The Meaning of Ezekiel 18 Explained

Ezekiel 18

[1] The word  of the LORD  came unto me again, saying,  [2] What mean ye, that ye use  this proverb  concerning the land  of Israel,  saying,  The fathers  have eaten  sour grapes,  and the children's  teeth  are set on edge?  [3] As I live,  saith  the Lord  GOD,  ye shall not have occasion any more to use  this proverb  in Israel.  [4] Behold, all souls  of the father,  so also the soul  of the son  is mine: the soul  that sinneth,  it shall die.  [5] But if a man  be just,  and do  that which is lawful  and right,  [6] And hath not eaten  upon the mountains,  neither hath lifted up  his eyes  to the idols  of the house  of Israel,  neither hath defiled  his neighbour's  wife,  neither hath come near  to a menstruous  woman,  [7] And hath not oppressed  any,  but hath restored  to the debtor  his pledge,  hath spoiled  none by violence,  hath given  his bread  to the hungry,  and hath covered  the naked  with a garment;  [8] He that hath not given forth  upon usury,  neither hath taken  any increase,  that hath withdrawn  his hand  from iniquity,  hath executed  true  judgment  between man  [9] Hath walked  in my statutes,  and hath kept  my judgments,  to deal  truly;  he is just,  he shall surely  saith  the Lord  GOD.  [10] If he beget  a son  that is a robber,  a shedder  of blood,  and that doeth  the like  to any one  [11] And that doeth  not any of those duties, but even hath eaten  upon the mountains,  and defiled  his neighbour's  wife,  [12] Hath oppressed  the poor  and needy,  hath spoiled  by violence,  hath not restored  the pledge,  and hath lifted up  his eyes  to the idols,  hath committed  abomination,  [13] Hath given forth  upon usury,  and hath taken  increase:  shall he then live?  he shall not live:  he hath done  all these abominations;  he shall surely  his blood  shall be upon him. [14] Now, lo, if he beget  a son,  that seeth  all his father's  sins  which he hath done,  and considereth,  and doeth  not such like,  [15] That hath not eaten  upon the mountains,  neither hath lifted up  his eyes  to the idols  of the house  of Israel,  hath not defiled  his neighbour's  wife,  [16] Neither hath oppressed  any,  hath not withholden  the pledge,  neither hath spoiled  by violence,  but hath given  his bread  to the hungry,  and hath covered  the naked  with a garment,  [17] That hath taken off  his hand  from the poor,  that hath not received  usury  nor increase,  hath executed  my judgments,  hath walked  in my statutes;  he shall not die  for the iniquity  of his father,  he shall surely  [18] As for his father,  because he cruelly  oppressed,  spoiled  his brother  by violence,  and did  that which is not good  among  his people,  lo, even he shall die  in his iniquity.  [19] Yet say  ye, Why? doth not the son  bear  the iniquity  of the father?  When the son  hath done  that which is lawful  and right,  and hath kept  all my statutes,  and hath done  them, he shall surely  [20] The soul  that sinneth,  it shall die.  The son  shall not bear  the iniquity  of the father,  bear  the iniquity  of the son:  the righteousness  of the righteous  shall be upon him, and the wickedness  of the wicked  shall be upon him. [21] But if the wicked  will turn  from all his sins  that he hath committed,  and keep  all my statutes,  and do  that which is lawful  and right,  he shall surely  he shall not die.  [22] All his transgressions  that he hath committed,  they shall not be mentioned  unto him: in his righteousness  that he hath done  he shall live.  [23] Have I any pleasure  that the wicked  should die?  saith  the Lord  GOD:  and not that he should return  from his ways,  and live?  [24] But when the righteous  turneth away  from his righteousness,  and committeth  iniquity,  and doeth  according to all the abominations  that the wicked  man doeth,  shall he live?  All his righteousness  that he hath done  shall not be mentioned:  in his trespass  that he hath trespassed,  and in his sin  that he hath sinned,  in them shall he die.  [25] Yet ye say,  The way  of the Lord  is not equal.  Hear  now, O house  of Israel;  Is not my way  equal?  are not your ways  unequal?  [26] When a righteous  man turneth away  from his righteousness,  and committeth  iniquity,  and dieth  in them; for his iniquity  that he hath done  shall he die.  [27] Again, when the wicked  man turneth away  from his wickedness  that he hath committed,  that which is lawful  and right,  his soul  alive.  [28] Because he considereth,  and turneth away  from all his transgressions  that he hath committed,  he shall surely  he shall not die.  [29] Yet saith  the house  of Israel,  The way  of the Lord  is not equal.  O house  of Israel,  are not my ways  equal?  are not your ways  unequal?  [30] Therefore I will judge  you, O house  of Israel,  every one  according to his ways,  saith  the Lord  Repent,  yourselves from all your transgressions;  so iniquity  shall not be your ruin.  [31] Cast away  from you all your transgressions,  whereby ye have transgressed;  and make  you a new  heart  and a new  spirit:  for why will ye die,  O house  of Israel?  [32] For I have no pleasure  in the death  of him that dieth,  saith  the Lord  GOD:  wherefore turn  yourselves, and live  ye.

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What is the context of Ezekiel 18?

  • A Command to Repent
  • The Outdated Proverb
  • Standards of Unrighteous Behavior
  • Standards of Righteous Behavior
  • Personal Accountability for Sin
  • Accusing God of Unrighteousness
  • The Person who Sins will Die
  • Turn and Live
  • A False Proverb Refuted
  • God’s Just Treatment of Individuals, Both Righteous and Wicked
  • Personal Responsibility for Sin
  • God Deals Justly with Individuals
  • The Soul Who Sins Shall Die
  • The Justice of a Righteous God
  • The One Who Sins Will Die

What does Ezekiel 18 Mean?

Chapter Summary: Ezekiel 18

1  God defends his justice
31  and exhorts to repentance

What are the major concepts related to Ezekiel 18?

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