What does Abiathar mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אֶבְיָתָ֖ר priest 3
וְאֶבְיָתָ֖ר priest 3
אֶבְיָתָ֔ר priest 2
אֶבְיָתָ֣ר priest 2
וּלְאֶבְיָתָ֣ר priest 2
אֶבְיָתָ֥ר priest 2
וּלְאֶבְיָתָ֖ר priest 2
אֶבְיָתָ֑ר priest 2
ἀβιαθὰρ the name of a high priest. 1
אֶבְיָתָ֤ר priest 1
לְאֶבְיָתָ֑ר priest 1
וְאֶבְיָתָ֛ר priest 1
אֶבְיָתָ֛ר priest 1
אֶבְיָתָֽר priest 1
אֶבְיָתָ֧ר priest 1
לְאֶבְיָתָ֗ר priest 1
וּלְאֶבְיָתָ֨ר priest 1
וּלְאֶבְיָתָר֙ priest 1
וְאֶבְיָתָ֔ר priest 1
אֶבְיָתָר֙ priest 1

Definitions Related to Abiathar

H54


   1 priest, son of Ahitub (Ahimelech), faithful to David, but later rebelled with Adonijah.
   Additional Information: Abiathar = “my father is great”.
   

G8


   1 the name of a high priest.
   Additional Information: Abiathar = “father of abundance”.
   

Frequency of Abiathar (original languages)

Frequency of Abiathar (English)

Dictionary

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abiathar
Son of Ahimelech, and tenth high priest of the Jews. When Saul sent his emissaries to Nob, to destroy all the priests there, Abiathar, who was young, fled to David in the wilderness, 1 Samuel 22:11-23 , with whom he continued in the character of priest, 1 Samuel 23:9 30:7 . Being confirmed in the high priesthood on David's accession to the throne, he aided in bringing up the ark to Jerusalem, 1 Corinthians 15:11,12 , and adhered to David during the rebellion of Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:35 , but afterwards was led to follow Adonijah, thus strangely betraying his royal friend in his old age. Solomon succeeding to the throne, degraded him from the priesthood, and sent him to Anathoth, 1 Kings 2:26,27 ; thus fulfilling the prediction made to Eli 150 years before, 1 Samuel 2:27-36 . Saul, it would appear, had transferred the dignity of the high priesthood from the line of Ithamar, to which Eli belonged, to that of Eleazar, by conferring the office upon Zadok. Thus there were, at the same time, two high priests in Israel; Abiathar with David, and Zadok with Saul. This double priesthood continued from the death of Ahimelech till the reign of Solomon, after which the office was held by Zadok and his race alone.
A difficulty arises from the circumstance that, in 1 Kings 2:27 , Abiathar is said to be deprived of the priest's office by Solomon; while in 1 Samuel 21:1-66 1 Chronicles 18:16 24:3,6,31 , Ahimelech the son of Abiathar is said to be high priest along with Zadok. The most probable solution is, that both father and son each bore the two names Ahimelech and Abiathar, as was not at all unusual among the Jews. See under Mark 2:26 , where Abiathar is said to have given David the showbread, in allusion to 1618103117_71 , where it is Ahimelech.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Abiathar
("father of abundance".) The only son of Ahimelech, the high priest, who escaped the slaughter committed by Saul at Nob, on Doeg's information that Ahimelech had inquired of the Lord for David, and given him the shewbread and the sword of Goliath (1 Samuel 22). Eighty-five persons wearing the priestly linen ephod were killed. Abiathar, with an ephod (the high priest's mystic scarf) in his hand, escaped to David. It is an instance of God's retributive justice that Saul's murder of the priests deprived him thenceforth of their services in inquiring of the Lord (1 Chronicles 13:3); step by step he sank, until, bereft of legitimate means of obtaining divine counsel, he resorted to the illicit course of consulting the witch of Endor, and so filled the measure of his iniquity and brought on himself destruction (1 Chronicles 10:13). David, on the contrary, by sheltering Abiathar was enabled to inquire of the Lord in the ordained way (1 Samuel 23:6-9; 1 Samuel 30:7; 2 Samuel 2:1; 1 Samuel 2:31-35; 2 Samuel 21:1, an undesigned coincidence with Psalms 16:7, and so a proof of genuineness).
Abiathar adhered to David during all his wanderings, and was afflicted in all wherein David was afflicted; also when he assumed the throne in Hebron, the Aaronite priestly city of refuge. He bore the ark before David when it was brought up from Obed-Edom's house to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:11-12; 1 Kings 2:26). He was loyal in Absalom's rebellion; and, subordinate to Altithophel, was the king's counselor (1 Chronicles 27:34). But in Adonijah's attempt to be David's successor, instead of Solomon, Abiathar, probably from jealousy of Zadok, who was on Solomon's side, took Adonijah's part. David had evidently for some time previous given the first place in his confidence to Zadok, a preference the more galling as Abiathar was the high priest and Zadok only his vicar, or sagan; thus it was to Zadok he gave the command to take the ark back in Absalom's rebellion. Abiathar is mentioned subordinately 1 Samuel 15:25; 1 Samuel 15:29; 1 Samuel 15:35.
Perhaps Zadok was appointed high priest by Saul after the slaughter of Ahimelech. David on succeeding, to conciliate his subjects, allowed him conjointly to hold office with Abiathar. Zadok had joined David in Hebron after Saul's death, with 22 captains of his father's house (1 Chronicles 12:28). Abiathar had the first place, with the ephod, Urim and Thummim, and the ark, in the tent pitched by David at Jerusalem Zadok officiated before the tabernacle and brazen altar made by Moses and Bezaleel in the wilderness, which were now in Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:1-7; 1 Chronicles 16:37; 1 Chronicles 16:39-40; 1 Chronicles 27:38; 1 Chronicles 27:34; 2 Chronicles 1:3-5). Moreover, Zadok and Abiathar represented rival houses: Zadok that of Eleazar, the oldest son of Aaron; Abiathar that of Ithamar, the youngest (1 Chronicles 24:3-4; 1 Chronicles 6:8). Eli, of whose family it had been foretold 150 years before that the priesthood should pass from it, was Abiathar's progenitor fourth backward, and Abiathar would naturally fear the coming realization of the curse. All these undesigned proprieties mark the truth of the history. His own act brought the prophecy to its consummation (2 Samuel 5:19). Solomon banished him to Anathoth, and put Zadok as high priest in his room (1 Kings 2:35). But in 1 Kings 4:4 Abiathar is still called the "priest" second to Zadok. The Septuagint, "the king made Zadok the first priest in the room of Abiathar," solves the difficulty. Abiathar had been first, priest, but henceforth he was made subordinate to Zadok. Ahimelech or Abimelech, son of Ahimelech, is substituted for Ahimelech, son of Ahimelech: 2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 18:16; 1 Chronicles 24:3; 1 Chronicles 24:6; 1 Chronicles 24:31. The Lord Jesus (Mark 2:26) names Ahimelech as the high priest in whose time David ate the shewbread. Probably the sense is: "in the days of Ahimelech, who was afterward high priest," and under whom the record of the fact would be made. Perhaps too the loaves being his perquisite (Leviticus 24:9) were actually handed by Ahimelech to David. Both father and son, moreover, it seems from the quotations above, bore both names, and were indifferently called by either.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Abiathar
ABIATHAR.—The son of Ahimelech, the son of Ahitub, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli. He is mentioned in Mark 2:25-26 ‘Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread?’ The Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885, however, translates, ‘when Abiathar was high priest.’ The reference is evidently to 1 Samuel 21, where, according to the Hebrew text, Ahimelech gives David the sacred bread. There is thus a discrepancy between the two passages. The facts are these:—The Authorized Version, cited above, follows the reading of A and C (ἐπὶ Ἀβιαθὰρ τοῦ ἀρχιερέως), Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 follows that of B and א (which omit the article) and the Vulgate (‘sub Abiathar principe sacerdotum’). The clause is omitted altogether by D [1] . In the Massoretic Text of 1 Samuel 21, 22 and in Psalms 52:2 (title) the high priest is Ahimelech the son of Ahitub and the father of David’s friend Abiathar. In the Greek text of all these passages, however, the name is Abimelech. In 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 24:6 Ahimelech (in 1 Chronicles 18:16 Abimelech) the son of Abiathar is priest along with Zadok, but it is generally supposed that Abiathar the son of Ahimelech is meant. Ahimelech is usually held to be identical also with Ahijah the son of Ahitub of 1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 14:18.
The discrepancy between Mark 2:26 and 1 Samuel 21 f. has been sought to be accounted for in several ways. It may readily be due to a mere lapsus memoriae or calami, Abiathar, David’s high priest, being a much more familiar figure than his father, just as in Jeremiah 27:1 ‘Jehoiakim’ is a slip for Zedekiah. It is not impossible that father and son may each have borne both names, according to Arab usage, Abiathar corresponding to the Arab. [2] kunyah, and Ahimelech being the ism or lakab, or name proper. It has been suggested that the reference in St. Mark is not to 1 Samuel 21 at all, but to some later unrecorded incident, such as might have occurred during the flight from Absalom. But this is very improbable.* [3]
T. H. Weir.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Abiathar
(uh bi' uh thahr) Personal name meaning, “father of abundance.” The son of Ahimelech and the eleventh high priest in succession from Aaron through the line of Eli. He survived the slaughter of the priests at Nob and fled to David, hiding in the cave of Adullam from King Saul (1 Samuel 22:1 ). Having escaped with the ephod, Abiathar became the high priest and chief counselor for David (1 Samuel 23:6 ). Repeatedly, he inquired of the Lord for David (1 Samuel 23:9 ; 1 Samuel 30:7 ; 2 Samuel 2:1 ; 2 Samuel 5:19 ). Abiathar shared with Zadok the responsibility of taking the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:11-12 ; 2 Samuel 15:24 ). While Abiathar remained faithful to David during Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15:1 ), he later supported Adonijah as successor of King David instead of Solomon (1 Kings 1:7 ). Solomon deposed him from the priesthood and banished him to Anathoth, his home town, fulfilling the prophecy to Eli (1 Samuel 2:31-35 ). Only because of his faithful service to Solomon's father, King David, was he spared the death penalty (1 Kings 2:26-27 ). Zadok was then made the official high priest (1 Kings 2:35 ), though Abiathar retained the title (1 Kings 4:4 ). Abiathar's two sons, Ahimelech and Jonathan, followed their father in the priesthood. Even while Abiathar was serving as high priest, his son, Ahimelech, became prominent in priestly service (1 Samuel 21:1-9 ; 2 Samuel 8:17 ; 1 Chronicles 18:16 ; 1Chronicles 24:3,1Chronicles 24:6,1 Chronicles 24:31 ).
Mark 2:26 records Jesus' statement that David took the showbread from the place of worship when Abiathar was high priest at Nob. 1 Samuel 21:1 reports that this happened when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was still the high priest. However, a few days after this incident Abiathar did become high priest ( 1 Samuel 22:19-20 ). Some New Testament Greek manuscripts omit “when Abiathar was high priest.” It may be that Abiathar was co-priest with his father. Or a copyist of the Gospel of Mark may have copied the text wrong. See Priests ; Levites ; Chief Priest .
Donald R. Potts
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Abiathar
Excellent father; father of the remnant
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Abiathar
Father of abundance, or my father excels, the son of Ahimelech the high priest. He was the tenth high priest, and the fourth in descent from Eli. When his father was slain with the priests of Nob, he escaped, and bearing with him the ephod, he joined David, who was then in the cave of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:20-23 ; 23:6 ). He remained with David, and became priest of the party of which he was the leader (1 Samuel 30:7 ). When David ascended the throne of Judah, Abiathar was appointed high priest (1 Chronicles 15:11 ; 1 Kings 2:26 ) and the "king's companion" (1 Chronicles 27:34 ). Meanwhile Zadok, of the house of Eleazar, had been made high priest. These appointments continued in force till the end of David's reign (1 Kings 4:4 ). Abiathar was deposed (the sole historical instance of the deposition of a high priest) and banished to his home at Anathoth by Solomon, because he took part in the attempt to raise Adonijah to the throne. The priesthood thus passed from the house of Ithamar (1 Samuel 2:30-36 ; 1 Kings 1:19 ; 2:26,27 ). Zadok now became sole high priest. In Mark 2:26 , reference is made to an occurrence in "the days of Abiathar the high priest." But from 1 Samuel 22 , we learn explicitly that this event took place when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was high priest. The apparent discrepancy is satisfactorily explained by interpreting the words in Mark as referring to the life-time of Abiathar, and not to the term of his holding the office of high priest. It is not implied in Mark that he was actual high priest at the time referred to. Others, however, think that the loaves belonged to Abiathar, who was at that time (Leviticus 24:9 ) a priest, and that he either himself gave them to David, or persuaded his father to give them.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abiathar
ABIATHAR . Son of Ahimelech, who was head of the family of priests in charge of the sanctuary at Nob ( 1 Samuel 21:1 ). All except Abiathar were massacred by Saul ( 1 Samuel 22:20 ). When the rest obeyed the king’s summons, he may have remained at home to officiate. On hearing of the slaughter he took refuge with David, carrying with him the oracular ephod ( 1 Samuel 23:6 ; see also 1 Samuel 23:9 ; 1 Samuel 30:7 ). Abiathar and Zadok accompanied the outlaw in his prolonged wanderings. During Absalom’s rebellion they and their sons rendered yeoman service to the old king ( 2 Samuel 15:17 ). At 2 Samuel 8:17 (so also 1 Chronicles 18:16 [1] 1 Chronicles 24:6 ) the names of Abiathar and his father have been transposed. Abiathar’s adhesion to Adonijah ( 1Ki 1:7 ; 1 Kings 1:19 ; 1 Kings 1:25 ) was of great importance, not only because of his position as priest, but also owing to his long friendship with king David. Solomon, therefore, as soon as he could safely do it, deposed Abiathar from the priesthood, warned him that any future misconduct would entail capital punishment, and relegated him to the seclusion of Anathoth ( 1 Kings 2:26 ). His sons ( 2 Samuel 8:17 ) lost the priestly office along with their father ( 1 Kings 2:27 ; cf. 1 Samuel 2:27-36 ). At Mark 2:26 the erroneous mention of Abiathar is due to his having been so intimately associated with the king in days subsequent to the one mentioned.
J. Taylor.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abiathar
Son of Ahimelech the high priest. He escaped from the slaughter of the priests executed by Doeg at the command of Saul, 1 Samuel 22:18,20 . He became an adherent of David, and was acknowledged as high priest; but becoming involved in Adonijah's rebellion he was deprived of the priesthood by Solomon and sent to dwell in the city of Anathoth which belonged to the sons of Aaron. 1 Kings 2:26 ; 1 Chronicles 6:60 . In 1 Kings 4:4 , Abiathar is named with Zadok as priests (not the priests); though deposed, Abiathar was still a priest. There is a difficulty in 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 18:16 where 'Ahimelech (or Abimelech) the son of Abiathar' is named as priest with Zadok in the time of David. Some suppose that the names should be transposed, and that Abiathar is meant; but this Ahimelech may have been a son of the above-named Abiathar (it not being at all unusual to name a son after his grandfather) and for some reason he is mentioned in these passages as priest instead of his father. He may have been a more worthy man than his father, who was thrust out of the priesthood for his own sin, though it fulfilled the prophecy concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. 1 Samuel 2:31-36 ; 1 Kings 2:27 . Our Lord in Mark 2:26 speaks of Abiathar as high priest, in connection with David eating the showbread, doubtless because he afterwards attained to that office.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Abiathar
the son of Ahimelech, and the tenth high priest among the Jews, and fourth in descent from Eli. 2 Samuel 8:17 ; 1 Chronicles 18:16 . When Saul sent to Nob to murder all the priests, Abiathar escaped the massacre, and fled to David in the wilderness. There he continued in the quality of high priest; but Saul, out of aversion to Ahimelech, whom he imagined to have betrayed his interests, transferred the dignity of the high priesthood from Ithamar's family into that of Eleazar, by conferring this office upon Zadok. Thus there were, at the same time, two high priests in Israel, Abiathar with David, and Zadok with Saul. In this state things continued, until the reign of Solomon, when Abiathar, being attached to the party of Adonijah, was, by Solomon, divested of his priesthood, A.M. 2989 and the race of Zadok alone performed the functions of that office during the reign of Solomon, to the exclusion of the family of Ithamar, according to the word of the Lord to Eli. 1 Samuel 2:30 , &c.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abiathar
Abiathar (a-bî'a-thar), father of abundance, i.e., liberal. Tenth high priest and descendant of Levi through Eli. Abiathar was the only one of all the sons of Ahimelech the high priest who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul, in revenge for his having inquired of the Lord for David and given him the shewbread to eat. 1 Samuel 22:21-23. Abiathar having become high priest fled to David, and was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him. 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19, etc. He adhered to David in his wanderings while pursued by Saul; he was with him while he reigned in Hebron, and afterwards in Jerusalem. 2 Samuel 2:1-3. He continued faithful to him in Absalom's rebellion. 2 Samuel 15:24; 2 Samuel 15:29; 2 Samuel 15:35-36; 2 Samuel 17:15-17; 2 Samuel 19:11. When, however, Adonijah set himself up for David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sided with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side. For this Abiathar was deprived of the high priesthood. Zadok had joined David at Hebron, 1 Chronicles 12:28, so that there were henceforth two high priests in the reign of David, and till the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok became the sole high priest, thus fulfilling the prophecy of 1 Samuel 2:30. Abimelech, or Abimelech, son of Abiathar, is substituted for Abiathar, son of Ahimelech. 2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 18:16; 1 Chronicles 24:3; 1 Chronicles 24:6; 1 Chronicles 24:31. The Lord Jesus, Mark 2:26, names Abiathar as the high priest in whose time David ate the shewbread. Probably the sense is: "In the days of Abiathar, who was afterwards high priest," and under whom the record of the fact would be made. Perhaps too the loaves, being his perquisite, Leviticus 24:9, were actually handed by Abiathar to David. Both father and son, moreover, it seems from the quotations above, bore both names, and were indifferently called by either.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abiathar
When Saul ordered the slaughter of Ahimelech and the other priests at Nob, only one person escaped, and that was Ahimelech’s son, Abiathar (1 Samuel 22:18-20). He joined David and the others who were fleeing from Saul, and acted as priest for them (1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7).
Later, when David became king, Abiathar and another priest, Zadok, became part of David’s royal court (2 Samuel 8:17). At the time of Absalom’s rebellion, when David was forced to flee Jerusalem, the two priests stayed behind to become spies on David’s behalf (2 Samuel 15:24-29; 2 Samuel 15:35; 2 Samuel 19:11). At the time of Adonijah’s rebellion, however, the two took different sides, Abiathar supporting Adonijah, and Zadok supporting Solomon. Upon becoming king, Solomon promoted Zadok to chief priest, but sent Abiathar into exile (1 Kings 1:5-8; 1 Kings 1:43-45; 1 Kings 2:26; 1 Kings 2:35).

Sentence search

Abiathar - Abiathar (a-bî'a-thar), father of abundance, i. Abiathar was the only one of all the sons of Ahimelech the high priest who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul, in revenge for his having inquired of the Lord for David and given him the shewbread to eat. Abiathar having become high priest fled to David, and was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him. When, however, Adonijah set himself up for David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sided with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side. For this Abiathar was deprived of the high priesthood. Zadok had joined David at Hebron, 1 Chronicles 12:28, so that there were henceforth two high priests in the reign of David, and till the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok became the sole high priest, thus fulfilling the prophecy of 1 Samuel 2:30. Abimelech, or Abimelech, son of Abiathar, is substituted for Abiathar, son of Ahimelech. The Lord Jesus, Mark 2:26, names Abiathar as the high priest in whose time David ate the shewbread. Probably the sense is: "In the days of Abiathar, who was afterwards high priest," and under whom the record of the fact would be made. Perhaps too the loaves, being his perquisite, Leviticus 24:9, were actually handed by Abiathar to David
Ahimelech - —See Abiathar
Abiathar - Having escaped with the ephod, Abiathar became the high priest and chief counselor for David (1 Samuel 23:6 ). Abiathar shared with Zadok the responsibility of taking the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:11-12 ; 2 Samuel 15:24 ). While Abiathar remained faithful to David during Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15:1 ), he later supported Adonijah as successor of King David instead of Solomon (1 Kings 1:7 ). Zadok was then made the official high priest (1 Kings 2:35 ), though Abiathar retained the title (1 Kings 4:4 ). Abiathar's two sons, Ahimelech and Jonathan, followed their father in the priesthood. Even while Abiathar was serving as high priest, his son, Ahimelech, became prominent in priestly service (1 Samuel 21:1-9 ; 2 Samuel 8:17 ; 1 Chronicles 18:16 ; 1Chronicles 24:3,1Chronicles 24:6,1 Chronicles 24:31 ). ...
Mark 2:26 records Jesus' statement that David took the showbread from the place of worship when Abiathar was high priest at Nob. 1 Samuel 21:1 reports that this happened when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was still the high priest. However, a few days after this incident Abiathar did become high priest ( 1 Samuel 22:19-20 ). Some New Testament Greek manuscripts omit “when Abiathar was high priest. ” It may be that Abiathar was co-priest with his father
Ahimelech - This being reported to Saul by Doeg the Edomite, Ahimelech and the other priests were put to death, Abiathar alone escaping. Son of Abiathar, 2 Samuel 8:17 ; called ABIMELECH in 1 Chronicles 18:16 . See Abiathar...
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Abiathar - When Saul ordered the slaughter of Ahimelech and the other priests at Nob, only one person escaped, and that was Ahimelech’s son, Abiathar (1 Samuel 22:18-20). ...
Later, when David became king, Abiathar and another priest, Zadok, became part of David’s royal court (2 Samuel 8:17). At the time of Adonijah’s rebellion, however, the two took different sides, Abiathar supporting Adonijah, and Zadok supporting Solomon. Upon becoming king, Solomon promoted Zadok to chief priest, but sent Abiathar into exile (1 Kings 1:5-8; 1 Kings 1:43-45; 1 Kings 2:26; 1 Kings 2:35)
Abiathar - In 1 Kings 4:4 , Abiathar is named with Zadok as priests (not the priests); though deposed, Abiathar was still a priest. There is a difficulty in 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 18:16 where 'Ahimelech (or Abimelech) the son of Abiathar' is named as priest with Zadok in the time of David. Some suppose that the names should be transposed, and that Abiathar is meant; but this Ahimelech may have been a son of the above-named Abiathar (it not being at all unusual to name a son after his grandfather) and for some reason he is mentioned in these passages as priest instead of his father. Our Lord in Mark 2:26 speaks of Abiathar as high priest, in connection with David eating the showbread, doubtless because he afterwards attained to that office
Ahim'Elech - Abiathar alone escaped. [1] (B
Abiathar - ABIATHAR. He is mentioned in Mark 2:25-26 ‘Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread?’ The Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885, however, translates, ‘when Abiathar was high priest. The facts are these:—The Authorized Version, cited above, follows the reading of A and C (ἐπὶ Ἀβιαθὰρ τοῦ ἀρχιερέως), Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 follows that of B and א (which omit the article) and the Vulgate (‘sub Abiathar principe sacerdotum’). In the Massoretic Text of 1 Samuel 21, 22 and in Psalms 52:2 (title) the high priest is Ahimelech the son of Ahitub and the father of David’s friend Abiathar. In 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 24:6 Ahimelech (in 1 Chronicles 18:16 Abimelech) the son of Abiathar is priest along with Zadok, but it is generally supposed that Abiathar the son of Ahimelech is meant. It may readily be due to a mere lapsus memoriae or calami, Abiathar, David’s high priest, being a much more familiar figure than his father, just as in Jeremiah 27:1 ‘Jehoiakim’ is a slip for Zedekiah. It is not impossible that father and son may each have borne both names, according to Arab usage, Abiathar corresponding to the Arab
Abiathar - Abiathar . All except Abiathar were massacred by Saul ( 1 Samuel 22:20 ). Abiathar and Zadok accompanied the outlaw in his prolonged wanderings. At 2 Samuel 8:17 (so also 1 Chronicles 18:16 [1] 1 Chronicles 24:6 ) the names of Abiathar and his father have been transposed. Abiathar’s adhesion to Adonijah ( 1Ki 1:7 ; 1 Kings 1:19 ; 1 Kings 1:25 ) was of great importance, not only because of his position as priest, but also owing to his long friendship with king David. Solomon, therefore, as soon as he could safely do it, deposed Abiathar from the priesthood, warned him that any future misconduct would entail capital punishment, and relegated him to the seclusion of Anathoth ( 1 Kings 2:26 ). At Mark 2:26 the erroneous mention of Abiathar is due to his having been so intimately associated with the king in days subsequent to the one mentioned
Abi'Athar - ) Abiathar was the only one of the all the sons of Ahimelech the high priest who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul, in revenge for his father's house by Saul, in revenge of his having inquired of the Lord for David and given him the shew-bread to eat. Abiathar having become high priest fled to David, and was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him. (2 Samuel 15;24,29,35,36 ; 17:15-17 ; 19:11 ) When, however, Adonijah set himself up fro David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sided with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side. For this Abiathar was deprived of the high priesthood. Zadok had joined David at Hebron, (1 Chronicles 12:28 ) so that there was henceforth who high priests in the reign of David, and till the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok became the sole high priest
Abiathar - Abiathar, with an ephod (the high priest's mystic scarf) in his hand, escaped to David. David, on the contrary, by sheltering Abiathar was enabled to inquire of the Lord in the ordained way (1 Samuel 23:6-9; 1 Samuel 30:7; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19; 2 Samuel 21:1, an undesigned coincidence with Psalms 16:7, and so a proof of genuineness). ...
Abiathar adhered to David during all his wanderings, and was afflicted in all wherein David was afflicted; also when he assumed the throne in Hebron, the Aaronite priestly city of refuge. But in Adonijah's attempt to be David's successor, instead of Solomon, Abiathar, probably from jealousy of Zadok, who was on Solomon's side, took Adonijah's part. David had evidently for some time previous given the first place in his confidence to Zadok, a preference the more galling as Abiathar was the high priest and Zadok only his vicar, or sagan; thus it was to Zadok he gave the command to take the ark back in Absalom's rebellion. Abiathar is mentioned subordinately 1 Samuel 15:25; 1 Samuel 15:29; 1 Samuel 2:31-358. David on succeeding, to conciliate his subjects, allowed him conjointly to hold office with Abiathar. Abiathar had the first place, with the ephod, Urim and Thummim, and the ark, in the tent pitched by David at Jerusalem Zadok officiated before the tabernacle and brazen altar made by Moses and Bezaleel in the wilderness, which were now in Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:1-7; 1 Chronicles 16:37; 1 Chronicles 16:39-40; 1 Chronicles 27:38; 1 Chronicles 27:34; 2 Chronicles 1:3-5). Moreover, Zadok and Abiathar represented rival houses: Zadok that of Eleazar, the oldest son of Aaron; Abiathar that of Ithamar, the youngest (1 Chronicles 24:3-4; 1 Chronicles 6:8). Eli, of whose family it had been foretold 150 years before that the priesthood should pass from it, was Abiathar's progenitor fourth backward, and Abiathar would naturally fear the coming realization of the curse. But in 1 Kings 4:4 Abiathar is still called the "priest" second to Zadok. The Septuagint, "the king made Zadok the first priest in the room of Abiathar," solves the difficulty. Abiathar had been first, priest, but henceforth he was made subordinate to Zadok
Abiathar - When Saul sent his emissaries to Nob, to destroy all the priests there, Abiathar, who was young, fled to David in the wilderness, 1 Samuel 22:11-23 , with whom he continued in the character of priest, 1 Samuel 23:9 30:7 . Thus there were, at the same time, two high priests in Israel; Abiathar with David, and Zadok with Saul. ...
A difficulty arises from the circumstance that, in 1 Kings 2:27 , Abiathar is said to be deprived of the priest's office by Solomon; while in 2 Samuel 8:17 1 Chronicles 18:16 24:3,6,31 , Ahimelech the son of Abiathar is said to be high priest along with Zadok. The most probable solution is, that both father and son each bore the two names Ahimelech and Abiathar, as was not at all unusual among the Jews. See under Mark 2:26 , where Abiathar is said to have given David the showbread, in allusion to 1 Samuel 21:1-6 , where it is Ahimelech
Abiathar - When David ascended the throne of Judah, Abiathar was appointed high priest (1 Chronicles 15:11 ; 1 Kings 2:26 ) and the "king's companion" (1 Chronicles 27:34 ). Abiathar was deposed (the sole historical instance of the deposition of a high priest) and banished to his home at Anathoth by Solomon, because he took part in the attempt to raise Adonijah to the throne. In Mark 2:26 , reference is made to an occurrence in "the days of Abiathar the high priest. " But from 1 Samuel 22 , we learn explicitly that this event took place when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was high priest. The apparent discrepancy is satisfactorily explained by interpreting the words in Mark as referring to the life-time of Abiathar, and not to the term of his holding the office of high priest. Others, however, think that the loaves belonged to Abiathar, who was at that time (Leviticus 24:9 ) a priest, and that he either himself gave them to David, or persuaded his father to give them
Zadok - At the death of Ahimelech, or Abiathar, he came to the pontificate, A. After the death of David, 1 Kings 2:35 , Solomon excluded Abiathar from the high priesthood, because he espoused the party of Adonijah, and made Zadok high priest alone
Ahimelech - He dwelt at Nob, and was the intimate friend of David; on this account he was put to death by Saul, together with all the priests that were with him, except his son Abiathar, who fled to David. By an error of the scribes he is called "Abimelech," 1 Chronicles 18:16; also "Ahiah," 1 Samuel 14:3; and he is sometimes confounded with Abiathar
Abiathar - When Saul sent to Nob to murder all the priests, Abiathar escaped the massacre, and fled to David in the wilderness. Thus there were, at the same time, two high priests in Israel, Abiathar with David, and Zadok with Saul. In this state things continued, until the reign of Solomon, when Abiathar, being attached to the party of Adonijah, was, by Solomon, divested of his priesthood, A
za'Dok -
Son of Ahitub and one of the two chief priests in the time of David, Abiathar being the other. When Absalom was dead, Zadok and Abiathar were the persons who persuaded the elders of Judah to invite David to return. (2 Samuel 19:11 ) When Adonijah, in David's old age, set up for king, and had persuaded Joab, and Abiathar the priest, to join his party, Zadok was unmoved, and was employed by David to anoint Solomon to be king in his room. (1 Kings 1:34 ) For this fidelity he was rewarded by Solomon who "thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the Lord," and "put in Zadok the priest" in his room. Zadok and Abiathar were of nearly equal dignity. (2 Samuel 15:35,36 ; 19:11 ) The duties of the office were divided, Zadok ministered before the tabernacle at Gibeon, (1 Chronicles 16:39 ) Abiathar had the care of the ark at Jerusalem
Ahimelech - (See Abiathar, (See AHIJAH
Zadok - See Abiathar
Zadok - At Absalom's revolt Zadok and the Levites bearing the ark accompanied David in leaving Jerusalem, but at his request returned with the ark and along with Hushai and Abiathar became David's medium of knowing events passing in the city, through Jonathan and Ahimaaz. At Absasalom's death David desired Zadok and Abiathar to persuade the elders of Judah to invite him to return (2 Samuel 15; 2 Samuel 17; 2 Samuel 19). Zadok remained faithful in Adonijah's rebellion when Abiathar joined it. So Solomon put Zadok instead of Abiathar, fulfilling the curse on Eli (1 Samuel 2; 3; 1 Kings 2:27; 1 Kings 2:35; 1 Kings 4:4; 1 Chronicles 29:22). (See Abiathar. The double high priesthood of Zadok and Abiathar answers to that of the chief priest and second priest (2 Kings 25:18; Luke 3:2 "Annas and Caiaphas being high priest);" compare 2 Chronicles 31:10, "Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok. Abiathar bad charge of the ark in Jerusalem; so formerly Eleazar and Ithamar, Hophni and Phinehas, were joint chief priests
Zadok - Zadok and Abiathar were the two Levitical priests who became members of David’s royal court (2 Samuel 8:17). Later, however, in the palace conflict over David’s successor, Zadok supported Solomon, and Abiathar supported Adonijah. As a result Solomon promoted Zadok to chief priest and sent Abiathar into exile (1 Kings 1:5-8; 1 Kings 1:43-45; 1 Kings 2:26; 1 Kings 2:35)
Ahimelech - Only Abiathar, Ahimelech's son, escaped. and son of Abiathar who served with Zadok as priests under David (2 Samuel 8:17 )
Sadoc - (Hebrew: just) ...
High priest chosen by David while Abiathar was high priest in Jerusalem (2 Kings 8)
Anathoth - King Solomon sent Abiathar the priest there after removing him as high priest (1 Kings 2:26-27 ). It was also the home of Jeremiah the prophet, who may have been a priest in the rejected line of Abiathar (Jeremiah 1:1 )
Zadok - He is first mentioned in 2 Samuel 8:17 , where perhaps he should be associated with Abiathar in the correct text, as he is in 2 Samuel 15:24 ff. He was appointed priest by Solomon in place of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 2:26 f. , 1 Kings 2:35 ), because of his own loyalty ( 1 Kings 1:8 ) and the disloyalty of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 1:7 ). From this it is evident that his position hitherto had been inferior to that of Abiathar, although his name regularly has the precedence in Samuel
Anathoth - It was the home of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 2:26 ) and of Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 1:1 ); re-occupied after the exile ( Nehemiah 7:27 ; Nehemiah 10:19 )
Zadok - Son of Ahitub, and one of the two high priests in the time of David, Abiathar being the other
Zadok - He is named in company with Abiathar, who was descended from Aaron through Ithamar (1 Chronicles 24:3 ). Abiathar was soon removed in accordance with the prophecy to Eli (1 Samuel 2:31-33 ; 1 Kings 2:26-27 ). ...
In a touching scene Zadok with Abiathar carried the ark to go with David in his flight from Absalom (2 Samuel 15:24 ). David then appealed to Zadok and Abiathar to arrange a welcome for him to come back to Jerusalem
Ahimelech - In 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Chronicles 18:16 ; 1 Chronicles 24:6 the names of Abiathar and Ahimelech have been transposed
Keilah - He and Abiathar with the ephod took shelter there; but warned by God that the people of the city would deliver him up to Saul, they escaped
Zadok - Zadok and Abiathar acted as high priests on several important occasions (1 Chronicles 15:11 ; 2 Samuel 15:24-29,35,36 ); but when Adonijah endeavoured to secure the throne, Abiathar went with him, and therefore Solomon "thrust him out from being high priest," and Zadok, remaining faithful to David, became high priest alone (1 Kings 2:27,35 ; 1 Chronicles 29:22 )
Zadok - He was priest in the reign of David, and though Abiathar was called high priest, at times Zadok is named before him. Abiathar was set aside by Solomon, and Zadok became high priest
Nob - Only Abiathar escaped
Anathoth - City assigned to the priests in the territory of Benjamin, where Abiathar the high priest had his own 'fields,' and where Jeremiah was born: its inhabitants persecuted the prophet
Eli - The divine threatening was fully performed in the day of Abiathar, which see
Ahimelech - He is called Abiathar, Mark 2:26 . Only one son of Ahimelech, named Abiathar, escaped the carnage and fled to David
Adriel - Compare under Abiathar
Ithamar - The high-priesthood came into the family of Ithamar in the person of Eli, and it reverted to the descendants of Eleazar in Zadok on the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon
Adonijah - Having gained over Joab and Abiathar and other adherents, he at length openly revolted and claimed the crown while David was yet living
Ahimelech - Also called Abimelech, 1 Chronicles 18:16 , probably the same as Abiathar, which see, 1 Chronicles 24:3,6,31
Anathoth - Abiathar the priest was banished thither by Solomon after his attempt to put Adonijah on the throne (1 Kings 2:26)
Eli - (Compare Abiathar. Compare Eleazar's genealogy, wherein Eli and Abiathar do not appear (1 Chronicles 6:4-15; Ezra 7:1-5). Abiathar
Ira - Ira is not identified as a Levite, and his function is not related to those of Abiathar and Zadok, the official priests
Hushai - By so doing he was enabled both to defeat the plans of Ahithophel and to keep David informed (by means of Ahimaaz and Jonathan, the sons of Zadok and Abiathar the priests) of the progress of events in Jerusalem ( 2 Samuel 16:16 to 2 Samuel 17:23 )
Ahitub - The text of 2 Samuel 8:17 should probably run: ‘and Zadok and Abiathar the son of Ahimelech, the son of Ahitub
Ahithophel - David prayed that his counsel might be turned to foolishness (2 Samuel 15:31 ) and commissioned the faithful Hushai to help Zadok and Abiathar, the priests, counteract the counsel of Ahithophel
Ithamar - The high priesthood in Eli's person (probably on account of the high qualities for which he was made judge) passed to the line of Ithamar, but reverted to Eleazar's line in Zadok, because of Abiathar's share in Adonijah's rebellion; thus the prophecy against Eli was fulfilled (1 Samuel 2:31-35; 1 Samuel 3:12-14; 1 Kings 2:26-27; 1 Kings 2:35). (See Abiathar; ELI
Confer - ...
Adonijah conferred with Joab and Abiathar
Adonijah - He was joined by Joab and Abiathar, and seems to have had the countenance of his brothers
Adonijah - He was apparently the oldest of David's sons at the close of David's life, and may have supposed that he would succeed to the throne; but without consulting his father he said, "I will be king," and both Joab and Abiathar helped him
Adonijah - 2 Samuel 3:2-4), and had the support of the army commander Joab and the senior priest Abiathar (1 Kings 1:5-7)
Ahimaaz - Zadok the priest's son; the messenger in Absalom's rebellion, with Jonathan, Abiathar's son, to carry tidings from Hushai, David's friend and spy. Zadok and Abiathar, who took back the ark to the city at David's request, were to tell them while staying outside the city at Enrogel whatever Hushai directed. (See Abiathar)...
3
Keilah - " David in dependence on Jehovah's promise, notwithstanding his men's protest on the ground of their weakness, rescued it from the Philistines (1 Samuel 23); here Abiathar joined him with the ephod, having escaped from the massacre of priests at Nehemiah The proximity of Hareth, where David was, accounts for his helping it though he did not help other towns when robbed by the Philistines. the Canaanite portion, votaries of Baal, to whom David's devotion to Jehovah and the presence of the sacred ephod with the priest Abiathar were an offense
Aaron - The high priesthood descended to the former, and to his descendants until the time of Eli, who, although of the house of Ithamar, received the high priesthood and transmitted it to his children; with them it continued till the accession of Solomon, who took it from Abiathar and restored it to Zadok (of the house of Eleazar). See Abiathar
Abimelech - See Abiathar
Ahimaaz - When Absalom revolted and David had to flee from Jerusalem, Zadok continuing true to David, returned to the city, and Ahimaaz, and Jonathan son of Abiathar, remained at En-rogel; to whom Zadok sent word of the counsel of Ahithophel and of Hushai by a 'wench,' and they hastened to David with the news
Abimelech - ...
The son of Abiathar, and high priest in the time of David (1Chronicles 18:16). In the parallel passage, 2Samuel 8:17, we have the name Ahimelech, and Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech
e'li - The office remained in his family till Abiathar was thrust out by Solomon, ( 1 Kings 1:7 ; 2:26,27 ) when it passed back again to the family of Eleazar int he person of Zadok
Adonijah - (See Abiathar) and ABSALOM). Adonijah was supported by Abiathar, Eli's descendant of Ithamar's (Aaron's fourth son's) line, the junior line, and Joab who perhaps had a misgiving as to the possibility of Solomon's punishing his murder of Abner and Amasa, and a grudge toward David for having appointed the latter commander in chief in his stead (2 Samuel 19:13). Adonijah, at the tidings announced by Jonathan, Abiathar's son, fled for sanctuary, to the horns of the altar
Ephod - This Abiathar carried off from the tabernacle at Nob, and David consulted (1 Samuel 21:9; 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7)
Abim'Elech - ...
A son of Abiathar
Adoni'Jah - Adonijah's cause was espoused by Abiathar and by Joab the famous commander of David's army
Eli - He was of the family of Ithamar, Aaron's youngest son; for his descendant Ahimelech or Abiathar, 1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 22:20; 2 Samuel 8:17, is expressly said to be of that house
Eli - In the reign of Solomon, the predictions in relation to Eli's family were fulfilled; for the high priesthood was taken from Abiathar, a descendant of Eli, and given to Zadok, who was of the race of Eleazar, 1 Kings 2:26
Doeg - The cruel sycophancy of Doeg was so well known to David that he said unto Abiathar, the only survivor of the slaughter, "I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul;" therefore with characteristic sensitiveness of conscience David adds, "I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house
Adullam - David was God's anointed king, and the prophet Gad went to him, and Abiathar the priest; so that with that outcast company were God's prophet, priest, and king, though all the outward forms of worship were elsewhere: typical of the Lord Jesus in His rejection
Jonathan - ...
...
Son of the high priest Abiathar, and one who adhered to David at the time of Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15:27,36 )
Eli - Abiathar his descendant was thrust from the priesthood by Solomon that the word of the Lord might be fulfilled which He spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh
Eli - Abiathar his descendant was thrust from the priesthood by Solomon that the word of the Lord might be fulfilled which He spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh
David - This incident is said to have taken place ‘when Abiathar was high priest. Abiathar
David - This incident is said to have taken place ‘when Abiathar was high priest. Abiathar
Eli - The office remained in his family till the time of Abiathar (1 Kings 2:26,27 ), whom Solomon deposed, and appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (35)
High Priest - This rule was disregarded by Solomon, who appointed Zadok and deposed Abiathar, 1 Kings 2:35, because he had espoused the cause of Adonijah
High Priest - Neither Eli, Ahimelech, Abiathar, nor Zadok are called high or chief priest, though all four headed priestly families and are mentioned in connection with items usually associated with the high priest (the ark, the ephod, the Urim and Thummim: 1 Samuel 3:3 ; 1 Samuel 4:4-11 ; 1 Samuel 21:6 , 1 Samuel 21:9 ; 2 Samuel 15:24-29 ). Only Abiathar escaped (1 Samuel 22:20 ). When David moved the ark to Jerusalem, Abiathar and Zadok apparently officiated jointly as chief priests (2Samuel 8:17;2Samuel 15:24-29,2 Samuel 15:35 ; 2 Samuel 19:11 ), though Zadok already appears as the dominant figure in 2Samuel. Solomon suspected Abiathar of conspiracy with his brother Adonijah and exiled him to his ancestral home (1 Kings 2:26-27 )
Jon'Athan, - ) ...
The son of Abiathar, the high priest, is the last descendant of Eli of whom we hear anything
Aaron - The Jewish priesthood began in the family of Aaron and remained in its possession, though not uninterruptedly, in the line of Eleazar; it passed into the family of Ithamar, the brother of Eleazar, in the person of Eli; but, in consequence of the wickedness of Ell's sons, God declared that it should be taken from his family, 1 Samuel 2:30, and this prophecy was fulfilled in the time of Solomon, who took the priesthood from Abiathar and restored it to Zadok, of the line of Eleazar
Urim And Thummim - Abiathar is the last priest who uses it (1 Samuel 23:6-9; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 21:1)
Ephod - Spencer and Cunaeus are of opinion, that the Jewish kings had a right to wear the ephod, because David, coming to Ziklag, and finding that the Amalekites had plundered the city, and carried away his and the people's wives, ordered Abiathar, the high priest, to bring him the ephod, which being done, David inquired of the Lord, saying, "Shall I pursue after this troop?"...
1 Samuel 30:8
Jonathan - Son of Abiathar the priest in service to David (2 Samuel 15:24 ; 2Samuel 17:17,2 Samuel 17:20 ; 1 Kings 1:42-43 )
Jonathan - Son of Abiathar the high priest
High Priest - In this line it continued to Abiathar, whom Solomon deposed, and appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (1 Kings 2:35 ), in which it remained till the time of the Captivity
Solomon - He put to death Adonijah who had usurped the throne, and Joab who had shed innocent blood; and he cast Abiathar out of the priesthood
Jonathan - A son of Abiathar the priest ( 2 Samuel 15:27 ff; 2 Samuel 17:17-20 , 1 Kings 1:42 )
Abner - This act, involving in oriental idea the suspicion of usurping the succession to the throne (so in the case of Absalom: 2 Samuel 16:21; 2 Samuel 20:3; 1 Kings 2:13-25; (See Abiathar, (See ADONIJAH, and (See ABISHAG), called forth a rebuke from even so feeble a person as the nominal king, Ishbosheth
Sad'Ducees - The origin of their name is involved in great difficulties, but the most satisfactory conjecture is that the Sadducees or Zadokites were originally identical with the sons of Zadok, and constituted what may be termed a kind of sacerdotal aristocracy, this Zadok being the priest who declared in favor of Solomon when Abiathar took the part of Adonijah
Fill - For example, in 1 Kings 2:27 we read: “So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the Lord; that he might fulfill the word of the Lord, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh
Priest - , Abiathar, Mark 2:26 ; Annas and Caiaphas, Luke 3:2 , where the RV rightly has "in the high priesthood of A
High Priest - Though at first chosen for life, we find that Solomon deposed Abiathar, (1 Kings 2:35 ) and that Herod appointed a number of high priests, which may account for there being at least two living in Christ's time, Annas and Caiaphas
Jonathan - The high priest Abiathar's son. In Absalom's rebellion returned with his father from Olivet to act as David's spy with Ahimaaz, conveying the tidings from Abiathar and Hushai in the city (2 Samuel 15:36; 2 Samuel 15:2 Samuel 17). Announced at Adonijah's feast to the guests, including Abiathar, the unwelcome tidings of Solomon's being anointed (1 Kings 1:41-49)
Adonijah - The old, trusted servants of the kingdom, Joab and Abiathar, rally round him, as one would expect; he gathers his friends together at the stone of Zoheleth, and by the visible act of sacrificing, proclaims his kingship; this last was, however, an act of unwisdom, as it gave a handle to his enemies, for king David was still alive
Aaron - Two priestly lines developed from the remaining sons: (1) Ithamar through Eli to Abiathar and (2) Eleazar to Zadok (1 Samuel 14:3 ; 1 Samuel 22:20 ; 1 Kings 2:26-27 ; 1 Chronicles 6:50-53 )
Sadducees - ...
But the Zadok from whom the Sadducees are named may be rather the famous Zadok who superseded Abiathar under Solomon (1 Kings 2:35); "the house of Zadok," "the sons of Zadok," "the seed of Zadok" are named with preeminent honour in 2 Chronicles 31:10; Ezekiel 40:46; Ezekiel 42:19; Ezekiel 44:15; Ezekiel 48:11; so they became a kind of sacerdotal aristocracy, including the high priests' families; compare Mishna, Sanhed
Urim And Thummim - Prideaux espouses, is, that when the high priest appeared before the veil, clothed with his ephod and breastplate, to ask counsel of God, the answer was given with an audible voice from the mercy seat, within the veil; but, it has been observed, that this account will by no means agree with the history of David's consulting the oracle by Abiathar, 1 Samuel 30:7-82 ; 1 Samuel 23:11 ; 1618103118_3 ; because the ark, on which was the mercy seat, was then at Kirjathjearim; whereas David was in the one case at Ziklag, and in the other in the forest of Hareth
Solomon - He also executed the commander-in-chief of the army, Joab (1 Kings 2:28-34), and sent the priest Abiathar into exile (1 Kings 2:26-27)
David - ...
Too late David acknowledged to the only survivor, Abiathar, that he had thereby occasioned their death (1 Samuel 22); so liable are even believers to vacillation and to consequent punishment. (See Abiathar. One gain David derived and Saul lost by his slaughter of the priests; Abiathar, the sole survivor of the line of Ithamar, henceforth attended David, and through him David could always inquire of God, in God's appointed way (Psalms 16:7, in undesigned coincidence with 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7-8)
David - The sad tidings of the massacre were brought to David by Abiathar, a son of Ahimelech, the only one who escaped. David now (1 Chronicles 16 ) carefully set in order all the ritual of divine worship at Jerusalem, along with Abiathar the high priest
Solomon - ) Abiathar he banished to Anathoth for treason, thus fulfilling the old curse on Eli (1 Samuel 2:31-35). (See Abiathar
Joab - But the true character soon showed itself again, and even the worldly sagacity which heretofore had kept him on the winning side in the end forsook him, for with Abiathar Joab joined in Adonijah's rebellion, and Solomon, by David's dying charge, had him slain at the altar of Gibeon where he had fled for sanctuary, but which afforded no protection to a treacherous murderer (Exodus 21:14)
Priests And Levites - Though too great a reliance should not be placed on the editorial note in Jeremiah 1:1 , it is quite possible that several of the priests of Jerusalem may have lived together at Anathoth, which was only 2 1 / 2 miles from Jerusalem, and the home of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 2:26 ), and so given rise to the tradition that it was a priestly city. In addition to the priests of the local sanctuaries, we find in 1 Samuel 21:1-15 ; 1 Samuel 22:1-23 an account of a settlement of priests at Nob under Ahimelech, all of whom except Abiathar his son were put to death by Doeg at Saul’s command
da'Vid - He secures an important ally in Abiathar, (1 Samuel 23:6 ) his band of 400 at Adullam soon increased to 600, (1 Samuel 23:13 ) he is hunted by Saul from place to place like a partridge
Mark, Gospel According to - ]'>[11] , ‘when Abiathar was high priest,’ are omitted in Mt. , for Abiathar was not yet high priest at the time in question
Fulfillment - This dire prediction was fulfilled when Solomon removed Abiathar from the high priesthood (1 Kings 2:27 ), a circumstance that did not escape the notice of the author of Kings
David - At Keilah, too, Abiathar, become high priest on his father's murder, joined him, 1 Samuel 22:20; 1 Samuel 23:4, and various warriors: eleven Gadite chiefs are particularly specified, and some of Judah and Benjamin
David - David escaped to the cave of Adullam, and his brethren and his father's house went to him, also those in distress, and those in debt, and the discontented; the prophet Gad was with him, and soon afterwards Abiathar the priest
Old Testament (ii. Christ as Student And Interpreter of). - has a peculiar difficulty, inasmuch as ‘Abiathar’ is given as the name of the priest, where the OT narrative (1 Samuel 21:1 ff. ) states that it was ‘Ahimelech’ (see Abiathar)
Aaron - With Eli's family it continued until the time of Solomon, who took it from Abiathar, and restored it to Zadok, of the line of Eleazar; thus accomplishing the prophecy denounced against Eli (1 Samuel 2:30)
Solomon - The deposition of Abiathar, and the execution of Joab and Shimei, were natural consequences; and in the case of the two last, Solomon was only following the advice of his father ( 1 Kings 10:28-2934 ; 1 Kings 2:8 )
Saul - )...
By slaying the priests, so that Abiathar alone escaped to David, Saul's sin recoiled on himself, for Saul thereby supplied him whom he hated with one through whom to consult Jehovah, and deprived himself of the divine oracle, so that at last he had to have recourse to witchcraft, though he had himself tried to extirpate it (1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 28:3-7, etc
Priest - ...
Saul's massacre of priests there (1 Samuel 22:17-18) drove Abiathar to David ( High Priest - (See Abiathar in relation to Zadok
Jeremiah - " Moreover, the Anathoth priests were of the line of Abiathar, who was deposed by Solomon (1 Kings 2:26-35)
Jeremiah - Anathoth had been the settlement of Abiathar, the last high priest of Eli’s house, who was banished thither by Solomon ( 1 Kings 2:26 ); Jeremiah may have been a scion of this deposed line