The Meaning of Luke 10:6 Explained

Luke 10:6

KJV: And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again.

YLT: and if indeed there may be there the son of peace, rest on it shall your peace; and if not so, upon you it shall turn back.

Darby: And if a son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it; but if not it shall turn to you again.

ASV: And if a son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon him: but if not, it shall turn to you again.

What does Luke 10:6 Mean?

Context Summary

Luke 10:1-16 - The Forerunners Of The Lord
In the appointment of the Seventy there was perhaps an allusion to Numbers 11:24-25. In this case, as in that, there was the endowment of conspicuous spiritual power. We can only prepare the way for our Lord. No one of us can suffice for the soul of man. We must always say with the Baptist: "There cometh one mightier than I." Would that Christ always came where we had been! See Luke 10:1.
Let us not forget to pray for laborers; but if we pray truly we shall endeavor to answer our own prayers, by going and by inciting others to go. How often a child's life becomes dedicated through hands being laid on the young head by some servant of God, who says: "When you grow up, you must work for the Lord Jesus!"
The Lord asks for simplicity. We may not in our northern climate be able to carry out these precepts precisely and literally. But the inner thought of His words is that we are to be absorbed in giving the message, leaving all things else as a very secondary question and allowing God to care for us and ours. [source]

Chapter Summary: Luke 10

1  Jesus sends out at once seventy disciples to work miracles, and to preach;
13  pronounces a woe against certain cities
17  The seventy return with joy;
18  he shows them wherein to rejoice,
21  and thanks his Father for his grace;
23  magnifies the happy estate of his church;
25  teaches the lawyer how to attain eternal life,
30  and tells the parable of the good Samaritan;
38  reprimands Martha, and commends Mary her sister

Greek Commentary for Luke 10:6

A son of peace [υιος ειρηνης]
A Hebraism, though some examples occur in the vernacular Koiné papyri. It means one inclined to peace, describing the head of the household. [source]
Shall rest [επαναπαησεται]
Second future passive of επαναπαυω — epanapauō a late double compound Common verb anakamptō to bend back, return. The peace in that case will bend back with blessing upon the one who spoke it. [source]
If a son of peace be there []
So Rev. A Hebraism, referring to the character of the head of the house, and the tone of the household. Compare Job 21:9. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Luke 10:6

Romans 2:17 Restest upon the law [επαναπαυηι νομωι]
Late and rare double compound, in lxx and once in the Didache. In N.T. only here and Luke 10:6 which see. It means to lean upon, to refresh oneself back upon anything, here with locative case It is the picture of blind and mechanical reliance on the Mosaic law. Gloriest in God (καυχασαι εν τεωι — kauchāsai en theōi). Koiné{[28928]}š vernacular form for καυχαι — kauchāi (καυχαεσαι καυχασαι — kauchaesaiκαυχαομαι — kauchāsai) of κατακαυχασαι — kauchaomai as in Romans 2:23; 1 Corinthians 4:7 and δοκιμαζεις τα διαπεροντα — katakauchāsai in Romans 11:18. The Jew gloried in God as a national asset and private prerogative (2 Corinthians 10:15; Galatians 6:13). Approvest the things that are excellent Originally, “Thou testest the things that differ,” and then as a result comes the approval for the excellent things. As in Philemon 1:10 it is difficult to tell which stage of the process Paul has in mind. Instructed out of the law (κατηχεω — katēchoumenos ek tou nomou). Present passive participle of katēcheō a rare verb to instruct, though occurring in the papyri for legal instruction. See note on Luke 1:4 and note on 1 Corinthians 14:19. The Jew‘s “ethical discernment was the fruit of catechetical and synagogical instruction in the Old Testament” (Shedd). [source]
1 Peter 4:14 Resteth [ἀναπαύεται]
Compare Isaiah 11:2; Luke 10:6; Numbers 11:25, Numbers 11:26; Mark 6:31; Matthew 26:45; Revelation 14:13. Also, Matthew 11:28, where the word is used in the active voice, to give rest or refreshment. [source]

What do the individual words in Luke 10:6 mean?

And if there is a son of peace will rest upon him the peace of you if however not so to you it will return
καὶ ἐὰν ἐκεῖ υἱὸς εἰρήνης ἐπαναπαήσεται ἐπ’ αὐτὸν εἰρήνη ὑμῶν εἰ δὲ μή¦γε ἐφ’ ὑμᾶς ἀνακάμψει

υἱὸς  a  son 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: υἱός  
Sense: a son.
εἰρήνης  of  peace 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Feminine Singular
Root: εἰρήνη  
Sense: a state of national tranquillity.
ἐπαναπαήσεται  will  rest 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Passive, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἐπαναπαύομαι  
Sense: to cause to rest upon anything.
ἐπ’  upon 
Parse: Preposition
Root: ἐπί  
Sense: upon, on, at, by, before.
εἰρήνη  peace 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Feminine Singular
Root: εἰρήνη  
Sense: a state of national tranquillity.
ὑμῶν  of  you 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive 2nd Person Plural
Root: σύ  
Sense: you.
δὲ  however 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: δέ  
Sense: but, moreover, and, etc.
μή¦γε  not  so 
Parse: Particle
Root: εἰ 
Sense: otherwise, but if not.
ἀνακάμψει  it  will  return 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἀνακάμπτω  
Sense: to bend back, to turn back.