The Meaning of 2 Kings 19:13 Explained

2 Kings 19:13

KJV: Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?

YLT: Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?'

Darby: Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah?

ASV: Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah?

What does 2 Kings 19:13 Mean?

Context Summary

2 Kings 19:1-13 - Facing The Enemy's Threatenings
That bowed form of Hezekiah before the altar of God, while his servants and elders were conferring with Isaiah, is a beautiful emblem of the true way of meeting trouble. And it is very blessed when our cause is so closely identified with God's that we can appeal to Him to intervene for His own sake, 2 Kings 19:4.
All through this crisis, Isaiah acted the part of a patriot and a saint. His intrepid figure stands out in bold relief amid the storm. He even dared to compose a funeral ode for the burial of this imperious tyrant. In all literature there is nothing more sublime than Isaiah 10:11-14. When bitter and threatening words are flung at us, let us go up to the house of God. See Psalms 73:17. Let us get in touch with some holy soul, of the type of Isaiah, and ask for his prayers on our behalf. The prayer of a righteous man is very effectual. To stand in God's secret place is to be in the calm center of the cyclone. Around us the elements may rage and the people imagine a vain thing; but they shall pass away as the chaff of the threshing-floor, while not a hair of our head shall perish. [source]

Chapter Summary: 2 Kings 19

1  Hezekiah, in mourning, sends to Isaiah to pray for them
6  Isaiah comforts them
8  Sennacherib, going to encounter Tirhakah, sends a blasphemous letter to Hezekiah
14  Hezekiah's prayer
20  Isaiah's prophecy of the destruction of Sennacherib, and the good of Zion
35  An angel slays the Assyrians
36  Sennacherib is slain by his own sons

What do the individual words in 2 Kings 19:13 mean?

where [is] the king of Hamath and the king of Arpad and the king of the city of Sepharvaim Hena and Ivah
אַיּ֤וֹ מֶֽלֶךְ־ חֲמָת֙ וּמֶ֣לֶךְ אַרְפָּ֔ד וּמֶ֖לֶךְ לָעִ֣יר סְפַרְוָ֑יִם הֵנַ֖ע ؟ וְעִוָּֽה

אַיּ֤וֹ  where  [is] 
Parse: Interrogative, third person masculine singular
Root: אֵי  
Sense: where?, whence?.
מֶֽלֶךְ־  the  king 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
חֲמָת֙  of  Hamath 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: חֲמָת 
Sense: the principle city of upper Syria in the valley of the Orontes.
וּמֶ֣לֶךְ  and  the  king 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
אַרְפָּ֔ד  of  Arpad 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: אַרְפָּד  
Sense: a city in northern Syria cited as an example of the Assyrian conquest.
וּמֶ֖לֶךְ  and  the  king 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
לָעִ֣יר  of  the  city 
Parse: Preposition-l, Article, Noun, feminine singular
Root: עִיר 
Sense: excitement, anguish.
סְפַרְוָ֑יִם  of  Sepharvaim 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: סְפַרְוַיִם  
Sense: a city in Syria conquered by the king of Assyria.
הֵנַ֖ע  Hena 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: הֵנַע  
Sense: a city in Mesopotamia which the Assyrian kings reduced shortly before the time of Sennacherib; site unknown.
؟ וְעִוָּֽה  and  Ivah 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: עַוָּא 
Sense: a city conquered by the Assyrians.