The Meaning of Psalms 139:13 Explained

Psalms 139:13

KJV: For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast covered me in my mother's womb.

YLT: For Thou -- Thou hast possessed my reins, Thou dost cover me in my mother's belly.

Darby: For thou hast possessed my reins; thou didst cover me in my mother's womb.

ASV: For thou didst form my inward parts: Thou didst cover me in my mother's womb.

What does Psalms 139:13 Mean?

Context Summary

Psalms 139:1-13 - The All-Seeing God
The psalmist speaks as if there were only two beings in the universe-God and himself. In all literature there is no nobler conception of the divine attributes.
God's omniscience, Psalms 139:1-6. The downsittings of life are times of weariness, depression, failure, shortcoming, and inconsistency, when we are far short of our best. Our uprisings are our strongest, happiest, holiest moments, when we are at our best. God knows all. He cannot be surprised. He besets us before-the future is full of Him-and behind, as the wave follows closely in the wake of the bather or the rear guard the march. His hand is laid upon us, shielding and protecting. His winnowing-fan is ever detecting every grain of wheat and extracting it from the chaff.
God's omnipresence, Psalms 139:7-12. It is impossible to flee from God. However thick the foliage, it cannot separate the sinner from those eyes of love and fire. This thought is terrible to those who are not at peace with Him, but delightful to those who love. Be of good cheer, lonely one; thy night of sorrow is as the day-full of Him. [source]

Chapter Summary: Psalms 139

1  David praises God for his all-seeing providence
17  And for this infinite mercies
19  He defies the wicked
23  He prays for sincerity

What do the individual words in Psalms 139:13 mean?

For You formed my inward parts You covered me in womb of my mother
כִּֽי־ אַ֭תָּה קָנִ֣יתָ כִלְיֹתָ֑י תְּ֝סֻכֵּ֗נִי בְּבֶ֣טֶן אִמִּֽי

קָנִ֣יתָ  formed 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, second person masculine singular
Root: קָנָה 
Sense: to get, acquire, create, buy, possess.
כִלְיֹתָ֑י  my  inward  parts 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural construct, first person common singular
Root: כִּלְיָה  
Sense: kidneys.
תְּ֝סֻכֵּ֗נִי  You  covered  me 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, second person masculine singular, first person common singular
Root: סוּךְ 
Sense: (Qal) to hedge, fence about, shut in.
בְּבֶ֣טֶן  in  womb 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: בֶּטֶן  
Sense: belly, womb, body.
אִמִּֽי  of  my  mother 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct, first person common singular
Root: אֵם  
Sense: mother.