The Meaning of Leviticus 19:12 Explained

Leviticus 19:12

KJV: And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

YLT: And ye do not swear by My name to falsehood, or thou hast polluted the name of thy God; I am Jehovah.

Darby: And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of thy God: I am Jehovah.

ASV: And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of thy God: I am Jehovah.

What does Leviticus 19:12 Mean?

Chapter Summary: Leviticus 19

1  A repetition of various laws

What do the individual words in Leviticus 19:12 mean?

And not you shall swear by My name falsely nor shall you profane - the name of your God I [am] Yahweh
וְלֹֽא־ תִשָּׁבְע֥וּ בִשְׁמִ֖י לַשָּׁ֑קֶר וְחִלַּלְתָּ֛ אֶת־ שֵׁ֥ם אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ אֲנִ֥י יְהוָֽה

וְלֹֽא־  And  not 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Adverb, Negative particle
Root: הֲלֹא 
Sense: not, no.
תִשָּׁבְע֥וּ  you  shall  swear 
Parse: Verb, Nifal, Imperfect, second person masculine plural
Root: שָׁבַע  
Sense: to swear, adjure.
בִשְׁמִ֖י  by  My  name 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct, first person common singular
Root: שֵׁם  
Sense: name.
לַשָּׁ֑קֶר  falsely 
Parse: Preposition-l, Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: שֶׁקֶר  
Sense: lie, deception, disappointment, falsehood.
וְחִלַּלְתָּ֛  nor  shall  you  profane 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Piel, Conjunctive perfect, second person masculine singular
Root: חָלַל 
Sense: to profane, defile, pollute, desecrate, begin.
אֶת־  - 
Parse: Direct object marker
Root: אֹות 
Sense: sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative.
שֵׁ֥ם  the  name 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: שֵׁם  
Sense: name.
אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ  of  your  God 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct, second person masculine singular
Root: אֱלֹהִים  
Sense: (plural).
יְהוָֽה  [am]  Yahweh 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.