The Meaning of Leviticus 23:19 Explained

Leviticus 23:19

KJV: Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

YLT: 'And ye have prepared one kid of the goats for a sin-offering, and two lambs, sons of a year, for a sacrifice of peace-offerings,

Darby: And ye shall sacrifice one buck of the goats for a sin-offering, and two he-lambs, yearlings, for a sacrifice of peace-offering.

ASV: And ye shall offer one he-goat for a sin-offering, and two he-lambs a year old for a sacrifice of peace-offerings.

What does Leviticus 23:19 Mean?

Context Summary

Leviticus 23:15-32 - Wave-Loaves, Trumpets And Atonement
The Hebrew feasts divide themselves into two groups, connected with the Passover and the Day of Atonement, respectively, and occurring in the first and seventh months of the year. First came the Passover, on the fourteenth day of the first month, followed closely by the Week of Unleavened Bread, and at a distance of seven weeks further on by the Feast of Pentecost (Pentecost is the Greek word for fifty; see Leviticus 23:16).
These three form the first group. Six months afterward, on the tenth day of the seventh month, came the most solemn day in the whole year-the Day of Atonement. It was preceded by the Feast of Trumpets, and followed closely by the Feast of Tabernacles. This was the second group. But each group set forth a distinct aspect of redemption. In the Passover, we are reminded that we were redeemed from sin: in the Atonement, that we are redeemed to God. Do not forget to find Christ's resurrection in Leviticus 23:11, and the first-fruits of the Spirit in Leviticus 23:17. [source]

Chapter Summary: Leviticus 23

1  The feasts of the Lord
3  the Sabbath
4  The Passover
9  The sheaf of firstfruits
15  The feast of Pentecost
22  Gleanings to be left for the poor
23  The feast of trumpets
26  The day of atonement
33  The feast of tabernacles

What do the individual words in Leviticus 23:19 mean?

And you shall sacrifice kid of the goats one as a sin offering and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering
וַעֲשִׂיתֶ֛ם שְׂעִיר־ עִזִּ֥ים אֶחָ֖ד לְחַטָּ֑את וּשְׁנֵ֧י כְבָשִׂ֛ים בְּנֵ֥י שָׁנָ֖ה לְזֶ֥בַח שְׁלָמִֽים

וַעֲשִׂיתֶ֛ם  And  you  shall  sacrifice 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Conjunctive perfect, second person masculine plural
Root: עָשָׂה 
Sense: to do, fashion, accomplish, make.
שְׂעִיר־  kid 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: שָׂעִיר 
Sense: hairy.
עִזִּ֥ים  of  the  goats 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural
Root: עֵז  
Sense: female goat, she-goat, goat, kid.
אֶחָ֖ד  one 
Parse: Number, masculine singular
Root: אֶחָד  
Sense: one (number).
לְחַטָּ֑את  as  a  sin  offering 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, feminine singular
Root: חַטָּאָה 
Sense: sin, sinful.
וּשְׁנֵ֧י  and  two 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Number, mdc
Root: שְׁנַיִם  
Sense: two.
כְבָשִׂ֛ים  male  lambs 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural
Root: כֶּבֶשׂ  
Sense: lamb, sheep, young ram.
בְּנֵ֥י  of  the  first 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
שָׁנָ֖ה  year 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: שָׁנָה  
Sense: year.
לְזֶ֥בַח  as  a  sacrifice 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: זֶבַח  
Sense: sacrifice.
שְׁלָמִֽים  of  a  peace  offering 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural
Root: שֶׁלֶם  
Sense: peace offering, requital, sacrifice for alliance or friendship.