The Meaning of Genesis 1:28 Explained

Genesis 1:28

KJV: And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

YLT: And God blesseth them, and God saith to them, 'Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over fish of the sea, and over fowl of the heavens, and over every living thing that is creeping upon the earth.'

Darby: And God blessed them; and God said to them, Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the heavens, and over every animal that moveth on the earth.

ASV: And God blessed them: and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heavens, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

What does Genesis 1:28 Mean?

Study Notes

Be fruitful
The Edenic Covenant, the first of the eight great covenants of Scripture which condition life and salvation, and about which all Scripture crystallizes, has seven elements. The man and woman in Eden were responsible:
(1) To replenish the earth with a new order--man;
(2) to subdue the earth to human uses;
(3) to have dominion over the animal creation;
(4) to eat herbs and fruits;
(5) to till and keep the garden;
(6) to abstain from eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil;
(7) the penalty--death. See, for the other seven covenants:
ADAMIC
NOAHIC
ABRAHAMIC
MOSAIC
PALESTINIAN
DAVIDIC
NEW
And the Lord God said
The Adamic Covenant conditions the life of fallen man--conditions which must remain till, in the kingdom age, "the creation also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the sons of God" Romans 8:21 . The elements of the Adamic Covenant are:
(1) The serpent, Satan's tool, is cursed ( Genesis 3:14 ), and becomes God's illustration in nature of the effects of sin--from the most beautiful and subtle of creatures to a loathsome reptile! The deepest mystery of the atonement is intimated here. Christ, "made sin for us," in bearing our judgment, is typified by the brazen serpent; Numbers 21:5-9 ; John 3:14 ; 2 Corinthians 5:21 . Brass speaks of judgment--in the brazen altar, of God's judgment, and in the laver, of self-judgment.
(2) The first promise of a Redeemer ( 2 Kings 25:1-7 ). Here begins the "Highway of the Seed," Abel, Seth, Noah Genesis 6:8-10 , Shem Genesis 9:26 ; Genesis 9:27 Abraham Genesis 12:1-4 , Isaac Genesis 17:19-21 Jacob Genesis 28:10-14 , Judah Genesis 49:10 , David 2 Samuel 7:5-17 Immanuel-Christ; Isaiah 7:9-14 ; Matthew 1:1 ; Matthew 1:20-23 ; Joel 3:1-83 ; John 12:31 .
(3) The changed state of the woman ( Genesis 3:16 ). In three particulars:
(a) Multiplied conception; (b) motherhood linked with sorrow; (c) the headship of the man (cf) Genesis 1:26 ; Genesis 1:27 The entrance of sin, which is disorder, makes necessary a headship, and it is vested in man; 1 Timothy 2:11-14 ; Ephesians 5:22-25 ; 1 Corinthians 11:7-9 .
(4) The earth cursed ( Genesis 3:17 ) for man's sake. It is better for fallen man to battle with a reluctant earth than to live without toil.
(5) The inevitable sorrow of life ( Genesis 3:17 ).
(6) The light occupation of Eden Genesis 2:15 changed to burdensome labour Genesis 3:18 ; Genesis 3:19 .
(7) Physical death Genesis 3:19 ; Romans 5:12-21 , See "Death (spiritual)" Luke 1:31-33 . (See Scofield " Ephesians 2:5 ") .
See for the other covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
NOAHIC (See Scofield " Micah 5:7-94 ")
ABRAHAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
MOSAIC (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ")
PALESTINIAN (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ")
DAVIDIC (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ")
NEW (See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
and said unto them
The Noahic Covenant. The elements are:
(1) The relation of man to the earth under the Adamic Covenant is confirmed (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
(2) The order of nature is confirmed ( Genesis 8:22 )
(3) Human government is established ( Genesis 9:1-6 )
(4) Earth is secured against another universal judgment by water Genesis 8:21 ; Genesis 9:11
(5) A prophetic declaration is made that from Ham will descend an inferior and servile posterity Genesis 9:24 ; Genesis 9:25 .
(6) A prophetic declaration is made that Shem will have a peculiar relation to Jehovah Genesis 9:26 ; Genesis 9:27 . All divine revelation is through Semitic men, and Christ, after the flesh, descends from Shem.
(7) A prophetic declaration is made that from Japheth will descend the "enlarged" races Genesis 9:27 . Government, science, and art, speaking broadly, are and have been Japhetic, so that history is the indisputable record of the exact fulfilment of these declarations. (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ") for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC Genesis 1:28 ADAMIC Genesis 3:15 ABRAHAMIC Genesis 15:18 MOSAIC Exodus 19:25 PALESTINIAN Deuteronomy 30:3 DAVIDIC 2 Samuel 7:16 NEW Hebrews 8:8
covenant
The Abrahamic Covenant as formed Genesis 12:1-4 and confirmed; Genesis 13:14-17 ; Genesis 15:1-7 ; Genesis 17:1-8 is in seven distinct parts:
(1) "I will make of thee a great nation." Fulfilled in a threefold way:
(a) In a natural posterity--"as the dust of the earth Genesis 13:16 ; John 8:37 , viz. the Hebrew people.
(b) In a spiritual posterity--"look now toward heaven. .. so shall thy seed be" John 8:39 ; Romans 4:16 ; Romans 4:17 ; Romans 9:7 ; Romans 9:8 ; Galatians 3:6 ; Galatians 3:7 ; Galatians 3:29 viz. all men of faith, whether Jew or Gentile.
(c) fulfilled also through Ishmael Genesis 17:18-20
(2) "I will bless thee." Fulfilled in two ways:
(a) temporally Genesis 13:14 ; Genesis 13:15 ; Genesis 13:17 ; John 8:56-58 ; Genesis 24:34 ; Luke 1:31-33 (b) spiritually; Genesis 15:6 ; Hebrews 10:11-17
(3) "And make thy name great." Abraham's is one of the universal names.
(4) "And thou shalt be a blessing" Galatians 3:13 ; Galatians 3:14
(5) "I will bless them that bless thee." In fulfilment closely related to the next clause.
(6) "And curse him that curseth thee." Wonderfully fulfilled in the history of the dispersion. It has invariably fared ill with the people who have persecuted the Jew--well with those who have protected him. The future will still more remarkably prove this principle Deuteronomy 30:7 ; Isaiah 14:1 ,; 1642405421_85 ; 1642405421_96 ; Haggai 2:22 ; Zechariah 14:1-3 ; Matthew 25:40 ; Matthew 25:45 .
(7) "In thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed." This is the great evangelic promise fulfilled in Abraham's Seed, Christ Galatians 3:16 ; Genesis 15:18 .
It brings into greater definiteness the promise of the Adamic Covenant concerning the Seed of the woman Genesis 3:15
NOTE.--The gift of the land is modified by prophecies of three dispossessions and restorations Genesis 15:13 ; Genesis 15:14 ; Genesis 15:16 ; Jeremiah 25:11 ; Jeremiah 25:12 ; Deuteronomy 28:62-65 ; Deuteronomy 30:1-3 . Two dispossessions and restorations have been accomplished. Israel is now in the third dispersion, from which she will be restored at the return of the Lord as King under the Davidic Covenant; Deuteronomy 30:3 ; Jeremiah 23:5-8 ; Ezekiel 37:21-25 ; Luke 1:30-33 ; Acts 15:14-17
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " MOSAIC See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " PALESTINIAN See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 " NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
So Moses
The Mosaic Covenant,
(1) given to Israel
(2) in three divisions, each essential to the others, and together forming the Mosaic Covenant, viz.: the Commandments, expressing the righteous will of God Exodus 20:1-26 the "judgments," governing the social life of Israel; Exodus 21:1 to Exodus 24:11 and the "ordinances," governing the religious life of Israel; Exodus 24:12 to Exodus 31:18 . These three elements form "the law," as that phrase is generically used in the New Testament (e.g.) Matthew 5:17 ; Matthew 5:18 . The Commandments and the ordinances formed one religious system. The Commandments were a "ministry of condemnation" and of "death" 2 Corinthians 3:7-9 the ordinances gave, in the high priest, a representative of the people with Jehovah; and in the sacrifices a "cover" (see "Atonement," (See Scofield " Leviticus 16:6 ") for their sins in anticipation of the Cross; Hebrews 5:1-3 ; Hebrews 9:6-9 ; Romans 3:25 ; Romans 3:26 . The Christian is not under the conditional Mosaic Covenant of works, the law, but under the unconditional New Covenant of grace.; Romans 3:21-27 ; Romans 6:14 ; Romans 6:15 ; Galatians 2:16 ; Galatians 3:10-14 ; Galatians 3:16-18 ; Galatians 3:24-26 ; Galatians 4:21-31 ; John 8:56 . See NEW COVENANT.
(See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
See,for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ; ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 "; NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 "; ABRAHAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 "; PALESTINIAN See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 "; DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 "; NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ".
turn thy captivity
The Palestinian Covenant gives the conditions under which Israel entered the land of promise. It is important to see that the nation has never as yet taken the land under the unconditional Abrahamic Covenant, nor has it ever possessed the whole land (cf. Genesis 15:18 ; Numbers 34:1-12 . The Palestinian Covenant is in seven parts.
(1) Dispersion for disobedience, Deuteronomy 30:1 ; Deuteronomy 28:63-68 (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
(2) The future repentance of Israel while in the dispersion, Deuteronomy 30:2 .
(3) The return of the Lord, Deuteronomy 30:3 ; Amos 9:9-14 ; Acts 15:14-17 .
(4) Restoration to the land, Deuteronomy 30:5 ; Isaiah 11:11 ; Isaiah 11:12 ; Jeremiah 23:3-8 ; Ezekiel 37:21-25
(5) National conversion, Deuteronomy 30:6 ; Romans 11:26 ; Romans 11:27 ; Hosea 2:14-16
(6) The judgment of Israel's oppressors, Deuteronomy 30:7 ; Matthew 25:31-469 ; Isaiah 14:2 ; Joel 3:1-8 ; 1642405421_88
(7) National prosperity, Deuteronomy 30:9 ; Amos 9:11-14
For Another Point of View: See Topic 301242
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " ABRAHAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 " NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " MOSAIC See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 " NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
The Davidic Covenant
The Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:8-17 .
This covenant, upon which the glorious kingdom of Christ "of the seed of David according to the flesh" is to be founded, secures:
(1) A Davidic "house"; i.e. posterity, family
(2) A "throne"; i.e. royal authority
(3) A kingdom; i.e. sphere of rule
(4) In perpetuity; "for ever"
(5) And this fourfold covenant has but one condition: disobedience in the Davidic family is to be visited with chastisement; but not to the abrogation of the covenant 2 Samuel 7:15 ; Psalms 89:20-37 ; Isaiah 24:5 ; Isaiah 54:3 .
The chastisement fell; first in the division of the kingdom under Rehoboam, and, finally, in the captivities. Genesis 3:15 . Since that time but one King of the Davidic family has been crowned at Jerusalem and He was crowned with thorns. But the Davidic Covenant confirmed to David by the oath of Jehovah, and renewed to Mary by the angel Gabriel, is immutable Psalms 89:30-37 and the Lord God will yet give to that thorn-crowned One "the throne of his father David."; Genesis 24:35 ; Acts 2:29-32 ; Acts 15:14-17 .
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC, (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC, See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " NOAHIC, See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " ABRAHAMIC, See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 " MOSAIC, See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " PALESTINIAN, See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " NEW, See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
Covenant
I. The Eight Covenants, Summary:
(1) The Edenic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 1:26 ") conditioned the life of man in innocency.
(2) The Adamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 3:14 ") conditions the life of fallen man and gives promise of a Redeemer.
(3) The Noahic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ") . establishes the principle of human government.
(4) The Abrahamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ") founds the nation of Israel, and confirms, with specific additions, the Adamic promise of redemption.
(5) The Mosaic Covenant (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ") . condemns all men, "for that all have sinned."
(6) The Palestinian Covenant (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ") secures the final restoration and conversion of Israel.
(7) The Davidic Covenant (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ") establishes the perpetuity of the Davidic family (fulfilled in Christ), Matthew 1:1 ; Luke 1:31-33 ,; Romans 1:3 and of the Davidic kingdom, over Israel, and over the whole earth; to be fulfilled in and by Christ; 2 Samuel 7:8-17 ; Zechariah 12:8 ; Genesis 2:17 ; Acts 15:14-17 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24 .
(8) The New covenant rests upon the sacrifice of Christ, and secures the eternal blessedness, under the Abrahamic Covenant Galatians 3:13-29 of all who believe. It is absolutely unconditional, and, since no responsibility is by it committed to man, it is final and irreversible.
II. The relation of Christ to the eight covenants is as follows:
(1) To the Edenic Covenant, Christ, as the "second Man," the "last Adam" 1 Corinthians 15:45-47 takes the place over all things which the first Adam lost; Colossians 2:10 ; Hebrews 2:7-8 .
(2) He is the "Seed of the woman" of the Adamic Covenant Genesis 3:15 ; John 12:31 ; 1 John 3:8 ; Galatians 4:4 ; Revelation 20:10 and fulfilled its conditions of toil Mark 6:3 and obedience.
(3) As the greatest son of Shem, in Him was fulfilled supremely the promise to Shem in the Noahic Covenant. (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ") Colossians 2:9 .
(4) He is the "Seed to whom the promises were made" in the Abrahamic Covenant; the son of Abraham obedient unto death Genesis 22:18 ; Galatians 3:16 ; Philippians 2:8 .
(5) He lived sinlessly under the Mosaic covenant and bore for us its curse. Galatians 3:10-13 .
(6) He lived obediently as a Jew in the land under the Palestinian Covenant, and will yet perform it gracious promises Deuteronomy 28:1 to Deuteronomy 30:9 .
(7) He is the "Seed," "Heir," and "King" under the Davidic Covenant Matthew 1:1 ; Luke 1:31-33 .
(8) His sacrifice is the foundation of the New Covenant Matthew 26:28 ; 1 Corinthians 11:25 .
DISPENSATION
A dispensation is a period of time during which man is tested in respect of obedience to some specific revelation of the will of God. Seven such dispensations are distinguished in Scripture. , note 5.
And God blessed them
The First Dispensation: Innocency. Man was created in innocency, placed in a perfect environment, subjected to an absolutely simple test, and warned of the consequence of disobedience. The woman fell through pride; the man deliberately. Ephesians 2:1-9 God restored His sinning creatures, but the dispensation of innocency ended in the judgment of the Expulsion Genesis 3:24 See, for the other dispensations;
Conscience
Human Government
Promise
Law
Grace
Kingdom
Be fruitful
The Edenic Covenant, the first of the eight great covenants of Scripture which condition life and salvation, and about which all Scripture crystallizes, has seven elements. The man and woman in Eden were responsible:
(1) To replenish the earth with a new order--man;
(2) to subdue the earth to human uses;
(3) to have dominion over the animal creation;
(4) to eat herbs and fruits;
(5) to till and keep the garden;
(6) to abstain from eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil;
(7) the penalty--death. See, for the other seven covenants:
ADAMIC
NOAHIC
ABRAHAMIC
MOSAIC
PALESTINIAN
DAVIDIC
NEW
Be fruitful
The Edenic Covenant, the first of the eight great covenants of Scripture which condition life and salvation, and about which all Scripture crystallizes, has seven elements. The man and woman in Eden were responsible:
(1) To replenish the earth with a new order--man;
(2) to subdue the earth to human uses;
(3) to have dominion over the animal creation;
(4) to eat herbs and fruits;
(5) to till and keep the garden;
(6) to abstain from eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil;
(7) the penalty--death. See, for the other seven covenants:
ADAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 3:14 ")
NOAHIC (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ")
ABRAHAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
MOSAIC (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ")
PALESTINIAN (See Scofield " Genesis 17:18-2088 ")
DAVIDIC (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ")
NEW (See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
A dispensation is a period of time during which man is tested in respect of obedience to some specific revelation of the will of God. Seven such dispensations are distinguished in Scripture. (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") , note 5.
And God blessed them
The First Dispensation: Innocency. Man was created in innocency, placed in a perfect environment, subjected to an absolutely simple test, and warned of the consequence of disobedience. The woman fell through pride; the man deliberately. 1 Timothy 2:1468 God restored His sinning creatures, but the dispensation of innocency ended in the judgment of the Expulsion Genesis 3:24 See, for the other dispensations;
Conscience (See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ")
Human Government (See Scofield " Exodus 20:1-26 ")
Promise (See Scofield " Joel 3:1-8 ")
Law (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
Grace (See Scofield " Galatians 3:19-292 ")
Kingdom (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ")
Be fruitful
The Edenic Covenant, the first of the eight great covenants of Scripture which condition life and salvation, and about which all Scripture crystallizes, has seven elements. The man and woman in Eden were responsible:
(1) To replenish the earth with a new order--man;
(2) to subdue the earth to human uses;
(3) to have dominion over the animal creation;
(4) to eat herbs and fruits;
(5) to till and keep the garden;
(6) to abstain from eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil;
(7) the penalty--death. See, for the other seven covenants:
ADAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 3:14 ")
NOAHIC (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ")
ABRAHAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
MOSAIC (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ")
PALESTINIAN (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ")
DAVIDIC (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ")
NEW (See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
And God blessed them
The First Dispensation: Innocency. Man was created in innocency, placed in a perfect environment, subjected to an absolutely simple test, and warned of the consequence of disobedience. The woman fell through pride; the man deliberately. 1 Timothy 2:14 God restored His sinning creatures, but the dispensation of innocency ended in the judgment of the Expulsion Genesis 12:1-4 See, for the other dispensations;
Conscience (See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ")
Human Government (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
Promise (See Scofield " Genesis 12:1 ")
Law (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
Grace (See Scofield " John 1:17 ")
Kingdom (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ")
Be fruitful
The Edenic Covenant, the first of the eight great covenants of Scripture which condition life and salvation, and about which all Scripture crystallizes, has seven elements. The man and woman in Eden were responsible:
(1) To replenish the earth with a new order--man;
(2) to subdue the earth to human uses;
(3) to have dominion over the animal creation;
(4) to eat herbs and fruits;
(5) to till and keep the garden;
(6) to abstain from eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil;
(7) the penalty--death. See, for the other seven covenants:
ADAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 3:14 ")
NOAHIC (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ")
ABRAHAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
MOSAIC (See Scofield " Revelation 20:7-15 ")
PALESTINIAN (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ")
DAVIDIC (See Scofield " Luke 1:31-33 ")
NEW (See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
Therefore the Lord God
The Second Dispensation: Conscience. By disobedience man came to a personal and experimental knowledge of good and evil--of good as obedience, of evil as disobedience to the known will of God. Through that knowledge conscience awoke. Expelled from Eden and placed under the second, or ADAMIC COVENANT, man was responsible to do all known good, to abstain from all known evil, and to approach God through sacrifice. The result of this second testing of man is stated in Genesis 6:5 and the dispensation ended in the judgment of the Flood. Apparently "the east of the garden" Genesis 3:24 where were the cherubims and the flame, remained the place of worship through this second dispensation. See for the other six dispensations:
INNOCENCE (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
HUMAN GOVERNMENT (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
PROMISE (See Scofield " Genesis 12:1 ")
LAW (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
GRACE (See Scofield " John 1:17 ")
KINGDOM (See Scofield " Luke 1:31-33 ")
the Lord said in heart
The Third Dispensation: Human Government. Under Conscience, as in Innocency, man utterly failed, and the judgment of the Flood marks the end of the second dispensation and the beginning of the third. The declaration of the Noahic Covenant subjects humanity to a new test. Its distinctive feature is the institution, for the first time, of human government--the government of man by man. The highest function of government is the judicial taking of life. All other governmental powers are implied in that. It follows that the third dispensation is distinctively that of human government. Man is responsible to govern the world for God. That responsibility rested upon the whole race, Jew and Gentile, until the failure of Israel under the Palestinian Covenant ( Jeremiah 23:3-89 to Deuteronomy 30:10 ) brought the judgment of the Captivities, when "the times of the Gentiles" (See); Luke 21:24 ; Revelation 16:14 began, and the government of the world passed exclusively into Gentile hands; Daniel 2:36-45 ; Luke 21:24 ; Acts 15:14-17 . That both Israel and the Gentiles have governed for self, not God, is sadly apparent. The judgment of the confusion of tongues ended the racial testing; that of the captivities the Jewish; while the Gentile testing will end in the smiting of the Image (Daniel 2.) and the judgment of the nations Matthew 25:31-46 .
See, for the other six dispensations:
INNOCENCE (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
CONSCIENCE (See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ")
PROMISE (See Scofield " Genesis 12:1 ")
LAW (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
GRACE (See Scofield " John 1:17 ")
KINGDOM (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ")
Now the Lord
The Fourth Dispensation: Promise. For Abraham, and his descendants it is evident that the Abrahamic Covenant (See Scofield " Amos 9:9-14 ") made a great change. They became distinctively the heirs of promise. That covenant is wholly gracious and unconditional. The descendants of Abraham had but to abide in their own land to inherit every blessing. In Egypt they lost their blessings, but not their covenant. The Dispensation of Promise ended when Israel rashly accepted the law Exodus 19:8 . Grace had prepared a deliverer (Moses), provided a sacrifice for the guilty, and by divine power brought them out of bondage Exodus 19:4 but at Sinai they exchanged grace for law. The Dispensation of Promise extends from Genesis 12:1 to Exodus 19:8 , and was exclusively Israelitish. The dispensation must be distinguished from the covenant. The former is a mode of testing; the latter is everlasting because unconditional. The law did not abrogate the Abrahamic Covenant Galatians 3:15-18 but was an intermediate disciplinary dealing "till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made"; Genesis 1:285 ; Galatians 4:1-7 . Only the dispensation, as a testing of Israel, ended at the giving of the law.
See, for the other six dispensations: (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ") .
INNOCENCE ( Genesis 1:28 ) CONSCIENCE ( Genesis 3:23 ) HUMAN GOVERNMENT ( Genesis 8:21 ) LAW ( Exodus 19:8 ) GRACE ( Genesis 17:1-8 ) KINGDOM ( Ephesians 1:10 )
we will do
The Fifth Dispensation: Law. This dispensation extends from Sinai to Calvary--from Exodus to the Cross. The history of Israel in the wilderness and in the land is one long record of the violation of the law. The testing of the nation by law ended in the judgment of the Captivities, but the dispensation itself ended at the Cross.
(1) Man's state at the beginning Exodus 19:1-4 .
(2) His responsibility Exodus 19:5 ; John 8:56-58 ; Romans 10:5 .
(3) His failure 2 Kings 17:7-17 ; Genesis 6:8-10 ; Acts 2:22 ; Acts 2:23 .
(4) The judgment 2 Kings 17:1-6 ; 2 Kings 17:20 ; 2 Kings 25:1-11 ; Luke 21:20-24
For Another Point of View: See Topic 301180
See, for the other six dispensations: INNOCENCE ( Genesis 1:28 ); CONSCIENCE ( Genesis 3:23 ); HUMAN GOVERNMENT ( Genesis 8:20 ); PROMISE ( Genesis 12:1 ); GRACE ( John 1:17 ); KINGDOM ( Ephesians 1:10 )
(See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") . See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ". See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ". See Scofield " Jeremiah 23:5-80 ". See Scofield " John 1:17 ". See Scofield " Galatians 4:21-31 ".
grace
Grace. Summary:
(1) Grace is "the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man.. . not by works of righteousness which we have done" Titus 3:4 ; Titus 3:5 .
It is, therefore, constantly set in contrast to law, under which God demands righteousness from man, as, under grace, he gives righteousness to man Romans 3:21 ; Romans 3:22 ; Romans 8:4 ; Philippians 3:9 . Law is connected with Moses and works; grace with Christ and faith; Isaiah 7:9-140 ; Romans 10:4-10 . Law blesses the good; grace saves the bad; Exodus 19:5 ; 1642405421_3 . Law demands that blessings be earned; grace is a free gift; Deuteronomy 28:1-6 ; Ephesians 2:8 ; Romans 4:4 ; Romans 4:5 .
(2) As a dispensation, grace begins with the death and resurrection of Christ Romans 3:24-26 , Romans 4:24 ; Romans 4:25 . The point of testing is no longer legal obedience as the condition of salvation, but acceptance or rejection of Christ, with good works as a fruit of salvation,; John 1:12 ; John 1:13 ; John 3:36 ; Matthew 21:37 ; Matthew 22:24 ; John 15:22 ; John 15:25 ; Hebrews 1:2 ; 1 John 5:10-12 . The immediate result of this testing was the rejection of Christ by the Jews, and His crucifixion by Jew and Gentile Acts 4:27 . The predicted end of the testing of man under grace is the apostasy of the professing church: See "Apostasy" (See Scofield " 2 Timothy 3:1 ") 2 Timothy 3:1-8 and the resultant apocalyptic judgments.
(3) Grace has a twofold manifestation: in salvation Romans 3:24 and in the walk and service of the saved Romans 6:15 .
See, for the other six dispensations:
Innocence, (See Scofield " Genesis 28:10-14 ")
Conscience, (See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ")
Human Government, (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
Promise, (See Scofield " Genesis 12:1 ")
Law, (See Scofield " 2 Corinthians 3:7-99 ")
Kingdom, (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ") .
dispensation of the fullness of times
The Dispensation of the Fulness of Times. This, the seventh and last of the ordered ages which condition human life on the earth, is identical with the kingdom covenanted to David. 2 Samuel 7:8-17 ; 2 Kings 17:19
Summary;
Luke 1:31-33 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24 , and gathers into itself under Christ all past "times":
(1) The time of oppression and misrule ends by Christ taking His kingdom. Numbers 21:5-9 ; Isaiah 11:4 .
(2) The time of testimony and divine forbearance ends in judgment. Matthew 25:31-46 ; Acts 17:30 ; Acts 17:31 ; Exodus 19:25 .
(3) The time of toil ends in rest and reward. 2 Thessalonians 1:6 ; 2 Thessalonians 1:7 .
(4) The time of suffering ends in glory. Romans 8:17 ; Romans 8:18 .
(5) The time of Israel's blindness and chastisement ends in restoration and conversion. Romans 11:25-27 ; Ezekiel 39:25-29 .
(6) The times of the Gentiles end in the smiting of the image and the setting up of the kingdom of the heavens. Daniel 2:34 ; Daniel 2:35 ; Revelation 19:15-21 .
(7) The time of creation's thraldom ends in deliverance at the manifestation of the sons of God. Genesis 3:17 ; Isaiah 11:6-8 ; Romans 8:19-21 .
And the Lord God said
The Adamic Covenant conditions the life of fallen man--conditions which must remain till, in the kingdom age, "the creation also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the sons of God" Hebrews 10:11-17 . The elements of the Adamic Covenant are:
(1) The serpent, Satan's tool, is cursed ( Genesis 3:14 ), and becomes God's illustration in nature of the effects of sin--from the most beautiful and subtle of creatures to a loathsome reptile! The deepest mystery of the atonement is intimated here. Christ, "made sin for us," in bearing our judgment, is typified by the brazen serpent; Isaiah 11:3 ; John 3:14 ; 2 Corinthians 5:21 . Brass speaks of judgment--in the brazen altar, of God's judgment, and in the laver, of self-judgment.
(2) The first promise of a Redeemer ( Genesis 3:15 ). Here begins the "Highway of the Seed," Abel, Seth, Noah Zechariah 12:8 , Shem Ephesians 1:10 ; Genesis 9:27 Abraham Genesis 3:24 , Isaac Genesis 17:19-21 Jacob Genesis 1:28 , Judah Ezekiel 37:21-25 , David 2 Samuel 7:5-17 Immanuel-Christ; Exodus 19:257 ; Exodus 19:8 ; Matthew 1:20-23 ; John 1:17 ; John 12:31 .
(3) The changed state of the woman ( Genesis 3:16 ). In three particulars:
(a) Multiplied conception; (b) motherhood linked with sorrow; (c) the headship of the man (cf) Genesis 1:26 ; Genesis 1:27 The entrance of sin, which is disorder, makes necessary a headship, and it is vested in man; 1 Timothy 2:11-14 ; Ephesians 5:22-25 ; 1 Corinthians 11:7-9 .
(4) The earth cursed ( Genesis 3:17 ) for man's sake. It is better for fallen man to battle with a reluctant earth than to live without toil.
(5) The inevitable sorrow of life ( Genesis 3:17 ).
(6) The light occupation of Eden Genesis 2:15 changed to burdensome labour Genesis 3:18 ; Genesis 3:19 .
(7) Physical death Genesis 3:19 ; Romans 5:12-21 , See "Death (spiritual)" Genesis 2:17 . (See Scofield " Ephesians 2:5 ") .
See for the other covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " 1642405421_4 ")
NOAHIC (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ")
ABRAHAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
MOSAIC (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ")
PALESTINIAN (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ")
DAVIDIC (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ")
NEW (See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
and said unto them
The Noahic Covenant. The elements are:
(1) The relation of man to the earth under the Adamic Covenant is confirmed (See Scofield " 2 Kings 25:1-79 ")
(2) The order of nature is confirmed ( Genesis 8:22 )
(3) Human government is established ( Genesis 9:1-6 )
(4) Earth is secured against another universal judgment by water Genesis 8:21 ; Genesis 9:11
(5) A prophetic declaration is made that from Ham will descend an inferior and servile posterity Genesis 9:24 ; Genesis 9:25 .
(6) A prophetic declaration is made that Shem will have a peculiar relation to Jehovah Genesis 9:26 ; Genesis 9:27 . All divine revelation is through Semitic men, and Christ, after the flesh, descends from Shem.
(7) A prophetic declaration is made that from Japheth will descend the "enlarged" races Genesis 9:27 . Government, science, and art, speaking broadly, are and have been Japhetic, so that history is the indisputable record of the exact fulfilment of these declarations. (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ") for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC Genesis 1:28 ADAMIC Genesis 3:15 ABRAHAMIC Genesis 15:18 MOSAIC Exodus 19:25 PALESTINIAN Deuteronomy 30:3 DAVIDIC 2 Samuel 7:16 NEW Hebrews 8:8
covenant
The Abrahamic Covenant as formed Genesis 12:1-4 and confirmed; Genesis 13:14-17 ; Genesis 15:1-7 ; John 1:17 is in seven distinct parts:
(1) "I will make of thee a great nation." Fulfilled in a threefold way:
(a) In a natural posterity--"as the dust of the earth Genesis 13:16 ; John 8:37 , viz. the Hebrew people.
(b) In a spiritual posterity--"look now toward heaven. .. so shall thy seed be" John 8:39 ; Romans 4:16 ; Romans 4:17 ; 1 Timothy 2:14 ; Romans 9:8 ; Galatians 3:6 ; Galatians 3:7 ; Galatians 3:29 viz. all men of faith, whether Jew or Gentile.
(c) fulfilled also through Ishmael 1642405421_9
(2) "I will bless thee." Fulfilled in two ways:
(a) temporally Genesis 12:1 ; Genesis 13:15 ; Genesis 13:17 ; Genesis 15:18 ; Genesis 24:34 ; Genesis 24:35 (b) spiritually; Genesis 15:6 ; John 8:56
(3) "And make thy name great." Abraham's is one of the universal names.
(4) "And thou shalt be a blessing" Galatians 3:13 ; Galatians 3:14
(5) "I will bless them that bless thee." In fulfilment closely related to the next clause.
(6) "And curse him that curseth thee." Wonderfully fulfilled in the history of the dispersion. It has invariably fared ill with the people who have persecuted the Jew--well with those who have protected him. The future will still more remarkably prove this principle Deuteronomy 30:7 ; Isaiah 14:1 ,; Joel 3:1-8 ; Micah 5:7-9 ; Haggai 2:22 ; Zechariah 14:1-3 ; Matthew 25:40 ; Matthew 25:45 .
(7) "In thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed." This is the great evangelic promise fulfilled in Abraham's Seed, Christ Deuteronomy 30:1-3 ; Exodus 19:6 .
It brings into greater definiteness the promise of the Adamic Covenant concerning the Seed of the woman Genesis 3:15
NOTE.--The gift of the land is modified by prophecies of three dispossessions and restorations Genesis 15:13 ; Genesis 15:14 ; Genesis 15:16 ; Jeremiah 25:11 ; Jeremiah 25:12 ; Deuteronomy 28:62-65 ; Galatians 3:16 . Two dispossessions and restorations have been accomplished. Israel is now in the third dispersion, from which she will be restored at the return of the Lord as King under the Davidic Covenant; Deuteronomy 30:3 ; 1642405421_35 ; Genesis 49:10 ; Luke 1:30-33 ; Acts 15:14-17
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " MOSAIC See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " PALESTINIAN See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 " NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
So Moses
The Mosaic Covenant,
(1) given to Israel
(2) in three divisions, each essential to the others, and together forming the Mosaic Covenant, viz.: the Commandments, expressing the righteous will of God Genesis 8:21 the "judgments," governing the social life of Israel; Exodus 21:1 to Exodus 24:11 and the "ordinances," governing the religious life of Israel; Exodus 24:12 to Exodus 31:18 . These three elements form "the law," as that phrase is generically used in the New Testament (e.g.) Matthew 5:17 ; Matthew 5:18 . The Commandments and the ordinances formed one religious system. The Commandments were a "ministry of condemnation" and of "death" 1642405421_71 the ordinances gave, in the high priest, a representative of the people with Jehovah; and in the sacrifices a "cover" (see "Atonement," (See Scofield " Leviticus 16:6 ") for their sins in anticipation of the Cross; Hebrews 5:1-3 ; Hebrews 9:6-9 ; Romans 3:25 ; Romans 3:26 . The Christian is not under the conditional Mosaic Covenant of works, the law, but under the unconditional New Covenant of grace.; Romans 3:21-27 ; Romans 6:14 ; Romans 6:15 ; Galatians 2:16 ; Galatians 3:10-14 ; Galatians 3:16-18 ; Galatians 3:24-26 ; Ephesians 1:10 ; Romans 8:21 . See NEW COVENANT.
(See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
See,for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ; ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 "; NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 "; ABRAHAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 "; PALESTINIAN See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 "; DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 "; NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ".
turn thy captivity
The Palestinian Covenant gives the conditions under which Israel entered the land of promise. It is important to see that the nation has never as yet taken the land under the unconditional Abrahamic Covenant, nor has it ever possessed the whole land (cf. Genesis 15:18 ; Numbers 34:1-12 . The Palestinian Covenant is in seven parts.
(1) Dispersion for disobedience, Deuteronomy 30:1 ; Deuteronomy 28:63-68 (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
(2) The future repentance of Israel while in the dispersion, Deuteronomy 30:2 .
(3) The return of the Lord, Deuteronomy 30:3 ; Genesis 15:18 ; Acts 15:14-17 .
(4) Restoration to the land, Deuteronomy 30:5 ; Isaiah 11:11 ; Isaiah 11:12 ; 1642405421_63 ; Ezekiel 37:21-25
(5) National conversion, Deuteronomy 30:6 ; Romans 11:26 ; Romans 11:27 ; Hosea 2:14-16
(6) The judgment of Israel's oppressors, Deuteronomy 30:7 ; Isaiah 14:1 ; Isaiah 14:2 ; Genesis 13:14 ; Matthew 25:31-46
(7) National prosperity, Deuteronomy 30:9 ; Amos 9:11-14
For Another Point of View: See Topic 301242
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " ABRAHAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 " NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " MOSAIC See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 " NEW See Scofield " Psalms 89:20-37 "
The Davidic Covenant
The Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:8-17 .
This covenant, upon which the glorious kingdom of Christ "of the seed of David according to the flesh" is to be founded, secures:
(1) A Davidic "house"; i.e. posterity, family
(2) A "throne"; i.e. royal authority
(3) A kingdom; i.e. sphere of rule
(4) In perpetuity; "for ever"
(5) And this fourfold covenant has but one condition: disobedience in the Davidic family is to be visited with chastisement; but not to the abrogation of the covenant 2 Samuel 7:15 ; Hebrews 8:8 ; Isaiah 24:5 ; Isaiah 54:3 .
The chastisement fell; first in the division of the kingdom under Rehoboam, and, finally, in the captivities. 1642405421_28 . Since that time but one King of the Davidic family has been crowned at Jerusalem and He was crowned with thorns. But the Davidic Covenant confirmed to David by the oath of Jehovah, and renewed to Mary by the angel Gabriel, is immutable Psalms 89:30-37 and the Lord God will yet give to that thorn-crowned One "the throne of his father David."; Luke 1:31-33 ; Acts 2:29-32 ; Acts 15:14-17 .
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC, (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC, See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " NOAHIC, See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " ABRAHAMIC, See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 " MOSAIC, See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " PALESTINIAN, See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " NEW, See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
Covenant
I. The Eight Covenants, Summary:
(1) The Edenic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 1:26 ") conditioned the life of man in innocency.
(2) The Adamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 3:14 ") conditions the life of fallen man and gives promise of a Redeemer.
(3) The Noahic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ") . establishes the principle of human government.
(4) The Abrahamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ") founds the nation of Israel, and confirms, with specific additions, the Adamic promise of redemption.
(5) The Mosaic Covenant (See Scofield " 1642405421_5 ") . condemns all men, "for that all have sinned."
(6) The Palestinian Covenant (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ") secures the final restoration and conversion of Israel.
(7) The Davidic Covenant (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ") establishes the perpetuity of the Davidic family (fulfilled in Christ), Galatians 3:10-13 ; Deuteronomy 30:3 ,; Romans 1:3 and of the Davidic kingdom, over Israel, and over the whole earth; to be fulfilled in and by Christ; 2 Samuel 7:8-17 ; Zechariah 12:8 ; Luke 1:31-33 ; Acts 15:14-17 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24 .
(8) The New covenant rests upon the sacrifice of Christ, and secures the eternal blessedness, under the Abrahamic Covenant Galatians 3:13-29 of all who believe. It is absolutely unconditional, and, since no responsibility is by it committed to man, it is final and irreversible.
II. The relation of Christ to the eight covenants is as follows:
(1) To the Edenic Covenant, Christ, as the "second Man," the "last Adam" 1 Corinthians 15:45-47 takes the place over all things which the first Adam lost; Colossians 2:10 ; Hebrews 2:7-8 .
(2) He is the "Seed of the woman" of the Adamic Covenant Genesis 3:15 ; John 12:31 ; 1 John 3:8 ; Galatians 4:4 ; Revelation 20:10 and fulfilled its conditions of toil Mark 6:3 and obedience.
(3) As the greatest son of Shem, in Him was fulfilled supremely the promise to Shem in the Noahic Covenant. (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ") Colossians 2:9 .
(4) He is the "Seed to whom the promises were made" in the Abrahamic Covenant; the son of Abraham obedient unto death Genesis 22:18 ; Galatians 3:16 ; Philippians 2:8 .
(5) He lived sinlessly under the Mosaic covenant and bore for us its curse. Matthew 1:1 .
(6) He lived obediently as a Jew in the land under the Palestinian Covenant, and will yet perform it gracious promises Deuteronomy 28:1 to Deuteronomy 30:9 .
(7) He is the "Seed," "Heir," and "King" under the Davidic Covenant Matthew 1:1 ; Genesis 9:26 .
(8) His sacrifice is the foundation of the New Covenant Matthew 26:28 ; 1 Corinthians 11:25 .
And God blessed them
The First Dispensation: Innocency. Man was created in innocency, placed in a perfect environment, subjected to an absolutely simple test, and warned of the consequence of disobedience. The woman fell through pride; the man deliberately. 1 Timothy 2:14 God restored His sinning creatures, but the dispensation of innocency ended in the judgment of the Expulsion Genesis 3:24 See, for the other dispensations;
Conscience
Human Government
Promise
Law
Grace
Kingdom
Be fruitful
The Edenic Covenant, the first of the eight great covenants of Scripture which condition life and salvation, and about which all Scripture crystallizes, has seven elements. The man and woman in Eden were responsible:
(1) To replenish the earth with a new order--man;
(2) to subdue the earth to human uses;
(3) to have dominion over the animal creation;
(4) to eat herbs and fruits;
(5) to till and keep the garden;
(6) to abstain from eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil;
(7) the penalty--death. See, for the other seven covenants:
ADAMIC
NOAHIC
ABRAHAMIC
MOSAIC
PALESTINIAN
DAVIDIC
NEW
Therefore the Lord God
The Second Dispensation: Conscience. By disobedience man came to a personal and experimental knowledge of good and evil--of good as obedience, of evil as disobedience to the known will of God. Through that knowledge conscience awoke. Expelled from Eden and placed under the second, or ADAMIC COVENANT, man was responsible to do all known good, to abstain from all known evil, and to approach God through sacrifice. The result of this second testing of man is stated in 1 Corinthians 15:45-476 and the dispensation ended in the judgment of the Flood. Apparently "the east of the garden" Genesis 3:24 where were the cherubims and the flame, remained the place of worship through this second dispensation. See for the other six dispensations:
INNOCENCE (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
HUMAN GOVERNMENT (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
PROMISE (See Scofield " Genesis 13:14-17 ")
LAW (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
GRACE (See Scofield " John 1:17 ")
KINGDOM (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ")
the Lord said in heart
The Third Dispensation: Human Government. Under Conscience, as in Innocency, man utterly failed, and the judgment of the Flood marks the end of the second dispensation and the beginning of the third. The declaration of the Noahic Covenant subjects humanity to a new test. Its distinctive feature is the institution, for the first time, of human government--the government of man by man. The highest function of government is the judicial taking of life. All other governmental powers are implied in that. It follows that the third dispensation is distinctively that of human government. Man is responsible to govern the world for God. That responsibility rested upon the whole race, Jew and Gentile, until the failure of Israel under the Palestinian Covenant ( Genesis 28:10-142 to Deuteronomy 30:10 ) brought the judgment of the Captivities, when "the times of the Gentiles" (See); Luke 21:24 ; Revelation 16:14 began, and the government of the world passed exclusively into Gentile hands; Daniel 2:36-45 ; Luke 21:24 ; Acts 15:14-17 . That both Israel and the Gentiles have governed for self, not God, is sadly apparent. The judgment of the confusion of tongues ended the racial testing; that of the captivities the Jewish; while the Gentile testing will end in the smiting of the Image (Daniel 2.) and the judgment of the nations Matthew 25:31-46 .
See, for the other six dispensations:
INNOCENCE (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
CONSCIENCE (See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ")
PROMISE (See Scofield " Genesis 12:1 ")
LAW (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
GRACE (See Scofield " John 1:17 ")
KINGDOM (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ")
Now the Lord
The Fourth Dispensation: Promise. For Abraham, and his descendants it is evident that the Abrahamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ") made a great change. They became distinctively the heirs of promise. That covenant is wholly gracious and unconditional. The descendants of Abraham had but to abide in their own land to inherit every blessing. In Egypt they lost their blessings, but not their covenant. The Dispensation of Promise ended when Israel rashly accepted the law Exodus 19:8 . Grace had prepared a deliverer (Moses), provided a sacrifice for the guilty, and by divine power brought them out of bondage Exodus 19:4 but at Sinai they exchanged grace for law. The Dispensation of Promise extends from Genesis 12:1 to Exodus 19:8 , and was exclusively Israelitish. The dispensation must be distinguished from the covenant. The former is a mode of testing; the latter is everlasting because unconditional. The law did not abrogate the Abrahamic Covenant Galatians 3:15-18 but was an intermediate disciplinary dealing "till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made"; Galatians 3:19-29 ; Galatians 4:1-7 . Only the dispensation, as a testing of Israel, ended at the giving of the law.
See, for the other six dispensations: (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ") .
INNOCENCE ( Genesis 1:28 ) CONSCIENCE ( Genesis 3:23 ) HUMAN GOVERNMENT ( Genesis 8:21 ) LAW ( Exodus 19:8 ) GRACE ( John 1:17 ) KINGDOM ( Ephesians 1:10 )
we will do
The Fifth Dispensation: Law. This dispensation extends from Sinai to Calvary--from Exodus to the Cross. The history of Israel in the wilderness and in the land is one long record of the violation of the law. The testing of the nation by law ended in the judgment of the Captivities, but the dispensation itself ended at the Cross.
(1) Man's state at the beginning Exodus 19:1-4 .
(2) His responsibility Exodus 19:5 ; Exodus 19:6 ; Romans 10:5 .
(3) His failure 2 Kings 17:7-17 ; Romans 3:24-268 ; Acts 2:22 ; Acts 2:23 .
(4) The judgment 2 Kings 17:1-6 ; 2 Kings 17:20 ; 2 Kings 25:1-11 ; Luke 21:20-24
For Another Point of View: See Topic 301180
See, for the other six dispensations: INNOCENCE ( Genesis 1:28 ); CONSCIENCE ( Genesis 3:23 ); HUMAN GOVERNMENT ( Genesis 8:20 ); PROMISE ( Genesis 12:1 ); GRACE ( John 1:17 ); KINGDOM ( Ephesians 1:10 )
(See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") . See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ". See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ". See Scofield " Genesis 12:1 ". See Scofield " John 1:17 ". See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ".
grace
Grace. Summary:
(1) Grace is "the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man.. . not by works of righteousness which we have done" Titus 3:4 ; Titus 3:5 .
It is, therefore, constantly set in contrast to law, under which God demands righteousness from man, as, under grace, he gives righteousness to man Romans 3:21 ; Romans 3:22 ; Romans 8:4 ; Philippians 3:9 . Law is connected with Moses and works; grace with Christ and faith; John 1:17 ; Romans 10:4-10 . Law blesses the good; grace saves the bad; Exodus 19:5 ; Ephesians 2:1-9 . Law demands that blessings be earned; grace is a free gift; Deuteronomy 28:1-6 ; Ephesians 2:8 ; Romans 4:4 ; Romans 4:5 .
(2) As a dispensation, grace begins with the death and resurrection of Christ 1 John 3:8 , Romans 4:24 ; Romans 4:25 . The point of testing is no longer legal obedience as the condition of salvation, but acceptance or rejection of Christ, with good works as a fruit of salvation,; John 1:12 ; John 1:13 ; John 3:36 ; Matthew 21:37 ; Matthew 22:24 ; John 15:22 ; Galatians 3:13-292 ; Deuteronomy 28:63-687 ; 1 John 5:10-12 . The immediate result of this testing was the rejection of Christ by the Jews, and His crucifixion by Jew and Gentile Micah 5:7-9 . The predicted end of the testing of man under grace is the apostasy of the professing church: See "Apostasy" (See Scofield " 2 Timothy 3:1 ") 2 Timothy 3:1-8 and the resultant apocalyptic judgments.
(3) Grace has a twofold manifestation: in salvation Romans 3:24 and in the walk and service of the saved Romans 6:15 .
See, for the other six dispensations:
Innocence, (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
Conscience, (See Scofield " Genesis 3:23 ")
Human Government, (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
Promise, (See Scofield " Genesis 17:18-20 ")
Law, (See Scofield " Exodus 19:8 ")
Kingdom, (See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ") .
dispensation of the fullness of times
The Dispensation of the Fulness of Times. This, the seventh and last of the ordered ages which condition human life on the earth, is identical with the kingdom covenanted to David. 2 Samuel 7:8-17 ; Zechariah 12:8
Summary;
Luke 1:31-33 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24 , and gathers into itself under Christ all past "times":
(1) The time of oppression and misrule ends by Christ taking His kingdom. Isaiah 11:3 ; Isaiah 11:4 .
(2) The time of testimony and divine forbearance ends in judgment. Matthew 25:31-46 ; Acts 17:30 ; Hebrews 2:7-85 ; Revelation 20:7-15 .
(3) The time of toil ends in rest and reward. Luke 1:30-33 ; Luke 1:31-33 .
(4) The time of suffering ends in glory. Romans 8:17 ; Romans 8:18 .
(5) The time of Israel's blindness and chastisement ends in restoration and conversion. Romans 11:25-27 ; Ezekiel 39:25-29 .
(6) The times of the Gentiles end in the smiting of the image and the setting up of the kingdom of the heavens. Daniel 2:34 ; Romans 8:19-21 ; Revelation 19:15-21 .
(7) The time of creation's thraldom ends in deliverance at the manifestation of the sons of God. Genesis 3:17 ; Isaiah 11:6-8 ; Daniel 2:35 .
And the Lord God said
The Adamic Covenant conditions the life of fallen man--conditions which must remain till, in the kingdom age, "the creation also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the sons of God" Romans 8:21 . The elements of the Adamic Covenant are:
(1) The serpent, Satan's tool, is cursed ( Genesis 3:14 ), and becomes God's illustration in nature of the effects of sin--from the most beautiful and subtle of creatures to a loathsome reptile! The deepest mystery of the atonement is intimated here. Christ, "made sin for us," in bearing our judgment, is typified by the brazen serpent; Numbers 21:5-9 ; John 3:14 ; 2 Corinthians 5:21 . Brass speaks of judgment--in the brazen altar, of God's judgment, and in the laver, of self-judgment.
(2) The first promise of a Redeemer ( Genesis 3:15 ). Here begins the "Highway of the Seed," Abel, Seth, Noah Genesis 6:8-10 , Shem Genesis 9:26 ; Genesis 9:27 Abraham Genesis 12:1-4 , Isaac Genesis 17:19-21 Jacob 1642405421_44 , Judah Hebrews 1:2 , David 2 Samuel 7:5-17 Immanuel-Christ; Isaiah 7:9-14 ; Matthew 1:1 ; Matthew 1:20-23 ; 1642405421_78 ; John 12:31 .
(3) The changed state of the woman ( Genesis 3:16 ). In three particulars:
(a) Multiplied conception; (b) motherhood linked with sorrow; (c) the headship of the man (cf) Genesis 1:26 ; Numbers 34:1-12 The entrance of sin, which is disorder, makes necessary a headship, and it is vested in man; 1 Timothy 2:11-14 ; Ephesians 5:22-25 ; 1 Corinthians 11:7-9 .
(4) The earth cursed ( Genesis 3:17 ) for man's sake. It is better for fallen man to battle with a reluctant earth than to live without toil.
(5) The inevitable sorrow of life ( Genesis 3:17 ).
(6) The light occupation of Eden Genesis 2:15 changed to burdensome labour Genesis 3:18 ; Genesis 3:19 .
(7) Physical death Genesis 3:19 ; Romans 5:12-21 , See "Death (spiritual)" Genesis 2:17 . (See Scofield " Ephesians 2:5 ") .
See for the other covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ")
NOAHIC (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ")
ABRAHAMIC (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ")
MOSAIC (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ")
PALESTINIAN (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ")
DAVIDIC (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ")
NEW (See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
and said unto them
The Noahic Covenant. The elements are:
(1) The relation of man to the earth under the Adamic Covenant is confirmed (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ")
(2) The order of nature is confirmed ( Amos 9:11-14 )
(3) Human government is established ( Genesis 9:1-6 )
(4) Earth is secured against another universal judgment by water Genesis 8:21 ; Genesis 9:11
(5) A prophetic declaration is made that from Ham will descend an inferior and servile posterity Genesis 9:24 ; Genesis 9:25 .
(6) A prophetic declaration is made that Shem will have a peculiar relation to Jehovah Genesis 9:26 ; Genesis 9:27 . All divine revelation is through Semitic men, and Christ, after the flesh, descends from Shem.
(7) A prophetic declaration is made that from Japheth will descend the "enlarged" races Genesis 9:27 . Government, science, and art, speaking broadly, are and have been Japhetic, so that history is the indisputable record of the exact fulfilment of these declarations. (See Scofield " Genesis 8:21 ") for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC Genesis 1:28 ADAMIC Genesis 3:15 ABRAHAMIC Genesis 15:18 MOSAIC Exodus 19:25 PALESTINIAN Deuteronomy 30:3 DAVIDIC 2 Samuel 7:16 NEW Hebrews 8:8
covenant
The Abrahamic Covenant as formed Genesis 12:1-4 and confirmed; Genesis 12:1 ; Genesis 15:1-7 ; Genesis 17:1-8 is in seven distinct parts:
(1) "I will make of thee a great nation." Fulfilled in a threefold way:
(a) In a natural posterity--"as the dust of the earth Genesis 13:16 ; John 8:37 , viz. the Hebrew people.
(b) In a spiritual posterity--"look now toward heaven. .. so shall thy seed be" John 8:39 ; Romans 4:16 ; Romans 4:17 ; Romans 9:7 ; Romans 9:8 ; Galatians 3:6 ; Galatians 3:7 ; Galatians 3:29 viz. all men of faith, whether Jew or Gentile.
(c) fulfilled also through Ishmael Genesis 12:1
(2) "I will bless thee." Fulfilled in two ways:
(a) temporally Genesis 13:14 ; Genesis 13:15 ; Genesis 13:17 ; Genesis 15:18 ; Genesis 24:34 ; Genesis 24:35 (b) spiritually; Genesis 15:6 ; John 8:56
(3) "And make thy name great." Abraham's is one of the universal names.
(4) "And thou shalt be a blessing" Galatians 3:13 ; Galatians 3:14
(5) "I will bless them that bless thee." In fulfilment closely related to the next clause.
(6) "And curse him that curseth thee." Wonderfully fulfilled in the history of the dispersion. It has invariably fared ill with the people who have persecuted the Jew--well with those who have protected him. The future will still more remarkably prove this principle Deuteronomy 30:7 ; Isaiah 14:1 ,; Joel 3:1-8 ; Jeremiah 23:3-8 ; Haggai 2:22 ; Zechariah 14:1-3 ; Matthew 25:40 ; Matthew 25:45 .
(7) "In thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed." This is the great evangelic promise fulfilled in Abraham's Seed, Christ Galatians 3:16 ; John 8:56-58 .
It brings into greater definiteness the promise of the Adamic Covenant concerning the Seed of the woman Genesis 3:15
NOTE.--The gift of the land is modified by prophecies of three dispossessions and restorations Genesis 15:13 ; Genesis 15:14 ; Genesis 15:16 ; Jeremiah 25:11 ; Jeremiah 25:12 ; Deuteronomy 28:62-65 ; Deuteronomy 30:1-3 . Two dispossessions and restorations have been accomplished. Israel is now in the third dispersion, from which she will be restored at the return of the Lord as King under the Davidic Covenant; Deuteronomy 30:3 ; Jeremiah 23:5-8 ; Ezekiel 37:21-25 ; 2 Thessalonians 1:6 ; Acts 15:14-17
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " MOSAIC See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " PALESTINIAN See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 " NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
So Moses
The Mosaic Covenant,
(1) given to Israel
(2) in three divisions, each essential to the others, and together forming the Mosaic Covenant, viz.: the Commandments, expressing the righteous will of God Exodus 20:1-26 the "judgments," governing the social life of Israel; Exodus 21:1 to Exodus 24:11 and the "ordinances," governing the religious life of Israel; Exodus 24:12 to Exodus 31:18 . These three elements form "the law," as that phrase is generically used in the New Testament (e.g.) Matthew 5:17 ; Matthew 5:18 . The Commandments and the ordinances formed one religious system. The Commandments were a "ministry of condemnation" and of "death" 2 Corinthians 3:7-9 the ordinances gave, in the high priest, a representative of the people with Jehovah; and in the sacrifices a "cover" (see "Atonement," (See Scofield " Leviticus 16:6 ") for their sins in anticipation of the Cross; Hebrews 5:1-3 ; Hebrews 9:6-9 ; Romans 3:25 ; Romans 3:26 . The Christian is not under the conditional Mosaic Covenant of works, the law, but under the unconditional New Covenant of grace.; Romans 3:21-27 ; Romans 6:14 ; Romans 6:15 ; Galatians 2:16 ; Galatians 3:10-14 ; Galatians 3:16-18 ; Galatians 3:24-26 ; Galatians 4:21-31 ; Hebrews 10:11-17 . See NEW COVENANT.
(See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ")
See,for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ; ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 "; NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 "; ABRAHAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 "; PALESTINIAN See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 "; DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 "; NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 ".
turn thy captivity
The Palestinian Covenant gives the conditions under which Israel entered the land of promise. It is important to see that the nation has never as yet taken the land under the unconditional Abrahamic Covenant, nor has it ever possessed the whole land (cf. Genesis 15:18 ; Genesis 1:27 . The Palestinian Covenant is in seven parts.
(1) Dispersion for disobedience, Deuteronomy 30:1 ; 1642405421_68 (See Scofield " Matthew 25:31-46 ")
(2) The future repentance of Israel while in the dispersion, Deuteronomy 30:2 .
(3) The return of the Lord, Genesis 6:5 ; Amos 9:9-14 ; Acts 15:14-17 .
(4) Restoration to the land, Deuteronomy 30:5 ; Isaiah 11:11 ; Isaiah 11:12 ; Acts 4:27 ; Ezekiel 37:21-25
(5) National conversion, Deuteronomy 30:6 ; Romans 11:26 ; Romans 11:27 ; Hosea 2:14-16
(6) The judgment of Israel's oppressors, 2 Kings 25:1-74 ; Isaiah 14:1 ; Isaiah 14:2 ; Joel 3:1-8 ; Genesis 15:18
(7) National prosperity, Deuteronomy 30:9 ; Genesis 8:22
For Another Point of View: See Topic 301242
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " ABRAHAMIC See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 " NOAHIC See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " MOSAIC See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " DAVIDIC See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 " NEW See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
The Davidic Covenant
The Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:8-17 .
This covenant, upon which the glorious kingdom of Christ "of the seed of David according to the flesh" is to be founded, secures:
(1) A Davidic "house"; i.e. posterity, family
(2) A "throne"; i.e. royal authority
(3) A kingdom; i.e. sphere of rule
(4) In perpetuity; "for ever"
(5) And this fourfold covenant has but one condition: disobedience in the Davidic family is to be visited with chastisement; but not to the abrogation of the covenant 2 Samuel 7:15 ; Psalms 89:20-37 ; Isaiah 24:5 ; Isaiah 54:3 .
The chastisement fell; first in the division of the kingdom under Rehoboam, and, finally, in the captivities. 1642405421_43 . Since that time but one King of the Davidic family has been crowned at Jerusalem and He was crowned with thorns. But the Davidic Covenant confirmed to David by the oath of Jehovah, and renewed to Mary by the angel Gabriel, is immutable Psalms 89:30-37 and the Lord God will yet give to that thorn-crowned One "the throne of his father David."; 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ; Acts 2:29-32 ; Acts 15:14-17 .
See, for the other seven covenants:
EDENIC, (See Scofield " Genesis 1:28 ") ADAMIC, See Scofield " Genesis 3:15 " NOAHIC, See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 " ABRAHAMIC, See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 " MOSAIC, See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 " PALESTINIAN, See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 " NEW, See Scofield " Hebrews 8:8 "
Covenant
I. The Eight Covenants, Summary:
(1) The Edenic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 1:26 ") conditioned the life of man in innocency.
(2) The Adamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 3:14 ") conditions the life of fallen man and gives promise of a Redeemer.
(3) The Noahic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ") . establishes the principle of human government.
(4) The Abrahamic Covenant (See Scofield " Genesis 15:18 ") founds the nation of Israel, and confirms, with specific additions, the Adamic promise of redemption.
(5) The Mosaic Covenant (See Scofield " Exodus 19:25 ") . condemns all men, "for that all have sinned."
(6) The Palestinian Covenant (See Scofield " Deuteronomy 30:3 ") secures the final restoration and conversion of Israel.
(7) The Davidic Covenant (See Scofield " 2 Samuel 7:16 ") establishes the perpetuity of the Davidic family (fulfilled in Christ), Matthew 1:1 ; Luke 1:31-33 ,; Romans 1:3 and of the Davidic kingdom, over Israel, and over the whole earth; to be fulfilled in and by Christ; 2 Samuel 7:8-17 ; Zechariah 12:8 ; Luke 1:31-33 ; Acts 15:14-17 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24 .
(8) The New covenant rests upon the sacrifice of Christ, and secures the eternal blessedness, under the Abrahamic Covenant 1642405421_86 of all who believe. It is absolutely unconditional, and, since no responsibility is by it committed to man, it is final and irreversible.
II. The relation of Christ to the eight covenants is as follows:
(1) To the Edenic Covenant, Christ, as the "second Man," the "last Adam" 1642405421_50 takes the place over all things which the first Adam lost; Colossians 2:10 ; 1642405421_55 .
(2) He is the "Seed of the woman" of the Adamic Covenant Genesis 3:15 ; John 12:31 ; 1 John 3:8 ; Galatians 4:4 ; Revelation 20:10 and fulfilled its conditions of toil Mark 6:3 and obedience.
(3) As the greatest son of Shem, in Him was fulfilled supremely the promise to Shem in the Noahic Covenant. (See Scofield " Genesis 9:1 ") Colossians 2:9 .
(4) He is the "Seed to whom the promises were made" in the Abrahamic Covenant; the son of Abraham obedient unto death Genesis 22:18 ; Galatians 3:16 ; Philippians 2:8 .
(5) He lived sinlessly under the Mosaic covenant and bore for us its curse. Galatians 3:10-13 .
(6) He lived obediently as a Jew in the land under the Palestinian Covenant, and will yet perform it gracious promises Deuteronomy 28:1 to Deuteronomy 30:9 .
(7) He is the "Seed," "Heir," and "King" under the Davidic Covenant Matthew 1:1 ; Luke 1:31-33 .
(8) His sacrifice is the foundation of the New Covenant Matthew 26:28 ; 1 Corinthians 11:25 .

Verse Meaning

Note that God"s blessing of man finds expression in terms of posterity that connotes the ideas of seed and life, two prominent themes as Genesis and the whole Bible unfold. [1] God"s blessing enables humanity to fulfill its twofold destiny: to procreate in spite of death and to rule in spite of enemies. "Blessing" denotes all that fosters human fertility and asists in achieving dominion. [2]
Interpreters have generally recognized the commands to "be fruitful and multiply" as commands to Adam and Eve (and later to Noah, Genesis 9:1) as the heads of the human race, not simply as individuals. That Isaiah , God has not charged every human being with begetting children. This seems clear from the fact that God has made many men and women incapable of reproducing. [3] Consequently one should not appeal to this command as a support for the theory that God wants all people to bear as many children as they possibly can. This verse is a "cultural mandate," not an individual mandate. It was to Adam and Eve as heads of the human race that God gave this command.
"This command, like others in Scripture, carries with it an implicit promise that God will enable man to fulfill it." [4]
Sexual union is God"s ordained method of implementing His command to multiply descendants. Consequently sex is essentially good. When God gave this command Adam and Eve were in an unfallen condition. Therefore the descendants they would produce would be godly. It is particularly a godly seed that God has charged the human race to raise up. Likewise He commanded Noah and his wife, who were both righteous, to be fruitful ( Genesis 9:1).
God did not make men or women emotionally, spiritually, or physically capable of raising children without a marriage partner. Consequently single parents struggle. As children observe both godly parents modeling a harmonious marriage they learn to appreciate their own sexual identity, the roles of husband and wife, and unconditional love. Unconditional love is necessary for a harmonious marriage.
"Subdue" and "rule," the second aspect of this mandate, imply a degree of sovereignty and control that God delegated to man over nature. [1] This constitutes God"s "Magna Charta" for all true scientific and material progress. God commanded Adam and Eve to acquire knowledge so they could master their material environment, to bring all its elements into the service of the human race.
"The dominion which man enjoyed in the Garden of Eden was a direct consequence of the image of God in him." [6]
For a married couple oneness in marriage is necessary to manage God"s creation effectively.
"Our Christian proclamation of hope has antecedents in the theological soil of three divine programmatic expectations first heard in Genesis: (1) God will bless the human family with procreation and dominion ( Genesis 1:26-28); (2) he will achieve victory over mankind"s enemy ( Genesis 3:15); and (3) he will bring about both through the offspring of Abraham ( Genesis 12:1-3)-namely, the one man Jesus Christ." [7]
We have in this verse the three essential elements of a dispensation (stewardship, household rule): a divine revelation of God"s will for human conduct, consequent human responsibility, and a period of time during which God tests people as to their obedience to this responsibility. A dispensation is a period of time during which God tests man in relation to his obedience to a specific revelation of God"s will. The dispensations constitute a progressive, connected revelation of God"s dealings with humankind. God gave them to the whole human race or to a part of it (e.g, Israel). They are not separate ways of salvation; in each dispensation man is saved by God"s grace because of the work of Jesus Christ. Before the Cross, people were saved in prospect of Christ"s sacrifice, as on credit so to speak, by believing a revelation given to them by God. After the Cross, people are saved in retrospect of Christ"s sacrifice, by believing the revelation that He satisfied God"s just demands against sinners ( 1 John 2:2). Whereas specific human responsibilities change as divine revelation unfolds and dispensation succeeds dispensation, people have a continuing responsibility to live in the light of previous revelation. For example, even though the dispensation of the Mosaic Law has ended, Christians are helped to discharge our responsibilities to God by being aware of what God required of the Israelites under the Law (cf. Romans 15:4; 2 Timothy 3:16-17). The purpose of each dispensation has been to place people under a specific rule of conduct, not as a condition for salvation but to demonstrate that people always fail to live up to God"s standards and so need to accept salvation that God extends to them as a gift. I believe that seven dispensations are distinguishable in Scripture. These are Innocence ( Genesis 1:28), Conscience ( Genesis 3:7), Human Government ( Genesis 8:15), Promise ( Genesis 12:1), Law ( Exodus 19:1), Church ( Acts 2:1), and Kingdom ( Revelation 20:4).
This verse marks the first dispensation: Innocence. God created man innocent, placed him in a perfect environment, subjected him to a simple test, and warned him of the consequences of disobedience. Adam did not have to sin but chose to do so. The serpent deceived Eve (cf. 2 Corinthians 11:3), but Adam sinned deliberately (cf. 1 Timothy 2:14). This dispensation ended when God judged Adam and Eve guilty and expelled them from the Garden of Eden ( Genesis 3:24).

Context Summary

Genesis 1:20-31 - Man Creation's Crown
Creation reveals God's nature, as the picture the artist. His eternal Power and Godhead are visible in His works. See Romans 1:20. And all things and beings were made through Jesus Christ. Consider Colossians 1:15-16. The hands of the Son of God wove the blue curtains above us and filled them with luminaries. The seas are His and He made them, and filled them with living creatures. The woodlands are the outcome of His mind, and He filled them with flowers and birds. He taught them to live without care. He filled the tiny heart of the mother-bird with love to her young and blessed her. His are the cattle on a thousand hills. He molded the red earth into His own likeness and made Man. We were made to have dominion. See Psalms 8:6-8. Ask Him to put all things, especially all the evil things of your heart, under your feet. The world is good, and if you were good, you would find it so. [source]

Chapter Summary: Genesis 1

1  God creates heaven and earth;
3  the light;
6  the firmament;
9  separates the dry land;
14  forms the sun, moon, and stars;
20  fishes and fowls;
24  cattle, wild beasts, and creeping things;
26  creates man in his own image, blesses him;
29  grants the fruits of the earth for food

What do the individual words in Genesis 1:28 mean?

And blessed them God and said to them God Be fruitful and multiply and fill - the earth and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth
וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֹתָם֮ אֱלֹהִים֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר לָהֶ֜ם אֱלֹהִ֗ים פְּר֥וּ וּרְב֛וּ וּמִלְא֥וּ אֶת־ הָאָ֖רֶץ וְכִבְשֻׁ֑הָ וּרְד֞וּ בִּדְגַ֤ת הַיָּם֙ וּבְע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וּבְכָל־ חַיָּ֖ה הָֽרֹמֶ֥שֶׂת עַל־ הָאָֽרֶץ

וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ  And  blessed 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Piel, Consecutive imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: בָּרַךְ 
Sense: to bless, kneel.
אֱלֹהִים֒  God 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural
Root: אֱלֹהִים  
Sense: (plural).
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר  and  said 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Consecutive imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: אָמַר 
Sense: to say, speak, utter.
לָהֶ֜ם  to  them 
Parse: Preposition, third person masculine plural
אֱלֹהִ֗ים  God 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural
Root: אֱלֹהִים  
Sense: (plural).
פְּר֥וּ  Be  fruitful 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperative, masculine plural
Root: פָּרָה 
Sense: to bear fruit, be fruitful, branch off.
וּרְב֛וּ  and  multiply 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Imperative, masculine plural
Root: הַרְבָּה 
Sense: be or become great, be or become many, be or become much, be or become numerous.
וּמִלְא֥וּ  and  fill 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Imperative, masculine plural
Root: מָלֵא 
Sense: to fill, be full.
אֶת־  - 
Parse: Direct object marker
Root: אֹות 
Sense: sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative.
הָאָ֖רֶץ  the  earth 
Parse: Article, Noun, feminine singular
Root: אֶרֶץ  
Sense: land, earth.
וְכִבְשֻׁ֑הָ  and  subdue  it 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Imperative, masculine plural, third person feminine singular
Root: כָּבַשׁ  
Sense: to subject, subdue, force, keep under, bring into bondage.
וּרְד֞וּ  and  have  dominion 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Imperative, masculine plural
Root: רָדָה 
Sense: to rule, have dominion, dominate, tread down.
בִּדְגַ֤ת  over  the  fish 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: דָּגָה  
Sense: fish.
הַיָּם֙  of  the  sea 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: יָם  
Sense: sea.
וּבְע֣וֹף  and  over  the  birds 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: עֹוף  
Sense: flying creatures, fowl, insects, birds.
הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם  of  the  air 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine plural
Root: שָׁמַיִם  
Sense: heaven, heavens, sky.
וּבְכָל־  and  over  every 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
חַיָּ֖ה  living  thing 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: חַי 
Sense: living, alive.
הָֽרֹמֶ֥שֶׂת  that  moves 
Parse: Article, Verb, Qal, Participle, feminine singular
Root: רָמַשׂ  
Sense: to creep, move lightly, move about, walk on all fours.
עַל־  upon 
Parse: Preposition
Root: עַל 
Sense: upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against.
הָאָֽרֶץ  the  earth 
Parse: Article, Noun, feminine singular
Root: אֶרֶץ  
Sense: land, earth.