The Meaning of Revelation 5:10 Explained

Revelation 5:10

KJV: And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

YLT: and didst make us to our God kings and priests, and we shall reign upon the earth.'

Darby: and made them to our God kings and priests; and they shall reign over the earth.

ASV: and madest them to be unto our God a kingdom and priests; and they reign upon earth.

What does Revelation 5:10 Mean?

Verse Meaning

The third reason for praise is the creation of a kingdom and priests (a priestly kingdom) for God by the Lamb"s death (cf. 1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9). Priesthood involves immediate access into God"s presence for praise and worship as well as the privilege of priestly service. The fourth reason for praise is the blessing of His people by allowing them to rule on the earth (during the Millennium and thereafter).
Some translations render this song in the first person ("You have redeemed us ...," Revelation 2:8, AV). Others put it in the third person ("You have redeemed men ...," e.g, NASB, NIV). This variation reflects a difference in the Greek texts that underlie these translations. I prefer the text family used as a basis for the NASB and NIV translations. The second reading is better, and it harmonizes with the identification of all these creatures as angels. These creatures offer worship to God for man"s salvation.

Context Summary

Revelation 5:9-14 - The One Worthy To Open It
Jesus is worthy to unroll the mystic scroll of history, because He loved and loves our race as no other has ever done; and He is equally worthy to open each new phase of our lives. When He came into the world He said, "In the volume of the book it is written of me." We need not fear those pierced hands. If we are His purchased property, He will provide for us. If we are priests and kings in His ideal, we may trust Him so to arrange our life-plan as to secure the best exercise of those sacred functions.
Notice how the out-circling song of the redeemed reaches out in further and yet further response. It begins with the little group around the throne; then it spreads to the angels in their myriads; and thence it is borne forward and outward in concentric rings until the utmost shores of space are struck by the billows of song and it reverberates back to the living creatures and the elders. Heaven is full of the sacrificial side of our Savior's death. The heavenly beings describe themselves as His purchased chattels, and stand closer to Christ than the angels; but these bright ministers of God's will have learned their deepest lessons of God from His redemptive dealings with men. [source]

Chapter Summary: Revelation 5

1  The book sealed with seven seals,
9  which only the Lamb that was slain is worthy to open
12  Therefore the elders praise him, and confess that he redeemed them with his blood

Greek Commentary for Revelation 5:10

Madest [εποιησας]
First aorist active indicative of ποιεω — poieō a prophetic use anticipating the final result. [source]
A kingdom and priests [βασιλειαν και ιερεις]
As the correct text in Revelation 1:6.They reign (βασιλευουσιν — basileuousin). Present active indicative, futuristic use, though Aleph P have the future βασιλευσουσιν — basileusousin (shall reign) as in Revelation 20:6. [source]
They reign [βασιλευουσιν]
Present active indicative, futuristic use, though Aleph P have the future βασιλευσουσιν — basileusousin (shall reign) as in Revelation 20:6. [source]
Us [ἡμᾶς]
Read αὐτοὺς themKings ( βασιλεῖς )Read, βασιλείαν akingdom. See on Revelation 1:6. [source]
Read αὐτοὺς them Kings [βασιλεῖς]
Read, βασιλείαν akingdom. See on Revelation 1:6. [source]
We shall reign [βασιλεύσομεν]
Read βασιλεύουσιν theyreign. Their reigning is not future, but present. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Revelation 5:10

2 Timothy 2:12 If we suffer we shall also reign with him [εἰ ὑπομένομεν, καὶ συνβασιλεύσομεν]
For suffer, rend. endure. Συνβασιλεύειν toreign with, only here and 1 Corinthians 4:8. Comp. Luke 19:17, Luke 19:19; Luke 22:29, Luke 22:30; Romans 5:17; Revelation 4:4; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 22:5. [source]
1 Peter 2:9 An elect race [γενος εκλεκτον]
From Isaiah 43:20. The blood relation of the spiritual Israel (not the Jewish race) through the new birth (1 Peter 1:23).A royal priesthood (βασιλειον ιερατευμα — basileion hierateuma). From Exodus 19:6 (cf. Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10). The official in Christian churches is πρεσβυτεροσεπισχοπος — presbuteros =ιερευς — episcopos not ιερεις — hiereus We are all ετνος αγιον — hiereis (priests). Cf. 1 Peter 2:5.A holy nation Also from Exodus 19:6, but here applied, not to the national Israel, but to the spiritual Israel of believers (both Jews and Gentiles).A people for God‘s own possession (λαος περιουσιος — laos eis peripoiēsin). The idea here occurs in Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 14:2; Deuteronomy 26:18, where we have εις περιποιησιν — laos periousios as in Titus 2:14 (alone in the N.T.), and in Malachi 3:17 we find Περιουσιος λαος — eis peripoiēsin (for a possession). περιποιησις — Periousios laos is a people over and above the others and περιεποιησατο — peripoiēsis is a possession in a special sense (Ephesians 1:14). See Paul‘s use of οπως εχαγγειλητε — periepoiēsato in Acts 20:28. The old rendering, “a peculiar people,” had this idea of possession, for “peculiar” is from pecus (Latin for flock).That ye may shew forth Purpose clause with ινα — hopōs rather than εχαγγελλω — hina with the first aorist active subjunctive of τας αρετας — exaggellō old verb, to tell out, here alone in N.T.The excellencies (τα μεγαλεια του τεου — tas aretas). From Isaiah 43:21. Old word for any preeminence (moral, intellectual, military), often for “virtue,” but not in that sense in the O.T. or the N.T. The word has the sense of moral worth in 2 Peter 1:3, 2 Peter 1:5; Philemon 4:8; and the Apocrypha. In Isaiah (here quoted) it means praise and glory to God. So also Isaiah 42:12. See Acts 2:11 σκοτους — ta megaleia tou theou (the mighty works of God).Darkness Heathenism.His marvellous light (ταυμαστον — to thaumaston autou phōs). Christianity. For ταυμαζω — thaumaston (from thaumazō) see Matthew 21:42. For the change from heathenism to Christianity see Colossians 1:12; Ephesians 5:8-14. [source]
1 Peter 2:9 A royal priesthood [βασιλειον ιερατευμα]
From Exodus 19:6 (cf. Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10). The official in Christian churches is πρεσβυτεροσεπισχοπος — presbuteros =ιερευς — episcopos not ιερεις — hiereus We are all ετνος αγιον — hiereis (priests). Cf. 1 Peter 2:5. [source]
Revelation 1:6 Kings [βασιλεῖς]
The correct reading is, βασιλείαν akingdom. The term King is never applied in the New Testament to individual Christians. The reigning of the saints is emphasized in this book. See Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:4, Revelation 20:6; Revelation 22:5. Compare Daniel 7:18, Daniel 7:22. [source]
Revelation 1:6 Kingdom [βασιλειαν]
So correctly Aleph A C, not βασιλεις — basileis (P cursives). Perhaps a reminiscence of Exodus 19:6, a kingdom of priests. In Revelation 5:10 we have again “a kingdom and priests.” The idea here is that Christians are the true spiritual Israel in God‘s promise to Abraham as explained by Paul in Gal 3; Rom 9.To be priests (ιερεις — hiereis). In apposition with βασιλειαν — basileian but with και — kai (and) in Revelation 5:10. Each member of this true kingdom is a priest unto God, with direct access to him at all times.Unto his God and Father Dative case and αυτου — autou (Christ) applies to both τεωι — theōi and πατρι — patri Jesus spoke of the Father as his God (Matthew 27:46; John 20:17) and Paul uses like language (Ephesians 1:17), as does Peter (1 Peter 1:3).To him (αυτωι — autōi). Another doxology to Christ. “The adoration of Christ which vibrates in this doxology is one of the most impressive features of the book” (Moffatt). Like doxologies to Christ appear in Revelation 5:13; Revelation 7:10; 1 Peter 4:11; 2 Peter 3:18; 2 Timothy 4:18; Hebrews 13:21. These same words (η δοχα και το κρατος — hē doxa kai to kratos) in 1 Peter 4:11, only η δοχα — hē doxa in 2 Peter 3:18; 2 Timothy 4:18, but with several others in Revelation 5:13; Revelation 7:10. [source]
Revelation 1:6 To be priests [ιερεις]
In apposition with βασιλειαν — basileian but with και — kai (and) in Revelation 5:10. Each member of this true kingdom is a priest unto God, with direct access to him at all times. [source]
Revelation 20:6 Priests of God and of Christ [ιερεις του τεου και του Χριστου]
As in Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 22:3, Revelation 22:5.Shall reign with him (βασιλευσουσιν μετ αυτου — basileusousin met' autou). As promised in the same passages. The servants of God are to be priests with Christ and to reign with him (Matthew 19:28). In Revelation 5:10 επι της γης — epi tēs gēs (upon earth) occurs, but this item does not appear here. “No hint is given as to where this service is to be rendered and this royalty to be exercised” (Swete). [source]
Revelation 20:6 Shall reign with him [βασιλευσουσιν μετ αυτου]
As promised in the same passages. The servants of God are to be priests with Christ and to reign with him (Matthew 19:28). In Revelation 5:10 επι της γης — epi tēs gēs (upon earth) occurs, but this item does not appear here. “No hint is given as to where this service is to be rendered and this royalty to be exercised” (Swete). [source]
Revelation 22:5 They shall reign [βασιλευσουσιν]
Future active of βασιλευω — basileuō Reign eternally in contrast with the limited millennial reign of Revelation 20:4, Revelation 20:6. This glorious eternal reign with Christ occurs repeatedly in the book (Revelation 1:6; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 5:10) as in Luke 22:30. Christ‘s Kingdom is spiritual (John 18:36.). “The visions of the Apocalypse are now ended; they have reached their climax in the New Jerusalem” (Swete). Now John gives the parting utterances of some of the speakers, and it is not always clear who is speaking. [source]
Revelation 5:9 Unto God [τωι τεωι]
Dative case of advantage as also in Revelation 5:10.With thy blood (εν τωι αιματι σου — en tōi haimati sou). Instrumental use of εν — en as in Revelation 1:5. The blood of Christ as the price of our redemption runs all through the Apocalypse. This is the reason why Christ is worthy to “take the book and open its seals.” That is, he is worthy to receive adoration and worship (Revelation 4:11) as the Father does.Men of every No αντρωπους — anthrōpous (men) or τινας — tinas (some) before εκ — ek in the Greek. See a like ellipsis in Revelation 11:9 with a like grouping of words for all mankind, representatives of all races and nations (Revelation 7:9; Revelation 13:7; Revelation 14:6). [source]
Revelation 22:5 They need [εχουσιν χρειαν]
Present active indicative, “They have need,” though A has εχουσιν — hexousin (shall have), future like εσται — estai Here again there is repetition of part of Revelation 21:23, but for the purpose of showing the delightsomeness of the New Jerusalem with no need of lamp or sun (change to πως — phōs with ηλιου — hēliou instead of πωτος — phōtos “they have no light of sun”).Shall give them light (πωτισει — phōtisei). Future active of πωτιζω — phōtizō while aorist επωτισεν — ephōtisen in Revelation 21:23.They shall reign Future active of βασιλευω — basileuō Reign eternally in contrast with the limited millennial reign of Revelation 20:4, Revelation 20:6. This glorious eternal reign with Christ occurs repeatedly in the book (Revelation 1:6; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 5:10) as in Luke 22:30. Christ‘s Kingdom is spiritual (John 18:36.). “The visions of the Apocalypse are now ended; they have reached their climax in the New Jerusalem” (Swete). Now John gives the parting utterances of some of the speakers, and it is not always clear who is speaking. [source]
Revelation 5:9 A new song [ωιδην καινην]
Cognate accusative for οιδε — oide Second aorist passive indicative of σπαζω — sphazō Αγοραζω — Agorazō used by Paul and Peter of our purchase from sin by Christ (1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23; Galatians 3:13; Galatians 4:5; 2 Peter 2:1; cf. 1 Peter 1:18.).Unto God Dative case of advantage as also in Revelation 5:10.With thy blood (εν τωι αιματι σου — en tōi haimati sou). Instrumental use of εν — en as in Revelation 1:5. The blood of Christ as the price of our redemption runs all through the Apocalypse. This is the reason why Christ is worthy to “take the book and open its seals.” That is, he is worthy to receive adoration and worship (Revelation 4:11) as the Father does.Men of every No αντρωπους — anthrōpous (men) or τινας — tinas (some) before εκ — ek in the Greek. See a like ellipsis in Revelation 11:9 with a like grouping of words for all mankind, representatives of all races and nations (Revelation 7:9; Revelation 13:7; Revelation 14:6). [source]
Revelation 5:12 Worthy [αχιον]
Agreeing in gender (grammatical neuter) with αρνιον — arnion but some MSS. have αχιος — axios (masculine, natural gender). Note change to third person εστιν — estin instead of second ει — ei The point of the song is the same as that in Revelation 5:9, Revelation 5:10, but the language differs. Note the repeated article το — to (the lamb the slain) referring to Revelation 5:6, Revelation 5:9. Note also the one article την — tēn before δυναμιν — dunamin for all the seven grounds of praise (δυναμιν — dunamin power, πλουτον — plouton wealth, σοπιαν — sophian wisdom, ισχυν — ischun strength, τιμην — timēn honor, δοχαν — doxan glory, ευλογιαν — eulogian blessing), though πλουτον — plouton is masculine, in contrast with separate article for each item (all three feminine) in Revelation 4:11, here grouping them all together, “a heptad of praise” (Swete). [source]

What do the individual words in Revelation 5:10 mean?

and You have made them to the God of us a kingdom priests they will reign upon the earth
καὶ ἐποίησας αὐτοὺς τῷ Θεῷ ἡμῶν βασιλείαν ἱερεῖς βασιλεύσουσιν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς

ἐποίησας  You  have  made 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Indicative Active, 2nd Person Singular
Root: ποιέω  
Sense: to make.
τῷ  to  the 
Parse: Article, Dative Masculine Singular
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
Θεῷ  God 
Parse: Noun, Dative Masculine Singular
Root: θεός  
Sense: a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities.
ἡμῶν  of  us 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive 1st Person Plural
Root: ἐγώ  
Sense: I, me, my.
βασιλείαν  a  kingdom 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Feminine Singular
Root: βασιλεία  
Sense: royal power, kingship, dominion, rule.
ἱερεῖς  priests 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: ἱερεύς  
Sense: a priest, one who offers sacrifices and in general in busied with sacred rites.
βασιλεύσουσιν  they  will  reign 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Active, 3rd Person Plural
Root: βασιλεύω  
Sense: to be king, to exercise kingly power, to reign.
ἐπὶ  upon 
Parse: Preposition
Root: ἐπί  
Sense: upon, on, at, by, before.
γῆς  earth 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Feminine Singular
Root: γῆ  
Sense: arable land.