The Meaning of Isaiah 50:1 Explained

Isaiah 50:1

KJV: Thus saith the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.

YLT: Thus said Jehovah: 'Where is this -- the bill of your mother's divorce, Whom I sent away? Or to which of My creditors have I sold you? Lo, for your iniquities ye have been sold, And for your transgressions Hath your mother been sent away.

Darby: Thus saith Jehovah: Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, through your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.

ASV: Thus saith Jehovah, Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, wherewith I have put her away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities were ye sold, and for your transgressions was your mother put away.

What does Isaiah 50:1 Mean?

Study Notes

redeemer
Heb. goel, Redemp. (Kinsman type).
Redeemer
Redemption: Kinsman type, summary. The goel, or Kinsman-Redeemer, is a beautiful type of Christ.
(1) The kinsman redemption was of persons, and an inheritance Leviticus 25:48 ; Leviticus 25:25 ; Galatians 4:5 ; Ephesians 1:7 ; Ephesians 1:11 ; Ephesians 1:14
(2) The Redeemer must be a kinsman Leviticus 25:48 ; Leviticus 25:49 ; Ruth 3:12 ; Ruth 3:13 ; Galatians 4:4 ; Hebrews 2:14 ; Hebrews 2:15 .
(3) The Redeemer must be able to redeem Ruth 4:4-6 ; Jeremiah 50:34 ; John 10:11 ; John 10:18
(4) Redemption is effected by the goel paying the just demand in full Leviticus 25:27 ; 1 Peter 1:18 ; 1 Peter 1:19 ; Galatians 3:13 . (See Scofield " Exodus 14:30 ") See Scofield " Romans 3:24 "
come to Zion
The time when the "Redeemer shall come to Zion" is fixed, relatively, by Romans 11:23-29 as following the completion of the Gentile Church. That is also the order of the great dispensational passage, Acts 15:14-17 .
In both, the return of the Lord to Zion follows the outcalling of the Church.
come to Zion
The time when the "Redeemer shall come to Zion" is fixed, relatively, by Romans 11:23-29 as following the completion of the Gentile Church. That is also the order of the great dispensational passage, Acts 15:14-17 .
In both, the return of the Lord to Zion follows the outcalling of the Church.

Verse Meaning

The Lord continued to speak through His prophet. He addressed again Zion"s charge that God had forsaken and forgotten His people ( Isaiah 49:14). He had not issued Israel a certificate of divorce (cf. Deuteronomy 24:1-4); He had not stopped desiring to have her for Himself (cf. Isaiah 49:14-18; Judges 2:14; Judges 3:8; Judges 4:2; Judges 10:7). [1] Neither had He sold the Israelites to one of His creditors, since He had none; no one had forced Him to send them into captivity (cf. Isaiah 49:22-26). No, He had temporarily sold the Israelites into captivity because of their own sins (as had been the case with Samaria, cf. Jeremiah 3:8).

Context Summary

Isaiah 50:1-11 - Help For Those Who Trust In Him
It is impossible for God to put away the soul that clings to Him in penitence and faith. Heaven and earth may be searched, but no bill of divorce can be found. See Deuteronomy 24:1. And He sends His great servant, our Lord, of whom this chapter is full, to deliver and assure our trembling faith.
Notice the difference in Isaiah 50:4, between the Authorized Version and the Revised Version which reads, Jehovah hath given me the tongue of them that are taught, that I may know how to sustain with words him that is weary"¦. He wakeneth mine ear to hear as they that are taught. This quality of teachableness was primarily true of Jesus. It was the habit of His human life to listen to the secret teaching of the Father, breathed into His heart. See John 8:28; John 8:40. So also must we allow ourselves to be wakened by Him, each morning, that we also may know how to help men more efficiently and tenderly.
From the first, Jesus knew that He must die. See Mark 10:34. But He did not turn back. See Hebrews 10:5, etc. Was not His choice abundantly vindicated? The Father who justified Him was always near, John 8:29. See John 16:22. Let us who may be walking in darkness learn from our King to stay ourselves on God. [source]

Chapter Summary: Isaiah 50

1  Christ shows Israel's Sin is not to be imputed to him,
2  by his ability to save
5  By his obedience in that work
7  And by his confidence in that assistance
10  An exhortation to trust in God, and not in ourselves

What do the individual words in Isaiah 50:1 mean?

Thus says Yahweh where [is] he the certificate of divorce of your mother Whom I have put away Or who [is it] of My creditors to whom I have sold you to - for your iniquities you have sold yourselves and for your transgressions has been put away your mother
כֹּ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה אֵ֣י זֶ֠ה סֵ֣פֶר כְּרִית֤וּת אִמְּכֶם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר ؟ שִׁלַּחְתִּ֔יהָ א֚וֹ מִ֣י מִנּוֹשַׁ֔י אֲשֶׁר־ מָכַ֥רְתִּי אֶתְכֶ֖ם ל֑וֹ הֵ֤ן בַּעֲוֺנֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ נִמְכַּרְתֶּ֔ם וּבְפִשְׁעֵיכֶ֖ם שֻׁלְּחָ֥ה אִמְּכֶֽם

כֹּ֣ה ׀  Thus 
Parse: Adverb
Root: כֹּה  
Sense: thus, here, in this manner.
אָמַ֣ר  says 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: אָמַר 
Sense: to say, speak, utter.
יְהוָ֗ה  Yahweh 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.
אֵ֣י  where  [is] 
Parse: Interrogative
Root: אֵי  
Sense: where?, whence?.
סֵ֣פֶר  the  certificate 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: סֵפֶר 
Sense: book.
כְּרִית֤וּת  of  divorce 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: כְּרִיתוּת  
Sense: divorce, dismissal, divorcement.
אִמְּכֶם֙  of  your  mother 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct, second person masculine plural
Root: אֵם  
Sense: mother.
אֲשֶׁ֣ר  Whom 
Parse: Pronoun, relative
Root: אֲשֶׁר 
Sense: (relative part.).
؟ שִׁלַּחְתִּ֔יהָ  I  have  put  away 
Parse: Verb, Piel, Perfect, first person common singular, third person feminine singular
Root: שָׁלַח  
Sense: to send, send away, let go, stretch out.
מִ֣י  who  [is  it] 
Parse: Interrogative
Root: מִי  
Sense: who?, whose?, whom?, would that, whoever, whosoever.
מִנּוֹשַׁ֔י  of  My  creditors 
Parse: Preposition-m, Verb, Qal, Participle, masculine plural construct, first person common singular
Root: נָשָׁא  
Sense: to lend, be a creditor.
אֲשֶׁר־  to  whom 
Parse: Pronoun, relative
Root: אֲשֶׁר 
Sense: (relative part.).
מָכַ֥רְתִּי  I  have  sold 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, first person common singular
Root: מָכַר  
Sense: to sell.
הֵ֤ן    - 
Parse: Interjection
Root: הֵן  
Sense: behold, lo, though hypothetical part.
בַּעֲוֺנֹֽתֵיכֶם֙  for  your  iniquities 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, common plural construct, second person masculine plural
Root: עָוֹן  
Sense: perversity, depravity, iniquity, guilt or punishment of iniquity.
נִמְכַּרְתֶּ֔ם  you  have  sold  yourselves 
Parse: Verb, Nifal, Perfect, second person masculine plural
Root: מָכַר  
Sense: to sell.
וּבְפִשְׁעֵיכֶ֖ם  and  for  your  transgressions 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Noun, masculine plural construct, second person masculine plural
Root: פֶּשַׁע  
Sense: transgression, rebellion.
שֻׁלְּחָ֥ה  has  been  put  away 
Parse: Verb, Pual, Perfect, third person feminine singular
Root: שָׁלַח  
Sense: to send, send away, let go, stretch out.
אִמְּכֶֽם  your  mother 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct, second person masculine plural
Root: אֵם  
Sense: mother.