The Meaning of Matthew 5:11 Explained

Matthew 5:11

KJV: Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.

YLT: Happy are ye whenever they may reproach you, and may persecute, and may say any evil thing against you falsely for my sake --

Darby: Blessed are ye when they may reproach and persecute you, and say every wicked thing against you, lying, for my sake.

ASV: Blessed are ye when men'shall reproach you, and persecute you, and say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.

Discover Matthew 5:11

What does Matthew 5:11 Mean?

Context Summary

Matthew 5:10-16 - The New Salt And Light Of Human Society
We must expect to be persecuted, if we hold up the pure light of a consistent life amid the evils of the world. Men hate the light which exposes their misdeeds. They will tolerate you only so long as you leave them alone. But the universal testimony of those who have suffered thus is that the Son of man walks through the furnace beside His faithful martyrs.
Our holy lives ought to act as salt to arrest the corruption around us. It is said that the presence of a child has arrested many a crime. A sudden silence should fall on certain kinds of conversation when we enter the room. But it is very easy to lose our saltness, as did Lot in Sodom and the seven churches of Asia. See also Ezekiel 15:2-5. Our lives ought to serve also as light. The spirit of man is a candle. See Proverbs 20:27. We need to be kindled by the nature of God. Men light candles and God will light you. Let us burn and shine as John did, John 5:35. Beware of the bushel and ask God to choose your stand. [source]

Chapter Summary: Matthew 5

1  Jesus' sermon on the mount:
3  The Beattitudes;
13  the salt of the earth;
14  the light of the world
17  He came to fulfill the law
21  What it is to kill;
27  to commit adultery;
33  to swear
38  He exhorts to forgive wrong,
43  to love our enemies;
48  and to labor after perfection

Greek Commentary for Matthew 5:11

Falsely, for my sake [πσευδομενοι ενεκεν εμου]
Codex Bezae changes the order of these last Beatitudes, but that is immaterial. What does matter is that the bad things said of Christ‘s followers shall be untrue and that they are slandered for Christ‘s sake. Both things must be true before one can wear a martyr‘s crown and receive the great reward (μιστος — misthos) in heaven. No prize awaits one there who deserves all the evil said of him and done to him here. [source]

What do the individual words in Matthew 5:11 mean?

Blessed are you when they shall insult you and shall persecute [you] shall say all kinds of evil against you lying on account of Me
Μακάριοί ἐστε ὅταν ὀνειδίσωσιν ὑμᾶς καὶ διώξωσιν εἴπωσιν πᾶν πονηρὸν καθ’ ὑμῶν ψευδόμενοι ἕνεκεν ἐμοῦ

Μακάριοί  Blessed 
Parse: Adjective, Nominative Masculine Plural
Root: μακάριος  
Sense: blessed, happy.
ἐστε  are  you 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Active, 2nd Person Plural
Root: εἰμί  
Sense: to be, to exist, to happen, to be present.
ὀνειδίσωσιν  they  shall  insult 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3rd Person Plural
Root: ὀνειδίζω  
Sense: to reproach, upbraid, revile.
διώξωσιν  shall  persecute  [you] 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3rd Person Plural
Root: διώκω  
Sense: to make to run or flee, put to flight, drive away.
εἴπωσιν  shall  say 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3rd Person Plural
Root: λέγω  
Sense: to speak, say.
πᾶν  all  kinds  of 
Parse: Adjective, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: πᾶς  
Sense: individually.
πονηρὸν  evil 
Parse: Adjective, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: πονηρός  
Sense: full of labours, annoyances, hardships.
καθ’  against 
Parse: Preposition
Root: κατά 
Sense: down from, through out.
ψευδόμενοι  lying 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Middle or Passive, Nominative Masculine Plural
Root: ψεύδομαι  
Sense: to lie, to speak deliberate falsehoods.
ἕνεκεν  on  account  of 
Parse: Preposition
Root: εἵνεκεν 
Sense: on account of, for the sake of, for.
ἐμοῦ  Me 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive 1st Person Singular
Root: ἐγώ  
Sense: I, me, my.

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