The Meaning of Matthew 27:33 Explained

Matthew 27:33

KJV: And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

YLT: and having come to a place called Golgotha, that is called Place of a Skull,

Darby: And having come to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a skull,

ASV: And they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, The place of a skull,

What does Matthew 27:33 Mean?

Study Notes

And when
The Order of Events at the Crucifixion
The order of events at the crucifixion:
(1) the arrival at Golgotha Matthew 27:33 ; Mark 15:22 ; Luke 23:33 ; John 19:17
(2) the offer of the stupefying drink refused Matthew 27:34 ; Mark 15:23
(3) Jesus is crucified between two thieves Matthew 27:35-38 ; Mark 15:24-28 ; Luke 23:33-38 ; John 19:18-24
(4) He utters the first cry from the cross, "Father, forgive," etc. Matthew 27:26-305 .
(5) The soldiers part His garments Matthew 27:35 ; Mark 15:24 ; Luke 23:34 ; John 19:23
(6) The Jews mock Jesus Matthew 27:39-44 ; Mark 15:29-32 ; Luke 23:35-38
(7) The thieves rail on Him, but one repents and believes Matthew 27:44 ; Mark 15:32 ; Luke 23:39-43 .
(8) The second cry from the cross, "To-day shalt thou be with me," etc. Luke 23:43 .
(9) The third cry, "Woman, behold thy son" John 19:26 ; John 19:27 .
(10) The darkness Matthew 27:45 ; Mark 15:33 ; Luke 23:44 .
(11) The fourth cry, "My God," etc. Matthew 27:46 ; Matthew 27:47 ; Mark 15:34-36
(12) The fifth cry, "I thirst" John 19:28 .
(13) The sixth cry, "It is finished" John 19:30 .
(14) The seventh cry, "Father, into thy hands," etc. Luke 23:46 .
(15) Our Lord dismisses his spirit Matthew 27:50 ; Mark 15:1-5 ; Luke 23:46 ; John 19:30 .
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A comparison of the narratives gives the following order of events in the crucifixion day:
(1) Early in the morning Jesus is brought before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin. He is condemned and mocked Matthew 26:57-68 ; Mark 14:55-65 ; Luke 22:63-71 ; John 18:19-24 .
(2) The Sanhedrin lead Jesus to Pilate, Matthew 27:1 ; Matthew 27:2 ; Matthew 27:11-14 ; Mark 15:37 ; Luke 23:1-5 ; John 18:28-38 .
(3) Pilate sends Jesus to Herod Luke 23:6-12 ; John 19:4 .
(4) Jesus is again brought before Pilate, who releases Barabbas and delivers Jesus to be crucified Matthew 27:15-26 ; Mark 15:6-15 ; Luke 23:13-25 ; John 18:39 ; John 18:40 ; John 19:4-16 .
(5) Jesus is crowned with thorns and mocked 1664058980_63 ; Mark 15:15-20 ; John 19:1-3 .
(6) Suicide of Judas Matthew 27:3-10 .
(7) Led forth to be crucified, the cross is laid upon Simon: Jesus discourses to the women Matthew 27:31 ; Matthew 27:32 ; Mark 15:20-23 ; Luke 23:26-33 ; John 19:16 ; John 19:17 .
For the order of events at the crucifixion (See Scofield " Matthew 27:33 ")

Verse Meaning

The word "Golgotha" is a Greek transliteration of the Aramaic gulgolta meaning "skull." "Calvary" comes from the Latin calva, "skull." Its exact location is unknown. It was evidently north of the old city wall, probably not far from the site of the present Church of the Holy Sepulcher (cf. John 19:20). Edersheim believed that the site was very close to the present Damascus Gate. [1] Gordon"s Calvary, which is not far from the Damascus Gate, does not enjoy much support as a site from scholars any more. [2] The traditional Via Dolorosa ("the way of sorrow"), the route from Jesus" trial to the site of His crucifixion, rests on the assumption that Jesus" trial before Pilate took place in the Antonia Fortress.

Context Summary

Matthew 27:32-44 - "where They Crucified Him"
He will not drink what would dull His keen sense of the momentous issues of the Cross. Those taunts were true. None who save themselves can save others. The cry of forsakenness, the midday midnight, the yielded spirit, the rent veil, the opened tombs, the sympathy of nature-all these proved that this was no common death, and were in keeping with everything that Scripture had foretold, 1 Peter 1:11.
Our Lord was wrapped in midnight, that He might be our "bright and morning star." He became obedient to death, that He might give eternal life. His heel was sorely wounded, that He might break the head of him that had the power of death, and might wear forever at His girdle the keys of death and Hades. Make His soul an offering for thy sin. Hide in the cleft which the soldier's spear opened in His side. He has made peace by the blood of His Cross; we have but to accept and be at rest. [source]

Chapter Summary: Matthew 27

1  Jesus is delivered bound to Pilate
3  Judas hangs himself
19  Pilate, admonished of his wife,
20  and being urged by the multitude, washes his hands, and releases Barabbas
27  Jesus is mocked and crowned with thorns;
33  crucified;
39  reviled;
50  dies, and is buried;
62  his tomb is sealed and watched

Greek Commentary for Matthew 27:33

Golgotha [Γολγοτα]
Chaldaic or Aramaic Gulgatha, Hebrew Gulgoleth, place of a skull-shaped mount, not place of skulls. Latin Vulgate Calvariae locus, hence our Calvary. Tyndale misunderstood it as a place of dead men‘s skulls. Calvary or Golgotha is not the traditional place of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, but a place outside of the city, probably what is now called Gordon‘s Calvary, a hill north of the city wall which from the Mount of Olives looks like a skull, the rock-hewn tombs resembling eyes in one of which Jesus may have been buried. [source]
Golgotha []
An Aramaic word, Gulgoltha= the Hebrew, Gulgolethand translated skull in Judges 9:53; 2 Kings 9:35. The word Calvary comes through the Latin calvaria, meaning skull, and used in the Vulgate. The New Testament narrative does not mention a mount or hill. The place was probably a rounded elevation. The meaning is not, as Tynd., a place of dead men's skulls, but simply skull. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Matthew 27:33

Mark 15:22 Golgotha []
See on Matthew 27:33. [source]
Mark 15:22 They bring him [περουσιν αυτον]
Historical present again. See note on Matthew 27:33. for discussion of Golgotha. [source]
Luke 23:33 Calvary [Κρανίον]
The Greek word is the translation of the Hebrew Golgotha. See on sa40" translation="">Matthew 27:33.sa40 [source]
Luke 23:33 The skull [το κρανιον]
Probably because it looked like a skull. See note on Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22. [source]
John 19:17 Skull []
See on Matthew 27:33. [source]
John 19:17 Bearing the cross for himself [βασταζων αυτωι τον σταυρον]
Cf. Luke 14:27 for this very picture in the words of Jesus. The dative case of the reflexive pronoun αυτωι — hautōi “for himself” is in strict accord with Roman custom. “A criminal condemned to be crucified was required to carry his own cross” (Bernard). But apparently Jesus under the strain of the night before and the anguish of heart within him gave out so that Simon of Cyrene was impressed to carry it for Jesus (Mark 15:21.; Matthew 27:32.; Luke 23:26). See Mark 15:22.; Matthew 27:33.; Luke 23:33 for the meaning of “place of a skull” or Calvary and Golgotha in Hebrew (Aramaic). Luke has simply Κρανιον — Kranion (Skull), a skull-looking place. [source]

What do the individual words in Matthew 27:33 mean?

And having come to a place called Golgotha which is of a Skull Place called
Καὶ ἐλθόντες εἰς τόπον λεγόμενον Γολγοθᾶ ἐστιν κρανίου τόπος λεγόμενος

ἐλθόντες  having  come 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Participle Active, Nominative Masculine Plural
Root: ἔρχομαι  
Sense: to come.
τόπον  a  place 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Singular
Root: τόπος 
Sense: place, any portion or space marked off, as it were from surrounding space.
λεγόμενον  called 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Middle or Passive, Accusative Masculine Singular
Root: λέγω 
Sense: to say, to speak.
Γολγοθᾶ  Golgotha 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Feminine Singular
Root: Γολγοθᾶ  
Sense: the name of a place outside Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; so called, apparently because its form resembled a skull.
κρανίου  of  a  Skull 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Neuter Singular
Root: κρανίον  
Sense: a skull.
τόπος  Place 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: τόπος 
Sense: place, any portion or space marked off, as it were from surrounding space.
λεγόμενος  called 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Middle or Passive, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: λέγω 
Sense: to say, to speak.