 1:6 ), relying on the favour of the people ( 1 Kings 2:15 ) [3], made a bid for the throne, imitating the method of Absalom and taking advantage of David’s senility. The sparing of Adonijah ( 1 Kings 1:53 ) suggests that he was not a very formidable competitor; his plot was evidently badly planned. We shall hardly criticise the removal of dangerous rivals when we remember the fate which he himself would have met if Adonijah had succeeded ( 1 Kings 1:21 ), and the incidents common at the beginning of a new reign ( 2 Kings 11:1 ; cf
Name, Names - Others now appear, containing an element which referred to the Divine sovereignty: Adonijah (‘Jah is lord,’ like the Phœn. Thus we have Jushab-hesed (‘kindness is requited’), Tob-adonijah (‘good is the Lord Jahweh’), Elioenai (‘to Jahweh are mine eyes’), Hazzelelponi (‘Give shade, Thou who turnest to me’; cf
Absalom - ...
By Ahithophel's abominable counsel, Absalom lay with his father's concubines, at once committing his party to an irreconcilable war, and him to the claim to the throne (according to oriental ideas: so Adonijah, 1 Kings 2:13, etc
Name - The following instances may be mentioned among others, and may stand as specimens of the whole, namely, שמואל , Samuel, "hear God;" אדניה , Adonijah, "God is lord;" יהוצדק , Josedech, "God is just;" אתבעל , Ethbaal, a Canaanitish name, the latter part of the compound being the name of the idol deity, Baal; בלשאצר , Belshazzar, "Bel," a Babylonish deity, "is ruler and king
David - The rebellions of Absalom, Sheba, and Adonijah, the famine and plague that afflicted his people, the crimes of Joab, etc. His firmness and decision of character, his humility, nobleness, and piety shine in his last acts, on the occasion of Adonijah's rebellion
David - The marriage was destined to influence materially the history of Israel (see Adonijah). ...
The rebellion (if such it can be called) of Adonijah occurred at the very end of David’s reign. This episode is dealt with elsewhere (see Adonijah), and need not, therefore, be described here
Reuben - Bathsheba did not scruple to ask Abishag for Adonijah, and Solomon did not object on moral grounds ( 1 Kings 2:1-46 )
David - David's final days involved renewed intrigue among his family, as Adonijah sought to inherit his father's throne, but Nathan and Bathsheba worked to insure Solomon became the next king (1 Kings 1:1;b12:12 )
King - ...
The king selected his successor, under God's direction, as David chose Solomon before the elder son Adonijah (1 Kings 1:30; 1 Kings 2:22; 2 Samuel 12:24-25); compare 2 Chronicles 11:21-22, Rehoboam, Abijah; the firstborn was usually appointed (2 Chronicles 21:3-4)
Solomon - His elevation to the throne took place before his father's death, and was hastened on mainly by Nathan and Bathsheba, in consequence of the rebellion of Adonijah (1 Kings 1:5-40 )
Inheritance - That a father had power to transfer the birthright from the firstborn to another is implied in the cases of Ishmael and Isaac ( Genesis 21:10 ), Esau and Jacob ( Genesis 27:37 ), Reuben and Joseph ( 1 Chronicles 5:1 ), Adonijah and Solomon ( 1 Kings 1:11 ff
Psalms, Book of, - The supplications of Psal 69, suit best with the renewed distress occasioned by the sedition of Adonijah
High Priest - Solomon suspected Abiathar of conspiracy with his brother Adonijah and exiled him to his ancestral home (1 Kings 2:26-27 )
Sol'Omon - When David was old and feeble, Adonijah, Solomon's older brother attempted to gain possession of the throne; but he was defeated, and Solomon went down to Gihon and was proclaimed and anointed king
King - Adonijah assumed that, as David’s son, he had a right to the throne ( 1 Kings 2:15 ), and even the succession of his younger half-brother Solomon was secured without any popular election
Antichrist - Adonijah, bearing the name of the Lord Jehovah, rose up against the Lord's anointed, and so is a type of Antichrist
Lord - Israelites formed personal names with adonai (Adonijah, Adoniram) just as did their neighbors (Adoni-zedek, Joshua 10:1-3 ), since these peoples also addressed their gods as “lord
David - Joab favoured Adonijah. The chiefs of his party met at the "Fuller's spring," in the valley of Kidron, to proclaim him king; but Nathan hastened on a decision on the part of David in favour of Solomon, and so the aim of Adonijah's party failed
Kings, the Books of - Nathan announced Solomon's appointment as successor (2 Samuel 12:25; 1 Chronicles 22:9); anointed and installed him instead of Adonijah, the older brother (1 Kings 1). ...
Notwithstanding Adonijah's attempt, Solomon is at the outset recorded as receiving David's kingdom as Jehovah had promised; he receives at Gibeon the renewal of the promise, on condition of faithfulness, and in answer to his prayer receives wisdom, and also riches and honour which he had not asked for; then after rearing the temple receives God's confirmation of the promise conditionally, "if there wilt walk before Me as David I will establish thy kingdom forever; but if ye (thou and thy people) shall at all turn from following Me