The Meaning of Leviticus 23:21 Explained

Leviticus 23:21

KJV: And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

YLT: and ye have proclaimed on this self-same day: a holy convocation is to you, ye do no servile work -- a statute age-during in all your dwellings, to your generations.

Darby: And ye shall make proclamation on that same day a holy convocation shall it be unto you: no manner of servile work shall ye do: it is an everlasting statute in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

ASV: And ye shall make proclamation on the selfsame day; there shall be a holy convocation unto you; ye shall do no servile work: it is a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

What does Leviticus 23:21 Mean?

Context Summary

Leviticus 23:15-32 - Wave-Loaves, Trumpets And Atonement
The Hebrew feasts divide themselves into two groups, connected with the Passover and the Day of Atonement, respectively, and occurring in the first and seventh months of the year. First came the Passover, on the fourteenth day of the first month, followed closely by the Week of Unleavened Bread, and at a distance of seven weeks further on by the Feast of Pentecost (Pentecost is the Greek word for fifty; see Leviticus 23:16).
These three form the first group. Six months afterward, on the tenth day of the seventh month, came the most solemn day in the whole year-the Day of Atonement. It was preceded by the Feast of Trumpets, and followed closely by the Feast of Tabernacles. This was the second group. But each group set forth a distinct aspect of redemption. In the Passover, we are reminded that we were redeemed from sin: in the Atonement, that we are redeemed to God. Do not forget to find Christ's resurrection in Leviticus 23:11, and the first-fruits of the Spirit in Leviticus 23:17. [source]

Chapter Summary: Leviticus 23

1  The feasts of the Lord
3  the Sabbath
4  The Passover
9  The sheaf of firstfruits
15  The feast of Pentecost
22  Gleanings to be left for the poor
23  The feast of trumpets
26  The day of atonement
33  The feast of tabernacles

What do the individual words in Leviticus 23:21 mean?

And you shall proclaim on same day this a convocation holy [that] it is to you Any work customary not shall you do [it shall be] a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations
וּקְרָאתֶ֞ם בְּעֶ֣צֶם ׀ הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֗ה מִֽקְרָא־ קֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה לָכֶ֔ם כָּל־ מְלֶ֥אכֶת עֲבֹדָ֖ה לֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֑וּ חֻקַּ֥ת עוֹלָ֛ם בְּכָל־ מוֹשְׁבֹ֥תֵיכֶ֖ם לְדֹרֹֽתֵיכֶֽם

וּקְרָאתֶ֞ם  And  you  shall  proclaim 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Conjunctive perfect, second person masculine plural
Root: קָרָא  
Sense: to call, call out, recite, read, cry out, proclaim.
בְּעֶ֣צֶם ׀  on  same 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: עֶצֶם 
Sense: bone, essence, substance.
הַיּ֣וֹם  day 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: יׄום 
Sense: day, time, year.
הַזֶּ֗ה  this 
Parse: Article, Pronoun, masculine singular
Root: זֶה  
Sense: this, this one, here, which, this … that, the one … the other, another, such.
מִֽקְרָא־  a  convocation 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: מִקְרָא  
Sense: convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together.
קֹ֙דֶשׁ֙  holy 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: קֹדֶשׁ  
Sense: apartness, holiness, sacredness, separateness.
יִהְיֶ֣ה  [that]  it  is 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: אֶהְיֶה 
Sense: to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out.
לָכֶ֔ם  to  you 
Parse: Preposition, second person masculine plural
כָּל־  Any 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
מְלֶ֥אכֶת  work 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: מְלָאכָה  
Sense: occupation, work, business.
עֲבֹדָ֖ה  customary 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: עֲבֹדָה  
Sense: labour, service.
תַעֲשׂ֑וּ  shall  you  do 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, second person masculine plural
Root: עָשָׂה 
Sense: to do, fashion, accomplish, make.
חֻקַּ֥ת  [it  shall  be]  a  statute 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: חֻקָּה  
Sense: statute, ordinance, limit, enactment, something prescribed.
עוֹלָ֛ם  forever 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: עֹולָם  
Sense: long duration, antiquity, futurity, for ever, ever, everlasting, evermore, perpetual, old, ancient, world.
בְּכָל־  in  all 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
מוֹשְׁבֹ֥תֵיכֶ֖ם  your  dwellings 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct, second person masculine plural
Root: מֹושָׁב  
Sense: seat, assembly, dwelling-place, dwelling, dwellers.
לְדֹרֹֽתֵיכֶֽם  throughout  your  generations 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine plural construct, second person masculine plural
Root: דֹּור 
Sense: period, generation, habitation, dwelling.