The Meaning of Hebrews 7:22 Explained

Hebrews 7:22

KJV: By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

YLT: by so much of a better covenant hath Jesus become surety,

Darby: by so much Jesus became surety of a better covenant.

ASV: by so much also hath Jesus become the surety of a better covenant.

KJV Reverse Interlinear

By  so much  was  Jesus  made  a surety  of a better  testament. 

What does Hebrews 7:22 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Because God promised on oath to install Messiah permanently as our priest, the writer could say that Jesus is the guarantee of a better covenant. Since the old priesthood was the heart of the Old Covenant, and God terminated both of them, a new priesthood must accompany the New Covenant that is superior to the Old Covenant. Since the new Priest has come, so must the New Covenant have come (cf. Luke 22:20). This is the first mention in the epistle of the word "covenant" that will play a major role in the writer"s argument to follow.
"Hebrews develops the theme of the new covenant more fully than any other NT writer, the epistle accounting for just over half the occurrences of diatheke [1] in the NT." [2]
The writer used this word (Gr. diatheke) 17 times, far more than it occurs in any other New Testament book. He preferred this word to the more common syntheke ("covenant") evidently because syntheke suggests an agreement made on relatively equal terms. Diatheke has the idea of a more absolute will, such as a last will and testament.

Context Summary

Hebrews 7:11-28 - Our Ever-Living And All-Sufficient Intercessor
If, as we saw in our last reading, the Levitical priests have been superseded, clearly the whole order of things-that is, the Mosaic covenant under which these priests were appointed-has been superseded also. The law of the carnal-that is, the outward ritual-has passed away in favor of a new dispensation which deals with the heart and character. It served a temporary purpose, but we are living in an eternal order which is steadfast and abiding.
Our Lord's priesthood is unchangeable and indissoluble. His blood and righteousness, His mediation for us, His loving understanding of us, will be a joy and comfort in the unending ages. We shall always be specially associated with Him-the brethren of the King, the sheep of the Divine Shepherd. Each priest of Aaron's line had to vacate his office; but our Lord's priesthood will never pass to another; and therefore to the uttermost lapse of time and to the farthest demand of circumstance, He will save and help all that come to Him. No infirmity weakens Him, no stain or sin unfits Him-above the heavens and from the throne He exercises His ministry. [source]

Chapter Summary: Hebrews 7

1  Christ Jesus is a priest after the order of Melchizedek;
11  and so far more excellent than the priests of Aaron's order

Greek Commentary for Hebrews 7:22

By so much also [κατα τοσουτο και]
Correlative demonstrative corresponding to κατ οσον — kath' hoson (the relative clause) in Hebrews 7:20. The surety Vulgate sponsor. Old word, here only in the N.T., adjective (one pledged, betrothed), from εγγυη — egguē a pledge, here used as substantive like εγγυητης — egguētēs one who gives a pledge or guarantee. There may be a play on the word εγγιζω — eggizō in Hebrews 7:19. Εγγυαω — Egguaō is to give a pledge, εγγυαλιζω — eggualizō to put a pledge in the hollow of the hand. It is not clear whether the author means that Jesus is God‘s pledge to man, or man‘s to God, or both. He is both in fact, as the Mediator (ο μεσιτης — ho mesitēs Hebrews 8:6) between God and man (Son of God and Son of man). [source]
Was Jesus made a surety of a better testament [κρείττονος διαθήκης γέγονεν ἔγγυος Ἰησοῦς]
Ἔγγυος suretyN.T.oComp. 2 Maccabees 10:28. Occasionally in Class., where also occur ἐγγυᾶν togive as a pledge, ἐγγύη surety ἐγγύησις givingin surety, ἐγγυητής onewho gives security, and ἐγγητός plightedalways of a wife. The idea underlying all these words is that of putting something into one's hand ( ἐν in γύαλον hollowof the hand ) as a pledge. For testament rend. covenant and see on Hebrews href="/desk/?q=heb+9:16&sr=1">Hebrews 9:16. The thought of a covenant is introduced for the first time, and foreshadows Hebrews 8:6-13. It adds to the thought of the inferiority of the Levitical priesthood that of the inferiority of the dispensation which it represented. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Hebrews 7:22

Matthew 26:28 The Covenant [της διατηκης]
The adjective καινης — kainēs in Textus Receptus is not genuine. The covenant is an agreement or contract between two It is used also for will (Latin, testamentum) which becomes operative at death (Hebrews 9:15-17). Hence our New Testament. Either covenant or will makes sense here. Covenant is the idea in Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:8 and often. In the Hebrew to make a covenant was to cut up the sacrifice and so ratify the agreement (Genesis 15:9-18). Lightfoot argues that the word αντι — diathēke means covenant in the N.T. except in Hebrews 9:15-17. Jesus here uses the solemn words of Exodus 24:8 “the blood of the covenant” at Sinai. “My blood of the covenant” is in contrast with that. This is the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31; Hebrews 8:1-13. [source]
John 14:19 But ye behold me [υμεις δε τεωρειτε με]
Emphatic position of υμεις — humeis (ye) in contrast to the blind, unseeing world. Cf. John 13:33; John 16:10, John 16:16. Because I live, ye shall live also This is our blessed guarantee of immortal, eternal life, the continued living of Jesus. He is the surety of a better covenant (Hebrews 7:22), the Risen Christ Jesus. He had said it before (John 6:57). [source]
Hebrews 12:24 The mediator of the new covenant [διαθήκης νέας μεσίτῃ]
See Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:6, Hebrews 8:8, Hebrews 8:9, Hebrews 8:10; Hebrews 9:15. For covenant, see on Hebrews 9:6ff. For the new covenant, rend. a new covenant. Νέα newonly here applied to the covenant in N.T. The word elsewhere is καινή . For the distinction, see on Matthew 26:29. It is better not to press the distinction, since νεός , in certain cases, clearly has the sense of quality rather than of time, as 1 Corinthians 5:7; Colossians 3:10, and probably here, where to confine the sense to recent would seem to limit it unduly. In the light of all that the writer has said respecting the better quality of the Christian covenant, superseding the old, outworn, insufficient covenant, he may naturally be supposed to have had in mind something besides its mere recentness. Moreover, all through the contrast from Hebrews 12:18, the thought of earlier and later is not once touched, but only that of inferior and better; repellency and invitation; terrors and delights; fear and confidence. Note that the privilege of approaching the Mediator in person is emphasized. [source]
Hebrews 12:24 To Jesus [Ιησου]
This great fact is not to be overlooked (Philemon 2:10.). He is there as Lord and Saviour and still “Jesus.” The mediator of a new covenant As already shown (Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:6, Hebrews 8:8, Hebrews 8:9, Hebrews 8:10; Hebrews 9:15) and now gloriously consummated. To the blood of sprinkling As in Hebrews 9:19-28. Than Abel Accusative as in Hebrews 1:4. Better Comparative of καλος — kalos Abel‘s blood still speaks (Hebrews 11:4), but it is as nothing compared to that of Jesus. [source]

What do the individual words in Hebrews 7:22 mean?

By so much also of a better covenant has become [the] guarantee Jesus
Κατὰ τοσοῦτο καὶ κρείττονος διαθήκης γέγονεν ἔγγυος Ἰησοῦς

τοσοῦτο  so  much 
Parse: Demonstrative Pronoun, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: τοσοῦτος  
Sense: of quantity: so great, so many.
καὶ  also 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: καί  
Sense: and, also, even, indeed, but.
κρείττονος  of  a  better 
Parse: Adjective, Genitive Feminine Singular, Comparative
Root: κρείττων  
Sense: more useful, more serviceable, more advantageous.
διαθήκης  covenant 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Feminine Singular
Root: διαθήκη  
Sense: a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid, the last disposition which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will.
γέγονεν  has  become 
Parse: Verb, Perfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: γίνομαι  
Sense: to become, i.
ἔγγυος  [the]  guarantee 
Parse: Adjective, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: ἔγγυος  
Sense: a surety, a sponsor.
Ἰησοῦς  Jesus 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: Ἰησοῦς  
Sense: Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses’ successor.