The Meaning of Luke 23:47 Explained

Luke 23:47

KJV: Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.

YLT: And the centurion having seen what was done, did glorify God, saying, 'Really this man was righteous;'

Darby: Now the centurion, seeing what took place, glorified God, saying, In very deed this man was just.

ASV: And when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.

What is the context of Luke 23:47?

What does Luke 23:47 Mean?

Study Notes

Righteousness here, and in the passages which refer to Romans 10:10 , means that righteousness of God which is judicially reckoned to all who believe on the Lord Jesus Christ; believers are the righteous.
(See Scofield " Romans 3:21 ") .

Context Summary

Luke 23:47-56 - Faith From, Unexpected Quarters
God has His agents everywhere. They are not known to us, but are well known to Him, and one word from Him will bring them and their resources to His help. How many are unsuspected lovers of His Kingdom! Who would have thought that Joseph was waiting for the kingdom of God, or that he would have identified its advent with the death on the cross!
The body of our Lord was well cared for. They who commit themselves to God will find that He will make Himself responsible for the body, in life to feed and in death to honor; see Matthew 6:33; Deuteronomy 34:6. The new tomb was so ordered that there could be no possible mistake in identifying the precious body, and that the Resurrection should be beyond question. Love, which clings to the last offices with tender solicitude hastened to express itself with a devotion that braved the hatred of the rulers. Darkness and silence settled on the scene-but this was not the end. [source]

Chapter Summary: Luke 23

1  Jesus is accused before Pilate, and sent to Herod
8  Herod mocks him
12  Herod and Pilate become friends
13  Barabbas is desired of the people,
24  and is released by Pilate, and Jesus is given to be crucified
26  He tells the women, that lament him, the destruction of Jerusalem;
34  prays for his enemies
39  Two criminals are crucified with him
46  His death
50  His burial

Greek Commentary for Luke 23:47

Glorified [εδοχαζεν]
Imperfect active. Began to glorify (inchoative) or kept on glorifying. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Luke 23:47

Luke 7:2 Centurion‘s servant [εκατονταρχου τινος δουλος]
Slave of a certain centurion (Latin word centurio, commander of a century or hundred). Mark 15:39, Mark 15:44 has the Latin word in Greek letters, χεντυριο — kenturiōn The centurion commanded a company which varied from fifty to a hundred. Each cohort had six centuries. Each legion had ten cohorts or bands (Acts 10:1). The centurions mentioned in the N.T. all seem to be fine men as Polybius states that the best men in the army had this position. See also Luke 23:47. The Greek has two forms of the word, both from κεντυριων — hekaton hundred, and εκατον — archō to rule, and they appear to be used interchangeably. So we have αρχω — hekatontarchos here, the form is -εκατονταρχος — archos and αρχος — hekatontarchēs the form is -εκατονταρχης — archēs in Luke 7:6. The manuscripts differ about it in almost every instance. The -αρχης — archos form is accepted by Westcott and Hort only in the nominative save the genitive singular here in Luke 7:2 and the accusative singular in Acts 22:25. See like variation between them in Matthew 8:5, Matthew 8:8 (-αρχος — archos) and Matthew 8:13 So also -αρχηι — archon (Acts 22:25) and -αρχον — archēs (Acts 22:26). [source]
Acts 10:1 Cornelius [Kornēlios)]
The great Cornelian family of Rome may have had a freedman or descendant who is centurion See Matthew 8:5. These Roman centurions always appear in a favourable light in the N.T. (Matthew 8:5; Luke 7:2; Luke 23:47; Acts 10:1; Acts 22:25; Acts 27:3). Furneaux notes the contrasts between Joppa, the oldest town in Palestine, and Caesarea, built by Herod; the Galilean fisherman lodging with a tanner and the Roman officer in the seat of governmental authority. [source]
1 Timothy 5:3 Who are widows indeed [τὰς ὄντως χήρας]
Comp. 1 Timothy 5:5, 1 Timothy 5:16. Ὄντως verilytruly, twice in Paul, 1 Corinthians 14:25; Galatians 3:21. See on 2 Peter 2:18. Wherever ὄντως is used by Paul or by any other N.T. writer, it is used purely as an adverb (see Luke 23:47; Luke 24:34): but in all the four instances in the Pastorals, it is preceded by the article and converted into an adjective. The meaning is, who are absolutely bereaved, without children or relations (comp. 1 Timothy 5:4), and have been but once married. There is probably also an implied contrast with those described in 1 Timothy 5:6, 1 Timothy 5:11-13. [source]
1 Timothy 5:3 That are widows indeed [τας οντως χηρας]
For οντως — ontōs (actually, really), see Luke 23:47; 1 Corinthians 14:25; and 1 Timothy 5:5. For widows (χηρα — chēra) see note on Mark 12:40; note on Mark 12:42; note on Acts 6:1; and note on 1 Corinthians 7:8. Parry notes that in 1 Timothy 5:3-8 Paul discusses widows who are in distress and 1 Timothy 5:9 those who are in the employment of the local church for certain work. Evidently, as in Acts 6:1-6, so here in Ephesus there had arisen some trouble over the widows in the church. Both for individual cases of need and as a class Timothy is to show proper respect (τιμα — timā keep on honouring) the widows. [source]

What do the individual words in Luke 23:47 mean?

Having seen now the centurion that having taken place he began glorifying - God saying Certainly man this righteous was
Ἰδὼν δὲ ἑκατοντάρχης τὸ γενόμενον ἐδόξαζεν τὸν Θεὸν λέγων Ὄντως ἄνθρωπος οὗτος δίκαιος ἦν

Ἰδὼν  Having  seen 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Participle Active, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: εἶδον 
Sense: to see with the eyes.
δὲ  now 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: δέ  
Sense: but, moreover, and, etc.
ἑκατοντάρχης  centurion 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: ἑκατοντάρχης 
Sense: an officer in the Roman army.
τὸ  that 
Parse: Article, Accusative Neuter Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
γενόμενον  having  taken  place 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Participle Middle, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: γίνομαι  
Sense: to become, i.
ἐδόξαζεν  he  began  glorifying 
Parse: Verb, Imperfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: δοξάζω  
Sense: to think, suppose, be of opinion.
τὸν  - 
Parse: Article, Accusative Masculine Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
Θεὸν  God 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Singular
Root: θεός  
Sense: a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities.
λέγων  saying 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Active, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: λέγω 
Sense: to say, to speak.
Ὄντως  Certainly 
Parse: Adverb
Root: ὀλίγως 
Sense: truly, in reality, in point of fact, as opp.
ἄνθρωπος  man 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: ἄνθρωπος  
Sense: a human being, whether male or female.
οὗτος  this 
Parse: Demonstrative Pronoun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: οὗτος  
Sense: this.
δίκαιος  righteous 
Parse: Adjective, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: δίκαιος  
Sense: righteous, observing divine laws.

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