The Meaning of Hosea 5:11 Explained

Hosea 5:11

KJV: Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

YLT: Oppressed is Ephraim, broken in judgment, When he pleased he went after the command.

Darby: Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, because in selfwill he walked after the commandment of man.

ASV: Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; because he was content to walk after man's command.

What does Hosea 5:11 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Ephraim would experience crushing judgment by an enemy invader because he determined to follow false gods rather than divine commands (cf. Deuteronomy 4:3; Deuteronomy 6:14; Deuteronomy 8:19; Deuteronomy 28:14; Jeremiah 2:5). The human command in view is probably Jeroboam I"s institution of calf worship at altars in Bethel and Dan ( 1 Kings 12:27-30).

Context Summary

Hosea 5:1-15 - God's Rebuke Of Apostasy
The prophet continues his grave indictment of his people. The court and the priesthood were chiefly responsible for the awful degeneracy that was eating out the national heart. The seductions of idolatry that abounded everywhere resembled the snares and nets set by hunters on the wooded heights of Gilead and Tabor.
Suddenly, within a month, Hosea 5:7, an alarm sounds from hill to hill. The foreign invader has entered the country and is slowly marching southward. Even Benjamin is threatened. Ephraim must suffer because of the institutions of Omri and Ahab, Hosea 5:11; and Judah, because her princes were grasping and fraudulent. Though message after message was sent to procure the help of Jareb-a symbolical name for Assyria, "the warlike," he would not be able to avert the approaching dissolution of the Jewish state. You cannot stop the dry-rot by grand alliances. Nothing can save a nation in whose heart the worst forms of corruption are being nourished, except a wholesale return of God and a seeking of His face. It is certain that if this lesson were profoundly learned and then practiced, the horrors of a world in arms would come to a speedy and a blessed end. [source]

Chapter Summary: Hosea 5

1  The judgments of God are denounced against the priests, people, and princes,
9  both of Israel and Judah, for their manifold sins
15  An intimation is given of mercy on their repentance

What do the individual words in Hosea 5:11 mean?

Is oppressed Ephraim [and] broken in judgment because he willingly walked by [human] precept
עָשׁ֥וּק אֶפְרַ֖יִם רְצ֣וּץ מִשְׁפָּ֑ט כִּ֣י הוֹאִ֔יל הָלַ֖ךְ אַחֲרֵי־ צָֽו

עָשׁ֥וּק  Is  oppressed 
Parse: Verb, Qal, QalPassParticiple, masculine singular
Root: עֲשׁוּקִים  
Sense: oppression, extortion.
אֶפְרַ֖יִם  Ephraim 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: אֶפְרַיִם  
Sense: second son of Joseph, blessed by him and given preference over first son, Manasseh.
רְצ֣וּץ  [and]  broken 
Parse: Verb, Qal, QalPassParticiple, masculine singular construct
Root: רָצַץ  
Sense: to crush, oppress.
מִשְׁפָּ֑ט  in  judgment 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: מִשְׁפָּט  
Sense: judgment, justice, ordinance.
כִּ֣י  because 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: כִּי 
Sense: that, for, because, when, as though, as, because that, but, then, certainly, except, surely, since.
הוֹאִ֔יל  he  willingly 
Parse: Verb, Hifil, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: יָאַל  
Sense: to begin, make a beginning, show willingness, undertake to do, be pleased, be determined.
הָלַ֖ךְ  walked 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: הָלַךְ  
Sense: to go, walk, come.
צָֽו  [human]  precept 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: צַו  
Sense: command, ordinance, oracle (meaning dubious).