The Meaning of Luke 1:53 Explained

Luke 1:53

KJV: He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.

YLT: The hungry He did fill with good, And the rich He sent away empty,

Darby: He has filled the hungry with good things, and sent away the rich empty.

ASV: The hungry he hath filled with good things; And the rich he hath sent empty away.

What does Luke 1:53 Mean?

Context Summary

Luke 1:39-56 - The Song Of The Virgin Mother
Zacharias lived in a Levitical city in the hill country of Judah. The narrative evidently implies that there had been no previous communication between the two women of what had happened. In their greeting both were led and taught of the Spirit.
Evidently Mary was living in close familiarity with the Scriptures. Often she had been deeply moved by their radiant promises, and had pleaded that God would at last help His people and send the Savior. Now that this blessing had come to her, she voiced her thanks, not only under the express inspiration of the Holy Spirit, but in the familiar expressions of Scripture. No others would have sufficed. Compare Hannah's song of praise, under similar circumstances, 1 Samuel 2:1-10. This song is called the Magnificat, that being the first word in the Latin version. Wonder and praise, humility and exultation, adoration and congratulation-these colors chase one another in the heart of this jewel. [source]

Chapter Summary: Luke 1

1  The preface of Luke to his whole gospel
5  The conception of John the Baptist;
26  and of Jesus
39  The prophecy of Elisabeth and of Mary, concerning Jesus
57  The nativity and circumcision of John
67  The prophecy of Zachariah, both of Jesus,
76  and of John

What do the individual words in Luke 1:53 mean?

[Those] hungering He has filled with good things and [those] being rich He has sent away empty
πεινῶντας ἐνέπλησεν ἀγαθῶν καὶ πλουτοῦντας ἐξαπέστειλεν κενούς

πεινῶντας  [Those]  hungering 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Active, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: πεινάω  
Sense: to hunger, be hungry.
ἐνέπλησεν  He  has  filled 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἐμπιμπλάω 
Sense: to fill up, fill full.
ἀγαθῶν  with  good  things 
Parse: Adjective, Genitive Neuter Plural
Root: ἀγαθός 
Sense: of good constitution or nature.
πλουτοῦντας  [those]  being  rich 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Active, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: πλουτέω  
Sense: to be rich, to have abundance.
ἐξαπέστειλεν  He  has  sent  away 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἐξαποστέλλω  
Sense: to send forth.
κενούς  empty 
Parse: Adjective, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: κενός  
Sense: empty, vain, devoid of truth.