The Meaning of Numbers 1:28 Explained

Numbers 1:28

KJV: Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

YLT: Of the sons of Issachar -- their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host --

Darby: Of the sons of Issachar: their generations, after their families, according to their fathers' houses, by the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that went forth to military service:

ASV: Of the children of Issachar, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

What does Numbers 1:28 Mean?

Chapter Summary: Numbers 1

1  God commands Moses to number the people
5  The princes of the tribes
17  The number of every tribe
47  The Levites are exempted for the service of the Lord

What do the individual words in Numbers 1:28 mean?

From the sons of Issachar their genealogies by their families by house their fathers' according to the number of names from old twenty years and above all who [were able to] go to war
לִבְנֵ֣י יִשָּׂשכָ֔ר תּוֹלְדֹתָ֥ם לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖ם לְבֵ֣ית אֲבֹתָ֑ם בְּמִסְפַּ֣ר שֵׁמֹ֗ת מִבֶּ֨ן עֶשְׂרִ֤ים שָׁנָה֙ וָמַ֔עְלָה כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא

לִבְנֵ֣י  From  the  sons 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
יִשָּׂשכָ֔ר  of  Issachar 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יִשָּׂשׂכָר  
Sense: the 9th son of Jacob and the 5th by Leah his first wife and the progenitor of a tribe by his name.
תּוֹלְדֹתָ֥ם  their  genealogies 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural construct, third person masculine plural
Root: תֹּולֵדֹות  
Sense: descendants, results, proceedings, generations, genealogies.
לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖ם  by  their  families 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, feminine plural construct, third person masculine plural
Root: מִשְׁפָּחָה  
Sense: clan, family.
לְבֵ֣ית  by  house 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: בַּיִת 
Sense: house.
אֲבֹתָ֑ם  their  fathers' 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct, third person masculine plural
Root: אָב  
Sense: father of an individual.
בְּמִסְפַּ֣ר  according  to  the  number 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: מִסְפָּר  
Sense: number, tale.
שֵׁמֹ֗ת  of  names 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural
Root: שֵׁם  
Sense: name.
מִבֶּ֨ן  from  old 
Parse: Preposition-m, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
עֶשְׂרִ֤ים  twenty 
Parse: Number, common plural
Root: עֶשְׂרִים  
Sense: twenty, twentieth.
שָׁנָה֙  years 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: שָׁנָה  
Sense: year.
וָמַ֔עְלָה  and  above 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Adverb, third person feminine singular
Root: מַעַל 
Sense: higher part, upper part adv.
יֹצֵ֥א  who  [were  able  to]  go 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Participle, masculine singular construct
Root: יׄוצֵאת 
Sense: to go out, come out, exit, go forth.
צָבָֽא  to  war 
Parse: Noun, common singular
Root: צָבָא 
Sense: that which goes forth, army, war, warfare, host.