The Meaning of 2 Chronicles 31:15 Explained

2 Chronicles 31:15

KJV: And next him were Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their set office, to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great as to the small:

YLT: And by his hand are Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shechaniah, in cities of the priests, faithfully to give to their brethren in courses, as the great so the small,

Darby: And under him were Eden and Miniamin and Jeshua and Shemaiah, Amariah and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their set trust, to make distributions to their brethren by their divisions, to the great as to the small,

ASV: And under him were Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their office of trust, to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great as to the small:

What does 2 Chronicles 31:15 Mean?

Context Summary

2 Chronicles 31:11-21 - Order And Prosperity
There are several noticeable expressions in this paragraph. We are told that they brought in the dedicated things faithfully, 2 Chronicles 31:12; and that the small as well as the great received their share, even as the daily portion of each required, 2 Chronicles 31:16, r.v. margin; also that the priests sanctified themselves in holiness, 2 Chronicles 31:18, as though touched and quickened by the generous gifts of the people. And in consequence of their entire devotion to the service of the sanctuary, adequate provision was made for their wives and children; while officers were appointed to distribute equal ration to all in the cities of the priests, who, from age or other reasons, were not able to serve in the Temple.
The closing expression about Hezekiah, that he began nothing into which he did not put his heart and that God placed the crown of prosperity on him and his work, presents a striking contrast to the tale of disaster in the reign of Ahaz, and is an incentive to all of us to go and do likewise. See Romans 12:11. [source]

Chapter Summary: 2 Chronicles 31

1  The people go forward in destroying idolatry
2  Hezekiah orders the courses of the priests and Levites,
4  and provides for their work and maintenance
5  The people's forwardness in offerings and tithes
11  Hezekiah appoints officers to dispose of the tithes
20  The sincerity of Hezekiah

What do the individual words in 2 Chronicles 31:15 mean?

And under him [were] Eden and Minjamin and Jeshua and Shemaiah Amariah and Shecaniah in the cities of the priests [his] faithful [assistants] to distribute allotments to their brothers by divisions to the great as well as the small
וְעַל־ יָד֡וֹ עֵ֣דֶן וּ֠מִנְיָמִן וְיֵשׁ֨וּעַ וּֽשְׁמַֽעְיָ֜הוּ אֲמַרְיָ֧הוּ וּשְׁכַנְיָ֛הוּ בְּעָרֵ֥י הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים בֶּאֱמוּנָ֑ה לָתֵ֤ת לַאֲחֵיהֶם֙ בְּמַחְלְק֔וֹת כַּגָּד֖וֹל כַּקָּטָֽן

יָד֡וֹ  under  him  [were] 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct, third person masculine singular
Root: יָד  
Sense: hand.
עֵ֣דֶן  Eden 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: עֵדֶן 
Sense: the first habitat of man after the creation; site unknown.
וּ֠מִנְיָמִן  and  Minjamin 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מִנְיָמִין  
Sense: a Levite in the time of Hezekiah.
וְיֵשׁ֨וּעַ  and  Jeshua 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יֵשׁוּעַ 
Sense: son of Nun of the tribe of Ephraim and successor to Moses as the leader of the children of Israel; led the conquest of Canaan.
וּֽשְׁמַֽעְיָ֜הוּ  and  Shemaiah 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שְׁמַעְיָה 
Sense: a prophet of the Lord in the reign of king Rehoboam of Judah.
אֲמַרְיָ֧הוּ  Amariah 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: אֲמַרְיָה 
Sense: Zadok’s grandfather.
וּשְׁכַנְיָ֛הוּ  and  Shecaniah 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שְׁכַנְיָה 
Sense: a descendant of Zerubbabel whose descendants returned from exile with Ezra.
בְּעָרֵ֥י  in  the  cities 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, feminine plural construct
Root: עִיר 
Sense: excitement, anguish.
הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים  of  the  priests 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine plural
Root: כֹּהֵן  
Sense: priest, principal officer or chief ruler.
בֶּאֱמוּנָ֑ה  [his]  faithful  [assistants] 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, feminine singular
Root: אֱמוּנָה  
Sense: firmness, fidelity, steadfastness, steadiness.
לָתֵ֤ת  to  distribute  allotments 
Parse: Preposition-l, Verb, Qal, Infinitive construct
Root: יָתַן 
Sense: to give, put, set.
לַאֲחֵיהֶם֙  to  their  brothers 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine plural construct, third person masculine plural
Root: אָח  
Sense: brother.
בְּמַחְלְק֔וֹת  by  divisions 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, feminine plural
Root: מַחֲלֹקֶת  
Sense: division, course, class, share, allotment.
כַּגָּד֖וֹל  to  the  great 
Parse: Preposition-k, Article, Adjective, masculine singular
Root: גָּבֹול 
Sense: great.
כַּקָּטָֽן  as  well  as  the  small 
Parse: Preposition-k, Article, Adjective, masculine singular
Root: קָטָן 
Sense: young, small, insignificant, unimportant.