The Meaning of Luke 14:33 Explained

Luke 14:33

KJV: So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.

YLT: 'So, then, every one of you who doth not take leave of all that he himself hath, is not able to be my disciple.

Darby: Thus then every one of you who forsakes not all that is his own cannot be my disciple.

ASV: So therefore whosoever he be of you that renounceth not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.

What does Luke 14:33 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Jesus now applied the parables (cf. Luke 14:26-27). Obviously the Twelve had not given away everything they owned, but they had adopted a lifestyle conducive to fulfilling their mission that involved relatively few possessions. Therefore we should probably understand Jesus" command as requiring a willingness to part with possessions as necessary to follow Jesus faithfully (cf. Luke 12:33). Elsewhere Jesus taught His disciples to manage the possessions that they did have wisely ( Luke 16:1-12). A person should not begin a venture without the assurance of sufficient resources to finish it. Similarly one should not begin following Jesus without being willing to sacrifice anything to complete that project successfully.

Context Summary

Luke 14:25-35 - The Cost Of Discipleship
Here we have our Lord's use of the winnowing-fan. Amid the teeming crowds He knew that there were many light and superficial souls who had not realized the cost involved in discipleship. Mark the thrice-repeated words-cannot be my disciple.
Our love must be greater than the ties of family affection, Luke 14:26; must be greater than our love for our own way, which must be nailed to the Cross, Luke 14:27; must be greater than our love of possessions and property, Luke 14:33. Christ has done more than any other teacher to cement the relationships of human love, but He always asks that they should be subordinated to the claims of God. Oh, for the love that Paul had! See Philippians 3:8.
What a comfort it is to realize that God counted the cost before He set about the task of redemption, whether of a world or of us as individuals. He knew all that it would cost, and surely He did not begin what He cannot complete! [source]

Chapter Summary: Luke 14

1  Jesus heals the dropsy on the Sabbath;
7  teaches humility;
12  to feast the poor;
15  under the parable of the great supper,
23  shows how worldly minded men shall be shut out of heaven
25  Those who will be his disciples, to bear their cross must make their accounts beforehand,
31  lest with shame they revolt from him afterward;
34  and become altogether unprofitable, like salt that has lost its flavor

Greek Commentary for Luke 14:33

Renounceth not [ουκ αποτασσεται]
Old Greek word to set apart as in a military camp, then in the middle voice to separate oneself from, say good-bye to (Luke 9:61), to renounce, forsake, as here. [source]
All that he hath [πασιν τοις εαυτου υπαρχουσιν]
Dative case, says good-bye to all his property, “all his own belongings” (neuter plural participle used as substantive) as named in Luke 14:26. This verse gives the principle in the two parables of the rash builder and of the rash king. The minor details do not matter. The spirit of self-sacrifice is the point. [source]
Forsaketh [ἀποτάσσεται]
Bids good-by to. Rev., renounceth. See on Luke 9:61. “In that forsaketh lies the key to the whole passage” (Trench). Christian discipleship is founded in self-renunciation. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Luke 14:33

Luke 9:61 To bid farewell [ἀποτάξασθαι]
In this sense the word is used only in later Greek. In classical Greek it signifies to set apart or assign, as a soldier to his post or an official to his office, and later to detach soldiers. Hence to dismiss one with orders. This latter sense may, as Kypke suggests, be included in the meaning of the word in this passage; the man desiring to return home, not merely to take formal leave, but also to give his final instructions to his friends and servants. Similarly, Acts 18:18, of Paul taking leave of the brethren at Corinth, and, presumably, giving them instructions at parting. In the New Testament the word is used invariably in the sense of bidding farewell. Mark 6:46 is rendered by Rev. after he had taken leave of them. See note there, and compare Luke 14:33; 2 Corinthians 2:13. [source]

What do the individual words in Luke 14:33 mean?

So therefore every one of you who not does give up all that he himself possesses not is able to be My disciple
Οὕτως οὖν πᾶς ἐξ ὑμῶν ὃς οὐκ ἀποτάσσεται πᾶσιν τοῖς ἑαυτοῦ ὑπάρχουσιν οὐ δύναται εἶναί μου μαθητής

Οὕτως  So 
Parse: Adverb
Root: οὕτως  
Sense: in this manner, thus, so.
πᾶς  every  one 
Parse: Adjective, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: πᾶς  
Sense: individually.
ἀποτάσσεται  does  give  up 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Middle, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἀποτάσσω  
Sense: to set apart, separate.
τοῖς  that 
Parse: Article, Dative Neuter Plural
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
ἑαυτοῦ  he  himself 
Parse: Reflexive Pronoun, Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἑαυτοῦ  
Sense: himself, herself, itself, themselves.
ὑπάρχουσιν  possesses 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Active, Dative Neuter Plural
Root: ὑπάρχω  
Sense: to begin below, to make a beginning.
δύναται  is  able 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Middle or Passive, 3rd Person Singular
Root: δύναμαι  
Sense: to be able, have power whether by virtue of one’s own ability and resources, or of a state of mind, or through favourable circumstances, or by permission of law or custom.
εἶναί  to  be 
Parse: Verb, Present Infinitive Active
Root: εἰμί  
Sense: to be, to exist, to happen, to be present.
μου  My 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive 1st Person Singular
Root: ἐγώ  
Sense: I, me, my.
μαθητής  disciple 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: μαθητής  
Sense: a learner, pupil, disciple.