The Meaning of 1 Samuel 1:3 Explained

1 Samuel 1:3

KJV: And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.

YLT: And that man hath gone up out of his city from time to time, to bow himself, and to sacrifice, before Jehovah of Hosts, in Shiloh, and there are two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests to Jehovah.

Darby: And this man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice to Jehovah of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of Jehovah, were there.

ASV: And this man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice unto Jehovah of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests unto Jehovah, were there.

What does 1 Samuel 1:3 Mean?

Study Notes

Lord of hosts
Jehovah (Lord) of Hosts, Heb. Jehovah Sabaoth. For the distinctive meanings of Jehovah, . Sabaoth means simply host or hosts, but with especial reference to warfare or service. In use the two ideas are united; Jehovah is LORD of (warrior) hosts. It is the name, therefore, of Jehovah in manifestation of power. "The Lord of Hosts, He is the King of glory" Psalms 24:10 and accordingly in the Old Testament Scripture this name is revealed in the time of Israel's need. It is never found in the Pentateuch, nor directly in Joshua or Judges, and occurs but rarely in the Psalms; but Jeremiah, the prophet of approaching national judgment, uses the name about eighty times. Haggai in two chapters uses the name fourteen times, Zechariah in fourteen chapters calls upon the Lord of hosts about fifty times. In Malachi the name occurs about twenty five times. In the utmost extremity, the Psalmist twice comforts his heart with the assurance "the Lord of hosts is with us." Psalms 46:7 ; Psalms 46:11 .
The meanings and uses of this name may thus be summarized:
(1) The "hosts" are heavenly. Primarily the angels are meant, but the name gathers into itself the idea of all divine or heavenly power as available for the need of God's people Genesis 32:1 ; Genesis 32:2 ; Isaiah 6:1-5 ; 1 Kings 22:19 ; Luke 2:13-15 .
(2) In use this is the distinctive name of Deity for Israel's help and comfort in the time of her division and failure 1 Kings 18:15 ; 1 Kings 19:14 ; Isaiah 1:9 ; Isaiah 8:11-14 ; Isaiah 9:13-19 ; Isaiah 10:24-27 ; Isaiah 31:4 ; Isaiah 31:5 ; Haggai 2:4 ; Malachi 3:16 ; Malachi 3:17 ; James 5:4 .
See other names of Deity, See Scofield " Genesis 2:4 " Genesis 2:7 See Scofield " Genesis 14:18 " See Scofield " Genesis 15:2 " See Scofield " Genesis 17:1 " See Scofield " Genesis 21:33 "
Lord
LORD (Heb. Jehovah)
(1) The primary meaning of the name LORD (Jehovah) is the "self-existent One." Literally (as in Exodus 3:14 ), "He that is who He is, therefore the eternal I AM:"
But Havah, from which Jehovah, or Yahwe, is formed, signifies also "to become," that is, to become known, thus pointing to a continuous and increasing self-revelation. Combining these meanings of Havah, we arrive at the meaning of the name Jehovah. He is "the self-existent One who reveals Himself." The name is, in itself, an advance upon the name "God" (El, Elah, Elohim), which suggests certain attributes of Deity, as strength, etc., rather than His essential being.
(2) It is significant that the first appearance of the name Jehovah in Scripture follows the creation of man. It was God (Elohim) who said, "Let us make man in our image" ( Genesis 1:26 ); but when man, as in the second chapter of Genesis, is to fill the scene and become dominant over creation, it is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) who acts. This clearly indicates a special relation of Deity, in His Jehovah character, to man, and all Scripture emphasizes this.
(3) Jehovah is distinctly the redemption name of Deity. When sin entered and redemption became necessary, it was Jehovah Elohim who sought the sinning ones Genesis 3:9-13 and clothed them with "coats of skins" Genesis 3:21 a beautiful type of righteousness provided by the Lord God through sacrifice Romans 3:21 ; Romans 3:22 . The first distinct revelation of Himself by His name Jehovah was in connection with the redemption of the covenant people out of Egypt Exodus 3:13-17 . As Redeemer, emphasis is laid upon those attributes of Jehovah which the sin and salvation of man bring into exercise. These are:
(a) His holiness Leviticus 11:44 ; Leviticus 11:45 ; Leviticus 19:1 ; Leviticus 22:26 ; Habakkuk 1:12 ; Habakkuk 1:13 (b) His hatred and judgment of sin; Deuteronomy 32:35-42 ; Genesis 6:5-7 ; Psalms 11:4-6 ; Psalms 66:18 ; Exodus 34:6 ; Exodus 34:7 (c) His love for and redemption of sinners, but always righteously; Genesis 3:21 ; Genesis 8:20 ; Genesis 8:21 ; Exodus 12:12 ; Exodus 12:13 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:3 ; Isaiah 53:5 ; Isaiah 53:6 ; Isaiah 53:10 Salvation by Jehovah apart from sacrifice is unknown to Scripture.
(4) In his redemptive relation to man, Jehovah has seven compound names which reveal Him as meeting every need of man from his lost state to the end. These compound names are:
(a) Jehovah-jireh, "the Lord will provide" Genesis 22:13 ; Genesis 22:14 i.e., will provide a sacrifice; (b) Jehovah-rapha, "the Lord that healeth" Exodus 15:26 . That this refers to physical healing the context shows, but the deeper healing of soul malady is implied. (c) Jehovah-nissi, "the Lord our banner" Exodus 17:8-15 . The name is interpreted by the context. The enemy was Amalek, a type of the flesh, and the conflict that day stands for the conflict of Galatians 5:17 the war of the Spirit against the flesh. Victory was wholly due to divine help. (d) Jehovah-Shalom, "the Lord our peace," or "the Lord send peace" Judges 6:24 . Almost the whole ministry of Jehovah finds expression and illustration in that chapter. Jehovah hates and judges sin Genesis 2:1-5 . Jehovah loves and saves sinners Genesis 2:7-18 but only through sacrifice Genesis 2:19-21 see also; Romans 5:1 ; Ephesians 2:14 ; Colossians 1:20 . (e) Jehovah-ra-ah, "the Lord my shepherd" (Psalms 23.). In Psalms 22 Jehovah makes peace by the blood of the cross; in Psalms 23. Jehovah is shepherding His own who are in the world. (See Scofield " John 10:7 ") (f) Jehovah-tsidkenu, "the Lord our righteousness" Jeremiah 23:6 . This name of Jehovah occurs in a prophecy concerning the future restoration and conversion of Israel. Then Israel will hail him as Jehovah-tsidkenu--"the Lord our righteousness." (g) Jehovah-shammah, "the Lord is present" Ezekiel 48:35 . This name signifies Jehovah's abiding presence with His people; Exodus 33:14 ; Exodus 33:15 ; Genesis 2:18-24 ; 1 Chronicles 16:33 ; Psalms 16:11 ; Psalms 97:5 ; Matthew 28:20 ; Jeremiah 31:31-340
(5) Lord (Jehovah) is also the distinctive name of Deity as in covenant with Israel Exodus 19:3 ; Exodus 20:1 ; Exodus 20:2 ; Jeremiah 31:31-34 .
(6) Lord God (Heb. Jehovah Elohim) is the first of the compound names of Deity. Lord God is used distinctly:
(1) of the relation of Deity to man (a) as Creator Genesis 2:7-15 (b) as morally in authority over man Genesis 2:16 ; Genesis 2:17 (c) as creating and governing the earthly relationships of man; Genesis 2:18-24 ; Genesis 3:16-19 ; Genesis 3:22-24 and (d) as redeeming man Genesis 3:8-15 ; Genesis 3:21
(2) of the relation of Deity to Israel Genesis 24:7 ; Genesis 28:13 ; Exodus 3:15 ; Exodus 3:18 ; Exodus 4:5 ; Exodus 5:1 ; Exodus 7:6 ; Deuteronomy 1:11 ; Deuteronomy 1:21 ; Deuteronomy 4:1 ; Deuteronomy 6:3 ; Deuteronomy 12:1 ; Joshua 7:13 ; Joshua 7:19 ; Joshua 7:20 ; Joshua 10:40 ; Joshua 10:42 ; Judges 2:12 ; 1 Samuel 2:30 ; 1 Kings 1:48 ; 2 Kings 9:6 ; 2 Kings 10:31 ; 1 Chronicles 22:19 ; 2 Chronicles 1:9 ; Ezra 1:3 ; Isaiah 21:17 See other names of Deity,
(See Scofield " Genesis 1:1 ") See Scofield " Genesis 14:18 " See Scofield " Genesis 15:2 " See Scofield " Genesis 17:1 " See Scofield " Genesis 21:33 " See Scofield " 1 Samuel 1:3 "
Lord God Deity (names of God) (See Scofield " Malachi 3:18 ")
Lord God
Lord
LORD (Heb. Jehovah)
(1) The primary meaning of the name LORD (Jehovah) is the "self-existent One." Literally (as in Exodus 3:14 ), "He that is who He is, therefore the eternal I AM:"
But Havah, from which Jehovah, or Yahwe, is formed, signifies also "to become," that is, to become known, thus pointing to a continuous and increasing self-revelation. Combining these meanings of Havah, we arrive at the meaning of the name Jehovah. He is "the self-existent One who reveals Himself." The name is, in itself, an advance upon the name "God" (El, Elah, Elohim), which suggests certain attributes of Deity, as strength, etc., rather than His essential being.
(2) It is significant that the first appearance of the name Jehovah in Scripture follows the creation of man. It was God (Elohim) who said, "Let us make man in our image" ( Genesis 1:26 ); but when man, as in the second chapter of Genesis, is to fill the scene and become dominant over creation, it is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) who acts. This clearly indicates a special relation of Deity, in His Jehovah character, to man, and all Scripture emphasizes this.
(3) Jehovah is distinctly the redemption name of Deity. When sin entered and redemption became necessary, it was Jehovah Elohim who sought the sinning ones Genesis 3:9-13 and clothed them with "coats of skins" Genesis 3:21 a beautiful type of righteousness provided by the Lord God through sacrifice Romans 3:21 ; Romans 3:22 . The first distinct revelation of Himself by His name Jehovah was in connection with the redemption of the covenant people out of Egypt Exodus 3:13-17 . As Redeemer, emphasis is laid upon those attributes of Jehovah which the sin and salvation of man bring into exercise. These are:
(a) His holiness Leviticus 11:44 ; Leviticus 11:45 ; Leviticus 19:1 ; Leviticus 22:26 ; Habakkuk 1:12 ; Habakkuk 1:13 (b) His hatred and judgment of sin; Deuteronomy 32:35-42 ; Genesis 6:5-7 ; Psalms 11:4-6 ; Psalms 66:18 ; Exodus 34:6 ; Exodus 34:7 (c) His love for and redemption of sinners, but always righteously; Genesis 3:21 ; Genesis 8:20 ; Genesis 8:21 ; Exodus 12:12 ; Exodus 12:13 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:3 ; Isaiah 53:5 ; Isaiah 53:6 ; Isaiah 53:10 Salvation by Jehovah apart from sacrifice is unknown to Scripture.
(4) In his redemptive relation to man, Jehovah has seven compound names which reveal Him as meeting every need of man from his lost state to the end. These compound names are:
(a) Jehovah-jireh, "the Lord will provide" Genesis 22:13 ; Genesis 22:14 i.e., will provide a sacrifice; (b) Jehovah-rapha, "the Lord that healeth" Exodus 15:26 . That this refers to physical healing the context shows, but the deeper healing of soul malady is implied. (c) Jehovah-nissi, "the Lord our banner" Exodus 17:8-15 . The name is interpreted by the context. The enemy was Amalek, a type of the flesh, and the conflict that day stands for the conflict of Galatians 5:17 the war of the Spirit against the flesh. Victory was wholly due to divine help. (d) Jehovah-Shalom, "the Lord our peace," or "the Lord send peace" Judges 6:24 . Almost the whole ministry of Jehovah finds expression and illustration in that chapter. Jehovah hates and judges sin Genesis 2:1-5 . Jehovah loves and saves sinners Genesis 2:7-18 but only through sacrifice Genesis 2:19-21 see also; Romans 5:1 ; Ephesians 2:14 ; Colossians 1:20 . (e) Jehovah-ra-ah, "the Lord my shepherd" (Psalms 23.). In Psalms 22 Jehovah makes peace by the blood of the cross; in Psalms 23. Jehovah is shepherding His own who are in the world. (See Scofield " John 10:7 ") (f) Jehovah-tsidkenu, "the Lord our righteousness" Jeremiah 23:6 . This name of Jehovah occurs in a prophecy concerning the future restoration and conversion of Israel. Then Israel will hail him as Jehovah-tsidkenu--"the Lord our righteousness." (g) Jehovah-shammah, "the Lord is present" Ezekiel 48:35 . This name signifies Jehovah's abiding presence with His people; Exodus 33:14 ; Exodus 33:15 ; 1 Chronicles 16:27 ; 1 Chronicles 16:33 ; Psalms 16:11 ; Psalms 97:5 ; Matthew 28:20 ; Genesis 6:5-70
(5) Lord (Jehovah) is also the distinctive name of Deity as in covenant with Israel Exodus 19:3 ; Exodus 20:1 ; Exodus 20:2 ; Jeremiah 31:31-34 .
(6) Lord God (Heb. Jehovah Elohim) is the first of the compound names of Deity. Lord God is used distinctly:
(1) of the relation of Deity to man (a) as Creator Genesis 2:7-15 (b) as morally in authority over man Genesis 2:16 ; Genesis 2:17 (c) as creating and governing the earthly relationships of man; 1 Chronicles 16:27 ; Genesis 3:16-19 ; Genesis 3:22-24 and (d) as redeeming man Genesis 3:8-15 ; Genesis 3:21
(2) of the relation of Deity to Israel Genesis 24:7 ; Genesis 28:13 ; Exodus 3:15 ; Exodus 3:18 ; Exodus 4:5 ; Exodus 5:1 ; Exodus 7:6 ; Deuteronomy 1:11 ; Deuteronomy 1:21 ; Deuteronomy 4:1 ; Deuteronomy 6:3 ; Deuteronomy 12:1 ; Joshua 7:13 ; Joshua 7:19 ; Joshua 7:20 ; Joshua 10:40 ; Joshua 10:42 ; Judges 2:12 ; 1 Samuel 2:30 ; 1 Kings 1:48 ; 2 Kings 9:6 ; 2 Kings 10:31 ; 1 Chronicles 22:19 ; 2 Chronicles 1:9 ; Ezra 1:3 ; Isaiah 21:17 See other names of Deity,
(See Scofield " Genesis 1:1 ") See Scofield " Genesis 14:18 " See Scofield " Genesis 15:2 " See Scofield " Genesis 17:1 " See Scofield " Genesis 21:33 " See Scofield " 1 Samuel 1:3 "
Lord God Deity (names of God) (See Scofield " Malachi 3:18 ")
Lord
Lord God
Lord
LORD (Heb. Jehovah)
(1) The primary meaning of the name LORD (Jehovah) is the "self-existent One." Literally (as in Exodus 3:14 ), "He that is who He is, therefore the eternal I AM:"
But Havah, from which Jehovah, or Yahwe, is formed, signifies also "to become," that is, to become known, thus pointing to a continuous and increasing self-revelation. Combining these meanings of Havah, we arrive at the meaning of the name Jehovah. He is "the self-existent One who reveals Himself." The name is, in itself, an advance upon the name "God" (El, Elah, Elohim), which suggests certain attributes of Deity, as strength, etc., rather than His essential being.
(2) It is significant that the first appearance of the name Jehovah in Scripture follows the creation of man. It was God (Elohim) who said, "Let us make man in our image" ( Genesis 1:26 ); but when man, as in the second chapter of Genesis, is to fill the scene and become dominant over creation, it is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) who acts. This clearly indicates a special relation of Deity, in His Jehovah character, to man, and all Scripture emphasizes this.
(3) Jehovah is distinctly the redemption name of Deity. When sin entered and redemption became necessary, it was Jehovah Elohim who sought the sinning ones Genesis 3:9-13 and clothed them with "coats of skins" Genesis 3:21 a beautiful type of righteousness provided by the Lord God through sacrifice Romans 3:21 ; Romans 3:22 . The first distinct revelation of Himself by His name Jehovah was in connection with the redemption of the covenant people out of Egypt Exodus 3:13-17 . As Redeemer, emphasis is laid upon those attributes of Jehovah which the sin and salvation of man bring into exercise. These are:
(a) His holiness Leviticus 11:44 ; Leviticus 11:45 ; Leviticus 19:1 ; Leviticus 22:26 ; Habakkuk 1:12 ; Habakkuk 1:13 (b) His hatred and judgment of sin; Deuteronomy 32:35-42 ; 1618088681_60 ; Psalms 11:4-6 ; Psalms 66:18 ; Exodus 34:6 ; Exodus 34:7 (c) His love for and redemption of sinners, but always righteously; Genesis 3:21 ; Genesis 8:20 ; Genesis 8:21 ; Exodus 12:12 ; Exodus 12:13 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:3 ; Isaiah 53:5 ; Isaiah 53:6 ; Isaiah 53:10 Salvation by Jehovah apart from sacrifice is unknown to Scripture.
(4) In his redemptive relation to man, Jehovah has seven compound names which reveal Him as meeting every need of man from his lost state to the end. These compound names are:
(a) Jehovah-jireh, "the Lord will provide" Genesis 22:13 ; Genesis 22:14 i.e., will provide a sacrifice; (b) Jehovah-rapha, "the Lord that healeth" Exodus 15:26 . That this refers to physical healing the context shows, but the deeper healing of soul malady is implied. (c) Jehovah-nissi, "the Lord our banner" Exodus 17:8-15 . The name is interpreted by the context. The enemy was Amalek, a type of the flesh, and the conflict that day stands for the conflict of Galatians 5:17 the war of the Spirit against the flesh. Victory was wholly due to divine help. (d) Jehovah-Shalom, "the Lord our peace," or "the Lord send peace" Judges 6:24 . Almost the whole ministry of Jehovah finds expression and illustration in that chapter. Jehovah hates and judges sin Genesis 2:1-5 . Jehovah loves and saves sinners Genesis 2:7-18 but only through sacrifice Genesis 2:19-21 see also; Romans 5:1 ; Ephesians 2:14 ; Colossians 1:20 . (e) Jehovah-ra-ah, "the Lord my shepherd" (Psalms 23.). In Psalms 22 Jehovah makes peace by the blood of the cross; in Psalms 23. Jehovah is shepherding His own who are in the world. (See Scofield " John 10:7 ") (f) Jehovah-tsidkenu, "the Lord our righteousness" Jeremiah 23:6 . This name of Jehovah occurs in a prophecy concerning the future restoration and conversion of Israel. Then Israel will hail him as Jehovah-tsidkenu--"the Lord our righteousness." (g) Jehovah-shammah, "the Lord is present" Ezekiel 48:35 . This name signifies Jehovah's abiding presence with His people; Exodus 33:14 ; Exodus 33:15 ; 1 Chronicles 16:27 ; 1 Chronicles 16:33 ; Psalms 16:11 ; Psalms 97:5 ; Matthew 28:20 ; Hebrews 13:5
(5) Lord (Jehovah) is also the distinctive name of Deity as in covenant with Israel Exodus 19:3 ; Exodus 20:1 ; Exodus 20:2 ; 1618088681_62 .
(6) Lord God (Heb. Jehovah Elohim) is the first of the compound names of Deity. Lord God is used distinctly:
(1) of the relation of Deity to man (a) as Creator Genesis 2:7-15 (b) as morally in authority over man Genesis 2:16 ; Genesis 2:17 (c) as creating and governing the earthly relationships of man; Genesis 2:18-24 ; Genesis 3:16-19 ; Genesis 3:22-24 and (d) as redeeming man Genesis 3:8-15 ; Genesis 3:21
(2) of the relation of Deity to Israel Genesis 24:7 ; Genesis 28:13 ; Exodus 3:15 ; Exodus 3:18 ; Exodus 4:5 ; Exodus 5:1 ; Exodus 7:6 ; Deuteronomy 1:11 ; Deuteronomy 1:21 ; Deuteronomy 4:1 ; Deuteronomy 6:3 ; Deuteronomy 12:1 ; Joshua 7:13 ; Joshua 7:19 ; Joshua 7:20 ; Joshua 10:40 ; Joshua 10:42 ; Judges 2:12 ; 1 Samuel 2:30 ; 1 Kings 1:48 ; 2 Kings 9:6 ; 2 Kings 10:31 ; 1 Chronicles 22:19 ; 2 Chronicles 1:9 ; Ezra 1:3 ; Isaiah 21:17 See other names of Deity,
(See Scofield " Genesis 1:1 ") See Scofield " Genesis 14:18 " See Scofield " Genesis 15:2 " See Scofield " Genesis 17:1 " See Scofield " Genesis 21:33 " See Scofield " 1 Samuel 1:3 "
Lord God Deity (names of God) (See Scofield " Malachi 3:18 ")

Context Summary

1 Samuel 1:1-11 - Hannah's Prayer And Vow
Elkanah was evidently a kind husband to Hannah; but marriage had suffered from the general relaxation of morals, and the bitter effects of polygamy are illustrated here. Because Hannah was specially loved, Peninnah hated her.
The grief of the childless wife drove Hannah to God. There she found her only resource. When the heart is nigh to breaking, what else can we do than pour out our complaint before the One who is ever ready to hear our cry? We may trust God with our secrets; He will keep sacred our confidence. Elkanah's love may go a long way, but we have for the most part to tread the wine-press alone. After we have eaten and drunk before our friends, "anointing our head and washing our face," that they may not guess what is happening within, we must have a spot where we can unbend and open the sluice-gates of grief. And what place is so good as the Mercy-Seat? We need not vow our vows to bribe God to help us. The gifts of His love are more blessed for Him to give than for us to receive. But out of love we can vow what we will. [source]

Chapter Summary: 1 Samuel 1

1  Elkanah, a Levite, having two wives, worships yearly at Shiloh
4  He cherishes Hannah, though barren, and provoked by Peninnah
9  Hannah in grief prays for a child
12  Eli first rebuking her, afterwards blesses her
19  Hannah, having born Samuel, stays at home till he is weaned
24  She presents him, according to her vow, to the Lord

What do the individual words in 1 Samuel 1:3 mean?

And went up man that from his city yearly yearly to worship and sacrifice to Yahweh of hosts in Shiloh And [were] there The two sons of Eli Hophni and Phinehas the priests of Yahweh
וְעָלָה֩ הָאִ֨ישׁ הַה֤וּא מֵֽעִירוֹ֙ מִיָּמִ֣ים ׀ יָמִ֔ימָה לְהִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֺ֧ת וְלִזְבֹּ֛חַ לַיהוָ֥ה צְבָא֖וֹת בְּשִׁלֹ֑ה וְשָׁ֞ם שְׁנֵ֣י בְנֵֽי־ עֵלִ֗י חָפְנִי֙ וּפִ֣נְחָ֔ס כֹּהֲנִ֖ים לַיהוָֽה

וְעָלָה֩  And  went  up 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Conjunctive perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: סָלַק 
Sense: to go up, ascend, climb.
הָאִ֨ישׁ  man 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: אִישׁ 
Sense: man.
הַה֤וּא  that 
Parse: Article, Pronoun, third person masculine singular
Root: הוּא 
Sense: he, she, it.
מֵֽעִירוֹ֙  from  his  city 
Parse: Preposition-m, Noun, feminine singular construct, third person masculine singular
Root: עִיר 
Sense: excitement, anguish.
מִיָּמִ֣ים ׀  yearly 
Parse: Preposition-m, Noun, masculine plural
Root: יׄום 
Sense: day, time, year.
יָמִ֔ימָה  yearly 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural, third person feminine singular
Root: יׄום 
Sense: day, time, year.
לְהִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֺ֧ת  to  worship 
Parse: Preposition-l, Verb, Hitpael, Infinitive construct
Root: שָׁחָה  
Sense: to bow down.
וְלִזְבֹּ֛חַ  and  sacrifice 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l, Verb, Qal, Infinitive construct
Root: זָבַח  
Sense: to slaughter, kill, sacrifice, slaughter for sacrifice.
לַיהוָ֥ה  to  Yahweh 
Parse: Preposition-l, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.
צְבָא֖וֹת  of  hosts 
Parse: Noun, common plural
Root: צָבָא 
Sense: that which goes forth, army, war, warfare, host.
בְּשִׁלֹ֑ה  in  Shiloh 
Parse: Preposition-b, Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: שִׁילֹו 
Sense: a city in Ephraim and temporary home of the Ark of the Covenant and the Tabernacle, the place where Samuel grew up.
וְשָׁ֞ם  And  [were]  there 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Adverb
Root: שָׁם  
Sense: there, thither.
שְׁנֵ֣י  The  two 
Parse: Number, mdc
Root: שְׁנַיִם  
Sense: two.
בְנֵֽי־  sons 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
עֵלִ֗י  of  Eli 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: עֵלִי  
Sense: descendant of Aaron through Ithamar and high priest and judge of Israel when Samuel entered service as a child.
חָפְנִי֙  Hophni 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: חָפְנִי  
Sense: one of the two sons of Eli who were priests at Shiloh and were noted for their brutality and lust; their sinfulness provoked a curse against their father’s house and were judged by the Lord when they took the ark into battle; the ark was lost and both brothers were killed and Eli died when he heard the news.
וּפִ֣נְחָ֔ס  and  Phinehas 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: פִּינְחָס  
Sense: son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron; his zealousness for the Lord averted a plague on Israel and gained him the promise of the Lord of an everlasting priesthood in his family.
כֹּהֲנִ֖ים  the  priests 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural
Root: כֹּהֵן  
Sense: priest, principal officer or chief ruler.
לַיהוָֽה  of  Yahweh 
Parse: Preposition-l, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.