The Meaning of 1 Samuel 13:19 Explained

1 Samuel 13:19

KJV: Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:

YLT: And an artificer is not found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, 'Lest the Hebrews make sword or spear;'

Darby: Now there was no smith found throughout the land of Israel; for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears.

ASV: Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel; for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:

What does 1 Samuel 13:19 Mean?

Context Summary

1 Samuel 13:13-23 - Left In The Spoilers' Hands
Sternly and sorrowfully the old prophet pronounced the sentence of Saul's deposition, and suggested that already God had sought and found another prince for his people. In Jesse's home was found the stripling who in after-years would say: "Wait on the Lord: be of good courage and He shall strengthen thy heart: wait, I say, on the Lord," Psalms 27:14.
Wait thou thy Lord's leisure! Bid thy heart stay its feverish beating, and thy pulse subside! To act prematurely and in self-will would mar the divine purpose, and set in motion stones that could not be slopped. "Let your moderation be known unto all men; the Lord is at hand." Never say, "Circumstances compelled me; I had to do it: my hand was forced"! No, child of God, thou art greater than circumstances and superior to the crowd of base spirits around thee. Wait thou on God, for He shall yet interpose in thy behalf. Allow no circumstances to provoke or excuse the doing of evil. In quietness and confidence shall be thy strength; in returning and rest shall thou be saved. [source]

Chapter Summary: 1 Samuel 13

1  Saul's select band
3  He calls the Hebrews to Gilgal against the Philistines
5  The Philistines' great army
6  The distress of the Israelites
8  Saul, weary of staying for Samuel, sacrifices
11  Samuel reproves him
17  The three raiding parties of the Philistines
19  The policy of the Philistines, to allow no blacksmith in Israel

What do the individual words in 1 Samuel 13:19 mean?

And blacksmith no there was to be found throughout all the land of Israel for - said the Philistines lest make the Hebrews swords or spears
וְחָרָשׁ֙ לֹ֣א יִמָּצֵ֔א בְּכֹ֖ל אֶ֣רֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל כִּֽי־ [אמר] (אָמְר֣וּ‪‬) פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים פֶּ֚ן יַעֲשׂ֣וּ הָעִבְרִ֔ים חֶ֖רֶב א֥וֹ חֲנִֽית

וְחָרָשׁ֙  And  blacksmith 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine singular
Root: חֶרֶשׁ 
Sense: craftsman, artisan, engraver, graver, artificer.
לֹ֣א  no 
Parse: Adverb, Negative particle
Root: הֲלֹא 
Sense: not, no.
יִמָּצֵ֔א  there  was  to  be  found 
Parse: Verb, Nifal, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: מָצָא  
Sense: to find, attain to.
בְּכֹ֖ל  throughout  all 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
אֶ֣רֶץ  the  land 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: אֶרֶץ  
Sense: land, earth.
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל  of  Israel 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יִשְׂרָאֵל  
Sense: the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel.
[אמר]  - 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person masculine singular
(אָמְר֣וּ‪‬)  said 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person common plural
Root: אָמַר 
Sense: to say, speak, utter.
פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים  the  Philistines 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine plural
Root: פְּלִשְׁתִּי  
Sense: an inhabitant of Philistia; descendants of Mizraim who immigrated from Caphtor (Crete?) to the western seacoast of Canaan.
פֶּ֚ן  lest 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: פֶּן  
Sense: lest, not, beware lest adv.
יַעֲשׂ֣וּ  make 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, third person masculine plural
Root: עָשָׂה 
Sense: to do, fashion, accomplish, make.
הָעִבְרִ֔ים  the  Hebrews 
Parse: Article, Proper Noun, masculine plural
Root: עִבְרִי  
Sense: a designation of the patriarchs and the Israelites adj.
חֶ֖רֶב  swords 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: חֶרֶב  
Sense: sword, knife.
חֲנִֽית  spears 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: חֲנִית  
Sense: spear.

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