What does Abijah mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אֲבִיָּ֥ה king of Judah 5
אֲבִיָּ֖ה king of Judah 5
ἀβιά a priest 2
אֲבִיָּ֔ה king of Judah 2
לַאֲבִיָּ֖ה king of Judah 2
אֲבִיָּ֜ה king of Judah 2
ἀβιὰ a priest 1
וַאֲבִיָּֽה king of Judah 1
וַאֲבִיָּ֔ה king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּ֑ה king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּה֙ king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּ֗ה king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּה֮ king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּ֑הוּ king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּ֔הוּ king of Judah 1
אֲבִיָּֽה king of Judah 1

Definitions Related to Abijah

H29


   1 king of Judah, son and successor of Rehoboam.
   2 second son of Samuel.
   3 son of Jeroboam the first, king of Israel.
   4 son of Becher, a Benjamite.
   5 head of a priestly house (one of the 24 Levite groups).
   6 head of a priestly house (after the exile).
   7 wife of Hezron.
   8 mother of Hezekiah (cf 021).
   Additional Information: Abia or Abiah or Abijah = “Jehovah is (my) father”.
   

G7


   1 a priest, the head of a priestly family from whom when David divided the priests into 24 classes, Abia was the 8th order.
   2 son and successor to Rehoboam on the throne of Judah.
   Additional Information: Abijah = “my father is Jah (Jehovah)”.
   

Frequency of Abijah (original languages)

Frequency of Abijah (English)

Dictionary

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abijah
1. Called, in Luke 1:5 , Abia; founder of a family among the posterity of Aaron. When David divided the priests into twenty-four courses, to perform the temple-service, in turn, the eighth class was called after him, 1 Chronicles 24:10 . To this class of course Zacharias belonged.
2. Son of Jeroboam, the first king of Israel. He died young, and much beloved and lamented, for in him there was found some good thing towards the Lord, 1 Kings 14:1-18
3. Son of Rehoboam, the first king of Judah; called in, 1 Kings 22:53 , Abijam. He came to the throne A.M. 3046, and reigned only three years. In war with Jeroboam he gained a signal victory, 2 Chronicles 13:1-22 ; yet he followed the evil example of his father. His mother Maachah, or Michaiah, was probably the granddaughter of Absalom, 1 Kings 15:2 2 Chronicles 11:20 13:2
4. The mother of King Hezekiah, 2 Chronicles 29:1 .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Abijah
OR ABIJAM (uh bi' jah) Personal name meaning, “my Father is Yahweh.” 1. Second son of Samuel whose crooked acts as judge led Israel to demand a king (1 Samuel 8:2-5).2 . Son of Jeroboam, first king of the Northern Kingdom Israel. Abijah died according to prophecy of Ahijah (1 Kings 14:1-18).3 . Son of Rehoboam and second king of divided Southern Kingdom of Judah (915-913), called Abijam in 1 Kings 15:1 , a name meaning, “my father is Yam” (or sea), possibly a reference to Canaanite god. Abijah was his father's favorite son (2 Chronicles 11:22 ). Abijah followed the sins of Rehoboam (1 Kings 15:3 ) but still maintained proper worship in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 13:10 ), and God gave him victory over Jeroboam of Israel (2 Chronicles 13:15-20 ). Abijah was remembered for his large family (2 Chronicles 13:21 ). He is listed in the ancestors of Jesus (Matthew 1:7 ). 4 . Wife of Hezron connected with genealogy of Caleb in a text whose meaning is not clear (1 Chronicles 2:24 ). 5 . A grandson of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 7:8 ). 6 . A priestly descendant of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:10 ). 7 . A priest under Nehemiah who signed a covenant to obey God's law (Nehemiah 10:7 ). 8 . A leading priest in the days of the return from Exile (Nehemiah 12:4 ), and then a priestly house (Nehemiah 12:17 ) to which Zechariah, father of John the Baptist, belonged (Luke 1:5 ). 9 . Mother of King Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:1 ) and thus a powerful political influence. See Abia , Abiah .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Abijah
("father of Jehovah," i.e. one whose will is that of God), or ABIJAM 1 Kings 15:1; 2 Chronicles 13:1 (called Abijah in Chronicles, not in Kings, because in the former his character is not represented as contrary to Jah's will, as it is in the latter; Abia in Matthew 1:7).
1. Son and successor of Rehoboam, king of Judah (Clinton, 959 s.c.; Hales, 973); in the 18th year of Jeroboam I of Israel (1 Kings 14:31; 2 Chronicles 12:16). He endeavored to recover the ten tribes to Judah, and made war on Jeroboam. His speech on mount Zemaraim in mount Ephraim, before the battle, urged on Jeroboam the justice of his cause, that God had given the kingdom to David and his sons forever "by a covenant of salt," and that Judah had the regular temple service and priesthood, whereas Israel had made golden calves their idols, and had cast out the priests; therefore "fight not ye against the Lord God of your fathers, for ye shall not prosper" (2 Chronicles 13).
Judah's appeal to God, in a crisis of the battle, when the enemy by an ambushment was both before and behind them, brought victory to their side; they took also Bethel, Jeshanah, and Ephraim. 400,000 men are assigned to Abijah's army, 800,000 to Jeroboam's, of whom 500,000 fell. Kennicott thinks the numbers an error of transcribers for 40,000, 80,000, 50,000; and so Abarbanel. Elated by success, he multiplied his wives, like Solomon, and by his 14 wives had 22 sons and 16 daughters. Prosperity tempted him into the wickedness which is attributed to him in Kings; men may boast of temple privileges, yet love carnal practices (Jeremiah 7:4-5). His reign lasted three years. His mother was Maachah (1 Kings 15:2), or Michaiah (2 Chronicles 13:2), doubtless named from her grandmother, Absalom's mother (2 Samuel 3:3). She was daughter of Uriel, of Gibeah, and granddaughter of Abishalom, or Absalom (1 Chronicles 11:20). "Daughter" in Scripture often means granddaughter, a generation being skipped. Abijah thus was descended from David on both father's and mother's side. Uriel had married Tamar, Absalom's beautiful daughter (2 Samuel 14:27).
2. Son of Jeroboam I, "in whom alone of Jeroboam's house some good thing was found toward the Lord God of Israel" (1 Kings 14:13); therefore, he alone was permitted to go down to the grave in peace. Jeroboam had sent his wife in disguise with a present to the prophet (See AHIJAH (see). Blind with age, he yet knew her and announced the tidings, sad to her but honoring to her son. So Abijah died, and "all Israel mourned for him."
3. 1 Chronicles 24:10. Only four returned of the 24 courses of the priesthood, of which Abijah's course was not one (Ezra 2:36-39; Nehemiah 7:39-42; Nehemiah 12:1). But the four were divided into the original 24, with the original names. Hence, Zacharias, father of John the Baptist, is described as "of the course of Abia" (Luke 1:5).
4. Wife of Ahaz, and mother of good Hezekiah; perhaps a descendant of the Zechariah slain between the temple and the altar (2 Chronicles 24:21; 2 Chronicles 26:5; 2 Chronicles 29:1); certainly daughter of Zechariah, probably the one through whom Uzziah sought God.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Abijah
ABIJAH (אַבִיָה, Ἁβιά, ‘Jah is my father’: or more probably without the particularizing pronoun, ‘Jah is father’).—. Son of Rehoboam (Matthew 1:7) by Maacah (2 Chronicles 11:20—see art. ‘Maacah’ No. 3 in Hastings’ B [1] iii. 180). Abijah reigned over Judah from about b.c. 920, and the impressions made by him are given with some variety in 1 Kings 15:3 and by a later tradition in 2 Chronicles 13:4-22. His name is introduced by St. Matthew simply as a link in the pedigree, in which it is shown that Jesus was both of Jewish and of royal stock.
2. A descendant of Eleazar, son of Aaron. The name was attached to the eighth of the twenty-four courses into which the priests were alleged to have been divided by David (1 Chronicles 24:10). Members of only four courses seem to have returned from the Captivity (Nehemiah 7:39-42, Ezra 2:36-39; Ezra 10:18-22). According to Jerus. [2] Talm. [3] Taanith, iv. 68, these men were divided into twenty-four courses with a view to restore the ancient arrangement. The authority for this statement is not of the best kind; but the statement itself is substantially confirmed by Nehemiah 12:1-7, where twenty-two groups are referred to (in Nehemiah 12:12-21 the number has fallen to twenty-one, and two of the courses are grouped under a single representative), and by Ezra 8:2, where two other priestly families are mentioned. Slight changes were probably made in the classification during the process of the resettlement of the country; but by the time of the Chronicler the arrangement seems to have become fixed. The course of Abijah is not mentioned amongst those that returned from the Exile; but in one of the later rearrangements the name was attached to a course that afterwards included Zacharias (Luke 1:5). Each course was on duty for a week at a time, but all were expected to officiate as needed at the three great annual festivals. It is not possible with our present materials to determine exactly how the various services were divided amongst the members of a course, or at what times in the year Zacharias would be on duty. Nor does his inclusion in the course of Abijah carry with it lineal descent through that line from Aaron.
R. W. Moss.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Abijah
The Lord is my father
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Abijah
Father (i.e., "possessor or worshipper") of Jehovah.
1Kings 14:1-18.
1Chronicles 2:24.
The second son of Samuel (1Samuel 8:2; 1Chronicles 6:28). His conduct, along with that of his brother, as a judge in Beer-sheba, to which office his father had appointed him, led to popular discontent, and ultimately provoked the people to demand a royal form of government.
A descendant of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, a chief of one of the twenty-four orders into which the priesthood was divided by David (1Chronicles 24:10). The order of Abijah was one of those which did not return from the Captivity (Ezra 2:36-39 ; Nehemiah 7:39-42 ; 12:1 ).
The son of Rehoboam, whom he succeeded on the throne of Judah (1Chronicles 3:10). He is also called Abijam (1Kings 14:31; 15:1-8). He began his three years' reign (2Chronicles 12:16; 13:1,2) with a strenuous but unsuccessful effort to bring back the ten tribes to their allegiance. His address to "Jeroboam and all Israel," before encountering them in battle, is worthy of being specially noticed (2Chronicles 13:5-12). It was a very bloody battle, no fewer than 500,000 of the army of Israel having perished on the field. He is described as having walked "in all the sins of his father" (1Kings 15:3; 2 Chronicles 11:20-22 ). It is said in 1Kings 15:2 that "his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom;" but in 2Chronicles 13:2 we read, "his mother's name was Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah." The explanation is that Maachah is just a variation of the name Michaiah, and that Abishalom is probably the same as Absalom, the son of David. It is probable that "Uriel of Gibeah" married Tamar, the daughter of Absalom (2Samuel 14:27), and by her had Maachah. The word "daughter" in 1Kings 15:2 will thus, as it frequently elsewhere does, mean grand-daughter.
A son of Jeroboam, the first king of Israel. On account of his severe illness when a youth, his father sent his wife to consult the prophet Ahijah regarding his recovery. The prophet, though blind with old age, knew the wife of Jeroboam as soon as she approached, and under a divine impulse he announced to her that inasmuch as in Abijah alone of all the house of Jeroboam there was found "some good thing toward the Lord," he only would come to his grave in peace. As his mother crossed the threshold of the door on her return, the youth died, and "all Israel mourned for him" (1Chronicles 7:8).
The daughter of Zechariah (2Chronicles 29:1; Compare Isaiah 8:2 ), and afterwards the wife of Ahaz. She is also called Abi (2Kings 18:2).
One of the sons of Becher, the son of Benjamin (1Chronicles 7:8). "Abiah," A.V.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah
ABIJAH . 1 . Son and successor of Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 13:1 ), also called Abijam ( 1 Kings 14:31 ). The accounts of him in the Books of Kings and Chronicles are discrepant. The difference begins with the name of his mother, which 2 Ch. gives as Micaiah , daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, while 1Kings. makes her to have been Maacah , daughter of Abishalom. As the latter is also the name of Asa’s mother ( 1 Kings 15:10 , 2 Chronicles 15:16 ), there is probably some confusion in the text. Beyond this, the Book of Kings tells us only that he reigned three years, that he walked in the sins of his father, and that he had war with Jeroboam, king of Israel. 2 . Samuel’s second son ( 1 Samuel 8:2 ). The RV [1] retains the spelling Abiah in 1 Chronicles 6:28 . 1 Chronicles 6:3 . A son of Jeroboam I. who died in childhood ( 1 Kings 14:1-31 ). 4 . One of the ‘heads of fathers’ houses’ of the sons of Eleazar, who gave his name to the 8th of the 24 courses of priests ( 1 Chronicles 24:3 ; 1 Chronicles 24:10 , 2 Chronicles 8:14 ). To this course Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist, belonged ( Luke 1:5 ). The name occurs also in the lists of priests who ‘went up with Zerubbabel’ ( Nehemiah 12:4 ), and of those who ‘sealed unto the covenant’ in the time of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 10:7 ). 5 . A son of Becher, son of Benjamin, 1 Chronicles 7:8 . 1 Chronicles 7:6 . Wife of Hezron, eldest son of Perez, son of Judah, 1 Chronicles 2:24 , RV [1] Abiah. 7 . Wife of Ahaz, and mother of Hezekiah ( 2 Chronicles 29:1 ), named Abi in 2 Kings 18:2 .
H. P. Smith.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Abijah
We meet with many of this name in Scripture: and it is not to be wondered at; for it is a very blessed one, compounded of Ab, Father, JAH, Lord, and I, my. Sweet appellation, when a child of God can say, JEHOVAH is my Father! For this is what the Lord himself provided for his people. "But I said, (said the Lord) how shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? And I said, Thou shalt call me my Father! and shalt not turn away from me." (Jeremiah 3:19.) For the several persons in Scripture, called Abijah, I refer to the several chapters (1 Kings 14:1; 1 Chronicles 24:10; 2 Chronicles 29:1; Nehemiah 10:7.)
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abijah
1. Son and successor of Rehoboam, king of Judah. He began to reign in the eighteenth year of Jeroboam, king of Israel (B.C. 958) and reigned three years. He walked in the sin of his father Rehoboam, but for David's sake he was placed on the throne, that, as Jehovah had said, David might have 'a light alway before me in Jerusalem.' 1 Kings 11:36 ; 1 Kings 15:4 . "There waswarbetween Abijah and Jeroboam," and Abijah by a patriotic address to Israel sought to recover the ten tribes. This could not be; for the rupture in the kingdom had been brought about by God on account of their wickedness. Nevertheless Abijah trusted in Jehovah while he did not fail to rebuke Israel touching the golden calves they had erected. God smote Jeroboam and all Israel, and there fell 500,000 chosen men of Israel. Abijah also took the cities of Bethel, Jeshanah and Ephrain; and Jeroboam was not able to recover strength all the days of Abijah. 2 Chronicles 13 . In the above war Israel had 800,000 chosen men, and Judah 400,000. These numbers, together with the number slain, have been much called in question by critics, who say they ought to be 80,000 and 40,000, and 50,000 slain; which numbers are to be found in some of the early Latin copies and also in some early copies of Josephus. But the numbers in the Hebrew scriptures must have the preference: and what is there improbable in the numbers when we compare them with the number of men 'that drew sword' when David last numbered the people? 1 Chronicles 21:5 . Israel had 1,100,000; Judah had 470,000 and this was without Levi and Benjamin, who were not counted. This was about fifty years before the battle, ample time (notwithstanding the loss at the pestilence that followed the numbering) for a large increase. In 2 Samuel 24:9 , the number of fighting men in Israel is given as only 800,000. It is supposed that this does not include the standing army, which according to 1 Chronicles 27:1 , amounted to 24,000 x12 = 288,000, which with its officers would be about 300,000, and this added to 800,000 = 1,100,000. On the other hand, the fighting men of Judah are in Samuel said to be 500,000. David may have had 30,000 with him at Jerusalem, from whence Joab went out, which may be here included, but which are not included in 1 Chronicles 21:5 .
Abijah 'waxed mighty and married fourteen wives;' which may have been a snare to him. 2 Chronicles 13:1-22 . He is called ABIJAM in 1 Kings 14:31 ; 1 Kings 15:1-8 ; and ABIA in 1 Chronicles 3:10 ; Matthew 1:7 .
2. Son of Jeroboam I., king of Israel. His mother disguised herself and went to Ahijah the prophet to inquire whether her child should recover from his sickness. Jehovah revealed to the prophet who it was that came to him, and he told out to the mother the heavy judgement that should befall her husband and his house; but because there was "some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel" in Abijah, he should come to his grave peacefully. In mercy he was taken from the coming judgement. As his mother came to the threshold of the door the child died. 1 Kings 14:1-17 .
3. Descendant of Eleazar who gave his name to the eighth of the twenty-four courses of priests. 1 Chronicles 24:10 . The same is called ABIA in Luke 1:5 .
4. Daughter of Zechariah and mother of Hezekiah 2 Chronicles 29:1 : contracted into ABI in2Kings 18:2.
5. One ormore of the priests who returned from the captivity, one of whom sealed the covenant. Nehemiah 10:7 ; Nehemiah 12:4 17
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Abijah
the son of Jeroboam, the first king of the ten tribes, who died very young, 1 Kings 14:1 , &c. A.M. 3046.—
2. The son of Rehoboam, king of Judah, and of Maachah, the daughter of Uriel, who succeeded his father, A.M. 3046, 2 Chronicles 11:20 ; 2 Chronicles 13:2 , &c. The Rabbins reproach this monarch with neglecting to destroy the profane altar which Jeroboam had erected at Bethel; and with not suppressing the worship of the golden calves there after his victory over that prince.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abia Abiah or Abijah
Abia, Abiah, or Abijah (â-bî'ah or â-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah. 1. Son of Becher, the son of Benjamin. 1 Chronicles 7:8. 2. Wife of Hezron. 1 Chronicles 2:24. 3. Second son of Samuel. 1 Samuel 8:2. 4. The son of Rehoboam. 1 Chronicles 3:10; Matthew 1:7. See Abijah, 2. 5. Mother of King Hezekiah. Abi. 6. Same as Abijah, 3.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah
Abijah (a-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah. 1. A son of Jeroboam I., king of Israel, who died under interesting circumstances in early life. 1 Kings 14:1. See Jeroboam. 2. Abijah Or Abijam, 2 Chronicles 13:1, the son of Rehoboam and Michaiah, succeeded his father as king of Judah, b.c. 959. He made war against Jeroboam, king of Israel, for the purpose of getting back the kingship of the ten tribes, and defeated him, with a loss of 500,000 men. These figures are probably through a copyist's mistake made too large; the loss, it is likely, was not greater than 50,000. He began to reign in the eighteenth year of Jeroboam, and was succeeded by his son Asa in the twentieth year of Jeroboam, so that he reigned only a part of three years. The apparent contradiction in respect to the parentage of this person, as it is given in 1 Kings 15:2 and 2 Chronicles 13:2, may be explained by supposing that his mother Maachah (or Michaiah) was the daughter of Uriel and the granddaughter of Absalom, who is called Abishalom. 1 Kings 15:2. The term "daughter" is given in the Bible to other relatives than one's own child; e.g., to a niece, granddaughter, or great-granddaughter. 3. The head of one of the courses of priests, 1 Chronicles 24:10; Nehemiah 12:17; termed Abia in Luke 1:5. 4 The mother of Hezekiah, 2 Chronicles 29:1 : also called Abi in 2 Kings 18:2. 5. One of the priests who "sealed the covenant;" i.e., appended their seals unto it to signify that they were parties to it. Nehemiah 10:7. 6. A priest who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon. Nehemiah 12:4; Nehemiah 12:17.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abijah (Abijam)
The Judean king Abijah (or Abijam) was one of several people of that name in the Bible. He was the second king of Judah after the division of the kingdom, and reigned from 913 to 910 BC (1 Kings 15:1-2).
Abijah was not wholly loyal to Yahweh, for he tolerated false religion in Judah (1 Kings 15:3). However, he was not as bad as his contemporary in Israel, Jeroboam, who had set up an official rival religion in the northern kingdom. When Abijah went to war with Jeroboam, he presumed God would give him victory because his kingdom was based on the Davidic dynasty and the Levitical priesthood (2 Chronicles 13:1-12). He did, in fact, defeat Jeroboam, not because God was in any way obliged to help him, but because his soldiers fought in an attitude of genuine reliance on God (2 Chronicles 13:13-22).

Sentence search

Abia - (uh bi' uh) KJV for Abijah in 1 Chronicles 3:10 ; Matthew 1:7 ; Luke 1:5 . See Abijah
Abiah - KJV for Abijah in 1 Samuel 8:2 ; 1 Chronicles 2:24 ; 1 Chronicles 6:28 ; 1 Chronicles 7:8 . See Abijah
Abijam - , "seaman" the name always used in Kings of the king of Judah, the son of Rehoboam, elsewhere called Abijah (1Kings 15:1,7,8). (See Abijah , 5
Abia Abiah or Abijah - Abia, Abiah, or Abijah (â-bî'ah or â-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah. See Abijah, 2. Same as Abijah, 3
Abijam - See Abijah
Abishalom - (See Abijah
Abiah - See Abijah
Abijam - See Abijah No
Abi - See Abijah,No
Course - —See Abijah, and Priest
Abia - —See Abijah
Abia - In the New Testament the same as Abijah in the Old Testament, which see
a'bi, - mother of King Hezekiah, (2 Kings 18:2 ) written Abijah in (2 Chronicles 29:1 )
Jeshanah - One of the three towns taken from Jeroboam by Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:19). of Beitin, near the main route between Jerusalem and Shechem, and its relation to the other towns of the triangle, Ephron (Taiyibeh) and Bethel (Beitin), made its acquisition of consequence to Abijah as commanding the high road to his capital
Abi - OR Abijah (NIV) (ay' bi) Personal name meaning, “my father
Ephrain - City with its 'towns' or hamlets, taken by Abijah from Jeroboam
Abi - Abi (â'bî), father, progenitor, mother of King Hezekiah, 2 Kings 18:2; written Abijah in 2 Chronicles 29:1
Jeshanah - City taken from Jeroboam by Abijah
Jesh'Anah - (old ), a town which, with its dependent villages, was one of the three taken from Jeroboam by Abijah
Abi - Also called Abijah, 2 Kings 18:2; 2 Chronicles 29:1
Abijam - See Abijah (2)
Abia, Abiah - See Abijah,No. See Abijah, No
Abijah (Abijam) - The Judean king Abijah (or Abijam) was one of several people of that name in the Bible. ...
Abijah was not wholly loyal to Yahweh, for he tolerated false religion in Judah (1 Kings 15:3). When Abijah went to war with Jeroboam, he presumed God would give him victory because his kingdom was based on the Davidic dynasty and the Levitical priesthood (2 Chronicles 13:1-12)
Jeshanah - A town taken from Jeroboam by Abijah ( 2 Chronicles 13:19 )
Abi'a, Course of, - (1 Chronicles 24 ; Luke 1:5 ) See Abijah , 4
Abi - ( 2 Kings 18:2 ), called Abijah in the parallel passage 2 Chronicles 29:1
Ephrain - A city of Israel which, with its dependent villages, Abijah and the men of Judah took from Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:19)
Abijah - Abijah died according to prophecy of Ahijah (1 Kings 14:1-18). Abijah was his father's favorite son (2 Chronicles 11:22 ). Abijah followed the sins of Rehoboam (1 Kings 15:3 ) but still maintained proper worship in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 13:10 ), and God gave him victory over Jeroboam of Israel (2 Chronicles 13:15-20 ). Abijah was remembered for his large family (2 Chronicles 13:21 )
Abia - See also Abijah
Abish'Alom - (father of peace ), father or grandfather of Maachah, who was the wife of Rehoboam and mother of Abijah
Uriel - Grandfather of King Abijah of Judah (2 Chronicles 13:2 )
Uriel - ...
...
The father of Michaiah, one of Rehoboam's wives, and mother of Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:2 )
Abia - My father is the Lord, the Greek form of Abijah, or Abijam (Matthew 1:7 ), instead of Abiah (1 Chronicles 7:8 )
Abijah - "There waswarbetween Abijah and Jeroboam," and Abijah by a patriotic address to Israel sought to recover the ten tribes. Nevertheless Abijah trusted in Jehovah while he did not fail to rebuke Israel touching the golden calves they had erected. Abijah also took the cities of Bethel, Jeshanah and Ephrain; and Jeroboam was not able to recover strength all the days of Abijah. ...
Abijah 'waxed mighty and married fourteen wives;' which may have been a snare to him. Jehovah revealed to the prophet who it was that came to him, and he told out to the mother the heavy judgement that should befall her husband and his house; but because there was "some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel" in Abijah, he should come to his grave peacefully
Jeshanah - ” City that King Abijah of Judah captured from Jeroboam of Israel about 910 B
Zemaraim - Also a MOUNT on which the prophet Abijah stood in addressing Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:4); in the hilly part of Ephraim, extending into Benjamin's territory
Iddo - A prophet of Judah, who prophesied against Jeroboam, and wrote the history of Rehoboam and Abijah, 2 Chronicles 9:29 12:15 13:22
Zemaraim - Here the armies of Abijah and Jeroboam engaged in a bloody battle, which issued in the total defeat of the king of Israel, who never "recovered strength again," and soon after died
Michaiah -
The queen-mother of King Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:2 )
Abijah - ABIJAH (אַבִיָה, Ἁβιά, ‘Jah is my father’: or more probably without the particularizing pronoun, ‘Jah is father’). Abijah reigned over Judah from about b. The course of Abijah is not mentioned amongst those that returned from the Exile; but in one of the later rearrangements the name was attached to a course that afterwards included Zacharias (Luke 1:5). Nor does his inclusion in the course of Abijah carry with it lineal descent through that line from Aaron
Zachariah - Father of Abi or Abijah, Hezekiah's mother (2 Kings 18:2); Zechariah in 2 Chronicles 29:1
Abia Course of - The eighth of these courses fell to the family of Abia or Abijah; and to this course belonged Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist
Michaiah - Wife of King Rehoboam and mother of Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:1-2 )
Iddo - A prophet of Judah who wrote the history of Rehoboam and Abijah (2 Chronicles 12:15 )
Zemaraim - Mountain in the territory of Ephraim where Abijah rebuked Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:4 )
Zachariah - The father of Abi or Abijah, Hezekiah's mother
ma'Achah - (1 Kings 2:39 ) ...
The daughter, or more probably granddaughter, of Absalom named after his mother; the third and favorite wife of Rehoboam, and mother of Abijah. (1 Kings 15:22 ; 2 Chronicles 11:20-22 ) The mother of Abijah is elsewhere called "Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah
Zachari'ah - He was killed in a conspiracy of which Shallum was the head, and by which the prophecy in (2 Kings 10:30 ) was accomplished, ...
The father of Abi or Abijah, Hezekiah's mother
Micha'Iah - (Nehemiah 12:41 ) ...
The daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, wife of Rehoboam and mother of Abijah king of Judah
Asa - Physician, son of Abijah and grandson of Rehoboam, was the third king of Judah
Zachariah - Father of Abi, or Abijah, wife of Ahaz, king of Judah
Iddo - He wrote of Rehoboam in a book 'concerning genealogies;' and also of Abijah in his 'story' or 'commentary
id'do - (2 Chronicles 9:29 ) He appears to have written a chronicle or story relating to the life and reign of Abijah
Abijah - Abijah (a-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah. Abijah Or Abijam, 2 Chronicles 13:1, the son of Rehoboam and Michaiah, succeeded his father as king of Judah, b
Judah, Kingdom of - Joshua 19:41,42 Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. 720,000 Abijah
Abijah - ) For the several persons in Scripture, called Abijah, I refer to the several chapters (1 Kings 14:1; 1 Chronicles 24:10; 2 Chronicles 29:1; Nehemiah 10:7
Maachah - Her son Abijah or Abijam was heir to the throne
Zichri - Priest of the family of Abijah
Ahijah - The same prophet declared to Jeroboam, that he would usurp the kingdom, 1 Kings 11:29 , &c; and, about the end of Jeroboam's reign, he also predicted the death of Abijah, the only pious son of that prince, as is recorded 1 Kings 14:2 , &c
Ahijah - God revealed to him that the wife of Jeroboam was coming in disguise to know if their son Abijah would live, and Ahijah had to tell her the dire judgements that should fall upon Jeroboam and his house
Abijah - one whose will is that of God), or ABIJAM 1 Kings 15:1; 2 Chronicles 13:1 (called Abijah in Chronicles, not in Kings, because in the former his character is not represented as contrary to Jah's will, as it is in the latter; Abia in Matthew 1:7). 400,000 men are assigned to Abijah's army, 800,000 to Jeroboam's, of whom 500,000 fell. Abijah thus was descended from David on both father's and mother's side. So Abijah died, and "all Israel mourned for him. Only four returned of the 24 courses of the priesthood, of which Abijah's course was not one (Ezra 2:36-39; Nehemiah 7:39-42; Nehemiah 12:1)
Maachah - The daughter or more probably the granddaughter of Absalom, and the third wife of Rehoboam, mother to Abijah and grandmother to Asa, 1 Kings 15:2; 2 Chronicles 11:20-22; but the R
Iddo - A seer and prophet cited by the Chronicler as an authority for the reigns of Solomon ( 2 Chronicles 9:29 ), Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 12:15 ), Abijah ( 2 Chronicles 13:22 )
Maacah, Maachah - Daughter, or apparently granddaughter of Absalom (or Abishalom), wife of Rehoboam king of Judah, mother of Abijah (or Abijam), and apparently grandmother of Asa king of Judah
Zich'ri - (Nehemiah 11:9 ) ...
A priest of the family of Abijah, in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua
Courses - Zacharias the father of John the Baptist was of the course of Abia, which doubtless refers to Abijah, the eighth name mentioned in 1 Chronicles 24:10
Ahi'ah - (1 Kings 4:3 ) ...
A prophet of Shiloh, (1 Kings 14:2 ) hence called the Shilonite, (1 Kings 11:29 ) of whom we have two remarkable prophecies extant, the one in (1 Kings 11:30-39 ) addressed to Jeroboam, announcing the rending of the ten tribes from Solomon; the other in (1 Kings 14:6-16 ) in which he foretold the death of Abijah, the king's son, who was sick, and the destruction of Jeroboam's house on account of the images which he had set up
Abi'Jah - (1 Kings 4:21 ; 2 Chronicles 12:16 ) He is called Abijah in Chronicles, ABIJAM in Kings
Iddo - His "story" or commentary recorded the "acts, ways, and sayings of Abijah" (2 Chronicles 13:22)
Ahijah - We have on record two of his remarkable prophecies, 1Kings 11:31-39, announcing the rending of the ten tribes from Solomon; and 1Kings 14:6-16, delivered to Jeroboam's wife, foretelling the death of Abijah the king's son, the destruction of Jeroboam's house, and the captivity of Israel "beyond the river
Azariah - ...
...
The son of Johanan, high priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa (2 Chronicles 6:10,11 )
Ephron - A city King Abijah of Judah (913-910 B
a'sa -
Son of Abijah and third king of Judah
Maacah or Maachah - The wife of Rehoboam and mother of Abijah, kings of Judah
Abijah - The order of Abijah was one of those which did not return from the Captivity (Ezra 2:36-39 ; Nehemiah 7:39-42 ; 12:1 ). The prophet, though blind with old age, knew the wife of Jeroboam as soon as she approached, and under a divine impulse he announced to her that inasmuch as in Abijah alone of all the house of Jeroboam there was found "some good thing toward the Lord," he only would come to his grave in peace
Age, Old - A full age was the reward of piety (Job 5:26; Genesis 15:15); premature death was a temporal judgment for sin (1 Samuel 2:32); (spiritually, and as a taking out from the evil to come, it was sometimes a blessing; as in the case of Abijah, Jeroboam's son, 1 Kings 14; Isaiah 57:1)
Iddo - ” A prophet whose records the chronicler refers to for more information about Solomon and Jeroboam ( 2 Chronicles 9:29 ), Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 12:15 ), and Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:22 )
Abijah - Abijah
Jeroboam - Neither miracles nor warnings, nor the premature death of Abijah his son could dissuade him
Judah, Kingdom of - ) Judah included southern Benjamin and Jerusalem the joint city of both, Simeon, and many cities of Daniel In Abijah's and Asa's reign Judah gained parts of Ephraim (2 Chronicles 13:19; 2 Chronicles 15:8; 2 Chronicles 17:2); and after Israel's deportation to Assyria the king of Judah exercised a quasi authority in the N. The fighting men of Judah under David were 500,000 (2 Samuel 24:9); under Rehoboam only 180,000 (1 Kings 12:21); under Abijah 400,000 (2 Chronicles 13:3); under Asa 580,000 (2 Chronicles 14:8); under Jehoshaphat 1,160,000 (2 Chronicles 17:14-19); under Uzziah 307,500 (2 Chronicles 26:13). Rehoboam, Abijah, and Asa for 60 years warred with Israel, in the hope of recovering the northern kingdom. (See Abijah; ASA. ) Abijah, or Abijam, though his speech breathes the theocratic spirit (2 Chronicles 13:4), in conduct showed a "heart not perfect with the Lord God," for "he walked in all the sins of his father" (1 Kings 15:3)
ta'Mar - ...
Daughter of Absalom, (2 Samuel 14:7 ) became, by her marriage with Uriah of Gibeah, the mother of Maachah, the future queen of Judah or wife of Abijah
Tamar (2) - Absalom's sole surviving child, beautiful as her aunt and father; married Uriel of Gibeah, and bore Maachah, wife of Rehoboam king of Judah (1 Kings 15:2; 2 Chronicles 11:20-22; 2 Chronicles 13:2), and mother of Abijah (2 Samuel 14:7)
Zachariah, Zacharias - Husband of Elisabeth, and father of John the Baptist, a priest of the course of Abijah ( Luke 1:5 ) this was one of the twenty-four courses of priests, but clearly not the high priest, as the Apocryphal Gospel called Protevangelion makes him (§ 8)
Zechariah - Father of Abijah, wife of Ahaz king of Judah
Jeroboam - Jeroboam was at constant war with the house of Judah, and in a battle with Abijah was defeated, and soon after died in the 22d year of his reign, 2 Chronicles 13:20, and was buried in his ancestral sepulchre
Mount, Mountain - ), in the address of Jotham to the Shechemites ( Judges 9:7 ), and that of Abijah to the Ephraimites ( 2 Chronicles 13:4 )
Azariah - Grandson of the Azariah 2, high priest under Abijah and Asa, as Amariah his son was in the days of Jehoshaphat son of Asa
Jerobo'am - Jeroboam was at constant war with the house of Judah, but the only act distinctly recorded is a battle with Abijah, son of Rehoboam, in which he was defeated
Zechari'ah - ) ...
The father of Abijah or Abi, Hezekiah's mother. (2 Chronicles 29:13 ) Another conjecture is that he is the same as Zechariah the father of Abijah, the queen of Ahaz
Zechariah - The father of Abi or Abijah, the mother of king Hezekiah ( 2 Kings 18:2 , 2 Chronicles 29:1 )
Rehoboam - He was succeeded by his son Abijah
Hezeki'ah -
Twelfth king of Judah, son of the apostate Ahaz and Abi or Abijah, ascended the throne at the age of 25, B
Absalom - ...
Absalom's three sons (2 Samuel 14:27 ; comp 18:18) had all died before him, so that he left only a daughter, Tamar, who became the grandmother of Abijah
Bethel - It was one of the towns taken from Jeroboam by Abijah king of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 13:19 )
Jeroboam - He died soon after his son Abijah (1 Kings 14:1-18 )
Ahijah - The other prophecy of his (1 Kings 14:6-16) was given to Jeroboam's wife, who in disguise consulted him as to her son Abijah's recovery. ...
Though blind with age he detected her, and announced that as Jeroboam had utterly failed in the one condition of continuance in the kingdom rent from David's house, which his former prophecy had laid down, namely, to keep God's commandments heartily as David did, Jeroboam's house should be taken away "as dung"; but that in reward for the good there was found in Abijah toward God, he alone should have an honorable burial (compare Isaiah 57:1-2), but that "Jehovah would smite Israel as a reed shaken in the water, and root up and scatter Israel beyond the river," Euphrates
Zechariah - ...
...
The father of Abijah, who was the mother of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:1 )
Immanuel - An earlier king of Judah, Abijah, believed that God was with his people as they faced the numerically superior army of Jeroboam. Abijah's faith was honored as the Lord gave him a resounding victory ( 2 Chronicles 13:12-15 )
Army - After the division, Judah under Abijah had an army of 400,000 'valiant men,' and Israel at the same time of 800,000 'chosen men
Zacharias - ) Of the course of Abia or Abijah, eighth of the 24 (1 Chronicles 24:10); walking with Elizabeth his wife "in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless
Azari'ah - (1 Chronicles 6:10 ) He must have been high priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa
Bethel - Abijah, king of Judah, took Bethel from Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:19), but it was soon recovered by Israel
John the Baptist - Son of Zacharias, priest of the order of Abia, or Abijah (1 Chronicles 24:10 ), and of Elizabeth, a descendant of Aaron, born when they were both old
Rehoboam - Besides Mahalath and Maacbah, granddaughters of David, and Abihail descended from Jesse, he had 18 wives and 60 concubines; his sons, with worldly wisdom, he dispersed through the fenced cities as their governors, and made Abijah, son of his favorite wife Maachah, his successor on the throne
Zechariah - Father of Abijah or Abi, Hezekiah's mother (2 Chronicles 29:1)
Name, Names - ...
There is an important class of compounds in which relationship originally conceived as physical with the god of the nation or clan is asserted: Ammiel (‘kinsman is El’), Abijah (‘father is Jah’), Ahijah (‘brother is Jah’). Abbreviations of both these classes are fairly common: Abi , for Abijah ; Palti , for Paltiel; Nathan , for Jonathan or Nathanael , etc
Absalom - Absalom's fair daughter Tamar married Uriel, by whom she had Michaiah or Maachah, wife of Rehoboam and mother of (See Abijah
Jeroboam - Some time after his accession to the throne of Israel, his favourite son Abijah fell sick, and, to relieve his parental solicitude, Jeroboam instructed his wife to disguise herself, and in that state to go and consult the Prophet Ahijah concerning his recovery
Jeroboam - " (See Abijah; AHIJAH, on the death of the former, Jeroboam's son, and the prophecy of the latter against Jeroboam). ...
Rehoboam's son Abijah defeated Jeroboam, and gained for a time Bethel, Jeshanah, and Ephraim
Malachi - ("messenger of Jah"), or Jehovah; contracted for Malachijah, as Abi for Abijah (2 Kings 18:2; compare 2 Chronicles 29:1)
Zacharias - A Jewish priest, a member of the family of Abijah, Zacharias had been so careful to observe the law regarding the marriage of priests (Leviticus 21:7-14), that he chose for wife one of the sacerdotal house, a daughter of Aaron (Luke 1:5), named after Aaron’s wife (Exodus 6:23), Elisabeth, who was as pious as himself
Chronology of the Biblical Period - ...
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY...
Periods of History...
Critical...
Traditional...
Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)...
1700-1500...
2000...
Exodus...
1290...
1450...
Conquest...
1250...
1400...
Judges...
1200-1025...
1360-1025...
Kings...
...
...
Kings of United Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Saul...
1025-1005...
1020-1004...
David...
1005-965...
1004-965...
Solomon...
965-925...
965-931...
Kings of the Divided Kingdom...
Judah...
Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Rehoboam...
...
924-907...
931-913...
...
Jeroboam...
924-903...
926-909...
Abijam (Abijah)...
...
907-906...
913-910...
Asa...
...
905-874...
910-869...
...
Nadab...
903-902...
909-908...
...
Baasha...
902-886...
908-886...
...
Elah...
886-885...
886-885...
...
Zimri...
885...
885...
...
(Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )...
885-881...
885-880...
...
Omri...
885-873...
885-874...
Jehoshaphat...
...
874-850...
873-848...
...
Ahab...
873-851...
874-853...
...
Ahaziah...
851-849...
853-852...
Jehoram (Joram)...
...
850-843...
853-841...
...
Jehoram...
849-843...
852-841...
Ahaziah...
...
843...
841...
Athaliah...
...
843-837...
841-835...
...
Jehu...
843-816...
841-814...
Joash (Jehoash)...
...
837-796...
835-796...
...
Jehoahaz...
816-800...
814-798...
Amaziah...
...
798-767...
796-767...
...
Joash (Jehoash)...
800-785...
798-782...
Uzziah (Azariah)...
...
791-740...
792-740...
...
Jeroboam II...
785-745...
793-753...
Jotham...
...
750-742...
750-732...
...
Zechariah...
745...
753-752...
...
Shallum...
745...
752...
...
Menahem...
745-736...
752-742...
Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)...
...
742-727...
735-715...
...
Pekahiah...
736-735...
742-740...
...
Pekah...
735-732...
752-732...
...
Hoshea...
732-723...
732-723...
Hezekiah...
...
727-698...
715-686...
...
Fall of Samaria ...
722 ...
723/722 ...
Manasseh...
...
697-642...
696-642...
Amon...
...
642-640...
642-640...
Josiah...
...
639-606...
640-609...
Jehoahaz II...
...
609...
609...
Jehoiakim...
...
608-598...
609-597...
Jehoiachin...
...
598-597...
597...
Zedekiah...
...
597-586...
597-586...
Fall of Jerusalem ...
...
586 ...
586 ...
BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE...
Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel...
597...
Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon...
586...
Gedaliah set over Judea...
58...
Gedaliah assassinated...
581 (?)...
Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt...
581 (?)...
Judeans deported to Babylon...
581...
Cyrus, king of Persia...
559-530...
Babylon captured...
539...
Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel...
538...
Temple restoration begun but quickly halted...
538...
Cambysses, king of Persia...
530-522...
Darius, king of Persia...
522-486...
Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple...
520-515...
Temple completed and rededicated...
515...
Xerxes, king of Persia...
486-465...
Artaxerxes I, king of Persia...
465-424...
Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law...
458...
Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls...
445...
NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
King - ...
The king selected his successor, under God's direction, as David chose Solomon before the elder son Adonijah (1 Kings 1:30; 1 Kings 2:22; 2 Samuel 12:24-25); compare 2 Chronicles 11:21-22, Rehoboam, Abijah; the firstborn was usually appointed (2 Chronicles 21:3-4)
Shechem (1) - ...
(4) The southern Bethel was taken from Jeroboam by Abijah king of Judah (2 Chronicles 13:19), whereas the calf of Bethel was not destroyed but remained standing long after (2 Kings 10:29)
John the Baptist - Son of Zacharias (of the course of Abijah, 1 Chronicles 24:10) and Elisabeth (of the daughters of Aaron), who both "walked in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless
Chronicles, i - But we read ( 2 Chronicles 13:3 ; 2 Chronicles 13:17 ) that Abijah with 400,000 men fought against Jeroboam with 800,000, and killed 500,000 of them
John - Zechariah, John's father, was a priest from the division of Abijah
Chronicles, Books of - The wicked reign of Abijah ( Tombs - , eleven (David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Ahaziah, Amaziah, Jotham, Hezekiah, Josiah; also the good priest Jehoiada) were buried in one common subterranean receptacle in "the city of David
Kings, the Books of - The prophets are prominent in Kings, as Nathan, Abijah, Elijah, Elisha, the prophet against the Bethel altar, Jonah, etc
Hezekiah - Twelfth king of Judah; son of the unbelieving Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of 25 in 726 B
Jerusalem - Asa, after overthrowing the Ethiopian Zerah who thought to spoil Jerusalem as Shishak did, brought in the sacred offerings which his father Abijah had dedicated from the war with Jeroboam (1 Samuel 17:54), and which he himself had dedicated from the Ethiopian spoil, into the house of the Lord, silver, gold, and vessels (1 Kings 15:15; 2 Chronicles 14:12-13)
John the Baptist - , John was the son of Zacharias, a priest of the course of Abijah (see art
Possession - The sickness of the son of the woman of Zarephath (1 Kings 17:17), Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:1), Daniel (Daniel 8:27), Jacob (Genesis 48:1), Abijah (1 Kings 14:1), is not attributed to any extra-natural cause