The Meaning of Numbers 34:12 Explained

Numbers 34:12

KJV: And the border shall go down to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall be at the salt sea: this shall be your land with the coasts thereof round about.

YLT: and the border hath gone down to the Jordan, and its outgoings have been at the Salt Sea; this is for you the land by its borders round about.'

Darby: and the border shall go down to the Jordan, and shall end at the salt sea. This shall be your land according to the borders thereof round about.

ASV: and the border shall go down to the Jordan, and the goings out thereof shall be at the Salt Sea. This shall be your land according to the borders thereof round about.

Discover Numbers 34:12

What does Numbers 34:12 Mean?

Context Summary

Numbers 34:1-18 - The Borders Of The Promised Land
Here are set out the borders of the Promised Land, which were never fully reached in the days of Israel's occupation, except perhaps for one brief period in Solomon's glorious reign. God's ideal for His people far exceeded their realization of it. But is it not always so! Does not His peace pass understanding? Is not His joy unspeakable and full of glory? Does not the love of Christ pass knowledge? Jesus Christ is our inheritance; let us possess our possessions. Let us follow on to know the Lord; and remember that there is an allotted space for each of us in Christ, to which no other soul has a right.
It is a great honor to be chosen to divide the lots. Year by year we ought to set forth the believer's rights in Christ, that a divine discontent may urge to higher heights and deeper experiences. [source]

Chapter Summary: Numbers 34

1  The borders of the land
16  The names of the men who shall divide the land

What do the individual words in Numbers 34:12 mean?

and shall go down the border the along Jordan and it shall end at Sea The Salt this shall be your land with its boundaries surrounding
וְיָרַ֤ד הַגְּבוּל֙ הַיַּרְדֵּ֔נָה וְהָי֥וּ תוֹצְאֹתָ֖יו יָ֣ם הַמֶּ֑לַח זֹאת֩ תִּהְיֶ֨ה לָכֶ֥ם הָאָ֛רֶץ לִגְבֻלֹתֶ֖יהָ סָבִֽיב

וְיָרַ֤ד  and  shall  go  down 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Conjunctive perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: יָרַד  
Sense: to go down, descend, decline, march down, sink down.
הַגְּבוּל֙  the  border 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: גְּבוּל  
Sense: border, territory.
הַיַּרְדֵּ֔נָה  the  along  Jordan 
Parse: Article, Proper Noun, feminine singular, third person feminine singular
Root: יַרְדֵּן  
Sense: the river of Palestine running from the roots of Anti-Lebanon to the Dead Sea a distance of approx 200 miles (320 km).
וְהָי֥וּ  and  it  shall 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Conjunctive perfect, third person common plural
Root: אֶהְיֶה 
Sense: to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out.
תוֹצְאֹתָ֖יו  end 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural construct, third person masculine singular
Root: תֹּוצָאֹות  
Sense: outgoing, border, a going out, extremity, end, source, escape.
יָ֣ם  at  Sea 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: יָם  
Sense: sea.
הַמֶּ֑לַח  The  Salt 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֶלַח  
Sense: salt.
זֹאת֩  this 
Parse: Pronoun, feminine singular
Root: זׄאת  
Sense: this, this one, here, which, this … that, the one … the other, such.
תִּהְיֶ֨ה  shall  be 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, third person feminine singular
Root: אֶהְיֶה 
Sense: to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out.
לָכֶ֥ם  your 
Parse: Preposition, second person masculine plural
הָאָ֛רֶץ  land 
Parse: Article, Noun, feminine singular
Root: אֶרֶץ  
Sense: land, earth.
לִגְבֻלֹתֶ֖יהָ  with  its  boundaries 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, feminine plural construct, third person feminine singular
Root: גְּבוּלָה  
Sense: border, boundary.
סָבִֽיב  surrounding 
Parse: Adverb
Root: מוּסָב 
Sense: places round about, circuit, round about adv.

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