The Meaning of 1 Kings 10:23 Explained

1 Kings 10:23

KJV: So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom.

YLT: And king Solomon is greater than any of the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom,

Darby: And king Solomon was greater than all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.

ASV: So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.

What does 1 Kings 10:23 Mean?

Context Summary

1 Kings 10:14-29 - "solomon In All His Glory"
How dazzling is this description of Solomon's glory! And yet our Lord said that it was excelled by a single lily of the field, Matthew 6:28. Solomon's glory was put on from without; the real beauty is that which unfolds from within. If only your soul is planted in the soil of God's grace, it will array itself in the beauties of a holy life. The stainless robes are those which are washed in the blood of the Lamb.
Observe again-this was not the glory of June, but of October. Already the germs of disease were in Solomon's heart; already the autumn decay was in the air. The secret is told in the significant words of Nehemiah 13:26. Among many nations there was none like him and he was beloved of his God, but strange women were turning away his heart. It was a true statement that our Lord made concerning the rich, that with difficulty they enter the Kingdom. A holy man had good reason to pray earnestly for a young believer, who had suddenly come into a large estate.
The questions on, Sections 1-30, to be found on pages 177 and 178, will serve as a review at this point.
1 Kings 10:1-29 - Breaking Three Commandments
From a worldly point of view Naboth might have done a good stroke of business by selling his estate to. Ahab. A royal price and assured favor might have been his-but he had a conscience! Above the persuasive tones of the monarch's offer sounded the voice of God: "The land shall not be sold for ever, for the land is mine." See Leviticus 25:23; Numbers 36:7; Ezekiel 46:18.
Ahab knew perfectly well that Jezebel could not give him the property of another except by foul means, but he took pains not to inquire. Though the direct orders for Naboth's death did not come from him, yet, by his silence, he was an accomplice and an accessory; and divine justice penetrates all such specious excuses. God holds us responsible for wrongs which we do not arrest, though we have the power. The crime was blacker because of the pretext of religion, as suggested by a fast. See also 2 Kings 9:26. The blood of murdered innocence cries to God, and his requital, though delayed, is inevitable. See Revelation 6:9-10. [source]

Chapter Summary: 1 Kings 10

1  The queen of Sheba admires the wisdom of Solomon
14  Solomon's gold
16  His targets
18  The throne of ivory
21  His vessels
24  His presents
26  his chariots and horse
28  his tribute

What do the individual words in 1 Kings 10:23 mean?

So surpassed King Solomon all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom
וַיִּגְדַּל֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹ֔ה מִכֹּ֖ל מַלְכֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ לְעֹ֖שֶׁר וּלְחָכְמָֽה

וַיִּגְדַּל֙  So  surpassed 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Consecutive imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: גָּדַל  
Sense: to grow, become great or important, promote, make powerful, praise, magnify, do great things.
הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ  King 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
שְׁלֹמֹ֔ה  Solomon 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שְׁלֹמֹה  
Sense: son of David by Bathsheba and 3rd king of Israel; author of Proverbs and Song of Songs.
מַלְכֵ֣י  the  kings 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
הָאָ֑רֶץ  of  the  earth 
Parse: Article, Noun, feminine singular
Root: אֶרֶץ  
Sense: land, earth.
לְעֹ֖שֶׁר  in  riches 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine singular
Root: עֹשֶׁר  
Sense: wealth, riches.
וּלְחָכְמָֽה  and  wisdom 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l, Noun, feminine singular
Root: חָכְמָה  
Sense: wisdom.