The Meaning of Genesis 4:18 Explained

Genesis 4:18

KJV: And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

YLT: And born to Enoch is Irad; and Irad hath begotten Mehujael; and Mehujael hath begotten Methusael; and Methusael hath begotten Lamech.

Darby: And to Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael; and Mehujael begot Methushael; and Methushael begot Lemech.

ASV: And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methushael; and Methushael begat Lamech.

What does Genesis 4:18 Mean?

Context Summary

Genesis 4:9-26 - Cain's Career
God's first question to the soul is, "Adam, where art thou?" The next, "Where is thy brother?" We are our brother's keepers. All related to us, within our reach, or needing our help have a claim. We must not take advantage of them. Their well-being and our own are inseparable. God keeps an inventory of His saints, and will avenge them. Their blood will cry to God against those who have wronged them. There is only one cry in the world which is stronger-"the blood of Jesus." See Hebrews 12:24. It cries for mercy and pardon. A numerous family sprang from our first parents, and as these intermarried a large population began to people the early seat of human life. Cain founded a city, dedicated to all that ministered to sensuous enjoyment. This was "the way of Cain," brilliant but godless, away from the presence of the Lord. [source]

Chapter Summary: Genesis 4

1  The birth, occupation, and offerings of Cain and Abel
8  Cain murders his brother Abel
11  The curse of Cain
17  Has a son called Enoch, and builds a city, which he calls after his name
18  His descendants, with Lamech and his two wives
25  The birth of Seth,
26  and Enos

What do the individual words in Genesis 4:18 mean?

And was born to Enoch - Irad and Irad begat Mehujael and Mehujael begat Methushael and Methushael Lamech
וַיִּוָּלֵ֤ד לַֽחֲנוֹךְ֙ אֶת־ עִירָ֔ד וְעִירָ֕ד יָלַ֖ד מְחֽוּיָאֵ֑ל וּמְחִיּיָאֵ֗ל יָלַד֙ מְת֣וּשָׁאֵ֔ל וּמְתוּשָׁאֵ֖ל לָֽמֶךְ

וַיִּוָּלֵ֤ד  And  was  born 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Nifal, Consecutive imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: יָלַד 
Sense: to bear, bring forth, beget, gender, travail.
לַֽחֲנוֹךְ֙  to  Enoch 
Parse: Preposition-l, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: חֲנׄוךְ 
Sense: eldest son of Cain.
אֶת־  - 
Parse: Direct object marker
Root: אֹות 
Sense: sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative.
עִירָ֔ד  Irad 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: עִירָד  
Sense: son of Enoch, grandson of Cain, and father of Mehujael.
וְעִירָ֕ד  and  Irad 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: עִירָד  
Sense: son of Enoch, grandson of Cain, and father of Mehujael.
יָלַ֖ד  begat 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: יָלַד 
Sense: to bear, bring forth, beget, gender, travail.
מְחֽוּיָאֵ֑ל  Mehujael 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מְחוּיָאֵל 
Sense: son of Irad and great grandson of Cain.
וּמְחִיּיָאֵ֗ל  and  Mehujael 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מְחוּיָאֵל 
Sense: son of Irad and great grandson of Cain.
יָלַד֙  begat 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: יָלַד 
Sense: to bear, bring forth, beget, gender, travail.
מְת֣וּשָׁאֵ֔ל  Methushael 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מְתוּשָׁאֵל  
Sense: son of Mehujael, 4th in descent from Cain, and father of Lamech.
וּמְתוּשָׁאֵ֖ל  and  Methushael 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מְתוּשָׁאֵל  
Sense: son of Mehujael, 4th in descent from Cain, and father of Lamech.
לָֽמֶךְ  Lamech 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: לֶמֶךְ  
Sense: the 5th lineal descendant from Cain, husband of Adah and Zillah, father of sons, Jabal, Jubal, and Tubal-cain, and daughter, Naamah.

What are the major concepts related to Genesis 4:18?

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