The Meaning of Luke 19:19 Explained

Luke 19:19

KJV: And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.

YLT: and he said also to this one, And thou, become thou over five cities.

Darby: And he said also to this one, And thou, be over five cities.

ASV: And he said unto him also, Be thou also over five cities.

What does Luke 19:19 Mean?

Context Summary

Luke 19:11-27 - Doing Business For God
In many respects this parable differs from that of the ten talents. In that, the servants are entrusted with different amounts; in this, the same amount is allotted to each. Obviously, the former deals with our powers and opportunities for service, which greatly differ; whereas the latter deals with those ordinary gifts which are common to all, and especially with the gift of salvation. All have the opportunity of using and enjoying the same bestowment of life which is in Jesus Christ for those who believe, Judges 1:3.
Some make the greatest possible use of "our common salvation." They increase its blessings by much prayer and faith and experience. They speak of it to others and spread the knowledge of the heights and depths of God's love. The more they do this, the more it grows on them. Others pass through life without realizing or enjoying Christ's gift of eternal life. They hope that they may be saved; but they have no deep experimental knowledge of His love. These are they who misuse their pound! What a contrast between such and Paul or Luther or Wesley! [source]

Chapter Summary: Luke 19

1  Of Zacchaeus a tax collector
11  The ten minas
28  Jesus rides into Jerusalem with triumph;
41  weeps over it;
45  drives the buyers and sellers out of the temple;
47  Teaching daily in it The rulers seek to destroy him, but fear the people

Greek Commentary for Luke 19:19

Be thou also over [και συ επανο γινου]
Present middle imperative. Keep on becoming over. There is no real reason for identifying this parable of the pounds with the parable of the talents in Matthew 25. The versatility of Jesus needs to be remembered by those who seek to flatten out everything. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Luke 19:19

2 Timothy 2:12 If we suffer we shall also reign with him [εἰ ὑπομένομεν, καὶ συνβασιλεύσομεν]
For suffer, rend. endure. Συνβασιλεύειν toreign with, only here and 1 Corinthians 4:8. Comp. Luke 19:17, Luke 19:19; Luke 22:29, Luke 22:30; Romans 5:17; Revelation 4:4; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 22:5. [source]

What do the individual words in Luke 19:19 mean?

He said then also to this one And you over are to be five cities
Εἶπεν δὲ καὶ τούτῳ Καὶ σὺ ἐπάνω γίνου πέντε πόλεων

Εἶπεν  He  said 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: λέγω  
Sense: to speak, say.
καὶ  also 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: καί  
Sense: and, also, even, indeed, but.
τούτῳ  to  this  one 
Parse: Demonstrative Pronoun, Dative Masculine Singular
Root: οὗτος  
Sense: this.
ἐπάνω  over 
Parse: Preposition
Root: ἐπάνω  
Sense: above.
γίνου  are  to  be 
Parse: Verb, Present Imperative Middle or Passive, 2nd Person Singular
Root: γίνομαι  
Sense: to become, i.
πέντε  five 
Parse: Adjective, Genitive Feminine Plural
Root: πέντε  
Sense: five.
πόλεων  cities 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Feminine Plural
Root: πόλις  
Sense: a city.