The Meaning of Hebrews 10:14 Explained

Hebrews 10:14

KJV: For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

YLT: for by one offering he hath perfected to the end those sanctified;

Darby: For by one offering he has perfected in perpetuity the sanctified.

ASV: For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

What does Hebrews 10:14 Mean?

Study Notes

The word implies full development, growth into maturity of godliness, not sinless perfection. Ephesians 4:12 ; Ephesians 4:13 . In this passage the Father's kindness, not His sinlessness, is the point in question. Luke 6:35 ; Luke 6:36

Context Summary

Hebrews 10:11-25 - The New And Living Way Open To Us
Note the contrast between the standing of the priests and the sitting of the Priest. The one indicated incompleteness, the other a finished work. All that needed to be done for our final and entire deliverance from sin was accomplished when Jesus returned to the Father. It is for us to pass in large demands and claims. The bank is full, but we must draw on it.
It is a great help, in the study of the Old Testament, to notice how explicitly the writer here attributes to the Holy Spirit the words spoken by one of the old prophets. What a comfort it is to know that God forgets our sins when we have confessed and forsaken them!
The way of prayer and faith was new, for our Lord had just opened it; living, because only those alive in Christ can tread it. The rending of the Temple veil was emblematic of the open vision of God, given through Calvary. But we must be true, believing, reliant on His death and pure through His cleansing, John 13:5-8. [source]

Chapter Summary: Hebrews 10

1  The weakness of the law sacrifices
10  The sacrifice of Christ's body once offered,
14  for ever has taken away sins
19  An exhortation to hold fast the faith with patience and thanksgiving

Greek Commentary for Hebrews 10:14

He hath perfected [τετελειωκεν]
Perfect active indicative of τελειοω — teleioō He has done what the old sacrifices failed to do (Hebrews 10:1). Them that are sanctified Articular participle (accusative case) present passive of αγιαζω — hagiazō (note perfect in Hebrews 10:10) either because of the process still going on or because of the repetition in so many persons as in Hebrews 2:11. [source]
He hath perfected forever [τετελείωκεν εἰς τὸ διηνεκές]
Note the continued emphasis upon the τελείωσις perfection. Comp. Hebrews 7:11, Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 12:2. No more sacrifices are needed. The reign of the Great High Priest is not to be interrupted by the duty of sacrifice. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Hebrews 10:14

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect [καὶ τελεωθεὶς]
Comp. Hebrews 2:10. The fundamental idea in τελειοῦν is the bringing of a person or thing to the goal fixed by God. Comp. Hebrews 7:11, Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:14; Hebrews 11:40; Hebrews 12:23. Here of Christ's having reached the end which was contemplated in his divinely-appointed discipline for the priesthood. The consummation was attained in his death, Philemon 2:8; his obedience extended even unto death. [source]
Hebrews 12:2 The author and finisher of our faith [τὸν τῆς πίστεως ἀρχηγὸν καὶ τελειωτὴν]
The A.V. is misleading, and narrows the scope of the passage. For author, rend. leader or captain, and see on Hebrews 2:10. For finisher, rend. perfecter. For our faith, rend. faith or the faith. Not our Christian faith, but faith absolutely, as exhibited in the whole range of believers from Abel to Christ. Christ cannot be called the author or originator of faith, since the faith here treated existed and worked before Christ. Christ is the leader or captain of faith, in that he is the perfecter of faith. In himself he furnished the perfect development, the supreme example of faith, and in virtue of this he is the leader of the whole believing host in all time. Notice the recurrence of the favorite idea of perfecting. Comp. Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 6:1; Hebrews 7:11, Hebrews 7:19, Hebrews 7:28; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:14; Hebrews 11:40. Τελειωτής perfecterN.T.oolxx, oClass. [source]
Hebrews 10:12 Forever [εἰς τὸ διηνεκὲς]
Const. with offered. The reason appears in Hebrews 10:14. It is according to the usage of the epistle to place this phrase after that which it qualifies. Thus one sacrifice forever is contrasted with the same sacrifices often. This agrees also with what follows. He offered one sacrifice forever, and then sat down, awaiting its eternal result. [source]
Hebrews 10:10 Once for all [ἐφάπαξ]
Const. with are sanctified. The sanctification of the Levitical offerings was only temporary, and had to be repeated. Christ's one offering “perfected forever them that are sanctified” (Hebrews 10:14). This thought is elaborated in Hebrews 10:11-14. [source]
Hebrews 10:1 Continually [εἰς τὸ διηνεκὲς]
See on Hebrews 7:3, and comp. Hebrews 10:12, Hebrews 10:14. Const. with offer. [source]
Hebrews 2:11 He that sanctifieth [ο αγιαζων]
Present active articular participle of αγιαζω — hagiazō Jesus is the sanctifier (Hebrews 9:13.; Hebrews 13:12). They that are sanctified Present passive articular participle of αγιαζω — hagiazō It is a process here as in Hebrews 10:14, not a single act, though in Hebrews 10:10 the perfect passive indicative presents a completed state. Of one Referring to God as the Father of Jesus and of the “many sons” above (Hebrews 2:10) and in harmony with Hebrews 2:14 below. Even before the incarnation Jesus had a kinship with men though we are not sons in the full sense that he is. He is not ashamed Present passive indicative of επαισχυνομαι — epaischunomai old compound (Romans 1:16). Because of the common Father Jesus is not ashamed to own us as “brothers” (αδελπους — adelphous), unworthy sons though we be. [source]
Hebrews 7:3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy [απατωρ αμητωρ αγενεαλογητος]
Alliteration like Romans 1:30, the first two old words, the third coined by the author (found nowhere else) and meaning simply “devoid of any genealogy.” The argument is that from silence, made much of by Philo, but not to be pressed. The record in Genesis tells nothing of any genealogy. Melchizedek stands alone. He is not to be understood as a miraculous being without birth or death. Melchizedek has been made more mysterious than he is by reading into this interpretation what is not there. Made like (τωι υιωι του τεου — aphōmoiōmenos). Perfect passive participle of υιος — aphomoioō old verb, to produce a facsimile or copy, only here in N.T. The likeness is in the picture drawn in Genesis, not in the man himself. Such artificial interpretation does not amount to proof, but only serves as a parallel or illustration. Unto the Son of God (μενει ιερευς — tōi huiōi tou theou). Associative instrumental case of εις το διηνεκες — huios Abideth a priest (εις τον αιωνα — menei hiereus). According to the record in Genesis, the only one in his line just as Jesus stands alone, but with the difference that Jesus continues priest in fact in heaven. Continually (eis to diēnekes). Old phrase (for the continuity) like eis ton aiōna in N.T. only in Hebrews (Hebrews 7:3; Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:14, Hebrews 10:21). [source]

What do the individual words in Hebrews 10:14 mean?

By one for offering He has perfected for - all time those being sanctified
μιᾷ γὰρ προσφορᾷ τετελείωκεν εἰς τὸ διηνεκὲς τοὺς ἁγιαζομένους

μιᾷ  By  one 
Parse: Adjective, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: εἷς  
Sense: one.
προσφορᾷ  offering 
Parse: Noun, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: προσφορά  
Sense: the act of offering, a bringing to.
τετελείωκεν  He  has  perfected 
Parse: Verb, Perfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: τελειόω  
Sense: to make perfect, complete.
τὸ  - 
Parse: Article, Accusative Neuter Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
διηνεκὲς  all  time 
Parse: Adjective, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: διηνεκής  
Sense: continuously, continuous.
τοὺς  those 
Parse: Article, Accusative Masculine Plural
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
ἁγιαζομένους  being  sanctified 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Middle or Passive, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: ἁγιάζω 
Sense: to render or acknowledge, or to be venerable or hallow.