The Meaning of Genesis 32:14 Explained

Genesis 32:14

KJV: Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams,

YLT: she-goats two hundred, and he-goats twenty, ewes two hundred, and rams twenty,

Darby: two hundred she-goats, and twenty he-goats; two hundred ewes, and twenty rams;

ASV: two hundred she-goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,

What does Genesis 32:14 Mean?

Context Summary

Genesis 32:13-32 - Jacob Wrestles And Prevails
There is a fulsomeness in Jacob's address to Esau, which sounds inconsistent with the noblest manhood and the firmest faith. Why should he speak of "my lord" Esau, and endeavor to appease his wrath with soft speeches and rich gifts? Evidently much had to be effected in his character before he could become one of the great spiritual forces of the world, and his supreme discipline came in that midnight wrestle. The Angel who wrestled with him could have been none other than the Son of man, who is also the Angel of the Covenant and Son of God. It was not that Jacob wrestled with the Angel, but that the Angel wrestled with him, as though to discover and reveal his weakness, and to constrain him to quit reliance on his own strength and to learn to cling with the tenacious grip of a lame man, who dare not let go, lest he fall to the earth. Ah, it is well to be even maimed, if through the withered thigh we may learn to lay hold on the everlasting strength of God, and learn His secret Name! [source]

Chapter Summary: Genesis 32

1  Jacob's vision at Mahanaim
3  His message to Esau
6  He is afraid of Esau's coming
9  He prays for deliverance
13  He sends a present to Esau, and passes the brook Jabbok
24  He wrestles with an angel at Peniel, where he is called Israel
31  He halts

What do the individual words in Genesis 32:14 mean?

female goats two hundred and male goats twenty ewes two hundred and rams twenty
עִזִּ֣ים מָאתַ֔יִם וּתְיָשִׁ֖ים עֶשְׂרִ֑ים רְחֵלִ֥ים מָאתַ֖יִם וְאֵילִ֥ים עֶשְׂרִֽים

עִזִּ֣ים  female  goats 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural
Root: עֵז  
Sense: female goat, she-goat, goat, kid.
מָאתַ֔יִם  two  hundred 
Parse: Number, fd
Root: מֵאָה 
Sense: hundred.
וּתְיָשִׁ֖ים  and  male  goats 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine plural
Root: תַּיִשׁ  
Sense: he-goat.
עֶשְׂרִ֑ים  twenty 
Parse: Number, common plural
Root: עֶשְׂרִים  
Sense: twenty, twentieth.
רְחֵלִ֥ים  ewes 
Parse: Noun, feminine plural
Root: רָחֵל  
Sense: ewe.
מָאתַ֖יִם  two  hundred 
Parse: Number, fd
Root: מֵאָה 
Sense: hundred.
וְאֵילִ֥ים  and  rams 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine plural
Root: אַיִל 
Sense: ram.
עֶשְׂרִֽים  twenty 
Parse: Number, common plural
Root: עֶשְׂרִים  
Sense: twenty, twentieth.