The Meaning of Numbers 21:14 Explained

Numbers 21:14

KJV: Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,

YLT: therefore it is said in a book, 'The wars of Jehovah,' -- 'Waheb in Suphah, And the brooks of Arnon;

Darby: Therefore it is said in the book of the wars of Jehovah, Vaheb in Suphah, and the brooks of Arnon;

ASV: Wherefore it is said in the book of the Wars of Jehovah, Vaheb in Suphah, And the valleys of the Arnon,

What does Numbers 21:14 Mean?

Context Summary

Numbers 21:1-20 - The Brazen Serpent Journeying To Pisgah
It often falls to our lot to compass the land of Edom! It is bad enough to have to fight the desert tribes, but it is harder to traverse the long circuitous route, which a little kindness on our brother's part might have rendered needless. What discouragement, heart-break and fainting we cause one another!
The story of the brazen serpent was quoted by our Lord to Nicodemus, John 3:14. It exemplifies the law that like cures like. Our Lord came in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, and as such was nailed to the tree, that the progress of sin and death might be arrested. Whosoever directs to Him the look of faith shall have everlasting life.
Near the pole-foot sprang up the brook, Numbers 21:17-18. We are reminded of the connection between the Cross and Pentecost. Spring up, O well of the Holy Spirit, in our hearts, and churches, and schools! The living water is within; summon it! [source]

Chapter Summary: Numbers 21

1  Israel destroys the Canaanites at Hormah
4  The people murmuring are plagued with fiery serpents
7  They repenting are healed by a bronze serpent
10  Various journeys of the Israelites
21  Sihon is overcome
33  And Og

What do the individual words in Numbers 21:14 mean?

Upon thus it is said in the Book of the Wars of Yahweh: - Waheb in Suphah and the brooks of the Arnon
עַל־ כֵּן֙ יֵֽאָמַ֔ר בְּסֵ֖פֶר מִלְחֲמֹ֣ת יְהוָ֑ה אֶת־ וָהֵ֣ב בְּסוּפָ֔ה וְאֶת־ הַנְּחָלִ֖ים אַרְנֽוֹן

עַל־  Upon 
Parse: Preposition
Root: עַל 
Sense: upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against.
כֵּן֙  thus 
Parse: Adverb
Root: כֵּן 
Sense: so, therefore, thus.
יֵֽאָמַ֔ר  it  is  said 
Parse: Verb, Nifal, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: אָמַר 
Sense: to say, speak, utter.
בְּסֵ֖פֶר  in  the  Book 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: סֵפֶר 
Sense: book.
מִלְחֲמֹ֣ת  of  the  Wars 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural construct
Root: מִלְחָמָה  
Sense: battle, war.
יְהוָ֑ה  of  Yahweh: 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.
אֶת־  - 
Parse: Direct object marker
Root: אֹות 
Sense: sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative.
וָהֵ֣ב  Waheb 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: וָהֵב  
Sense: a place in Moab, site unknown.
בְּסוּפָ֔ה  in  Suphah 
Parse: Preposition-b, Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: סוּפָה 
Sense: storm-wind.
הַנְּחָלִ֖ים  the  brooks 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine plural
Root: נַחַל 
Sense: torrent, valley, wadi, torrent-valley.
אַרְנֽוֹן  of  the  Arnon 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: אַרְנׄון  
Sense: a river and surrounding valley in south Palestine, forms the border between Moab and the Amorites.

What are the major concepts related to Numbers 21:14?

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