The Meaning of John 21:13 Explained

John 21:13

KJV: Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.

YLT: Jesus, therefore, doth come and take the bread and give to them, and the fish in like manner;

Darby: Jesus comes and takes the bread and gives it to them, and the fish in like manner.

ASV: Jesus cometh, and taketh the bread, and giveth them, and the fish likewise.

What does John 21:13 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Jesus provided for the physical needs of His own as He had done before (cf. John 6:11-13). Hopefully the disciples recalled the significance of His feeding the multitudes earlier. Jesus could take meager human resources, multiply them, and so produce supernatural blessing. This was an important lesson for these believers to remember as they began to embark on the challenging mission that Jesus had given them.

Context Summary

John 21:10-19 - "lovest Thou Me?"
Christ thrice questioned Peter's love, thus giving him the opportunity of canceling his threefold denial. There are two Greek words for "love." In His questions our Lord chose the higher, while Peter in his replies humbly chose the lower till in His third question our Lord came down to his level. Christ forecasted the hatred and opposition of the world, and suggested to Peter and the rest that the only way to combat and overcome was in the fervent love that they had for Him. Only this could give them the necessary tenderness and delicacy in leading and feeding the flock. [source]

Chapter Summary: John 21

1  Jesus appearing again to his disciples is known of them by the great catch of fish
12  He dines with them;
15  earnestly commands Peter to feed his lambs and sheep;
18  foretells him of his death;
22  rebukes his curiosity
24  The conclusion

Greek Commentary for John 21:13

Taketh the bread, and giveth them [λαμβανει τον αρτον και διδωσιν αυτοις]
Vivid presents again. Jesus acts as host at this early breakfast, his last meal with these seven faithful followers. [source]
Bread - fish []
Both have the article - the loaf, the fish - apparently pointing to the provision which Jesus himself had made. [source]
Giveth them []
Nothing is said of His partaking Himself. Compare Luke 24:42, Luke 24:43. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for John 21:13

Luke 3:14 Wages [ὀψωνίοις]
From ὄψον ,cooked meat, and later, generallyprovisions. At Athens, especially, fish. Compare ὀψάριον ,fish, John 21:9, John 21:10, John 21:13. Hence ὀψώνιον is primarily provision-money, and so used of supplies and pay for an army. With this understanding the use of the word at Romans 6:23, “the wages of sin,” becomes highly suggestive. [source]

What do the individual words in John 21:13 mean?

Comes - Jesus and takes the bread gives [it] to them the fish likewise
ἔρχεται ‹ὁ› Ἰησοῦς καὶ λαμβάνει τὸν ἄρτον δίδωσιν αὐτοῖς τὸ ὀψάριον ὁμοίως

ἔρχεται  Comes 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Middle or Passive, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἔρχομαι  
Sense: to come.
‹ὁ›  - 
Parse: Article, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
Ἰησοῦς  Jesus 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: Ἰησοῦς  
Sense: Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses’ successor.
λαμβάνει  takes 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: λαμβάνω  
Sense: to take.
ἄρτον  bread 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Singular
Root: ἄρτος  
Sense: food composed of flour mixed with water and baked.
δίδωσιν  gives  [it] 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: διδῶ 
Sense: to give.
αὐτοῖς  to  them 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Root: αὐτός  
Sense: himself, herself, themselves, itself.
ὀψάριον  fish 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: ὀψάριον  
Sense: fish.
ὁμοίως  likewise 
Parse: Adverb
Root: ὁμοίως  
Sense: likewise, equally, in the same way.

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