The Meaning of Jonah 2:9 Explained

Jonah 2:9

KJV: But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that that I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.

YLT: And I -- with a voice of thanksgiving -- I sacrifice to Thee, That which I have vowed I complete, Salvation is of Jehovah.

Darby: But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that which I have vowed. Salvation is of Jehovah.

ASV: But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that which I have vowed. Salvation is of Jehovah.

What does Jonah 2:9 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Jonah"s desperate condition had brought him to his senses. He would return to the source of loyal love and express his worship of Yahweh with a sacrifice. His sacrifice would have to be thanksgiving though since he despaired of being able to offer an animal or vegetable offering. He also promised to pay his vow to God. This probably refers to his commitment to serve the Lord faithfully from which he had departed but to which he now returned (cf. Psalm 50:14; Psalm 69:30; Psalm 107:22).
The testimony that salvation comes from Yahweh is the expression of Jonah"s thanksgiving that he promised God. The last declaration in this psalm is one of the great summary statements about salvation in the Bible. Salvation, either physical or spiritual, ultimately comes from Yahweh and only from Him, not from idols or people, including oneself (cf. Psalm 3:8; Psalm 37:39). It is in His power, and only He can give it. This statement also implies recognition of the fact that God has the right to save whom He will.
"Ironically, however, it is this very same fact which fills Jonah with intense anger in the final chapter of the book." [1]
The end of this psalm shows Jonah doing what the sailors had done earlier, namely, offering a sacrifice and making vows ( Jonah 1:16).
"Jonah deserved death, not deliverance. And yet Yahweh graciously delivered him by special intervention so that Jonah could not but recognize the greatness of Yahweh"s compassion, praise him for it, and recognize his reliance on Yahweh alone (c. 2 Corinthians 1:9-10)." [2]
"The narrator by his inclusion of the psalm immediately after ch1slyly intends his audience to draw a parallel between Jonah"s experience and that of the seamen. Both faced a similar crisis, peril from the sea; both cried to Yahweh, acknowledging his sovereignty. Both were physically saved; both offered worship. Ironically Jonah is at last brought to the point the Gentile seamen have already reached. In his supreme devotion he is still only following in the wake of the heathen crew. He who failed to pray, leaving it to the pagan sailors, eventually catches up with their spirit of supplication and submission." [3]
Thus the prophet repented and returned to the Lord in his heart. Having experienced the precious gift of God"s salvation in his own life, Jonah was now more favorable to announcing His salvation to the Ninevites. He now appreciated the condition of the heathen as he had not done before.
One writer outlined Jonah"s prayer as follows. The prophet prayed for God"s help ( Jonah 2:1-2), accepted God"s discipline ( Jonah 2:3), trusted God"s promises ( Jonah 2:4-7), and yielded to God"s will ( Jonah 2:8-9). [4]

Context Summary

Jonah 2:1-10 - A Prayer From The Depths
The great fish was probably a shark. He who sent the storm prepared the fish. Life is full of contrivances on the part of the great Lover of men. To plunge beneath the wave is to fall into His arms. More than once the body of a man has been found in the belly of a shark in the Mediterranean. Even those who hold that this story is an elaborate parable must admit that it is probably founded on such a fact. Our Lord's endorsement of this book and incident is very emphatic, Matthew 12:39-41.
The psalm which follows is very helpful to those who have brought themselves into the depths by their wrongdoing. God will hear such out of the depths of Sheol. When you think you are cast out of His sight forever, if you will look toward His holy temple, you will find that His love is gradually extricating you from the pit. To trust in your own efforts and expedients is to regard lying vanities and to forsake your own mercy. "Salvation is of the Lord." All nature waits upon His word. The big sharks and the tiny minnows are alike at the behest of God for the help of man. Only "look again" to God, and then be sure to pay your vows when delivered! [source]

Chapter Summary: Jonah 2

1  The prayer of Jonah
10  He is delivered out of the belly of the fish

What do the individual words in Jonah 2:9 mean?

But I with the voice of thanksgiving will sacrifice to You what I have vowed I will pay Salvation [is] of Yahweh -
וַאֲנִ֗י בְּק֤וֹל תּוֹדָה֙ אֶזְבְּחָה־ לָּ֔ךְ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָדַ֖רְתִּי אֲשַׁלֵּ֑מָה יְשׁוּעָ֖תָה לַיהוָֽה ס

וַאֲנִ֗י  But  I 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Pronoun, first person common singular
Root: אֲנִי  
Sense: I (first pers.
בְּק֤וֹל  with  the  voice 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: קֹול 
Sense: voice, sound, noise.
תּוֹדָה֙  of  thanksgiving 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: תֹּודָה  
Sense: confession, praise, thanksgiving.
אֶזְבְּחָה־  will  sacrifice 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect Cohortative, first person common singular
Root: זָבַח  
Sense: to slaughter, kill, sacrifice, slaughter for sacrifice.
לָּ֔ךְ  to  You 
Parse: Preposition, second person feminine singular
נָדַ֖רְתִּי  I  have  vowed 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, first person common singular
Root: נָדַר  
Sense: to vow, make a vow.
אֲשַׁלֵּ֑מָה  I  will  pay 
Parse: Verb, Piel, Imperfect Cohortative, first person common singular
Root: שָׁלֵם  
Sense: .
יְשׁוּעָ֖תָה  Salvation  [is] 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular, third person feminine singular
Root: יְשׁוּעָה  
Sense: salvation, deliverance.
לַיהוָֽה  of  Yahweh 
Parse: Preposition-l, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.
ס  - 
Parse: Punctuation