What does Abimelech mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אֲבִימֶ֖לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 9
אֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 8
אֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 7
אֲבִימֶ֜לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 6
אֲבִימֶ֙לֶךְ֙ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 4
אֲבִימֶֽלֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 4
אֲבִימֶ֤לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 4
אֲבִימֶ֛לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 3
אֲבִימֶ֗לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 3
לַאֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 2
וַאֲבִימֶ֕לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 2
לַאֲבִימֶֽלֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 2
בַּאֲבִימֶֽלֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 2
וַאֲבִימֶ֗לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
לַאֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
וַאֲבִימֶ֥לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
אֲבִימֶ֥לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
מֵאֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
בַּאֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
אֲבִימֶּ֥לֶךְ‪‬ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
אֲבִימֶ֣לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
אֲבִימֶ֧לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1
וַאֲבִימֶ֜לֶךְ king of Gerar in Abraham’s time. / king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings. / son of Gideon by a concubine. / priest 1

Definitions Related to Abimelech

H40


   1 king of Gerar in Abraham’s time.
   2 king of Gath in David’s time; maybe title of Philistine kings.
   3 son of Gideon by a concubine.
   4 priest, son of Abiathar.
   Additional Information: Abimelech = “Melek is father” or “my father is king”.
   

Frequency of Abimelech (original languages)

Frequency of Abimelech (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Abimelech
(uh bihm' eh lehch) Personal name meaning, “My father is king.” 1. King of Gerar, who took Sarah for himself, thinking she was Abraham's sister rather than his wife (Genesis 20:1 ). He restored her to Abraham after a nighttime dream of God. 2. Probably the same as 1, a king who disputed the ownership of a well at Beersheba with Abraham and then made a covenant of peace with him (Genesis 21:22-34 ). 3 . King of Philistines at Gerar related to or identical with 1. Isaac lived under his protection and fearfully passed Rebekah, his wife, off as his sister. Abimelech scolded Isaac and warned his people not to touch Rebekah. A dispute over water wells led to Isaac's leaving but finally to a treaty of peace (Genesis 26:1 ) at Beersheba. 4. Son of Gideon, the judge of Israel (Judges 8:31 ). Abimelech seized power after his father's death by murdering his brothers and having himself named king by his relatives at Shechem. This provoked Jotham's famous fable (Judges 9:7-21 ). God provoked Shechem against Abimelech, who defeated an army under Gaal and then recaptured Shechem. When he tried to repeat his tactics against Thebez, a woman threw a stone down on his head and killed him (Judges 9:23-57 ). Abimelech's fate served as an illustration Joab used to protect himself from David (2 Samuel 11:21 ). 5 . Priest under David with Zadok (1 Chronicles 18:16 ), but correct reading of text here is probably Ahimelech as in 2 Samuel 8:17 . 6 . Person mentioned in title of Psalm 34:1 , which apparently refers to 1 Samuel 21:10-15 , where Achish is David's opponent. Abimelech may have been an official title for Philistine kings.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abimelech
1. King of Gerar of the Philistines, who took Sarah into his harem; but being warned of God in a dream, he restored her to Abraham, and gave him 1,000 pieces of silver as a "covering of the eyes" for Sarah, that is, as an atoning present, and to be a testimony of her innocence in the eyes of all. He afterwards made a league with Abraham, Genesis 20:1-18 .
2. Another king of Gerar, probably son of the former, and contemporary with Isaac. He rebuked Isaac for dissimulation in regard to Rebekah, and afterwards made a new league with him at Beersheba, Genesis 26:1-35 .
3. A son of Gideon by a concubine, made himself king of Shechem after his father's death, and slew his father's seventy sons on one stone, only Jotham the youngest being left. Jotham reproached the Shechemites for their conduct, in his celebrated fable to the trees. Three years afterwards, they rose against Abimelech; he defeated them, and destroyed their city, but as he was attacking Thebez, a woman threw down a piece of millstone on his head, which so injured him, that he called to his armor bearer to slay him, Judges 9:1 - 57 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Abimelech
("father of a king", or "father king".) A common title of many Philistine kings, as Pharaoh of the Egyptians, and Caesar and Augustus of the Roman: Padishah (father king) is similarly a title of the Persian king.
1. Hence, we find Achish called Abimelech in the title of Psalm 34, which explains the seeming discrepancy of name in 1 Samuel 21:11.
2. Genesis 20:1, 1898 B.C.; Hales, 2054 B.C.: the king of Gerar. Abimelech's taking Sarah into his harem shows that in those times kings claimed the odious despotic right of taking unmarried females, whether subjects or sojourners; compare Genesis 12:15; Esther 2:3. A divine warning that death would be the penalty of keeping her, but that Abraham's intercession as a prophet would follow the restoring of her, led him to give her back with a present of a thousand pieces of silver (131 British pounds). With delicate sarcasm (in the English KJV) he reproved Abraham's deception.
Rather, as Keil and Delitzsch, instead of "he," translate "this is to thee a covering of the eyes (i.e. an expiatory gift) with regard to all that are with thee" (because in a mistress the whole family is disgraced), "so thou art justified." The closing of the wombs of Abimelech's house then ceased. Abimelech some years after repaired, with Phichol his chief captain, to Abraham to form a treaty of friendship. He restored the well dug by Abraham, but seized by Abimelech's herdsmen. It was thence named Beersheba, the well of the oath, and consecrated to Jehovah (Genesis 21:22-34).
3. A son of the former, with whom a similar transaction took place in the case of Isaac's wife Rebekah. The wells dug by Abraham, being supposed to give a proprietary right in the soil, were stopped by the Philistines, and opened again by Isaac, and the virgin soil yielded to his culture one hundred fold. Jealousy made Abimelech beg him "go from us, for thou art much mightier than we." In the true spirit of "the meek" who "shall inherit the earth," he successively abandoned his wells, Esek (contention) and Sitnah (hatred), before the opposition of the Gerarite herdsmen, and found peace at last at the well Rehoboth (room), where the Lord made room for him.
So by loving concession shall we find peace and room at last (Romans 12:18-21; John 14:2; Psalms 31:8; Psalms 118:5). At Beersheba Abimelech with Ahuzzath his friend, and Phichol his captain, renewed the treaty of friendship with Isaac, originally made by his father with Abraham, and for the same reason (notwithstanding his past bad treatment of Isaac in sending him away), namely, he saw the Lord was with Isaac. Compare Genesis 26:23 with Genesis 21:22-23. Plainly the Philistines had then a more organized government than the Canaanite nations, one of which had been supplanted by these foreign settlers.
4. Son of Gideon by his Shechemite concubine (Judges 8:31). At Gideon's death he murdered his seventy brethren, excepting the youngest, Jotham, who hid himself, and by his mother's brethren influenced the Shechemites to make him king. Then Jotham addressed to the Shechemites the fable of the trees and the bramble (Judges 9), presaging a feud between Abimelech and Shechem which would mutually consume both. So it came to pass; for God makes in righteous retribution the instruments of men's sin the instrument also of their punishment at last. After three years Shethem rebelled, under Gaal. At Zebul's information Abimelech came rapidly on the rebels and slew all, and beat down their city, and sowed it with salt; he burned to death a thousand more men and women who fled for sanctuary to the hold of the idol Baalberith. Thence he marched to Thebez, nine miles eastward, and took the town; but when trying to burn the tower was struck on the head by a piece of a millstone cast down by a woman. Feeling his wound mortal, he was slain by his armorbearer, at his own request, lest it should be said a woman slew him. For the spiritual lesson read Jeremiah 2:19; Proverbs 5:22; Proverbs 1:31; Job 20:5; Matthew 26:52. The friendship that is based on sin is hollow; compare 2 Samuel 13:3-5; 2 Samuel 13:32-33.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Abimelech
Father of the king
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Abimelech
My father a king, or father of a king, a common name of the Philistine kings, as "Pharaoh" was of the Egyptian kings.
The Philistine king of Gerar in the time of Abraham (Genesis 20:1-18 ). By an interposition of Providence, Sarah was delivered from his harem, and was restored to her husband Abraham. As a mark of respect he gave to Abraham valuable gifts, and offered him a settlement in any part of his country; while at the same time he delicately and yet severely rebuked him for having practised a deception upon him in pretending that Sarah was only his sister. Among the gifts presented by the king were a thousand pieces of silver as a "covering of the eyes" for Sarah; i.e., either as an atoning gift and a testimony of her innocence in the sight of all, or rather for the purpose of procuring a veil for Sarah to conceal her beauty, and thus as a reproof to her for not having worn a veil which, as a married woman, she ought to have done. A few years after this Abimelech visited Abraham, who had removed southward beyond his territory, and there entered into a league of peace and friendship with him. This league was the first of which we have any record. It was confirmed by a mutual oath at Beer-sheba (Genesis 21:22-34 ).
A king of Gerar in the time of Isaac, probably the son of the preceeding (Genesis 26:1-22 ). Isaac sought refuge in his territory during a famine, and there he acted a part with reference to his wife Rebekah similar to that of his father Abraham with reference to Sarah. Abimelech rebuked him for the deception, which he accidentally discovered. Isaac settled for a while here, and prospered. Abimelech desired him, however, to leave his territory, which Isaac did. Abimelech afterwards visited him when he was encamped at Beer-sheba, and expressed a desire to renew the covenant which had been entered into between their fathers (Genesis 26:26-31 ).
A son of Gideon (Judges 9:1 ), who was proclaimed king after the death of his father (Judges 8:33-9:6 ).). One of his first acts was to murder his brothers, seventy in number, "on one stone," at Ophrah. Only one named Jotham escaped. He was an unprincipled, ambitious ruler, often engaged in war with his own subjects. When engaged in reducing the town of Thebez, which had revolted, he was struck mortally on his head by a mill-stone, thrown by the hand of a woman from the wall above. Perceiving that the wound was mortal, he desired his armour-bearer to thrust him through with his sword, that it might not be said he had perished by the hand of a woman (Judges 9:50-57 ).
The son of Abiathar, and high priest in the time of David (1Chronicles 18:16). In the parallel passage, 2Samuel 8:17, we have the name Ahimelech, and Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech. This most authorities consider the more correct reading.
Achish, king of Gath, in the title of Psalm 34 . (Compare 1Samuel 21:10-15.)
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abimelech
ABIMELECH (‘father is king’ or perhaps ‘Melech is father’). 1 . King of Gerar. According to E [1] ( Genesis 20:1-18 ) he took Sarah into his harem, but on learning that she was Abraham’s wife, restored her uninjured and made ample amends. Subsequently he entered into a covenant with Abraham ( Genesis 21:22 ff.). J [2] ( Genesis 12:10 ff., Genesis 26:1 ff.) gives two variants of the same tradition. The Book of Jubilees, in the section parallel to Genesis 12:10 ff., exonerates Abraham from blame, and omits the other two narratives! 2 . The son of Gideon. His mother belonged to one of the leading Canaanite families in Shechem, although Judges 8:31 calls her a concubine, and Jotham ( Judges 9:18 ) brands her as a maidservant. On Gideon’s decease, Abimelech, backed by his maternal relatives, gathered a band of mercenaries, murdered his seventy half-brothers ‘on one stone,’ and was accepted as king by the mixed Canaanite and Israelite population of Shechem and the neighbourhood. But Jotham sowed the seeds of dissension between the new ruler and his subjects, and the latter soon took offence because the king did not reside among them. At the end of three years they were ripe for revolt, and found a leader in Gaal, son of Ebed. Abimelech defeated him, took the city, and sowed the site with salt, in token that it should not again be built upon. Thebez, the next town attacked by him, fell into his hands, but he was mortally wounded by a woman whilst assaulting the citadel ( Judges 9:50-54 , 2 Samuel 11:21 ). His significance in the history of Israel consists in the fact that his short-lived monarchy was the precursor of the durable one founded soon after. 3 . 1 Chronicles 18:16 : read Ahimelech . 4 . Psalms 34:1-22 (title): read Achish (cf. 1 Samuel 21:13 ).
J. Taylor.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Abimelech
There are several of this name in the word of God: and it must be confessed, that a goodly name; compounded of Melech, king, my father; meaning, the king is my father were two kings of Gerar of this name, and son, in the days of Abraham and Isaac. (Genesis 20:2; Gen 26:1.) There was also an Abi-Cmeleeh the son of Gideon. (Judges 9:1). And also an Abimelech among the priests of the Lord, in the days of David. (1 Samuel 21:1.)
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abimelech
1. King of Gerar, who, believing Sarah to be Abraham's sister, took her into his harem, but being warned by God* he returned Sarah, calling Abraham her brother, as a rebuke. Genesis 20 .
* A witness of God's rights in His people, Psalm 105:14,15 , and that He will vindicate His faithfulness in His ways with them even when they are unfaithful.
2. A similar thing happened with Isaac and Rebecca under another king of the same name — the name being a title of the kings of the Philistines, as Pharaoh was that of the kings of Egypt. Genesis 26:1-16 .
3. Son of Gideon by a Shechemite concubine. He induced the men of Shechem to choose him as ruler and then slew 70 of his brethren. Jotham alone escaped, who pronounced a curse upon the murderers. This was fulfilled by many of the men of Shechem being killed, and Abimelech being mortally wounded by a piece of a millstone cast upon him by a woman at the attack upon Thebez. Judges 8:31 ; Judges 9 ; 2 Samuel 11:21 .
4. Priest in the time of David, 1 Chronicles 18:16 : also called AHIMELECH in 2 Samuel 8:17 . See ABIATHAR.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Abimelech
This seems to have been the title of the kings of Philistia, as Caesar was of the Roman emperors, and Pharaoh of the sovereigns of Egypt. It was the name also of one of the sons of Gideon, who became a judge of Israel, Judges 9; and of the Jewish high-priest, who gave Goliah's sword, which had been deposited in the tabernacle, and part of the shew bread to David, at the time this prince was flying from Saul, 1 Samuel 21:1 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abimelech
Abimelech (a-bĭm'e-lĕk), father of the king, or royal father. This seems to have been the common title of several of the Philistine kings. 1. A king of Gerar, and contemporary with Abraham, who took Sarah into his harem, and thought to make her his wife; but being warned of God in a dream of Sarah's relationship to Abraham, that she was not his sister, but his wife, he restored her to her husband, with a present of a thousand pieces of silver, as "a covering of the eyes" for Sarah; that is, as an atoning present, and to be a testimony of her innocence in the eyes of all. Genesis 20:1 to Genesis 18:2. Another king of Gerar, probably son of the former, who rebuked Isaac for his dissimulation, in calling his wife his sister, and afterwards made a league with him at Beersheba. Genesis 26:6; Genesis 31:3. A son of Gideon, by his concubine, who, after the death of his father, persuaded the men of Shechem to make him king. He slew his father's 70 sons on one stone, leaving only Jotham, the youngest, alive, who hid himself. Three years afterwards the men of Shechem rose against Abimelech; he defeated them and destroyed their city, and sowed it with salt While attacking Thebez, he was mortally wounded by a piece of a millstone thrown upon his head by a woman from the top of the tower. That it might not be said, "a woman slew him," he called to his armor-bearer to thrust him through with his sword, and thus he died. This was the first attempt to establish a monarchy in Israel. Judges 9:5; Judges 9:54. 4. The name given in the title of Psalms 34:1-22 to Achish, king of Gath. 5. The name of "Ahimelech" is thus written in 1 Chronicles 18:16.
Chabad Knowledge Base - Abimelech
The generic name of all Philistine kings. Kings by this name appear in the Bible from the times of Abraham through King David.
Abimelech (son of Gideon): Son of Gideon, native of Shechem. After his father's death in 1027 BCE, he convinced the Shechemites to appoint him as his father's successor, and killed all but one of his 70 brothers to eliminate competition. After ruling for three years, his subjects rebelled and a woman dropped a millstone on his head, fatally wounding him.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abimelech
It seems that ‘Abimelech’ was used both as a royal title (among the Philistines) and as a personal name (among the Israelites). The meaning of the word was ‘father-king’. The Bible mentions three Philistine rulers by this name and one notorious Israelite.
Among the Philistines
After the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Abraham and Sarah moved through the south of Canaan and settled in the Philistine district of Gerar. Abraham, fearing that the Philistine king Abimelech might kill him in order to take Sarah for his own wife, preserved his life by saying that Sarah was his sister (Genesis 20:1-2; Genesis 20:13; cf. Genesis 12:11-13). Abimelech did indeed take Sarah, but before he had any sexual relation with her, God warned him that she was Abraham’s wife (Genesis 20:3-7). Abimelech avoided God’s judgment by giving Sarah back to Abraham, along with compensation for the damage he had done to Sarah’s honour (Genesis 20:8-18).
Abraham remained in the region by Abimelech’s permission (Genesis 20:15), but his increasing prosperity made Abimelech wary. At Abimelech’s suggestion, the two men made a treaty to ensure peaceful cooperation; but before entering the treaty, Abraham insisted that Abimelech’s herdsmen return to him a well they had seized. The arrangement was sealed by Abimelech’s acceptance of a gift from Abraham (Genesis 21:22-32).
Eighty or so years later, when Abraham’s son Isaac settled for a time in Gerar, he created tension with a later Abimelech through the same sort of deceit as Abraham’s (Genesis 26:1; Genesis 26:7-11). In spite of opposition from Abimelech’s men in repeatedly denying Isaac water, Isaac continued to prosper (Genesis 26:17-22). This made Abimelech fear him, and on Abimelech’s suggestion the two men renewed the treaty between the former Abimelech and Abraham (Genesis 26:26-32).
The other Philistine ruler whom the Bible calls Abimelech was Achish, ruler of the city of Gath (see Introduction to Psalms 34:1-22). David, in fleeing from Saul, had looked for safety in Gath, but when Achish was warned that David could be an Israelite spy, he decided to kill him. When David acted as a madman, Achish was easily deceived and drove him out of the city (1 Samuel 21:10-15).
Among the Israelites
During the period of the judges, an ambitious Israelite named Abimelech was the cause of much unnecessary bloodshed. He was one of Gideon’s seventy sons, and his mother was a Shechemite. Upon Gideon’s death, Abimelech killed all his brothers (except one who escaped) and established himself ‘king’ in Shechem (Judges 9:1-6). When, after three years, the Shechemites plotted to assassinate him, Abimelech discovered the plot and slaughtered the plotters (Judges 9:22-41).
With his pride hurt, Abimelech was now driven on in senseless fury. He massacred the innocent citizens of Shechem, along with those of another town whom he thought might have been opposed to him. But his blind rage led to a lack of caution, and this in turn brought about his death (Judges 9:42-56).

Sentence search

Zebul - ” Resident of Shechem who was a follower of Abimelech, son of Gideon. When Gaal plotted against Abimelech in Shechem, Zebul sent word to Abimelech who came to Shechem and defeated Gaal (Judges 9:30-41 )
Ebed - Father of Gaal who rebelled against Abimelech, when God had sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem
Ebed - Father of Gaal, who led revolt in Shechem against Abimelech (Judges 9:26-40 ). See Abimelech ; Gaal
Thebez - Besieged by Abimelech. (See Abimelech
Phichol - ” The chief captain of the Philistine army under King Abimelech (Genesis 21:22 ). See Abimelech ; Abraham ; Covenant ; Isaac
Phichol - ” The chief captain of the Philistine army under King Abimelech (Genesis 21:22 ). See Abimelech ; Abraham ; Covenant ; Isaac
Jotham (1) - The youngest son of Jerubbaal, who, by hiding himself, escaped the massacre of his brethren by Abimelech ( Judges 9:5 ). When Abimelech had been proclaimed king by the Shechemites, Jotham appeared, close to where they were assembled, on Mt. The parable, which is somewhat incongruous in parts, is intended as an appeal to the conscience of the Shechemites; in case the appeal should turn out to be fruitless (which indeed proved to be the case), Jotham utters a curse ( Judges 9:20 ) against both Abimelech and the Shechemites; this curse is shortly afterwards fulfilled. After his address, Jotham flees to Beer, fearing the vengeance of Abimelech, and we hear of him no more
Abimelech - It seems that ‘Abimelech’ was used both as a royal title (among the Philistines) and as a personal name (among the Israelites). Abraham, fearing that the Philistine king Abimelech might kill him in order to take Sarah for his own wife, preserved his life by saying that Sarah was his sister (Genesis 20:1-2; Genesis 20:13; cf. Abimelech did indeed take Sarah, but before he had any sexual relation with her, God warned him that she was Abraham’s wife (Genesis 20:3-7). Abimelech avoided God’s judgment by giving Sarah back to Abraham, along with compensation for the damage he had done to Sarah’s honour (Genesis 20:8-18). ...
Abraham remained in the region by Abimelech’s permission (Genesis 20:15), but his increasing prosperity made Abimelech wary. At Abimelech’s suggestion, the two men made a treaty to ensure peaceful cooperation; but before entering the treaty, Abraham insisted that Abimelech’s herdsmen return to him a well they had seized. The arrangement was sealed by Abimelech’s acceptance of a gift from Abraham (Genesis 21:22-32). ...
Eighty or so years later, when Abraham’s son Isaac settled for a time in Gerar, he created tension with a later Abimelech through the same sort of deceit as Abraham’s (Genesis 26:1; Genesis 26:7-11). In spite of opposition from Abimelech’s men in repeatedly denying Isaac water, Isaac continued to prosper (Genesis 26:17-22). This made Abimelech fear him, and on Abimelech’s suggestion the two men renewed the treaty between the former Abimelech and Abraham (Genesis 26:26-32). ...
The other Philistine ruler whom the Bible calls Abimelech was Achish, ruler of the city of Gath (see Introduction to Psalms 34:1-22). ...
Among the Israelites...
During the period of the judges, an ambitious Israelite named Abimelech was the cause of much unnecessary bloodshed. Upon Gideon’s death, Abimelech killed all his brothers (except one who escaped) and established himself ‘king’ in Shechem (Judges 9:1-6). When, after three years, the Shechemites plotted to assassinate him, Abimelech discovered the plot and slaughtered the plotters (Judges 9:22-41). ...
With his pride hurt, Abimelech was now driven on in senseless fury
Arumah - Near Shechem, where Abimelech resided (Judges 9:41)
Gaal - Loathing, the son of Ebed, in whom the Shechemites "placed their confidence" when they became discontented with Abimelech. He headed the revolution, and led out the men of Shechem against Abimelech; but was defeated, and fled to his own home (Judges 9:26-46 )
el-Berith - There the citizens of Shechem sought protection when Abimelech attacked them, but Abimelech set the citadel on fire (Judges 9:46-49 )
Gaal - ), organized the rising against Abimelech by the discontented in Shechem. Zebul, Abimelech’s officer there, warned his master, who came with a strong force, and defeated the rebels under Gaal outside the city. See Abimelech, 2
Beth-Millo - A part of Shechem or a fortress guarding Shechem, where the citizens of Shechem proclaimed Abimelech king. Jotham, Jerubaal's (or Gideon's) son asked citizens to overthrow Abimelech at Beth Millo (Judges 9:6 ,Judges 9:6,9:20 )
Gaal - Son of Ebed: he led the Shechemites against Abimelech
Zebul - Governor of Shechem for Abimelech while the latter was absent
Ahuzzath - A friend of Abimelech, king or Gerar
Aru'Mah - (height ), a place apparently in the neighborhood of Shechem, at which Abimelech resided
ga'al - (contempt ), son of Ebed, aided the Shechemites in their rebellion against Abimelech
Ahuzzath - Friend of Abimelech, king of the Philistines, who came with him to make a covenant with Isaac
Ebed - Slave, the father of Gaal, in whom the men of Shechem "put confidence" in their conspiracy against Abimelech (Judges 9:26,26,30,31 )
Phichol - Chief captain of Abimelech, king of the Philistines, in the times of Abraham and Isaac
Thebez - An Ephraimite town near Sheshem, at the siege of which Abimelech was killed, Judges 9:50-55 ; 2 Samuel 11:21
Arumah - City or district apparently near Shechem, the abode of Abimelech
Arumah - The place of refuge of Abimelech ( Judges 9:41 ), perhaps el-‘Ormeh , 6 miles S
Ahuz'Zath - (possesions ) one of the friends of the Philistine king Abimelech, who accompanied him at his interview with Isaac
Jotham - He escaped when the rest were put to death by the order of Abimelech (Judges 9:5 ). , the stone set up by Joshua, 24:26; Compare Genesis 35:4 ) "that was in Shechem, to make Abimelech king," from one of the heights of Mount Gerizim he protested against their doing so in the earliest parable, that of the bramble-king. There came a recoil in the feelings of the people toward Abimelech, and then a terrible revenge, in which many were slain and the city of Shechem was destroyed by Abimelech (Judges 9:45 ). Having delivered his warning, Jotham fled to Beer from the vengeance of Abimelech (9:7-21)
Zebul - A governor of the city of Shechem, who labored adroitly to preserve the city for Abimelech his master, the son of Gideon, Judges 9:1 - 57
Phichol - Chief captain of Abimelech king of Gerar (Genesis 21:22; Genesis 26:26)
Gaal - Gaal (gâ'al), loathing, the son of Ebed, led a revolt against Abimelech, king or the Shechemites
Thebez - The town where Abimelech was killed
ze'Bul - (habitation ), chief man (Authorized Version "ruler") of the city of Shechem at the time of the contest between Abimelech and the native Canaanites
Esek - A well in the valley of Gerar, dug by the servants of Isaac, and striven for by the servants of Abimelech; hence its name, which signifies 'strife
Phi'Chol - (strong ), chief captain of the army of Abimelech, king of the Philistines of Gerar in the days of both Abraham, ( Genesis 21:22,32 ) and Isaac
Ebed - Father of GAAL who helped the men of Shechem against Abimelech
Zalmon, Mount - ) "Black forest," a wooded hill near Shechem, from which Abimelech brought boughs to burn the tower of the city (Judges 9:48)
Beer-Sheba - The well of an oath; So called, because here it was that Abraham made a covenant with Abimelech
Arumah - ” Abimelech, the judge, lived there while he fought to control Shechem (Judges 9:41 )
Zalmon, Mount - Place near Shechem from whence Abimelech brought boughs of trees with which he destroyed the Shechemites by fire
Salmon - A hill near Shechem on which Abimelech cut down the boughs with which they set on fire the tower of Shechem. Or else (Maurer) Canaan had the same snowy appearance, covered over With the corpses of the slain, as Salmon when its trees were cut down by Abimelech changed its dark color for a white one
Sitnah - The well was seized by the servants of Abimelech
Jotham - He survived the mass killing of Gideon's sons by Abimelech, their half brother, because he hid himself. Afterwards, when Abimelech had been hailed as king at Shechem, Jotham addressed a fable to the people of Shechem designed to mock the idea of Abimelech acting as a king
Sal'Mon, - a hill near Shechem, on which Abimelech and his followers cut down the boughs with which they set the tower of Shechem on fire
Eglon - It is thought to have been a common name of the kings of Moab, as Abimelech was of the Philistines
Sal'Mon, - a hill near Shechem, on which Abimelech and his followers cut down the boughs with which they set the tower of Shechem on fire
Ahuzzath - "Friend" (oriental kings have usually such favorites) of the Philistine king Abimelech in his interview with Isaac (Genesis 26:28)
Tola - Of the tribe of Issachar, judge of Israel, at Shamir in Mount Ephraim, for twenty-three years after the death of Abimelech, Judges 10:1,2
Abimelech - Abimelech scolded Isaac and warned his people not to touch Rebekah. Abimelech seized power after his father's death by murdering his brothers and having himself named king by his relatives at Shechem. God provoked Shechem against Abimelech, who defeated an army under Gaal and then recaptured Shechem. Abimelech's fate served as an illustration Joab used to protect himself from David (2 Samuel 11:21 ). Abimelech may have been an official title for Philistine kings
Phicol - Great, the chief captain of the army of Abimelech, the Philistine king of Gerar
e'Bed - )
Father of Gaal, who with his brethren assisted the men of Shechem in their revolt against Abimelech
Pillar, Plain of the, - or rather "oak of the pillar" (that being the real signification of the Hebrew word elon ), a tree which stood near Shechem and at which the men of Shechem and the house of Millo assembled to crown Abimelech the son of Gideon
Gaal - He emboldened the Shechemites to rebel against Abimelech (Judges 9:26). " He apparently was captain of a band of freebooters; and the Shechemites who were dissatisfied with Abimelech's rule hoped Gaal would help them against him. Already they had "set liers in wait for Abimelech in the tops of the mountains" (Ebal and Gerizim, between which Shechem was situated), who robbed all passers by. By organized robbery they brought Abimelech's government into discredit, and probably sought to waylay and kill himself. At the feast Gaal said, "Who is Abimelech and who is Shechem that we should serve him? is not he son of Jerubbaal?" i. Who is "Zebul his officer"? explains the previous "who is Shechem?"...
The might of Shechem does not consist in the might of Zebul its prefect, Abimelech's officer. Heated with wine Gaal vaunted that he, if made leader of the Shechemites, would soon overcome and "remove Abimelech. feigning assent to Gaal while planning his overthrow) sent information to Abimelech, who (margin, Judges 9:37) came "by way of the wizards' terebinths," and "chased Gaal" in battle; and "Zebul thrust out him and his brethren that they should not dwell in Shechem. (For the issue, see Abimelech
Sitnah - Name given to a well dug by Isaac's servants because it was seized by the servants of Abimelech
a'Chish - (angry ), a Philistine king of Gath, who in the title of the 34th Psalm is called Abimelech
Jotham - The youngest son of Gideon, who escaped the massacre of his brethren by Abimelech, and afterwards boldly and prophetically denounced the Shechemites in the beautiful parable of the bramble and the other trees. See Abimelech 3
the'Bez - (conspicuous ), a place memorable for the death of the brave Abimelech, ( Judges 9:50 ) was known to Eusebius and Jerome, in whose time it was situated "in the district of Neapolis," 13Roman miles therefrom, on the road to Scythopolis
be'er - (Numbers 21:16-18 ) This is possibly the BEER-ELIM of (Isaiah 15:8 ) ...
A place to which Jotham, the son of Gideon, fled for fear of his brother Abimelech
Ahuzzath - ” Official who accompanied Abimelech, king of Philistines, to make covenant of peace with Isaac (Genesis 26:26 )
Thebez - City in Ephraim, It was taken by Abimelech except the tower, from which he was killed by a piece of a millstone
Shibah - The word means, according to the writer, ‘an oath’; and Beersheba is ‘the well of the oath,’ so named from the swearing of the oath of friendship between Isaac and Abimelech ( Genesis 26:31 ). In Genesis 21:22-31 we have another account, according to which the well was dug by Abraham and received its name from the oath between Abraham and Abimelech
Zebul - ...
Chief man of Shechem; Abimelech's officer, acting for his interests against the native Canaanites and (See GAAL . When Abimelech defeated the latter, Zebul thrust out Gaal and his brethren from Shechem (Judges 9:28; Judges 9:30; Judges 9:36; Judges 9:38; Judges 9:41)
Thebez - During the seige of Thebez, a woman of the city fatally wounded Abimelech by throwing an upper millstone on his head (Judges 9:50-53 ; 2 Samuel 11:21 )
Beer - Jotham took refuge there from his brother Abimelech, Judges 9:21
Tola - Next judge of Israel after Abimelech (Judges 10:1)
Zebul - Habitation, the governor of Shechem under Abimelech (Judges 9:28,30,36 ). This led to Abimelech's destroying the city, when he put its entire population to the sword, and sowed the ruins with salt (Judges 9:28-45 )
Gaal - ” Man who usurped Abimelech's leadership in Shechem but met sudden defeat from Abimelech and left the city (Judges 9:26-41 )
Zalmon - ...
...
A wood near Shechem, from which Abimelech and his party brought boughs and "put them to the hold" of Shechem, "and set the hold on fire" (Judges 9:48 )
Beer - ) ...
...
A town in the tribe of Judah to which Jotham fled for fear of Abimelech ( Judges 9:21 )
pu'ah -
The father of Tola, a man of the tribe of Issachar and judge of Israel after Abimelech
Jether - Slain by Abimelech (Judges 8:20; Judges 9:5)
Thebez - A fortified city, in the reduction of which Abimelech met his death ( Judges 9:50 , 2 Samuel 11:21 )
Zebul - A lieutenant of Abimelech (wh
Beer - Jotham fled to Beer when he feared his brother Abimelech would kill him (Judges 9:21 )
Ahuzzath - ‘The friend’ of Abimelech, the Philistine of Gerar, mentioned on the occasion when the latter made a league with Isaac at Beersheba ( Genesis 26:26 )
Ahiah - Supposed by some to be the same with Abimelech, 1 Samuel 21:1, was the son of Ahitub, and his successor in the priest's office
Zalmon - Mountain near Shechem where Abimelech and his men cut brush with which to burn the tower of Shechem (Judges 9:48-49 )
Bramble - Judges 9:14 (b) Jotham used the bramble as a type of Abimelech, presenting him as a little, insignificant, inconsequential man who would be untrue to them and would be a sticker in their sides
Nob - The tabernacle seems to have been here in the time of Saul, who, for the alleged favor shown by the high priest Abimelech to David, destroyed the city, which was, however, afterwards rebuilt
Abimelech - ...
Abimelech (son of Gideon): Son of Gideon, native of Shechem
Abimelech - Abimelech (‘father is king’ or perhaps ‘Melech is father’). On Gideon’s decease, Abimelech, backed by his maternal relatives, gathered a band of mercenaries, murdered his seventy half-brothers ‘on one stone,’ and was accepted as king by the mixed Canaanite and Israelite population of Shechem and the neighbourhood. Abimelech defeated him, took the city, and sowed the site with salt, in token that it should not again be built upon
Abimelech - Hence, we find Achish called Abimelech in the title of Psalm 34, which explains the seeming discrepancy of name in 1 Samuel 21:11. Abimelech's taking Sarah into his harem shows that in those times kings claimed the odious despotic right of taking unmarried females, whether subjects or sojourners; compare Genesis 12:15; Esther 2:3. " The closing of the wombs of Abimelech's house then ceased. Abimelech some years after repaired, with Phichol his chief captain, to Abraham to form a treaty of friendship. He restored the well dug by Abraham, but seized by Abimelech's herdsmen. Jealousy made Abimelech beg him "go from us, for thou art much mightier than we. At Beersheba Abimelech with Ahuzzath his friend, and Phichol his captain, renewed the treaty of friendship with Isaac, originally made by his father with Abraham, and for the same reason (notwithstanding his past bad treatment of Isaac in sending him away), namely, he saw the Lord was with Isaac. Then Jotham addressed to the Shechemites the fable of the trees and the bramble (Judges 9), presaging a feud between Abimelech and Shechem which would mutually consume both. At Zebul's information Abimelech came rapidly on the rebels and slew all, and beat down their city, and sowed it with salt; he burned to death a thousand more men and women who fled for sanctuary to the hold of the idol Baalberith
Achish - Psalm 34 was composed on this occasion, as we learn from its heading, in which Achish is called Abimelech. But 'Abimelech' was used as a title rather than a proper name of the kings of the Philistines, as Pharaoh was of the kings of Egypt
Abimelech - And also an Abimelech among the priests of the Lord, in the days of David
Doeg - Doeg afterwards falsely accused Abimelech, the high priest, to Saul; and, when none of the king's guard would execute the ferocious sentence to slay the priests of the Lord, he fell upon them and killed 80 persons, sacking also their city
Pillar, Plain of the - In Judges 9:6 we read that the men of Shechem made Abimelech king ‘by the plain (AV Thebez - Abimelech led his army against this place, because of its participation in the conspiracy of the men of Shechem; but as he drew near to the strong tower to which its inhabitants had fled for safety, and was about to set fire to it, a woman cast a fragment of millstone at him, and "all to brake his skull" i
Beer - Place to which Jotham fled for fear of his brother Abimelech
Ahimelech - Son of Abiathar, 2 Samuel 8:17 ; called Abimelech in 1 Chronicles 18:16
Ahimelech - By an error of the scribes he is called "Abimelech," 1 Chronicles 18:16; also "Ahiah," 1 Samuel 14:3; and he is sometimes confounded with Abiathar
Achish - King of Gath, son of Maoch; called Abimelech, i. , not merely a king, but also son of a king in the title to Psalm 34: See Abimelech for the seeming discrepancy with 1 Samuel 21:10-13; 1 Samuel 27:2
Rehoboth - A well dug by the servants of Isaac and finally conceded to him, after two others, dug also by them, had become a subject of quarrel with Abimelech, king of Gerar ( Genesis 26:22 )
Golgotha - In Judges 9:53 it is used of the skull of Abimelech; in 2 Kings 9:35 , it refers to the skull of Jezebel
Achish - Abimelech - A few years after this Abimelech visited Abraham, who had removed southward beyond his territory, and there entered into a league of peace and friendship with him. Abimelech rebuked him for the deception, which he accidentally discovered. Abimelech desired him, however, to leave his territory, which Isaac did. Abimelech afterwards visited him when he was encamped at Beer-sheba, and expressed a desire to renew the covenant which had been entered into between their fathers (Genesis 26:26-31 )
Ophrah - After Gideon's death his family resided here till they were put to death by Abimelech (Judges 9:5 )
Gerar - A region; lodging-place, a very ancient town and district in the south border of Palestine, which was ruled over by a king named Abimelech (Genesis 10:19 ; 20:1,2 )
Abim'Elech - the name of Abimelech is given to the king, who is called Achish in (1 Samuel 21:11 )
A Philistine, king of Gerar, Genesis 20,21 , who, exercising the right claimed by Eastern princes of collecting all the beautiful women of their dominions into their harem, (Genesis 12:15 ; Esther 2:3 ) sent for and took Sarah. After Abimelech had reigned three years, the citizens of Shechem rebelled
Zalmon - The hill near Shechem where Abimelech and his followers cut wood for the burning down of the stronghold of Baal-berith ( Judges 9:48 )
Millo - ]'>[2] ]), quite unknown, the inhabitants of which were associated in the coronation of Abimelech ( Judges 9:6 ; Judges 9:20 )
Ahimelech - Also called Abimelech, 1 Chronicles 18:16 , probably the same as Abiathar, which see, 1 Chronicles 24:3,6,31
Both - ...
And Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them to Abimelech and both of them made a covenant
Beersheba - or the well of the oath; so named from a well which Abraham dug in this place, and the covenant which he here made with Abimelech, king of Gerar, Genesis 20:31
Achish - In the title of Psalms 34:1-22 he is called Abimelech
Ophrah - It is not mentioned except in connexion with the history of him and of his son Abimelech ( Judges 6:1-40 ; Judges 7:1-25 ; Judges 8:1-35 ; Judges 9:1-57 )
Abimelech - Abimelech (a-bĭm'e-lĕk), father of the king, or royal father. Three years afterwards the men of Shechem rose against Abimelech; he defeated them and destroyed their city, and sowed it with salt While attacking Thebez, he was mortally wounded by a piece of a millstone thrown upon his head by a woman from the top of the tower
Beersheba - Called so from the oath of peace between Abraham and Abimelech, king of the Philistines (Genesis 21:31), else from the seven (sheba' ) ewe lambs slain there: indeed sheba' , an oath, is from the custom of binding one's self by seven things, as Abraham made the seven ewe lambs a pledge of his covenant with Abimelech. Again, from the like oath between Abimelech (with Phichol, his captain) and Isaac, it being not uncommon for an event to be recorded as occurring apparently for the first time, which has been recorded as occurring earlier before: so Bethel (Genesis 26:31-33). It is found by Isaac's servants just after the covenant made between him and Abimelech
Ophrah - Here Abimelech slew 70 of his kindred, and the town appears to have been near Shechem, in the territory of Manasseh
Dream - Other significant dreams are also recorded, such as those of Abimelech (Genesis 20:3-7 ), Pharaoh's chief butler and baker (40:5), Pharaoh (41:1-8), the Midianites (Judges 7:13 ), Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2:1 ; 4:10,18 ), the wise men from the east (Matthew 2:12 ), and Pilate's wife (27:19)
Bramble - Not our English trailing blackberries; but the Ρaliurus rhamnus aculeatus , a lowly stunted tree with drooping jagged branches, from which project sharp stiff thorns, affording no shade, but only scratching those who touched it; fit emblem of the self important, petty, but mischievous speaker (answering to Abimelech) in Jotham's parable (Judges 9:8-20), the oldest fable extant
Gerar - Abimelech ("father of kings," implying an hereditary not an elective monarchy) was the common royal title (Psalm 34 title, compare the margin)
Gerar - A place mentioned in Genesis 10:19 in the boundary of the Canaanite territory near Gaza, wheres Abraham sojourned and came in contact with a certain ‘Abimelech king of Gerar’ ( Genesis 20:1 )
Jotham - Gideon'syoungest son who escaped the massacre by Abimelech
Abiathar - Abimelech, or Abimelech, son of Abiathar, is substituted for Abiathar, son of Ahimelech
Jotham - Gideon's youngest son; escaped when his 69 brothers were killed at Ophrah by their half brother Abimelech. The bramble, good for nothing but to burn, represents Abimelech who can do nothing but harm. Jotham fled to Beer and dwelt there, out of Abimelech's way
Beer - A place whither Jotham, Gideon's son, fled from Abimelech (Judges 9:21)
Meonenim, the Oak of - " In central Palestine; Gaal saw Abimelech's men coming by the way that led to it (Judges 9:37). The inhabitants elected Abimelech king in the very place where Joshua renewed Israel's covenant with Jehovah, the true covenant God
Achish - He is called Abimelech in the superscription of Psalm 34
Hivites - ...
A warm, impulsive, unsuspicious people, as their readiness to accept the cunning proposition of Simeon and Levi shows; peaceful and commercial, more keen to gain cattle and wealth than to wage war, as the same story shows; as also that of Abimelech (Judges 8:33 - 9:53)
Diseases - The pious Jews recognized the hand of God in sending them, Psalm 39:9-11 90:3-12 ; and in many cases special diseases were sent in punishment of particular sins, as Abimelech, Gehazi, Jehoram, Uzziah, Miriam, Herod, the Philistines, etc
Reign - Neither was it right nor natural for Abimelech to rule over Israel, and to destroy the family of Gideon
Incline - Their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech
Abiathar - In the Greek text of all these passages, however, the name is Abimelech. In 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 24:6 Ahimelech (in 1 Chronicles 18:16 Abimelech) the son of Abiathar is priest along with Zadok, but it is generally supposed that Abiathar the son of Ahimelech is meant
Abimelech - Three years afterwards, they rose against Abimelech; he defeated them, and destroyed their city, but as he was attacking Thebez, a woman threw down a piece of millstone on his head, which so injured him, that he called to his armor bearer to slay him, Judges 9:1 - 57
Beersheba - Well of the oath, or well of seven, a well dug by Abraham, and so named because he and Abimelech here entered into a compact (Genesis 21:31 )
Coin - The "pieces of silver" paid by Abimelech to Abraham (Genesis 20:16 ), and those also for which Joseph was sold (37:28), were proably in the form of rings
Hard - Besides other meanings which are still in use, ‘hard’ sometimes means close: Judges 9:52 ‘And Abimelech … went hard unto the door of the tower to burn it with fire’; Psalms 63:8 ‘My soul followeth hard after thee’; Acts 18:7 ‘Justus … whose house joined hard to the synagogue
Abraham - Then followed the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrha, the escape of Lot, the birth of Isaac, and the covenant with Abimelech
Abimelech - This was fulfilled by many of the men of Shechem being killed, and Abimelech being mortally wounded by a piece of a millstone cast upon him by a woman at the attack upon Thebez
Jotham - After Gideon’s death, another son, Abimelech, killed his brothers and, with the help of some worthless men from Shechem, established himself ‘king’. His forecast of doom came true when Abimelech’s ambition brought about his own death and the destruction of his supporters (Judges 9:57)
Rebekah - Isaac exposed her to the risk of defilement, which a straightforward course would have averted, and exposed himself to the rebuke of the worldly Abimelech. (See Abimelech
Millo - The story of Abimelech in the Book of Judges mentions Beth Millo—”The House of the Filling
Dream - God came to Abimelech in a dream
Dream - …” This sense, that a dream is a means of revelation, appears in the first biblical occurrence of chălôm (or chălôm): “But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night …” ( Alliance - Abraham formed an alliance with some of the Canaanitish princes (Genesis 14:13 ), also with Abimelech (21:22-32)
Judges - Fifth judge: Gideon—40 years; sixth judge: Abimelech—3 years; seventh judge: Tola—23 years; eighth judge: Jair—22 years
Beersheba - This name, signifying well of the oath, was given to the place where Abraham and Abimelech made a covenant not to molest each other, and confirmed it by an oath
Ambush - Abimelech used ambush to defeat Shechem (Judges 9:43-45 )
Sarah - ...
The most prominent points of her history as recorded in the Bible are, her consenting to Abraham's unbelieving dissimulation while near Pharaoh and Abimelech; her long-continued barrenness; her giving to Abraham her maid Hagar as a secondary wife; their mutual jealousy; and her bearing Isaac in her old age, "the child of promise," Genesis 12:1-23:20
Salt - When Abimelech took the city of Shechem, he sowed the place with salt, that it might always remain a barren soil (Judges 9:45 )
Theology: Ought Not to be Petrified Scripture - To many men it might well seem that the Word of God had become petrified, for they receive it as a hard, lifeless creed, a stone upon which to sharpen the daggers of controversy, a stumbling-block for young beginners, a millstone with which to break opponents' heads, after the manner experienced by Abimelech at Thebez
Abiathar - There is a difficulty in 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 18:16 where 'Ahimelech (or Abimelech) the son of Abiathar' is named as priest with Zadok in the time of David
Heal - 20:17: “… God healed Abimelech
Pit - ) The word refers to the “pit” itself whether dug or natural: “And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a well of water, which Abimelech’s servants had violently taken away” ( Oak - Abimelech was made king under an oak, Judges 9:6
Patriarchs - The Gentile Pharaoh and Abimelech have revelations
Judges - Sixth judge: Abimelech; 3 years
Beersheba - A halting-place of Abraham ( Genesis 21:31 ), where Hagar was sent away ( Genesis 21:14 ), and where he made a covenant with Abimelech, from which the place is alleged to take its name (‘well of the covenant,’ according to one interpretation)
Prophecy, Prophet - God said to Abimelech concerning Abraham, "He is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee
Sarah, Sarai, Sara - Abraham said she was the daughter of his father but not of his mother, therefore he called her 'sister'; but God preserved her in His mercy to Abraham, who had, through fear, denied his true relationship to her in the land of Egypt and before Abimelech
Hittites - In subsequent times we find two of David's warriors Hittites, Abimelech, 1 Samuel 26:6, and Uriah, 2 Samuel 11:3
Touch - 20:6, where God tells Abimelech that He did not allow him “to touch” Sarah, Abraham’s wife (cf
Tower - This tower, filled with the inhabitants of Shechem, was burned by Abimelech down to the very ground, together with those who had taken refuge in it
Isaac - " A...
famine which came upon the country in the days of Isaac, obliged him to remove his family and flocks and retire to Gerar, in the country of the Philistines, of which Abimelech was at that time king. The possessions of Isaac multiplied so prodigiously, that the inhabitants of the country became envious of him, and even Abimelech, to preserve peace among them, was under the necessity of requesting him to retire, because he was become too powerful. Abimelech now sought his friendship, and, to form an alliance with him, paid him a visit; on which occasion Isaac displayed his magnificence by a sumptuous entertainment, A
Sarah - She was taken as wife by the king of Egypt and also by Abimelech king of Gerar, and afterwards restored to Abraham ( Genesis 12:10-20 ; Genesis 12:20 )
Witness - Among people with whom writing is not common the evidence of a transaction is given by some tangible memorial or significant ceremony: Abraham gave seven ewe-lambs to Abimelech as an evidence of his property in the well of Beersheba
Alien - Isaac was an alien with Abimelech, the Philistine king (Genesis 26:3 )
Alien - Isaac was an alien with Abimelech, the Philistine king (Genesis 26:3 )
Veil - See Abimelech
Judges, Book of, - Abimelech to Abdon, total
Gideon - Gideon left behind him seventy sons, a feeble, sadly degenerated race, with one exception, that of Abimelech, who seems to have had much of the courage and energy of his father, yet of restless and unscrupulous ambition
Shechem - Under the Judges the city was taken by Abimelech, when about a thousand men and women took refuge in the tower, which was destroyed by fire
Silver - The thousand ("pieces" is not in the Hebrew) of silver given by Abimelech to Abraham probably indicate the value of the "sheep and oxen," etc
Dreams - He informed Abimelech in a dream, that Sarah was the wife of Abraham, Genesis 31:11-128 ; Genesis 20:6
Calvary - ” The word is used twice in the Greek translation of the Old Testament (Judges 9:53 ; 2 Kings 9:35 ) to designate the skulls of Abimelech and Jezebel
Ear - 20:8: “Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears: and the men were sore afraid
Judges (1) - In Judges 8:4-21 comes the second account of Gideon’s victory, the result of which is the offer to him of the kingship and his refusal thereof ( Judges 8:22-28 ); Judges 8:29-35 forms a transition to the story of Gideon’s son, Abimelech (see below). ...
The section dealing with Abimelech (ch. 9), though certainly belonging to the Gideon chapters (6 8) stands on a somewhat different basis, inasmuch as Abimelech is not reckoned among the judges (see following section): Abimelech is made king of Shechem (Judges 9:1-6 ); Jotham his brother, delivers his parable from Mt Genzim, and then flees (( Judges 6:7-9 ); the quarrel between Abimelech and the Shechemites ( Judges 9:22-25 ); Gaal raises a revolt among the Shechemites ( Judges 9:26-33 ); Abimelech quells the revolt ( Judges 9:34-41 ); Shechem is captured and destroyed ( Judges 9:42-45 ); its tower burned ( Judges 9:46-49 ); Abimelech’s attack Thehez, and his death ( Judges 9:50-57 ). 9, the story of Abimelech, is one of the oldest portions of the book, and contains for the most part genuine history; it gives an instructive glimpse of the relations between Canaanites and Israelites now brought side by side; ‘the Canaanite town Shechem, subject to Jerubbaal of Ophrah; his balf-Canaanite son Abimelech, who naturally belongs to his mother’s people; the successful appeal to blood, which is “thicker than water,” by which he becomes king of Shechem, ruling over the neighbouring Israelites also; the interloper Gaal, and his kinsmen, who settle in Shechem and Instigate insurrection against Abimelech by skilfully appealing to the pride of the Shechemite aristocracy all help us better than anything else in the book to realize the situation in this period’ (Moore)
Isaac - His equivocation as to his wife, as if she were his sister, through fear of Abimelech's people at Gerar, was another blemish in Isaac (Genesis 26) So Abram had erred in Egypt and in this same Philistine kingdom (Genesis 20) under a king also bearing the common title (See Abimelech , i. ...
His wife was not taken into Abimelech's house, as Sarah had been. Abimelech discovering the real state of the case reproved him, and warned his people not to touch him or Rebekah. ) So, the Lord who had given him a hundredfold increase in his harvests made room for him at last; and he retained the well Rehoboth ("room") without further contention, and made a covenant with Abimelech; compare Romans 12:18-21; Matthew 5:5; Matthew 5:25; Proverbs 16:7. ), unlike Abraham and Jacob, of tender affections, he was a man of suffering rather than action; having the divine favor so markedly that Abimelech and his officers said, "we saw certainly that the Lord was with thee" (Genesis 26:28)
Salt - (See also Judges 9:45 where Abimelech used it as a curse; see also Ezekiel 47:11; Zephaniah 2:9)
Die - Thus Abimelech, his head having been cracked by a millstone, asked his armor-bearer to “kill” him ( Names - " The majority of compound names have special religious or social significance being compounded either (1) with terms denoting relationship, as Abi or Ab father, as Abihud, "father of praise," Abimelech "father of the king;" Ben son, as Benoni, "son of my sorrow," Benjamin, "son of the right hand;" or (2) nouns denoting natural life, as am, "people," melech "king;" or (3) with names of God and Jah or Ja , shortened from "Jehovah
Fig (Tree) - Jotham his son was the vine, Abimelech was the bramble. Jotham in speaking to Israel reminded them that while both he and his father really cared for the blessing and the good of the nation, Abimelech would not be a blessing, but would be to them a curse and would bring only sorrow and trouble to them
Philistines - In the time of Abraham they inhabited the south-west of Judea, Abimelech of Gerar being their king (Genesis 21:32,34 ; 26:1 )
Shechem - ...
In the time of the judges, Abimelech tried to establish a kingdom in Shechem but his success was shortlived (Judges 9:1-6; Judges 9:16-57)
Compassion, Merciful - ” The first use of rechem is in its primary meaning of “womb”: “The Lord had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech” ( Bread - The show-bread could be lawfully eaten by none but the priests; nevertheless, David having received some of these loaves from the high-priest Abimelech, ate of them without scruple in his necessity, 1 Samuel 21:1-6 ; and our Savior quotes his example to justify the disciples, who had bruised ears of corn, and were eating them on the Sabbath-day
Isaac - ...
After sojourning for some time in the land of the Philistines, he returned to Beersheba, where God gave him fresh assurance of covenant blessing, and where Abimelech entered into a covenant of peace with him
She'Chem - (Joshua 24:1,25 ) After the death of Gideon, Abimelech, his bastard son, induced the Shechemites to revolt from the Hebrew commonwealth and elect him as king. In revenge for his expulsion after a reign of three years, Abimelech destroyed the city, and as an emblem of the fate to which he would consign it, sowed the ground with salt
Gideon - The narrative of Gideon’s leadership is brought to a close by a reference to his offspring, and special mention of his son Abimelech; after his death, we are told, the Israelites ‘went a whoring after the Baalim. Again, the refusal of the kingship on theocratic grounds is an idea which belongs to a much later time; moreover, Gideon’s son, Abimelech, became king after slaying his father’s legitimate sons; it is taken for granted ( Judges 9:2 ) that there is to be a ruler after Gideon’s death
Cities - The whole inhabitants of Thebez, unable to resist the repeated and furious assaults of Abimelech, retired into one of these towers, and bid defiance to his rage: "But there was a strong tower within the city, and thither fled all the men and women, and all they of the city, and shut it to them, and gat them up to the top of the tower. " The extraordinary strength of this tower, and the various means of defence which were accumulated within its narrow walls, may be inferred from the violence of Abimelech's attack, and its fatal issue. "And Abimelech came unto the tower, and fought against it, and went hard unto the door of the tower, to burn it with fire. And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and all to break his skull," Judges 9:52
Shechem - The city, however, remained Canaanite after the conquest, serving the local god Baal-herith ( Judges 9:4 ): Gideon’s concubine, mother of Abimelech, was a Canaanitess from Shechem, and her relatives set up her son as a king, to his and their own destruction ( Judges 9:1-57 )
Naming - Titles and kinship terms (Abimelech, melech means “king”; Abigail, Ab(i) means “father”) and foreign names occur: Aramaic, Greek, and Roman (Martha, Salome, Alexandra, John Mark)
Vine - ...
...
Judges 9:12 (b) Jotham is telling the people of Israel that they have invited a weak, helpless person to be their king, because he considered that Abimelech was an incompetent man
Pillars - " In Judges 9:6 Abimelech is crowned "by the oak ('elown , not "plain") of the pillar (or memorial) at Shechem," in the same spot where Joshua held the last national assembly and renewed
Covenant - Thus Abraham and Abimelech entered into covenant at Beersheba
Perfect - 9:16, where tâmı̂ym describes a relationship between men it is clear that more than mere external activity is meant: “Now therefore, if ye have done truly and sincerely [2], in that ye have made Abimelech king
Hate - This sense is found in an early biblical occurrence, in which Isaac said to Abimelech and his army: “Wherefore come ye to me, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from you?” ( Money - ( Genesis 17:13 ) The 1000 pieces of silver paid by Abimelech to Abraham, ( Genesis 20:16 ) and the 20 pieces of silver for which Joseph was sold to the Ishmaelites, ( Genesis 37:28 ) were probably rings such as we see on the Egyptian monuments in the act of being weighed
Rebekah - Fearing lest the beauty of his wife might excite the desire of the king of Gerar and so lead to his own death, Isaac passed her off as his sister a course of action which led him into difficulties with Abimelech ( Genesis 26:10 )
Beer-Sheba - ...
Abraham and a nearby king, Abimelech, swore to protect Abraham's right to the water of this region (Genesis 21:22-33 )
Tree - 9:6 speaks of the “tree of the pillar” (KJV, “plain of the piilar”) in Shechem where the men of Shechem and Beth-millo made Abimelech king
Witness - Its very existence or the acceptance of it by both parties (in the case of the animals given to Abimelech in Hear - ...
To “hear” something may imply to “have knowledge,” as when Abimelech told Abraham that he did not know about the controversy over the wills because no one had told him and neither had he “heard” it ( Oath - "Shaba," from sheba' "seven" the sacred number, is the general word "swear"; compare the seven ewe lambs given by Abraham to Abimelech in covenanting (Genesis 21:30)
Drink - This word may be used of a communal activity: “And they went out into … the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech” ( Shechem (1) - At the same "memorial terebinth" at Shechem the Shechemites made Abimelech king (Judges 9:6). Abimelech destroyed Shechem and sowed it with salt (Judges 9:45)
War - Abimelech and Menahem acted with the cruelty of usurpers (Judges 9:45; 2 Kings 15:16)
Abiathar - Ahimelech or Abimelech, son of Ahimelech, is substituted for Ahimelech, son of Ahimelech: 2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 18:16; 1 Chronicles 24:3; 1 Chronicles 24:6; 1 Chronicles 24:31
Isaac - He was rather shifty and timid in his relations with Abimelech ( Genesis 26:1-22 ), too easily imposed upon, and not a good ruler of his household, a gracious and kindly but not a strong man
Adultery - The conduct of Pharaoh and Abimelech (Genesis 12; 20), implies the same reverence for the sacredness of marriage
Sojourn, Dwell - 21:23, Abraham makes a covenant with Abimelech, saying, “… According to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned
Abram - Sarah having conceived, according to the divine promise, Abraham left the plain of Mamre, and went south to Gerar, where Abimelech reigned; and again fearing lest Sarah should be forced from him, and himself be put to death, her beauty having been, it would appear, preternaturally continued, notwithstanding her age, he here called her, as he had done in Egypt, his sister. Abimelech took her to his house, designing to marry her; but God having, in a dream, informed him that she was Abraham's wife, he returned her to him with great presents. About the same time, Abimelech came with Phicol, his general, to conclude an alliance with Abraham, who made that prince a present of seven ewe lambs out of his flock, in confirmation that a well he had opened should be his own property; and they called the place Beer-sheba, or "the well of swearing," because of the covenant there ratified with oaths. As the beauty of Sarah, which she retained so long as quite to conceal her real age from observers, attracted so much notice as to lead to her forcible seizure, once by Pharaoh in Egypt, and again by Abimelech in Palestine, it may appear strange, that, as in the east women are generally kept in seclusion, and seldom appear without veils, she exposed herself to observation. But to this day the Arab women do not wear veils at home in their tents; and Sarah's countenance might have been seen in the tent by some of the officers of Pharaoh and Abimelech, who reported her beauty to their masters
Intercession - Abraham also interceded for Abimelech, fulfilling a prophetic function and bringing healing (Genesis 20:7 ,1 Timothy 2:1-3:17 )
Offer - 20:4 before Abimelech states his innocence with regard to Sarah we read he “had not come near her” (cf
Salt - By this aspect of the symbolism of salt it has been usual to explain the treatment meted out by Abimelech to the city of Shechem in the early narrative, Judges 9:45 : ‘He beat down the city and sowed it with salt
Simeon - ]'>[9] reads Gerar , the name of the Philistine city of Abimelech
Eye - In some way Sarah was vindicated; Abimelech and his company could see nothing to criticize in her behavior; and her marriage was saved
Abram - When Abimelech, the king of Gerar, remonstrated with Abraham for calling Sarah sister, and not wife, and said, "What sawest thou, that thou hast done this thing?" Abraham answered, "Because I thought, Surely the fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake. How beautifully the patriarch accounts for this, as well as his whole conduct in calling Sarah his sister, and she calling him brother, in the close of his apology to Abimelech! "It came to pass, when God caused me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her, This is the kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; At every place whither we shall come, say of me, He is my brother
Bone - ...
Judges 9:2 (b) Abimelech is telling the people that he is related to them by blood, being born of and in the nation of Israel
Covenant - The word is used of “agreements between men,” as Abraham and Abimelech ( Judges, Book of - ...
From the Exodus to the crossing the Jordan 40 }...
From the Jordan to the division of the land 7 }...
Rest under Joshua and the Elders Judges 2:7 12 }...
Oppression by the king of Mesopotamia Judges 3:8 8 } ...
Othniel judge Judges 3:11 40 } About 338 years -...
Oppression by the Moabites Judges 3:14 18 } ...
Ehud and Shamgar Judges 3:30 80 } the 300 years...
Oppression by king Jabin Judges 4:3 20 } ...
Deborah and Barak Judges 5:31 40 } in round...
Oppression by the Midianites Judges 6:1 7 } ...
Gideon Judges 8:28 40 } numbers...
Abimelech Judges 9:22 3 } ...
Tola Judges 10:2 23 } of...
Jair Judges 10:3 22 } ...
} Judges 11:26 ...
In the West
Judges - ...
These extraordinary judges, raised by God, the temporal as well as spiritual King of Israel, as His vicegerents, between Joshua and the kings were 13: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech (an usurper), Tola, Jair Jephtha, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon (Bedan 1 Samuel 12:11), Samson
Gerizim - Gerizim that Abimelech, Gideon’s son, spoke his parable of the trees (Judges 8:31; Judges 9:1; Judges 9:7; Judges 9:20)
Trees - The people could not find a worthwhile man to rule over them, and so they took the bramble, which was Abimelech, to be their King
Wells And Springs - Thus we read that Abraham, in making a treaty with king Abimelech, "reproved him because of a well of water which Abimelich's servants had violently taken away," and the ownership of the well was sealed to Abraham by a special oath and covenant, Genesis 21:25-31
Kill, Killing - 1 Kings 19:10 ); Zechariah was stoned during the reign of Joash (2 Chronicles 24:21 ); Abimelech killed his seventy brothers (Judges 9:5 ); Athaliah killed her family and was herself killed (2 Kings 11:16 ; 2 Chronicles 23:15 ); and Jehu destroyed the line of Ahab (2 Chronicles 22:8 )
Wells - " So important was the successful operation of sinking a well in Canaan, that the sacred historian remarks in another passage: "And it came to pass the same day, (that Isaac and Abimelech had concluded their treaty,) that Isaac's servants came and told him concerning the well which they had digged, and said unto him, We have found water; and he called it Shebah, (the oath,) therefore the name of the city is Beershebah unto this day," Genesis 26:33
Miracle - ...
The healing of Abimelech, Genesis 20:17,18
Judges, the Book of - Of the 13 judges, the account of six (Ehud, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech, Jephthah, Samson) is full, that of the remaining seven very brief. His sin in making the ephod issued in his family's slaughter by Abimelech with the men of Shechem's aid, these in turn mutually punishing one another. Abimelech's was the first effort to substitute an earthly king for the Lord of the theocracy, Samson's history illustrates Israel's, whom he represents, strength and weakness, strength in separation to Jehovah, utter weakness when the consecration became severed, as Samson's locks, by lust. Abimelech's usurpation of the kingship of Shechem illustrates further the national decay. Judges 9 records Abimelech's mode of death, alluded to 2 Samuel 11:21
Money - The "thousand pieces of silver" which Abimelech gave Abraham (Genesis 20:16) were of this kind; so the 400 shekels "weighed" by Abraham to Ephron (Genesis 23:3; Genesis 23:9; Genesis 23:16), "current (money) with the merchant"; implying that the silver was in some conventional shapes, with a rude sign to mark its weight
Judges, Book of - Abimelech, the son of Gideon, attempted to establish the dynastic principle in Israel on the strength of his father's accomplishments but was unsuccessful
Phoenice - Carthage was a Phoenician colony; Plautus in the Poenulus (5:1) preserves a Carthaginian passage; Phoenician is close related to Hebrew which Abram found spoken in Canaan already (compare Abimelech "father of a king," Melchizedek "king of righteousness
Fear - Abimelech was afraid when he realized that he had committed an offensive act by taking the wife of Abraham to be his wife (Genesis 20:8-9 )
Persecution - ...
The Lord, too, in his righteous indignation, raised up adversaries against his backsliding people, against Abimelech for his murder of his seventy brothers, sons of Gideon (Judges 9:22-25 ); against Solomon for his sin (1 Kings 11:14,23 ); against rebellious Israel (2 Kings 17:7-20 ); and against Judah (Jeremiah 20:4 ) and Babylon for their wicked, ungodly Acts (Jeremiah 25:12-14 )
Priest - Cain and Abel, Noah, Abraham, and Job, Abimelech and Laban, Isaac and Jacob offered personally their own sacrifices
Devil - Judges 9:23 refers to God sending an “evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem
Armour, Arms - ...
The armourbearer is met with as early as the time of Abimelech ( Judges 9:54 ), and later in connexion with Jonathan, Saul, and Goliath, and with Joab, who had several ( 2 Samuel 18:15 )
Abraham - 21 is occupied with the narrative of Abraham’s adventures in the Negeb especially his covenant with Abimelech of Gerar which leads up to the consecration of the sanctuary of Beersheba to the worship of Jahweh
Covenant - In this manner, Abimelech, the Philistine, confirmed the covenant with Isaac, and Jacob with his father Laban, Genesis 26:26-31 ; Genesis 31:44-46 ; Genesis 31:54
Abraham - Here occurred that sad instance of prevarication on his part in his relation to Abimelech the King (Genesis 20 )
Mill - In the book of Judges, the sacred historian alludes, with characteristic accuracy, to several circumstances implied in that custom, where he describes the fall of Abimelech
Sin - 24:1-4,9: “And Abimelech said, … one of the people might lightly have lain with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness upon us. 20:6, God’s word to Abimelech after he had taken Sarah: “Yes, I know that in the integrity of your heart you have done this, and also I have kept you from sinning against Me” (NASB; cf
Philistim - It is certain that, in the time of Abraham, the Canaanites were in possession of the rest of the land, to which they gave their name: but the extreme south of Philistia, or Palestine, was even then possessed by the Philistines, whose king, Abimelech, reigned at Gerar
Abram - There were some petty troubles from Abimelech in the patriarch's life, but with this exception nothing is recorded of the space of perhaps 25 years
Government - Compare the problems of Abimelech (Judges 8:22-9:56 )
Government - Gideon and Abimelech), though Samuel is able to delegate his authority to his sons ( 1 Samuel 8:1 )
Work - With the particle le the verb signifies inflicting upon another some act or behavior: “Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us?” ( Patriarchs, the - Yet God was with them, and saved Sarai from the amorous attentions of Pharaoh (Genesis 12:15-20 ) and Abimelech (Genesis 20:1-18 )
Balaam - Abimelech of Gerar, Melchizedek, Job, Jethro, are all instances of the truth that knowledge of the one true God was not restricted to Abraham's descendants
Gideon - ...
But his unambitious spirit is praiseworthy; he, the great Baal fighter, "Jerubbaal," instead of ambitiously accepting the crown, "went and dwelt in his own house" quietly, and died "in a good old age," having secured for his country "quietness" for 40 years, leaving, besides 70 sons by wives, a son by a concubine, Abimelech, doomed to be by ambition as great a curse to his country as his father was in the main a blessing
Aaron - This was the case both before and after the flood; for Cain and Abel, Noah, Abraham, Job, Abimelech, Laban, Isaac, and Jacob, themselves offered their own sacrifices
Destroy, Destruction - Abimelech killed his seventy half-brothers and roasted 1,000 people in his Canaanite mother's city (Judges 9:4-5,45-49 )
Abraham - The record of his unbelieving cowardice there, and virtual lie as to Sarai (See Abimelech) is a striking proof of the candor of Scripture
Priest - Cain and Abel, Noah, Abraham, Job, Abimelech and Laban, Isaac and Jacob, offered themselves their own sacrifices
Covenant - Abraham and Abimelech cut such a covenant as equal partners, agreeing that the well at Beersheba belonged to Abraham (Genesis 21:22-34 ). Apparently, Abraham gained the right to live among Abimelech's people, the Philistines (Genesis 21:34 )
Demon - After Abimelech treacherously killed Gideon's sons, God sent an evil spirit that divided him from the citizens of Shechem (Judges 9:23-24 )
Jeroboam - (It was to Shechem Rehoboam had hastened to meet Israel, to secure Ephraim's allegiance, as he knew he was sure of Judah's allegiance; Shechem had been burnt down by Abimelech)
Leadership - In the two instances where sons attempted to carry on in their father's footsteps, they did not succeed (Gideon's son, Abimelech; Samuel's sons)
Fire - ...
Judges 9:15 (b) The anger of Abimelech was to be poured out on Israel
Marriage - So the Shechemites must be circumcised ( Genesis 34:15 ); Joseph’s sons born in Egypt are adopted by Jacob ( Genesis 48:5 ); Abimelech, the son of Gideon’s Shechemite concubine ( Judges 8:31 ), is a Shechemite ( Judges 9:1-5 )
Evil - Similar is the evil spirit sent between Abimelech and the inhabitants of Shechem, which turns the Shechemites against him (Judges 9:23 )
Palestine - It is not unimportant to notice that the split of the short-lived single kingdom into two, after the death of Solomon, was a rupture that had been foreshadowed from time to time as in the brief reign of Abimelech over the northern province (Judges 9:1-57 ), and the attempt of the northerners to set up Ish-bosheth as king against David ( 2 Samuel 2:3 ), frustrated by Ish-bosheth’s ill-timed insult to Abner ( 2 Samuel 3:7 ): Abner’s answer (v
Inspiration - To the idea that knowledge is supernaturally conveyed to persons who are not in the historic line of Scriptural revelation, sanction is given in the OT by the instances of Abimelech, Pharaoh, and Balaam
Dream (2) - We have but to think of Abraham and Abimelech, of Jacob and Laban, of Joseph and Pharaoh, of Daniel and Nebuchadnezzar, of Joseph and the Magi, to observe how near at hand the suggestion lies that the choice of dreams in these instances as the medium of revelation has some connexion with the relation in which the recipient stood at the moment to influences arising from the outer world, or at least to some special interaction between Israel and that world
Offering - ...
In some passages, 'ăbaṭṭı̂yach is used of an offense against God and the guilt incurred by it: “And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast done unto us? One of the people might lightly have lain with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness upon us” (