What does Adonai mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Webster's Dictionary - Adonai
(n.) A Hebrew name for God, usually translated in the Old Testament by the word "Lord".
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Adonai
One of the names of the Supreme Being in the Scriptures. The proper meaning of the word is "my Lords, " in the plural number; as Adoni is my Lord, in the singular. The Jews, who either out of respect or superstition do not pronounce the name of Jehovah, read Adonai in the room of it, as often as they meet with Jehovah in the Hebrew text. But the ancient Jews were not so scrupulous; nor is there any law which forbids them to pronounce the name of God.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Adonai
Lord, ruler, lord of lords, a name bestowed upon God in the Old Testament. (Exodus 6) It is the perpetual substitute for the name Yahweh.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Adonai
This is one of the names peculiarly applied to the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. By way of distinguishing it from JEHOVAH, it is rendered Lord in our English Bibles, in smaller letters, while JEHOVAH, which is also translated Lord, is in capitals. The reader will find a striking proof of it. (Psalms 110:1) The Lord said unto my Lord. The words in the original are, JEHOVAH said unto my Adonai. It is a sweet and interesting name of the Lord Jesus. It carries with it the idea of a stay, or helper, security, confidence.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Adonai
one of the names of God. This word in the plural number signifies my Lords. The Jews, who either out of respect or superstition, do not pronounce the name of Jehovah, read Adonai in the room of it, as often as they meet with Jehovah in the Hebrew text. But the ancient Jews were not so scrupulous. Neither is there any law which forbids them to pronounce any name of God.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Adonai
See GOD.

Sentence search

Jehovah - Hebrew text, however, represents scribe's efforts to prevent people from pronouncing the divine name by combining consonants of Yahweh and vowels of Hebrew word Adonai (“Lord”) so readers would pronounce Adonai rather than risk blasphemy by improperly pronouncing divine name
Adonist - ) One who maintains that points of the Hebrew word translated "Jehovah" are really the vowel points of the word "Adonai
Adonists - A party among divines and critics, who maintain that the Hebrew points ordinarily annexed to the consonants of the word Jehovah are not the natural points belonging to that word, nor express the true pronunciation of it; but are the vowel points belonging to the words Adonai and Elohim, applied to the consonants of the ineffable name Jehovah, to warn the readers, that instead of the word Jehovah, which the Jews were forbid to pronounce, and the true pronunciation of which had long been unknown to them, they are always to read Adonai
Lord - The rendering of the two Hebrew words "Jehovah" and "Adonai
Kere-Kethib - An example is the perpetual kere involving God's personal name, where the Hebrew text contains the consonants yhwh with the vowels a, o, a from Adonai , the Hebrew word for Lord in which i is actually a Hebrew consonant. The textual margin would read dni , the consonants of Adonai . Some examples may have been theologically motivated, as the change in the divine name warned the reader not to pronounce the sacred name but to replace it with Adonai or Lord
Yhwh - Thus the practice arose of using the word Adonai : “Lord. YHWH appeared with the vowels from “Adonai” as a device to remind them to say “Adonai” in their reading of the text
Lord - The old plural form of this Hebrew word is 'Adonai . From a superstitious reverence for the name "Jehovah," the Jews, in reading their Scriptures, whenever that name occurred, always pronounced it 'Adonai . this is invariably used for "Jehovah" and "'Adonai
Adonai - The Jews, who either out of respect or superstition, do not pronounce the name of Jehovah, read Adonai in the room of it, as often as they meet with Jehovah in the Hebrew text
Jehovah - The special and significant name (not merely an appellative title such as Lord [1]) by which God revealed himself to the ancient Hebrews (Exodus 6:2,3 ). Whenever this name occurred in the sacred books they pronounced it, as they still do, "Adonai" (i. ) The Hebrew name "Jehovah" is generally translated in the Authorized Version (and the Revised Version has not departed from this rule) by the word LORD printed in small capitals, to distinguish it from the rendering of the Hebrew Adonai And the Greek Kurios , Which are also rendered Lord, but printed in the usual type
Ineffable - (Latin: in, not; effari, to express) ...
Inexpressible, used: (1) of God, meaning that His perfections are so great that it is impossible to express them in words; ...
(2) of His Name, Jehovah (Yahveh, Yahweh), which, among the Jews in the Old Testament was held in such veneration that only priests were permitted to pronounce it in the sanctuary and even then in a low tone, the people using the substitute Adonai, Lord, Ruler
Jehovah - The Hebrews considered the name of God too holy to pronounce and substituted the word “Lord” (adonai) when the text was read. The vowels of the word “adonai” was combined with YHWH to get the word “Jehovah” which was first used in the 12th century
Adonai - The Jews, who either out of respect or superstition do not pronounce the name of Jehovah, read Adonai in the room of it, as often as they meet with Jehovah in the Hebrew text
o Antiphons - Their opening words are: ...
O Sapientia (O Wisdom), O Adonai, O Radix Jesse (O Root of Jesse), O Clavis David (O Key of David), O Oriens (O Orient), O Rex Gentium (O King of the Gentiles), O Emmanuel
Antiphons, Great - Their opening words are: ...
O Sapientia (O Wisdom), O Adonai, O Radix Jesse (O Root of Jesse), O Clavis David (O Key of David), O Oriens (O Orient), O Rex Gentium (O King of the Gentiles), O Emmanuel
Antiphons, o - Their opening words are: ...
O Sapientia (O Wisdom), O Adonai, O Radix Jesse (O Root of Jesse), O Clavis David (O Key of David), O Oriens (O Orient), O Rex Gentium (O King of the Gentiles), O Emmanuel
Adonai - The words in the original are, JEHOVAH said unto my Adonai
Lord - Many times adon or the special form Adonai was used in direct address to God (439 times), attesting to the honor of God or His representative (2Samuel 7:18-22, 2 Samuel 7:28-29 ; Joshua 5:14 ; Zechariah 4:4 ). In time a formal designation, Adonai jahweh (“the Lord Yahweh”), developed. This corresponded to the uniqueness of Yahweh; and, finally, Yahweh was referred to as Adonai alone, especially in Isaiah, Psalms, and Lamentations. Israelites formed personal names with Adonai (Adonijah, Adoniram) just as did their neighbors (Adoni-zedek, Joshua 10:1-3 ), since these peoples also addressed their gods as “lord. ”...
The designation of Yahweh as Adonai led to varied forms of conflict with Baal and his worshipers during the history of Israel: for example, prior to the conquest ( Numbers 25:1 ); during the time of the Judges (Judges 6:25-32 ); during the monarchy (1 Kings 18:1 ; 1 Kings 22:54 ; 2 Kings 3:2 ; 2 Kings 10:18-28 ). Adonai became more frequently used than Yahweh. The title “Lord” ( Adonai ) was no longer an adjective modifying the divine name but was a substitute for the divine name: Yahweh. Origen reported that when Jews read the divine name Yahweh, they would pronounce it Adonai , while non-Jews would pronounce it kurios . Scribes transmitting the Hebrew Bible showed that Yahweh should not be pronounced but read as Adonai by substituting the Hebrew vowels of Adonai for those of Yahweh when writing the divine name. Later readers who did not know this history did not pronounce Yahweh; but neither did they pronounce Adonai , as the scribes intended. Rather in the Middle Ages readers of the Hebrew Bible began pronouncing precisely what was written, the mixture of consonants from Yahweh and vowels from Adonai , producing the pronunciation of Jehovah, a word that never existed for speakers of classic Hebrew. In important passages kurios (Lord) appears in the sense of the Old Testament Adonai as Creator of the world and Director of history ( Matthew 9:38 ; Matthew 11:25 ; Acts 17:24 ; 1 Timothy 6:15 ; Book of Revelation)
Tammuz - His Canaanite name Adonai gave rise to the Greek Adonis , and he was later identified with the Egyptian Osiris
Jehovah - The Jews never pronounced this name; and wherever it occurs in the Hebrew Scriptures, the substituted for it, in reading, the word Adonai, Lord, or ELOHIM, God
Seraphim - Symbolical celestial beings seen by Isaiah standing above the Lord on His throne (Adonai, but many MSS read Jehovah )
God - ΑDΟΝΑΙ , His lordship, which being delegated to others as also is His might as ELOHIM, Adonai and ELOHIM are used occasionally of His creatures, angels and men in authority, judges, etc. ) "Lord" in small letters stands for Hebrew Adonai in KJV, but in capitals ("LORD") for JEHOVAH
God - Adon and Adonai, and the plural Adonim, are all translated 'Lord'; they occur frequently, and are found in some of the following compounds:-...
Adon Jehovah, Exodus 23:17 , the Lord GOD. ...
Adonai Elohim, Psalm 86:12 , O Lord my God: cf. ...
Adonai Jehovah Sabaoth, Jeremiah 2:19 , the Lord GOD of hosts. ...
Jehovah Adonai, Psalm 68:20 , GOD the Lord. ...
Jehovah Elohim Sabaoth Adonai, Amos 5:16 , the LORD,the God of hosts, the Lord
God - There are three principal designations of God in the Old Testament—Elohim, Jehovah (Javeh), and Adonai. "Adonai," i
Lord - The title 'Lord' is applied to God ( Psalm 90:1 , Adonai ), and in the N
God - In reading the Scriptures they substituted for it the word Adonai ( Lord ), from the translation of which by Kurios in the LXX
Blasphemy - Under the influence of this interpretation, the personal name of God (Yahweh) was withdrawn from ordinary speech and the title of Adonai (Lord) was used in its place
Names of Our Lord - ...
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT ...
Almighty Word, Wisdom of Solomon 18:15
Brightness of Eternal Light, Wisdom of Solomon 7:26
Child, Isaiah 9:6
Counsellor, Isaiah 9:6
Desire of Eternal Hills, Genesis 49:26
Desired of all nations, Aggeus 2:8
Emmanuel, Isaiah 7:14
Expectation of nations, Genesis
Father of World to Come, Isaiah
God the Mighty, Isaiah 9:6
Holy One of Israel, Isaiah 43:3
Holy One, Psalms 15:10
Just Branch, Jeremiah 23:5
Just, Isaiah 45:8
King of Glory, Psalms 23:7
Lord of Hosts, Isaiah 9:7
Lord Our Just One, Jeremiah 23:6
Man of Sorrows, Isaiah 53:3
Man, Michah 5:5
My Just One, Isaiah 41:10
Orient, Zachariah 6:12
Prince of Peace, Isaiah 9:6
Root of Jesse, Isaiah 11:10
Ruler of the Earth, Isaiah 16:1
Sun of Justice, Malachi 4:2
Wonderful, Isaiah 9:6
USED BY HIMSELF ...
Bread of Life, John 6:35
Door, John 10:9
Good Shepherd, John 10:11
Life, John 11:25
Light of the World, John 9:5
Lord, John 13:13
Master, John 13:13
Resurrection and Life, John 11:25
Son of Man, Matthew 8:2O
Son, John 5:22
Vine, John 15:1
Way, Truth, and Life, John 14:6
USED BY THE APOSTLES and EVANGELISTS ...
Advocate, 1 John 2:1
Almighty, Apocalypse 1:8
Alpha and Omega, Apocalypse 1:8
Amen, Apocalypse 3:14
Author and Finisher of Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Author of Life, Acts 3:15
Beginning and End, Apocalypse 1:8
Blessed God, Mark 14:61
Child Jesus, Luke 2:43
Christ Jesus, 1 Timothy 1:1
Christ, Matthrew 1:18
Corner-Stone, Epheisans 2:21
Day Star, 2 Peter 1:19
Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Faithful Witness, Apocalypse 1:5
First and Last, Apocalypse 1:17
First Born from the Dead, Apocalypse 1:5
Galitean, Matthew 26:69
God of the Jews, Romans 3:29
Great Pastor, Hebrews 13:20
He that is to come, Hebrews 10:37
Head, Ephesians 4:15
High Priest, Hebrews 2:17
Jesus Christ the Just, 1 John 2:1
Jesus, Matthew 27:17
Key of David, Apocalypse 3:7
King of Kings, Apocalypse 19:16
Lamb of God, John 1:29
Life Eternal, 1 John 1:2
Lion of the Tribe of Juda, Apocalypse 5:5
Living Stone, 1 Peter 2:4
Lord Jesus Christ, Acts 10:48
Lord of All, Galatians 4:1
Lord of Lords, Apocalypse 19:16
Lord Our God, Apocalypse 4:11
Mediator, Hebrews 9:15
Messias, John 1:41 (passim)
Only Begotten of the Father, John 1:14
Our Lord Jesus Ghrist, Romans 1:4
Pascha Nostrum, 1 Corinthians 5:7
Power of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Priest, Hebrews 8:4
Prince of the kings of the earth, Apocalypse 1:5
Rabbi, John 1:18
Rock of Scandal, Romans 9:33
Root of David, Apocalypse 5:6
Saviour of the world, John 4:42
Saviour, Luke 2:11
Son of David, Mark 12:86
Son of God, Matthew 8:29
Son of Joseph, Luke 3:23
Son of the Living God, Matthew 16:16
Star of the morning, Apocalypse 2:23
Stone of stumbling, 1 Peter 2:8
Stone, Matthew 21:42
Teacher, John 3:2
That which was from the beginning, 1 John 1:1
Victim, Ephesians 5:2
Wisdom of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Word, John 1:1
Word of God, Apocalypse 19:13
Word of Life, 1 John 1:1
USED BY OTHERS ...
Adonai, O Antiphons
Angel in the liturgy of the Mass
Captain of our salvation, Ephiphany, Matins
Captain of the Martyrs, Octain of Saint Stephen, Matins
Carpenter's Son, Matthew 13:55
Christ our King, First Wednesday in Advent, Matins
Christ the Lord, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Eagle, Saint Maximus, Homily 42
Eternal, Christmas Day, Lauds
Eternal Word of God made Flesh, Ember Saturday in Advent, Martins
Glory of Thy people Israel, Luke 2:32
God of God, title in Gloria
God our Saviour, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
God the Son, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Great Prophet, First Sunday in Advent, Lauds
Heavenly Bridegroom, Epiphany, Lauds
Holy, Luke 1:35
Holy One of God, Luke 4
King of all the earth, Second Monday in Advent, Vespers
King of Angel Hosts above, Circumcision, Matins
King of Heaven, Christmas Day, Matins
King of Israel, Mark 15:32
King of Righteousness, Third Thursday in Advent, Matins
King of the Gentiles, O Antiphons
King of the Jews, Matthew 2:2
King Peaceful, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
Light to the revelation of the Gentiles, Luke 2:32
Light of Light, title in Gloria
Lord of Angels, Eve of Epiphany, Matins
Lord Our King, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Lawgiver, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Saviour, Circumcision, Matins
Lord that shall rule, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord the King, Ephiphany, Matins
Lord the Ruler, Second Sunday in Advent, Matins
Names of God - ...
Adon (or Adonairo ) This is a title of authority and honor. Adon or Adonai was often used in conjunction with Yahweh. In time, Adonai became a substitute for Yahweh
Jehovah - " So Septuagint, Vulgate, and even KJV (except in four places "Jehovah": Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4; Exodus 6:3; Psalms 83:18) has "THE LORD," which in CAPITALS represents JEHOVAH, in small letters Adonai
God, Names of - ...
In the postexilic period the Jews, for reverence reasons, did not pronounce the name but substituted for it the word Adonai [12] (lord), and in written form attached these vowels to the tetragrammaton. (English Bibles commonly also employ "lord God" to translate Adonai Yahweh God - ...
( e ) Adonai (= ‘Lord’), a title, common in the prophets, expressing dependence, as of a servant on his master, or of a wife on her husband (Ottley, BL 2 p. In reading ‘Adonai’ was substituted for it; hence the vowels of that name were in MSS attached to the consonants of ‘Jahweh’ for a guide to the reader, and the result, when the MSS are read as written (as they were never meant by Jewish scribes to be read), is ‘Jehovah. ‘Adonai’ with ‘Sabaoth’ is not uncommon
God - Instead, they gave to this four-consonant name (YHWH) the vowels of another Hebrew word, Adonai, which means "my Master" or "my Lord. " Rather than pronouncing it, they pronounced the loan word, Adonai . When the Old Testament was translated into Greek, the name YHWH or Adonai was rendered by the Greek word kurios, which means "Lord
Lamentations - ...
The gleams of believing and assured hope break forth at the close, so that there is a clear progress from the almost unrelieved gloom of the beginning (Lamentations 1:2; Lamentations 1:9; Lamentations 1:17; Lamentations 1:21); it recognizes Jehovah's (Lord in capitals) sovereignty in punishing, by repeating seven times the name Adonai (Lord in small letters): Lamentations 3:22-31; Lamentations 3:33; Lamentations 4:21-22; Lamentations 5:19-22
Jesus Christ - In Psalm cx, David says, "Jehovah said unto my Lord, ( Adonai, ) Sit thou upon my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool. " And in Isaiah vi, the same Adonai is seen by the prophet "seated upon a throne, high and lifted up," receiving the adoration of seraphs, and bearing the title, "Jehovah, Lord of Hosts," of which passage St. " Thus the prophetic testimony describes him, as entitled to the appellation of "Wonderful," since he should be, in a sense peculiar to himself, the Son of God, Psalms 2:7 ; Isaiah 9:6 ; as existing and acting during the patriarchal and the Jewish ages, and even from eternity, Psalms 40:7-9 ; Micah 5:2 ; as the guardian and protector of his people, Isaiah 40:9-11 ; as the proper object of the various affections of piety, of devotional confidence for obtaining the most important blessings, and of religious homage from angels and men, Psalms 2:12 ; Psalms 97:7 ; and, finally, declares him to be the eternal and immutable Being, the Creator, God, the Mighty God, Adonai, Elohim, Jehovah
Jesus Christ, Name And Titles of - The most important development was the substitution of "Adonai" (Lord) for "Yahweh" in synagogue usage and the use of hashem, "the name, " for both "Yahweh, " "Elohim" (God), and even "Adonai" in the rabbinic schools, at least when quoting the Tanach, so the rabbis forgot how YHWH was orginally pronounced
Psalms, Book of - In this section the eternity of Elohim, Israel's Adonai, is seen to have been at all times their dwelling place, as declared in the first verse
Profaning, Profanity - Through a mistaken interpretation of Leviticus 24:16 they forbade the very utterance of the name Jahweh, and so, in the reading of the OT, Adonai or Elohim was invariably substituted
Synagogue - Their recitation by the congregation was preceded and followed by one or two short benedictions, such as that beginning, ‘Blessed be thou, Adonai, our God, King of the universe, who didst form the light and create darkness
Job - Adonai is also met with once ( Job 28:28 )
Trinity - The Hebrews considered that name in so sacred a light, that they never pronounced it, and used the word Adonai instead of it