The Meaning of 1 Kings 10:10 Explained

1 Kings 10:10

KJV: And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

YLT: And she giveth to the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and spices very many, and precious stone; there came not like that spice any more for abundance that the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

Darby: And she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and spices in very great abundance, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as those which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

ASV: And she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

What does 1 Kings 10:10 Mean?

Context Summary

1 Kings 10:1-13 - "the Half Was Not Told Me"
Sheba, to the Jewish mind, was at the ends of the earth, Matthew 12:42. It probably lay in southern Arabia, fifteen hundred miles from Jerusalem. The queen brought munificent presents of spices, gold, precious stones, and sweet-scented wood. The last-named Solomon used for musical instruments and for stairs in his Temple and palace, 2 Chronicles 9:11. But the queen's heart was set on plying him with hard questions, for which she had sought in vain a satisfactory solution.
We may come to "a greater than Solomon," Matthew 12:42. Our native country may lie far away, but He will receive us, and give us the right to live forever in His palace, listening to His words and beholding His face. Let us bring Him, as our gifts, the faith, love, and loyalty of our hearts. Above all, let us lay before Him our perplexities and questions. He may not immediately reveal an answer, as Solomon did, but will put His Spirit into our hearts. And having the anointing of the Spirit, we shall know all things, 1 John 2:27. Though the mind cannot grasp, the heart will be at rest. The Bible, as someone says, does not teach us philosophy, but makes us philosophers. Be sure to obtain and use your share of His royal bounty.
1 Kings 10:1-29 - Breaking Three Commandments
From a worldly point of view Naboth might have done a good stroke of business by selling his estate to. Ahab. A royal price and assured favor might have been his-but he had a conscience! Above the persuasive tones of the monarch's offer sounded the voice of God: "The land shall not be sold for ever, for the land is mine." See Leviticus 25:23; Numbers 36:7; Ezekiel 46:18.
Ahab knew perfectly well that Jezebel could not give him the property of another except by foul means, but he took pains not to inquire. Though the direct orders for Naboth's death did not come from him, yet, by his silence, he was an accomplice and an accessory; and divine justice penetrates all such specious excuses. God holds us responsible for wrongs which we do not arrest, though we have the power. The crime was blacker because of the pretext of religion, as suggested by a fast. See also 2 Kings 9:26. The blood of murdered innocence cries to God, and his requital, though delayed, is inevitable. See Revelation 6:9-10. [source]

Chapter Summary: 1 Kings 10

1  The queen of Sheba admires the wisdom of Solomon
14  Solomon's gold
16  His targets
18  The throne of ivory
21  His vessels
24  His presents
26  his chariots and horse
28  his tribute

What do the individual words in 1 Kings 10:10 mean?

And she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold and spices in quantity great and stones Precious never there came like spice that again such abundance of as gave the queen Sheba to King Solomon
וַתִּתֵּ֨ן לַמֶּ֜לֶךְ מֵאָ֥ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֣ים ׀ כִּכַּ֣ר זָהָ֗ב וּבְשָׂמִ֛ים הַרְבֵּ֥ה מְאֹ֖ד וְאֶ֣בֶן יְקָרָ֑ה לֹא־ בָא֩ כַבֹּ֨שֶׂם הַה֥וּא עוֹד֙ לָרֹ֔ב אֲשֶׁר־ נָתְנָ֥ה מַֽלְכַּת־ שְׁבָ֖א לַמֶּ֥לֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹֽה

וַתִּתֵּ֨ן  And  she  gave 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Consecutive imperfect, third person feminine singular
Root: יָתַן 
Sense: to give, put, set.
לַמֶּ֜לֶךְ  the  king 
Parse: Preposition-l, Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
מֵאָ֥ה  a  hundred 
Parse: Number, feminine singular
Root: מֵאָה 
Sense: hundred.
וְעֶשְׂרִ֣ים ׀  and  twenty 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Number, common plural
Root: עֶשְׂרִים  
Sense: twenty, twentieth.
כִּכַּ֣ר  talents 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: כִּכָּר  
Sense: round.
זָהָ֗ב  of  gold 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: זָהָב  
Sense: gold.
וּבְשָׂמִ֛ים  and  spices 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine plural
Root: בֹּשֶׂם  
Sense: spice, balsam, balsam tree, perfume.
הַרְבֵּ֥ה  in  quantity 
Parse: Verb, Hifil, Infinitive absolute
Root: הַרְבָּה 
Sense: be or become great, be or become many, be or become much, be or become numerous.
מְאֹ֖ד  great 
Parse: Adverb
Root: מְאֹד  
Sense: exceedingly, much subst.
וְאֶ֣בֶן  and  stones 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, feminine singular
Root: אֶבֶן  
Sense: stone (large or small).
יְקָרָ֑ה  Precious 
Parse: Adjective, feminine singular
Root: יְקִפָּאֹון 
Sense: valuable, prized, weighty, precious, rare, splendid.
לֹא־  never 
Parse: Adverb, Negative particle
Root: הֲלֹא 
Sense: not, no.
בָא֩  there  came 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: בֹּוא 
Sense: to go in, enter, come, go, come in.
כַבֹּ֨שֶׂם  like  spice 
Parse: Preposition-k, Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: בֹּשֶׂם  
Sense: spice, balsam, balsam tree, perfume.
הַה֥וּא  that 
Parse: Article, Pronoun, third person masculine singular
Root: הוּא 
Sense: he, she, it.
עוֹד֙  again 
Parse: Adverb
Root: עֹוד  
Sense: a going round, continuance adv.
לָרֹ֔ב  such  abundance 
Parse: Preposition-l, Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: רֹב  
Sense: multitude, abundance, greatness.
אֲשֶׁר־  of  as 
Parse: Pronoun, relative
Root: אֲשֶׁר 
Sense: (relative part.).
נָתְנָ֥ה  gave 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person feminine singular
Root: יָתַן 
Sense: to give, put, set.
מַֽלְכַּת־  the  queen 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular construct
Root: מַלְכָּה  
Sense: queen.
שְׁבָ֖א  Sheba 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שְׁבָא  
Sense: son of Joktan and a descendant of Seth.
לַמֶּ֥לֶךְ  to  King 
Parse: Preposition-l, Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֶלֶךְ 
Sense: king.
שְׁלֹמֹֽה  Solomon 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שְׁלֹמֹה  
Sense: son of David by Bathsheba and 3rd king of Israel; author of Proverbs and Song of Songs.